Vehicle with replaceable body for transportation of agricultural cargoes

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises chassis 1 equipped with mechanism 2 provided with hook frame 3 for replacement of bodies furnished with lock for attachment of replaceable body rails 5 to said mechanism 2, and replaceable body with coupling clevis. Replaceable body 6 is composed of front and rear sections 9, 10 interconnected by extension joint. Cargo is compacted by reciprocation of section 9 relative to section 10 fixed by lock 4 at the frame of mechanism 2.

EFFECT: higher efficiency and capacity.

3 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to transport, namely to vehicles equipped with a mechanism to replace demountables hook type adapted for transporting lightweight agricultural goods (hay, straw, chaff, green grass, and others), with a device for sealing a blockage in the boot process.

Known vehicle with a demountable for transportation of agricultural goods, including lightweight (Prospect company Fliegl - vehicle with the push wall)containing chassis, a removable body having a clamping wall with hydraulic drive for unloading the loaded weight and compaction of loose cargoes of low density. Unloading occurs under the influence of the pushing wall in the horizontal position of the body.

A disadvantage of the known vehicles is that the actuator pushing the wall is part of demountables and increases its curb weight and, consequently, value.

The closest to the technical nature of the claimed device is selected as a prototype vehicle with a demountable increased volume for transportation of lightweight cargo (the avenues of the all-Russian Institute of agricultural mechanization VIM and the Moscow plant of experimental design, the Nations of SOC - vehicle to work with interchangeable bodies), including the chassis, is equipped with a mechanism with hook frame to replace demountables, having a lock for securing the side members demountables to the frame of the mechanism, and swap body with coupling bracket mounted on the front side of the body for connection with the hook frame.

Demountable zataskivaya from earth to the chassis and faces to the ground mechanism replacement body-hook type by capturing hook hitch bracket mounted on the front Board demountables. Unloading of goods is dumping way when you open the rear Board.

The lack of a vehicle with such a demountable when working with lightweight cargo is more than 40% neohrozenost chassis and respectively in the loss of performance.

The objective of the invention is to improve the performance of vehicles equipped with mechanisms replacement body-hook type, the increase in the mass of the transported lightweight cargo by its compression.

The technical problem is achieved by the fact that in a vehicle with a demountable for transportation of lightweight agricultural goods, including chassis, is equipped with a mechanism with hook frame to replace demountables, having a lock for securing the cross member removable to the calls to the frame of the mechanism, and swap body with coupling bracket mounted on the front side of the body for connection with the hook frame, according to the invention, the removable body is equipped with a sealing device of the load driven by the hook of the frame.

In addition, the sealing device of the goods made in the form of front and rear sections, telescopically interconnected with the possibility of reciprocating motion of the front section, while the rear section is equipped with an automatic release latch relative displacement of the sections with its opening drive from the castle; a latch mounted on the front spar of the rear section of the body and is made in the form of a guide cylinder with a spring-loaded slide, and drive her opening made in the form of two shoulders arm with shoulders, placed on the ends of the shaft located along the spar of the body, with the front arm of the lever is connected with the slide, under the action of a return spring in the end position in engagement with the front section and the rear shoulder is located at the connection point of the castle; the return spring is made in the form of a torsion bar rigidly connected at one end coaxially with the shaft, and the other - side member of the body.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1 presents a General view of the vehicle in the form of a tractor-trailer equipped with a mechanism replacement ku is ovov in Assembly, with interchangeable body, provided with a sealing device is lightweight cargo apart (a) a retracted position and (b) position; figure 2 schematically shows the operation of the same vehicle on the installation of demountable device for sealing load on the chassis before applying for loading lightweight cargo; figure 3 schematically shows a vehicle with a demountable for transportation of lightweight cargo in the process of completing a body of lightweight cargo at the beginning of the seal; figure 4 is the same in the end seal; figure 5 is the same in the continuation of the boot in the empty space of the body, formed after the first seal and subsequent pull-out front section from the back to the next portion of the cargo; figure 6 is the same at the time of transfer of the body from the load position into the transport position; figure 7 is the same at the moment tipping; Fig is an example of the automatic latch for fixing the relative displacement of the front and rear sections of the body with control lock mounting spar demountables to the frame changer mechanism of the body.

A vehicle with a demountable for transportation of lightweight agricultural goods includes a chassis 1, is equipped with a mechanism 2 with the hook frame 3 to replace demountables with lock 4 for fastening lo is Geroev 5 demountables to the frame of the mechanism 2, and swap body 6 with coupling bracket 7 fixed to the front Board 8 of the body 6.

Removable body 6 made in the form of the front 9 and rear 10 sections, telescopically interconnected with the possibility of reciprocating motion of the front section relative to the rear and bring the action from the hook of the frame 3, which is connected to the coupling bracket 7 fixed to the front Board 8 of the front section 9, while the rear section 10 is equipped with an automatic latch 11 installed on the front part of the side member 5 of the rear section 10.

Automatic latch 11 fixation between a section of the body includes a guide cylinder 12 and moves along the spring-loaded slider 13.

The opening of the latch 11 is made in the form of two shoulders arm with shoulders, placed at the end of a long shaft 14 located along the side member 5 of the body, with the front shoulder 15 of the lever is connected to the RAM 13 under the action of a return spring 16 in the end position in engagement with the section 9, and the rear shoulder 17 of the lever is located at the connection point of the castle 4.

Return spring 16 in the form of torsion bar 18 is rigidly connected at one end coaxially with the shaft 14 in place, located behind the rear shoulder 17 of the lever, and the other 19 side member 5 of the body from rotating around the longitudinal axis of the shaft 14.

The device operates as about what atom.

Demountable 6 stands on the ground, and the front section 9 is pushed in the rear section 10 and locked it from the reciprocal movement of the latch 11. Chassis 1, is equipped with a mechanism 2 replacement body, pulls to the body and the hook frame 3 gears the body of the bracket 7, raises its front part and pulls on the chassis frame 1. After installation of the body in a horizontal position include lock 4, which connects the rear section 10 body / frame of the mechanism 2, and opens the latch 11. The front section 9 extends from the rear section 10 using the hook of the frame 3 at the maximum stroke of its cylinder. In this position, vehicle moves under load lightweight cargo.

The seal is achieved by a reciprocating section 9 in relation to section 10, is secured in position by lock 4 on the frame of the mechanism 2. After the first seal section 9 moves in and occupies the original position, in the body there is emptiness to fill the next portion of the cargo.

When the cargo density off lock 4, which opens the latch 11, automatically locking between sections 9 and 10 of the body 6. Then the body 6 is transferred to the transport position, shown in Fig.6, and include locks 4 for fastening the body movement. The operating cycle ends by removing the loaded body Sassi vehicle.

The slider 13 is under constant direct influence of the return spring 16 or 18 through a torsion shaft 14 and shoulder 15 of the lever. Disabling the latch is effected by the inclusion of the lock 4, which presses on the back of the shoulder 17 of the lever and, overcoming the resistance of the spring 16 or torsion bar 18, rotates the front shoulder 15 of the lever, which pushes the slider 13 from engagement with the section 9.

The use of this vehicle will increase the density of cargo that will give the corresponding productivity growth in the transport of lightweight cargo.

1. A vehicle with a demountable for transportation of lightweight agricultural goods, including chassis, is equipped with a mechanism with hook frame to replace demountables, having a lock for securing the side members demountables to the frame of the mechanism, and swap body with coupling bracket mounted on the front side of the body for connection with the hook frame, wherein the removable body is equipped with a sealing device of the load driven by the hook of the frame, and the sealing device of the goods made in the form of front and rear sections, telescopically interconnected with the possibility of reciprocating motion of the front section, while the rear section is equipped with automatic release latch mutual peremeshany the partitions with the drive open it from the castle.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the latch is mounted on the front part of the side member rear section of the body and is made in the form of a guide cylinder with a spring-loaded slide, and drive her opening made in the form of two shoulders arm with shoulders, placed on the ends of the shaft located along the spar of the body, with the front arm of the lever is connected with the slide, under the action of a return spring in the end position in engagement with the front section and the rear shoulder is located at the connection point of the castle.

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the return spring is made in the form of a torsion bar rigidly connected at one end coaxially with the shaft, and the other - side member of the body.



 

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