Superhard aluminium-based alloy
SUBSTANCE: there proposed is aluminium-based alloy intended for manufacture of deformed semi-finished products in the form of sheets, formings, rods, tubes or in any other form to be used in gas centrifuges, low pressure compressors, vacuum molecular pumps and in other heavily loaded items operating at moderately increased temperatures. Alloy contains the following components, wt %: zinc 6.6-7.4, magnesium 3.2-4.0, copper 0.8-1.4, scandium 0.12-0.30, zirconium 0.06-0.20, titanium 0.01-0.07, molybdenum 0.01-0.07, nickel 0.35-0.65, iron 0.35-0.65, silcone 0.10-0.30, and aluminium is the rest.
EFFECT: improving strength properties of alloy at room temperature.
3 tbl, 1 ex
The present invention relates to the field of metallurgy of light alloys, in particular alloys based on aluminium, designed for the manufacture of the deformed semi-finished products in the form of sheets, forgings, bars, tubes or other form for use in gas centrifuges, compressors, low pressure, molecular vacuum pumps and other heavily loaded devices that operate at moderately elevated temperatures.
Famous-based alloy system Al-Zn-Mg-Cu brand B95, widely used in the form of deformed semi-finished products in heavily loaded product and having the following chemical composition, wt.%:
Aluminum - rest
(Structure and properties of semi-finished products from aluminum alloys. The Handbook. Responsible editors Vielen, Vagliano, Moscow, metallurgy, 1984).
Alloy B95 has a good combination of service and technological characteristics, but the strength characteristics of this alloy is not high enough, both at room and at elevated temperatures.
Known aluminum alloy brand VPC the following chemical composition, wt.%:
Zirconium is 0.1-0.2
Aluminum - rest
(Wrought aluminium alloys high pure is s. Of the brand. OST 1 90026-80).
In General, the alloy VCP has sufficient strength at room temperature. However, the heat resistance of the alloy is low and when the temperature strength properties decrease very rapidly. Long-term durability of alloy and creep resistance at elevated temperatures low. Additionally, the semi-finished products of this alloy is obtained with a high degree of plastic deformation, such as sheets, have low strength properties. The alloy has an increased specific gravity.
Features alloy based on aluminum the following chemical composition, wt.%:
Zinc compared to 6.6-7.4
The proposed alloy is different from the alloy of the prototype in that it further comprises scandium, titanium, molybdenum, Nickel, iron and silicon, in the following ratio, wt.%:
Zinc compared to 6.6-7.4
The technical result is an increase in strength properties at room temperature, particularly semi-finished products obtained with a high degree of deformation, such as, for example, whether what you rolled pipe, as well as increased heat resistance, i.e. the reduction in the rate of softening with increasing test temperature. The alloy is characterized by high values of long-term strength at moderately elevated temperatures.
We offer alloy allows you to get any kind of deformed semi-finished products (forged, rolled, extruded) with a stable precrystallization structure due to the presence of secondary particles dispersed phase Al3(Sc, Zr, Ti, Mo), inhibiting the recrystallization. The presence in the structure of the alloy particle phase Al9Fe, Ni and particle phases of Mg2Si eutectic origin lead to the achievement of high strength properties in all kinds of semi-finished products at room and elevated temperatures. The alloy has high values of long-term strength at moderately elevated temperatures. The specific weight of the alloy is less than the specific gravity of the prototype.
Example. The continuous casting method were obtained ingots with a diameter of 95 mm two alloys: a well-known alloy of medium composition and the proposed medium alloy chemical composition. The chemical composition of the alloys shown in table 1.
|Alloy||Zn||Mgtd align="center"> Cu||Sc||Zr||Ti||Mo||Ni||Fe||Si|
The ingots are homogenized in a stepwise mode, cut into billets and extruded to a rod with a diameter of 50 mm, from which a draft was doing forgings and extruded strip of a cross section of 6×60 mm, which was rolled to a sheet thickness of 1 mm Obtained semi-finished products (molded strip, hot-rolled sheet and forgings) was tempered in cold water and artificially aged very early because.
Conducted the following tests of the obtained semi-finished products: test narastanie with the definition of σ in, σ02, δ at room and elevated temperatures, definition of long-term (Stojanovi) strength at 75, 100 and 125°C. For the understanding of the obtained results was performed structural studies.
Table 2 presents the results of tensile tests at room temperature and the calculated density.
|Property unit||Type of semi-finished||Known alloy||We offer alloy||Quota benefits, %|
|Density, g/cm3||All kinds||2,90||2,82||3|
|Tensile strength, MPa||Molded strip||650||680||4,6|
|Yield strength, MPa||Molded strip||610||670||13|
|Impact strength, kgf/cm2||Molded strip||0,4||0,9||125|
The proposed alloy is lighter and stronger than known, has a significantly higher resistance to shock curve.
With increasing test temperature advantages of the proposed alloy increases (table 3).
|Properties of extruded strips offered and known alloy at a temperature of 150°C|
|Alloy||σin, MPa||σ02, MPa||δ, %|
The base alloy of aluminum containing zinc, magnesium, copper, zirconium, is great for the present, however,
he further comprises scandium, titanium, molybdenum, Nickel, iron and silicon in the following ratio, wt.%:
|Zinc||compared to 6.6-7.4|
SUBSTANCE: aluminium-based cast alloy has the following chemical composition, in wt %: Cu 3.5-6.0, Mg 0.2-0.9, Ti 0.1-0.4, Zr 0.1-0.5, Mn 0.2-1.2, Zn 0.5-2.5, Sc 0.15-0.5, Al making the rest.
EFFECT: reduced metal consumption, higher reliability in operation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to alloy of AA7000 series and to the manufacturing method of products from this aluminium alloy, and namely to aluminium deformed products of relatively large thickness, namely of 30 to 300 mm. Method involves casting of workpiece - ingot of aluminium alloy of AA7000 series, which contains >0.12 to 0.35% Si, pre-heating and/or homogenisation of workpiece, hot deformation treatment of workpiece using one or more methods chosen from the group, which involves rolling, extrusion and forging, optionally cold deformation treatment, solution treatment, workpiece solution treatment cooling, optional tension or compression or other cold deformation treatment for release of stresses, which is performed by straightening or drawing or by cold rolling, ageing of workpiece in order to achieve the required state. At least one heat treatment is performed at temperature in the range of more than 500°C, but lower than solidus temperature of the considered aluminium alloy. The above heat treatment is performed either: (i) after heat treatment by homogenisation prior to hot deformation treatment, or (ii) after solution treatment, or (iii) both after heat treatment by homogenisation prior to hot deformation treatment, and after solution treatment.
EFFECT: obtaining the product from deformed aluminium alloy, which has improved balance of properties, and namely destruction viscosity, tensile yield point, tensile ultimate strength and relative elongation.
30 cl, 8 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions can be used at manufacture of semi-finished products in the form of forgings, formings, pressed rods and channels, rolled plates and sheets from high-strength alloys of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu system, which are intended to be used in power structures of aerospace equipment and transport means, on which stringent strength, crack resistance, fatigue life, corrosion resistance requirements are imposed. In order to solve the set task, high-strength alloy on the basis of aluminium, which contains the following, wt %, is proposed: Zn 6.2-8.0, Mg 1.5-2.5, Cu 0.8-1.2, Zr 0.05-0.15, Fe 0.03-0.15, Ti 0.01-0.06, at least one element of the group of metals: Ag 0.01-0.5, Sc 0.01-0.35, Ca 0.0001-0.01, Al and inevitable impurities are the rest. In particular version of alloy the inevitable impurities include not more than 0.05 of Si, Mn, Cr, Ni and not more than 0.01 of Na, H2, O2, B, P. Method for obtaining an item from this alloy involves ingot casting, its homogenisation, hot deformation and strengthening heat treatment of the item, which includes hardening and staged ageing; at that, during the ingot casting there performed is melt purification by blowing with argon or mixture of argon with chlorine and out-of-furnace purification using rotor and/or filtering devices, and homogenisation is performed as per one-stage mode at temperature which is by 55-130°C lower than unbalanced solidus (tu.s.) temperature of this alloy with exposure during 8-36 h or as per two-stage mode at temperature at the first stage at the temperature which is by 175-280°C lower than tu.s. temperature, and at the second stage at the temperature which is by 75-125°C lower than tu.s., with exposure at each stage to 24-36 h; hot deformation is performed at temperature of 300-420°C, hardening is performed at temperature which is by 50-120°C lower than tu.s. during the time determined with the item thickness, with further cooling to temperature of not more than 80°C.
EFFECT: improving the set of mechanical and corrosive characteristics, and characteristics of crack resistance, life time and manufacturability.
10 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to alloys on base of aluminium, particularly to Al-Zn-Cu-Mg alloys on base of aluminium, and also to procedure of fabrication of rolled or forged deformed product of it and to rolled or forged deformed product proper. The procedure consists in following stages: a) casting an ingot, containing wt % Zn 6.6-7.0, Mg 1.68-1.8, Cu 1.7-2.0, Fe 0-0.13, Si 0-0.10, Ti 0-0.06, Zr 0.06-0.13, Cr 0-0.04, Mn 0-0.04, additives and other side elements ≤0.05 each, b) homogenising of the said ingot at 860-930°F or, preferably, at 875-905°F, c) hot deformation treatment of the said ingot with temperature at input 640-825°F, but preferably - 650-805°F by rolling or forging to a plate with finish thickness from 2 to 10 inches, d) thermal treatment for solid solution and quenching the said plate, e) drawing the said plate with residual deformation from 1 to 4 %, f) ageing the said plate by heating at 230-250°F during from 5 to 12 hours and 300-360°F during from 5 to 30 hours during equivalent time t(eq) between 31 and 56 hours. Equivalent time t(eq) is determined from formula:
where T corresponds to instant temperature in K during annealing, while Tcontr corresponds to control temperature equal to 302°F (423K), and t(eq) is expressed in hours.
EFFECT: production of deformed product possessing improved combination of mechanical strength for corresponding level of crack resistance and resistance to corrosion cracking under load.
8 cl, 2 dwg, 10 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: alloy on base of aluminium contains following components wt %: zinc 5-8, magnesium 2-3.1, nickel 1-4.2, iron 0.02-1, zirconium 0.02-0.25 %, copper 0.05-0.3 %. Also, temperature of equilibrium solidus of material is as high as 550°C and hardness is as high as 180 HV. Alloy has a structure corresponding to matrix formed with solid solution of aluminium with uniformly distributed disperse particles of secondary discharges in it and particles of aluminides containing nickel and iron of eutectic origin uniformly distributed in matrix. Also, alloy contains matrix and aluminides at the following ratio, vol % aluminides containing nickel and iron 5.0-6.3, matrix - the rest.
EFFECT: production of new high-strength alloy thermally hardenable and designed both for fabrication of shaped casting and of deformed semi-products.
4 cl, 5 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: product consists of following components, wt %: Zn 9.0-14.0, Mg 1.0-5.0, Cu 0.03-0.25, Fe <0.30, Si <0.25, Zr from 0.04 to less, than 0.3 and one or more elements chosen from group consisting of: Ti <0.30, Hf <0.30, Mn <0.80, Cr <0.40, V <0.40 and Sc <0.70, random elements and impurities, each <0.05, totally <0.15, and aluminium - the rest. The procedure for fabrication of product out of aluminium alloy consists in casting an ingot, in homogenisation and/or in preliminary heating the ingot upon casting, in hot treatment of the ingot into preliminary finished product with one or more methods, chosen from the group including rolling, extrusion and forging. Not necessarily, the preliminary treated product can be heated or hot treated and/or cold treated to a required shape of a blank; further formed blank is subjected to heat treatment to solid solution, to hardening blank heat treated to solid solution; not necessarily, hardened blank can be stretched or compressed, or cold treated by other way to stress relief, for example, by levelling sheet products or artificial ageing, till obtaining a required condition.
EFFECT: product with reduced tendency to forming hot cracks and with improved characteristics of strength, fracture toughness and hardness over 180 HB at artificially aged state.
32 cl, 6 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to deformed alloys of aluminium-zinc-magnesium-scandium system and to procedure for their production. Aluminium alloy contains from 0.5 to 10 wt % Zn, from 0.1 to 10 wt % Mg, from 0.01 to 2 wt % Sc, at least 0.01 wt % at least one alloying additive chosen from Ag at amount of up to 1 wt % and Sn at amount of up to 0.5 wt %, aluminium and unavoidable additives - the rest. The procedure consists in production of the said aluminium alloy, in homogenisation, in extrusion, in treatment for solid solution, in quenching, in straightening with drawing and in ageing.
EFFECT: alloys possess good qualities such as relatively high strength and excellent corrosion resistance.
33 cl, 3 dwg, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves ingot casting with the following composition, wt %: Zn 6.0 - 11.0, Cu 1.4 - 2.2, Mg 1.4 - 2.4, Zr 0.05 - 0.15, Ti <0.05, Hf and/or V <0.25, optionally Sc and/or Ce 0.05 - 0.25%, optionally Mn 0.05 0.12%, and inevitable impurities and aluminium is the rest, homogenisation and/or pre-heating of ingot after casting, hot deformation processing of ingot so that pre-processed product is obtained, heating of pre-processed product and either hot rolling of heated product to final thickness, or hot rolling and cold rolling of heated product to final thickness, heat treatment for solid solution and hardening of heat-treated product for solid solution, optional tension or compression of hardened product and optional ageing of hardened and optionally tensed or compressed product to the desired state; at that, rolled product at its final state has in fact fully non-recrystallised microstructure at least in position T/10.
EFFECT: product has increased yield point at compression and high specific energy of crack propagation, and improved viscosity and corrosion resistance properties.
21 cl, 6 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: aluminium-based alloy contains the following, wt %: zinc 0.5-0.7; titanium 0.1-0.13; silver 1.1-1.3; nickel 0.25-0.5; copper 0.15-0.25; cobalt 0.7-0.9; aluminium - the rest.
EFFECT: alloy is characterised with increased strength.
1 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to metallurgy of protecting alloys on base of aluminium and can be implemented at production of protectors for aluminium heat exchangers on airplanes, sea and river vessels, domestic heaters and also fuselages of hydroplanes and vessels out of aluminium alloys for protection from corrosion. Protecting deformed alloy on aluminium base contains following components, wt %: zinc 1.8-3.0, magnesium 0.4-0.8, silicon 0.3-0.6, tin 0.03-0.07, indium 0.06-0.07, aluminium - the rest.
EFFECT: production of protecting alloy possessing upgraded mechanical properties which facilitates fabrication of protectors of various shape, small dimensions and big length.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: aluminum based protective alloy comprises, in mass %, 4-5 of zinc, 0.01-0.06 of indium, 0.01-0.1 solder, 0.01-0.1 of zirconium, and aluminum the remainder.
EFFECT: enhanced corrosion protection.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aluminum-base alloys used for making deformed semifinished products used in industry and building. Proposed alloy comprises the following components, wt.-%: zinc, 4.5-5.6; magnesium, 1.6-2.1; manganese, 0.2-0.8; scandium, 0.03-0.09; zirconium, 0.05-0.12; copper, 0.1-0.3; titanium, 0.01-0.07; molybdenum, 0.01-0.07; cerium, 0.001-0.01, and aluminum, the balance, wherein the ratio content of zinc to magnesium = 2.6-2.9. Invention provides the development of alloy providing enhancing corrosion resistance of articles.
EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of alloy.
2 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: metallurgy of aluminum alloys; manufacture of wrought semi-finished products for transport engineering and other industries.
SUBSTANCE: proposed alloy includes the following components, mass-%: zinc, 3.6-4.1; magnesium, 0.6-1.1; manganese, 0.2-0.5; zirconium, 0.05-0.12; chromium, 0.05-0.15; copper, 0.1-0.2; titanium, 0.01-0.06; molybdenum, 0.01-0.06; the remainder being aluminum.
EFFECT: enhanced corrosion resistance and technological ductility of semi-finished items at plastic metal working.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aluminum-base material. Proposed material comprises the following components, wt.-%: zinc, 6-8; magnesium, 2.5-3.5; nickel, 0.6-1.4; iron, 0.4-1.0; silicon, 0.02-0.2; zirconium, 0.1-0.3; scandium, 0.05-0.2, and aluminum, the balance wherein the temperature of equilibrium solidus of material is 540°C, not less, the hardness value of material is 200 HV, not less. Invention provides the development of the novel high-strength material designated for both producing fashioned ingots and deformed semifinished product possessing high mechanical properties. Invention can be used in making articles working under effect of high loading, such as car articles and sport inventory articles.
EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of material.
4 cl, 2 dwg, 4 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: nonferrous metallurgy.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ultrastrong economically alloyed aluminum-based alloys belonging to system Al-Zn-Mg-Cu. Alloy and article made therefrom are, in particular, composed of, %: zinc 3.5-4.85, copper 0.3-1.0, magnesium 1.2-2.2, manganese 0.15-0.6, chromium 0.01-0.3, iron 0.01-0.15, silicon 0.01-0.12, scandium 0.05-0.4, at least one element from group: zirconium 0.05-0.15, cerium 0.005-0.25, and aluminum - the rest.
EFFECT: increased characteristics of corrosion resistance, bondability with all welding techniques, and lowered fatigue crack growth rate.
2 cl, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention proposes alloy containing the following components, wt.-%: zinc, 5.4-6.2; magnesium, 2.51-3.0; manganese, 0.1-0.3; chrome, 0.12-0.25; titanium, 0.03-0.10; zirconium, 0.07-0.12; beryllium, 0.0002-0.005; sodium, 0.0001-0.0008; copper, 0.2, not above; iron, 0.3, not above; silicon, 0.2, not above, and aluminum, the balance. Alloy provides enhancing uniformity of armor structure and its welded seams, stable armor resistance of extended armor welded seams independently on disposition of units to bed welded, elimination of splits from armor rear site in case its resistance to a missile impact, elimination possibility for reducing tenacity of armor during its exploitation including using under conditions of combination with dynamic protection of armored-body and armor-carrying mechanized objects. Invention can be used in producing armor for individual protection and for protection of mechanized armor-carrying objects against effecting agents.
EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of alloy.
SUBSTANCE: invention proposes alloy comprising the following components, wt.-%: zinc, 4.7-5.3; magnesium, 2.1-2.6; chrome, 0.12-0.25; titanium, 0.03-0.10; zirconium, 0.07-0.12; beryllium, 0.0002-0.005; iron, 0.05-0.35; silicon, 0.05-0.25; boron, 0.0003-0.003; sodium, 0.0001-0.0008; copper, 0.2, not above, and aluminum, the balance. Proposed alloy provides enhancing the armor structure uniformity and its welded joints, to provide stable armor resistance of extended welded joints of armor and independently of location of units to be welded, to exclude splitting off from rear side of armor in case armor not piercing by a missile, to exclude possibility for decreasing tenacity of armor in exploitation including using under conditions of combination with external dynamic protection of armored-carcass and armored-carrying mechanized objects. Invention can be used in producing armor for armored-carrying equipment for protection against effect of affection agents.
EFFECT: improved and valuable technical properties of alloy.
SUBSTANCE: invention proposes alloy comprising the following components, wt.-%: zinc, 4.7-5.3; magnesium, 2.1-2.6; manganese, 0.05-0.15; chrome, 0.12-0.25; titanium, 0.03-0.10; zirconium, 0.07-0.12; beryllium, 0.0002-0.005; iron, 0.05-0.35; silicon, 0.05-0.25; sodium, 0.0001-0.0008; copper, 0.2, not above, and aluminum, the balance. Proposed alloy provides enhancing armor structure uniformity and its welded joins, to provides stable armor resistance of armor welded joints being independently on location of units to be welded, to exclude splitting off from rear side of armor in case armor not piercing by missile, to provide high tenacity of armor including its using under conditions of combination with external dynamic protection of armored-carcass and armor-carrying mechanized objects. Invention can be used in producing armor for armor-carrying equipment for its protection against protection of affecting agents.
EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of alloy.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with obtaining aluminum-based alloys necessary for manufacturing stampings, particularly those of automobile wheels disks. The alloy in question has got the following composition, weight%: copper 0.8-2.2; magnesium 1.2-2.6; manganese 0.2-0.6; iron ≤0.25; silicon ≤0.20; zinc 5.0-6.8; titanium ≤0.1; chromium 0.08-0.17; zirconium 0.01÷0.12; boron 0.0008-0.005; antimony 2.5-3.5; indium 2.5-3.5; boron 0.4-0.5; hydrogen (0.3-4.1)10-5, aluminum - the rest. The alloy in question is of optimal combination of strength and plasticity that guarantee the required level of performance characteristics of automobile wheels disks, the decrease of their weight in combination with high technological effectiveness at volumetric stamping, especially complex-shaped articles.
EFFECT: higher strength and plasticity of the alloy.
2 cl, 1 ex, 3 tbl
FIELD: metallurgy, alloys.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions of deformable aluminum-base alloys. Proposed alloy comprises the following components, wt.-%: zinc, 5.0-7.0; magnesium, 0.4-0.8; copper, 0.8-1.2; manganese, 0.8-1.2; zirconium, 0.2-0.3; titanium, 0.2-0.3; niobium, 0.2-0.3; nickel, 3.0-5.0; boron, 0.02-0.03, and aluminum, the balance. Proposed alloy possesses the enhanced strength. Proposed alloys can be used in aircraft construction and automobile construction.
EFFECT: improved and valuable property of alloy.