Smoking material with closed end, methods and device for its production

FIELD: invention refers to the production method of smoking products.

SUBSTANCE: method of smoking material production comprises the following operations: preparation of the wholly or partially finished product, including at least tobacco core wrapped in tissue paper; gluing of folding paper to the tissue paper so that the former covers the tobacco core and overhang the latter at the end of the tobacco core that is intended to be lighted; bending the folding paper overhanging the edge so that to cover the tobacco at the end of the tobacco core. Various methods are used in order to apply the folding paper and producing different types of buckles. Bended paper can be turned inside out through denting by the pin or mould core after buckles formation so to make them more sustained.

EFFECT: technical result is quality of the smoking material which end is covered atop by the separate improvement sheet of paper placed on the the wholly or partially finished product.

93 cl, 36 dwg

 

Background of invention

The present invention relates to Smoking articles with a closed end (end), and methods and apparatus for the manufacture of such Smoking articles.

Finished tobacco products such as cigarettes, usually contain tobacco rod with a wrapper of cigarette paper and a filter attached to the tobacco rod through paper folding, although there are also cigarette without filter. In any case, the end of the cigarette to be lighted, often open, so see the tobacco inside the cigarette paper. This raises the possibility of loss or spillage of tobacco cigarettes, as well as falling in tobacco contaminants and foreign objects.

Previously it was proposed to close one or both ends of the cigarette by bending or other transactions with a plot of tissue paper, which extends over the edge of the tobacco rod. For example, in patent US 1164118 described a machine for making cigarettes, which forms the tube of cigarette paper, closes one end of the tube, fill the tube with tobacco, and then closes the other end. Closing both ends is carried out by means of components which capture the ends of the tube and rotated to twist the paper, while the tube is held stationary. In the patent US 501498 described a machine that obersavatoire paper around the tobacco, compresses the tobacco from both ends, so that the paper advocated the edge curl, and then closes each end of the paper by means of two pressing elements, which bend the paper, and a conical head, which is inserted in the closed end of the cigarette and turns to push the paper inside and smooth it. While closing elements moving, the cigarette held still. In the patent US 903101 described machine, which forms the tube of cigarette paper and closes one end before filling the tube with tobacco. To close the end of the tube, use a plate with a cutout, which is moved over the end of the tube, making a swinging motion, while the tube and plate are moved along the longitudinal direction of the tube. In the patent US 3208458 described a machine that wraps the cigarette paper around the tobacco, the paper provided with a notched edge. The cigarette is held stationary, while the set of three blades spaced around the circumference at an angle of 120, slide and shift away from the ends of the cigarettes to bend a separate valves serrated edge of the paper. In the patent GB 278534 described cigarette with tissue paper, wrapped inside over the end of the wrapped tobacco, forming a tubular extension inside tobacco, which partially covers the tobacco.

However, these different ways of closing the end of the cigarette is e new and, hence, not suitable for modern technologies of manufacturing cigarettes. The present invention provides a cigarette with a closed end, made using methods and apparatus that are more suitable for modern machines for the manufacture of cigarettes.

The invention

According to the first aspect of the present invention features a method of making Smoking articles, comprising: creating a fully or partially finished Smoking articles containing at least a tobacco rod of tobacco, wrapped in tissue paper; glue and bend the paper to tissue paper to bend the paper covered the tobacco rod and advocated the edge of the tissue paper on the end of the tobacco rod, which is supposed to burn; and bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, in order, essentially, to cover the tobacco at the end (end face) of the tobacco rod. Bend the paper may be glued to the outer side of the tissue paper.

Found that closing the end of the Smoking product by bending separately superimposed outer layer of paper has advantages over methods that are based on the bending extending beyond the edge of the tissue paper. You can, for example, to receive the protruding over the edge of the area of tissue paper, Mykolaiv crack ed is Leah or putting it on the end with the filter on the vibration table, to tobacco additionally ass inside tissue paper. However, tobacco (Smoking material is inhomogeneous, so that different components will settle to different levels, which will lead to the violation of the quality area. Alternatively, the tobacco can be embed inside tissue paper, but this leads to unevenness in density, which also disturbs the quality of the area. Wrap individual bend the paper around the tissue paper eliminates the need to reallocate or to do anything else with tobacco when Smoking product has already been collected, allowing you to maintain quality. In addition, the preservation of the structure of the tobacco rod, with which it was initial made, you can maintain smooth flat cut end of the tobacco, which provides a much better surface against which you can then get the crease bend paper than when tapping, vibration or compaction, which change the surface of tobacco and make it less flat and durable. Therefore, the bending can be performed easier and more efficient, and received a bent end will look better.

You can use any paper that can be folded to close the end of the tobacco rod, for example a standard tissue paper used for twisting tobacco and forming Tabachnik the rod. However, the preferred porous paper, because this smoker is easier to take a cigarette when it Bakuriani, as through this the paper passes more air. In addition, porous paper is usually thinner and lighter than standard tissue paper, so it can be easier to bend more accurately, having a more compact folded end. Therefore, in some embodiments, the implementation of the bendable paper is paper, easier than tissue paper. For example, bend the paper may have a porosity of more than 3000 units of Coresta (CU), or more than 6,000 units of Coresta, or more than 12000 units Coresta or more 24000 units Coresta. In some embodiments, the implementation bend the paper may be porous wrap made of pressed tobacco. It is especially thin and light with sufficient porosity so as not to obstruct the inhaling, additionally, it has already been used in the tobacco industry.

To bend the paper embossing can be knocked out by one or more bend lines along which to bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper. The preparation of such bend lines facilitates the bending of the paper, so that the bending easier, because it takes less effort to bend the paper, and it is easier to create folds in the right places. This achieves a more uniform view of the bent end. Embossed bend paper can is about to take place beforehand. Alternatively, the method may further include, prior to gluing bend paper to tissue paper, embossed bend the paper with one or more bend lines along which to bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

Bend the paper around the tobacco rod may cover only a portion of the length of the tobacco rod, or alternatively bend the paper around the tobacco rod may include a tobacco rod essentially throughout its length. The previous layout requires the use of minimum quantities of paper that gives you a saving materials and reducing costs. In the latter arrangement, if it is applied to the partially finished basement product without a filter, you can cover the edge of the bend of the paper remote from the protruding part, the paper twisting when attaching a filter to the tobacco rod. When this is achieved a neat appearance Smoking products, as well as eliminated the open edge, which otherwise could become trapped or restrain subsequent treatment with Smoking product.

In some embodiments, the implementation of gluing bend paper to tissue paper comprises: applying adhesive to bend the paper; providing contact Smoking product with bend the paper so the edge of the bend shall Umaga was glued to the tissue paper; and migration Smoking products in the vacuum groove on the outer surface of the rotating drum, crack product located with the longitudinal axis parallel to the axis of rotation of the drum to a Smoking product in contact with the curved stationary plate located on the drum at a distance less than the diameter of the Smoking articles in contact with plate crack product rotates around its longitudinal axis, so that it rolls on the plate as the drum rotates, the rolling bend the paper is wrapped around Smoking products. Since this method is based on a separate bendable strips of paper placed on a separate tobacco products, it is suitable to bend the paper that covers the tobacco rod along the entire length at any length of the tobacco rod. Just when you start this process you need to use bendable paper of the appropriate size. Rotating drums with vacuum grooves are widely used in the manufacture of Smoking products, so that you can easily adapt existing production line to include a device for implementing this method of blending bend the paper.

In addition, for embodiments in which bend the paper is applied in the form of separate strips, the shape of the edge of the STP is emeu paper can be so, so protruding over the edge and bend the paper had a profile edge, which provides a reduction of the overlay paper after bending compared to a straight edge. This allows for a more accurate appearance of the bent end, and can also provide a bent configuration that better retains its shape less likely differences folds after bending.

In other embodiments, the implementation of gluing bend paper to tissue paper includes: the location of the Smoking articles in the sequence of Smoking products one after the other, end to end, but at a distance equal to the length, which should extend beyond the edge of the bend paper; submission of sequences of Smoking products on a continuous ribbon bend the paper, the width of the bend of the paper is at least equal to the circumference of the tobacco rod; bend wrap the paper around the tobacco products, to include tobacco rods, and gluing it in this position; and cutting bend the paper at the end of each crack of the product to separate Smoking product and to form a protruding bend the paper. Alternatively, the adhesion bend paper to tissue paper may include the steps: layout of Smoking products in spaced consequently the tobacco product, adjacent end to end in pairs, and the product in each pair are close at their adjacent ends, and a pair spaced from each other at a distance equal to twice the length extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper feed sequence Smoking products on a continuous ribbon bend the paper, the width of the bend of the paper is at least equal to the circumference of Smoking products; wraps bend the paper around the tobacco products, to include tobacco rods, and gluing it in place, and cut and bend the paper at the junction of Smoking products in each pair, and at the midpoint of the intervals between the pairs to separate tobacco products and to form a protruding over the edge and bend the paper. These methods allow to bend the paper advocated the edge for the entire length of the tobacco rod. These methods can be performed using the currently used device for applying the second layer of paper to the tobacco rod with a double wrap.

In different variants of implementation of flexion extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper may include the migration of Smoking products in a vacuum groove on the outer surface of one or more rotating drums to provide the contact protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper with od is them or more devices for bending, which bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper inside on top tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod. As mentioned above, rotating drums with vacuum grooves already widely used in the manufacture of Smoking products, so their application to methods of the present invention makes it convenient to carry out the present invention without extensive investment in new and complex machine.

You can use a variety of devices (means) for bending to obtain different effects of flexion and the number of folds. For example, one or more devices for bending may contain reciprocating movement of the pressing element width less than the diameter of Smoking products, which partially protrudes from the end of the tobacco rod, sticking close to the tobacco, thereby creating a first fold, and then this element is drawn, a fixed pressing element width less than the diameter of the tobacco rod and the surface, which directly adjoins the tobacco, which is opposite the end of the tobacco rod, creating a opposite the second fold first fold, and a pair of stationary moving (plagiarizing) device (means) for bending, providing a surface closely adjacent to tobacco and having oppositely spaced converging cu is I, across which passes the end of the tobacco rod, creating the third and fourth folds, opposite to each other and perpendicular to the first and second folds. When this occurs four-fold type, envelope.

In an alternative embodiment, one or more devices for bending may contain a curved stationary plate from the rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter of the Smoking articles in contact with plate crack product starts to rotate around its longitudinal axis, so that it rolls on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and a moving device for bending, attached to the plate and containing a surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod, the edge of which converges in the direction of the drum in the direction of rotation of the drum, so as rolling Smoking items on the plate, the end of the tobacco rod passes across this surface, and she bend over the edge of the paper engages the converging edge and gradually bent inward over tobacco, creating a continuous fold.

In an additional alternative embodiment, one or more devices for bending may contain a curved stationary plate from the rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter writelog the product, contact with the plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis, so that it rolls on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and the sequence of teeth protruding from the plate in the direction of the drum, and their surfaces abut against the end of the tobacco rod, each tooth gears part protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper and creates a crease as rolling Smoking products over the plate, each fold is superimposed on the previous fold. When this occurs fold, which unfolds like a rainbow, where the number of separate overlapping folds defined by the number of teeth. Consequently, it is possible to choose the number of teeth to achieve a certain kind of folds of the rainbow.

In another alternative embodiment, one or more devices for bending may contain a curved stationary plate from the rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products, contact with the plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis, so that it rolls on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and a rotatable Cam associated with each vacuum groove on a rotating drum, each Cam includes a surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod, and made with the possibility ka the project across the end of the tobacco rod as rolling Smoking products over the plate, the edge of the Cam pushes the protruding over the edge and bend the paper, bending it inside on top of the tobacco. In this case, the Cam may have a smooth edge, which creates a continuous fold, or alternatively, the Cam may have a serrated edge that creates a series of overlapping each other folds. This last option gives the fold in the form of a rainbow, in which the number of folds equal to the number of teeth.

In yet another alternative embodiment, one or more devices for bending may contain a pair of adjacent rotatable surfaces located close to the end of the tobacco rod, which is made by swinging movement in an outward direction over the end of the tobacco rod from the back of the Smoking products through the rotating drum to create first and second adjacent folds, and stationary pressing element with a surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod, which is opposite the end of the tobacco rod to create a third folds. When this occurs three fold.

In another embodiment, one or more devices for bending may contain a curved stationary plate from the rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products, contact with the plate makes smokes the aspects of the product to rotate around its longitudinal axis, so it rolls on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and rotating the screw threaded located so that its axis of rotation perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the rotating drum and essentially directed along the tangent to the perimeter of the drum, and a threaded surface abuts against the end of the tobacco rod, so that the thread of the screw gears protruding over the edge and bend the paper as a Smoking product is rolled over the plate, and due to the rotation of the screw paper forms a fold over tobacco. There is a large number of individual overlapping each other folds, creating a fold in the form of a rainbow. The number of folds is determined by the pitch of the screw.

In an additional embodiment, one or more devices for bending may include a ledge in the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, the protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove, creating a first fold, the additional ledge in the vacuum groove of the second, adjacent, rotating drum, which is passed a Smoking product from the first drum, the additional protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the groove to poluchitstso fold opposite the first fold, and a pair of stationary moving device to provide flexion located opposite the surface adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod and having converging edges, opposite which is the end of the tobacco rod to create the third and fourth folds, opposite to each other and perpendicular to the first and second folds. When this occurs chetyrehrogaja fold the envelope.

In an alternative embodiment, one or more devices for bending may include a ledge in the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, the protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove to create a first fold, the additional ledge in the vacuum groove of the second adjacent a rotating drum on which the Smoking product is transferred from the first drum, the additional protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the groove to create a second fold opposite the first fold, and a couple of the bending devices reciprocating that perform a swinging movement inside over the end of the tobacco rod, and then pulled to create the third and fourth folds against the opposite one another and perpendicular to the first and second folds. It also raises four-fold of the envelope.

In an alternative embodiment, one or more devices for bending may include a ledge in the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, the protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove to create a first fold, the additional ledge in the vacuum groove of the second adjacent a rotating drum on which Smoking product is transferred from the first drum, the additional protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the groove to create a second fold opposite the first fold, a stationary device for bending, located on the side of the vacuum the third grooves adjacent the rotating drum on which Smoking product is transferred from the second drum, the device hooks protruding over the edge and bend the paper, when Smoking the product gets into the vacuum groove and pushes the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create a third fold perpendicular to the first and second folds, and additional stationary device for bending, located on the side of each vacuum groove of the fourth adjacent the rotating drum on which smoke is lnoe the product is transferred from the third drum, the device hooks protruding over the edge and bend the paper, when Smoking the product gets into the vacuum groove and pushes the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create a fourth fold opposite the third fold. This is an additional alternate method of creating a four-folds of the envelope.

In any of the above ways, including the tabs in the vacuum grooves, one or both of the protrusion and the additional protrusion may be configured to move between an extended position for forming the first or second folds when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove, and a retracted position after the formed fold, in which the protrusion is not issued in the groove. Retraction of the protrusion after bending allows for more movement of Smoking products with less difficulty, ensuring the smooth running of the production process. In addition, causing flexion of the gradual movement of the rolling ledge allows you to create a crease better quality than the more dramatic interaction between Smoking product and stationary ledge.

In another embodiment, one or more devices for bending may contain the first pair of clamps aligned in the longitudinal direction with the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum and see is placed in open position for receiving the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking products in the vacuum groove, the grips are made with the possibility of closing the decisions extending beyond the edge of the paper and push the opposite side of the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite first and second folds, and the second pair of clamps aligned in the longitudinal direction with the vacuum groove of the second rotating drum is shifted to the open position for receiving the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking products, when it is passed into the vacuum groove after bending in a vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, the grips are made with the possibility of closing the remaining protruding over the edge and bend the paper and push the opposite side of the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite third and fourth folds perpendicular to the first and second folds.

In an alternative embodiment, one or more devices for bending may contain the first pair of clamps aligned in the longitudinal direction with the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum and biased to the open position for receiving the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking products in the vacuum groove grips made with the possibility of closing the decisions extending beyond the edge of the paper and push the opposite side of the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite first and vorausklage, and one or more additional devices for bending connected with the second rotating drum made with the possibility of receiving Smoking products after bending the first drum, and suitable for bending the remaining opposite parts of paper inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite third and fourth folds perpendicular to the first and second folds.

Additional options for the implementation of gluing bend paper to tissue paper may include: applying adhesive to bend the paper; providing contact Smoking product with bend the paper so the edge of the bend of the paper was glued to the tissue paper; and transferring Smoking products on the lower surface, which is located on the upper surface at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products, the top surface is moved relative to the bottom surface along the direction parallel to these surfaces and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of Smoking products, contact with these surfaces makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis, so that it rolls on the bottom surface as it moves the upper surface, and the rolling leads to bend the paper is wrapped around Smoking products. The top of the Yaya surface may include an endless belt, rotating around the two rollers.

Additionally bending the protruding beyond the edge of the paper may include the use of rolling of Smoking products on the lower surface to ensure contact extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper with one or more devices for bending, which bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper inside on top tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod. One or more devices for bending may contain a number of teeth protruding from the lower surface toward the upper surface, and the surface of the teeth abut against the end of the tobacco rod, each tooth gears part protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper and creates a crease as rolling Smoking products on the lower surface, and each fold is superimposed on the previous fold. However, in an alternative embodiment, can be used with other devices for bending.

Bending serving bend the paper may consist of: pushing a piece of paper inside to create a first fold, push additional piece of paper inside to create a second fold opposite the first fold, and cut off part or all of the remaining performed nesognutoy paper. The number of overlay paper at the bent end is reduced, resulting Smoking article Le is th to burn.

The method may further include, after bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, the pressure at the end of the tobacco rod by a pin width less than the diameter of Smoking products, in order to press the bent paper and it is better to keep it in a bent position. This is a simple way to overcome the tendency of the bent paper to open up from the bent position, and it is preferable to use an adhesive to hold the bent end in place.

In some embodiments, the implementation bend the paper is provided with adhesive on all or part of the inner surface of the protruding beyond the edge of the plot, and the present method further includes, after bending the protruding beyond the edge of the paper, the pressure at the end of the tobacco rod to a bent paper was glued in a bent position. Can be used a heat-activated adhesive, and the pressure at the end of the tobacco rod can be carried out with heat.

Furthermore, the method may further include, when the Smoking article partially finished, attach the filter unit to the end of the tobacco rod, the opposite end of which is supposed to burn. To speed up production, the filter unit can be attached to the end of the tobacco rod simultaneously with the bonding and/or bending of the bend of the securities is.

In an additional embodiment, the method may further include, after bending the protruding beyond the edge of the paper, checking the bent protruding beyond the edge of the paper for defects and rejection Smoking product with a defect of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper. Verification may include capturing one or more images of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper and compare one or more images with one or more stored images of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper without defects. Captured images contain, for example, end view and/or side view of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper.

In accordance with the second aspect of the present invention the device is configured to implement the method of manufacture of Smoking articles according to any variant of implementation in accordance with the first aspect.

In accordance with a third aspect of the present invention Smoking product contains: a tobacco rod of tobacco wrapped in cigarette paper; and bend the paper taped to the tissue paper so that bend the paper covers the tobacco rod and protrudes over the edge of the tissue paper on the end of the tobacco rod, which is supposed to burn that extends beyond the edge of the bend the paper is bent to essentially cover the tab is to the end of the tobacco rod. Bend the paper may be glued to the outer side of the tissue paper.

Bend the paper may be porous paper, such as a porous wrap made of pressed tobacco. Bend the paper may have a porosity of more than 3000 units of Coresta, or more than 6,000 units of Coresta, or more than 12000 units Coresta or more 24000 units Coresta. Additional bendable paper embossing can be knocked out by one or more bend lines along which to bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper. Bend the paper around the tobacco rod may cover only a portion of the length of the tobacco rod, or may cover the tobacco rod is essentially over its entire length.

Form bend the paper along the edge may be such that the protruding over the edge and bend the paper along the edge had a profile that provides reduce the number of overlapping paper after bending compared to a straight edge.

She bend over the edge of the paper can be bent with the first fold, the second fold, opposite the first fold, the third fold is perpendicular to the first and second folds, and the fourth fold opposite the third fold. Alternatively, the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper can be bent with lots of folds, each fold overlaps the adjacent fold.

Chicken is positive, the product may further comprise a filter unit, attached to the end of the tobacco rod opposite the end which is supposed to burn.

In accordance with the fourth aspect of the present invention apparatus for the manufacture of Smoking articles includes: a first node configured to receive fully or partially finished Smoking articles containing at least a tobacco rod wrapped in tissue paper and gluing bend paper to tissue paper to bend the paper covered the tobacco rod and advocated the edge of the tissue paper on the end of the tobacco rod, which is supposed to burn; and the second node, configured to receive Smoking articles with protruding over the edge and bend the paper generated by the first node, and bending the protruding over the edge and bend the paper to essentially to cover the tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod.

The first node and the second node may be configured in accordance with a range of embodiments. In addition, the apparatus may further comprise a third node configured to receive Smoking products with the bent protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper from the second node and pressing the pin width less than the diameter of Smoking products on the bent protruding over the edge and bend the paper to press the bent boom the se and it is better to keep it in a closed position, and/or for the application of pressure and/or heat to the folded protruding over the edge and bend the paper to activate the adhesive on the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper and gluing in a bent position. Optionally, the device may also include a fourth node configured to attach the filter unit to the end of the tobacco rod partially finished basement products opposite end designed for ignition. In addition, the apparatus may include a verification system configured to verify the bent protruding beyond the edge of the paper for defects and rejection of Smoking products, which was discovered she bent over the edge of the paper with a defect.

Brief description of drawings

For a better understanding of the present invention and the method of its implementation as an example, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

On figa and 1B shows the side views in cross section of end Smoking products with bendable paper, which closes the ignited end Smoking products, bendable paper presents respectively performed nesognutoy and flexed position in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 2 is given a schematic representation of a first variant implementation of the application process we bend the paper to Curitel the th product;

On figa and 3B are schematic views of examples of the second variant implementation of the application process we bend the paper to crack the product;

Figure 4 is given a schematic representation of a first variant implementation of the apparatus for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper attached to a Smoking product;

On figa-5G shows the sequence of species with butt Smoking products with applications extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper, which has been successfully bent using four folds;

Figure 6 is given a schematic representation of a side view of the second variant implementation of the apparatus for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper attached to a Smoking product;

7 given a schematic representation of a side view of the third variant of implementation of the apparatus for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper attached to a Smoking product;

On Fig shows the end view Smoking products with attached bendable paper, folded in a fold type of the rainbow through the machine in Fig.7;

Figure 9 is given a schematic representation of a side view of a fourth variant of implementation of the apparatus for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper attached to a Smoking product;

Figure 10 is given a schematic representation of a side view of a fifth variant implemented the I apparatus for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, attached to a Smoking product;

Figure 11 is given a schematic representation of a side view of a sixth variant of implementation of the apparatus for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper attached to a Smoking product;

On figa shows the end view Smoking products with attached bendable paper, folded in three folds by use of the apparatus 11;

On Fig given schematic representation of a view in perspective of the first variant implementation of the apparatus for the application we bend the paper to crack the product and the curl of this paper;

On figa and 13B shows the side views in section of a Smoking product from the first and second folds on the protruding over the edge and bend the paper by means of the apparatus according to Fig;

On Fig given schematic representation of a view in perspective of the second variant implementation of the apparatus for the application we bend the paper to crack the product and the curl of this paper;

On Fig given schematic representation of a view in perspective of a third variant of the exercise apparatus for the application we bend the paper to crack the product and the curl of this paper;

On figa, 16B, 16C and 16G shows the selected species from the side and in the prospect of additional variants of implementation of the apparatus for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper attached to Smoking isdel the Yu;

On Fig given schematic representation of a side view of an alternative implementation of the apparatus for the application we bend the paper to crack the product and the curl of this paper;

On figa, 18B and 18B shows the types of end Smoking products with attached bendable paper, folded according to the three additional options for implementation;

On figa and 19B given schematic representation of side views of two embodiments of the apparatus for pressing the pin on the pre-bent paper Smoking products to better close the end of the tobacco rod;

On Fig given schematic representation of a side view Smoking products with the pressing pin attached to the folded paper, as when using the apparatus according to Figo or 19B;

On Fig shows three examples of the shape of the edge of the bend of the paper, which can be used in embodiments implementing the present invention;

On Fig shows a view in plan of the bend of the paper with adhesive, applied in accordance with one variant of implementation of the present invention; and

On Fig shows a top view of the example test system for the detection of Smoking products with defects bent end of another variant implementation.

Detailed description

The present invention serves to close the end (end face) Curitel the CSOs products providing an additional area of paper at the end of the tobacco rod of a Smoking product, which is intended to set fire to the paper advocated the edge of the stem end, and then bending the protruding over the edge of the paper inward to cover outdoor tobacco. The tobacco rod includes a cylinder of tobacco wrapped in cigarette paper, the end of the tobacco essentially abuts against the end of the paper. The present invention further bendable strip of paper glued adhesive around the outer side of the tissue paper once formed tobacco rod to bend the paper covered the tobacco rod and extends beyond the end of the tobacco rod to a length sufficient to essentially cover the tobacco, when the protruding over the edge of the paper is bent inward.

On figa shows a view in longitudinal section of the end of the tobacco rod from protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper in one variant of implementation of the present invention. The tobacco rod 10 contains tobacco 12, wrapped in tissue paper 14 in the usual manner, with added stretch and bend paper 16, which is glued around the end portion of tissue paper 14. Section 18 along the length of the bendable paper 16 extends over the edge of the end of tobacco 12 and tissue paper 14, forming the protruding part.

On figb shows the same view of the tobacco rod 10 th the flexion fold of the paper 14. Extending beyond the edge portion 18 of the bend of the paper 14 is bent inward to the end surface of the tobacco 12 to close the end of the tobacco rod and cover tobacco, which would otherwise be visible at the end of the tobacco rod, which is supposed to burn.

The term "tobacco"as used herein, is intended to understand as including tobacco material (such as stem, leaf, tobacco dust, fine-cut tobacco and expanded tobacco, reconstituted tobacco and substitute materials of tobacco.

Bend the paper can be any paper which can conveniently be bent as desired. You can use a strip of ordinary tissue paper, the same as cigarette paper tobacco rod. However, discovered that can be achieved more satisfactory results if used paper is lighter than tissue paper. Lighter paper is thinner and therefore easier to bend. In addition, a lighter paper has a greater porosity that allows the smoker is easier to take when the ignition Smoking products, so that the presence of the bent paper less prevents the ignition. For example, there may be used a porous wrap made of pressed tobacco, mainly used to wrap around the core of the bundle of fibers acetate unit of the cigarette filter. This thin banagas high porosity, in addition, it is convenient that it is available in the tobacco industry, as already used in the manufacture of cigarettes. Mainly recommended paper with a porosity of more than 3000 units of Coresta, or more than 6,000 units of Coresta, or more than 12000 units Coresta or more 24000 units Coresta, although not eliminated paper with other porosity values.

On figa and 1B shows an implementation option, which bend the paper is shorter than the total length of the tobacco rod, so bend the paper is only for a short distance relative to the length of the tissue paper. For example, the length of the bend of the paper, which is superimposed on the tissue paper, essentially may be of equal length, which stands for the end of the tobacco rod. The length can be selected in accordance with how much paper you want to use (obviously, with a small length using less paper and therefore it is more economical), and how wide to the overlapping area required for reliable bonding bend paper to tissue paper. While a small length of economical, can be used, a greater length up to the length of the bend of the paper, which proceeds essentially along the entire length of the tobacco rod. This last example has the advantage that the end of the bend of the paper opposite the bent end of mo is et to be hidden under the paper for twisting, used to attach the filter to the tobacco rod, which provides a smooth outer surface of the tobacco rod finished Smoking products. It improves the appearance of the Smoking product, and protects the edge of the bend of the paper and prevents jamming and possible rupture during subsequent processing and handling of a Smoking product.

To bend the paper attached along the length of the tobacco rod, it is convenient to attach bend the paper to the tobacco rod before the tobacco rod is assembled with the filter unit to produce ready-Smoking products, so that the edge of the bend of the paper, as mentioned above, may be wrapped by paper folding. However, for embodiments using a shorter bend the paper, fold the paper may be attached to the tobacco rod at any stage in the manufacture of Smoking articles, both before and after joining the filter to the tobacco rod. Therefore, the methods according to the present invention is applicable to the fully and partially finished Smoking products, when you just need a tobacco rod for fixing bend of paper to tissue paper of this rod. If Smoking product is made only partially and contains the tobacco rod without a filter when the application bendable paper, the filter unit can is to add later to form a Smoking article filter. Alternatively, the Smoking article is a cigarette without a filter, so the filter to the tobacco rod does not add. Therefore, in the following description and the claims, it is assumed that the term "Smoking article" covers essentially and finished tobacco products, and partially finished tobacco products (which may contain only tobacco rod). Moreover, if Smoking product is made only partially, the filter unit can be added simultaneously with the application and the bending of the bend of the paper. Thus two stages of the manufacturing process are reduced to one and, therefore, reduces the time of manufacture of Smoking products. The simultaneous execution of two stages, thus, easier due to the fact that the application and bend bend paper can be implemented using a conventional apparatus for the manufacture of Smoking products, for example, used to attach filters, with minor changes, so that an additional process can easily be integrated into existing production lines.

One variant of implementation proposed to bend the paper submitted as separate smeared with adhesive strips applied to separate Smoking products, then the and wrapped around the tobacco rod, to the adhesive were glued to tissue paper and kept bending the paper in place.

The usual way of dealing with Smoking products during this process consists in transferring them to the surface of one or more rotating drums, which is usually performed in existing processes for the manufacture of Smoking products. Rotary drum mounted on the spindle and driven by a motor at a corresponding speed to synchronize with related equipment, contains a plurality of longitudinal grooves on the outer surface around the circumference, each groove is parallel to the axis of rotation of the drum and is sized to accommodate a Smoking product. Each groove contains one or more holes on the surface, which are connected to a vacuum pump so that you can keep Smoking product in the groove due to suction. Thus Smoking products come on the drum or withdrawn from the drum, including the past with one of the drum adjacent the drum, by switching on and off the vacuum at the appropriate time. You can use one or more reels for the transfer of Smoking products through a variety of devices for processing, which perform the various stages of manufacture Curitel the different products.

Figure 2 is given schematic representation of the use spinning reels for applications bendable paper for a Smoking article, shown as perpendicular to the axes of rotation of the drums. In this example, bendable paper presented in the form of pre-rolled coil 20 of the respective paper 22, such as a porous wrap made of pressed tobacco, paper roll 20 has a width, which in this case is the length of the bend of the paper when it is wrapped around the tobacco rod (i.e. the length of the protruding over the edge of the area plus the length of the plot, which takes place on top of the tissue paper along all or part of the tobacco rod). The paper 22 is unrolled from a roll 20 and passes through a pair of performing the embossing rollers 23 that knock on paper one or more bend lines corresponding to the lines along which the paper must be bent to close the end of the Smoking product. The fold lines facilitate subsequent bending of the bend of the paper, but they do not have to be included, so performing the embossing rollers 23 can this device be missing. Alternatively, bend the paper 22 may be provided with embossed already in the roll 20. Bend the paper then passes through the device 26 of adhesive application, which causes the adhesive 24 on one side of the paper 22. Can b is to be used in any suitable device for applying the adhesive, such as a system of rollers or block the spray adhesive. After gluing the paper 22 from a roll 20 and then is cut into pieces of the correct length using a cutter 28. The correct length is a length sufficient to completely cover the Smoking product, with optional overlay edges. In this example, the cutter 28 is a vacuum cutting drum 28. This drum with a multitude of cutting blades 29, arranged with a gap around the perimeter. The rotation of the drum 28 provides the contact knives with paper 22, and each knife is cut from a paper strip 22 30 correct length. The surface of the drum 28 is also provided with suction holes, through which is provided a vacuum to hold the individual strips 30 bend the paper in front of the drum 28 as its rotation.

Bend the paper 30, the appropriate size and is already lubricated, the adhesive is transferred by rotation of the vacuum cutting drum 28 in a position in which its front edge is installed on the way of Smoking articles 32, which is transferred to the surface of the first rotating drum 34. Smoking product 32 is supplied to the drum 34 from the drive or with the adjacent drum moves in a groove on the surface of the drum 34. As rotation of the drum 34 Smoking product 32 is in contact at the front edge of the STP is emeu paper 30, and bend the paper 30 adheres to tissue paper Smoking products 32 due to the previously applied adhesive. When the adhesion bend the paper 30 is removed from the vacuum cutting drum 28, so that the bendable paper now tolerated Smoking product 32. The vacuum cutting drum 28 and the rotating drum 34 are located relative to each other along the longitudinal direction of the Smoking articles 32 so that when gluing paper 30 to the Smoking product 32 was provided the desired length protruding beyond the edge of the plot.

The first rotary drum 34 rotates further, transferring the Smoking article 32 and with it attached bend the paper 30. The second rotating drum 36 is abutting against the first drum 34 rotates in the opposite direction around a parallel axis. During the rotation of the drums 34, 36 Smoking product 32 is moved into the groove on the second drum 36, and when the corresponding switch of the vacuum suction in the two grooves Smoking product is transferred to the second drum 36.

Appendix bend the paper version of the implementation of figure 2 can be used for any length bend the paper, and for partially and fully assembled Smoking products.

A potential problem that may occur when using the rolled plate is La application bendable paper, is the fallout from the ends, in which pieces of tobacco from the open end of the tobacco rod can become loose and may subsequently be lost. In this case, it may be caused by pressure on the end Smoking products rolled plate. This can be attributed to the corresponding configuration of the combination of rolled plate and rotating the drum to reduce the pressure applied to the Smoking article, and/or offset position(s) along the length of the Smoking articles in which the applied pressure.

An alternative method is pre-applied adhesive on the tissue paper to the manufacture of Smoking products. One or more lines or spots of adhesive may be deposited on the inner surface of the tissue paper before it is wrapped around the tobacco, lines or spots arranged so that they coincide with the end of each crack of the product. Thereby the end part of tobacco is attached to the inner side of the tissue paper, and it is unlikely that it is weakened when the application bendable paper.

On figa given schematic representation of the method of application of the bend of the paper, which runs along the entire length of the tobacco rod of Smoking products. In this case, bend the paper 42 is fed continuously from a roll (not shown), and the location is in the horizontal direction. Paper width at least equal to the circumference of the Smoking product, so that it completely covered the tobacco rod with wrap around Smoking products. The width of the bend of the paper may be longer than the length of the circumference of the Smoking product, so when you bend wrap the paper around the tobacco rod occurs overlay, which allows you to keep, for example, gluing. The adhesive is applied to the upper surface of the bendable paper at least along one edge. The number and position of the adhesive can be chosen depending on what part of the surface bend the paper to stick to the tissue paper, as well as whether the overlay.

A continuous stream of Smoking products 44 is supplied to the top surface of the bendable paper 42, as shown in section a in the drawing. Tobacco products do not have filters and can contain only tobacco rod in the form of tobacco 46, wrapped in tissue paper 48. Tobacco products 44 are end-to-end in a line along the length of the bend of the paper 42. However, along this line of tobacco products separated by distance d, equal to the length, which should extend beyond the edge of the bend the paper.

Smoking articles 44 and bend paper 42 are moved together, as shown by the arrow in the drawing, and served in a tube (not shown) inside the m in diameter, essentially equal to the diameter of Smoking products 44. As shown in section In the drawing, the tube wall is directed bend the paper 42, to include tobacco products 44, and the adhesive sticks bend the paper 42 in place so that it covered tissue paper 48 Smoking products 44. This forms a continuous tube bend paper 42 with Smoking articles 44, arranged with an interval in one line inside the tube.

Finally, the continuous tube is cut into sections, as shown in section in the drawing. Cutting device 50, such as a knife, intended for cutting of the tube bend paper 42 at intervals corresponding to the length of Smoking products plus 44 extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper. The cut pieces are abutting against the end of each tobacco rod. Thus a continuous tube is divided into separate Smoking articles 44, each of which contains the tobacco rod bend with paper wrapped around it, continuing along the entire length of the tobacco rod and additionally extending beyond one end of the tobacco rod, providing a protruding over the edge of the section 18 for bending.

In an alternative embodiment, the stream of Smoking products 44 can be bendable paper 42 pairs, two items in each pair, essentially soprikasalis is or are located very close together at their adjacent ends, and these pairs separated by distance 2d, which is equal to twice the length required to indicate the edge of the area of the bend of the paper. After they are wrapped in a continuous tube bend paper 42, tobacco products 44 then separated by cutting the tube at the midpoint of each interval between pairs of Smoking products, as well as the point at which adjoin to each product 44 in each pair.

On figb given schematic representation of this layout, using the same reference position as at figa. The second cutting knife 50' shown by a blank line circuit, so that in combination with the first cutting knife 50 show two points of the cut relative to each pair of Smoking products 44. If it is preferable, in reality, all cuts can be executed with one cutter.

The advantage of these methods of application bendable paper to Smoking products is that you can easily apply them to well-known apparatus for the manufacture of cigarettes with the tobacco rod with a double wrap. These cigarettes contain an outer layer of paper placed on a cigarette paper and tobacco rod for these cigarettes can be produced by feeding a continuous stream of tobacco rods with single wrap, placed end-to-end without gaps, on a greased adhesive outer Ober is ku, which will then be wrapped around the tobacco rod. Received continuous tube is then cut in each gap between the terminals with a single wrap. Adjusting the supply of tobacco rods thus, to obtain the desired spacing between the rods, and using a cutting device for cutting a tube bend of the paper without crushing and without deforming the protruding beyond the edge portion, it is possible to implement embodiments of the present invention, shown in figa and 3B.

The present invention further provides a large number of ways of bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper to cover the open end of the tobacco rod. It is proposed to carry out these methods by transferring Smoking products, already provided with protruding over the edge of the bendable paper, on one or more spinning reels, similar to that described above with reference to figure 2, which provide the contact protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper with one or more devices for bending, which engage the paper to push it inside on top of the tobacco. To achieve the effect of different curls with a different number and configuration of folds you can use different devices.

Figure 4 shows a schematic view of a first example configuration of folds, containing the third of four devices for bending, located near the rotating drum. The drum 52 transports tobacco products 54 in the vacuum grooves on its outer surface, as described above, tobacco products are fed to the drum from the drive or from another rotating drum. As the drum rotates, it transfers tobacco products in turn through four devices for bending. Each device for bending contains essentially flat surface located perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the drum 52 and, consequently, also the longitudinal axes of Smoking products 54. Additionally, the surface of the device for bending are located in a plane essentially abutting against the end surfaces of tobacco in the tobacco rod of Smoking products 54 as they are transferred through the drum 52.

The first device 56 for bending contains (is a) reciprocating movement of the pressing element in the form of a surface of a width less than the diameter of Smoking products. Its position is fixed relative to the drum 52, but it can move reciprocating motion along the direction perpendicular to its width, which is also essentially parallel to a tangent to the drum 52, as shown by the arrow in the drawing. In the initial position of the reciprocating movement ol suusi element is stenothoe position relative to the drum, allowing Smoking product to pass without affecting it. When the Smoking article 54 reaches the position 54A for reciprocating movement of the pressing element 56, the pressure element is moved forward so that its surface passes partially over the end of the tobacco rod on the rear side of the pushing portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper in front of him, and the paper is pushed inside and on top of the tobacco. The pressing element 56 then moves before it reaches the bend of the paper extending beyond the edge on the opposite side of Smoking products 54. Thus is formed the first fold.

A second device 58 for bending includes a stationary pressing element in the form of a surface of a width less than the diameter of Smoking products. Its position is fixed relative to the drum 52, and its widest part is essentially perpendicular additional tangent to the drum 52. The device is such that the Smoking article, a portable rotating drum and with the already formed first crease passes for pressing element 58 (with respect to the viewing direction in figure 4) with the surface of tobacco, closely adjacent to the surface of the pressing element 58. The front edge of the pressing element presses on the protruding over the edge of Gibeau paper as as a Smoking product is moved to the pressing element, and bend it over tobacco to create a second fold opposite the first fold. The presence of the first fold on the back side of the Smoking product means that Smoking product has passed without interaction under stationary pressing element, when the front side of the paper was bent in the form of second folds. The position of the first device 56 for bending and a second device 58 for bending and moving the first device for bending relative to the speed of the drum 52 is set so that the first pressing element 56 creates a fold just before the second pressing element 58 begins to create a crease for Smoking products. When the second fold, the first pressing element 56 is drawn to skip the following Smoking product first pressing element, again moving forward to create a first fold on the back side.

The third device 60 for bending includes a stationary sliding device for bending. It contains a surface with a converging profile made with the possibility of extension of the edges coming to the front side of the Smoking product, the profile starts at one side of end Smoking products (relative to the direction of movement of the smoke is part of the product) and converges to a point closer to the middle of the end Smoking products as you move the Smoking product. Thus, by passing a Smoking product stationary sliding device for bending, edge hooks protruding paper side Smoking products and gradually pushes her inside and over the end of the tobacco rod when the end passes across the surface of the moving device for bending. When this occurs the third fold, which is essentially directed at right angles to the first and second folds.

Finally, the fourth device 62 for bending contains additional stationary sliding device for bending. It has the same design, but with the opposite configuration relative to the third device 60 for bending, so that the converging region is located on the outer side of the Smoking product. Therefore, the passage of Smoking products via this sliding device for bending leads to the engagement of the opposite side extending beyond the edge of the paper and fold it inside the opposite end of the tobacco rod to get the fourth fold opposite the third fold. To save space, the fourth device 62 for bending, in all probability, should be located further downstream relative to the third device 60 for bending, so that each of these surfaces can go much farther than across the end of the tobacco crucial is I, to fully bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

Device for bending in figure 4 allow you to create a fold-envelope containing two opposite folds, on which are superimposed two additional opposite folds perpendicular to the first opposite folds.

On figa-5G given schematic representation of a view from the end of the Smoking articles with a fold-envelope, such as when using the apparatus according to figure 4. For the first crease 64 followed by a second fold 66 on the opposite side of Smoking articles, the third fold 68 at right angles to the first and second fold and the fourth fold 70 opposite the third fold. Outdoor tobacco 72 on the end of the tobacco rod will gradually be closed.

Figure 6 is given a schematic view of an additional example of the apparatus for bending. Rotary drum 74, which carries tobacco products 54 in the vacuum grooves on its surface, as in the previous case, is used in combination with a stationary rolled plate 76, similar to rolled plate 38, as described with reference to figure 2. As above, fixed landing Smoking products 54 between the surface of the rotating drum 74 and the curved surface of the rolled plate 76 causes Smoking product 54 to rotate about its products is through axis so that it rolls on the surface of the plate 76. In this example, the rolled plate 76 provided with a sliding device 78 for bending. The moving device 78 to bend recorded on the rolled plate 76 and contains a surface continuing from the curved surface of the rolled plate 76, which is in the plane of the ends of the tobacco rod of Smoking products 54 so that the ends of these rods are close to the surface as tobacco products 54 rolling on a rolled plate 76. The surface of the moving device 78 for bending contains an edge that starts at the surface of the rolled plate and converges in the direction towards the drum surface, so that the far end of the sliding device for bending continues at least until the middle of the gap between the rolled plate 76 and the drum 74. When the Smoking article is transferred to the rolled plate 76 by rotation of the drum 74, the front end of the moving device 78 for bending engages with the protruding over the edge and bend the paper at the end of the tobacco rod and slowly pushes it on top of and inside relative to the end surface of the tobacco. As the Smoking article 54 rolls onto rolled plate 79, the edge of the moving device 78 for STP of the project continuously gears new part protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper and bend it over tobacco. As the Smoking article 54 passes through the moving device 78 for bending, converging edge gradually passes across the greater part of end Smoking articles 54, bending, thus favouring the edge of the paper along its entire length. Thus, there is a continuous fold around the entire circumference of the tobacco rod, and extending beyond the edge of the paper flat against the end of the tobacco in the tobacco rod. When the Smoking article 54 emerges from the end of the moving device 78 for bending, the end is completely covered with a bent paper, provided that the source extends beyond the edge portion was of sufficient length.

7 given a schematic view of an additional example of a sliding device for bending. It is similarly shown in Fig.6, because it uses a rotating drum 74 to prokachivanija Smoking products 54 on the surface of the stationary rolled plate 76. However, in this example, a moving device for bending replaced next teeth 80. Similarly, moving the device to bend the prongs 80 protrude inward from the surface of the rolled plate 76, and their surfaces are located on level one plane with the end of the tobacco in the tobacco rod of Smoking products 54. Each tooth 80 has an edge that starts on the surface of the rolled p. the plates 76 and converges in the direction towards the drum surface, so far the end of each prong 80 is continued until at least half of the gap between the rolled plate 76 and the drum 74. Thus, each prong 80 can be considered as a separate sliding device (means) for bending. However, the length of each tooth in the direction of movement of Smoking products is less than the length of the circumference of Smoking products, so that each prong 80 can bend only a portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper. The next prong 80 gears protruding portion where the previous prong completed flexion, and it creates a new, separate fold, which is superimposed on the previous fold. Each prong 80 creates a separate fold, which is superimposed on the preceding fold. Thus, there must be a sufficient number of teeth to bend all the protruding over the edge of the paper so that the total length of the teeth should be at least the length of the circumference of the Smoking product 54. When this occurs, the fold in the form of a rainbow, containing as many folds as teeth 80 on the rolled plate 76.

On Fig shows a schematic end view Smoking products with the end closed by the fold in the form of a rainbow. Five overlapping each other folds are created in order from a to e, for example, with five teeth 80 on the rolled plate 76 shown in Fig.7.

On Phi is .9 given schematic representation of yet another additional example, a moving device for bending, uses a rotating drum 74 and stationary rolled plate 76. In this example, each vacuum groove to migrate Smoking products 54 contains the corresponding Cam device 82 for bending. For each groove of the Cam device 82 for bending includes a Cam which is mounted rotatably on the end surface of the drum 74 in line with the groove so that the Cam provides a surface beyond the edge of the end surface of the drum, on top of Smoking products 54 in the groove, the surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod of a Smoking product 54. The axis of rotation of the Cam parallel to the axis of rotation of the drum 74, and due to the fact that the surface is a Cam, it has an eccentricity relative to the axis of rotation. Thus, as rotation of the Cam edge surface is gradually farther and farther over the end of the tobacco rod. To the maximum extent it is at least until the middle of the width of the Smoking product.

When the Smoking article 54 enters the groove on the drum 74, the corresponding Cam is in the position in which the Cam surface does not extend past the edge of the drum 74. When Smoking product reaches rolled plate 76, the Cam device for bending is enabled,and the Cam surface starts to rotate. As the land surface begins to extend beyond the edge of the drum 74, the edge of the gears protruding bend the paper and presses it to the end of the tobacco in the tobacco rod. At the same time Smoking article 54 rolls onto rolled plate 76, so that as the edge of the Cam is additionally advocated the end of the tobacco rod, a new part of the protruding section is engaged with the edge of the Cam, vimas inside over tobacco. Rotation of the Cam is synchronized so that as the rotation of the Smoking articles 54 to rolled plate 76, the Cam also rotates when the edge is deflected over the end of the tobacco rod, and then gradually backwards, because the eccentricity of the Cam again becomes closer to the axis of rotation. The combination of these movements allows you to create a continuous crease extending beyond the edge of the bend the paper around the entire circumference of the Smoking product. Rotating the Cam acts like a rolling device for bending with a smooth edge on Fig.6, providing converging region, which gradually protrudes further beyond the end surface of the tobacco rod as the rolled Smoking article, forming one continuous fold.

The effect of a bending device for bending with prongs for 7 is also provided on what redstem Cam devices for bending. For this purpose the Cams with stepped edge instead of a smooth profile, shown in figure 9. Each step edge creates a separate fold portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, with successive folds, which are superimposed on each other to create the final folds of the rainbow.

Figure 10 is given a schematic view of an additional apparatus for bending, which uses a rotating drum 74 in combination with a rolled plate 76. In this example, the rolled plate 76 operates in conjunction with a rotating screw 84 threaded to engage and bend the protruding beyond the edge of the paper. The screw 84 threaded driven by a motor 86, its longitudinal axis and, consequently, also its axis of rotation essentially perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the drum 74 and the longitudinal axis of the Smoking articles 54, carried by the drum. The screw 84 threaded additionally is situated so that it was generally rolled along the surface of the rolled plate, and a threaded surface was in the same plane as the ends of the tobacco rod portable Smoking products. Thus, the threaded surface forms a surface closely adjacent to the ends of the tobacco rod, over which the surface of the tobacco can move to high bending Upaya over the edge of the paper, as with the closely adjacent surfaces in previous versions of the implementation. To obtain the folds of the screw 84 threaded rotates at the same time, when the Smoking article 54 rolls on the surface of the rolled plate 76. Therefore, the thread of the screw comes into contact successively with portions extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, with their gears and Flex every part of the inside of the opposite end of the tobacco rod. Picking up the speed of rotation of the screw thread in accordance with the speed of prokachivanija Smoking product, or by setting the ratio of these speeds, you can create neatly adjacent to each other and the overlapping folds of the rainbow. The thread pitch of the screw determines the number of folds.

Figure 11 shows another example of the apparatus for bending according to the present invention, which uses a rotating drum 74 for transferring Smoking products 54 through three devices for bending, allowing you to get three folds. Two of these devices for bending are a pair of rotating devices 88 for bending, which is fixed relative to the drum 74 and are close to being along the radius of the drum, but over the edge of the drum 74, providing two surfaces closely adjacent to the ends of the tobacco rod of Smoking products 54. These surfaces are rotated around the axes is parallel to the axis of rotation of the drum, and form the edges of these surfaces is such that during the rotation of these surfaces come in and beyond the path of Smoking products 54 as the drum rotates. For example, the surface may be a Cam, so that the eccentricity of Cam rotation gives a surface that is in a position above the end of the Smoking product, and the other is not, because this region is closer to the axis of rotation of the Cam. Alternatively, the surface can be mounted centrally in a circular surfaces with a missing sector, for example the fourth part, as shown in the drawing. Thus, in some positions during the rotation of the surface lies partially over the end of the tobacco rod, and the other provisions of the missing sector coincides with the tobacco rod, so that the surface above the end of the tobacco rod is not. Two rotating surface of the rotating device for bending are arranged for rotation in opposite directions, and in any case above the surface shape is provided the effect of the two surfaces with the front edges of which engage the adjacent portion protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper as rotation surfaces, additional rotation of the surfaces causes them to reach the end of the tobacco rod and bend with ibemo paper, to create the first and second folds. These folds are essentially along two sides of a Smoking product in relation to its direction of movement, but also adjacent, essentially creating a U-shaped fold.

In provisions during the rotation of the direction of rotation and speed of rotation of the two rotating devices 88 for bending selected such that the Smoking article could initially pass between them without bending (the surface are in positions in which they do not protrude beyond the ends of the tobacco rod). At a particular point, when the Smoking article 54 is in the range of the flexor surfaces, when they turned to the appropriate position (approximately 54A figure 11), the device 88 for bending rotate, the front edges of these surfaces engage the rear side protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, and the surface deployed forward through the end of the tobacco rod to bend the two sides extending beyond the edge of the paper flat on tobacco. To achieve this, the surface must rotate faster than the drum, so that the Smoking article 54 not out of the range of the rotating device 88 to bend before the bending is completed. In an alternative embodiment, the rotating drum 74 may be stopped while rotating the rotating device 88 for bending.

Two BPA is audacia device 88 for bending can be arranged in pairs, as figure 11, so that the first and second folds are formed at the same time. It is preferred if the rotary drum is stopped for bending, because to create these two folds requires less time. However, the same effect of the bending is achieved by positioning rotating device 88 for bending at various points around the drum 74.

The apparatus 11 further comprises a third device 90 to longitudinal bending, which is a stationary pressing element, similar to the second device 58 for bending figure 4. The third device for bending provides a surface fixed relative to the drum, and as described above surface, is located in the same plane as the end of the tobacco in the tobacco rod. As a Smoking product from the first and second folds is coming to the third device 90 for bending, the edge surface gears front edge serving bend the paper and bend it creating a plane opposite the tobacco when Smoking product is held under the surface of the device 90 bend to create a third fold. Alternatively, to create a third folds you can use the additional rotating device for bending, and by passing through it a Smoking product of its p is the surface with the edge of a special form unfolds over the corresponding part protruding bendable paper.

On figa shows the end view Smoking products end, a closed three-way fold, for example created by the apparatus 11.

On Fig shows a simplified schematic perspective view of apparatus according to one variant of implementation of the present invention, which used a series of five spinning reels for blending bend the paper at the end of Smoking articles and the subsequent bending serving bend the paper into a four-fold envelope.

For clarity, the rotating reels 100, 102, 104, 106, 108 is represented only by the dashed lines. The drums are arranged successively from right to left and are adjacent to each other so that carried them tobacco products 54 can be moved from the groove on one drum into the groove on the next drum through appropriately synchronized enable vacuum suction. The first and second drums 100 and 102 are used to blend and bend paper 110 at the end of each crack of the product 54 in the manner described with reference to figure 2. The first drum 100 transports tobacco products 54 after filing smeared with adhesive bend paper 110, so that each Smoking article 54 captures bend the paper 110. The second drum 102 transports tobacco products 54 on rolled plate (not shown)so that when re is olderwomen rolled moving bendable paper 110 was wrapped around the tobacco rod and sticking to tissue paper (Smoking article 54b).

After application bendable paper 110 Smoking product is transferred from the grooves on the second reel 102 in the groove on the third reel 104 (Smoking product s). Each groove on the third reel provided with a device for forming grooves, which is a projection outward from the surface of the groove, which bends the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper 110 as the Smoking article is in the groove, and therefore bends bend the paper 110 abutting against the end of the tobacco rod, when the Smoking article is completely rests in the notch in the groove, when the Smoking article is located appropriately relative to the ledge.

On figa shows a side view of the Smoking product is, when it enters into the groove 112 on the third reel 104 (Smoking product s moves in the groove 112 in the direction of the arrow). The ledge 114 pushes the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper 110 in the folded position as the end of the tobacco rod 116 passes under the ledge 114. At this bend in the paper 110 occurs first fold.

Then the Smoking article 54 with the first bend fold paper 110 is transmitted into the groove on the fourth drum 106. Grooves on the fourth drum 106 is provided with devices for forming grooves or protrusions that allow you to create a second fold is Gibeau paper 110 as as a Smoking product 54d is in the groove, as and for a third of the drum 104. Considering the fact that the first fold occurs on the side Smoking products 54 as close to the center of the third drum 104 as Smoking product 54 is in the groove on the third reel 104, the second fold occurs opposite the first fold, because the side of the Smoking articles 54, the most remote from the center of the third drum 104, a party Smoking articles 54, which is in the groove on the fourth reel 106.

On figb shows a side view of the Smoking product 54d, when it enters into the groove 112 on the fourth drum 106. The ledge 114 pushes the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper 110 in the folded position, when the end of the tobacco rod 116 passes under the lip 114 to create a second fold opposite the first fold.

The fourth drum 106 is also provided with a stationary rolled plate (not shown)that controls the rotation of Smoking products at an angle of approximately 90 within grooves (Smoking product e). While tobacco products are placed in the position in which have not bent part extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper 110 are located along the radius of the fourth drum 106. To facilitate rotation with a rolled plate, it may be necessary to h the UPA 114 on the fourth drum 106 to be drawn into the situation, in which they do not protrude into the grooves and, therefore, cannot be covered performed nesognutoy bend the paper, when tobacco products 54 are rotated within the grooves.

In General, the ledges and on the third reel, and on the fourth reel can be moved between an extended position in which they bend the overlapping paper, when the Smoking article is in the groove, and a retracted position in which they do not protrude into the groove and, therefore, do not interfere with subsequent movement of Smoking products, including rotation within the groove and the transfer of the grooves. Moving between these two positions can be synchronized with the rotation of the drums in order to achieve a smooth and continuous passage of Smoking products through a sequence of drums. Alternatively, the tabs on one or both of the third and fourth wheels can be fixed.

Finally, tobacco products 54 is transmitted to the fifth drum 108, which carries tobacco products 54f a couple of devices 118 for bending, which will be triggered as a sliding device for bending described with reference to figure 4, to bend the remaining two protruding parts bend paper 110 for receiving the third and fourth folds, opposite to each other and perpendicular to the first and second is th folds.

On Fig shows a simplified schematic perspective view of apparatus according to an additional variant of implementation of the present invention, which also uses a series of five spinning reels for blending bend the paper at the end of the crack, and then bending the protruding over the edge and bend the paper into a four-fold envelope. In this example, the first, second, third and fourth reels 100, 102, 104, 106 are similar to those described for option implementation pig to impose bend the paper 110 for each Smoking article 54 and form the first and second folds of the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper 110, using the tabs in the grooves of the third and fourth reels 104, 106. In addition, the fourth drum 106 contains a fixed rolled plate, which rotates tobacco products at a 90 angle before they will be transferred to the fifth drum 108.

An implementation option for pig different from the version on Fig that device 118 for bending on Fig replaced the two devices 120 for bending reciprocating 120. These devices for bending are two of the flexor surface in the plane of the end of the tobacco rod, portable Smoking article 54 for the fifth drum 108, which can swivel to rotate between a first position, in which oterom they do not hinder the passage of Smoking products 54, so Smoking product can pass between them without any contact with the protruding over the edge of the bendable paper, and a second position in which they are on the path of Smoking products 54, so that the ends of the tobacco rods are close contiguity to the flexor surfaces. As device 120 for bending is moved from the first position to the second position, the edge of the flexor surfaces are deployed opposite end of the tobacco rod, pushing the two remaining parts protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside to get the third and fourth folds.

On Fig shows a simplified schematic perspective view of apparatus according to another additional option of implementing the present invention, which used a series of six rotating drums to blend and bend the paper at the end of Smoking articles and the subsequent bending protruding over the edge and bend the paper into a four-fold envelope. First, second, third and fourth reels 100, 102, 104, 106 are similar to those described for option implementation pig to impose bend the paper 110 for each Smoking article 54 and form the first and second folds extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper 100 by using the tabs in the grooves of the third and fourth reels 104, 106. However, in this example, no rent is covering plate, connected to the fourth drum 106 so that tobacco products are not rotated in the groove before you get in the groove of the fifth drum 122.

Every fifth groove of the drum 122 is equipped with a stationary device 126 for bending the special form attached to the end surface of the drum 122 (shown only one). As described above, the device for bending, each stationary device for bending provides a surface in the plane of the ends of the tobacco rod of Smoking products, held on the respective drum, across which passes the end of the tobacco rod, thus there is pressure on the part protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper and twist it at the front end of the tobacco rod. In this example, once the first and second folds, the remaining two projecting beyond the edge of the bend part of the paper 110 are located on the side of Smoking products in relation to the direction in which tobacco products fall into the grooves of the fifth drum 122 (for lack of a rolled plate for rotation of Smoking products on the fourth reel 106). Therefore, the stationary device 126 for bending are arranged so that, speaking over the edge at each side of the groove, bend the appropriate direction protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper 110. The form will be dropped at the situations of the device 126 for bending is they create an edge for incoming Smoking products, which begins towards the outside Smoking products and converges to the center of the end part of the Smoking product, when Smoking the product gets into the groove. Therefore, a stationary device for bending are similar to devices for bending and bend portion extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper 110, which is located at the edge of the crack of the products in relation to the forward direction to move the Smoking product, when Smoking the product gets into the groove and moves in it. When this occurs the third fold is perpendicular to the first and second folds.

Similarly, the sixth reel 124 also includes a stationary device 128 for bending associated with each groove. Stationary device 128 to bend toward the grooves thereby to bend the remaining portion protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, creating a fourth fold opposite the third fold.

In the variants of implementation Fig and 15 ledges on the third and fourth wheels can be fixed or mobile, as described with reference to Fig.

On figa shows a side view in section of an additional variant of implementation of the apparatus for bending bend paper using grips. Apparatus is at 150 contains a rod 152, whereby the apparatus can be mounted on the rotary drum, and a gripping mechanism 154 mounted on one end of the rod 150. Gripping mechanism 154 is mounted so that it can move along the direction defined by the length of the rod 150. Gripping mechanism 154 comprises a cylindrical casing 156, which allows you to accept the end of the Smoking articles and a pair of grippers 158 mounted on opposite sides of the casing 156. Each gripper 158 is of the form G-shaped element, which is pivotally mounted on the casing 156 at an angle between the two arms of the Y-shaped element. Each gripper 158 is mounted so that one lever 160 G-shaped element forms a lever grip, passing mainly longitudinally and ending turned out clip 162. Another lever 164 G-shaped element forms a connecting lever, which takes place mostly outside and ends in the connection point 166, whereby the lever 164 is attached to one end of a spring 168 which extends in the longitudinal direction. The other end of the spring 168 is attached to the movable cuff 170 which surrounds the casing 156 and can be moved in the longitudinal direction over a part of the casing 156. Mobile cuff 170 is largely occupied stenothoe position (as shown in figa), in which it is drawn from the terminal 162 of the grip. This is the position of the tension spring 168 pulls the connecting levers 164 grippers 158, turning grips around the swivel, so that the clamps 162 is opened.

On figb shown many capture devices 150, mounted on a rotating drum 172. Each apparatus 150 is aligned in the longitudinal direction with the vacuum groove 174 in the drum 172 and is located at the end of the vacuum grooves 174, so that the apparatus 150 may perform an action with a Smoking product held in a vacuum groove 174. Therefore, when using several of Smoking products are transferred into the vacuum grooves 174 of the drum 172 to the flexion fold of the paper can be performed on all tobacco products together.

On FIGU shows a side view of the apparatus 150 when used at the first stage of bending. Then crack the product 54 is transferred into the vacuum groove on a rotating drum, gripper mechanism 154 is moved forward in the direction of the Smoking articles 54, as shown by the arrow, until the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper 110 will not be accepted clamps 162 grippers 158. Edge clamps 162 aligned with the end of the tobacco in the Smoking product 54.

On Figg shows a side view of the apparatus 150 when used in the second stage of bending. After combining Smoking articles 54 and grippers 158, as shown in figv, mobile cuff 170 is moved forward over the outer side of the casing 156 in the direction of the grippers 158. When the volume of the tension spring 168 is reset, the hooks 158 are exempt and can swivel to rotate around the hinge joints. This edge of the movable cuff 170 is in contact with the connecting levers 164 clamps 158 and pushes them, turning clamps 158, so that the clamps 162 interlock with each other, as shown in Figg. The clips 162 are pushing the opposite side extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper 110 inside on top of the tobacco in the Smoking article 54, creating a opposite first and second folds to folds of the envelope. After bending the movable cuff 170 is retracted, allowing the spring 168 to close the clamps 158. Then gripping mechanism 154 is also pulled from the Smoking product, releasing it for further processing.

After this step, the curl of tobacco products can be transferred from the rotating drum in the apparatus for forming the third and fourth folds. For example, the second rotating drum may be provided with an additional gripping device 150 with an intermediate stage, such as rolling the plate to rotate Smoking products, so they were transferred to the gripping apparatus to the second drum extending beyond the edge of the bend the paper in the correct orientation for bending. In an alternative embodiment, additional gripping apparatus can be mounted with clamps in position perpendicular to the position of the grippers perokbromaesesta drum, so there is no need to turn tobacco products. Otherwise, you can use any other apparatus for bending to create the opposite third and fourth folds perpendicular to the first and second folds to get the folds of the envelope.

On Fig given schematic representation of a side view of an additional variant of implementation of the apparatus for applying bending paper on Smoking product, as well as for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper. The device does not contain any of the spinning reels described above. Instead, the device includes a lower horizontal surface 140 and the upper horizontal surface 143 which is located above the bottom surface 140 with a period of slightly more width Smoking articles 54, so that the Smoking article 54, introduced in this period, is in a state of static Seating. The upper surface is an endless belt 143, rotating around two horizontally spaced rollers 144. Smoking article 54 with attached bendable paper 110, attached by adhesive at the front edge only to tissue paper Smoking articles 54, is introduced into the gap between the upper surface 142 and the bottom surface 143. Bend the paper 110 may be prepared and placed on Smoking and is the product 54 in any convenient way, including vacuum cutting drum and associated equipment described in figure 2. When the Smoking article 54 enters into the gap between the upper surface 142 and the bottom surface 140, the moving belt 143 which forms the upper surface 142, in combination with a fixed landing leads to the fact that Smoking product 54 is rolled over the bottom surface 140. This rolling, in turn, causes Smoking product 54 to turn bend the paper 110, at which it is transferred, and therefore bend the paper is wrapped around the outside Smoking articles 54 and adheres to tissue paper due to the deposited adhesive. Thus, a Smoking article is provided with protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

The bottom surface 140, at a point further along from where Smoking article 54 enters the gap between the surfaces 140, 142, sufficient to bend the paper 110 was wrapped around Smoking articles 54, provided with a number of speakers up teeth 146. Each prong 146 creates a surface that abuts against the end of the tobacco rod of a Smoking product 54. When the Smoking article 54 continues to roll on the bottom surface 140, the teeth 146 alternately hook portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper and press it to the end of the tab is con rod, creating a fold similar to bending the prongs described for alternative 7. Each prong creates a single crease to get overlapping each other folds of the rainbow.

The teeth 146 in the apparatus may be missing because they simply function wraps smeared with adhesive bend the paper around 110 Smoking products 54. In addition, the bottom surface 140 may be a fixed surface, or may contain a rotating endless belt 143, similar to the belt top surface 142, which rotates at a different speed or in a different direction than the belt 143 upper surface to provide the desired rolling Smoking products 54. Additionally, moving the top surface can implement components, as an alternative to the endless belt rotating on the rollers. Can be used in any combination of upper and lower surfaces, spaced appropriately, which provides the required relative movement for rolling of Smoking products. Additionally, the rolling can be used to migrate Smoking products after other devices for bending than the teeth 146, for example a moving device for bending, similar to those shown in Fig.6.

Additional configuration is AI folds you can use adapting any of the above devices (or using an entirely different machine)to bend the bendable paper otherwise than in a fold of the envelope, fold the rainbow-or three-fold.

On figa shows the end view Smoking products with bendable paper, which closes the top tobacco through a simple way to collapse and bend paper inside without creating a separate folds. Appropriately configured machine can crease the paper so that at the end of the paper was embossed drawing or pattern.

On figb shows the end view Smoking products, which bend the paper is bent by semiplena curved folds, in this case with three folds. Protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper gameplay at the point with the formation of many folds, which in this example is three. Then these folds bend to flatten their opposite end surface of the Smoking product.

On FIGU shows the end view Smoking products with bendable paper, which is bent using a double fold, followed by circumcision protruding beyond the edge of the wings. Two opposite sides of the bend of the bent paper inside, as for the two original folds folds of the envelope. Two of the remaining part of the paper then folded out to the position shown by the dashed lines (instead of shibani the inside, as for the folds of the envelope before you trim the protruding portion. While the end of the Smoking product has a neat appearance with one line.

If necessary, you can enter additional processing step for any method used for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, including all of the above methods. You may find that after bending bend paper spraint and a few slightly open from bent for abutment against which folds prelusory by the end of the tobacco rod. This can be achieved by applying slight pressure on the bent end of the pin or rod, the diameter of which is less than the diameter of the Smoking product. The pin is moved to the end of the Smoking articles in the direction along the longitudinal axis of the Smoking product, and during indentation inside a bent paper will be pressed into position when it is bent to close contiguity (because the underlying tobacco is slightly compressed under the applied pressure of the pin) and slightly folded or rumpled. This is enough to hold the various folds in place better than when they bent without crushing pin. This is preferably compared to hold the folds in place using adhesive, since it is desirable to minimize the amount of adhesive used in Curitel the m product. In addition, in all likelihood, down end Smoking products pin is simpler than applying adhesive to the various folds or portions extending beyond the edge of the paper at the appropriate time, and does not require the submission of materials.

For crushing can be used any practically realizable method and apparatus. For example, there may be used a simple pin, reciprocating movement and mounted on the mechanism, which can move in the crushing position and from and during displacement of the pin each Smoking article is held stationary. However, this is a relatively slow step in the process, which otherwise can be done with a continuous movement of Smoking products (for example, using the device Fig). It is therefore proposed that presses the pin can move along the path of motion of Smoking products, so that the pressing can be performed without stopping Smoking products.

You can use the swash plate, which is a known apparatus for use with a rotating drum for transfer of Smoking products. The swash plate is a disk-shaped section of a circular rim with a flat front surface, a rim attached to the Central hub is the exploits of many springs like the spokes of a wheel. The swash plate is mounted so that it can rotate with the axis of rotation coinciding with the axis of rotation of the rotating drum, and its flat front surface essentially parallel to the end surface of the drum. When using the swash plate moves to the drum, when they both rotate in one direction, and the flat front surface presses on the ends of Smoking products, carried by the drum, aligning them in the longitudinal direction, so that all the ends were located in the selected plane. Spring mounting rim ensures that the rough initial alignment of Smoking products none of Smoking products was rendered more pressure than the other; however, tobacco products are less damaged. In addition, the rotation of the swash plate simultaneously with the drum eliminates the influence of lateral forces (offset) on tobacco products, which also causes damage.

In order to exercise pressure on the end of the bend of the paper with a pin in this variant implementation, it is proposed that the swash plate was equipped with a variety of pins, each pin aligned with each groove on the respective rotating the drum in position for pressing down on the center of end Smoking products held in the groove. Swash AC is attached to the rotating drum at a distance, enough to push the pins to bend the paper in the required manner, and the rotation of the swash plate and spring Assembly allows the pins to carry tobacco products without lateral displacement or uneven pressure between Smoking products.

On figa given schematic representation of a side view of a rotating drum equipped with the appropriate pins angled drive. The drum 130 carries a lot of Smoking products in the grooves on its circumference, and the swash plate 132 is mounted so that it rotates relative to the same axis as the axis of the drum, and at the same speed. On the flat front surface of the swash plate 134 has many pins 134, combined with grooves and Smoking articles 54 and projecting from the flat front surface in the direction of the end surface of the drum 130. The drum 130 and the swash plate 134 rotates, as indicated by curved arrow on figa, and the swash plate 134 is moved to the drum under the action of the bearing 133, which moves the plate 134 to the drum 130, as indicated by the straight arrow. The pins 134 exert pressure on the ends of Smoking products 54, and when they are pressed into Smoking articles 54 a sufficient distance to wrap bend the paper in the right way, preventing its deployment, the swash plate 132 moves in nasagot drum 130.

On figb given schematic representation of an alternative apparatus for pressing pins bent in the paper. The device comprises a rotating drum 130 carrying a lot of Smoking products 54 in the grooves around its circumference, as at figb. However, in this example, the pins 134 are radially outward from the surface of the second rotating drum or disk 135, which is located so that its axis of rotation was perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the rotating drum 130, carrying tobacco products 54. The pins 134 are located in a plane oriented at a tangent to the rotating drum 130 so that rotation of the disk 135 together with the rotation of the drum 130 has led to the contact of each pin 134 with the end of the Smoking articles 54, the gap between the pins 134 and Smoking articles 54 and the rotation speed of the drum 130 and disk 135 is selected accordingly. The disk 54 is removed from the drum 130 at a distance that ensures that each pin 134 little bit bent paper to the desired pressure before it will be removed when the rotation of the pin and Smoking products differ. Relative rotational movement of the drum 130 and disk 135 causes the pins 134 jam on tobacco products 54 with little or no lateral offset.

On Fig given schematically the representation of the view in cross section through the end of the Smoking articles 54 with the pin 134 on the inclined disk 132 or disk/drum 135, presses bend the paper 110, which covers the end of the tobacco in the Smoking product 54 to slightly push and bend the bendable paper 110.

When it is acceptable to use an adhesive for fixing folds bent end in place, bend the paper may be self-adhesive paper. On the protruding beyond the edge portion of the bend of the paper may be provided on one or more areas of adhesive to samoprzylepne (preferably before the overlay paper on Smoking product). Depending on the type of adhesive flexion may be sufficient to bend the paper stuck to itself. Otherwise, you can use adhesive that requires the application of heat and/or pressure. After bending the folds, you can press the pins using any of the configurations of the pins described above. If the adhesive is activated, for example by heating, the pins can be heated by electric heating elements inside the pins. If you do not want folds pressed pins, you can ensure that all Smoking products in contact with the heated flat plate or plates (such as heated inclined disk) for curing the adhesive.

Different ways of bending, described above, can be implemented using protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper with a straight edge, a to bend bendable paper advocates the end of the tobacco rod at the same distance at all points around the circumference of the Smoking product. In many cases, this is achieved acceptable appearance of the finished bent end. But that is not the edge of the bend of the paper may have a special form. This can be used to reduce the amount of paper that is to be bent over the end of the tobacco rod by removing the paper from the areas where otherwise two or more paper layers are superimposed on each other. Because there are fewer paper covering the tobacco received a bent end easier to burn, he can have a better appearance, or need special appearance.

Bend the paper with the edge of a special form easier to use in ways that bend the paper is imposed on tobacco products by wrapping individual bendable strips of paper around a separate Smoking products, for example as in figure 2. The overlay process bendable paper described with reference to figure 3, can also be used to provide edge special form, but, in all likelihood, will require two stages of cutting, one using the knife has a special form to ensure the region has a special form for serving bend over the edge of the paper, and the second using the straight-knife to ensure PR is constituent edges bend the paper at the opposite end of the tobacco rod.

On Fig shows some convenient form for edge bending of paper of a special form: A: toothed edge; In: edge in the walls of the castle; With: the shape of the edge with protruding segments, curved according to the curvature of end Smoking products. The number of slots, segments, etc. depends on the number of folds. Can also be used the other edge of the form.

On Fig shows in plan example bendable paper 110, which is applied to the adhesive, for example, by means of the apparatus of figure 2. The size of the bend paper 110 such that it extends over the edge of the tobacco rod for a short distance. Shorter sides have a size corresponding to the length of the tobacco rod plus protruding over the edge of the plot, and the longer sides correspond to the circumference of the tobacco rod. The adhesive is applied in three areas. The area And passes across the width of the paper 110 in the direction of coverage, and about half of the length of paper 110. This is the area of contact with tissue paper tobacco rod, so bend the paper sticks to the tissue paper along the entire circumference, and extending over the edge of the area of the bend paper adhesive no. The region is a narrow strip of adhesive along the edge of the paper 110, corresponding to the length of the tobacco rod. It corresponds to the region of overlap, when the paper 110 is wrapped around the tobacco stem is, and glue the overlapping edges together, forming a tube beyond the end of the tobacco rod. The area is a narrow strip of adhesive running along the width of the paper around the edges, which corresponds to the far end of the speaker area. Various folds are glued in place, when they created devices for bending. The adhesive in the area With may not be needed if the folds stay in place and without it, or if the pressure to bend the paper, such as a pin, as figa, 19B and 20, provides adequate retention. Similarly, areas a and b may contain an adhesive, is applied to another type of distribution, such as spots or other strips than a continuous distribution Fig.

Alternatively, the pleats may be fixed in place with an adhesive, which is applied in the process of bending. For example, the folds of the envelope shown in Figg can be established in the first two folds, after which the adhesive is applied on the two opposite performed nesognutoy remaining part extending beyond the edge of the paper before they are bent. Then the adhesive holding the two outer folds in place, holding the thus bent end of the paper as a whole. However, for any layout folds the adhesive can be applied to one or all performed nesognutoy valves or parts to generate the, as they will be bent. To achieve this, the block of adhesive application can be located close to the apparatus, carrying tobacco products in the process of bending. For example, a unit for applying adhesive can contain one or more pistols for bonding, lets apply a small amount of adhesive on each valve to bend. The adhesive may be applied to two or more valves or sites at the same time. In the example above, the folds of the envelope two pistols for bonding can simultaneously apply adhesive on two opposite performed nesognutoy part. In another example, a unit for applying adhesive can contain cleanmessage device type form gravure printing, synchronized for simultaneous actuation with the apparatus for bending.

When a bent end Smoking products ready (possibly including applying adhesive and/or indentation folds inward, as described above), you need to check the quality of the bent end to reject tobacco products with folds that do not meet the standard, from the production line. Quality checks can be carried out by adding the control system at the end of the apparatus for bending; this may be, for example, control system, camera-based. One or more cameras capture each sognato the end and provide the signal to the device, sorting Smoking product if found defective fold. Detection can be performed, for example, by detecting a sample pattern or way of comparing images in which the captured image is compared with stored images, free from defects bent ends. If a match between the captured and stored images is not enough, generates a signal of rejection, which is transmitted to the apparatus for rejection corresponding Smoking products. Can be used with any system rejection, depending on the transfer method of Smoking products after inspection system. For example, if tobacco products are transferred into the grooves of a rotating vacuum drum, the vacuum in the groove carrying the defective Smoking product, can be disabled, which leads to a fall in Smoking articles from a drum.

On Fig shows a simplified schematic top view of the control system. In this example, the rotating drum 200 carries a lot of Smoking products 202 with bent ends through the system 203 control. System 203 control contains the first camera 206 and the second camera 208, located near the drum 200, and both cameras are attached to the control block 210. The first camera 206 is used to record the view from the end of the bent end of each smoke is inogo products 202 as as tobacco products 202 pass through the chamber 206 through the rotation of the drum 200. The second camera 208 is used to record the view of the side of each bent end. Thus, it is possible to install a large number of defects bent end, including defects accession extending beyond the edge of the paper to crack the product. However, the control system can contain only one camera designed to record the view from the end or side view, or species, intermediate between the side and end.

Images from the first camera 206 and the second camera 208 is transmitted to the control block 210 for processing, for example, for comparison with stored images all with no defects folds. If, when processing a defect, the unit 210 generates control signal rejection, which is transmitted via line 212 management controller 204 of the rotating drum 200, causing the actuation mechanism of rejection, which rejects Smoking product with a defect. Images must be captured sinhronizovano with the rotation of the drum, so that the mechanism of rejection worked for the correct Smoking of the product.

Any of the methods herein ways of making Smoking articles with protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper can be combined with any of the methods described is herein curl serving bend over the edge of the paper. Moreover, any of the above methods can be combined with methods similar to those described for obtaining the described type of end Smoking articles with protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, which is bent to cover tobacco. In addition, you can use methods similar to those described for obtaining the described species of late. Also described herein ways of bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper in an alternative embodiment, can be used for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the paper, which is not imposed separately bendable paper, as described herein, but instead is protruding over the edge of the area of tissue paper, which is wrapped tobacco in the tobacco rod.

When considering various embodiments of the devices described herein, components for bonding bend paper to Smoking products may be considered the first node, components for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper the second node, components for pressing the pins bent in the paper to enhance the effect of bending - the third node, and any additional components used to attach filters to block any Smoking products that are made only in part, when attached bendable paper, you shall be considered the fourth node. To increase the production speed, you can increase the number of first and/or second nodes in the device as a whole. For example, two devices for bending or two apparatus for fixing bend of paper can be placed in parallel to feed double the number of Smoking products on the part of the device is further along.

1. A method of making Smoking articles, in which: prepare a fully or partially finished basement
the product, containing at least the tobacco rod of tobacco wrapped in cigarette paper,
paste bend the paper to tissue paper to bend the paper covered the tobacco rod and advocated the edge of the tissue paper on the end of the tobacco rod, which is supposed to burn, and
bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper, essentially covering the tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod.

2. The method according to claim 1, in which bend the paper is glued to the outer side of the tissue paper.

3. The method according to claim 1, in which use porous bend the paper.

4. The method according to claim 3, in which bend the paper has a porosity of more than 3000, 6000 or more, or more than 12000 or more 24000 units Coresta.

5. The method according to claim 3, in which bend the paper is a porous wrapper made of pressed tobacco.

6. The method according to claim 1, in which the bend BU the Aga contains embossed with one or more bend lines, along which to bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

7. The method according to claim 1, in which before gluing bend paper to tissue paper exercise embossed bend the paper with one or more bend lines along which to bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

8. The method according to claim 1, in which bend the paper covering the tobacco rod, proceeds only along part of the length of the tobacco rod.

9. The method according to claim 1, in which bend the paper covering the tobacco rod, proceeds essentially along the entire length of the tobacco rod.

10. The method according to claim 1, in which at gluing bend paper to tissue paper exercise:
applying adhesive to bend the paper,
contact Smoking product with bend the paper so that the edge of the bend of the paper was glued to the tissue paper, and
transferring Smoking products, vacuum groove on the outer surface of the rotating drum, where Smoking product is located so that its longitudinal axis parallel to the axis of rotation of the drum to provide contact Smoking products with curved stationary plate located on the drum at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking articles, and contact with the plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis so that it item is relativesa on the plate as the rotation of the drum, this rolling causes the bend wrap paper around Smoking products.

11. The method according to claim 10, in which the shape of the region of the bend of the paper is that the profile of the edge protruding bendable paper provides a reduced number of overlapping paper after bending compared to a straight edge.

12. The method according to claim 9, in which when gluing bend paper to tissue paper exercise:
the location of Smoking products in sequence, one after the other, end to end, but at a distance equal to the length, which should extend beyond the edge of the bend paper,
filing consecutive Smoking products on a continuous ribbon bend the paper, the width of which is at least equal to the circumference of Smoking products,
the bend wrap the paper around the tobacco products so that it covered the tobacco rods, and gluing it in place, and
cut and bend the paper right next to the end of each crack of the product to separate the tobacco rod to form a protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

13. The method according to claim 9, in which when gluing bend paper to tissue paper exercise:
the location of Smoking products in sequence, one after the other, end to end in pairs so that items in each pair are adjacent to each other ends, and a pair of p is sporogony at a distance, equal to twice the length, which should extend beyond the edge of the bend paper,
filing consecutive Smoking products on a continuous ribbon bend the paper, the width of which is at least equal to the circumference of Smoking products,
the bend wrap the paper around the tobacco products so that it covered the tobacco rods, and gluing it in place, and
cut and bend the paper at the junction of Smoking products in each pair, and at the midpoint of the intervals between the pairs to separate tobacco products and to form a protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

14. The method according to any of the preceding paragraphs, in which when bent protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper transfer Smoking products in the vacuum groove on the outer surface of one or more rotating drums to provide the contact protruding beyond the edge of the bend of paper with one or more devices for bending, which bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper inside on top tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod.

15. The method according to 14, in which the aforementioned one or more devices for bending contain reciprocating movement of the pressing element with a width less than the diameter of Smoking products, which is partially p is uhodit over the end of the tobacco rod against tobacco, to create a first fold, and then retracts, fixed pressing element with a width less than the diameter of the tobacco rod and the surface closely adjacent to the tobacco, which is opposite the end of the tobacco rod to create a second fold opposite the first fold, and a pair of stationary sliding device for bending, having a surface closely adjacent to tobacco and contains arranged opposite each other converging edge, which is opposite the end of the tobacco rod to create the third and fourth folds, opposite to each other and perpendicular to the first and second folds.

16. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for bending contain a curved stationary plate from the rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking articles, and contact with the plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis so that it rolls on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and a moving device for bending, attached to the plate and containing a surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod, the edge of which converges toward the drum and in the direction of rotation of the drum so that as the rolling Smoking items on the plate, the end of the tobacco rod proj is the CIO opposite this surface and extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper engages the converging edge and gradually bent inward over tobacco, creating continuous fold.

17. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for bending contain a curved stationary plate from the rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter of the Smoking product, and contact with the plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis so that it rolls on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and the sequence of teeth protruding from the plate in the direction of the drum, and their surfaces abut against the end of the tobacco rod, each tooth gears part protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper and creates a crease as rolling Smoking items on the plate, so that each fold is superimposed on previous fold.

18. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for bending contain a curved stationary plate from the rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter of the Smoking product, and contact with the plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis so that it rolls on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and a rotatable Cam associated with each vacuum groove on a rotating drum, and each Cam includes a surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod, and the implementation is with the possibility of swinging movement across the end of the tobacco rod as rolling Smoking items on the plate, so that the edge of the Cam pushes the protruding bend the paper, bending it inside on top of the tobacco.

19. The method according to p, in which the Cam has a smooth edge, creating a continuous fold.

20. The method according to p, in which the Cam has a serrated edge that creates a series of overlapping each other folds.

21. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for bending contain a pair of adjacent rotatable surfaces located close to the end of the tobacco rod and making swinging movement outwardly over the end of the tobacco rod from the rear side of the Smoking product, when it is a rotating drum to produce the first and second adjacent folds, and stationary pressing element with a surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod, which is opposite the end of the tobacco rod, to create a third folds.

22. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for bending contain a curved stationary plate from the rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter of the Smoking product, and contact with the plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis so that it rolls on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and rotating the screw threaded located so that its axis of rotation is PE is particulary axis of rotation of the drum, essentially directed along the tangent to the perimeter of the drum, and a threaded surface abuts against the end of the tobacco rod so that the thread of the screw gears protruding over the edge and bend the paper as a Smoking product is rolled over the plate, and due to the rotation of the screw, the paper is bent inward on top of the tobacco.

23. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for bending contain the ledge in the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, and the protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove to create a first fold, the additional ledge in the vacuum groove of the second, adjacent, rotating drum, which is passed a Smoking product from the first drum, and at the same time, the protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the groove to create a second fold opposite the first fold, and a pair of stationary sliding device for bending, having arranged opposite each other surface adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod and having converging edges, opposite which is the end of the tobacco rod to create the third and fourth folds, opposite the Rog other and perpendicular to the first and second folds.

24. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for bending contain the ledge in the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, and the protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove to create a first fold, the additional ledge in the vacuum groove of the second, adjacent, rotating drum, which is passed a Smoking product from the first drum at the same time, the protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the groove to create a second fold opposite the first fold, and a couple of devices for bending the reciprocating actions that perform a swinging movement inside over the end of the tobacco rod, and then pulled to create the third and fourth folds, opposite to each other and perpendicular to the first and second folds.

25. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for bending contain the ledge in the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, and the protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove to create a first fold, the additional ledge in the vacuum ditches the e second, adjacent, rotating drum, which is passed a Smoking product from the first drum at the same time, the protrusion pushes the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the groove to create a second fold opposite the first fold, a fixed device for bending, located on the side of the vacuum grooves third adjacent, rotating drum that Smoking product is transferred from the second drum, the device hooks protruding over the edge and bend the paper, when Smoking the product gets into the vacuum groove and pushes the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create a third fold perpendicular to the first and second folds, and additional fixed device for bending, located on the side of the vacuum grooves fourth adjacent rotating drum on which the Smoking product is transferred from the third drum, and this device hooks protruding over the edge and bend the paper, when Smoking the product gets into the vacuum groove and pushes the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create a fourth fold opposite the third fold.

26. The method according to item 23, in which the protrusion and the additional ledge, one or both, configured to move between an extended position for f is Mirovaya first or second folds, when Smoking the product gets into the vacuum groove, and a retracted position after creating folds, when the protrusion is retracted into the groove.

27. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for bending contain the first pair of clamps aligned in the longitudinal direction with the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum and biased to the open position for receiving the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking products in the vacuum groove, and the grips are made with the possibility of closing on the protruding over the edge of the paper and push the opposite side of the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite first and second folds, and the second pair of clamps aligned in the longitudinal direction with the vacuum groove of the second rotating drum is shifted to the open position for receiving the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking product, when it is passed into the vacuum groove after bending in a vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, and these grips are made with the possibility of closing the remaining protruding over the edge and bend the paper and push the opposite side of the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite third and fourth folds perpendicular to the first and second folds.

28. The method according to 14, in which one or more devices for which gibanja contain the first pair of grippers, combined in the longitudinal direction with the vacuum groove of the first rotating drum and biased to the open position for receiving the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking products in the vacuum groove, and the grips are made with the possibility of closing on the protruding over the edge of the paper and push the opposite side of the paper inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite first and second folds, and one or more additional devices for bending associated with the second rotating drum made with the possibility of receiving Smoking products after bending the first drum, and suitable for bending the remaining opposite parts of paper inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite third and fourth folds perpendicular to the first and second folds.

29. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 9, in which when gluing bend paper to tissue paper exercise:
applying adhesive to bend the paper,
providing contact Smoking product with bend the paper so that the edge of the bend of the paper was glued to the tissue paper, and
transferring Smoking products on the lower surface button from the upper surface at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products, which moves relative to the bottom surface along a direction that is parallel to these surfaces and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of Smoking products, while the contact surfaces makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis so that it rolls on the bottom surface by moving the upper surface, and when the rolling bend the paper is wrapped around Smoking products.

30. The method according to clause 29, in which the upper surface is an endless belt revolving around a pair of rollers.

31. The method according to clause 29, which when bent protruding beyond the edge of the paper using a rolling Smoking products on the lower surface to provide a contact extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper with one or more devices for bending, which bend bend the paper inside on top tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod.

32. The method according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain a number of teeth protruding from the lower surface toward the upper surface, and the surface of the teeth abut against the end of the tobacco rod and each tooth gears part protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper and creates a crease as rolling Smoking products over the plate, and each fold is superimposed on the previous fold.

33. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 13, in which when bent protruding bendable paper pushing portion of the paper in the direction of VN Tr, to create a first fold, push the additional part of the paper inward to create a second fold opposite the first fold, and cut off part or all of the remaining performed nesognutoy paper.

34. The method according to claim 1, in which, after bending the protruding paper additionally jam on the end of the tobacco rod by a pin with a width less than the diameter of Smoking products, in order to press the bent paper and it is better to keep it in a bent position.

35. The method according to claim 1, in which bend the paper is provided with adhesive on all or part of the inner surface of the protruding over the edge of the area, and after bending the protruding beyond the edge of the paper exercise pressure on the end of the tobacco rod to a bent paper was glued in a bent position.

36. The method according to p, in which the adhesive is activated by heating and pressing at the end of the tobacco rod additionally served to him warmly.

37. The method according to claim 1, further comprising, when the Smoking product is made in part, attaching the filter Assembly to the end of the tobacco rod, the opposite end of which is supposed to burn.

38. The method according to clause 37, in which the filter unit attached to an end of the tobacco rod simultaneously with the bonding and/or bending of the bend of the paper.

39. The method according to claim 1, wherein after bending the Oia serving paper additionally perform the inspection of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper for defects and rejection Smoking product with a defect of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper.

40. The method according to 39, in which the verification includes: capturing one or more images of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper and compare one or more images with one or more stored images of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper without defects.

41. The method according to p, in which one or more recorded images contain at least end view and/or side view of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper.

42. The apparatus for implementing the method of manufacture of Smoking articles according to claim 1.

43. Smoking article containing
the tobacco rod of tobacco wrapped in cigarette paper, and
bend the paper taped to the tissue paper so that bend the paper covers the tobacco rod and protrudes over the edge of the tissue paper on the end of the tobacco rod, which is supposed to burn, and this protruding bend the paper is bent to essentially cover the tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod.

44. A Smoking article according to item 43, which bend the paper is glued to the outer side of the tissue paper.

45. A Smoking article according to item 43, which bend the paper is a porous paper.

46. A Smoking article according to item 45, which bend the paper has a porosity of more than 3000, 6000 or more, or more than 12000 or more 24000 eminiscent.

47. A Smoking article according to item 45, which bend the paper is a porous wrapper made of pressed tobacco.

48. A Smoking article according to item 43, in which the bendable paper embossed embossed one or more bend lines along which to bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

49. A Smoking article according to item 43, which bend the paper covering the tobacco rod, proceeds only along part of the length of the tobacco rod.

50. A Smoking article according to item 43, which bend the paper covering the tobacco rod, proceeds essentially along the entire length of the tobacco rod.

51. A Smoking article according to item 43, which bend the paper has the shape of the edge profile, which provides a reduction of the overlay paper at each other after bending compared to a straight edge.

52. A Smoking article according to any one of p-51, which extends beyond the edge of the bend the paper is bent with the formation of the first fold, the second fold, opposite the first fold third fold perpendicular to the first and second folds, and fourth folds, opposite the third fold.

53. A Smoking article according to any one of p-51, which extends beyond the edge of the bend of the bent paper with lots of folds, each of which overlaps the adjacent fold.

54. Smoking product p is any of p-51, optionally containing a filter unit attached to the end of the tobacco rod opposite the end which is supposed to burn.

55. Apparatus for the manufacture of Smoking articles containing
the first node is configured to receive fully or partially finished Smoking articles containing at least a tobacco rod wrapped in tissue paper and gluing bend paper to tissue paper so that this bend the paper covered the tobacco rod and advocated the edge of the tissue paper on the end of the tobacco rod, which is supposed to burn, and
the second node, configured to receive Smoking articles with protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper formed by the first node, and bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, in order, essentially, to cover the tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod.

56. The apparatus according to 55, in which the first node is configured to gluing bend the paper to the outer side of the tissue paper.

57. The apparatus according to 55, optionally containing one or more devices for stamping through which bend the paper passes before it is fed into the first node, and which are made with the possibility of cisnienie to bend the paper one or more bend lines along which the protruding over the edge and bend the paper should be agnote the second node.

58. The apparatus according to 55, in which the first node is configured to gluing bend paper to tissue paper to bend the paper covering the tobacco rod, lasted only over part of the length of the tobacco rod.

59. The apparatus according to 55, in which the first node is configured to gluing bend paper to tissue paper to bend the paper covering the tobacco rod continued, essentially along the entire length of the tobacco rod.

60. The apparatus according to 55, in which the first node contains
feeder bend paper from a continuous roll,
clemastine a device for applying adhesive to bend
the paper supplied from the roll, which shall be distributed accordingly for gluing bend paper to tissue paper so that it covered the tobacco rod,
the vacuum cutting drum, rotating around the first axis and containing a number of blades extending radially along the perimeter of the drum with the opportunity during the rotation of the vacuum cutting drum to hook filed bend the paper, which is applied to the adhesive so as to cut the fed bend the paper into individual sheets, and vacuum cutting drum is further provided with suction holes, through which is provided a vacuum for holding the individual project sheets bend the paper on the surface of the vacuum cutting drum, when the adhesive is applied on the outer side of the sheets,
the first drum rotating around a second rotation axis parallel to the first mentioned axis of rotation containing the perimeter of a lot of vacuum grooves for the reception of Smoking products with longitudinal axes parallel to the second axis of rotation, and located with respect to the vacuum cutting drum so as to provide contact portable in the groove Smoking articles with a single sheet of bendable paper on the vacuum cutting drum and gluing the edges bend the paper to crack the product
the second drum rotating about a third axis of rotation parallel to the first axis of rotation containing the perimeter of a lot of vacuum grooves for the reception of Smoking products with longitudinal axes parallel to the third axis of rotation, and located relative to the first rotating drum so that Smoking product with glued bend the paper transported in the groove of the first rotating drum, could be transferred into the groove on the second rotary drum, and
curved stationary plate from the second rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products so that rotation of the second rotating drum provided contact Smoking products with glued bend securities is th, portable in the groove of the second rotating drum, with this curved stationary plate and the contact plate is forced Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis so that it rolled over the plate as the rotation of the drum and turned back while bending the paper.

61. The apparatus according to p, in which the first node contains
feeder bend paper from a continuous roll, where the width of the bend of the paper is at least equal to the circumference of the Smoking product,
clemastine a device for applying adhesive to bend the paper supplied from the roll so that the adhesive is distributed accordingly for gluing bend paper to tissue paper to cover the tobacco rod,
feeder Smoking products made with the possibility of filing for bending a continuous length paper supplied from a roll, Smoking products, arranged in series one after the other, end to end, but at a distance equal to the required length extending beyond the edge of the bend part of the paper,
the tube, which may be filed bend paper coated with adhesive and consistently located tobacco products so that through the tube and bend the paper is wrapped around Smoking products, covering tobacco carinii preceives in place, and
the cutter which is located after the tube and configured to cut and bend the paper as it emerges from the tube in the position of abutment against the end of each crack of the product to separate tobacco products and to form a protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

62. The apparatus according to p, in which the first node contains
feeder bend paper from a continuous roll, where the width of the bend of the paper is at least equal to the circumference of the Smoking product,
clemastine a device for applying adhesive to bend the paper supplied from the roll so that the adhesive is distributed accordingly for gluing bend paper to tissue paper to cover the tobacco rod,
feeder Smoking products made with the possibility of filing for bending a continuous length paper supplied from a roll, Smoking products, arranged in series one after the other, end to end, in pairs, and the product in each pair are close at their adjacent ends, and a pair separated by a gap equal to twice the length extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper,
the tube, which may be filed bend paper coated with adhesive and consistently placed on tobacco products, and through which bend the driven paper is wrapped around Smoking products so to cover the tobacco rod and glued in place, and
the cutter which is located after the tube and configured to cut and bend the paper as it emerges from the tube in the position of abutment of Smoking products in each pair, and at the midpoint of the intervals between the pairs to separate tobacco products and to form a protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

63. Apparatus according to any one of p-62, in which the second node contains
one or more adjacent reels, rotating around parallel axes of rotation, where each reel contains on the perimeter a lot of vacuum grooves for the reception of Smoking products with longitudinal axes parallel to the axis of rotation of the drum, and
one or more devices for bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper, arranged so as to provide a contact extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper Smoking products, portable vacuum groove of one or more reels, with one or more devices for bending and bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper inside on top tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod.

64. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain reciprocating movement of the pressing element width of less diameter, the RA Smoking products, which partially protrudes from the end of the tobacco rod against tobacco and through which a first fold, and then this element is drawn, a fixed pressing element with a width less than the diameter of the tobacco rod and the surface adjacent to tobacco and in front of which passes the end of the tobacco rod, thereby creating a second fold opposite the first fold, and a pair of stationary sliding device for bending, providing a surface closely adjacent to tobacco and having oppositely spaced converging edge, which is opposite the end of the tobacco rod, creating the third and fourth folds, opposite to each other and perpendicular to the first and second folds.

65. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain a curved stationary plate from one of the one or more rotating drums at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products so that the contact plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis and it is rolled over the plate as the rotation of the drum, and a moving device for bending, attached to the plate and containing a surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod and the edge of which converges in the managing to the drum and in the direction of rotation of the drum, as rolling Smoking items on the plate, the end of the tobacco rod passes across this surface, and extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper engages the converging edge and gradually bent inward over tobacco, creating a continuous fold.

66. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain a curved stationary plate from one of the one or more rotating drums at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products so that the contact plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis and to roll on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and the sequence of teeth protruding from the plate in the direction of the drum, and their surfaces abut against the end of the tobacco rod so that each tooth can engage a portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper and create a crease as rolling Smoking products over the plate, where each fold is superimposed on the previous fold.

67. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain a curved stationary plate from one of the one or more rotating drums at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products so that the contact plate makes ku is sustained fashion product to rotate around its longitudinal axis and to roll on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and rotatable Cam associated with each vacuum groove on a rotating drum, where each Cam includes a surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod, and is made with the possibility of swinging movement across the end of the tobacco rod as rolling Smoking items on the plate, so that the edge of the Cam pushes the protruding bend the paper, bending it inward on top of the tobacco.

68. The apparatus according to p, in which the Cam has a smooth edge, capable to create a continuous fold.

69. The apparatus according to p, in which the Cam has a serrated edge that can create a series of overlapping each other folds.

70. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain a pair of adjacent rotatable surfaces located close to the end of the tobacco rod with the possibility to perform swinging movement in an outward direction over the end of the tobacco rod from the back of the Smoking articles carried by a rotating drum to produce the first and second adjacent folds, and stationary pressing element with a surface closely adjacent to the end of the tobacco rod, which is opposite the end of the tobacco rod, to create a third folds.

71. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain isog utuu stationary plate, located on one of the one or more rotating drums at a distance less than the diameter of the Smoking product, so that the contact plate makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis and to roll on the plate as the rotation of the drum, and rotating the screw threaded located so that its axis of rotation perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the rotating drum and, in fact, directed tangentially to the perimeter of the drum, and a threaded surface abuts against the end of the tobacco rod so that the thread of the screw gears protruding over the edge and bend the paper as a Smoking product is rolled over the plate, and due to the rotation of the screw paper bent over tobacco.

72. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain the tabs in the vacuum grooves of the first rotating drum capable of push portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove to create a first fold, extra tabs in the vacuum grooves of the second, adjacent, rotating drum that Smoking product can be transferred from the first drum, and additional tabs can push portion extending beyond the edge of chibemba towards inside over tobacco, when Smoking the product gets into the groove to create a second fold opposite the first fold, and a pair of stationary sliding device for bending associated with the third adjacent, rotating drum that Smoking product can be transferred from the second drum and having spaced opposite the surface abutting against the end of the tobacco rod and having converging edge, which is opposite the end of the tobacco rod of Smoking products, portable third drum, to create the third and fourth folds, opposite to each other and perpendicular to the first and second folds.

73. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain the tabs in the vacuum grooves of the first rotating drum capable of push portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove to create a first fold, extra tabs in the vacuum grooves of the second, adjacent, rotating drum that Smoking product can be transferred from the first drum, able to push the portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the groove to create a second fold opposite the first is th folds and a couple of devices for bending reciprocating associated with the third adjacent, rotating drum that Smoking product can be transferred from the second drum, and is made with the possibility of swinging movement in the direction of the inside over the end of the tobacco rod of Smoking products, portable third drum, and then be drawn to create the third and fourth folds, opposite to each other and perpendicular to the first and second folds.

74. The apparatus according to item 72, optionally containing a curved stationary plate from the second rotating drum at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products so that the contact plate makes Smoking product transported by the second drum, to rotate around its longitudinal axis essentially at a 90 angle before passing it on to the third rotating drum.

75. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain the tabs in the vacuum grooves of the first rotating drum capable of push portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the vacuum groove to create a first fold, extra tabs in the vacuum grooves of the second, adjacent, rotating drum, in which ku is sustained fashion product can be transferred from the first drum, able to push a portion extending beyond the edge of the bend of the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco when Smoking product gets into the groove to create a second fold opposite the first fold, a stationary device for bending along the side of each vacuum groove of the third adjacent, rotating drum that Smoking product is transferred from the second drum, able to hook protruding over the edge and bend the paper, when Smoking the product gets into the vacuum groove, and push the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco to create a third fold perpendicular to the first and second folds, and additional stationary device for bending along the side each vacuum groove of the fourth adjacent rotating drum on which the Smoking article may be transferred from the third drum, able to hook protruding over the edge and bend the paper, when Smoking the product gets into the vacuum groove, and push the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco to create a fourth fold opposite the third fold.

76. The apparatus according to item 72, in which the protrusions and/or more protrusions configured to move between an extended position for forming the first or second folds when Smoking product enters in coumou groove, and a retracted position, once formed fold, in which the protrusion is not issued in the groove.

77. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain the first pair of clamps aligned in the longitudinal direction with each vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, where each of the first pair of grippers are displaced to the open position for receiving the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking products in the appropriate vacuum groove, and the grips are made with the possibility of closing on the protruding over the edge of the paper and pushing the opposite parts of the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite first and second folds, and the second pair of clamps aligned in the longitudinal direction with each vacuum groove of the second rotating drum, where each of the second pair of grippers are displaced to the open position for receiving the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking product when it is delivered to the corresponding vacuum groove after bending in a vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, and hooks made with the possibility of closing for the remainder extending beyond the edge of the bendable paper and pushing the opposite parts of the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite third and fourth folds perpendicular is E. the first and second folds.

78. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain the first pair of clamps aligned in the longitudinal direction with each vacuum groove of the first rotating drum, where each of the first pair of grippers are displaced to the open position for receiving the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking products in the appropriate vacuum groove, and the grips are made with the possibility of closing on the protruding over the edge of the paper and pushing the opposite parts of the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite first and second folds, and one or more additional devices for bending associated with the second rotating drum designed for the reception Smoking products after bending from the first rotating drum, and configured to bend the remaining opposite parts protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper towards the inside on top of the tobacco to create the opposite third and fourth folds perpendicular to the first and second folds.

79. Apparatus according to any one of p-59, in which the first node contains
feeder bend paper,
clemastine a device for applying adhesive to bend the supplied paper, which shall be distributed accordingly for fixing bend of the paper PA is irony paper, to cover the tobacco rod,
transfer device of Smoking products to ensure contact Smoking product with bend the paper so that the edge of the bend of the paper was glued to the tissue paper,
the bottom surface, and
the upper surface of the button from the bottom surface at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products, where the top surface is configured to move relative to the bottom surface along the direction parallel to these surfaces,
moreover, Smoking product with glued bend the paper can be transferred on the lower surface with a longitudinal axis perpendicular to the direction along which moves the upper surface, and the contact surfaces makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis so that it rolls on the bottom surface by moving the upper surface and the rolling bend the paper is wrapped around Smoking products.

80. The apparatus according to p, in which the upper surface is an endless belt revolving around a pair of rollers.

81. Apparatus according to any one of p-62, in which the second node contains
the bottom surface, and
the upper surface of the button from the bottom surface at a distance less than the diameter of Smoking products is that they can move relative to the bottom surface along the direction, parallel to these surfaces, and a Smoking product from protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper may be transferred on the lower surface with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the direction along which moves the upper surface, so that the contact surfaces makes Smoking product to rotate around its longitudinal axis so that it rolls on the bottom surface by moving the upper surface, and
one or more devices for bending, which bend the protruding over the edge and bend the paper in the direction of the inside on top tobacco at the end of the tobacco rod of Smoking products and are located so that when the rolling Smoking products on the lower surface to provide a contact extending beyond the edge of the bend of paper with these one or more devices for bending.

82. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more devices for bending contain a number of teeth protruding from the lower surface toward the upper surface, and the surface of the teeth abut against the end of the tobacco rod and each tooth gears part protruding beyond the edge of the bend of the paper and creates a crease as rolling Smoking products over the plate, so that each fold is superimposed on the previous fold.

83. The apparatus according to 55, more is tion containing the third node, made with the possibility of receiving Smoking products with the bent protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper from the second node and the pushing pin width less than the diameter of Smoking products against the bent protruding over the edge and bend the paper so as to press the bent paper and it is better to keep it in a bent position.

84. The apparatus according to p, in which the third node contains
rotating drum, rotating around the axis of rotation and containing the perimeter of a lot of vacuum grooves for the reception of Smoking products with longitudinal axes parallel to the axis of rotation,
swivel plate adjacent to the drum for rotation around a specified axis of rotation and containing on the surface of many pins, equal in number to the number of vacuum grooves and which depart in the direction of the rotating drum, and their spatial distribution corresponds with the spatial distribution of the vacuum grooves, and the drum and the plate is able to rotate in the same direction with the same speed, and
bearing, is arranged to move the plate to the drum, and when the plate and the drum is turned at such a distance so as to forcibly push the pins bent in the paper at the ends of Smoking products that are carried in the vacuum grooves, and then pulling the plate from the drum.

85. The apparatus according to p, in which the rotary plate includes an inclined disk.

86. Apparatus according to any one of p-85, in which the pin or each pin is made to be heated to activate the adhesive on the protruding over the edge and bend the paper when pressed on the bent protruding over the edge and bend the paper.

87. The apparatus according to 55, optionally containing a third node configured to receive Smoking products with the bent protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper from the second node and the application of pressure and/or heat to the folded protruding over the edge and bend the paper to activate the adhesive on the protruding over the edge and bend the paper so she stuck in a bent position.

88. The apparatus according to p, in which the third node contains
rotating drum, rotating around the first axis of rotation and containing the perimeter of a lot of vacuum grooves for the reception of Smoking products with longitudinal axes parallel to the axis of rotation, and
the rotary disc adjacent to the drum for rotation about an axis of rotation perpendicular to the first mentioned axis of rotation and containing the edge a lot of pins extending radially outward and spaced with a gap, so that the pin is directed to the drum, may be bonded to a folded paper Smoking products, portable vacuum groove, and the ex is to between the pins and the speed of rotation of the drum and disk such to ensure consistent indentation pins consistently located in tobacco products, portable vacuum grooves.

89. The apparatus according to 55, optionally containing a fourth node configured to attach the filter unit to the end of the tobacco rod partially finished basement products opposite end, which is supposed to burn.

90. The apparatus according to p, in which the fourth node is configured to attach the filter unit to crack product simultaneously with the first node, prikleivayas bend the paper to the Smoking product, and/or with the second node, bending the protruding beyond the edge of the bend paper Smoking products.

91. The apparatus according to 55, optionally containing a control system for checking extending beyond the edge of the paper for defects and rejection of Smoking articles, in which a defect of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper.

92. The apparatus according to p, in which the control system contains
one or more cameras that are designed for fixing one or more images of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper,
control system that allows you to compare one or more captured image with one or more stored images of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper without defects and to generate si the cash rejection, if she bent over the edge of the paper with a defect, and
the mechanism of rejection for signal rejection from the system control and removal Smoking product with a defect of the bent protruding beyond the edge of the paper from the machine.

93. The apparatus according to p, in which one or more cameras comprise at least one first camera made with the possibility of fixing the view from the end of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper, and the second camera is configured to fix the side view of the bent extending beyond the edge of the paper.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: tobacco cartridge may be used with narghile or other smoking devices, which have a cup for tobacco placement. The cartridge includes some tobacco placed inside the vessel, the lower end of which is designed to use the cartridge with the cup for the smoking device tobacco, and the upper end may be opened to provide access to tobacco for its ignition. The upper end of the vessel includes metal foil, which, after opening for provision of access to the tobacco for its ignition, may be folded down above and around the cup for tobacco to attach the cartridge to this cup.

EFFECT: improved convenience and reduction of labour intensiveness of narghile usage.

14 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves cigarettes samples collection. One determines the "whiff resistance" physical indicator with an open and an encapsulated cigarette using a common device. One calculates the smoking discomfort coefficient for every cigarette and the arithmetic mean value of the coefficient for the tested cigarette sample. One forecasts the "whiffing effort" indicator intensity degree by the value of the smoking discomfort coefficient. One performs sensory determination of the "whiffing effort" indicator intensity degree and allots marks in points. Then one performs comparison of the "whiffing effort" indicator intensity degree values, forecast and obtained by sensory determination, and comes to a final conclusion on the cigarettes quality.

EFFECT: method ensures enhancement of accuracy of sensory estimation of tested cigarettes samples; the method may be used for estimate and control of cigarettes quality in the process of new brands production and existing brands modification at tobacco industry enterprises as well as in the process of taste commission working.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: cigarette filter and its versions are designed to soften taste when smoking. The cigarette filter comprises a filtering plug, having a cylindrical body of a wrap, and a filtering material arranged in a cylindrical body. Wrapping of the filtering plug is formed from highly strong and highly permeable paper, longitudinal rigidity of which makes 30 or more, when measured in accordance with the standard JIS P8143, and air permeability makes 1000 units of Coresta or more. Versions are related to a cigarette filter, comprising multiple filtering plugs, which uses highly strong and highly permeable paper as wrapping for a filtering plug to wrap a filtering material and/or as a shaping paper that connects multiple filtering plugs. The invention also relates to a cigarette with a filter.

EFFECT: improved quality of cigarettes by increasing ventilation ratio, providing of possibility of fresh air supply for a higher dissolution of smoke inhaled by a smoker and reduction of a cigarette prime cost.

17 cl, 9 dwg, 4 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: cigarette paper has multiple areas capable of fire suppression and arranged at the distance from each other. On one surface of cigarette paper the areas capable of fire suppression are formed from polyvinyl alcohol with extent of polymerisation making 900 units or more. According to the second version, polyvinyl alcohol is used, 3% weight solution of which has viscosity making from 5 mPas to 30 mPas when measured at 20C. Areas capable of fire suppression are made in the form of strips or in the form of round circular belts.

EFFECT: reduced cigarette paper capacity of ignition at relatively small amount of coating substance.

6 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl, 8 ex

FIELD: food industry, tobacco.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to smoking tobacco products, in particular - to a cigarette with low igniting capacity as well as to folding paper for such cigarette and such folding paper manufacture method. The cigarette with low igniting capacity contains folding paper (6) enveloping the stuffing material so that to impart a core shape to it. Integrated into the folding paper (6) are highly thermoconductive bands (10) formed by way of glasing and arranged along the cigarette direction (10). Thermal conductivity of the said highly thermoconductive bands is greater than inherent thermal conductivity of the folding paper (6). Additionally integrated into the folding paper are bands (16) for burning suppression formed on the folding paper (6) on top of the highly thermoconductive bands (10).

EFFECT: invention reduces the risk of combustible material ignition in case of a burning cigarette placement onto such combustible material.

16 cl, 2 tbl, 17 dwg

FIELD: food industry, tobacco.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for smoking product core production and an implement for usage in accordance with this method. The core has the first end, the second end and contains a solid substrate inside which substrate passes linearly from the first end to the second end of the core and having at least one area coated and(or) saturated with an additive. For the core production a core formation device is used containing a channel terminating in an open outlet hole so that through at least part of the channel a material may pass to become finally discharged through the core-shaped outlet hole. During the core production one procures: primary material for the core formation, a solid substrate for placement along the core formed, an additive for coating and(or) saturating at least an area of the solid substrate. Primary contact of the solid substrate with the additive occurs inside the core formation device as well as contact of the primary material section with that of the solid substrate.

EFFECT: invention enables production of a solid substrate that may be more exactly positioned within the core where the substrate contains an additive and(or) additive coating.

35 cl, 11 dwg

Smoking material // 2403834

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: smoking material contains an overlay of a thin sheet material such as paper containing an adsorbent substance like activated carbon. The overlay is positioned near the outlet end of the smoking material to provide for more uniform profile of whiff in comparison with the common cigarette due to smoke components weakening during several final whiffs. The characteristics of the smoking material may be modified for increased smoke components delivery during several initial whiffs for maintenance of permanent outlet of nicotine and "dry resin" (NFDPM) in accordance with ISO standards.

EFFECT: adsorbent-containing paper covers only the smoking material part close to the outlet end and contains no flavouring agent.

28 cl, 15 dwg, 6 tbl, 4 ex

Smoking item // 2396062

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: smoking item comprises far end, which contains smoke-forming substance when used. In process of smoking smoke is exhausted from near end. At least one channel is provided, which pass at least partially in direction of far end. At least one hole for passage of air is arranged so that path of air flow is identified by passage through hole for air admission, through channel and towards near end of smoking item. Composition of smoke additives is arranged along path of air flow so that in process of smoking air is pulled along path of air flow and through composition, so that composition is captured by air and arrives to smoker.

EFFECT: invention provides for delivery of smoke additives parallel to smoke from smoke-forming substance.

14 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: smoking mixture is intended for production of smoking products without tobacco. It contains tea leaf, sugar, a softener, a flavouring agent and a preservative. It may contain a food colouring agent. The said mixture is produced as follows. A dip of glycerine and sugar syrup is preliminarily prepared at 50-60C which is applied onto cut tea leaf following by maturing during 7 days. 4 times a day the mixture is agitated. Then into the dipped mass the flavouring agent and glycerine are added, mixed at 20-25C, to produce a paste-like mixture.

EFFECT: reduction of burning rate, smoke quality improvement, overcoming addiction to tobacco smoking and extension of organoleptic qualities range.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: carbon-bearing composition is intended for heater of incombustible smoking material. Heater composition contains coal and polyatomic alcohol. Smoking material of incombustible type comprises aerosol-generating section, where aerosol is produced in process of heating, and a heater at the end of aerosol-generating section. Heater is arranged so that it is physically separated from aerosol-generating section for substantial heating of this section without ignition of aerosol-generating section. Heater consists of above-mentioned composition.

EFFECT: increased amount of aerosol with reduction of carbon monoxide amount, and also improved ignition time.

8 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: invention refers to the production method of smoking products.

SUBSTANCE: method of smoking material production comprises the following operations: preparation of the wholly or partially finished product, including at least tobacco core wrapped in tissue paper; gluing of folding paper to the tissue paper so that the former covers the tobacco core and overhang the latter at the end of the tobacco core that is intended to be lighted; bending the folding paper overhanging the edge so that to cover the tobacco at the end of the tobacco core. Various methods are used in order to apply the folding paper and producing different types of buckles. Bended paper can be turned inside out through denting by the pin or mould core after buckles formation so to make them more sustained.

EFFECT: technical result is quality of the smoking material which end is covered atop by the separate improvement sheet of paper placed on the the wholly or partially finished product.

93 cl, 36 dwg

FIELD: cigarette industry.

SUBSTANCE: cigarette has standard tobacco rod and incombustible processing material for said rod. Processing material has porosity below 200 Korest units and composition for processing of by-product smoke. Said composition contains combination of metal oxide oxidizing catalyst for storage and release of oxygen, and substantially incombustible finely-dispersed porous additive for catalyst, said additive being made in the form of particles. Cigarette article has cigarette with standard cigarette paper surrounding standard tobacco rod, and incombustible processing material, which surrounds standard cigarette paper and is substantially contacting therewith. Incombustible material contains composition for cleaning of by-product smoke, and has porosity below 200 Korest units. Said processing composition contains combination of metal oxide oxidizing catalyst for oxygen storage and release, and substantially incombustible finely-dispersed porous additive for said catalyst, said additive being made in the form of particles.

EFFECT: reduced release of by-product smoke.

83 cl, 9 dwg, 4 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: smoke articles, in particular, wrap for reducing gaseous components in smoke.

SUBSTANCE: wrap may comprise cigarette paper containing filler produced from ammonium-containing compound for reducing content of aldehydes in smoke. During combustion/pyrolysis of smoke article, filler of ammonium-containing compound releases ammonia, which may chemically react with aldehydes in tobacco smoke and/or modify combustion/pyrolysis reaction and, accordingly, reduce initial formation of aldehydes for selective reduction of content of such aldehydes in smoke expired by smoker. Ammonium-containing compound may be magnesium phosphate and ammonia phosphate used individually or in combination with one or more fillers, such as calcium carbonate.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by reducing content of gaseous components in smoke produced during using of smoke article.

27 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: wrapping paper for tobacco articles such as cigarette contains burning-controlling substance in amounts from 1 to 15 g/m2 and calcium phosphate-based compound in amounts from 1 to 30 g/m2. The former is, in particular, a salt of organic acid, e.g. citric acid, and the latter tricalcium phosphate.

EFFECT: reduced side jet of tobacco smoke.

5 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: wrapping paper for tobacco articles such as cigarette contains burning-controlling substance in amounts from 1 to 15 g/m2 and calcium phosphate-based compound in amounts from 1 to 30 g/m2. The former is, in particular, a salt of organic acid, e.g. citric acid, and the latter tricalcium phosphate.

EFFECT: reduced side jet of tobacco smoke.

5 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: material for smoking articles.

SUBSTANCE: claimed material contains fruit substance as basic organic smoke-forming material, incombustible inorganic filler and binder. Such smoking stuffing material may be used with or without tobacco additive.

EFFECT: additive selection to produce smoke with specific taste and fragrance.

49 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: material of invention consists of vegetable material treated according to tobacco blend preparation technology wherein, as starting material, tea leaves reduced to fragments 0.5-10 mm in size in the form of strands and strips dried to moisture content 12-20% are used.

EFFECT: eliminated presence of nicotine and imparted tonic and "smoke release" effects.

Cigarette // 2259153

FIELD: cigarette industry, in particular, manufacture of cigarettes with reduced amount of carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke inhaled by smoker.

SUBSTANCE: cigarette has portion of tobacco wrapped into cigarette paper sheet rolled to form rod. Cut tobacco has width of at least 1.2 mm. Grid of protrusions is formed on part or whole inner surface of cigarette paper sheet, said protrusions having height of at least 1/3 the thickness of sheet and extending toward cut tobacco. According to one particular embodiment, tobacco is cut to width of at least 2.0 mm. According to another particular embodiment, tobacco is cut to width of up to 3.0 mm. Protrusions on cigarette paper may have height of up to 10 thicknesses thereof. Cigarette paper sheet may have thickness of 10-50 micron. Each protrusion is formed as truncated cone.

EFFECT: reduced monoxide to resin ratio in tobacco smoke.

6 cl, 3 dwg

Cigarette filter // 2260359

FIELD: cigarette industry.

SUBSTANCE: cigarette filter has filtering sections including filtering materials, individually wrapped with wrapping paper; forming paper for wrapping filtering sections together; and tip paper for covering of forming paper so as to join filtering sections with cigarette section for producing of cigarette. Cigarette filter has adsorbents such as activated carbon and silicon dioxide/aluminum oxide in at least one of filtering materials or in space between filtering materials.

EFFECT: improved taste and aroma of cigarette and provision for selective removal of predetermined components contained in main flow smoke.

7 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

Cigarette filter // 2262280

FIELD: cigarette industry.

SUBSTANCE: cigarette filter comprises filtering sections including filtering materials, which are individually wrapped with wrapping paper, forming paper for wrapping of filtering section together, and mouthpiece paper for covering forming paper so as to connect filtering sections with cigarette section for producing of cigarette. Cigarette filter contains, as adsorbents, activated carbon and porous material based on inorganic mineral and comprising ferric sulfate/L-ascorbic acid in at least one of filtering materials or in gap between filtering materials.

EFFECT: reduced deteriorating influence upon cigarette taste and aroma and provision for eliminating of certain components contained in main smoke flow.

8 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: manufacture of smoke articles.

SUBSTANCE: wrapping paper contains calcium carbonate and combustion regulating substances, said components being used in predetermined ratio. Combustion regulating substance is sodium citrate or potassium citrate. Ash content in surface layer on at least one side of wrapping paper or on each of two sides, i.e., on upper and lower sides of wrapping paper, does not exceed 35 wt%.

EFFECT: reduced quantity of smoke in visible indirect tobacco smoke stream.

6 cl, 10 dwg, 4 tbl, 4 3x

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