Wall unit (versions), material for manufacturing of wall units, mould to manufacture wall units (versions), method to make wall units and flow line to manufacture wall units

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wall unit is arranged in the form of a faceted structure from a hardened material, having a face surface arranged on the outer face side of the unit, an inner surface arranged on the inner side of the unit, lower, upper and side surfaces, at the same time the unit comprises a face layer, an intermediate layer and an inner layer arranged serially along its width, besides, the face layer has thickness of s1, which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness s3 of the inner layer is less than the thickness s1 of the face layer, the latter contains cement, a plasticiser and ground haydite with fractions within 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer of the unit contains cement, a plasticiser and haydite with fractions within 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer of the unit contains sand, cement and a plasticiser, the specified thicknesses of the unit layers are selected depending on the width S of the unit and are in the ratio of s1:s2:s3=(0.10-0.17)S:(0.89-0.79)S:(0.007-0.037)S, the unit comprises a L-shaped crest made in the face layer and covering it at two adjacent lateral and lower sides, and also a L-shaped groove made in the face layer and covering at two other adjacent lateral and upper sides of the unit, the crest and the groove are installed in a single plane, parallel to the face surface of the unit, the surface of the crest and the groove, the face and inner surfaces are arranged as solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and lateral sides of the unit arranged between the face and inner layers are made as rough with grooves stretching inside the unit from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between fractions, at the same time the length of the unit L at its face side is selected depending on the width S of the unit within the limits of L=(0.99-1.01)S, the length Lin of the unit at its inner side is selected as equal to the length of the unit at its face side, the face surface of the unit is arranged at the distance s4 from the crest axis, the inner surface of the unit is arranged at the distance s5 from the crest axis, which is more than the distance s4, besides, s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0.08-0.16)s5. Also the versions of units design are described, as well as a material for manufacturing of a unit, versions of molds for manufacturing of a unit, the method to manufacture the unit and a line for unit manufacturing.

EFFECT: reduced weight of units, its higher strength, provision of possibility to increase strength of units connection in a wall, simplified technology of production by usage of moulds from unified elements, using a simplified method for manufacturing of units and a line for method implementation.

41 cl, 61 dwg

 

Presented in this description of the technical solutions are, first, to the construction elements in the form of blocks, which differ in shape, the composition of the material from which they are made, constructive versions containing different layers of the block with respective layers properties. These blocks contain fillers for various purposes, including insulating fillers, or elements in the form of, for example, insulating layers or strips, and blocks have reliable means of connection layers in between, or located between adjacent layers of block molecular connectors forming transition layers in the joints of the layers of the block.

Technical solutions also apply to materials containing certain proportions of the binder component, sand, expanded clay, plasticizer and water, forming after mixing liquid, semi-liquid or pasty mass, ready to make blocks in shapes by moulding.

In accordance with design solutions blocks technical solutions presented in this description, refer also to methods of making blocks of these materials using forms, and to methods for producing blocks through forms of curing in the form of the material.

Technical solutions are also consistently is the diversified means of production units, designed to perform many operations performed on the material, and such means of making technologically and structurally interrelated in a single production line mass production units.

All presented in this description of the technical solutions are designed for use in the production of building wall elements used in construction, including the construction of insulated low-rise constructions of buildings and structures.

In the description of the presented design sixteen variants of wall block, the material for the manufacture of blocks, six different forms for the manufacture of building blocks, a method of manufacturing units and production line for the manufacture of blocks.

Design building blocks and the material from which made these blocks are characterized as Leca lightweight design with great insulating properties and relatively great strength, intended primarily for the construction of low-rise buildings, as well as for walls of buildings for various purposes, with each of the known blocks characterized by the fact that it is made of binder cured material based on clay and cement, has a faceted shape, for example, in the form of a parallelepiped and includes facade l the core surface, located opposite the internal surface of the block, side surfaces, the top and bottom surfaces, and at least one of the specified surface (except the face) made a tongue or groove, each of which is designed to interact with a return groove or ridge connected to the block adjacent the block. Such blocks are presented, for example, on the Internet at the following sites: sdom.biz/production/wall2; www.rosser.ru; www.gutton.ru/brick/ftrated.ru and also in the patent documents of the Russian Federation (RU 2304674, publ. 20.08.2007; EN 2274712, 20.04.2006; EN 2274712, 20.04.2006; EN 2309134, 27.10.2007; EN 2096566, 20.11.1997; EN 2176711, 10.12.2001; EN 92006234, 10.02.1995; EN 95113536, 27.07.1997; EN 2219315, 20.12.2003; EN 2244853, 27.02.2004; EN 2224852, 27.02.2004; EN 2225486, 10.03.2004; EN 95112563, 20.12.1997; EN 2404332, 20.11.2010; EN 2407866, 27.12.2010).

Known close to the presented in this description of the technical solution blocks, which are characterized by the fact that their designs are provided layers characterizing the blocks as multi-layered blocks. Known, for example, a block consisting of several vertical layers, the outer of which is made of building sand, concrete, formed either by making or vibratory casting with the initial crystallization, and the block is used as a formwork for the formation of subsequent adjacent layers, made either of aerated concrete or concrete with light fillers (EN 2003126451 AND, 10.03.2005).

Close that is to the declared unit is layered building block, containing the face layer of concrete construction layers and located between the insulating layer, with the layers thickness is selected in the ratio A:B:C:D=0,4:1,2:3,2:5,3, where a is the face layer In concrete inner layer, insulating layer, D - concrete inner supporting layer. In this block layers b and D are connected fiberglass rods, the front layer is made from a mixture of grey or white cement of grade M-400, limestone, sand and water in the ratio of 2.4:2,2:5,4:1.0 by adding a mixture of 10% plasticizer and pigment, and the perimeter of the front layer is made chamfer (EN 2208101 C1, 10.07.2003).

Known close to the stated unit that contains a sealed envelope with the slots and the filler, the top and bottom sides sealed shell made of reinforced polyamide, in the opposite lateral sides made grooves, as filler used compressed air to compressed air in one of the side faces made the hole with a nipple (EN 83089 U1, 20.05.2009). This design reduces the weight and cost due to the use as filler compressed air, as well as to improve the convenience of transportation by reducing the final size of the block.

Known heat insulating building block having on the opposite large sides of the grooves, block the implementation of the eh of insulating material and provided with a support groove, separating the block on the outer and inner part in the form of rectangular parallelepipeds, which are located offset relative to each other in vertical and horizontal planes on the amount of overlap of the abutting surfaces of adjacent blocks in the masonry, and the thickness of the outer part of the block is greater than the thickness of the inner part of the block, the block is made from arbolita and side walls surrounding the groove made by the inclined extension of the groove to the outside, and the wall is made of such blocks, provides that the blocks are connected using the connecting elements and this wall is provided with a frame consisting of stiffeners placed in the channels formed surrounding the slots adjacent stacked blocks, while the stiffening elements made in the form of rods made of insulating material of higher strength than the material of construction of the unit (RU 2008142372 AND, 10.05.2010).

Known wall block containing an array of lightweight concrete, the front side of which has a decorative protective coating, with the inner side of the block also has a protective coating and aligned with the overall thickness of the block is equal to the thickness of the wall to which it is applied, and between the outer and inner layers of the block is placed connecting elements (RU 82728 U1, 10.05.2009).

Closest to the claimed also I have is multi-layered photogrammety building block (options), consisting of a decorative layer, base layer and located between the heat insulating layer, and the block has a transverse ribs, and the supporting layer made of the heat insulating layer (RU 77625 U1, 27.10.2008).

Closest to the claimed is also multi-layer building block containing a decorative layer, a Central layer located between the outer and inner layers, thus building block made of concrete mixtures and characterized in that the thickness of the decorative layer is 7-12 mm, the thickness of the inner layer is 8-17 mm, the thickness of the Central layer is 354-379 mm, the thickness D of the outer structural layer is 6-17 mm, and the Central layer is made of claydite-concrete coarse-grained structure, the density of the unit in a dry condition is 650-850 kg/m3the mixture (material) block contains per 1 m3mixture: expanded clay gravel fraction 8-22 mm, a bulk density of 350 to 450 kg/m31 m3, Portland 130-140 kg, glue polyvinyl acetate in the amount of 1.3 to 1.7 l water 115-125 l, and the mixture for the manufacture of inner and outer structural layers contains expanded clay gravel fraction 0.1-5.5 mm bulk density 450-550 kg/m3(EN 95697 U1, 10.07.2010).

In structures known blocks provided the materials for their manufacture, in particular, is known for mater the al for the manufacture of building blocks, construction element and method of its manufacture, and the material contains cement 20-50%, plaster or lime 5-20%, water, glue and easy filler, which is used sawdust 20-70% (EN 93058241 AND 10.01.1996).

Known construction element in the form of a polyhedron, a material which contains, wt%: volcanic ash 5-32, sand 0-32, clay 45-75, Portland 400-10, water - the rest, the element contains a finishing layer of a thickness of 5 to 45 mm, made from a mixture wt.%: crushed marble or other (granite, tuff, basalt, gravel, limestone and other known) 0-50, Portland 400-30, water - the rest, and at least one face of the element is made convex or concave correct simple or complex shape, such as spherical, cylindrical, pyramidal. The manufacture of the element is carried out by molding method with the use of technological tools (EN 2173374 C1, 10.09.2001).

Also known construction wall block containing concrete Foundation and United with her outer facing layer including white cement, quartz sand and a plasticizer, and an inner layer including grey cement and quartz sand (EN 92436 U1, 20.03.2010). The basis of this unit includes clay, gray cement and quartz sand. Clay, gray cement and quartz sand used in the ratio 5:1:0.1 and the ri in the facing layer of white cement, quartz sand and plasticizer taken in the ratio by weight corresponding to 1:3:0.2, a in the inner layer of grey cement and quartz sand are taken in the ratio by weight corresponding to (1-3):(2-2,7). This block is formed with simultaneous hardening of the solutions of the respective components of the base, the outer and inner layers. The basis used expanded clay fraction of 10-20 mm, and the cladding layer used plasticizer S-3.

Family composition of the material is well-known two-layer cladding construction element (2 variants) in the form of a monolithic array cladding layer having a geometric shape, wherein in the first version of the building construction element layer is made of a material mixture comprising fine and coarse aggregates, Portland cement grade not lower than 400 and water, and a facing layer made from a mixture of Portland cement of any color, filler and water, and mixtures of materials of both layers applied in semi-dry phase state as fine aggregate for construction material layer used quartz sand and ceramsite sand with fineness modulus of 1.1-2,8, as large filler used crushed expanded clay gravel with fractions of 5-10 mm, and the composition of the cladding layer has a Portland cement M500, and in semi-dry phase state building is on layer contains (wt.%) Portland 20-35; sand clay 5-37; quartz sand 0-37; crushed expanded clay gravel 5-45; water - the rest, as in a mixture of cladding layer in the semi-arid phase condition contains (wt.%) Portland 15-30; sand 60-75; water - other (RU 2006102574 AND, 10.08.2007). From the second variant of this technical solution known two-layer construction element in the form of a monolithic array having a geometric shape made of a material mixture comprising small and large filler, Portland cement grade not lower than 400 and water, and a facing layer made from a mixture of Portland cement of any color, filler and water, and mixtures of materials of both layers applied in semi-dry phase state as fine aggregate for construction material layer used quartz sand or sand clay with fineness modulus of 1.1 to 2.8, as large filler used gravel and/or crushed tight, and in the composition of the cladding layer has a Portland cement M500, and in semi-dry phase state building layer contains (wt.%): the 10-20 Portland cement; sand clay 5-36; quartz sand 0-36; gravel 10-26; water - the rest, as in a mixture of cladding layer in the semi-arid phase condition contains (wt.%): Portland 15-30; sand 60-75; water - other (RU 2006102574, 10.08.2007).

Also close by are presented in this description the technical solution is a modular facade unit (variants) and a set of modular facade blocks, in this facade unit in the form of a prism made of mortar and it has front and rear interior surface, horizontal and vertical side surfaces with grooves in the form of longitudinal grooves along the edges of the block, wherein the longitudinal part of the side faces contiguous with the rear surface of the block is recessed by up to half the depth of the grooves, the rear surface of the block is made with special grooves for gripping block and the notch, and the overall dimensions of the unit are modular three coordinate axes (EN 97751 U1, 20.09.2010). This patent presents a set of modular facades, consisting of ordinary, corner, window, door, curtain, modular facade and blocks of various dimensions, which differ in that the dimensions of any unit of the set of blocks is a multiple dimensional modules over the coordinate axes.

Close to are presented in this description of the technical solution of units (options) is a building block that contains structural layer, base layer and located between the insulating layer, the layers reinforced with a rigid or flexible elements during construction layer combined with outer layer in one texture layer and, as a supporting layer, is connected with the insulating layer by high adhesion intermediate the layers (EN 65068 U1, 27.07.2007). This unit is in two or four of its faces made profile for connections on a groove-ridge, and an intermediate layer made with the use of polymer compositions, with the invoice or supporting layer made of mortar with heavy or light natural or artificial filler. The unit can be made common, angular or backboard.

Close to are presented in this description of the technical solution is a two-layer wall unit (options), including structural layer and facial texture layer, characterized in that it is made integral, and the structural layer is made from a mixture of lightweight concrete, and the front of the textured layer is made by vibrocompression face down mixture of heavy concrete with plasticizer, with the possibility of education glossy or matte smooth front surface unit (RU 91690 U1, 27.02.2010). In this unit the content of the plasticizer is 0.2 to 0.7 by weight of cement, structural layer includes a mixture of lightweight concrete with natural or artificial porous filler, facial textured layer is made of a mixture of heavy concrete, including granite screenings facial texture layer contains a dye. On one side surface of the block is additionally performed at measures, one ledge, and on the opposite side from the surface the displacement is performed, at least one recess having a mating shape, size and position relative to the shape of the ledge.

Close to are presented in this description of the technical solution of units (options) is a well-known concrete building block, which includes the concrete face layer of concrete supporting layer located between the insulating layer and the metal or plastic jumper penetrating the insulating layer and located at an angle in the horizontal and vertical planes, while the front layer is made from a mixture of cement, porous filler, sand, plasticizer and water, and the concrete bearing layer is made from a mixture of cement, porous filler, sand, foaming agent and water, wherein these layers thickness selected in the ratio A:In:=(1):(1,3-3):(1,3-3), where a is the front layer, insulating layer, base layer, while in the mixture for the top layer additionally introduced a reinforcing additive in the following ratio, parts by weight: 1 cement; porous filler 0,6-0,9; sand 2,3-2,6; plasticizer 0,001-0,03; reinforcing additive 0,0005-0,0025; water of 0.3 to 0.6, and in the mix for the production of concrete base layer additionally introduced plasticizer in the following ratio of components, parts: 1 cement; porous filler 1.3 to 2.6; sand 0,6-1,9; plasticizer of 0.001-0.03; penoobrazovatel the ü 0,001-0,025, water 0,3-0,55 (EN 2007149007 AND 27.06.2009).

Others close to the presented in this description of the technical solution of units (options) is a well-known system of concrete building blocks, each of which includes a front layer, a supporting layer and located between the insulating layer, and the thickness of these layers is selected from a ratio of A:B:C:D=0,7:2,3:3,3:5,7, where a is the thickness of the surface layer, the thickness of the binder layer; the thickness of the insulating layer; D is the thickness of the base layer, while the layers are interconnected metal or plastic jumpers, passing through the insulating layer the ends are sealed, respectively, in front and the host layers (EN 2208102 C1, 10.07.2003).

Also close by are presented in this description of the technical solution is known multilayer construction unit (options)made of monolithic and insulating based on encapsulated porous filler, bound at the point of contact, characterized in that it contains three of the insulating layer and the middle layer consists of filler fraction 5-10 mm, or 8-12 mm, or 10 to 16 mm, and the outer layers consist of a filler fraction of 0.83 mm or 1-5 mm, and further comprises a decorative layer, which is made on the basis of the sandy-clay solution with the addition of the dye or the application is on him relief (EN 88703 U1, 22.11.2009).

Also known unit that uses Portland cement - 200-250, sand - 50-160, clay-gravel 300-600, resin wood saponified 0,2-0,7, water 65-95, EPS - 0,5-1,0 (EN 93103 U1, 20.04.2010).

Mentioned constructive solutions blocks solve a technical problem corresponding means, which, however, does not allow to achieve a given strength level blocks while reducing their weight, terms of service, ease of manufacturing process units, as well as simplifying the technology of erection of walls with different configurations. Some of the closest technical solution is to design a relatively complex, complicating the manufacturing technology units, and such designs involve complex forms for molding blocks. Significant from the point of view of manufacturability of the masonry walls of the blocks are design units, providing the convenience of masonry and less time on the control of masonry, with known technical task decide not fully. Also unsatisfactory bonding strength of the blocks with each other in the process of masonry walls due to the fact that the abutting surfaces of the adjacent blocks do not have the means to increase the strength of the joints of the blocks between the FDS is th, in addition to the known tools - cement-sand mixture or composition of mastic, by means of which adjacent blocks are interconnected in the process of masonry walls.

Methods for production of wall blocks are characterized by a sequence of operations forming layer unit, for example in a known way to produce multi-layer building block containing cladding, insulation and structural layers, which in the form set technological barriers, then fill in the form with a consistent flow of fluids cladding, insulation and structural layers, after which produce a molding solution, extract, and eject the product from the mold, thus before performing the above operations at the bottom of the pre-form is placed plates of flexible resilient material, the dimensions and configuration of which correspond to the size and configuration of manufactured units, as technological partitions use plates located along their lower ends and side surfaces of a film of an elastic flexible material, which establish after filling out the form, entering their bottom ends into the gap between the plates of elastic material, the extract produced before setting solutions, then remove plate technology is practical partitions, leaving the film is fixed between the ends of plates made of an elastic material prior to complete solidification of the solution (EN 2005108138 AND, 10.09.2006).

Known building element and method of its manufacture, when this element contains the longitudinal and transverse ribs, between which the plate of variable rigidity, made in a polygonal cross-section, and longitudinal ribs are formed through holes of the connecting elements. A method of manufacturing such structural elements based on the use of traditional production technologies industrial methods of construction of structures made of heavy concrete, during which operations are performed only over the elements of metal (RU 2074295 C1, 27.02.1997).

A known method of manufacturing a building block and wall construction with blocks made by this method, and the task of the method is achieved by the fact that the unit is performed on the basis of cement mortars containing at least a layer of fine concrete and insulating layer of lightweight concrete, arranged in a single horizontal row, the method includes installation and removal of technological barriers, the form of the solutions of the layers and their vibroshaping, the method involves technological barriers separating formula the number of horizontal cells, corresponding to the number of layers of wall block, and that the form set before you fill it out at an angle to the vertical, depending on the density of the layers with an inclination towards less dense layer at an angle up to 20°, measured from the point of intersection of the vertical with the bottom of the form, the cell shape is filled with a solution of one layer and remove technological barriers under the same angles at which they were set in the form, and then produce simultaneous vibroshaping all layers of the solution (EN 2225487 C2, 10.03.2004). The objective of this invention is to provide a wall construction block, allowing to improve the insulating properties of the wall, on both rectilinear and angular parts, window and door openings, while ensuring the strength required for the construction of buildings increased and uneven floors.

There is also known a method of manufacturing a sandwich wall panels, the technical result is an increase of thermal resistance and water resistance of the panels, which in the method of manufacturing is provided by the manufacturer at the top and intermediate layers in two stages in a horizontal position, with the lower extreme and intermediate layers simultaneously from two during vibration of lightweight concrete mixtures containing porous grains is s placeholders, and at the top layer by the subsequent application of mortar on the intermediate layer, while the lightweight concrete mixture used porous, vibrating exercise at the time of an intensive expansion of this mixture, laid on a button in the shape of the cladding, and for the manufacture of panels use this mixture in the composition, wt.%: the clay - 54-32, Portland - 14,2-14,41, quartz sand fraction of 0.14-063 mm - 21,5-21,76, superplasticizer is 0.1 to 0.19, aluminum powder - 0,05-0,1, water - other (RU 2219316 C2, 10.05.2003).

A known method of manufacturing a wall products from lightweight concrete with facial textured layer comprising preparing a molding material, laying it in the form of two-layer molding, wherein the molding composition for the face texture layer is prepared from a cement-sand mixture with the addition of micaceous iron pigments of different colors, and the molding composition for the base layer is made from lightweight concrete mixture comprising natural or artificial porous fillers, which is placed in the form of a collapsible or removable casing has mounted therein a removable technological pallet, and then produce a seal down lightweight concrete mixture and in volume form, remaining after the seal lightweight concrete mixture, this mixture is placed a layer of cement-sand mixtures and added micaceous iron pigments, next on the last layer establishes an upper punch and the matrix, the size and shape of which is identical to the mold and set it replaceable technological pallet, after which produce a molding, comprising the simultaneous squeezing and making the layers are in the form (RU 2288838 C1, 10.12.2006). The method involves the production of products having a front textured layer.

A method of producing a multilayer stone wall, including the formation of permanent formwork by installing a closed outer shape, the sides of which are made with vertical slots on the tray or other flat surface, and then placed symmetrically inside her like her inner box, the sides of which is provided with vertical slits corresponding to the slits form, fixed relative to each other in shape and insert vertical elements that are installed in the slots, fill the space between the form and the insert construction sand concrete, manalicious it by pressing either the vibratory casting, then remove the form, insert and vertical elements, to form cells received within a fixed casing by bookmark the separation of the interconnected walls, the free ends of which are fixed in the slots of the parties to the retained formwork, obtained from the vertical e is the elements, then make the fill of a cell or cellular concrete, or concrete with light fillers in the form of polystyrene, expanded clay, sawdust, ash, aged, dried, remove the partition and get ready multilayer wall stone, sent to the stacking. Partitioning is performed with vertical slots, equal in height at least half height partitions and width not less than the thickness of the walls and the height of the partitions is equal to the height of the form, the outer form of the inner insert and the vertical elements can be made as a single unit, for example welded. The outer layer of permanent formwork can be made of concrete, light-weight filler, and the content of light fillers in it does not exceed the number of fillers in the subsequent adjacent to a fixed timbering subsequent layers (EN 2003126451 AND, 10.03.2005).

There is a method of filling cavities of hollow blocks of concrete or other similar material in their manufacture, comprising a supply conveyor products from its cavity in the filling station, the positioning of the product under the tank with filler, fill, filler, at least one cavity of the product, at the same time subjecting him to shake, and drainage products filled cavity or cavities with the aid of the people of the conveyor of the filling station. Moreover, the filler pump, at least one cavity under the pressure created by using the rotor blades, installed in the containing this filler capacity, and additionally to shake compacted by the application thereto of pressure in the process of completing them, at least one cavity and/or directly at the end of this process. Provided a filling station for implementing the method, which includes a container with filler, made in the form of a feed hopper, a conveyor for moving pallets, each of which has at least one product, and sealing device, designed for filling under pressure filler, at least one cavity in the product. The sealing device has at least one located in the tank with the filler rotor with vanes which are mounted at least on one console holder and which supply filler, at least one cavity in the product (EN 2274713 C2, 27.04.2006). In the invention contains means (nodes)interconnected in line for the manufacture of blocks.

There is also known a method of manufacture of the block, namely, that in the cavity of the form is filled with concrete solution and close it with a lid, and after hardening of the mortar block is extracted from forms get semicircular grooves (EN 2074934, 10.03.1997).

A known method of manufacturing a sandwich panel containing two stages of production extreme and intermediate layers in the horizontal position using large porous aggregates and vibration, while the lower end of the outer and middle layers formed of porous lightweight concrete mixture to pre-arranged in the form of a lining, and vibrating the mixture is performed at the time of an expansion of the mixture (EN 2001111195, 10.05.2003). This method involves the use for the manufacture of blocks of a composite material composed of a mixture of components a viscous liquid, wt.%: Portland 14,41-14,2; quartz sand fractions of 0.14 to 0.63 mm; porous filler a 21.5-21,76; superplasticizer of 0.1 to 0.19; aluminum powder of 0.05-0.1; water - the rest.

Known methods of manufacturing units from the point of view of reducing labor costs do not solve the task of simplifying the technology of manufacturing multilayer blocks with outer layer running, in addition to decorative functions, carrier function.

Molds for the manufacture of blocks are characterized by the fact that each of these forms contains a pallet or bottom, front and back walls, side walls, wall connected between the separable elements, partitioning, parallel to the walls, the hole-forming cores and formoobrazovanie and, in particular to such forms include, for example, a form in which there is formoobrazovateli made in the form of a ridge shaping and photobrush plates, grenobloise plate fixedly mounted on the bottom and one of the end walls, plates for education in the unit recess movably installed on the traverse, located along the second end wall, when the hole-forming cores in the form of segments are wedge-shaped and stationary mounted on the movable potatobased plates (EN 62129 U1, 27.03.2007).

It is also known molding equipment and method of making wall blocks, thus forming equipment is characterized by the presence of a body with cavities, each of which is adapted for two mutually interlocking blocks, each cavity further comprises a first fastening means; elements to separate blocks, each of which includes a support part, which is adapted for mounting on the housing and at least one plate to separate blocks, attached to the said base portion and adapted for mounting in one of these cavities, the plate to separate blocks adapted to divide one of these cavities into two separate pogolotti, each of which is adapted for forming a single block, and plate for RA the blocks includes a second fastening means (RU 2007125047, 20.02.2009).

Lines and plants for the manufacture of building blocks are characterized by the fact that they contain tools for preparation of concrete mixture, the feeders for the individual components of the concrete mix, the receiving node for receiving components of the concrete mix from the feeders, in particular, is known for the line containing the receiving node, whose skeleton is formed by the uprights, upper and lower frames, a hopper in the form of a quadrangular truncated pyramid is installed on the upper part of the frame and its larger base facing upward, a conveyor for discharging the mixture is located under the receiving hopper suspended on the lower frame feeders are arranged around the receiving node in its immediate vicinity with three lateral sides of the hopper, each feeder includes a frame formed by the uprights, upper and lower frames, feed hopper in the shape of a truncated quadrangular pyramid is installed on the upper frame frame up a large base and a smaller base outlet, also line has a conveyor used to load the components of the mixture from the hopper into the receiving hopper and mounted at an acute angle to the lower frame so that its lower section is placed below the outlet feed hopper and its upstream exhaust area is placed over a large the powers of the hopper, this conveyor each feeder is installed in the housing formed by the upper base mounted on the outer surface of the feed hopper and is made in one with the surface, the bottom base and side rails are rigidly connected with the lower and upper bases (EN 66270 U1, 10.09.2007).

It is also known technological equipment for the manufacture of blocks, containing a press, comprising a housing, an aperture in the upper part of which is placed forming a molding cavity, bounded from below by a removable pallet decking, along the upper part of the body is placed guides that have carriage bottomless dispenser with the front razravnivaya wall, a counterweight for the moldable mixture in the form of a plate, a vibrator for compacting moldable mixture, at least one pustotoobrazovatel and/or penoobrazovatel placed in the cavity of the casing and mounted vertically positioned below the pallet lifting mechanism molded block on the pallet, the longitudinal side of the casing in the form of metal sheets, installed on shelves longitudinally spaced corners with their inner sides and United with them, pustotoobrazovatel and/or penoobrazovatel fixed on top of the beam, longitudinally below with a window for the passage of pustotoobrazovatel and/or atobatele on the don, the vibrator is mounted on the beam opposite the pustotoobrazovatel and/or penoobrazovatel, and the pallet is located in the plane of arrangement facing towards each other shelves corners with the formation of the gap, the smaller the magnitude of polystyrene granules (EN 66716 U1, 27.09.2007).

Foreign patent documents WO 2006074538 A1, 20.07.2006) known form and method of making wall blocks; the method of manufacture of the blocks (GB 946369 And 15.01.1964); wall blocks with ridges and grooves, protrusions and recesses (GB 166623 And 08.07.1921; GB 1133594 And 13.11.1968; GB 1232530 A, 19.05.1971; GB 972137 A, 07.10.1964; GB 2262547 A, 23.06.1993; DE 2852944 A1, 21.08.1980; DE 2614512 A1, 13.10.1977; DE 10041846 A, 07.03.2002; DE 3623784 A, 21.01.1988; US 5230195 A, 27.07.1993; EP 114065 A3, 25.07.1984); molds for the manufacture of blocks of composite materials (DE 3510149 A1, 25.09.1986); lines for the manufacture of building blocks (EP 0045047 And 03.02.1982; DE 2614512 A1, 13.10.1977).

All of the above well-known technical solutions do not meet the specified requirements of mass reduction units, improving their durability and strength of the connections of the blocks in the wall, in the case of forming blocks having different shapes, there are conditions complicating constructions forms. All this negatively affects the production technology blocks.

It should be noted that in the production process blocks having a multilayer structure are essential materials from which made the layers of the block from the point of view of the strength of the unit and its heat capacity, and from the point of view of efficiency of forming layers of block - retaining mass of the mixture in the mold during molding of the block, reduce leakage from gaps and avoid dilution of each layer of the block in the form.

The technical result is presented in the description of the invention is the reduced mass units, increasing their strength, providing the possibility of increasing the strength of the connection blocks in the wall, the simplification of production through the use of forms of standardized elements, using the simpler method of making blocks and lines to implement the method.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with factions within from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains the CEM is t, the plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent lateral and lower sides of the l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer and cover with the other two adjacent side and the upper sides of the block G-shaped recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner hand selected equal to the length of the block with its front side, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5.

Technical rez is ltat received on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent lateral and lower sides of the l-shaped crest, as well as the front layer covering with the other two adjacent side and top sides of the block G-shaped recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and in the morning the surfaces are continuous and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses of 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, length L block with its inner side is selected equal to the length L of the block with its front side and L=(0,4-0,6)S, with the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0.08 to 0,16)s5.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with factions within from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and is located on the bottom side of the ridge, and made in the front layer and cover with the other two adjacent side and top sides of the block G-shaped recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, surfaces of the tongue and grooves, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses of 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, length L block with its inner side is less than the length of the block with its front side, and the right side surface is made beveled at an angle α, which is situated between the inner surface of the block and its IC is high right side surface, the angle selected in the range α=90-145°.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with factions within from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent bottom and right lateral sides of the l-shaped ridge, and also made in the front layer and located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front is poverhnosti block, surfaces of the tongue and grooves, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses of 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is chosen equal to the length of the unit with its front side, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner the surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, length L block with its inner side is less than the length of the block with its front side, the left side surface is made beveled at an angle α, which is situated between the inner surface of the block and its beveled side surface, the angle selected in the range α=90-145°.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, the bottom, top and side on top of the spine, this block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S, (0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and located on the bottom of the ridge, and made in the front layer and located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and the inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses of 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(04-0,6)S, length L block with its inner side is selected greater than the length of the block with its front side, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, the right side is performed beveled at an angle α, which is situated between the inner surface of the block and its oblique right lateral surface, the angle selected in the range α=60-90°.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with factions within from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, inner SL is th block contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S, (0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent bottom and right sides of the l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer and covering with two other adjacent the top and left sides of the block G-shaped recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses of 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, length L block with its inner side is selected greater than the length of the block with its front side, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, the left side surface is made beveled at an angle α, which is situated between the inner surface of the block and its beveled the eve of the side surface, the angle selected in the range α=60-90°.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with factions within from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent bottom and left lateral sides of the l-shaped ridge, and also made in the front layer and located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface is STI block, surfaces of the tongue and grooves, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses of 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, length L block with its inner side is less than the length of the block with its front side and is selected within L=(0,3-0,35)S, on the right side of the unit is made hollow right angle located at the intersection of the right-side surface and the top layer.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness s1, which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent bottom and left lateral sides of the l-shaped crest, as well as the front layer, and is located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made solid, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves from 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L unit with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,7-0,75)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface is knosti block is located from the axis of the ridge in the distance, greater than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, on the right side of the unit is made hollow right angle located at the intersection of the right-side surface and the top layer.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with factions within from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent bottom and right lateral sides of the l-shaped g is of ebony, as well as the front layer, and is located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made solid, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves from 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner hand selected within L=(0,7-0,75)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance greater than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, on the left side of the unit is made hollow right angle located at the intersection of the left side surface and the top layer.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sledovatelno situated on the width of the front layer, the intermediate layer and the inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and located on the adjacent bottom and right side of an l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer and located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers are made with rough extending inside the recesses of 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, length L block with its inner side is less than the length of the block with its front side, the length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,3-0,35)S, on the right side of the unit is made hollow right angle located at the intersection of the right-side surface and the top layer.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with factions within from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the Loew unit is selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the front and the inner surface of the block is made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers of the block, made rough stretches inside the recesses of 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,4-0,6)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, the block contains made in the front layer on its top surface broken in the horizontal plane, the first recess being adjacent to which is located on the left side surface of the second direct deepening, deepening cover the block with its two adjacent upper and lateral sides, the unit has made in the front layer on the bottom surface of the polyline in the horizontal plane, the first ridge being adjacent located on right side of face hand block second straight comb, combs cover the block with his two other adjacent the right and bottom sides, and a straight comb on the right side of the block, one part of l is manage ridge, which is located on the lower side of the block, and one part broken indentations on the upper side of the block are in the same vertical plane located at an oblique angle β to the front surface of the block, the second part of the broken ridge on the lower side of the block, the recess on the left side of the block and one part broken first recess on the upper side of the block are located in a different vertical plane located under other backward slanting angle β to the front surface of the block, while the front surface is made wedge-shaped with two adjacent angle 2β each other surfaces, each of which is at an angle β to the axis the symmetry of the block, the angle β is selected in the range β=45-90°, each side surface of the block is made beveled at an angle α, which is located between the inner surface of the block and its lateral surface in the range α=90-145°.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner with the Oh, moreover, the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the front and the inner surface of the block is made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers of the block, made rough stretches inside the recesses of 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,99-1,01)S, the inner surface of the block is made wedge-shaped with two adjacent angle 2β each other surfaces, each of which is at an angle β to the axis of symmetry of the block, the angle selected in the range β=45-90°, each side surface of the block is made beveled at an angle α=90-145°, located between the front surface of the block and see what mportant to her side surface.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having a bottom, top and side surfaces, with the outer front side of the block contains located at right corner of the front surface, forming a salient angle block, inside block contains located at a right angle inner surface forming a rectangular recess, forming the inner corner of the block, the block contains consistently located in two mutually perpendicular directions of the front layers, intermediate layers and inner layers, and in each the direction of the front layer has a thickness s1, which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block, equal to the length of any side of the unit to the specified rectangular recess, the thickness of the layers of the block are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, DL the L block with each of the front side block is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(1,49-1,51)S, the unit has made in the front layer of the l-shaped crest, located in the same plane on the bottom surface of the block, and made in the front layer of the G-shaped recess, which is located in the same plane on the upper surface of the block, the tongue and recess are located in two parallel planes, the block contains a straight crest, located on the right side of the unit, as well as direct the recess located on the left side of the block, the surface of crests and recesses, the front and the inner surface of the block is made solid, and the lower and upper surface of the block, located between the front and the inner layers made rough with grooves from 0.1 to 20 mm between factions, each front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge parallel to the front surface, each inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,05-0,10)s5, and the length at each side of the rectangular recess is selected within'sv=(0,4-0,6)L.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having a bottom, the top surfaces located at right angles of the front and the side surface is STI, the block contains consistently located in two mutually perpendicular directions of the front layers and intermediate layers, and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, the front layer contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the thickness of the layers of the block selected in dependence on the length L of each of the front surface of the block, equal to the length of any side of the block, the thickness of the layers of the block are in the ratio s1:s2=(0,10-0,17)L:(0,89-0,79)L, the length L of the block with each of the front side is selected in the range L=(0,99-1,01)S, the length of each side of the block is equal to the length of the block with its front side, the unit has made in the front layer of the crest of the l-shaped crest, located in the same plane on the bottom side of the block, as well as the front layer of the G-shaped recess located in the same plane on the upper side of the block, the block also contains direct crest, located on the right side unit and direct the recess located on the left side of the block, the surface of crests and recesses, the front surface of the block is made of solid, while the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block to perform the ENES rough with grooves from 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions, each of the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge or from the axis of the grooves, which are parallel to the front surface, each side surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge or from the axis of the recess parallel to the front surface, at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,11-0,21)s5.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface, side, bottom and top surfaces, as well as the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer and the inner layer has a thickness of s3 which is less than the thickness of the surface layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the block also contains made in the front layer of the ridge, part of which is located Agena on the right side of the block at its height, the second part of this ridge is located on the half of the bottom surface of the block in the direction of its length, and the third part of the ridge extends from the second part of the crest to the front surface of the block, part of the crest is formed of one integral comb having a complex shape, the front layer unit is made hollow, one part of which is located on the side of the upper surface of the block, the second part of the recess is located across the width of the block and extends from the first side of the recess toward the front surface of the block, and the third recess is located on the front surface of the block at its height, all parts of the cavities are interconnected and represent one above the recess having a complex shape, with surfaces of the tongue and grooves, the front and the inner surface of the front layer and the inner layer is made of a solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the intermediate layer unit located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves 16 from 0.1 to 20 mm, and the length L of the block selected in the range L=(1,49-1,51)S.

The technical result obtained on wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface side, the lower the YOYO and the top surface, as well as the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer and the inner layer has a thickness which is less than the thickness of the front layer unit, the front layer contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, this unit has made in the front layer of the ridge, one part of which is located in the middle of the block on its front surface by the height of the block, the second part of the ridge is located on the bottom surface 6 of the block in the direction of its length, the third part of the ridge extends from the second part of the ridge to the first part of the ridge, the part of the comb is formed of one integral comb having a complex shape, also in the front layer unit is deepening one of which is located on the side of the upper surface of the block along it, the second part of the recess is located at the height of the block on the left side, and the third part of the recess extends from the first part toward the back over the spine of the block, part of the deepening connected and represent one recess having a complex shape, with surfaces of the tongue and grooves, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the intermediate layer unit located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves from 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions of the intermediate layer, and the length L of the block selected in the range L=(1,49-1,51)S.

In all variants of wall block having recesses and ridges, the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made in one unit, method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

The technical result obtained material for the manufacture of building blocks, characterized in that it comprises a mixture in the liquid phase, wt.%:

for forming the front layer of wall block

- clay crushed with fractions 1-15 mm and a specific gravity in p is adelah from 200 to 350 kg/m 3- 50-60,
- Portland cement M500- 30-40,
- softener- 0,7-3,0
- water- (rest);

for forming the intermediate layer wall block

- clay with 5-20 mm and a specific gravity in the range from 200 to 350 kg/m3- 70-80,
- Portland cement M500- 20-35,
- softener- 0,5-1,0
- water- (rest);

for forming the inner layer of wall block

- the sand- 50-60,
- Portland cement M500- 30-40,
- softener- 1,0-3,0
- water- (the rest).

The technical result obtained form for the manufacture of building blocks, across the considered topics what it contains is installed on the tray front wall, rear wall and side walls, the side walls are rigidly connected to the rear wall, each side wall has upper and lower parts of the ribs, which are located in the slots of the front wall, the form is located in the middle part of the screw rod, made from passing through the front and rear walls of the screws, which are located in open slots of the front and rear walls and in the holes of the bars adjacent to the front and rear walls, trims and screws cover a shape with four sides, each screw is located in the grooves of the front and rear walls, the lower part of its walls have ridges and grooves, the longitudinal axes of which are arranged in the same horizontal plane parallel to the plane of the pallet, the profile of each recess in its cross-section has an identical shape to the profile of each ridge in cross section, one end of the helical couplers drawn in to one strap and at the other end of the screw coupler is screwed on the handle, the shape made in the form of an open bottom and top boxes installed at the specified tray, the front and back walls are made in them, vertically-oriented cuts made near cut-outs, each cut-out together with the adjacent him open side of the recess forms a window for the devil is repatching passing through his arm.

The technical result obtained form for the manufacture of building blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the tray front wall, at least one or more intermediate walls, a back wall, at least two pair or a lot of side walls, each pair of side walls rigidly connected with one back wall or with one intermediate wall and in this connection, these being rigidly connected to wall form a separate section that is connected with an adjacent similar section extending from the rear wall to form located on the other side forms the front wall, and top and bottom parts of each intermediate and the front wall is made open at the top and bottom grooves, which are the projections of the side walls of the adjacent sections, the form also contains the bracket with the holes and screw couplers located in the holes in the strips and cut-outs front, rear and intermediate walls, helical couplers made in the form of covering the form of a laterally elongated rods, each coil coupler is screwed on one end of the handle, strap and screw couplers cover the shape with four sides so that the strips are in contact with the front and rear walls and are drawn to them by ties in the lower part form its walls have crests and the deepe the tion, the longitudinal axes of which are arranged in the same horizontal plane parallel to the plane of the pallet on which the wall forms, and the profile of each recess in its cross-section is identical to the profile of each ridge in cross section of the ridge, the shape made in the form of an open bottom and top boxes installed at the specified tray, the front and back walls are made in them, vertically-oriented cuts made near cut-outs, each cut-out together with the adjacent open side of the recess forms a window for unobstructed passage through his arm.

The technical result obtained form for the manufacture of building blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the tray front wall, a back wall, identical with the intermediate wall, these walls are located on the pallet parallel to and vertically, between these walls are side walls and intermediate the side walls, the latter are connected with the front, rear and intermediate wall, each of the intermediate side wall is inclined at an angle α, which is located between it and the tray, the angle α is selected more or less direct angle of 90°, the side walls are rigidly connected to the rear wall and forming with it a section, the upper and lower parts of the rear wall is made p the PS under the tabs of adjacent sections, each side wall and each side of the intermediate wall are the tabs in the open slots of the intermediate walls or grooves adjacent the front wall, the form has in its middle part of the screw couplers located in open cut-outs front, rear and intermediate walls, and through the holes in the slats, which together with screw couplers cover the shape with four sides so that the strips are in contact with the front and rear walls and are drawn to them couplers, each coil coupler is screwed on one end of the handle, and in the lower part of its walls have ridges and grooves, located in one plane parallel to the plane of the pallet, the form is designed as an open top and bottom boxes installed at the specified tray, the front and back walls are made in them, vertically-oriented cuts made near cut-outs, each cut-out together with the adjacent open side of the recess forms a window for unobstructed passage through his arm.

The technical result obtained form for the manufacture of building blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the pallet front and rear walls between which there is at least one intermediate wall, the back wall has grooves for placement in h is x protrusions joined with it a separate section, the form contains pairs located against each other, side walls, a pair of side walls rigidly connected with the rear wall, each similar pair of side walls rigidly connected with the intermediate wall, in combination with the rear and intermediate walls of each pair of side walls forms a separate section, section connected to each other so that the protrusions of the side walls are located in the slots of the intermediate and front walls, the side walls are drawn in to the intermediate and anterior walls of the screw couplers located in the holes of the front, intermediate and rear walls, screed cover the form with its two sides and draw the shape of her longitudinal direction along the side walls, each coil coupler is screwed on one end of the handle, the bottom shape of the inner surface of the walls have ridges and hollows with beveled surfaces, the profile of each recess in its cross-section is identical to the profile of each ridge in cross section of the ridge, while located on one side of the form side walls or side walls located on both sides of the form, inclined at an angle α, which is located between the side wall and tray, the angle of inclination of the wall selected more or less direct angle of 90°, the shape has a lower wall formed by the pallet, with l is manuu inner surface, consisting of two parts, each of which is at an angle β to the vertical axis of symmetry of the form, while β is greater or less than a right angle is 90°, and the shape made in the form of an open bottom and top boxes installed at the specified tray.

The technical result obtained form for the manufacture of building blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the pallet front and rear walls between which there is at least one intermediate wall, the back wall has grooves for placement of the tabs joined with it a separate section, the form contains pairs located against each other, side walls, a pair of side walls rigidly connected with the rear wall, each similar pair of side walls rigidly connected with the intermediate wall, in combination with the rear and intermediate walls of each pair of side walls forms a separate section, section connected between other so that the protrusions of the side walls are located in the slots of the intermediate and front walls, the side walls are drawn in to the intermediate and anterior walls of the screw couplers located in the holes of the front, intermediate and rear walls, screed cover the form with its two sides and draw the shape in its longitudinal direction along the side walls, each coil coupler has inconnue on one end of the handle, while located on one side of the form side walls or side walls located on both sides of the form, inclined at an angle α, which is located between the side wall and tray, the angle of inclination of the wall selected more or less direct angle of 90°, the shape has a lower wall formed by the pallet having a polygonal inner surface consisting of two parts, each of which is at an angle β to the vertical axis of symmetry of the form, while β is greater or less than a right angle is 90°, and the shape made in the form of an open bottom and top boxes installed on the specified tray.

The technical result obtained form for the manufacture of building blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the pallet front and rear walls between which there is at least one intermediate wall, the back wall has grooves for placement of the tabs joined with it a separate section, the form contains partitions and pairs located against each other, side walls, a pair of side walls and a partition rigidly connected with the rear wall, each similar pair of side walls and a partition rigidly connected with the intermediate wall, in combination with the rear and intermediate walls of each pair of side walls and partition form a separate section, s is AI are interconnected so, the ledges of the side walls are located in the slots of the intermediate and front walls, the side walls are drawn in to the intermediate and anterior walls of the screw couplers located in the grooves of the front, intermediate and rear walls, screed cover the form with its two sides and draw the shape in its longitudinal direction along the side walls, each coil coupler is screwed on one end of the handle, while the front, rear and intermediate walls are executed in parallel spaced relation to each other horizontal recess and parallel vertical deepening convex in the direction from the front wall, the form is designed as an open top and bottom boxes installed at the specified tray, front, intermediate and rear walls are made in them, vertically-oriented cuts made near cut-outs, each cut-out together with the adjacent open side of the recess forms a window for unobstructed passage through his arm.

The technical result obtained by the method of making wall blocks, characterized by the fact that set the mould for the production of blocks on the pallet so that the form elements for forming the ridge and deepening of the block was placed at the bottom, then serves to form a first mixture is for forming the front layer of wall block, including crushed limestone with fractions 1-15 mm, cement, plasticizer and water, and perform below the vibration of the first mixture to form within 1-5 seconds, after which the vibration of the first mixture cease and serves to form a second mixture for forming the intermediate layer building block, including block with 5-20 mm, cement, plasticizer and water, and carry out the vibration of these two mixtures in the form within 1-5 seconds at the bottom, simultaneously with the vibration from the bottom to exert compression on top of the second mixture and the first mixture, and then served in the form on the intermediate layer a third of the mixture for forming the inner layer of block containing sand, cement, plasticizer and water, squeeze in the form of all the layers of the block by applying pressure down on the third mixture and smooth down the third mixture to a forming surface of the inner layer of the block, after operations withstand the layers of the block in the form to their state of connection between a partial cure, then remove the block from the form.

The technical result obtained by the line for the manufacture of building blocks, characterized in that it contains interconnected post reception and processing of cement, post receiving crushed limestone, post receiving solid clay, post reception, a plasticizer, a post receiving sand and the post receiving water for the manufacture of mixtures to those of lyceums is th, the intermediate and inner layers of the wall unit, and the positions of the reception and processing are connected with the control unit positions the acceptance and processing of that with these posts forms a node receiving and processing these materials, the node receiving and processing associated with a node in the supply of materials to the mixers, and a host of presenting the material to the mixer includes means for feeding cement, crushed limestone, solid clay, sand, plasticizer and water, the use of filing of functionally integrated into the host material feeding and connected with each other and with a control unit work site submission, site submission is connected to the node mixers, which includes faucets for the manufacture of mixtures of the front, intermediate and inner layers of the wall unit, mixers connected with each other and with a control unit mixers, the line also contains the United mixers money supply in the form of mixtures for the manufacture of the front, intermediate and inner layers of the wall block, and means to feed mixtures in the form connected with each other and with a control unit by means of feed mixtures, and all these control units are connected with each other and with the Central control line.

The design of the blocks and use the material from which they are made, ensuring that the have the possibility of masonry walls of various configurations, increase the strength of the blocks, reducing their weight by reducing the use of sand in blocks and increase the insulating properties of blocks. The rough surface of the joined blocks increase the strength of the connection blocks. Form of standardized elements simplify the Assembly of the forms and the removal of blocks, and the line for the manufacture of blocks and shapes ensure the implementation of the simplified method of manufacturing blocks, made of several layers.

Figure 1 shows the first option building block of ordinary block);

Figure 2 - view of the unit with its front side along arrow a in Fig;

Figure 3 - view of the block side by side along arrow B in figure 1;

Figure 4 - the second option building block of ordinary partial block);

Figure 5 is a view In figure 4;

Figure 6 shows a third variant of wall block (right Bay outdoor unit with right side sloped surface);

Figure 7 - view of the City at 6;

On Fig - type D figure 6;

Figure 9 shows a fourth variant of the block (left Bay outdoor unit with left side sloped surface);

Figure 10 - the fifth wall block;

Figure 11 is a sixth option of wall block;

On Fig - seventh option building block (proemnyh half right block);

On Fig - view And Fig;

On Fig - view on Fig;

On Fig type L Fig;

On Fig shows the eighth version of wall block (proemnyh private right block);

On Fig - type M on Fig;

On Fig shows a ninth variant of the wall block (proemnyh member left block);

On Fig - type N on Fig;

On Fig shows a tenth variant of the wall block (proemnyh left half block);

On Fig views on Fig;

On Fig shown eleventh variant wall block (Bay intermediate outdoor unit);

On Fig - type P on Fig;

On Fig shown twelfth variant wall block (Bay intermediate the inner block);

On Fig - type R on Fig;

On Fig - view on Fig;

On Fig shows the thirteenth version of wall block (corner half a block with a rectangular recess on the inner side of the block);

On Fig - T on Fig;

On Fig shown fourteenth variant of the corner block corner block member with the l-shaped recess on the top surface and the l-shaped ridge on the bottom surface of the block);

On Fig - type E. in Fig;

On Fig shown fifteenth variant of the block (corner, inner right block);

On Fig - view Yu Fig;

On Fig - type I Fig;

On Fig shown sixteenth option unit (angular, inner left block);

On Fig - arrangement of blocks of the first row in the wall;

On Fig - arrangement nl the Cove of the second row in the wall;

On Fig - arrangement of the corner blocks of the first and second rows of blocks in the wall;

On Fig shows the first variant forms for the manufacture of building blocks (front view);

On Fig - shape in the top view, view And Fig;

On Fig - form on the back view, type B Fig;

On Fig - shape in side view, view on Fig;

On Fig - the front wall of the form (item);

On Fig - section G-G Fig;

On Fig - the rear wall of the form (item);

On Fig - schematic perspective view of the rear wall and the side walls of the mold, interconnected by welding, proved conditionally points, front view;

On Fig connection of the rear wall and side walls of the mold, rear view;

On Fig shows a second variant forms for the manufacture of building blocks, front view;

On Fig connection of the two side walls form with the intermediate wall forms;

On Fig shows a third variant forms for the manufacture of Bay outdoor and indoor units;

On Fig shows a fourth variant forms;

On Fig - lateral wall of the fourth version of the form;

On Fig shows a fifth variant forms;

On Fig - side wall of the fifth variant of the form;

On Fig shows a sixth variant forms for the manufacture of a corner of the exterior wall blocks;

On Fig - lateral wall of the sixth variant forms of negotiations with odkai;

On Fig - the back wall of the sixth variant forms with the partition plate;

On Fig shows the operation of the form-filling material and the vibration in forming the front layer unit, illustrating the method of manufacture;

On Fig shows the operation of the form-filling material and vibration when forming the intermediate layer unit, illustrating the method of manufacture;

On Fig shows the operation of the form-filling material of the inner layer of the block and its vibration when forming the inner layer of the block, explaining the way;

On Fig shows the operation of smoothing the inner surface of the block.

On Fig shows a line for the production of building blocks.

Description of the technical solutions. The following text contains descriptions of twenty-five separate independent technical solutions in the following sequence: sixteen variants of wall block, the material for the manufacture of building blocks, six options form for the manufacture of building blocks, a method of making wall blocks and line for the manufacture of building blocks.

Common features for all variants of the block. Options wall unit is made exactly as they are shown in figure 1-34, while the embodiments have in common. These common characteristics include the following characteristics: each option block is made of utverzhdenii sm is si, has a faceted design, made of cured material, all versions of the unit are coupled with each other the layers of the cured material, which are located across the width of the block.

The first version of the block is as shown in Fig.1-3, is, as every subsequent version of the unit, common to all variants signs: located on the outer front side of the unit front surface 1 (1)located on the inner side of the block inner surface 2, the left side surface 3, the right side is 4, the upper surface 5 and the bottom surface 6.

The first variant of the block and each subsequent version of the block (except the twelfth variant) contains common to all variants signs: the unit contains the crest 7 with beveled surfaces 8 and the recess 9 with beveled surfaces 10, and the surfaces 8 and 10 and symmetrically arranged relative to the longitudinal axis 11 of the ridge and recess. Each recess 9 is made in the array block, extends to its middle and its beveled surface 10 sloping symmetrically relative to the longitudinal axis 11 of the recess. Each recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

The first variant of the block and each subsequent version of the unit (with the exception of chetyrnadcat the CSO option) are common for all other signs, which include that the block contains sequentially arranged according to the width of the front layer 12, the intermediate layer 13 and the inner layer 14, and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer.

The first variant of the block and each subsequent version of the block that has the ridge and the groove are characterized by common features that each variation unit crest and the recess is located in the front layer 12 of the block, the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, when h is selected in the range h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block. Each comb 7 is made in one unit, method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block.

In the first variant of the block and in each subsequent version of the front layer 12 contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer 13 block contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer 14 of the block, which contains sand, cement and plasticizer. The layers of the block are separated by transition zones, conventionally shown wavy line 15, which may have a different geometry.

In the first variant of the block and each subsequent version are common to all variants signs, which include the following common symptoms, what is overhasty 8 and 10 of the ridge and grooves, accordingly, the front surface 1 and the inner surface 2 made a solid and smooth. The bottom surface 6, the upper surface 5, the left side surface 3 and the right side surface 4 of the block forming the intermediate layer 13 (which is located between the outer layer 12 and inner layer 14), made rough with extending inside the said recesses 16, each of which is in the range from 0.1 to 20 mm of the Recesses 16 in the intermediate layer set and each recess is a slot extending from the surface of the intermediate layer 13 inside the unit. The recesses 16 are located between the factions and the binder utverzhdennym material of the intermediate layer, we mean the fraction of the clay and binder elements of the cured material between factions.

In the first variant of the block and each subsequent version (with the exception of the thirteenth version of the block) have common characteristics, which include the following signs that the thickness of the layers 12, 13 and 14 of block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S.

In the first variant of the block and each subsequent version (except the twelfth variant without crest and deepening) are common to all of these signs, which refers to the I, the front surface 1 of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis 11 of the ridge, the inner surface 2 of the block is located from the axis 11 of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4. While s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5.

The first variant of the block contains covering it with two adjacent lateral and lower sides of the l-shaped ridge 7 (2), and cover with the other two adjacent side and top sides of the block G-shaped recess 9. The ridge and recess are located in the same plane which contains the axis 11 and which is parallel to the front surface 1 of the block. The length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is chosen equal to the length of the block from its front side.

The second option building block is as shown in figure 4, 5. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially the characteristics of the first variant of the block.

In this second variant of the block length L on the inner side is selected equal to the length L of the block with its front side, while L is the ratio L=(0,4-0,6)S.

A third option building block is as shown in Fig.6, 7. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs first option.

While the ridge 7 of the third variant of the block you olden direct and is located on the bottom surface 6 of the block with its bottom side. Length L block with its inner side is less than the length L of the block from the front side. The right side surface 4 of the third variant of the block (6) is made beveled at an angle α that is located between the inner surface 2 of the block and its oblique right lateral surface 4, wherein the specified angle is selected in the range α=90-145°.

The fourth option wall unit is made as it is shown in Fig.9. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs first option.

Moreover, in the fourth embodiment, the block length L on the inner side is less than the length L of the block from the front side and the left side surface 3 are beveled at an angle α that is located between the inner surface 2 of the block and its beveled side surface 3. The angle selected in the range α=90-145°.

The fifth block is performed as shown in figure 10. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs first option.

In the fifth embodiment, the block length L from the front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, and the length L block with its inner side is selected greater than the length of the block from its front side. The right side surface 4 are beveled at an angle α that is located between the inner surface 2 of the block and its beveled right bonavolonta 4. The angle selected in the range α=60-90°.

The sixth variant of the block is performed as it is shown figure 11. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs first option.

In the sixth embodiment, the block length L from the front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, and the length L block with its inner side is selected greater than the length of the block from its front side. The left side surface 4 are beveled at an angle α that is located between the inner surface 2 of the block and its oblique right lateral surface 4. The angle selected in the range α=60-90°.

Seventh variant of the block is as shown in Fig-15. This option contains the above common features options block and partially signs first option.

This seventh version contains located on its adjacent lower and left sides of the l-shaped ridge 7 (Fig) and located on the upper side of the recess 9, which are located in the same plane parallel to the front surface of the block.

The length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, length L block with its inner side is less than the length of the block with its front side and is selected within L=(0,3-0,35)S. On the right side surface 4 of the block is made a recess 17 having a depth of the at L and right angle, located at the intersection of the right-side surface 4 and the front layer 12.

Eighth variant of the block is as shown in Fig, 17. This option contains the common features of variants of the block and the first option.

In this eighth version of the unit is made so that the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, and the length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,7-0,75)S. on the right-side surface 4 of the block on the right side of the eighth version of the block is made a recess 17 (Fig), which has a depth L and a right angle is located at the intersection of the right-side surface 4 of the block and the front layer 12.

A ninth variant of the block is as shown in Fig, 19. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs first option.

While the ninth variant of the block contains covering it with two adjacent bottom and right lateral sides of the l-shaped ridge 7 (Fig), and also located on the upper side of the recess 9, the tongue and recess are located in one plane. The length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,7-0,75)S.

The recess 17 has a depth L, is located on the left Boko the second surface 3 on the left side of the block, has a right angle, located at the intersection of the left side surface 3 and the front layer 12.

The tenth version of the block is as shown in Fig, 21. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs first option.

The length L of the block tenth variant with its front side (Fig) is selected depending on the width 8 of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, and the length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,3-0,35)S.

Eleventh variant of the block is as shown in Fig, 23. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs first option.

The length L of the block with its front side (Fig) is selected depending on the width 8 of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,4-0,6)S. Block in the front layer on its top surface 5 has broken in the horizontal plane of the first recess 9 which adjoins located on the left side surface of the second direct the recess 9. The first and second recesses comprise a block with its two adjacent upper side and the left sides.

Also the unit has on its lower surface 6 (Fig) broken in the horizontal plane of the first comb 7, located adjacent to the right-side surface 4 of the block second straight comb 7, rebny cover the block with his two other adjacent the right and bottom sides.

Direct ridge 7 on the right side of the block, one part of the broken ridge 7, which is located on the lower side of the block, and one part broken recesses 9 on the upper side of the block are in the same vertical plane located at an oblique angle β to the front surface 1 of the block.

The second part of the broken ridge 7 on the lower side of the block, the recess 9 on the left side of the block and one part broken first recesses 9 on the upper side of the block are located in a different vertical plane located under other backward slanting angle β to the front surface 1 of the block.

The front surface is made wedge-shaped with two adjacent angle 2β each other by the surfaces 1, each of which is at an angle β to the axis of symmetry of the block. The wedge is located away from the intermediate layer 13 of the block.

The angle β is selected in the range β=45-90°, the lateral surfaces 3 and 4 unit is beveled at an angle α. Each angle α is between the inner surface 2 of the block and the corresponding lateral surface 3 or the side surface 4 of the block, with α=90-145°.

Twelfth variant of the block is as shown in Fig-26. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs first option.

The length L of this option unit (Fig) with its front side is selected dependent on the capabilities of the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,99-1,01)S, the inner surface of the block is made wedge-shaped with two adjacent angle 2β together the inner surfaces 2. Each inner surface 2 is located at an angle β to the axis 18 of symmetry of the block. The angle selected in the range β=45-90°. Side surfaces 3 and 4 of block is made sloping so that between the inner surface 2 of the block and the adjacent lateral surface formed by an angle in the range α=90-145°.

Thirteenth variant of the block is as shown in Fig, 28. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs first option.

With the outer face (Fig) block contains located at right corner of the front surface 1, forming protruding to the outside corner of the block. The inner side of the block contains located at a right angle inner surface 2, forming a rectangular recess 19 forming the inner corner of the block. The block contains consistently located in two mutually perpendicular directions of the front layers 12, the intermediate layers 13 and inner layers 14. Each of the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer. Each of the front layer contains cement, PLA is typinator and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm Each intermediate layer 13 block contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm. Each inner layer 14 of the unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer. These layer thicknesses unit is selected depending on the width S of the block, equal to the length of any side of the unit to the specified rectangular recess 19. In any of those directions, the thickness of the layers of the block are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,03-0,10)S:(0,90-0,85)S:(from 0.005 to 0.025)s.

The length L of the block with each of the front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(1,49-1,51)S. Block contains an l-shaped ridge 7 (Fig), located in the same plane on the bottom surface 6 of the block, and G-shaped recess 9 (Fig), which is located in the same plane on the top surface 5 of block, with the ridge and recess are located in two parallel planes.

The block also contains a straight comb 7 located on the right surface 4 of the block with his right hand, and direct the recess 9, which is located on the left side surface 3 of the block with the left hand. The surface of crests and recesses, the front and inner surfaces are made solid, and the lower and upper surface of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves from 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions.

Each of the front surfaces shall be 1 unit is located at a distance s4 from the axis 11 of the ridge 7, parallel to the front surface 1, each inner surface 2 of the block is located from the axis 11 of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4. While s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,05-0,10)s5, and the length at each side 20 and 21 of rectangular notches selected within'sv=(0,4-0,6)L.

Layers 12, 13 and 14 of the block are arranged in two mutually perpendicular directions along the axes 22 and 23 of symmetry of the block, which intersect in the center 24 of symmetry of the block.

Fourteenth variant of the block is as shown in Fig, 30. This option provides a General indication of the options block and partially signs thirteenth variant, with the exception of corner notches and the inner layer (which is not in the fourteenth embodiment, block).

While the fourteenth version of the block has an axis 25 and 26 of symmetry (Fig), along each of which are front layer 12 and intermediate layer 13 of the block. These axes intersect at the center 27 of symmetry of the block.

Fifteenth variant of the block is as shown in Fig-33. This variant of the block in addition to these common features options block contains made in the front layer 12 spatial comb 7 complex forms, parts of which are located in two mutually perpendicular directions. Thus one part of the ridge 7 is located on the right side surface 4 of the block at its height, the second h is the terrain of the ridge 7 is located on the half of the bottom surface 6 of the block in the direction of its length, and the third part of the ridge 7 extends from the second part of the crest to the front surface 1 of the block. Part of the ridge 7 is formed of one integral comb having a complex shape.

In the front layer 12 of a block is performed spatial recess 9 complex forms, parts of which are located in two mutually perpendicular directions. Thus one part of the recess 9 is located on the half of the top surface 5 of block, the second part of the recess 9 is located across the width of the block and extends from the first side of the recess toward the front surface 1 of the block, and the third part of the recess 9 is located on the front surface 1 block in height. All parts of the recesses 9 are interconnected and represent one of the above-mentioned recess having a complex shape.

Surfaces of the tongue and grooves, the front and the inner surface of the front layer 12 and inner layer 14 is a continuous and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the intermediate layer 13 of the block located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves 16 from 0.1 to 20 mm, the Length L of this variant of the block selected in the range L=(1,49-1,51)S.

The sixteenth version of the block is as shown in Fig.

This variant is characterized by the fact that it contains the above General characteristics of the variants of the block and when this var is ant block contains made in the front layer 12 spatial comb 7 complex form, parts which are arranged in two mutually perpendicular directions. Thus one part of the ridge 7 is located in the middle of the block on its front surface 1 height unit, the second part of the ridge is located on the bottom surface 6 of the block in the direction of its length, the third part of the ridge 7 extends from the second part of the ridge to the first part of the ridge. Specified parts of the ridge 7 is formed of one integral comb having a complex shape.

In the front layer 12 of a block is performed spatial recess 9 complex forms, parts of which are located in two mutually perpendicular directions. Thus one part of the recess 9 is located on the half of the top surface 5 of block along it, the second part of the recess 9 is located at the height of the block on the left side surface 3, and the third part of the recess 9 extends from the first part toward the front surface 1 of the block. Part of the recesses 9 are connected and are one above the recess having a complex shape.

Surfaces of the tongue and grooves, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the intermediate layer 13 of the block located between the front and inner layers 12 and 14 made rough with grooves 16 from 0.1 to 20 mm between the factions of the intermediate layer. The length L of the block SEL is Ana within L=(1,49-1,51)S.

All versions of the unit are designed so that they allow you to connect them to the walls with various contours of the walls (Fig, 36). For this purpose, the parameters of the blocks of the wall is calculated from the condition of their combination among themselves in the first row (Fig) and in the second row (Fig) wall. If the wall is straight, use options 1-2 block. If the wall at right angles, used versions of the unit 1-2-13-14-15-16 (Fig, the right part of the figure).

Laying the first row of the wall of the options presented block 1-5-6-1-2-3-4-1-2-1-13-1-1-15 carried out on mortar or mastic (Fig). Next to the first row of blocks stack the second row of blocks (Fig), consisting of variants of blocks 1-12-1-2-1-11-1-2-1-1-14-1-16 and overlapping the blocks of the second series of the joints between the blocks of the first row, as shown in the diagram (Fig).

The rough surface of the intermediate layer 13 of each option block having recesses 16 between fractions, a first liquid solution or liquid mastic, which seep into the recesses 16 and fill them in.

After that, the abutting surface of the block put more dense mortar or thicker mastic and known sostakovic unit with wall blocks.

Such a connection of each option block with adjacent blocks provides a solid connection blocks IU themselves in the wall. Each intermediate layer, as the most permeable, is in the shell from the mortar or mastic, excluding the permeability of the block.

In the parameters table blocks reduced the limit values of the blocks in mm for a wall thickness of 400 mm, the angles α° between the side surface of the block and the inner surface of the block and the angles β° between the outer surface of the block and the axis of symmetry of the block, passing through the front surface of the block.

The material for the manufacture of building blocks. The material for each layer of each option block is selected in accordance with the functions of the layer. The front layer 12 of the block (figure 1) is located on the outside of the building, he mostly has a protection function against environmental impact, bearing capacity, prochnostyu function against mechanical impact and thermal protective function. The material of the intermediate layer 13 of the block carries the bearing load, prochnostyu and thermal function, and the material of the inner layer 14 of the block bears prochnostyu protective and shockproof function. These functions corresponds to the selected material for each layer of the unit separately.

The front layer 12 and inner layer 14 of the block have a compressive strength greater than the strength of the intermediate layer 13 of the block. The intermediate layer unit is located between the two more solid layers. After installation of the unit into the wall and curing mortar or mastic connecting block with adjacent blocks, laid in the wall, the intermediate layer unit is located in a rugged shell formed from two sides of the block face and inner layers 12 and 14, respectively, and the remaining four sides of the block covered by layers of mortar or mastic.

The material of the front layer 12 wall block is characterized by the fact that it is in its liquid fluid phase is a composition comprising the following components, wt%:

- clay with fractions 3-5 mm and a specific gravity in the range from 200 to 350 kg/m3- 30-50,
- sand with factions...- 10-15,
- Portland cement M500- 30-40,
- softener- 3-5,
- water- (the rest).

The material of the intermediate layer 13 wall block is characterized by the fact that it is in its liquid fluid phase is a composition comprising the following components, wt%:

- clay with 5-20 mm and a specific gravity in the range from 200 to 350 kg/m3- 30-50,
- sand with factions...- 10-15,
- Portland cement M500- 30-40,
- softener- 3-5,
- water- (the rest).

The material of the inner layer 14 of wall unit characterized by the fact that it is in its liquid fluid phase is a composition comprising the following components, wt%:

- sand with factions...- 50-60,
- Portland cement M500- 30-40,
- softener- 3-5,
- water- (the rest).

All the components of the material forming the aforementioned layers of the block, in the manufacturing process mixtures mixed together to condition the plastic fluidity of the mixed mass. Number fill in the form masses in the molding process block calculated taking into account the shrinkage of the mass is at its curing order to obtain the estimated thicknesses of the layers of the block.

By molding in the form of the above materials layers are created from a block in a strong connection between them. Taking into account the shrinkage of the material during the drying unit empirically established above the limits of the thicknesses of the layers of the block, which is selected from the condition of adhesion of these layers with each other in the process of molding blocks.

Within the minimum and maximum parameters of the components of these materials are obtained empirically optimal values for all variants of the block. Obtaining the optimal values of the blocks associated with the materials from which layers made of block, below of the method of manufacturing options block, and design forms for molding blocks, made from modular elements, simulating the options form for the manufacture of various shaped blocks, which allowed us to implement the method.

Molds for the manufacture of building blocks (options) made of alloy steel sheet, thickness and properties of steel each wall form is chosen so that each wall is a rigid element that can elastically Flex to specific values, and each time after bending to restore its shape. This condition is chosen to facilitate easy removal of the cured block from the form.

The first version of the form from which otopleniya wall blocks are made so as as it is shown in Fig-45. The first option contains a front wall 28 (Fig), the rear wall 29 (Fig) and side walls 30 and 31. The side walls are rigidly connected to the rear wall 29 by welding at several points along the height of the walls (Fig). Welding is performed on the outer side of the rear wall (Fig) so that the inside at the joints of the walls of the form it has flat and smooth without warping the surface. This is achieved due to the fact that in the field of welding in the rear wall made of Windows, which are located in the rear protrusions 32 of the side walls 30 and 31, shown in Fig left. These protrusions 32 of the side walls are welded by welding to the rear wall 29 and sanded flush with it. Each side wall 30 or 31 on the other side has upper and lower projections 32 located in the open above and below the upper and lower grooves 33 (Fig) of the front wall 28, rear wall 29 of the grooves 33 are free to contain the following tabs of the side walls.

The form is located on its height in the middle part of the screw couplers 34, made of passing through the front and rear walls of the screws, which are located in open slots 35 (Fig, 40, 42) of the front and rear walls and in the holes 36 of the slats 37. The strap 37 and screw coupler 34 cover the shape with four sides so that straps to takeroot his surface with the outer surfaces of the front and rear walls 28 and 29 (Fig), when this strap 37 biased screw couplers 34 to the outer surfaces of the front and rear walls. Each coil coupler 34 is located in the grooves 35 of the front and rear walls as shown on Fig.

In the lower part of the front wall 28 (Fig) along its length made the crest 38 having a beveled surface 39, symmetrically located about the longitudinal axis 40 of the ridge. In the lower part of the rear wall 29 (Fig) has a recess 41 with beveled surfaces 42 symmetrically positioned about the longitudinal axis 43 of the recess 41.

In the lower part of the side wall 31 (Fig) along the length of the wall made the ridge 44, similar to the aforementioned beveled surfaces of the ridge beveled surface 39, which are symmetrically located relative to the middle part of the ridge 44, or with respect to its longitudinal axis 45 of symmetry.

In the lower part of the side wall 30 (Fig) there is located away from the middle part forms the recess 46 having a beveled surface 39, symmetrically located relative to the longitudinal axis 47 of the recess 46. The ends of the walls 30 and 31 have the notches made in the form of a ridge and a recess made in the form of a recess.

The longitudinal axis 43-45 are in the same horizontal plane. The profile is made in the wall of each recess in its cross-section is identical to PR is the profile of each ridge in cross section of the ridge.

The shape of the partially collapsible, to which one end of each screw couplers 34 (Fig) has a flat head 48 in the form of rigidly attached to the end of the screed 34 thick washer, and the other threaded end of the tie screwed the handle 49. On the one hand form each flat head 48 of the screw is in contact with the outer surface 50 of the strap 37, which is made flat and tight to the outer surface of the front wall 28. On the other hand forms the handle 49, curved away from the rear wall 29 forms and having rigidly connected with it by a nut 51, draws the nut to the outer surface 52 of the second strap 37, which has an identical shape with the first strap. The second strap tightly to the outer surface of the rear wall 29. The form is installed on the pallet 53 (Fig).

The thickness of the sheet of each of the specified wall forms are designed from a condition precluding bending wall during molding of the block in the form. The thickness of each wall of the form and its metal chosen so that when removing the block from the mold wall shape due to its elasticity has the ability to bend in an outward direction.

In the working position the form on the pallet 53 fixed on its displacements in the plane of the pallet. Fixation is achieved or weight form, or by any known fixing means (not shown). The tray 53 is fun is Inoi, constructive and integral part of the form, because it is structurally and functionally associated with the form in the production process blocks. The pallet may be made of any known and acceptable for forming a block of material.

In the space of forms on her tray 53 can be set to any mortgage forming a removable element (not shown) to provide the front surface of the manufactured unit of a given structure, for example an embossed decorative patterns.

The front and rear walls 28 and 29 of the form (Fig, 42) have made them vertically oriented notches 54, made the left and right of the middle of each of the specified wall and near the notches 35. Each notch 54 together with the adjacent cutouts open side of the recess 35 forms a complex window T-shape for easy passage through it of the arm 49.

Positions 55 (Fig) conditionally shows the location of the welding of the rear wall 29 with an average protrusions 32 (Fig) side walls 30 and 31, which are located in the Windows in the rear wall 29 and is welded thereto. On Fig position 55 shown in more detail the welding point 55 or welds connecting placed in the Windows of the rear wall of the secondary protrusions 32 of the side wall 30 against the rear wall 29. The tabs 32 (Fig) scalded welded seam around in the welded seam is the practice in the český in the sheet thickness of the rear wall 29, and after cleaning welds they practically merge with the metal back wall and the metal protrusions 32. In the outer and inner surface of the rear wall remains smooth and flat, as shown in Fig.

The form is in the off position represents an open top and bottom quick release box (Fig). In the off position the form in position, the screws are removed, the rear wall 29 and side walls 30 and 31 are in a vertical position, since they are tightly interconnected. The front wall 28 is in a horizontal or other position (Fig the front wall not shown).

For removal from the form of one of the strips 37 without removing from the form of the arms 49, in this strip at its ends can be performed open the ends of the strap slots for the passage through them of the screw couplers 34 during removal from the form of the front wall 28. Preferably, such a strap 37 (open it with the slots on the ends) was strap in contact with the rear wall 29 forms and located side arms 49 (Fig).

The second variant forms for the manufacture of blocks performed as this option is shown in Fig and 48. This option contains the signs of the first variant forms and in addition thereto the second variant form has an intermediate wall 56 (Fig), located across form between the front wall 28 and rear Stanko is 29. Each intermediate wall 56 form is identical to the front wall 28 and rear wall 29 (Fig, 44), except that in each intermediate wall 56 at its end parts are made grooves 57 (Fig), into which are inserted the tabs 32 of the side walls 30 and 31. So made the connection of one of the ends of the side walls 30 and 31 with the intermediate wall 56. The connection of the other ends of the side walls with the rear wall 29 and an intermediate wall 56 is made by welding as shown at Fig.

In contrast to the first variant forms in the second embodiment, each coil coupler 34 (Fig) made in the form of an elongated rod with threads on one end. Each such coil coupler is in the open grooves 35, is made in the front, rear and intermediate walls 56. Each coil coupler 34 is located in the recess 36 of each intermediate wall 56 in a similar manner as in the first embodiment form.

Elongated screw plate 34 extends along the shape (Fig) from the extreme rear wall 29 to the extreme front wall 28 forms, compressing in the direction of the side wall adjacent the front wall 28, an intermediate wall 56 and rear wall 29 of the form.

Thus, the second version of the form contains installed on the tray front wall, at least one or more intermediate walls, a back wall, Myung is our least two pairs or multiple side walls.

Each pair of side walls 30 and 31 are rigidly connected to one of the rear wall 29 or with one intermediate wall 56 and in this connection, these being rigidly connected to wall form a separate section that is connected with an adjacent similar section extending from the outer rear wall shape from one end to located on the other side forms the front wall.

In the upper and lower parts of each of the intermediate wall and the front wall is made open at the top and bottom grooves 57 (Fig), which are the projections 32 of the side walls of the adjacent sections. The strap 37 (Fig) and screw the coupler 34 cover the shape with four sides so that the strips are in contact with the outer surfaces of the front and rear walls and are drawn to them screeds, and on each side of the form covered by a screw couplers. The form is installed on the tray 53 in the manner described above.

The third variant forms for the manufacture of blocks performed as shown in Fig. This form contains the signs of the first and second options, and the shape of this embodiment is also installed on the tray 53 and contains a front wall 28, rear wall 29, which are parallel and vertically relative to the pallet 53. The form has an intermediate side wall 58 located between the side wall and 30 and 31. Each intermediate side wall 58 is inclined at an angle α formed intermediate side wall 58 and the pallet 53, and the angle α is selected more or less direct angle of 90°. This form also contains at least one intermediate wall 56, the shape of which is identical with the forms of the front and rear walls 28 and 29, or it may have another shape. The connection of each of the intermediate side wall 58 to the front wall 28 or with an intermediate wall 56, or against the rear wall 29 is made as the connection shown in Fig, 46 and 48.

The fourth variant forms for the manufacture of blocks performed as shown in Fig, 51, this version of the form contains the signs of the first option and in addition to them, this form has an intermediate wall 56. The form is installed on the tray 53 has a front wall 28, side walls 30 and 31, the rear wall 29 between which there is at least one intermediate wall 56. Each pair of side walls 30 and 31, which are located against each other, rigidly connected with the rear wall 29. Each similar pair of side walls rigidly connected with the intermediate wall 56. In connection with the rear and intermediate wall, each individual pair of side walls forms a separate section. Sections are connected by a screw couplers 34, located in the front holes is th, the intermediate and rear walls. Screed cover the form with its two sides so that they draw the shape in its longitudinal direction along the side walls. At the bottom of the inner surface of the walls have ridges 38 or recesses 41 with beveled surfaces described above.

The profile of each recess 41 in its cross-section is identical to the profile of each ridge 38 in the cross section of the ridge. Located on one side forms the side wall 30, side walls 31, or located on both sides of the side walls 30 and 31 are tilted away from the axis of symmetry of the form as shown on Fig angle α, which is located between the side wall and tray 53, the angle of inclination of the wall selected more or less direct angle of 90°. The form has a lower wall, which is used pallet 53, having a polygonal inner surface consisting of two parts, each of which is at an angle β to the vertical axis of symmetry of the form, while β is greater or less than a right angle of 90°.

The fifth variant forms for the manufacture of blocks performed as shown in Fig-53, the shape of the fifth variant is characterized by the fact that it contains the signs of the first and fourth options. Basically the fifth option repeats the construction of the fourth option. In the fifth embodiment, all the hallmarks of che is vertigo option except the fifth option has no grooves and ridges and all of the inner surface of the mold is made of solid and smooth.

Located on one side forms the side wall 30, side walls 31, or located on both sides of the side walls 30 and 31 are tilted away from the axis of symmetry of the form as shown on Fig angle α, which is located between the side wall and tray 53, the angle of inclination of the side wall is selected more or less direct angle of 90°. The form has a lower wall, which is used pallet 53, having a polygonal inner surface consisting of two parts, each of which is at an angle β to the vertical axis of symmetry of the shape, and the angle β is selected more or less direct angle of 90°.

The sixth variant forms for the manufacture of blocks performed as shown in Fig-56, and this form is characterized by the fact that it contains is installed on the tray front wall 28, side walls 30 and 31, the rear wall 29, at least one intermediate wall 56 and the partition wall 59, the height of each of which is smaller than the height of the form.

Two side walls located opposite each other and forming thereby a pair of walls, and one wall 59 are rigidly connected to one of the rear wall 29 or with one intermediate wall 56 and in this connection they form delnoy section. The form has several sections. Sections are located along the shape and interconnected by a screw couplers 34, located in the holes of the front, intermediate and rear walls. Screed cover the form with its two sides so that they draw her in a longitudinal direction along the side walls 30 and 31 and along the walls 59. In the front, rear and intermediate walls 28, 29 and 56, respectively, are executed in parallel spaced relation to each other horizontal recesses 41 and vertical recesses 41, oriented in the direction of the rear wall 29. The recess 41 of the rear wall 29 is directed into the outer side of the form.

The work forms for the manufacture of blocks is carried out as follows. When assembling any variant forms, such as the first version (Fig), first being rigidly connected with the rear wall 29 and side walls 30 and 31 mounted in a vertical position. Due to the rigid connection of the side walls with the rear wall they are in the disassembled position of the bulk form a rigid structure, which itself is fixed in the vertical mounting position, not requiring in the Assembly form any additional transactions to commit in a vertical operating position. In the vertical position of these walls forms the protrusions 32 (Fig) of the side wall is 30 and 31 in the grooves 33 of the front wall 28 (Fig) and injected screw couplers 34 (Fig) in the open recess 35 (Fig) the front and rear walls and into the holes 36 of the slats 37. Screw arm 49 on the threaded part of the screw couplers 34 and draw the side walls 30 and 31 by screws (Fig) to the front and rear walls 28 and 29 until landing flat head screws 48 on the outer surface of the strap 37. The strap 37 and screw coupler 34 cover the shape with four sides and form in a compressed state ties is a rigid structure. Collected in this way is in a vertical position - the form used in this provision the following way to implement the method of manufacturing options blocks. Similarly, work, going the other options forms for the manufacture of other options blocks.

The form involves removing the block from the mold. For this is not fully Unscrew the ring arm 49, leaving them on the threaded portions of the tie-rods 34, and relieve tension on the straps. While the protrusions 32 of the side walls 30 and 31 extend from the slots 33. The front and rear walls 28 and 29, respectively, away from the unit in hand. If forms are used with intermediate walls and partitions, while Stripping blocks these walls and partitions depart from the surfaces extracted from the shapes of the blocks.

The implementation of the method of making wall blocks is performed as follows. To implement the method sets the form on the pallet 53 (Fig-60) so that the crests 44 and the recess 41 of the mold walls were located at the bottom. After that submit the form on the tray 53 in fluid pasty condition of the first mixture for forming the front layer 12 wall block including crushed limestone with fractions 1-15 mm, cement, plasticizer and water. The first mixture for forming the front layer 12 of the block in the form serves in a precisely predetermined amount of calculation obtain the required thickness of the front layer 12 because of the shrinkage of the mixture layer. Then carry out the vibration of the mixture. Vibration can be effected by the vibration form or by vibration of the mixture in the form. In one embodiment, a vibrator mounted on the pallet 53, in the second case, the vibrator is immersed in the mixture. In any case, the first mixture is subjected to vibration from the bottom - vibrating her in the zone of contact with the pallet 53. The vibration is carried out for 1-5 seconds.

After that, the vibration cease, and in the form serves in a given volume of the second mixture for forming the intermediate layer 13 wall block, including block with 5-20 mm, cement, plasticizer and water. After feeding the second mixture into the form again carry out vibration from below mentioned first and second mixtures to form within 1-5 seconds. The vibration from the bottom is carried out by vibration of the first mixture, from which the vibration is transmitted to the second mixture. Simultaneously with the vibration of the first and second mixtures exert compression on top of the second mixture and the first mixture through the prilojeniya compression force of the upper surface of the second mixture, intended for forming the intermediate layer. After that, the vibration ceased.

Next is served in the form on the intermediate layer a third of the mixture for forming the inner layer unit containing sand, cement, plasticizer and water, and compressed in the form of first, second and third mixture by pressure from the top down to the third mixture. After compression mixes smooth down the top surface of the third mixture to a forming surface of the inner layer of block. After operations withstand these first, second and third mixture in the form to the state of their connection between each other, curing and formation of the front, intermediate and inner layers 12-14 block. Then remove the block from the mold and dried it to a state of readiness.

Molded in the form of a crude extract block from the mold or damp, or heat it in the form of any well known means such as hot air, after which produce a casing partially dried block. Remove the block from the mold and then dried it in the air or the steam chambers or dry it in air at natural moisture and natural temperature, then the block is warehoused and dried in natural conditions when the natural temperature until it is completely dry and ready, allowing transport of the unit.

RAS is Alupka block is as follows. Unscrew the ring arm 49 (Fig) and loosen the screw coupler 34. Take first the screws from the grooves 35 (Fig) of the rear wall 29 and out of the holes of the strap 37. Then combine the long part of the arm 49 with a vertically oriented notch 54 in the rear wall 29 and brought back in the opposite direction from the front wall. One strap 37, which is located on the rear wall 29, with the forms removed.

Output arm 49 through openings 54 in the rear wall 29 toward the front wall 28 and rear wall is freed from form, it will be removed from her, freeing one side of the molded block. Then from the block to separate the side walls 30 and 31 and the front wall 28. When the screws 34 are screwed on their arm 49 with the other strap 37, remain connected with the front wall 28 that does not require action for their connections with each other in the subsequent Assembly of the form.

Referred to the elasticity of the walls of the mold due to their slight bend facilitates peeling of the walls crude unit from the surface of the side walls 30 and 31, which are rigidly connected to the rear wall 29 forms. For detachment of the walls from the block wall slightly diluted in hand with a special tool, with the side walls bend and peel off from the side walls of the block. After removal of the efforts of the breeding side walls in the side wall due to progos and self-aligning in the design position.

Provided, alternatively, another process of Stripping, for which first loosen screw couplers 34, then raise and fix the shape of the pallet 53 any known lifting means, post the form together with a block above the pan, then using a special tool due to the elasticity of the walls forms prepare the chin surface of the block from the mold walls and then the pallet together with the unit down until the output of the block from the mold. Similarly, the method implemented using other options in the manufacture of the above options blocks.

Line for production of wall blocks (Fig) presents the block diagram. It contains sequentially arranged and interconnected in the technological sequence of nodes, which include posts for technological operations. In particular, the line contains the post 60 of the receiving and processing of cement, post 61 of the receiving and processing of crushed limestone with fractions 1-15 mm, the post 62 of the receiving and processing of solid clay with 5-20 mm, post 63 of the receiving and processing of sand, post 64 for receiving and processing plasticizer and post 65 receiving and processing water.

Posts 60-65 interconnected through the block 66 management of these posts. The block 66 and these posts are included in the node 67 receiving and processing the components and materials intended for the manufacture of layers of the block. These layers, in particular, face layer 12 of a wall block comprising cement, crushed limestone with fractions 1-15 mm, sand, plasticizer and water; an intermediate layer 13 of a wall block comprising cement, limestone with 5-20 mm, sand, plasticizer and water; the inner layer 14 of a wall block comprising of cement, sand and water.

With the node 67 is connected to the node 68 components supply the above materials in the mixer. Node 68 submission contains the tool 69 cement supply, the tool 70 supply of crushed expanded clay with fractions 1-15 mm, tool 71 feed solid clay with 5-20 mm, the tool 72 sand, medium 73 submission plasticizer and the tool 74 water supply. All of these tools supply are connected through the unit 75 of the control node 68 of the feed components.

The line also contains the node 76, which includes a mixer 77 material of the first face layer 12 wall unit, mixer 78 material of the second intermediate layer 13 wall unit and mixer 79 of the third material of the inner layer 14 of the wall unit, and the mixers are connected through the block 80 control mixers and node 76.

These components are connected by electrical, pneumatic or hydraulic channels 81 communication with control units 66, 75 and 80, which is s connected by the electric communication lines 82, through a Central control panel or via the computer 83, managing the production process blocks.

The line also includes United with mixer 77 tool 84 submission to form the first mixture for the manufacture of the front layer 12 of the unit, coupled with the mixer 78 tool 85 submission to form a second mixture for the production of the intermediate layer 13 of the block, and United with mixer 79 tool 86 feed in the form of a mixture for the production of the inner layer 14 of the wall block. The connection of each mixer with corresponding means for supplying a mixture made electric. Means 84-86 feed mixtures in the form of interconnected through the block 87 management of feed mixtures. Block 87 control is connected to an electric communication line 82 with the computer 83. Form for manufacturing blocks conventionally shown position 88.

The line for the manufacture of building blocks in the following way. Posts 60-65 reception and processing of these material components receive and process the material for a given program. Further components of the materials node 68 feed the metered feed materials are fed into the mixer 77 for the manufacture of a mixture of the first layer of wall unit, mixer 78 for producing a mixture of the second layer of wall unit and mixer 79 for the manufacture of a mixture of the third layer of the wall block. Smesiteli components are mixed to obtain in these mixtures.

Then in a fluid state by means 84-86 served in the specified sequence and in a predetermined amount of the first, second and third mixture in the form of 88. In this first form means 84 serves a mix for the production of face layer 12 wall block, then in the form serves means 85 mixture for manufacturing the intermediate layer 13 of the block and then means 86 in the form serves a mix for the production of the inner layer 14 of the block. Since all system components are connected and the computer 83, then the operation control units 66, 75, 80, and 87 is in automatic mode and in this mode for a given program are all above posts.

When filling out the form 88 mixtures it can move together with the pallet according to the program set by the computer. In another embodiment, the form remains stationary, the funds 84-86 feed mixtures in the form of a driven unit 87 controls are moved relative to the form 88 and filled with mixtures of cells of the form.

The possibility of automation of the manufacturing process units of this production line are important from the point of view of realization of the method of manufacturing a multi-layered blocks of different composition mixtures.

1. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer persons who howl side of the unit front surface, located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent lateral and lower sides of the l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer and cover with the other two adjacent side and top sides of the block G-shaped recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front the surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers are made rough and with extending inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is chosen equal to the length of the unit with its front side, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5.

2. Wall block according to claim 1, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross-section, and crest length equal to the length of the recess.

3. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains consistently R is polozhenie according to the width of the front layer, the intermediate layer and the inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent lateral and lower sides of the l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer of the covering with the other two adjacent side and top sides of the block G-shaped recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, length L block with its inner side is selected equal to the length L of the block with its front side and L=(0,4-0,6)S, while iceva the surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5.

4. Wall block according to claim 3, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross-section, and crest length equal to the length of the recess.

5. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticized the R and crushed limestone with factions within 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and is located on the bottom side of the ridge, and made in the front layer and cover with the other two adjacent side and top sides unit G-shaped recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, length L block with its inner side is less than the length of the block with its front side, and right Bokova, the surface is made beveled at an angle α, located between the inner surface of the block and its oblique right lateral surface, the angle selected in the range α=90-145°.

6. Wall block according to claim 5, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross-section, and crest length equal to the length of the recess.

7. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and fractional any block with factions within 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent bottom and right lateral sides of the l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer and located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side selected equal to the length of the block with its front side, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, length L from its inner side is less than the length of the block with its front side, and the left side surface is made beveled at an angle α, which is situated between the inner surface of the block and its beveled side surface, the angle selected in the range α=90-145°.

8. Wall block according to claim 7, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross-section, and crest length equal to the length of the recess.

9. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 is izoho layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3-(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and located on its bottom side of the ridge, and made in the front layer and located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6 S, length L block with its inner side is selected greater than the length of the block with its front side, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, the right side is performed beveled at an angle α, which is situated between the inner surface of the block and its oblique right lateral surface, the angle selected in the range α=60-90°.

10. Wall block according to claim 9, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross-section, and crest length equal to the length of the recess.

11. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness s3 of the inner layer is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent the bottom and right sides of the l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer and covering with two other adjacent the top and left sides of the block G-shaped recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, length L block with its inner side is selected greater than the length of the block with its front side, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block p is Solorina from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 more than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, the left side surface is made beveled at an angle α, which is situated between the inner surface of the block and its beveled side surface, the angle selected in the range α=60-90°.

12. Wall block according to claim 11, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross-section, and crest length equal to the length of the recess.

13. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 sub the internal layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent bottom and left lateral sides of the l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer and located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 greater than s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, length L block with its inner side is less than the length of the block with its front side and is selected within L=(0,3-0,35)S, on the right side of the unit is made hollow right angle located at the intersection of the right-side surface and the top layer.

14. Wall block according to item 13, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

15. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 promezhutochnogo the layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent bottom and left lateral sides of the l-shaped crest, as well as the front layer, and is located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made solid, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,7-0,75)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge on which the leg more than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, on the right side of the unit is made hollow right angle located at the intersection of the right-side surface and the top layer.

16. Wall block according to § 15, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

17. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plastificator and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 up to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and covering it with two adjacent bottom and right lateral sides of the l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer and located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and inner surfaces are made solid, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,7-0,75)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance greater than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, on the left side of the unit is made hollow right angle, located along the intersection of the left side surface and the top layer.

18. Wall unit 17, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form of at manufacturing unit crest has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

19. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains the sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the unit has made in the front layer and located on the adjacent bottom and right side of an l-shaped ridge, and made in the front layer and located on the upper side of the recess, the tongue and recess are located in one plane parallel to the front surface of the block, the surface of the ridge and recess, the front and the inner surface is made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, length L block with its inner side is less than the length of the block with its front side, the length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,3-0,35)S, on the right side of the unit is made hollow right angle located at the intersection of the right sides of the first surface and the top layer.

20. Wall block according to claim 19, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, the recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

21. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains the sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the front and the inner surface of the block is made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and inner layers of the block, made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,99-1,01)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,4-0,6)S, the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge, the inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,08-0,16)s5, the block contains made in the front layer on its top surface broken in the horizontal plane, the first recess being adjacent to which is located on the left the side surface of the second direct deepening, deepening cover the block with its two adjacent upper and lateral sides, the unit has made in the front layer on the bottom surface of the polyline in the horizontal plane, the first ridge being adjacent located on the right side from the front side of the unit : the sixth straight comb, combs cover the block with his two other adjacent the right and bottom sides, and a straight comb on the right side of the block, one part of the broken ridge, which is located on the lower side of the block, and one part broken indentations on the upper side of the block are in the same vertical plane located at an oblique angle β to the front surface of the block, the second part of the broken ridge on the lower side of the block, the recess on the left side of the block and one part broken first recess on the upper side of the block are located in a different vertical plane located under other backward slanting angle β to the front surface of the block, when this face is wedge-shaped with two adjacent angle 2β each other surfaces, each of which is at an angle β to the axis of symmetry of the block, the angle β is selected in the range β=45-90°, each side surface of the block is made beveled at an angle α, which is located between the inner surface of the block and its lateral surface in the range α=90-145°.

22. Wall block according to item 21, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, deepening the imp is prevalent in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

23. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface located on the inner side of the block inner surface, bottom, top and side surfaces, the block contains sequentially located along the width of the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the front and the inner surface of the block is made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block, located between the front and the inner layer is mi block, made rough stretches inside the recesses from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, the length L of the block with its front side is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(0,4-0,6)S, length L block with its inner side is selected within L=(0,99-1,01)S, the inner surface of the block is made wedge-shaped with two adjacent angle 2β each other surfaces, each of which is at an angle β to the axis of symmetry of the block, the angle selected in the range β=45-90°, each side the surface unit is beveled at an angle α=90-145°, located between the outer surface of the block and the adjacent lateral surface.

24. Wall block according to item 23, characterized by the fact that its design has a symmetrical shape with a longitudinal axis passing through the point of intersection of the inner surfaces of the block.

25. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having a bottom, top and side surfaces, with the outer front side of the block contains located at right corner of the front surface, forming a salient angle block, inside block contains located at a right angle inner surface forming a rectangular recess, forming the inner corner of the block, the block contains clause is therefore located in two mutually perpendicular directions of the front layers, intermediate layers and inner layers, and in each the direction of the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness of the inner layer s3 is less than the thickness s1 of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block, equal to the length of any side of the block prior to its specified rectangular recesses, the thickness of the layers of the block are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the length L of the block with each of the front side block is selected depending on the width S of the block within L=(1,49-1,51)S, the unit has made in the front layer of the l-shaped crest, located in the same plane on the bottom surface of the block, and made in the front layer of the G-shaped recess, which is located in one plane on the upper surface of the block, the tongue and recess are located in two parallel planes, the block contains a straight crest, located on the right side of the unit, as well as direct the recess located on the left side of the block, the surface of the ridges and uglublenie is, the front and the inner surface of the block is made solid, and the lower and upper surface of the block, located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between factions, each front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge parallel to the front surface, each inner surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,05-0,10)s5, and the length at each side of the rectangular recess is selected within'sv=(0,4-0,6)L.

26. Wall unit A.25, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its molding in molds to form blocks, each comb has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, each recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis of the recess, which has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

27. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having a bottom, the top surfaces located at right angles of the front and the side surface is ness, the block contains consistently located in two mutually perpendicular directions of the front layers and intermediate layers, and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, the front layer contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the thickness of the layers of the block selected in dependence on the length L of each of the front surface of the block, equal to the length of any side of the block, the thickness of the layers of the block are in the ratio s1:s2=(0,10-0,17)L:(0,89-0,79)L, the length L of the block with each of the front side is selected in the range L=(0,99-1,01)S, the length of each side of the block is equal to the length of the block with its front side, the unit has made in the front layer of the l-shaped crest, located in the same plane on the bottom side of the block, as well as the front layer of the G-shaped recess located in the same plane on the upper side of the block, the block also contains direct crest, located on the right side of the block and direct the recess located on the left side of the block, the surface of crests and recesses, the front surface of the block is made of solid, while the lower, upper and side surfaces of the block is made cher hometime with grooves from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions, each of the front surface of the block is located at a distance s4 from the axis of the ridge or from the axis of the grooves, which are parallel to the front surface, each side surface of the block is located from the axis of the ridge or from the axis of the recess parallel to the front surface, at a distance s5 is larger than the distance s4, while s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0,11-0,21)s5.

28. Wall block according to item 27, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, each comb is made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, each recess is made in the array block, extends to the middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

29. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface, side, bottom and top surfaces, as well as the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer and the inner layer has a thickness of s3, which is I less than the thickness of the front layer, the latter contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with fractions in the range from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, the block also contains made in the front layer of the ridge, one part which is located on the right side of the block at its height, the second part of this ridge is located on the half of the bottom surface of the block in the direction of its length, and the third part of the ridge extends from the second part of the crest to the front surface of the block, part of the crest is formed of one integral comb having a complex shape, the front layer unit is made hollow, one part of which is located on the side of the upper surface of the block, the second part of the recess is located across the width of the block and extends from the first side of the recess toward the front surface of the block, and the third recess is located on the front surface of the block at its height all parts of the cavities are interconnected and represent one of the above-mentioned recess having a complex shape, with surfaces of the tongue and grooves, the front and inner surfaces the t of the surface layer and the inner layer is made of a solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the intermediate layer unit located between the front and inner layers made rough with grooves from 0.1 mm to 20 mm, and the length L of the block selected in the range L=(1,49-1,51)S.

30. Wall block according to clause 29, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, each part of the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, each portion of the recess extends from the surfaces of the block to its middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis of the recess, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

31. Wall unit, characterized in that it is made in the form of a faceted structure of the cured material, having on the outer front side of the unit front surface, side, bottom and top surfaces, as well as the front layer, intermediate layer and inner layer and the front layer has a thickness of s1 which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer and the inner layer has a thickness which is less than the thickness of the front face layer block, the front layer contains cement, plasticizer and crushed limestone with factions is from 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer unit contains cement, plasticizer and with expanded clay fractions in the range from 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer unit contains sand, cement and plasticizer, the thickness of the layers of the block selected depending on the width S of the block and are in the ratio s1:s2:s3=(0,10-0,17)S:(0,89-0,79)S:(0,007-0,037)S, this unit has made in the front layer of the ridge, one part of which is located in the middle of the block on its front surface by the height of the block, the second part of the crest is on the bottom surface of the block in the direction of its length, the third part of the ridge extends from the second part of the ridge to the first part of the ridge, the part of the comb is formed of one integral comb having a complex shape, also in the front layer unit is made hollow, one part of which is located on the side of the upper surface of the block along it, the second part of the recess is located at the height of the block on the left side, and the third part of the recess extends from the first part toward the front surface of the block, part of the deepening connected and represent one recess having a complex shape, with the surface of the ridge and deepening of the front and inner surfaces are made of solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and side surfaces of the intermediate layer unit located between the front and inner with whom oami, made rough with grooves from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between the factions of the intermediate layer, and the length L of the block selected in the range L=(1,49-1,51)S.

32. Wall unit p, characterized in that the height h of the ridge is equal to the depth h1 of the recess, h=(0,05-0,12)H, where H is the height of the block, comb made integral with the block method of its shaping in the form in the manufacture of the block, each part of the ridge has a beveled surface with respect to its longitudinal axis, each portion of the recess extends from the surfaces of the block to its middle and has a beveled surface relative to the longitudinal axis of the recess, the recess has a cross-section of the response form to the shape of the crest in its cross section.

33. The material for the manufacture of building blocks, characterized in that it comprises a mixture in the liquid phase, wt.%:
for forming the front layer of wall unit

the clay crushed with fractions 1-15 mm and a specific gravity in the range from 200 to 350 kg/m350-60
cement Portland M50030-40
the plasticizer0,7-3,0
waterthe rest,

for molding about itocnode layer wall unit
the expanded clay with 5-20 mm and a specific gravity in the range from 200 to 350 kg/m370-80
cement Portland M50020-35
the plasticizer0,5-1,0
waterthe rest,

for forming the inner layer of wall unit
the sand50-60
cement Portland M50030-40
the plasticizer1,0-3,0
waterrest

34. The form for the manufacture of building blocks, characterized in that it contains is installed on the tray front wall, rear wall and side walls, the side walls are rigidly connected to the rear wall, each side wall has upper and lower parts of the ribs, which are located in the slots of the front wall, the form is located in the middle part of the screw rod, made from passing through the front and rear walls of the screws that RA is supposed to be in the open slots of the front and rear walls and through the holes in the slats, adjacent to the front and rear walls, trims and screws cover a shape with four sides, each screw is located in the grooves of the front and rear walls, the lower part of its walls have ridges and grooves, the longitudinal axes of which are arranged in the same horizontal plane parallel to the plane of the pallet, the profile of each recess in its cross-section has an identical shape to the profile of each ridge in cross section, one end of the helical couplers drawn in to one strap and at the other end of the screw coupler is screwed on the handle, the shape made in the form of an open bottom and top boxes installed at the specified pallet front and back walls are made in them, vertically-oriented cuts made near cut-outs, each cut-out together with the adjacent open side of the recess forms a window for unobstructed passage through his arm.

35. Form for manufacturing blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the tray front wall, at least one or more intermediate walls, a back wall, at least two pair or a lot of side walls, each pair of side walls rigidly connected with one back wall or with one intermediate wall and in this connection, these being rigidly connected to the wall form is Wallpaper a separate section, connected with adjacent similar section extending from the rear wall to form located on the other side forms the front wall, and top and bottom of each intermediate and the front wall is made open at the top and bottom grooves, which are the projections of the side walls of the adjacent sections, the form also contains the bracket with the holes and screw couplers located in the holes in the strips and cut-outs front, rear and intermediate walls, helical couplers made in the form of covering the form of a laterally elongated rods, each coil coupler is screwed on one end of the handle, strap and screw coupler cover the shape with four sides so that the strips are in contact with the front and rear walls and are drawn to them by ties in the lower part of its walls have ridges and grooves, the longitudinal axes of which are arranged in the same horizontal plane parallel to the plane of the pallet on which the wall forms, and the profile of each recess in its cross-section is identical to the profile of each ridge in cross section of the ridge, the shape made in the form of an open bottom and top boxes installed at the specified tray, the front and back walls are made in them, vertically-oriented cuts made near places each cutout instead of the e with the adjacent open side of the recess forms a window for unobstructed passage through his arm.

36. Form for manufacturing blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the tray front wall, a back wall, identical with the intermediate wall, these walls are located on the pallet parallel to and vertically, between these walls are side walls and intermediate the side walls, the latter are connected with the front, rear and intermediate wall, each of the intermediate side wall is inclined at an angle α, which is located between it and the tray, the angle α is selected more or less direct angle of 90°, the side walls are rigidly connected to the rear wall and forming with it a section at the top and bottom parts rear walls are made grooves under the tabs of adjacent sections, each side wall and each side of the intermediate wall are the tabs in the open slots of the intermediate walls or grooves adjacent the front wall, the form has in its middle part of the screw couplers located in open cut-outs front, rear and intermediate walls, and through the holes in the slats, which together with screw couplers cover the shape with four sides so that the strips are in contact with the front and rear walls and are drawn to them couplers, each coil coupler is screwed on one end of the handle, and at the bottom part of the form its walls have crests and uglublenie is, located in one plane parallel to the plane of the pallet, the form is designed as an open top and bottom boxes installed at the specified tray, the front and back walls are made in them, vertically-oriented cuts made near cut-outs, each cut-out together with the adjacent open side of the recess forms a window for unobstructed passage through his arm.

37. Form for manufacturing blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the pallet front and rear walls between which there is at least one intermediate wall, the back wall has grooves for placement of the tabs joined with it a separate section, the form contains pairs located opposite each other, side walls, a pair of side walls rigidly connected with the rear wall, each similar pair of side walls rigidly connected with the intermediate wall, in combination with the rear and intermediate walls of each pair of side walls forms a separate section, the sections are interconnected so that the tabs of the side walls are located in the slots of the intermediate and front walls, the side walls are drawn in to the intermediate and anterior walls of the screw couplers located in the holes of the front, intermediate and rear walls, screed HC is primarily a form with two sides and draw the shape in its longitudinal direction along the side walls, each coil coupler is screwed on one end of the handle, the bottom shape of the inner surface of the walls have ridges and hollows with beveled surfaces, the profile of each recess in its cross-section is identical to the profile of each ridge in cross section of the ridge, while located on one side of the form side walls or side walls located on both sides of the form, inclined at an angle α, which is located between the side wall and tray, the angle of inclination of the wall selected more or less direct angle of 90°, the shape has a lower wall formed by the pallet having a polygonal inner surface consisting of two parts, each of which is at an angle β to the vertical axis of symmetry of the form, while β is greater or less than a right angle is 90°, and the shape made in the form of an open bottom and top boxes installed at the specified tray.

38. Form for manufacturing blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the pallet front and rear walls between which there is at least one intermediate wall, the back wall has grooves for placement of the tabs joined with it a separate section, the form contains pairs located opposite each other, side walls, a pair of side walls rigidly connected with the rear wall, each is similar pair of side walls rigidly connected with the intermediate wall, in connection with the rear and intermediate walls of each pair of side walls forms a separate section, section connected to each other so that the protrusions of the side walls are located in the slots of the intermediate and front walls, the side walls are drawn in to the intermediate and anterior walls of the screw couplers located in the holes of the front, intermediate and rear walls, screed cover the form with its two sides and draw the shape in its longitudinal direction along the side walls, each coil coupler is screwed on one end of the handle, while located on one side of the form side walls or side walls located on both sides of the form, inclined at an angle α, which is located between the side wall and tray, the angle of inclination of the wall selected more or less direct angle of 90°, the shape has a lower wall formed by the pallet having a polygonal inner surface consisting of two parts, each of which is at an angle β to the vertical axis of symmetry of the form, while β is greater or less than a right angle is 90°, and the shape made in the form of an open bottom and top boxes installed at the specified tray.

39. Form for manufacturing blocks, characterized in that it contains are installed on the pallet front and rear walls between which it is located, m is Nisha least one intermediate wall, the back wall has grooves for placement of the tabs joined with it a separate section, the form contains partitions and in pairs opposite each other, side walls, a pair of side walls and a partition rigidly connected with the rear wall, each similar pair of side walls and a partition rigidly connected with the intermediate wall, in combination with the rear and intermediate walls of each pair of side walls and the partition form a separate section, section connected to each other so that the protrusions of the side walls are located in the slots of the intermediate and front walls, the side walls are drawn in to the intermediate and the front wall screw couplers located in the grooves of the front, intermediate and rear walls, screed cover the form with its two sides and draw the shape in its longitudinal direction along the side walls, each coil coupler is screwed on one end of the handle, while the front, rear and intermediate walls are executed in parallel spaced relation to each other horizontal recess and parallel vertical grooves, convex in the direction from the front wall, the shape made in the form of an open bottom and top boxes installed at the specified tray, front, intermediate and rear stancykeync fulfilled in them vertically oriented notches, made near cut-outs, each cut-out together with the adjacent open side of the recess forms a window for unobstructed passage through his arm.

40. A method of making wall blocks, characterized by the fact that set the mould for the production of blocks on the pallet so that the form elements for forming the ridge and deepening of the block was placed at the bottom, then serves to form a first mixture for forming the front layer of wall block including crushed limestone with fractions 1-15 mm, cement, plasticizer and water, and perform below the vibration of the first mixture to form within 1-5 seconds, and then the vibration of the first mixture cease and serves to form a second mixture for forming the intermediate layer building block, including block with 5-20 mm, cement, plasticizer and water, and carry out the vibration of these two mixtures in the form within 1 to 5 from bottom, simultaneously with the vibration from the bottom to exert compression on top of the second mixture and the first mixture, and then served in the form on the intermediate layer a third of the mixture for forming the inner layer unit containing sand, cement, plasticizer and water, squeeze in the form of all the layers of the block by applying pressure down on the third mixture and smooth down the third mixture to a forming surface of the inner layer of the block, after the rst is the R operations withstand the layers of the block in the form to their state of connection between themselves and partial curing, then remove the block from the form.

41. Line for production of wall blocks, characterized in that it contains interconnected post reception and processing of cement, post receiving crushed limestone, post receiving solid clay, post reception, a plasticizer, a post receiving sand and the post receiving water for the manufacture of mixtures of the front, intermediate and inner layers of the wall unit, and the positions of the reception and processing are connected with the control unit positions the acceptance and processing of that with these posts forms a node receiving and processing these materials, the node receiving and processing associated with a node in the supply of materials to the mixers, and site submission in the mixer includes means for feeding cement, crushed limestone, solid clay, sand, plasticizer and water, the use of filing of functionally integrated into the host material feeding and connected with each other and with a control unit work site submission, site submission is connected to the node of mixers, which includes faucets for the manufacture of mixtures of the front, intermediate and inner layers of the wall unit, mixers connected with each other and with a control unit mixers, the line also contains the United mixers money supply in the form of mixtures for the manufacture of the front etc the intermediate and inner layers of the wall unit, with the means of feed mixtures in the form connected with each other and with a control unit by means of feed mixtures, and all these control units are connected with each other and with the Central control line.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: tape is designed to fill seams between construction slabs. It contains a non-woven base, containing fibres, selected from a group made of natural cellulose fibres, synthetic polymer fibres, glass fibres and their combinations. At the same time the nonwoven base has the following properties, determined according to ASTM C474-05: relative swelling in cross direction is below approximately 1.3%; relative swelling in longitudinal direction is below approximately 0.2% and breaking strength in cross direction is at least approximately 2625 N/m. Besides, a method is proposed for finishing treatment of a seam between slabs, including the following: (1) application of a tape for filling seams onto a seam between slabs by submersion of a tape for seam filling into the first layer of the composition for filling seams; (ii) application of the second layer of the composition for filling seams above the tape, besides, the stage (ii) is carried out before the tape for seam filling and the composition for seam filling applied at the stage (i), have dried substantially, and if required, (iii) application of the third, filling or final layer of the composition for filling seams above the tape, besides, the stage (iii) is carried out before the tape for seam filling and the second layer have substantially dried.

EFFECT: improved quality of the tape due to high strength and reduction of swelling during moistening at simultaneous acceleration of seams filling.

20 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: light heat-insulation building unit arranged in internal and external walls of a building and formed from bubble synthetic resin, comprises a connecting ledge on the upper side, so that when it is laid, no cavity is formed, a connecting slot in the basement of the unit corresponding to the connecting ledge, and also a protruding section and a section of the slot arranged on the front and rear surfaces of the unit. At the same it is equipped with an auxiliary unit having the same shape as the heat insulation unit, which is cut as "L" on a segment of the upper section of its one surface, and has a ledge of cylindrical shape on the upper section of the cut element, and is joined to one side of the heat insulation unit. Also versions of the units are described.

EFFECT: development of units that make it possible to complete treatment of building walls by attachment of a finishing material to a unit, reduction of costs, simplified process of unit formation.

13 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: multilayer building block comprises a decorative layer, a central layer arranged between an inner and outer structural layers made of ceramsite-concrete mix. The mix to make the central layer contains the following components, per 1 m3 of the mix: ceramsite gravel of 8÷22 mm fraction with apparent density of 350÷450 kg/m3 in volume of 1 m3; portland cement 130÷440 kg, polyvinyl acetate glue in volume of 1.3÷4.7 l, water in volume of 115÷125 l. The method is characterised to manufacture the multilayer building block.

EFFECT: increased strength of the block and simplified method of its manufacturing.

5 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for production of multilayer structural material includes mould filling, subsequent supply of layer materials, moulding, soaking, withdrawal from mould. At the same time serial filling of layer materials is carried out through placement of basalt cloth layers impregnated with epoxide resin onto mould bottom, placement of foam polyurethane layer onto layers of basalt-plastic with further laying of basalt cloth layers impregnated with epoxide resin onto foam polyurethane layer, with intermediate arrangement of carbon threads in between. Ends of carbon threads are taken outside. Moulding and soaking of all layers is carried out simultaneously in process of heating up to temperature of 60°C and pressure of 0.5-1.0 MPa until resin hardens. At the same time ratio of foam polyurethane layer thickness to basalt-plastic layer thickness makes 20-80:0.5-1.5.

EFFECT: improved mechanical properties and reduced process cycle.

2 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to production of building materials used in particular in low-rise and frame housing and also during building of civil and industrial projects with high requirements to decorative outer cladding of buildings, heat- and acoustic insulation of rooms, for example of multistorey apartment houses, cottages and other buildings. Set of blocks includes sets of main, corner and aperture blocks containing face layer with thickness A, bearing layer with thickness C and heat-insulating layer with thickness B located between them, they are attached to each other by polymeric bars, at that basic thickness of blocks in each set is chosen discretely either 300 mm or 400 mm, at that relation of thickness B of heat-insulating layer to sum of thicknesses (A+C) of face and bearing layers, i.e. (B:(A+C)) is chosen completed with basic thickness of blocks 300 mm either 0.50 or 0.67, and completed with basic thickness of blocks 400 mm - either 0.60 or 1.00, at that sum of thicknesses (A+C) of face and bearing layers is constant for all sets, at that each set consists of two groups of blocks. Thickness A of decorative layer in each group increases in arithmetic progression according to relation Ai=A0+10·n, where A0 is chosen not less than 40 mm, and n is integral number and corresponds to range from 1 to 6, and thickness C of bearing layer decreases in arithmetic progression in each group correspondingly. Blocks in each group are made according to regional weather conditions requirement and are characterised by thickness B of heat-insulating layer being constant in group for region. Each group is provided additionally with belt blocks made one-piece and consisting of face and bearing layers, and with air-exchange block provided with through-hole and ventilating grill rigidly fixed in it. Blocks of corner type are made in two forms, one of them is provided with equidistant L-shaped face and heat-insulating layers, and in cavity of heat-insulating layer shortened bearing layer is located. The other form of blocks is provided with equidistant L-shaped bearing and heat-insulating layers, and in cavity of heat-insulating layer shortened face layer is located.

EFFECT: improvement of universalisation of set of blocks and enhancement of their use in low-rise and high-rise house building under various weather conditions, simplification of technology of walls construction observing all required technical and technological parametres, optimisation of ratio of all layers dimensions, improvement of their strength properties and cheapening of building.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 9 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial construction materials, and more specifically to double-layer structures and method of making such structures, particularly non-sparking double-layer tiles, meant or covering floors in category A and B fire safety buildings. The non-sparking double-layer tile is in form of a concrete monolithic body with a face layer, which has a regular or irregular geometrical shape, where material for both layers is a mixture, used in semi-dry state, containing, wt %: composition of the mixture of the base layer: portland cement of at least grade 500 DO 20.55 to 22.78, construction sand with particle size 5 mm with fineness modulus of not less than 2.4 72.89 to 75.34, Poliplast MB-1 0.20-0.30, water - the rest; composition of the mixture of the face layer: portland cement of at least grade 500 DO 23.98 to 26.19, limestone in form of sand from siftings from crushing sedimentary rocks with strength grade of at least 400 with particle size 2 to 4 mm and fineness module of not less than 2.4 69.84-71.94, Poliplast MB-1 0.23 to 0.30, water - the rest, where the face layer has thickness of not less than 10 mm. The method of making the said tile involves preparation of each of the said mixtures with moisture content of 6-8% in mixers by successive loading the given filler, additive, portlant cement, stirring dry components for 30 to 60 s, then, while stirring, adding water and continue to stir the mixture for the base layer for 30 to 40 s, and the mixture for the face layer - for 2 minutes, placing the mixture for the base layer into a mould, preliminary compacting with light vibration or ramming without vibration, placing the mixture for the face layer on top of the compacted base layer, final compacting with vibrocompression for 20 to 23 s of the said mixtures and solidification in a steam curing chamber at temperature of 40°C, moisture 95 to 100 % and rate of increase and decrease of temperature not more than 25°C/h. Invention is developed in subclaims.

EFFECT: increased compression and bending strength, reduced wearability.

4 cl, 4 ex, 3 tbl

Masonry unit // 2358071

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: masonry unit consists of a lightweight block with face being coated with decorative-protective layer. The vertical grooves are made on lightweight block face during forming. The face of block is implemented with a plate, which is glued leak tightly to the said block after solidification or represents pigment stained layer of highly strong concrete mix as forming open-end vertical channels in masonry unit parallel to block face.

EFFECT: wide functional applications of masonry unit due to increase gas permeability.

7 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: security facilities.

SUBSTANCE: according to the first version the proposed sandwich fire protective structure based on composite plates can be fixed on the surface of the facility being protected and comprises low-density basalt-fibrous material layer, adhesive interlayer and heat-resistant protective-decorative plate which are sequentially adjacent to the above surface. Thicknesses and materials of the structure layers are chosen so that to provide for evaporation of water containing in the outer layer and adhesive interlayer, diffusion of the produced water vapour into the inner basalt-fibrous layer and under further heating evaporation of moisture condensed on the fibres surface, in case of fire attack or non-stationary heating of the structure outer layer surface. According to the second version the proposed sandwich fire protective structure can be fixed on the surface of the facility being protected with an air gap. The adhesive interlayer is made from heat-expanding material which is characterised by sooting when heated. Thicknesses and materials of the structure layers in this version are chosen so that to provide for precipitation of carbon particles on the inner layer fibres surface resulting from cracking of hydrocarbons which are included into the composition of the products of thermal decomposition of the adhesive interlayer organic or polymer part and for formation of an additional layer of foam coke resulting from thermal decomposition and swelling of the adhesive interlayer containing thermally expanding graphite, in case of fire attack or non-stationary heating of the structure outer layer surface . Fire protective structure layers are made with the consideration of physical effects appearing under heating and leading to the alteration of the adjacent layers composition; this fact allows blocking of radiant-convection heat flow coming from the flame to the surface of the facility being protected.

EFFECT: increasing up to the specified level fire resistance ratings of supporting and enveloping building structures primarily in high-rise buildings.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to heat-insulating constructions. Heat-insulating block element consists of internal air-proof shell made from flexible material, and external air-permeable shell that protects internal shell from damage. External element shell has areas where it is firmly connected with internal shell as well as areas wherein there is no firm connection of external and internal shells. External shell is made, fully or partially, from air-permeable material at the location of latter areas; total external surface of internal shell equals or exceeds total internal surface of external shell. Internal cavity of air-proof shell is filled with gas and/or heat-insulating material capable of reversible deformation. Method of manufacturing heat-insulating enclosure from heat-insulating block elements is described.

EFFECT: reducing material consumption, improving enclosure heat-insulating characteristics, and providing possibility to produce heat-insulating enclosure of any configuration.

13 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: building.

SUBSTANCE: electrogenerating masonry unit contains an obverse layer, concrete building layers and a heat-insulation layer located between them. The masonry unit has the box-shaped case from a monolithic concrete layer and a heat-insulation layer in the form of the porous core placed in the box-shaped case and closed by an obverse layer with terminal screws, executed in the form of two goffered punched plates from an electro wire material and planar solid-state electrolytic diaphragm located between them, made of a material, for example: "Nafion" or MF-4SK with the deposits of electrodes - the anode and the cathode located on opposite sides of the diaphragm. Two channel apertures located on the largest possible distance from each other are brought from the surface to the diaphragm through the body of the case and a porous core with fixed tubes for possibility of leading and assignment of fuel gas.

EFFECT: improvement of an operating ability of a masonry unit.

6 cl, 7 dwg

Void former // 2464163

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to void formers intended for making vent, air heating and installation conduits, etc, in cast-in-situ structures and other structured from hardening materials. Attributes of proposed void former consist in using wedge-shape inserts mating in inclined faces. Note here that adjacent inserts may slide over inclined faces relative to each other. All jobs are performed without manual work, by drive and lifting mechanism.

EFFECT: free detachment of void former from concrete and withdrawal from formed vertical conduit.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: duplicating material to make tiled building blocks comprises webs of cellular and porous layers, which are thermally fixed to resist flaking from 0.01 to 0.19 kN/m, the cellular layer has surface density from 40 to 168 g/cm2 and comprises smooth anti-sorption threadlike elements, the porous material has apparent density from 10 to 50 kg/m3, and the duplicated material has thickness from 1.0 to 3.0 mm.

EFFECT: higher quality of produced blocks due to prevention of mortar leakage to visible surface of blocks.

8 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to manufacture panels includes pouring concrete for manufacturing panels into a curb in levels, one above another, separating each subsequent panel from a previous one by installation of separating sheets, and a unit of panels is soaked until complete hardening of concrete. Concrete is poured in the curb levels in series, installing each level of the curb for a subsequent panel after pouring of the previous one. Each subsequent panel is separated from the previous one by means of installation of the lower face sheet of the subsequent panel onto the upper face sheet of the previous panel.

EFFECT: invention will make it possible to increase strength properties of a product.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: equipment comprises a polymer mould with side walls and a bottom and a template made with the possibility of installation inside the mould and having side walls, external dimensions of which correspond to internal dimensions of side walls of the mould, and at least one partition between them to create compartments. The method to manufacture multicoloured tiles consists in the fact that the cement-sand mixture is laid into the mould in layers, first forming the face layer of the tile by filling the appropriate compartments of the template installed in the mould, to the specified height, with cement-sand mixtures of different colours. Then the template is taken out from the mould, and the bearing layer of the tile is formed by filling of the remaining part of the mould with a one-colour cement-sand mixture, afterwards the mould with the cement-sand mixture is exposed to vibration effect with subsequent hardening of this mixture, and the finished product is extracted from the mould.

EFFECT: invention will make it possible to simplify equipment design and to reduce labour intensiveness of the process for manufacturing of multicoloured tiles.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the area of construction and namely to construction of batteries of formworks. The invention allows improvement of details quality. Battery of formworks for vertical manufacturing of flat precast concrete details contains two outside formworks located opposite each other; at least one formwork can be moved into inner formwork located between outside formworks. Inner formwork is made with at least two side limiters that limit precast concrete detail at sides. Base limiter is fixed and serves as vertical reference point for manufacturing of concrete detail.

EFFECT: battery of formworks is equipped with horizontal limiter of height that is changeable and used to limit height of detail to be made of concrete.

21 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to production of construction materials and may be used in producing cellular concrete mix. Proposed method includes loading the following components: binding materials, filler, water, gas-forming agent, their mixing in mixer and measuring mix viscosity in mixing. Water is divided into two parts, one making, at least, 90% of total weight. First part of water is used in loading cellular concrete components. Required mix viscosity is set at the moment of loading gas-forming agent and compared with measured viscosity to get differential signal. Time of starting mixing is set after which permission is generated for transmission of differential signal to regulator input for conversion and further transmission to additional dispenser to meter out second portion of water into mixer and required mix viscosity is set at the moment of loading gas-forming agent.

EFFECT: higher quality due to setting required mix viscosity before loading gas-forming agent.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method involves soil loading to container, its compaction, stripping of container and unloading of the finished product. Prior to soil loading to inner cavity of rigid container-shaper there submerged is flexible container from geotextile, the sides of which are pre-covered on outer side with geotextile strips that are located in the middle of each of outer sides of flexible container. Overall dimensions of container-shaper are specified depending on the shape and weight of geocontainer. Overall dimensions of flexible container are set so that they exceed overall dimensions of container-shaper; the height shall correspond to the appropriate height of container-shaper and be higher than it by the length that is enough for further connection and bending of upper free parts of flexible container so that inner space for arrangement of detachable metal cross-beam in it is formed. Prior to submersion the hinged sides of container-shaper are fixed in vertical position, flexible container is submerged into it and single forming inner cavity is formed. Upper parts of flexible container, which go beyond the limits of container-former, are folded together with straps to external sides of its hinged sides and fixed. Soil is filled to the single inner forming cavity till container-shaper is fully loaded. Soil compaction is performed layer by layer till solid soil in the form of volumetric soil geocontainer is formed. After that, from external sides of hinged sides of container-shaper there removed are folded free upper parts of flexible container and together with straps lifted, connected, folded, and two locking metal plates are applied to those parts on both sides and they are connected in rigid manner till inner space is formed. Ends of free part of flexible container are left so that they go from under locking metal plate. In the formed inner space there arranged is detachable metal cross-beam with two ring-shaped elements, one of which is countersunk. Hinged sides of container-shaper are opened, both ring-shaped elements of cross-beam are grasped and soil geocontainer is removed.

EFFECT: increasing efficiency of manufacturing technology of geocontainer of volumetric design with increased strength, improved reliability and reinforcing ability to resist waves and streams.

3 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to release agents when producing concrete and reinforced concrete articles. The release agent for metal moulds when making concrete and reinforced concrete articles contains the following, wt %: vegetable oil 2.5-15, vegetable oil ether selected from methyl, ethyl, n-, iso-propyl, n-, iso-, tert-butyl ether 0.5-97.5, mineral oil - the rest.

EFFECT: resistance to low and high temperatures, cost effectiveness, preventing formation of spots on the surface of concrete articles and sticking of concrete to the metal mould, preventing corrosion of metal moulds, easy preparation and improved environmental properties.

2 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction. Proposed unit comprises mould, top and bottom covers, structural carcass and loading device. It differs from known designs in that mould case is made up of shell rings while top and bottom covers comprise sealing elements. Structural carcass top joint ring is provided with external thread while bottom ring is provided with internal thread. Note here that said internal thread interacts with thread on bottom cover flange cup outer surface while outer surface of top joint ring stays in contact with bottom and top sealing elements. Loading device receiver is made up of top joint ring distributor is made up of anchor section of top and bottom joint rings, lengthwise and crosswise structural elements.

EFFECT: efficient device for production of prefabricated elements and structures.

13 cl, 26 dwg

Rotary stand // 2428305

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concrete panels of external walls, namely, to rotary stands designed to mould concrete articles. Proposed stand comprises foundation supporting rotary frame with moulding table, said frame and table may be hydraulically drive into vertical position. Said moulding table has lengthwise and crosswise side walls, mechanism to change crosswise side wall position into top position on turning article over. Note here that bottom crosswise side wall is mounted fixed relative to moulding table. Movable side wall position variation mechanism is made up of electromechanical drive.

EFFECT: expanded performances and range of products.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to road construction structures from sulfur concrete. Proposed method comprises transfer of moulds along conveyor line through heating system, dispensing mix of sulfur concrete into moulds from bin arranged above vibrating table, vibrating moulds thereon, and cooling of moulds in cooling system. Heater is used in heating system to be fitted on mould while mould cooling is carried out by gas suction from moulds and coolant feed thereto. Moulds are transferred through said systems in steps. Heating system comprises main and auxiliary heaters. Coolant is fed via channel formed by mould sections.

EFFECT: higher mechanical properties of moulded articles.

1 dwg

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