Method of erect structures and device for its realisation

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures includes making the main skeleton frame of the structure, a lining net, transparent and opaque mosaics, sealing cords. The net is installed on the frame, ventilation holes are made in the net, as well as openings for windows and doors, cells of the lining net are filled with mosaics, installing transparent mosaics in those areas, where a view is required, and in other areas - a non-transparent one with the selected colour mosaic pattern, sealing cords are installed. The device comprises a net made of a wire rigidly connected in points of contact, and mosaics has locks for fixation on the net and slots for installation of a sealing cord.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify assembly of a structure due to the improved technology of structure elements manufacturing.

2 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to industrial and domestic construction and can be used for light manufacturing areas, booths, vehicle bodies, and others

A known method of manufacturing facilities, consisting in the fact that they perform a rigid frame to which the various methods of attaching the cover sheet material, "TSB" "Soviet encyclopedia". M., 1976, volume 24, str.

The disadvantage of this method is the complexity of the technology.

The technical result of the invention is the improvement of the technology.

This is achieved by the fact that produce basic skeletal frame structure, facing the net, opaque and transparent mosaic, sealing cords, to establish a grid frame, made in the grid ventilation openings and openings for Windows and doors, fill in the cells lining mesh mosaic, installing in places where the necessary overview, transparent mosaic, and in other places - opaque with the selected color mosaic pattern, establish sealing cords.

In the apparatus of the proposed method, this result is achieved in that the mesh is made of wire rigidly connected at the points of contact, and the mosaic is a lock for securing the grid and the grooves for installation of germetiziruyushchego cord.

The essence of the invention illustrated by figure 1, 2, 3, which gives a General view of a fragment of mosaic installation in three dimensions.

A method of manufacturing facilities is that, for example, electrical control stations constructed in the following way. From a typed structures perform frame. From rolls of mesh produce lining the walls and ceiling. To carry out the openings for doors and cable openings. Fill in the cells lining mesh mosaic, installing in places where the necessary overview, transparent mosaic, and in other places - opaque, establish sealing cords.

Device for installing mosaic 1 is facing the net, consisting of transverse wires 2 and the longitudinal - 3, forming a cell with a hard connection of the transverse 2 longitudinal - 3 wires at their point of intersection, for example, by resistance welding. Mosaic 1 is equipped with 4 locks to lock in the cross transactions 2 and locks 5 for fixing in the longitudinal transactions 3. Mosaic 1 has grooves 6 for installation of sealing cords 7. It is manufactured from various plastics, ceramics, glass, stone casting, casting slags, metallurgical production and other

The device operates as follows.

On skretny frame is hung facing the net. In the cell is inserted mosaic so that the UE is ugogo strain bred cross wires, entering the locks 5, divorced longitudinal wire, entering the locks 4 mosaic. After installing mosaic 1 formed in between the cracks stalkivajutsja transverse and longitudinal elastic sealing cords anchored in the grooves 6.

1. A method of manufacturing facilities, consisting in the fact that they perform a rigid frame to which is attached a covering of sheet material, characterized in that the manufacture of facing the net, opaque and transparent mosaic, sealing cords, to establish a grid frame, made in the grid ventilation openings and openings for Windows and doors, fill in the cells lining mesh mosaic, installing in places where the necessary overview, transparent mosaic, and in other places - opaque, establish sealing cords.

2. A device that implements the method according to claim 1, containing the framework and cladding material, wherein the mesh is made of wire rigidly connected at the points of contact, and the mosaic is a lock for securing the grid and the grooves for installation of sealing cords.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facade system (1) with an air gap for fixation of fine-sized facing boards comprises at least two guides (2), fixed on appropriate brackets installed on a bearing base; at least two horizontal shapes (3) of "П"-shaped section with two supports (4 and 5) to fix the top (4) and bottom (5) of appropriate fine-sized facing boards (6); fine-sized facing boards (6), containing grooves (7 and 8) on their upper and lower ends for installation into appropriate specified shapes (3); at least one tape (10) for its installation into specified grooves of facing boards; and a cement-containing composition (9), having hydraulic insulation properties.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce weight, develop a ventilated gap, reduce cost and increase heat and hydraulic insulation properties of a building with preservation of appearance of brickwork.

14 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: set for dry installation of facing tiles includes at least one substrate, the first side of which contacts with a substance (F), and the second one - at least with one facing tile (R). Strip liners are arranged along the perimeter of facing tiles (R), which fill gaps between neighbouring tiles. Angle elements level liners relative to each other, fixing them along the perimetre of the appropriate facing tile.

EFFECT: reduced labour inputs in installation of facing tiles.

61 cl, 30 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facade hinged ventilated enclosure of buildings includes facade boards, thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and bearing elements of enclosure pulled without a gap through the thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and made in the form of anchor rods arranged in vertical rows. Anchor rods are screwed through dowels into a building wall and has fixing elements at free ends, providing for installation and fixation of boards. In order to increase reliability of facade boards fixation, to make it possible to line multi-storey buildings and to increase barrier drift by increasing stiffness of bearing elements, anchors of vertical rows are connected to each other by means of traction rods so that traction rods with anchors create vertical power structures. Upper free ends of traction rods are fixed to an enclosed building wall.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of facade enclosure fixation and to reduce labour intensiveness of performed works.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method includes arrangement of a panel on a heat insulated surface of a building, its positioning relative the heat insulated surface of the building with the help of the device for positioning suspended heat insulated panels and fixation of the panel on the building surface. The device for positioning comprises a guide part in the form of a bushing with an internal thread, stiffly joined with the panel body, and a support part in the form of a screw with an external thread joined with it by a threaded joint. One end of the screw contacts with the heat insulated surface of the building and engages with it, and the second one has the shape suitable for engagement with a tool for screw rotation. The screw is made with the possibility to arrange an additional fixing element in it to fix a suspended panel to the facade. The panel comprises a process hole, arranged with the possibility of provision of tool insertion for rotation of a screw. After additional positioning of the panel position the cavity between the panel and the heat insulated surface of the building and the process hole in the panel are filled with a foam filler.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to ensure easy and reliable assembly of suspended heat insulation panels on the heat insulated surface with compensation of its irregularities, and also adjustment of position of the installed panels without necessity of their dismantling.

9 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: in the building structure with tile facing the facing is made of tiles attached to the surface of the structure via a connecting layer of a hardened adhesive mixture, which increases the tiles strength. Tiles are made as having a facing layer with a shell having a bending strength, equal to the thickness of the facing layer and height corresponding to the thickness of the layer for filling with the adhesive mixture. The facing layer with the area F is made as a whole with boards by stamping from a metal sheet or a metal-based laminate, and the metal thickness in the facing layer and the height of the boards is taken depending on the tile size.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

5 cl

Facing for walls // 2423583

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facing comprises a group of panels, which in process of manufacturing are given a pattern and a surface finish that imitate handmade brickwork. Panels are mounted in the form of a sequence of horizontal rows, besides, the lower edge area of an overlying panel is imposed over the upper edge area of the panel that belongs to the earlier installed row. Upper and lower edge areas include reference surfaces, which are inclined, making it possible during positioning to ensure a tight contact between "cement" and "brick" of two joined panels, besides, "cement" strips located between "strips", are in general coplanar to each other and to face surfaces of imitated bricks, which protrude forward relative to "cement" strips by an identical distance, and as a result the appearance is more esthetic and natural. Connections between attached panels are in general invisible, and uniformity of heights of "bricks" and "cement" strips forward protrusion makes it possible to avoid shadows that reduce naturalness effect.

EFFECT: invention increases reliability of facing fixation.

8 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method includes preparation of structures surface and facing tiles, application of gluing mass, attachment of tiles to the specified surface. The surface is covered with facing tiles included into a set. The set includes main and additional facing tiles. Their length and width are multiple to a linear module common for the set. Additional tiles are arranged with at least one linear dimension, equal to, multiple to or fractionally multiple to at least one linear dimensions in at least one group of the main tiles in the set. Tiles are made as a stiff shell of metal, alloy or from a layer composition comprising a metal layer. Each stiff shell of the tile has a facing and rear surfaces and is equipped with sides - stiffening ribs along the contour as protruding beyond the rear surface. Their thickness and height are at least sufficient to double the common resistance of a tile jointly with sides to a bend, at least in direction of width relative to resistance to the bend of a tile without sides in the same direction. Sides jointly with the rear surface of the tile form a shell with an open cavity to be filled with a gluing mass. The thickness of the metal or alloy layer is accepted depending on the value of the tile area.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

13 cl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facing of a building structure includes an adjoining course applied on the surface and rigidly coupled with it in the form of a hardened adhesive mass and a protective-decorative layer attached to it and made of facing tiles. The layer consists of facing tiles, made of a metal, an alloy or a flaky composition, which contains a metal layer. Each facing tile has facing and rear surfaces and is equipped with boards - stiffening ribs protruding beyond the rear surface along the contour. Their thickness and height are sufficient to at least double the total resistance of the tile together with boards to the bend both in direction of the width and in direction of the length L relative to the resistance of the tile without boards to the bend in the same directions. The boards together with the rear surface of the tile form an open cavity to be filled with adhesive mass. The thickness of a metal or an alloy layer is selected depending on the value of a facing tile area.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

10 cl

Facing item // 2420638

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facing item is made of a metal, an alloy with thickness 5, or from a flaky composition, containing a metal layer with thickness 5 in the form of a tile. The tile has facing and rear surfaces and is equipped with boards - stiffening ribs protruding beyond the rear surface along the contour. Their thickness and height are sufficient to at least double the total resistance of the tile together with boards to the bend at least in direction of the tile width relative to the resistance of the tile without boards to the bend in the same direction. The boards together with the rear surface of the tile form a shell with an open cavity to be filled with an adhesive mass, making it possible to attach an item to the specified structure. The thickness of a metal or an alloy layer is accepted depending on the value of a tile area.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

7 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: part forms an angle of the external wall structure of the building when the left and right adjacent external wall panels are assembled on it, being formed with two sides arranged approximately at the right angle to each other with slants at the left and right edges of it. On each edge of the external wall part within the limits of this part thickness there is the main slant passing towards the back surface, and at the side of back surface there are slots adjacent to the main slants, at the same time the section from face surface to the main slant is occupied with an additional slant.

EFFECT: invention simplifies assembly of structure.

7 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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