High-speed plow

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building in particular to the combined plows. The plow comprises a ploughshare, a mouldboard, a field board, and a rack. The mouldboard comprises a shield and a freely rotating volume disk. The disc is mounted behind the shield. The angle "Г" determining the disk capacity is in the range: 180° > "Г" > 90°.

EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to improve the operational reliability and durability of the plow, to reduce material consumption of the plowing process by reducing the resistance of the treated soil, and improve performance due to increasing the rate of soil treatment.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to the combined ploughs (C.P.) and can be used in various different constructions tillage machinery and mechanisms.

Known the plow disk [1], the design of which is as cutting body used a rotating disk with an installed blade.

The main drawback of this plow is the increased resistance of the soil during cultivation, which leads to increased metal products, design complexity, as well as increased fuel consumption and reduce the service life of the traction unit.

Known for the design of the plow-hybrid, [2] in which the blade used drive grating drum installed on the blades.

The disadvantage of this design is the presence of a forced drive of the drum, which entails increased complexity of products and material, and hence reduced reliability and increased operating costs.

The objective of the proposed technical solution is to develop a structural diagram of the plow on the basis of the known structural solutions to increase operational reliability, durability, reduce consumption, and reduce economic costs. In the use of t is khnichenkova solution reduces the negative impact on the environment by saving fuel, achieved by decreasing the resistance of the treated soil and improve performance by increasing processing speed.

This goal is achieved by the fact that at high speed the plough, containing a plow blade, a field Board and rack, blade consists of a flap and a freely rotating disk volume mounted behind the plate, and the angle, which determines the amount of drive is within 180°>G>90°.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which presents a structural diagram of the plow.

Figure 1 shows the scheme of a high-speed plow, General view.

Figure 2 - cross section a-a figure 1.

Speed the plow includes a plow 1, the blade consisting of a plate 2 and rotating on an axis, volume 3 disk 4, field boards 5 and 6 hours.

This volume disk mounted behind a flap that has the angles B and D. the axis of rotation, determine the position of this axis in space relative to the field Board and within the 0°<B<90°, -90°<D<90°, and the angle G, which determines the amount of drive is within 180°>G>90°.

The plow works as follows.

Blade 1 cuts the soil layer of width b and depth H, a few raised plowshare layer through the flap 2 is directed to a freely rotating on an axis, volume 3 disc 4. The soil layer by tapping the bottom inner surface of the volume of a disk, is leave him in the rotation. Revolving, three-dimensional drive its inner surface raises the soil layer and knocks him aside. Since different points of the surface volume of the disc from the center to the edge, pass through the corner of G different linear distances, there is intense destruction and mixing of the soil layer.

The use of the plow of this design will allow for better processing of the arable layer of soil to increase its fertility, to reduce the impact on the environment at the expense of fuel economy, reduce operating costs, reduce the consumption of the product and increase productivity by increasing the speed of processing.

Sources of information

1. Encyclopedic dictionary of the young farmer, ed. "Pedagogy", 1983, str.

2. Halanski V.M. and other "Agricultural machinery", Moscow, Kolos, 2003, p.22-25, Risa.

Speed the plough, containing a plow blade, a field Board and a rack mounted on the frame, characterized in that the blade consists of a flap and a freely rotating disk volume that is installed behind the flap, the angle G, which determines the amount of disk resides within: 180°>G>90°.



 

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