Device with support to separate plastic material layer, incising device support and cutter

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to clay layer separation device. Proposed device comprises, at least, one incising device to make transverse layer incision and cutting device to cut layer in made incisions. Note here that incising device comprises incising tool arranged to displace in crosswise direction. Note also that cutting device comprise, at least, one holder to displace across layer in cutting guide. Note that incising device with its drive is arranged on reciprocating bearing module. Cutting device with holder and drive are arranged on bearing module.

EFFECT: simplified design.

20 cl, 12 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device intended for the separation of a layer of plastic material, in particular clay, which can move along the transfer passage, the longitudinal segments according to the preamble of claims 1, 2 or 3.

A device of this type is described in DE 10 2005 021 038 A1. In the case of this previously known device nattawee the device is placed on a support frame type, located across the aisle, where several supports, in each case with a corresponding nattawee device, can be located one behind the other along the passage and for each nakasaleka device selected cutting device having a cutting wire, located across the aisle and are able to move from one side of the passage to the opposite and Vice versa.

Object of the invention is the simplification of the device related to the type specified in the introduction. This simplification is aimed at improving the design and/or Assembly or disassembly of bearings.

This task is achieved using the characteristics specified in claim 1 of the claims. Convenient extension of the invention described in the respective subordinate claims.

In the case of a device corresponding to the invention according to claim 1, the cutter is located with its holders the cutting wire and guide the cutting Provo is Oka, being placed on a support. In the bearing serves as a supporting part not only for nakasaleka device, but for the cutter, and the construction is greatly simplified by placing on a support and the cutter, because it eliminates additional details signs of fastening devices. In addition, supports the cutter can be made in advance, which also leads to simplification and allows cost-effective production. An additional advantage is that no special measures for the Assembly to install the cutter on other parts of the device, since the cutter is mounted on a support, preferably by pre-fabrication. Another advantage is that the bearing can be installed on the device as essentially pre-manufactured unit, for example, it can be installed on the carrier device which can be displaced in the longitudinal direction, performing a reciprocating motion, in particular by the directed in the transverse direction of the Assembly, preferably the top, and can be withdrawn in the opposite direction of disassembly.

In addition, it is convenient to place on the support module cutter actuator so that the cutter is located on ENISA least one holder of the cutting element and the corresponding cutting guide and in each case one cutting drive or total cutting actuator on the support module. In the case of this variant implementation of the cutter actuator can also be attached or installed on the base module being pre-made.

This object is achieved by the characteristics of independent claim 2. In the case of this variant of implementation according to the invention corresponding Nakazawa strip pivotally mounted in the region of one end in hinged connection with the articulated spindle parallel to the aisle. In Nakazawa strip installed in the region of one end in hinged connection not only with the simplicity of the design, but also in a sustainable manner, so as not to be susceptible to malfunction. This advantageous embodiment is also useful for opposite Nakazawa strip, in particular for the upper and/or lower Nakazawa stripes (bands).

Another advantage of this embodiments according to the invention lies in the fact that the pivot drive for pivoting Nakazawa strip can be located not only in the normal way, not only from one side, i.e. shifted to the outside, but the hinge actuator or expanding and compressing the drive can be used for two mutually positioned against each other turning Nakazawa bands. Swivel shifted in the outer is upravlenii relatively passage, can be displaced in the longitudinal direction relative to Nakazawa strip or rotary lever or turning the console that supports it.

During the incision, i.e. during penetration Nakazawa bands, for example, ceramic material layer, Nakazawa strip is applied to the reservoir pressure, which can lead, in particular, to the displacement of the reservoir if the reservoir is incised in the transverse direction. Although during simultaneous transverse incision transverse compressive stresses can be aligned, this can only be achieved provided that the connectivity or the strength of the material of the layer remain the same. Consequently, in practice, there are circumstances in which there is a danger that different voltages incision can lead to lateral displacement of the reservoir, which is, of course, undesirable and interfere with further processing of the layer.

Therefore, the object of the invention is also forming device according to the preamble to claim 3 in such a way that it could create a stabilizing effect on the layer.

This task is achieved by the features of independent claim 3. Convenient extension of the invention described in the respective subordinate claims.

In the case of embodiments according to the invention, presented in section 3, the device contains on both sides of the aisle in each case, the carrier strip, having a bearing surface located parallel to the longitudinal axis of the passage, the interval between the bearing strips corresponds to the transverse dimensions of the reservoir and the bearing surface of the bearing bars are placed against the reservoir and thus support it. As a result, the reservoir receives lateral support, thanks to which lateral displacement is prevented or at least significantly reduced.

In order to be able to adapt the carrier strip to ensure that they are consistent with the formation of various widths, it is desirable to place and to form a load-bearing strips so that they could be adjusted in the transverse direction. This type of option implementation also makes possible the installation of bearing bars at a constant width of the reservoir, originally more than required, and then move them during functional operations inward to such an extent that the bearing surface can lie against the core, or to perform the alignment function.

From special drive for bearing bars can be waived if the supporting strip attached to narezushi bands associated with their lateral sides, and therefore can be moved by actuators Nakazawa bands. In this case, the carrier strip can be attached to the inner side of narezushi bands and/or mouthwatering them back. It is important that Nakazawa ribs Nakazawa bands played on the bearing surfaces of the bearing bars or Nakazawa bands by an amount equal to the depth of the incisions, so that in Nakazawa end to position the bearing surface against the formation.

The invention also includes embodiments, independent from items 1, 2 and 3, which relate to the cutting device according to claim 6, and a receiving device A.25 for one or more load-bearing modules.

The embodiments according to the invention is particularly suitable for Nakazawa bands, each of which is formed by two bands with bevels, with the gap between them in the direction along the passage where the cutting wire cutter can move between the beveled strips across the aisle. Thanks to the invention beveled strips not only stabilized by turning consoles, and through the installation, but they can also be placed each on its own swivel console, where appropriate turning of the console have a gap between them, oriented along the passage. This gap increases the length of the longitudinal sections of the formation to be cut, i.e. in the case of this variant implementation beveled strips required for the longitudinal part of the reservoir can be located on both sides of sootvetstvujushej modular supports, these beveled strips preferably comprise moving a node that can move properly with the drive.

Preferred and feasible options for implementation of the invention will be explained in detail hereinafter with reference to the drawings and given by way of example, the embodiments illustrated in a simplified manner. In the drawings:

figure 1 shows a rear view of the device according to the invention, having one or more bearing modules arranged one behind another to separate the layer of plastic material, in particular clay, which can move along the transfer passage, the longitudinal segments;

figure 2 shows a perspective view of the four beveled strips, which interact in each case in the form of nakasaleka device and which are arranged in the form of a frame;

figure 3 shows a perspective view of a carrier module, shown in figure 1;

figure 4 shows a perspective view multi-carrier modules, which are arranged one behind another in the longitudinal direction relative to the transfer passage and have Nakazawa device and cutting device for transversely directed incision and cutting reservoir;

figure 5 shows the plan layout of a bearing module, shown in figure 4;

figure 6 shows a view in vertical section on the AI VI-VI from figure 4;

7 shows a perspective view of a modified version of the implementation of the multi-carrier modules, which are arranged one behind another in the longitudinal direction relative to the transfer passage and have Nakazawa device and cutting device for transversely directed incision and cutting reservoir;

on Fig shows a perspective view from above and behind of several groups, which are arranged one behind the other and are in each case three oblique bands that interact in each case in the form of nakasaleka device and which are arranged in the form of a frame in the form of an inverted U;

figure 9 shows a view in horizontal section along the line IX-IX with Fig;

figure 10 shows a view in section, made according to line IX-IX with Fig a modified version of the implementation of several groups, which are located behind the other and are transverse Nakazawa or oblique stripes;

figure 11 shows the lower corner plot cross Nakazawa or oblique bands observed in the longitudinal direction relative to the transfer passage;

on Fig shows a front view of an additional modified embodiments of a bearing module.

The device, which is indicated in General by numeric position 1, consists of several nodes, such as a frame (not illustrated), to the which stands on the ground and in which there is free passage 2, running in the longitudinal direction and is designed for stratum 3 (6). In order to divide the layer 3 on the longitudinal sections of the layer 3A, at least one cutting device 4 is supplied with a cutting wire 4A, located across the passage 2, and before cutting on the layer 3 on all sides put the notches 5A, preferably located in a common transverse plane and running transversely, and the plastic material layer 3 is cut across. By cutting the notches 5A in each case eliminates excess material falling on the outer surface of layer 3.

To send a layer 3 through the device 1 in the passage 2 using the transmission device 1A (6), which moves the layer 3 forward, preferably in a continuous manner and which may be formed of several parts of the transmission devices arranged one behind another in the direction of the passage 2A, for example the corresponding conveyor belt. Layer 3 can be carried out from extruding press on gear device 1A or inside of it.

Procedures incision and cutting are performed preferably during the movement of the reservoir 3 through the passage. This is done with the help of the slide S, known in themselves, and having one or more bearing 9, which are arranged behind one another and contain nattawee device 5 resumee device 4, moreover, these rails can be moved in the form of a reciprocating motion in the direction of the passage 2A and during incision and cutting move forward with the speed of advance of the layer 3, and then moved back into its initial position, from which you execute the following procedure incision and cutting. During the forward movement of the bearing module 9 narezushi device 5 and the cutting device 4 cutting the wire 4A can move always with the purpose of cutting from one side of the passage to the other side and can be moved back after the expansion of separated longitudinal section 3A during idling, which is described as one-way or unidirectional cutting (known in itself). It is also possible, however, striped, or bi-directional cutting, whereby during the forward movement of the cutting wire 4A moves from one side to the other side and after driving back and during the next forward movement moves back to one side without the above expansion (also known in itself).

In principle, the device 1 can operate with only one cutting device 4 and only one narezushi device 5 that is placed and supported on a single bearing module 9 going across a passage 2 from one side to the other side is us, and is preferably in the form of a frame. Bearing module 9 may be made in the form of a plate and can be placed at the edge and to contain the through opening 11, which corresponds approximately to the cross-sectional sizes pass 2.

To attach the bearing module 9 to the carrier used is illustrated in a simplified manner, the connecting device 12, by means of which the bearing module 9 can be assembled preferably by movement of the Assembly in the transverse direction, for example, from above or from one of the two horizontal sides, and can then be removed with the purpose of disassembly, when the bearing module 9 narezushi device 5 and the cutting device 4 forms a modular construction unit 32, which may be preferably assembled and which can be assembled and disassembled in the device 1.

On the figures of the drawings, the connecting device 12 is formed by using a high-speed connection, such as demountable connection 13 with the recess below the finger or opening under the finger 13A, open on one side (not shown) or the top (shown in the drawing), and in which is inserted on the appropriate side bearing module 9 with the mating finger connector 13b, which is fixed detachable locking element 13C, for example by a locking screw or locking pin, which contains connecting the common part of the frame or encloses it in for example, encloses it in the installation opening of a bearing module 9. In more detail, the connecting device 12 is described next.

To improve performance and streamline the production of longitudinal sections 3A convenient to place some of these carriers modules 9 one behind another in the direction of the passage 2A as shown in figure 4 and subsequent figures, so that the layer 3 can be cut together and cut in several cutting planes E1, arranged one behind the other. Preferably, the motion control nakasaleka device 5 and the cutting device 4 is performed in such a way that all four Nakazawa tool from 8A to 8d and all cutting wire 4A move simultaneously. Since the bearing 9 is made in the same way, you want to describe only one bearing module 9.

Bearing module (s) 9 is placed along the direction of the Assembly can be divided in the carrier of S, for example, by means of the stop element 13C.

As shown, particularly in figure 1, the bearing module 9 is made through the frame 9a in the form of a plate, which has two corresponding horizontal and vertical parts of the frame to limit the rectangular through opening 11. The passage 2 is located in the through opening 11, the latter has a larger cross section than the passage 2, so that two mutually p is etivoprosy side Nakazawa tool 8A, 8C, the upper narezushi tool 8b and the lower narezushi tool 8d have a gap between the inner edge of the frame and the passage 2. Narezushi tool can move between the initial position of the incision that opens the free passage 2 to layer 3, and the position of the incision made in the layer 3 depth of cut, a transverse Central axis 2b of the passage 2.

In this case, is given in example embodiments, all four Nakazawa tool performed using Nakazawa bands 8C longer go across the passage 2 and is adapted to the transverse dimensions of the reservoir 3, so that its provisions incision alone squeeze in the reservoir circular cut 5A. Of the four existing Nakazawa strips 8A two mutually opposite Nakazawa strip 8E, in this case, the upper and lower Nakazawa strip 8E performed with such length that their end parts overlapping the other two Nakazawa strip 8E, at least in their position incision.

Within the scope of the invention Nakazawa strip may have a cross section in the form of a wedge, located symmetrically in the vertical, and the angle of taper is, for example, about 90° (not shown). If nakasaleka devices of this type known in itself, Nakazawa bands that are, in the example, in a common transverse plane E1, are offset relative to the cutting plane E1, and the cutting device 4 in the direction of the passage by a distance equal to the length of the section of the layer 3A.

In this case, given by way of example embodiments nattawee device 5 and the corresponding cutting device 4 are arranged as shown in figure 2 and subsequent figures, a total vertical transverse plane or the plane of the cutting E1, where nattawee device 5 is formed through the device with the bevel 14, known in itself, which at the edges of the front ends of the longitudinal sections 3A or workpieces to be cut, presses bevels 14a to layer 3, and in each case, the two bevel 14a adjacent to one another on the plane of the cutting E1, form a common incision 5A. In the case of this variant implementation of two Nakazawa strip 8E, namely the so-called beveled strip 15, is divided in the longitudinal direction, are arranged parallel to each other on all four sides of the transfer passage 2, and - as you can see in the direction across the passage 2 - consistent implementation variant of the undivided Nakazawa strips 4E. Beveled strips 15, however, the gap between each other in the direction along the passage 2 and are, therefore, the slit 15A between them, which considering the backlash the La move corresponds to the dimensions of the cross-section, preferably round cutting wire 4A. In the case of this variant of implementation of the procedures incision and cutting can be performed simultaneously, and beveled strip 15 not only form a guide for the cutting of wire 4A, but also removes a cone-shaped expansion of the material of the layer or burrs after cutting.

The surface of the bevel of 15 ° C on the strips with bevels 15 corresponding to the desired cross-sectional shape of the bevels 14a, preferably are also surfaces of the wedge, which together with the transverse cutting plane E1 form an acute angle W1 equal, in particular approximately 45°, so that the total narezushi angle is about 90°.

As you can see in the direction transverse relative to the direction of passage 2A, the region of the cutting plane E1 has two facing in opposite directions beveled strip 15, in which the surface of the bevel 15C turned towards each other and facing each other, side surfaces 15b are parallel or at an arbitrary angle to the corresponding cutting plane E1. These two strips with bevels 15 form a block nakasaleka move, particularly as the upper beveled strips 15, they may be interconnected by, for example, the base plate portion 16 and can rely on it.

Designed narezushi tool from 8A to 8d can be moved CR what Bodom incision 18 in a cross-rail 17, performing a reciprocating movement between the initial position of the incision and the position of the incision. Transverse guide 17 can be formed using one or more guide rods 17A, separated from each other and are installed with the possibility of bias in the corresponding guide holes in the companion host module 9.

Drive incision 18 can be formed, for example, an actuator in the form of a piston in the cylinder, the cylinder which rests on the bearing module 9, and the piston rod acts on the base part 16.

If this is given as example implementations in two mutually opposite Nakazawa tool, preferably the upper and lower Nakazawa tools 8b, 8d are each on the respective rotary console 18b, in particular, are thus to speak of her with respect to each other, where the rotary console 18b pivotally mounted with its end parts on the side of the passage 2 in the hinge connection 19 with the horizontal coupling pins 19a in a respective transverse plane. In the case of this variant implementation, the actuator incision 18 may be driven incision 18, United, for example, with both rotary consoles 18b, and which, for example, an actuator in the form of a piston in the cyl is ndre 18a, which is located between the end portions of the rotary consoles 18b on the other hand, in particular, pressed from the outside to the corresponding bearing module 9, and is connected to the rotary consoles 18b, preferably on the hinges. Turning the console 18b protrude Nakazawa bands 8E both ends, namely with the bearing side of the passage 2 in the region having the form of a frame carrying module 9, in which is located the pivot joint 19, and acts at the other end beyond the bearing module 9.

For Nakazawa tools 8b, 8d Nakazawa bands 8E, which are based on the rotary console 18b, the guide 17 is formed hinge joints 19 and/or place fit swivel consoles 18b to the rear or to the front side of the carrier module(s) 9.

The corresponding two mutually associated rotary console 18b are located on the front and rear sides of the carrier module 9. In structural relation to this embodiment accommodates longitudinal outer gap between the beveled strips 15, each of which is located on the base part 16.

As shown, in particular, figure 6, two swivel console 18b that are adjacent to each other in the area of the corresponding cutting plane E1, have at least one slider between them, designed for cutting wire 4A.

p> To illustrate and initial position, and the position of the cutting beveled strips 15, Fig.6 illustrates the upper beveled strip 15 in the initial position and the lower beveled strip 15 in the position of the incision.

Nakazawa strip 8E or their actuators are distributed constraints A1, A2, which restrict movement at incision Nakazawa bands 8E in the position of the incision and, for example, in the initial position. For rotary consoles 18b, for example, the constraints A1, A2 type strips can be located at the end sections remote from the hinge connection 19 in the rear and/or front side of the modules 9, in particular, on the inner side between the rotary consoles 18b or, and, for example, also on the outer side of the rotary consoles 18b.

The lower beveled strip 15 may be located, for example, vertically and can be located and secured in the front and rear grooves 23 corresponding base part 16, which in each case supports the corresponding beveled strip 15 is stepped surface 23a against which is located a beveled strip 15 and, thus, is located on the side and bottom (figure 2 and 3).

As shown, particularly in figure 3 on the lower-left or front-angular sections, two mutually overlapping Nakazawa strip 8E or beveled strip 15 may be the ü adapted to to their trailing end surface 15d match the contour or bevel Nakazawa surface 15C adjacent overlying the beveled strip 15, which overlaps the beveled strip 15 is made on their end surfaces 15d, addressed to the overlapping beveled strips 15, for example, inclined, and lie against the surfaces of the bevel of 15 ° C in the position of the incision. The result is a cut circular bevelled edges 14a and beveled strips 15 are stabilized by mutual fit and support.

However, the beveled surface 15 may also be connected in one part or in two parts with the paired rotary console 18b, in which the connecting web is preferably in vertical projection relative to the corresponding rotary console 18b, in order to take up as little space as possible in the longitudinal direction (bottom 6).

In order to stabilize the mount beveled strips 15, use two embodiments shown in Fig.6. The upper and lower beveled strips 15 are formed by means of the strips near the inclined and flat by themselves, and which, together with its inner lateral surfaces form a beveled surface 15C, and whose mutually remote outer side to form the side surface 15b. These sloping beveled strips 15 can be in the taulani and fixed in the respective inclined grooves 22 in the conjugated base parts 16.

As shown in Fig.6, the lower beveled surface 15 in a similar manner are inclined in the above sense, and they are attached, however, through vertical paintings of the 15th to the mated lower rotary consoles 19b.

Between the lower beveled strips 15 are, for example, plate bearing portion 30, the upper surface of which are located on the height of the upper surface of the transfer device designed for stratum 3 and which is supported on the lower portion of the corresponding bearing module 9, 9b, 9c, 9d, for example, directly on the lower part of the frame-shaped frame supporting module 9, 9b, 9c, 9d.

In order to keep the beveled strip 15 having between a gap in the longitudinal direction, requires at least two bearing module, which similarly have a period for cutting wire 4A, and in the region of their mutually facing to each other of the parties support the beveled strips 15 on the four peripheral sides.

In order to simultaneously get cuts on all four sides and cut the layer 3 at least in one period, which corresponds to the desired length L1 of the longitudinal sections 3A, it is desirable to place three or more load-bearing modules 9, of which the initial module 9b supports the rear MSE of the military band 15 of the first set of beveled strips, the Central module 9c supports in the region of its rear side, the front beveled strip 15 of the first set of beveled strips and supports in the area of its front end beveled strip 15 of the second set of beveled strips and the third bearing module or terminal module 9d supports a beveled strip 15 of the front side of the second set of beveled strips. In the case of the above example embodiments are five bearing 9 arranged behind one another, when almost at the same time can be obtained four notch 5A and separated four longitudinal section 3A.

Beveled strips 15, which are connected with the Central bearing modules 9s, namely the front beveled strip 15 of the first set of beveled strips and rear beveled strip 15 of the second set of beveled strips preferably are attached in each case to the appropriate base part 16, which is attached to the rotary consoles 18b corresponding to the Central module 9d, preferably from below.

Between the base parts 16 and bearing modules 9, 9b, 9c, 9d are arranged vertically or horizontally open spaces 20, which allow the movement of the beveled strips 15 outward beyond the original position to obtain cross-sections of large razmara is.

In both cases, where only one module 9 is equipped with one cutting device 4, is placed and fixed on it, and also in the case when multiple bearing 9 provided with cutting devices 4, placed and fixed on them, each cutting device 4 comprises at least two holder cutting wire 4b1, 4b2, both of which are sent with the possibility of movement of the guide holder 25 in the direction across the aisle, this is given as an example implementation horizontally, and can perform in each case, the reciprocating motion by the drive of the cutting tool 26, and in particular both the holder 24 can be moved simultaneously and preferably uniformly. Two of the guide holder 25 can be located in the upper and lower parts of the corresponding carrier module 9, for example, on its upper and lower sides.

Present at least one cutting device 4 contains, therefore, an independent feature, because it is made with two cutting wires a, a, which are located on both sides of the respective bearing module 9 in two separated by a longitudinal gap planes E, between essentially equal to the sum of the lengths L1 of the longitudinal sections 3A with the addition of the cross-sectional dimension of the cutting ol the drawing dies 4A. During this interval, the longitudinal size of the e carrier module 9, in which it can be outside dimension rotary consoles 18b. Cutting wire a, a may be held every two located on the front side of the holders of the cutting wire 4b1, 4b2 and the relevant holders of the cutting wire from the rear.

Cutting wire a, a preferably formed General cutting wire 4A, which bend in at least one associated edge part of the carrier module 9, for example by bending device 27 having a bending element, which may be, for example, round sliding element or mounted with the possibility of rotation of the roller and which is located or installed rotatably on a respective holder 24.

In case this is given in example embodiments the cutter and its location on the corresponding host module 9 are all identical so that a description of only one of the cutting device 4.

If both cutting wire a, a formed by means of a General curved cutting wire 4A, it is desirable to simplify the design to place and fix it the cutter with two cutting wires a, a on the corresponding host module 9. Therefore Pris the accordance of only one bilateral cutter 4 requires the formation of only the Central module 9c together with its dual cutter 4, and in the presence of more than three supporting modules 9 is required to comply with the cutting device 4, only every second Central module 9c, as shown in Fig.6.

The holders of the wire 24 can be performed on each slider 24A, which affects the drive of the cutting tool 26 and which is mounted for movement on the guide holder 25. In the case given in example embodiments the guide holder 25 is formed through the respective guide rails 28a, which is located on the lower side and the upper side of the Central module 9c, and on which the corresponding slider 25A is moved using the paired guide element. Drive cutting 26 may be, for example, the actuator is in the form of a piston in a cylinder or spindle drive. In the initial position of the incision, as shown in figures 1, 2 and 4, the cutting wire 4A or cutting wire a, a are located in the edge part of one side of the passage 2, for example in the field or on the outer side of the vertical Nakazawa bands 8E or base parts 16. From this position, at least one cutting wire can be moved in the opposite edge portion of the passage 2.

Separating the sections of the frame remote from the longitudinal axis 2A of the passage 2b, preferable made of diverging outward, especially in the tee in case if in the initial position of the incision cutting wire 4A is displaced outward relative to Nakazawa bands. This improves the filling of the cutting wire 4A. As shown in figure 2 and 3, the beveled strip 15 is provided on the ends of the inclined or rounded nested surfaces 15f.

Two holder wire 24 or the corresponding sliding blocks 24A, or guides the mechanical elements can be combined together and/or can be moved through existing outside lever (not shown) to improve the travel drive.

In the cutting device is preferably placed clamping device 29, which is connected with one end of the cutting wire 4A; a, a, which is bent or positioned with one hand.

Clamping device 29 may be connected with the second bending device 31 with the second, for example mounted for rotation, the bending element.

In this case, can be represented by two bending devices 27, 31A, 31b, 31A which the first Flex going up cutting the wire horizontally and approximately parallel to the passage 2, and the second 31b Flex cutting wire horizontally outward in the direction of the clamping device 29. If this is given as example implementations in on the plot from the same side as the clamping device 29,is placed a device for fixing end 33 or suspension device for cutting wire.

On the other hand, the cutter 33 may be made from unwinding device for wire and winding device for wire and with the corresponding actuator, so that the cutting wire may move continuously or from time to time in the longitudinal direction.

In the case of device 1, having only one bearing module 9 or more bearing 9 arranged behind one another along the transfer passage 2, it is particularly convenient to connect the bearing module (s) 9 through receiving device 31 preferably with the possibility of separation for the formation of a modular construction unit 32 which by means of the connecting device 12 may be connected to the slide S and can thus be collected on them, and then removed and replaced, preferably by Assembly and disassembly of the movement in the transverse direction, in particular vertically, relative to the passage 2.

The receiving device 32 contains at least two of the receiving terminal 33, which are arranged on mutually opposite sides of and parallel to the passage 2 and which is bearing module(s) 9 by combining the receiving holes 34 located on them. To improve the stability of the modular construction unit 32 preferably used more than two foster is terina 33, which are passed through the receiving apertures 34 and are preferably in the upper and lower parts of the bearing module(s) 9. If these are given as examples of implementation options are the four receiving terminal 33 which pass through four receiving holes 34, which are located on the corners of the carrier module(s) 9. The period of f (figure 1) between receiving terminals 33, reaching across the aisle 2 and transversely cutting wires 4A or a, a, more of the gap g between the cutting wires 4A in their two positions of the cutting end, so that the receiving terminals 33 are located outside the area of cutting or passage 2 and not block it.

Between the bearing 9 may be formed longitudinal intervals with strips 37A, for example, spacer rings, which are placed on the connecting rods 33.

Model construction unit 32 can be assembled with any number of supporting modules 9, so that it may be quickly assembled the necessary pre-fabricated receiving device 31. Estimated convenient and quick disassembly and/or Assembly may be provided with coupling devices 12 in the form of high-speed connections, in particular in the form of detachable connection 13.

If these are given as examples of the options i.e. monitoring) reference and multi-carrier modules 9, placed behind one another, in each case on both sides of the aisle are placed one behind another two connecting device 12 to increase the stability of the attachment.

The connecting device 12 is horizontally reversionary relative to the vertical longitudinal Central plane E2 passage 2 or the device 1.

The connecting part of the connecting device 12, which are connected with the carrier of S, denoted by position 12A and the connecting part, attributed to the modular construction unit 32, indicated by the position 12b. Within the last of the invention the connecting part 12b can also be placed on the host module (s) 9.

Plug connection 13 presented in the example implementations, formed in each case a recess under the finger or opening under the finger 13A in one of the fitting and the mating finger connector 13b in the other connecting part. In the case given as an example of implementation options notch under the finger 13A is located on the connecting portions 12A from the side of the carrier and preferably open at the top, while the connecting part 12b on the side of the module formed by connecting rods 33, such as integral parts of the connecting rods 33, firmly planted in the notches under the finger 13 is. In order to facilitate the insertion of the fingers of the connector 13b, the notches under the finger 13A contain at its entrance diverging mounting surface 13d, which may be inclined or rounded.

Receiving the rods 33 each contain the first surface of the ledge 35, which adjoins the outer bearing module 9, positioned thereby in the longitudinal direction. On the other side in the longitudinal direction of the bearing module(s) 9 positioned on the second surface of the ledge 36, which preferably is formed corresponding end surface of the screw nut 37, which carries the module(s) 9 can be pressed against the first surface of the ledge 35. At the receiving terminals 33 a corresponding external thread, on which are screwed the screw nut 37.

Oriented in the longitudinal direction of the screw segment of the receiving terminals 33 is long enough to give the ability to bind the desired number of bearing modules 9 and press them using a screw nut 37 to the first surface of the ledge 35.

Receiving the rods 33 are arranged in the longitudinal direction. In the first surface of the ledge 35 form the reference limiter 38, guaranteeing always the same position of the first rotor module 9 of the device 1. If nastojasih is given in example embodiments, the first surface of the ledge 35 each by the head of the rod 33a, which, in the example embodiment, the implement is placed on the rear end of the receiving terminals 33. Screw nut 37 and the first surface of the ledge 35 form a detachable clamping device 37b.

In order to position the modular construction unit 32 in the longitudinal direction, are two transverse mounting surface connection parts 12A side of the slide facing, for example, to each other, and against which there are the mounting surface side of the module 39b corresponding to them. This allows you to get a design that is both simple and cheap to manufacture if installation surface 39A formed transverse base surfaces of the recesses under the finger 13A and mounting surface 39b, the formed end surfaces of the receiving terminals 33.

In both cases, when there are only two coupling devices 12, lying in the transverse direction opposite to each other, or four coupling devices 12 are used as shown in an example implementation variant, the modular construction unit 32 is positioned in all directions horizontally through the installation of a device made in this way. Unwanted move up can be prevented by locking elements 13C, the C which is required for example, the presence of only two, preferably lying transversely or diametrically opposite one another.

Oriented in the longitudinal direction of the gap h between the mounting surfaces 39A equal, thus, the length L2 of the receiving terminals 33.

The slides S can move back and forth in the above sense, in a longitudinal guide with a drive slide 42, which with the aid of a suitable control movement while moving forward remains appropriate speed layer 3, or the corresponding transmission devices 1A, so that the procedure incision and cutting can be performed while moving forward bearing module(s) 9, known in themselves.

In the case given as an example of implementation options for the carrier's use two longitudinal rails 43, which are arranged on both sides of the passage 2 and each of which is formed a guiding rod 44 having an appropriate length, and which rests by means of end bearings 45 directly or indirectly on the frame 1 and on which the carrier's installed so that they can be moved in the longitudinal direction with guide bushings 46.

Drive sled 42 similarly relies directly or indirectly on the frame 1 and it affects the carrier of S for moving the ü back and forth in the above sense.

The slides S can be made in the form of a plate or frame, running approximately horizontally from one edge section of the passage 2 to the other edge of the plot.

As shown in particular in figure 5, the notches under the finger 12A can be formed by means of vertical slots in mutually facing each other, the sides of the connector parts, directly or indirectly exhaust up from the sled S.

As shown in an example implementation options described above are given by way of example, the embodiments shown in Fig.7-11, also contain various configurations, which form a good design by themselves, or in combination with one or more other configurations. These figures are similar or comparable parts are denoted by the same numerical position.

As shown in Fig.7-11, the device 1 contains a modified nattawee device 5, which is adapted for incision or cutting of the layer 3A only on both sides and on the top side. This nattawee device 5 includes a bottom narezushi tool 8d or lower Nakazawa strip 8E, or lower kashiwaya strip 15 relating to the couple. Two side and top Nakazawa tools 8A, 8b, 8C, or Nakazawa strip 8E, or beveled strips 15 can be made according to the description of the authorized above in an example implementation options or can be made otherwise.

7 illustrates one or more, i.e. five bearing blocks 9, which are arranged behind one another and form a modular construction unit 32, and which differ from those described above as examples of variants of realization of the absence of the lower nakasaleka tool 8d, or Nakazawa strip 8E, or beveled strips 15. In each case narezushi tool 8A, 8b, 8C, or Nakazawa band 8E, or beveled strip 15 is placed only on both sides or on top. In order to carry or support layer 3, each bearing module 9, or each frame 9a includes a support base 9t, which has a flat top edge lies in the plane of movement and supports a slidable layer 3. Oriented in the transverse direction width of the i bases/bases 9t slightly less than the width of the j horizontal layer 3, so that both sides of a base 9t provided empty recesses 9u, which form a free space. In the case of this is given in example embodiments bases 9t can support on the upper side plate of the supporting part 30. Between frames 9a multi-carrier modules 9 arranged behind one another, is provided by the gaps. For cutting the cutting wire 4A can move between the side and upper beveled strips 15 and described in visitatore in the form of unidirectional and bi-directional cutting.

During the incision, i.e. if these are given as examples of implementation options, in the process pushing the beveled strips around 15 layer 3 there is an enclosed pressure, which can lead to the displacement of the reservoir 3, which of course is undesirable. This applies in particular to the cross-cut though, because when trimming the top layer 3 lies on the supporting base 9b, or support parts 30, and is supported vertically.

To support layer 3 in its position, in the case of the above example embodiments, as shown in Fig and 9, it is proposed the use of each side of the device 1 or passage 2 of the support part 51, located on the edge of, for example, in the form of a support strip having a support surface 51 which extends parallel to the longitudinal axis 2b of the passage 2 and converted to the passage 2. Given clearance for movement transverse the gap k between the mutually opposite bearing surfaces 51A corresponds to the width j of the reservoir 3, so that it is supported in the transverse direction of the supporting strips 51 and cannot be shifted during the incision. In order to avoid crushing during handling of layer 3 between the bearing strips 51, the rear vertical inner edges of the bearing bars 51 contain divergent plug back surface 51b to which e can be formed, for example, by means of inclined surfaces or curved surfaces.

In the case of device 1, which has only the width j of layer 3, the carrier strip 51 can be located firmly and rigidly, i.e. on the appropriate or the rear bearing module 9b, where they are preferably ago.

In order to be able to adapt the carrier strip 51 in order to match different width j lanes 3, it is desirable to set the bearing strip 51 so that they could move in the transverse direction using relevant regulatory actuator, so that they can be adapted to the width of j, preferably symmetrically relative to the longitudinal Central axis 2b.

In the case described in the example embodiments shown in Fig and 9, for example, two carrier strip 51 is attached to the opposite narezushi bands 8E, for example, on the rear side Nakazawa bands 8E, so that they can move with their bearing position using the actuator corresponding Nakazawa lanes and can then be moved back out in their release position. In order to increase the size of the bearing surfaces 51A, carrier strip 51 can be back outside Nakazawa bands 8E, which are, for example the EP, the rear on the Fig.9.

If, as described above, Nakazawa strip 5 consists of a base strip and attached to it a beveled strip 15, the bearing strip 51, as shown in figure 9, can be located on the inner sides of the base parts 16 and attached to them, and they bent forward as much as beveled strip 15, and Nakazawa cloth beveled strips 15 protrude from the bearing surfaces 51A of the bearing strips 51 inside to the depth t of the notches 5A. Sloping Nakazawa surface 15C beveled strips 15 end, running away or being inclined to the bearing surfaces 51A.

In the case of this variant implementation of the supporting strips 51 together with the corresponding adrenalini strips 8A move simultaneously when Nakazawa bands 8E between their bearing provisions and adjacent to the reservoir 3, and their conditions of release, which is offset outward from the bands, and move simultaneously and in opposite directions from both sides, and they perform their supporting function when the inner bearing position.

In addition, as described in the example embodiments shown in figure 2, the side and top Nakazawa strip 8E or beveled strips 15 can be performed in the upper part. As shown in Fig.9, beveled strips 15 can support is designed and fixed with the possibility of compulsory lock in the slots 23 with the front and/or rear side of the base parts 16, which support them.

In the case of the modified embodiments shown in figure 10, the base portion 16, which support the beveled strips 15, themselves form a carrier strip 51, so that no special bearing bars 51. This is achieved by the fact that the base part 16 form together with their inner surfaces that are parallel to the longitudinal axis 2A of the passageway 2, the bearing surface 51A, which in this case are flat. In the case of this variant implementation beveled strips 15 can be, for example, is attached thereby to the base parts 16 and in this case can be placed in inclined grooves 22, which protrude from the inner surfaces or bearing surfaces 51A of the base parts 16 on the depth t of the notch 5A. The base part 16 can be moved by respective actuators incision so that the bearing surface 51A are in the position of the incision on the layer 3.

In order to achieve the desired stabilization of the reservoir 3, not all of Nakazawa bands 8E must be formed with bearing parts 51 or the bearing surfaces 51A, but only some, or one, which also helps to stabilize.

The area of the lower angle between the lateral beveled strips 15 and the base 9b can be formed so that the lower ends of skos is the R bands 15 are approximately down outside support base 9b or the support plate 30. In the end positions incision beveled paintings beveled strips 15 can include a lumen for movement in the gap between them and the side surfaces of the support base 9t, as shown in figure 11.

In the case of the embodiments as shown in Fig, the upper beveled strip 15 protrude outwards beyond the side beveled strips 15. This gives the advantage that the cutting wire 4A, which is approximately vertically, can remain in their lateral positions of the end of the cutting stroke between the upper beveled strips 15A and therefore does not require refueling during the further transverse movement horizontally.

In the case described in the example embodiments shown in Fig bearing module(s) 9 or frame 9a extends in part by upper and lower transverse elongation 9d, preferably on the side on which is located the upper connection 19 between these compounds 9v is placed open side notch 9w, which forms a free space between the movements 9v. In addition, the holders of the wire 24 or 24A can move beyond the usual position of the end of the cutting stroke in the elongated guide holder up to 25 extensions 9v, so that the cutting wire 4A is located in the area of excavation 9w and, thus, in the related freedoms of the ω space. In this position it is possible the execution of works on Assembly, disassembly, and maintenance of the cutting device 4 or the cutting wire 4A of the way to facilitate access to them, and, thus facilitating handling.

In addition, given in the example embodiment shown figure 11, shows that Nakazawa strip 8E or beveled strip 15 can not go in a straight line, but may also have a contour deviating from a straight line, for example, a reverse U-shaped contour in order to be able to attach the beveled surface 15C to clay bricks, which on the one hand contain a grid, and on the other hand - mating recess.

Unlike described in the example embodiments shown in figures 1, 3 and 4, which drives the cutting tool 26, which carry the drive holders of the cutting wire 24 is essentially the same way, located on the corresponding host module 9, in the case shown in the example embodiments shown in Fig, only a portion 52a of the drive cuts 52, described below, is located on the host module 9. The rest, not shown in the illustration part of the drive of the cutting 52 may be based, for example, on a sled S.

As shown in Fig, for the common drive of the holders of the wire 24 is provided by a cross-beam actuator 5b, and in case this is given in example embodiments, it is approximately vertical and the ends reach the region of placement of the holders of the wire 24. The cross-beam actuator 52b is connected by means of the pressure and exhaust rods 53 holders of the wire 24, which are approximately horizontally and are connected via the connection 54, 55, for example having a vertical articulated spindles, with the holders of the wire 24 and the cross member actuator 52b, preferably with the possibility of separation. In the Central part of the cross-beam actuator 52 is placed Central coupling element 56 or two of the connecting element 56 located eccentric intended for connection of the pressure and exhaust element actuator 57, which is illustrated with sketches and progress of which has a magnitude at which the holders of the wire 24 can be moved between a typical end the provisions of cutting SE1, SE2, or - if available - then the respective end position of the cutting area movements 9v and in the outer limit position or the status of a service. The length of the push rods and exhaust rods 53 has a corresponding value.

The cross-beam actuator 52b and push rods, and exhaust rods 53 is formed so fork element actuator in the form of inclined in the direction U, the Twi which, educated compression rods and exhaust rods 53 are located in the area of the upper and lower end of the bearing module 9 and interact with them in the form of U.

Fork element of the actuator can be rigidly formed protruding pressure parts and exhaust parts that have detachable connection with the holders of the wire 24, for example, through connection 55.

The above-described drive of the cutting and/or the above-described carrier strip 51 may also be embedded in Nakazawa devices 5, which may be made in the form of a triangular incision, and in the form of four-sided incision.

In the framework of the invention described above, the embodiments can also be represented in each case in other combinations and in other compositions.

1. The device (1)designed for the separation layer (3) of plastic material, in particular clay, moving on its final passage (2), on the longitudinal sections (3A), containing at least one nattawee unit (5)designed for transverse incision of the reservoir (3)and the cutter (4)designed for the transverse cutting of the reservoir (3) cuts (5A), and nattawee device (5) comprises narezushi tool (8a-8d), mounted for movement in the transverse direction using the drive in is trument (18) between the initial position of the incision and the position of the incision, and
cutting device (4) comprises at least one holder of the cutting element (24)that is arranged to move transversely of the passage (2) with a drive of cut (26) in the cutting guide (25),
this nattawee device (5) is located with its narezushi tool (8a-8d) and its drive tool (18) on the host module (9)mounted so that they can move forward and backward along the passage (2),
characterized in that the separating device (4) is located with its holder cutting tool (24), its cutting guide (25) and drive cutting (26) on the host module (9).

2. The device (1)designed for the separation layer (3) of plastic material, in particular clay, moving on its final passage (2), on the longitudinal sections (3A), which has at least one nattawee unit (5)designed for transverse incision of the reservoir (3)and the cutter (4)designed for the transverse cutting of the reservoir (3) cuts (5A), and nattawee device (5) comprises narezushi tool (8a-8d), which is mounted for movement in the transverse direction with a drive tool (18) between the initial position of the incision and the position of the incision, and
nattawee device (5) is located with its narezushi tool is ω (8a-8d) and its drive tool (18) on the host module (9), established with the ability to move forward and back along the passage (2),
at least on one side of the passage (2) the appropriate narezushi tool (8a-8d) formed using Nakazawa strip (8E),
characterized in that Nakazawa band (8E) is installed to rotate in the hinge connection (19) perpendicular to itself, and the specified swivel is located on the host module (9), being offset outwardly relative to the passage (2).

3. The device (1)designed for the separation layer (3) of plastic material, in particular clay, moving on its final passage (2), on the longitudinal sections (3A), which has at least one nattawee unit (5)designed for transverse incision of the reservoir (3)and the cutter (4)designed for the transverse cutting of the reservoir (3) cuts (5A), and nattawee device (5) comprises narezushi tool (8a-8d), mounted for movement in the transverse direction with a drive tool (18) between the initial position of the incision and the position of the incision,
and nattawee device (5) is located with its narezushi tool (8a-8d) and its drive tool (18) on the support (9)is installed with the ability to move forward and backward along the passage (2),
p and on at least two mutually opposite sides of the passage (2) the appropriate narezushi tool (8a-8d) is formed by cutting a strip (8E), which extends around the passage (2),
characterized in that the device (1) has on its sides, which are the bands (8E), in each case, the carrier strip (51)having a bearing surface (51A) for the transverse support layer (3), the bearing surface is parallel to the Central axis (2b) pass (2).

4. Device according to claims 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that the separating device (4) contains two holders of the cutting wire (24), which are directed in such a way as to preferably move horizontally from one side of the passage (2) to the other side of the two guide holder (25)located on mutually opposite sides of the passages (2).

5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the guides of the holder (25) are located on mutually opposite edge parts of a bearing module (9) and preferably are located on mutually opposite narrow sides of the carrier module (9).

6. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the separating device (4) contains two cutting wire (a, a), having between them a gap (s) in the longitudinal direction of the passage and located preferably on the rear side and the front side of the bearing module (9).

7. The device according to claim 6, characterized in that the cutting wire (a, a) formed a common cutting wire (4A), curving in the boundary of the region of the bearing module (9) through the first bending device (27).

8. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the boundary region located against the first bending device (27)with the second bending unit (32), which makes the cutting wire (4A) is preferably in the transverse relative to the first bending device direction, in particular horizontally and outwards.

9. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the device accommodates a clamping device (29) for the cutting of wire (4A), and the clamping device is preferably in the upper corner section of a bearing module (9), in particular in the respective narrow side of the carrier module (9).

10. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that the clamping device (29) is located in the boundary region of a bearing module (9), which is also a device (33) for fastening the end of a wire, in particular in the upper edge region of the bearing module (9).

11. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the pivoting Nakazawa band (8E) is the upper Nakazawa stripe (8E), or the fact that two mutually oppositely located and turning installed Nakazawa strip (8E) are the upper and lower adrenalini strips (8b, 8d).

12. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that at least one Nakazawa band (8E) speaks of turning the console (18b) in the direction of the longitudinal axis (2b passage (2).

13. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that Nakazawa strip (8E), placed in a common transverse plane (E1), formed in each case by means of two oblique bands (15)passing through the circumference of the passage (3) and which have a gap (a) between themselves, oriented along the passage (3), in which between the beveled strips (15) across the passage (3) can move the cutting wire (4A) of the cutting device (4).

14. The device according to item 13, wherein the two or more pairs of beveled strips arranged one behind the other along the passage (3), provided with at least one cutting wire (4A) and is arranged to move preferably essentially simultaneously.

15. The device according to 14, characterized in that three or more load-carrying modules (9, 9d, 9c, 9d)are placed one behind another along the passage (3), and of which the initial module (9b) supports the rear beveled strip (15) of the first pairs of oblique bands in the region of its front side, next to the Central module (9c) supports in the region of its rear side front slanted stripes of the first pairs of beveled strips and supports in the area of its front side rear beveled strip second pairs of beveled strips, and the next module or the terminal module (9d supports in the region of its rear side, the front beveled strip WTO the s pairs of beveled strips.

16. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that only every second Central module (9c) supports cutting device (4)having two cutting wire (a, a).

17. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that at least the upper section and/or in the side sections of the passage (3) beveled strip (15)located on the respective load-carrying modules (9, 9b)attached to the base part (16), which applies a drive tool (18).

18. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the bearing part (30), designed to support layer (3)located between the lower adrenalini strips (8E) or oblique stripes (15).

19. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the end parts of the cutting device (4) at least one cutting wire (4A) is located in the end portion Nakazawa bands (8E) or beveled strips (15)located transversely relative to the cutting wire (4A), or shifted out toward her.

20. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the gap (a) between the beveled strips (15), in particular in the areas of gap remote from the longitudinal axis (2b) pass (3), or in end parts overlapping (15), extends through the differences out.



 

Same patents:

Plastic bar cutter // 2411121

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction materials. Proposed device comprises cutting string clamped in clip-like holder-bow, carriage with string guide, cam-type drive to mode carriage along the bar and metre in contact with said bar. Said bow with string is suspended by means of ball supports to cranks running in synchronism and arranged on opposite sides of said bar. Carriage drive cam and cranks can revolve in synchronism driven by one drive controlled by metre signals.

EFFECT: higher reliability and quality, better match in joint motion.

8 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method for cutting plastic material, particularly semi-plastic cellular concrete comprises reciprocation of at least one wire along wire, that is, in lengthwise direction driven by first appliances, and translation of material across direction of at least one wire, that is, crosswise direction driven by second appliances. Proposed invention covers the device to implement aforesaid method. Proposed method and device differ from known techniques in that one wire or each wire also reciprocates in crosswise direction, drive by third appliances, so that after cutting the material, the wire passes over the points of surface cutting once more.

EFFECT: producing smooth and impermeable cutting surfaces, higher accuracy of cutting with reduced wear of cutting tools.

15 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to industry of construction materials, namely: to equipment of plants for production of items (blocks, boards, etc.) from polystyrene concrete and cellular concrete. Complex of equipment includes mould for production of solids, automatic crane grip and installation for cutting and calibration of solid along its width - by disk saws, and along its height - by toothed rack, in process of horizontal motion of solid along its longitudinal axis, with further cutting of solid by oscillating disk saw into items of specified thickness as its motion is interrupted. To manufacture solids, they use moulds separated into 2-6 compartments with length of up to 6 m with sides and partitions made of sheet steel with thickness of at least 6 mm and rigid trays. Automatic crane grip has two flat clamps. Transportation of solid is carried out while solid ends are forcedly pressed with clamps. Disk saws have slits of 4-6 mm width by depth of 140-160 mm from teeth.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of cutting equipment with optimisation of solids dimensions, simplification of technology, reduction of prime cost with provision of environmental safety of production with complete recycling of wastes.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: cutter contains driving wheel and driven wheel-bearing, cutting strings and synchronous mechanism. At that for providing synchronous rotation of driving wheel and driven wheel-bearing on them pins are symmetrically forced on, on which are cutting strings merely supported ends, having equal length and are stretched between driving wheel and driven wheel-bearing. At that wheel-bearing is implemented with ability of passing cutting rail through it, and synchronous mechanism contains conical pair, chain belt and conveyor.

EFFECT: design simplification and rising machine operation durability at the expense of dynamic loads reducing.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: constructional engineering.

SUBSTANCE: slitting complex for nonsolidified cellular bulk concrete consists of mould and movable frame with shaped cutter roller travelling by guide rails located on each side of mould. On the mould bottom there are rigid groove-forming elements and guide rails. The shaped cutter is horizontally rigid on the frame. Also, mould contains vertical transverse shaped cutter and motor rotating saw blades fixed on the shaft.

EFFECT: increased performance of the system.

2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: equipment for cutting of cellular-concrete bodies includes the workplaces limited by metal frames and equipped with strings for cutting of cellular-concrete bodies in longitudinal vertical planes, cross-section vertical planes, horizontal planes and equipped with the pallet placed on the mobile hand cart. Equipment in addition contains a workplace for cutting of a top layer of cellular-concrete body, representing installed under a corner of 45° to a vertical plane which is passing through a movement axis of the hand cart, in a hand cart moving direction, the P-shaped frame with two top layer cutting gears installed on it, consisting of rotating bulwarks with disks rigidly fixed on them to which metal strings are affixed. Workplace of vertical longitudinal cutting in addition is equipped by the device of lateral cutting, consisting of two frames with the strings fixed on them and installed on a metal frame of a workplace with possibility of turn round a bracing axis. Thus the mobile hand cart is equipped by four bearers from which two in a back part are installed on a shaking girder, and in sideways dogs are affixed to the hand cart.

EFFECT: cull decrease at manufacturing of products and quality improvement of the body upper surface processing.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction industry; cutting devices for the bulk cellular concretes.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of construction industry, in particular, to production of construction materials and may be used in manufacture of the products out of the foam mortar by cutting-off. The technical result of the invention consists in the improved production process of the foam mortar blocks cutting-off, accuracy of the foam mortar blocks cutting-off to the preset overall dimensions due to reciprocal movement of the cradle with cutting components and reduction of their dynamic effect due to distribution of the moment of forces, and also in the increased reliability, reduction of the metal consumption and simplification of the design. The substance of the invention is determined by the combination of the significant features of the device containing the base, the cradle with the cutting components, the traveling platform with the clampers and the underpan, the electrical drive. The base is made in the form of two rigidly interconnected parts located bevel way to each other forming by the planes the dihedral angle from 90° up to 180°. At that in one part of the base in the guides there is the cradle with cutters capable of the reciprocal motion, and in its other part there is the counterweight, the electrical drive linked to the cradle through the crank-connecting rod gear placed in the plane of its movement. At that the base is made with possibility of gyration around the axis passing through its gravity center and pivotally linked to the poles of the stand having the paired limiters of its position. The guides of the cradle motion with the cutting components on the base are made in the form of the symmetric pairs of the roller-supports, and its cutting-off components made in the form of the strings are consolidated by the brackets at the preset pitch on the opposite sides of the cradle with possibility of their stretching by nuts.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the improved production process of the foam mortar blocks cutting-off, accuracy of the foam mortar blocks cutting-off to the preset overall dimensions, reduction of their dynamic effect, the increased reliability, reduction of the metal consumption and simplification of the design.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: working stone or stone-like materials, particularly to cut cellular concrete, stone and other materials having different strength, hardness and moisture content into blocks of predetermined size.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises frame with sawbow, guiding columns, sectional sliding table installed on the columns and working movement drives. The device also has the second sawbow. The first and the second sawbows are installed so that they may move in perpendicular directions relatively the frame and form grid relative to massif supply direction. The composite sliding table may be lifted along guiding columns transversely to sawbows reciprocation plane. Each sawbow and composite sliding table are connected to working movement drives of sawbows and to vertical movement drive of composite sliding table correspondingly. The grid may be adjusted to adapt the grid for necessary block dimensions. The composite sliding table may be adjusted accordingly to grid parameter regulation.

EFFECT: extended functional capabilities, possibility to perform milling to predetermined block height simultaneously with massif cutting, reduced device size and mass and increased cutting accuracy along with simultaneously reduced maintenance costs.

2 dwg

FIELD: equipment for building material manufacturing, particularly for concrete mass cutting.

SUBSTANCE: method for concrete mass cutting into concrete blocks involves using cutting means, namely hot gas jet, to provide quick block walls hardening and to prevent mutual block adhesion. The gas jet is supplied through nozzle tip installed at 75° to concrete mass in cut cavity forming direction.

EFFECT: increased speed and simplicity of concrete mass cutting, possibility to obtain concrete blocks having different configuration.

1 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for dividing shaped articles by cutting.

SUBSTANCE: device has support means to retain panel area to be cut. The support means are mounted from one side of saw blade opposite to cutting periphery. The device is made as support and inclined brackets mounted on the body and having parallel vertical slots. Support roller is installed on inclined bracket. Roller has removable resilient case.

EFFECT: increased cutting quality.

25 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: techniques of production OF construction materials.

SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a device and a method for cutting of cellular concrete bulks. The technical result is increase of productivity and also increase of accuracy of the geometrical sizes and spreading of the nomenclature of produced items. The device for production of cellular concrete items includes the worksites fenced by the metal frames and equipped with cutting wires for the cellular concrete bulks cutting in different planes. On the first worksite the cutting wires are strongly strained and installed in vertical planes at an angle to horizon, on the second worksite the cutting wires are strained horizontally and placed in a vertical plane perpendicular to a direction of movement of a dolly, on the third worksite the cutting wires are strained horizontally and placed in a horizontal plane. At that the third worksite cutting wires are capable to make vibratory movements.

EFFECT: the invention ensures increased productivity and accuracy of the geometrical sizes, expansion of the nomenclature of produced items.

7 cl

FIELD: building, particularly for dividing shaped articles by cutting.

SUBSTANCE: device has support means to retain panel area to be cut. The support means are mounted from one side of saw blade opposite to cutting periphery. The device is made as support and inclined brackets mounted on the body and having parallel vertical slots. Support roller is installed on inclined bracket. Roller has removable resilient case.

EFFECT: increased cutting quality.

25 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: equipment for building material manufacturing, particularly for concrete mass cutting.

SUBSTANCE: method for concrete mass cutting into concrete blocks involves using cutting means, namely hot gas jet, to provide quick block walls hardening and to prevent mutual block adhesion. The gas jet is supplied through nozzle tip installed at 75° to concrete mass in cut cavity forming direction.

EFFECT: increased speed and simplicity of concrete mass cutting, possibility to obtain concrete blocks having different configuration.

1 dwg

FIELD: working stone or stone-like materials, particularly to cut cellular concrete, stone and other materials having different strength, hardness and moisture content into blocks of predetermined size.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises frame with sawbow, guiding columns, sectional sliding table installed on the columns and working movement drives. The device also has the second sawbow. The first and the second sawbows are installed so that they may move in perpendicular directions relatively the frame and form grid relative to massif supply direction. The composite sliding table may be lifted along guiding columns transversely to sawbows reciprocation plane. Each sawbow and composite sliding table are connected to working movement drives of sawbows and to vertical movement drive of composite sliding table correspondingly. The grid may be adjusted to adapt the grid for necessary block dimensions. The composite sliding table may be adjusted accordingly to grid parameter regulation.

EFFECT: extended functional capabilities, possibility to perform milling to predetermined block height simultaneously with massif cutting, reduced device size and mass and increased cutting accuracy along with simultaneously reduced maintenance costs.

2 dwg

FIELD: construction industry; cutting devices for the bulk cellular concretes.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of construction industry, in particular, to production of construction materials and may be used in manufacture of the products out of the foam mortar by cutting-off. The technical result of the invention consists in the improved production process of the foam mortar blocks cutting-off, accuracy of the foam mortar blocks cutting-off to the preset overall dimensions due to reciprocal movement of the cradle with cutting components and reduction of their dynamic effect due to distribution of the moment of forces, and also in the increased reliability, reduction of the metal consumption and simplification of the design. The substance of the invention is determined by the combination of the significant features of the device containing the base, the cradle with the cutting components, the traveling platform with the clampers and the underpan, the electrical drive. The base is made in the form of two rigidly interconnected parts located bevel way to each other forming by the planes the dihedral angle from 90° up to 180°. At that in one part of the base in the guides there is the cradle with cutters capable of the reciprocal motion, and in its other part there is the counterweight, the electrical drive linked to the cradle through the crank-connecting rod gear placed in the plane of its movement. At that the base is made with possibility of gyration around the axis passing through its gravity center and pivotally linked to the poles of the stand having the paired limiters of its position. The guides of the cradle motion with the cutting components on the base are made in the form of the symmetric pairs of the roller-supports, and its cutting-off components made in the form of the strings are consolidated by the brackets at the preset pitch on the opposite sides of the cradle with possibility of their stretching by nuts.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the improved production process of the foam mortar blocks cutting-off, accuracy of the foam mortar blocks cutting-off to the preset overall dimensions, reduction of their dynamic effect, the increased reliability, reduction of the metal consumption and simplification of the design.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: equipment for cutting of cellular-concrete bodies includes the workplaces limited by metal frames and equipped with strings for cutting of cellular-concrete bodies in longitudinal vertical planes, cross-section vertical planes, horizontal planes and equipped with the pallet placed on the mobile hand cart. Equipment in addition contains a workplace for cutting of a top layer of cellular-concrete body, representing installed under a corner of 45° to a vertical plane which is passing through a movement axis of the hand cart, in a hand cart moving direction, the P-shaped frame with two top layer cutting gears installed on it, consisting of rotating bulwarks with disks rigidly fixed on them to which metal strings are affixed. Workplace of vertical longitudinal cutting in addition is equipped by the device of lateral cutting, consisting of two frames with the strings fixed on them and installed on a metal frame of a workplace with possibility of turn round a bracing axis. Thus the mobile hand cart is equipped by four bearers from which two in a back part are installed on a shaking girder, and in sideways dogs are affixed to the hand cart.

EFFECT: cull decrease at manufacturing of products and quality improvement of the body upper surface processing.

4 dwg

FIELD: constructional engineering.

SUBSTANCE: slitting complex for nonsolidified cellular bulk concrete consists of mould and movable frame with shaped cutter roller travelling by guide rails located on each side of mould. On the mould bottom there are rigid groove-forming elements and guide rails. The shaped cutter is horizontally rigid on the frame. Also, mould contains vertical transverse shaped cutter and motor rotating saw blades fixed on the shaft.

EFFECT: increased performance of the system.

2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: cutter contains driving wheel and driven wheel-bearing, cutting strings and synchronous mechanism. At that for providing synchronous rotation of driving wheel and driven wheel-bearing on them pins are symmetrically forced on, on which are cutting strings merely supported ends, having equal length and are stretched between driving wheel and driven wheel-bearing. At that wheel-bearing is implemented with ability of passing cutting rail through it, and synchronous mechanism contains conical pair, chain belt and conveyor.

EFFECT: design simplification and rising machine operation durability at the expense of dynamic loads reducing.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to industry of construction materials, namely: to equipment of plants for production of items (blocks, boards, etc.) from polystyrene concrete and cellular concrete. Complex of equipment includes mould for production of solids, automatic crane grip and installation for cutting and calibration of solid along its width - by disk saws, and along its height - by toothed rack, in process of horizontal motion of solid along its longitudinal axis, with further cutting of solid by oscillating disk saw into items of specified thickness as its motion is interrupted. To manufacture solids, they use moulds separated into 2-6 compartments with length of up to 6 m with sides and partitions made of sheet steel with thickness of at least 6 mm and rigid trays. Automatic crane grip has two flat clamps. Transportation of solid is carried out while solid ends are forcedly pressed with clamps. Disk saws have slits of 4-6 mm width by depth of 140-160 mm from teeth.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of cutting equipment with optimisation of solids dimensions, simplification of technology, reduction of prime cost with provision of environmental safety of production with complete recycling of wastes.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method for cutting plastic material, particularly semi-plastic cellular concrete comprises reciprocation of at least one wire along wire, that is, in lengthwise direction driven by first appliances, and translation of material across direction of at least one wire, that is, crosswise direction driven by second appliances. Proposed invention covers the device to implement aforesaid method. Proposed method and device differ from known techniques in that one wire or each wire also reciprocates in crosswise direction, drive by third appliances, so that after cutting the material, the wire passes over the points of surface cutting once more.

EFFECT: producing smooth and impermeable cutting surfaces, higher accuracy of cutting with reduced wear of cutting tools.

15 cl, 3 dwg

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