Method of knitting knitwear

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method includes formation from a working thread with a hook or knitting needles of rows of loops from which the corresponding parts of a knitwear is formed, while as a working thread a working thread with parts of varying thickness is used. The thickness of the working thread on its corresponding part of variable thickness is adjusted according to the required thickness of the performed part of the knitwear, for formation of which this part of the working thread is used.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability of the product.

4 cl

 

The invention relates to a method of knitting knitwear and can be used for the manufacture of bulk and shaped knitwear.

A known method of manufacturing the jerseys with the set of structural parameters knitwear, namely, that on the knitting machine, for example kruglochulochnyh machine, knit from the yarn of a certain linear density of the samples of the knitted fabric at the minimum and maximum installation depth melirovanie the sample, determine the corresponding values of the length of the thread in the loop and fill factor knitted fabric in the form of a ratio of the length of the thread in the loop for linear density of yarn, hold the linear approximation of the received data within the regulation depth melirovanie and use the dependence for knitting products with tailored structural parameters, the length of the thread in the loop and fill factor [EN 2379390, C1, D04B 1/26, 20.01.2010].

The disadvantage of this method is the relatively narrow scope, because it can be used to provide the required density of the knitted fabric, but does not allow for the effect of variable shape of the product when it is dimensionally shaped knitting.

In addition, the known method jerseys, based on preliminary binding loins of a grid of squares, which tateno selected picture tied columns with arch hand squares [http://www.darievna.ru/page/tehnika-obemnogo-vjazanij].

The disadvantage of this method is the relatively high complexity due to the need of knitting in two stages threads of different thickness, and a relatively narrow scope, because it does not allow for the effect of variable shape of the product when it is dimensionally shaped knitting.

There is also known a method of knitting knitwear, in which the rib stitch rows are formed by pulling the working yarn through the corresponding loop of the previous row, next inside hinge formed of a number of draw thread or flexible strip of material, the length of which is not less than the length of the hinge line, the flexible strips of material take strips of cloth, leather, fur, lace, rope, looped rows form a hook or needles and thread or a flexible strip of material draw with hook [EN 2344214, C1, D04B 1/14, 20.01.2009].

This method of knitting knitwear allows you to extend the range of jerseys, but also has a relatively narrow scope, because it does not allow for the effect of variable shape of the product when it is dimensionally shaped knitting.

The closest in its essence is a method of knitting knitwear, based on the formation of the working thread of the stitch rows from which to derive the appropriate parts of the jerseys, this Fort is the key volume and fasonet products based on the addition and diminution stitch rows on the edge or in the plane of the parts of the jerseys, partial knitting, and various twists, tucks ("valikamam" knitting and techniques "freeform" [http://www.marina-knit.ru/tema026.php].

This method of knitting knitwear is selected as the closest technical solution to the proposed allows to expand the range of jerseys, but also has a relatively narrow scope, because it does not allow for the effect of variable thickness parts of the product when it is dimensionally shaped knitting.

The required technical result is the expansion of the scope.

The required technical result is achieved in that in the method of knitting knitwear, based on the formation of the working thread crochet or knit stitch rows from which to derive the appropriate parts of the jerseys, as a working thread use the working thread with areas of variable thickness, and the thickness of the working thread to the appropriate section of variable thickness set in accordance with the desired thickness and area of the portion of jerseys, which used this site working thread.

In addition, the required technical result is achieved by the fact that the variable thickness of the working threads are formed prior to the knitting of the product in accordance with the sequence is th use of sites working thread for forming respective parts of the jerseys.

In addition, the required technical result is achieved by the fact that as a working thread use thread, consisting of individual filaments of small thickness, and the variable thickness of the working threads are formed in the process of knitting knitwear by addition or subtraction of the number of separate strands of small thickness in the working thread in accordance with its desired thickness to form parts of jerseys.

The drawing shows an example of a product in which the middle part (waist) is more subtle working thread than in other parts of the product.

- Implemented method of knitting knitwear is as follows.

Consider the example of knitting close-fitting clothing (dresses, jackets and so on).

If we use the proposed method, prichlenyaet will be achieved not traditional Darts, not add-a diminution of the loops, the shift coupling (elastic and fabric) and not even a sharp transition from a thin thread to thick, and due to the gradual thinning of the working yarn as knitting to the waist line, and accordingly, a smooth thickening of the filament at the transition line above or below the waist line.

To achieve this effect, the working thread should be made with a smooth change in thickness, for example with the smooth refinement, followed by maintaining the thickness at a consistently low level and then smooth uelsen the m Moreover, these areas of thickening and thinning should not be chaotic or regular, and exactly match the pre-designed product and the sequence of knitting parts: measured height and width of each loop at a different thickness of the working thread, based on the data value is a mathematical calculation of combinations of these loops on the height and width of the canvas, in order to achieve the desired shape and surface area of the product.

More complex is a variant of implementation of the proposed method, when the working thread use thread, consisting of individual filaments of small thickness, and the variable thickness of the working threads are formed in the process of knitting knitwear by addition or subtraction of the number of separate strands of small thickness in the working thread in accordance with its desired thickness to form parts of jerseys.

The addition can be carried out by adding strands of small thickness in the working thread. At one end of the added strands of small thickness remains on the reverse side jerseys, and on the finished product, these ends are selected and tucked into the binding.

The diminution of the threads of the small thickness of the working thread can be done by simply disconnecting the threads of the small thickness of the working thread.

In caus is the large number of ends, formed by adding strands of small thickness in the working thread, for example, if you want to row the row of loops 10 full in 2 addition (or, in the terminology at 2 : end), then 10 full loops in 1 thread and finish the series again 10 full loops in 2 addition, the loops of the middle segment number (1 thread) promazyvaetsya in turn each of the 2 participating threads, thus, to the last segment of the 2 additions we have 2 threads connecting the first segment and on the wrong side of the middle part number (in 1 thread) get a pullback due to sequential interleave 2 different threads. This thread is only 2 and not 3, as it would be during normal knitting the middle of a series, which would be 3 end from connecting threads and 3 skein of thread, instead of 2.

Thus, thanks to the improvement of the known method is achieved the required technical result consists in expanding the field of application, since the editor is able to surround the shaped knitting to ensure a smooth change of shape and thickness jerseys when moving from one part to another, regardless of which way the weave (knit) in the form of the products she used (not only the weft surface, but "the eraser", "thorns", "Putinka", "cell", "Arany", color jacquards and any other binding).

1. Method for knitting and is Delia, based on the formation of the working thread crochet or knit stitch rows, which are formed corresponding parts of jerseys, characterized in that the working thread use the working thread with areas of variable thickness, and the thickness of the working thread to the appropriate section of variable thickness set in accordance with the required thickness, shape and surface area of the portion of jerseys, which used this site working thread.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the variable thickness of the working threads are formed prior to the knitting of the product in accordance with the sequence of use of sites working thread for forming respective parts of the jerseys.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the working thread use thread, consisting of individual filaments of small thickness, and the variable thickness of the working threads are formed in the process of knitting knitwear by addition or subtraction of the number of separate strands of small thickness in the working thread in accordance with its desired thickness to form parts of the jerseys.



 

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