Coated box for detergent
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine with a vertical or front loading, comprising a dispenser (1) of the auxiliary detergent and a washing tank made with the ability to receive from the dispenser of the mixture of water and the detergent. The dispenser is equipped with at least one compartment for detergents. At that, at least one of the compartments is covered by a smooth diamond-like carbon layer which prevents adhesion or made of a material that prevents adhesion. The layer is represented preferably by a carbon film of a thin film amorphous carbon. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the compartments are made of plastic completely or partially, and the coating is applied by chemical vapour deposition or gas in plasma medium.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability.
6 cl, 3 dwg
The present invention relates to a washing machine containing connected with the valve means inlet water dispenser detergent with multiple compartments connected with located in the tank, a rotating drum, and a washing machine configured to perform successive stages under the control of a program control unit, which is arranged to control the valve means to the inlet of the water feed some water in compartment for leaching of the contained detergent and transfer it into the tank.
This invention can be used in the detergent dosing device of any type, having retrieved the box and nonremovable front of the drawer, as shown, for example, on figv in document EP 0599110 B1. In addition, this invention can be used in the detergent dispensers for washing machines with a vertical load of any type. However, in this case, the detergent dispensers vary in shape and location, so for simplicity referred to the type of detergent dispensers next will not be considered.
Thus, although the following describes the detergent dosing device, which represents the extractable drawer of the washing machine front loading, the invention is applicable to any type of mailbox for mo is the future funds, regardless of its execution or location.
Known household automatic washing machines typically include a tank located in a revolving drum for washing, the treated water with dissolved various substances for Laundry corresponding to the working stage of the washing process. Such substances are introduced into the tank of the machine through the detergent dosing device, which can represent, for example, a drawer with ensuite and separate compartments, for example three compartments to accommodate, respectively, detergent for pre-wash detergent for the main wash and excipients for rinsing or fabric softener. These compartments are filled with the appropriate quantity of such substances in accordance with the selected cycle of operation of the machine.
Preferably, the dispenser is located so that it was accessible to the user and was in a convenient position for filling the detergent. It can be located in the upper part of the machine above the water level in the tank. Washing substance is flooded with fresh water at the beginning of the appropriate wash cycle. The duration of fresh water is controlled by a block of program management and limited amount of water required for the respective phases of the program. However, the types of detergents, which do not dissolve quickly enough or for some reason the m is not completely washed out of the drawer, can create problems.
The detergent dosing device, in particular a drawer, usually has the form of facilitating the transportation of the detergent in the tank by the flow of water. Although manufacturers of machinery direct great efforts to create dispensers detergent and pouring detergent water, experience shows that the cleanser can, somehow, to remain in the dispenser and to accumulate in it, contributing to the proliferation of germs and growth of fungi. Removal and manual cleaning drawers are viewed by consumers as a serious inconvenience.
In document WO 2004/099308 A1 describes a washing machine with parts made of antibacterial plastic composition. However, the above composition is included in the composition of shells of whole parts, and thus it cannot prevent adhesion to the surface and spread of microbes that occur due to residual washing substances on the bottom of the compartments of the box.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a washing machine containing the detergent dosing device, which does not require manual clean drawer or, at least, requires much less cleaning than in known solutions.
This problem is solved in a washing machine, in which the detergent dosing device is covered with a material with a very limited what Noah propensity to withhold any remnants of detergents or manufactured from this material, that is material or coating adhesion.
Washing machine according to the invention with vertical or front-loading dispenser contains detergents and washing tank, with the possibility of obtaining from the spout of a mixture of water and detergent, and the dispenser is made with at least one compartment to accommodate a detergent, at least one of the compartments of the dispenser covered with the adhesion layer of smooth material or made of a smooth material that prevents adhesion.
Preferably the adhesion layer is a carbon film.
Preferably the carbon film is made of a thin film of amorphous carbon.
Preferably the compartments are completely or partially made of plastic, and the coating is deposited by chemical vapour deposition or gases in a plasma environment.
Preferably adhesion layer applied to the inner surface of the above-mentioned compartments.
Preferably adhesion layer applied to the inner surface of the above-mentioned compartments.
Preferably the thickness of the thin diamond-like carbon layer is from 1 nm to 5 μm.
Below as a non-limiting example described washing machine, characteristics which set forth the in the claims, with reference to the drawings.
Figure 1 shows a washing machine with a front loading with detergent dosing device according to the invention;
figure 2 - vertical mean cross-section of the compartment for the placement and production of washing agents;
figure 3 is a perspective view of a typical drawer for detergent and its corresponding internal compartments designed to fill the washing substances that can be installed in a washing machine with a front loading;
figure 4 schematically illustrates the crystal structure of graphite, with only sp2-connection;
figure 5 schematically illustrates the crystal structure of diamond, with only sp3-connection;
figure 6 schematically illustrates the crystal structure of diamond-like carbon coating composed of a mixture of carbon atoms with sp2-bonds and sp3-bonded depicted in figure 4 and 5.
According to the drawings, the dispenser 1 detergent contains a multitude of open top compartments 3, 4 and 5, introducing the product to be washed in the washing tank.
At the bottom of these compartments is formed a certain amount of residual parts of the mentioned products, which must be removed.
It is known that they are removed by the water that sends them into the tank, however, some residues of such substances stick to the bottom of the respective compartments that t is aetsa problem on the solution of which the present invention is directed.
After systematic tests and evaluations, it was observed that prevent the accumulation of such residues or their removal becomes easier if the corresponding surfaces of the walls of the compartments have a carbon coating in the form of precipitated single or multilayer films of diamond-like coatings, or DLC coating.
Such coverage and appropriate for substances widely known, however, for a better understanding in Appendix "a" provides a scientific text relating to the properties, characteristics and various coating technologies for production of diamond-like carbon films. This text, or otherwise, known and cited as scientific documentation.
To improve the overall economic efficiency of such a process, it is preferable to perform it using suitable techniques that can be applied in mass production, even if there is no need of the highest quality.
Suitable for this process "Chemical vapours or gases in a plasma environment" known and described in Appendix "a". This process should be carried out at temperatures that are compatible with the substrate material compartments. Thus, preferably, the detergent dosing device was manufactured from thermoplastic materials.
In addition, us is novlene, what is the optimal ratio between the thickness obtained by one of the above-mentioned coating methods, which obviously depend on the desired benefits, and cost is achieved when the coating thickness from 1 nm to 5 μm, preferably obtained through only one layer of the coating, even if it is obvious that the coating can be a single-layer or multilayer film.
Diamond-like carbon (DLC-carbon) is a General term referring to 7 forms  amorphous carbon materials that have some of the unique properties of natural diamond.
They are generally applied as coatings of other materials to improve the properties of these materials. All seven forms contain significant amounts of sp3-hybridized carbon atoms. The reason for the existence of various types of coatings is that even natural diamond can be found in two crystalline polytypes. In normal polytype carbon atoms arranged in a cubic lattice, while very rare politi (lonsdaleite) has a hexagonal lattice. When mixing these polytypes in different ways at the nanometer level structures can be diamond-like carbon coatings, which are both amorphous, flexible and represent pure diamond with sp3-bonded. The hardest, most durable and most smooth mixture is known as tetrahedral amorphous carbon, or ta-C. for Example, the coating of tetrahedral amorphous carbon with a thickness of only 2 microns increases the resistance normal (i.e., type 304) stainless steel abrasive wear, changing its longevity with one week to 85 years. This tetrahedral amorphous carbon can be considered as "pure" form of diamond-like carbon, because it consists only of carbon atoms with sp3-bonded. To reduce production costs, but by reducing the service life of the covered products in the other 6 forms used fillers such as hydrogen, graphite carbon with sp2-bonded (see figure 4) and metals. Various forms of diamond-like carbon can be applied to almost any material that is compatible with the vacuum. In 2006 in the European Union market procured diamond-like carbon coatings was approximately 30000000 Euro (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond-like_carbon).
Diamond-like carbon is usually made of technological processes, in which high-energy carbon source (for example, in plasmas, in the deposition method, sputtering and ion beam deposition) are rapidly cooled or hardened at a relatively cold surfaces. In these cases, cubic and hexa the national grid can be randomly mixed, layer for atomic layer, because the time to grow one of the crystal structures at the expense of another, before the atoms are "frozen" in its place in the material, is not enough. Amorphous diamond coating may have no far crystalline order. Without long-range order no planes brittle fracture, so that such coatings are flexible and conformal with respect to the underlying cover form, yet they are still as solid as a diamond.
There are several ways to obtain a diamond-like coating, but they all depend on what the carbon length of sp3-bonds (see figure 5) is substantially less than the length of sp2-bonds (see figure 4). The pressure, pulse, catalysis, or their combination on the atomic scale leads to the pressure of carbon atoms with sp2-bonded to each other with the formation of sp3-bonds. This impact must be strong enough atoms could not simply "bounce" from one another at distances characteristic of sp2-bonds. Usually technology or combine this compression by pushing a new group of carbon with sp3-bonded deeper into the floor so that there was no room for expansion on the distance required for sp2-bonds; or a new group deepens when a new carbon intended for the next cycle collisions. Reasonable p is edstavit this process as a stream of particles, which create localized faster acting nanometres scale versions of classic combinations of heat and pressure, which create natural and synthetic diamond. Because they occur independently from each other in many places on the surface of the growing film or coating, they tend to create similar cobblestone street, where the stones are nodules, or group of carbon with sp3-bonded. Depending on the specific "recipe" there are cycles of deposition of carbon and pulsed or continuous ratio for the new incoming carbon and particles that transmit the impulses necessary for the formation of sp3-bonds. As a result, tetrahedral amorphous carbon may have a structure cobblestones, or nodules can fuse together to create something more resembling a sponge; or "stones" can be so small as to be almost invisible to the visual display. The drawing shows the classic structure of "substance" for the film tetrahedral amorphous carbon.
Diamond-like coating or diamond-like carbon are terms used to thin the coating consisting of carbon varying degrees of crystallization and associated links sp3 or sp2.
Diamond-like coatings are aircraft is Oia, on the basis of amorphous carbon with high hardness and low friction coefficient. Their unique composition and structure result in excellent performance of wear resistance and anti-sticking. These coatings are thin, chemically inert and have a low surface roughness. They may have a wide range of electrical resistivity.
The standard thickness of these layers ranges from 0.002 0.004 mm
Diamond-like carbon coatings (a-C:H)
Diamond-like carbon coatings are a mixture of carbon atoms with sp2 and sp3 bonds (6) and hydrogen with a concentration of 0-80%.
This coating provides the highest characteristics of hardness and resistance to abrasive wear. It can be used in environments with high wear, including molds and processing of metals by pressure.
Diamond-like nanocomposite coatings (a-C:H/a-Si:0; DLN)
This coating has the lowest coefficient of friction, even in high humidity or wet environments, and has the best combination of anti adhesion and wear characteristics.
It can be used in printing and copying equipment, trimmers cores, etc.
These coatings contain C, H, Si and O:
a-Si:O - enhances high thermal stability, reduces friction and reduces the voltage of films;
a-C:H gives the diamond-like properties.
Legirovannye Dylyn (Me/a-C:H/a-Si:0; DLN)
Electrical characteristics of the coatings can be adjusted by the addition of metal dopants. This creates a structurally complex surface for specialized applications that require a combination of wear, low friction and electric conductivity. Typical applications are those that require static discharge in addition to wear resistance, such as water production.
The coating technology
Diamond-like carbon and diamond-like nanocomposite coatings deposited using chemical vapour deposition or gases in a plasma environment (PACVD) at deposition temperatures below 200°C. With the help of this technology can be homogeneous covered both electrically conductive and non-conductive substrates having a variety of shapes and sizes. This environmentally friendly technology can be implemented on a large scale.
Also used thermal vacuum vapor deposition. Thermal vacuum vapor deposition (PVD) refers to the deposition of atoms on one surface, physically removing them from the other surface. This allows designing improved (or specially designed) intermediate layers to improve the performance of the coating in special versions ol the changes.
Unlike crystalline diamond coatings that require high deposition temperatures and have very rough surfaces, coatings without internal stresses are deposited at room temperature and are extremely smooth. In addition, these coatings without internal stresses is almost as hard as the crystalline film. These coatings also much more stable than amorphous diamond films, which contain hydrogen, the most widely used in industry hard carbon coating. "Diamond coating, which contain hydrogen, tend to deteriorate at such low temperature as 200°C. the Coating without internal stresses show a slight deterioration up to 800°C". This process uses a pulsed laser on a graphite target for deposition at room temperature amorphous carbon film with a high percentage of diamond-like relationships, but with high initial tension.
When the deposited material is heated, these films lose their tension, but still retain the diamond-like properties. On the contrary, amorphous diamond films, which contain hydrogen, when heated, is converted to graphite.
Removing stress, which occurs in coatings without internal stresses, uniquely different from other known types of withdrawal is atragene. This process involves the rearrangement of short-range links as opposed to long-range nuclear migration, which occurs in many other materials.
The Directive VDI 2840: Carbon coating - basic information, method of application and properties, 12.10.2005 (http://www.sandia.gov/LabNews/LN04-1>0-98/diamond story.html).
To give non-specialists a clear view of the existing variety of confusing terms and brand names, the Directive contains a unique classification and nomenclature, in particular for diamond-like carbon (DLC) and diamond films. On the other hand, the potential user can pre-select suitable types of carbon films for the coated workpieces and tools. In the descriptive section describes important characteristics of certain types of films that industrial manufactured at the present time.
Methods of production of diamond-like carbon films
For the production of diamond-like carbon films were developed in several ways:
- deposition of the primary ion beam of ions of carbon (IBD);
- deposition method, sputtering carbon intensive bombardment by the flow of ions or without (thermal vacuum vapor deposition or PVD);
the deposition of the high-frequency plasma supported in carbohydrate is native gases, on the substrate with a negative offset (chemical vapours or gases in a plasma environment).
Chemical vapours or gases in a plasma environment
Technology chemical vapour deposition or gas in a plasma environment using high-frequency discharge and glow discharges in a constant electric field in mixtures of hydrocarbon gases, creates a smooth amorphous carbon and hydrocarbon film, in which the mixed communication sp2 and sp3. They have hardness values, the components of 900-3000 HV. The processes of chemical vapour deposition or gases in a plasma environment to set the desired combination of properties typically require temperatures of deposition, the components of at least 600°C, although they can be low-temperature deposition. Technology chemical vapour deposition or gases in a plasma environment gives a good deposition rate and a very homogeneous coating, and suitable for mass production.
The deposition of the ion beam
Another technique of deposition of diamond-like carbon is based on the deposition of the ion beam. It has the advantage that is associated with the fact that there is a possibility of deposition of high quality coatings at very low temperatures (around room temperature). The disadvantages are that the deposition rate is very low (a maximum of 1 μm/h) and that of the substrate about which the geometry for uniform deposition require complex manipulation.
The process of ion deposition unbalanced magnetron sputtering in a closed box
Currently developed technology that can easily be applied film of a-C:H (>4 μm) on the substrate of any shape. The process is based on ion deposition unbalanced magnetron sputtering in a closed box (CFUBMS), combined with chemical vapours or gases in a plasma environment. The commercial value of this design is obvious, and the potential range of applications, and the possibilities are enormous. The technology is highly innovative and provides the flexibility required to ensure excellent adhesion to any substrate, and the coating components of any shape or material with high performance production process.
The new technology combines the advantages of chemical vapor deposition in a plasma environment, and the deposition of the ion beam. The deposition is performed at 200°C in the ion deposition system unbalanced magnetron sputtering in a closed box ("Obmanyvalsya" cover series UDP 400 or 800). The system was originally developed for reactive deposition of metal nitrides, carbides and oxides. Inherent in this process versatility made possible the deposition in this system of diamond-like carbon, combining DV is established technologies, thermal vacuum vapor deposition and chemical vapor deposition. Chemical vapor deposition using a high frequency plasma at low pressure is assumed for high-speed deposition (>5 μm/h), in conjunction with simultaneous ion support and thermal vacuum deposition from the vapor phase, running from sources unbalanced magnetron sputtering, which gives the film a very high quality. As in the case of beam technologies, low pressure in this technology means that the deposition to some extent is in line of sight: this means that for uniform deposition of the necessary manipulation of the substrate. However, since the substrate surrounded by four long magnetrons (>1 m in length if necessary)covering the flow collides with the substrate from all directions and, usually, during the deposition, you only need a simple rotation around one axis.
The deposition of films without internal stresses
One of the main problems with the deposition of diamond-like carbon at low temperature is the occurrence of very high levels of internal stress in the films. This in combination with the following from this mismatch of lattices when applying diamond-like carbon on a wide range of substrates is usual leads to poor adhesion. In embodiments, applications with high mechanical stress, the adhesion of the films is of paramount importance. This problem is now solved, thanks to the fact that near the surface of the section "coating/substrate" there are no stress concentrations. Magnetron sources are used for reactive deposition of a number of layered compounds before deposition of diamond-like carbon. Films have smooth surfaces of section. This ensures the absence of sharp changes in the structure and that the voltage is introduced into the film gradually. The optimal number of multilayer structure: titanium, titanium nitride, titanium carbonitride, titanium carbide, and then diamond-like carbon. Also after this it was found that the mechanical properties of hard carbon films can be improved by incorporating in the resulting carbon structures small percentage of the metal dopant (typically ~ 5% titanium).
The resulting films have excellent friction and wear characteristics.
Types of diamond-like carbon (DLC) diamond-like carbon (DLC) is a broad term that refers to the 7 forms of amorphous carbon materials that have some of the unique properties of natural diamond. German 1st Institute of Fraunhofer. the l them in a chart form, visible in the background of this page.
In 2006, the Association of German engineers, VDI, the largest engineering Association in Western Europe, has released an authoritative report VDI_2840 in order to clarify the existing variety of confusing terms and trade names. It provides a unique classification and nomenclature for diamond-like carbon (DLC) and diamond films. He was able to communicate all information necessary for the identification and comparison of different carbon diamond-like carbon films, which are shown in the chart Fraunhofer-IST and are offered in the market.
The hardest, most durable and most is smooth diamond-like carbon, known as tetrahedral amorphous carbon, or ta-C. Such tetrahedral amorphous carbon can be considered as "pure" form of diamond-like carbon, because it consists only of carbon atoms with sp3-bonded. To reduce production costs, but by reducing the service life of the covered products, in other 6 forms used fillers such as hydrogen, graphite carbon with sp2-bonds and metals.
Authoritative German report on the standards VDI 2840 confirms the superiority of tetrahedral amorphous carbon.
These links (sp3) can occur not only in crystals - in other words, in tverdilo with long-range order - but also in amorphous solids, where the atoms are in a random location. In this case, the connection only between several individual atoms, and not at the far right, covering a large number of atoms. Types of relationships have a significant influence on the material properties of amorphous carbon films. If the predominant type sp2, the film will be softer, if the predominant type sp3, the film will be more solid.
Secondary determinants of quality, as it was discovered, is the relative hydrogen content. In some methods of manufacture used hydrogen or methane as a catalyst, and in the final diamond-like carbon material can be a significant percentage of hydrogen. If we remember that soft plastic, polyethylene consist of carbon, which is associated exclusively of diamond-like sp3-bonded, but also contain chemically bound hydrogen, it is not surprising that the proportion of hydrogen remaining in diamond-like carbon films, degrade them, almost in the same way as do the remains of carbon with sp2-bonds.
In order to determine which form is present in a specific sample, it is necessary to measure the proportion of hydrogen and the proportion of carbon atoms with sp3-bonded (not graphite). Knowing these two numbers allows the user to specify the location of the sample is as VDI map. The closer to the top left corner, the better (and more) is pure diamond-like carbon. Dilution with hydrogen and graphitized carbon worsen diamond-like carbon.
Achieved the claimed invention the technical result consists in facilitating care of a washing machine, in particular for the dispenser of the washing means, the efficiency of the conclusion of detergent from the dispenser, as well as to increase the service life of the surface of the dispenser without reducing the effect of its samoachicky.
1. Washing machine with vertical or front loading, containing the dispenser (1) detergents and washing tank, with the possibility of obtaining from the spout of a mixture of water and detergent, and the dispenser is made with at least one compartment (3, 4, 5) to accommodate detergents, characterized in that at least one of the compartments (3, 4, 5) of the dispenser is covered with a smooth diamond-like carbon layer, preventing sticking.
2. Washing machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the adhesion of smooth diamond-like carbon layer is a film.
3. Washing machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the compartments are completely or partially made of plastic, and the coating is deposited by chemical vapour deposition or gases in a plasma environment.
4. Washing machine for any who one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the adhesion of smooth diamond-like carbon layer applied on the inner surface of the above-mentioned compartments.
5. Washing machine according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the thickness of the diamond-like carbon layer is from 1 nm to 5 μm.
6. Washing machine according to claim 4, characterized in that the thickness of the diamond-like carbon layer is from 1 nm to 5 μm.
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine comprises the metering unit of washing or similar means. The metering unit comprises a drawer located in the front wall of the machine and comprising a first section adapted to accommodate at least the first washing or similar means for one washing, enabling to use the said washing machine as a standard washing machine with manual loading of the metering unit. The drawer comprises a separate second section adapted to accommodate at least the second washing or similar means, sufficient for a given number of washings, enabling the use of the said washing machine also in the automatic metering mode.
EFFECT: cheap and easy to use metering unit that enables to carry out manual loading of the washing means during each washing and automatic loading with use of cartridges of long-term use.
26 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: metering unit (1) for detergents or similar agents for washing machines comprises a container (5) inserted into the compartment (5a), made in the housing (3) of the washing machine; and the container (5) is divided into a number of independent compartments for detergents. The metering unit (1) also comprises an additional self-supporting container (8) for liquid detergents, which can be inserted with the ability of easy removing into the first compartment (b) of the container; and a siphon trap (10) for discharge of liquid detergent from the tank (9). In one of the side walls of the tank there is a through hole (9a). The additional self-supporting container (8) also comprises a movable closing element (11) which encloses the through hole (9a) of the tank (9) to prevent leakage of liquid detergent, or at a wide open position it allows the liquid detergent to pass freely through the hole (9a).
EFFECT: prevention of leakage of detergent.
1 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine comprises a tank for washing and an automatic device for distribution and dispensing at least one detergent discharged from a suitable container, containing a sufficient amount of detergent for multiple washing cycles. The device for distribution and dispensing comprises at least one input for detergent, water circuit closed on the tank, and a means of dispensing the detergent located between the input and the circuit and designed for supplying metered amount of detergent into the circuit when water circulates in it. The circuit comprises a mixer which communicates with the output of the device for dispensing the detergent, and also a pressure and return pipelines which are communicated with each other at one end through the tank, and at the other end through the mixer.
EFFECT: simplified and more efficient automated distribution and dispensing of detergent is provided.
25 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a nozzle device made with the possibility of insertion of at least one additive in the fluid phase into the loading chamber of the device for treatment of textiles, in particular, in the drying unit of ventilation and / or condensation-type, a refreshing device or a washing machine having a function of drying. A nozzle device comprises at least one nozzle, made with the possibility of insertion of additives and at least one separating device made with the ability to capture and / or remove fluid and / or microparticles, leaving at least one nozzle or formed near the said nozzle. In addition, the present invention relates to a device of insertion of additive, made with the possibility of insertion of at least one additive comprising at least one nozzle made with the possibility of the insertion of additive; at least one source of insertion of additive; and at least one channel for the fluid, connecting at least one source of insertion of additive with at least one nozzle, characterised in that at least one fluid channel comprises at least one capillary.
EFFECT: elimination of droplets or solid particles of additive supplied.
39 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine which comprises a drawer (1) having the possibility of sliding and located within its niche (2), and comprising at least one compartment (4) for a certain amount of detergent (9), and a device (5) of visual indication of detergent (9) necessary for laundry, at that the device (5) of visual indication contains at least one lighting means (6, 7) established with the ability to display the required level of filling of the compartment (4) by the detergent (9) placed in it, which is distinct by the fact that the lighting means (6, 7) comprise at least one light emitter (6) and at least one connected with the drawer (1) fiber (7) for receiving light rays from emitter (6).
EFFECT: creation of the washing machine in which the required amount of detergent is indicated to the user with high reliability.
14 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: dispenser (30) of detergent agents is installed in the loading hopper (10) of the machine and its closure is provided by the hopper cover (20). The loading hopper cover (20) is equipped from the inner side with protruding parts made of an elastic material, which have the same shape as entry edges (326-328) of the respective chambers (310-312) of the dispenser (30) of detergent agents to ensure proper closure of the chambers (310-312) of the dispenser (30) under pressure exerting on them by the hopper cover (20), when it closes. The dispenser (30) is mounted with an ability of its permanent retention in the position, pressed to the rear part of the slot (12), under the action of elastic plates (318 and 319).
EFFECT: improvement of ease of use.
3 cl 3 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine comprises a body (22, 222), a chamber (1, 201) for washing items and a dispenser (2, 202) of liquid detergents with at least one first compartment (3, 203) to hold a container (4, 204) with soft walls, designed for a liquid detergent. At the same time the first compartment (3, 203) is equipped with a peristaltic pump (6, 206), providing for repeated compression, of at least one section (5, 205) of the container with the purpose to feed dosed amount of liquid detergent from the compartment (3, 203) into the chamber (1, 201) for washing items. At least one first compartment (3, 203) and the peristaltic pump (6, 206) are installed on an element (23, 223) movable relative to the body (22, 222).
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to do multiple cycles of washing without necessity to fill the container for detergents by user prior to every operation of washing.
17 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: outlets (35-37) of compartments (19-21) for detergents are located on an inclined lower panel (9) of the body (8) and make it possible to supply the content of these compartments into a tank (4) for a washing solution. The lower panel (9) is divided into segments (10, 11), which have inclination that differs at least from one of other segments and deviates along the horizontal line. Each segment (10, 11) is connected to at least one compartment (19-21) for a washing solution and has its own outlet (12, 13) in its deepest area. The first part of water is sent via the compartment (19) for preliminary washing directly at linen. The second part of the total volume in the form of a water and washing solution mix for the main washing stage is sent to the upper part of the washing solution tank (4). The third part of water without the washing solution is sent directly to the linen to reach the total volume.
EFFECT: optimised process of detergent and water feed during washing.
15 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: detergent feeder of top-loaded washing machine and rotary drum is made of two parts joined together. One part of feeder comprises compartments for detergents, inlet for liquid and outlets for detergents. Other part comprises water-distributing partitions, inlet edges of compartments for detergents and bellows. Two parts of feeder make a demountable piece installed in appropriate seat arranged in hole of washing machine loading feeder.
EFFECT: development of a detergent feeder, compartments, supply and feed channels of which are easily accessible for their cleaning since the feeder may be taken out of seat and disassembled into halves.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine comprises tank, drum arranged inside tank, and detergent feeder. Detergent feeder has one or more compartments, where detergents are placed (washing detergent, water softener, etc.) with various properties. Washing machine also comprises ozone generator designed to supply ozone inside detergent feeder.
EFFECT: development of washing machine, which destroys microorganisms accumulated inside detergent feeder and provides for proper hygienic condition of feeder and washed linen, due to supply of ozone directly into detergent feeder.
6 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, technique for washing machines.
SUBSTANCE: detergent feeding unit has container for detergent, at least one inlet cavity defined within container for detergent, and control member located within inlet cavity and designed for controlling of detergent flow within inlet cavity. Control member is positioned within inlet cavity for increasing or decreasing time during which detergent is staying within inlet cavity. Detergent feeding unit has members designed for preventing separation of control member from inlet cavity and positioned near opposite sides of said cavity. Detergent feeding unit of such construction allows user to selectively charge powdered or liquid detergent into one and the same cavity for detergent and also to control detergent flow within inlet cavity in order to provide for uniform mixing of detergent in water for washing.
EFFECT: improved quality of washing due to uniform mixing of liquid or powdered detergent within inlet cavity of washing machine.
15 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine has detergent feeding apparatus adapted for mixing detergent dispensed from container with washing water and for feeding of mixed detergent and washing water into washing reservoir. Detergent feeding apparatus has housing, detergent container, and water feeding chambers. Housing has a plurality of inlet apertures connected with respective water feeding pipes, and outlet aperture connected with washing reservoir. Detergent container is detachably inserted into housing and is equipped with a plurality of chambers for receiving of detergent. Water feeding chambers are equipped with a plurality of through channels, one of through channels being adapted for feeding of washing water delivered through inlet apertures into chambers for receiving of detergent while adjusting washing water pressure within predetermined range.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and improved quality of washing of cloths.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: chemical industry; mechanical engineering industry; other industries; devices and the washing machines using colloidal silver.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the washing machine equipped with the device of the colloidal silver formation is made in such a manner, that in the body of the ions of silver does not remain water at the water feeding failure, at the expense of what sedimentation of the impurities on silver slices is prevented. The device of the colloidal silver formation contains the body of the ions of silver, the cover and the pair of the silver slices. The outlet opening is formed on the surface of the body of the ions of silver and goes from the lower butt surface to the upper butt surface of the body of the ions of silver. The outlet opening may have the form of the ellipse and is formed in such a manner that its height exceeds its width. Besides, the height of the body of the ions of silver and the height of the outlet opening are in the ratio approximately of 3:2. The given realization of the outlet opening prevents the presence of the water for laundering in the body of the ions of silver after the water feeding failure and ensures addition of the ions of silver in the optimal concentration into the water for laundering.
EFFECT: the invention ensures that the given realization of the outlet opening prevents the presence of the water for laundering in the body of the ions of silver of the washing machine after the water feeding failure, and ensures addition of the ions of silver in the optimal concentration into the water for laundering.
12 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine has apparatus for forming of colloidal silver and detergent feeding device, said apparatus and said device being integrally connected with one another. Apparatus for forming of colloidal silver has silver ion casing, cover, and pair of silver plates. Discharge pipe and connection part are provided in predetermined parts of silver ion casing. Discharge pipe is connected to inlet opening of detergent feeding device. Connection part integrally connects apparatus for forming of colloidal silver and detergent feeding device. Thus, said apparatus is connected integrally with detergent feeding device while silver ion casing of said apparatus is communicating with detergent feeding device. Silver plates are positioned within silver ion casing and supported by cover. At least one spacer protrusion extends upward from lower part of silver ion casing and is defined between pair of silver plates.
EFFECT: simplified assembling and enhanced reliability in operation of washing machine.
11 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: laundry washer contains feed device for detergent, filled into the detergent container, in the laundry tank with water for laundering. The detergent feed device consists in body, detergent container and limiting element. In the body there are inlet holes, connected with the corresponding pipes for water feed, and outlet hole, connected with the tank for laundry. The detergent container is installed in the body, it is possible to dismount it, inside it there is a receiving chamber for liquid detergent. In the liquid detergent receiving chamber there is an outlet element provided for the discharge of liquid, filled into the receiving chamber, to the water tank. The limiting element is a baffle plate projecting from the container bottom to divide the receiving chamber for the first liquid detergent into the front and back sections to prevent the liquid detergent from moving from side to side inside the container under the influence of the external force. The baffle plate is narrower than the receiving chamber for the first liquid detergent thereby it makes a passage for liquid on its side face.
EFFECT: prevents the liquid detergent from moving from side to side inside the container under the influence of the external force.
7 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: laundry washer consists in tank, unit for water feed to the tank and device to feed the silver solution to the tank. The silver solution feed device consists in a body with inlet and outlet holes, water feed unit to connect the body inlet hole and laundry washer water feed unit, two silver elements, installed in the body and ionized using electrolysis and flow rate decreasing element. The latter is located between the end surface of the silver element near the outlet hole and the body outlet hole.
EFFECT: provides required silver element ionization, sufficient antimicrobial and bactericidal effects.
FIELD: personal articles.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine contains reservoir for water, in which water for washing is located, steriliser, which realises sterilising of water for washing by process of electrolysis, and circulating system, which realises circling of water for washing in steriliser. Steriliser has first electrode, which contains silver, and second electrode, which contains metal, which is more likely to ionise water than silver. Machine also contains power unit for supplying electric current to electrodes and controller for switching of electric current polarity, which is applied to first and second electrodes.
EFFECT: persistent manifestation of sterilising effect during washing and rinsing process.
13 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: personal demand items.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises dissolution chamber in feed reservoir for objects to be washed for feeding of detergent, and this chamber has at least one slot-like opening on bottom. Device comprises sprinkling device with multiple nozzles. Slot-like opening of chamber bottom is installed longitudinally or transversely versus direction of jets, which come out of nozzles of sprinkling device. Chamber bottom is arranged with internal bend and may be oriented longitudinally along with longer sides of rectangle. Dissolution chamber has filling window for detergent, which is arranged at least on one side wall and/or on cover.
EFFECT: improved conditions for dissolution of detergent, elimination of possibility for depositing of its residues in dissolution chamber on completion of washing process and prevention of stains on washed objects.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: household appliance for carrying out at least one textile products washing, comprising rotating cylinder designed for placement of textile products to be treated, and at least one element for textile products transition and/or lifting while washing. Element for textile products transition and/or lifting comprises device for cleansing agents and/or detergent additives placement, and at least one cleansing agent and/or detergent additive release system sensitive to the said cylinder speed (ω).
EFFECT: household appliance development for textile products washing without traditional cleansing agent measuring hopper in the form of a box and connected to it hydraulic circuit.
14 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning machines, such as dishwashing or washing machines designed to wash dishes or laundry with the help of detergents. Machine used to clean articles by means of washing comprises tank, where articles to be washed are placed, dispensing device for dispensing of required amount of detergent into washing tank, container, where detergent is placed, required for more than one washing cycle, and where mixing device is installed to prevent formation of detergent flakes in container, due to motion, and motor of mixing device, which sends required energy for motion of mixing device. Machine comprises control device, where values of current sent to mixing device motor and corresponding to a certain amount of detergent available in container at a specific moment of time are recorded, through monitoring of current values sent to motor of mixing device, and their comparison to recorded values of mixing device motor current. Mixing device is arranged in the form of hollow cylinder, which is fixed by its one end to container wall. The second free end of hollow cylinder is arranged horizontally and is put in vibratory motion. Control device informs the user about the fact that detergent ran out, with the help of audio signal and/or video signal, when current goes below specified threshold value.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of dispenser operation and its higher effectiveness.
7 cl, 5 dwg