Washing machine and methods of washing and drying

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: along the perimetre of the outer surface of the linen tank near edges of holes at the angle there are protruding blades arranged. The design of the washing machine is realised in methods of linen washing and drying. In process of washing the drum blades capture the washing solution from the tank, mix it with air and move around the linen tank, creating a continuous flow of moving mass. Blades of hole edges capture portions from the moving mass and send their movement into the linen tank and secondarily mixing with air, creating an air and water emulsion sent to linen under pressure. In process of linen drying the blades of the hole edges capture portions from the moving air mass and send them into the linen tank and to linen along the entire perimetre. Inside the linen tank air swirling is produced, which provides for creation of a moisture evaporation medium and combination with air, and further intense airing from the linen tank under pressure via a drain nozzle. Air into the tank and the drum with blades arrives from atmosphere, via an inlet nozzle, arranged in the upper part of the tank.

EFFECT: methods of washing and drying exclude vibration of a machine, linen does not twist, press, fold, linen wear reduces.

3 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention is intended for use in household and consumer services of the population.

The number of known devices, washing machines, which use the methods of washing and drying clothes.

The prototype of the invention may include a device that contains a water circulation system, having a hole for spraying formed at the front wall of the water tank and the flow channel formed between the rear surface of the front wall of the water tank and the surface of the rotating drum, shaped, formed so that the distance of the surface of the front wall from the axis of rotation changes when the rotation of the rotating drum and recirculating the water sprayed out of the hole for spraying, issued through a flow channel in a rotating drum, patent RU No. 2416684, 2006 D06F 39/08

The disadvantage of the invention is the absence of devices that provide effective washing and drying without vibration machine from the uneven arrangement of the sheets when drying. Linen twisted, compressed, wrinkled, increases the degree of wear underwear when washing and drying.

The technical effect of this invention is the implementation of effective washing and drying without vibration machine from the uneven arrangement of the sheets when drying, providing linen not to twist what I not to be pressed, not to wrinkle and reduce wear underwear when washing and drying.

The claimed technical effect is achieved that the device is a washing machines of horizontal principle used technology impacts on linen. When washing jets air-to-water type of cleaning solution, educated many holes with protruding blades at the edge of the holes located at an angle around the outer surfaces of the walls of the Laundry capacity, and through the blades, placed on a rotating drum, on its inner surfaces of the walls that capture the washing solution from the tank, mix it with air and move around a linen capacity, creating a continuous stream of the moving mass. The blade edges of the hole capture portions from the moving mass and direct their movement in linen capacity, again mixing with the air forming the air-water emulsion, aimed at the sheets under pressure. Linen capacity placed in the internal cavity of the drum with blades and stationary to Baku. Drum with blades placed inside the tank and is mounted on the drive shaft. After draining the water from the tank through the drain pipe is made of air-forced drying by rotating the drum with blades and heated air heater, which zahwah is to see portions of heated air and create a continuous moving air stream. The blade edges of the hole capture portions from moving air masses and direct their movement in linen capacity and linen around the perimeter. Inside linen capacity formed by the turbulence of the air, which provides an environment for the moisture to evaporate and the Association with air and then intense weathering of linen capacity under pressure through the drain pipe. The flow of air into the tank and the drum with blades comes from the atmosphere through the inlet located at the top of the tank. In General implemented effective washing and drying without vibration machine from the uneven arrangement of the sheets when drying, providing linen not to curl, not to be pressed, not to wrinkle and reduce wear underwear when washing and drying.

Figure 1 shows the device of the washing machine without front wall consisting of a tank, drum with blades and linen capacity, a front view, in perspective. Figure 2 shows the device of the washing machine, side view, in cross section. Figure 3 shows the scheme of movement of the wash solution in the wash and in the same way the movement of the air mass during drying. Shows the scheme of entrance of water when the machine boots and the water outlet from the machine. Shows a diagram of the air inlet when the machine boots and exit of air during drying.

The device of the washing machine includes believ the second container 1 with the blades 2 at the edges of the holes 3, located around the outer surfaces of the walls 4 linen tank 1 and the rotating drum 5 with 6 blades, posted on its inner surfaces of the walls 7. Linen container 1 is placed in the internal cavity 8 of the drum 5 with 6 blades and stationary to the tank 9. The drum 5 with 6 blades placed inside the tank 9 and is mounted on the drive shaft 10. The water inlet into the tank 9 through the inlet 11. The water outlet from the tank 9 through the drain pipe 12. The entrance of air into the tank 9 through the inlet 11. The air outlet from the tank 9 through the drain pipe 12. Water heating and air produced by the heater 13.

In the device of the washing machine horizontal principle used technology impacts on linen in the wash jets air-to-water type of cleaning solution, educated many holes 3 with protruding blades 2 at the edge of the hole 3 located at an angle around the outer surfaces of the walls 4 linen tank 1, and by means of the blades 6, is placed on a rotating drum 5, on its inner surfaces of the walls 7, which capture the washing solution from the tank 9, mix it with air and move around a linen capacity 1 form a solid stream 14 of the moving mass. The blades 2 of the edges of the holes 3 capture portions from driving the I mass and direct their movement in linen capacity 1, again mixing with air to form an air-water emulsion, aimed at the sheets under pressure. After draining the water from the tank 9 through the drain pipe 12 is made of an air-forced drying by rotation of the drum 5 with 6 blades and heated air heater 13, which capture a portion of the heated air and create a continuous moving air stream 14. The blades 2 of the edges of the holes 3 capture portions from moving air masses and direct their movement in a piece container 1 and linen around the perimeter. Inside lingerie tank 1 is formed by a swirl of air that provides a build environment evaporation and the Association with air and then intense weathering of lingerie tank 1 under pressure through the drain pipe 12. The flow of air into the tank 9 and the drum 5 with 6 blades comes from the atmosphere through the inlet 11 located in the upper part of the tank 9.

When washing use technology impacts on linen jets air-to-water type of cleaning solution, educated many holes 3. When drying technology is used impact on linen jets of air in a forced manner, educated many holes 3. In General implemented effective washing and drying without the machine vibration from uneven location of the linen prisushka, ensure linen is not curled, not to be pressed, not to wrinkle and reduce wear underwear when washing and drying.

1. Washing machine, including linen capacity, made in the form of a cylindrical surface with holes, a closed side opposite the feeding side, characterized in that linen capacity fixed and placed in the internal cavity of the rotating drum with blades placed on its inner surface, and the edges of holes around the perimeter of the outer surface of the linen capacity angle made protruding shoulder blades.

2. Method of washing, which consists in the circulation of washing liquid through a piece capacity, characterized in that the impact on linen is carried out by jets of cleaning solution air-to-water type formed in the capture of the washing solution by the blades of the rotating drum from the tank, mixed with air and move around a stationary linen capacity, creating a continuous stream of moving the heated mass, and blades linen capacity to take portions from moving masses and guide their movement through the holes in the linen capacity and again mixed with air to form an air-to-water emulsion, aimed at the sheets under pressure.

3. The method of drying in which drying is performed after draining the water from the tank is susno-forced way, which drives the drum with blades in an environment of heated air, with the blades rotating drum capture portions of heated air and create a continuous moving air flow around a stationary linen capacity of the scapula linen capacity to take portions from moving air masses and guide their movement through the holes in the linen capacity, linen around the perimeter of linen capacity, inside linen capacity form the turbulence of the heated air than create an environment of moisture and intense weathering of linen capacity under pressure through the drain pipe.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: washing machine comprises a housing, a drum and a first spraying nozzle located on the gasket for spraying the wash water in one direction and a second spraying nozzle located on the gasket for spraying the wash water in a direction different from the direction of spraying of the first spraying nozzle. According to the second version of the washing machine, it comprises a housing, a drum, a spraying nozzle and a device for changing the direction of spraying the wash water. The washing method includes the first step of rotation of the drum and the second step of rotation of the drum, in which the direction of spraying the wash water is changed depending on the direction of the drum rotation.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of washing due to spraying the wash water to the laundry.

34 cl, 18 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: machine comprises a tank (3) for containing the washing fluid (4), electrical resistance (1) for heating the washing fluid (4), the sensor (5) of temperature for measurement of the washing fluid (4) temperature. Resistance (1) and the sensor (5) of temperature are in a state of heat exchange due to conduction, and the resistance (1) when installed in the machine is located in a plane that is tilted relative to the surface of the washing fluid. This invention also relates to a method of determining if the resistance protrudes of the washing fluid or submerged into the washing fluid, and a method for removal of lime deposits (17) from the electrical resistance (1) made with the ability to heat the washing fluid (4) in the washing machine (2).

EFFECT: increased operational reliability.

14 cl, 16 dwg

Turbidity sensor // 2477345

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: turbidity sensor has a light source (210) for emitting light. The emitted light has a variable radiant intensity. The sensor further comprises a light-sensitive element (220) for receiving light emitted from the light source (210). The light source (211) and the light-sensitive element (220) are positioned relative to each other so that, when the light source (210) is in operation, light emitted from the light source (210) can propagate through a washing liquid contained in the washing machine (400) on its way to the light sensitive element (220). The light-sensitive element (220) is configured to measure the intensity of light received by the light-sensitive element (221). Furthermore, the sensor has a controller (230) which is communicatively connected to the light source (210) and the light-sensitive element (220). The controller (230) is configured to adjust the intensity of light emitted by the light source (210) depending on the measured intensity of light received by the light-sensitive element (220). A computer data storage medium contains program instructions which, when executed by a device with computational capabilities, realises the method of measuring liquid turbidity described above.

EFFECT: high accuracy of measurement and wider operating range of the sensor.

15 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: water-carrying domestic appliance comprises at least the following components: an evacuating pump, a control device that controls the evacuating pump, and a protective switch, having at least one switching position that reacts at undesirable water leak. The protective switch is connected with the control device and is arranged as capable of switching into the first switching position to establish connection of the control device with a power supply network, whenever the domestic appliance is off, and there is an unwanted water leak.

EFFECT: higher reliability of a device and reduced losses of idle operation capacity.

10 cl 1 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: washing machine comprises the metering unit of washing or similar means. The metering unit comprises a drawer located in the front wall of the machine and comprising a first section adapted to accommodate at least the first washing or similar means for one washing, enabling to use the said washing machine as a standard washing machine with manual loading of the metering unit. The drawer comprises a separate second section adapted to accommodate at least the second washing or similar means, sufficient for a given number of washings, enabling the use of the said washing machine also in the automatic metering mode.

EFFECT: cheap and easy to use metering unit that enables to carry out manual loading of the washing means during each washing and automatic loading with use of cartridges of long-term use.

26 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: washing machine comprises a rotating tank for placing the laundry, a heating channel forming a channel for feeding the hot air into the rotating tank, a heater mounted in the heating channel, and a steam generating element which is heated by the heater for generating steam fed to the rotating tank. The steam generating element comprises an element which is heated by contact with the heater. The element is a tubular element having an outer surface in contact with the heater and a hollow part for steam generation formed in it. The element can be a steam-generating plate one surface of which is in contact with the heater. A washing machine is proposed that can generate hot air and steam to feed into the rotating tank with use of a single heater.

EFFECT: preventing damage to the elements near the steam generator under the action of high-grade heat transferred by the steam generator.

28 cl, 12 dwg

Washing machine // 2470103

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: washing machine comprises a plastic tank (1), a cylindrical drum (3) with an axially protruding shaft (31) in the center, driven by an electric motor, the engaged with the tank pipe (11) bearing support (500) which is fully molded with deep drawing from of flat sheet metal (LP). The bearing support (500) comprises a first (500a) and a second (500b) edge parts with the corresponding housings (501, 502) for two ball bearings (4, 40) with different diameters and with the structure of their peripheral stoppers (500d and 500e) inside the housings ( 501 and 502) and comprises a peripheral flange (600) on the rib of the first edge part (500a) for engaging the support (500) with the pipe (11) of the tank. The first edge part (500a) of the support (500) is located higher than the second edge part (500b) so that the first ball bearing (4) is located in the housing (501) of the first edge part (500a), and the second ball bearing (40) is located in the housing (502) of the second edge part (500b). The support (500) is inserted into the plastic material of the pipe (11) of the tank, and the peripheral flange (600) of the support is folded back and is provided with an outer toothed rib (601) for attaching to the plastic structure of the pipe (11).

EFFECT: design improvement.

1 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a household appliance to for textile products, in particular, to the dryer or the washing machine. The household appliance comprises a means for generating steam for treatment of textile products with water vapor, preferably hot or overheated, and there is a means of water supply to the means for generating steam. The means of water supply is intended for connection to an external source of water, in particular, to the water-distribution system. The means of water supply comprises the means for softening water for supply the means for generating steam with water of given and/or reduced and/or low hardness. The means of softening water comprises a filter element installed inside the household appliance with the ability of access from outside to replace the filter element, preferably via the control panel, or via the front cover or through the area of the front door, or through the receiving window of the tank for collecting condensate, or through the side cover of the household appliance, or the means of softening water containing the filter element is located outside of the household appliance and is hydraulically connected to the pipe that connects the means of water supply to the external source of water and/or the connecting part, preferably by fitting located in the household appliance to provide connection of the means of water supply to the external source of water.

EFFECT: simultaneous filtering and softening of water is provided for ensuring durability of means for generating steam and ease of use of the means of softening water.

23 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a household appliance to for textile products, in particular, to the dryer or the washing machine. The household appliance comprises a means for generating steam for treatment of textile products with water vapor, preferably hot or overheated, and there is a means of water supply to the means for generating steam. The means of water supply is intended for connection to an external source of water, in particular, to the water-distribution system. The means of water supply comprises the means for softening water for supply the means for generating steam with water of given and/or reduced and/or low hardness. The means of softening water comprises a filter element installed inside the household appliance with the ability of access from outside to replace the filter element, preferably via the control panel, or via the front cover or through the area of the front door, or through the receiving window of the tank for collecting condensate, or through the side cover of the household appliance, or the means of softening water containing the filter element is located outside of the household appliance and is hydraulically connected to the pipe that connects the means of water supply to the external source of water and/or the connecting part, preferably by fitting located in the household appliance to provide connection of the means of water supply to the external source of water.

EFFECT: simultaneous filtering and softening of water is provided for ensuring durability of means for generating steam and ease of use of the means of softening water.

23 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of determining the level (L, L1, L2) of the washing fluid in the washing machine (10), in particular, household washing machine or a dishwasher, which comprises a tank (11), in which a drum (12) is located to accommodate a certain amount of laundry in it, connected to the tank (11) analog pressure relay (15) for determining pressure of the washing fluid in the said tank (11) and, therefore, the level (L, L1, L2) of the washing fluid in it and means of control and regulation of the washing machine (10). According to the invention, the analog pressure relay (15) is subjected to calibration process, and the said calibration process is performed during the working cycle of the washing machine (10).

EFFECT: determining the level of the washing fluid.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: overflow housing has overflow filter adapted for effective removal of foreign matter from washing water and including filtering member having filtering apertures and filtering protrusions, and is further provided with hand-held lever pivotally connected to front end of filtering member. Filtering protrusions having length greater than depth of filtering apertures are perpendicularly extending upward from surface of filtering member. Filtering protrusions are positioned between respective filtering apertures, each made in the form of hexagon. Overflow filter may be disconnected from overflow housing through filter inlet defined on front surface of overflow housing. Guiding plate may be provided on rear end of filtering member. Guiding protrusion corresponding to guiding plate may be provided at filter inlet to thereby enable alignment of filter within overflow housing.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in removal of foreign matter from washing water by means of overflow filter, and enhanced reliability in operation of washing machine.

17 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: overflow housing has overflow filter adapted for effective removal of foreign matter from washing water and including filtering member having filtering apertures and filtering protrusions, and is further provided with hand-held lever pivotally connected to front end of filtering member. Filtering protrusions having length greater than depth of filtering apertures are perpendicularly extending upward from surface of filtering member. Filtering protrusions are positioned between respective filtering apertures, each made in the form of hexagon. Overflow filter may be disconnected from overflow housing through filter inlet defined on front surface of overflow housing. Guiding plate may be provided on rear end of filtering member. Guiding protrusion corresponding to guiding plate may be provided at filter inlet to thereby enable alignment of filter within overflow housing.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in removal of foreign matter from washing water by means of overflow filter, and enhanced reliability in operation of washing machine.

17 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: washing machine has casing defining appearance of washing machine, water tank mounted within casing, and drainage pump positioned at the level lower than water tank and adapted for creating of pumping-out force needed for suction of water from water tank and for drainage of water to the outside. Washing machine is further provided with water suction device connected to drainage pump and adapted for sucking of water remained in drainage pump. When peripheral temperature drops to value below zero, water suction apparatus starts to suck water remained in drainage pump so that drainage pump is free from water.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by preventing cooling of water in drainage pump to thereby avoid disruption of normal operation of pump and washing machine.

13 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, technique for washing machines.

SUBSTANCE: detergent feeding unit has container for detergent, at least one inlet cavity defined within container for detergent, and control member located within inlet cavity and designed for controlling of detergent flow within inlet cavity. Control member is positioned within inlet cavity for increasing or decreasing time during which detergent is staying within inlet cavity. Detergent feeding unit has members designed for preventing separation of control member from inlet cavity and positioned near opposite sides of said cavity. Detergent feeding unit of such construction allows user to selectively charge powdered or liquid detergent into one and the same cavity for detergent and also to control detergent flow within inlet cavity in order to provide for uniform mixing of detergent in water for washing.

EFFECT: improved quality of washing due to uniform mixing of liquid or powdered detergent within inlet cavity of washing machine.

15 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: drying technique.

SUBSTANCE: locking unit is positioned in front panel of drying machine, on door of which machine hook is located, said hook being adapted for engagement with locking unit and disengagement therefrom. Locking unit has lock main body equipped with protrusions and retaining openings in its opposite sides, and lock cover having openings for accommodation of protrusions, and retaining openings provided at cover opposite sides. Protrusions are formed in active part protruding from carrier part of lock main body, and retaining openings are formed in carrier part, immediately under protrusions. Openings for accommodation of protrusions are provided in portion protruding from edge of cover lock planar portion, and retaining protrusions are formed at ends of lock cover protruding portion. On introducing of lock cover into main body of lock, protrusions become embraced with openings for accommodation of protrusions, and retaining protrusions are introduced into retaining openings. Such construction allows lock cover to be assembled with lock main body for one operation.

EFFECT: increased efficiency, simplified construction and reduced time for assembling of lock unit.

9 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring amount of foam in washing machine at water drainage stage using foam flow rate characteristics; said foam measuring process includes steps of determining during water drainage operation whether water level reaches during predetermined water drainage period water level indicative of complete water drainage; determining whether water level reaches the level allowing foam amount to be measured during predetermined foam drainage period by providing controlling of water drainage apparatus in a manner enabling switching on and off of water drainage apparatus if during predetermined water drainage period water level does not reach the level indicative of complete water drainage level, and in a manner enabling measurement of foam amount by controlling water drainage apparatus in a manner enabling switching on and off of water drainage apparatus within predetermined water level range if during predetermined foam drainage period water level reaches the level indicative of level allowing foam amount to be measured.

EFFECT: improved quality of washing cloths.

17 cl, 9 dwg

Washing machine // 2295597

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: washing machine has water reservoir mounted within outer casing, drain pump adapted for draining of washing water from water reservoir, and attachment device for attachment of drain pump. Attachment device has supporting member extending from drain pump, vibration absorbing members onto which outer surface of supporting member rests, and attachment members fixed to inner surface of outer casing and adapted for resting of outer surfaces of vibration absorbing members thereupon. Thus drainage pump rests only upon supporting member which, in its turn, rests only upon vibration absorbing members resting upon attachment members spaced therefrom. Such construction substantially reduces vibration transmitted from drain pump to outer casing of washing machine.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in reducing of vibration transmitted from drain pump to outer casing of washing machine and, accordingly, reduced volume of noise produced by drain pump.

14 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: washing machine has detergent feeding apparatus adapted for mixing detergent dispensed from container with washing water and for feeding of mixed detergent and washing water into washing reservoir. Detergent feeding apparatus has housing, detergent container, and water feeding chambers. Housing has a plurality of inlet apertures connected with respective water feeding pipes, and outlet aperture connected with washing reservoir. Detergent container is detachably inserted into housing and is equipped with a plurality of chambers for receiving of detergent. Water feeding chambers are equipped with a plurality of through channels, one of through channels being adapted for feeding of washing water delivered through inlet apertures into chambers for receiving of detergent while adjusting washing water pressure within predetermined range.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and improved quality of washing of cloths.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: drum-type washing machine has rotating cylindrical drum mounted within water tank so that central axis of rotation of drum is extending in horizontal plane or inclined relative to horizontal plane. Water discharge opening is provided through bottom part of water tank. Washing machine incorporates engine for rotation of drum, unit for feeding of washing water into water tank, unit for discharging of water from water tank, and control unit for controlling operation of engine, water feeding unit and water discharge unit so as to provide washing, rinsing and water discharge procedures. Guiding member provided on inner bottom part of water tank is equipped with guiding surface designed for facilitating collection of washing water and directing collected water to water discharge opening.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in washing and rinsing of cloths.

5 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: washing machine furnished with drying apparatus and method for removal of soap foam formed in large amounts during washing cycle and delivered into drying apparatus.

SUBSTANCE: method involves determining whether or not drying cycle is selected after termination of washing cycle; removing soap foam by feeding water into drying apparatus after termination of washing cycle and before beginning of drying cycle during selecting of drying cycle. Washing machine is furnished with water tank and drum, and has drying apparatus equipped with condensing channel provided on rear surface of water tank, from which tank excessive amounts of foam are removed from drum through condensing channel, and control unit for regulated feeding of condensing water into condensing channel after termination of washing cycle of washing machine to thereby remove foam delivered into condensing channel.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in removal of foam from washing machine.

15 cl, 7 dwg

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