Method and system to push and transport solid wastes

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to transport solid wastes from at least one retention zone into at least one header pipeline or at least to one station of wastes collection comprises a stage of solid wastes dispatch from each retention zone to a transportation pipeline, and additionally includes the following stages: (a) pushing and transportation of solid wastes in the transportation pipeline towards the specified at least one header pipeline or at least one wastes collection station with the help of a transportation facility by creation of pressure difference at different sides of the specified transportation facility with provision of pushing and transportation of the specified solid wastes towards the specified at least one wastes collection station or to the specified at least one header pipeline and (b) control of the specified transportation facility with the purpose of its return to initial position. At the same time return of the specified transportation facility to its initial position is carried out by creation of pressure difference at different sides of the specified transportation facility to ensure displacement of the transportation facility from the specified at least one wastes collection station or the specified at least one header pipeline into its initial position. Also a system is described for transportation of solid wastes from at least one retention zone, as well as the method of solid wastes transportation from at least two retention zones and a system for transportation of solid wastes from at least one station of wastes origination.

EFFECT: reduced power consumption, reduced initial capital investments, increased efficiency of wastes removal.

31 cl, 10 dwg

 

The technical FIELD TO WHICH the present INVENTION

The present invention relates to method and system for pipeline transportation of solid waste from at least one zone to hold at least one waste collection stations.

The background to the present INVENTION

The existing pneumatic system of solid waste collection PSWCS (Pneumatic Solid Waste Collection Systems - pneumatic systems of solid waste collection) carry out the movement of solid waste using movement of air from several areas of the intermediate holding waste NA (intermediate holding areas - the region of intermediate holding [waste]), the waste from the houses on the garbage disposal under the action of gravity or through yard containers arrive at the Central collection point called station waste collection RCS (Refuse Collection station waste collection) and ground network of underground pipes and air valves. Solid waste that is temporarily accumulated in traffic jams, crushing using air flow to move the solid waste in thin or dispersed state, which creates conditions for the movement of solid waste in the form of crushed particles.

Station waste collection as such is a standalone installation, combining the main components of the one who does more separators waste one or more waste compactors, one or more waste containers, vacuum equipment, compressed air systems, one or more filtration systems, one or more deodorizing systems, valves, piping, control system and shield the electrical power.

When large scale waste collection can be used multiple collection stations, each of which occupies its own section of the enterprise. The limit for the system is the maximum distance of movement of solid waste from the farthest region of the intermediate retaining wastes to the waste collection stations, which is approximately 2.5 km, beyond which the system becomes extremely inefficient from the point of view of energy consumption.

The idea pneumatic collection systems of solid waste is well accepted by the majority of building owners and managers, however, major obstacles remain high investment costs, lack of enterprises sufficient space and maintenance of specialized equipment such facilities by qualified personnel.

The existing method, which allows you to minimize space and capital costs, based on used and numerous temporary compartments retention through musoroprovodnaja collectors, United with the stationary collector pipe for solid waste, which leads to one or more loading stations to which the mobile vacuum cleaning equipment periodically supplied flexible suction hose to remove these solid wastes from the mentioned temporary compartments hold. Although this solution in the absence of a permanent machinery hall capital costs are lower still vacuum cleaning equipment should come often, it is expensive, in suction mode, it creates a lot of noise, and the number of suppliers of such services is limited due to high cost of maintaining this equipment. Another problem considering the known method is that the vacuum unit is mounted on the truck, which makes this truck is very heavy. In addition, the own weight of the truck with vacuum installation is that it requires a lot of fuel, and its maintenance is expensive. In short, the capital costs of the entrepreneur are reduced, however, the duty cycle is very expensive and dependent on a limited number of providers.

In conventional pneumatic collection systems of solid waste pipes of diameter from 400 mm to 500 mm, although in exceptional cases, when you want to move solid waste is and long distances the diameter of these pipes can reach 600 mm, Usually for transportation of waste throughout the system used pipe of the same diameter. If used for the transportation of solid waste pipes of diameter 600 mm a problem arises, namely, that to maintain the pipes the minimum air velocity required for the transportation of waste, vacuum equipment should produce a deep depression, to cause movement of large amounts of air. This forces the use of very expensive and energy intensive vacuum equipment capable of creating a deep enough vacuum to cause the movement of air, which, in turn, entails high costs associated with the operation of the pneumatic system of solid waste collection.

Another disadvantage of existing technology, indirectly leading to inconsistent high initial investment is prolonged system downtime between work cycles. On a relatively medium-sized enterprises operating time of the vacuum equipment is usually no more than 90 minutes per day.

Another problem associated with the existing technology of high-speed transportation of large masses of solid waste over long distances, this is a problem of deterioration of pipes. For this reason, as a suitable material for pipes often choose a hundred the . However, this material has such a disadvantage as susceptible to corrosion as the transported solid waste are often damp and release caustic liquid, called landfill leachate, which corrodes metals. The impact of corrosion on the inner and on the outer surface of the pipe can be reduced by using cathodic protection, which is expensive and requires regular inspection and maintenance. In General, the longer the pipe in the system, the more covered area, the higher the loading of waste, the greater the wear of the pipes and the thicker must be the pipes, resulting in increased capital expenditures.

The problem with traditional pneumatic systems of solid waste collection, is that a relatively small business with the service one or two buildings, tend to avoid investing in these systems due to the high capital investment and large areas required for stations waste collection.

The proposed invention offers solutions to these problems, to provide a more easy implementation of these systems in large enterprises and in areas that can be planned for construction, to be built and even be built, but in the process of modernization.

A BRIEF DESCRIPTION of the INVENTION

Offer of Britanie relates to a method of pipeline transportation of solid waste from at least one zone to hold at least one collector pipe or at least one waste collection stations, including the stage of shipment of solid waste from one area retention in the pipeline for the transportation of waste (transport pipeline), the method additionally includes the stage of pushing the pipe and pipeline transportation of solid waste in transportation pipeline to at least one collector pipe or at least one waste collection stations using the transport means and the control mentioned transport means to return them to their original position.

The present invention relates also to a system of pneumatic transport of solid waste from at least one zone to hold at least one waste collection stations or to at least one collector pipe, and at least one retention zone is connected with the transporting pipeline, the system includes at least one transport means, located inside the mentioned transport pipeline, designed to transport through him solid waste shipped from each zone to hold at least one waste collection stations or to at least one collector pipe.

In addition, the present invention relates the method of the pneumatic transport of solid waste from at least two zones to hold at least two collection stations or to at least two collector pipelines, at least two types of solid waste are collected in at least two retention areas, the method includes the following stages: the shipment mentioned in at least two areas hold one of these at least two types of solid waste for download from each zone deduction in the transport pipeline, which contains at least one transport means, located inside the transport pipe, creating a differential pressure on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one transport means for moving the aforementioned at least one transport means with the aim of integrating solid waste towards the mentioned at least two collection stations or the said at least two collector pipes and create a pressure difference on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one transport means for moving the aforementioned at least one transport means to return to its original position.

In addition, the present invention relates to a system for pneumatic conveying of solid waste from at least one point of generation of waste to at least one waste collection stations or on ENISA least one collector pipe, when this is mentioned at least one point of generation of waste connected with transport by pipeline, the system contains at least one transport means, located inside the mentioned transport pipeline to move solid waste shipped from each point of generation of waste to the mentioned at least one waste collection stations or the said at least one collector pipe.

A BRIEF DESCRIPTION of the ACCOMPANYING DRAWINGS

The present invention will become more clear from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings, which serve only for illustration and do not limit the scope of the invention.

In figure 1, figure 1(a), 1(b), figure 1(C)1(d) and figure 1(e) schematically shows the system of transportation of solid waste from one zone to hold waste collection stations using at least one transport means.

In figure 2, figure 2(a), 2(b) and figure 2(C) schematically depicts a system for transporting solid waste from a combination consisting of at least one household garbage disposal high rise buildings and at least one container located outside the built-up area, waste collection stations using at least one transport is owocnego tools.

Figure 3, figure 3(a), Fig.3(b), Fig.3(C) and figure 3(d) schematically shows a stationary part of the system of transportation of solid waste and the movable part of the system of transportation of solid waste from areas restraint installed in the vehicle container.

Figure 4 schematically shows the network at least one zone deduction for solid waste collection.

Figure 5 schematically shows a network common to the point of generation of solid waste.

Figure 6 schematically shows a network common to the point of generation of solid waste, while the abovementioned point of generation of solid waste is located vertically in relation to a pipeline for transportation of waste (transport pipeline).

7 schematically shows the drain meters connected to the at least one retention zone or point of generation of solid waste.

On Fig schematically shows a system in which at least two types of separated solid waste from the zone of retention can be transported simultaneously on respective pipelines transporting waste through appropriate transport means.

Figure 9 schematically shows a rotating carousel that contains several cameras below mentioned at least one trucks is th means, allows to separate solid waste into types and to transport waste each type of pipeline transportation of waste to a waste collection stations.

Figure 10 schematically shows a rotating carousel that contains multiple chambers located above at least one conveying means to separate solid waste into types and to transport waste each type of pipeline transportation of waste to a waste collection stations.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION of embodiments of the present INVENTION

The present invention relates to method and system for pushing the pipe and pipeline transportation of solid waste from at least one zone deduction (10) to at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collection conduit (26) with at least one conveying means (22) to push the solid waste through the transport pipe (14). The invention is also known as automated Shuttle system for transporting waste AWSTS (an acronym for Automated Waste Shuttle Transport System - an automated Shuttle system for transporting waste). The mentioned at least one retention zone waste can represent both the house masarap the botflies, located inside buildings and outside buildings trash containers located outside built-up areas in places such as parks and recreation areas. Solid waste, which applies the present invention can be recyclorama and cannot be reused.

Two variants of implementation of the invention illustrated in figure 1-figure 1(e) and figure 2-figure 2(C). The method, implemented using the automated Shuttle system to transport waste, contains the operation periodic and systematic shipment of solid waste (20) from each zone deduction (10) to the transporting pipeline (14). Each of the retention zone has at least one adjusting means (12) for regulating the shipment of solid waste (20). The mentioned at least one adjusting means may consist, for example, the system exhaust valves. Transport conduit (14) contains at least one transport means (22) to push in the pipe and pipeline transportation of solid waste (20) of the said at least one collector pipe (26) or the said at least one waste collection stations (28). It is also possible that decision, in which the solid waste (20) and around the spray liquid is th which serves as the lubricant for conveyor means pushing the solid waste (20) for transporting pipeline (14). As such a lubricant can be used with water, oil and other liquids. Shipment of solid waste (20) begins by creating a pressure difference between each of the zones hold (10) and the corresponding transport conduit (14) to ensure the shipment of solid waste (20) into the transport pipe (14). How to create a pressure difference between each of the zones hold (10) and the corresponding transport pipe (14), known to experts in the industry. This pressure difference can be created by different means, but in any case, in the above-mentioned at least one retention zone (10) the pressure must be higher, and in the transport pipeline (14) the pressure must be lower.

To create a pressure difference between the said at least one retention zone (10) and the corresponding transport pipe (14) of the said at least one retention zone (10) should build up air and/or from the corresponding transport pipe (14) must otkazyvatsa the air. The pressure difference can be created in the following way:

(a) in the pipe (32) higher air Yes the population served increased (compared to atmospheric) air pressure, which is created in said at least one pipe (32) higher air pressure, and at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure supplied atmospheric pressure or a pressure below atmospheric,

(b) in the pipe (32) higher air pressure supplied air pressure created in said at least one pipe (32) higher air pressure, and at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure supplied to the pressure below atmospheric.

The mentioned at least one conduit (32) higher air pressure and said at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure connected to the control device (on the attached drawings not shown) at one end, the other end of each connected to at least one smaller air valve (30)which is connected to the conveying pipe (14) via at least one connecting pipe (68). Therefore, said at least one connecting pipe (68) is arranged to discharge air into the transport pipe (14) or suction of air out of the way described above, and to create the required pressure difference between mentioned by less is th least one retention zone (10) and transport by pipeline (14). As soon as the required pressure difference is created, the aforementioned at least one adjusting means (12) for regulating the shipment of solid waste open and solid waste is pushed into the transport pipe (14).

If the solution is applied, in which the transport pipe (14) is generated air pressure below atmospheric, in the conveying pipe (14) is at least one zone valve (24) for sealing to retain the pressure in said transport pipe (14). Once between the said at least one retention zone (10) and transport by pipeline (14) created a pressure difference mentioned adjusting means (12) for regulating the shipment of solid waste open and solid waste is pushed into the transport pipe (14).

The mentioned at least one zone valve (24) is used to seal the transporting pipeline (14) in at least one transportation zone (16) to ensure each transportation zone (16) of the air stream in order to encourage the movement mentioned at least one conveying means (22)to the last pushed solid waste (20) towards the mentioned at least one is th waste collection stations (28) or the said at least one collector pipe. The mentioned at least one zone valve (24) provides for the regulation of the pressure inside the respective one of the zones of transport (16) without affecting other areas of transport (16).

The mentioned at least one transport means (22) is induced by the movement and the promotion of solid waste transport conduit (14) by creating a differential pressure on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one conveying means (22), thus bringing mentioned at least one conveying means (22) in motion. In any decision bringing mentioned at least one conveying means (22) in the movement is achieved by changing the pressure on one or both of the parties mentioned at least one conveying means (22), resulting in a movement referred to at least one transport means (22) in the direction of lower pressure. The pressure difference can be created in different ways. To create a pressure difference on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one conveying means (22), the air must be introduced to the conveying pipe (14) and/or otkazyvatsa from him with one or both of the parties mentioned by less is th least one conveying means (22). This is done by opening at least one air valve (30)connected to the at least one pipe (32) higher air pressure or pipeline (34) lower air pressure, where they were provided a pressure different from the pressure in the transfer pipe (14). The pressure difference can be created in the following ways:

(a) in the pipe (32) a higher air pressure is supplied increased (compared to atmospheric) air pressure created in said at least one pipe (32) higher air pressure, and at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure supplied atmospheric pressure or a pressure below atmospheric,

(b) in the pipe (32) higher air pressure supplied air pressure created in said at least one pipe (32) higher air pressure, and at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure supplied to the pressure below atmospheric.

The mentioned at least one conduit (32) higher air pressure and said at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure connected to the control device (on the accompanying drawings Napoletano) at one end, the other end of each connected to at least one smaller air valve (30)which is connected to the conveying pipe (14) via at least one connecting pipe (68). Therefore, said at least one connecting pipe (68) is arranged to discharge air into the transport pipe (14) or exhaust air from it and create the required pressure difference on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one conveying means (22) for bringing mentioned at least one conveying means (22) in motion with the aim of integrating the pipe and pipeline transportation of solid waste.

The mentioned at least one zone valve (24) mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28) is opened, providing for the said at least one conveying means (22) to push the pipe solid waste (20) in the direction of the mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28) or referred to at least one collector pipe (26). Solid waste (20) is pushed into the container or hopper located inside the waste collection stations (28), using the at least one transport means (22). Before solid from the ode (20) reach the mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28), they are compressed using a compression tool to remove the lubricant, which was sprayed on solid waste and around them until their shipment in the transport pipeline (14).

After delivery of solid waste (20) on said at least one collection station waste (28) mentioned at least one zone valve (24) is closed and the pressure difference on opposite sides mentioned conveyor means (22) is reversed to provide the movement of the mentioned at least one conveying means (22) back into its original position. Given any solution to the movement of the mentioned at least one conveying means (22) is provided due to a change in pressure on one or both of the parties mentioned at least one conveying means (22), resulting in a movement referred to at least one transport means (22) in the direction of lower pressure.

When solid waste is delivered to the mentioned at least one collection conduit (26), it becomes possible congestion of the said at least one collector pipe (26) in a trash container, mounted on a mobile vehicle (36), as shown in figure 3 figure 3 (d). Hard on the moves (20) of the collector pipe (26) are transported to the station garbage collection (48) before loading into the trash, mounted on a mobile vehicle (36). Mentioned mobile vehicle (36) with the installed garbage container has a capability message from the said station garbage collection (48) with at least one retractable pipe (38), which is mounted on a mobile vehicle (36) and connects the station to garbage collection (48) with a mobile vehicle (36). The mentioned at least one transport means (22), which is pushing the solid waste (20) of the said at least one collector pipe (26), is further pushing these solid waste in a trash container, mounted on a mobile vehicle (36) through the station garbage collection (48) and at least one retractable pipe (38). Mentioned station garbage collection (48) comprises at least one zone valve for regulating the movement of solid waste (20) of said at least one collector pipe (26) of the said at least one retractable pipe (38) and regulating the pressure at which are solid waste (20). According to the alternative implementation of the present invention the solid waste (20) can be subjected uplo the health education of the tube in said at least one collector pipe (26) and then can be transported by creating a pressure difference between the said at least one collector pipe (26) and a trash bin, mounted on a mobile vehicle (36). When pipeline transportation of solid waste (20) in a trash container, mounted on a mobile vehicle (36), is mentioned at least one transport means (22), at least one transport means (22) must be returned to the collector pipe (26) before the mentioned at least one retractable pipe (38) to be detached from the station-garbage collection (48). Return mentioned at least one conveying means (22) of the said at least one collector pipe (26) is carried out by creating converts the differential pressure on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one conveying means (22) for providing movement of the mentioned at least one conveying means (22) to its original position. Anyway, moving mentioned at least one conveying means (22) is carried out by varying the pressure on one or both of the parties mentioned at least one conveying means (22), resulting in a movement referred to at least one transport means (22) in the direction of arsego pressure.

The present invention relates also to a system or device for pipeline transportation of solid waste from at least one zone deduction (10) to at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collection conduit (26). The mentioned at least one retention zone (10) comprises at least one adjusting means (12) for regulating the shipment of solid waste (20) to the transporting pipeline (14). Mentioned transport conduit (14) contains at least one transport means (22), is arranged to move and push the solid waste shipped from the mentioned at least one zone deduction (10) of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) or the said at least one collector pipe (16). The mentioned at least one transport means (22) may resemble the Shuttle made with the possibility of transportation of solid waste in the direction of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) or the said at least one collector pipe. Mentioned zone deduction (10) are both inside buildings and outside buildings. Outside buildings zone deduction can be equipped as a Playground with garbage containers shall, outside built-up areas in places such as parks and recreation areas. In addition, when the said at least one retention zone (10) is near the point of generation of waste, such as kitchen, it is preferred that decision, in which it is fitted with meters (40) for flushing solid waste in said at least one retention zone (10), where solid waste is loaded into the transport pipe (14), and using the at least one transport means (22) is pushing the solid waste (20) in the direction of the said at least one collector pipe (26) or the mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28).

As soon as the solid waste (20) shipped in the transport pipeline (14), creates a pressure difference on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one conveying means (22) to push the solid waste to the mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28) or the said at least one collector pipe (26). After moving the solid waste (20) of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) or the said at least one collector pipe (26) on opposite sides mentioned by at least one conveying means (22) creates a pressure difference, which is reversed to provide moving mentioned at least one conveying means (22) to its original position. In any case, the move mentioned at least one conveying means (22) is carried out by varying the pressure on one or both of the parties mentioned at least one conveying means (22), resulting in a movement referred to at least one transport means (22) in the direction of less pressure. The pressure difference can be created in the following way:

(a) in the pipe (32) a higher air pressure is supplied increased (compared to atmospheric) air pressure created in said at least one pipe (32) higher air pressure, and at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure supplied atmospheric pressure or a pressure below atmospheric,

(b) in the pipe (32) higher air pressure supplied air pressure created in said at least one pipe (32) higher air pressure, and at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure supplied to the pressure below atmospheric.

For smooth RA is the notes referred to at least one transport means (22) and manage to control the movement of air for the purpose of varying the pressure on one or both of the parties mentioned at least one transport means (22) is a management and tracking system (50). To determine the position of the mentioned at least one conveying means (22) use appropriate tools, such as a RFID tag, which stands for radio frequency identification [tag] - tag) or a magnet that is known to specialists in this field; such a tool is placed inside the mentioned at least one conveying means (22) and is monitored by means of sensors connected to an electronic control and tracking system (50).

The mentioned at least one conduit (32) higher air pressure and at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure one end connected to the apparatus control air (on the attached drawings not shown), and the other end of the said at least one conduit (32) higher air pressure and said at least one conduit (34) lower air pressure connected to the at least one air valve (30), which is connected to the conveying pipe (14) via at least one connecting pipe (68). Therefore, said at least one connecting pipe (68) is arranged to discharge air in tranportirovochnye the pipe (14) or exhaust air from it and create the required pressure difference on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one conveying means (22) for bringing mentioned at least one conveyor means (22) in motion. Management of the above system by using the control system (50).

According to another variant implementation of the invention in which the system comprises at least one zone valve (24) into the conveying pipe (14), providing the possibility of creating a differential pressure on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one zone valve when it is closed. In the General case mentioned at least one zone valve (24) is required when there is a need to create a transport conduit (14) pressure below atmospheric to allow shipment of solid waste (20) from the zone of retention (10) or pipeline transportation of solid waste (20) for transporting pipeline (14). The mentioned at least one zone valve (24) provides at least one area transport (16) into the conveying pipe (14). The mentioned at least one zone valve (24) provides the possibility of regulating the differential pressure within a corresponding one of the zones of transport (16), without affecting other areas of transport (16).

In the above system before transporting solid waste to the mentioned at least one with whom Anzhi waste collection (28) or the said at least one collector pipe (26) is transported to at least one primary transportation zone (42). The mentioned at least one primary area of transportation (42) contains at least one transport means (22), is arranged to move (pipeline transportation of solid waste to the mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28) or the said at least one collector pipe (26). Mentioned transport conduit (14) and said at least one primary area of transportation (42) have a range of pipe diameters ranging from 0,075 m to 1.0 m Mentioned at least one collector pipe (26) is made with the possibility of connection with the container, mounted on a mobile vehicle (36), using at least one retractable pipe (38). Pipeline transportation and pushing on the tube of solid waste in said at least one collector pipe (26) is carried out using at least one transport means (22) to the station garbage collection (48), which in preferred embodiments of the proposed invention contains at least one zone valve (24), which controls the movement of solid waste to the container, mounted on a mobile vehicle (36), using at the ore one retractable pipe (38).

Figure 4 schematically illustrates the system described above, which is designed for pipeline transportation of solid waste (20) of said at least one zone deduction (10) to at least one waste collection stations (28) with at least one conveying means (22) to push the solid waste (20) for transporting pipeline (14). Mentioned transport conduit (14) comprises at least one zone valve (24). The mentioned at least one zone valve (24) provides the transport pipeline (14) at least one area transport (16). Before moving solid waste to at least one waste collection stations (28) solid wastes are the seal provided for this purpose compression chamber (70)in which of the solid waste (20) is pressed out the excess liquid. Way pipeline transportation of solid waste (20) of said at least one zone deduction (10) to at least one waste collection stations (28) is similar to that described above for the embodiments of the present invention, is illustrated in figure 1-figure 1(e) and figure 2-figure 2(C).

Figure 5 schematically illustrates at least one point of waste generation (52) for the transportation of solid waste (20) from the aforementioned at least one point of waste generation (52) to at least one waste collection stations (28) with at least one conveying means (22). The method of transportation of solid waste (20) of said at least one point of waste generation (52) to the conveying pipe (14) is similar to that described above for the embodiments of the present invention, is illustrated in figure 1-figure 1(e) and figure 2-figure 2(C). Of said transport pipe (14) solid waste (20) are moved to at least one primary transportation zone (42), before they will be collected at the above-mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28). Mentioned transport conduit (14) and said at least one primary area of transportation (42) contain at least one zone valve (24) for controlling the pressure in at least one transportation zone (16) and the movement of solid waste (20) for transporting pipeline (14) and to control the pressure in said at least one primary transportation zone (42) and the movement of solid waste (20) in said at least one primary transportation zone (42) of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) respectively. Mentioned transport conduit (14) and said at least one primary area of transportation (42) contain at least one transport means (22) for labor is aprovados transportation and push the pipe solid waste (20) in the direction of the said at least one waste collection stations (28). In this case, the size of the transporting pipeline (14) and said at least one primary zone transport (42) increase along the production line in the direction of movement of the solid waste (20) in order to cope with the increasing load transport pipelines (14) of the said at least one primary zone transport (42) solid waste (20). The mentioned at least one transport means (22) also has a size, to ensure its effective operation within the respective conveying pipe (14).

Figure 6 schematically illustrates at least one point of waste generation (52), which may be, for example, a kitchen, a point of generation of waste is vertically oriented with respect to the transporting pipeline (14a) to transport him solid waste (20) of said at least one point of waste generation (52) to at least one waste collection stations (28) with at least one conveying means (22). The method of transportation of solid waste (20) of said at least one point of waste generation (52) to the transporting pipeline (14a) is similar to that described above for the embodiments proposed izaberete the Oia, illustrated in figure 1-figure 1(e) and figure 2-figure 2(C). Of said transport pipe (14a) of the solid waste (20) are moved to at least one primary transportation zone (52), before they will be collected at the above-mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28). This generation of waste (52) is located vertically with respect to the transporting pipeline (14a). This generation of waste (52) contains at least one adjustment means (60) for regulating the shipment of solid waste (20) of said at least one point of waste generation (52) to the transporting pipeline (14a). From the conveyor pipe (14a) of the solid waste (20) is pushed and transported using at least one transport means (22)mounted in said transport pipe (14a). Referred to the transport pipe (14a) contains at least one adjusting means (62) for regulating the shipment of solid waste (20) from the transporting pipeline (14a) to at least one primary conveying zone (54). Referred to the transport pipeline contains at least one zone valve (24), arranged to control the pressure difference inside the transponder is chiromassage pipe (14a). Referred to the transport pipe (14a) can be connected to the transport pipe (14)used in the system, referred to above, while before transporting the said at least one waste collection stations (28) of the conveying pipe (14) solid waste moved to the transporting pipeline (14a). This scenario is applicable for larger systems transportation of solid waste, which contains a set of transport pipelines (14).

7 schematically illustrates at least one retention zone (10) or at least one point of waste generation (52), such as the kitchen, which contains a water-closet flush (40)connected directly to the said at least one retention zone (10), made with the possibility of washout of solid waste (20) before they will be transported to at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collector pipe (26) for transporting pipeline (14). Further stages in the process of transportation of solid waste (20) of said at least one zone deduction (10) of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collection conduit (26) have been described above.

N is Fig schematically system, in which at least two types of separated solid waste (20A, 20b) of the at least one zone deduction (10) can be transported simultaneously by the respective transport pipelines (14). Each of the conveying piping (14) has at least one adjusting means (12) for regulating the shipment of solid waste, through which the controlling type of solid waste (20A, 20b), which is due for shipment in the transport pipeline (14). The corresponding transport conduit (14) contains at least one transport means (22), made with the possibility of loading and transportation of solid waste (20A, 20b), shipped from the mentioned at least one zone deduction (10). The corresponding transport conduit (14) also contains at least one zone valve (24), which separates the transport pipeline in at least one area transport (16). The mentioned at least one zone valve is arranged to control the pressure in each zone transport (16). Solid waste (20A, 20b) of the transport pipeline are shipped to the at least one primary transportation zone (42). In the above-mentioned primary transportation zone (42) is fitted is but at least one transport means (22), made with the possibility of pushing the pipe and pipeline transportation of solid waste (20A, 20b) to at least one waste collection stations (28a, 28b). The mentioned at least one station waste collection (28a, 28b) also contains garbage containers for each type of solid waste (20A, 20b), coming from the mentioned at least one zone deduction (10). There is a management system that contains sensitive elements to determine the type of solid waste (20A, 20b), which must be shipped in the transport conduit (14)and the control system is arranged to determine from which of transportation pipeline must be shipped solid waste (20A, 20b) of this type in this at least one primary transportation zone (42) and to the appropriate waste collection stations (28a, 28b). One of the at least two types of solid waste (20A, 20b) in at least two retention areas is shipped in the transport pipeline (14), which contains at least one transport means is arranged to push the pipe and pipeline transportation of solid waste to at least one primary transportation zone (42). Shipment of solid waste (20A, 20b) and the movement mentioned at measures is one of the conveyor means (22) to push the pipe and pipeline transportation of solid waste and the movement mentioned at least one transport means back to its initial the situation described above for the embodiments of the present invention, is illustrated in figure 1-figure 1(e) and figure 2-figure 2(C). Similarly, the aforementioned at least one primary transportation area contains at least one zone valve.

Figure 9 schematically shows a rotating carousel (44)containing at least two cameras (46)located above mentioned adjusting means (12) for regulating the shipment of solid waste. The said chamber (46) provide the ability to split and separate transport transport conduit (14) to at least one waste collection stations (28) at least two types of solid waste (20A, 20b)discharged downward through at least one retention zone (10). Consider a variant implementation of the invention is a system in which the switches (64) for at least one type of solid waste (20A, 20b) in the above-mentioned at least one retention zone on different floors are connected with carousel (44) to get rid of at least one type of solid waste (20A, 20b). To reset to the appropriate chamber (46) of the carousel (44) selects one or another type of solid waste (20A, 20b) in at least one retention zone (10). As soon as at least one type of solid waste (20A, 20b), on the underlying transport for transporting pipeline (14), selected, the carousel (44) moves in accordance with said at least one type of solid waste (20A, 20b)or the above-mentioned at least one conveying means (22), as can be seen in figure 10, or the below mentioned at least one conveying means (22), as can be seen in Fig.9. After that mentioned at least one transport means (22) is used to transport the mentioned at least one type of solid waste (20A, 20b) through the adjusting means (12) for regulating the shipment of at least one type of solid waste transport conduit (14)where the above-mentioned at least one type of solid waste (20A, 20b) will be transported from the transport pipe (14) to at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collection conduit (26) with at least one transport means (22)before it is returned to its original position above or below the carousel (44).

The advantages of the invention are to reduce the initial capital investment in the transportation system of solid waste, reducing consumption by equipment of electric power, the ability to use transport truboprovodnykh diameters, the corrosion resistance of pipelines, minimize space occupied by the equipment, improving the quality of air released into the atmosphere, reducing the amount of electrical energy consumed by the system, reducing noise arising in the operation of the equipment and pipeline transportation of waste, more efficient management of transport of sorted waste, eliminating the need to use plastic bags for disposal of waste, expanding the range of materials that can be subjected to pipeline transportation for the longest distances, the reduction of the liquid content in the waste to collect them in a container, the easier the flow of waste to the transfer station, the possibility of the division of waste or recycling for energy with the help of appropriate facilities for the collection of solid waste is a mobile system with a retractable pipeline, increasing, thus, the overall efficiency while reducing the disadvantages compared to existing systems.

In conclusion, it should again be emphasized that the present invention relates to method and system for transporting solid waste (20) of said at least one zone deduction (10) to at least one waste collection stations 28) with at least one conveying means (22). The move mentioned at least one conveyor means for pushing the pipe and pipeline transportation of solid waste is provided by creating a differential pressure on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one transport means.

1. The method of transportation of solid waste from at least one zone deduction (10) in at least one collector pipe (26) or to at least one waste collection stations (28)containing the stage of shipment of solid waste (20) from each zone deduction (10) to the transporting pipeline (14), further comprising the following stages:
(a) pushing and transportation of solid waste (20) in transport pipeline (14) of the said at least one collector pipe (26) or at least one waste collection stations (28) by means of the conveyor means (22) by creating a differential pressure on opposite sides mentioned conveyor means (22) ensuring the promotion and referred to transportation of solid waste (20) in the direction of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) or the said at least one collector pipe (26) and
(b) management mentioned conveyor means (22) to return the Deposit to its original position, the return mentioned conveyor means (22) in its initial position is carried out by creating a differential pressure on opposite sides mentioned conveyor means (22) to ensure movement of the conveyor means (22) of said at least one waste collection stations (28) or referred to at least one collector pipe (26) to its original position.

2. The method of transportation of solid waste according to claim 1, in which the control pressure difference on opposite sides mentioned conveying means and the tracking is performed with the help of a control system (50), which serves to accommodate movements mentioned transport means, as well as indicate the presence of potential barriers to the movement of the mentioned transport means (22).

3. The method of transportation of solid waste according to claim 1, in which the solid waste (20) and around the spray liquid acting as a lubricant before moving conveyor means, push the solid waste (20) for transporting pipeline (14).

4. The method of transportation of solid waste according to claim 1, in which the solid waste (20) from at least one collector pipe (26) is removed using installation is slow on a movable vehicle pipeline (38), extending from the container, mounted on a mobile vehicle (36), to the station garbage collection (48), which is connected with said at least one collector pipe (26).

5. The method of transportation of solid waste according to claim 4, in which the solid waste (20) of said at least one collector pipe (26) is transported through the transporting means (22) by creating a pressure difference on opposite sides mentioned conveyor means (22) to move the mentioned transport means (22) to push the solid waste (20) of said at least one collector pipe (26) to the container that is installed on the movable transport means (36), fixed on a movable vehicle pipeline (38).

6. The method of transportation of solid waste according to claim 5, in which the aforementioned mounted on a movable vehicle pipeline (38) disconnect as soon as completed transportation of solid waste (20) in the container, mounted on a movable transport means (36), and the transport means (22) move back to manifold pipe (26).

7. The method of transportation of solid waste according to claim 1, comprising the operation of flushing solid waste (20) meters (40)connected to t is CCE, in which generated solid waste (20), before they will be collected in each area deductions (10).

8. The system for transporting solid waste from at least one zone deduction (10) to at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collection conduit (26), in which at least one retention zone (10) is connected to the conveying pipe (14)containing at least one transport means (22)inside the mentioned transport pipe (14)to move the solid waste (20), shipped from each zone deduction (10) of the said at least one station collection waste (28) or at least one collection conduit (26), mentioned at least one retention zone (10) comprises at least one adjusting means (12) for regulating the shipment of solid waste transport conduit (14).

9. The system for transporting solid waste of claim 8, in which the mentioned transport pipe made with the possibility of supply of air through at least one connecting pipe (68) with at least one air pipe (32)that can be controlled through at least one air valve (30)to move mentioned by men is our least one conveying means (22) to push the pipe solid waste (20) of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collector pipe (26 or with a view to the transfer mentioned at least one conveying means (22) to its original position.

10. The system for transporting solid waste of claim 8, in which the mentioned transport conduit (14) is made with the possibility of removal from the air through at least one connecting pipe (68) with at least one air pipe (34), the air pressure which is lower than the air flow through at least one air pipe (32), and managed using at least one air valve (30) to move the mentioned at least one conveying means (22) to push the pipe solid waste (20) of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collection conduit (26) or to move the mentioned at least one conveying means (22) to its original position.

11. The system for transporting solid waste of claim 8, in which the mentioned transport conduit (14) comprises at least one zone valve (24) to provide a differential pressure on opposite sides of the mentioned zone valve (24), when he is in the closed position.

12. System for transportirovanii waste according to item 8, which mentions at least one zone valve (24) is made with a possibility to provide in said transport pipe (14) at least one area transport (16).

13. The system for transporting solid waste of claim 8, in which the solid waste (20), shipped from the mentioned at least one zone deduction (10) of the said transport pipe (14), before their transportation to the mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collector pipe (26) is transported to at least one primary transportation zone (42).

14. The system for transporting solid waste according to item 13, which mentions the primary transportation area (42) contains at least one transport means (22) for the transportation of solid waste (20) of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collection conduit (26).

15. The system for transporting solid waste on any of PP or 13, in which the mentioned at least one collector pipe (26) is connected with the station garbage collection (48)made with the possibility of connection with the container mounted on the movable transport means (36), is installed on the movable transport crestwatersports.com pipe (38).

16. The system for transporting solid waste of claim 8, in which the mentioned at least one retention zone (10) is located inside of buildings and outside stations.

17. The system for transporting solid waste on any of PP or 13, in which the mentioned transport conduit (14) and at least one primary area of transportation (42) have a range of pipe diameters from 0,075 m to 1.0 m

18. The system for transporting solid waste of claim 8, in which the mentioned at least one retention zone (10) is connected with water meters (40).

19. The system for transporting solid waste of claim 8, containing at least two containers (46) to contain at least one type of solid waste (20) on a rotating carousel (44) in said at least one retention zone (10), before at least one transport means (22) will be used for transportation of solid waste (20) into the transport pipe (14).

20. The system for transporting solid waste of claim 8, in which the mentioned at least one transport means (22) includes a device for identifying the position of at least one transport means and control the direction of movement of this at least one transport means.

21. The method of transportation of solid waste (20A, 20b) from at least two zones to hold at least two collection stations (28a, 28b) or at least two collector pipelines, while in the above-mentioned at least two retention areas (10) collect at least two types of solid waste (20A, 20b)that contains the following stages:
(a) shipment of one of the said at least two types of solid waste (20A, 20b)that are stored in said at least two retention areas (10), from each zone deduction (10) to the transporting pipeline (14)containing at least one transport means (22) mentioned inside the transport pipe (14),
(b) creating a pressure difference on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one conveying means (22) for moving the aforementioned at least one conveying means (22) to push the pipe referred to one of the at least two types of solid waste (20A, 20b) in the direction of the said at least two collection stations (28a, 28b) or at least two collector pipelines and
(C) creating the opposite pressure difference on opposite sides of the aforementioned at least one conveying means (22) for providing movement mentioned by less is th least one transport means in its initial position.

22. The method of transportation of solid waste according to item 21, containing the totality of the transporting pipeline (14), which provided the possibility of stages (a), (b) and (C) in each of the transporting pipeline (14) at the same time.

23. The method of transportation of solid waste by any of PP or 22, wherein prior to transportation to the mentioned at least one waste collection stations (28a, 28b) or at least one collection conduit (26) one of the said at least two types of solid waste (20A, 20b) shipped in each of the said aggregate transport pipelines (14) and transported them to at least one primary transportation zone (42).

24. The method of transportation of solid waste by any of PP or 22, where the management of shipping one of these at least two types of solid waste (20A, 20b) in the above-mentioned transport conduit (14) and the tracking is done by using the control system, equipped with sensitive elements.

25. The method of transportation of solid waste according to item 21, wherein the solid waste (20) from at least one collector pipe is collected by introducing installed on a movable vehicle transporting pipeline (38) from a container, establish the nogo on the vehicle (36), to the station garbage collection (48), which is connected with said at least one collector pipe (26).

26. The system for transporting solid waste from at least one point of waste generation (52) to at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collector pipe, which mentions at least one point of waste generation (52) is connected to the conveying pipe (14a), containing:
at least one transport means (22)located within the mentioned transport pipe (14a) for the transportation of solid waste (20), shipped from each point of generation of waste (52) of the said at least one waste collection stations (28),
when this is mentioned at least one point of waste generation (52) contains at least one adjustment means (60) for regulating the shipment of solid waste transport conduit (14a).

27. The system for transporting solid waste p, in which many points of generation of waste (52) is located in relation to the said transport pipe (14a) vertically.

28. The system for transporting solid waste p, which referred to the transport pipe (14a) contains at least one adjusting redtwo (62) for regulating the shipment of solid waste to at least one primary conveying zone (54).

29. The system for transporting solid waste p, which mentions at least one primary conveying zone (54) contains at least one transport means (22) for the transportation of solid waste (20) of the said at least one waste collection stations (28) or at least one collector pipe.

30. The system for transporting solid waste p, which referred to the transport pipe (14a) is attached to at least one transport conduit (14).

31. The system for transporting solid waste p, which mentions at least one transport means (22) includes a device for identifying the position of at least one transport means and control the direction of its travel.



 

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FIELD: construction.

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