Conversion method of falling water energy to electric energy

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: conversion method of falling water energy to electric energy involves a water turbine and an electric generator, which are connected to each other. The following is arranged along the bed of a mountain river flowing on the mountain slope: horizontal and vertical water passages connected to each other and filled with water flow. Water turbine is arranged inside lower part of a vertical water passage. Water turbine is connected through a special device to electric generator. Electric generator is connected through wires to a consumer of the same energy.

EFFECT: creation of a hydraulic power plant of a new generation, which do not disturb ecological situation of the environment.

2 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of energy and can be used in various sectors of the national economy.

Known to the claimed invention at essential features are existing hydropower that converts the energy of flowing water into electrical energy, resulting in rotational movement of the water turbine and an electric generator associated with it.

Closest to the claimed invention at essential features is the Copyright certificate dated may 5, 1991, authors: Eureka ROAD and Eureka D.A. "Water wheel MHD generator comprising a vertical water channel for supplying water to a water turbine.

Known technical solution includes the following features similar to the prototype: vertical water utility, a water turbine, electric generator.

The technical problem to be solved by the invention, includes the creation of new hydroelectric generation does not violate the environmental conditions of the environment.

The problem is solved in that the proposed method convert the energy of falling water into electrical energy is the following: data conversion is carried out using a water turbine and an electric generator connected by means of a special device, wherein the bed of a mountain river, flow is she on the hillside, posted by horizontal and vertical water utilities, which are interconnected and filled with stream water bed of a mountain river. Inside the lower part of vertical water posted by a water turbine connected through a special arrangement with an electric generator, which is connected through a wire with electricity consumer. This method involves the installation of this type of plant from top to bottom bed of a mountain river - parascale.

In Fig. 1 shows an external view of a hydroelectric power station, front view.

Fig. 2 - section a-a axis of symmetry hydroelectric, side view.

Currently, hydropower plants (HPP) stream of falling water created by the dam, installed across the river, with a dam height from 30 to 100 m or more, while the dam near the river flooded a huge area (territory) of water, breaking, environmental conditions of the territory.

In this way offers a differentiated way to convert the energy of falling water of the mountain river into electrical energy without violating the environment.

The stream of falling water volume of 1 m3(1000 kg) from a height of 30 to 100 m is converted in this way into electric power from 300 kW to 1000 kW, and the flow of falling water volume of 500 m3with a height of 1000 m (differential conversion) parts replacement is no power Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station, i.e. at 1000 m height 10 hydropower plants with a drop of 100 meters height and a capacity of 500 thousand kW.

During the construction of this type of plant can be used to pipe the oil and gas industry and reinforced concrete pipes of any diameter.

The proposed method is the Way to convert the energy of falling water into electrical energy" (Fig. 1, 2) contains at line 1 mountain rivers horizontal Vodokanal 2 mounted on a support 3, and the vertical channel 4, the horizontal water channel 2 is filled with stream water 5 riverbed mining 1 river, is connected with a vertical water channel 4. In a vertical water channel 4 in the inner lower part, posted by a water turbine 6, connected through a special device 7 to an electric generator 8.

The electric generator 8 is connected by wires 9 with consumers of electrical energy 10.

"Way to convert the energy of falling water into electrical energy" is as follows: the flow of water 5 channel 1 mountain river, flowing in a horizontal water channel 2 and through the vertical water channel 4, falls on the water turbine 6, leading her into rotational motion.

Water turbine 6 via a special device 7 results in rotational movement of the electric generator 8.

The electric generator 8 for generating electrical energy (electric current), transmits it via PR the waters 9 to the consumer of this energy 10.

In the proposed method for filling horizontal and vertical water utilities you can use method of communicating vessels, with water along the entire length must be sealed.

The way to convert the energy of falling water into electrical energy, comprising a water turbine and an electric generator connected, characterized in that along the bed of a mountain river, flowing along the slope, place the horizontal and vertical water utilities, which are interconnected and filled with stream water, while inside the lower part of vertical water place water turbine connected through a special arrangement with an electric generator, which is connected through wires with the consumer of this energy.



 

Same patents:

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