Method and device for transfer of long-length bulky cargoes

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method and device for transfer of long-length bulky cargoes using lifting body on guide cables. Cargo (windmill blade) carried by balloon on guide cables is tightened by bearing cable at its center of gravity in rotating-tipping front-end tool. Said cargo is carried by several mobile controlled winch by means of transfer windlass cable secured at front-end tool. Crane windless cables are lifted by lifting cables to crane assembly and locked thereat by remote control means. In crane mode, crane windless cables are unlocked to be lowered from crane assembly to controlled winches and connected therewith. By varying free length of separate crane windless cables, cargo is set to required position. Crane assembly represents spatial structure in diameter increasing relative to vertical axis toward center from both ends to maximum. Crane bottom section has several cane windless cable guide rollers while top section has guide rollers for lifting cables of transfer safety ring.

EFFECT: transfer over great distances in highlands and other sever conditions.

10 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method and apparatus for transport of long bulky goods with a lifting body on the guide ropes.

There is a method of transport of long bulky cargo with the help of tractors. Such transportation takes time and is expensive, especially in case of land transportation is very long, and the infrastructure is not suitable for transportation.

It is known the use of vehicles "lighter than air" for various applications, including in the civilian and military sectors.

Thus, it was proposed to carry large and heavy loads with airship or traction balloons, while when using the airship cargo was placed on the lower platform, and the use of traction balls, as in 75 CL, - in the cargo frame.

From DE 10210540 A1 is known a lifting body on the guide cables primarily for the transportation of cargo that is bound for at least three fixed on the ground, the free length of which can vary due to their ground winches with remote control. The rigging of the balloon consists of a node of the ball, which by means of an intermediate rope tied to the node of the crane, from which radiate bind the cables and the cable with the hook of the crane.

For transporting heavy the cargo areas with poorly developed infrastructure and soils with low capacity DE 10226868 A1 describes a cargo carrier with a tracked vehicle, which is connected with the vehicle "lighter than air", a lifting force which at least partially corresponds to the weight of the load. When loading and unloading lifting force of the balloon more weight and less weight of the vehicle with the cargo. The cargo carrier includes crane winch, the winch cable connected to the cargo hub, and two intermediate cable connected each with one variable geometry mechanism.

The basis of the invention is to provide a method and device for the transport and use as a crane lengthy bulky goods over long distances or in mountainous winding roads and when unsuitable for conventional methods of transportation infrastructure, while the transition from a mode of transportation mode of the crane is transported goods must remain in the lifting device, and should be provided with the possibility of remote control from earth.

The invention solves this task by signs of paragraphs 1 and 2 of the formula. Preferred refinements of the invention are described in dependent claims.

According to the method for transporting long or bulky loads with lifting body on the guide cables, equipped with a carrying cable, containing the site of the balloon and the node of the crane, according to the invention, the load spanned pic what edstam suspension cable at its center of gravity in tilt tilt lifting device, in transport mode transport multiple mobile managed winches through the conveyor hoisting cable, mounted on the lifting device in its lower part, while the crane winch cables by means of hoisting ropes to raise the node of the crane and fixed with the help of remote control; and valve fixing crane hoisting cable is removed while the crane winch cables are omitted from the node of the crane to the managed winch, connect with them, and by changing the free length of the individual crane hoisting cable cargo is brought to the desired position.

In the device for transporting mode faucet lengthy bulky cargo stretched at its center of gravity in tilt tilt lifting device adapted in accordance with the shape of the cargo, which is connected through the lower suspension cable, the node of the crane, the upper load-bearing rope and knot of the balloon with a lifting body. According to the invention, the node of the crane is made in the form of spatial structural design in diameter, increasing to approximately centered relative to the vertical axis at both ends to its maximum value. Structural design of the node of the crane is the preferred way has approximately the shape of a sphere, egg or pear. In igna part of the node of the crane are several, the preferred way three, distributed at equal distances, the preferred way under 60, pairs of guide rollers for lifting cables of the crane winch cables, and in the upper part of the node of the crane on the distance between the two pairs of guide rollers are guide rollers for lifting wire rope rings transport of the fuse. On the upper surface handling devices installed winch attached to the lifting cables with remote control. To prevent mode of transportation movement of the crane hoisting cable ring transport fuse can sink to the level of the ends of the raised crane hoisting cable.

The invention method allows you to transport and use as a crane lengthy bulky goods over long distances or in mountainous winding roads and when unsuitable for conventional methods of transportation infrastructure, the transition from the transport mode of the crane is transported goods may remain in the transport node. The process can be remotely controlled from earth. The invention is particularly suitable for the transportation and installation of blades for wind turbines, which need to be transported from the valley along the winding roads in the mountains.

Hereinafter the invention is explained in the detailed description of examples of implementation with reference to the drawings.

In the drawings shown:

Figure 1: the System during transportation of blades for wind power plants.

Figure 2: the Node of the crane / lifting device in transport mode - bottom view.

Figure 3: the Node of the crane / lifting device in transport mode - top view.

Figure 4: Detail: the Node of the crane in transport mode.

Figure 5: Detail: lifting device platform and winches in transport mode.

6: the System used as a crane with a balloon when mounting the blades to the generator.

Fig.7: the Node of the crane / lifting device in the mode valve - top view.

Fig: Item: the node of the crane is in the mode of the crane.

Shown in figure 1, the transport system with offset nature of the work winches 14 installed on three trucks, winding roads in the mountainous regions of uses as a lifting body 3 balloon network 21 of the balloon, while the lower ends of the network 21 of the balloon merged into node 13 of the balloon. Lifting the body 3 may be of any shape and to have other network 21 of the balloon, known connection node 13 of the balloon. Lifting device 2, an exciting long bulky cargo, connected with the scrap 13 of the balloon through the upper device 11 protection against twisting, the lower suspension cable 7, node 1 crane, the upper suspension cable 12, and through the bottom of the device 10 protection against twisting with the transport of hoisting ropes 4 and the mobile winch 14. The introduction of node 1 of the valve, and thus the distribution of the suspension cable on the lower suspension cable 7 and the upper suspension cable 12 is partially separates the movement of the blade 20 of a wind farm, as the load, when the wind from the movement of the lifting body 3, first of all, when used as a crane. According to the selected embodiment of the lifting body 3 communicates managed and directed winches 14, which are mounted on three mobile units, such as trucks. Depending on conditions 2-3 truck with actively managed winches 14 provide much flexibility as possible, to avoid obstacles. The height and direction of flight of the lifting body 3 together with the load determined by the movement of the mobile units 14 and changing the free length of the conveyor hoisting cable 4. Lifting body 3 can be controlled as desired horizontally and vertically, and thus the transported cargo 20 can avoid obstacles and yet remain horizontal and constantly rotate in the wind, so as to provide minimum resistance.

Lifting at trojstvo 2 figure 2 is a stable structure in a suitable implementation, for example in the form of a frame of two parts, which at one end are rotatable and can be opened hydraulically 10, and after laying of the transported goods 20 are securely closed. Two opposite inner sides have scoreupdate soft upholstery in the form of a half-section of the transported goods, in the embodiment, the blades 20 of the wind power station. If transported long tube, soft shells have a section in the form of a semicircle. On the upper and lower sides of the hanging handling devices 2 are devices 11, 10 protection against twisting, and slightly above the center of gravity on the opposite side of the tilting hinge. Transport of hoisting ropes 4 mobile winch 14 is attached to the bottom of the device 10 protection against twisting. Crane winch cables 5 hang layers between node 1 crane and lifting device 2. Mounted on the platform 17 handling devices 2 capstans 19 via remote control lowered mounted on the hoisting ropes 8 ring 9 transport guard, by which the latter prevents movement of the crane winch cables 5.

Figure 3 shows a top view of the node 1 of the crane and lifting device 2 located on the platform 17 winches 18, 19 for lifting cables 6, 8. Omitted C the lifting cables 8 ring 9 transport guard allows only one movement of the crane winch cables 5 inside the ring 9 of the conveyor fuse 9.

Figure 4 shows a detailed view of a preferred form of implementation of the node 1 of the crane in transport mode. Node 1 crane is a structural design that is installed between the lifting body 3 and the load handling device 2 and connects them through a cable 7, 12. Depending on the required number of transport and crane hoisting cable 4, 5, there are several hoisting cables 6, 8, the preferred way, three associated with crane winch cables 5 and the ring 9 of the conveyor fuse. But can also be used for four or with restrictions only on two hoisting rope 6, 8. At a uniform distance relative to each other when the three hoisting cables 6, respectively, are displaced at an angle of 120, at the bottom there are two small roller 16, the task of which is to direct or change the direction of the hoisting cables 6 for crane hoisting cable 5. Crane winch cables 5 are raised for transport mode the lifting cables 6 up. The connection is made in the first third of the crane winch cables 5. With the displacement angle of 60 relative to the rollers 16 of the crane winch cables 5, also with the offset angle of 120 in the upper region are small rollers 15 for guiding the lifting cables 8 d the I ring 9 of the conveyor fuse. In transport mode the ring 9 of the transport guard is lowered. The main form of node 1 of the crane may have the shape of a sphere, egg or pear. The structural design of the unit 1 of the crane should be designed so that it was light and yet stable, and had a suitable aerodynamic shape to accept or transfer power away from the median axis and to be insensitive to the wind. Node 1 of the crane may be made in the form of an inverted on the top of a double cone or double pyramid with the number of sides according to the number located at offset hoisting cables 6, 8, also with different height of the lower / upper partial phone

Figure 5 shows the location of various winches 18, 19 on the upper platform 17 of the lifting device 2. The location is performed by analogy with the location of the rollers 15, 16 in node 1 of the crane. Winch hoisting ropes 8 ring 9 transport of the fuse are as capstans 19, hoisting cables 6 crane hoisting cable 5 is as small capstans 18. Winches operate on batteries / rechargeable batteries from the remote control.

Figure 6 shows the system mode of the crane. Crane winch cables 5 are on the lower ends of the tether couplings, which provide a simple connection with the transport of hoisting ropes 4 tre the mobile winch 14. Due to this tense beneath them in the lifting device 2 of the transported cargo, in this case the blade 20 of the wind power station, does not depend on the movement of the lifting body 3 and can be brought into the desired position by changing the free length of the individual mobile winch 14. The function of the mobile winches 14 can perform stationary winches, which are fixed by the appropriate ballast. Manual fixation from wind effects by using two cables attached to the end of the blade 20, with a few small winches or persons with physical strength.

As shown in Fig.7. on the bottom of the lifting device 2, the conveyor hoisting ropes 4 were released by the lower device 10 protection against twisting lifting device 2, and crane transport cables 5 are connected with a mobile winch 14. Mounted on the platform 17 handling devices 2 capstans 19 raised with remote control mounted on the hoisting ropes 8 ring 9 transport of the fuse, thereby crane winch cables 5 can move freely. Lifting cables 6 crane winch cables 5 are telescoped to the desired length.

On Fig shows a detailed view of the node 1 tap in the mode of the crane. Mode valve ring 9 of the transport guard is otnimaetsya up while it will not fit to the structural design of the Assembly 1 of the crane. This ensures free movement of the crane winch cables 5. Lifting cables 6, which are connected in the first third of the crane winch cables 5, extended to the required length using a cable winch 18. Due to the location of the cables 6, 8 and rollers 15, 16 with an offset of 60 relative to each other unlimited movement of the crane winch cables 5 and lifting cables 8 to the ring 9 of the conveyor fuse.

Shown in figure 1-5 transportation process with the proposed device is as follows:

Transported cargo of the blade 20 of the wind power station is brought into position and fixed at the point of departure. Appropriate lifting body 3 with the load handling device 2 in transport mode with no load to the point of departure pulling the transport winch cables 4 connected to mobile holders 14 winches. Mobile holders 14 winches must have a mass greater than the lifting capacity of the lifting body 3 with the lifting device 2, if necessary by taking ballast, for example, in the existing water tanks. Mobile holders 14 winches are in such a position around the transported cargo 20, so that the lifting body 3 with the lifting device is the your 2 were in the triangle, formed mobile winches 14, and transported over the load 20. Lifting device 2 through coordinated winding conveyor hoisting cable 4 mobile winch 14 is lowered to a level close to the ground, and is connected by means of anchor rope winch / transport vehicle taken by the ballast, mobile winch 14, with the lower device 10 protection against twisting lifting device 2 at the time of acceptance of the goods. In addition, the guide wire permanently connected to the node 13 of the ball allows at any time to pull the lifting body 3 on the ground. The end of the guide wire is connected to a mobile hoist 14 as a directing vehicle or ground-based winch, or ground / ground anchor. Transported cargo 20 is pulled in a load-handling device 2 and fixed as needed. You can then let go of the anchor rope and to perform recovery of the transported goods 20 by means of the lifting body 3 through a coordinated roll-out conveyor hoisting cable 4 mobile winches 14 or changes the location of a mobile holders winches. After receiving the cargo 20 ballast is no longer required. When transporting navigation lifting body 3 with the transported load 20 is carried through with EDINOGO motion mobile winches 14 / hoist transport vehicles and/or by changing the free length of the conveyor hoisting cable 4. The lowering of the load 20 is carried out in reverse order.

To implement the functions of a crane according to Fig.6-8 load 20 is lowered, as described above, when receiving the goods, to levels close to the ground, and fixed anchor rope. Then the crane winch cables 5 are omitted from node 1 crane and connected with the hoisting ropes 4 winches 14, standing on the ground. It is necessary to disconnect the movement of the balloon from the load 20 and thereby opozicionerov it exactly in the installation position, for example, screwing the blade 20 to the generator of the wind power station. By changing the free length of the crane winch cables 5 cargo 20 rises to the lifting device 2 at the proper height and in the exact position. Manual fixation from wind effects by using two cables attached to the end of the blade 20, with a few small winches or persons with physical strength. So performed the function of the valve. Upon completion of the installation, you can open lifting device 2, to omit to levels close to the ground, and lock the anchor rope. Then you can perform the above-described re in transport mode.

List of used reference positions and concepts

1 Site crane

2 handling the device

3 Lifting the body

4 Transport Leba the internal cables

5 Crane winch cables

6 Lifting ropes for crane hoisting cable

7 Suspension cable between the crane site and load handling device

8 Lifting cables to transport ring guard

9 the transport Ring guard

10 Lower protection device against twisting on the lifting device

11 Upper protection device against twisting on the lifting device

12 Suspension cable between the crane site and the lifting body

13 the Site of the ball

14 Mobile winch

15 Rollers for lifting wire rope transport ring guard

16 Rollers for lifting ropes for crane hoisting cable

17 Platform lifting device

18 Small winch

19 Capstans

20 Blades of the wind power station

21 Network balloon

1. Method for transporting long or bulky loads with lifting body on the guide cables, equipped with a carrying cable (12)containing the node (13) of the balloon and the node (1) crane, characterized in that the cargo is spanned by a suspension cable at its center of gravity in tilt tilt lifting device (2), in transport mode transport multiple mobile managed winches (14) by means of the conveyor hoisting cable (4)fixed on grassflat is the first device in its lower part, this crane winch cables (5) by means of hoisting ropes (6) raise to the node of the crane (1) and fix using the remote control; and valve fixing crane hoisting cable (5) is removed, while the crane winch cables (5) are omitted from node (1) crane to managed winches (14), connect with them and by changing the free length of the individual crane hoisting cable (5) the cargo is brought to the desired position.

2. Device for the transport of long bulky goods with a lifting body on the guide cables, equipped with a carrying cable (12)containing the node (13) of the balloon and the node (1) crane, characterized in that the load (20) is stretched by means of a suspension cable at its center of gravity in tilt tilt lifting device (2), adapted in accordance with the shape of the load, while the load handling device (2) connected through the lower suspension cable, the node of the crane, the upper suspension cable (12) and node (13) balloon with a lifting body (3), and node (1) crane made in the form of spatial structural design in diameter, increasing to approximately centered relative to the vertical axis at both ends to its maximum value, while in the lower part of the site (1) cranes are several distributed equidistant pairs (16) direct their rollers for lifting ropes (8) crane winch cables (5), and in the upper part of the site (1) tap on the distance between the two pairs (16) the guide rollers are located guide rollers (15) for hoisting ropes (8) rings (9) transport of the fuse, and on the upper surface of the load handling device (2) mounted winch (18, 19)attached to the lifting cables (6, 8) with remote control, and to prevent the transport mode of motion of the crane winch cables (5) ring (9) transport of the fuse can sink to the level of the ends of the raised crane hoisting cable (5).

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the spatial structural design of the unit (1) of the crane is approximately in the shape of a sphere, egg or pear, inverted on the top of a double cone or double pyramid with the number of side surfaces corresponding to the number of hoisting ropes (6, 8).

4. The device according to claim 2 and 3, characterized in that the three pairs (15, 16) of the guide rollers for lifting cables (8, 6) alternately arranged with an offset of 60 each on the perimeter of the structural design of the Assembly (1) of the crane.

5. The device according to claim 2, wherein the winch (18, 19) with remote control are located on the platform (17) over load handling device (2).

6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the winch (18) for hoisting ropes (6) crane, lebedos what's cables (5) are small winches, as winch (19) for hoisting ropes (8) rings (9) transport of the fuse are the capstans.

7. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the transport winch cables (4) more managed mobile hoists (14) is connected with the lifting device (2) by turning installed device (10) protection against twisting.

8. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that at the ends of the crane winch cables (5) are the rope clutch.

9. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the winch mode of the crane are stationary or mobile hoists, fixed ballast.

10. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that for fixing the lifting body (3) from the node (13) balloon guiding wire is connected to the ground anchor or mobile hoists (14).



 

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3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: means for support of navigation of air platforms used for forming wireless information transmission systems within line-of-sight range in preset geographic region.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes creation of lifting force of flying vehicle for keeping the platform at preset altitude and holding the flying vehicle and air platform in preset point of surface with the aid of flexible rod which is used as channel for feeding the supply energy for forming the thrust vector of flying vehicle lifting force. According to invention, gaseous medium is used as energy carrier for forming the supply energy. Working medium is charged under pressure to energy supply channel of flexible rod and at outlet of this channel energy of gaseous working medium is converted into energy creating the lifting force of flying vehicle. For creating the lifting force, energy of gaseous working medium in form of combustible or natural gas may be converted into electric power or reactive thrust at output of energy supply channel. According to first version, instrument bay of air platform is provided with at least one fuel element for conversion of combustible or natural gas energy into electrical energy and flexible rod is provided with hollow channel whose lower end is brought into communication with combustible or natural gas source; upper end of flexible rod is provided with at least one fuel element whose electrical output is connected with input of electric motor of tractor propeller. According to second version, flexible rod is provided with hollow channel whose lower end is brought into communication with combustible or natural gas source or compressed air source and upper end is connected with rotating engine of tractor propeller made in form of jet engine or in form of ramjet engine provided with ignition element for ignition of combustible or natural gas or in form of converter for conversion of compressed air pressure into rotary motion of tractor propeller.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of navigation of air platforms due to enhanced lightning protection and climatic stability of power supply to tractor propeller engine and air platform instruments.

7 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: aerostatics.

SUBSTANCE: proposed captive lifting device has three captive cables; first end section of each cable is secured to aerostat envelope and second end is connected with ground winch mechanism. Inclined bearing surfaces of device are located radially relative to aerostat pad center; they are inclined in direction from center of this pad outside. Each bearing surface is provided with carriage mechanism including the carriage and pressure roller located above carriage. Second end section of each captive cable is passed between pressure roller and carriage and is rigidly secured in upper part of inclined bearing surface. Each carriage is engageable with flexible transfer device which is used for control of motion of carriage over inclined bearing surface; this device includes drive pulley, driven pulley secured in upper part of inclined bearing surface and run of transmission which are oriented along inclined bearing surface.

EFFECT: increased service life of aerostat; enhanced stability of aerostat.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: aerostation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed captive balloon has envelope made from gas-tight material and captive cables. Captive balloon is additionally provided with aerodynamic stabilization unit made in form of feathering unit secured on rod passing through upper pole of balloon envelope by means of lines; feathering unit is provided with keel; feathering unit is made in form of three-dimensional streamlined body inflated by air flow; when it is filled with air, it has shape of aerodynamic wing in plane of longitudinal section. Three-dimensional body is formed by upper and lower gores stretched on framework; edges of these gores are fastened over their perimeter forming air intake slotted opening and inner cavity filled with air flow. In zone of intake hole, upper gore has sizes exceeding sizes of lower gore, so that when three-dimensional body is filled with air, upper gore overhangs above lower gore.

EFFECT: simplified construction of balloon stable to wind load.

3 cl, 4 dwg

Captive balloon // 2271303

FIELD: aerostation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed captive balloon includes gas-carrying envelope with hole at lower pole and vertically oriented hose made from gastight elastic material whose edges are secured to edges of hole in lower pole of envelope forming gastight joint. Hose is located inside envelope which has hole at upper pole whose edges are connected with edges of other end of hose forming gastight joint. Balloon is provided with rod whose ends are passed through holes at upper and lower poles of envelope. Two movable washers freely mounted on rod are rigidly connected with edges of hose over perimeter at point of attachment of edges of hose to edges of hole. Hose is widening from center to ends. Located on the outside of envelope on side of upper and lower poles are aprons whose peripheral sections are fastened with envelope by means of elastic rods; central section is rigidly connected with one of rod ends.

EFFECT: retaining of envelope shape at change in volume.

3 cl, 2 dwg

Transport facility // 2449903

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lapwood carriers. Proposed vehicle comprises self-propelled chassis 1 of caterpillar skidding machine and bearing platform made up of body with front wall, sidewalls and bottom. Bearing platform front 5 is equipped with support-and-pull device 6 coupled with self-propelled chassis frame via frame 7 turning in vertical plane, equipped with hydraulic drive and pivoted to chassis frame. Bearing platform rear rests on wheeled carts 9 Bearing platform bottom 10 may turn in vertical plane relative to axis 11 located nearby body rear edge perpendicular to body lengthwise axis. Rope 13 is secured at bottom front and reeved in hoist 14 arranged on body front wall. Second end of rope 13 is secured to self-propelled chasses frame.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 dwg

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