Brewing unit for making beverages of single portion package

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improvements of brewing units for making beverages which use capsules, boxes, or other pre-packaged single portion packages, in particular for making coffee. The brewing unit comprises in combination: a support, a drawer which is, at least, a slot for single portion package, sliding relative to the said support and movable between the position of loading of the single portion package and the brewing position and the outputted element to supply water under pressure to the said single portion package. The brewing unit also comprises a lever to control the movement of the said drawer and mechanical connection between the said lever and the said outputted element. The lever action causes movement of the drawer from the loading position to the brewing position and presses the outputted element to the single portion package. The brewing unit is provided with a locking member blocking the single portion package in the brewing position, preventing it from movement in the direction of loading position when the said drawer is moved from the brewing position in the loading position. The said slot is partially restricted with a pair of swinging arms that move relative to the said drawer to enable disposal of the used single portion package from the said slot during movement of the drawer from the brewing position to the loading position.

EFFECT: automation of all operations performed by the operator after launch is provided.

28 cl, 21 dwg

 

The present invention relates to improvements brewing units for preparation of beverages using capsules, boxes, or other pre-packaged single serving packages, in particular, but not exclusively, for coffee. The invention also relates to machines for making beverages, such as, in particular (but not exclusively) coffee containing tea node type.

The level of technology

For making hot beverages such as coffee, tea, cocoa or the like, often use machines that use capsules, boxes or other single portion packages, inside of which contains the ingredients to prepare drinks. A machine that uses a single portion packages containing ground coffee, which is prepared coffee drinks, are widely used. Single portion packets are inserted into the teapot, and the node inside the machine for preparing a drink. This tea node typically comprises a support and intended to perforate one or both surfaces of the single portions of the package, and the elements of the feeding hot water under pressure passing through the capsule and extracting a substance for preparation of a drink from the contained ingredients, or dissolves or dilutes the ingredients contained in the specified capsule. In some embodiments, the implementation is of a single portion packs are made in the form of boxes, for example, is made of paddles, made of layers of non-woven cloth, between which is enclosed ground coffee or other product. In this case, the hot water under pressure shall be issued through the non-woven fabric that does not require perforation. Alternatively, around the surface of the box is created, you can apply hot water under pressure to flow through the box.

WO-A-2006/01654 describes tea node with two slots for receiving the two discrete portions of the capsules. These nests are placed in the drawer that accepts extended position, allowing the user to insert a capsule into the corresponding slot, and the position placed inside the brewing site in which the capsules perforined, and hot water under pressure supplied through them, getting the necessary drink at the outlet of the brewing node.

Other tea sites that contain drawers, inside which also inserts a single portion packages, described in US-A-6955116 and in EP-A-1050258.

Another tea node that includes a drawer that accepts a single serving coffee packets, described in WO-A-2006/126230.

On the market there are capsules, boxes or other single portion packages of different shapes. Tea nodes and associated elements to accomplish a perforation of the capsule and the passage of hot water under pressure is through the capsule, the box or other single portion package structured to allow the use of one or another of the different types of capsules available on the market. Some capsules are completely sealed and are subject to perforation with both upper and lower sides to allow water to flow through and to retrieve the drink. Other capsules are made so that their perforined only on the top side to allow the hot water to penetrate, whereas on the lower side they are provided with closing elements, allowing the beverage to flow without perforations.

Tea sites offer a greater or lesser degree of automation according to categories of vehicles in which they are installed. For example, there are tea nodes running after their launch operator all operations automatically. Alternatively, in the simplest nodes all operations are performed manually. The operator opens tea node, inserts the disposable portion package manually closes tea node, if necessary, closing a drawer in which you placed the capsule, inside the machine, and then performs the brewing cycle.

The invention

The object of the present invention relates to brewing site, especially designed for single-portion packages requiring perforations on only one surface or razavy the portions of the packets, in which water is fed under pressure by moving wydanego item before pressing it to the surface of the box, to limit the hermetic zone in which water is supplied under pressure. According to an additional object of the invention, the present invention relates to a manual brewing site that allows various installation steps one portion of the package, perforation or other actions prior to the supply of water under pressure, and welding perform manual actions.

According to a possible implementation, a teapot, and the node includes, in combination: a support; a drawer representing at least one slot capsules, sliding relative to the specified support and movable between a loading position of the capsule and the brewing position; vydatnou element for issuing water under pressure from one batch to batch. Moreover, the site contains a lever that controls the movement of a drawer and mechanical connection between the lever and one drawer and between the lever and videcnik element so that the effect only of the lever causes movement of a drawer from a load position in the brewing position, and the action wydanego element that brings him into contact with the package, and due to the fact a connection in a fluid environment so that hot water under pressure mo is et to be filed inside a single portion of the package. In some embodiments, the implementation vydatnou element may consist of or contain the punch. The punch may include one or more hollow protrusions, perforating the wall of one portion of the package, for example, in the form of a capsule. In other embodiments, implementation vydatnou element contains a sealing gasket that is moved, pressed against the outer wall of one portion of the package, forming a sealed volume in which water is supplied under pressure and from which the water is forced to flow through the single wall portion of the package, which in this case is composed, at least partially, made of permeable material, such as non-woven fabric, paper or other such material.

Additional useful features and options for implementation are given in the accompanying claims and as described below with reference to options for implementation.

Brief description of drawings

The invention will be better understood from the following description and the accompanying drawings showing a non-limiting practical variant implementation of brewing node according to the invention. More specifically to the drawings:

figure 1 shows axonometric view of the brewing site in the open position ready to receive a new pay capsules, for preparation of a beverage;

in figure 2, 3 and 4 shows a side view and two sections on the lines II-II, III-III and IV-IV of figure 5, respectively;

figure 5 shows a partially exploded view in plan V-V of figure 2;

figure 6-10 shows the axonometric view, side view and in section, equivalent to species figure 1-5, with tea node is shown in an intermediate position where the perforation of the capsule;

on 11-15 shows the types and cuts of similar species and sections 1-5, with tea node is shown in the closed position, i.e. the capsule is perforated and ready to receive water, which prepare the drink;

on Fig shows axonometric view of a stationary supporting structure brewing node;

on Fig shows axonometric view of a sliding drawer;

on Fig shows axonometric view of the pusher connected to the drawer;

on Fig shows axonometric view of the punching element;

on Fig shows a section along a horizontal plane on a modified version of the implementation; and

on figa-S shows the sections, in essence, the horizontal plane of brewing node option implementation.

Detailed description of a variant embodiment of the invention

Enjoy the site, generally indicated 1, comprises a support 5 with the two sides 5A, mutually connected by cross element 5B and the plane 5C [1]. Bearing or fixed intercept ukcia, 5 are also presented separately on Fig.

Bearing 5 defines the sliding 5D for drawer 7, moved between the receiving position of the capsule (figure 1) and the brewing position (11). The direction of movement of the drawer from one to the other of two end positions, mentioned above, is marked f7.

Moving the drawer 7 in the direction of arrow f7 is controlled by a lever 9, terminated as described below in the side panels 5A bearing 5, and the plunger 10 through which the lever 9 imparts a sliding movement of the sliding drawer 7.

In some embodiments, the implementation of the lever 9 includes two shoulder 9A, embedded in the side panels 5A supports 5. More specifically, as shown in the embodiment, the transverse pin 11, i.e. that lasts approximately perpendicular to the direction f7 move the drawer 7 is pinned at the shoulders 9A. The pin 11 passes through both side panels 5A, with mirror symmetry passes through the slits 13, which define the bounds of the first Cam profile, facilitating the identification of the boundaries of the movement of the lever 9 relative to the support 5. As you can observe, for example, in the context of figure 3, in one embodiment, the Cam profile, limited each slit 13 has a first section, a curved, essentially, along the arc of a circle, continuing between the first lower concomi and an intermediate point 13B, which, as it determines the inflection point in the trajectory of the pin 11. From the point 13B of the Cam profile is limited by the slit 13, passes into the second curved section extends from a zone or point 13B by the end 13C. As can be understood from a comparison of figures 3, 8 and 13, in the open position of brewing node (Fig. 3), the pin 11 is at the source end 13A of the Cam profile, limited slots 13, whereas in the brewing position (Fig. 13), the pin 11 is at the opposite end 13C. In the intermediate position shown in Fig, the pin 11 is located in the zone or point 13B, corresponding essentially to the position in which the drawer is in the brewing position, but in which the capsule has not yet ruptured.

The movement of the lever 9 relative to the support 5 is determined not only by the Cam profile defined by the slits 13 and the sliding pin 11 inside him, but also by the sliding of the second transverse pin 15, is essentially parallel to the pin 11, terminates in two shoulder 9A of the lever and located so as to slide inside the guide 17 is essentially perpendicular to the pin 15 and the direction f7 move the drawer 7. The guide 17 is formed by mutually parallel projecting parts 17A protruding inside pairs from each of the two side panels 5A supports 5. Essentially rectilinear slots 16 allow the pin 15 passing through b is the same panel 5A for sealing shoulder 9A of the lever 9.

In fact, as a consequence, the movement of the lever 9 is restricted by the two Cam profiles: one (formed by the slits 13) is curved and the other bounded by walls 17A and slits 16 rectilinear form. Pins 11 and 15 form a servo elements that interact with these two Cam profiles. The lever 9, which is driven by the operator to move from the positions shown in figures 1-5, in the position shown in figures 11-15, passes through the intermediate position shown in figures 6-10. The Cam profiles, as defined above, impart movement to the lever, corresponding to evoke, on the one hand, the sliding drawer 17, and on the other, the perforation of the capsule, as described below.

Each shoulder 9A of the lever 9 has at its closing the end of the slit 9B, in which engages a corresponding pin 10A of the pusher 10. The latter has two opposite pin 10A for engagement with the two arms 9A of the lever 9. In some embodiments, the implementation of the slit 9B is L-shaped, allowing relative movement between each shoulder 9A of the lever and each corresponding pin 10A of the pusher 10 during the movement of the lever 9 relative to the support 5. Pins 10A pass through the respective slots 5 provided in the side panels 5A supports 5. As you can see, in particular, for example, on Fig, the pins 10A them who have a smaller diameter, which engages in the slots 9B shoulders 9A, and a section of larger diameter, sliding within the corresponding slots 5X the width of which is essentially equal to the diameter of the specified posts in this section to form a rectilinear guide for the movement of the pusher 10.

In some embodiments, the implementation of the pins 10A of the pusher 10 are integral with the respective plates 10B, located inside the side panels 5A bearing 5, and parallel to them, and the said plate with the ends connected by transverse element 10C. Each plate 10B of the pusher 10 can slide inside the guide 7A formed on the respective side of the drawer 7. This allows the pusher 10 to slide relative to the drawer, performing the overshoot relative to the movement of a drawer 7, as will be explained in more detail below.

The front end of each plate 10B of the pusher 10, opposite to the corresponding pin 10A, has the form of elastic protruding part 10D with the first tooth 10TH and the second tooth 10F designed to lock drawer 7, to push it in the direction of the brewing position and release the plunger 10 of the drawer 7, to allow the overshoot of the pusher 10 relative to the drawer 7, all as described in more detail below.

In the front area of the drawer 7 has the t on each side of the protrusion 7B, interacts with the first tooth 10TH corresponding plate 10B of the pusher 10. As can be seen, in particular, to figures 1, 3 and 6, two teeth 10TH of the pusher 10 counteract two protrusions 7B drawer 7, so that when the plunger 10 is moved from right to left (in the figure) using a rotary translational movement clockwise of the lever 9, the sliding movement of the pusher 10 causes movement of a drawer 7 right-to-left.

Around the nest 5D, in which slides a drawer 7, bearing 5 provides a wall 5E with the top edge 5F forming step 5G on each side of the sliding slot 5D drawer 7. Each tooth 10F of the pusher 10 slides over the edge 5F wall support 5. When a tooth 10F facing step 5G move the plunger from right to left, it is put up and this causes elastic deformation of the corresponding protruding part 10D and, therefore, releases the corresponding tooth 10TH of the corresponding protrusion 7B drawer 7. This allows the overshoot of the pusher 10 relative to the drawer 7, it performs the functions that will be described below in more detail.

Drawer 7 has a fixed rear section 7C with the surface in the form of a truncated cone with non-parallel bases. More precisely, in the shown embodiment, the fixed section 7C has the Orme surface, the corresponding half of a truncated cone in shape essentially corresponding to the tapered side wall of the disposable capsules With. the Stationary section 7C limits, together with two swinging shoulders 19, pivotally mounted at 19 on the drawer 7, the socket for receiving the capsule.

As can be seen concretely, for example, in the form in plan and partial section of figure 5, the swinging shoulders 19 are held in closed position by elastic elements, such as cylindrical spring (not shown), and mounted on swivel pins 19A to form together with a fixed section 7C nest in the form essentially of a truncated cone with non-parallel bases for reception tea capsule C. In the position shown in figures 1-5, a drawer is in such position that the slot formed by the elements 7C and 19, is available to the user, who can insert a new capsule in him for coffee or another drink.

Shoulders 19 with the ends have recesses 19C, interacting with elements for blocking the shoulders relative to the drawer when the drawer is in the position shown in figures 6-15. In some embodiments, the implementation of the blocking elements contain two pins or pin 21, which constitute one with the element of water allocation under pressure. In the shown the embodiment, the element distribution of water under pressure is composed of or contains perforating element, designated generally 23. Perforating element 23 terminates in a pin 15 or the lever 9 and, therefore, provided the translational movement of the double arrow f23 received by the sliding of the pin 15 in the guide 17 bounded by walls 17A described above. To lock the drawer in addition to a pair of pins 21 serving to lock the swinging of the shoulders 19, the additional two pins 25 made in one piece with the perforating element 23. When the perforating element 23 is moved down, these pins 25 enter the apertures 7D provided in the drawer 7.

The work described above tea node described below.

First tea node is in the position shown in figures 1-5. In the drawings, the used capsule With the former used in the previous brewing cycle, shown inside a teapot, and a host (see, in particular, Fig. 4 and 5). Capsule release of the drawer 7 is in the initial move in the previous cycle and is removed during the subsequent cycle. Drawer 7 partially ejected from the brewing node so that its rear section, which defines the socket formed by the fixed section 7C and the swinging of the shoulders 19, available to insert a new capsule.

In the fully open position, shown in figures 1-5, the plunger 10 is in its rearmost position, the direction is Mr. right (in the drawing), and the elastic protruding portion 10C is entirely omitted in the rest position, while the teeth 10C and 10F removed from the mesh to the edge 5F of support 5. The lever 9 is essentially in a vertical position; the pin 11 forming a tracking element for the Cam profile, limited by slits 13 is in the lower position on the ends 13A of the slit 13. Perforating element 23 is in the raised position, forming a unit with the pin 15, are mounted in the lever 9, which is also in the fully raised position of the guide 17.

To complete the brewing cycle, you must perform the following steps:

- remove the used capsule, located in the brewing node

- move the new capsule that is inserted into the slot 7C, 19, 19 in the brewing position,

- perforated upper side of the capsule, and then the issue of hot water under pressure through a capsule for preparation of a drink.

All these operations are performed by a simple movement of the lever 9 from the position shown in figure 1, in the position shown in 11.

In figures 6-10, the lever makes the first part of their movement, which, thanks to the incorporation submitted by the pins 11, 15, regarding the design or the fixed bearing 5, does not swinging movement, and complex rotary-translational motion. This allows you to do all that is necessary is s move, to obtain the above steps.

In the intermediate position shown in figures 6-10, the lever is moved to bring the pin in the fully raised position corresponding to the position 13B of the slit 13 provided on each of the two side panels 5A. Pin 15 remains essentially in its original position. This is due to the fact that the first curved section 13 that extends from the end 13A to an intermediate point 13B, essentially circular with the center, essentially coinciding with the axis of the pin 15 when it is in the position shown in figures 1-10. Therefore, in this first stage of the punching element 23 no move does. Conversely, the lever 9 performs a swinging movement around the axis of the pin 15. During this swinging movement of the free ends of the arms 9A of the lever 9 is moved in a clockwise direction (in the drawings) and, thanks to the connection between the pins 10A and slits 9B, push the plunger 10, forcing him to make the first straight blow-directed pins 10A in cracks 5X the fixed bearing. In the initial position (see specifically Fig. 3) the tooth 10TH of each plate 10B of the pusher 10 is in contact with the corresponding protrusion 7B drawer 7. Therefore, the translational movement from right to left of the pusher 10, the resulting swing of the lever 9 causes an unambiguous direct the linear displacement of the drawer 7 until until it reaches the position shown in figures 6-10. In this position, the tooth 10F each plate 10B of the pusher 10 is located on the corresponding step 5G provided on the edge 5F wall 5E of the fixed bearing 5. Further movement to the left, caused an additional reduction of the lever 9 causes two teeth 10F to climb on a step 5G, elastically deforming the protrusions 10D and freeing the tooth 10TH of protrusions 7B drawer 7. In this way, the pusher 10 performs the overshoot to the left (in the drawings) relative to the movement of a drawer 7, which does not move beyond the position reached at this stage. This purpose can also be provided with front brakes 5H (see specifically, figure 6), against which stops the drawer 7.

The achieved position is such that the slot formed by the section 7C and the swinging of the shoulders 19, which inserted a new capsule C1 (figure 9), aligned on axis with the perforating element 23 below the specified item. Below perforating element 23 fixed support 5 has an opening 5L for issuing drink made capsule C1, which does not require perforation of the lower side due to its design.

During the translational movement of a drawer 7 from the position shown in figures 1-5, in the position shown in figures 6-10, used. what I capsule, which was located in the brewing site and was used in the previous brewing cycle, popped the front surfaces 19S swinging shoulders 19, follows the movement of the drawer 7 until, until you reach the second hole 5M secured at the base of the fixed bearing 5. In this way, the used capsule falls into a collecting container (not shown) under tea node 1.

In the arrangement shown in figures 6-10, drawer reaches such a position that the recess 19C swinging shoulders 19 is aligned with the pins 21 and are positioned there below. Similarly, holes 7D drawer 7 is aligned with the pins 25, as shown specifically in figure 10.

Additional lowering of the lever to its end position causes movement of the various elements of the brewing unit, that from the positions shown in figures 6-10, reach the positions shown in figures 11-15. This movement, and in this case is directed slits 12 and the guide 17, in which the slide pins 11 and 15 respectively. Pin 15 carries forward, downward movement essentially in the vertical direction and with it brings perforating element 23. The latter then enters the upper closing surface of the capsule C1, reaching the positions shown in Fig, in which the tip 23A perforin the irradiation element passes through the upper wall of the capsule C1 so, to place the tube, water inlet, in connection fluid to the capsule. As can be seen in figures 4, 9 and 14, perforating element 23 also has a tube 23C for feeding hot water under pressure, reaching the contents of the capsules through the open tip 23A of the punching element 23.

Moving down the lever 9 from the position shown in figures 6-10, in the position shown in figures 11-15, also causes, in the rotational-translational movement of the lever, further movement of the pusher 10, performing the overshoot relative to the drawer 7, as mentioned above. This overshoot is possible by releasing the pusher relative to the drawer 7, the resulting elastic deformation of each protruding part 10D caused by tooth 10F, which is pushed by step 5G edge 5F wall 5E.

Full reduction of the lever 9 also causes a reduction of the pins 21 and 25, which, thus, block the movement of a drawer 7, due to the penetration of the pins 25 in the holes 7D and the tilting movement of the tilting of the shoulders 19 relative to the drawer 7, due to the interaction of the pins 21 with grooves 19C. This allows you to apply inside the capsule C1 hot water even under very high pressure to obtain a drink.

After welding the lever 9 is raised on the best of the situation, shown in figures 11-15, in the position shown in figures 1-5. This movement of the plunger 10 and the drawer 7, together with the perforating element 23 will return to its original position, after the movement of the lever. This return movement of drawer 7 get with the pressure plate 10D of the pusher 10 to the tip 7A provided on each side of the drawer 7. Used capsule C1 remains in the brewing position, and then is removed from the slot 7C, 19, 19, for example, by providing the elastic petal 29 (see, for example, figures 4, 9)having a deformable and downward protruding ends 29A, overlapping with the upper edge of the capsule, when it seeks after extracting movement of the drawer (left to right in the drawings). This obstacle blocks the capsule in the position shown in Fig, not letting her move after move mailbox 7. Swinging shoulders 19 are opened because of the pressure produced by the capsule C1 is locked in this position, sufficient to cause rocking of the shoulders, overcoming the resistance of the springs (not shown)which expose them to the voltage in the closed position. The opening movement of the drawer 7 is such that the shoulders are moved completely out of position used capsules, and can be returned (figure 5) in the state is, suitable for the reception of a new capsule for the next brewing cycle, the closing of the shoulder, obtained by elastic force of a spring, not shown, acts on these shoulders. New capsule inserted into a drawer that goes under the elastic blade 29, by bending the end 29A up.

In figures 20, 21A-C shown partially tea node of the second variant implementation. In these figures shows some elements of the site needed to understand the differences with respect to the embodiments shown in figures 1-19.

The essential difference between this version of the implementation with respect to the previous one is the presence of systems of Cam profile provided on the wall 5N bottom of the fixed bearing 5. More specifically, the bottom wall provided with two profiles 5P Cam having mirror symmetry about the vertical mid-plane. Each of the profiles 5P Cam is, essentially, the first straight section 5S, essentially parallel to the direction f7 move the drawer 7, the second section 5, and in this case, the straight, but angled outward relative to the Central line, the third, in essence, a circular section 5U and the fourth section 5T, and in this case, straight and essentially parallel to the direction of movement of the drawer. This last straight section 5T ends in the Central the " hole 5L wall 5N bottom support 5. Each of the swinging shoulder 19 has a lower pin or rod 19D, tazapsidis in the corresponding Cam profile 5P.

The Cam profiles 5P interact with the witness elements formed by pins or rods 19D control the swinging movements, opening and closing the shoulders 19 relative to the pins 19A, without having to use elastic return elements.

More specifically, when the drawer is in the brewing position (figure S), rods 19D shoulders 19 are located on the front points of the curve, marked 5Q profiles 5P Cam. When the drawer 7 is moved back from the brewing position to the open position (figure 21B), the pins or rods 19D are moved in a circular sections 5U profiles 5P Cam, causing, simple translational movement of the drawer 7, controlled by a lever 9, the swinging opening movement of the shoulders 19. For this reason, the shoulders 19 open pass out the used capsule. The side wall is used capsules With so pushing the shoulders that they engage with pins 19D in the circular section 5U profiles 5P Cam, instead of installing in the linear section 5T. On figa shows an intermediate position of a drawer 7 when the opening movement of the brewing position (figure S) in the open position (figure 21B). Shoulders 19 are open and crossing the t out the empty capsule C.

In the fully open position of the drawer 7, the pins or rods 19D geared in the original rectilinear sections (5S) profiles 5P Cam. When the closing movement of the brewing site, produced a gradual decrease of the lever 9, the swinging shoulders 19 remain in the closed position and push the empty capsule used in the previous cycle, from its provisions. Used capsule does not allow the opening swing of the shoulders 19, and, consequently, their pins or rods 19D continue rectilinear motion parallel to the feed direction of the drawer 7 and in the final section of his motion to leave the linear section 5S profile 5P through holes 5L and are inserted in the straight sections 5R profile of the Cam until then, until they reach the above mentioned points of inflection 5Q.

It is clear that the drawings show only one example, just as a practical demonstration of the invention, which can vary in forms and arrangements without leaving, however, for the amount the entity underlying the invention.

For example, in a modified embodiment, the device may be designed to receive one-time portions of the boxes, and not one-off portions of the capsules. In this case, the element 23 already contains perforating element with a hollow tip 23A and vydatnou element of another type. In some Islands Ianto implementation element 23 may be composed of the element, moved in a direction approximately perpendicular relative to the boxes, with a filter through which water under pressure, is surrounded by a sealing ring is pressed against the surface of the boxes. Thus, a hermetically sealed volume is limited by the supply tube hot water and a box so that the water coming from the tube, is distributed by the filter on the surface corresponding to the inner surface of the sealing ring, and forced to pass through the non-woven material, paper or other permeable material forming a shell boxes, and then through the ground coffee or other contained within a food product. Also in this case, just the action of the lever 9, the kinematic mechanism, described above, allows you to make any move, including moving wydanego element to another with a box to bring vydatnou element in connection fluid with a box.

Any reference position in the attached claims is provided to facilitate reading of the claims with reference to the description and drawings and do not limit the scope of protection represented by the claims.

1. Tea node for the preparation of a beverage from a single batch of packages containing in combination: a support, a drawer, representing, at least, grisdale one portion of the package, sliding relative to the specified support and movable between a loading position one portion of the package and the brewing position; vydatnou element for issuing water under pressure to the specified single portion package; characterized in that:
- it contains a lever to control the movement of the specified drawer and mechanical connection between the said lever and the specified videcnik element, and the effect of the lever causes movement of a drawer from the loading position in the brewing position and presses vydatnou element to one portion of the package;
- provided with the locking element, the locking single portion package in the brewing position, preventing its movement in the direction of boot position when the drawer is moved from the brewing position into the loading position;
- the specified socket is partially limited by a pair of swinging shoulders that move relative to the specified drawer to allow removal of used disposable portion package from the specified slot during movement of a drawer from the brewing position into the loading position.

2. Tea node according to claim 1, characterized in that the movement of the specified wydanego element and a specified drawer mutually coordinated t is to, what vydatnou element is pressed against one portion of the package, when one portion of the package taken in the brewing position specified drawer.

3. Tea node according to claim 2, characterized in that the said swinging shoulders are so used capsule, which was located in the brewing position and was used in the previous cycle, is pushed by the front surface of the swinging of the shoulders, followed by moving the drawer from the loading position in the brewing position up until the specified used capsule reaches the holes provided in the base support.

4. Tea node according to claim 3, characterized in that the said shoulders swinging about an axis essentially perpendicular to the movement of the specified drawer.

5. Tea node according to claim 4, characterized in that the said swinging shoulders essentially symmetrical with respect to the direction of movement of the specified drawer.

6. Tea node according to claim 5, characterized in that the socket is limited to specified swinging shoulders and wall, essentially stationary relative to the specified drawer.

7. Tea node according to claim 6, characterized in that the stationary wall restricts the inner surface in the shape essentially corresponding to the form of rasovo the portions of the package.

8. Tea node according to claim 7, characterized in that the stationary wall and the specified pair of swinging shoulders together form a surface in the form of an approximately truncated cone with non-parallel bases corresponding to the outer side surface of one portion of the package and the fact that the fixed wall turned back, and shoulders facing forward relative movement of a drawer from the loading position in the brewing position.

9. Tea node according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the said swinging shoulders elastically strained in the closed position and to come forward in an open position used single a La carte service, which remains in the brewing position during movement of a drawer from the brewing position into the loading position.

10. Tea node according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the said swinging shoulders contain a tracking element that interacts with a corresponding Cam profile comprising one unit with the specified support, with the given profile of the Cam controls the movement of the corresponding shoulder when moving the drawer relative to the support.

11. Tea node according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the locking element includes a resilient tip, forming one piece with the support, owolawi pass one portion of the package towards the brewing position and does not allow the passage of one portion of the package in the opposite direction.

12. Tea node according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that it contains a unit for moving a drawer, with the specified block does not allow movement of a drawer during welding.

13. Tea node indicated in paragraph 12, characterized in that the specified block to move the drawer is controlled by the specified handle.

14. Tea node according to item 13, wherein the specified block contains at least the movable pin, managed mentioned lever, which can be inserted into and removed from the holes provided in the specified drawer.

15. Tea node 14, characterized in that the block contains two movable pins, managed mentioned lever, which can be inserted into and removed from the corresponding holes provided in the specified drawer.

16. Tea node indicated in paragraph 15, characterized in that the pin or pins are integral with the specified videcnik element.

17. Tea node according to item 16, characterized in that it contains a device for locking these swinging shoulders.

18. Tea node 17, characterized in that the locking device specified swinging shoulder or shoulders managed by the specified handle.

19. Tea site on p, characterized in that the locking device shown what about the swinging shoulder or shoulders contains the pin for each swing of the shoulder.

20. Tea node according to claim 19, characterized in that the pin or pins are integral with the specified videcnik element.

21. Tea node according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 13-20, characterized in that the lever has a first tracking element interacting with the first Cam profile comprising one unit with the specified support, with the specified Cam element includes:
the first curved section, continuing between the first end of the first Cam profile corresponding to the boot position of a drawer and an intermediate point of the specified Cam profile, on which a drawer is in the brewing position, and vydatnou element is not connected to a fluid environment with a single a La carte service;
the second curved section, continuing between the said intermediate point and the second end of the first Cam profile, the second end corresponds to the position in which the specified vydatnou element is connected in a fluid environment with a single a La carte service.

22. Tea node according to item 21, wherein said first servo element contains the first transverse pin and the fact that the first Cam profile is composed of two mirror-symmetric channels provided in two corresponding side panels of the specified support.

23. Tea node is on p.22, characterized in that the lever has a second servo element, cooperating with a second Cam profile comprising one unit with the specified support, while the second Cam profile having essentially a rectangular shape, essentially perpendicular to the direction of movement of the specified drawer and essentially parallel to the moving wydanego element.

24. Tea node according to item 23, wherein the specified second tracking element includes a second transverse pin and so that the second Cam profile is composed of two essentially mirror-symmetric channels provided in two corresponding side panels supports.

25. Tea node point 24, characterized in that said second pin is clamped to the slider that has vydatnou element.

26. Tea site on A.25, characterized in that the slider goes pins through the holes provided in the specified support.

27. Tea node according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 13-20, 22 to 26, characterized in that the lever has a molded groove in which engages a pin for mechanical connection between the said lever and the specified drawer.

28. Tea node according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 13-20, 22 to 26, characterized in that the specified vydatnou element contains the punch for punching at azannyh single portion packages, while moving the issued item for compression to the specified single portion package calls it the perforation specified punch.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: cooking assembly contains an instillation station carrying out a rotary movement with a piston inserted into the station so that to enable sliding. A counter-piston interacts with the installation station and the piston so that to form the cooking chamber. Additionally provided for are cam elements for control of the installation station, piston and counter-piston motions. The installation station, piston and counter-piston may occupy relative to each other at least one position for loading the product for beverage preparation purposes, at least two various boiling positions (the two various volumes of the boiling chamber correspond to) and the position for used product discharge.

EFFECT: invention enables to enhance the design strength and reliability.

20 cl, 61 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the system 10, and also to the method of making beverages with an infusion method of the product contained in the package 1, and can be used in coffee machines of the ESPRESSO type. The system 10 comprises an infusion chamber 7, a locking device 60 including upper locking means 61 which are designed for selective prevention or providing access to the chamber 7 in its upper part, and the lower locking means 62 which are designed for selective receiving by the chamber 7 of the package 1 or providing the package 1 outlet from the chamber 7 under the action of gravity force. The position of the upper locking means 61 determines the position of the lower locking means 62 and vice versa.

EFFECT: increased reliability and simplification of the structure due to reducing the number of moving parts.

17 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of domestic equipment. A device to prepare a drink from a food product contained in a capsule (24), by injection of a fluid supplied by a pump (70) into the capsule (24), comprises a head (20) of extraction, having a hole (22) to insert a holder (30) of the capsule and to supply the capsule (24) into a receiving chamber (25) of the capsule holder, a mechanism (21) to close the above capsule (24) in the receiving chamber of the capsule holder. Further it comprises one injecting element to supply a fluid from a pump (70), inside the capsule (24), a unit (80) to control at least a pump (70), and also decoding facilities joined with the unit (80) of control and designed to read data from the holder (30) of the capsule or insert.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of data transfer and to increase quality of a prepared drink.

22 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household appliances. The machine for making coffee comprises a brewing group with the main body formed by the casing, limiting the space for the reverse movement of the brewing cylinder between the position of engagement with the packing piston for formation of the brewing chamber, and the position of decoupling with the packing piston to load a portion of ground coffee. And the brewing cylinder is rigidly supported by the rotating arm. It also comprises a tool of removable mutual coupling between the brewing cylinder and the arm, secured to take the said brewing cylinder out of the window of the body. And on the outer side of the said body there is additionally a means of moving the arm.

EFFECT: invention enables to simplify the device design concept and make it more compact and reliable.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brewing device to prepare beverages or other food products from capsules, in particular, from disposable capsules. The brewing device comprises a brewing chamber with the first part and the second part capable of displacement relative to each other, besides, there is a seat for capsules in one of the parts. In this seat there is at least one perforator for capsule perforation. The first channel supplies a brewing fluid medium into the chamber, and the second channel provides for food product release from the brewing chamber. In the seat there is an alignment element for capsules, which may elastically move in axial direction and is equipped with a guiding and aligning surface for capsules facing the second of the brewing chamber parts. Besides, the aligning element is elastically loaded so that it partially protrudes from the seat while the brewing chamber is open, and may move inside the seat as the brewing chamber closes, besides, when the brewing chamber is closed with a capsule arranged inside, the aligning element is fully inserted inside the seat.

EFFECT: development of a new brewing device with a brewing chamber formed by two parts that may move relative to each other and a system that makes it possible to improve coaxiality of a capsule relative to a perforator or perforators and makes it possible to easier remove the capsule after brewing.

47 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method of producing capsule 1 containing drink ingredients to be forced into drink making device wherein fluid is forced into capsule to interact with ingredients and force prepared drink outward. Capsule comprises case 4 with sealing component 8 attached thereto. Proposed comprises step whereat at least one sealing material is injected onto the surface of said case 4 to produce sealing component 8 by injection moulding. Said component is tightly attached to case 4. Case inner space is filled with food ingredients and tightly closed by membrane 5.

EFFECT: better tightness, ease of use.

41 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: feeding head for a machine for making drinks comprises a movable first part and a fixed second part. The first part is made with the possibility of displacement relative to the second part between the open position and the closed position. In the open position the first part is arranged with the possibility to load a capsule into the feeding head. In the closed position the first part and the second part are arranged with the possibility to retain the specified capsule in the distribution position. The feeding head additionally comprises an inlet punch and an outlet punch, which are aligned in the same direction and are made with the possibility of rotation relative to the fixed second part between the pulled-in position and punching position.

EFFECT: reduced dimensions of the punching mechanism.

44 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: feeding head for a machine for making drinks comprises a movable first part and a fixed second part. The first part is made with the possibility of displacement relative to the second part between the open position and the closed position. In the open position the first part is arranged with the possibility to load a capsule into the feeding head. In the closed position the first part and the second part are arranged with the possibility to retain the specified capsule in the distribution position. The feeding head additionally comprises an inlet punch and an outlet punch, which are aligned in the same direction and are made with the possibility of rotation relative to the fixed second part between the pulled-in position and punching position.

EFFECT: reduced dimensions of the punching mechanism.

44 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method of producing capsule 1 containing drink ingredients to be forced into drink making device wherein fluid is forced into capsule to interact with ingredients and force prepared drink outward. Capsule comprises case 4 with sealing component 8 attached thereto. Proposed comprises step whereat at least one sealing material is injected onto the surface of said case 4 to produce sealing component 8 by injection moulding. Said component is tightly attached to case 4. Case inner space is filled with food ingredients and tightly closed by membrane 5.

EFFECT: better tightness, ease of use.

41 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brewing device to prepare beverages or other food products from capsules, in particular, from disposable capsules. The brewing device comprises a brewing chamber with the first part and the second part capable of displacement relative to each other, besides, there is a seat for capsules in one of the parts. In this seat there is at least one perforator for capsule perforation. The first channel supplies a brewing fluid medium into the chamber, and the second channel provides for food product release from the brewing chamber. In the seat there is an alignment element for capsules, which may elastically move in axial direction and is equipped with a guiding and aligning surface for capsules facing the second of the brewing chamber parts. Besides, the aligning element is elastically loaded so that it partially protrudes from the seat while the brewing chamber is open, and may move inside the seat as the brewing chamber closes, besides, when the brewing chamber is closed with a capsule arranged inside, the aligning element is fully inserted inside the seat.

EFFECT: development of a new brewing device with a brewing chamber formed by two parts that may move relative to each other and a system that makes it possible to improve coaxiality of a capsule relative to a perforator or perforators and makes it possible to easier remove the capsule after brewing.

47 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household appliances. The machine for making coffee comprises a brewing group with the main body formed by the casing, limiting the space for the reverse movement of the brewing cylinder between the position of engagement with the packing piston for formation of the brewing chamber, and the position of decoupling with the packing piston to load a portion of ground coffee. And the brewing cylinder is rigidly supported by the rotating arm. It also comprises a tool of removable mutual coupling between the brewing cylinder and the arm, secured to take the said brewing cylinder out of the window of the body. And on the outer side of the said body there is additionally a means of moving the arm.

EFFECT: invention enables to simplify the device design concept and make it more compact and reliable.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of domestic equipment. A device to prepare a drink from a food product contained in a capsule (24), by injection of a fluid supplied by a pump (70) into the capsule (24), comprises a head (20) of extraction, having a hole (22) to insert a holder (30) of the capsule and to supply the capsule (24) into a receiving chamber (25) of the capsule holder, a mechanism (21) to close the above capsule (24) in the receiving chamber of the capsule holder. Further it comprises one injecting element to supply a fluid from a pump (70), inside the capsule (24), a unit (80) to control at least a pump (70), and also decoding facilities joined with the unit (80) of control and designed to read data from the holder (30) of the capsule or insert.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of data transfer and to increase quality of a prepared drink.

22 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the system 10, and also to the method of making beverages with an infusion method of the product contained in the package 1, and can be used in coffee machines of the ESPRESSO type. The system 10 comprises an infusion chamber 7, a locking device 60 including upper locking means 61 which are designed for selective prevention or providing access to the chamber 7 in its upper part, and the lower locking means 62 which are designed for selective receiving by the chamber 7 of the package 1 or providing the package 1 outlet from the chamber 7 under the action of gravity force. The position of the upper locking means 61 determines the position of the lower locking means 62 and vice versa.

EFFECT: increased reliability and simplification of the structure due to reducing the number of moving parts.

17 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: cooking assembly contains an instillation station carrying out a rotary movement with a piston inserted into the station so that to enable sliding. A counter-piston interacts with the installation station and the piston so that to form the cooking chamber. Additionally provided for are cam elements for control of the installation station, piston and counter-piston motions. The installation station, piston and counter-piston may occupy relative to each other at least one position for loading the product for beverage preparation purposes, at least two various boiling positions (the two various volumes of the boiling chamber correspond to) and the position for used product discharge.

EFFECT: invention enables to enhance the design strength and reliability.

20 cl, 61 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improvements of brewing units for making beverages which use capsules, boxes, or other pre-packaged single portion packages, in particular for making coffee. The brewing unit comprises in combination: a support, a drawer which is, at least, a slot for single portion package, sliding relative to the said support and movable between the position of loading of the single portion package and the brewing position and the outputted element to supply water under pressure to the said single portion package. The brewing unit also comprises a lever to control the movement of the said drawer and mechanical connection between the said lever and the said outputted element. The lever action causes movement of the drawer from the loading position to the brewing position and presses the outputted element to the single portion package. The brewing unit is provided with a locking member blocking the single portion package in the brewing position, preventing it from movement in the direction of loading position when the said drawer is moved from the brewing position in the loading position. The said slot is partially restricted with a pair of swinging arms that move relative to the said drawer to enable disposal of the used single portion package from the said slot during movement of the drawer from the brewing position to the loading position.

EFFECT: automation of all operations performed by the operator after launch is provided.

28 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The machine for preparing beverages with a brewing unit for preparing beverages for accommodation of the disposable capsule comprises a node of the capsule retention, designed for retention the capsule in the given position during insertion of the capsule under gravity in the brewing unit, and a water injection node for at least a partial closing the capsule and the water supply to the capsule. The part retaining the capsule forms the front part of the unit and is attached to the node of liquid injection with the ability to move along essentially a horizontal trajectory, while the water injection node is a rear fixed part of the unit. The machine for preparing beverage comprises a housing. One of these nodes of the brewing unit can be movable or slide telescopically out of this housing for insertion/removal of the capsule with the ingredient and to be placed in the housing to bring the brewing node in the position of the capsule extraction.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to provide a proper seal to create the necessary conditions for extraction.

15 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The plant for preparation of beverages implementing the claimed method is designed to complete the process of preparation of beverage by passing the flowing medium through at least one element comprising at least one ingredient of the beverage. And at least one element is designed for entering it and processing of different types of elements comprising the beverage ingredient, such as a pad, a cup, a capsule and a cartridge. The device additionally comprises a control means, a detection means for measuring at least one characteristic of the flow when the flowing medium flow is created, the memory tool for storing the group of the predetermined flow characteristics connected to different types of elements that contain a flow ingredient, and an injection device for injecting fluid. And the predetermined flow characteristics which are stored in the memory tool are characteristics of the operating point.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to detect automatically an element comprising the beverage ingredient by creating the flowing medium flow through the element.

3 cl

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