Side member for performance of concrete works (versions)

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: side member for performance of concrete works includes a support iron. The iron comprises a support foot that faces with its lower surface to the base and is made as capable of direction fixation on it with the help of fixtures. The iron comprises two vertical guide elements made as a whole with the support foot and stretching from it in parallel to each other to create a gap between them. The gap provides for location of a sliding element made as capable of displacement in the vertical direction relative to vertical guide elements and fixation to them.

EFFECT: elimination of cavity formation during hardening of filling material, provision of identical density of filling material during its hardening and reduction of labour intensiveness of member installation.

20 cl, 3 dwg

 

The group of inventions relates to the field of building structures, in particular to the structures of the profile beams are elongated, which can be used for the production of screeds, clean floors or other structures buildings and structures, such as flat roofs.

From the "prior art" known reference beam, which contains a bottom supporting element and an upper bearing element with a flat sliding surface that allows the device for levelling fill material to slide on a flat surface. Beam contains two strong longitudinal side walls bounding the space concreting. At least one of the side walls with openings intended for the passage of liquid concrete into the space concreting (see RF patent №2094574 C1, CL IS 3/293 published 27.10.1997).

The disadvantages of the known devices are poor filling of the internal volume of the beam, leading to the formation of voids during solidification of the material fill and inadequate compaction of fill material within the beam profile.

Also known beam profile for concreting containing the longitudinal supporting member connected therewith two perforated side walls with the waste from them in the opposite side of the perforated bases. For enhanced what I rigidity beams its base is connected with tightening element (EN 19069 U1, CL ES 3/293 published 10.08.2001).

The disadvantages of the known constructions is the presence of voids in the internal volume of the beam hardening material fill and inadequate compaction of fill material within the beam profile and under it, which can lead to the destruction of the floor plate in the place of installation of the product. In addition, in the known solution the installation at some distance from the base plate of the beam leads to disruption of the structural scheme of the concrete screed, accompanied by the appearance of cracks emanating from the bottom surface of the beams.

The aim of the present group of inventions is to eliminate the above disadvantages.

The technical result is to exclude the formation of voids in the hardened fill material, ensuring the same density of the fill material during its curing and reducing the complexity of the installation profile of the beam.

The technical result is ensured by the fact that the beam profile for concreting in the first embodiment includes a reference profile that contains the anchor soles facing the bottom surface to the base and configured to direct fixing with fasteners, and two vertical guide element made in one piece with the supporting base and radiating parallel to each other is with the formation of a gap between them, provide the location of the retractable element is arranged to move in a vertical direction relative to the vertical guide elements and commit to them, and side supports with through holes, made of flat steel billets and fixed in the grooves located on the support base and two vertical guide elements.

In accordance with particular cases of execution of the device according to the first embodiment can be performed as follows.

The reference profile may be made of an organic polymer material, in particular polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride or polyamide.

From the through holes of the side supports may deviate outside the limb.

The edge of the limb may be made uneven.

The sliding element may be made hollow.

In addition, the technical result is ensured by the fact that the beam profile for concreting includes a reference profile that contains the anchor soles facing the bottom surface to the base and configured to direct fixing with fasteners, and the guide element made in one piece with the supporting sole, radiating in a vertical direction and providing the location of the sliding element made with the possibility p of the motion in the vertical direction relative to the guide element and commit to it.

In accordance with particular cases run, the device according to the second variant can be performed as follows.

The reference profile may be made of an organic polymer material, in particular polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride or polyamide.

Retractable element is a U-shaped profile.

The u-shaped profile is a steel profile with rows of holes parallel walls.

Retractable element is a profile, the upper part having a vertically oriented protrusion with a plastic cap on top, and the lower part is equipped with two vertical parallel walls having a series of holes and forming a gap, providing the location therein of the guide element of the profile.

Profile beam for carrying out concrete work on the third version includes a reference profile, which is the directing and containing two parallel walls with rows of holes made with departing from them in the opposite side of the supporting soles, providing the ability to commit to the substrate using a fastener, and a pull-out profile is configured to move in a vertical direction relative to the reference profile and commit to its walls containing two parallel walls with rows of holes and the Vert is unique oriented ledge, ensuring the fixation of the plastic nozzle.

Profiles (third variant) can be made of a metallic alloy.

The essence of the present group of inventions is illustrated by the following illustrations:

figure 1 - image of the cross-sectional profile of the beam in the first embodiment;

figure 2 - image of the cross-sectional profile of the beam with a U-shaped profile according to the second variant;

figure 3 - image of the cross-sectional profile of the beam on the third option.

Profile beam in the first embodiment contains the following structural elements:

the reference profile - 1;

anchor sole - 2;

vertical guiding elements - 3;

the sliding element 4;

side supports - 5;

slots - 6;

hole - 7;

wizard - 8.

Profile beam on the second version contains the following structural elements:

the reference profile -9;

anchor sole -10;

the guide element 11;

the sliding element 12;

hole - 13;

fasteners - 14;

plastic nozzle 15;

Profile beam on the third version contains the following structural elements:

the reference profile - 16;

the support base 17;

the guide element 18;

the sliding element 19;

hole - 20;

fasteners - 21;

plastic nozzle 22.

The present device according to the first embodiment sturdy child is raised and is used as follows.

The reference profile 1 in the first embodiment includes a support sole 2 and the vertical guiding elements 3. Anchor sole 2 is made in one piece with the vertical guide elements 3 by extrusion molding of an organic polymer material, which can be used polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride or polyamide. The principle perform of the support profile 1 and the material provide an opportunity during the Assembly and installation of the profile of the beam to adjust its length using a cutting tool. Supporting the sole 2 and the vertical guiding elements 3 comply with the slots 6 in the longitudinal direction to provide restraint in them and at an angle of about 45° to the base sole side supports 5, made of flat steel billets. Side supports 5 are made with holes, ensuring the passage through them of the concrete mix. The holes may have a limb out with a rough edge that provides good adhesion with the material of the fill and gives rigidity to the beam profile.

Supporting the sole 2 may include a number of apertures 7, which provide a record of the profile beams by fasteners (shown not shown) directly to the base (underlying basis of the screed). As the fastener can be used dowels, nails.

The sliding element 4 is ispolnen of organic polymeric material, in particular, polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride or polyamide. The sliding element 4 is made oblong and may be hollow. Its length can be adjusted depending on the length of the support profile 1. If you want to install close to each other several profile beams, one sliding element 4 can function as a fastener connecting along the length of the support profiles are 1 of these beams.

The sliding element 4 is placed in the gap between the vertical guide elements 3, it is arranged to move vertically with respect to them and commit to them by means of fasteners 8, in particular, self-tapping screws.

This device can accommodate and fixing of reinforcement for end-to-end reinforcement. To do this, after fixing the support base 2 to base, height adjustment sliding element 4 and its mounting to a vertical guide elements 3 perform drilling through holes passing through the vertical guiding elements 3 and/or the sliding element 4. In case the holes below the top face of the side supports 5 possible fixing of reinforcement thereto by fastening wire, which is fixed on the lateral supports (in the uneven edge of the limb).

This device according to the second variant is produced and is used as follows.

Basic profile 9 on the second VA is Ianto includes a support sole 10 and the guide element 11, oriented vertically upwards. The anchor shoes 10 are made in one piece with the guide element 11 by extrusion molding of an organic polymer material, which can be used polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride or polyamide. Reference outsole 10 made in one piece with the guide element 11 may be hollow. The principle perform of the reference profile 9 and the material provide an opportunity during the Assembly and installation of the profile of the beam to adjust its length using a cutting tool. Reference outsole 10 may include a number of apertures 13, which provide a record of the profile beams by fasteners (shown not shown) directly to the base (underlying basis of the screed). As the fastener can be used dowels, nails. In the guiding element 11 can be made holes. The holes drilled ensure the passage of the concrete mix, as well as skipping and fixing of reinforcement for end-to-end reinforcement.

The sliding element 12 in the form of a U-shaped profile with a series of holes on its parallel walls or profile, with the upper part of the vertically oriented protrusion, and at the bottom two vertical parallel walls may be made of organic polymeric material in castnet is, polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride or polyamide. In addition, the sliding element 12 in the form of a U-shaped profile can be made in the form of a U-shaped steel profile with rows of holes on its parallel walls for the passage of concrete mix and pass valve. The length of the sliding element 12 can be adjusted depending on the length of the reference profile 9. If you want to install close to each other several profile beams, one sliding element 12 may also perform the functions of fasteners connecting along the length of the support profiles 9 of these beams.

The sliding element 12 feature so that the gap created its parallel vertical walls, enters the guide element 11. When the sliding element 12 is arranged to move vertically relative to the guide element 11 and fixing thereto by means of fasteners 14, in particular, self-tapping screws.

In the upper part of the sliding element 12 has a longitudinal vertically oriented protrusion, which engages with a plastic nozzle 15 having a tapered and turned up flat sliding surface, designed for installation of a device for levelling concrete order slip on the specified surface in the process of being moved along the profile of the beam.

After hardening of the concrete floor place ikova nozzle 15 can be extracted, thanks to its wedge-shaped form. In this case formed in the floor of the groove is filled with a sealant. Thus, there is no need for cutting joints.

The present device according to the third variant is produced and is used as follows.

The support profile 16 on third variant includes a support sole 17 and the guide element 18, which represents two parallel walls connected to the upper common base, and oriented vertically upwards. Reference outsole 17 may include a number of apertures 20, which provide a record of the profile beams by fasteners (shown not shown) directly to the base (underlying basis of the screed). As the fastener can be used dowels, nails.

In the parallel walls of the guide element 18 is made holes for the passage of concrete mixes, as well as skipping and fixing of reinforcement for end-to-end reinforcement. The support profile 16 made of a metal alloy, in particular of steel.

The sliding element 19 in the form of a profile with a series of holes on its parallel walls for the passage of concrete mix, as well as passes and fixing of reinforcement. The sliding element 19 is also made of a metal alloy, such as steel. The length of the sliding element 19 and the reference profile 17 to magadanelektroset through the cutting tool. If you want to install close to each other several profile beams, one sliding element 19 may also perform the functions of fasteners connecting along the length of the supporting profiles 18 of these beams.

The sliding element 19 feature so that the gap created its parallel vertical walls, enters the guide element 18. When the sliding element 19 is arranged to move vertically relative to the guide element 18 and fixing thereto by means of fasteners 21, such as screws.

In the upper part of the sliding element 19 has a vertically oriented protrusion, which engages with a plastic nozzle 22 having a tapered and turned up flat sliding surface, designed for installation of a device for levelling concrete order slip on the specified surface in the process of being moved along the profile of the beam.

After hardening of the concrete floor plastic nozzle 22 can be extracted, due to its wedge-shaped form. In this case formed in the floor of the groove is filled with a sealant. Thus, there is no need for cutting joints.

This design implementation retractable element for all options provides the height adjustment beam profile that allows the use of the ü to receive:

1) leveling screeds on uneven ground;

2) couplers with variable thickness with a given slope;

3) fine finishing floors;

4) plastered surfaces.

In addition, the proposed device can perform the functions of the formwork, the limiting map concreting. They can also be installed in areas of expansion devices and expansion joints.

These devices are easy to install, as the size of structural elements can be adjusted in length using a cutting tool, in addition, you do not need to make numerous adjustments, due to the presence of adjustment screws, which reduces labor costs for the installation.

1. Profile beam for carrying out concrete work, including the reference profile with anchor soles facing the bottom surface to the base and configured to direct fixing with fasteners, and two vertical guide element made in one piece with the supporting base and radiating parallel to one another with formation of a gap between them, providing the location of the retractable element is arranged to move in a vertical direction relative to the vertical guide elements and commit to them.

2. Profile beam according to claim 1, harakteryzuyetsya fact, that the reference profile is made of an organic polymer material.

3. Profile beam according to claim 2, characterized in that the organic polymeric material is polyethylene.

4. Profile beam according to claim 2, characterized in that the organic polymeric material is polyvinyl chloride.

5. Profile beam according to claim 2, characterized in that the organic polymer material is a polyamide.

6. Profile beam according to any one of items 1 to 5, characterized in that it further comprises side supports with through holes, made of flat steel billets and fixed in the grooves located on the support base and two vertical guide elements.

7. Profile beam according to claim 6, characterized in that through holes side supports depart outside the limb.

8. Profile beam according to claim 7, characterized in that the edge of the limb is not equal.

9. Profile beam of claim 8, characterized in that the sliding element is made hollow.

10. Profile beam for carrying out concrete work, including the reference profile with anchor soles facing the bottom surface to the base and configured to direct fixing with fasteners, and the guide element made in one piece with the support podos is Oh, radiating in a vertical direction and providing the location of the retractable element is arranged to move in a vertical direction relative to the guide element and commit to it.

11. Profile beam of claim 10, characterized in that the support profile made of an organic polymer material.

12. Profile beam according to claim 11, characterized in that the organic polymeric material is polyethylene.

13. Profile beam according to claim 11, characterized in that the organic polymeric material is polyvinyl chloride.

14. Profile beam according to claim 11, characterized in that the organic polymer material is a polyamide.

15. Profile beam on any PP-14, characterized in that the sliding element is a U-shaped profile with two rows of holes on parallel walls.

16. Profile beam through 15, characterized in that the U-shaped profile is a steel profile.

17. Profile beam through 15, characterized in that the U-shaped profile is a profile made of an organic polymer material.

18. Profile beam according to any one of p-14, characterized in that the sliding element is a profile, in the upper part of the upright orientirovannymi with a plastic cap on top, and in the lower part is equipped with two vertical parallel walls having a series of holes and forming a gap, providing the location therein of the guide element of the profile.

19. Profile beam for carrying out concrete work, including the reference profile, which is the directing and containing two parallel walls with rows of holes made with departing from them in the opposite side of the supporting soles, providing the ability to commit to the substrate using a fastener, and a pull-out profile is configured to move in a vertical direction relative to the reference profile and commit to its walls containing two parallel walls with rows of holes and vertically oriented protrusion, providing fixation of the plastic nozzle.

20. Profile beam according to claim 19, characterized in that the profiles are made of metal alloy.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: truss comprises ascending compressed support and intermediate braces, stands and descending stretched braces. Upper and lower belts of the truss are made of equally stable double-tee sections. In the most stressed zone in the middle of the span the upper belt is converted into a tubular one by means of welding of closing sheets at sides to the double-tee section. All compressed elements of the truss lattice are made of oval pipes with the ratio of larger dimension to smaller one equal to three. Oval pipes are aligned with a larger dimension perpendicularly to the truss plane. Compressed braces are detached by two struts in the truss plane. After installation of the truss into the design position, hoses of concrete pipelines are connected to nozzles of closed tubular elements of the truss. Fine-grained expanding concrete is injected into cavities of elements with formation of guncrete elements after concrete setting.

EFFECT: improved durability and reliability of a truss.

5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: in a composite beam structure there is one or more parts in the form of boards and a beam are connected together by means of an ingot. The beam structure comprises a steel beam, above which there is one or more mounting pins. Length of mounting pins at least three times exceeds the width of the upper surface of mounting pins. The pin is arranged with the possibility to transfer a force in connection between concrete and steel in the vertical and longitudinal direction relative to the beam. In a transverse cut perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the pin there is at least one part, in which the pin width is more than on a section arranged directly below.

EFFECT: high-quality combination of technical parameters of a beam.

15 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: beam comprises compressed and stretched belts and wall. Wall consists of metal sheets perpendicular to planes of belts. Metal sheets have traditional or alternate corrugation on part of length as transverse to longitudinal axis of beam. Cavities formed between metal sheets on sections of intense transverse forces are filled with concrete. Corrugations on these sections remain with section permanent along wall height.

EFFECT: reduced metal intensity and increased bearing capacity of beam.

9 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly profiled beams to construct floor coverings with thickness of 25 - 40 mm for arranging finishing floors and other structures, for instance for flat roofs.

SUBSTANCE: profiled beam comprises longitudinal load-bearing member, two perforated side walls connected with bearing member and perforated bases extending from them in opposite directions. Each base has bent end forming longitudinal three-edged extension. The first edge is perpendicular to the major part of base. The second edge is parallel to the second one, the third extreme edge forms an angle of not less than 90o with the second one.

EFFECT: improved cohesion ability between beam and covering material.

8 cl, 5 dwg

The invention relates to the construction, in particular to the metal profile perforated beams, intended for the construction of concrete floors and foundations

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the joists - farms

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to farms two lap type with the lower molded plate

The invention relates to a support beam of elongated form for use in pouring concrete floors in the basement, the specified reference beam contains a bottom supporting element and an upper bearing element with a flat sliding surface that allows the device for levelling concrete to move along the flat surface of the sliding

FIELD: building, particularly profiled beams to construct floor coverings with thickness of 25 - 40 mm for arranging finishing floors and other structures, for instance for flat roofs.

SUBSTANCE: profiled beam comprises longitudinal load-bearing member, two perforated side walls connected with bearing member and perforated bases extending from them in opposite directions. Each base has bent end forming longitudinal three-edged extension. The first edge is perpendicular to the major part of base. The second edge is parallel to the second one, the third extreme edge forms an angle of not less than 90o with the second one.

EFFECT: improved cohesion ability between beam and covering material.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: beam comprises compressed and stretched belts and wall. Wall consists of metal sheets perpendicular to planes of belts. Metal sheets have traditional or alternate corrugation on part of length as transverse to longitudinal axis of beam. Cavities formed between metal sheets on sections of intense transverse forces are filled with concrete. Corrugations on these sections remain with section permanent along wall height.

EFFECT: reduced metal intensity and increased bearing capacity of beam.

9 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: in a composite beam structure there is one or more parts in the form of boards and a beam are connected together by means of an ingot. The beam structure comprises a steel beam, above which there is one or more mounting pins. Length of mounting pins at least three times exceeds the width of the upper surface of mounting pins. The pin is arranged with the possibility to transfer a force in connection between concrete and steel in the vertical and longitudinal direction relative to the beam. In a transverse cut perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the pin there is at least one part, in which the pin width is more than on a section arranged directly below.

EFFECT: high-quality combination of technical parameters of a beam.

15 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: truss comprises ascending compressed support and intermediate braces, stands and descending stretched braces. Upper and lower belts of the truss are made of equally stable double-tee sections. In the most stressed zone in the middle of the span the upper belt is converted into a tubular one by means of welding of closing sheets at sides to the double-tee section. All compressed elements of the truss lattice are made of oval pipes with the ratio of larger dimension to smaller one equal to three. Oval pipes are aligned with a larger dimension perpendicularly to the truss plane. Compressed braces are detached by two struts in the truss plane. After installation of the truss into the design position, hoses of concrete pipelines are connected to nozzles of closed tubular elements of the truss. Fine-grained expanding concrete is injected into cavities of elements with formation of guncrete elements after concrete setting.

EFFECT: improved durability and reliability of a truss.

5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: side member for performance of concrete works includes a support iron. The iron comprises a support foot that faces with its lower surface to the base and is made as capable of direction fixation on it with the help of fixtures. The iron comprises two vertical guide elements made as a whole with the support foot and stretching from it in parallel to each other to create a gap between them. The gap provides for location of a sliding element made as capable of displacement in the vertical direction relative to vertical guide elements and fixation to them.

EFFECT: elimination of cavity formation during hardening of filling material, provision of identical density of filling material during its hardening and reduction of labour intensiveness of member installation.

20 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely, to composite beams working in bending, used as buildings load-bearing elements. Steel-reinforced concrete beam is made of two shaped thin-walled steel shells, forming upper and lower belts filled with reinforced concrete and flat wall, with die-fixed ribs interconnected by bends of die-fixed studs ends. To ensure upper belt constant size die-fixed studs with bends are engaged with mesh reinforcement.

EFFECT: technical result of invention consists in improvement of beam carrying capacity.

1 cl, 7 dwg

Steel-concrete beam // 2621247

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: steel-concrete beam consists of the upper and the lower belts, walls and supporting diaphragms forming a closed circuit filled with concrete. Wherein the walls have a curvilinear form of double curvature, the distance between which reduces from the upper belt to the lower one. In the walls there are openings and cutouts, which are located with variable pitch along the beam length in accordance with the shearing stress diagram. The walls are connected by pre-stressed tie rods.

EFFECT: reducing the material consumption of the steel-concrete beam.

4 cl, 12 dwg

Steel concrete beam // 2627810

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: steel concrete beam comprising the upper and lower belts, the wall and the concrete located in a closed loop in the upper part of the beam section, has a closed loop for the concrete location. The closed loop is formed by the upper belt and the wall consisting of two sheets bent outwards in the upper part of the beam in accordance with the diagram of normal compressive stresses in the cross sections of the beam. The upper edges of the wall sheets are spaced in the horizontal plane and form along the beam length two curves corresponding to the bending moment diagram in the beam. The upper interface points of the wall sheets are located on a vertical curve corresponding to the bending moment diagram in the beam. And the wall sheets are united by retainers of variable length, which give it the curved shape along the beam height and length.

EFFECT: reducing the material consumption of the steel-concrete beam.

7 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: i-beam with a corrugated wall comprises flanges and a wall made of metal corrugated sheet welded to them with a transverse arrangement of free-form corrugations. Wherein, the wall consists of two or more parallel interconnected corrugated sheets, and the flanges are made of steel-reinforced concrete, consisting of rigid reinforcement in the form of a corrugated metal sheet and reinforcing frame including longitudinal reinforcement and transverse reinforcement, which surrounds the longitudinal reinforcement, is connected to it, and its ends are bend-inwardly welded to the corrugated sheet of metal with an offset from the beam wall equal to not less than 50 mm.

EFFECT: increased durability, fire resistance, bearing capacity and cross-breaking strength of a beam with a corrugated wall in two planes and torsion strength, expansion of its application range in construction.

14 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: element is proposed, including a concrete element (1) covered by a reinforcing ring from rolled sections (2), with openings (5) in flanges, arranged in rows with the same pitch and connecting cross elements, the ring being connected to the concrete element for the joint operation by means of concrete keys (6) located in the openings (5) of the rolled sections. According to the invention, the long-length steel concrete element is made with the possibility to increase the length, changing the shape by length and the position in space, wherein the concrete element and the reinforcing ring elements are connected monolithically, and the openings in the rolled sections are made with the possibility to be filled with concrete, forming simultaneously the concrete element (1) and the keys (6). As rolled sections (2), either corner sections or channels are used, and either reinforcing rods or plates are used as connecting cross elements.

EFFECT: expanding the area of using the steel concrete element as long-length bearing and non-bearing elements, reducing the labour consumption of manufacture due to the possibility of monolithically forming the long-length steel concrete element.

22 cl, 9 dwg

Up!