Track measuring complex "ПТ-9"

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, particularly, to auxiliary railway equipment. Proposed complex comprises removable rail carriage accommodating positioning device, track measuring equipment to measure currents track coordinates, track width, mutual position of rails in height, system to analyse track parameters, data transfer interface to transmit data to external data base computer via communication adapter, automatic device to measure curvature of rails in horizontal plane, and programmable analyser. The latter consists of measurement results registrator, device to detect the departure of track parameters from preset ones, in-situ digital indication and graphical visualisation unit that allows audio comments on every mark, and track parameters memory.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of diagnostics.

3 dwg

 

The technical solution relates to the field of rail transport systems, in particular to the auxiliary equipment of railway systems, and is a special vehicle equipped with instrumentation to check the status of the paths in the course of its operation, construction and repair work.

Known mobile detector-potenzmittel, characterized in that it is made in the form prescribed on the rails removable trolley, which includes automated diagnostic complex, equipped with a positioning system, potenzmitteln equipment, defectoscopy equipment and system microprocessor unit (patent for useful model №62571, IPC WC 9/08, publication date 27.04.2007, bull. No. 12, "Flaw-potenzmitel"). Measurement data of the mobile detector-potenzmittel enter the data accumulation device for storage, they are read by the microprocessor from the accumulation device and sent to the display device for pre-operational monitoring, in addition, the obtained measurement data are submitted to the external server for further analysis for the implementation of the diagnostic track.

The disadvantage of this device is that it does not provide rassimov the u measurements, including mutual location of rail lines, indicating the violations and recommendations for their elimination, as well as their visualization on the spot control.

It is also known device for measuring geometrical parameters of railway rails, comprising a rail cart, which includes a frame with folding handle operator, which is equipped with wheels, the nodes of the pressing wheels connected to the preprocessing block signals, sensors, including the sensor odometer, a secondary power source with an electric connector for connection to the network of electric current, which, in turn, is connected to the battery in the device entered a wearable computer that is connected to the preprocessing block signals (patent for useful model №62612, IPC EV 35/00, publication date 27.04.2007, bull. No. 12. "Device for measuring geometrical parameters of the rails").

The known device provides the option of viewing in the measurement process control results and the detected fault on the screen of the mobile computer, however a full analysis of the parameters of the studied section of the route with the detected deviations from the norms and subsequent recommendations for their elimination is only possible in post-processing on the external is eat a stationary computer using special software.

The objective of the proposed technical solution is to increase the efficiency of the diagnostic track by improving the quality of measurement of path of their analysis and visualization directly on the controlled area.

The problem is solved due to the fact that potenzmitteln complex containing removable rail truck and placed on it the positioning device, potenzmitteln equipment for measuring the current coordinates of the path, track gauge, the mutual position of rail lines in height, and analysis system path settings and data interface through the communication adapter with external computer database, according to a new technical solution, equipped with an automatic measuring device of the shafts bending of rail lines in the horizontal plane and placed on the rail cart software-analytical device consisting of a block of registration of measurement results of the detection unit of the deviations of the path parameters from the set norms unit digital display and graphical visualization of the values registered parameters path in motion in real time directly on the spot control with indication of the detected deviations from the set norms and marks fault the way with voice commentary ka the DOI marks as well as a block of memory the measurement path settings.

Equipment removable hand rail truck advanced complex potenzmitteln equipment with the capability of processing and analysis of measurement results, as well as digital display and graphical visualization of the values registered parameters path in motion in real time directly on the spot control with indication of the detected deviations from the set norms and marks fault the way with voice commentary each level, ensuring prompt detection of violations of specified standards and making the correct emergency solutions to address critical issues, improving the safety of railway traffic.

The presence of the distinguishing features of the claimed technical solution allows to make a conclusion about its compliance with the conditions of patentability of "novelty."

The essential features of the claimed invention, determining the receipt of the indicated technical result that is explicitly not follow from the prior art, which allows to make a conclusion about conformity of the invention to condition patentability of "inventive step".

The condition of patentability "industrial applicability" is confirmed on the example of a specific implementation.

The essence of the new technical resh is tion is illustrated presents images and drawings:

figure 1 - General view potenzmitteln complex (photo);

figure 2 - General view of the software and analytical devices;

figure 3 - structural-functional scheme potenzmitteln complex.

Potenzmitteln complex PT-9 is designed to monitor, record and display the current values of the coordinates of a path, track gauge (template) and mutual exceeding one rails relative to another (level) in the process of construction, maintenance and repair works of the railway track, as well as visual analysis of the recorded data is presented in graphical form.

Potenzmitteln complex PT-9 is designed as a removable rail truck, chassis, which is a monocoque frame 1 resting on four wheels 2, two of which are mounted on spring-loaded telescopic fork (not visible in figure 1), providing a constant lateral pressure and contact of the wheels with the rails. The truck is equipped with folding handle 3 to control the movement of the truck.

The communication interface 4 positioning device 5 potenzmitteln complex provides transmission of data from the positioning device 5 equipped with a GPS sensor 6 - satellite receiver positioning, the transfer clock pulses from the distance sensor and the 7 speed in the unit and the automatic registration of measurements, i.e. the transfer of the current coordinates of the path necessary to synchronize the operation potenzmitteln complex.

Potenzmitteln equipment complex are equipped with a sensor of the traversed path 7, the level sensor 8 and the sensor width 9 of the rail track. Potenzmitteln complex PT-9 is also equipped with automatic device for measuring shafts bend rail 10 threads in the horizontal plane.

The sensor of the traversed path 7 is installed on the right front wheel of the truck. It consists of two adjacent Hall sensors. The gap sensor is blocked by sector, rotating together with the wheel. A sensor detects the magnitude and direction of trolley movement, and generates clock pulses for the operation of the microprocessor software and analytical device 11 in increments of 0.125 m coordinate of the path.

On the right rear wheel is hinged retainer-latch, which stoparic rotation of the wheels when parked truck on the longitudinal slope of the track.

To measure the level of rail lines within the frame 1 is placed pendulum level sensor 8, which operates on the principle of the pendulum, the tracking direction of the gravitational vertical in the cross section of the path. The level sensor is fixedly mounted on the frame of the truck. Its output signal is directly proportional to the cross-Bank angle of the bogie frame relative activities is but the horizon line. The measured Bank angle frame on-Board microprocessor calculates the level value.

For measuring track gauge inside the bogie frame placed the linear displacement sensor 9. The microprocessor calculates the amount of movement by the number of pulses.

For memorization, analysis, and display evidence of potenzmitteln sensors on the frame 1 rail truck installed software and analytical device 11 with the liquid crystal display 12 and the keyboard panel 13, which is its management.

Software and analytical device 11 has a non-volatile memory for power electronic equipment used standalone rechargeable battery.

Posted on rail cart software and analytical device 11 is equipped with a recording unit of the measurement results 14, a detection unit retreats path settings from the specified regulations 15, block digital display and graphical visualization of 16 values registered parameters path in motion in real time directly on the spot control with indication of the detected deviations from the set norms and marks fault the way with voice commentary each level, the memory unit 17 the measurement path settings.

Block automatic registration results the measurements 14 performs real-time registration of each of the measured parameters of the path, synchronized by a single coordinate of the path.

The detection unit retreats path settings from the specified regulations 15 carries out the analysis of each measured parameter of the path with the regulatory requirements established for this section of the route, and then sends the results of deviations from the standards in the unit's non-volatile automatic memory 17 software and analytical device 11.

Unit non-volatile automatic memory 17 records: registration results of the measurements coming from the block of automatic registration of measurement 14 in real time; pre-established norms potenzmitteln parameters; the results of determining deviations from normative parameters; the parameters of the infrastructure of rail track, located on the analyzed, controlled area.

Unit digital display and graphical visualization 16 provides a digital display and graphical interpretation of the results of processing and analysis of all path settings on the monitor screen in real-time directly on site measurements, including the measurement results of the shafts bending of rail lines in the horizontal plane - alignment, as well as the detected fault paths that are marked with voice comments.

Device management software keygen is of 18 software and analytical device 11 performs the input initial settings potenzmitteln equipment; the selection of the mode potenzmitteln equipment; the selection control information from the recording unit dimensions 14 and the display 12 of the visualization device 16; a selection of items in menu software software and analytical device 11.

The communication interface 19 software and analytical device 11 with potenzmitteln equipment transmits the measurement results from the sensor of the traversed path 7, the sensor width 9 of the rail track, from the level sensor 8 rail lines, from the sensor measurement devices arrows bend rail 10 threads in the horizontal plane.

The communication interface 20 software and analytical device 11 is used to transmit data through the non-volatile memory unit 17 in the enterprise track facilities or in a computer database of the Department of ways and structures of the railway Department. The two-way communication interface 20 to an external computer or computer database provides a convenient and universal exchange of measurement results and analysis of the path parameters.

Works potenzmitteln complex PT-9 as follows. After turning on the power from a self-contained rechargeable batteries, software and analytical device 11 is loading its microprocessor unit programs the initial installation and for whom itialization internal 4, 19 and 20 external interface device, thereby making training software and analytical device 11 to work. With device management software 18 is entered into the microprocessor unit initial settings potenzmitteln equipment.

Including a positioning device 5, is "binding" potenzmitteln complex PT-9 to the location of the controlled section of the route on which measurements are made. All of the above settings and "binding" are controlled by the operator potenzmitteln complex PT-9 on the screen 12 of the block of the digital display and graphical visualization of 16. After you enter the initial parameters of the controlled area is at the same time, their control and analysis.

Since the beginning of the movement potenzmitteln complex PT-9 sensor traversed path 7 through the same segments traversed the track (0.125 m) of the controlled area receives signals in microprocessor software and analytical device 11 and synchronize on a single coordinate route all interface devices interface for communication with the positioning device 4, with potenzmitteln equipment 19, interface 20 two-way communication of acceptance-transmission of data with an external computer or external computersimulated data.

Through internal communication interfaces 4, 19 data transfer occurs between software and analytical device 11, the positioning device 5 and the measuring sensors 7, 8, 9, 10 potenzmitteln equipment.

The results of the measurements are synchronized by a single coordinate of the path passed to block automatic registration of measurements 14 from which they are received in the memory unit 17.

In the memory unit 17 are also pre - defined before the passage of the controlled area data standards rated parameters.

Work unit 15 detect deviations of the path parameters from the set norms is that of memory block 17 in turn is "Packed" file - collected in one package the results of measurements of the parameters of the path being "tied" to a single coordinate of the path - corresponding to a certain coordinate of the path, with each parameter potenzmitte numerically is compared to its standard value corresponding to this specific coordinate way, the result of the comparison is transmitted to the memory unit 17 and simultaneously entered in block 16 of the digital display and graphical visualization.

Device management software 18 operating on the operator's commands, provides select the desired information from the memory unit 17 and the display 12 block 16 digital indicator with the tion and graphical visualization. Using device management software 18 select the mode of operation potenzmitteln equipment, as well as select the desired menu item of the software.

Obtained after processing in the microprocessor unit software and analytical device 11 results of monitoring and analysis may be submitted by the operator for further processing using two-way communication interface 20 of the reception and transmission of data to external computers, which increases the efficiency of the use of this potenzmitteln due to operational decision-making on the implementation of the most important works on technical maintenance and repair of rail track in doing so, an important role in making important strategic decisions in rail movement.

Potenzmitteln complex containing removable rail truck and placed on it the positioning device, potenzmitteln equipment for measuring the current coordinates of the path, track gauge, the mutual position of rail lines in height, and analysis system path settings and data interface through the communication adapter with external computer database, wherein potenzmitteln complex is equipped with an automatic measuring device of the shafts bending rail n the TEI in the horizontal plane and placed on the rail cart software and analytical device, consisting of a block of registration of measurement results of the detection unit of the deviations of the path parameters from the set norms, block digital display and graphical visualization of the values registered parameters path in motion in real time directly on the spot control with indication of the detected deviations from the set norms and marks fault the way with voice commentary each level, a block of memory the measurement path settings.



 

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3 dwg

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