Transport facility

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to single-axle vehicles with steering device driving both wheels. Wheel chassis consists of two wheels 1 with rims 2 with hubs and treads 3. Wheels 1 are provided with individual drive. Pairs of axles 5, 6 are articulated by levers 4 to make antiparallel link mechanism inside appropriate rims 2 for steering purposes. Balancer is mounted on wheel axles 12. Driver seat 9 is arranged at one end of said balancer and gyro counterweight (not shown) is arranged at opposite end. Balancer is composed of two three-rod linkages 7 coupled by levers 4 to make antiparallel link mechanism. Linkage 7 has two rods 8 articulated with axles 5, 6 and third telescopic lever 10 articulated with assembly 11 composed of four joints to allow free revolution of near ends of axles 12. In straight movement, wheels 1 run parallel. In turns, wheels 1 run at angle to each other.

EFFECT: better cornering ability.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of transport engineering, namely the one-wheeled vehicles.

Known vehicle RIOT Wheel / see Moto, 2004, N 9, PP 62-65/, consisting of a one-wheeled chassis in the form of a wheel rim with a tread width of 500 mm, the axis of rotation of which is mounted a rocker with a 200-pound counterweight on one end and a driver's seat on the other. The driver is on the outside and ahead of known vehicle weighing 500 kg, and the counterweight, the motor and 30-pound gyroscope inside of the wheel. Turns known vehicles are partly due to a change in position of the gyro axis, and partly due to the displacement of the body of the driver.

With all the advantages of the concept of one-wheeled transport means past has undue weight, limited maneuverability and mobility.

To address these shortcomings in a vehicle comprising a wheeled chassis in the form of a wheel rim with the protector, on the axis of rotation of which is mounted a rocker with a counterweight on one end and a driver's seat on the other, the chassis consists of two wheels, a pair of axes of rotation which are mounted inside the respective rim equidistant and pivotally connected by means of levers forming chetyrehsharnirnymi antiparallelly is, and the balancer under the counterweight-gyroscope consists of two connected levers antiparallelly trehruchnyi hinge, two levers which are connected pivotally with the axes of rotation of wheel rims, forming a diamond with links levers chetyrekhmernogo antiparallelly, and the third telescopic arm connected pivotally with chetyrehsharnirnymi node, in which freely rotate near the ends of the axes of rotation of the wheel rims.

In wheel rims can be two pairs of axes of rotation.

The use of the invention allows to reduce the weight of the counterweight, to improve maneuverability and mobility of vehicles of categories unicycle.

Figure 1 shows a vehicle, a General view from above.

The vehicle has two wheels 1 and a rim 2 having protectors 3 connected by means of levers 4 and hinges with 5 axles 6, equidistant mounted in pairs within their respective rims, forming chetyrehsharnirnymi of antiparallelly. The balancer under the counterweight-gyroscope in the proposed vehicle is technicaly hinge 7, two lever 8 which is pivotally connected with the axis 6 of rotation of the wheel rims 2, forming a diamond (shown only one side of the seat 9 of the driver) with links levers 4 chetyrekhmernogo antiparallelly, and the third telescopic R is chhom 10, related hinge with chetyrehsharnirnymi node 11, in which freely rotate near the ends of the axis 12 of rotation of the wheel rims 2.

The vehicle with the claimed technical solution for rectilinear movement (forward and backward) from the transfer of the individual actuators (not shown) of torque to the rim 2 of the wheel 1 moves traditional way, as the chassis parallel to each other.

When turns or u-turns (in the prototype, the latter is impossible) of the vehicle with the claimed technical solution at the expense of counter-rotating wheels 1 to the left and right lever antiparallelly puts the plane of the rim 2 of the wheel 1 at an angle to each other, reducing drag during turns or turns of the vehicle, i.e. improving the maneuverability of the vehicle.

Since the balancer under the counterweight-gyroscope (not shown) in the vehicle with the claimed technical solution has the lever (see mirror pos.7 relative to the transverse axis of symmetry of the vehicle) greater than in the prototype, you decrease the weight of the counterweight gyro and vehicles that, ultimately, will improve the maneuverability of the vehicle.

Thus, according to the applicant, the proposed solution is new, involves an inventive step Promyshlenno applicable without losing the main advantages of the concept of one-wheeled vehicle prototype.

1. Vehicle comprising a wheeled chassis in the form of a wheel rim with the protector, on the axis of rotation of which is mounted a rocker with a counterweight on one end and a driver's seat on the other, characterized in that the chassis consists of two wheels, a pair of axes of rotation which are mounted inside the respective rim equidistant and pivotally connected by means of levers forming chetyrehsharnirnymi of antiparallelly, and the balancer under the counterweight-gyroscope consists of two connected levers antiparallelly trehruchnyi hinge, two levers which are connected pivotally with the axes of rotation of wheel rims, forming a diamond with links levers chetyrekhmernogo antiparallelly, and the third telescopic arm connected swivel chetyrehsharnirnymi node, in which freely rotate near the ends of the axes of rotation of the wheel rims.

2. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the wheel rims can be two pairs of axes of rotation.



 

Same patents:

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FIELD: transport.

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FIELD: transport engineering.

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FIELD: transport.

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6 cl, 6 dwg

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FIELD: transport.

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1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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FIELD: transport.

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FIELD: transport.

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FIELD: transport.

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FIELD: transport.

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FIELD: transport.

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FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: track bicycle front wheel right side surface is flat and shifted to the left from vertical plane of bicycle symmetry. Rear wheel left side surface has undercut and is shifted to the right from vertical plane of bicycle symmetry. Reduction in total length of racer team with no disturbance in lengthwise team symmetry is ensured by locating front wheel 4 nearby leader rear wheel 5. Required safety clearance between planes of front and rear wheels 4, 5 is reached by shifting steering column to the left from vertical plane of bicycle symmetry with retaining front rim with tire at the center of front fork 2 and rear rim with tire retained at rear fork center. Alternatively, said clearance can be ensured by shifting said front wheel rim to the left from front fork center 2 and shifting rear wheel rim to the right from rear wheel fork center.

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3 dwg

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FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: track bicycle front wheel right side surface is flat and shifted to the left from vertical plane of bicycle symmetry. Rear wheel left side surface has undercut and is shifted to the right from vertical plane of bicycle symmetry. Reduction in total length of racer team with no disturbance in lengthwise team symmetry is ensured by locating front wheel 4 nearby leader rear wheel 5. Required safety clearance between planes of front and rear wheels 4, 5 is reached by shifting steering column to the left from vertical plane of bicycle symmetry with retaining front rim with tire at the center of front fork 2 and rear rim with tire retained at rear fork center. Alternatively, said clearance can be ensured by shifting said front wheel rim to the left from front fork center 2 and shifting rear wheel rim to the right from rear wheel fork center.

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3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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13 cl, 6 dwg

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FIELD: transport.

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EFFECT: better aerodynamics, higher hardness.

1 dwg

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