Unit for pesticide application on perennial crops

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: fertilising unit for application of the active ingredient in the root zone of a set of plants includes: subsoil plant-feeder with a cutting element for formation of a furrow in the ground, an injector connected to the cutting element to provide injection of the active ingredient in the furrow, and the positioning device made with the ability to change the position of the cutting element so that a furrow is formed in one material in the root zone when moving of the cutting element through the other material in the root zone. In the fertilising unit there is also a surface plant-feeder made with the ability to apply the active ingredient on the soil surface, and a deflector made with the ability to push off low branches from the way of the fertilising unit. The method of processing a set of plants involves the use of the unit to form a furrow in the root zone, and the use of the unit for injection of the active ingredient in the furrow.

EFFECT: invention provides increase of efficiency of the active ingredient application in the soil, especially in areas with abundant vegetation.

42 cl, 6 dwg, 2 tbl

 

The technical field to which the invention relates

The present invention relates to the field of horticulture and forestry. In particular, the invention relates to a node for applying active substances to perennial plants, and to methods for applying active substances on perennial plants.

The level of technology

Many perennials are grown for commercial purposes. Perennial plants grown for commercial purposes (referred to here as "permanent crops"), include many fruit trees such as Apple trees, pear trees and citrus trees, fruit wine, such as wine, and trees grown for receipt of paper, pulp, wood chips or wood. These may include species of temperate, subtropical and tropical species.

Perennial crops are usually grown on large areas, for example in orchards or vineyards for receiving the products, or in plantations to obtain paper pulp, wood chips or wood.

Perennial crops can be affected by a variety of pests, including insects and fungi, which can inhibit the growth of or reduce the productivity of perennial crops, and can cause damage or even death of plants.

For the application of pesticides on perennial crops have developed a variety of ways. One well-known method of applying pesticides on perennial crops is a droplet spray.

Such insecticides as neonicotinoids, are absorbed by the entire body of the plant through the root system of plants. Similarly, the root system of the plants can absorb the fertilizer and nutrients for plants. This absorption of insecticides, plant fertilizer or food for plants or other compositions effective for improving the growth of perennial plants.

Pesticides, insecticides, fertilizers and nutrients for plants was applied to individual trees by injection into the soil in many places around the tree or injection directly into a tree. They also contributed to the seedlings in the form of granules, which were placed in the soil during planting seedlings. In addition, they can be applied on citrus and Apple trees by watering the soil surface around the tree.

These methods of application have several disadvantages when applied to perennial crops or other perennial plants that grow in extensive grounds. The injection of the pesticide into the soil around each of the processing plant or the injection of the pesticide or fertilizer in Astana associated with a high consumption of time and is labor-intensive, and so is a costly method of applying the composition on perennial crops over large areas. Application by watering each plant can also be time-consuming and can have harmful effects on the environment, because irrigation can easily drain away from the place of application and to be washed away, for example, in the waterways. Bookmark granules into the soil during planting seedlings is also time consuming and is not a method, applicable for already planted plants. In addition, these methods allow application to run the application only with low speed and do not offer easy application, in situations where the ground cover abundantly covered with vegetation.

Disclosure of invention

In the first embodiment of the present invention proposed a feeding site for the application of active substances in the root zone of many plants containing: subsurface podgornik with the cutting element to form a furrow in the ground, injector, associated with the cutting element to ensure injection of the active substance in the furrow; and a positioning device configured to change the position of the cutting element so that the groove is formed in a material in the root zone when moving the cutting element through the other material in the root zone./p>

In one embodiment of the invention the positioning device provides positioning of the cutting element so that it can form a groove in a softer material, such as soil and thinner roots when moving through solid materials, such as stones or thick roots.

In one embodiment of the invention the positioning device made in the form of suspension, which is driven by the elastic displacement of the cutting element relative to the ground.

In one embodiment of the invention feeding the node further comprises a coupling for connecting a feeding site with the vehicle. In one embodiment of the invention the coupling forms part of the pointing device and elastically biased to the ground. In one embodiment of the invention, the coupler moves both in vertical and in the lateral direction relative to the direction of movement of the vehicle.

It should be noted that feeding site allows you to make the active substance in the root zone of many plants by the formation of grooves in the root zone of the plants without damaging the plants. Feeding site makes the active substance in the subsurface layer through the formation of furrows in the soft material, such as soil and fine roots with the especen moving the cutting element through a more rigid material, such as stones and thick roots. This allows the user to quickly form a furrow for inclusion of the active substance without damaging the plants. This provides the possibility of introducing higher speeds and in areas more densely covered above-ground cover, because feeding the node is moved directly through the bushes without deviation.

In one embodiment of the invention the cutting element rotates around the axis, and the rotation of the cutting element creates a furrow. In one embodiment of the invention the cutting element is a disk. In yet another embodiment of the invention the cutting element is a spur.

In one embodiment of the invention feeding the node further comprises a surface podgornik located for applying active substances to the surface of the soil. This allows you to make the active substance in the subsurface layer of the root zone and cause the active ingredient to the surface of the soil or on the leaves of the plant. Surface podgornik can be attached to the same tank as the injector. Alternatively, the surface podgornik can be connected to a separate reservoir. Thus, the active substance and the composition is applied to the soil surface, can predstavljaetsja one and the same substance, or may differ from each other.

In one embodiment of the invention the surface podgornik contains a spray nozzle. In yet another embodiment of the invention the surface podgornik contains wydanie device for pellets. In yet another embodiment of the invention the surface podgornik contains both the spray nozzle and wydanie device for pellets.

In one embodiment of the invention the active substance, applied surface podkormila, is the same as the active substance deposited subsoil by podkormila.

In one embodiment of the invention the active substance, applied surface podkormila, different from the active substance deposited subsoil by podkormila. For example, the active substance, applied surface podkormila may be a herbicide, the active substance deposited subsoil by podkormila, fertilizer.

In one embodiment of the invention feeding the node further comprises a deflector configured to reject low-lying branches from the path surface of podkormila to provide the possibility of applying active substances to the base of the trunk.

In one embodiment of the invention, the deflector includes an elongated element having front, kromko rear edge relative to the direction of movement of the vehicle, moreover, the elongated element is oriented so that the front edge is located closer to the vehicle than the rear edge.

In one embodiment of the invention the surface podgornik is located on the vent.

In one embodiment of the invention, the feeding unit is designed with a possibility of active substances close enough to each of the many plants that the composition picked up by the plant roots.

In one embodiment of the invention, the feeding unit is designed with a possibility of active substances into the soil to a depth of 2-30 see

In one embodiment of the invention, the injector is made with the possibility of continuous application of the active substance. In yet another embodiment of the invention, the injector is arranged to supply individual portions of the active substance.

In one embodiment of the invention feeding the node further comprises a sensor configured to determine the distance from the plant to the feeding site and make the active substance at a specified distance from the plant.

In one embodiment of the invention a feeding site use for applying the active substance in the vast space and operate at an average speed of more than 4 km/h

In one embodiment, the OS is the hope of the invention many plants there are in a row.

In the second embodiment of the present invention proposed a feeding site for depositing the composition in the root zone of many plants. Feeding site contains cutting element to form a furrow in the ground, injector, associated with the cutting element, to ensure injection of the active substance in the furrow, and a spray nozzle or wydanie device for pellets located for applying the composition to the surface of the soil. It should be noted that this allows you to make the active substance in the root zone and cause the composition to the surface of the soil.

In the third embodiment of the present invention, a method for processing a variety of plants, including the formation of grooves in part of the root zone, at least some of the many plants; and the injection of the active substance in the furrow.

In one embodiment of the invention the processing plants are located in difficult terrain, such as occurs in plantations. In one embodiment of the invention the processing method is performed with the use of a feeding site that is installed on the vehicle, which moves with an average speed of more than 4 km/h

In one embodiment of the invention, part of the basal area of individual plants, in which the image of the van furrow, passes from the plant at an angle less than 180°. It should be noted that it is possible to make the active substance in the root zone without damaging all of the roots of plants.

In one embodiment of the invention the groove passes through some materials, but passes over other materials.

In one embodiment of the invention furrow perform the cutting element and the injection performed by the injector associated with the cutting element. The cutting element and the injector are located on the same feeding site.

In one embodiment of the invention the method further includes applying a liquid and applying a granulated composition on the soil surface near each of a variety of plants.

The authors of the present invention have found that the method and node according to at least one of the proposed variant of the invention have many advantages over other nodes and the methods of application of the active substance in many plants. Subsurface inclusion of the active substance provides very low levels of evaporation, leakage or photodegradation of the active substance. In addition, subsurface inclusion of the active substance usually reduces the effect of the active substances for operators, workers, livestock and other organisms, compared with droplets raspyleniem surface application of active substances. This site and offer the possibility of introducing the active substance in a place where it can be easily absorbed by plant roots, which increases the efficiency compared to other methods of application active substances.

In addition, the authors of the present invention unexpectedly discovered that the host and the method according to at least one of the proposed variant of the invention are effective when used in a range of perennial plants, even if the active substance is not applied evenly around each plant. The application of active substances below the soil surface near-rooted perennial plants has the disadvantage that damage the root system of plants. Damage to the root system may have a negative impact on growth or fruiting plants. However, the inclusion of the active substance below the surface of the soil in the row or series of portions in the neighborhood with a number of perennial plants damages only part of the root system of each plant. By making the active substance under the soil surface in the form of a number or series of portions, near the close of perennial plants, the active substance can be efficiently and effectively delivered to the roots of perennial plants. Thus, the site and method can be applied for treatment of perennial plants where would be impractical and and uneconomical processing of each plant separately injection of the active substance in the plant or by the injection of the active substance in the soil in many places around each plant.

Efficiency of application of the active substance significantly increases with the use of a feeding site, which allows the application to large areas with abundant vegetation with relatively high speeds without the need for regular breaks to clear the feeding site, to clear the ground, or pass around a tree. In addition, feeding site doesn't require a second application of additional substances.

Brief description of drawings

Below, only as an example will be described preferred embodiments of with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a top view of a feeding site when using the vehicle in accordance with one embodiment of the invention.

Figure 2 is a perspective view and a rear feeding site, shown in figure 1.

Figure 3 is a side view of a feeding site, shown in figure 1.

Figure 4 is a side view of the spur in accordance with the second embodiment of the invention.

Figure 5 is a top view of a feeding site when you use on a vehicle in accordance with a third embodiment of the invention.

6 is a top view of a feeding site PR is the use of the vehicle, in accordance with the fourth embodiment of the invention.

Detailed description of the invention

With reference to Figure 1-3 shows a first variant implementation of a feeding site 1 for inclusion of active substances in the root zone of many plants. Feeding the node 1 includes a cutting element, or a sharp-edged disk 2, through which the axle 3 is connected to the lever 4 of the cutting element. The lever 4 of the cutting element is spring-loaded in position 5. A sharp-edged disk 2 rotates around the axis 3 for the formation of furrows in the soil. The injector 6 is located so that it follows behind a pointed disk 2 when moving a pointed drive forward for the formation of furrows in the soil. The injector 6 is connected a flexible hose 7 with a spray tank 8, which accommodates the active substance. Switch 9 regulate the application of active substances, either manually or automatically switching the sensor.

The injector 6 includes a flat metal prong 10 of the injector, which has such a shape and is located so as to move close to see the detailed disk 2. The position of the injector 6 can be adjusted by using the adjusting screws 11, which change the position of the injector.

The splash guard 12 is located above the disk 2 to prevent clogging of the injector mud.

Feeding site includes a position is neraudia device, which is designed for changing the position of the pointed disk 2 and the injector 6 so that the groove is formed in a material in the root zone when moving a pointed disk 2 through the other material in the root zone. Therefore, a sharp-edged disk will rise over large roots and stones, while performing furrow among the more fine roots and soil.

Positioning device made in the form of a spring 5, which shifts the lever 4 of the cutting element, and with it a sharp-edged disk 2 and the injector 6 relative to the ground. The positioning device can move the lever 4 of the cutting element up or down relative to the ground, depending on the requirements of the furrow. Alternatively, the positioning device can have a different shape, such as a hinge.

Feeding site 1 additionally includes a coupling in the form of a working beam 15, which connects the lever 4 of the cutting element with the vehicle 20. Tool bar 15 includes a shock absorber to provide lateral compression when pressure on the lever in the lateral direction. Tool bar 15 is connected with the vehicle 20 and two consoles levers 16, which are adjustable relative to the beam 15 for regulating the horizontal length of the working beam 15 and the positioning of a feeding site.

Podcar the internal node 1 further comprises a deflector 22, which is designed to reject the branches and leaves from the path pointed disk 2, when he performs the furrow. Surface podgornik 23, such as a spray nozzle or wydanie device for pellets, is associated with a deflector 22 and is actuated for applying the composition to the surface of the soil. The composition is placed in the secondary tank 13, which represents a tank or hopper with pellets. Surface podgornik 23 is communicated with an additional tank 13 for supplying the fluid or granules so that fluid or granules can be moved from the secondary tank 13 in the surface podgornik 23. It should be noted that the composition may be either an active substance that is injected through the injector 6, either as a single composition, such as a herbicide for weed control, or another useful connection. The deflector 22 is designed for repelling branches and trunks of trees from the road to provide the possibility of applying the composition surface podkormila 23 closer to the base of the trunk on the ground surface.

The combination of surface podkormila 23 and the injector 6 means that feeding site can be used for simultaneous deposition of substances on different parts of the plant.

The deflector 22 acts to hold the AMB feeding site in a standing position by pushing away branches and trunks of trees from the path, providing the possibility of applying active substances to the optimum position.

Feeding site 1 further comprises a sensor 25, which is designed to detect plants. This allows you to make separate tabs of the active substance only where there is a plant.

When working feeding site used for the treatment of a variety of plants. Feeding the node performs a furrow in parts of the basal area of each variety of plant and injects the active substance in it. Part of basal area per plant, which create the furrow, cover the plant at an angle less than 180° so that they cut only part of the root zone. At the same time on the soil surface near each variety of plant composition is applied using a spray nozzle or spout 23 to granules.

1 and 3 also depict alternative reservoir 17, which represents a hopper for pellets or capacity and are shown by a dotted line. Alternative reservoir 17 communicates with the injector 6 through flexible tubing and the like for supplying the fluid or granules.

It should be noted that the method of forming the grooves and injection of the active substance in the furrow allows you to make active substance close enough to each of the many plants that the composition captures to what rname plants. In addition, when the cutting element or the drive performs a furrow in parts of the roots of plants, it does not intersect all the roots and thus does not damage the plant. The sulcus is narrow enough, so no need to fill the furrow after its execution.

Feeding site can be used in hard or rocky ground, for example, such as the soil in which they grow large trees, such as trees. Since the working beam 15 or feeding site 1 contains the suspension, so that the disk 2 can rise over rocks or particularly strong roots, feeding site can be used in soil that is rocky and contains large roots.

The active substance may be introduced below the surface of the soil in the form of granules from the installed bin or system, or in the form of a solution from the spray container.

In the second embodiment, a feeding node 1 contains a spur 30, which is best shown in figure 4. Spur 30 through the axis 33 is connected to the lever 34 spurs. Spur 30 contains a lot of teeth 35, which is pointed to spur could create multiple grooves in the root zone of many plants. Each tooth spurs 35 includes a channel 36 spurs going down teeth 35 spurs from 37 feed near the axis 33 spurs 30 to designated 38 making near the end of the prong 35 spurs. The channel 36 of the spur on which allows to move the active substance in the form of liquid or granules along the prong 35 spurs and make the groove, made tooth 35 spurs.

In this embodiment, the active composition serves to channel 36 spur of the supply pipe 39. The supply pipe 39 communicates with the tank or hopper (not shown in figure 4) with an active composition for leading the fluid or granules. The active composition is fed into the supply pipe 39 and moves through the supply pipe 39. The connecting device 40 is located at the end of the supply pipe 39 in the tooth 35 spurs.

In operation, when the spur 30 rotates around the axis 33, each channel 36 spurs occupies such a position that the connecting device 40 communicates with the channel 36 spurs for supplying a fluid medium. At this point, the active substance is supplied from the supply pipe 39 into the channel 36 spur to ensure introduction of the active substance at the end of the prong 35 spurs.

The third option is the implementation of a feeding site is shown in Figure 5. On this and the previous drawings similar reference position used to denote similar elements of a feeding site. Presents feeding site 1 for inclusion of active substances in the root zone of many plants. Feeding the node 1 includes spur, cutting element, or a sharp-edged disk 2, through which the axle 3 is connected to the lever 4 of the cutting element. A sharp-edged disk 2 rotates around the axis 3 for done is of furrows in the ground.

The injector 6 is located so that it follows the pointed disk 2, when a sharp-edged disk 2 is moved forward to form a furrow in the ground. The injector 6 is connected a flexible hose 7 with a spray tank 8, which accommodates the active substance. Switch 9 regulate the application of active substances, either manually or with auto shut-off command to the sensor.

The injector 6 includes a flat metal prong 10 of the injector, which shall be of such dimensions and is so to move closely to see the detailed disk 2. The position of the injector 6 can be adjusted by using the adjusting screws 11, which change the position of the injector 6.

Feeding site includes a positioning device which is arranged to change the position of the pointed disk 2 and the injector 6 so that the furrow perform in a certain material in the root zone when moving a pointed disk 2 through the other material in the root zone. Therefore, a sharp-edged disk will rise over large roots and stones, while cutting more fine roots and soil.

Positioning device made in the form of a spring 5, which shifts the lever 4 of the cutting element, and with it a sharp-edged disk 2 and the injector 6 relative to the ground. The positioning device can move rich the g 4 cutting element up or down relative to the ground, depending on the requirements of the furrow. Alternatively, the positioning device can have a different shape, such as a hinge.

The splash guard 12 is located above the disk 2 to prevent clogging of the injector mud.

Feeding site 1 additionally includes a coupling in the form of a working beam 15, which connects the lever 4 of the cutting element with the vehicle 20. Tool bar 15 pivotally connected to the end sections 16, which, in turn, is connected with the levers 4 of the cutting elements. Therefore, the end section 16 may be biased forward to align with the working beam 15, or lean back to position at an angle relative to the beam 15. End sections 16 are rejected by using a hydraulic cylinder 36. This allows you to adjust the width of the feeding site 1 horizontally, which is important for use between trees. This provides the ability to put in crops and plants, distance between rows changes.

End section 16 serves as a baffle and made with the possibility of repulsive branches and trunks of trees from the path pointed disk 2, when he performs the furrow. The spray nozzle or surface podgornik 23 are connected with the deflector 22 and are driven for spraying or applying the composition to the surface of the soil. SL what needs to be noted, the composition can be either an active substance that is injected through the injector 6, either as a single composition, such as a herbicide for weed control, or pesticide, or the desired composition. End of section 16 is made with the possibility of pushing away branches from the path, to ensure the possibility of applying the composition of the spray nozzle or surface podkormila 23 closer to the base of the stem or trunk on the ground surface.

The combination of spray nozzles or the surface of podkormila 23 and the injector 6 means that feeding site can be used for simultaneous deposition of substances on different parts of the plant.

End of section 16 is additionally provided for holding a feeding site in a standing position between trees by pushing away branches from the path, providing the possibility of applying active substances to the optimum position.

The shock absorbers 38 are located to interact with the end sections 16 so that the cutting element 2 does not deviate significantly when raising feeding node 1 and the ground at the end of the row of trees or plants. Mutually blocking gears 39 ensure that the end sections 16 are shifted to the same forward or backward to maintain a constant profile feeding uz is A.

Feeding site 1 additionally includes a sensor 25, which is designed to detect plants. This allows you to make separate tabs of the active substance only where there is a plant. When working feeding site 1 is used for treatment of many plants. Feeding node 1 performs a furrow in parts of the basal area of each variety of plant and injects active substance in the furrow. Part of the basal zone of single plants, which perform the furrow, cover the plant at an angle less than 180° so that they cut only part of the root zone.

At the same time on the soil surface near each variety of plant composition is applied using a spray nozzle or wydanego device 23 for granules.

Figure 5 also shows an alternative reservoir 17, which represents a hopper for pellets or capacity and accommodates the active substance. When using alternative reservoir 17 communicates with the injector 6 for supplying the fluid or granules.

Figure 6 shows a fourth variant of the implementation of a feeding site 1 for inclusion of active substances in the root zone of many plants. As in the first embodiment, feeding the node 1 includes a cutting element or a sharp-edged disk 2, through which the axle 3 is connected with rich the GOM 4 of the cutting element. The lever 4 of the cutting element is spring-loaded at the point 5. A sharp-edged disk 2 rotates around the axis 3 for the formation of furrows in the soil. The injector 6 is located so that it follows the pointed disk 2, when a sharp-edged disk 2 is moved forward to form a furrow in the ground. The injector 6 flexible hose 7 is connected with the spray tank 8, which accommodates the active substance.

The injector 6 includes a flat metal prong 10 of the injector, which shall be of such dimensions and is so to move closely to see the detailed disk 2.

Feeding site includes a positioning device, which is designed for changing the position of the pointed disk 2 and the injector 6 so that the groove is formed in a material in the root zone, when a sharp-edged disk 2 is moved through the other material in the root zone. Therefore, a sharp-edged disk will rise over large roots and stones, while performing furrow among the more fine roots and soil.

Positioning device made in the form of a spring 5, which shifts the lever 4 of the cutting element, and with it a sharp-edged disk 2 and the injector 6 relative to the ground. The positioning device can move the lever 4 of the cutting element up or down relative to the ground, depending on the requirements of the furrow. As alternate is s, the positioning device can have a different shape, such as a hinge.

Feeding site 1 additionally includes a coupling in the form of a working beam 15, which connects the lever 4 of the cutting element with the vehicle 20. Tool bar 15 includes a shock absorber to provide lateral compression when pressure on the lever in the lateral direction. Tool bar 15 is connected with the vehicle 20 and two consoles levers 16, which are adjustable relative to the Central section 15 for regulating the horizontal length of the working beam 15 and the positioning of a feeding site.

Feeding site 1 additionally includes a deflector 22, which is designed to reject the branches and leaves from the path pointed disk 2, when he performs the furrow.

Surface podgornik 23, such as a spray nozzle or wydanie device for pellets, is associated with a deflector 22 and is actuated for applying the composition to the surface of the soil. The composition is placed in the secondary tank 13, which is a tank or hopper with pellets. Surface podgornik 23 is communicated with an additional tank 13 for supplying the fluid or granules so that fluid or granules can be moved from the secondary tank 13 in the surface podgornik 2. It should be noted that the composition may be either an active substance that is injected through the injector 6, either as a single composition, such as a herbicide for weed control, or another useful connection. The deflector 22 is designed for repelling branches and trunks of trees from the road to provide the possibility of applying the composition surface podkormila 23 closer to the base of the trunk on the ground surface.

The combination of surface podkormila 23 and the injector 6 means that feeding site can be used for simultaneous deposition of substances on different parts of the plant.

The deflector 22 will act to hold the feeding site in a standing position by pushing away branches and trunks of trees with paths, providing the possibility of applying active substances to the optimum position.

Feeding site 1 additionally includes a sensor 25, which is designed to detect plants. This allows you to make individual portions of the active substance only where there is a plant. When working feeding site used for treatment of many plants. Feeding the node performs a furrow in parts of the basal area of each variety of plant and injects the active substance in the furrow. Part of the root zone of a plant, in which you shall anaut furrow, covers the plant at an angle less than 180° so that they cut only part of the root zone. At the same time on the soil surface near each variety of plant composition is applied using a spray nozzle or wydanego device 23 for granules.

Figure 6 also shows an alternative reservoir 17, which represents a hopper for pellets or capacity and are shown by a dotted line. Alternative reservoir 17 communicates with the injector 6 via a flexible pipe 31 for supplying the fluid or granules.

Feeding site can be used in hard or rocky ground, for example, such as the soil in which they grow large trees, such as trees. Since the working beam 15 or feeding the node 1 includes a suspension that disk 2 was able to rise above the stones or, in particular, strong roots, feeding site can be used in soil that is rocky and contains large roots.

The active substance may be included under the soil surface in the form of granules from the installed bin or system, or in the form of a solution from the spray tank.

Feeding site can be used without the operator to which it is necessary to move the vehicle 20 for the correct execution of the action.

It should be noted that when the COI is the whether in any form feeding site allows you to put the composition on many perennial plants at a certain speed. The operator does not need to produce two separate application separate compositions. In addition, the operator does not have to turn or stop before the low-growing branches, or remove large roots and stones from the path of movement of a feeding site. This ensures that the application is made faster than would be possible otherwise.

The active substance is applied on perennial plants, can be, for example, in the form of an emulsion, suspension, paste, powder, powders or granules. Feeding the node 1 is made with the possibility of applying the composition in a variety of forms.

The composition may include two or more active substances, for example, two different root system of the pesticide, or the root system pesticide and fertilizer.

The composition may contain from 0.1 to 99% by weight of active substance, for example from 10 to 80% by weight of the active substance and one or more fillers, which is acceptable in agriculture. Fillers can represent, for example, solid or liquid carriers.

In one embodiment of the invention the composition is a composition of controlled release, prepared for the release of the active substance at a given speed over a period of time. Such compositions are advantageous because they can be COI is used to provide release of the active substance over an extended period of time without the need for additional application of active substances. For example, the composition of the controlled release could constitute such a composition with controlled release, which is disclosed in the patent application of Japan 2005/187462. Such a composition includes a solid core particles, the layer including agrochemical component formed around the core particles and containing the active substance, and a coating layer formed around the layer, including agrochemical component, and containing polyurethane polymer. Such a composition can be obtained, for example, addition of active substances and raw bonding material to rolling solid core particles with the formation including agrochemical component layer containing the active substance around the core particles, and then adding the raw material of the polyurethane polymer to form a coating containing polyurethane polymer around including agrochemical component layer.

The active substance may be any substance that has a physiological effect on perennial plants, or which has activity against the pest or disease of perennial plants, and which can be captured by the roots of perennial plants.

The active ingredient may constitute, for example, fertilizer, plant growth regulator, pesticide (n is an example, the insecticide or fungicide, or herbicide.

In some embodiments of the invention the active substance is a fertilizer. Fertilizer can represent, for example, nitrogen fertilizer such as urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate or anhydrous ammonia; contain phosphorus and sulfur, such as superphosphate, potassium such as potassium sulfate; complex fertilizer such as DAP; micronutrients or mineral additives such as boron, molybdenum or zinc.

In some embodiments of the invention the active substance is a plant growth regulator, such as gibberellins, cytokinins, auxins, abscisic acid, ethylene or hydrochloride Avigliana.

In some embodiments, the active substance is a root system of the pesticide. The root system of the pesticide may be any type of pesticide, such as insecticide or fungicide that can be perceived by the plant roots to be involved in the metabolism in the body.

There are many pesticides that act in plants systemically.

Examples of insecticides that have systemic effects include acetylcholinesterase inhibitors such as dimethoate; modulators of sodium channels, such as pyrethroids; chloride channel activators, such is how the avermectins; inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, such as benzoylacetone; agonists/antagonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, such as Imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam, clothianidin, thiacloprid, nitenpyram or dinotefuran; Anthranilic acid diamides, such as chlorantraniliprole, and the phthalic acid diamides, such as flubendiamide.

Examples of fungicides that have a systemic action in plants include benzimidazole, such as benomyl; dicarboximide, such as procymidone; fungicides inhibiting demethylation, such as tebuconazole; phenylamide, such as metalaxyl, and morpholines, such as tridemorph.

The root system of the pesticide may represent, for example, the root systemic insecticide selected from the following classes of insecticides: acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, modulators of sodium channels, chloride channel activators, inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis; agonists/antagonists of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, such as neonicotinoids, such as Imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam, clothianidin, thiacloprid, nitenpyram or dinotefuran; Anthranilic diamide acid and phthalic acid diamide; or the root systemic fungicide selected from the following classes of fungicides: benzimidazole; dicarboximides; inhibiting demethylation fungicides; Fe is jamitov and morpholino.

When the root system, the pesticide is an agonist/antagonist of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, the root system of the pesticide may represent, for example, Imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam, clothianidin, thiacloprid, nitenpyram or dinotefuran. Preferred agonists/antagonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor include Imidacloprid, clothianidin and dinotefuran.

For some perennial crops may be desirable application on plants herbicide, for example, it may be desirable application on plant defoliant or other herbicide shortly before harvesting plants or manufacturing plants. In some embodiments of the invention the active substance is a herbicide. The herbicide may be a herbicide selected from the following classes of herbicides: inhibitors acetolactate - for example, sulfonylureas; inhibitors of photosynthesis and photosystem II - for example, triazines, or breakers growth of plant cells - for example, pyridines.

Perennials can be any perennial plants growing in rows. The terms "number of plants" or "plant growing ranks" means a plant growing in one line. The line may be straight or may be curved, for example, after the rofl of the terrain profile.

Perennial plants may constitute, for example, fruit trees, such as trees, fruit stone fruits, pome fruits, or juicy fruit without seeds, such as apples, pears, plums, peaches, almonds or cherries. Perennial plants can be a nut trees, such as American walnut, cashew, or macadamia nut). Perennials can also represent trees with citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, grapefruit or tangerine trees.

Perennial plants can be trees for timber, pulp, paper or timber. Perennial plants may constitute, for example, a plant species ofAlbies sp. (fir),Eucalyptus sp. (eucalyptus),Picea sp. (spruce),Pinus sp. (pine),Aesculus sp. (horse chestnut),Platanus sp. (sycamore),Tilia sp. (Linden),Acer sp. (maple),Tsuga sp. (Hemlock),Fraxinus sp. (ash),Sorbus sp. (mountain ash),Betula sp. (birch),CratAegus sp. (hawthorn),Ulmus sp. (elm),Quercus sp. (oak),Salix sp. (IIA) orPopulus sp. (poplar). Such plants include species ofAesculus:A. hippocastanum,A. pariflora,A. carnea; speciesPlatanus:P. aceriflora,P. occidentalis,P. racemosa; speciesPicea:P. abies; speciesPinus:P. radiata,P. ponderosa,P. contorta,P. sylvestre,P. elliottii,P. montecola,P. albicauli ,P. resinosa,P. palustris,P. taeda,P.flexilis,P.jeffregi,P. baksiana,P. strobesand the speciesEucalyptus:E. grandis,E. globulus,E. camadentis,E. nitens,E. obliqua,E. regnans,E.pilularus.

In some embodiments of the invention perennial plants are a species ofAcacia mangium,Khaya senegalensis,Araucaria cunninghamii,Araucaria bidwillii,Eucalyptus pilularis,Eucalyptus globulus,Eucalyptus agglomerate,Eucalyptus dunnii,Eucalyptus grandis,Eucalyptus cloeziana,Eucalyptus regnans,Callitris intratropica,Corymbia citriodora,Pinus taeda,Pinus pinaster,Pinus caribaeaorPinus elliottii.

Perennial plants may include species of temperate, subtropical and tropical species. Plants can be plants at any age. For example, plants can be aged from a few months to 101 years. In some embodiments, the implementation of the plants may be older than 1 year. In some embodiments, the implementation of the plants may have age more than 2 years.

Active substance contribute under the soil surface close enough to the perennial plants in the row, so that the active substance can be captured by plant roots. Specialist in the field of horticulture or forestry, referring to the type of plants and plant age, will be able to easily determine the proper distance from perennial plants for inclusion of the active substance in the situation where the asset is first substance is captured by the feeding roots of plants.

As will be evident to a person skilled in the field of technology, the introduction of the active substance under the surface of the soil in sufficient proximity to a number of perennial plants to capture the active substances by plant roots will usually be accompanied by some damage to the roots of plants. Damage to the roots can be minimized by reducing the depth of application, increasing distance from the plant to the place of making or making the active substance only along one side of the row of plants. Specialist in the field of horticulture or forestry would be able easily to determine the appropriate depth and distance from the trunks of plants to reduce to a minimum the damage to the roots and ensure the capture of nutrients by plant roots.

The active substance is usually made under the soil surface at a distance of about 10 cm to 2 meters, for example from 10 cm to 80 cm from the base of the stem plants in the row. In some embodiments of the invention the active substance contribute under the soil surface at a distance of from about 20 to 40 cm from the base of the trunk of the plant. The active ingredient usually contribute to a depth of from 2 to 50 cm, for example from 2 to 30 cm under the soil surface. In some embodiments of the invention the active substance contribute to a depth of 10 to 15 cm below the soil surface.

The active substance may be outside the network under the soil surface in the form of pure compounds. However, more typically the active substance contribute in the form of a composition comprising the active ingredient together with fillers commonly used in agricultural formulations.

The composition comprising the active substance may be, for example, in the form of an emulsion, suspension, paste, powder, powders or granules. The composition may include two or more active substances, for example, two different root system of the pesticide, or the root system pesticide and fertilizer.

The composition may contain from 0.1 to 99% by weight of active substance, for example from 10 to 80% by weight of the active substance and one or more fillers, which is acceptable in agriculture. Fillers can represent, for example, solid or liquid carriers.

The composition can be prepared by methods of obtaining agricultural compositions known in the technology.

In some embodiments, the active substance is applied as a solid line. In other embodiments, the active substance is applied in the form of a series of portions. A series of portions usually forms a dotted line along the row of perennial plants. A series of portions may be a single line, or various portions may be offset from one or more of the preceding portions. For example, the portions may form a dotted line along a number of many years is astani as follows:

...................... or

---------------------- or

-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_- or

= = = = = = = = = = = = or

/// /// /// /// /// /// ///

When the active substance make below the soil surface in sufficient proximity to perennial plants, so that the active substance was captured by the plant roots, usually for each perennial plants requires a relatively small amount of the composition comprising the active substance. Usually the amount of composition applied to each plant, is less than the amount of the composition comprising the same active substance, which would be made if the active substance was applied by spraying or watering. Accordingly, the inclusion of the active substance by the method according to the present invention can be achieved considerable cost savings.

As described above, when the active substance is a root system of the pesticide, the method according to the present invention can be applied to control pests in a range of perennial plants. As used herein, the term "control" pests in a range of perennial plants is prevention of infection or damage to the plant pest in the series, as well as against the existing pest infestations of one or more plants in a row. The pest can be any organism such as an insect or another is bespozvonochnoe, or fungus, which has an adverse effect on the growth or health of plants.

The method according to the present invention can be used to control any pests against which the active root system of the pesticide. For example, when the root system pesticide is a neonicotinoid, the method can be applied for monitoring species ofColoeptera sp. (beetles),Hemiptera sp. (wood bugs),Homoptera sp. (for example, aphids, mealybugs and scale), orHymenoptera sp. (for example, wasps, ants and sawflies) on perennial plants. When the root system pesticide is diamid Anthranilic acid, such as chlorantraniliprole, the method can be used for pest control squadLepidoptera(butterfly).

When the active substance is a root system of the pesticide, the root system pesticide contribute under the soil surface in a quantity effective to control pests in perennial plants. The effective amount will vary depending on such factors as the specific root system pesticide specific applicable composition, depth and distance from the stem of the plant that contribute pesticide specific pest and the age and species of perennial plants. In the competence of the specialist in the field of horticulture or forestry Ho is eista completely covers the determination of the effective amount of the root system of a pesticide to control pests in a range of perennial plants, related to the description of the present invention. The root system pesticide usually made in the amount of from about 0.2 to 5 grams of the root system of the pesticide for each plant.

EXAMPLE

Near the town of Casino, New South Wales, Australia, in the 2006-2007 season, clothianidin in suspension (200 g/l) in water at a dose of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 grams of active ingredient per tree (granting./tree) was applied for two trees of the formEucalyptus dunnito control listblockCreiis lituratusduring the winter and leaf beetles during the summer.

Single entry below the soil surface was conducted using a Coulter at a distance of 20-40 cm from the base of the trunk of the tree to a depth of 10-15 cm with a flow rate of 128 liters of water per hectare.

Point defeat leaves lactobacilli counted 141 and 303 of the DPO (days after treatment). The height of the trees was measured during processing and then on 303 LSD. Diameter of tree at breast height was measured at 303 LSD.

Subsurface introduction of clothianidin with dosage of 0.5 and 1.5 grating./the tree has significantly reduced the value of the reference lesions leaves lactobacilli and improved the growth of the speciesE. dunniwith a high degree of infection lactobacilli 303 LSD.

The increase in wood volume at the dose of 1 grating./the tree on the 303 LSD was 8.5 m3/ha.

Table 1
Comparison of three dosages of clothianidin made by subsurface introduction to control listblock
ProcessingDosageThe average reference spot lesions on the 5 end sheets
grating./tree7 October 2006 (141 days after treatment)19 March 2007 (303 days after treatment)
Untreated control0of 3.5616,73 And
Clothianidin0,52,33 b3,50 B
Clothianidin10,71 cto 2.06 B
Clothianidin1,50,58 c0,69 B
A value of P0,00000,0000
LSD (5%level)1,13 3,57
* Values within columns with the same subsequent letter differ insignificant at 5%level of significance
** Means the least significant difference at 5%level of significance

Table 2
Comparison of three dosages of clothianidin in terms of the effect of control listblock for growth of the speciesE.dunni
ProcessingDosageAverage tree height (cm)The average increase of tree height (cm)DOUG+ (cm)
grating./tree303 day after processing0-303 day after processing303 day after processing
1. Untreated control0447 cd159 bc5,03 c
3. Clothianidin0,5500 bc198 ab b
5,44
c
4. Clothianidin1526 b228 aa
5,91
b
5. Clothianidin1,5594 a229 a6,67 a
A value of P0,000is 0.00020,0024
LSD (5%level)62,8649,84a total of 8.74
DOUG+ = diameter at breast height (1.3 m at ground level)

The impact on the volume of wood

The difference in volume between no treatment and treatment with a dosage of 1 grating./the tree can be calculated on protag the Institute of 303 days.

DosageAverage tree height (m)The average diameter of the tree (cm)Average increase wood volume per hectare" (m3)
Untreated control4,475,0313,7
1 grating./tree5,265,9122,2

1. Feeding site for inclusion of active substances in the root zone of many plants containing:
subsurface podgornik with the cutting element to form a furrow in the ground,
the injector associated with the cutting element, to ensure injection of the active substance in the furrow,
positioning device made with the possibility of changing the position of the cutting element so that in some material in the root zone is formed furrow when moving the cutting element through the other material in the root zone,
surface podgornik made with the possibility of applying active substances to the surface of the soil, and
deflector made with the possibility of rejection low branches from the way nutrition is knogo node.

2. The node of claim 1, wherein the positioning device provides positioning of the cutting element so that it can form a groove in a softer material, such as soil and thinner roots when moving through solid materials, such as stones and thick roots.

3. The node according to claim 1, in which the positioning device is made in the form of a suspension, which is driven by the elastic displacement of the cutting element relative to the ground.

4. The node according to any one of claims 1 to 3, in which the cutting element is rotated around the axis and creates a groove during the rotation.

5. The node according to claim 1, in which the cutting element is a disk.

6. The node according to claim 1, in which the cutting element is a spur.

7. The node according to claim 1, in which the surface podgornik contains a spray nozzle.

8. The node according to claim 1, in which the surface podgornik includes issued device for pellets.

9. The node according to claim 1, in which the surface podgornik and injector connected to the same tank.

10. The node according to claim 1, in which the surface podgornik and the injector is connected to a separate tank.

11. The node of claim 1, wherein the deflector has a front edge and a rear edge relative to the direction of movement of the vehicle, the deflector is oriented so that the front edge is located closer to the transport among the society, than the back edge.

12. The node according to claim 1, in which the surface podgornik is located on the vent.

13. The node according to claim 1, additionally containing a coupler for connecting a feeding site with the vehicle.

14. The node indicated in paragraph 13, in which the coupling forms at least part of the positioning device and elastically biased to the ground.

15. The node indicated in paragraph 13 or 14, in which the hitch moves both in vertical and in the lateral direction relative to the direction of movement of the vehicle.

16. The node indicated in paragraph 13, in which the coupling includes coupling device extending from the vehicle, and the lever is held in the lateral direction relative to the connecting device.

17. Site on article 16, in which the length of the lever is adjustable.

18. Node item 16 or 17, in which the lever includes two or more sections.

19. The node according to claim 1, configured to supply the active substance is sufficiently close to each of the many plants that the composition picked up by the plant roots.

20. The node according to claim 1, executed with a possibility of active substances into the soil to a depth of 2-30 see

21. The node according to claim 1, in which the injector is made with the possibility of continuous introduction of the active substance.

22. The node of claim 1, wherein the injector is arranged to supply individual servings active ve is esta.

23. The node according to claim 1, additionally containing a sensor configured to determine the distance between the feeding site and the plant and make the active substance in a given proximity to the plant.

24. The node according to claim 1, in which the feeding site use when introducing active substances on large areas and operate at an average speed of more than 4 km/h

25. Feeding site for inclusion of active substances in the root zone of many plants containing:
subsurface podgornik containing the cutting element to form a furrow in the soil, and the injector associated with the cutting element, to ensure injection of the active substance in the furrow;
surface podgornik made with the possibility of applying the composition to the surface of the soil, and
deflector made with the possibility of rejection low branches from the path surface of podkormila.

26. Site A.25, in which the composition is a herbicide.

27. Site A.25, in which the composition is the same as the active substance.

28. The node according to any one of p-27, in which many plants there are in a row.

29. Site A.25 executed with a possibility of active substances into the soil to a depth of 2-30 see

30. Site A.25, in which the injector is made with the possibility of continuous introduction of the active substance.

31. Site A.25, in which the injector is arranged to supply individual portions of the active substance.

32. Site A.25, optionally containing a sensor configured to determine the distance between the feeding site and the plant and make the active substance in a given proximity to the plant.

33. The method of processing a variety of plants, including:
i) use the site for the formation of grooves in part of the root zone, at least some of the many plants;
ii) use the site for injection of the active substance in the furrow;
iii) use the site to move low branches to the side, and
iv) applying the composition to the surface of the soil near the plants.

34. The method according to p, in which part of the root zone of a plant, which creates a furrow runs from the plant at an angle less than 180°.

35. The method according to p or 34, in which the groove passes through some materials, but ignores other materials.

36. The method according to p in which the furrow to form a cutting element.

37. The method according to p, in which the injection performed by the injector associated with the cutting element.

38. The method according to p, in which the composition is a herbicide.

39. The method according to p, in which many plants there are in a row.

40. The method according to p, in which the treated plants náchod is carried out in difficult terrain, such as occurs in plantations.

41. The method according to p in which processing method is performed with the use of a feeding site that is installed on the vehicle, which moves with an average speed of more than 4 km/h

42. The method of application of the active substance in many perennial plants in a range of perennial plants, including the use of a feeding site for inclusion of the active substance under the surface of the soil in sufficient proximity to the many perennial plants in the row, so that the substance is picked up by the roots of many perennial plants while feeding site contains subsurface podgornik for inclusion of active substances in the root zone of many plants, and podgornik includes:
the cutting element to form a furrow in the ground,
the injector associated with the cutting element to ensure injection of the active substance in the furrow,
surface podgornik located for applying active substances to the soil surface, and a deflector located to repulsion low branches from the path surface of podkormila,
moreover, the feeding unit is designed with the possibility of raising the cutting element so that the groove is formed in a material in the root zone when moving the cutting element through the other material in price the Neva area.



 

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