Architecture of integrated packaging system

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: packaging system comprises: a packaging line comprising a filling machine for production of sealed packages containing food product, and subsequent dispensing equipment units connected by conveyors, and all of them comprise a control system, a line controller to control the setup of configuration, communication and control of the packaging line; total display of service messages for visual information about the work of the equipment used, and a communication network for connection of the line controller with the equipment used; at that the line controller comprises: the line configurator to simplify and ensure the efficient installation, startup and adjustment of the line on the production site on the principle of automatic recognition and configuration; line control module to optimise the operating performance of the line and material flows during production; unit of administrator of instruction sets to provide flexibility of production by improving the quality of easy-to-use line and material resources; and the conveyor optimiser to optimise the transportation of products by conveyors.

EFFECT: increased flexibility of configuration setting without the need to set up the software of the automated line in filling machines, bottling machines, and in dispensing equipment units.

25 cl, 34 dwg

 

The technical FIELD TO WHICH the INVENTION RELATES.

The present invention generally relates to the packaging of food products and, more specifically, to a continuous hermetic package bottled food products.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

As is known, in the production premises for the packaging of food products, usually are several specially designed processes, including the storage of incoming food products and packaging materials, food production, food packaging, and storage of packages. As for bottled food products, food packaging is packaging lines, each of which is a set of machines and equipment for production and processing, packaging, and includes a packing machine for producing packages, followed by one or more preset configurations subsequent flow units distribution equipment, such as drives, devices for drawing straws device to wrap in foil and packaging in cardboard, United into packing machine with conveyor designed to handle packages.

A typical example of a packaging of this type is packing in the form of a parallelepiped for liquid or bottled food from the local as Tetra Brik Aseptic®, which is performed by the folding and sealing of the laminated sheet of the packaging material.

The packaging material has a multilayer structure sheet, essentially containing one or more of which add rigidity and strengthening of the lower layers, usually made from fibrous material such as paper or polypropylene material with mineral filler, coated on both sides with several layers of heat-seal film of plastic material such as polyethylene film. In the case of aseptic packages for products long-term storage, such as pasteurized (UHT) milk, the packaging material also contains a layer of gas - and light - protective material, for example, aluminum foil or ethylvinylacetate (EVOH) film, which is superimposed on a layer of hot-melted plastic material, and in turn covered with another layer of hot-melted plastic material forming the inner side of the packaging, eventually contacting the food product.

Packaging of this type are produced on fully automatic packaging machines, and continuous vertical sleeve is from a roll of packaging material; which is sterilized by applying a chemical sterilizing agent, such as a solution of peroxide of hydrogen, which is removed upon completion of the degree, the waste utilization technologies, for example, vaporized by heating, from the surfaces of the packaging material; and sterilized roll is maintained in a closed, aseptic environment, and is folded and sealed longitudinally to form a vertical sleeve. The sleeve is then filled from top to bottom sterilized or sterile-processed packaged food product, and is fed in the direction vertical to the forming station, where he is captured along equally spaced cross-sections through two pairs of grippers, which are cyclically and sequentially relative to the sleeve, and seal the packaging material of the sleeve, in order to shape a continuous strip of packaging cushion connected to each other transverse sealing tapes. Tutus "pillows" are separated from each other by cutting the adjacent sealing tape, and transferred to the station the final folding, where they are folded mechanically into prepared, for example, essentially having the shape of a parallelepiped, packaging.

Alternatively, the packaging material may be cut into blanks, which are formed in the packaging forming rollers, and packaging are filled with food product and sealed. One example of a packaging of this type is the so-called package "roof top", known as Tetra Rex®.

) The existing packaging lines of the first generation usually have decentralized management, poor or nonexistent flexibility of the job configuration, and different channels of communication and technical solutions and hardware automation, and usually require software configuration automatic lines in the filling machine and each distribution equipment.

Therefore, existing systems automation and control of the packaging line may not provide the flexibility and functionality required to meet the ever increasing market requirements for safety and traceability of food products, and higher variability of the production process. However, despite its age, many operating systems control and automation continue to provide useful functionality, forcing them to update, representing a huge investment, which guide the production wishes to extend.

Consequently, this means an ever-increasing need for the development of factory automation in packaging, in particular for packaging lines of the new generation, showing integrated solutions such as centralized and reliable automated control, increased flexibility of the job configuration, the same channels of communication and technical solutions, and hardware and is atomatizatsii, and without tuning software automated line filling machines filling machines and units distribution equipment.

TASK AND BRIEF DESCRIPTION of the INVENTION

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a packaging line of new generation, which satisfies the aforementioned needs.

This goal is achieved by the present invention in that it relates to a packaging system as defined in the attached claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

For a better understanding of the present invention, preferred embodiments of which are intended only as examples and should not be construed as restrictive, will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings (all not to scale)in which:

Figure 1 - schematic showing the integrated packaging system according to the first variant implementation of the present invention;

Figure 2 - shows a flowchart depicting the overall architecture of the packaging system of figure 1;

Figure 3 show a flowchart depicting the overall topology of the Ethernet network for the packaging system of figure 1;

4 is a schematic plan showing the distribution of equipment for the packaging system of figure 1;

Fig. 5-8 - pocketbok-circuits showing a schematic layout of an integrated packaging system according to the first variant implementation of the present invention;

Figure 9 - shows a flowchart depicting a modular software architecture in a packaging line;

Fig. 10-16 - showing different views of the task configuration in the graphical user interface for configuring a packaging line;

Fig and 18 show commands and reply messages exchanged between the extension line control and distribution equipment in order to implement the strategy start-up/shutdown;

Fig. 19-21 show commands and reply messages exchanged between the extension line control and distribution equipment in order to implement the strategy flow control packages;

Fig - window display configuration tasks related to the configuration function set command (Recipe Configuration);

Fig and 24 are examples of initial, intermediate and final packaging belonging to two different sets of command line;

Fig - show a flowchart depicting the process set command line;

Fig - window display configuration tasks related to the functions of the installation settings conveyor;

Fig - window display configuration tasks related to the functions of lubrication and cleaning of the conveyor;

Fig - schematic is showing tasks, performed by the PLMS centre (monitoring system packaging line);

Fig - show block diagrams depicting the task traceability packing performed by the PLMS centre; and

Fig. 30-34 - show block diagrams showing a schematic layout of an integrated packaging system according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION of PREFERRED embodiments of the INVENTION

The following discussion is presented to enable a person skilled in the art to make and use the invention. Various modifications of the embodiments will be readily apparent to experts in the art without departing from the scope of the present invention defined in the claims. Thus, the present invention does not limit implementation options shown in the document and must comply with the widest scope consistent with the principles and new features, disclosed in the document and defined in the attached claims.

Figure 1 shows a schematic layout of an integrated single-line packaging system (PS) according to a variant implementation of the present invention. The packaging system includes:

- packaging line (PL), includes packing m the bus or filling equipment (FM), followed by one or more predetermined configurations of the following units distribution equipment (DE) such as hard drives, applicator device for coating with adhesive film) straws, the applicator cap, applicator handles, device packing in cardboard, wrap in foil, switches, configuration, dynamic switches, and system layers, which are cascade connected with each other or with a filling machine (FM) by the conveyor (C), all of which are in themselves known and therefore will not be described in detail. In particular packing machine is configured to selectively produce one type or different types of sealed packages, which contain one food or different food products introduced into the packaging filling, and which is made of a multilayer sheet (laminated) packaging material including at least one which imparts rigidity and strengthening the bottom layer and one or more layers of heat-seal film of plastic material, and each unit of switchgear equipment is able to perform the appropriate operation of the packaging over the coming separate sealed packages or groups thereof;

controller line (LC) is designed and programmed to upravliaiushchaia, communication and control of the packaging line to optimize the interaction between the filling machine and the distribution equipment to improve operating characteristics of the packaging line, and transporting products during the manufacturing process;

center system (PLMS) monitoring packaging line designed and programmed for joint actions with the controller line to measure, analyze, and optimize operating characteristics of the packaging line;

General display service messages, designed to provide basic visual information regarding the work of the filling machine and the distribution equipment, such as production information, stop equipment, materials, stage lines, and so on; and

- the infrastructure communication channel that contains the public switched Ethernet network, for example, a star topology", and intended to connect the controller line filling machine, distribution equipment, and display messages; Ethernet is designed for connection of controller line with the PLMS centre; bus architecture standard Fiedlbus, for example, the DeviceNet network intended to connect the controller line with conveyors, digital I/o, designed for the connection of the controller line block lubrication of the conveyor; and W is well security designed to provide extra serial communication between zoned protective programmable logic controllers (PLC) controller line, packaging machine, units distribution equipment and conveyors, to enable easier implementation of legal requirements in integrated production systems (for example: document 11161 International organization for standardization (ISO 11161), mark (CE) compliance with the European standards for packaging line at the location of the customer).

Figure 2 schematically illustrates the overall system architecture of the package, while figure 3 schematically shows the General topology of an Ethernet network, and the same with figure 1 numeric reference positions refer to the same elements.

Figure 4 schematically shows distribution equipment, which is equipped with the feed conveyor, equipped with a photoelectric sensor of the queue based on the resistor (sensor overflow) and counting photoelectric sensor, based on the resistor (speed sensor), discharge conveyor, equipped with a photoelectric sensor of the queue based on the resistor, and a local programmable logic controller (PLC) designed for the storage and execution of software modules local management, led is the R with the ability to control individually and unloading, and infeed conveyors and to ensure homogeneous and standard interface. Each conveyor in a packaging line (other than loading and unloading conveyors distribution equipment, and therefore, do not accept mistake as the last one) may be a workaround, type, switching type and vehicle type, and the latter in turn can be accumulative type, or a simple start-stop type. Each conveyor is electronically controlled by the controller line and is equipped with a control module conveyor, based on the principle of distributed control and Fieldbus technology, the conveyor motor units with the frequency conversion unit and the remote I/o, and distribution of power (380 V and 24 V) on the basis of a consistent topology (such as "chain").

Switch configuration specifies the direction of flow packs a static way, so packing line within the same production batch assumes the same configuration, also called the set command line, as described in more detail later. In particular, the state of the switch configuration is determined manually or automatically during the initial configuration of the packaging line corresponding to a selected set of command line, and still t the th same throughout the production stage.

Dynamic switch specifies the direction of the flow of packages dynamically, so that the packing line can take different configurations within the same production batch. In particular, the dynamic switch can be operated manually or automatically to change its operating condition during the production stage, but it is not a device for continuous flow control during the production process. For example, the dynamic switch can be used to change the direction of flow of packages on the backup distribution equipment, in order to avoid congestion of the packaging line. In Fig. 5-8 shows four different examples of packaging lines. In particular, figure 5 shows a direct packaging line, comprising, in order, packing machine, drive, device packaging in cardboard, and packaging in a cardboard tray. Figure 6 shows the packing line comprising, in order, packing machine, the drive, the first switch configuration, the applicator cap and applicator straws, which are operatively arranged in parallel and are selectively operating the second switch configuration, and device packaging in cardboard, with two switch configurations allow two different directions, and sledovatelno be choosing two different thread packages one that includes the applicator cap, and another that includes the applicator straw, who applicators can not work together. 7 shows a packaging line that includes, in order, packing machine, the drive, the first switch configuration, the device is wrapped in film and bypass pipeline, which is operatively arranged in parallel, the second switch configuration, and device packaging in cardboard, with two switch configurations allow the bypass device wrapped in film, thereby selectively providing two different ways, and therefore two different thread packages, one that includes the device, wrap in foil, and another, not included in the device wrapped in film. On Fig shown packing line comprising, in order, packing machine, the drive, the first dynamic switch, the first applicator cap and a second applicator cap operatively arranged in parallel, the second dynamic switch, and device packaging in cardboard, with two dynamic switch allow you to use two applicators cap at the same time, thus providing a single stream of packages.

Controller line includes a stand-alone console or rack equipped with man-machin the m interface (HMI), consisting of a flat panel and keyboard, and control system based on PLC, designed for storage and execution of software and applications modular architecture or tools that are configured with the possibility of joint action with local software modules in the packaging machine and units distribution equipment via a standard connection for control of the packaging line and control it. Software's modular architecture and standard interfaces allow different complexity packaging line (different layout and a variety of filling machines and units distribution equipment) were managed without any customization in the software of a single equipment. Compared to the packaging lines of the previous generation, this enables you to in filling machines and units distribution equipment used standard software and all configured parameters accumulated in the controller line. The advantage of this is the high level of standardization in packaging machines and units distribution equipment and, therefore, easy maintenance for them. The purpose of the present invention, the term "software application" refers to the backside of the hydrated subclass of computer software, which uses the capabilities of a computer directly to a task that the user wishes to execute.

Figure 9 shows a block diagram depicting software modular architecture controller line and packaging machine and units distribution equipment.

In detail, the application software in the controller line include:

- line Configurator that supports the tool "automatic recognition devices configuration" (plug and play), designed to simplify and ensure the effective installation of packaging lines, start-up and configuration at the manufacturing site;

module control line, which is a tool host controller designed to optimize operating characteristics of the packaging line and material flows within the production;

module administrator sets of commands, which is a management tool designed with the ability to provide production flexibility, increasing the quality of "easy to use" resources and materials packaging line; and

- the optimizer pipeline, which is a tool designed to optimize product transportation by pipelines.

The line Configurator is a software application that Proektirovanie can provide a graphical user interface (GUI), which allows the operator or technician was chosen/implemented four different configurations of functionality, namely:

- recognition devices

job configuration plan

is the linkage plan and

- the installation parameters of the line.

All these features trigger mechanism "automatic recognition and configuration and flexible parameterization packaging line for stage start decreasing time job configuration and settings.

In Fig. 10-16 shows examples of Windows set the configuration in the graphical user interface for configuring a packaging line and related to the aforementioned detection device, set the configuration plan, and coordination of a line.

All the Windows task configuration in its lower regions display a variety of multi-functional keys, which are placed near and include, in order, the multifunction key related to the installation language settings and password, multifunction key, related to emergency installation parameters, multifunction key, related to the installation settings, which allowed the General operator, the multifunction key related to the installation p is the parameters are allowed only technical specialist the multifunction key, related to the above administrator command set, multifunction key, related to the above Configurator line, and the multifunction key navigation, to enable the operator to navigate through Windows task configuration.

Figure 10 shows the configuration tasks related to the functionality "detection devices". When clicked by the operator (using the mouse) on the multifunction key "recognition device"displayed in the upper right corner of the graphical user interface Configurator line automatically detects and identifies the filling machine, distribution equipment and conveyors in the packaging line, and loads of technical features such. To accomplish this, the Configurator line sends an identification request to the filling machine and unit distribution equipment in the packaging line, which responds by sending to the controller line of their address in a shared communication network. Based on this, the Configurator line explores the identification information and the production information filling machines and units distribution equipment, which send back messages to their identification cards. The example shown in figure 10, refers to the identification of filling the machine (FM) with the IP address 10.0.0.25.

When filling machine, distribution equipment and conveyors in the packaging lines have been detected and identified, and operating parameters such loaded, the operator has the opportunity to make a click on the multifunction key "set the configuration plan"to graphically build the layout of the packaging line. Figure 11 shows the configuration tasks related to the functionality "setting configuration plan". In particular, when clicked by the operator (using the mouse) on the multifunction key "specifying a configuration plan"displayed in the upper right corner of the graphical user interface provides a graphical editor layouts, which allows the operator to graphically create the layout of the packaging line by tracing on the controller display line filling machines and individual units distribution equipment and conveyors, and set them to the production/operational parameters. In particular, the graphical user interface is designed to provide the display area, which is divided into tabular-organized, having the form of a square picture elements, and a graphical drawing of the layout of the packaging line can be performed by the operator simply by repeatedly clicking the about graphic images, to sequentially display a graphical representation of various types of filling machine, distribution equipment, and conveyors, production/operational characteristics of each of which are stored in the appropriate database.

Once the layout of the packaging line was completely graphically drawn, the operator has the opportunity to make a click on the multifunction key "linkage plan"to associate a graphical representation filling machines, units(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s) identified with a filling machine, units distribution equipment, and conveyor(s) in real packaging line. On Fig shows the configuration tasks related to the functionality of the "linkage plan". In particular, if the operator performs a click on the multifunction key "linkage plan"displayed in the upper right corner of the graphical user interface, the operator has the possibility to graphically select one by one graphical representation of a filling machine, distribution equipment and conveyors, and to associate the selected graphical representation identified with a filling machine, distribution equipment, and conveyor. Linking graphics performance, the effect of packing machine, distribution equipment, and conveyor displayed in the selected item(s) images revealed a filling machine, distribution equipment and pipeline encompasses the verification of compliance to prevent erroneous linking or linking with a filling machine, distribution equipment, or pipeline that is not actually present in the real packaging line, subject to configuration. The example shown in Fig, refers to the linkage of the two selected image elements, shown with a white background, with a filling machine TP A3/FLEX. Once all of the graphical representation of a filling machine, distribution equipment, and pipeline were linked to the identified corresponding filling machine, distribution equipment, and conveyor, and after the technical specialist was created a set of command line, as described in detail below with reference to Fig. 22-26 related to administrator command set, the configuration of the packaging line can be set by the technician by pressing the soft key settings line"displayed in the lower pane of the GUI. Fig. 13-16 show the Windows task-specific configuration options "settings. In h is particularly when the technician performs a click on the multi-function key settings line, graphical user interface gives the possibility to subject the selection and implementation of three different functions of the job configuration, that is:

- adjust the line;

- mode of packing machine; and

the accumulation mode.

In particular, Fig and 14 shows the configuration tasks related to the functions "setting up lines". When the technician performs a click on the multifunction key "setting up lines", the graphical user interface allows the operator to select the active filling machine, distribution equipment and conveyors, and technological route that meets production lot, and quickly set or change various settings and configuration automation of packaging lines, which must be used during the launch and production stages to optimize the behavior of the packaging line. All settings and automation are stored in compact flash memory, and are loaded when selecting the command set line, as will be described in detail later. The examples shown in Fig and 14 refer to common parameter setting packaging line, such as the nominal performance and batocina productivity distribution equipment, time filter photoelectric sensors overruns, delay in relation to the commands start/stop, etc. and, accordingly, to install the specific parameters of each individual conveyor in a packaging line, such as the type of conveyor, the photovoltaic parameters of the sensors, the distance between the packages, acceleration, etc.

On Fig shows the configuration tasks related to the function mode of packing machine, which allows the operator to set selectable capacity (bags/hour), dynamic capacity (bags/hour), and the type of automatic re-start (manual/automatic) filling machines. On Fig shows the configuration tasks in the graphical user interface related to the functions "accumulation mode", which allows the operator to set the parameters of each individual drive in the packaging line, such as is available for dynamic speed, the distance between the packages, the level of stop and start to filter, etc. going Back to the software application in the controller line, the control line is a software application designed to optimize operating characteristics of the packaging line management and transportation packaging. This functionality is a Ki is very important to avoid damage to the packaging, in particular to prevent destruction of the packages because of the long queues at the inputs distribution equipment or high flow speed of the packaging in relation to the performance of the packaging line, and to ensure aseptic integrity.

In particular, the strategy of start/stop sequences and delay start/stop filling machine and the distribution equipment after start-up/shutdown any device from packaging machines and units distribution equipment in the packaging line, to prevent the formation having a length greater than the specified value queues packages at the entrance of any distribution equipment during the transition stage start-up/shutdown of the production process. Thus, compared with the previous generation of packaging lines controller line according to the present invention allows to start/stop filling machines or any distribution equipment has been pre-empt or delayed, thus making it possible, for example, to prevent the reception of packages in the distribution equipment or delay re-run of the earlier technological operations filling machines or distribution equipment.

Strategy flow control is a dynamic flow control packages in packing the St line. The regulation and management of the flow of packages gives you the opportunity to achieve essentially constant distance between the packages or units of packaging, to prevent their destruction and the formation of queues packages that exceed the specified length value, at the entrance of any distribution equipment for permanent changes in performance packaging line during the unloading stage of the drive.

The possibility of controlling the flow of packaging and performance-distribution equipment allows you to adjust the performance of the packaging line to the actual performance of the enterprise customer (to the palletizer, the packer pallets, the customer's equipment). In turn, adaptation performance makes possible the processing of packaging at a constant flow, which enables better control of the transport packaging. This functionality provides greater flexibility than the packaging lines of the previous generation and distribution equipment handles packaging with maximum performance available when creating a regular flow of packages. All options for managing transport packages are different for each plan packaging line.

In particular, the mod is l control line is designed to perform the following tasks within the production process:

control of the packaging line: work filling machine, distribution equipment and conveyors packaging line is controlled to optimize operating characteristics of the packaging line, and transporting products. The main visual information, such as production information, stop equipment, materials, stage lines, and so on, is provided by the common display service messages, while detailed visual information is provided by the display controller line, and displays the page of the production process, in which individual parts of the packing lines have a different color on the basis of the information that will be provided, and in particular:

Green: production

Grey: not present in the set of command line

White: the preparation

Blinking green: ready for production

Yellow: lock

Blinking yellow: block; packing machine or distribution equipment receives or delivers the package, but there is alarm;

- send command, and automatic re-start command start/stop is sent to the filling machine, distribution equipment, and conveyors in the packaging line, different from those in the filling machine and the distribution equipment, and directly the government managed the packaging line according to the strategy of start/stop, which controls the stage start-up and shutdown in a packaging line. For example, the distribution of stops if no more packages coming from previous by thread distribution equipment, or when blocking further flow distribution equipment, thus preventing the breaking or getting damaged packages; and activating at the unloading conveyor distribution equipment photoelectric sensor turns this distribution equipment is stopped Autonomous, and the control module line stops before the flow unit(s) distribution equipment;

- transfer of the working parameters: operating parameters are transferred to the filling machine and the distribution equipment packaging line to optimize operating characteristics of the packaging line and transportation of products;

strategy flow control products: an algorithm for optimization of production flows packages by dynamically adjusting the performance of the filling machine and each individual piece of distribution equipment, thereby reducing Queuing packaging and optimizing the accumulation of packages. Working condition of the filling machine and the distribution equipment accumulated, and based on the strategy and flow control products formed teams for filling machines and each unit of switchgear equipment. For example, if the boot pipeline distribution equipment is activated photoelectric speed sensor, distribution equipment increases their productivity and not taking any action at the level of the packaging line; and when in the loading conveyor distribution equipment is activated photoelectric sensor overflow, the control module line reduces the performance of the prior distribution equipment.

On Fig and 18 shows the command and response messages exchanged between the control line and distribution equipment for the implementation of the strategy for start/stop, whereas in Fig. 19-21 shows the commands and response messages exchanged between the control line and distribution equipment for the implementation of the strategy flow control packages.

In particular, Fig shows the commands and response messages exchanged during the procedure automatically start between modules of the control line drive, and three further units distribution equipment, respectively referred to as "Equipment(i-1)", "Equipment(i)", and "Equipment(i+1)". In detail, when the drive unit distribution equipment has notified the module control line that they are ready for production, the module control is the exercise by the line initializes the drive by sending it commands, contains characteristics of loading and unloading, in this example, both equal to 24,000 packages per hour, and the information that they started processing filling machine. Then, when the drive begins to accept the package and also supply packaging, it notifies the control module line respectively through the corresponding messages. Then, the control module line initializes three units distribution equipment by sending appropriate commands containing the values of their rated capacity and excess capacity, equal in this example, 24000 and 24,000+MAX% packs/hour, respectively, and the information that they started processing filling machine. Then, when the unit distribution equipment begin to accept the package, and also supply packaging, they shall notify the control line, respectively, through the respective messages.

On Fig shows the commands and response messages exchanged between the control line drive, and three units distribution equipment Fig during the procedure of automatic immediate stop. In detail, if the distribution equipment is blocked, in this example, the volumes are labeled "Equipment(i)", the control line is notified of this event by the corresponding the adequate message from a blocked distribution equipment. In response to this message, the control module line sends a command to immediately stop distribution equipment, blocked prior distribution equipment, in this example, such labeled "Equipment(i-1)"to stop it immediately, i.e. without complete processing packages have already been applied for distribution equipment, and the normal command shutdown on distribution equipment in the stream below the blocked distribution equipment, in this example, such labeled "Equipment(i+1)"to stop it normally, that is, after completing the processing of packages already submitted on distribution equipment. Distribution equipment, flow above the blocked distribution equipment, acknowledges receipt of the command from the control module line, and subsequently through relevant messages notifies the control module line that it is ready for issue. Then, the control module line sends a drive command immediate stop to stop it immediately, and the drive is set to offline in the receive mode, packing, and notifies the control module line respectively through a corresponding message. In conclusion, when blocked distribution equipment is returned in OPE is exploring the state after the intervention of the operator, unlocked distribution equipment notifies the control line through a corresponding message. On Fig shows the commands and response messages exchanged between the control line and two downstream units distribution equipment, referred to as "Equipment(i)" and "Equipment(i+1)if photoelectric speed sensor boot first conveyor unit distribution equipment activates only the filling machine downstream, in this example indicated as "Equipment(i)". As shown, initially the control module line initializes two units distribution equipment by sending to it the appropriate commands containing the values of their work rated capacity and excess capacity, in this example, 24000 and 24,000+MAX% packs/hour, respectively. By activating the photoelectric speed sensor boot conveyor of the first distribution equipment, the first distribution equipment standalone switches its operating performance of the nominal capacity in excess capacity, and notifies the control line, respectively, by sending an appropriate message. In response to this message, the control module line sends to the second distribution is sustained fashion equipment "Equipment(i+1)" command to switch its operating performance nominal performance gauge performance. After some time should disconnect photoelectric speed sensor of the first distribution equipment "Equipment(i)", and when this happens, the first distribution equipment standalone switches its operating performance with excessive performance rated performance, and notifies the control line, respectively, by sending an appropriate message. In response to this message, the control module line sends to the second distribution equipment "Equipment(i+1)" command to switch its operating performance with excessive performance rated performance. On Fig shows the commands and response messages exchanged between the control line and two downstream units distribution equipment Fig, by activating the photoelectric sensors speed boot pipelines and distribution equipment, and by activating the photoelectric sensor overflow boot conveyor of the second distribution equipment "Equipment(i+1)". In this scenario, two units distribution equipment responsive to activation of the respective photoelectric speed sensors in the same manner as described previously with reference to Fig, Autonomous switching with the OI working performance with values of the rated capacity, excess capacity, and notifying the management module line, respectively. By activating the photoelectric sensor overflow boot conveyor of the second distribution equipment marked "Equipment(i+1), control line, respectively, notified in accordance with an appropriate message from the second distribution equipment "Equipment(i+1)". In response to this message, the control module line sends a command to the first distribution equipment "Equipment(i)to reduce its current excess capacity to a value equal to the rated capacity, in this example, 24,000 packages per hour. After some time, the photoelectric sensor overflow of the second distribution equipment "Equipment(i+1)" must be switched off, and when this happens, the module control line, respectively, notified in accordance with an appropriate message from the second distribution equipment "Equipment(i+1)". In response to this message, the control module line sends a command to the first distribution equipment "Equipment(i)"to restore the initial value of excess capacity, in this example 24000+MAX%. On Fig shows the commands and response messages exchanged between the control line drive, and three downstream units of raspredelitel the tion equipment, marked "Equipment(i-1)", "Equipment(i)", and "Equipment(i+1)", by activating the photoelectric sensors and speed, and overflow boot conveyor intermediate distribution equipment, in the example it is indicated as "Equipment(i)". As shown, initially the control module line initializes the drive by sending it commands containing performance loading and unloading, in this example, 24000 and 24,000+MAX% packs/hour, respectively, and three units distribution equipment by sending appropriate commands containing the values of their work rated capacity and excess capacity, in this example, both equal to 24000+MAX% packs/hour. By activating the photoelectric sensors and speed, and overflow to boot the second conveyor distribution equipment "Equipment(i)", the control line is notified activation PV overflow sensor in accordance with an appropriate message from the second distribution equipment "Equipment(i)". In response to this message, the control module line sends commands to the drive and on the first distribution equipment "Equipment(i-1)to reduce performance unload for the first, and the excess performance for the latest up meant what I equal performance boot for the drive, in this example, 24,000 packages per hour. After some time, the photoelectric sensor overflow of the second distribution equipment "Equipment(i)" must be switched off, and when this happens, the module control line, respectively, notified in accordance with an appropriate message from the second distribution equipment "Equipment(i)". In response to this message, the control module line sends a command to the drive and on the first distribution equipment "Equipment(i-1)to restore the initial values of the performance unload for the first and the excess performance for last, in this example 24000+MAX% packs/hour.

In conclusion, the management module line is additionally designed with the ability to run warm filling machine and the distribution equipment included in the production process, in accordance with energy saving strategy, which is designed to interfere with the full warm-up filling machines or used distribution equipment, while others are still warm. In particular, the control module line is designed to let the time run warm-up was established for filling machines and each is included in raspredelitelnogo equipment on the basis of the external operating modes.

Returning to the software application in the controller line, the administrator module of the command sets is a software application for automatic configuration of a packaging line for implementation of the instruction set of lines selected by the operator using the controller line, during which the filling machine and many individual units distribution equipment in the packaging line are identified for joint action in the course of production of the desired end-unit packaging. In particular, the filling machine and each individual distribution equipment in the packaging line configured to perform one or more selected sets of equipment, which are stored in the corresponding filling machine and the distribution equipment, and give the opportunity to have been specified intermediate units of packaging. In more detail, the instruction set of equipment for filling machines specifies the type of sealed packages, which will be filling machine, whereas the set of commands for the equipment distribution equipment specifies the operation(s)to be executed by the distribution device over a separate package or groups of sealed packages.

Additionally, in detail, the command set is the turn specifies:

- the layout of the packaging line (the direction of movement of the packages), that is, distribution equipment and pipelines, which will be included in the production of the final packing units;

the instruction sets of equipment, enforceable filling machine and included in the production units and distribution equipment; and

- parameters automation of packaging lines, that is, the operating parameters to be used in the packaging line (speed conveyors, synchronization of cells, delay management/commands, features filling machines and switchgear) to control the flow of packages;

while the command set hardware specifies:

the parameters specify a set of commands that identify the characteristics of sealed packages or units of packaging, which will be produced, or the operation to be executed. For example, for device packaging in cardboard, these parameters can include the scheme of the packaging tray, and the typology of the tray, while filling machines these parameters may include the amount and form of packaging, the typology of the opening mechanism, and so on; and

- independent commands set operating parameters, such as speed, temperature, pressure, etc. that are specific for sealed packages, packing unit or operation is th, specified by parameters set command set.

Sets of commands for lines and equipment are based on a scalable and modular approach, that is, the command sets the hardware store all the information required by each machine or equipment to provide the specified package units, whereas a set of command line only refers to these sets of equipment. Thus, a set of command line should not contain all the detailed parameters of the filling machine and each distribution device, and only samples a multiple instruction sets of equipment.

Therefore, as shown in Fig, when selected by the operator using the keyboard controller line of the required set of command line identified by the associated name or identification (ID) code, the administrator module of the command sets is configured to determine the individual intermediate packaging units, which will be used in the production of the desired final packing units corresponding to the selected set of command line. On the basis of this module, admin sets of commands defines a specific layout of the packaging line, that is, the specific configuration of the individual units distribution equipment in the packaging line, which budetlyane in the production of the desired end-unit packaging corresponding to the selected set of command lines, and individual instruction sets of equipment identified related names or identification code (ID) in the filling machine and each individual identified distribution equipment to be implemented for production identified intermediate packaging units. If an individual sets of equipment have been identified, the administrator module of instruction sets configured for sending to the controller line settings and automatic operation of the packaging line, stored in the above-mentioned compact flash memory, and associated with a set of command line, before the start of the process of production, packing machine and the identified distribution equipment loaded respective individual sets of equipment to be carried out, and loaded the settings and automatic operation. Filling machine and each identified distribution equipment load operating parameters stored in the corresponding compact cards, flash memory, and associated with a set of commands for the equipment taken from the module administrator sets of commands.

On Fig and 24 show examples of the initial, intermediate and final packing units is, related to two different sets of commands lines, called respectively "red" and "green", while Fig shows the definition of a set of command line.

To accomplish this, the administrator module of instruction sets designed with the ability to allow selected and executed the following functionality, and perform the following tasks:

- configuration command set, which allows the operator to create (define/edit) and to store the set of command lines, and to perform various operations, such as task planning packaging line, the choice of the instruction set of lines and equipment, job performance packaging line, and so on, using the function key module administrator sets of commands. To allow the creation of a set of command line, the administrator module of instruction sets designed to be forward of filling machines and switchgear production/operational parameters associated with the instruction sets of equipment. On Fig shows the configuration tasks related to the configuration functions of the set of commands;

- execution of the command set, which allows you to select and launch the newly created set of command line using the function key module administrator sets of commands;

production is lakirovich, which allows to reduce the dependence on human rights in the management of key operational parameter;

- hardware lock, which allows you to avoid discrepancies between the sets of commands lines and equipment;

planning a lock that avoids inconsistencies in the task configuration plan;

- blocking the production of materials, which prevents any mismatch between the type of material entered by the operator into the filling machine, and used units distribution equipment (packaging material, cap, straws, glue, etc) and the type of material specified in the instruction set of lines; and

the data processor PLMS, which allows you to process data related to the selected set of command line automatically supplied to the Central system (PLMS) monitoring of production and packaging lines, which will be described in detail later.

The ability to control automatically, set parameters command line (raw materials used in the production process, the configuration of a particular distribution device), enhances the quality of the final unit of packaging, produce packaging line, and enables traceability of raw materials used in the production process. Another characteristic t is aetsa use a specific setting for automatic operation of the line modules line control and optimizer pipeline for each set of commands, that ensures optimization of the working characteristics of the line. Additionally, the administrator module command sets provides the use of correct parameterization in the instruction set of the active line.

Again referring to the software application in the controller line, the optimizer pipeline is a software application designed to optimize the transport packaging packaging line. In particular, the optimizer pipeline allows the operator to select and perform the following functions:

- the settings of the conveyor, which allow the operator to set the operating parameters for each conveyor in a packaging line that are different from those for the filling machine and the distribution equipment and directly controlled by the controller packaging line, such as the conveyor speed, the width of the package, the distance between the packages, options, switch configuration, the function of accumulation, etc. On Fig shows the configuration tasks related to the functions of the installation parameters. Shown in Fig example relates to the operating parameters of the pipeline LCCI; and

- lubrication and cleaning, which allows the operator to operate the unit lubrication and cleaning of the pipeline. On Fig shows the configuration tasks related to the functions of lubrication and cleaning of the pipeline.

Who is Rasas in figure 1, the PLMS centre is a data management system designed for monitoring operating characteristics of the filling machine and the distribution equipment in the packaging line, and maximize operating characteristics of the equipment based on the data of the production hall. The PLMS centre also provides a powerful and useful tools for the analysis of operating characteristics of the equipment and the behavior of the process. Operating data operating characteristics are automatically collected and recorded in a packaging line. Local interaction with the manual entry data is complete. Dissemination of information on the level of service the company provides real time control and analysis of historical data. The PLMS centre allows achieving optimal results through timely identification of problems unproductive downtime. The analysis details the technical characteristics of production identifies critical Executive equipment, and graphics and messages are tools to identify the root causes higher downtime.

One of the main features provided by the PLMS centre, is a function traceability and monitoring processes. In the graphical user interface is provided in the form operator is and, which is an electronic substitute for paper manuscript production of the document. Data can be entered on the request of the operator or automatically prompted by the system based on events in the equipment. Data entry is possible by manual input or by using a barcode scanner. Recorded in the form of operator data can be, for example, production verification statement used packaging line material, such as packing material, tape, caps, straws, etc., special production events such as the identifier (id) of the party, launch party, stop the party, etc., identifiers (ID) operator, locally defined custom events, etc. On the basis of data registered in a packaging machine, the PLMS centre performs the analysis of the working characteristics and reports on form operator. This allows you to monitor process parameters and critical control points throughout the production process. The monitoring process provides an opportunity to perform advanced Troubleshooting of faults relative to the machine process variables.

The PLMS centre also gives the possibility of achieving a comprehensive traceability according to the time synchronization. In fact, the PLMS centre provides opportunities is to synchronize the time of registration data with respect to the basic system timing and the clock unit of Dating locally synchronized according to the clock register data PLMS.

In more detail, as shown in Fig, the PLMS centre is designed to perform the following tasks:

analysis of the working characteristics

- display real-time,

analysis of processes

- traceability of packages, and

- integrator systems (MES) industrial process control.

In particular, the task of analyzing operating characteristics includes:

Analysis with graphs:

analysis of the working characteristics of the packaging line, filling machine and the distribution equipment,

- comparison of operating characteristics of the packaging lines and packaging machines, the analysis of efficiency, downtime, loss analysis and repeatability, and

- trend;

Analysis reports:

- the process of production, loss, shutdown, summary reports,

- event report;

- Report form of the operator; and

Analysis of shifts, days, weeks, months or years.

Task display in real time includes:

Control of the packaging line:

- an overview of the status of the packaging line in real time,

- the state of the filling machine and the distribution equipment,

- counters made packages

- indication of loss of packages, and

- list of events about which adowanie;

Tools of the short-term analysis:

- analysis of the current and the previous shift/day,

- a list of the 10 main reasons for the stop, and

- performance of the main line.

The task analysis process includes:

The study area of technological parameters:

analog variables

- digital signals,

values of the control points; and

Analysis process:

- pointers for absolute/relative values

- comparison of variables, and

- Zoom functions (Zoom and panning (Pan).

Task traceability of packages includes:

- Monitoring package contents:

the process parameters

values of the control points, and

- background of the relevant event (stops, sink, etc.);

- Bill of materials classified in the same package:

- information form operator

- packing material/tape/labels/caps, and

- the ID of the batch.

In conclusion, the task of the MES integrator provides an open interface based on standards of extensible hypertext markup language (XML) and includes:

- Tracking of one party:

- effectiveness indicators

- counters (produced packaging/unit, loss, etc), and

- background relevant events;

- Bill of materials assigned to one party:

- information form operator

- packing material/tape/labels/caps, and

- the ID of the batch.

On Fig more detail the problem of traceability of packages, performed by the centre PLMS. If request received on specific products, based on the data registered in the database background processes, and coming from a filling machine, the PLMS centre can provide different output data, including the chart that is displayed in the window of the graphical user interface, and report, including information such as temperature values, the settings of the machine, the level of output, information about the latest pre-sterilization, the last CIP equipment (CIP), the last dock, the last stop, etc.

In Fig. 30-34 shows various schematic layout of the integrated packaging system according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention, and numerical reference position are identical with those in figure 1 represent the same elements.

It is shown in Fig. 30-34 packaging system differ from that shown in figure 1, in that they belong to the so-called type multicommutation. In particular, unlike the so-called systemupdate with multiple lines in which provides a variety of operationally Autonomous packaging lines, that is, packaging lines, which together do not use distribution equipment, packing system with Multicommodity includes many operatively together existing packaging lines, that is, packaging lines made with the possibility of joint use of one or more units distribution equipment, thus increasing the flexibility and variability of production for the customer.

In such a packaging system with Multicommodity module administrator sets of commands should be designed with the ability to identify the filling machine and the specific configuration distribution equipment, which will be included in the production, and individual instruction sets of equipment in the packaging machine and in the included in the production units and distribution equipment, enforceable, to produce the final packing units corresponding to the selected set of command line.

Packing system with Multicommodity may include either a single control architecture with a common controller packaging line, programmed to manage the configuration, communication and control of all packaging lines to optimize cooperation is collaboration between packing machines and units distribution equipment, to improve the operating characteristics of the packaging system with multicommutation and handling of the products during production, or a two-tier control architecture with the slave controller packaging line for each packaging line, and a master controller line for the subordinate controllers line. In the single management architecture, center for PLMS is programmed for joint actions with the General controller of the packaging line, whereas in the two-tier control architecture centre PLMS is programmed for joint action with either the master packaging line or subordinate controllers lines, and with the master packaging line, and with subordinate controllers line.

An extensive study conducted by the Applicant in the field of machinery food packaging, has shown that the required three main architectural topology for systems packaging Multicommodity to meet customer requirements, namely:

- the division of industrial (technological) process: Fig shows a packaging system with Multicommodity when planning, in which two separate packaging lines share a common device packaging in cardboard. In particular, the first packaging line includes, in order, fases is Chou machine, drive the applicator straw, the first dynamic switch, the first and second branch, branches off from the first switch configuration and uniting in the device packaging in cardboard, with the first branch includes a device for wrapping in foil and the second dynamic switch, and the second branch includes a third dynamic switch. The second packaging line includes, in order, packaging machine, the drive, the applicator cap, and the fourth dynamic switch connected to the third switch configuration in the second branch of the first packaging line. The layout shown on Fig, gives the opportunity to make three possible set of command line, which shows the continuous, dashed and dotted arrows, and in particular:

the first set of command line (continuous arrow), and packaging are only through the first packaging line, and in particular through the filling machine, the drive, the applicator straw, the first dynamic switch, the first branch, and the device packaging in cardboard;

a second set of command line (dotted arrow), and packaging are only through the first packaging line, and in particular through the filling machine, the drive, the applicator straw, the first dynamic switch, the second branch of the device packaging in cardboard; and

- the third set of command line (dotted arrow), and packaging, produce packaging machine in the second packaging line, pass through the second packaging line, and through the second and third switches configuration are redirected to the device packaging in cardboard first packaging line.

In another layout, which is not shown, two packaging machines are configured with the ability to produce packaging with different forms, can share all distribution equipment downstream.

- Reservation: Fig shows a packaging system with multicommutation in the layout, which allows you to stream packages from one packaging line was redirected to another packaging line, thereby increasing the flexibility in case of maintenance and repair of distribution equipment. In particular, it is shown on Fig packing system includes two identical separate packaging lines, including the composition of each, in order, packing machine, drive, switch configuration, the applicator straw and device packaging in cardboard, with two switch configuration are interconnected to allow the applicator straw and device packaging in cardboard in one packaging line to handle packaging and, produce packing machine to another packaging line. The layout shown on Fig, gives the opportunity to the age of four possible set of command line, which shows the continuous, dashed and dotted arrows, and in particular:

the first set of command line (continuous arrows), and packaging are only through the first packaging line;

a second set of command line (continuous arrows), and packaging take place only through the second packaging line;

- the third set of command line (dotted arrow), and packaging, produce packaging machine in the first packaging line, go through the drive in the same packaging line, two mutually connected switch configuration, and the applicator straw and device packaging in cardboard in the second packaging line; and

a fourth set of command line (dotted arrow), and packaging, produce packaging machine in the second packaging line, go through the drive in the same packaging line, two mutually connected switch configuration, and the applicator straw and device packaging in cardboard first packaging line;

- merge threads: Fig and 33 shows a packaging system with multicommutation in the layout, which gives the possibility of combining two streams of packages in one, so about what atom, reducing the number of units distribution equipment included in the production process. In particular, the packaging system with Multicommodity shown in Fig shares of common stacker (on pallets) between the two packaging lines, and the first packaging line includes a filling machine, the drive and the applicator cap, and the second packaging line includes a filling machine, the drive, the applicator cap, device Association, device packaging in cardboard, packaging machine in a cardboard tray and stacker. In the shown Fig packaging with multicommutation, General stacker and the total device wrappers in the film are shared between two identical packaging lines, including the composition of each of the filling machine, the drive, the applicator cap, and device packaging in cardboard. In another layout, which is not shown, packing lines share a common device wrapped in film, and each includes a filling machine, the drive, the applicator straws, wrapped in film, and device packaging in cardboard. In these systems, packing two packing lines can be used simultaneously or singly with different performance.

In conclusion, on Fig shows the packaging system with multicomp is the situation, containing two of the above layouts with multicommutation, that is, the layout of the reserve and the layout with the separation process. In particular, the system of the packaging shown in Fig, consists of several packaging lines with packing machines with the configuration with the opportunity to produce a package which has a different shape, and two of which are also equipped with a system for tear-off tongue. Two packaging lines include only the device packaging, the device packaging in cardboard, two packaging lines additionally included in the applicator cap and device packaging in cardboard, and one packing line additionally includes an applicator straws and device packaging in cardboard. In conclusion, all packaging machines share all of the above distribution equipment downstream.

In conclusion, it is clear that in relation to the present invention can be performed numerous modifications and embodiments of, all falling under the scope of the invention as defined in the attached claims.

1. The packaging system (PS), which includes:
packaging line (PL), containing the filling machine (FM) and one or more units subsequent distribution is oborudovaniya (DE), United with the use of conveyors, packing machine is made with the ability to produce sealed packages, each of which contains a food product, and each unit of switchgear equipment is adapted to perform an operation on a separate airtight packaging or in groups such; packing machine and each unit of switchgear equipment include electronic control system designed for storing and executing one or more software modules;
controller line (LC), is programmed to control the configuration, communication and control of the packaging line and includes a display, keyboard and treatment system designed for storing and executing one or more software applications executed with the possibility of joint action with the software modules in the filling machine and each distribution equipment; and
the communications network intended to connect the controller line from the filling machine and each unit of switchgear equipment;
while filling machine and each unit distribution equipment configured to store and perform one or more selected sets of equipment, with the command set of the equipment is for filling machines specifies the type of sealed packages, who should be filling machine, and the instruction set of equipment for unit distribution equipment specifies the operation(s)subject(s) performing distribution equipment;
the controller line configured to store and perform one or more selected sets of command lines, each of which specifies a corresponding end of a packaging unit, which should be made of the packaging line, and provides for the implementation of that packing machine and the unit(s) distribution equipment, operated in the production of a final packing units, carry out the corresponding command sets equipment;
with this set command line specifies:
packing machine, unit distribution equipment and conveyors, to be included in the final production unit of packaging,
the instruction sets of equipment, subject to the implementation of the packaging machine and sodastream distribution equipment for production of final packing units, and
the parameters of the automation line to be used filling machine and sodastream distribution equipment for production of final packing units;
this software application in the controller line includes a module administrate the and command sets designed with automatic configuration of a packaging line for implementation of the selected set of command line via:
issuing packaging machine and the unit(s) distribution equipment specified in the selected set of command line, in relation to the set of commands for the equipment specified in the selected set of command lines, which must be carried out to produce the final packing units, and
download settings automation lines contained in the selected set of command line, packing machine and unit(s) distribution equipment specified in the selected set of command line.

2. The packaging system according to claim 1, in which the administrator module command sets additionally designed to provide the ability to create and store a collection of command line, and selecting a stored set of commands lines for implementation using the graphical user interface (GUI).

3. The packaging system according to claim 1, in which the administrator module command sets additionally designed with the ability to perform one or more of the following tasks:
blocking the production process in order to reduce dependence on human rights in the management of key operational parameter;
locking hardware to prevent nesota the harsh environments between the instruction sets of equipment and lines;
block layouts to prevent inconsistencies in the configuration of the layout of the packaging line;
blocking the production of materials, to prevent inconsistencies between the type of material used in the packaging machine and the unit(s) distribution equipment, and the type of material specified in the selected set of command line; and
the data processor to automatically put in a monitoring system packaging line (PLMS) production data related to the selected set of command line.

4. The packaging system according to claim 1, in which the instruction set of equipment points:
the parameters specify a set of commands that specify the characteristics for the type hermetic packaging or packaging units, which will be made, or the operation to be executed; and
dependent commands set operating parameters, which are specific to the type hermetic packaging, the packaging unit or operation(s)specified by parameters set command set.

5. The packaging system according to claim 1, in which the software application in the controller line additionally include:
the control module line designed for start/stop filling machines and units(s) distribution equipment used in the manufacturing process, in accordance with the laws the AI strategy start-up/shutdown for the dynamic regulation of output and operating parameters of packing machine and activated units(s) distribution equipment according to the strategy of the flow control during the manufacturing process;
this strategy start-up/shutdown specifies the sequence start/stop and delay for filling machines and units(s) distribution equipment after start-up/shutdown any of the filling machines and units(s) distribution equipment to prevent the formation exceeding the value specified for the queue lengths packages at the entrance(s) affecting the unit(s) distribution equipment during the transition stage start-up/shutdown of the production process; and
this strategy flow control sets the operating speed of the conveyors and production of filling machines and used units(s) distribution equipment to ensure that
was achieved essentially constant distance between the packages or units of packaging, to prevent their destruction and the formation exceeding the value specified for the queue lengths packages at the entrance(s) affecting the unit(s) distribution equipment within the work.

6. The packaging system according to claim 5, in which the parameters of the automation line in the instruction set of lines include operating parameters of the strategies start/stop, and flow control.

7. The packaging system according to claim 6, in which the control line is additionally designed to run warm filling machine is activated units(s) distribution equipment in accordance with energy saving strategy, intended to interfere with the full warm-up filling machines or sagastume distribution equipment, while still warm.

8. The packaging system according to claim 7, in which the control line is additionally designed to ensure that the points in time of the start of the warm-up was established for filling machines and each of the activated units distribution equipment based on external conditions.

9. The packaging system according to claim 5, in which the control line is additionally designed with the ability to monitor and provide visual information regarding the work of packing machine and activated units(s) distribution equipment.

10. The packaging system according to claim 9, additionally containing the shared display service messages, and the control line is arranged to provide the main visual information through a common display service messages and detailed visual information via the display controller line.

11. The packaging system according to claim 1, in which the software application in the controller line additionally include a Configurator line, designed to provide the following functionality set the configuration chosen/implemented che is without a graphical user interface (GUI):
automatic detection and identification in packaging line packaging machines, units(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s) and automatic forwarding of their production/performance;
graphical drawing of the layout of the packaging line, including a graphical representation filling machines, units(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s);
linking graphical representations of filling machines, units(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s) identified with a filling machine, the unit(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s) and
the production installation/operating parameters identified filling machines, units(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s) in the packaging line, and General settings, automatic operation for packaging line.

12. The packaging system according to claim 11, in which the functionality of the configuration tasks related to automatic detection and identification packaging machines, units(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s) and automatically forwarding their production/performance, includes:
sending requests identification on the filling machine and the unit(s) distribution equipment;
receiving identification data from filling mA the ins and units(s) distribution equipment;
the direction of data requests identified in the filling machine and the unit(s) distribution equipment for production-related data, including their production volumes; and
receiving information corresponding to the related production data, identified from filling machines and units(s) distribution equipment.

13. The packaging system according to claim 11, in which the functionality related to the graphic drawing of the layout of the packaging line, the graphical user interface is designed to provide the display area divided into a multitude of image elements, each of which can display a graphical representation of the selected filling machines, units distribution equipment or pipeline, the choice of filling machines, units distribution equipment or conveyor by means of click on the image element.

14. The packaging system according to claim 11, in which the functionality related to the linking graphical representations of filling machines, units(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s) identified with a filling machine unit(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s), includes checking linking to prepyatstvovat is any erroneous link between graphical representations filling machines, units(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s) identified with a filling machine unit(s) distribution equipment and conveyor(s).

15. The packaging system according to claim 1, in which the software application in the controller line additionally include the optimizer pipeline, designed to provide the following functionality optimization selected/implemented using a graphical user interface (GUI):
setting operating parameters for each conveyor in a packaging line and functioning of the unit lubrication and cleaning of the pipeline.

16. The packaging system according to claim 1, further comprising many operatively together existing packaging lines, organized with ability to share one or more units distribution equipment in order to achieve one or more of the following operational objectives:
the division of the production process, and unit distribution equipment used for simultaneous implementation of different sets of command line;
redundancy, and unit distribution equipment is also used for changing the direction of flow of packages from one packaging line to another, to give opportunities for the management of the maintenance or repair of distribution equipment; and
merging threads, and unit distribution equipment used to merge two streams of packages into one to reduce the number of units distribution equipment used in the production process.

17. The packaging system according to clause 16, in which the controller line is common to all packaging lines.

18. The packaging system according to clause 16, which includes a slave controller line for each packaging line and the host controller line connected to the slave controllers line.

19. The packaging system according to claim 1, further comprising a monitoring system packaging line (PLMS), is designed for joint operation with a packing line to monitor the working characteristics of the filling machines and units(s) distribution equipment used in the production process, to enable analysis of the performance history and/or in real time.

20. The packaging system according to claim 19, in which the monitoring system packaging line is additionally designed with functionality traceability of products and monitoring of processes using a graphical user interface (GUI), on the basis of data registered in the database is registrie.

21. The packaging system according to claim 20, in which the functionality traceability of products includes providing a graphical form of the operator, where data can be entered on the request of the operator or automatically requested on the basis of developments in equipment and graphic report on form operator on the basis of data registered in a packaging machine, in this report on form operator allows you to monitor process parameters and critical control points throughout the production process.

22. The packaging system according to claim 20, in which the functionality of the traceability of products additionally includes a time synchronization point registration data in relation to the basic system timing.

23. The packaging system according to claim 1, in which the filling machine is made with the ability to selectively produce one type or different types of sealed packages containing one food or many foods.

24. The controller lines for use in the packaging system according to any one of the preceding paragraphs.

25. Machine-readable media on which is recorded a program loaded in the storage device processing system controller line according to any one of the preceding paragraphs and containing one or more software own the assets according to any one of claims 1 to 15.



 

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3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: in the automation system, automation processors are connected to the system bus EN which is based on an Ethernet interface in form of an annular structure of series-connected network switches, each of two backed up automation processors is connected to network switches of the bus EN on two channels, on one channel to one switch and on the other channel to the other switch; backed up automation processors are connected to each other on separate serial interfaces and are fitted with means of controlling hot backup; input/output stations are backed up and contain backed up SP modules connected in pairs over signalling lines, fitted with means of controlling hot backup, and on two backed up interface modules connected to each other on separate serial interfaces with means of controlling hot backup; backed up automation processors are connected to interface modules of input/output stations over a backup bus ENL which is based on Industrial Ethernet with a radial communication topology.

EFFECT: high reliability, fast switching to backup equipment, freeing computational resources from the task of controlling backup.

3 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: in the software-hardware system for controlling technological processes, automation processors are connected to an EN system bus which is based on the Industrial Ethernet interface in form of a ring structure of series-connected network switches, over two channels; the automation processors are connected to input/output stations having an interface module and modules for communication with the technological process; the automation processors are connected to the interface modules of the input/output stations over an ENL bus which is based on Industrial Ethernet with a radial connection topology and ensuring the minimum possible data exchange time for the Industrial Ethernet; the interface module of the input/output station is connected to each module for communication with the technological process over a separate serial interface of the input/output bus; automation processors also have channels for connecting to ENS buses based on Industrial Ethernet on a ring connection topology for constructing multiply backed-up systems.

EFFECT: high reliability of the system bus, high rate of collecting technological process data and high fault-tolerance.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: control device for a process control loop has a housing (50) which can be clamped during the production process. The circuit (62) of the loop interface is connected to the process control loop (18) and receives data from the process control loop (18). Memory (64) stores data received by the circuit (62) of the loop interface from the process control loop (18).

EFFECT: simple process of controlling production processes.

25 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: tire industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant contains great number of working units operating successively. Plant is furnished with central processor made for setting successive execution of great number of operations at working stations. Each working station contains at least one unit of indicated working units according to one or several set sequences of tire types. Plant includes also local processor connected with each working station and made for determining type corresponding to drum found in each of said working units. Local processor provides selection of definite procedure from preset group of procedures for each of said working units designed for type of tire corresponding to drum to be used in operation. Invention reduces to minimum downtimes for changing type of tire to be manufactured and makes it possible to manufacture lots of tires of different types without changing equipment producing tire semifinished products.

EFFECT: provision of automatic manufacturing of different type tires.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: ferrous metallurgy; nonferrous metallurgy; methods of automated control over ore mining and dressing production.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, in particular, to the method of automated control over ore mining and dressing production by means of the branched computer network. The technical result of the invention is an improved quality and effectiveness of the control. The method provides for a measurement within the preset time intervals of an electrical power consumption (PC) by equipment of the technological link (TL) of mining, TL of bucking and TL of iron-ore concentrate production per 1 ton of the product, mains voltage and determination of the correcting coefficient considering the effect of the mains voltage value. On the basis of statistical data for the equipment of the TL of mining, TL of ore bucking and TL of an iron-ore concentrate production considering mechanical and chemical properties of the raw material and the number of units of operating equipment they introduce in the controlling system the boundary parameters (BP) of acceptable values of PC used for production of 1 ton of the products at the fixed main voltage. At the stage of processing by the TL of mining the initial ore is weighted and averaged for bringing of the mechanical and chemical parameters to the preset boundary parameters for processing by the following technological links. At the stage of ore processing by TL of bucking they check the chemical composition and mechanical properties of an intermediate product. At a stage of processing of ore by TL of production of the iron-ore concentrate they determine amount of products of the preset chemical composition produced from 1 ton of the ore, For each link of TL fix the number of the equipment units operating in parallel. Then make a comparison of the power consumed by each TL for production of 1 ton of products with the boundary parameters acceptable PC values per 1 ton of the products for the data of the initial ore composition, parameters of the TL products and a quantity of the units of the equipment in parallel operating in composition of TL. Determine the value of deviations and multiply by the coefficient considering the effect of the mains voltage value. If the measured values of PC exceed at the indicated TLs preset boundary parameters (BP)of acceptable values of PC per 1 ton of the products fix the operating irregularity of the equipment of the particular TL. Analyze the dynamics of the gained deviations rise time and by the obtained results of the analysis determine the sequence and the volume of diagnosing of the particular unit of the TL equipment. After that step-by-step transfer the TL equipment in a diagnostic mode of operation, conduct its diagnosing and issue a command to change the mode of operation of the particular units of the TL equipment or to cease their operation.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an improved quality and effectiveness of the control.

1 dwg

FIELD: automatics and computer science, possible use for developing solutions for tasks for controlling modes of expansive electric energy based systems.

SUBSTANCE: in control system consisting of several sub-systems, connected by means of communication with computer machine, and optimization module connected thereto, computer machine is selected as computer machine of upper level, and each subsystem is provided with computing machine of lower level, herein optimization module and block for calculating functional characteristics of current subsystem are realized, while system is also provided with means for upper level communication and means for lower level communication, computing machines of lower level through communication means of upper level are connected to computing machine of upper level and through communication means of lower level are connected to subsystems.

EFFECT: decreased total amount of information transferred while controlling modes of electric energy based systems, increased speed of operations.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engineering of systems for automatic control over technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: in the method appropriate for invention at least one controlling computing machine is utilized and a certain amount of field devices, while status signals and control signals between at least a portion of field devices and controlling computing machine are transferred using TCP/IP protocol via communication channel, preferably for radio-communication and/or Internet. System for controlling process appropriate for invention has controlling computing machine with Web-server, computing machine of client with Internet browser, and also multiple indicators and positioning devices; system for controlling process is preferably services by means of Internet through personal computer of client.

EFFECT: improved universality of software used for servicing and observing.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: engineering of controlling and adjusting systems for controlling technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: complex contains workstations and servers based on personal electronic computer machines, connected as a local area Ethernet network, and also controllers and functional modules. Programmable logical integral circuits, built into each functional module, support programming of practically any algorithms for processing signals and control, adequate for tasks, assigned by engineer to current module. Three variants of system engineering are possible on basis of means included in complex: centralized control, local control, distributed control. In all three variants central microprocessor module controlled by software performs primary configuring of functional modules, information exchange, control and diagnostics of software and hardware means.

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities, increased reliability, improved maintainability.

14 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: computer systems engineering, welding systems, possible use for providing welding architecture to make possible interactive realization of remote configuration, monitoring, control and business operations in distributed environment, wherein welding processes are performed.

SUBSTANCE: system includes at least one welding device, operatively connected to network server, network interface and network for exchanging data with at least one remote system. Remote system includes at least one remote interface for exchanging data with network architecture. Remote system is made with possible request of at least one HTTP socket for setting up connection to welding device through network, loading at least one application from welding device and communication with at least one welding application socket through at least one application for exchanging information between welding device and remote system. At least one appropriate includes at least one of components: welding configuration component, welding monitoring component and welding control component. Method for provision of distributed welding architecture includes stages, at which: welding device is connected to network interface. For setting up network connection through network interface to remote system, at least one socket is used: HTTP socket or welding application socket, where HTTP socket is used for exchanging data with remote systems. Structure of data, providing welding protocol, includes at least one of following fields: field of options/flags, field of order of messages, message status field, data length field, data field, server commands field, server command identifier field, server command arguments field, machine field, machine address field, field of identifier of method/property and field for arguments of method/property.

EFFECT: decreased time and labor costs related to technical maintenance and adjustment of multiple welding devices and systems.

6 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: connecting controller may be used in gas transportation systems.

SUBSTANCE: connecting controller contains electric interconnection, which connects a set of input ports to processor and memory. In accordance to invention, marked data may be grouped in time and space by means of central computer using attributes. Processor may utilize aforementioned data to constantly monitor, determine parameters and control the whole gas transportation system.

EFFECT: controller precisely distributes system events in time and space, using marked data for this purpose, resulting in increased efficiency of system, control over repairing of breakdown, capacity for planning of advance technical maintenance and routine maintenance.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electrical communication networks, radio technique, computing technique.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus for controlling system of objects includes power conductor connected to autonomous electric power source; adapters connected between power conductor and objects. Adapters forming together with objects control circuits are programmed for setting timing of data receiving. Power conductor serves simultaneously for transmitting data. Adapters are made with possibility of taking noises into account. Adapter connected between power conductor and autonomous electric power source is made with possibility of simultaneous transmission of data between all other adapters while taking into account time moments of noise occurring and with possibility of regulating voltage of electric power source. Adapter for such apparatus is also offered in description of invention.

EFFECT: improved quality of control process.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to automated control systems.

SUBSTANCE: it may be used for management of industrial-technological processes of an enterprise of gas and oil industry with controlling inputs at the place of their origin. The invention allows to control the industrial-technological process at each management level together with industrial-technological indexes and control the values of evaluations of indexes of effectiveness which so, as the industrial-technological indexes are compared with permissible borders.

EFFECT: increases effectiveness of management due to operative local response at effectiveness reduction on a part of the industrial-technological process of the enterprise.

1 dwg

FIELD: method and system for computerized preparation of parts in elevator engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method includes storing information which is important for logistics in control list of database in form of data about parts required in elevator engineering, parts being prepared are fitted with readable and recordable carrier of information with data memory, these parts are prepared, information which is important for logistics is recorded by means of a computer into memory of information carriers, prepared parts are delivered to the construction site, at the construction site the information important for logistics is read from the memory of information carrier, the information is checked by means of a computer and delivered parts are placed at specified distribution stations using read logistics information. The system contains a database, a reading/recording device, an information carrier with data memory, a processing block.

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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