Method for determining at least one acceptable parameter for process of preparation of beverage

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The plant for preparation of beverages implementing the claimed method is designed to complete the process of preparation of beverage by passing the flowing medium through at least one element comprising at least one ingredient of the beverage. And at least one element is designed for entering it and processing of different types of elements comprising the beverage ingredient, such as a pad, a cup, a capsule and a cartridge. The device additionally comprises a control means, a detection means for measuring at least one characteristic of the flow when the flowing medium flow is created, the memory tool for storing the group of the predetermined flow characteristics connected to different types of elements that contain a flow ingredient, and an injection device for injecting fluid. And the predetermined flow characteristics which are stored in the memory tool are characteristics of the operating point.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to detect automatically an element comprising the beverage ingredient by creating the flowing medium flow through the element.

3 cl

 

The present invention relates to a method of determining at least one acceptable option for preparation of a beverage by passing a fluid medium, at least one element containing at least one ingredient of the drink, in the preparation of drinks, which is designed to receive and handle different types of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink.

Many types of machines for preparing beverages are designed for preparation of various types of drinks. Mainly in installations for the preparation of drinks, which are designed for receiving and processing elements containing one or more ingredients of the drink, the drink, which is prepared by setting depends on the type of element that contains the ingredient of the drink, which is applied by the user setting for the preparation of beverages. For example, when the user decided to use the element containing the ground coffee, the installation for the preparation of beverages used for making coffee, and when the user decided to use the element containing the tea leaves, the same setting will be used for making tea.

Each type of drink requires certain parameters relating to the process of brewing to get demand that the e quality (taste) of the drink. Such parameters may be temperature, flow, pressure and/or the amount of water that must be applied in this process through the element that contains the ingredient of the drink, change of temperature, flow and/or pressure over time, the parameters of the preliminary soaking, time of discharge, etc. To install, designed for the preparation of drinks, could automatically choose the appropriate parameters relating to at least one element that contains the ingredient of the drink, which should be subjected to the processing by setting the drinks that you want this installation to recognize the element containing the beverage ingredient.

From the document U.S. 2004/0197444 known system for automatic preparation of a range of types of drinks from a range of cartridges for drinks. This system contains a machine for preparing beverages and a large number of cartridges for drinks, with each cartridge contains one or more ingredients of the drinks associated with a particular type of drink. To prepare the drink with the help of the system, the user inserts the cartridge into the machine for preparing drinks and drives the machine in action for submission to the cartridge to water or other acceptable environment, resulting from one or more beverage ingredients, nah the workers in the cartridge, you will receive a drink.

For the purpose of recognition of cartridge for a drink and execution of the corresponding loop brewing system for making beverages, known from the document U.S. 2004/0197444, provides the reader inside the machine for preparing beverages intended for automatic interpretation of the code, recorded on the cartridge for a drink, and means of processing to provide a cooking cycle based on this code. In a practical embodiment of the system the reader may be an optical device for bar-code reading, code, recorded on the cartridge for a beverage, can be a printed bar code.

Although the known system containing means for recognizing cartridges for drinks, in practice, operates quite satisfactorily, there are a number of associated disadvantages. First, only those cartridges for drinks that have a code written on them, can be used and automatically recognized in serving to prepare the drinks machine in the system, the code must be a special code that is stored in memory processing tools. Secondly, the reader code is a special component inside the machine for making apitco is, which is used only for the purpose of reading information from the cartridge. Through the use of such a component, which otherwise should not be part of the installation for the preparation of beverages, the cost of the system increases.

The present invention is to create an alternative method of automatic recognition of elements that contains the ingredient of the beverage, the apparatus for preparing beverages and defining at least one acceptable option for performing the process of the beverage through the use of at least one element that contains the ingredient of the drink, there is no need in using the apparatus for making beverages special components. This goal is achieved by a method which includes the following stages:

creating fluid flow through the element that contains the ingredient of the drink;

measuring at least one characteristic of the received stream, which is subjected to the resistance provided by the element that contains the ingredient of the drink;

comparison of measured flow characteristics with a group performance of the flow associated with different types of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink;

determining at least one parameter for further process prepara is possible drink by selecting option associated with a given flow characteristics, which is closest to the measured flow characteristics.

According to the present invention there is no need to use code on the item that contains the ingredient of the drink, and the reading device to read the code to recognize the item. Instead, according to the present invention the element that contains the ingredient of the drink will be recognized through the establishment of the fluid flow through the element that contains the ingredient of the drink, that is, at the beginning of the process of brewing measure at least one characteristic of the received stream, and comparing the measured characteristic with a group of predefined characteristics associated with different types of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink. The essence underlying the present invention is that each type of element that contains the ingredient of the drink has a unique resistance to the fluid flow. Consequently, it is possible to use at least one characteristic of the stream, which serves for measuring the flow resistance provided by the element that contains the ingredient of the drink. The element that contains the ingredient of the drink can be recognized and can be selected as the method further processing.

In particular, the definition is giving an acceptable method of preparation of the beverage can occur by comparing the measured flow characteristics with a group performance of the stream, in which each given characteristic associated with a particular type of element that contains the ingredient of the drink. The main assumption that allows this to be done is that the measured flow characteristics will be equal to or substantially close to one of the defined characteristics of the flow, namely to the specific characteristics of the stream associated with the same element type that contains the ingredient of the drink, and the type that is in the flow, the characteristic of which is measured. Therefore, when one or more parameters associated with a given flow characteristics applied in the further implementation of the process of brewing, the element that contains the ingredient of the drink will be handled properly, this drink will also be prepared properly to obtain optimum quality of the drink.

It should be noted that the group specified characteristics of the stream may actually represent a group of ranges and check whether the measured flow characteristics within one of these ranges. In addition, it should be noted that many existing types of machines for preparing beverages is equipped with a flow sensor and/or pressure sensor, so there is no need to add components to an apparatus for making beverages when done is the implementation of the present invention. This is an important achievement of the present invention, taking into account the fact that the solutions according to the state of the prior art require the use of special components, such as devices for reading bar code or RFID readers (c identification through radio frequency).

In the practical implementation of the method according to the present invention for injection of the fluid using the pressure device. Preferably, the specified flow characteristics, with which compare the measured flow characteristics, represented the characteristics of the working point, i.e. the combination of flow and pressure, both of which are within the operating range of the injection device in an apparatus for making beverages, and combinations of flow and pressure associated with the flow resistance provided by the element that contains the ingredient of the drink. Next it will be explained later.

The injection device is setup for making beverages are used for feeding a fluid medium, usually water, through the element that contains the ingredient of the drink, or through a set consisting of at least two elements that contains the ingredient of the drink, with the impact of a certain pressure, and the pressure level depends on the requirements of the processing applied to an element type (element), contains the ingredient of the drink, which was explained above. The operation of the injection device often Express the so-called curve Q-H, which describes the combination of flow and pressure. For each level of operation of the discharge device at full power or its concentration can be determined by curve Q-H.

When the fluid is pumped through one or more elements that contain the ingredient of the drink, there is a pressure drop as a result of the flow resistance generated by the element (elements). The relationship between flow and pressure drop can also be expressed by a curve that describes the combination of flow and pressure. Such a curve is usually called a curve of resistance. Each element that contains the ingredient of the drink, or each set of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink has a unique resistance curve, and the point at which resistance curve intersects the curve Q-H injection device is an unambiguous operating point, that is a definite combination of flow and pressure. Thus, by ensuring the functioning of the injection device according to a curve Q-H and measure something one of flow and pressure at the element that contains the ingredient of the drink, may be determined by the actual operating point, and that the same can be compared with specified operating point, to determine an acceptable method further processing of the element that contains the ingredient of the beverage, provided that the required information is associated with each of the specified operating points.

When the curve Q-H injection device is known, it is sufficient to measure only one of flow and pressure, as in this case, information regarding something else out of the flow and pressure of the curve Q-H, which can be found working point. However, within the scope of the present invention it is also possible to have only known resistance curves of different types of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink, and the number of elements in if possible use a set of two or more elements in the plant for the preparation of drinks. In this case, the element type that contains the ingredient of the drink, and possibly also the number of elements set on the basis of comparing the measured combination of flow and pressure with one of the curves of resistance. However, it is preferable to measure only one of flow and pressure, as well as to use in the process of determining the operating point curve Q-H discharge device and associated resistance curve, because in this case you need only one type of sensor and the use of only one sensor is may be sufficient.

Preferably, at least one characteristic of the flow that is measured to determine at least one parameter for the further implementation of the process of brewing, represented, at least one of flow and pressure, which has already been mentioned. However, within the scope of the present invention it is also possible to have other measured characteristics of the stream, provided that these characteristics are associated with specific distinguishing characteristics of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink, so that these characteristics were acceptable for use in determining at least one suitable parameter for item processing.

In the practical implementation of the method according to the present invention, at least one parameter that determines to perform the process of brewing, and may represent at least one of temperature, flow, pressure and quantity of fluid that must be passed through the element that contains the ingredient of the drink, change of temperature, flow and/or pressure over time, the parameter relating to pre-soaking, and time of discharge. In General, these parameters are known as affecting the quality of the drink. For example, when fluid from the food pass through a certain amount of ground coffee, if these parameters are set incorrectly, the taste of the obtained coffee is very bad.

Within the scope of the present invention any acceptable item can be used as the element that contains the ingredient of the drink. Preferred examples of such items are pad, glass capsule and cartridge.

The present invention also relates to an apparatus for the preparation of drinks, which is designed to perform the process of preparing a beverage by means of a flow of a fluid medium, at least one element containing at least one ingredient of the drink, when this unit is designed to receive and handle different types of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink, and includes the following components:

control means designed to control the plant used for the preparation of drinks, by performing the steps of method for determining at least one acceptable option for preparation as described and explained earlier.

detector means for measuring at least one characteristic of the stream, when provided with a fluid flow;

storage means for storing the group of the specified flow characteristics associated with different types of items that contain the ingredient prod the A.

In a practical embodiment, the device for preparing drinks made according to the present invention, includes discharge means for discharge of fluid. Preferably, the specified flow characteristics stored in the storage means, represented the characteristics of the working point, i.e. the combination of flow and pressure, both of which are within the operating range of the injection device and in the range of combinations of flow and pressure associated with the flow resistance provided by the element that contains the ingredient of the drink that explained above. It should be noted that the control means may include a microcontroller and that the storage medium may be a memory of the microcontroller.

The detector setup tool for making beverages may contain at least one sensor selected from the group consisting of a flow sensor and a pressure sensor, so that during the operation of the plant for the preparation of drinks, you can define at least one of flow and pressure.

The above and other aspects of the present invention will be apparent from the following description of the installation for the preparation of drinks, made according to the present invention, and ways to control this setting depending on the IPA cartridge for a drink, which should be treated in the installation, and will be explained when considering this description.

Hereinafter the present invention will be explained in more detail with reference to the figures, where:

figure 1 presents a block diagram illustrating various components of an installation for the preparation of beverages;

figure 2 presents a functional diagram illustrating the preferred number of stages that follow each other, when the installation for the beverage powered;

figure 3 presents a graph showing the relationship between flow and pressure for pump installation used for the preparation of drinks, and for different cartridges for drinks, which can be processed by the installation.

Figure 1 schematically depicts the various components of the installation 1 for the preparation of drinks. Installation 1 should be considered as an arbitrary example of an installation for the preparation of beverages, which is designed to perform a process for the preparation of drinks by means of a flow of a fluid medium, at least one element containing at least one ingredient of the beverage, and which is designed to receive and handle different types of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink. For clarity, the following description can be assumed that the quality of the ve element, contains the ingredient of the drink, use a cartridge (not shown), and this assumption does not change the fact that in the scope of the present invention may use other elements that contains the ingredient of the drink. It should be noted that, in light of the fact that the present invention essentially does not apply to items that contain the ingredient of the drink, and that these elements are well known in practice, the composition and functioning of these elements will not be explained.

Shows an installation 1 for the preparation of beverages includes a housing 2 to accommodate the larger part of the components of this system are 1. Hereinafter will be referred to and described a number of these components.

The first component installation 1 for the preparation of beverages is a tank 3 for a presence of water or other acceptable fluid used in the process of brewing. This tank 3 may be given any suitable form. Preferably, the reservoir 3 can be installed with the possibility of separation, so that the user installation 1 for the preparation of the drink could sum up the tank 3 to the faucet or something similar to fill the tank 3 without having to move the entire installation 1. The present invention can also be applied in the context of installations for preparation of apitco is, which do not contain the tank, but which is connected to some kind of system for supplying a fluid medium through the respective overlying device, such as a crane.

The second component installation 1 for the preparation of beverages is a pump 4, which serves to discharge the fluid to flow through the installation 1, the pump 4 may be a pump of any suitable type. It should be noted that within the scope of the present invention can be applied to other means to create a pressure of the fluid and its flow through the installation 1 for the preparation of beverages and that the pump 4 is not the determining component installation 1.

The third component installation 1 for the preparation of beverages element 6 is designed for heating a fluid medium. It should be noted that this component is the main component installation 1 for the preparation of drinks, made according to the present invention, since the unit 1 can also be used for cooking only cold drinks. However, when the unit 1 is intended for use with the goal of making hot drinks such as tea or coffee, preferably 1 was equipped with a heating element 6, as shown, in light of the fact that in most cases under the cha fluid will occur in its cold state.

The heating element 6 may be an element of any acceptable type. The heating element 6 and the pump 4 are interconnected through the first tube 5. When the pump 4 is powered, the water is forced to flow from the pump 4 to the heating element 6 according to the first tube 5.

The fourth shows the component installation 1 for the preparation of beverages is the camera 8, which is designed for going down into it and positioning it at least one cartridge for a drink. The cartridge chamber 8 and the heating element 6 are interconnected through the second tube 7. During operation the actual process of brewing occurs inside the chamber 8 to the cartridge when the chamber 8 is forced water flows through the cartridge.

The fifth component installation 1 for the preparation of beverages is an output nozzle 9, which is connected to the chamber 8 of the cartridge and which serves to output a freshly prepared beverage from the installation 1.

The sixth component installation 1 for the preparation of beverages it is a microcontroller 10, having a memory 11, which serves to control the operation of the installation 1. Preferably, the installation 1 for the preparation of beverages contained tool (not shown)that allows the user installation 1 apply to microcontroller input signal, so 1 could be powered in a way that intends to implement the user.

When the user decided to use setting 1 for the preparation of drinks, he must provide at least one cartridge for a drink and install the cartridge in the chamber 8 installation 1. Installation 1 can, for example, contain a separate support device (not shown) for receiving the tape cartridge (s) to drink, which can be easily inserted into the chamber 8 for the cartridge. In addition, the user must ensure that the camera 8 for cartridge could be served water, and if it is found that the tank 3 does not contain a sufficient amount of fluid, it should fill the tank 3, and must ensure that the Cup or something similar was in the proper position for going into her drink from the installation 1.

During the operation of the plant 1 for the preparation of beverages which management occurs by means of the microcontroller 10, the fluid is pumped from the reservoir 3 to the chamber 8 for the cartridge. During the execution of the process, the fluid is heated by the heating element 6. In the chamber 8 of the cartridge under the action of the pressure generated by the pump 4, fluid is forcibly fed through the cartridge (s) and Boo the et obtained the desired drink, which is then released from the unit 1 through the exhaust nozzle 9.

The process parameters for the preparation of drinks automatically chosen by the microcontroller 10. Examples of such parameters are temperature, flow, pressure and amount of fluid that serves to chamber 8 of the cartridge and force which flows through the cartridge (cartridges) for a drink, change of temperature, flow and/or pressure over time, the parameters relating to pre-soak, time of discharge, etc. By selecting appropriate values for these parameters will be guaranteed to receive drink of satisfactory quality. The microcontroller 10 is designed to perform the process with the selected optimal parameters.

The operation of the microcontroller 10 in the course of execution of work install 1 for the preparation of beverages will be explained based on figure 2, which shows the different steps proposed in the present invention to automatically determine the acceptable parameters for the process of brewing, when at least one print cartridge is installed in its place in the chamber 8.

First, after the user setup 1 for the preparation of drinks has led this unit 1 is in effect, the specified method will be powered by the pump 4, for example, when specified in the Aries power and a given pressure level. Figure 3 graphically shows the various relationships between flow and pressure pump 4. The corresponding curves are also called curves Q-H. In the example shown, the pressure expressed in bars, and the flow is expressed in milliliters per second. In addition, in the example shown curves are shown for pump 4 operating at different power levels, namely 100%, 75% and 50%. When you set the power levels and the levels of pressure pump 4, the resulting flows follow from the corresponding curve Q-N.

Because the cartridge for a beverage has a certain flow resistance, pressure drops and flow decreases. Because each type of cartridge for a beverage has a unique resistance to the flow, the relationship between flow and pressure drop will be different for different types of cartridges for drinks. In addition to a number of curves Q-H, the graph according to figure 3 also shows the different curves showing the relationship between flow and pressure drop for different types of cartridges for drinks. It should be noted that these curves are also called resistance curves. The so-called working point of the process flow of the fluid to a specific cartridge for a drink under the action of the pump 4 and forced the passage of the fluid through the cartridge will be found as the intersection point of the curve corresponding Q-H pump 4 and according to the corresponding curve of the resistance cartridge for a drink.

When the user inserts the cartridge into the installation 1 for drink preparation and installation 1 only begins, the microcontroller 10 still does not receive any information regarding the parameters that are necessary for proper handling of the cartridge for a drink. To determine these parameters, the pump 4 to operate in such a way as to ensure the passage of the fluid through the cartridge for a drink. By measuring at least one characteristic of a flow, which provides for the operation of the installation 1 for the beverage, can be found acceptable parameters.

For measuring at least one characteristic of the flow setting 1 for the beverage contains at least one corresponding sensor. In the presented example 1 for the preparation of the drink contains a pressure sensor 12. In General, the stage of the determination process parameters to ensure proper processing cartridge for a drink, to get a drink of optimum quality includes measuring at least one characteristic of the stream.

Information that is directly related to the measured characteristic of the stream will be transmitted to the microcontroller 10, which is designed to determine the operating point on the basis of this information. For example, the R, when known as the corresponding curve Q-H, and the measured pressure, the working point is found on the curve Q-H, because it is a combination of flow and the measured pressure, which according to the curve associated with this stream. Operating point, which is found by this method are compared with a specified operating points, i.e. combinations of flow and pressure, which are found at the intersections of the curve Q-H curves and resistance and which is stored in the memory 11 of the microcontroller. If we assume that a curve of resistance associated with the cartridge for a beverage of this type, which is placed in the installation 1 for the preparation of the drink, the working point, which is determined on the basis of the pressure measurement should be close to the given operating point, which is located on the corresponding curve of the resistance. Therefore, the proper type of cartridge for a beverage determined by checking whether a given operating point closest to the measured operating point. This check may be performed by microcontroller 10 any way you see fit.

As a variant, it is also possible to have only known resistance curves associated with cartridges for a drink, while the curves Q-H pump 4 is unknown. In this case, the actual operating point can be found by measured the I flow, and pressure. The proper type of cartridge for a beverage can then be found by checking what kind of curve resistance is closest to the measured operating point. For completeness it should be noted that the installation 1 for the preparation of the drink must contain at least one flow sensor and at least one pressure sensor to the actual way to determine the flow and pressure. In addition, it should be noted that this alternative method of determining the type of cartridge for a drink especially suitable for use if the curves Q-H pump 4 is much changed.

In the memory 11 of the microcontroller 10 is stored combinations of the specified operating points and at least one associated operating parameters for the process of brewing. Therefore, when the matching one of the specified operating points, you will set the associated parameter, the pump 4 and the other components of an installation 1 for the preparation of beverages can be managed in such a way to implement this option, i.e. to perform the process of brewing a specified way. If we assume that the parameter is chosen to get a drink that has the best quality, the best quality will actually be received. When executed by the CA is not required, so the user submitted information concerning the type of cartridge for a drink, to the microcontroller 10, and there is no need for labels, code, or something similar on the cartridge and a corresponding reader device installation 1 for the preparation of the drink, which represents the main advantage of the present invention.

Qualified specialists in this field will be clear that the scope of the present invention is not limited to the above-discussed examples, and without deviation from the scope of the present invention, which is defined in the attached claims, with some adjustments and modifications. Although the present invention is presented in detail and set forth in the figures and in the description, such showing and description should be considered only as an illustration or example without imposing any restrictions. The present invention is not limited to the disclosed option for its implementation.

In the scope of the present invention fluid which is passed through the element that contains the ingredient of the drink can be any fluid medium which is suitable for use in the preparation of the drink. Fluid medium may be water, but it is, for example, may also constitute pairs.

Variants of the disclosed variant design is there to be developed and manufactured by qualified specialists in this field in the practical implementation of the claimed invention on the basis of a study of the figures, description and appended claims. In the claims the word "comprising" does not exclude other steps or elements. The fact that different from each other dependent claims lists the specific measures indicates that the combination of these measures cannot be used to obtain benefits. Any symbols used in the claims to refer, should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.

According to the above described installation 1 for the preparation of beverages that contains the camera 8 for overriding at least one element includes at least one ingredient of the drink. During operation of the installation 1 fluid medium is passed through the element that contains the ingredient of the drink, with the aim of making the drink. To determine the correct parameters when processing element that contains the ingredient of the drink, such as temperature, pressure, flow and/or amount of fluid that must be passed through the said element in order to prepare the drink, the installation 1 includes a means 12 for determining at least one characteristic of a flow, which is obtained when creating the flow of fluid, and this characteristic represents the features and advantages of the ku, the effect of the flow resistance provided by the element. In addition, the installation 1 for the beverage contains the tool 10 designed for processing the received characteristics, as well as the storage means 11, which stores preset values, each preset value is associated with a specific type of element that contains the ingredient of the beverage, and at least one acceptable option for handling the item. By identifying the set of characteristics that is closest to the received characteristic, choose the appropriate option for the processing element that contains the ingredient of the drink, which actually is set to 1 for the preparation of the drink. This will be guaranteed the best quality of the drink without having to use special components to determine the type of element that contains the ingredient of the drink.

1. Method of preparation of beverages by identifying at least one relevant parameter, including transmission fluid, at least one element containing at least one ingredient of the drink, installation (1) for the preparation of drinks, and at least one element is designed for going down into it and process various types of elements is s, containing an ingredient of the beverage, such as a pad, a glass capsule and cartridge, the method includes the following steps, which are:
create a flow of fluid through the element that contains the ingredient of the drink, using the discharge device (4);
measure at least one characteristic of the flow, which affects the flow resistance provided by the element that contains the ingredient of the drink;
compare the measured flow characteristics with a group performance of the flow associated with different types of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink; set flow characteristics, with which compare the measured flow characteristics represent the characteristics of the working point, i.e. the combination of flow and pressure, both of which are within the operating range of the injection device (4) and the range of combinations of flow and pressure associated with the flow resistance provided by the element that contains the ingredient of the drink;
determine at least one parameter for further preparation by selecting a parameter associated with a given flow characteristics, which is closest to the measured flow characteristics.

2. Installation (1) for the preparation of beverages, which is designed to perform about the ECCA beverage by passing a fluid medium, at least one element containing at least one ingredient of the beverage, and at least one element is designed for going down into it and handle different types of elements that contains the ingredient of the drink, such as the pad, the glass capsule and cartridge, and which contains the following components:
control means (10)designed to control the plant (1) for the preparation of beverages through the implementation stages of the method according to claim 1;
detector means (12) for measuring at least one characteristic of the flow created when the flow of fluid;
storage means (11) for the storage group specified flow characteristics associated with different types of items that contain the ingredient flow, and
the discharge device (4) for injection of a fluid medium, with set flow characteristics, which are stored in the storage means (11)represent the characteristics of the working point, i.e. the combination of flow and pressure, both of which are within the operating range of the injection device (4) and the range of combinations of flow and pressure associated with the flow resistance provided by the element that contains the ingredient of the drink.

3. Installation (1) according to claim 2, in which the detector means includes at least one sensor, you the early group, containing the flow sensor and the pressure sensor (12).



 

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15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brewing device to prepare beverages or other food products from capsules, in particular, from disposable capsules. The brewing device comprises a brewing chamber with the first part and the second part capable of displacement relative to each other, besides, there is a seat for capsules in one of the parts. In this seat there is at least one perforator for capsule perforation. The first channel supplies a brewing fluid medium into the chamber, and the second channel provides for food product release from the brewing chamber. In the seat there is an alignment element for capsules, which may elastically move in axial direction and is equipped with a guiding and aligning surface for capsules facing the second of the brewing chamber parts. Besides, the aligning element is elastically loaded so that it partially protrudes from the seat while the brewing chamber is open, and may move inside the seat as the brewing chamber closes, besides, when the brewing chamber is closed with a capsule arranged inside, the aligning element is fully inserted inside the seat.

EFFECT: development of a new brewing device with a brewing chamber formed by two parts that may move relative to each other and a system that makes it possible to improve coaxiality of a capsule relative to a perforator or perforators and makes it possible to easier remove the capsule after brewing.

47 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method of producing capsule 1 containing drink ingredients to be forced into drink making device wherein fluid is forced into capsule to interact with ingredients and force prepared drink outward. Capsule comprises case 4 with sealing component 8 attached thereto. Proposed comprises step whereat at least one sealing material is injected onto the surface of said case 4 to produce sealing component 8 by injection moulding. Said component is tightly attached to case 4. Case inner space is filled with food ingredients and tightly closed by membrane 5.

EFFECT: better tightness, ease of use.

41 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: feeding head for a machine for making drinks comprises a movable first part and a fixed second part. The first part is made with the possibility of displacement relative to the second part between the open position and the closed position. In the open position the first part is arranged with the possibility to load a capsule into the feeding head. In the closed position the first part and the second part are arranged with the possibility to retain the specified capsule in the distribution position. The feeding head additionally comprises an inlet punch and an outlet punch, which are aligned in the same direction and are made with the possibility of rotation relative to the fixed second part between the pulled-in position and punching position.

EFFECT: reduced dimensions of the punching mechanism.

44 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: feeding head for a machine for making drinks comprises a movable first part and a fixed second part. The first part is made with the possibility of displacement relative to the second part between the open position and the closed position. In the open position the first part is arranged with the possibility to load a capsule into the feeding head. In the closed position the first part and the second part are arranged with the possibility to retain the specified capsule in the distribution position. The feeding head additionally comprises an inlet punch and an outlet punch, which are aligned in the same direction and are made with the possibility of rotation relative to the fixed second part between the pulled-in position and punching position.

EFFECT: reduced dimensions of the punching mechanism.

44 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method of producing capsule 1 containing drink ingredients to be forced into drink making device wherein fluid is forced into capsule to interact with ingredients and force prepared drink outward. Capsule comprises case 4 with sealing component 8 attached thereto. Proposed comprises step whereat at least one sealing material is injected onto the surface of said case 4 to produce sealing component 8 by injection moulding. Said component is tightly attached to case 4. Case inner space is filled with food ingredients and tightly closed by membrane 5.

EFFECT: better tightness, ease of use.

41 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brewing device to prepare beverages or other food products from capsules, in particular, from disposable capsules. The brewing device comprises a brewing chamber with the first part and the second part capable of displacement relative to each other, besides, there is a seat for capsules in one of the parts. In this seat there is at least one perforator for capsule perforation. The first channel supplies a brewing fluid medium into the chamber, and the second channel provides for food product release from the brewing chamber. In the seat there is an alignment element for capsules, which may elastically move in axial direction and is equipped with a guiding and aligning surface for capsules facing the second of the brewing chamber parts. Besides, the aligning element is elastically loaded so that it partially protrudes from the seat while the brewing chamber is open, and may move inside the seat as the brewing chamber closes, besides, when the brewing chamber is closed with a capsule arranged inside, the aligning element is fully inserted inside the seat.

EFFECT: development of a new brewing device with a brewing chamber formed by two parts that may move relative to each other and a system that makes it possible to improve coaxiality of a capsule relative to a perforator or perforators and makes it possible to easier remove the capsule after brewing.

47 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household appliances. The machine for making coffee comprises a brewing group with the main body formed by the casing, limiting the space for the reverse movement of the brewing cylinder between the position of engagement with the packing piston for formation of the brewing chamber, and the position of decoupling with the packing piston to load a portion of ground coffee. And the brewing cylinder is rigidly supported by the rotating arm. It also comprises a tool of removable mutual coupling between the brewing cylinder and the arm, secured to take the said brewing cylinder out of the window of the body. And on the outer side of the said body there is additionally a means of moving the arm.

EFFECT: invention enables to simplify the device design concept and make it more compact and reliable.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of domestic equipment. A device to prepare a drink from a food product contained in a capsule (24), by injection of a fluid supplied by a pump (70) into the capsule (24), comprises a head (20) of extraction, having a hole (22) to insert a holder (30) of the capsule and to supply the capsule (24) into a receiving chamber (25) of the capsule holder, a mechanism (21) to close the above capsule (24) in the receiving chamber of the capsule holder. Further it comprises one injecting element to supply a fluid from a pump (70), inside the capsule (24), a unit (80) to control at least a pump (70), and also decoding facilities joined with the unit (80) of control and designed to read data from the holder (30) of the capsule or insert.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of data transfer and to increase quality of a prepared drink.

22 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the system 10, and also to the method of making beverages with an infusion method of the product contained in the package 1, and can be used in coffee machines of the ESPRESSO type. The system 10 comprises an infusion chamber 7, a locking device 60 including upper locking means 61 which are designed for selective prevention or providing access to the chamber 7 in its upper part, and the lower locking means 62 which are designed for selective receiving by the chamber 7 of the package 1 or providing the package 1 outlet from the chamber 7 under the action of gravity force. The position of the upper locking means 61 determines the position of the lower locking means 62 and vice versa.

EFFECT: increased reliability and simplification of the structure due to reducing the number of moving parts.

17 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: cooking assembly contains an instillation station carrying out a rotary movement with a piston inserted into the station so that to enable sliding. A counter-piston interacts with the installation station and the piston so that to form the cooking chamber. Additionally provided for are cam elements for control of the installation station, piston and counter-piston motions. The installation station, piston and counter-piston may occupy relative to each other at least one position for loading the product for beverage preparation purposes, at least two various boiling positions (the two various volumes of the boiling chamber correspond to) and the position for used product discharge.

EFFECT: invention enables to enhance the design strength and reliability.

20 cl, 61 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improvements of brewing units for making beverages which use capsules, boxes, or other pre-packaged single portion packages, in particular for making coffee. The brewing unit comprises in combination: a support, a drawer which is, at least, a slot for single portion package, sliding relative to the said support and movable between the position of loading of the single portion package and the brewing position and the outputted element to supply water under pressure to the said single portion package. The brewing unit also comprises a lever to control the movement of the said drawer and mechanical connection between the said lever and the said outputted element. The lever action causes movement of the drawer from the loading position to the brewing position and presses the outputted element to the single portion package. The brewing unit is provided with a locking member blocking the single portion package in the brewing position, preventing it from movement in the direction of loading position when the said drawer is moved from the brewing position in the loading position. The said slot is partially restricted with a pair of swinging arms that move relative to the said drawer to enable disposal of the used single portion package from the said slot during movement of the drawer from the brewing position to the loading position.

EFFECT: automation of all operations performed by the operator after launch is provided.

28 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The machine for preparing beverages with a brewing unit for preparing beverages for accommodation of the disposable capsule comprises a node of the capsule retention, designed for retention the capsule in the given position during insertion of the capsule under gravity in the brewing unit, and a water injection node for at least a partial closing the capsule and the water supply to the capsule. The part retaining the capsule forms the front part of the unit and is attached to the node of liquid injection with the ability to move along essentially a horizontal trajectory, while the water injection node is a rear fixed part of the unit. The machine for preparing beverage comprises a housing. One of these nodes of the brewing unit can be movable or slide telescopically out of this housing for insertion/removal of the capsule with the ingredient and to be placed in the housing to bring the brewing node in the position of the capsule extraction.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to provide a proper seal to create the necessary conditions for extraction.

15 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The plant for preparation of beverages implementing the claimed method is designed to complete the process of preparation of beverage by passing the flowing medium through at least one element comprising at least one ingredient of the beverage. And at least one element is designed for entering it and processing of different types of elements comprising the beverage ingredient, such as a pad, a cup, a capsule and a cartridge. The device additionally comprises a control means, a detection means for measuring at least one characteristic of the flow when the flowing medium flow is created, the memory tool for storing the group of the predetermined flow characteristics connected to different types of elements that contain a flow ingredient, and an injection device for injecting fluid. And the predetermined flow characteristics which are stored in the memory tool are characteristics of the operating point.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to detect automatically an element comprising the beverage ingredient by creating the flowing medium flow through the element.

3 cl

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