Air filtration device for closed spaces

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: air filtration device for elimination of biological contaminations for closed spaces, which is connected to outlet air holes in ventilation systems, climate control systems and similar devices and systems, which contains at least one housing in the form of box at least with one inlet hole for filtered air, on which there located is at least one perforated conducting grid having the specified negative electrical potential provided with possibility of electron emission at air flow passage in order to provide negative electrical charge to particles to which microorganisms contained in the air stick; at that, the above device forms from the inside at least one air passage channel that is formed at least between one plate for deposition of negative charged particles to which microorganisms stick; at that, the above settling plate has the specified positive potential, and at least one diverting plate having negative potential and provided with possibility of particle deflection, to which microorganisms stick, at that, electrical field is generated between the above settling plate and diverting plate, which face each other; at that, the above field is intended to divert and deposit particles to which microorganisms stick, on the above settling plate there provided are devices for activation of microorganisms and at least one outlet hole for filtered air. The above grid includes a row of pointed projections for dissipation of electrons when the air flows through the above grid; at that, it contains three settling plates and eight diverting plates; at that, two of the above settling plates are located in upper and lower part respectively inside the above housing in the form of box; at that, each plate faces two corresponding diverting plates located in series; at that, the third settling plate is mainly located on central line in the above housing in the form of box; at that, each side of the above third settling plate faces two diverting plates located in series; at that, the above diverting plates are located in pairs that are located in series between the above settling plates; at that, the above devices for microorganism deactivation include two bactericidal lamps one of which is located between pair of two above diverting plates located in series.

EFFECT: invention allows increasing air filtration, providing complete elimination and guaranteed deactivation of microorganisms.

7 cl, 2 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a filtering device of the air to destroy biological contaminants for closed spaces; such biological contaminants can be viruses, bacteria, spores, mold, fungi and the like.

It is known that protect the health of people who work in confined spaces, such as homes, offices, hospitals, vehicles and aircraft of various types, and other spaces, is an extremely important requirement. Such filtering devices must be installed on the exhaust holes for air ventilation and climate control, and similar systems and devices for closed spaces (accommodations, hospitals and the like) and vehicles (airplanes, trains, ships, military transport vehicles, even in space ships etc), although they are rarely used and, as a rule, are not established, except for certain areas, such as, for example, hospital premises, for the destruction of particles and, in particular, microorganisms contained in the air to protect human health.

Such microorganisms, such as biological contaminants, such as viruses, bacteria, spores, mold, fungi and the like, are, in essence, from the point of view of sanitation, the strongest health hazard for people who, because they can cause disease and infection, affecting, in particular, respiratory system.

Known types of filtering devices mainly include segments of fabric, which is intended for trapping particles and microorganisms present in the air when passing through the mentioned segments.

However, such devices have several drawbacks, as, for example, the filter segments should be cleaned or replaced fairly often, and therefore, they require frequent maintenance, which is done by qualified operators, which leads to high costs. In addition, these segments prevent the passage of air, and often when the device starts previously collected materials are accidentally released into a cleared space, with the subsequent risk to the health of people present. In addition, some devices, which include bactericidal lamp-based UV rays with high energy radiation may produce gases that are harmful to human health, such as ozone, and they are ineffective against certain microorganisms, which, for their deactivation, it requires a longer period of exposure to UV rays.

In EP-A1-0644379 disclosed vacuum cleaning device with a container, on the opposite con the Ah which are the intake grille and outlet grille. Inside the container are: filters, located on the intake grill; the Assembly device located after the filter; suction means for creating air flow through the filters and Assembly of the device between the inlet grill and an outlet grill. The Assembly device comprises, in series air flow: electrical network, providing a high negative voltage to the electrification of particles passing air flow; a pair of opposing plates, the first of which is negatively charged deflector plate, and the second positively charged collecting plate; and bactericidal neon lamp with UV radiation designed to emit light in a passage formed by a pair of opposite plates. The electrical network electrifies (negative charge) small particles in the air stream, which is then discarded deflector plate to the precipitation plate, where they are going and translucent germicidal lamp with UV radiation, which thus kills the microorganisms present in the particle.

The aim of the present invention is to eliminate the disadvantages described above, by creating a device air filter for closed spaces, which ensures complete destruction and guaranteed the th decontamination of microorganisms, that is, provides a complete air filtration, protecting the health of people who work in confined spaces.

The aim of the present invention is to provide a device that requires less frequent maintenance than known devices, and the specified service is easier and faster, so can be carried out even by unskilled personnel with wins also by economic indicators.

Another objective of the present invention is a device, which by means of its particular constructive characteristics provides the highest degree of reliability and safety in use.

Also another purpose of this invention is to provide a simple device which is relatively easy to apply in practice, safe in use and effective in operation and which may also be competitive from the economic point of view.

These and other objectives of the present invention, which will become clearer hereinafter, are achieved by a device air filtration for destroying biological contaminants for closed spaces that can be used on the exhaust holes for air ventilation, climate control and similar devices and systems, characterized in that it sod is RIT, at least one case in the form of boxes with at least one inlet opening for the filtered air, which is at least one perforated conductive grid, which has given a negative electric potential and configured to emit electrons when the flow of air, in order to inform a negative electric charge to the particles, which stick to the microorganisms present in the air, and the said device forms within at least one channel for passage of air is formed between at least one plate for deposition of negatively charged particles, to which stick microorganisms, these precipitation plate is given a positive potential, and at least one deflector plate, which has a negative potential and the possibility of deviation of the particles, which stick to the microorganisms, and the electric field is generated between the said collecting plate and said deflector plate, which face each other, while the mentioned field for deflection and deposition of particles, which stick to the microorganisms on said collecting plate, while means are provided for decontamination of microorganisms, AndAlso, at least one outlet for purified air.

According to the present invention the device is created air filtration, disclosed in the attached claims.

Additional features and advantages of the present invention will become clearer from the subsequent detailed description of preferred but not exclusive variant implementation of the device air filtration for enclosed spaces in accordance with the present invention, illustrated by non-limiting example in the accompanying drawings, on which:

Figure 1 is a schematic side view in section of the filter unit according to the present invention; and

Figure 2 is a schematic side view of three devices connected in series, according to the present invention.

With reference to the drawings reference character 1 in General the indicated device air filtration for destroying biological contaminants for enclosed spaces in accordance with the present invention; and mentioned biological contaminants can be viruses, bacteria, spores, mold, fungi, etc.

The device 1 is a device of such type which can be connected with outlet holes for air ventilation and climate control and podobnikjernej and devices and includes a housing 2 in the form of boxes containing at least one inlet opening 2A for air to be cleaned that contains at least one perforated conductive bars 3 for transmission of the incoming air. The grating 3 is given a negative electric potential and the possibility of emission of the electrons E in the flow of air to pass a negative electrical charge to the particles, which stick present in the air microorganisms. The device 1 inside forms at least one channel for the passage of air, which is formed between at least one collecting plate 4, for negatively charged particles, which stick to the microorganisms And, when this plate 4 has given a positive potential, and at least one deflector plate 5, which has given a negative potential and is arranged to reject particles that stick microorganisms: the electric field generated between the collecting plate 4 and the deflecting plate 5, which are directed towards each other, while the mentioned field designed to reject and deposition of particles with microorganisms And precipitation plate 4. Preferably, means are provided for 6 decontamination of microorganisms, and also, what about the least one exhaust hole 2b for purified air.

Of course, the grid 3, which retains a negative electric potential relative to the earth, contains a number of sharp protrusions 3A for scattering of electrons E in the passage of air through the grate 3, which ensures adhesion of microorganisms with negatively charged particles.

More specifically, the device 1 contains the distribution of collecting plates 4 and deflecting plates 5, which are directed toward each other and are mutually parallel, to reject and deposition of particles, which adhered microorganisms And, on collecting plate 4. In the embodiment of the invention shown in the drawings, the device 1 contains three collecting plate 4 and eight deflecting plates 5; two collection plates 4 are respectively top and bottom inside the housing 2 in the form of boxes, and each of these plates is directed to the two respective deflecting plates 5 located sequentially, while the third precipitation plate 4 is located along the Central line in the housing 2 in the form of boxes, and each of its sides directed to the two deflecting plates 5 located sequentially; deflecting plates 5 are arranged in pairs, placed near one, two, between OSA is sustained fashion plates 4.

For convenience, the insulating layer 7 is located between the housing 2 and the collecting plates 4 located in the upper part and the lower part inside it.

More specifically, the device 1 contains elements 8 for the maintenance and formation of deflecting plates 5, which is connected to the housing 2 in the form of a box; and two mutually opposite deflecting plates 5 are connected with each supporting and shaping element 8.

Means 6 decontamination contain at least one germicidal lamp, UV rays, and preferably two germicidal lamps 6, placed inside the housing 2 in the form of a box, which is continuously irradiated collecting plate 4 for decontamination of microorganisms, which were besieged it, and, thus, prevent them from spreading.

In particular, the lamps 6 are of a type with low energy radiation in order to avoid the formation of harmful gases such as ozone, which are known to be harmful to human health.

The device 1 may include at discharge ionizer (not shown), which are designed to restore the balance of negative electric charges, restoring them to optimal values in order to ensure the quality of the air in closed spaces.

The device 1 may be connected in series with at least one other is the device 1, and perhaps, for example, to arrange three of the filtering device 1, as shown in figure 2, with each exhaust hole 2b of the device 1, located upstream of the air, connected to the outlet hole 2A of the device 1, which is located directly below the stream.

In practice, the device 1 can be installed at the outlet openings in ventilation, climate control and other systems and devices; the air entering the device 1 passes through the perforated grating 3, which maintains a negative potential relative to the earth, and because of the pointed projections 3A, in which the scattered electrons, allowing you to pass a negative electrical charge on the particles, which are microorganisms.

When air passes between the deflector plates 5 and sedimentation plates 4, which are directed to each other and mutually parallel, particles, bonded to him by microorganisms And are discarded first (which remains negative potential) and are deposited on the last (positive potential)on which they are passed through an electric field produced between the plates 4, 5.

Germicidal lamp 6 with UV radiation with low energy radiation, by means of continuous exposure to besiege the lnyh plates 4, inactivate and kill microorganisms so that they could not reproduce. Thus, this is a complete air filtration, with the destruction of all microorganisms that are in it. The air at the outlet 2b, may be routed through the ionizer (if installed), which allows for the optimum balance of electrical charges in the filtered air to enter the space.

The power supply device 1 is a power supply of conventional type and is connected, for example, to the electrical system using known means. Of course, the device 1 may be installed on the exhaust holes for air ventilation, climate control and similar devices and systems of any premises (civil, hospital and the like) and any vehicles (planes, trains, ships, military equipment, even in spacecraft and other) to protect human health. For example, in the field of medicine and hospitals, the device 1 can also be used to isolate individual beds in case of epidemics.

As mentioned, you can consistently have multiple devices 1 to achieve 100% destruction (absolute filter) microorganisms present in the air, in the case of ventilation, climate control and similar systems knowledge is sustained fashion sizes with high speed air flow.

Preferably, the device 1 is not considered to have a significant resistance to air flow and when you run it does not produce any materials into the environment, as particles with microorganisms And remain on the collecting plates 4; service device 1 can occur efficiently over long periods of time and be easy (purification of collecting plates 4 is extremely easy to implement, and easy to replace the device), respectively, without the necessary intervention of skilled operators, with significant financial benefits. Of course, even in the absence of maintenance there is no danger for people.

In practice it was found that with the device according to the present invention is fully achieved goals and objects of the invention, since the device 1 air filter for closed spaces, preferably, provides complete removal and ensures decontamination of microorganisms, for example, biological contaminants such as viruses, bacteria, spores, mold, fungi and the like, which are in the air, protecting the health of people in enclosed spaces; of course, bactericidal lamp 6 with low energy radiation additionally eliminate harmful gases, that is as ozone, and the constant radiation of the microorganisms blocked in precipitation plates, provides decontamination of even the most resistant strains.

Thus described the present invention allows a variety of modifications and changes, all of which fall within the scope of the attached claims; for example, in another embodiment, the housing 2 in the form of box device 1 can contain inside the variety of lattices 3 arranged in series between each pair of which are located at least one collecting plate and at least one deflecting plate 5 are mutually parallel and facing each other and between which there is at least one germicidal lamp 6 for exposure collecting plate 4.

All the individual elements may optionally be replaced with other technically relevant equivalents.

In the presented variants of implementation of the present invention, individual characteristics, are shown relative to specific examples, may actually be replaced with other different characteristics that exist in other versions of the implementation.

In addition, it should be noted that any parameters that are already known in the patenting process, for obvious reasons not specified in the claims and are not the camping grounds for failure.

In practice, the materials used and the shapes and dimensions may be any according to the requirements in the art, however, without leaving the scope of protection of the invention according to the attached claims.

1. Device air filter for the destruction of biological pollution in enclosed spaces, which are attached to the exhaust holes for air ventilation, climate control and similar devices and systems containing at least one housing (2) in the form of boxes, at least one inlet hole (2A) for the filtered air, which is at least one perforated conductive grating (3), having given a negative electric potential and possibility of the emission of electrons when the airflow to post negative electric charge to the particles, to which stick microorganism (S)present in the air, while the said device (1) forms within at least one channel for the passage of air, which is formed between at least one plate (4) for the deposition of negatively charged particles, which stick to the microorganisms (A), and referred precipitation plate (4) has given a positive potential, and at least one deflector plate (5), having a negative potential and the possibility of deviation of the particles, which stick to the microorganisms (A), when an electric field is generated between the said collecting plate (4) and deflector plate (5), which are facing each other, and mentioned a field for deflection and deposition of particles, which stick to the microorganisms (A), on said collecting plate (4), provided with means (6) for decontamination of microorganisms and at least one outlet opening (2b) for the filtered air, characterized in that the grating (3) contains a number of pointed projections (3A) for the scattering of electrons by passing air through the grate (3), it contains three collecting plate (4) and eight deflection plates (5), and two of these collection plates (4) are located respectively at the top and on the inside bottom of the said body (2) in the form of boxes, with each plate facing to the two respective deflection plates (5), positioned in series, with the third precipitation plate (4) is located essentially on the Central line in the above-mentioned case (2) in the form of boxes, with each such third party collecting plate (4) is addressed to two deflecting plates (5), R is polozhennym consistently, these deflecting plates (5) are arranged in pairs, which are arranged in series next, two by two, between the said collecting plates (4), and the means for decontamination of microorganisms contain two germicidal lamps (6), one of which is located between a pair of the two mentioned deflecting plates (5)arranged in series.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises at least one insulating layer (7), which is located between the housing (2) in the form of a box and said collecting plate (4)located in the upper part and the lower part of the inside of the said body (2).

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains elements (8) to support and guide these deflecting plates (5), which are connected with the said body (2) in the form of boxes.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the lamp (6) is a lamp low power to prevent formation of harmful gases.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises an ionizer, which is located essentially at the outlet from which the air comes out of the said device (1), and configured to restore the balance of negative electric charges, which are present in the air.

p> 6. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that it is connected in series with at least one other device (1)with the outlet opening (2b) of the device (1), which is located above the stream, is connected with the inlet (2A) of the device (1)located below the stream.

7. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the said body (2) in the form of boxes contains many of the above lattices (3)arranged in series, with at least one collecting plate (4) and at least one deflecting plate (5) are located between each pair of the above lattices (3) in such a way that they are mutually parallel and facing each other and at least one germicidal lamp (6) for irradiating at least mentioned collecting plate (4)located between each pair of the above-mentioned grating (3).



 

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