Device for tillage with simultaneous distribution of liquid fertiliser in garden spacing

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a rectangular welded frame with hitch systems, fixtures of working bodies and the working bodies. The working bodies consist of racks of bits, and arched semihoes with a cut in the back part are hinged to them. The device has a capacity with a relief valve that is connected to the tractor compressor with air lines, and with working routes through the collector and the diaphragm dosing device to the pipeline of fertilisers supply, located on the rack. The arched semihoes and bits have interchangeable plates with cutting edges and are connected with them by means of threaded connections with the possibility of formation the gap between the bit and the plate.

EFFECT: design concept enables to expand the functionality of the device, increase operational reliability, reduce energy consumption of the process, reduce the application rate of fertiliser application while increasing the efficiency of its use, improve the quality of cultivated surface of soil.

7 dwg

 

The device relates to the field of agricultural engineering, is designed for multi-level ratnagotravibhaga subsurface fertilizer application.

It is known a device for deep loosening of soil and fertilizers, CNG-2,2 (see "Agricultural machinery", halanski V.M., Gorbachev IV, M, Colossus, 2004, s-91).

The disadvantages of this unit are the high consumption of fertilizers and energy consumption of the process, the complexity of the settings on the application rate, the small width (aisle garden is processed in two passes), the fertilizer over the entire width at the same depth that it is possible to make fertilizer in the horizons of the location of the root system of fruit-trees.

The closest in technical essence is a device for processing soil in between rows of the garden (see EN 2376738 from 14.08.2008), including rectangular welded frame with hinge, adjustable depth, attachment of the working bodies and working bodies, consisting of racks with bits having threaded holes, through which the axes of the threaded ends through brackets made in the middle and rear of the rack, hinged Lancet poulpy, is provided with a detachable turners.

The disadvantages of this device are low unctionally opportunities (not intended for fertilization), low operational reliability and the quality of the processed surface.

Technical solution to the problem is to expand the functional capabilities, improved operational reliability, reducing energy intensity of the process, the reduced consumption rates of fertilization in improving the efficiency of its use, improved surface quality, the reduction of working time on setting standards of fertilizer application.

This object is achieved in that the device for treatment of the soil with simultaneous application of liquid fertilizer in the row of the garden, including rectangular welded frame with hinge, mounting of the working bodies and working bodies, consisting of racks with bits, which hinged Lancet poulpy, according to the invention has a capacity of connected air lines with reducing valve and the compressor, and working routes through the collector and diaphragm dispenser with a supply line of fertilizers, located at the front, with Lancet paulay and bits are interchangeable inserts with cutting edges and are connected with them by means of threaded connections with education the gap between the bit and plate.

New elements are multilevel system ratnagotravibhaga subsurface outside the surveillance fertilizer and fixed to polulak, with the neckline in the back, and the bits replaceable inserts with cutting edges.

The essence of the invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows a top view; figure 2 is a side view; figure 3 is a top view of the working body; figure 4 - cross section a-a and section b-B; figure 5 - bits.

Device for treatment of the soil with simultaneous application of liquid fertilizer in the row of the garden consists of a rectangular welded frame 1 (Fig 1) with sample 2, the fastening of the working bodies 3 and working bodies 4, consisting of the uprights 5 bits 6, to which is hinged Lancet paulay 7 with the recess 8 in the back. The device has a frame 1 capacity 9 relief valve 10, United air lines 11 to the compressor tractor and work lines 12 through manifold 13 and diaphragm metering device 14 with the pipeline supply of fertilizer 15 located on the rack 5, with Lancet paulay 7 and bit 6 are interchangeable inserts with 16 cutting edges 17 and connected with them by means of threaded connection 18 with the formation of the gap 19 between the bit 6 and the plate 16.

The device operates as follows.

When the movement of machine-tractor unit aisle of the garden, working bodies 4 guns, placed at different depths of processing, are in the soil, air compressor tractor in the vessel 9, seasoned liquid Udo is rhenium, creates pressure adjustable relief valve 10 due to the pressure difference fertilizer is filed under elevated soil layer of the bit 6 and paulami 7 through the header 13 and diaphragm dispensers 14, which provide a different rate of fertilizer application (maximum to minimum depth and decreasing to the middle of the aisle with increasing depth of processing) in the working line 12 and line 15, mounted on the uprights 5, this layer of soil, cut cutting edges 18 interchangeable plates 16, which have a gap of 17 (figure 5) into the threaded connection 19, allowing them to fluctuate chaotically (due to density inhomogeneity soil, thereby reducing the energy intensity of the process), crumble on the back of the neck 8 (instead of turners that reduces the intensity and improves the quality of the processed surface) of polular 7 and covers the fertilizer.

Device for treatment of the soil with simultaneous application of liquid fertilizer in the row of the garden, including rectangular welded frame with hinge, mounting of the working bodies and working bodies, consisting of racks with bits, which hinged Lancet paulay with a cutout in the back, characterized in that it has air and working line, the capacity of the pressure regulator valve connected to the air mages what Tralee with compressor tractor, and working routes through the collector and diaphragm dispenser with a supply line of fertilizers, located at the front, with Lancet paulay and bits are interchangeable inserts with cutting edges and are connected with them by means of threaded connections allow formation of a gap between the bit and plate.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a material line with distribution holes evenly arranged along its length and having various diameters, a material flow divider, a channel of material supply and an air duct with holes. At the same time between the air duct and the material line there is a freely rotating spring. The spring is put into rotary motion via a bushing and a flexible shaft - a cord from a sprocket that interacts with a furrow bottom in the working position.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase evenness of application and quality of liquid improves spraying into under-hoe space.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device to apply liquid fertilisers in soil comprises a reservoir for liquid fertilisers, a compressor, freely installed force drums with hollow needles at the hollow axis. The compressor is connected directly to the reservoir for liquid fertilisers, which is connected to the hollow axis by the force manifold. There are segment windows made in the hollow axis to supply liquid fertilisers from the reservoir for liquid fertilisers into cavity of needles. Hollow needles have isolator stems in the lower part.

EFFECT: device has a simple design and ensures application of a strictly determined dose of liquid fertilisers in soil.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: machine includes a bearing system, a hinge, blades, a batcher, a support wheel, fertiliser distributing devices, the soil fertilisation device. It also has disk harrows that are placed before blades. Axes of disk harrows are fixed at an angle to a line of blades movement. There are wireways mounted before disk harrows for surface fertilisation. The blades have scatterers; the mix of air and fertilisers for under soil fertilisation arrives to these scatterers. There are two rows of packers behind the blades.

EFFECT: machine makes it possible to raise quality of the top layer soil processing, provide equal fertilisation and to increase agricultural crops yield as well.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, particularly to irrigation of soil and is designed for watering various plants. The method of plant inter-soil pulse discrete watering consists in supply of water inside soil with a syringe element in the process of chassis travelling along surface of soil by means of successive step-by-step in every 0.1-0.15 m embedding a lower end of the syringe element into soil at depth 0.05-0.15 m and pulse sprinkling of 0.1-0.3 sec duration into soil under 0.15-0.2 MPa pressure by discrete portions of 20-100 ml metered according to a watering rate. When a water supply pulse occurs, fissures in soil are locally washed out in the zone of a pulse; fissures are mudded; there is created a discrete moistened zone facilitating successive capillary distribution of moisture in specified volume of soil without gravitation draining.

EFFECT: method of successive step-by-step metered pulse supply of water into soil facilitates discrete soil moistening and uniform and stable development of individual plants with their root system spreading in watered plot area.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine-building, in particular to technical means for intra-soil and superficial root and non-root additional fertilisation of plants with liquid fertilisers, plant spraying, processing with pesticides with simultaneous soil tillage, mechanical destroying of weeds, earthing up plants. System contains reservoirs for liquid fertilisers installed on support sites, containing primary screen filters with hydraulic mixers and respiratory labyrinth valve, located in filling neck of the reservoirs, funnel-suppressor, installed in reservoir bottom and jet mixer located in lower zone of reservoirs, and connected with replaceable sprayers, located on non-working back surface of chisel-shaped colters by means of pipelines and check valve through successively located low-pressure filter, membrane pump and regulator-distributor. System has pipelines of reverse solution supply and additional branch of pipelines with three-way tap, connected with input end with membrane pump, connected with the first output end through T-joint with hydraulic mixer of primary screen filter and jet mixer, and with the second end connected with pipeline of reverse solution supply. Hydraulic mixer is located in upper zone of primary screen filter and includes input branch pipe, connected with three-way tap and connected in T-like way to located in primary screen filter distribution pipe with installed on its free ends at acute angle to it supplying nozzles. Regulator-distributor includes reducing pressure valve connected through high-pressure filter with output branch pipes of distributing valve for supply of solution to sprayers of chisel-shaped colters, and manometre. Regulator-distributor is connected through input branch pipe with membrane pump, through output overflow branch pipe with pipelines of reverse supply of part of solution into reservoirs for liquid fertilisers and is equipped with handle for turning on regulator-distributor and handle of pressure regulating. High-pressure filter is equipped with outlet branch pipe for removal of filtered fraction.

EFFECT: invention solves the problem of reduction of material consumption by the system, extension of functional abilities of aggregate, increase of its productivity and versatility, increase of aggregate performance efficiency with simultaneous soil processing, destroying weeds and additional fertilising of cultivated crops.

11 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine-building, in particular to technical means for soil tillage, mechanical elimination of weeds, earthing up plants with simultaneous intra-soil or superficial application of pesticides or root or non-root additional fertilizing of plants with liquid fertilizers. Combined aggregate contains transverse bar with centrally located system of hitching on tractor fixed on it on one side, and support wheels fixed by means of brackets, and on the other side of transverse bar, fixed by means of parallelogram mechanism, sections, each of them including copying wheel and equipped with extender longitudinal beam with operating elements installed on it. Support wheels are fixed by means of adjustable supports on longitudinal cantilevers installed in end parts of transverse bar, from two sides of which in region of supporting wheels pair brackets are additionally fixed on which there are support sites for installation of removable reservoirs with liquid fertilizers, reservoirs being connected with aggregate system of fertilizers distribution, sections are evenly distributed on transverse bar, and longitudinal beam is cantileverly fixed on free lower end of vertical elongated link of parallelogram mechanism, copying wheel is fixed above beam on vertical elongated link with possibility to regulate its position, each beam being made in form of U-shaped box equipped with mounting elements made in form of small front, large middle and small back, successively located in box bottom, longitudinal rectangular windows, and sidewalls of the box are equipped with co-axially located slot cuts and holes of square form, and inside the box along both longitudinal sides of front and back small rectangular windows profile stocks with holes are fixed with beam extender equipped with hole, and on each beam there are fixed replaceable soil-processing tools or S-shaped spring posts with hoes and chisel-shaped ripper with sprayer, connected by pipeline with system of fertilizers distribution, or A-hoe blades, or right or left single-sided subsurface cultivators or chisel-shaped rippers, or combined operating elements made in form of hoes, fixed on vertical posts equipped with installed on them removable double-sided blades with removable pinnate extenders.

EFFECT: invention solves technical problem of extension of aggregate functional possibilities, increase of its productivity and versatility, improvement of mounting and dismantling of operating elements, improvement of quality of crop cultivation, increase of efficiency of soil processing, weeds destroying and additional fertilizing of cultivated crops, increase of reliability of technological process progress.

10 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns agricultural machine construction, particularly devices for ammonium addition to soil as fertiliser, and in agricultural mineral processing. Device for cooled ammonium obtainment includes tank, dispenser with throttling possibility, and separator. Separator can change its volume and is made in the form of coaxial vessels.

EFFECT: fail-safe and efficient production of cooled ammonium within wide range of ammonium input dosage.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: working element for liquid fertilisation is mounted on the frame, hinged to the back head of the tank by means of hydro-hinge. Working element contains a flat cutting goosefoot share, stand and a tube-feeder for liquid delivery, arranged along the front edge of the stand. Feeder-tube in the bottom part at the joint with the goosefoot share surface has a through window with an exit forward, to the left and to the right with fixed to its upper edge in a slightly open position canopies, with an opening angle of the both lateral sides of the front canopy and back lateral sides of the right and of the left canopies against the walls of the feeder-tube not more than 30 and with a through slot between the base of the canopies and the surface of the goosefoot share - for free outflow of liquid fertiliser along with any possible mechanical inserts. Back wall of the feeder-tube, starting at the height of 60-80 mm above the window is bent forward and stretched until resting against the surface of the goosefoot share before the window. Bowl - shaped cross bar and hide blade are set at an angle securing sliding movement of the roots and stalks of plants in front of the front canopied window between the tow of the share and feeder-tube, whereat hide blade is secured from above along the axis of symmetry of the cross bar, whereat its upper end is bifurcating with the lower branch secured to the feeder-tube above the upper edge of the front canopied window, and the second branch with a free spring-loaded flexible end is stretched along the smooth curve up to 100 mm above the level of the upper edge of the window in the same longitudinal-vertical plane with the feeder-tube not touching it, and is stretched aside from it through an arc of the circle.

EFFECT: reduced resistance of the working element during operation and improved productivity of work.

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: proposed unit has a frame, cutting discs, liquid-filling connection pipes, leveller-roll, cistern, pressure-pipeline, switching device, pressure hose and a manifold-pipe. The cutting discs are arranged in four rows with the concave surface of each row opposite the concave surface of the discs in the next row, and are cutout. Each cutout disc has a separate elastic suspension. The liquid-filling connection pipes have deflector caps and are mounted on the convex side of the discs in the second row. The cross-sectional area of the collector is equal to the sum of the surface areas of the liquid-filling connection pipes.

EFFECT: increased productiveness of the soil with considerable reduction of costs on cropping.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device consists of a bearing frame and side bars equipped with sprinklers that are connected to the frame via spring-loaded parallelogram-shaped mechanisms; the sprinklers have feelers attached to their ends. The feelers length is equal to the inter-tree spacing width; the feelers are oriented in the direction of the device travel and attached onto the frame with their middle parts. The device is equipped with a hydraulic cylinder pivotally connected to the draft link of one of the parallelogram-shaped mechanisms. Onto the hydraulic cylinder rod there is a crank arm rigidly fitted connected to the draft link of the side bar parallelogram-shaped mechanism. The crank arm groove length is proportional to the aggregate displacement of the feelers from one end position to the other with the full travel distance of the hydraulic cylinder rod being equal to the crank arm groove length.

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4 dwg

Plough-fertiliser // 2384033

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: plough comprises frame-fixed mouldboard units and fertiliser dispensers with fertiliser hoses. Fertiliser dispensers are equipped with air system for pressure supply of fertilisers. System of fertiliser supply comprises high-pressure fan with drive from hydraulic motor and air duct. Air duct has tappings to each fertiliser dispenser. Fertiliser hoses are installed behind stands of mouldboard units and are tightly fixed to slots arranged between ploughshare and mouldboard of units and directed along tangent to ploughshare. Fertiliser hoses are matched with slots along circumference arc. Fertiliser dispenser comprises tightly sealed cylindrical jar, on bottom of which there is a disk-batcher arranged. Disk-batcher represents a rotor, blades of which are arranged along logarithmic spiral. Disk-batcher is arranged as replaceable, and thickness of disk-batcher is selected depending on norm of fertiliser application. In cover of cylindrical jar there is a nozzle provided for connection to air duct tapping. Nozzle is connected by channel in cylindrical jar with dispensing window. Dispensing window is arranged in jar bottom. Front wall of channel has limiter of fertiliser layer height. There is an agitator provided on driving shaft of fertiliser dispenser. Drive of fertiliser dispensers is provided from tractor power shaft.

EFFECT: such structural design will make it possible to reduce traction resistance and to provide for even distribution of fertilisers along width of plough layer.

4 dwg

Plough - fertiliser // 2384032

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: plough comprises frame-fixed mouldboard units and fertiliser dispensers with fertiliser hoses. Plough is equipped with high-discharge fan with air duct, which is tightly fixed to fertiliser hoses. Fertiliser hoses are fixed on back side of mouldboards and are matched along radius with slot provided between ploughshare and mouldboard along tangent to surface of mouldboard. Ripping ledges are arranged on outer surface of ploughshare upstream the slot, and their extension over slot is arranged in the form of teeth. Fan drive is provided from hydraulic motor, and fertiliser dispensers are driven from tractor power shaft.

EFFECT: such structural design will make it possible to reduce traction resistance, to provide for even distribution of fertilisers along the whole width of plough layer, which improves crop capacity of agriculture.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method provides for disking and ploughing. Disking is performed simultaneously with ploughing using flat disks and is realised by cutting turf layer into strip parallel to plough movement. Strip width is not equal. Widest strips are cut at the longest distance from landward edge of plough. Width of the most distant strip from landward edge is from half to two thirds of grip width. Each next strip has the same ratio. Plough includes frame, housing and disk knives. Disk knives are installed in front of each plough housing so that the farthest from landward edge disk knife shares the width of grip in ratio from half to one thirds of the given edge. Next knives share the remaining width between landward edge and neighboring knife in the same ratio. Rotational axes of adjacent disk knives are shifted with regard to each other in plough movement direction at the value, which less knife disk diameter.

EFFECT: reduction of power costs, increase of productivity and improvement of matted soil treatment quality.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, abdominal surgery, and can be used in treatment of duodenum ulcers. Duodenum is exposed and dissected at the level of distal edge of ulcer. First row of sutures is applied between distal edge of ulcer and anterior wall of duodenum. Indenting from proximal edge of ulcer, cut 5-6 mm deep is made on contour of ulcer bottom, forming "peak" from healing tissue. Between "peak" and anterior wall of duodenum second row of sutures is applied with tamponade of ulcer bottom with anterior wall of duodenal stump. The third row of sutures is applied between healing tissues of pancreas and anterior wall of duodenum. Method allows to suture duodenal stump reliably and hermetically due to reduction of tension of duodenum anterior wall during suturing.

EFFECT: ensuring possibility to suture duodenal stump reliably and hermetically.

4 dwg, 3 ex

Plow body // 2317665

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plow body has tine with shoe, share, moldboard, and landside plate. Mellowing members fixed to moldboard working surface are made in the form wedge-shaped knives and arranged in offset relation with respect to one another, with apexes of said members being oriented toward share point. Mellowing members are made scimitar-shaped and equipped with flexible sweepers fixed to their upper parts. Flexible sweepers are formed as lengths of anchor chains. Two pins of different length are attached at different acute angles to direction of advancement on each chain length link. Angle of inclination of pins is smaller than friction angle of soil against steel.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil due to improved mellowing of soil layer.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, heavy soil tillage technique.

SUBSTANCE: plow has frame, casing with shortened moldboard and rotating moldboard mounted above shortened moldboard and provided with knives fused thereto by means of hard alloy. Knives are made curved in their upper parts along parabola, with apex oriented downward. Lower parts of knives, not in the excess of one third of knife height, are curved along hyperbola, with apex oriented upward. For overcoming of loads connected with operation on heavy soil and for uniform rotation, rotating moldboard is equipped with impeller.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Plow // 2297746

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tillage and preparing of soil for sowing procedure.

SUBSTANCE: plow has frame, disks, working tool designed for rotating and placing of soil layer into furrow and provided with helical working surface, and mellower. Shaft with corrugated disks and mud scrapers is mounted on tines on frame. Working tool is made in the form of half-screw whose inner side is extending centrally of horizontal straight line from leading end to working tool end and outer helical working surface terminates in shank beveled at an acute angle to horizontal plane. Mellower attached to front side of working tool is made in the form of hoe. Replaceable harrows joined to shank are comprised of plates beveled at an acute angle on their front sides. Working tools with right-handed and left-handed direction of rotation of ground are alternatively mounted on frame. Supporting compaction roller with mud scraper is mounted rearward of frame on tines. Mounted on frame are also shaft height adjustment mechanism and supporting roller height adjustment mechanism for adjusting height of roller and supporting mechanism relative to frame.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, reduced erosion processes and increased efficiency in weed controlling.

2 dwg

Plow-digger // 2236771
The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to rotary plows rippers, and is designed for primary tillage, and for digging potatoes, i.e

Plow forest // 2219688
The invention relates to forestry and is intended to prepare the ground for plantations

The invention relates to the measurement of technological parameters of the processed areas of the soil, namely the determination of the relative trajectory of the material on the triangular wedge tillage body

Plow // 2297746

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tillage and preparing of soil for sowing procedure.

SUBSTANCE: plow has frame, disks, working tool designed for rotating and placing of soil layer into furrow and provided with helical working surface, and mellower. Shaft with corrugated disks and mud scrapers is mounted on tines on frame. Working tool is made in the form of half-screw whose inner side is extending centrally of horizontal straight line from leading end to working tool end and outer helical working surface terminates in shank beveled at an acute angle to horizontal plane. Mellower attached to front side of working tool is made in the form of hoe. Replaceable harrows joined to shank are comprised of plates beveled at an acute angle on their front sides. Working tools with right-handed and left-handed direction of rotation of ground are alternatively mounted on frame. Supporting compaction roller with mud scraper is mounted rearward of frame on tines. Mounted on frame are also shaft height adjustment mechanism and supporting roller height adjustment mechanism for adjusting height of roller and supporting mechanism relative to frame.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, reduced erosion processes and increased efficiency in weed controlling.

2 dwg

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