Autonomous shelter chamber

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises a device to form a flow of a working medium in a channel for a flow, a treatment device that exposes the medium to treatment, and a supply device for supply of the medium into the treatment device. At the same time the treatment device and the supply device may be put in action with the help of the working fluid medium flow.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of life sustenance environment maintenance in a shelter chamber.

37 cl, 12 dwg

 

The scope of the invention

The present invention relates to an apparatus that provides an atmosphere of life in a closed space. The present invention relates also to the cameras-shelters containing such an installation.

The invention was developed in particular in respect of refuge, though not necessarily only for that. However, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to this area and aspects of the invention may find application in other areas that are not relevant to the cameras-shelters.

Prior art

The refuge used in underground mining of deposits, as well as in other surrounding spaces when you need the availability of the site where people can find refuge in the event of a disaster or other circumstances under which creates a danger to life and health of people.

Usually the refuge contains a closed space in which people can find refuge and which can be closed with respect to the outer surrounding space, which is the refuge. The refuge usually contains a system for maintaining the environment life support within the chamber during at least a limited period of time. In this case, the refuge may contain scrubber for removal of p is at least carbon dioxide exhaled people in an enclosed space.

Usually you must have access to a power source for the operation of a scrubber for that period of time, during which environment is created livelihoods. Typically, the energy required to actuate the blower to ensure air circulation in a closed surrounding space. Accordingly, you may have access to external power supply from the network.

Alternatively, when there is an external power supply, you can use the system battery in the camera is a haven for the actuation of the blower. However, the system batteries requires that the battery was fully charged ready for use.

In the camera-shelter did not provide for such regulation of the microclimate in closed spaces, as regulation by means of heating or cooling. Such regulation of the microclimate may be predominant in the formation of this environment, which is more comfortable for personnel awaiting rescue.

The present invention was developed to eliminate the disadvantages and problems inherent in prior installations.

Summary of the invention

With the according to the first aspect of the present invention proposed installation for the processing environment, which contains a device for the formation of flow of the working fluid medium in the channel for fluid flow, the device is exposed to the processing environment, as well as a feeding device for the implementation of the fluid in the processing device, the processing device and the input device can be powered by flow of the working fluid.

Preferably, the medium contains the fluid. Fluid medium may be air.

Preferably, the device for the formation of flow of the working fluid medium contains a source of working fluid under pressure and a channel for the flow of fluid which is connected with the source.

Preferably, the source is an Autonomous source. Independent source may contain gas container.

Preferably, the working fluid contains the fluid under pressure. Fluid under pressure may contain carbon dioxide.

Preferably, the input device comprises a pumping device for supplying medium to the processing device. The pumping device can operate with the help of flow of the working fluid passing through the channel for flow of the working fluid. In one embodiment, the location device, the pump device may include a turbine, with which communicates a flow of the working fluid to which rivedere in the action of the pumping device. In another embodiment, the location device, the pump device may include a bellows, which is adapted for expansion and contraction under the influence of controlled fluid flow.

A processing device in one embodiment, the location device may include at least one heat exchanger for cooling or heating medium. The working fluid actuates a heat exchanger in the sense that it takes place in the heat exchanger being in heat exchange communication with him, being thus part of the cycle of operation of the heat exchanger.

A processing device in another embodiment, the location device may include a scrubber for removal of CO and CO2from the environment.

Needless to say that can be applied to the processing device of any appropriate type for the implementation of the processing, filtering or other processing environment.

According to the second aspect of the present invention is provided by the refuge that contains the installation for the processing environment according to the first aspect of the implementation of the present invention.

The refuge may form a zone containing air, and can be used for air handling installation according to the first aspect of the present invention. Thus it can be extended while maintaining the environment isnewsession the Oia in the area.

According to a third aspect of the present invention proposes a method of processing environment using the installation according to the first aspect of the present invention.

Brief description of drawings

The present invention will be better understood from the following description of several embodiments of the present invention shown in the attached drawings,

in which Fig 1 is a schematic side view of the refuge, including the installation of air treatment according to the first variant embodiment of the invention;

figure 2 is a front view of the refuge;

figure 3 - rear view camera-seekers;

figure 4 is a schematic top view of the refuge;

figure 5 is a schematic view of the module, included in the camera-refuge and contains the air handling unit according to the first variant implementation of the present invention;

figure 6 is a schematic view of the module, included in the camera-refuge and contains the air handling unit according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention;

7 is a schematic view of the air handling unit included in the module shown in Fig.6;

on Fig is a schematic view of the pneumatic control module shown in Fig.7;

figure 9 - view of the control mechanism for effecting the operation of the air curtain and doors AOR is s;

figure 10 is a schematic view of the module, included in the camera-refuge and contains the air handling unit in the first embodiment, the location device according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention;

figure 11 - schematic view of the air handling unit included in the module, shown in Figure 10;

on Fig is a schematic view of the module, included in the camera-vault containing the air handling unit in the second embodiment, the location device according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention.

The best option(s) the implementation of the present invention

Figure 1-4 shows the refuge 10 to provide a protective space that can be closed or sealed with respect to the outer space, in which it is located. The refuge 10 is designed particularly for use in underground mining developments and, in particular, for use in underground mining of coal deposits. The size of the refuge are selected in such a way that it could be placed in the tunnels of the conventional underground mining of coal deposits in the United States. The refuge is, of course, can be applied in any other appropriate place.

The refuge is 10 includes chamber structure 11 including the base is 13, the upper part 15, two longitudinal side walls 17, the front wall 18 and rear wall 19.

Chamber structure 11 includes a device 21 for engagement with the fork clamps lifting devices such as forklift. In addition, the chamber structure 11 includes lifting lugs 23 on each side.

In the inner part of the chamber structure 11 has access zone 31, the area 33 and the service area 36.

Access zone 31 provides access to the area 33 and contains a system of air gateway. Access zone 31 is separated from the accommodation zone 33 by means of the wall 37, which has a passage 38, which can be opened or closed by means of a door 39 air gateway that allows you to navigate between the access zone 31 and the area 33.

The front wall 18 includes a door 41, which can be opened to provide access to the access zone 31. The door 41 contains a panel mounted on hinges for free rotation around practically horizontal axis 41 between the closed and open positions. In the closed position, the door 41 closes the inlet opening 47 in the front wall 18. In the open position (as shown by the dashed line in figure 1-4) door 41 extends outward from the holes 47 near its lower edge, taking almost Hori is a detailed provision for the education of the platform 48. Platform 48 has a shock-absorbing lining 49. Platform 48 provides a surface on which a person who wants to get into the camera-asylum could be in a half upright position, and then to penetrate through the hole 47 in the access zone 31.

The control mechanism 50 (see Figure 2 and 9), which includes pneumatic cylinders 51, is designed for opening and closing of the door 41. Actuators 53 are functioning on the outside of the refuge 10 to open the door 50 by means of the control mechanism 50. People that are in the area of access 31 may trigger another actuating element (not shown) for closing 41 under the influence of pneumatic cylinders.

The access area 31 includes a system of air gateway operating by means of the control mechanism 50. The air gateway is adapted for the formation of the air curtain at the hole 47 when the door 41 is in the open position. The air gateway also provides purge air in the area of access 31 before the person in the access zone 31 may be moved in the access area 33. In the frame 41 has ventilation holes 55 for the release of the purge air.

Air to air gateway of the doors 39 and 41 and the air curtain is supplied from one or more tanks located the service area 35.

The refuge 10 may also contain a system alarm. This alarm system can be a siren, which is driven by means, for example, air, coming from the cylinders with air, creating excessive pressure in the channel for flow of the working fluid that drives the processing device of air and water, which will be described below.

In the area 33 are seats designed for people staying in this area. In the shown embodiment, the location device seats contain benches 61. The observation window 63 is provided in each longitudinal side wall 17 in the place that corresponds to the area 33, allowing the people in this area, to review the external space, as well as allowing rescuers to inspect the interior of the accommodation zone 33 before entering into it.

In the area of the 33 there are also toilets 67.

The service area 35 is isolated from the accommodation zone 33 through the wall 71. The service area 35 is located near the rear end wall 19, and access to this area is possible through a rear door 73 embedded in the end wall 19. In the service area 35 may be placed instrumentation, and ancillary about what the equipment is designed and sources of power, used to maintain the environment of life in the area 33, including oxygen tanks, compressed air and liquid carbon dioxide.

In the area 33 may also be accommodated module 65 for air handling in the area 33 to maintain the protection of life during a certain period of time. In the camera-asylum according to the options of implementing the present invention, the environment, livelihoods within range of accommodation can be maintained for about 100 hours when a large number of people in the area.

As shown in figure 4, the module 65 includes a housing 75 in which you have the inlet opening 77 for air and the exhaust port 79 for air, allowing the air intake of the accommodation zone 33 and the return air zone 33. Installation 81 is integrated in the housing 75 and is designed for air handling.

Figure 5 shows the installation of 81 according to the first variant implementation of the present invention. The apparatus comprises a channel for flow of the working fluid medium 89, with the processing device 93 and the pump device 95. The pumping device 95 allows interaction between the air subjected to the processing, and the processing unit 93.

The processing device 93 comprises a heat exchanger, as will be explained below. Ramacharaka environment activates a heat exchanger in the sense it happens in the heat exchanger being in heat exchange communication with him, being thus part of the cycle of operation of the heat exchanger.

The pumping device 95 is actuated by flow of the working fluid passing through the channel for flow of the working fluid. Typically, the pumping device comprises a turbine, with which communicates a flow of the working fluid for actuation of the pumping device.

The pumping device 95 includes a fan system and/or bellows system to supply air to the processing unit 93. The processing unit 93 and the pump device 95 are functioning with the help of the working fluid passing through the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid.

The working fluid is supplied from a cylinder or group of cylinders 91 in the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid and after activation processing device 93 and the pumping device 95 is stored in cylinders 99. The working fluid medium may be, for example, carbon dioxide.

Along the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid medium is installed valve device 97, which is located before processing device 93 and is designed to regulate the flow of the working fluid supplied from cylinders 91 in the channel 89 for the flow of a fluid working environment. Valve device 97 may contain checkpoints for important locations the measurement s (see 7), showing the supply pressure of the working fluid. The operation of the valve device can be carried out within the accommodation zone 33. Valve device 97 includes ball valves 97A, allowing the flow of the working fluid medium in the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid, and regulating needle valve 97b regulating the flow of the working fluid flowing into the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid.

In this embodiment of the present invention, the processing carried out with the use of air is a cooling process. It provides cooling in the area 33. In another embodiment, the location device may be applied to the processing device, for example, to execute such processing, as the removal of substances from the air. For example, the processing may include air purification for removal of co and CO2.

Accordingly, in the shown embodiment, the location device, the processing device 93 includes a cooler 94 for cooling air 89 and pumping device 95, containing the fan system to supply air 87, coming from the area in the installation 81 to communicate with the processing device 93.

The cooler 94 contains at least one heat exchanger for removal of heat is from the air 87 in the area 33. The heat exchanger includes a coil through which a working fluid. The cooling process occurs as the air 87 is in contact with the coils of the heat exchanger. The working fluid passing through the coils of the heat exchanger is regulated and thus there is a temperature drop, which allows the cooling effect on the air 87 as air comes in contact with the coils, containing the cold working fluid environment. The 87 air is supplied to the heat exchanger by means of the pumping device 95.

In addition, the moisture absorption as metabolic heat and water vapor formed in the area 33 of the refuge 10, in contact with the heat exchanger processing device 93.

The working fluid after the release of the processing device 93 is fed through channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid to the pumping device 95 to bring it into effect. Pumping unit 95 supplies air 87 in the area 33 in the installation 81 to communicate with the processing device 93 as described above. The working fluid upon actuation of the pumping device 95 is released from the unit 81 and stored in cylinders 99.

To ensure the safety of people in the chamber-asylum cylinders 91 and 99 can be located in the storage area 35 outside C is by placing 33 or out of the refuge 10.

Figure 6 shows the installation of 81 according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention. In this case, applied the same item numbers to designate the same parts in the installation of 81 according to the first variant implementation of the present invention.

As shown in Fig.6, the installation of 81 according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention in addition to the above-mentioned processing device 93 to reduce the temperature of the air also contains processing device 101 and 103. Processing device 101 and 103 are connected along the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid and are located outside the processing unit 93 and before pumping device 95. In this embodiment, the location device, the working fluid after passing through the processing unit 93 is supplied to channel 89, intended for the flow of the working fluid, to actuate processing devices 101 and 103 for further processing air 87. Valve device 97 (described above) are located along the channel for flow of the working fluid before processing device 93 for controlling the flow of working fluid flowing from the cylinder 91 in the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid. In this embodiment of the present invention the release of the working fluid may be in the amount of 0-30 to the/hour.

Processing device 101 and 103 are respectively the inlet 105 and 107 and outlet openings 109 and 111 to release the air from the accommodation zone 33 and the intake of air into the accommodation area 33 after treatment air 87. The inlet 105, 109 and outlet 107,111 communicated with the inlet openings 77 for air and exhaust holes 79 for air, available in the housing 75.

In addition, the installation 81 may be integrated with the processing device 228 for cooling drinking water intended for people in the area 33. The processing device 228 is connected along the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid and is driven by means of the working fluid. The working fluid after activation processing device 228 is supplied to the cylinders 99. Device 147 for water supply provides water to the processing unit 228. Water may be supplied to the interior of the accommodation zone 33 through the inlet opening 149.

In the operating mode in the installation 81 receives the working fluid from the cylinders 91, as described above with reference to the first variant of implementation of the present invention, and this setting activates the processing unit 93. The working fluid after activation processing device 93 is fed through channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid environments is in the processing device 101 and 103 for further processing air 87.

As shown in Fig.7, the working fluid actuates the processing device 101 for further absorption of heat from air 87. The cooling effect of the processing device 101 is carried out by evaporation. The processing device 101 may be any type of evaporative coolers, such as domestic or industrial chillers, which use direct evaporative cooling (i.e. evaporative coolers).

After activation processing device 101, the working fluid is supplied to the processing device 103. The processing device 103 contains scrubber 119 for purification of CO2and/or to maintain for a long time environment life support in the area 33. Scrubber 119 has an air chamber 121 that contains modules air handling device for the purification of carbon dioxide (CO2and/or carbon monoxide (CO). The air cleaning modules contain the scrubber(s) for treatment of CO2containing(s) filter Lime (Sofnolime) 115. Alternatively, the air processing may also include the removal of carbon monoxide (CO). Cleaning can be done WITH using moleculae (moleculite). In the case when cleaning, it may include a process for converting CO in the CO2which is then removed during the por is the process of cleaning CO 2.

The air in the area 33 is passed through the scrubber to ensure that the air in the area 33 could be suitable for breathing. This is done by using the pumping device containing a bellows 113, adapted for the formation of a flow of air in the air chamber 121. As shown in Fig.6, the piston 117 is adapted for expansion and contraction of the bellows 111 to supply air through the check valve from the accommodation zone 33 to the air chamber 121, which has a scrubber 119, and then back to the accommodation area 33 after treatment. The piston 117 is driven by the working fluid and by means of the pneumatic control module 123 after actuation of the processing devices 93 and 101.

On Fig shows the pneumatic control module 123, operate the piston 117 to actuate the bellows 113. In the same way by means of the pneumatic control module 123 can be powered by other bellows (not shown). As shown in Fig, the working fluid supplied to the pneumatic control module 123, which selectively supplies the working fluid to the opposite ends of the piston chamber (having a piston 117), allowing thereby the movement of the piston 117 from one end of the piston chamber 125 to the opposite end of the piston chamber one piston 117 allows compression and expansion of the bellows 113.

To actuate the bellows 113, the working fluid supplied to the pneumatic control module 123 via a back pressure regulator 133 for achieving the desired inlet pressure. Then, the working fluid is supplied within the pneumatic control module 123 to the valve device 135 before it reaches the four-way valve 129. Valve device 135 enables users located in the area 33, to control the operation of the scrubber 119. Using the four-way valve 129, the working fluid is selectively fed into the piston chamber 125. Valve device 135 is almost the same as the above valve device 97.

The pneumatic control module 123 includes valve device 127, intended for feeding the working fluid in the piston chamber 125 to bring the piston 117. Valve device 127 includes the four-way valve 129 and the control valves low pressure a and 131b. The four-way valve 129 carries out polling the flow of operating fluid to the two holes 130A, 130b piston chamber 125. Each hole 130A, 130b are located at opposite ends of the piston chamber 191, which allows the working fluid to move the piston 117 from the first position to the second position, and nabor is so For this purpose, the control valves low pressure a, 131b, respectively, adapted to measure the pressure at the holes 130A, 130b piston chamber 125.

The control valves low pressure a, 131b signal four-way valve 129 which of the holes a or 131b should be directed to the working fluid to move the piston 117 from one end of the piston chamber 125 to the opposite end of the piston chamber 125.

The back pressure regulator 137 allows ventilation of the entire system to sound the alarm using the siren after reaching the desired pressure at the inlet. Siren 139 may be powered, for alarm outside by creating excessive pressure in the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid with the aim of alarm.

Gauge 141 shows the pressure of the working fluid before the valve device 135, and a pressure gauge 142 shows the pressure of the working fluid before the back pressure regulator 137.

After actuation of the scrubber 119 working fluid is supplied via a pneumatic control module 123 in the pump device 95 (such as a suction blower for feeding air into the processing unit 93, as explained above. Then, the working fluid is fed into the device is about processing 113 to bring it into effect.

The processing device 228 includes a cooler (see Fig.7) for cooling drinking water consumed by people in the area 33. The cooler 228 is actuated by means of the working fluid after activation processing device 103. The cooler 228 can represent, for example, the reservoir 114 containing the coil 118, through which flows a working fluid for cooling the water contained in the tank.

The working fluid after activation processing device 113 is stored then in the cylinder 99. Alternatively, the working fluid may be released into the atmosphere.

There is also an emergency source 143 air. Emergency source 143 air contains the source storage of air under pressure which is connected with the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid. The air intake from the emergency source to the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid is regulated by a spring loaded check valve 145 with its given threshold pressure, which is lower than in the case of back pressure regulator 133. Spring check valve 145 (see Fig) opens due to the pressure of the working fluid, thereby allowing to carry out the air intake from the emergency source 143 to the channel for flow of the working fluid, Copepoda in action scrubber 119. This allows you to operate the scrubber 119 by means of a compressed air source. Emergency source 143 air can also be used to increase the temperature inside the accommodation zone 33. This is done by cutting off the supply of operating fluid from the cylinder 91 through the valve device 97 (see Fig.6) and displacement of working fluid by the air from the emergency source 143 air. The absence of flow of the working fluid (due to the closing of the valve device 97) stops the cooling process of air through the processing devices 93 and 101.

Figure 10 and 11 shows the installation of 81 according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention. In this case, apply the same item numbers are used to denote the same parts in the installation of 81 according to the first and second variants of implementation of the present invention.

Installation 81 contains the first processing unit 151 and the second processing unit 153. Processing device 151 and 153 are adapted for air handling 87 in the area 33 of the refuge.

Installation 81 has an inlet opening 163 for release of air from the accommodation zone 33 of the refuge, as well as the outlet 165 to return the treated air zone 33. Inlet 163 and the outlet 165 report is consistent with inlet openings 77 for air and exhaust holes 79 for air, available in the housing 75. Pumping unit 95 supplies air 87 of refuge in the installation 81 to communicate with the processing devices 151 and 153. The pumping device 9 may include a fan or blower system.

The first processing unit 151 includes a scrubber 119, as described above with reference to the second variant of implementation of the present invention.

The second processing device 153 has mnogorazemny the heat exchanger 155 According to the arrangement of the device shown in Figure 10 and 11, the heat exchanger 155 contains three radiator a, 155b and 155 C. Radiators 155 are interconnected for flow of the working fluid from the first heat sink a in the third heat sink 155 C. the Radiator a is in front of the radiators 155b and 155 C. the Radiator s is located behind the radiator a and 155b.

As described above with reference to first and second embodiments of the present invention, the working fluid stored in the group of cylinders 91, is fed through channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid for actuation of the first and second processing devices 151, 153 and pumping device 95. The working fluid stored in cylinders 91, may contain liquefied CO2.

As shown in Figure 10, the working fluid is supplied to the radiator a through channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid. the ribbed heat exchanger 157 and capillary tube 159 located in front of the radiator a. Capillary tube 159 is located between the tubular heat exchanger 157 and the first radiator a.

Capillary tube 159 allows you to adjust the expansion of the working fluid. This facilitates adjustment of the heat exchange capacity of the radiator a. Thus, setting 81 can be made with the possibility of functioning in cells shelters, installed or in mines with low temperature, or in the mines with a high temperature by regulating the capillary tube 159. In some embodiments, the location of the devices radiator a can function only as a desiccant that absorbs moisture from the air. For example, in mines with low temperature cooling air may be undesirable.

Tubular heat exchanger 157 pre-heating the working fluid before entering the capillary tube 159. Tubular heat exchanger 157 includes an inner tube and an outer tube surrounding the inner tube, thereby making it possible to carry out heat transfer between the first and second fluid media, which pass respectively through the inner and outer tubes. According to a variant of the arrangement of the devices used in this embodiment of the present invention, the external tube enters the working fluid discharged from the first heat sink a. what about the inner tube of the heat exchanger 157 receives the working fluid produced from the cylinder 91. By passing through the inner tube, the working fluid is pre-cooled by the working fluid cooler (coming from the first heat sink a). Then this pre-cooled working fluid (which passes through the inner tube) is served in a capillary tube 159.

Valve constant pressure 161 is located between the output of the first radiator a and the entrance of the tubular heat exchanger 157. Valve constant pressure 161 maintains a certain pressure of the working fluid of the fluid in the first heat sink a. Thus a constant boiling temperature of the working fluid in the first heat sink a that avoids freezing of moisture on the surface of the coils of the radiator a. The presence of ice in the coils of the radiator a prevents the passage of air through the radiator a. This reduces the cooling air. In a particular embodiment, the location of the device the valve constant pressure 61 maintains the pressure at approximately 450 lb/in2(31,64 kg/cm2), which allows to maintain the boiling temperature at approximately 26F (-3,33C).

After actuation of the first radiator a working fluid is discharged from the valve constant pressure 161, thus there is a pressure change, which ponie the et temperature of the working fluid. Cooler working fluid is directed into the tubular heat exchanger 157. As described above, the tubular heat exchanger 157 lowers the temperature of the working fluid, which is discharged from the cylinder 91 and should act capillary tube 159 and the first radiator a.

After the release of the tubular heat exchanger 157 working fluid actuates the second radiator 155b. The second radiator 155b is located under the scrubber 121. This allows the heat generated during a cleaning process using a scrubber. At this stage a large part of the working fluid is mainly in the gas phase and serves to actuate the pumping device 95. The pumping device 95 includes venting system that creates an air flow between the inlet hole 163 for air and an outlet hole 165 for air. Air flow circulates air from the accommodation zone 33 refuge through the scrubber 119 in the heat exchanger 155 and returns cooled air to the zone 33.

After actuation of the pumping device 96 there is a further pressure drop of the working fluid and, therefore, a further decrease of temperature. Then, the working fluid is fed to the third heat sink s for further cooling. Then the air is released the C installation 81 through the outlet 165.

The air is released through the exhaust port 165 is breathable and cool, and is fed through the inlet opening 77 (see Figure 4) in the zone 33 to maintain the condition of the people in the chamber-refuge.

The working fluid after actuation of the radiator 155 may then be stored in the container 99. Alternatively, the working fluid may be released into the atmosphere and can be recycled.

As shown in figure 11, the needle valve 167 may be, for example, is parallel to the capillary tube 157. This option is the location of the device allows you to bypass the working fluid in the bypass capillary tube 159. Needle valve 167 may be subject to control to flow of the working fluid can pass directly through the needle valve 167. This is particularly true in the case when the cylinder 91 is less than the working fluid. Due to bypass the working fluid in the bypass capillary tube 159 is still possible operation of the pumping device 95 for passing air through the scrubber 121 to depletion of the stock of the working fluid.

On Fig shows a second variant of the location of the unit 81 according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention. In this embodiment, the work is th fluid is supplied from a cylinder 91 through the tubular heat exchanger 157 and capillary tube 159 in the first radiator a. Valve system 169 provides for the regulation of the flow of the working fluid supplied to the first radiator a. After actuation of the first radiator a working fluid is supplied to the second heat sink 155b to bring it into effect. Then, the working fluid is supplied into the tubular heat exchanger 157 for cooling the working fluid, which is discharged from the cylinder 91 and which will be supplied to the first radiator a. The exit tube of the heat exchanger 157 has a working connection to the input of the third radiator s for feeding the working fluid discharged from the tubular heat exchanger 157.

After actuation of the third radiator s working fluid then exits the pump device 95 to bring it into effect.

In the second embodiment, the location device according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention can also be implemented bypass the working fluid in the bypass capillary tube 159 by means of the valve 167, situated parallel to the capillary tube 159, as described with reference to the first variant of the host device according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention.

Installation 81 according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention allows the use of scrubber 119 and pumping device 95 without th the exchanger 155. Between radiators a and 155b can be installed bypass valve 167 to provide a bypass of the working fluid of the fluid in the bypass valve 161 to depletion of the stock of the working fluid.

In addition, other variants of the device according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention may include a scrubber 119 and pumps equipped with bellows, as described with reference to the second variant of implementation of the present invention. The bypass system allows to operate the scrubber 119 wing and devices equipped with a bellows 113.

Moreover, the plant 81 according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention may also include a processing device of another type, such as evaporative coolers and cooling unit, as described with reference to the second variant of implementation of the present invention. These devices can be located along the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid and to operate using the working fluid.

In addition, the first and second variants of the device according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention may include a valve device to stop the flow of the working fluid medium in the channel for flow of the working fluid and/or for emergency intake air is in the channel for flow of the working fluid with the aim of bringing into effect of processing devices, connected along the channel 89 for the flow of the working fluid.

Proceeding from all the above it is obvious that according to the present invention offers a simple, yet highly effective device for maintaining the environment of life in the tank vault 10 without the need for external sources. Environment life support can be maintained as long as there are relevant sources of working fluid (carbon dioxide), allowing processing to continue air for the purpose of active influence on the microclimate in the area 33.

It should be clear that the scope of the present invention is not limited to the above variants of implementation of the present invention.

Installation 81 can be used for processing any type of working fluid contained in the closed space. Moreover, as the working fluid can be applied to any appropriate fluid which absorbs heat during expansion and can be powered devices associated with it is processed.

In addition, the installation 81 may include any number of processing devices that may be located along the flow of the working fluid. The device can be of any type and is not limited to the examples given in the description of the present invention. N the example, evaporative cooler does not need to operate on the principle of direct evaporative cooling. Can be applied evaporative cooler that uses indirect evaporative cooling.

Although the present invention has been described as an invention of the camera-the vault, which is typically used in underground mining of deposits, it should be clear that this invention can be applied in various other fields, such as life support modules used in the underwater environment, and underground protective shelters (such as anti-nuclear shelter).

Possible modifications and improvements within the scope of the present invention.

In the description and in the claims, unless the context otherwise requires, the word "contain" or its variants such as "contains" or "containing", imply the inclusion of the mentioned component parts of a whole or group of constituent parts of a whole, but not the exclusion of any other constituent parts of the whole, or any other group of constituent parts of the whole.

1. Installation for processing medium containing a device for the formation of flow of the working fluid medium in the channel for the stream processing device, subjecting the processing environment and comprising a heat exchanger on which the can is to pass the working fluid with heat exchange with him, the feeding device is arranged to be triggered by flow of the working fluid with the purpose of the fluid in the device for processing by providing heat exchange with him.

2. Installation for processing environment according to claim 1, in which the medium is a fluid medium.

3. Installation for processing environment according to claim 2, in which the fluid contains air.

4. Installation for processing medium according to any one of claims 1 to 3, in which the device for the formation of flow of the working fluid medium contains a source of working fluid under pressure and a channel for the flow of which is connected with the source.

5. Installation for processing environment according to claim 4, in which the source is a stand-alone source.

6. Installation for processing environment according to claim 5, in which an independent source contains a gas cylinder.

7. Installation for processing according to claim 1, in which the working fluid contains the fluid under pressure.

8. Installation for processing environment according to claim 1, in which the fluid working medium contains carbon dioxide.

9. Installation for processing environment according to claim 1, in which the input device comprises a pumping device for supplying medium to the processing device.

10. Installation for processing environment according to claim 1, in which the processing device includes at least one heat exchanger for cooling the environment.

11. Installation for processing cf the water according to claim 1, in which the processing device includes a scrubber for removal of co and CO2from the environment.

12. Installation for processing Wednesday to claim 11, in which the heat exchanger contains a number of radiators connected in series.

13. Installation for processing environment item 12, containing at least one capillary tube to regulate the intake of a fluid working medium in the first heat exchanger.

14. Installation for processing environment item 13, also containing valve device for a bypass bypassing the at least one capillary tube to supply the working fluid in the first heat exchanger.

15. Installation for processing environment item 13, containing a tubular heat exchanger for pre-cooling of the working fluid before it enters the heat exchanger.

16. Installation for processing environment indicated in paragraph 15, in which the tubular heat exchanger is driven by means of the working fluid discharged from the at least one first heat exchanger.

17. Installation for processing Wednesday to 15, containing the valve constant pressure for regulating the pressure in the first heat sink.

18. Installation for processing environment item 13, in which the channel for the stream is configured to release the working fluid from the first radiator and the feed to the second radiator heat is obmennik.

19. Installation for the processing environment on p, in which the channel flow is executed with a possibility of working fluid discharged from the second heat sink, for actuating the feeding device.

20. Installation for processing environment according to claim 19, in which the channel flow is executed with a possibility of working fluid discharged from the feeding device, in the third sink.

21. Installation for the processing environment on p, in which the valve constant pressure connected along the canal to flow between the first radiator and the second radiator.

22. Installation for the processing environment on item 21, in which the channel flow is executed with a possibility of working fluid discharged from the second radiator, tubular heat exchanger.

23. Installation for the processing environment by article 22, in which the channel flow is executed with a possibility of working fluid discharged from the tubular heat exchanger, the third heat sink.

24. Installation for the processing environment on item 23, in which the channel flow is executed with a possibility of working fluid discharged from the third heat sink, in the input device.

25. Installation for the processing environment of claim 10, in which the scrubber and heat exchanger are connected in series to ensure the ability to provide a clean environment before the environment will suffer is aloominum.

26. Installation for processing environment according to claim 1, containing evaporative cooler to further reduce the temperature of the environment.

27. Installation for processing environment according to claim 1, containing water, is driven by means of the working fluid and is designed to reduce the temperature of the water contained in the water tank.

28. Installation for processing environment according to claim 1, containing the emergency source of air having a working connection with a channel for flow of the working fluid.

29. Installation for the processing environment of claim 10, in which at least one heat exchanger configured to cool and/or decrease the humidity of the environment.

30. The refuge, which contains the installation for processing medium according to any one of claims 1 to 29.

31. The refuge is on item 30, containing the service area of the module to accommodate the installation and the area of placement, and the service area contains a source of working fluid to actuate the installation and emergency air source.

32. The refuge is on item 30, in which the module is under vacuum.

33. The refuge is on item 30 or 31, comprising the alarm system, configured to actuate by means of the working fluid.

34. The method of processing environment using the installation according to any one of claims 1 to 29.

35. Way ohlord is of limited space without the need for external power sources, including the formation of flow of the working fluid medium in the channel for the flow passage of the working fluid with heat exchange with the heat exchanger, the air in the heat exchanger by means of the feeding device is arranged to actuate by means of the flow of the working fluid for effecting heat exchange with a heat exchanger to cool air, and the flow of the cooled air in a limited space.

36. The method according to p, wherein the input device is actuated by means of the working fluid after its passage relative to the heat exchanger.

37. The method according to p in which the air contains a limited air space.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, particularly methods for creating an optimal microclimate on farms. The method involves external and internal air supply through a V-air duct, maintaining an external surface of the air duct below the dew point temperature of internal air, generating condensate thereon to be collected in sewage pipes via a V-shield attached above the air duct. The condensate shield is made of a crescent metal conductor with saw-toothed projections on its side edges facing the V-air duct; it is connected to the DC power supply.

EFFECT: method enables accelerating the water condensation process from internal air and contaminant discharge.

2 dwg

FIELD: ventilation.

SUBSTANCE: injector includes housing with inlet confuser, outlet and constant cross-section channel, discharge electrode, collecting electrode, which are connected to high-voltage DC source and installed in parallel planes perpendicular to longitudinal axis of constant cross-section channel. In addition, housing outlet is made in the form of outlet diffuser.

EFFECT: increasing the efficiency.

1 dwg

FIELD: ventilation.

SUBSTANCE: electrostatic injector comprises housing with inlet confuser and constant cross-section channel, discharge electrode, collecting electrode, which are connected to high-voltage DC supply and installed in parallel planes perpendicular to longitudinal axis of constant cross-section channel; injector outlet is made in the form of diffuser, the small cross section of which is adjacent to constant cross-section channel, and in diffuser outlet section there installed is grid with regular non-uniformity, to the inner surface of which a catalyst is applied, and guide plates are installed in inner cavity of diffuser, which are uniformly distributed between diffuser walls; at that, surface of the above plates is rough and a catalyst is applied to them.

EFFECT: invention allows controlling ozone concentration at electrostatic injector outlet; and at the same time, high efficiency coefficient and relatively low cost of injector is provided due to its easy manufacture.

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: cleaning is carried out in two in-series located working zones 2 and 3. At that, in the first zone 2 which is air humidification zone, as filtering means there used is directed flow 16 of water fraction interacting with air flow entering system 1, and in the second zone 3 the air cleaning is carried out by its being dried. Flow 16 of ionised cold water vapour which is obtained on the basis of cavitation effect in volume of water enclosed in accumulation tank 9 is used as water fraction. Cavitation effect is implemented by means of ultrasound. Direction of the above water vapour flow 16 is arranged so that it can cross inlet air flow 8 by being mixed with it. At that, direction of air flow 8 in both cleaning zones is changed for many times relative to straight one. Developed condensation surfaces 6 and 7 of air paths 4 and 5 respectively are used as adsorbing elements. Condensate is removed from cleaning system 1 to drain tank 18.

EFFECT: air humidity level in the second air drying zone 3 is regulated with its required cleaning degree.

9 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ventilation. Method of cleaning air from ammonium and microorganisms comprises forcing it through dispersed 5%-solution of chlorinated lime per unit of processed air for preset time interval.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of treatment.

1 dwg

FIELD: ventilation.

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20 cl, 20 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to filtration. Proposed air cleaner comprises main casing with front opening and accommodating air aspirator and filter assembly, front panel to shut off/open said front opening, filter cover fitted on filter front surface, filter screen casing fitted on said front surface to remove impurities from air flowing into filter, and brush rotation drive arranged on front panel inner surface to face said screen casing and to rotate in contact with filter screen casing front surface.

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15 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: air filtration device for elimination of biological contaminations for closed spaces, which is connected to outlet air holes in ventilation systems, climate control systems and similar devices and systems, which contains at least one housing in the form of box at least with one inlet hole for filtered air, on which there located is at least one perforated conducting grid having the specified negative electrical potential provided with possibility of electron emission at air flow passage in order to provide negative electrical charge to particles to which microorganisms contained in the air stick; at that, the above device forms from the inside at least one air passage channel that is formed at least between one plate for deposition of negative charged particles to which microorganisms stick; at that, the above settling plate has the specified positive potential, and at least one diverting plate having negative potential and provided with possibility of particle deflection, to which microorganisms stick, at that, electrical field is generated between the above settling plate and diverting plate, which face each other; at that, the above field is intended to divert and deposit particles to which microorganisms stick, on the above settling plate there provided are devices for activation of microorganisms and at least one outlet hole for filtered air. The above grid includes a row of pointed projections for dissipation of electrons when the air flows through the above grid; at that, it contains three settling plates and eight diverting plates; at that, two of the above settling plates are located in upper and lower part respectively inside the above housing in the form of box; at that, each plate faces two corresponding diverting plates located in series; at that, the third settling plate is mainly located on central line in the above housing in the form of box; at that, each side of the above third settling plate faces two diverting plates located in series; at that, the above diverting plates are located in pairs that are located in series between the above settling plates; at that, the above devices for microorganism deactivation include two bactericidal lamps one of which is located between pair of two above diverting plates located in series.

EFFECT: invention allows increasing air filtration, providing complete elimination and guaranteed deactivation of microorganisms.

7 cl, 2 dwg

Ion fan filter // 2431785

FIELD: instrument making.

SUBSTANCE: ion fan filter comprises a corona-forming negative mesh electrode installed at the inlet, a downstream mesh non-corona-forming receiving electrode, collecting electrodes and a downstream non-corona-forming mesh electrode, at the same the non-corona-forming electrode is installed away from corona-forming needles by distance of 20 mm and is made with cells of 10x10 mm size, even collecting electrodes with length of 130 mm are connected to a negative potential of a power supply source and are made with spikes at one side. Besides, there is an additional non-corona-forming mesh electrode with cells of 10x10 mm size, which is fixed to uneven collecting electrodes and is connected to a positive potential and is installed at distance of 20 mm from corona-forming needles of collecting electrodes, the source of voltage is made for voltage of 10 kV.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of device by volume of treated medium, reduced cost of high-voltage power supply unit.

2 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises forming external gas flow from ambient atmospheric air, compressing said external gas flow, separating it component-by-component in primary membrane module by forcing it along surface of selective membrane in high-pressure zone, extracting gas flow not penetrating said membrane from aforesaid high-pressure zone, forming feeding gas flow from that extracted from low-pressure zone of primary membrane module, and feed it into operating chamber. Prior to feeding compressed external gas flow into primary membrane module, it is separated component-by-component in additional membrane module and fed into high-pressure zone of primary membrane module. Prior to feeding it into said additional module, it is dried to form water condensate. Portion of said condensate is evaporated. Gas flow is extracted from low-pressure zone of additional membrane module and divided into three portions.

EFFECT: controlled concentrations of oxygen, carbon dioxide and humidity.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: blasting.

SUBSTANCE: breathing apparatus may be used for work performance safe from fire and explosions, in mines with exhalation of methane, coal dust, technologically filled with carbon dioxide. In such environment, the miners work in breathing apparatus consisting of a mask and a cylinder with compressed air. Thereat the mask has an adapter made with one outlet of air under the mask and the two inlets with a tap. Depending on the duration of the work the tap is switched for the flow of air from the cylinder or from the air duct-tube through a flexible tube in a metal sheath.

EFFECT: reduced mass of the individual cylinder with air.

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: chamber-shelter for miners in a mine includes a movable body. The chamber-shelter includes a tent, which is located in the movable body in a folded condition, which may be unfolded and expands in direction away from the movable body to create a safe environment for miners. The method to provide the chamber-shelter for miners in the mine, including stages of opening the movable body made of metal. There is a stage of the tent unfolding, which is located in the movable body in a folded condition, into unfolded condition, and which expands in direction away from the movable body to create a safe environment for miners.

EFFECT: invention provides for a movable system of life support.

19 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: method to construct, equip and operate stationary waiting chambers in deep mines of the North includes driving, strengthening and equipping of sealed access and chamber-like formations in the area of pit bottom. Waiting chamber has two sections, on inner surface of which a heat insulation layer of light concrete is applied by shooting method, having multifunctional purpose. Waiting chambers are operated in two modes: at positive temperature mode in pit bottom, miners are arranged in both sections, and at negative temperature - transferred to a sealed heat insulated section, heated with metabolic heat, at the same time coefficient of heat conductivity of light concrete shall make 0.6-0.7 W/mK, and sorption capacity is 600 l/m2.

EFFECT: efficient and highly effective method of construction and equipment of waiting chambers, safety of miners arrangement under conditions of emergency situations, no necessity to change miners clothes for warm ones in winter period.

1 dwg

The invention relates to method and means of ensuring the safety of people in underground mines, equipped with shields Stopes

The invention relates to mining and can be used during the evacuation of miners in emergency situations in the mines

The invention relates to measuring technique and can be used when carrying out rescue work in the coal and shale mines, where there are zones of high temperatures
The invention relates to the mining industry, in particular to the means of safety

The invention relates to mining and life satisfaction of human needs and can be used as a rescue device miners and other persons exposed to toxic and harmful substances, and persons who are in a state of "imaginary" death
The invention relates to the field of protecting human life on land, and in particular to the release of the victims found in the rubble of the collapsed panel buildings

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: method to construct, equip and operate stationary waiting chambers in deep mines of the North includes driving, strengthening and equipping of sealed access and chamber-like formations in the area of pit bottom. Waiting chamber has two sections, on inner surface of which a heat insulation layer of light concrete is applied by shooting method, having multifunctional purpose. Waiting chambers are operated in two modes: at positive temperature mode in pit bottom, miners are arranged in both sections, and at negative temperature - transferred to a sealed heat insulated section, heated with metabolic heat, at the same time coefficient of heat conductivity of light concrete shall make 0.6-0.7 W/mK, and sorption capacity is 600 l/m2.

EFFECT: efficient and highly effective method of construction and equipment of waiting chambers, safety of miners arrangement under conditions of emergency situations, no necessity to change miners clothes for warm ones in winter period.

1 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: chamber-shelter for miners in a mine includes a movable body. The chamber-shelter includes a tent, which is located in the movable body in a folded condition, which may be unfolded and expands in direction away from the movable body to create a safe environment for miners. The method to provide the chamber-shelter for miners in the mine, including stages of opening the movable body made of metal. There is a stage of the tent unfolding, which is located in the movable body in a folded condition, into unfolded condition, and which expands in direction away from the movable body to create a safe environment for miners.

EFFECT: invention provides for a movable system of life support.

19 cl, 19 dwg

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