Plough for mouldboard plowing

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry, in particular to tillage equipment. The plough comprises right-hand or left-hand share-mouldboard housings. The hare-mouldboard housings are equipped with tillage discs fixed one by one at the rear ends of the mouldboards. The lead angle of the discs is set opposite towards the angle of the soil shear by the share-mouldboard housings.

EFFECT: invention enables to provide a complete overturn of the layers, to improve the quality of plowing and to reduce tractive resistance.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to soil cultivating implements.

Known plow for smooth ploughing (U.S. Pat. RF 2075267 IPC6AV 3/36, 1997), in which the left and right of the body has opposed, and between them mounted zaplotnik. Zaplotnik shift tumbling layers in the direction of helping the main working buildings to put them in their own furrow, thus turning the layers on 180º. This is a complete overturn of the layers, which gives high quality ploughing, as all weed seeds incorporated into the soil to unattainable for germination depth, as previously scattered field fertilizers are in the rooting zone of the soil.

The disadvantage of this plow is the volatility of the technological process of ploughing at the depth of processing or in weedy fields. With increasing depth of plowing or if you have a large number of plant residues layers of soil stuck in the narrow space between the blade and zaplotnik. In other words, the impact of the two sides of the reservoir and it turns on the spot creates a narrow corridor for the output layer of processing zones in the zone final calming, resulting plow clog, the process of plowing stops.

The technical result of the invention is higher is their reliability process complete revolution of the formation with moldboard plowing, improving the quality and reducing the traction resistance of the plow.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the plough moldboard plowing with right or left hand linesmoothing the cases, the latter is equipped with tillage discs fixed on one of the rear ends of the piles, and the attack angle is set opposite to the angle shift of the soil linesmoothing buildings.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that tillage discs cut off the portion of the inverted layer of soil, which prevents a complete turnaround of the subsequent layer. They push on the bottom of the furrows this cut off part of the reservoir to the side and spread it in a thin layer, not preventing a complete turnover of the subsequent layer. During steady state operation of the cut-out portion of the reservoir is small, no more than 3-4 cm in length, and will not occupy much space on the bottom of the furrow. The reduction in the traction resistance of the plough is realized due to lack of skimmers, which require increasing the thrust force of up to 20%, and due to the lateral force developed by the disks in the opposite direction relative to the lateral force developed linesmoothing buildings, which reduces the pressure on field Board linesmoothing corps. Quality spas and improves at the expense of deeper termination of plant residues, fertilizers and weed seeds.

Figure 1 shows a top view of two linesmoothing buildings plow, equipped with tillage discs with their relative position on the frame of the plow. Figure 2 shows an illustration of the rationale for the designated staging disks, and figure 3 - position of the inverted seams when working disk.

On the main beam 1 plough posted by linesmoothing section, each of which has a blade 2, blade 3 and field Board 4. The blade 3 is attached tillage disk 5 at an angle of attack α, opposite to the angle γ shear soil linesmoothing body.

When the movement of the plow in the furrow of his linesmoothing buildings overturns the soil layers in the direction under the action of the shift angle γ. From the starting position ABCD layer 6 is flipped to position A1B1C1D1. This is not a complete revolution, as it prevents the previous layer 7 And2In2With2D2, inverted blade 3. If at the end of the blade to place the disk 5, it will cut off part 8 layer 7 in the area of angle And2and drop it on the bottom of the furrow tumbling towards the formation of A1B1C1D1that is now released on the spot will turn over on the corner, close to 180º. Since the drives are equipped with all the dumps, each layer is incised and turned almost p is color. When steady state operation due to the low volume of the cut-out portion 9 of each layer is spread in a thin layer on the bottom of the furrow. Due to a complete revolution of the layers eliminates the need for the skimmers and the setting disks under counter attack angle compensates for some lateral pressure on the field boards, which ultimately reduces the tractive resistance of the plough and improves the quality of the work.

The moldboard plow for plowing with right or left hand linesmoothing section, characterized in that the latter is equipped with tillage discs fixed on one of the rear ends of the piles, and the attack angle is set opposite to the angle shift of the soil linesmoothing buildings.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry and can be used for inter-row soil cultivation. The working body of the cultivator comprises a rack and a fixed A-hoe with a mouldboard. The mouldboard is made in the form of a spherical disc freely mounted on the axis with the ability to move along the rack and to adjust the angular position relative to the direction of motion. The mouldboard is located with its convex side to the rack with the possibility of installation at its both sides and change of the gap between it and the inner surface of the A-hoe. The working body of the cultivator also comprises a bracket on which the plate is mounted on it with an additional bracket with the disk axis fixed on it. The disk axis is mounted on the additional plate fixed on the additional bracket with the ability to adjust the angular position of the disk in the vertical plane on the value β=0…45°. On the disk there are slits which are symmetrical related to the axis, at equal distance from each other.

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FIELD: agriculture.

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Cultivator tool // 2477593

FIELD: agriculture.

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FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agricultural machinery, particularly to the tillage equipment. The cultivator tool comprises a stand (1), a hoe (3), a mouldboard (9) and a bracket (4). The bracket (4) is installed on the stand (1) as capable of its vertical displacement along the stand (1). A holder (6) with the axis (7) is rigidly fixed with the bracket (4). The outer surface of the axis (7) is threaded. A flat disc (8) and the mouldboard (9) are installed on the axis (7) as capable of free rotation. Between the flat disc (8) and the mouldboard (9) there is a tiller (10) installed, arranged as spiral. The diameter of spiral turns is arranged of larger diameter than the diameter of the mouldboard (9), besides, the extreme turns of the tiller's spiral are rigidly fixed with the flat disc (8) and the mouldboard (9), and the tiller (10) is installed on the axis (7) as capable of varying the distance between turns.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase quality of row-to-row treatment of cultivated crops.

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FIELD: agriculture.

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2 dwg

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FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a stand, a centre hoe, a mouldboard and a bracket. The bracket is installed on the stand as capable of vertical displacement along the stand. A holder with an axis is rigidly fixed with the bracket. A tiller and a mouldboard are installed on the axis as capable of free rotation. The tiller is arranged as helical, and its turns reduce in direction from the holder to the mouldboard. The tiller is arranged between the mouldboard and the holder. The least diameter of the tiller's spiral turn is equal to the mouldboard diameter.

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2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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FIELD: agriculture.

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EFFECT: design implementation of the working element of the cultivator enables to improve the quality of inter-row cultivation of tilled crops.

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FIELD: agriculture.

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4 dwg

Plough - fertiliser // 2384032

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: plough comprises frame-fixed mouldboard units and fertiliser dispensers with fertiliser hoses. Plough is equipped with high-discharge fan with air duct, which is tightly fixed to fertiliser hoses. Fertiliser hoses are fixed on back side of mouldboards and are matched along radius with slot provided between ploughshare and mouldboard along tangent to surface of mouldboard. Ripping ledges are arranged on outer surface of ploughshare upstream the slot, and their extension over slot is arranged in the form of teeth. Fan drive is provided from hydraulic motor, and fertiliser dispensers are driven from tractor power shaft.

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3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

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Plow body // 2317665

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plow body has tine with shoe, share, moldboard, and landside plate. Mellowing members fixed to moldboard working surface are made in the form wedge-shaped knives and arranged in offset relation with respect to one another, with apexes of said members being oriented toward share point. Mellowing members are made scimitar-shaped and equipped with flexible sweepers fixed to their upper parts. Flexible sweepers are formed as lengths of anchor chains. Two pins of different length are attached at different acute angles to direction of advancement on each chain length link. Angle of inclination of pins is smaller than friction angle of soil against steel.

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2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, heavy soil tillage technique.

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EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Plow // 2297746

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tillage and preparing of soil for sowing procedure.

SUBSTANCE: plow has frame, disks, working tool designed for rotating and placing of soil layer into furrow and provided with helical working surface, and mellower. Shaft with corrugated disks and mud scrapers is mounted on tines on frame. Working tool is made in the form of half-screw whose inner side is extending centrally of horizontal straight line from leading end to working tool end and outer helical working surface terminates in shank beveled at an acute angle to horizontal plane. Mellower attached to front side of working tool is made in the form of hoe. Replaceable harrows joined to shank are comprised of plates beveled at an acute angle on their front sides. Working tools with right-handed and left-handed direction of rotation of ground are alternatively mounted on frame. Supporting compaction roller with mud scraper is mounted rearward of frame on tines. Mounted on frame are also shaft height adjustment mechanism and supporting roller height adjustment mechanism for adjusting height of roller and supporting mechanism relative to frame.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, reduced erosion processes and increased efficiency in weed controlling.

2 dwg

Plow // 2297746

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tillage and preparing of soil for sowing procedure.

SUBSTANCE: plow has frame, disks, working tool designed for rotating and placing of soil layer into furrow and provided with helical working surface, and mellower. Shaft with corrugated disks and mud scrapers is mounted on tines on frame. Working tool is made in the form of half-screw whose inner side is extending centrally of horizontal straight line from leading end to working tool end and outer helical working surface terminates in shank beveled at an acute angle to horizontal plane. Mellower attached to front side of working tool is made in the form of hoe. Replaceable harrows joined to shank are comprised of plates beveled at an acute angle on their front sides. Working tools with right-handed and left-handed direction of rotation of ground are alternatively mounted on frame. Supporting compaction roller with mud scraper is mounted rearward of frame on tines. Mounted on frame are also shaft height adjustment mechanism and supporting roller height adjustment mechanism for adjusting height of roller and supporting mechanism relative to frame.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, reduced erosion processes and increased efficiency in weed controlling.

2 dwg

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