System of making beverages with infusion method

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the system 10, and also to the method of making beverages with an infusion method of the product contained in the package 1, and can be used in coffee machines of the ESPRESSO type. The system 10 comprises an infusion chamber 7, a locking device 60 including upper locking means 61 which are designed for selective prevention or providing access to the chamber 7 in its upper part, and the lower locking means 62 which are designed for selective receiving by the chamber 7 of the package 1 or providing the package 1 outlet from the chamber 7 under the action of gravity force. The position of the upper locking means 61 determines the position of the lower locking means 62 and vice versa.

EFFECT: increased reliability and simplification of the structure due to reducing the number of moving parts.

17 cl, 14 dwg

 

This invention relates to a device for preparing beverages by infusion by way of the product contained in the package.

In particular, it finds its application in the field of coffee machines type ESPRESSO. It may also be used in the preparation of beverages from other foods such as tea.

Now many coffee machines use individual disposable packages of ground coffee. The user is no longer in contact directly with freshly ground coffee, which greatly simplifies the work with the milled product and ensures the preparation of the drink in conditions of greater purity.

Hence, the document WOA9517121 offers automatic machine for making hot drinks infusion method, comprising an infusion chamber into which is placed the package, Luggage consists of two established receding or approaching relative to each other poloxamer for closing or opening of the infusion chamber. In the lower part of the infusion chamber is also provided a bracket to hold the package or secure his release under the action of gravity, when the emphasis moved. In addition, in the upper part of the infusion chamber is provided flap.

This type of machine, in General, satisfactory. However, given the high competition in the market, he must constantly evolve. Against this backdrop, this is sabreena aims to increase the reliability of existing machines.

To achieve this goal according to the invention a system for preparing beverages by infusion by way of the product contained in the package, which includes:

- infusion chamber into which is placed the package

the camera consists of two established receding or approaching relative to each other poloxamer for closing or opening the camera, respectively,

a shut - off device, including:

the upper locking means, arranged in such a way as to selectively prevent or ensure submission package in the camera

the lower locking means, arranged in such a way as to selectively prevent or allow passage of the package of the camera

a shut - off device arranged to alternately move:

from a first position in which:

the upper locking means prevents the flow of the package in the camera

the lower locking means provide an output packet from the camera,

- second position in which:

the upper locking means supply package in the camera

the lower locking means provide the reception of the package placed in the chamber and prevent its exit from the chamber,

a shut - off device arranged in such a manner that:

- the position of the upper stop means causes the position of the lower Zapovednik which means,

- the position of the lower stop means causes the position of the upper locking means.

Thus, the invention is a sequential operation. Indeed, for a given position of the upper locking means of the lower locking means accept only a single position. Conversely, for a given position of the lower locking means of the upper locking means accept only a single position. Thus, the relative positioning between the upper positioning means on the one hand and the bottom with the other hand well-managed.

So, the company is the applicant noted that the reliability of existing machines depends, in particular, from the management of the relative positioning between the upper positioning means, on the one hand, and the bottom with the other hand.

Thus, the invention allows to increase the reliability of existing machines.

Optionally, the invention may also be provided as further features of the shut-off device arranged so that the upper locking means were rigidly connected with the lower locking means.

The invention provides, therefore, significantly reduce the number of moving parts, some in relation to others, and to simplify design is the Ktsia system. This design provides simplified kinematics of nodes, allowing alternate transition from the first position to the second. Therefore, the risk of jamming the mechanism, the number of components, the manufacturing cost and the rate of damage is greatly reduced.

In addition, the system according to the invention can possess at least optional, at least one of the following characteristics:

system with a pump that allows you to apply the liquid to the camera, and/ or actuator providing movement of poloxamer relative to each other, as well as devices of automatic control, configured to control the operation of the pump and/or drive depending on the position of the locking device,

the upper locking means arranged so that the first position was secured admission and retention package out of the chamber,

a shut - off device is configured to provide movement relative to the support frame system to cycle from the first position to the second,

a shut - off device has a capability to provide rotation relative to the support frame system to cycle from the first position to the second,

the system includes directing means is configured to send a package, provide the traveler his appearance in the camera, and hold it right in front of the camera for discharge back the upper locking means,

the system includes a hatch that defines the hole located in front of the upper locking means and the locking device includes a barrier means, executed with the ability to hold open the hatch opening when the closure device is in the first position, and to block, when the locking device is in the second position,

the upper locking means, the lower locking means and the enclosing means rigidly connected among themselves,

a shut - off device consists of a single detail,

- the system is equipped with alarm devices made with the possibility to give the user an alarm signal when the locking device is not installed in the appropriate position.

Moreover, according to the invention provides a locking device which has a capability to selectively prevent and to provide access to the infusion chamber, in which is placed the package for making beverages. It includes the upper locking means designed to selectively prevent or allow access to the camera in its upper part and the lower locking means designed to selectively receive the camera package or software service from camerupt the action of gravity, when this upper stop means rigidly connected with the lower locking means.

In addition, the locking device has an additional characteristic, which is that it alternately moves, at least in the main given direction, and the upper stop means and the lower shut-off means are arranged in such a manner that a mutual offset in the main given direction.

Also according to the invention provides a machine for preparing beverages by infusion by way of the product contained in the package, which includes a system having at least one of the above characteristics, or shut-off device having at least one of the above characteristics.

In addition, according to the invention provides a method for preparing beverages by infusion by way of the product contained in the package, using a system with at least one of the above characteristics, or by using a locking device with at least one of the above characteristics, or using a machine having the above characteristics.

Other characteristics, purposes and advantages of this invention will become apparent during a reading of the detailed description set forth hereinafter, and when considering at what its drawings, see for example, non-limiting, and which represent:

figure 1 is a perspective view from the right side of the system preparing drinks according to the example of execution of the invention,

figure 2 is a perspective view from the left side of the system represented in figure 1,

figure 3 is a right side view of the system presented in figure 1,

4 is a left side view of the system presented in figure 1,

5 is a top view of the system presented in figure 1,

6 is a front view of the system presented in figure 1,

Fig.7-12 - views in longitudinal section of the system represented in figure 1, showing the various stages of the method of preparation during its work,

Fig and 14 species in the long term, front and rear, respectively, of locking device, which is equipped with the system presented in figure 1.

Example execution system according to the invention

With reference to figure 1-14 illustrated system 10 preparing drinks according to the invention.

The upper and lower part will be considered as areas of space, located respectively in front of and behind the position, relative to the normal path of the package 1 in the car during the cooking cycle of the drink.

This invention uses standard packages presented on figure 3-12 and described in the document WOA9507041, although this example is not what I am limiting. These figures infirmary product, such as ground coffee placed inside the package 1, which form the layers, interconnected around the contour of the circle. The advantage is that the invention provides for the use of different types of packages. In particular, it does not require that the package 1 had a hard edge.

The system 10 according to the invention includes an infusion chamber 7 in which is located the package 1. Camera 7 consists of two established poloxamer, receding or approaching relative to each other by means of the actuator, respectively, for closing or opening of the infusion chamber 7.

Polyamine will be referred to details, able to be in mutual contact or get in touch with service pack 1, forming a hermetic container, which serves as the infusion chamber 7. The invention is in no way requires that both polyamory represented any mutual symmetry.

In the above example, the execution of one of poloxamer, designated hereinafter as a still camera 22 are rigidly connected with the supporting frame 20 of the machine. Another procamera, designated hereinafter as a mobile camera, is retained by the head 41 of the Jack 40, which serves as the actuator providing zooms in and out of poloxamer relative to each other. Each cell represents a region, the op is Adelaide contour in almost perpendicular plane relative to the longitudinal axis 11.

Further longitudinal direction is called the direction of the axis of movement of the Jack 40. Front direction 12 will be considered the direction of this axis, contributing to the approximation of both poloxamer relative to each other, and rear direction 13 will be the direction of this axis for removing both poloxamer relative to each other.

Within the presented example of execution of a fixed procamera 22 has a channel for the supply of 24 water, to which you can connect the tip of the scheme of circulation of hot water. Conventionally, the scheme of circulation includes hot water tank, boiler, which can increase the temperature of the water in the tank to the desired level for infusion in the chamber 7, and the pump, allowing to increase the water pressure in the circuit. During the infusion, both polyamory are flush with each other and limit the sealed container in which is placed the package 1. The tightness can be achieved by overlaying contours of both poloxamer on the circuit package 1, which is thus sealed. Tightness can also be provided or strengthened with appropriate sealing means.

Mobile procamera 42 includes a discharge channel 45 for drinks, which on the one hand, receives the fluid from the infusion chamber 7 and, on the other hand, is the output written in the ka. This outlet channel 45 is designed to provide a supply of drink, the resulting infusion package 1, in a container, such as a coffee Cup.

After infusion, when the mobile procamera 42 is removed from the stationary polyamory 22, infusion chamber 7 is opened, and already induzirovanny pack 1 is no longer clamped in the chamber 7. This package 1 is removed from the chamber 7 under the action of gravity and falls into the tank waste.

A locking device

The system 10 also includes a locking device 60. This closing device 60, which is equipped with each of poloxamer 22, 42 forming the infusion chamber 7 includes a lower locking means 62, and the upper stop means 61.

The lower locking means

The lower locking means 62 are located in the lower part for the infusion chamber 7. They are arranged in such a way as to serve the folding rest of the package 1 is placed in the chamber 7.

In neodinium the position of the lower stop means 62 provide the acceptance of the package 1 is placed in the chamber 7, at a time when it is open, and prevent ejection of the package 1 under the action of gravity to the lower part of the chamber 7.

In this position the lower locking means 62 block any access to the chamber 7 from the bottom. Thus, the user, for example, can not put fingers in the chamber 7.

In dinudom the position of the lower stop means 62 does not create emphasis for the package 1, placed in the chamber 7, and thus enables the removal of the package 1 when opening the camera 7.

The upper locking means

The upper locking means 61 is adjusted in such a way as to serve the folding stops. They are located in the upper part before the infusion chamber 7.

In neodinium the position of the upper stop means 61 prevents the package 1 or any other element in the infusion chamber 7 from its upper part. In this neodinium the position of the upper stop means 61 also provide reception and participate in the retention in position of the package 1 is placed in the system 10.

In the tilted position of the upper stop means 61 provide ingress packet 1 in the chamber 7 from the upper part thereof.

The system 10 is adjusted in such a manner that a transition of the locking device 60, alternately from a first position in which the upper locking means 61 prevents the package 1 in the chamber 7, and the lower locking means 62 ensure the absence of used package 1 in the chamber 7, into a second position in which the upper locking means 61 provide ingress packet 1 in the chamber 7, and the lower locking means 62 provide the reception and retention of the package 1 in the chamber 7.

The locking device 60 is adjusted so that the position of the upper stop means 61 causes p is the position of the lower stop means 62 and to the position of the lower stop means 62 has determined the position of the upper stop means 61.

Thus, for a given position of the upper stop means 61 of the lower locking means 62 will accept only a single position and Vice versa. Thus, the system is a sequential operation.

So, the company-the applicant has found that in many existing types of machines failures often occur due to incorrect relative positioning between the upper locking means and the lower shut-off means. Thus, the invention significantly reduces the risk of jamming of the system, in particular, due to crushing of the package between mechanical parts. Consequently, reduces the number of operations that must be performed by the user or repairer. It also contributes to the preservation of the integrity of the package 1. In addition, it prevents the package placed in the machine, directly into the tank waste before he previously will not be at the level of the infusion chamber.

The upper locking means 61 and the lower locking means 62 is rigidly connected. This feature helps to simplify the kinematics, improving the strength and reducing the cost and the ratio of damage to the system 10.

On Fig and 14 shows in detail the locking device 60 according to this example implementation.

This locking device is about 60 includes:

two guide parts arranged in such a way as to guide the locking device 60 when it is alternately moved between the first and second position. Each of the guide parts is the slider 69, capable of directing the locking device 60 when moving on the two shafts 25, 25, which are held by the supporting frame 20 of the system 10 and pass through the two guide axes parallel to the longitudinal axis 11,

two hours 65, 65, each of which extends from the corresponding slider 69 and goes in the direction almost perpendicular to the guide axis,

the upper locking means 61, arranged in such a way as to serve as a focus for the package 1 in the upper part of the chamber 7, when the locking device 60 is in the first position. The advantage is that the upper locking means 61 are form part of the rim, each edge of which is connected to one of the racks 65, 65 and centered on an axis parallel to the guide axis,

the lower locking means 62, arranged in such a way as to serve as a focus for the package 1 in the lower part of the chamber 7, when the locking device 60 is in the second position. The advantage is that the lower locking means 62 are form part of the rim, each edge of which is connected to one of the racks 65, 65 and centered on an axis, parallel the Noi guide axis.

In addition, the upper locking means 61 and bottom 62 are arranged in such a way that formed a mutual offset in the main direction of movement of the locking device 60. Thus, in the second position of the upper stop means 61 are almost behind still polyamory 22. In the first position of the upper stop means 61 are fixed before polyamerous 22. In the first position of the lower stop means 62 are mostly behind the mobile polyamory 42.

The magnitude of this bias is chosen so that:

when closure device 60 is in the first position, the upper stop means 61 is prevented from entering the package 1 in the chamber 7, and the lower locking means 62 provided output used package 1 of the camera 7,

when closure device 60 is in the second position, the upper stop means 61 provided ingress packet 1 in the chamber 7, and the lower locking means 62 provided the reception and retention of the package 1 is placed in the chamber 7.

Thus, in this example, set the locking device 60 is moved along the longitudinal axis 11, the upper locking means 61 and bottom 62 are mutually offset along the longitudinal axis 11. The upper locking means 61 are in front of the lower locking means 62 on the same axis.

Results the data device

The system 10 includes a drive device, providing alternate transition from the first position to the second position. This is the same drive devices that operate simultaneously on the upper locking means 61 and the lower locking means 62.

Thus, the system 10 can significantly reduce the risk of entrapment packages. In particular, the system 10 prevents:

- the hit pack 1 placed in the system 10, directly into the tank waste before he previously will not be at the level of the infusion chamber. Indeed, the infusion chamber 7 or overlaps in the upper part of the upper locking means 61, or in the lower part of the lower locking means 62,

- presence in the infusion chamber 7 at the same time the two packages.

The design of the system 10 is greatly simplified by reducing the number of drives. This design provides simplified kinematics of nodes, allowing alternate transition from the first position to the second. Therefore, the size and number of components, the manufacturing cost, and the ratio of damage is greatly reduced.

Both shafts 25, 25 which move both guide the details of the locking device 60, participate in a sliding connection head 41 of the Jack 40.

An expansion spring 47 is stretched, pushing the locking device is STV 60 forward and pushing the locking device 60 from the head 41 of the Jack 40.

It is preferable to calculate the size of the spacer spring 47 so that when clamping the package 1 between the locking device 60 and another element of system 10, does not violate the integrity of the package 1. Thus, it is necessary to choose, for example, a spring with a force of influence on the locking device 60 about 1.5 Newton.

The front end of the shafts 25, 25 connected with the supporting frame 20, and the rear end of these shafts is connected with a fixed part of the Jack 40. Each rail axis defined by the shaft 25, respectively, are arranged in a longitudinal direction from front to rear: the front end of the shaft 25, the slider 69 of the locking device 60, an expansion spring 47, the head 41 of the Jack 40 and, finally, the rear end of the shaft 25.

Moving back locking device 60, and blocking movement of the locking device 60 in one direction or another will be described below in more detail.

Means blocking

In addition, the system 10 also includes pin means automatically and with retroactive effect to connect the locking device 60 with the head 41 of the Jack 40, when both of these elements are close enough to each other. Pin means include means to lock and unlock.

Tools include blocking the notch 91 on the end of the axle, which turns on the head 41 of the Jack o horizontal axis, perpendicular to the longitudinal axis 11.

Disabling devices also include a protrusion 67 of the shut-off device 60 provided on Fig. The protrusion 67 is located so that he could engage with the notch 91, when the locking device 60 and the head 41 of the Jack 40 are at a fairly close distance from each other.

In addition, the blocking means include a torsion spring 93, stretch for coupling grooves 91 with the protrusion 67 and retention of this interaction. Thus, when closure device 60 is close enough to the head 41 of the Jack 40, the recess 91 and the protrusion 67 cooperate to provide a clutch locking device 60 with the head 41 of the Jack 40.

Means unlocking allows to uncouple the head 41 of the Jack 40 and the locking device 60. For this purpose they are equipped with a handle 92 control, actuated manually or automatically and kinematic module, allowing to act on the axle, on which the recess 91. When the handle 92 is actuated, the pin rotates on its axis, releasing the notch 91 of the protrusion 67, uncoupling, thus, the locking device 60 and the head 41 of the Jack 40.

When both polyamory removed from each other and means to unlock are driven, the locking device 60 under the influence dissolved, and the nuclear biological chemical (NBC spring 47 moves forward to the end-to-end approach to the socket 21 of emphasis, which is held by the supporting frame 20 is almost at the level of the fixed polyamory 22. When the Jack 40 is actuated, the head 41 of the Jack 40 is moved forward until it approaches close enough to shut-off device 60, so that the notch 91 under the influence of the torsion spring 93 engages with the protrusion 67 of the locking device 60. Then the head 41 of the Jack 40 and the locking device 60 is rigidly connected to each other. When the head 41 of the Jack 40 is given back, the interaction of the notches 91 and the protrusion 67 holds the rigid connection between the head 41 of the Jack 40 and the locking device 60, which also plays back. It should be noted that the calculation of a compression spring located between the locking device 60 and the head 41 of the Jack 40, it is not possible to separate this rigid connection.

Once the head 41 of the Jack 40 is close to the fixed part of the Jack 40, the tool can unlock again trigger again to release the locking device 60 and then start a new cycle.

Guides tools

The system 10 also includes directing means 46. These guide means 46 represent the shape of the elliptical sleeve capable of preventing any substantial movement of the package 1 in a horizontal plane and to ensure its vertical movement. This voltage is alaysia means 46 are rigidly connected to the cylinder 41 of the Jack 40. They are arranged in such a way as to direct the package 1 in the upper part of the front of the upper locking means 61. In addition, they are long so that in the first position to be in front of the camera holes 7 to ensure the ingress packet 1, when the upper locking means 61 is folded. In the second position they are arranged in such a way as to be almost in front of the camera 7.

In addition, they are arranged vertically in such a way as to be close to the upper stop means 61 for holding the package 1, when it is based on the top locking means 61. Thus, when the package 1 is based on the top locking means 61 and when they move forward, guide means 46 prevent any substantial longitudinal movement of the package 1. This package is kept, and thus, the holes infusion chamber 7, when the upper locking means 61 is fully reclined. The relative movement of the locking device 60 and the guide means 46 provides, therefore, the movement of the package 1 from the upper locking means 61 to the chamber 7. In addition, this relative movement allows you to save the integrity of the package 1 while moving.

Moreover, these guide means 46 will keep the package 1, which is based on the top is aporie means 61, thus, in order to facilitate the replacing of the package 1 in the chamber 7. Directing means 46 are two grooves, running almost parallel to and vertically, which are designed to interact with the contour of the package 1, in order to better guide.

Luke

The system 10 also includes a hatch 30 that defines the hole located in the upper part of the front of the upper locking means 61 and before the guide means 46. The hole is located in the length in such a way as to be directly opposite the upper locking means 61, when closure device 60 is installed in the first position. The hole defined by the hatch 30 is available to the user and is used to receive the package 1 for putting it in the system 10.

The barrier means

The locking device 60 includes barrier means 63, arranged so that:

- the hatch opening 30 overlap when closure device 60 is in the second position,

- the hatch opening 30 remained open, when closure device 60 is in the first position.

The barrier means 63 includes an upper stop, located in front of the locking means 61, before the guide means 46 and hatch opening 30. Top stop goes from one rack 65 to the other locking device 60 and is hinged stop paketa. Along the longitudinal axis 11 it is located almost opposite the lower locking means 62.

Thus, when closure device 60 is in the first position, the package 1 is inserted into the hatch opening 30, flows freely to the guide means 46 and is close to the upper stop means 61.

When closure device 60 is in the second position, the introduction of the package 1 in the hatch opening 30 is overlapped in front of the guide means 46 enclosing means 63. Then this package 1 not supplied neither to the upper stop means 61 or the lower locking means 62, or in the chamber 7.

The barrier means 63 to prevent, therefore, the introduction of service pack 1, at a time when another package 1 is already on the upper locking means 61 or in the chamber 7.

In addition, when closure device 60 is in the second position, the barrier means 63 prevents any access to the infusion system 10, which allows to increase the security of the entire machine as a whole. Indeed, in this situation the user may, in particular, to insert any object or fingers inside the system 10.

The advantage is that the locking device 60 forms a single part made of a specific material. The locking device 60 can be manufactured, for example, from aluminum, stainless steel iliis plastic.

Devices for automatic control of pump and signal devices

As indicated above, the system 10 includes a pump designed for feeding fluid into the chamber 7. In addition, this pump is described in a separate example, also powers the drive, allowing you to close and open the chamber 7. Indeed, the pump feeds the hydraulic drive circuit of the Jack 40.

The pump is plugged in, equipped with the first and second switch.

The first switch closes under the control of the user. The advantage is that the control handle 92 is connected with the first switch and the actuation allows to close the first switch.

The second switch is closed when the locking device 60 is in the second position. More specifically, the system 10 includes devices for automatic control 80, arranged in such a way as to regulate the operation of the pump depending on the position of the locking device 60. These devices automatic control 80 serve as the second switch and include a limit switch 81, rigidly connected with the supporting frame 20, and the contact finger 68 held by a locking device 60 and arranged in such a way as to interact with a limit switch 81. Contact finger 68 is shown in Fig, which in detail is redstavlena locking device 60. The automatic control device 80 is adjusted so that the limit switch 81 and the contact finger 68 interacted when closure device 60 is in the second position. In this position the contact finger 68 presses the limit switch 81 and allows you to complete an electrical circuit, the charge pump. In this position the pump is supplied with electricity, and it can work. When the circuit is opened, i.e. when the limit switch 81 is pressed by the contact finger 68, the pump may not work. Thus, the operation of the pump depends on proper positioning of the upper locking means 61 and bottom 62.

Thus, the invention allows to significantly improve the management of the relative position between the upper locking means 61, the lower locking means 62, the guide means 46 and both polyamine 22, 42. The risk of failure in the system 10, therefore, greatly reduced.

The second switch is set in two positions:

the so - called working position in which it allows you to close the circuit controlling the pump. This working position is achieved when the locking device 60 is pressed against the fixed polyamide 22 and the control handle 92 is actuated by the user,

the so - called non-operating position, in which oterom it allows you to close the circuit, the input power supply signal device.

Indeed, the system 10 includes a signaling device at the level of the power supply circuit of the pump. The data signal device powered on when the first switch closed and the position of the limit switch 81 and the contact finger 68 relative to each other does not provide power to the pump.

When powered on alarm devices, they provide a visual or audible signal to warn the user that the machine is not working in normal mode and that it required the intervention. This intervention can be to undertake a locking device 60 and manually install it in the appropriate position to return the system 10 to its original position. For this purpose provides a gripping element 64, to which the user can easily access, for example, by opening the top cover of the system 10. This gripping element 64 serves as a handle, running in a horizontal plane back and represent two ends connected respectively with one of the racks 65. This intervention may also require you extract the package 1 or any jammed subject, when he is the cause of the incorrect positioning of the pump.

Thus, the system 10 allows to significantly improve topslot user. Indeed, if the upper hatch 30 remains open due to the presence of any obstacles, in particular the fingers, the pump is not running and the Jack 40 is not moved, cannot start the water flow into the chamber 7. Thus, the system is a sequential and conditional operation.

In addition, the automatic control device 80 also allow you to block the pump, when the presence of any obstacles at the bottom of the system 10 prevents the correct positioning of the locking device 60. Thus, when the tank waste is filled and already induzirovanny package 1 cannot be properly removed and prevents proper operation of the locking device 60, the pump can not work and alarm devices are activated.

Moreover, the invention allows to maintain the integrity of the package 1, which could be in the chamber 7, at a time when closure device 60 is locked. Indeed, the actuation of the pump could be damaged during compression of the package 1 and wet.

First withdrawing

The system 10 also includes first removing means 610, arranged in such a manner that a great Department of the package 1 from the fixed polyamory 22 after infusion. Indeed, a close fit of the package 1 to both procamera can pomeshe the removing package 1 by simply distancing still polyamory 22 and removal of the lower locking means 62. These first withdrawing 610 represent a common form of ribs, almost mirrors the shape of the rim, while the edge rigidly connected with the locking device 60 is located at the upper stop means 61. These first withdrawing 610 arranged in such a way as to touch the outline of the package 1 and move it to the back when the back locking device 60. These first withdrawing 610 constitutes a particularly simple design and greatly improve the operation of the system 10.

The second withdrawing

The system 10 also includes a second removing means 44, arranged in such a manner that a great Department of the package 1 from the mobile polyamory 42 after infusion. These second removing means 44 include removing the shaft 441, mounted with a possibility of longitudinal sliding on the head 41 of the Jack 40, and the front end of which has a releasing finger 443.

Removing the spring 442 works in compression and is on relieving the shaft 441 between the head 41 of the Jack 40 and the finger 443. It is designed to push the latter forward.

These second removing means 44 is adjusted so that this relieves the spring 442 pressed a finger 443 to the contour of the package 1 is placed in the chamber 7, and pushed him away from the mobile polyamory 42. When rolling back pack is and the finger 443 is in front of the front edge of the movable polyamory 42.

Removing the spring 442 has a relatively weak impact on the package 1 so as not to damage it in case of jamming. The size of this spring, for example, designed in such a way that it was the impact force of about 0.2 Newton.

An example of a method of preparation of the drink according to the invention

With reference to Fig-12 will now be described working cycle, allowing you to make a drink.

In the beginning of the cycle the cylinder 41 of the Jack 40 is pulled back, then the mobile procamera 42 is removed from the stationary polyamory 22, and the chamber 7 is set, so that in the open position. Pin means 90 provides a solid connection between the head 41 of the Jack 40 and the locking device 60. The latter is set, thus, in the first position. Therefore:

the upper locking means 61 to prevent access to the infusion chamber 7 from the upper part thereof,

the lower locking means 62 provide emission under the action of gravity already induzirovannomu package 1 in chamber 7,

- the barrier means 63 leave open the hatch opening 30,

- directing means 46 are located directly opposite the hole in the hatch 30.

In addition, the rear end of the first removing means 610 is located behind the rear end of the fixed polyamory 22. The front end of the second removing means 44 find the camping in front of the front end of the movable polyamory 42. Thus, between the two polyamine there is not one already induzirovannomu package 1.

The user inserts the package 1 in the hatch opening 30. This package 1 falls under the action of gravity, while he goes and is held in an almost vertical position, the guide means 46. Moving under the action of gravity of the package 1 is suspended upper locking means 61 located opposite the hole in the hatch 30 and the guide means 46. These upper locking means 61 prevents the package 1 inside the chamber 7.

At a later stage, the user actuates the means of unlocking by means of the handle 92. These tools unlock allows to uncouple the Jack 40 and the locking device 60. Then, the retainer is free to move forward under the action of the spacer spring 47. While moving the upper locking means 61 are moving forward and that the guide means 46 now remain stationary, therefore, the package 1 is directly in front of the camera holes 7. As you move forward upper locking means 61 open hole camera 7. In addition, the lower locking means 62 is gradually cover the camera hole 7 in its lower part. When the camera hole 7 opened upper locking means 61, it becomes quite Bo is Ishim, package 1 falls under gravity into the chamber 7, which assumes lower locking means 62, forming a stop.

Moving forward locking device 60 is up until mounted thereon movable restrictor 66 is not in contact with the socket, the stop 21, which is held by the supporting frame 20. In this position, the locking device 60 is in the second position. In this position:

the upper locking means 61 provide access to the infusion chamber 7 from the upper part thereof,

the lower locking means 62 provide the acceptance of the package 1 is placed in the chamber 7,

- the barrier means 63 cover the hatch opening 30, preventing, thus, penetration through packages or any other subject,

- limit switch 81 is in contact with the finger 443, and devices for automatic control 80 provides the pump.

The hydraulic circuit of the Jack feeds the pump, the Jack 40 moves the head 41 of the Jack 40 forward up until two polyamory do not form a tight tank, attached to the package 1. Water heated by the boiler from the tank enters the closed thus the chamber 7, in which the infusion package 1. An outlet channel 45 of the mobile polyamory 42 delivers the drink into the Cup.

When the head 41 of the Jack 40 fits snugly to the contour of the package 1 and the corresponding end of the stationary polyamory 22, the recess 91 blocking means interacts with the protrusion 67 of the locking device 60 thus, in order to concatenate it with the head 41 of the Jack 40.

After completion of the infusion head 41 of the Jack 40 under the influence of return spring working in compression, starts to glide back, pulling the locking device 60. Second removing means 44 provide the Department of the package 1 from the mobile polyamory 42.

While moving back locking device 60 first withdrawing 610 touch circuit package 1, separating the package from the stationary polyamory. Package 1, therefore, is between the two polyamine closely without any contact with them.

Both polyamory shaped bowls, send the package 1 to the chamber 7, when they are removed from each other. The locking device 60 is installed in the first position: bottom locking means 62 is no longer prevent the release of service pack 1, and then it can be removed in tank waste from the chamber 7 under the action of gravity. In addition, the barrier means 63 leave the hatch opening 30 is open, and a new package 1 can be placed in the system 10.

The advantage is that the invention is a sequential operation, allowing to improve the reliability of existing systems, to reduce the risk of jamming the mechanism and to save the integrity of the package.

In addition, it is a simple design and kinematics. It includes fewer parts, thus decreasing the manufacturing cost and damage index.

Moreover, it is a conditional operation, the pump is controlled automatically depending on the position of the locking device. Increases system reliability, and safety of the users, and maintained the integrity of the package.

Moreover, it represents increased strength and reduced overall dimensions.

Other types of execution

Numerous variants may be made in the device described above, the comfort, however, beyond the scope of the invention.

In particular, the locking device 60 may be arranged to alternately move from the first position to the second by the rotational motion, and not progressive. This rotation can be performed along the longitudinal axis 11, the vertical axis or a horizontal axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis 11. In each of these cases, you must make sure that the upper locking means 61 and the lower locking means 62 provided in the angular offset of the axis of rotation of the locking device 60.

You can also include a locking device 60, arranged in such a manner that moved the e in the main direction, different from the longitudinal axis 11, as, for example, the main horizontal direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis 11. With such a locking device 60 of the upper locking means 61 and bottom 62 of such a device should move in the main line.

In the example described above, actuation of the mobile polyamory 42 and the locking device 60 is provided by a hydraulic Jack 40. In other types of construction can provide this actuation manually by, for example, a lever or actuator, for example, worm, or pneumatic Jack.

You can also provide for opening and closing the infusion chamber 7 was provided by moving both poloxamer. In addition, the movement of each of these poloxamer relative to the support frame 20 may be secured to the translational or rotational movement.

Adapting the above-described system 10 to the packages than shown in the figures can easily be done by simply changing the size and configuration of the upper locking means 61 and bottom 62, the guide means 46, the hatch openings 30, and both poloxamer 22, 42.

DESIGNATION

1. Package

10. System

11. The longitudinal axis 11

12. Front direction

13. Rear direction

20. Base frame

21. Nests of the rest

22. Fixed procamera

24. The channel for the supply of water

25. Shaft

30. Luke

40. Jack

41. The head Jack

42. Mobile procamera

44. The second withdrawing

441. Removing the shaft

442. Removing the spring

443. Finger

45. An outlet channel

46. Guides tools

47. Spacer spring

60. A locking device

61. The upper locking means

62. The lower locking means

63. The barrier means

64. Pick up the

65. Hour

66. The movable restrictor

67. Ledge

68. Contact finger

69. The crawler

610. First withdrawing

7. Luggage

80. Devices for automatic control

81. Limit switch

90. Pin means

91. Notch

92. Control handle

93. The torsional spring.

1. The system (10) for the preparation of drinks infusion by way of the product contained in the package (1)includes:
infusion chamber (7), in which the package is placed (1), and
camera (7) consists of two policemen (22, 42)made with the possibility of removal from each other or closer to each other, respectively, for closing or opening the camera (7),
a locking device (60), including:
the upper locking means (61)is made with the possibility to selectively inhibit or supply package (1) into the chamber (7)
the lower locking means (62)which has a capability to selectively prevent or allow passage of the package (1) from the chamber (7), the locking device (60)which has a capability cycle:
from a first position in which:
the upper locking means (61) to prevent the supply package (1) into the chamber (7),
the lower locking means (62) provide access pack (1) from the chamber (7)
to a second position in which:
the upper locking means (61) supply package (1) into the chamber (7),
the lower locking means (62) provide acceptance of the package (1)placed in the chamber (7), and prevent its exit from the chamber (7), characterized in that the locking device (60) is designed in such a manner that:
the position of the upper locking means (61) determined the position of the lower locking means (62),
the position of the lower locking means (62) determined the position of the upper locking means (61), and
a locking device (60) is configured to provide movement relative to the support frame (20) of system (10) for successive transition from the first position to the second.

2. The system (10) according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper locking means (61) are rigidly connected to the lower locking means (62).

3. The system (10) according to one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that it is equipped with a pump enabling clause is to give the liquid to the chamber (7), and/or actuator providing movement of poloxamer (22, 42) relative to each other, as well as devices of automatic control (80)made with the possibility to control the operation of the pump and/or drive depending on the position of the locking device (60).

4. The system (10) according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the upper locking means (61) is performed so that the first position was secured admission and retention package (1) outside the chamber (7).

5. The system (10) according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that it comprises directing means (46)made with the ability to send the package (1), ensuring its introduction into the chamber (7), and hold it directly in front of the camera for discharge back the upper locking means (61).

6. The system (10) according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that it includes a lid (30), which defines the hole located in front of the upper locking means (61), and a locking device (60) includes a barrier means (63)is performed so that:
the hatch opening (30) remained open when the locking device (60) is in the first position, and
the hatch opening (30) overlap, when the locking device (60) is in the second position.

7. The system (10) according to the preceding paragraph, characterized in that the upper locking means (61), the lower locking means (62) and sagrados the e means (63) are rigidly interconnected.

8. The system (10) according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the locking device (60) consists of a single detail.

9. The system (10) according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that it is equipped with alarm devices made with the possibility to give the user the alarm when locking device (60) is not installed in the appropriate position.

10. The system (10) according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the upper locking means (61) is performed so that the first position was secured admission and retention package (1) outside the chamber (7)and system (10) includes directing means (46)made with the ability to send the package (1), ensuring its introduction into the chamber (7), and hold it directly in front of the camera for discharge back the upper locking means (61).

11. The system (10) according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the upper locking means (61) is performed so that the first position was secured admission and retention package (1) outside the chamber (7)and system (10) includes a lid (30), which defines the hole located in front of the upper locking means (61), and a locking device (60) includes a barrier means (63)is performed so that:
the hatch opening (30) remained open when the locking device (60) is in the first position, and
the hatch opening 30) overlap, when the locking device (60) is in the second position.

12. The system (10) according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the upper locking means (61) is performed so that the first position was secured admission and retention package (1) outside the chamber (7)and locking device (60) consists of a single detail.

13. The system (10) according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that it includes a lid (30), which defines the hole located in front of the upper locking means (61), and a locking device (60) includes a barrier means (63)is performed so that:
the hatch opening (30) remained open when the locking device (60) is in the first position, and
the hatch opening (30) overlap, when the locking device (60) is in the second position, and a locking device (60) consists of a single detail.

14. A locking device (60)which has a capability to selectively prevent and to provide access to the infusion chamber (7), in which the package is placed (1) for the preparation of beverages, and includes an upper locking means (61), designed to selectively prevent or allow access to the camera (7) in its upper part and the lower locking means (62)for the election of the receiving chamber (7) of the package (1) or security service (1) chamber (7) under the action the of gravity, characterized in that the upper locking means (61) are rigidly connected to the lower locking means (62), and a locking device (60) is made with the possibility of translational motion in an alternative way, at least in a predetermined main direction.

15. A locking device (60) according to 14, characterized in that the upper locking means (61) and the lower locking means (62) are arranged in such a way that formed a mutual offset in the main given direction.

16. Machine for preparing beverages by infusion by way of the product contained in the package (1)includes a system (10) according to one of claims 1 to 13 or a locking device (60) according to one of p and 15.

17. The method of preparation of the beverage infusion by way of the product contained in the package (1), which used the system (10) according to one of claims 1 to 13, a locking device (60) according to one of p and 15 or a machine P16.



 

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