Fastening device for sheet elements

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device for facades to install sheet elements, preferably multiple glass panes, comprising a retaining element and a fixing element, besides, the device has the first position, in which the device makes it possible to place the specified sheet elements into the required position, and the second position, in which the device presses at least a part of the specified sheet element. The device comprises a braking element arranged as capable of preventing displacement of the fixing element relative to the retaining element in the first position, besides, the fixing element is arranged as capable of displacement into the second position by application of an external force.

EFFECT: easier installation of multiple glass panes.

11 cl, 2 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a device for facades for installation of sheet elements, preferably of glass, containing the retaining element and the locking element, and the device has a first position in which the device allows you to place these sheet elements in the desired position, and a second position in which the device holds at least a part of the said sheet element.

There are many variants of the devices of the above type. In GB 2305205 disclosed a device for fastening glass. In this case, with glass is the stage of preliminary preparation, which includes the placement of the elements of the device in the connecting means between the glass sheets in predetermined locations around the glass. Means having a configuration corresponding to the specified elements of the device are inserted into these elements so that the glass is blocked. The disadvantage inherent in this device is that it requires prior preparation of the glass, which further restricts the freedom of placement of the device on the glass.

In the US 5802799 also disclosed a device for fastening of glass, which requires the preliminary preparation stage, but without having to have any elements of the device, the connecting means between the glass sheets. Instead, the connecting means are grooves in certain pre-defined locations around the glass. In this case, the device comprises means which can be inserted slide in these grooves to secure the glass. Therefore, this device also has less freedom for his host.

Other variants of the device for fastening glass disclosed in SE 514175, where the stage of preliminary preparation of the glass is missing. A rectangular washer, which is connected with the holding element and which has a width equal to the distance between two adjacent Windows, and a length greater than the width, is placed between the two glass panes. The puck then turn at approximately 90°, causing the short side of the washer to penetrate into the connecting means between the glass sheets, thus locking the glass. As the width of the rectangular element is limited by the distance between the two Windows, require a large number of spacers per unit length of the glass to obtain a satisfactory mounting. Additionally it is necessary that two glass located next to each other were recorded simultaneously, which means that two of the glass must simultaneously some time to stay in position. In d is the query result set glass becomes more difficult.

In WO 2004011739 disclosed a device for installation of double-glazed Windows, in which the penetration of the glass is eliminated, and it is possible to fix one glass at a time. In the operation of this device has a first position in which it allows you to put the glass in the desired position, and a second position in which the device clamps the at least one glass sheet of glass. The disadvantage of this device is that the locking element can move relative to the holding member in the first position, i.e. when the glazing is installed. This leads to the complication of the installation of double-glazed Windows, as the locking element may slip out of its position, or may interfere with the placement of the glass in the desired position.

The present invention is a device for fixing the plate element, which makes possible an improvement in comparison with the devices of the prior art in respect of one or more of the above problems.

According to the invention this object is achieved with a device of the type defined previously, with distinctive features described in claim 1 of the claims. Preferred variants of the device are described in the dependent claims.

According to one aspect of the present from which retene a device for facades for installation of sheet elements, preferably of glass, and said device includes a holding element and the locking element, the device has a first position in which the device allows you to place these sheet elements in the desired position, and a second position in which the device holds at least a part of the said sheet element. The device further comprises a brake element, which is designed in such a way as to prevent movement of the locking element relative to the retaining element with the specified first position, and the locking element has the ability to move in the specified second position by an external force.

Thus, the device may temporarily be placed in the first position during placement of the sheet element. In this position, the brake element prevents movement of the locking element relative to the holding element, i.e. the locking element cannot be moved to another position or to slide relative to the retaining element without an external force acting on the locking element. Thus, installation is greatly facilitated, as the locking element can be easily placed in the desired position before placing the sheet member, and as the locking element prevents the placement of the Fox is a new element. Once placed in the desired position of the sheet member can be easily fixed by the locking element is moved into the second position by an external force.

The brake element is preferably elastic element and prevents movement of the locking element relative to the holding member in the first position by the frictional forces generated by the elastic element. These friction forces correspond at least to the weight of the locking element, and thus the locking element cannot slide relative to the retaining element and thus remains in the desired position as long as the friction force will not be overcome by the application of an external force.

The elastic element is preferably located between the retaining element and the locking element so that the friction forces are created by pressing the locking element to the holding element.

The first position of the device is preferably locked in position, i.e. the area of the brake element prevents movement of the locking element relative to the retaining element. Thus, the brake element prevents due to its geometric shape release the locking element from the first position as long as it will not be applied external force.

Prefer the Hino brake element has a first flexible tubular section, which is elastic.

The brake element preferably has a second flexible section to lock in at least the first sheet element, and this area of work is located on the side of the locking element, which is inclined in the direction of the glass, when the locking element is moved from the first position to the second position. Therefore, prevents the formation of cracks on the leaf element or sheet elements (depending on whether the one or more leaf elements will be installed) due to the pressure exerted by the retention element.

For more on the retaining element on each side of the swivel with locking element are flexible sections preferably. Flexible parts are made with the possibility of a soft internal glass surface of the inner glass sheet of the two juxtaposed glass.

Preferably the device according to the present invention can be locked in the specified second position, to ensure that the device does not come out of it, i.e. will not return in the first specified position.

According to another aspect of the invention, the retaining element has a groove with undercut, in which the hinge is located the locking element. Preferably the locking cell battery (included) the t is divided into two parts, one part of the work is located in the groove of the holding element and is connected to the other part of the outside of the groove of the holding element. In this case, it is possible to lock the device in the specified second position through the use of the funds for the application of force, which moves the first and second parts of the locking element in the direction towards each other and towards the open part of the groove.

Hereinafter the invention will be described in more detail using a variant of its embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawings,

where Figa and 1b is a view in cross section of the device according to the present invention in the first and second positions, respectively.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the device according to the present invention.

On Figa and 1b shows the preferred in the present variant embodiment of the device 1 according to the invention.

The device 1 contains the locking element 2, the retaining element 3 and the brake element 4. The locking element 2 and the retaining element 3 is preferably made of aluminum sections. In this variant embodiment the locking element 2 consists of Lebedyanskiy part 5 (configuration shaped profile) and drain portion 6, which are connected to each other by a screw connection 7. Lebedevamarina part 5 also has end-to-end open is I (not shown), in which may be inserted a tool to shear the locking element 2 from the first specified position in the specified second position. The brake element 4 in this variant embodiment consists of a tubular elastic section 8, which is located between Lebedyanskiy part 5 of the locking element 2 and the drain part 6, and the soft thrust of section 9 in the form of a strip, which is located on the side Lebedyanskiy part 5, which is under the head of "the Swan". The elastic section 8 of the brake element 4 prevents movement of the locking element 2 relative to the retaining element when the device is in the specified first position. Resistant section 9 of the brake element 4 provides a soft contact between the sheet element and the locking element 2. The brake element 4 is preferably made of a flexible material such as plastic or rubber. The retaining element 3 has an additional groove 10 is depressed, which may include drain portion 6 of the locking element. The groove 10 with undercutting has neofitou part 13 (configuration shaped profile), which rests against the elastic section 8 of the brake element.

The retaining element 3 has two second grooves 11, which are parallel to the specified first groove 10. The second grooves 11 are also made with pognuti the receiving and silicon strip 12. Silicone strips 12 are used to provide a soft contact between the retaining element 3 and a leaf element.

On Figa shows the device 1 in the first position, i.e. when the device enables you to place these sheet elements in the desired position. In this position, the portion of the elastic section 8 of the brake element 4 rests on neofitou part 13 inside relative to the "nose". Until then, until the applied external force to shear the locking element 2, it remains in this position due to the geometric shape of the elastic section 8. The elastic section 8 also prevented by creating friction sliding of the locking element 2, due to its own weight, in the groove 10 depressed.

On Fig.1b shows the device 1 in its second position in which the device clamps at least a portion of the sheet element (not shown). In this position, the portion of the elastic section 8 of the brake element 4 rests on neofitou part 13 on the outside relative to the "nose".

In the illustrated variant embodiment the locking element is configured to tilt around the point 14 of the slope, essentially located in the place of emphasis between the drain part of the locking element and the undercut retaining element. When tilted from the first position to the second position, or in the reverse voltage is the t, the position of the brake element relative to the retaining element is changed. As noted above, in the first position, the portion of the elastic section of the brake element rests in neofitou part inside relative to the "nose", and in the second position, the elastic part of the plot hinges on neofitou part of the outside relative to the "nose". When tilted from the first to the second position by an external force, the brake element is temporarily deformed, allowing part of the elastic section of the brake element to pass the tip of the nose to Balk at neofitou part of the outside relative to the "nose". When tilted from the second to the first position of the brake element is temporarily deformed, allowing part of the elastic section of the brake element to pass the tip of the nose to Balk at neofitou part inside relative to the "nose". Thus, the geometric shape of the elastic section of the brake element results in a locking action, i.e. the locking element remains in a stable locked position until and unless the applied external force.

Figure 2 shows the retaining element, in which is located the locking element 2, holding the glass 15 having two of the glass sheet 16, 17. The intermediate strip 18 is located between the inner glass sheet 16 and the outside is a glass sheet 17 at a short distance from the edges of the glass sheets 16, 17. Outside of the strip 18 is located the connecting means 19, in which is inserted a pointed section Lebedyanskiy part 5 to lock the glass. Screw connection 7 presses drain portion 6 and leadabrand part 5 to each other and thus locks the locking element relative to the retaining element by using the specified parts 5,6, pressing the portions of the grooves 10, which are located closest to the hole, the retaining element 3. Additional fixing element 2 is located in a holding element, in order to be able to place your next glass (in addition to what is already installed). The locking elements 2 can slide in the groove, or alternative firmly inserted in her. Drain portion 6 of the locking element is designed in such a way as to have the edge, which can be firmly inserted into the groove 10 when the locking element 2 is bent forward. Then the locking element 2 leans back and in this way it can be inserted into the groove 10. In a preferred variant embodiment of the locking element 2 and the brake element 4 is designed so that a certain force must be applied to shear the locking element 2 into the groove 10. This requires that at least part of the brake element 4 was flexible, so it is to the plot of the brake element has a characteristic impedance, when it is compressed, which must be overcome to allow you to tilt the locking element into the groove 10.

In a preferred variant embodiment of the present invention the retaining element 3 contains means (not shown) for securing it to the supporting structure, i.e. the structure that supports the entire glass facade.

It should be understood that many possible modifications of the above-described embodiment variants of the invention within the scope of the invention defined in the attached claims. Thus, the locking element 2 can be connected with the holding element 3, using, for example, the hinge instead of grooves 9, as described above. Additionally, it is also possible to provide the retaining element 3 spring means, which locks into the respective groove in the locking element 2 in the blocking position of the locking element 2.

1. The device (1) for facades for installation of sheet elements, preferably of glass (14), containing the retaining element (3) and the locking element (2), and the device has a first position in which the device allows you to place these sheet elements in the desired position, and a second position in which the device holds at least a part of the said sheet element, wherein he shall contain the braking element (4), configured to prevent movement of the locking element (2) relative to the retaining element (3) in the first position, and the locking element (2) is arranged to move into the second position by an external force.

2. The device (1) according to claim 1, in which the braking element (4) is an elastic element and prevents movement of the locking element (2) relative to the retaining element (3) by means of the frictional force generated by the elastic element.

3. The device (1) according to claim 2, in which the friction force generated by the elastic element, correspond at least to the weight of the locking element (2).

4. The device (1) according to claim 1, in which the braking element (4) is located between the retaining element (3) and the locking element (2).

5. The device (1) according to claim 1, in which at least the first position is latched position, that is, the region of the braking element (4) prevents movement of the locking element (2) relative to the retaining element (3).

6. The device (1) according to claim 1, in which the braking element (4) made of a tubular elastic element (8).

7. The device (1) according to claim 1, in which the braking element (4) has a flexible section (9) to lock in at least the first sheet element.

8. The device (1) according to claim 1, in which the locking element (2) has a first part is OK (5), who holds the second position at least a portion of the sheet element, and the second section (6), which enters into the groove (10) in a holding element (3).

9. The device (1) according to claim 8, in which the second section (6) of the locking element (2) is connected via the connecting means (7) with the first segment (5).

10. The device according to claim 9, in which the connecting means (7) arranged to lock the device (1) in the second position.

11. The device (1) according to claim 8, in which the groove (10) is depressed and the locking element (2) is tiltable around an axis adjacent and along the openings of the groove (10).



 

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14 cl, 7 dwg

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10 cl, 9 dwg

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3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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