Composition and method of cleaning carpets

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: granular composition contains hydrophobic cellulose and/or silicated cellulose and a metal salt, such as an alkali metal salt. Preferably, the composition contains a metal salt and a cellulose component in equal ratios. The method involves the following steps: 1) depositing the granular composition onto the carpet; 2) facilitating contact between the cellulose-containing composition and the spot/dirt on the carpet; and 3) removing, at least partly, the cellulose-containing composition. Step (3) is preferably carried out using a vacuum cleaner.

EFFECT: preventing damage to carpets and change of colour.

11 cl, 24 ex

 

The present invention relates to a granular composition suitable for cleaning carpets, cleaning carpets using granulated composition.

Carpets made from synthetic or natural fibers and mixtures thereof, are widely used as flooring in homes and business premises of destination. In the manufacture of carpets can be used in different types of fibres, such as polyamide fibers, polyester fibers, and wool, cotton or even silk.

Regardless, do the carpets made from natural or synthetic fibers, in contact with many of the household items they get dirty, they appear spots. Foods, fats, oils, beverages, such as coffee, tea and soft drinks, particularly those containing acid dyes are the cause of the carpets are unsightly, often dark spots. Fibers also can become contaminated with particles of dirt, clay, dust, that is, generally speaking, solid soil particles, due to their contact with the carpet and sticking to the fibers. The soil often has the form of a diffuse layer, and not the individual spots, and has a tendency to accumulate, especially in the so-called "areas with heavy traffic, for example, near the doors, as a result of intensive to operate the carpets in these areas.

In the art already known compositions for cleaning carpets. For example, in US-A-2005/250662 described liquid composition for cleaning carpets-based surfactants and other auxiliary materials.

The use of these compositions is not without flaws. First, cause if these songs manually or by means of devices for applying, because of their liquid nature takes a long time to remove these songs from the carpet after cleaning procedures. The removal time may be reduced if you use a vacuum cleaner, however, a significant amount of about 40% still remains.

The presence of residual fluid for cleaning carpets associated with such phenomena as distortion (shrinkage/expansion) of the carpet, staining, highlighting the smell and even the accumulation of new dirt.

One of the proposed ways of overcoming these disadvantages is the use of steam cleaning devices. This steam devices to a lesser extent inherent problem of residual water, however, moreover, that this problem is solved only partially, with steam devices have additional disadvantages, namely, that these devices are bulky and inconvenient to use.

The aim of the present invention is to eliminate/mitigate the above problems.

In accordance with Ervin aspect of the present invention them is provided a granular composition, suitable procedures for cleaning of carpets containing derivatives of cellulose/modified cellulose, such as hydrophobic cellulose and/or selectiona pulp.

The advantage of the compositions of the present invention lies in the fact that this song applies to carpets of all types, especially from requiring careful handling of natural fibers, as well as harmless for carpet dyes of all types, especially for sensitive natural dyes. The composition of the present invention is also suitable for cleaning upholstery and slipcovers car seats.

Another advantage of the compositions of the present invention is that they can be directly applied to the carpet that does not cause damage.

Suddenly discovered another advantage consists in the fact that the composition of the present invention can be used when cleaning the carpet conventional vacuum cleaner that does not damage the vacuum cleaner. This problem largely affects the cleaner with a paper bag to capture and store the substance collected by the vacuum cleaner. It is known that other powders for cleaning carpets clog the pores of the paper bags that blocks the operation of the vacuum cleaner.

To preferred forms of cellulose are cellulose derivatives that have been processed by silicon oxide (selectiona of all the vine). (Selectonemenu pulp produced by treating cellulose silicon oxide). The preferred form selectonemenu cellulose is available under the brand name ProSolv SMCC JRS Pharma GMBH + CO KG, Germany.

A preferred form hydrophobic cellulose include forms in which the hydrophobicity imparted by treating the pulp alkylenediamines.

Take into account that the cellulose inherent in complex form: in the form of particles, it does not necessarily have a spherical shape, most of it is fiber, characterized by length and diameter.

Typically, the length of the cellulose fibers is up to 1000 μm, more preferably up to 500 microns, more preferably 400 μm, most preferably up to 300 microns.

Typically, the diameter of the cellulose fibers is up to 100 μm, more preferably up to 50 μm, more preferably up to 40 μm, more preferably up to 30 μm, more preferably up to 20 μm, most preferably up to 10 μm.

Component, representing pulp, can be up to 100% composition for cleaning carpets. More preferably, the cellulose component is less than 75%, more preferably less than 60%, most preferably less than 50% of the composition. More preferably, the cellulose component is more than 10%, more preferably more than 20%, most preferably more than 30% of the composition. In an ideal the case of the cellulose component is about 40% of the composition. The composition may contain a relatively small number of optional/additional components (see below).

Preferred auxiliary material to be included in the composition for cleaning carpet is a salt of a metal, for example, a sulfate of an alkali metal such as sodium or potassium, for example, chloride, sulfate, carbonate, bicarbonate or sesquicarbonate sodium and/or potassium.

Typically, the particle size of the metal salt is up to 500 μm, more preferably up to 250 μm. Typically, the particle size of the metal salt exceeds 10 μm.

If the metal salt is used, it is approximately the same percentage composition for cleaning carpets as cellulose component. For example, both components can be up to 50% of the composition for cleaning carpets. This composition may contain a relatively small number of optional/additional components (see below).

The present invention encompasses a method of cleaning carpets, consisting in the use of granulated compositions containing cellulose component.

This method of carpet cleaning is preferably further includes the following stages:

1) applying granules containing cellulose composition on the carpet;

2) providing opportunities contact containing cellulose composition with spot the dirt on the carpet; and

3) removing, at least partially containing the cellulose composition.

The advantage of this method of carpet cleaning, corresponding to the present invention is its simplicity and speed while providing excellent cleaning. Another great advantage is that the method of cleaning carpets that matches the present invention, provides superior cleaning, being used for cleaning of all carpet and stains on it. In addition, with this method the carpet nothing remains sticky. After using this method the carpet there is no "wet".

Benefits from what excellent cleaning is provided for different types of stains and dirt, especially in the so-called "areas with heavy traffic".

This composition may be applied to the carpet by any suitable means. The composition may be applied (e.g., by hand) spray, such as hard/soft container with the corresponding distribution hole. This spray can be powered by shaking it over the area of the carpet to be cleaned. Alternatively, the composition may be applied by a mechanical device. In this case, a mechanical device preferably connect/combine with a device for removal of the composition (for example, vacuum (see below).

Done a number of compositions for cleaning carpets in accordance with the present invention depends on the degree of contamination. Typically, the composition is applied in an amount up to 100 g per square meter, more preferably up to 50 g per square meter, more preferably up to 40 g per square meter, more preferably up to 20 g per square meter, most preferably up to 10 g per square meter.

In case of stubborn stains, for their complete removal may require more than one application.

The area to be treated by applying a composition corresponding to the present invention, can be any size. Undoubtedly, the processing composition for cleaning carpets, corresponding to the present invention may be subjected to a closed area or preferably the entire carpet.

In the way of carpet cleaning in accordance with the present invention the stage of applying the composition to the carpet, as described above, need not be accompanied by any stage of physical action in addition to the optional final stage of removal. Indeed described compositions provide excellent cleaning without the use of such physical effects as rubbing or brushing. The advantage of the present invention is that the cleaning effect of the compositions of the present invention begins, as soon as Azania composition applied on the specified carpet.

Typically, the composition is left on the carpet in less than 2 hours, preferably less than 1 hour, more preferably less than 40 minutes, even more preferably from 1 to 30 minutes, most preferably from 1 to 20 minutes (for example, less than 5 minutes).

Eventually, these compositions are preferably removed from the carpet. More preferably these compositions are removed mechanically, even more preferably with a vacuum cleaner. This can be done using any commercially available cleaner.

The cleaning composition generally contains other active cleansing substances.

If cleansing the active substance is used, it is preferred that it be granulated. It should be understood that the cleansing of the active substance itself can be granulated or purifying the active substance can be pelletized by adsorption in/on another component of the composition (for example, cellulose component). Of course, in this respect, if cleansing the active substance liquid, it is preferable that the liquid purifying the active substance was applied to the solid component of the cleaning composition (e.g., cellulose) in the usual way of introducing additives (e.g., by spraying) to change the physical form liquid cleansing of the active substance.

Is the most p is impactfully, to granular purifying the active substance had the same particle size as cellulose.

Surfactants may be present in the composition in amounts of, for example, from 0.001 to 30 wt%, in the ideal case from 0.01 to 15 wt%, preferably from 0.1 to 5% by weight. Surfactant is, for example, anionic or nonionic surfactant or a mixture thereof. Nonionic surfactant is preferably a surfactant of the formula RO(CH2CH2O)nH where R is a mixture of linear hydrocarbons with an even number of carbon atoms from SN to SN, n represents the number of repeating units and is a number from 1 to about 12. Examples of other nonionic surfactants include higher aliphatic primary alcohols containing from about twelve to about 16 carbon atoms, condensed with approximately three to thirteen moles of ethylene oxide.

Examples of other nonionic surfactants include ethoxylates of primary alcohols (produced under the trademark Neodol Shell Co.), such as alkanol C11, condensed with 9 moles of ethylene oxide (Neodol 1-9), alkanol C12-13, condensed with 6.5 by moles of ethylene oxide (Neodol 23-6,5), alkanol C12-13 with 9 moles of ethylene oxide (Neodol 23-9), who alkanol C12-15, condensed with 7 or 3 moles of ethylene oxide (Neodol 25-7 or Neodol 25-3), alkanol C14-13 condensed with 13 moles of ethylene oxide (Neodol 45-13), linear ethoxylated alcohol, C9-11, containing an average of 2.5 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol (Neodol 91-2,5), etc.

Examples of other nonionic surfactants include the condensation products of ethylene oxide and secondary aliphatic alcohols containing from 11 to 18 carbon atoms in straight or branched chain condensed with 5-30 moles of ethylene oxide. Examples of commercially available nonionic surfactants of the specified type is secondary alkanol C11-15 condensed with either 9 moles of ethylene oxide (Tergitol 15-S-9)or 12 moles of ethylene oxide (Tergitol 15-S-12)supplied to the market by the company Union Carbide.

In the context of the present invention, the nonionic surfactants can be used nonionic surfactants of the type octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol, for example, Triton X-100, and aminoxide.

Other examples of ethoxylates of linear primary alcohols are produced under the brand Tomadol, for example, Tomadol 1-7, ethoxylate of linear, primary C11 alcohol with 7 moles EO; Tomadol 25-7, ethoxylate of linear, primary alcohol, C12-15 with 7 moles EO; Tomadol 45-7, ethoxylate of linear, primary alcohol C14-15 with 7 moles EO; and Tomaol 91-6, ethoxylates, linear alcohol C9-11 with 6 moles EO.

Other nonionic surfactants are aminoxide, surface-active alkylenedioxy.

Preferred anionic surfactants are often supplied as alkali metal salts, ammonium salts, salts of amines, salts of aminoalcohols or magnesium salt. Suitable are sulfates or sulfonates, including: alkylbenzenesulfonate, alkyl sulphates, alkalemia ethers, sulfates, alkylamide sulfates, alkylaromatic sulfates, monoglycerides, alkyl sulphonates, alkylarylsulphonates, alkylarylsulfonate, reincorporate, parafusulina, alkylsulfonate, alkalemia ethers of sulfosuccinates, alkylarylsulfonate, alkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfonate, alkylphosphate, alkalemia ethers, phosphates, allergenicity, utilizationin and N-allcounty. Typically, the alkyl or acyl radical in these compounds contain carbon chain C12-20.

Other surfactants that may be used are alkylnaphthalene and oleoresins and mixtures thereof.

Examples of suitable bleaching agents include oxygen-containing bleaching agents. Suitable concentration of oxygen-containing bleaching agents located is designed in the range from 0.01 to 90 wt%. In the context of this document, the concentration of active oxygen is a percentage of elemental oxygen with an oxidation state of zero, which for the restoration to water stoichiometrically equivalent to the given percentage of this peroxide, peroxide when groups peroxide fully restored to oxides. Sources of active oxygen increases the ability of the described compositions amenable to remove oxidation stains, break the molecules of substances with an unpleasant odor and kill microorganisms.

The concentration of available oxygen can identify known in the art methods such as iodometric method, permanentresidence method and animatrices method. These methods and criteria for selecting appropriate methods are described, for example, in "Hydrogen Peroxide" ("hydrogen Peroxide"), W.C. Schumo, C.N. Satterfield and R.L. Wentworth, Reinhold Publishing Corporation, new York, 1955 and "Organic Peroxides" ("Organic peroxides"), Daniel Swern, Editor, Wiley Int. Science, 1970.

It is suitable for use in the compositions of the present invention, organic and inorganic peroxides include diacyl - and dialkylphenols, such as Dibenzoyl peroxide, dilauroylperoxide, dicumylperoxide, nadmerna acid and mixtures thereof.

It is suitable to use the education in the compositions, relevant to the present invention, nagkalat include diadocidiidae DPDA, magnesium naftalina acid, aglaonema acid, natantia acid, diadocidiidae acid and mixtures thereof. It is suitable in this invention peroxide bleaching agents include percarbonate, perborates, peroxides, peroxyhydrate, persulfates. The preferred connection is percarbonate sodium, especially the variety, provided with a coating, which is more stable. On percarbonate may be a coating of silicates, borates, waxes, sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate and a surfactant that is solid at room temperature.

Optionally the composition may contain from 0.1 to 30%, preferably from 2 to 20% of the predecessors of nagkalat, i.e. compounds in which the reaction with the hydrogen peroxide into atoxicity. Suitable for use in the present invention the precursor nagkalat belong to classes anhydrides, amides, imides and esters, such compounds as acetyltributyl (ATS), described, for example, in EP 91 87 0207, tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED), succinic or maleic anhydride.

The composition may contain modifying additive or a combination thereof in the amount of, for example, from 0.01 to 50 wt%, preferably from 0.1 to 20 wt%.

p> Examples of the modifying additives described below:

- original acid Monomeric or oligomeric polycarboxylate chelat forming substances or mixtures thereof with the corresponding salts, for example, citric acid or a mixture of citrate/citric acid, are also considered suitable modifying components;

- borate modifying additives, can also be used for modifying additives containing materials that form borates under conditions of storage or use detergent;

- metal salts and aminoethanol acids;

- metal salts and poliasparaginovaya acids;

- ethylenediaminetetraacetate acid and its salts;

in the present invention is applicable water-soluble phosphonate and phosphate builders. Examples of phosphate modifiers are tripolyphosphate alkali metal pyrophosphates, sodium potassium and ammonium pyrophosphates, sodium and potassium and ammonium, orthophosphate, sodium and potassium, poly/metaphosphate sodium, in which the degree of polymerization varies from 6 to 21, and salts of phytic acid. Specific examples of water-soluble phosphate modifiers are tripolyphosphate alkali metal pyrophosphates, sodium potassium and ammonium pyrophosphates, sodium and potassium and ammonium, orthophosphate, sodium and potassium, poly/metaphosphate sodium, which is the ü polymerization varies from 6 to 21, and salts of phytic acid. Such polymers include polycarboxylate containing two carboxyl groups, including water-soluble salts of succinic acid, malonic acid, (Ethylenedioxy)luxusni acid, maleic acid, diglycolic acid, tartaric acid, Castronovo acid and fumaric acid, as well as ethers, carboxylates and sulphonylcarbamide.

Polycarboxylates containing three carboxy groups include, in particular, water-soluble citrates, aconitate and citraconate and derivatives succinates, such as carboxymethyloxysuccinic described in GB-A-1379241, and lastaccessdate described in GB-A-1389732, aminosuccinic described in NL-A-7205873, and oksipolimerizatsija materials such as 2-oxa-1,1,3-propanetricarboxylate described in GB-A-1387447.

Polycarboxylate containing four carboxy groups include oxidisability described in GB-A-1261829, 1,1,2,2-ethanetricarboxylate, 1,1,3,3-propanetricarboxylate and 1,1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate. Polycarboxylate containing sulfopropyl include derivatives of sulfosuccinates described in GB-A-1398421, GB-A-1398422 and US-A-3936448, and from sulphonated paralizovannaya citrate, is described in GB-A-1439000.

Alicyclic and heterocyclic polycarboxylates include cyclopentane-CIS,CIS,CIS-tetracarboxylates, cyclopentanetetracarboxylic, 2,3,4,5,-hexanecarboxylic and carboxymethyl derivatives of polyols, such as sorbitol, mannitol and xylitol. Aromatic polycarboxylate include derivatives Melitopol acid, pyromellitic acid and phthalic acids described in GB-A-1425343.

From the above carboxylates are preferred hydroxycarboxylic containing up to three carboxyl groups in one molecule, more specifically citrate.

Suitable polymers include water-soluble Monomeric polycarboxylate or their acid forms, Homo - or copolymerizable polycarboxylic acids or their salts in which the polycarboxylic acid contains at least two carboxyl radicals separated from each other by no more than two carbon atoms, carbonates, bicarbonates, borates, phosphates and mixtures of any of these compounds.

Carboxylate or polycarboxylate modifying additives can be Monomeric or oligomeric, although, typically, Monomeric polycarboxylate are preferred because of the cost and technical characteristics.

Suitable carboxylates containing one carboxyl group, include water-soluble salts of lactic acid, glycolic acid and their derivatives ethers. Polycarboxylates containing two carboxy groups include the water-soluble salts of succinic acid, malonic acid, (Ethylenedioxy)luxusni acids is, maleic acid, diglycolic acid, tartaric acid, Castronovo acid and fumaric acid, as well as ethers, carboxylates and sulphonylcarbamide. Polycarboxylates containing three carboxy groups include, in particular, water-soluble citrates, aconitate and citraconate and derivatives succinates, such as carboxymethyloxysuccinic described in GB-A-1379241, lastaccessdate described in GB-A-1389732, aminosuccinic described in NL-A-7205873, oksipolimerizatsija materials such as 2-oxa-1,1,3-propanetricarboxylate described in GB-A-1387447.

Polycarboxylate containing four carboxy groups include oxidisability described in GB-A-1261829, 1,1,2,2-ethanetricarboxylate, 1,1,3,3-propanetricarboxylate and 1,1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate. Polycarboxylate containing sulfopropyl include derivatives of sulfosuccinates described in GB-A-1398421, GB-A-1398422 and US-A-3936448, and from sulphonated paralizovannaya citrate, is described in GB-A-1439000.

Alicyclic and heterocyclic polycarboxylates include cyclopentane-CIS,CIS,CIS-tetracarboxylates, cyclopentanetetracarboxylic, 2,3,4,5,6-hexanecarboxylic and carboxymethyllysine polyhydric alcohols, such as sorbitol, mannitol and xylitol. Aromatic polycarboxylate include derivatives Melitopol acid, pyromellitic acid and nafta the eve acid, described in GB-A-1425343.

From the above carboxylates are preferred hydroxycarboxylic containing up to three carboxyl groups in one molecule, more specifically citrate.

The preferred polymers are the homopolymers, copolymers and complex acrylic polymers, fluorinated acrylic, from sulphonated styrene monomers, maleic anhydride, methacrylic, isobutilene, styrene monomers and esters.

Examples of such polymers are Acusol supplied by the company Rohm & Haas, Sytran supplied by the company Interpolymer, series Versa and Alcosperse supplied by Alco Chemical, one of the National Starch &Chemical Company.

The original acid Monomeric or oligomeric polycarboxylate chelat forming substances or mixtures thereof with the corresponding salts, for example, citric acid or a mixture of citrate/citric acid, are also considered suitable modifying components.

In the context of the present description should be understood that modifying additives are compounds that bind metal ions that cause water hardness, for example, calcium and magnesium, whereas hepatoblastoma substances are compounds that bind transition metal ions capable of catalyzing the dehydration of oxygen-containing bleaching ve the EU ETS. However, some compounds may have the ability to perform both of these functions.

Suitable for use in the relevant invention hepatoblastoma substances may include hepatoblastoma substance selected from the group comprising phosphonate, hepatoblastoma substances aminocarboxylate hepatoblastoma substances polyfunctional substituted aromatic hepatoblastoma substances and other hepatoblastoma substances such as glycine, salicylic acid, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, malonic acid or mixtures thereof. Hepatoblastoma substances, when used, are typically present in amounts ranging from 0.01 to 50 wt%. the total weight of the mixture, preferably from 0.05% to 10% weight.

Suitable for use in the relevant invention hepatoblastoma substances may include etidronate acid, and aminophosphonate connections, including aminoalkylindole(alkylester), ethane-1-hydroxyifosfamide, nitrilotriacetate, atlantaentertainment and diethylenetriaminepentaacetate alkali metals. Phosphonate compounds may be present either in acid form or in the form of salts with various cations in place of some or all of the acid functional groups. Preferred for use in esteem context chelat forming substances are diethylenetriaminepentaacetate. Such phosphonate, hepatoblastoma substances produced by Monsanto under the trademark DEQUEST ™.

Polyfunctional substituted aromatic hepatoblastoma substances can also be used in the described compositions. Cm. U.S. patent 3812044, issued may 21, 1974'connor et al. The preferred compounds of this type in acid form are dihydroxyazobenzene, such as 1,2-dihydroxy-3,5-disulfonate.

Preferred for use in the present context biodegradable chelat forming substance is Ethylenediamine-n,n'-diantara acid or a salt thereof formed with an alkaline metal, alkaline earth metal, ammonium or substituted ammonium, or a mixture thereof. The Ethylenediamine-N,N'-diantara acid is commercially available, e.g. under the trademark ssEDDS ™ company Palmer Research Laboratories.

Suitable aminocarboxylate include ethylenediaminetetraacetate, diethylenetriaminepentaacetate, diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA), N-hydroxyethylmethacrylate, nitrilotriacetate, ethylendiaminetetraacetic, Triethylenetetramine, ethanolgasoline, Propylenediamine acid (the pdta) and methylpyridoxine acid (MGDA), both in the acid form or in the form of salts formed from alkali metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium is. Especially suitable for use in the present context, aminocarboxylate are diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, Propylenediamine acid, produced commercially by BASF under the trademark Trilon FS™.

The solvents in the context of the present invention can be used in amounts of from 0.01 to 30 wt%, preferably from 0.1 to 3 wt%. The component representing the solvent can include one or more alcohol, glycol, acetate, etiracetam, glycerin, polyethylene glycol with a molecular weight of from 200 to 1000, silicone or glycol ethers. Examples of alcohols that are applicable in the compositions of the present invention include primary and secondary alcohols, C2-8, which may be straight or branched chain, preferably pentanol or hexanol.

Preferred for the present invention solvents are glycol ethers, such as glycol ethers having the General formula. Preferred for the present invention solvents are glycol ethers, for example, esters of glycols of the General structural formula Ra-O-[CH2-CH(R)-(CH2)-O]n-H, where Ra denotes alkyl or alkenylphenol group of C1-20, or group of cyclic alkane containing at least 6 carbon atoms, which may be partially or fully unsaturated or aromatic; n means an integer from 1 to 10, the pre is respectfully from 1 to 5; each R is chosen from H or CH3, and a represents an integer from 0 to 1. Specific and preferred solvents are selected from the group comprising methyl ether of propylene glycol, methyl ether of dipropyleneglycol, methyl ester tripropyleneglycol, n-propyl ether, propylene glycol n-butyl ether, ethylene glycol n-butyl ether of diethylene glycol, methyl ether of diethylene glycol, propylene glycol, ethylene glycol, isopropanol, ethanol, methanol, acetate of monoethylene ether of diethylene glycol, and particularly suitable phenyl ether of propylene glycol, hexyl ester of ethylene glycol and hexyl ether of diethylene glycol.

The composition may contain any enzyme. Examples of suitable enzymes are protease, modified proteases that are resistant to oxidative conditions, amylase and lipase.

In addition, the composition can be included optional components. Suitable optional components include optical brighteners, fragrances, dyes.

Further, the present invention is described with reference to the following non-limiting examples.

EXAMPLES

The liquid formula 1

The liquid composition was made as follows.

The liquid formula 1
Ethoxylate sleep is the one with 7 moles EO 2,00
Salt tetranitride IDS, 34%1,70
Hydrogen peroxide, 50%4,00
Dowanol PM2,50
Dowanol DPnP7,50
Antifoam BF-20 and Dow Corning0,15
Citric acid0,15
Deionized water Europe82,00
Only100,00

The granulated composition was made as follows.

50,0
ABCDEFGH
The liquid formula 110,010,020,020,020,020,015,015,
Arbocel and BWW 40-60 AKD40,040,035,045,0
Arbocel and BWW 60-120 AKD40,040,0
Prosolv SMCC 5040,0
Prosolv SMCC 9040,0
The sodium sulfate (40-250 μm)50,050,040,040,040,040,040,0
Only100,0100,0100,0100,0100,0100,0100,0100,0

The composition is used as follows.

ABCDEFGH
Dosage, g/m22020202020202020
Removal of contamination, %15,215,214,714,513,313,616,215,7
Bulk density, g/l 420405347347402518NA350
Clogging of the bag when gNANANANANANANA1000
NA - no data

The liquid formula 2

The liquid composition was made as follows.

The liquid formula 2
Valium Na, 29%3,45
Alkylbenzenesulfonate acid0,45
Emulan HE-500,25
Dowanol DPnP0,90
Dowanol DPnB1,45
NaOH, 50%0,12
Fragrant substance0,15
Peroxide water is ode, 50%a 4.83
Acrylic copolymer - Syntran 40221,80
Salt tetranitride IDS, 34%1,80
Anhydrous citric acid0,25
Deionized water84,55
Only100,00

The granulated composition was made as follows.

ABCDEFGH
The liquid formula 218,018,018,018,018,0of 17.5of 17.518,0
Arbocel and BWW 40-60 AKD7,5
Arbocel V 60 AKD7,59,010,0
Arbocel V 60 AKD7,59,010,07,5
Sipernat 223,53,53,53,03,02,52,53,5
The sodium sulfate (40-250 μm)71,071,071,070,070,070,070,071,0
Only100,0100,0100,0 100,0100,0100,0100,0100,0

The composition is used as follows.

ABCDEFGH
**
Dosage, g/m21010101010101010
Removal of contamination, %of 17.516,418,814,517,616,1of 17.518,5
Clogging of the bag when g420425420280270230225420

Liquid formula 3

The liquid composition was made as follows.

Liquid formula 3
Valium Na, 29%3,45
Alkylbenzenesulfonate acid0,45
Emulan HE-500,25
Dowanol DPnP0,90
Dowanol DPnB1,45
NaOH, 50%0,12
Fragrant substance0,15
Acrylic copolymer - Syntran 40221,80
Salt tetranitride IDS, 34%1,80
Deionized water89,63
Only 100,00

The granulated composition was made as follows.

AB
Liquid formula 318,018,0
Arbocel V 60 AKD7,57,5
Sipernat 223,53,5
The sodium sulfate (40-250 μm)71,071,0
Only100,0100,0

The composition is used as follows.

AB
**
Dosage, g/m21010
Removal of contamination, %17,424,0
Clogging of the bag when g 380380
** - the degree of contamination of ΔΕ of 3.5 in all other cases ΔΕ 6,5

1. A granular composition suitable for cleansing carpets containing derivatives of cellulose/modified cellulose, such as hydrophobic cellulose and/or selectiona cellulose and metal salt such as a salt of an alkali metal.

2. The composition according to claim 1, in which the length of the cellulose fibers is up to 1000 μm, more preferably up to 500 microns, more preferably 400 μm, most preferably up to 300 microns.

3. The composition according to claim 1, in which the diameter of the cellulose fibers is up to 100 μm, more preferably up to 50 μm, more preferably up to 40 μm, more preferably up to 30 μm, more preferably up to 20 μm, most preferably up to 10 μm.

4. The composition according to claim 1, in which the particle size of the metal salt is up to 500 μm, more preferably up to 250 microns.

5. The composition according to claim 1, in which the salt of the metal is approximately the same percentage composition for cleaning carpets, and the cellulose component.

6. The composition according to claim 1, which contains additional purifying the active substance.

7. Method of cleaning carpets, including drawing on the carpet granulated composition according to claim 1.

8. The method according to claim 7, where the method comprises the following with the adiya's:
1) applying granules containing cellulose composition on the carpet;
2) providing opportunities contact containing cellulose composition with the stain/dirt on the carpet; and
3) removing, at least partially containing cellulose composition.

9. The method according to claim 8, in which in stage (3) removal carried out using a vacuum cleaner.

10. The method according to claim 8, which contains a cellulose composition is applied in an amount of about 10 g/m2.

11. The method according to claim 8, in which time the implementation stage (2) up to two hours.



 

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EFFECT: offer of a cleaning unit which can be easily located on a solid surface, and which is washed away with many washings, and leaves no residue that can not be easily removed, such as with toilet brush.

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of cleaning at least part of a surface and/or fabric, involving: optional steps for washing and/or rinsing the surface and/or fabric; bringing the surface and/or fabric into contact with a washing solution containing a perhydrolase enzyme and a substrate for said enzyme, where the initial pH of the washing solution is alkaline and the amount of the perhydrolase enzyme and substrate is sufficient to lower the pH of the washing solution to 6.5 or lower; and optional washing and/or rinsing the surface and/or fabric, where said contact takes place during the washing cycle, and where lowering of the pH of the washing solution improves efficiency of the component of the washing solution.

EFFECT: improved method for bleaching textile.

7 cl, 5 ex, 5 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil-containing starch granules for delivering perfume oil as beneficial effect endowing additives to a substrate, containing: (a) starch in amount which forms an effective matrix for said granules; (b) perfume oil containing ingredients with Clog P equal to at least 3; and (c) an effective amount of an amidoamine compound for inhibiting migration of said oil to the surface of the said starch granules, said compound has the following structure: (I) or (II), where radicals are described in the claim separately for each structure. The invention also relates to a method of producing oil-containing starch granules, comprising the following steps: (a) preparing a dispersion of starch in water to form a starch suspension; (b) melting an effective amount of the amidoamine compound of structure (I) or (II) to obtain a molten amidoamine compound; (c) adding perfume oil to the molten amidoamine compound from step (b) to obtain a solution of the amidoamine compound in perfume oil; (d) adding the solution from step (c) to the starch suspension from step (a); (e) homogenisation of the obtained suspension by mixing to obtain a homogeneous mixture; and (f) spray drying the said homogeneous mixture to obtain oil-containing starch granules. The invention also relates to a method of washing fabric, comprising the following steps: (a) preparation of an aqueous solution containing an effective amount of the oil-containing starch granules in claim 1 or 2, and (b) bringing the fabric to be washed into contact with the aqueous solution from step (a). The invention also pertains to a laundry detergent composition containing: (a) at least one surfactant; and (b) an effective amount of oil-containing starch granules.

EFFECT: prolonged existence of the aromatising agent in the substrate owing to inhibition of migration of perfume oil to the surface during laundry.

7 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: lightproof composition added in process of cloth rinsing has viscosity of less than 500 mPas after at least one cycle of freezing-unfreezing and contains from approximately 5 to approximately 30 wt % of active component, more than 5 wt % of polyol, which represents polyatomic alcohol that is not ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, diethylene glycol or dipropylene glycol and 0.1-10 wt % of additional softener selected from hydrophobised ether of saccharose, cationic starch, aminofunctional silicon or their mixtures. Active component represents compound or mixture of compounds, having the following formula: {R4-m-N+-[(CH2)n-Y-R']m}X-, (a), where each R is hydrogen, short chain C1-C6, poly(C2-3 alkoxy), benzyl, or their mixtures; m = 2 or 3; n = 1-4; Y = -O-(O)C- or -C(O)O; sum of carbon atoms in each R1=C11-C21, for each R1, which represents hydrocarbyl or substituted hydrocarbyl group; and X-anion compatible with softener; or {R4-m-N+-[(CH2)n-Y-R']m}X-, (b), where each R is hydrogen, short chain C1-C6, poly (C2-3alkoxy), benzyl, or their mixtures; m = 2 or 3; n =1-4; Y=CH2, -NR-C(O)-, or -C(O)-NR- and each Y is same or different; sum of carbon atoms in each R1 minus (n+1), when Y is CH2, is equal to C12-C22, for each R1, which represents hydrocarbyl or substituted hydrocarbyl group; and X- any anion compatible with softener; or (c), where each R, R1, and A- have values given above; each R2 -C1-C6 alkylene group; and G - atom of oxygen or -NR-.

EFFECT: softener has good dispersive ability and spreading property when stored at low or high temperature.

9 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: biochemistry; production of the water purifying diphasic compositions.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the water purifying diphasic compositions. The composition contains (in mass %): (a) 5-75 of the surface-active substance; (b) at least 2.5 molecules of polydextrose; (b) at least, 2.5 - 50 molecules of sucrose; and (d) - the water and auxiliary components - up to the balance. The other version is the composition containing (in mass %): (a) 5-75 of the surface-active substances; (b) at least - 2,5 molecules of molecules of polydextrose; (c) at least from 0.5 up to approximately 4 the salt; (d) at least - 2.5 - sucrose; and (e) the water and the auxiliary components to the balance. These compositions contain, at least, two visible separated layers on the basis of the water at aging the compositions without shaking or steering. The technical result of the invention is the increased stability.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased stability of the water purifying diphasic compositions.

12 cl, 3 tbl, 14 ex

FIELD: agriculture; chemical industry; other industries; production of the water two-phase purifying compositions.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the water purifying two-phase compositions. The composition contains: (a) about 5-75 % of the mass of the surface-active substance, (b) at least about 15 % of the molecule or the molecules of the polydextrose, where the polymerization degree makes from the nearby 4 to the nearby 22,(that corresponds to the molar weight from nearby 600 to nearby 3600) and (c) the water and the auxiliary components to the balance. The composition contains at least two visible separated layers on the basis of water at keeping without stirring or hashing. The composition containing from 0.5 up to nearby 3 % of the salt, contains at least about 10 % of the polydextrosew for induction of the two-phase formation. The technical result of the invention is the increase of stability.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increase of stability of the water purifying two-phase compositions induced by the polysextrose.

10 cl, 4 tbl, 15 ex

FIELD: aqueous composition for fabric softening.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (mass %): (i) at least one cationic compound - fabric softening agent, having two or more alkenyl chains wherein each chain contains 8 or more carbon atoms; and (ii) at least one sugar oil derivative. Cationic compound (i) and/or sugar oil derivative (ii) are individually mixed with other active component of fabric softening composition, excluded anionic surfactants, water, paints, conserving agents or other optional components with small concentration, to provide intermediate mixture, followed by mixing of cationic compound (i) and sugar oil derivative (ii). Aqueous fabric softening composition produced by claimed method and method for fabric treatment using the same, also are disclosed.

EFFECT: homogeneous composition with improved cleavage resistance.

12 cl, 9 tbl, 16 ex

The invention relates to foaming detergent compositions that can be applied in individual detergents produced in the form of viscous liquids, creams or gels

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a synthetic detergent for removing complex mineral and organic deposits from metal surfaces, as well as ceramics and glass in food and processing industries. Said detergent contains the following in wt %: hydrochloric acid 10-20, orthophosphoric acid 5-10, sodium salt of oxyethylene diphosphonic acid (Trilon B) 0.5-5, citric acid 0.5-7, urea (carbamide) 0.3-7, alkyldimethylamine oxide 1-5, alkyldimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride (catamin AB) 0.1-5, water - the rest.

EFFECT: low consumption of the detergent and corrosive activity thereof with respect to metals, and wider range of removed dirt.

1 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains more than 5% anionic surfactant, less than 25% nonionic surfactant, a light-sensitive ingredient and an inorganic mother-of-pearl agent. The light-sensitive ingredient is selected from a group comprising enzymes, dyes, vitamins, aromatising agents and mixtures thereof.

EFFECT: inorganic mother-of-pearl agent improves stability of light-sensitive ingredients in the detergent composition.

20 cl, 14 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a dried composition for treating water, containing: calcium hypochlorite coated with a coating selected from hydrated halide, sulphate, phosphate, silicate or borate salts of alkali and alkali-earth metals, hydrated hydroxides of alkali and alkali-earth metals and combinations thereof; where content of active chlorine per total weight of the said dried composition ranges from approximately 20 wt % to approximately 80 wt %, and content of hydrate water per total weight of the dried composition ranges from approximately 10.2 wt % to 30 wt %, where said coating accounts for approximately 1% to 80% of the total weight of the dried composition, and where the said dried composition is classified as not belonging to oxidisig agents according to Division-5.1 or as Class 1 NFPA or Class 2 NFPA oxidising agent.

EFFECT: novel compositions for treating water.

22 cl, 1 ex, 5 tbl, 4 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: composition in liquid/gel form contains the following: (a) 0.5-50% of a mixture of an anionic surfactant and an amphoteric/zwitterion surfactant; (b) 1-65% of a mixture of one polyol and a boron-containing compound and (c) water. The composition contains 0.1-20% antioxidant, selected from reducing salts of alkali metals which contain an oxygenated sulphur anion. The invention also pertains to a method of preparing the said composition, which is realised by mixing an aqueous solution of a surfactant with a polyol and a boron-containing compound and an antioxidant.

EFFECT: provision for cleaning composition in liquid/gel form and improvement of its thickening.

11 cl, 3 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: first powder composition of synthetic detergent contains (wt %):. sodium carbonate 23-32, non-ionic surfactant 15-21, anionic surfactant 12-16, chemical bleacher 12-17, optical bleacher 0.08-0.11, enzymes 1.2-1.6, boehmite nanoparticles in needle form - the rest In other version the powder composition of synthetic detergent contains (wt %): sodium carbonate 23-34, non-ionic surfactant 15-23, anionic surfactant 12-17, chemical bleacher 12-18, optical bleacher 0.08-0.11, enzymes 1.2-1.7, zeolite coated with boehmite nanoparticles in needle form at mass ratio boehmite/zeolite in the range from 1:9 to 1:1 - the rest In the next version the powder composition of synthetic detergent contains (wt %): sodium carbonate 16-27, non-ionic surfactant 11-18, anionic surfactant 8-13, chemical bleacher 9-14, optical bleacher 0.06-0.09, enzymes 0.8-1.4, caprylic acid 3-13, microcrystalline cellulose coated with boehmite nanoparticles in needle form at mass ratio microcrystalline cellulose/boehmite in the range from 1:3 to 1:2 - the rest.

EFFECT: enhanced washing capacity, absence of the phosphates

3 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method relates to means for cleaning hard surface, which contains sulfonol, soda ash, odorant and slime of industrial waste. Into means introduced are slime of wet gas purification of steel-smelting production with fraction 5-100 mcm, mineral slime of protein-vitamin concentrate production and iodinol. Cleaning means contains components in following ratio, wt %: sulfonol - 3-5; soda ash - 20-25; odorant - 0.5-1.2; mineral slime of protein-vitamin concentrate production - 40-46; slime of wet gas purification of steel-smelting production with fraction 5-100 mcm 18.6-33.9; iodinol - 2.6-4.2. Invention also relates to line of said cleaning means manufacturing, which contains reservoirs for sulfonol, soda ash, odorant, waste of protein-vitamin concentrate production, mixer, reserve reservoir of final product, bunker-accumulator, weight measuring device, means of final product prepacking, packing and transportation. Line is equipped with connected means of transportation receiving bunkers for periodic filling of iodinol, wet gas purification slime of steel-smelting production and wastes of protein-vitamin concentrate production, wastes dryer, intermediate bunker with measuring device for dried waste delivery, crasher, classifier of conditioned and non-conditioned parts of cleaning means components, intermediate reservoirs and dust-catchers with means for hard sediment return.

EFFECT: increase of cleaning degree, sanitising and disinfecting ability.

2 cl, 1 dwg, 7 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns paste for solid surface cleaning, including sulfonol (sodium alkyl benzosulfonate) 3-5 wt %, caustic ash 10-20 wt %, odourant 0.4-1.2 wt %, mineral sludge waste of protein and vitamin concentrate production 19-27 wt %, brine of natural bischofite of the formula MgCl2·6H2O of 1.2-1.3 t/m3 density 4-6 wt %, dry gas treatment slag from steel production, 16-30 wt %, iodinol 3-5 wt %, the rest is water.

EFFECT: high-quality cleaning of household appliance surface, high-grade elimination of pathogenic microbes, balneal effect.

1 cl, 1 dwg, 13 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns cleaning paste for solid surface cleaning, including sulfonol (sodium alkyl benzosulfonate) 3-5 wt %, caustic ash 10-20 wt %, odourant 0.4-1.2 wt %, mineral sludge waste of protein and vitamin concentrate 22-28 wt %, brine of natural bischofite of the formula MgCl2·6H2O of 1.2-1.3 t/m3 density 4-6 wt %, dry gas treatment slag from smelter facilities, 5-100 mcm fraction 12-18 wt %, the rest is water.

EFFECT: enhanced quality of surface cleaning for household appliances, high degree of pathogenic microbe extermination.

1 cl, 1 dwg, 12 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: detergent contains, wt %: sodium alkylbenzolsulphonate 5-10, synthanol ALM-7 1-2, polyethylene glycol 1-2, trisodphium phosphate 4-16, caustic soda 1-2, and water - the rest.

EFFECT: higher detergent power in solid surface cleaning.

2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: cleaning agents.

SUBSTANCE: cleansing paste suitable to clean and sanify enamel and metallic kitchen dishes, sanitary ware such as washing stands, bathes, lavatory pans, gas burners and the like, marble and ceramic surfaces contains, wt %: sulfonol 3-5, soda ash 10-20, odorant 0.4-1.2, mineral sludge coming as waste from production of protein-vitamin concentrate 52-58, brine of naturally occurring bischofite mineral MgCl2·6h2O (density 1.2-1.3 t/m3) 4-6, and water the balance. Cleansing paste production line comprises sulfonol, soda ash, and odorant supply tanks, transportation means, mixer, vibrator for delivering finished produce, off-line and in-line tanks for finished produce, screw dispensing mechanism, finished produce packaging means, and conveyor for delivering packaged cleansing paste. The line is provided with receiving bin for above mineral sludge, drier, intermediate bin for dried sludge, crusher, sieve classifier, tanks for standard and non-standard sludge, cyclone, fan, hose filter to collect dust fraction of sludge, and sliding shutter. Upstream of mixer, bischofite brine and water tanks are disposed.

EFFECT: improved quality of cleansing household equipment surfaces and ensured high degree of killing pathogenic microorganisms.

2 cl, 1 dwg, 11 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method of moulding particles of a composition for cleaning or treating articles, comprising steps on which: a) mass of nucleating agents is layered, where the said nucleating agents have average particle diameter 150-1700 mcm, size distribution interval from 1.0-2.0, volume density of the nucleating agents is between 50 g/l and 2000 g/l, preferably between 200 g/l and 1650 g/l; wherein said mass of nucleating agents is independently brought into contact with binder, having viscosity between 0.5 cP and 4000 cP, and layered powder, having average particle diameter between 1 mcm and 100 mcm and b) treating said particles in order to remove any materials which might lead to that, for the said particles, the relative factor for the beginning of blockage of flow of particles corresponds to the ratio of the diameter of the outlet opening to the average diameter of particles of the 30th percentile of over 14 with average output of 25 wt %.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain discrete media which ensure controlled batching without shortcomings associated with liquid products.

35 cl, 9 tbl, 14 ex

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