Structural element for use in internal works to finish premises

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structural element for use in internal works to finish building structures comprises a body, has a functional, non-flat shape, with the help of which the structural element is adapted to perform an additional function relative to wall plaster, and which is designed so that it remains uncovered with wall plaster. The structural element comprises connection elements on one or more peripheral edges of the body, adapted for their covering with the help of wall plaster, which is applied around peripheral edges to cover a part of a building structure. The body and connection elements are formed from reinforced material for wall plastering.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to prevent formation of cracks and slots.

13 cl, 14 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to a structural element for use in an internal work on finishing, according to the introductory part of the first claim.

The level of technology

It is known that after the construction ends, walls, ceilings and other structures of the building or part of building construction can get the finished look after covering them with plaster to create a smooth surface for coloring, stickers, Wallpaper or other types of finishing works, well-known specialists in this field of technology.

After plastering the walls and ceilings of the various structural elements can be mounted on walls, ceilings and other structural elements of the building for the subsequent carrying out of the building and finishing works. Structural elements include, for example, the vertical jambs of door frames, junction boxes lighting network or decorative elements which are suspended in order to obtain the desired aesthetic effect. These structural elements made, for example, wood, plastic, aluminum or any other material which the expert in the art deems appropriate.

Modern architecture is often desirable to constructe the ments of quietly and without sharp transitions were embedded in plaster, covering the walls and ceiling. For example, often seek to invisible and without sharp transitions embedding door boxes in plaster walls to make the building "a minimalist and modern design. Invisible and without sharp transitions embedding of structural elements is also required in environments where there are high requirements for hygiene, for example, for kitchens or hospital wards, such as operating.

In addition, the structural elements are attached, for example, to the walls before is plastering, after which structural elements can be partially or completely covered with plaster to get a seamless connection between the structural element and plaster. However, this method interior decoration has the disadvantage that after a relatively short period of time, the connection between the structural element and the plaster may be damaged, while between the structural element and plaster cracks, crevices and holes.

Disclosure of inventions

The present invention is the provision of structural elements that can be discreetly and without sharp transitions combined with the plaster coating.

This is achieved according to the present invention, with help from nstructing element, showing all technical features of the first claim.

In addition, the structural element includes connecting elements on one or more edge of the housing structural element adapted to cover the plaster walls, the housing structural element and the connecting elements are designed for use with power material for plaster walls.

Analysis of the existing problems of the prior art showed that the cracks, crevices and holes appear due to different material properties of structural elements and plaster walls. According to the invention hull and connecting elements are designed for use with power material for plaster walls, so that the material of the plaster walls and connecting elements, mainly contained the same substances. In the plaster walls of the building structure it connects with reinforced material for plaster wall structural element. The connection between the plaster walls and a reinforced material for plaster walls is also durable and resistant to destruction, since both materials mainly contain the same substances and react basically the same way to changes in temperature, humidity, etc. as a result, the risk of fractures, cracks and/or holes that appear after a certain period of time, can be significantly reduced. Therefore, the structural element can be discreetly and without sharp transitions combined with a plaster coating, creating the desired aesthetic effect.

The inventor has further discovered that the use for structural element reinforced material for plaster walls, according to the invention, provides for a constructive element of the desired strength and rigidity, and, moreover, improves shock-resistant ability. Therefore, the use of structural element according to the invention may be carried out in a wide range.

As reinforced material for plaster walls is used for the structural element, the inventor has further found that the structural element can be easily manufactured and handled. Structural element according to the invention may, for example, be manufactured by a pressing method in the form. This makes the production of structural elements less difficult, faster, more efficient, and therefore less costly. In addition, to facilitate the production and processing of structural element, through the use of a reinforced material for plaster walls, it is possible to provide a wide range of shapes, sizes, and thanks to various applications structural element.

Moreover, the inventor has found that structural elements embedded in the reinforced material for plaster walls are light and flexible, allowing easy transportation and installation.

The inventor has further found that the reinforced material for plaster walls has refractory properties that make it suitable for use in structures having specific requirements for fire safety of construction materials.

In the preferred embodiment of this invention reinforced material for plaster wall is reinforced with glass gypsum (GRG). GRG is a reinforced material for plaster walls, which also has the following advantages: it is easily treatable by a method of molding in the form, it is easy to make, it's cheap and has an increased strength, rigidity and has refractory properties. Moreover, reinforced with glass gypsum shows increased adhesion characteristics with the material of the plaster walls.

In a more preferred variant of the invention, the structural element according to the invention, the connecting element is wedge-shaped with a maximum thickness at the peripheral edge of the housing element, the maximum thickness less than the thickness of the SL is I plaster walls. Wedge-shaped connecting element enables easy, fast and durable creating invisible and without sharp transitions combining structural element with a plaster coating.

In a further preferred variant of the invention, the structural element according to the invention, the structural element includes at least one reinforcing element in a reinforced material for plaster walls. A reinforcing member produces an increase in overall strength and rigidity of the structural element. In addition, the reinforcing portion may enhance the connection of the structural element with the design of the building. In another more preferred embodiment of the invention the reinforcing element is embedded in a reinforced material for plaster of the wall of the connecting element.

In the preferred embodiment of this invention the housing structural element includes a receiving part for the secondary element. The secondary element may contain any one component from the following list: swivel loop / reception part for a door latch, a bracket for mounting the lamp, the light source, the speaker bracket for curtains, holes for the air intake and/or exhaust, spray, smoke detector; of whom, however, these components the list is not limited. Structural element can therefore be used for different purposes, making it versatile in use thanks to its versatility in form and appearance, at the same time maintaining its aesthetic design and modern look.

In a more preferred embodiment of the invention a reinforcing member increases the strength of the receiving part for the secondary element, making installation of the secondary element is more durable and more reliable.

In the first preferred embodiment of the invention the body structural element includes at least one vertical jamb of the door frame. The vertical jamb of the door frame can be connected with the wall so that it would be unnoticeable, creating an invisible connection of the vertical jamb of the door frame to the wall, giving the room a minimalist and modern interior design, which often in modern architecture.

In the second preferred embodiment of the invention the body structural element contains the junction box lighting network. Junction box lighting network may be connected to a wall or ceiling so that it would be unnoticeable, for example, creating an invisible connection junction box lighting with the tee with the rest of the wall or ceiling, additionally adding to the interior minimalist and modern design.

Brief description of drawings

The invention is additionally illustrated by the following drawings:

Figure 1 shows a cross section of a structural element according to the invention, attached to the wall.

Figure 2 shows the cross-section of another structural element according to the invention, attached to the wall.

Figure 3 shows the cross-section of another structural element according to the invention, comprising a vertical jamb of the door frame.

Figure 4 shows the cross-section of another structural element according to the invention, comprising a vertical jamb of the door frame, which further comprises a receiving part for door latches, reinforced with a reinforcing element.

Figure 5 shows the cross-section of another structural element according to the invention, containing the reception side for communication with the secondary elements.

6 shows a cross section of another structural element according to the invention, containing a reinforcing member for installation of the secondary elements.

7 shows a cross section of another embodiment of the invention, the structural element according to the invention, which differs from the provided figure 6.

Fig shows a cross section of a structural element according to the invention, as shown in Fig.7, and the cover for covering structural element.

Fig.9 shows the cross-section of another embodiment of the invention, the structural element, in comparison with the variant according to Fig.6.

Figure 10 shows the cross-section of another embodiment of the invention, the structural element, in comparison with the variant according to Fig.7.

11 shows a side view of another embodiment of the invention, the structural element according to the invention.

Fig, 13 and 14 show the cross-section of various embodiments of the invention structural element according to the invention, containing the bend.

The implementation of the invention

Structural element 1 of figure 1 is used in the design of the building interior. It is installed on the wall 5 by means of screws 16, spinning through the connecting element 4, and includes a housing 2 and the connecting elements 4 on the peripheral edge 3 of the housing 2. The housing 2 and the connecting elements 4 are created from reinforced material for plaster walls. Connecting element 4 is covered with a plaster wall 6, which at least partially covers the wall 5.

Reinforced material for shtukaturn the wall, preferably is reinforced gypsum, more preferably gypsum, glass fibre reinforced (GRG), but can be any material that seems to be acceptable to a person skilled in the art, for example gypsum, reinforced with wood fibers. As reinforced material for plaster walls, in particular reinforced glass plaster is durable, lightweight, impact-resistant, meets the requirements of fire safety, cheap, and easily and quickly assembled and easy to handle, the structural element 1 may be of any shape and function, which seem to be suitable to a person skilled in the art. In addition, reinforced stucco walls can be made by pressing in the form, therefore, the desired shape of the structural element 1 can be easily reproduced without negative impact on other characteristics. Moreover, easy handling reinforced material for plaster walls makes the installation of the structural element 1 on the wall 5 is lighter, faster and cheaper.

Connecting elements 4 are adapted to be covered with plaster 6. As a constructive element 1, and the plaster wall 6 contain plaster solution as a core part of their structure, the structural element 1 and plaster wall 6 can better connect the change with each other. The connection between the plaster wall 6 and a reinforced material for plaster walls also has sufficient strength to resist destruction, since both materials contain mainly the same components and react basically the same way to changes in temperature, humidity, etc. as a result, the risk of fractures, cracks and/or holes that appear after a certain period of time, can be significantly reduced. Therefore, the structural element can be discreetly and without sharp transitions combined with a plaster coating, creating the desired aesthetic effect.

Connecting element 4 can be provided along the entire length of the peripheral edge 3 of the body 2 of the structural element 1, or, for example, only certain designated peripheral edge 3 of the structural element 1 can be provided with connecting elements 4, depending on, for example, from the desired aesthetic and/or physical characteristics of the structural element 1.

The shape of the connecting element 4 and the shape of the transition of the peripheral edge 3 of the connecting element 4 structural element 1 according to figure 1, are such that a continuous and seamless transition from the plaster of the wall 6 to the housing 2, when the plaster wall 6 rests on the housing 2 of the peripheral edge 3. In addition, connected internee elements 4 are tapered from a maximum thickness at the peripheral edge 3 of the housing 2 of the element, the maximum thickness less than the thickness of the layer of plaster wall 6. However, the connecting element 4 can have any other shape, which seems suitable to a person skilled in the art, for example, it may be parallel to the wall surface 5, on which it is installed, instead of the wedge-shaped, with the maximum thickness at the peripheral edge 3 of the housing 2 may be greater than the thickness of the layer of plaster wall 6, moreover, the connecting element can have other forms.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in figure 1, the thickness of the connecting element 4 is continuously decreasing in the direction from the peripheral edge 3. However, the progression of reducing the thickness of the connecting element 4, according to the invention, is not critical and can be determined by a person skilled in the art it may be, for example, linear or exponential, because this form allows you to quickly and easily cover the connecting element 4 plaster wall 6. The progression of the reduction may, however, be a local minimum or local maximum thickness between the peripheral edge 3 and edge of the connecting element 4, or the thickness may, for example, to have a wavy shape in the direction from the peripheral edge 3 to the edge of the connecting element 4.

In order to achieve proper exterior finishing structural element 1, it is preferable that a sufficient amount of plaster wall 6 was added to the connecting element 4 is wedge-shaped so that the part of the plaster wall 6 is partially superimposed on the housing 2 structural element 1. Preferably, the overlap and excess plaster wall 6 is then removed by burnishing a straight edge over the surface of the housing 2, leaving a seamless and continuous connection between the plaster wall 6 and the housing 2 of the structural element 1.

Method of applying plaster wall 6 on the structural element 1, however, is not critical, according to the invention, there may be used any other method that is a specialist in the art will deem appropriate, in order to make a seamless and continuous connection between the structural element 1 and plaster wall 6.

Connecting element 4 according to Fig 1, is covered with plaster wall 6, which allows for a strong connection between the plaster wall 6 and the connecting element 4 and to provide seamless and continuous Association plaster wall 6 with the housing 2. Full coverage plaster wall 6 of the connecting element 4, however, is not critical, according to the invention. Connecting element 4 can also be partially covered with plaster wall 6, for example, in accordance with an imaginary aesthetic effect of a specialist in this field of technology.

1 is a structural element 1 contains the reinforcing elements 7, built-in reinforced material for plaster of the wall of the connecting element 4. Alternatively, the reinforcing elements (not shown) can also be applied to the case 2 or around the structural element 1. The location of the reinforcing element in the housing 2 of the structural element 1 depends on the following: does the screw 16 through the structural element 1 in this location, to enhance the installation of the screw 16, as shown in figure 1, as well as from the desired physical characteristics of the structural element 1, such as strength, stiffness, impact resistance, insulating properties, thermal characteristics, etc. the function of the reinforcing element, however, is not limited to these examples and is not critical to the invention.

The dimensions of the reinforcing element depend, for example, from the desired physical characteristics of the structural element 1, as discussed above, and the shape, appearance and size of structural element 1, which limit the size of the reinforcing element 7, so that, when minicamera, partially reinforcing element 7 is embedded in the structural element 1.

Cross-section of the reinforcing element 7, shown in figure 1, is rectangular, but may be of any shape, which is a specialist in the art will deem appropriate, such as round, oval, square, etc. A reinforcing element 7 preferably has a cubic shape, but may also be, for example, spherical.

The material of the reinforcing element 7 is dependent on the desired physical characteristics of the reinforcing element 7, which is discussed above, and may be, for example, wood, metal, cardboard, etc.

Instead of screws 16 passing through the connecting element 4, as shown in figure 1, to secure the structural element 1 to the wall 5, you can also use a screw 16 which passes through the housing 2 of the structural element 1. The location of the screwing of the screw can be determined by a person skilled in the art and depends, among other reasons, the requirements for installing the structural element 1 to the wall 5, the location of the installation, the desired aesthetic effect, the location of the reinforcing element 7, etc.

The screw 16 in figure 1 is made invisible to the observer, who looks at the structural element 1. In addition, the screw 16 is covered with a plaster wall 6, the cover is her connecting element 4. When the screw 16 passes through the housing 2, the housing 2 may, for example, contain a recess on its surface in order to provide a venue for tightening the screw, which may be covered with a plaster wall 6 after tightening the screw, in order to hide. Floor screws 16, however, is not critical to the invention, and depends only on the aesthetic choices that can be made by a person skilled in the technical field.

The screw 16 is used to attach the structural element 1 to the wall 5, is not critical to the invention, and alternative structural element 1 could also join, for example, with glue, brackets, nails, or any other means known to specialists in this field of technology.

Structural element 1, shown in figure 1, is attached to the wall 5, but can also be installed on the ceiling, on the wall, stacked without mortar, another structural element 1 according to the invention, etc.

The housing 2 has a functional, non-planar shape, and is adapted to perform additional functions in relation to the plaster wall 6. As can be seen in figure 1, the housing 2 forms a bend 8, and therefore performs an additional function in relation to the plaster wall 6.

Bend 8, shown in figure 1, sets the boundaries direct the first corner. However, any other angular section (not shown) may also be used, such as bend, forming a different angle, a curved bend, etc.

Structural element 1, shown in figure 2, is the same as structural element 1, shown in figure 1, but it is attached to the thinner wall 25, which may be, for example, wooden panel, and abuts against the other element 20, which also covers the wall 25. Another element shown in figure 2, partially covered with plaster wall 6, and may be, for example, by a wall, built without mortar, or other structural element according to the invention, which may be identical structural element 1, or may, for example, to serve a different purpose and therefore have a different form and function, or any other element that can be used in construction, for example for interior decoration.

Structural element 10, shown in figure 3, differs from the structural element 1, shown in figure 1, so that the housing 21 structural element includes a vertical jamb 10 of the doorframe, as well as the fact that the structural element 10 includes, as seen in cross-section, the connecting element 4 on both peripheral edges 3 of the housing 21. The housing 21 has a shape that allows you to surround a part of the wall (not shown)adjacent the door opening, to which are attached the ends of the connecting elements 4 located on both sides of the housing 21 so that the plaster could be applied on both sides of the doorway so that no visible transitions to integrate vertical jamb 10 of the door frame with plaster (not shown)covering part of the wall.

The housing 21 shown in figure 3, contains only vertical jamb 10 of the door frame, but in the case 21 of the structural element 1 can be built more elements with functional non-planar shape, such as bend, covering the corner of the wall adjacent to the doorway.

Vertical jamb 10 of the door frame shown in figure 3, composed of a single structural element 10, but may contain several design elements that can be seamlessly and invisibly connected to each other, covering abutting against the edges of the components of the structural elements plaster wall 6, for example, as shown in figure 2.

The housing 21 of the vertical jamb 10 of the door frame shown in figure 3, fully demarcated connecting elements 4, which allow seamless and invisible connection of the vertical jamb 10 of the door frame with plaster 6 wall at least partially covering the connecting cell battery (included) is you 4 on both sides of the doorway. Vertical jamb 10 of the door frame can provide, however, the connecting element 4 on one side of the doorway, depending on the desired aesthetic properties of the structural element 1 on different sides of the doorway.

Vertical jamb 10 of the door frame shown in figure 3, contains the reinforcing elements only in the connecting elements 4. Vertical jamb 10 of the door frame may, however, contain additional or fewer reinforcing elements 7 in the connecting elements 4 and/or the housing 2, more specifically in the vertical jamb 10 of the door frame to provide connecting elements 4 and/or the housing 2, more specifically the vertical jamb 10 of the door frame, the desired physical characteristics, as discussed earlier.

The exact size and shape of the vertical jamb 10 of the door frame can be determined by a specialist in the art and is not critical to the invention.

Vertical jamb 10 of the door frame can optionally contain, although this is not shown in figure 3, hinges for mounting a door on a vertical jamb 10 of the doorframe. At the location of the hinge door hinge can be reinforced by additional reinforcing elements (not shown)to impart vertical jamb 10 D. the agreement box desired physical characteristics, as discussed previously.

Vertical jamb 30 of the door frame, shown in figure 4, differs from the vertical jamb 10 of the door frame shown in figure 3, so that the housing 22 includes a receiving part 11 for inserting the valve door lock. The reception part 11 for inserting the valve door lock further strengthened reinforcing elements 27, built-in vertical jamb 30 of the door frame.

The location, shape and size of the receiving part 11 for inserting the valve door lock can be determined by a person skilled in the art and are not critical to the invention.

The reinforcing elements 27, serving to strengthen the receiving part 11 for inserting the valve door lock can not be used, depending on the desired physical characteristics of the vertical jamb 30 of the door frame, the door and/or door opening.

Structural element 40, shown in figure 5, contains three reception part 12 for the secondary elements (not shown), which represent an additional function in relation to the plastering of the wall. Case 23 shows the structural element 1 is mostly flat, but can have any desired shape, such as cubic or curved shape, as reinforcing the plaster material is well handled by the PR method is Slovenia in the form. The receiving portion 12, shown in figure 5, can be used to set, for example, brackets for curtains, horizontal piping for installation of spotlights or other elements, as well as any other secondary elements (not shown).

The shape and appearance of the receiving part 12 are not critical to the invention, and depend, for example, form, appearance, size and function of the secondary element.

Three reception part 12 shown in figure 5, but using a smaller or larger number. The receiving part 12 for the secondary elements can be mainly longitudinal or straight, can be round, curved, or may have any other shape and appearance, depending on the desired function, shape, appearance and size of the receiving part 12 and the secondary elements inserted into it.

The receiving part 12 in this embodiment of the invention are provided in the housing structural element 40 as depressions in the surface of the housing 23. Alternatively, any other possible way to create a receiving part, for example a local uplift of the surface of the housing 23 at the location of the receiving part 12.

Structural element 40, shown in figure 5, contains only the reinforcing element 7 is embedded in the connecting element 4. Alternatively, fill in the additional or fewer reinforcing elements 7 may be provided in a constructive element 40, as discussed previously. For example, the reinforcing elements (not shown) may be provided at the receiving parts 12 for the secondary elements so that the connection of the secondary elements with constructive element 40 could be strengthened, according to the desired physical characteristics of the structural element 40, and, for example, according to the shape, appearance, size and weight of the secondary element.

Structural element 40, shown in figure 5, contains only one connecting element 4 on one peripheral edge 3 of the housing 2. Structural element 1 may, however, contain additional connecting elements (not shown) on the opposite peripheral edge or other peripheral edges 3, not shown in figure 5, which is not provided with the connecting elements 4, such structural element 1, shown in figure 1.

Structural element 50, shown in Fig.6, is a junction box lighting network, and includes a housing 51 having a box-shape and connecting elements 4 in the form of side protrusions visible on both peripheral edges of the 3 shown in the drawing the cross-section. As in the previous cases, the reinforcing elements 7 are embedded in the connecting elements 4. Structural element 50, shown in Fig.6, contains reinforcing ale is NT 13, integrated in the housing 51, which acts as a receiving portion for the secondary elements (not shown), such as a bracket for mounting the lamp, lamps, halogen lamps or other light sources, holes for air supply and/or exhaust air, sprinklers, speakers, smoke detectors or any other elements that seem to be suitable to a person skilled in the art. Secondary elements can be attached to the structural element 50, for example, done using holes in it for inserting the secondary element or by using a secondary fixation element to the housing 51 by screws, glue, nails, etc.

A reinforcing member 13 integrated in the housing 51 structural element 50, as shown in Fig.6, may not be used, or can be provided with additional reinforcing elements (not shown), depending on the desired technical characteristics of the structural element 50, according to the above information.

A reinforcing member 13 has a shape, appearance, dimensions and physical properties, depending on the shape, appearance, dimensions and physical properties of secondary elements that will interact with the reinforcing element 13 and for which he will be receiving portion.

The housing 51 structural element 50 is different about the housing 51 structural element 50, depicted and previously described structural element 50, so that the housing 51 defines a volume between the longitudinal projecting parts defining the boundaries of the receiving part 13 for the secondary elements.

The protrusions need not necessarily be straight, but may have any other shape and appearance that wants to create a specialist in this field of technology depending on the features and the desired shape, appearance and size of the created volume, which, for example, can be used to accommodate the light sources through the creation of junction boxes lighting network cubic or organic, curvilinear forms using a combination of different variants of the protruding parts, and also to create a receiving part for curtains and brackets for curtains by creating a cubic box or organic, curvilinear forms using a combination of different variants of the protruding parts, or for any other applications that seem to be acceptable.

Form, appearance, and dimensions of the created volume depends on the shape, appearance and size of the secondary elements that must be placed in the volume, and depending on the desired aesthetic effect for the structural element 50.

Structural element 50 alternative can contain only one speaker is speaking part or more than two protrusions to create volume, possibly in combination with other existing structures, such as walls, ceilings, etc.

Structural element 50 may also include a connecting element 4 on one peripheral edge 3 or more than two peripheral edges 3, as discussed previously.

Constructive element 60, shown in Fig.7, is different from the structural element 50, shown in Fig.6, the fact that the volume created by the housing 61 to accommodate the secondary elements (not shown), does not protrude from the surface of the building structure (not shown)on which it is installed. When installing structural element 60, shown in Fig.7, for example, on a wall (not shown) or ceiling (not shown), the volume that is created to accommodate the secondary elements can be integrated in the wall or ceiling on which it is installed.

The volume created to accommodate the secondary elements may be of any desired shape and may, for example, have a cubic or organic curved shape, depending on the desired aesthetic effect, as well as form, appearance, size and functions of secondary items to be inserted in this volume.

Structural element 70, shown in Fig differs from the structural element 60, shown in Fig.7, the fact that the housing 71 includes a receiving portion 15 of the cover 14, so about what atom volume can be sealed, at least partially. Cover 14 is made of, for example, of glass or acrylic glass, or any other material which would be considered suitable by the person skilled in the technical field.

Structural element 80 shown in Fig.9, is different from the structural element 50, shown in Fig.6, so that the protruding portion of the housing 81, which creates volume to accommodate the secondary elements (not shown)are curved, creating, thus, an organic curved surface 9 for an observer who looks at the structural element 1, can be established desired aesthetic effect for interior decoration.

Structural element 90 shown in figure 10 differs from the structural element 60, shown in Fig.7, the fact that the volume created by the housing 91 to accommodate the secondary elements (not shown), includes curved side walls 9, thus, the generated volume is not cubic, and curved, and may have created the desired aesthetic effect for interior decoration.

11 shows a curved, having an organic form of structural element 100, which is different from the structural element 90 shown in figure 10, so that the housing 101 contains a hole, leading to volumetric space created curved side is Tenkai 102. Structural element 100 can then be selected, for example, in the hole on the wall (not shown) or ceiling (not shown). Structural element 100 may be, for example, used for the passage of light through the hole left in the housing 101, thus, for example, aesthetically making the final finishing work in the form of a hole in the roof or window in the wall to fluorescent light can pass into the interior of the room. The exact shape, appearance and size can be selected by a person skilled in the art depending, for example, from the function of structural element 100.

Structural element 110 shown in Fig differs from the structural element 1, shown in figure 1, so that the housing 111 includes two corner sections 112 and an additional reinforcing element 113. These differences, however, previously discussed as the possible variations in the structural elements shown in figure 1-12.

Structural element 110 shown in Fig differs from the structural element 1, shown in figure 1, so that the housing 111 includes the protruding portion 114 which projects from the surface of the housing 111. The shape, appearance and function of the protruding part of the structural element 110 depend on its function. The protruding portion may, for example, be used to install shelves or for Thu is to contain or to create a niche or closet.

Structural element 110 shown in Fig, can be used, for example, for coating walls (not shown)constituting the angle (not shown)to easily create seamless, shock-proof connection of plaster (not shown)covering the various walls, creating an angle that are constructive element 110. Structural element 110 includes two corner sections 112, but, alternatively, may contain less or more corner sections 112, according to the desired aesthetic effect.

Corner section 112 shown in Fig may be of any shape and appearance, which seem to be acceptable skilled in the art, for example, be curved or straight.

Structural element 120 shown in Fig differs from the structural element 110 shown in Fig, that it does not contain protruding portion extending from the housing 121.

Structural element 130 shown in Fig differs from the structural element 120 shown in Fig, the fact that the housing 131 includes a corner section 132 having a different shape compared to the corner section 122 created in a constructive element shown in Fig.

Structural element 130 shown in Fig may also contain protruding portion (not shown), as shown in Fig.

1. The inner div is lachna system, containing internal finishing constructive element (1) for use in the interior design of building structures (5) and plaster (6) walls, which is applied around the inner structural element, while the inner structural element (1) includes a housing (2) with a receiving portion for the secondary element, such as an articulated hinge, the reception part for door latches, install bracket for lamp, light source, a loudspeaker bracket for curtains, opening for inlet and/or exhaust ventilation, sprinkler, smoke detector, or other elements, and connecting elements (4) one or more peripheral edges (3) of the housing (2), connecting elements (4) are wedge-shaped to provide a continuous and smooth transition from the body (2) into the plaster (6) walls, which is applied all over the body to the peripheral edge (3), the housing (2) has a non-planar functional form, the housing (2) and connecting elements (4) are formed from reinforced material for plaster walls, characterized in that the reinforced material has a specified structure with plaster, constituting a considerable part of is chosen such that the reinforced material for plaster walls and plaster walls that are used around the body, contain mostly the same prophetic the STV and react essentially, in the same way to changes in temperature and humidity.

2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the reinforced material for plaster wall is plaster, glass fibre reinforced.

3. The system according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the connecting element (4) is wedge-shaped with a maximum thickness at the peripheral edge (3) of the housing (2)with the specified maximum thickness is less than the thickness of plaster (6) wall, which is applied around the peripheral edges (3).

4. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the internal finishing constructive element (1) contains at least the first reinforcing element (7), built-in reinforced material for plaster walls.

5. The system according to claim 4, wherein the first reinforcing element (7) is embedded in the reinforced material for plaster of the wall of the connecting element (4).

6. The system according to claim 4, wherein the first reinforcing element (7) is to strengthen the connection (16) of the inner structural element (1) with the building design (5).

7. The system according to claim 4, wherein the second reinforcing element (7) reinforces the receiving part (12) for the secondary element.

8. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the housing (2) contains at least one vertical jamb (10) of the door frame.

9. The system according to claim 1, characterized who eat that the housing (2) contains a junction box lighting network.

10. The system according to claim 9, characterized in that the receiving portion (15) is used to install the cover (14)which at least partially covers the junction box lighting network.

11. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the internal finishing constructive element (1) contains the bend (8).

12. The system according to claim 11, characterized in that the angular section (8) has a round shape, to get round the corner.

13. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one surface (9) of the internal finishing structural element (1) is curved.



 

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26 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structural element for use in internal works to finish building structures comprises a body, has a functional, non-flat shape, with the help of which the structural element is adapted to perform an additional function relative to wall plaster, and which is designed so that it remains uncovered with wall plaster. The structural element comprises connection elements on one or more peripheral edges of the body, adapted for their covering with the help of wall plaster, which is applied around peripheral edges to cover a part of a building structure. The body and connection elements are formed from reinforced material for wall plastering.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to prevent formation of cracks and slots.

13 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: angular installation tape (10) is proposed for finishing of the angular joint of wall building slabs, comprising a flexible plastic body (18), having the first shelf (20) and the second shelf (22), besides, each shelf has an angular edge (24) and the opposite edge (26). Angular edges are connected to a central flexible area (28), made of plastic composite, different from the plastic composite used for formation of shelves. Paper web (30) covers the body surface.

EFFECT: tight adjacency of an angular attached tape to a wall, easy fixation to it, and its material and design have properties, which provide for the possibility to withstand weak impacts without serious damage or separation from the wall.

8 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: dropper profile consists of a corner profile with a spout. The spout is made in the form of a monolithic thickening in the form of a parallelogram on one of the guides, due to the thickness of which two inclined supporting surfaces are formed, serving as an element for determining the thickness of the applied plaster layer. The method of manufacturing a dropper includes the formation of a corner profile with a spout of plastic. Profile is formed so that the spout is formed as a monolithic thickening in the form of a parallelogram on one of the guides, due to the thickness of which two inclined supporting surfaces are formed, serving as an element for determining the thickness of the applied plaster layer. Dropper consists of a corner profile with a spout and grids attached to the profile rails. The spout is made in the form of a monolithic thickening in the form of a parallelogram on one of the guides, due to the thickness of which two inclined supporting surfaces are formed, serving as an element for determining the thickness of the applied plaster layer.

EFFECT: creation of an easy-to-manufacture, reliable and universal dropper, which makes it possible to use it both in the form of an open and closed type by changing its orientation relative to the corner zone.

12 cl, 3 dwg

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