Method of producing 3d decorative transparency (versions)

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to light industry and may be used in producing pictures, frescos, inserts on walls, furniture and other surfaces. In compliance with first version, method comprises applying, after hardening of vlieseline, of several layers of stearic acid soda salts (C17H35COONa) in amount of 50-80 g per 1 m2 to be detached thereafter from substrate, and applying decorative pictures on made layers to be coated by varnish. In compliance with second version, method comprises applying, after hardening of vlieseline, of two layers of stearic acid soda salts (C17H35COONa) in amount of 50-80 g per 1 m2 . Then, acryl varnish and plaster are used to make the mix to apply on dried layer of said soda salt to make 1-2 mm-thick layer to be dried. Plaster is coated by acryl varnish and decorative picture is printed thereon at 59-60°C and coated by protective varnish.

EFFECT: simple method.

8 cl, 3 ex

 

The claimed group of inventions relates to light industry and can be used to create decorative panels, murals, decorative elements on the walls, furniture, wood, cement, metal, glass and other surfaces. The sizes of the obtained ornamental image you can use it both as works of monumental painting, and as a small inserts in the frame or household items.

Well-known classical methods of obtaining decorative images for decoration or household items. They are all based on the creation to be translated decorative image and install it on a temporary substrate. As such temporary substrates can be used on paper (see utility model RF # 65279, cellulose or non-woven fabric, see the application for invention No. 99122675/12 from 27.03.1998, the polymer film (see USSR author's certificate No. 692745, 1977). To create the image on the temporary carrier also use different techniques and materials. So in the author's certificate of the USSR No. 692745 for this polymer film is applied hydrophobic composition and in a certain sequence hydrophilic paint. The resulting image is closed with a protective film. In the application for invention No. 4835417 used the technique of drawing on padlock the adhesive layer of starch. The same principle is used in the author's certificate of the USSR No. 1285098. The disadvantage of all known technical solutions is that they do not allow you to create an inexpensive and simple technology for conversion of images with which to shape not only the small decorative elements, but also to create a mural on the topic of large, unlimited sizes.

Closest to the claimed invention as part of option 1, and option 2 is the way to create an artistic image type frescoes and an image obtained by this method described in the patent of Russian Federation №2329901 priority from 28.06.2007. According to this patent to obtain a transferable image as the basis murals use non-woven material, such as fleece. On interlining put glue is water-based. On the wet layer of glue is applied decorative plaster thickness up to 1 mm In the process of drying plaster cracked and firmly attached to the fabric. After complete drying of the surface of the obtained cloth carefully polished, then put a layer of soil. After drying of the soil carry out the application of the actual image watercolors. Water paint is applied by means of a plotter. Print produce water-based paints for interior print. The printed the TES picture varnish. Once dry, paint on the image applied decorative structural tile paint. Not allowing to dry, the excess structural mosaic of paint with a cloth and water wash. However, this method of creating a volume of transferable image is extremely cumbersome and does not allow you to create a bas-relief, and requires more time and maintenance cost.

The technical result as option 1 and option 2 of the claimed invention is to provide a simple, easy method capable of forming a decorative transferable image, including volume, as well as objects of monumental painting on any surface.

This technical result, option 1 is achieved by the fact that in the known method of forming decorative transferable image, including preliminary consecutive application after drying on a temporary substrate, multiple layers of chemical compounds with the possibility of their detach from the substrate, the coating formed on top of the layers of the decorative image and the cover image varnish, as the substrate used interlining, the first layer 2 to which is applied a solution of the sodium salt of stearic acid /C17H35COONa/ based 50-80 g per 1 sq. m, 50-70 minutes put two coats of acrylic varnish on water is an integral part of the basis of calculation of 50-60 g per 1 square m, and the second lacquer layer is applied after the first coat has dried, the second layer of the dried acrylic lacquer is applied by printing method at a temperature 59-60 degrees decorative image, which is covered with a protective varnish

Preferably, as a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid to use a solution of cosmetic soap "Children".

Preferably the application of a decorative image printed on a layer of acrylic lacquer to be implemented through plotter printing at a temperature of 590-600°C

The method according to option 1 is as follows

1. On a temporary substrate, such as fleece, with the possibility of their separation from the substrate is applied consistently 2 a layer of a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid (C17H35COONa) based 50-80 g per 1 sq. M. With this 2 layer is applied after drying of the first layer. Drying should be at room temperature (18 to 24 degrees)

The first layer dries in 12 hours and apply a second layer, the total drying time 24 hours

2. Then put the first layer of acrylic lacquer water-based based 50-60 g per 1 sq. M. For this purpose you can use acrylic varnish, water-based for internal and external works (acrylic is also environmentally friendly and safe), such as Eurolac 20 Matt. Principal is but no matter what kind of varnish to use. Put a layer of varnish with a height of about 0.01 mm (flow rate of 50-60 grams per square meter)

3. 50-70 minutes after the first coat has dried, put the second coat of varnish is also a height of about 0.01 mm and allowed to dry completely for 24 hours (at room temperature).

4. Next, on the layer of the dried acrylic lacquer is applied by printing method at a temperature 59-60 degrees decorative image. The image is printed using a plotter connected to the computer, a database which stores collected by the company's designers digitized image is printed. The digitized image is entered into the computer from any digital media (digital camera, CD-ROM, scanner and other digital media.) Print produce water-based paints for interior printing.

5. The obtained decorative art image stored 12 months, observing the conditions of storage. Translated decorative image stored in tubes in a twisted form. It should not be stored in damp environment without packaging, preferably before installation package is not broken.

To translate the image on any surface, including chipboard furniture, doors, kitchen facades, ceramic tiles, glass, mirrors, and various decorative finishes: Venetian plaster, Moroccan, flock coating, many on the other decorative surfaces. For mounting the image, you need varnish or glue on acrylic basis (depending on surface) to cover the surface where you will mount the image. On the image itself, also put glue or varnish. Then put the image face down on the designated surface. On the back of the fabric moisten the surface with a wet roller. Then grind in a stiff brush printed image to the surface. After 24 hours, remove the fleece. Ink remains on the surface where it stuck. Wash the separating layer from the surface. The installation image is completed.

After complete drying of the image can be cleaned with standard cleaning agents, coating tinting substances. The image is not afraid to temperature extremes, hot and cold water. To damage him, you can only mechanically. After installation of the decorative coating decorative picture looks like a copy of the classic murals and closest to the ancient fresco, because on the surface there is only a layer of varnish and water-based paint. After installation on other surfaces decorative picture looks like a painting on wood covered with lacquer, painting on glass, etc.

The developed method allows you to mount the image on the texture of both flat and deep relief depth of the relief which may reach 1-1 .5 cm. Decorative plaster can be done bas-relief image (which is not possible by any other method of transfer of image to different surface). The translated image is a flexible fabric, it can easily be applied to the relief of modular surfaces, such as stucco.

Example No. 1, the method 1 option.

The above method on the fleece size 106×300 cm applied 2 coats of a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid (C17H35COONa) based 50-80 g per 1 sq. M. of the Dryer 1 and layer 2 was carried out at a temperature of 22-23°C for 24 hours. Then applied the first coat of acrylic lacquer water-based based 50-60 g per 1 sq. M.

After 60 minutes after drying of this layer 2 layer. This was used acrylic varnish, water-based for internal and external works, Eurolac 20 semi-gloss height too 0.01 mm, and left to dry for 24 hours (at room temperature).

Next, on the layer of the dried acrylic lacquer applied by printing method at a temperature 59-60 degrees decorative image. For mounting the image with glue on acrylic base covered wall with decorative embossed coated with a deep texture. (depth is 8 mm). The face image is applied on the given surface. On the rear side of the fleece soaked in the wet roller and the image peterto a stiff brush to the surface of the decorative coating. After 24 hours, the fleece is removed. Ink remained on the surface where it stuck. The separating layer is washed away from the surface. Installation of murals completed. The resulting image has a large size 106×300 see It is located on the wall with decorative embossed coated with a deep texture. The image is strong enough, not washed off with detergent.

Example No. 2 the implementation of the method according to option 1.

Two canvas fabric size 106×360 cm and 106×360 cm applied 2 coats of a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid (C17H35COONa) based 50-80 g per 1 sq. M. of the Dryer 1 and layer 2 was carried out at a temperature of 22-23°C for 24 hours. Then applied the first coat of acrylic lacquer water-based based 50-60 g per 1 sq.m. After drying of this layer 2 layer. This was used acrylic varnish, water-based for internal and external works. The layer of varnish applied with a height of about 0.01 mm (flow rate of 50-60 grams per square meter), one hour after drying of the applied second coat of varnish too 0.01 mm, and leave to dry for 24 hours. (at room temperature). Next, on the layer of the dried acrylic lacquer applied by printing method at a temperature 59-60 degrees decorative image. For mounting the image with glue on acrylic base coated surface of the ceramic tiles of size 212×360, see Fig is laid on the face attached to the given surface two parallel spaced strips (because the image file was cut lengthwise into two parts according to the size of the non-woven media. On the rear side of the fleece soaked wet roller and the image peterto a stiff brush to the surface. After 24 hours, the fleece is removed. The seams in the image are not visible because they are microscopic (other ways to achieve virtually no seams impossible). Ink remained on the surface where it stuck. The separating layer is washed away from the surface. Installation of murals completed. The resulting image has a large size 212×360 see It is located on the ceramic tile. The image is strong enough, not washed off detergents. Can be in a room where temperature and high humidity.

The technical result for option 2 is achieved by the fact that in the known method of forming decorative transferable image, including preliminary consecutive application after drying on a temporary substrate with the possibility of detaching from her layer chemical compounds, which attached to the substrate layer of plaster coating over the formed layers of the decorative image and the cover image varnish, while the substrate using the fleece, which cause 2 a layer of a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid /C17H35COONa/ based 50-80 g per 1 sq. m, then from acrylic lacquer and plaster prepare a mixture, to which that layer with a thickness of 1-2 mm is applied over the dried layer of the sodium salt of stearic acid /C 17H35COONa, dry, plaster covered with a layer of acrylic lacquer, after drying on which it is applied by printing method at a temperature 59-60 degrees decorative image, which is covered with a protective varnish.

Preferably, as a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid to use a solution of cosmetic soap "Children".

Preferably the application of a decorative image printed on a layer of acrylic lacquer to be implemented through plotter printing at a temperature of 590-600°C

The method according to option 2 is as follows

1. On a temporary substrate, such as fleece, with the possibility of their separation from the substrate is applied consistently 2 a layer of a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid (C17H35COONa) based 50-80 g per 1 sq. M. With this 2 layer is applied after drying of the first layer. Drying should be at room temperature (18 to 24 degrees). The first layer dries in 12 hours and apply a second layer, the total drying time 24 hours

2. Then put a layer of plaster mixed with acrylic paint is water-based, of a thickness of 1-2 mm For this you can use acrylic varnish, water-based for internal and external works (acrylic is also environmentally friendly and safe), such as Eurolac 20 Matt. Prince the PIAL no matter what kind of varnish to use. Put a layer of varnish with a height of about 0.01 mm (flow rate of 50-60 grams per square meter). As plasters, you can use decorative plaster sand base. Mix plaster with acrylic lacquer is prepared based on 25 kg of plaster 9 liters acrylic varnish by mixing.

3. The formed layer of plaster with acrylic varnish dried at room temperature.

4. Then plaster cover acrylic lacquer also allow to dry out.

5. Next to these sections are printed at a temperature 59-60 degrees decorative image. The image is printed using a plotter connected to the computer, a database which stores collected by the company's designers digitized image is printed. The digitized image is entered into the computer from any digital media (digital camera, CD-ROM, scanner and other digital media). Print produce water-based paints for interior printing.

6. The obtained decorative art image stored 12 months, observing the conditions of storage. Translated decorative image stored in tubes in a twisted form.

It should not be stored in damp environment without packaging, preferably before installation package is not broken.

Example No. 3 the implementation of the method according to option 2

On the canvas interlining is 100×160 cm applied consistently 2 a layer of a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid (C 17H35COONa) based 50-80 g per 1 sq. M. With this 2 layer applied after drying of the first layer. Drying is carried out at room temperature (18-20 degrees). The first layer has dried for 12 hours, the 2nd layer is dried after 12 hours, the total drying time 24 hours

Then 2 a dried layer of a layer of plaster mixed with acrylic paint is water-based, of a thickness of 1-2 mm was used acrylic varnish, water based, for internal and external works (acrylic is also environmentally friendly and safe), EUROLAB 20 semimatte based 50-60 grams per square meter). As the plaster was used Odyssey 300" manufacturer of Balers. Mix plaster with acrylic lacquer was prepared based on 25 kg of plaster spent 9 liters of acrylic lacquer for internal and external works, Eurolac 20 semimatte, by mixing.

The formed layer of plaster with acrylic varnish was dried at room temperature for 24 hours at room temperature 18-21 degrees Celsius.

Then plaster coated with acrylic lacquer and allowed to dry.

Next to these layers caused by typographical method at a temperature 59-60 degrees decorative image with a balcony overlooking the arch and landscape in the background. Image printed using a plotter connected to the computer is, a database which stores collected by the company's designers digitized image is printed. A digitized image is entered into the computer in digital media. Print produced water-based paints for interior printing.

The obtained decorative art image was stored for 2 months at a temperature of 18-24 degrees, in a dry and ventilated place, in the tubes in a twisted form. Prior to installation of the package has not been violated.

For mounting the image back frescoes, namely the fleece was soaked in warm water using a roller. The fleece removed, was washed away after separating layer. The wall surface is covered with a layer of plaster. Mounted fresco, and while the plaster is wet, forming a relief image, repeating the pattern shown using digital print on canvas murals. In this image we form the bas-relief on the contour of the brickwork with a diameter of 3-4 cm, executed bas-relief on the folds of curtains, 2 cm in diameter, repeating and drawing all the bend lines, and allocated the balustrade on the arch to 5, see About those places where we will be bas-relief imposed plaster more than everywhere for about 8-10 layers. Apply a fresco on plaster, a little pressing roller or a rubber spatula, spread a layer of plaster in those places, to the x generated bas-relief. While the plaster dries, you can more accurately draw and detail the fragments of bas-relief. The finished image looks like this. Balcony arch allocated space, the building blocks drawn and looks like a real brick wall. Curtains also highlighted the bas-relief and all the folds are allocated to 2 cm convex. At the bottom of the image with a diameter of 5 cm stand out balustrade. In General, the finished image looks like a bas-relief, painted. However, the technology of its production in comparison with bas-relief is much easier to form it can any person even without artistic skills.

1. Method of forming decorative transferable image, including preliminary consecutive application after drying on a temporary substrate, multiple layers of chemical compounds with the possibility of their detach from the substrate, the coating formed on top of the layers of the decorative image and the cover image varnish, characterized in that the substrate used interlining, the first layer 2 to which is applied a solution of the sodium salt of stearic acid (C17H35COONa) based 50-80 g per 1 m2through 50-70 min put two coats of acrylic varnish on water-basis of calculation 50-60 g per 1 m2with the second coat of varnish is applied after the high energy of the Chania first, the second layer of the dried acrylic lacquer is applied by printing method at a temperature of 59-60°With decorative picture, which is covered with a protective varnish.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that as a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid using a solution of cosmetic soap "Children".

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that as acrylic lacquer used construction acrylic lacquer for internal and external works.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that applying a decorative image printed on a layer of acrylic lacquer carried out by printing Plotter inks applicable for interior printing.

5. Method of forming decorative transferable image, including preliminary consecutive application after drying on a temporary substrate with the possibility of detaching from her layer chemical compounds, which attached to the substrate layer of plaster coating over the formed layers of the decorative image and the cover image varnish, characterized in that the substrate using the fleece, which cause 2 a layer of a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid (C17H35COONa) based 50-80 g per 1 m2and then acrylic lacquer and plaster prepare a mixture, which layer thickness is Noah 1-2 mm is applied over the dried layer of the sodium salt of stearic acid (C 17H35COONa), dried, the plaster is covered with a layer of acrylic lacquer, after drying on which it is applied by printing method at a temperature of 59-60°With decorative picture, which is covered with a protective varnish.

6. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that as a solution of sodium salt of stearic acid using a solution of cosmetic soap "Children".

7. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that as acrylic lacquer used construction acrylic lacquer for internal and external works.

8. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that applying a decorative image printed on a layer of acrylic lacquer carried out by printing Plotter inks applicable for interior print.



 

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