Building base facing

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: building base facing is arranged in the form of shaped relief panels with thickness of 2-4 mm from a polymer material - polypropylene, serially installed along the base length and joined to each other by ledges and slots available at their end sides by means of latches. At the angles of the base the panels are connected with angular double-faced panels, connected at the inner side with an angular frame, arranged in the form of a double-sided rod truss with braces forming flat triangular structures with runs, and fixed to the inner surface of the double-faced panels. At the top of the double-faced angle the angular panels along their entire height are arranged as rectilinear, and the value of ledges on panels relief exceeds thickness of relief panel material. Connection of the rod truss with panels is arranged in the form of elastic latches arranged pairwise in its end parts and in the middle part.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase rigidity of facing and its deformation resistance to operational loads, especially in case of pressure drops.

2 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, namely, the decorative and protective coatings (lower part) of the pedestal. You can use cladding for the construction of the protective coating on the walls of the building.

The closest known is facing the pedestal, made in the form of a molded relief panels of polymeric material is polypropylene, sequentially installed along the length of the base and connected to each other available on their face sides of the projections and grooves by means of the fixing latches, and at the corners of the base panel connected with dihedral corner panels connected to the inner side of the frame (http://www.stroymet-s.ru/cokolnyi-saiding/nailite/soffit/. 2010).

The panel, in a decision does not have sufficient rigidity, which leads to warping of the cladding under the action of external physical loads and temperature change of the wavelength of possible deviation of the positions of the external corners of the lining from the design position in mutually perpendicular directions, which leads to the destruction of the nodes they connect.

The objective of the proposed technical solution is to increase the rigidity of the lining and increase its deformation resistance of the operational loads, especially when the temperature drops.

This is achieved by the fact that Obozov is and the base of the building is made in the form of a molded relief panels 2-4 mm thick made of polymeric material polypropylene, sequentially installed along the length of the base and connected to each other available on their face sides of the projections and grooves by means of snaps, and at the corners of the base panel connected with dihedral corner panels connected to the inner side with an angular frame made in the form of dihedral rod farm with braces, forming with the runs flat triangular patterns, and fixed to the inner surface of the dihedral panels, and at the vertex of the dihedral angle corner panels throughout their height made straight, and the value of the projections of the relief panels exceeds the thickness of the material is embossed panel. And the connection rod farm with panels made in the form of elastic latches, located in pairs at the end parts and the middle part.

For a given material thickness of the panel exceeded its educated on her terrain provides the necessary value of the Flexural rigidity of the panel due to the formation of the ribs, both convex and concave.

Figure 1 shows the relief line panel (option with stoppers on bottom hem).

Figure 2 presents a relief line panel (option tabs on the end edge).

Figure 3 presents the angular frame (photo).

Figure 4 presents the linear panel variant with enlarged Deco is exploring blocks simulated stones.

Figure 5 is the same, with small decorative blocks simulated stones.

On 6 samples dihedral corner panels.

Veneer base of the building consists of serially connected along the length (and height, if necessary) panels 1, each of which is made molded with relief and has a thickness of 2-4 mm For panels used polymeric material is polypropylene. Panel along the length of the cap are interconnected available on their face sides of the protrusions 2 and the slots 3 and bearing profile - by latches (not shown) on its back surface. At the corners of the base panel connected with dihedral corner panel 4 connected to the inner side with an angular frame 5, which is made in the form of a dihedral rod farm (figure 3) with braces 6, forming with 7 runs flat triangular structure. The farm attached to the inner surface of the dihedral panels, with the top 8 dihedral angle corner panels throughout their height made straight, and the value of the projections of the relief panels exceeds the thickness of the material is embossed panel. And the connection rod farm with panels made in the form of elastic latches 9, located in pairs at the end parts and the middle part. To mount the panel are elongated slots 10 at the upper edge.

Collected from the above linear panel and mounted on farms corner panels veneer base provides the necessary rigidity of the structure as a whole, no deformation even when the temperature changes of the length and compensates breaking technological conditions mounting linear panels (in the case of an excessive tightening of the fastening part of its elements).

1. Facing the pedestal, made in the form of a molded relief panels with a thickness of 2-4 mm from the polymeric material is polypropylene, sequentially installed along the length of the base and connected to each other available on their face sides of the projections and grooves by means of snaps, and at the corners of the base panel connected with dihedral corner panels connected to the inner side with an angular frame made in the form of dihedral rod farm with braces, forming with the runs flat triangular patterns, and fixed to the inner surface of the dihedral panels, and at the vertex of the dihedral angle corner panels throughout their height made straight, and the value of the projections of the relief panels greater than the thickness of the material is embossed panel.

2. Facing the pedestal according to claim 1, characterized in that the connection rod farm with panels made in the form of elastic latches, located in pairs at the end parts and the middle part.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: set for fixation of a vertical bearing profile of a suspended facade system comprises upper and lower units of fixation, every of which includes a support part fixed motionlessly on the faced surface and a cantilever stand fixed with it. The vertical bearing profile is fixed on the free end of the stand. In the upper unit of fixation the support part and the vertical bearing profile are connected with the cantilever stand as fixed. The cantilever stand of the lower fixation unit is connected with the support part and the vertical bearing profile hingedly as capable of rotation relative to them.

EFFECT: invention will make it possible to compensate linear deformations of vertical bearing profiles of a suspended facade system.

2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device for facades to install sheet elements, preferably multiple glass panes, comprising a retaining element and a fixing element, besides, the device has the first position, in which the device makes it possible to place the specified sheet elements into the required position, and the second position, in which the device presses at least a part of the specified sheet element. The device comprises a braking element arranged as capable of preventing displacement of the fixing element relative to the retaining element in the first position, besides, the fixing element is arranged as capable of displacement into the second position by application of an external force.

EFFECT: easier installation of multiple glass panes.

11 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures includes making the main skeleton frame of the structure, a lining net, transparent and opaque mosaics, sealing cords. The net is installed on the frame, ventilation holes are made in the net, as well as openings for windows and doors, cells of the lining net are filled with mosaics, installing transparent mosaics in those areas, where a view is required, and in other areas - a non-transparent one with the selected colour mosaic pattern, sealing cords are installed. The device comprises a net made of a wire rigidly connected in points of contact, and mosaics has locks for fixation on the net and slots for installation of a sealing cord.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify assembly of a structure due to the improved technology of structure elements manufacturing.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facade system (1) with an air gap for fixation of fine-sized facing boards comprises at least two guides (2), fixed on appropriate brackets installed on a bearing base; at least two horizontal shapes (3) of "П"-shaped section with two supports (4 and 5) to fix the top (4) and bottom (5) of appropriate fine-sized facing boards (6); fine-sized facing boards (6), containing grooves (7 and 8) on their upper and lower ends for installation into appropriate specified shapes (3); at least one tape (10) for its installation into specified grooves of facing boards; and a cement-containing composition (9), having hydraulic insulation properties.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce weight, develop a ventilated gap, reduce cost and increase heat and hydraulic insulation properties of a building with preservation of appearance of brickwork.

14 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: set for dry installation of facing tiles includes at least one substrate, the first side of which contacts with a substance (F), and the second one - at least with one facing tile (R). Strip liners are arranged along the perimeter of facing tiles (R), which fill gaps between neighbouring tiles. Angle elements level liners relative to each other, fixing them along the perimetre of the appropriate facing tile.

EFFECT: reduced labour inputs in installation of facing tiles.

61 cl, 30 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facade hinged ventilated enclosure of buildings includes facade boards, thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and bearing elements of enclosure pulled without a gap through the thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and made in the form of anchor rods arranged in vertical rows. Anchor rods are screwed through dowels into a building wall and has fixing elements at free ends, providing for installation and fixation of boards. In order to increase reliability of facade boards fixation, to make it possible to line multi-storey buildings and to increase barrier drift by increasing stiffness of bearing elements, anchors of vertical rows are connected to each other by means of traction rods so that traction rods with anchors create vertical power structures. Upper free ends of traction rods are fixed to an enclosed building wall.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of facade enclosure fixation and to reduce labour intensiveness of performed works.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method includes arrangement of a panel on a heat insulated surface of a building, its positioning relative the heat insulated surface of the building with the help of the device for positioning suspended heat insulated panels and fixation of the panel on the building surface. The device for positioning comprises a guide part in the form of a bushing with an internal thread, stiffly joined with the panel body, and a support part in the form of a screw with an external thread joined with it by a threaded joint. One end of the screw contacts with the heat insulated surface of the building and engages with it, and the second one has the shape suitable for engagement with a tool for screw rotation. The screw is made with the possibility to arrange an additional fixing element in it to fix a suspended panel to the facade. The panel comprises a process hole, arranged with the possibility of provision of tool insertion for rotation of a screw. After additional positioning of the panel position the cavity between the panel and the heat insulated surface of the building and the process hole in the panel are filled with a foam filler.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to ensure easy and reliable assembly of suspended heat insulation panels on the heat insulated surface with compensation of its irregularities, and also adjustment of position of the installed panels without necessity of their dismantling.

9 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: in the building structure with tile facing the facing is made of tiles attached to the surface of the structure via a connecting layer of a hardened adhesive mixture, which increases the tiles strength. Tiles are made as having a facing layer with a shell having a bending strength, equal to the thickness of the facing layer and height corresponding to the thickness of the layer for filling with the adhesive mixture. The facing layer with the area F is made as a whole with boards by stamping from a metal sheet or a metal-based laminate, and the metal thickness in the facing layer and the height of the boards is taken depending on the tile size.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

5 cl

Facing for walls // 2423583

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facing comprises a group of panels, which in process of manufacturing are given a pattern and a surface finish that imitate handmade brickwork. Panels are mounted in the form of a sequence of horizontal rows, besides, the lower edge area of an overlying panel is imposed over the upper edge area of the panel that belongs to the earlier installed row. Upper and lower edge areas include reference surfaces, which are inclined, making it possible during positioning to ensure a tight contact between "cement" and "brick" of two joined panels, besides, "cement" strips located between "strips", are in general coplanar to each other and to face surfaces of imitated bricks, which protrude forward relative to "cement" strips by an identical distance, and as a result the appearance is more esthetic and natural. Connections between attached panels are in general invisible, and uniformity of heights of "bricks" and "cement" strips forward protrusion makes it possible to avoid shadows that reduce naturalness effect.

EFFECT: invention increases reliability of facing fixation.

8 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method includes preparation of structures surface and facing tiles, application of gluing mass, attachment of tiles to the specified surface. The surface is covered with facing tiles included into a set. The set includes main and additional facing tiles. Their length and width are multiple to a linear module common for the set. Additional tiles are arranged with at least one linear dimension, equal to, multiple to or fractionally multiple to at least one linear dimensions in at least one group of the main tiles in the set. Tiles are made as a stiff shell of metal, alloy or from a layer composition comprising a metal layer. Each stiff shell of the tile has a facing and rear surfaces and is equipped with sides - stiffening ribs along the contour as protruding beyond the rear surface. Their thickness and height are at least sufficient to double the common resistance of a tile jointly with sides to a bend, at least in direction of width relative to resistance to the bend of a tile without sides in the same direction. Sides jointly with the rear surface of the tile form a shell with an open cavity to be filled with a gluing mass. The thickness of the metal or alloy layer is accepted depending on the value of the tile area.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

13 cl

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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