Brewing device to prepare beverages from disposable capsules with capsule alignment device

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brewing device to prepare beverages or other food products from capsules, in particular, from disposable capsules. The brewing device comprises a brewing chamber with the first part and the second part capable of displacement relative to each other, besides, there is a seat for capsules in one of the parts. In this seat there is at least one perforator for capsule perforation. The first channel supplies a brewing fluid medium into the chamber, and the second channel provides for food product release from the brewing chamber. In the seat there is an alignment element for capsules, which may elastically move in axial direction and is equipped with a guiding and aligning surface for capsules facing the second of the brewing chamber parts. Besides, the aligning element is elastically loaded so that it partially protrudes from the seat while the brewing chamber is open, and may move inside the seat as the brewing chamber closes, besides, when the brewing chamber is closed with a capsule arranged inside, the aligning element is fully inserted inside the seat.

EFFECT: development of a new brewing device with a brewing chamber formed by two parts that may move relative to each other and a system that makes it possible to improve coaxiality of a capsule relative to a perforator or perforators and makes it possible to easier remove the capsule after brewing.

47 cl, 9 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The invention relates to savariaud device for preparing beverages or other food products from the capsules, in particular from disposable capsules.

More specifically, the invention relates to savariaud device for preparing coffee or other hot beverages by extraction or dissolution of the substances contained in disposable capsules.

The level of technology

For making hot drinks and other food products are often used machines that use disposable containers or capsules, inside of which contains a substance that dissolves in water or from which to retrieve the aromas seeping through hot water. Machines of this type are usually used for making coffee.

In the present description and attached claims under the capsule is understood as any type of package-Sasha, container, pod or the like, usually in a disposable form or in the form of a single dose suitable for use in this type of machine. The capsule can be sealed, to be marked by an appropriate punch, or may also be permeable, i.e. permeable wall that does not require punching. Also, this term covers sachets, projectors, is prepared, for example, non-woven or other permeable material, also known in the art as pods.

One of the problems encountered in the manufacture of devices for extracting beverages or other food products from disposable capsules, is the need to position the capsule between the two parts saarialho block, which must be closed in order to hold the capsule with each other, creating savariaud chamber through which is forced to flow hot water, and from which issued this food product.

In document EP 1444932 AS described savariaud device for making hot drinks from the coffee pods or capsules, provided sabarimala chamber formed in two parts, able to perform in relation to each other translational movement. Between these two parts sabarimala camera is an item for temporary retention of the capsules that are inserted between the open parts sabarimala camera through movement, essentially orthogonal to the axis sabarimala camera. This device is very complicated and therefore expensive.

In document EP 1495702 AND described similar savariaud device sabarimala camera of two parts that can move relative to each other in almost a horizontal direction is, parallel to the axis sabarimala camera. Between these two parts sabarimala camera in their open position, is inserted into the capsule, which falls under the force of gravity and then held in a temporary position. Moving forming savariaud chamber sections towards each other brings the capsule in the chamber in a position for making and closing the camera. Moving, closing the two parts sabarimala camera, also causes the capsule to be appropriate for subsequent uploading after bottling the drink.

In the document US 5755149 As described savariaud device with two parts defining savariaud camera, one of which is made in one piece with the boiler. Disposable capsule is inserted using the vertical line between the two parts that can move relative to each other in the horizontal direction. The lower supporting means retain the capsule in the correct position, so that part defining savariaud the camera, could be closed.

In document EP 1219217 AS described more savariaud device with a chamber formed of two parts that can move relative to each other along the horizontal axis. Vertical guide allows individual capsules stablelized by gravity into the open space between the two parts sabarimala camera. The capsule is placed in the socket, which occupies an inclined position.

In the document US 5776527 And described other savariaud unit with sabarimala camera of two parts that can move relative to each other in the horizontal direction. When these two parts are moved apart, and between them is placed a disposable capsule and held two guide and support elements as long as these two parts sabarimala camera is closed to supply hot water.

In the document US 6079315 As described savariaud device, in which part sabarimala camera contains supporting element for capsules. The supporting element is resiliently loaded in a partially extended position relative to the socket, a certain part sabarimala camera. To do this, under the supporting element is a compression spring which surrounds the punch. The perforator is located coaxially with the supporting element of the capsule. When the capsule is inserted in the supporting element and saariluoma Luggage closed, supporting the capsule element is pushed toward the socket base sabarimala chamber against the force of the spring action, and the punch passes through the hole in the base of the supporting element for punching capsules. The supporting element has a sloping shoulders to support the CBSA is Lou around the perimeter of its flange. The capsule rests on the supporting element practically only by the flange.

One of the most important aspects when preparing beverages of the disposable capsule is a pressure control sabarimala fluid, usually hot water, inside the capsule. In particular, when preparing espresso is desirable that the hot water pressure inside the capsule was relatively high. Incorrect perforation of the capsule due to, for example, misalignment between the capsule and the punch causes unwanted decrease of fluid pressure in the capsule. Indeed, if the capsule is tilted with respect to the punch, the latter doing the elliptical hole, the area of which exceeds the maximum cross-section punch. The result is a space that allows water to drain and causing a decrease in pressure in the capsule and to drain the fluid, therefore, jeopardize the correct functioning of the machine containing savariaud block. This deficiency can be manifested as punch (punches), which bore holes for the issuance of a beverage from the capsule, and punch (punches), which bore holes for the fluid in the capsule.

The device corresponding to the restrictive part of paragraph 1 of the claims of the local from UR 1163869 A. In this device sabarimala Luggage contains a Cup-shaped element for receiving the capsule having an open bottom. On the Cup-shaped element acts cylindrical spring, and he is able to move in the axial direction with respect to the Jack in sabarimala the camera. When the capsule is placed in the Cup-shaped element for coffee "espresso", saariluoma the camera is closed by moving the bottom portion sabarimala camera towards the top of the piston and meet him. The piston acts on the capsule and the receiving capsule element. Last, overcoming the spring force acts on the perforators located at the base of the nest. In the closed position of the brewing Cup-shaped element is located partially inside and partially outside of the socket and the annular flange of the capsule is clamped between the disk located on the piston, and an annular front edge of the element, receiving the capsule. After completion of the cooking cycle saariluoma the chamber opens and the receiving capsule element rises under the action of the spring. The capsule remains wholly located in the host capsule element, with its annular flange located opposite the annular edge of the receiving capsule element.

A similar design is disclosed in document EP 1559351 A.

Disclosure of izobreteny the

The present invention is to create a new saarialho device with sabarimala chamber, formed by two parts that can move relative to each other, and a system that allows you to improve the alignment of the capsule relative to the punch or punches and makes it easier to remove the capsule after welding.

According to one embodiments of the invention savariaud device for preparing a food product from capsules contains:

savariaud chamber with the first and second parts that can move relative to each other, and in the first part of the formed slot capsules; at least one perforator located in the nest;

the first channel for supplying sabarimala fluid medium into the chamber;

the second channel for the issuance of a food product from sabarimala camera;

centering capsule element located in the slot and capable of elastically move in the axial direction and provided with a guiding and centering surface for capsules.

Preferably the centering element is resiliently loaded so as to partially protrude from the slot at an open saariluoma the camera. Closing sabarimala of the camera causes the retraction of the centering element into the slot, so that when saariluoma the camera is closed from inside her cap is Ulai, the centering element is fully inserted into the socket and laid back from the edge.

The centering and guiding element provides the movement of the punch or drill presses and capsule parallel to the axis sabarimala camera, i.e. relative to the direction of closing movement sabarimala camera. The result is optimum perforating the base of the capsule, which prevents the reduction of pressure inside the capsule and to drain a beverage. The centering and guiding element also provides for the ejection of the capsules from the slot in sabarimala the camera, so that it can be easily thrown out of sabarimala chamber after completion of the brewing cycle or cooking. Preferably the outer diameter of the centering and guiding element is less than the outer diameter of the flange of the capsule. In the capsule can be easily removed from sabarimala camera holding capsule element, which engages with the flange of the capsule after the capsule has been partially pushed out of the nest sabarimala camera by elastic force acting on the centering and guiding element.

Preferably the guide surface is made conical, sajauskas towards the base of the socket.

In one variant of the invention, the centering element has a ring shape that is open on healthy lifestyles is tion to the base of the socket, in which this element is slidable. At the base of the nest is located one or several blankets around them and beyond them is an annular slot within which may be located in the elastic element, for example a compression spring, which acts on the centering and guiding element for the capsule, causing it to protrude out of the socket.

In one variant of the invention, the centering element is made as one piece and can be loaded by one or more elastic elements, for example, one or more springs. In another embodiment of the invention the centering element may consist of several parts, each of which can be loaded by one or more elastic elements, for example, in the form of a compression spring. The centering element can be formed from the four sectors of rings connected to each other or are able to move separately from each other, loaded by respective springs or other elastic elements.

In one of the embodiments of the invention the outer edge of the centering element is turned to the second part sabarimala camera, and the inner edge of the centering element surrounds the plate in the slot of the first part sabarimala camera, and the plate p is spoelgen at least one perforator. The perforator can have an open tip, i.e. to have a channel for passage of a drink (usually coffee), which is prepared using capsules. In another embodiment of the invention, the punch is formed by a set of perforating tip, preferably provided with corresponding holes for the issuance of a drink. In this case, there is a lot of punches or perforating tip of the capsule bottom. These perforating tips can be located on the plate installed on the base, around which is located a sliding slot of the centering and guiding element.

The upper surface of the capsule may also be perforated with one or more perforators. This hammer drill or these drills can be equipped with holes sliding element, such as a disk, which elastically presses the capsule to the base of the socket in which is slidable centering and guiding element. The disk is also used to release capsules from the punch or punches of the upper surface of the capsule.

In one variant of the invention, the centering element includes at least one guide surface, moving in response guide surface, single component is aloe with the first part sabarimala camera, moreover, the guiding surfaces are essentially parallel to the direction of punching. Response guide surface may consist of one or other or both of the cylindrical surfaces of the socket with a circular cross-section, within which slides the centering and guiding element. In one of the embodiments of the invention the socket surrounds the base, in which, for example, is formed a channel for removing or draining the drink made from the capsules and which can be installed in one or multiple perforating tips.

In one of the embodiments of the invention the second part sabarimala camera is connected with two opposite open mobile elements containing the guide channels in order to insert and hold the capsule in the space between the first and second parts sabarimala camera, when the first and second parts are in the open position. These mobile elements may have a surface, teeth, lugs or other elements in order to grapple with the capsule and to facilitate removing it from sabarimala camera and unloading after brewing. Alternatively, the same centering and guiding element, elastically loaded so as to protrude from the slot of the first part sabarimala camera, pushes the capsule and the Mei preferably conical surface, cause the capsule to fall under the force of gravity. If the capsule has a conical outer surface with a small angle and, therefore, the centering and guiding element has a conical shape with a small opening angle, loss or any extract capsules can contribute movable elements, suitably for this purpose the form to capture the capsule is preferable for the flange.

The invention also relates to a coffee maker containing savariaud device of the above type.

Brief description of drawings

The invention will become clearer from the following description and the accompanying drawings, which shows a non-limiting practical variant embodiment of the invention.

Figure 1 shows a device with an open sabarimala camera, side view;

figure 2 is a section along the line II-II in figure 1;

figure 3 is a top view according to the arrows III-III in figure 1;

figure 4 is a section along the line IV-IV of figure 3;

figure 5, 6, 7 and 8 - the closing sequence of movements sabarimala camera, shown in section, similar to the section shown in figure 4;

figure 9 is a section similar to the section shown in figure 4-8, at the stage of opening sabarimala camera and start removing the spent capsules.

The implementation of the invention

On the attached h is Rajah shown corresponding to the invention of the device in one possible implementation, limited elements required for understanding the invention. This implies that the device can be inserted into more complex machines, such as coffee makers, think-tank and other elements known in its essence and not shown in the drawings, such as a boiler, pump, hot water, spilling a tip for coffee, etc.

Savariaud device 1 contains the first part 5 and the second part 3 sabarimala camera. These two parts 3 and 5 are capable of moving relative to each other in a direction essentially parallel to the axis a-sabarimala camera. In the example shown, the axis a-a is essentially horizontal orientation. In one of the embodiments of the invention part 5 fixed relative to the supporting structure, and part 3 is able to move, but their location can be changed so that part 5 was rolling, and part 3 - stationary or both plots could be movable relative to the supporting structure.

In one of the embodiments of the invention the reciprocating opening and closing movement of the parts 3 and 5 sabarimala camera is carried out by means of the lever with the rods 7 and 9. The rods 7 of the lever are connected through the hinge axis 11 with part 3, and through the axes 12 - rods 9, which is AMI end 13 connected to the motor shaft, the drive lever or other mechanism or opening and closing, not shown in the drawing.

The second part 3 sabarimala camera is connected with a guiding element for capsules, which contains two elements 15, are able to make a counter with respect to each other, the reciprocating movement. The elements 15 are flat or plate-like shape and is located on part 3 sabarimala camera. Near its far end of each of the elements 15 has a first groove 17, which is inserted into the flange of the capsule C. Chute 17 to form guides for the introduction of capsules in savariaud block. Chute 17 of the two elements 15 are arranged essentially vertically and end with the axis a-a of the stopper 17A (figure 4), on which rests the flange F of the capsule inserted in the space between the parts 3, 5 sabarimala camera when the camera is in the open position (i.e. the position shown in figure 1-4) to receive a new capsule. A reference position of the 17th century marked a guide bevel, to facilitate entry of the flange F of the capsule With the input portion of the chute 17. Behind the chutes 17 are surface 19 for coupling with the flange F of the capsule to facilitate its withdrawal from the slot 25 part 3 sabarimala camera.

Near the groove 17 on the opposite side relative to the surfaces 19 of each of the elements 15 is nuklon the e surface 21, designed to interact with corresponding bevel or inclined surfaces 23, located on the first part 5 sabarimala camera. The orientation of the inclined surfaces 21 and 23 is such that the reciprocating movement of the parts 3 and 5 sabarimala camera in direction to each other during their closing movement (arrow f3 in figure 2) causes the reciprocating opening movement of the guide elements 15 capsules. The elasticity of the elements 15 provides for the opening sabarimala camera back to the initial position shown in figure 1-4, i.e. parallel to each other. As will be shown below, the purpose of this opening move is to release capsules inside sabarimala camera during its closing and removing the capsule after brewing so as to cause its downfall.

In the illustrated example, the first part 5 sabarimala camera has a slot or compartment 25, which includes capsule C. In the base of the branch 25 is the perforator 27, containing a number of open nozzles 27A, i.e lugs with holes formed in the front part of these tips and communicated in fluid with the outlet channel 29 for a coffee or a drink, for cooking which is designed capsule C. Thus, the punch 27 is connected to produce the th channel 29 for a drink, which, in turn, communicated by fluid from spilling tip (not shown).

Tips 27A essentially form a variety of drills and are located on the plate 30 mounted on the base 32, constituting a single whole with part 5 sabarimala camera. Between the plate 30 and the base 32 has a recess 34, which collects coffee or other beverage coming from the capsule during brewing through drills or tips 27A, and supplies it to the outlet channel 29.

The base 32 is surrounded by a socket or ring cavity 36, limited by two essentially cylindrical wall coaxially to the axis A-A. the base 36A of the annular cavity 36 abuts the compression spring 28 located between the base 36A and the centering element 40, the function of which consists in centering and direction of the capsule With respect to the socket 25 and the perforators 27A so that the capsules were made in the movement so parallel to the axis a-sabarimala camera as possible, i.e. parallel to the axis of the perforator(s) 27, 27A.

The centering and guiding element 40 has an inner surface 40A in the form of a truncated cone, essentially the shape of the corresponding outer wall of the capsule, having the shape of a truncated cone. So that will be described in more detail below, the capsule With the correct layout is proposed and sent during closing sabarimala camera and therefore, when the perforation of the grounds mentioned capsules through perforated lugs 27A.

The centering and guiding element 40 is resiliently loaded when entering into the slot 25 of the first part 5 sabarimala camera, when the two parts 3 and 5 are close opposite each other, and moving the centering and guiding element 40 causes the compression spring 38. The centering element has an essentially cylindrical outer surface which slides along the outer cylindrical surface of the annular cavity 36 and coaxially she cylindrical inner surface, which is a continuation having the shape of a truncated cone surface 40A in the direction of the nest 25 part 5 sabarimala camera. The centering and guiding element 40 has an essentially annular shape and is open from the front and rear sides, providing on the one hand the introduction of capsules, and on the other hand the occurrence of the base 32 and the plate 30 with perforated lugs 27A.

In the example shown the centering element 40 is made in the form of a single annular body loaded by a single elastic spring 38 is compressed. In another possible embodiment of the invention the centering element 40 may be executed in two or more parts or sectors. For example, it can be mirror is divided into LW is by plane, passing through the axis sabarimala camera, or three parts or sectors, separated radial planes spaced at 120 from each other, or into four parts, separated by planes at an angle of 90. In this case, it is preferable that each of the sector were elastically loaded by a compression spring or by two or more compression springs.

The input part of the slot 25 is surrounded by an annular thrust or pressure surface 33 forming the end part of the cylindrical wall bounding the slot 25 and surrounding the base 32. Clamping surface 33 is made and so located as to communicate with the annular flange F of the capsule when closing sabarimala chamber formed by the parts 3 and 5. The flange F of the capsule is pressed against the annular surface 33 under the action of the opposite front surface of the disc 35, which is located in part 3 sabarimala camera when closing sabarimala camera. When the camera is open, the annular cutting edge of the centering and guiding element 40 is relative to the annular surface 33 of the slot 25 in the direction to part 3 sabarimala camera.

Part 3 sabarimala camera has a movable element 37 within which is mounted for sliding the disk 35, elastically loaded by a spring 41 in the direction of the outside of Polo is to be placed, shown in figure 2 and 4. The disk 35 is able to slide in a direction parallel to axis a-sabarimala camera, and has multiple through holes 43 through which can act punchers 45, using a fluid through the channel 47 channel supplying water under pressure coming from the boiler, not shown in the drawings.

The sequence of operation described above of the device shown in figure 2-9. When you need to make a drink, a capsule containing raw materials for the preparation of a beverage (usually coffee powder), is inserted into the device from above by the arrow fc (figure 4). Introduction capsules can be operated manually, or automatically or semi-automatically, for example, from a shop or boot device, located above (not shown). The capsule is inserted so that its flange F is referred in the opposite grooves 17 formed in the movable elements 15 of the guiding element. The guide bevels 17V facilitate the insertion of the capsule.

Because the chute 17 has a lower limiters 17A to stop the capsule, the latter moves along the grooves 17 to achieve a position of readiness shown in Fig.1-4. The capsule is positioned so that its body, essentially having the shape of a truncated cone, is located in front of the centering and guiding element 40, the positioning in the socket 25 part 5 sabarimala camera.

To complete the brewing chamber, formed by the parts 3 and 5, is closed due to the reciprocating movement of the two parts toward each other. Usually part 5 is mounted on the supporting structure, and part 3 is performed can be moved by means of the lever with the rods 7 and 9.

Figure 5-8 are shown in sections similar to those shown in figure 2, parts 3 and 5 sabarimala camera with a gradual movement towards each other for closing. While moving the capsule is in the shape of a truncated cone guide section 40A of the centering and guiding element 40. The surface of the capsules, also having the shape of a truncated cone, centered with respect to part 5 sabarimala camera due to her response surface 40A, and upon further closing movement of the parts 3 and 5 of the centering and sealing element 40 is gradually shifting into the socket 25, compressing the spring 38. The movable elements 15 is gradually opened by the action of the inclined surfaces 23 of the elements of the fixed part 5 sabarimala camera on the inclined surface 21 of the elements 15. When saariluoma the camera is fully closed (Fig), the flange F of the capsule completely out of the grooves 17 of the movable elements 15 and is clamped between an annular front wall 33 and the disk 35. In the cut is ltate axial force, the current from the fixed part 5 sabarimala camera, the disk 35 and laid back, compressing the spring 41. When moving, the discharge disc 35 ago, perforators 45 pass through the apertures 43 in the disk 35 and perforined the front surface (surrounded by a flange (F) capsules. On the other hand, backward centering and guiding element 40 (with compression of the spring 38 causes the base of the capsule To hang on the plate 30, so that the perforated lugs 27A perforined the base of the capsule. Thanks to the centering and guiding element 40 with the surface 40A having the shape of a truncated cone, the capsule is maintained properly centered and moves in a direction essentially parallel to the direction of the axis of the punch tips 27A, so that they form at the base of the capsule With holes with a cross-section essentially corresponding to their cross section.

When sabarimala liquid (usually hot water under pressure is supplied to the capsule and is distributed using guns 45, it creates pressure inside the capsule and through the holes in the perforated lugs 27A enters drink.

Figure 9 shows what happens when after bottling the drink part 3 and 5 saariluoma the cells are opened and they are separated again from each other. When part 3 sabarimala camera begins to remove the SJ from part 5, the disk 35 is elastically loaded by a spring 41 pushes the capsule, removing it from the perforators 45 and keeping it in the socket 25. Two parts 3 and 5 sabarimala camera continues to move away from each other, and the flange F of the capsule is ejected from the slot 25 through the centering and guiding element 40, which under the action of the axial force of the spring 38 compression moves towards part 3 sabarimala camera and presses the flange F of the capsule C. the Capsule falls down, leaving the clutch part 5 sabarimala camera, because it is extracted from the movable elements 15, which were coupled with the flange F, and/or due to the inclination of the tapered surface 40A of the centering and guiding element 40.

It should be understood that the drawings only show the example given to illustrate the feasibility of the design according to the invention, which may vary in form and arrangement of comfort, however, from the scope of the invention. In particular, the invention can also be used with capsules or pods of various shapes, which, for example, do not require punching both front walls, as, for example, already perforated in the best way with one hand and require only punching the base. In General, the invention can be used then, when it is required to send and to properly center the capsule, the pods or other package-sachet products for making coffee or other food product. It should also be understood that the design sabarimala camera, drill presses, mechanism for positioning and extract capsules, axis position sabarimala cameras and other characteristics of the device may differ from those described and illustrated in the attached drawings.

1. Savariaud device for preparing a food product from capsules containing:
savariaud chamber with the first and second parts arranged to move in relation to each other, and in the first part of the formed slot capsules, limited by a cylindrical wall with the edge facing to the second part sabarimala chamber and surrounding the entrance to the nest;
at least one perforator located in the nest;
the first channel for supplying sabarimala fluid medium into the chamber;
the second channel for the release of the food product from sabarimala camera;
centering capsule element mounted in the slot with the possibility of the elastic displacement in the axial direction and containing the guide and centering surface for the capsule turned to the second part sabarimala camera
characterized in that the centering element is resiliently loaded so that it partially protrudes from the slot at the open of Savaria the soup camera and has the ability to move inside the nest when closing sabarimala camera, moreover, when saariluoma the camera is closed from inside her capsule, the centering element is completely inserted into the socket.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that, when saariluoma the camera is closed from inside her capsule, the centering element laid back in relation to the specified edge.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the edge of the slot forms a clamping surface that interacts with the sealing surface located on the second part sabarimala camera, the diameter of the said region exceeds the diameter of the centering capsule element.

4. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the edge of the slot forms a clamping surface that interacts with the sealing surface located on the second part sabarimala camera, the diameter of the said region exceeds the diameter of the centering capsule element.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains mating with capsule elements are designed to hold the capsules in the closing sabarimala camera and remove it from sabarimala chamber when the door is opened, while the centering element is arranged to push the capsule out of its socket.

6. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that it contains mating with capsule elements are made with the possibility of withholding what I capsules during closing sabarimala camera and remove it from sabarimala chamber when the door is opened, when the centering element is arranged to push the capsule out of its socket.

7. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that it contains mating with capsule elements are designed to hold the capsules in the closing sabarimala camera and remove it from sabarimala chamber when the door is opened, while the centering element is arranged to push the capsule out of its socket.

8. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the guide surface is conical, tapering towards the base of the socket.

9. Device according to any one of claim 2 to 7, characterized in that the guide surface is conical, tapering towards the base of the socket.

10. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the centering element has a ring shape.

11. Device according to any one of claim 2 to 8, characterized in that the centering element has a ring shape.

12. The device according to claim 10, characterized in that the outer edge of the centering element is turned to the second part sabarimala camera, and the inner edge surrounds the plate inside the socket, which is at least one punch.

13. The device according to claim 11, characterized in that the outer edge of the centering element is turned to the second part sabarimala camera, and the inner edge surrounds the plate inside the socket, to the Torah is at least one punch.

14. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 10 or 12, characterized in that the centering element includes at least one guide surface having a slidable along her response guide surface, forming a single unit with the first part sabarimala camera, and the guiding surfaces are essentially parallel to the direction of punching.

15. The device according to 14, characterized in that the punching direction essentially parallel to the axis of at least one perforator.

16. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 10 or 12, characterized in that on the inner wall of the socket is at least one perforator, surrounded by a circular cavity in which is mounted a centering element slidable.

17. The device according to item 16, characterized in that an annular cavity is elastic compressible element acting on the centering element, loading it so that it protrudes from the slot.

18. The device according to item 16, characterized in that the annular cavity surrounding the base, through which passes the second channel for the release of the food product, and which has at least one punch.

19. The device according to p, characterized in that mounted on the bed plate, which is at least one perforator, and between which the base plate is a recess for collecting food product, connected with the second channel.

20. The device according to claim 19, characterized in that the plate is full of guns.

21. Device according to any one of p-8, 10 or 12, characterized in that the disk supported by the second part sabarimala chamber formed clamping surface.

22. The device according to item 21, wherein the disk is elastically loaded in the direction of the first part sabarimala camera.

23. The device according to item 22, wherein the disk has at least one opening through which protrudes the punch when the elastic disk is moved into the recess formed in the second part.

24. The device according to item 23, wherein the second part sabarimala camera has many guns, and the disk has a corresponding set of apertures through which the perforators can be the motion of the disc inside the recess.

25. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 10 or 12, characterized in that the second part sabarimala camera is connected with two oppositely located and open the movable mating with capsule elements containing the guide chutes, designed for insertion and retention of the capsule in the space between the first and second parts sabarimala camera, when the first and second parts are in the open position.

26. The device according A.25 different is seesa fact, what oppositely arranged movable mating with capsule elements contain the appropriate retrieves items designed to extract capsules from the slot of the first part sabarimala camera, when the first and second parts are open.

27. The device according to p, wherein each of the movable mating with capsule elements chute and retrieves the element arranged in series along the direction of opening and closing sabarimala camera.

28. The device according to item 27, wherein the troughs are located farther from the second part sabarimala camera than extracting elements.

29. The device according A.25, characterized in that the movable mating with capsule elements are possible opening move in a plane parallel to the direction of the reciprocating opening and closing movements of the first and second parts sabarimala camera.

30. The device according A.25, characterized in that the movable mating with capsule elements attached to the second part sabarimala camera and made with the possibility of opening movement when interacting with the first part sabarimala camera.

31. The device according A.25, characterized in that the movable mating with capsule elements are located on the sides of the second part sabarimala camera.

32. The device according A.25, characterized in that the first part sabarimala camera has thrust profiles, interacting with the respective thrust profiles movable siteplease with capsule elements for opening these mobile elements.

33. The device according to p, characterized in that the first part sabarimala camera has opposite outer surfaces are tilted with respect to the direction of opening and closing sabarimala chamber and forming a thrust profiles.

34. The device according to p, characterized in that the axial profiles of the movable mating with capsule elements are formed by surfaces inclined relative to the direction of opening and closing sabarimala camera.

35. The device according A.25, characterized in that the guide chutes combined with lower limiters, determining the position of retention of the capsule in the space between the first and second parts sabarimala camera.

36. The device according A.25, wherein each of the guide grooves terminates bottom stop determining the position of retention of the capsule in the space between the first and second parts sabarimala camera.

37. The device according to p, characterized in that the guide chutes are designed to hold the capsule in such a position that its axis essentially coincides with the axis of sabarimala camera.

38. The device according A.25, characterized in that the first and second parts sabarimala cameras have the ability to move in essentially horizontal direction, the guide chutes are arranged essentially vertically and movable mating with capsule elements are possible opening move in essentially a horizontal plane.

39. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 10 or 12, characterized in that relative to the supporting structure, the second part sabarimala camera has the ability to move, and the first part sabarimala camera motionless.

40. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 10 or 12, characterized in that it contains a lever mechanism for manual control of opening and closing sabarimala camera.

41. The device according to p, characterized in that the second part sabarimala chamber and movable elements mounted on a common supporting element.

42. The device according A.25, characterized in that the movable mating with capsule elements are providersmichelin.

43. The device according A.25, characterized in that the movable mating with capsule elements are essentially lamellar form.

44. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 10 or 12, characterized in that the centering element is designed as a single part.

45. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, 10 or 12, characterized in that the centering element is divided into several sections or sectors.

46. The device according to item 45, wherein each segment or sector, which is divided centering element, which is loaded by at least one elastic element.

47. Coffee containing savariaud device according to any one of claims 1 to 46.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method of producing capsule 1 containing drink ingredients to be forced into drink making device wherein fluid is forced into capsule to interact with ingredients and force prepared drink outward. Capsule comprises case 4 with sealing component 8 attached thereto. Proposed comprises step whereat at least one sealing material is injected onto the surface of said case 4 to produce sealing component 8 by injection moulding. Said component is tightly attached to case 4. Case inner space is filled with food ingredients and tightly closed by membrane 5.

EFFECT: better tightness, ease of use.

41 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: feeding head for a machine for making drinks comprises a movable first part and a fixed second part. The first part is made with the possibility of displacement relative to the second part between the open position and the closed position. In the open position the first part is arranged with the possibility to load a capsule into the feeding head. In the closed position the first part and the second part are arranged with the possibility to retain the specified capsule in the distribution position. The feeding head additionally comprises an inlet punch and an outlet punch, which are aligned in the same direction and are made with the possibility of rotation relative to the fixed second part between the pulled-in position and punching position.

EFFECT: reduced dimensions of the punching mechanism.

44 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: feeding head for a machine for making drinks comprises a movable first part and a fixed second part. The first part is made with the possibility of displacement relative to the second part between the open position and the closed position. In the open position the first part is arranged with the possibility to load a capsule into the feeding head. In the closed position the first part and the second part are arranged with the possibility to retain the specified capsule in the distribution position. The feeding head additionally comprises an inlet punch and an outlet punch, which are aligned in the same direction and are made with the possibility of rotation relative to the fixed second part between the pulled-in position and punching position.

EFFECT: reduced dimensions of the punching mechanism.

44 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method of producing capsule 1 containing drink ingredients to be forced into drink making device wherein fluid is forced into capsule to interact with ingredients and force prepared drink outward. Capsule comprises case 4 with sealing component 8 attached thereto. Proposed comprises step whereat at least one sealing material is injected onto the surface of said case 4 to produce sealing component 8 by injection moulding. Said component is tightly attached to case 4. Case inner space is filled with food ingredients and tightly closed by membrane 5.

EFFECT: better tightness, ease of use.

41 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brewing device to prepare beverages or other food products from capsules, in particular, from disposable capsules. The brewing device comprises a brewing chamber with the first part and the second part capable of displacement relative to each other, besides, there is a seat for capsules in one of the parts. In this seat there is at least one perforator for capsule perforation. The first channel supplies a brewing fluid medium into the chamber, and the second channel provides for food product release from the brewing chamber. In the seat there is an alignment element for capsules, which may elastically move in axial direction and is equipped with a guiding and aligning surface for capsules facing the second of the brewing chamber parts. Besides, the aligning element is elastically loaded so that it partially protrudes from the seat while the brewing chamber is open, and may move inside the seat as the brewing chamber closes, besides, when the brewing chamber is closed with a capsule arranged inside, the aligning element is fully inserted inside the seat.

EFFECT: development of a new brewing device with a brewing chamber formed by two parts that may move relative to each other and a system that makes it possible to improve coaxiality of a capsule relative to a perforator or perforators and makes it possible to easier remove the capsule after brewing.

47 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household appliances. The machine for making coffee comprises a brewing group with the main body formed by the casing, limiting the space for the reverse movement of the brewing cylinder between the position of engagement with the packing piston for formation of the brewing chamber, and the position of decoupling with the packing piston to load a portion of ground coffee. And the brewing cylinder is rigidly supported by the rotating arm. It also comprises a tool of removable mutual coupling between the brewing cylinder and the arm, secured to take the said brewing cylinder out of the window of the body. And on the outer side of the said body there is additionally a means of moving the arm.

EFFECT: invention enables to simplify the device design concept and make it more compact and reliable.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of domestic equipment. A device to prepare a drink from a food product contained in a capsule (24), by injection of a fluid supplied by a pump (70) into the capsule (24), comprises a head (20) of extraction, having a hole (22) to insert a holder (30) of the capsule and to supply the capsule (24) into a receiving chamber (25) of the capsule holder, a mechanism (21) to close the above capsule (24) in the receiving chamber of the capsule holder. Further it comprises one injecting element to supply a fluid from a pump (70), inside the capsule (24), a unit (80) to control at least a pump (70), and also decoding facilities joined with the unit (80) of control and designed to read data from the holder (30) of the capsule or insert.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of data transfer and to increase quality of a prepared drink.

22 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the system 10, and also to the method of making beverages with an infusion method of the product contained in the package 1, and can be used in coffee machines of the ESPRESSO type. The system 10 comprises an infusion chamber 7, a locking device 60 including upper locking means 61 which are designed for selective prevention or providing access to the chamber 7 in its upper part, and the lower locking means 62 which are designed for selective receiving by the chamber 7 of the package 1 or providing the package 1 outlet from the chamber 7 under the action of gravity force. The position of the upper locking means 61 determines the position of the lower locking means 62 and vice versa.

EFFECT: increased reliability and simplification of the structure due to reducing the number of moving parts.

17 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: cooking assembly contains an instillation station carrying out a rotary movement with a piston inserted into the station so that to enable sliding. A counter-piston interacts with the installation station and the piston so that to form the cooking chamber. Additionally provided for are cam elements for control of the installation station, piston and counter-piston motions. The installation station, piston and counter-piston may occupy relative to each other at least one position for loading the product for beverage preparation purposes, at least two various boiling positions (the two various volumes of the boiling chamber correspond to) and the position for used product discharge.

EFFECT: invention enables to enhance the design strength and reliability.

20 cl, 61 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improvements of brewing units for making beverages which use capsules, boxes, or other pre-packaged single portion packages, in particular for making coffee. The brewing unit comprises in combination: a support, a drawer which is, at least, a slot for single portion package, sliding relative to the said support and movable between the position of loading of the single portion package and the brewing position and the outputted element to supply water under pressure to the said single portion package. The brewing unit also comprises a lever to control the movement of the said drawer and mechanical connection between the said lever and the said outputted element. The lever action causes movement of the drawer from the loading position to the brewing position and presses the outputted element to the single portion package. The brewing unit is provided with a locking member blocking the single portion package in the brewing position, preventing it from movement in the direction of loading position when the said drawer is moved from the brewing position in the loading position. The said slot is partially restricted with a pair of swinging arms that move relative to the said drawer to enable disposal of the used single portion package from the said slot during movement of the drawer from the brewing position to the loading position.

EFFECT: automation of all operations performed by the operator after launch is provided.

28 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The machine for preparing beverages with a brewing unit for preparing beverages for accommodation of the disposable capsule comprises a node of the capsule retention, designed for retention the capsule in the given position during insertion of the capsule under gravity in the brewing unit, and a water injection node for at least a partial closing the capsule and the water supply to the capsule. The part retaining the capsule forms the front part of the unit and is attached to the node of liquid injection with the ability to move along essentially a horizontal trajectory, while the water injection node is a rear fixed part of the unit. The machine for preparing beverage comprises a housing. One of these nodes of the brewing unit can be movable or slide telescopically out of this housing for insertion/removal of the capsule with the ingredient and to be placed in the housing to bring the brewing node in the position of the capsule extraction.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to provide a proper seal to create the necessary conditions for extraction.

15 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The plant for preparation of beverages implementing the claimed method is designed to complete the process of preparation of beverage by passing the flowing medium through at least one element comprising at least one ingredient of the beverage. And at least one element is designed for entering it and processing of different types of elements comprising the beverage ingredient, such as a pad, a cup, a capsule and a cartridge. The device additionally comprises a control means, a detection means for measuring at least one characteristic of the flow when the flowing medium flow is created, the memory tool for storing the group of the predetermined flow characteristics connected to different types of elements that contain a flow ingredient, and an injection device for injecting fluid. And the predetermined flow characteristics which are stored in the memory tool are characteristics of the operating point.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to detect automatically an element comprising the beverage ingredient by creating the flowing medium flow through the element.

3 cl

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