Machine to make drinks

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: feeding head for a machine for making drinks comprises a movable first part and a fixed second part. The first part is made with the possibility of displacement relative to the second part between the open position and the closed position. In the open position the first part is arranged with the possibility to load a capsule into the feeding head. In the closed position the first part and the second part are arranged with the possibility to retain the specified capsule in the distribution position. The feeding head additionally comprises an inlet punch and an outlet punch, which are aligned in the same direction and are made with the possibility of rotation relative to the fixed second part between the pulled-in position and punching position.

EFFECT: reduced dimensions of the punching mechanism.

44 cl, 19 dwg

 

The present invention relates to improvements in machines for preparing beverages, in particular to the feed head for machines for making beverages, being machine of this type, which uses pre-packaged containers for beverage ingredients.

Machine for preparing beverages, such as machines for brewing coffee or tea, are well known. Known designed machine for preparing beverages that provide individual servings of the drink directly into a receptacle such as a Cup. These machines can make a drink from covered drink ingredients or packaging of beverage ingredients, such as boxes, packages or capsules. An example of this type of packaging is shown in the document EP1440903. In the subsequent description of such packages shall be called by the General term of the capsule. However, the invention is not limited to the use of one particular type box, package or capsule. A drink made by brewing, mixing, dissolution or deposition of beverage ingredients in the water. For example, for coffee drinks heated water passes through the capsule to form a solution. The popularity of capsules in such machines is growing because of their convenience and the quality of the product.

In General, the use of such capsules in the capsule is made of the input vyhodnoi openings for the flow of water and pouring the drink. Usually the input and output hole formed penetrating elements which either the capsule or piercing elements are moved in order to break through the inlet and the outlet. Known machines for drinks that use capsule or the platform that holds the capsule and moves the capsule relative to a fixed punching element. Also known punching vertically moving punching elements for punching inlet openings in the stationary capsule. However, the breakdown mechanisms of such machines tend to be bulky, resulting in large dimensions of the machine.

The aim of the present invention is to develop a giving head and machines for making beverages, including improved punching mechanism.

Accordingly, the present invention developed a feed head for a machine for preparing beverages containing first movable part and a fixed second part, and

the first part is arranged to move relative to the second part between an open position and a closed position, and

in the open position the first part is to enable loading of the capsules in the feed head, and

in the closed position the first part and the second part are located with the possibility abstain the Oia mentioned capsule in the position of issuing and

the feed head, additionally containing the input punch and punch output, and

input the punch and punch output is oriented essentially in the same direction and configured to rotate relative to the fixed second part between the retracted position and the punch position.

The use of rotatable input and output breakers allows to obtain more compact feed head. In addition, the penetration of the inlet and the outlet in the same direction allows to obtain more compact site, because you have to pierce the capsule only one side or surface.

Preferably the input punch and punch output is oriented essentially vertically in the punching position.

Preferably the input punch and punch output is intended for piercing the bottom of the said capsule.

Preferably stenothoe the position of the input punch and punch output is lower than the breakdown position.

Preferably stenothoe the position of the input punch and punch output declined by 5-10 degrees from the punching position.

More preferably stenothoe the position of the input punch and punch output is tilted more than 7.5 Gras the moustache from the punching position.

Fixed the second part may include a horizontal support for these capsules, and input the punch and punch output pass vertically over the horizontal support in punching position.

Preferably the input punch and punch output is not held vertically above the horizontal support in retracted. Mostly it helps to prevent contact of the user with the punches when the first portion is in the open position. In addition, retraction of the punches below the level of support allows easier removal of the capsule after it is issued.

Preferably the first portion is configured to rotate between an open position and a closed position.

Preferably the feed head further comprises a motor for turning the input of the punch and punch output between the retracted position and the punch position. This allows you to automate the operation of the punches by the control device of the machine.

Preferably the feed head contains the rear part and the front part, and an engine located in the rear part of the feeding head, and input the punch and punch output are located towards the front of the feed head. Thus, the engine is located at a distance from the parts feeding goal is Cai, which are exposed to the fluids you are using. In particular, the pouring of the beverage from the capsule does not pass near the engine. This helps to maintain the cleanliness and proper operation of the engine.

Preferably the engine is located essentially at the same height that the input punch and punch output when in the raised position. Mainly the location essentially at the same height as the height of the punches, and not directly above or below the punches, allows you to make more compact the feed head.

Preferably the engine is connected to the input punch and output punch through breakdown mechanism.

Preferably, the breakdown mechanism is installed to convert the rotational movement of the motor in the rotary movement of the input punch and punch output.

Preferably the feed head further comprises a passage for removal, in which said capsule can be delivered, and a passage for removal is located between the input and output breakers and motor. By placing the engine on the opposite punches side of the aisle to remove, no need for the capsule to pass over the engine or near the engine. Again it helps to keep the engine clean.

Preferably a punching mechanism comprises a passage for removal.

In particular, the piercing mechanism may form an aperture, and a passage for removal passes through the said hole.

Pass removal may contain tray removal, and tray removal, comprising a housing tray and the body of the tray passes through the said hole.

Piercing mechanism may include a primary link that contains the first end and the second end, the first end of the primary link is attached to the motor so that the motor rotation was caused by the longitudinal movement of the primary link.

The primary element may be elongated in the direction of the longitudinal axis and is arranged to move essentially along its longitudinal axis in response to rotation of the engine.

Piercing mechanism may further comprise a secondary link and a secondary link that contains the first end and the second end, the first end of the secondary link is connected with the second end of the primary link, and the movement of the primary link secondary causes the link to rotate relative to the fixed second part.

Preferably a secondary link contains a couple of elements of the secondary link.

Piercing mechanism may further comprise a tertiary level, and tertiary level, containing the first end and the second end, the first end of the tertiary link connected to the first end of the secondary link, moreover, moving the secondary level tertiary makes the link to rotate relative to the fixed second part.

Preferably the tertiary level comprises a pair of elements tertiary level.

The first end of the tertiary level can also be connected with the second end of the primary link.

The second end of the tertiary link can be connected to the fixed second part.

The feed head may further comprise a Quaternary link, and Quaternary link is connected for rotation with a fixed second part, and the second end of the secondary link is connected for rotation with Quaternary link.

Mainly secondary level and tertiary level form the hinge mechanism of the clamp. Mainly because of this, secondary and tertiary links snapped and tend to remain in the position associated with the breakdown mechanism in the raised position until such time as the engine will not be subject to positive pulling power.

Preferably in punching position, secondary and tertiary links are oriented essentially vertically. Thus, secondary, and tertiary units absorb and resist vertical loads applied down on the piercing mechanism during use, when the first part is in the closed p is the situation, and punching mechanism is raised.

Feed the head further comprises a housing containing the input punch and punch output, and the housing is connected rotatably fixed to the second part.

Preferably piercing mechanism includes a hole through which passes a passage for removal.

Mainly the use of sliding and rotational connecting mechanism for punching mechanism ensures consistent and reliable operation of the mechanism. In particular, given that part of the connecting mechanism may come into contact with liquids when used, the rotational elements of the link, which convert the rotary motion of the motor into rotary movement of the punches is preferable to use, as compared with the Cam and the tracking device, as the Cam surface of such devices may be contaminated dried sediments of the issued drinks.

Furthermore, this binding mechanism has the advantage that the retraction or lowering of punches occurs under the action of positive force (in other words, the punches are pulled through the connecting mechanism), and not under the influence of the gravitational force or displacement under the action of the spring to return to its stenothoe position. This means that punches with less is th likely to get stuck in the raised position.

The feed head may further comprise a breakdown of the node, and the breakdown site contains input punch and punch output.

Preferably the breakdown site contains a breakdown enclosure containing a liquid inlet and a transmission channel and a transmission channel that communicates between the liquid inlet and the input punch.

Preferably piercing body further comprises a single sealing element which surrounds the input punch and punch output.

Preferably breakdown case, the input punch and punch output are separate components, which upon Assembly form a piercing node.

In the present invention has also developed a machine for making beverages containing the above-described feed head.

Additionally, in the present invention has developed a system for the preparation of beverages, containing a machine for preparing beverages according to p and one or more capsules, one or more capsules contain one or more beverage ingredients.

In the present invention is also a method of using a machine for preparing beverages, having a feed cylinder of this type, which has a first movable portion, a fixed second part, the input of the punch and punch output, and the output to the punch and punch output is oriented essentially in the same direction and configured to rotate relative to the fixed second part between a retracted position and a piercing position, containing the steps:

moving the first portion in the open position;

loading of the capsule in the supply cylinder;

moving the first portion in the closed position so as to hold the capsule in position of issuance;

the rotation of the input punch and the output of the punch in a punching position for punching the said capsule;

the issuance of the beverage from the capsule;

the rotation of the input punch and punch output from the punching position in stenothoe position;

move the capsule in position remove;

remove the capsule.

Preferably in punching position as input the punch and punch output is oriented essentially vertically upwards.

Preferably the input punch and punch output revolve 5-10 degrees between the retracted position and the punch position.

More preferably, the input punch and punch output rotated 7.5 degrees between the retracted position and the punch position.

Preferably the movement of the input punch and punch output is performed by the engine.

Preferably the first part is rotated between an open position and a closed position.

Preferably the capsule is shifted between the position of the distribution and position of the deletion.

Now, only for the purpose of example, will opinarian implementation of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, on which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the first variant of the machine for preparing beverages according to the present invention, which includes first and second feed head;

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the second variant of the machine for preparing beverages according to the present invention, which includes one feed head;

Figure 3 is a cross-section view in perspective of the feeding head according to the present invention in the open position;

Figure 4 is a cross-section view in perspective of the feeding head 3 is in the open position and with the first inserted capsule;

Figure 5 is a cross-section view in perspective of the feeding head 3 is in the closed position with the capsule in issue;

6 is a cross-section view in perspective of the image of the feeding head 3 is in the closed position with penetrative node feed heads that are in the raised position;

Fig.7 is a cross-section view in perspective of the feeding head 3 is in the removal position;

Figa and 8b are vertical projection of the feed head of figure 3 with certain parts shown in section, and with some missing for clarity frequent the mi, showing the movement of the guide element capsule feed head;

Figa-9d are cross-sections of the feeding head of figa and 8b, with some parts shown in section, and with the second inserted capsule, showing the movement of the guide element of the capsule when the closure applying head;

Figure 10 is a perspective view of the breakdown mechanism of the feeding head of Fig 3;

Figa and 11b show the work breakdown mechanism of figure 10;

Figa-12C show the breakdown site submitting head of figure 3.

Each machine 1 for making beverages, depicted in figure 1 and 2, includes a housing 2, containing in itself the internal mechanisms of the machine, such as a water tank, a pump, a heating tool and a management tool.

Machine 1 of 2 contains one device maker (brewer). Machine 1 in figure 1 contains the first brewing device and a second device-maker, United together.

Each device maker machine 1 includes a feed head 3 provided in the upper part of the casing 2, in which when using inserts a capsule containing one or more beverage ingredients. The feed head or head 3 attached to the frame of the machine 1 during Assembly. The feed head 3 preferably identical. The drink is issued and the device-maker through the exhaust pipe 5 by means of pumping water from the reservoir to the brewing device through the capsule for the formation of drink, which is then routed through the exhaust pipe 5 into the Cup 6. As you can see in figure 1, for a machine with two devices brewing has two exhaust pipe 5.

As shown in figure 3, the feed cylinder 3 contains the lower part 80, the upper mechanism 90 and the guide element 110 for capsules. Some parts of the outer casing feed head have been omitted for clarity. In practice, the outer casing will contain the number of molded parts having a shape to accommodate and protect the internal components of the feed head.

The lower portion 80 includes a housing 81 formed of upper and lower molded parts. Case 81 forms a cavity 88 of the engine towards the rear part of the feeding head 3, the cavity 86 of the breakdown of the node toward the front of the feed head 3 and the cavity 87 of the barcode reader in the front of the feed head 3. In the front part of the upper surface of the housing 81 is provided in a flattened bearing surface 82, which has a hole 83 of the breakdown of the node and the window 84 of the barcode. Rear support surface 82 formed of the upper molded part for the formation of the tray 85 removal, which is open from below the feed head 3.

The upper mechanism 90 includes a frame 95 of the carriage, the handle 92, the clamping mechanism 93, lead screw 96 and the motor 97.

Frame 95 of the carriage forms the basis of verkhnegolyginsky and provides a structural framework for other components of the upper mechanism. Frame 95 of the carriage includes an elongated frame extending from the front end 155 to the rear end 154, as shown in figure 3. The frame has two side element 151 and the top element 152, which connects the two side element 151. On the top element 152 includes two upright wall 156 that is most clearly seen in fig.9b. Each side element 151 includes an elongated lateral slot 106 and the top element 152 includes an elongated upper slot 153, as most clearly seen in figure 5. Frame 95 of the carriage is preferably formed from a single molded part and symmetric relative to the centerline of the feeding head 3.

Frame 95 of the carriage pivotally attached to the lower part 80 by a pair of hinges 98 formed on the upright walls 156 at the pivot point 150, as most clearly seen in fig.9b and 9d. The hinge 98 is offset from the upper surface of the lower part 80 and are located above the support surface 82. As most clearly seen in figa, which miss some part of the body 91, hinges 98 may include a protrusion 157 with the teeth 158 which come into engagement with the damping element during rotation of the frame 95 of the carriage to provide, thus, control the speed of rotation of the frame 95 of the carriage. The damping element, for example, can act to ensure that if the handle 92 of the feeding head 3 is released, when the frame 95 to which retki is in the raised position, the frame 95 of the carriage is rotated down in a controlled way, and is not in contact with the lower part 80 through free fall. The damping element can contain the ledge, suitable for engagement protrusion 157 and damper, such as a rotating blade, a movable within a viscous damping fluid, such as oil.

The handle 92 is attached to the frame 95 of the carriage and runs around the front of the feed head 3. Handle 92 pivotally connected to the frame 95 of the carriage mechanism so that when the frame 95 of the carriage is in a lowered position, the handle 92 can be pressed to lock the hooks provided on the handle 92 with the protrusions provided on the lower part 80, in order to ensure reliable retention of the frame of the carriage in a lowered position. An example of such a mechanism is described in the document ER. However, this mechanism is not relevant to the present invention. The clamping mechanism 93 includes a Cup-shaped clamping element 100 and Cup-shaped slot 94. On the clamping mechanism 100, a Central protrusion 101. On the outer side of the clamping element 100, a plurality of flexible protrusions 102, which engages with the inward flange 103 of the slot 94 so as to firmly fix the clamping element 100 with a slot 94 in the Assembly. On the upper surface of the slot 94 is provided the cylinder is static element 104, in which is mounted a threaded nut 105. A threaded nut 105 baits on the lead screw 96. The slot 94 of the clamping mechanism 93 is also provided a pair of lugs or the like which come into engagement with side slits 106 of the frame 95 of the carriage and can slide along the side of the slots 106 of the frame 95 of the carriage with the ability to maintain the correct orientation of the slot 94 in the work of the lead screw 96. Therefore, the rotation of the lead screw 96 can be used to move the socket 94 and, consequently, the clutch mechanism 100 reciprocating along the longitudinal axis of the upper mechanism 90 from the front end 155 to the rear end 154 of the frame 95 of the carriage, as will be described below in the discussion of the work feeding head 3. As best shown in figa and 8b, the slot 94 further comprises a pair of tail portions 108 which are held back from each side of the Cup-shaped housing of the socket 94. Next to each tail 108 or near their distal ends includes a rod 107, which will be described below.

Lead screw 96 is installed on the frame 95 of the carriage. Lead screw 96 is located toward the top of the frame 95 of the carriage in the hole formed by the upper slit 153, as shown in figure 5. Thus, the lead screw 96 passes over the slot 94 and passes along the longitudinal axis of the upper mechanism 90 from the rear end 15 to the front end 155 of the frame 95 of the carriage. The motor 97 is operatively connected with the rear end of the lead screw 96 and capable of rotating lead screw 96 both clockwise and counterclockwise. As shown, the motor 97 is mounted on the frame 95 of the carriage transversely to the longitudinal axis of the upper mechanism 90 to save space and connected to the lead screw 96 through suitable gears, such as bevel gears.

The guide element 110 to the capsule is located between the lower part 80 and the upper mechanism 90. The guide element 110 for capsule lies on the lower part 80 and is made slidable relative to the lower part 80 in operative connection with the upper mechanism 90, as described below.

The guide element 110 for capsule contains an annular element 111 and two going vertically wall 113. The annular element 111 and the wall 113 is made as a single molded part, for example, from a plastic material. The annular element 111 includes a ring forming the hole 112 having a form that allows to insert the capsule 70. The lower surface of the guide element 110 to the capsule rests on the support surface 82. Although the hole 112 is strictly conforms to the shape of the capsule 70, for the precise orientation and location of the capsule it is slightly larger than the capsule 70, so that the capsule 70 inside the holes 112, lying on the support surface is ti 82 of the lower part 80, and not at the guide element 110 for capsules. The hole 112 is shaped to accommodate a portion 71 of the handle capsules 70, as shown in figure 4. The handle 71 is, therefore, aimed in the direction of the front part of the feed head 3 and is located symmetrically on the middle line of the feeding head 3.

On each side of the guide element 110 for capsules are wall 113 and, as best shown in figa and 8b, each provided by the slit 114 arcuate shape, which when the Assembly is inserted slidable rods 107 of the slot 94. So, is the relationship of the guide element 110 for capsules and clamping mechanism. Each slit 114 contains the first part 115 in the form of an arc having a center of rotation coincident with the point 150 of rotation of the clamping mechanism 93. Each slit 114 also includes a second part 116 in the form of an arc whose instantaneous center of curvature coincides with a point 150 of rotation. The function of the slit 114 will be described below.

The feed head 3 further comprises a reader 120 barcode and piercing mechanism 119.

The reader 120 barcode is located in the cavity 87 of the barcode reader and is oriented to transmit and receive signals through the window 84 of the barcode.

Piercing mechanism 119 includes punching node 121, the motor 130, lead screw 131 and the connecting mechanism 133. PR is binoy mechanism 119 works for raising and lowering the breakdown of the node 121. Punching the node 121 is located in the cavity 86 of the breakdown of the junction of the lower part 80.

As shown in figa-12C, punching node 121 includes a housing 122 with the installed input punch 123 and the output punch 124. The housing 122 includes a channel 125 connecting the input punch 123 with a liquid inlet port 126 of the housing 122. Liquid inlet 126 is connected by means of pipes from source of supply of water in the Assembly of the feed head with the rest of the machine 1. Sealing element 128 is located on the upper surface of the housing 122, environmental input punch 123 and the output punch 124. On the sealing element 128 is provided towering annular portion 129 surrounding the piercing element of the input punch 123 piercing element of the output punch 124.

In the cavity 86 of the breakdown site also includes a tray 89 of the nozzle shown in figure 3, which passes piercing node 121. Tray 89 pipe acts as a funnel to drink, pour through the output punch 124 to the outlet 5, located at the bottom of the tray 89 pipe.

The motor 130 is located at the rear part of the feeding head 3 at a distance from the penetration site 121. The motor 130 is essentially in line with the longitudinal axis of the lower part 80, but tilted down slightly below horizontal. The engine 130 Ave is connected to chassis screw 131 threaded through essentially U-shaped rear connecting element 138, as most clearly seen in figure 10. At the distal end of the lead screw 131 is provided, the end stop. The motor 130 is able to rotate lead screw 131 both clockwise and counterclockwise to move the rear connecting element 131 reciprocating forward and backward relative to the lower part 80.

As shown in figure 10, the connecting mechanism 133 includes a U-shaped primary element 135 having a pair of passing forward of the shoulders a, a pair of secondary links 136 and a pair of tertiary links 137, rear connection element 138 and the front connecting member 149. The connecting mechanism attached to the bottom portion 80 through the rear mounting plate 160, the front mounting plate 161 and the two side mounting plates 162, which are all firmly attached to the bottom side of the upper molded part lower part 80.

In the side mounting plates 162 are provided a pair of first points 139 are rotated. In the front mounting plates 161 are provided a pair of second pixels 140 of the rotation.

As most clearly seen in figure 10, 11a and 11b, the U-shaped primary element 135 is attached rotatably at the rear end to the rear connection element 138.

The front connecting member 149 contains essentially U-shaped element having two shoulder 146 and the connecting bridge 147. The distal ends of the two Plec attached rotatably to the first point 139 of turn.

Secondary links 136 is attached rotatably to the shoulders a primary third point 141 of the rotation so that the front end of each shoulder a primary is connected to the rear end of the corresponding secondary link 136. The opposite end of each secondary link 136 is attached rotatably to the front connecting element 149 the fourth point 148 of turn.

Tertiary links 137 is connected between the third point 141 of rotation (which joins the shoulders a primary and secondary links 136) and the second points 140 turning on the front mounting plate 161.

Punching the node 121 is firmly attached to the connecting bridge 147 front connecting element 149, as shown in figure 10. Punching node 121 may be an alternative made as a single unit with the front connecting element 149.

As most clearly shown in figure 10, the connecting mechanism 133 transmits the driving force from the motor 130 at the rear part of the feeding head 3 to the front of the feed head 3. In addition, through the use of a pair of shoulders a primary, secondary links 136 and tertiary links 137 and U-shaped elements 135, 149 binding mechanism passes around a tray 85 removal without disturbing the tray, as shown in figure 5.

Work breakdown mechanism 119 will be described below.

Machinable drinks also contains a control device to control the operation of the machine, includes the operation of the components of each of the feeding head 3, such as motors 95, 130 and the reader 120 barcode.

The feed head 3 may also have a locking device or sensors associated with the control device, for transmission to the control device position data of the slot 94 on its way screw 96, the position of the punching mechanism 119 and the position of the upper mechanism 90, for example, is whether the upper mechanism 90 in the closed position. Typically, the locking device is provided to confirm the closing of the handle 92 when the upper mechanism 90 is in the lowest position. The work feeding head 3 is stopped when the locking device shows that the handle 92 is open.

As an alternative to using the antitheft device for driving the screw 96 to determine the position of the slot 94 can be used to control measuring current. When measuring current controlled current produced by the motor 97, and the controller interprets the increased value generated by current in excess of a predetermined threshold value, as indicating that the slot 94 has reached one of its end stops either on the front end 155, or on the rear end 154 of the frame 95 of the carriage.

When using the feed head 3 is first opened, so you can be is about to insert the capsule 70 of this type, which has a Cup-shaped upper portion 76, a sealed flexible membrane 77 around the peripheral flange 78 by movement of the upper mechanism 90 in the raised position, as shown in figure 3. The opening of the upper mechanism is achieved first by opening the handle 92 to ocalenia hooks from the tabs of the lower part 80 and then lifting the handle 92. As shown in figure 3 and figa, in the raised position of the upper mechanism 90 guide element 110 for capsules is in the forward position to facilitate loading of the capsule 70 and the clamping mechanism 100 is raised as part of the upper mechanism 90. The guide element 100 capsules has such an arrangement as a result of interaction of the rods 107 tail parts 108 in the slots 114 of the guide element 110 capsules. In particular, in the raised position, each rod 107 is moved to the top of the first side 115 of the slot 114, as shown in figa.

Then the capsule 70 is inserted into the hole 112 of the guiding element 110 to the capsule so that the capsule 70 rests on the support surface 82, as shown in figure 4. Figure 4 shows the feed head 3 to the capsule 70 having a relatively flat profile. Part 71 of the handle capsules 70 aligned in the direction of the front part of the feed head 3 and lies on the medial line of the feeding head 3.

Then the upper mechanism 90 is closed in Polo is the group of shown in figure 5, by pushing down the handle 92. Closing the upper mechanism 90 causes the guide element 110 for capsules and capsule 70 to slide back over the supporting surface 82 in the position of the issue in which the capsule 70 is properly aligned with the hole 83 of the punch and the window 84 of the barcode. Moving back guide element 110 for capsules is caused by the interaction of the rods 107 and slots 114. As shown in figa, 8b and figa-9d, the rotation down the upper mechanism 90 causes the clamping mechanism 93 to rotate downward, moving the rods 107 first along the first side 115 of the slits 114 and then along the second side 116. The movement of the rods 107 along the first side 115 of the cracks in the position shown in figs, does not cause any movement of the guide element 110 for capsules, because the center of curvature of the first part 115 coincides with the point of rotation of the clamping mechanism. However, further rotation down clamping mechanism 93 causes the slide back guide element 110 for capsules due to the fact that the rods 107 rest against the rear surface of the slits 114, thereby causing the guide element 110 for the capsule to move in order to provide the movement of the rods in the position shown in fig.9d. In the closed position of the clamping mechanism 93 guide element 110 to the capsule is moved in the rear direction is in the range from 7.8 to 10 mm

In the closed position, the protrusion 101 of the clamping element 100 is in a relatively shallow Central recess 75 formed in the upper part 76 of the capsule 70. In the clamping element 100 is also provided education 79 aligned with the entrance area of the capsule 100. The lower edge of the clamping element 100 is aligned and configured to contact with the peripheral flange 78 of the capsule 70 in the closed position. Thus, in the closed or clamped position of the clamping element 100 acts on the capsule 70 with clamping force. This force mainly acts on the Central region of the capsule 80 through the ledge and on the entrance area of the capsule 70 through education 79. However, if you want the lower edge of the clamping element 100 may operate with a relatively small force on the peripheral flange 78. At this stage of the breakdown of the node 121 is still omitted. Therefore, the force acting on the capsule 70, causes the capsule to come into contact with the supporting surface 82. Thus, the lower membrane 77 passes a certain applied load in the area immediately surrounding the hole 83 of the punch. In addition, the remaining part of the load acting on the capsule 70 is transmitted through the peripheral flange 78 where it is in contact with the support surface 82.

Closing the upper mechanism 90 also runs a reader 120 barcode to sityva the barcode on the capsule 70 through the signal transmission through the window 84 of the barcode. The received detected signal is then passed to the control device, which thereby determines the correct settings issue for the inserted capsule, such as water temperature, volume, time of soaking and so on.

The opening of the upper mechanism 90 after you complete the issuance and removal occurs as a result of the reverse movement of the guide element 110 for capsules described above.

A special advantage of this move, the guide element 110 for capsules is the possibility of placing the capsules having a relatively deep profile, such as capsule type 70, shown in figa-9d. As shown in figa-9d, holding the guide element 110 to the capsule in the loading position of figa up until the clamping mechanism 93 will not turn partly down to the point shown in figs, allows the bottom edge of the clamping element 100 does not touch the rear point 73 of the capsule 70. Then moving back capsule 70 allows the use of the clamping element 100, which strictly corresponds to the diameter of the capsules, without pollution edges of the clamping element on the front surface 74 of the capsule or of the projection 101 on the sides of the relatively deep Central recess 75 of the capsule 70. Thus, the size of the clamping element 100 is minimized without the need to use essentially Vertica is inoe moving the clamping mechanism 93 for insertion of capsules of different depths.

As shown in figure 5, at this stage, punching the node 121 is in a lowered position so that the input punch 123 and the output punch 124 is located entirely below the level of the support surface 82. When receiving the starting command from the user (for example, by pressing the start/stop) control device of the machine 1 starts the engine 130 to raise the punching mechanism 119 in the raised position, shown in Fig.6, so that the input punch 123 and the output punch 124 were raised above the level of the support surface 82. In the raised position punching node 121 is raised to the point at which the sealing element 128 is oriented essentially horizontally from the main level of the sealing element 128 located at the level of the support surface 82. However, in this position, the raised annular portion 129 of the sealing element 128 are slightly above the level of the support surface 82. Thus, the raised annular portion 129 is able to slightly deform and thereby stretch the elastic lower membrane 77 capsule 70. The peripheral flange 78 of the capsule 70 remains in contact with the supporting surface 82 because limiting contact of the lower edge of the clamping element 100.

In addition, moving up punching node 121 pushes the capsule 70 more tightly to the protrusion 101 and education 79 clamping element 100 to which avicenia clamping force, which holds the capsule 70 in position between the clamping element 100 and penetrative node 121. Thus, the combination of clamping element 100 and the breakdown of the node 121 creates a minimum clamping force of 30 N (about 3.1 kgf) at the entrance of the capsule and force of 75 N (about 8kg) to 130 N (about a 13.3 kgf) at the output.

Moving the punching mechanism 119 from the lowered position into the raised position is most clearly seen in figa and 11b and includes a rotating punching node 121 around its pivot point by 5-10 degrees and preferably greater than 7.5 degrees. When the engine 130 of the rear connection element 138 is moved forward by approximately 20 mm by rotating the lead screw 131. In the connection of the rear connecting element 138 with the primary link 135 primary link 135 is moved essentially in the direction along the longitudinal axis of primary care, although this may be accompanied by a small rotational movement of the primary link 135 relative to the rear connecting element 138. At the same time the shoulders a primary push the lower ends of the secondary links 136. Because deterrence tertiary 137 links that connect the shoulders a primary and secondary links 136 with the second point 140 rotate, the pusher moving shoulders a primary causes secondary links 136 BPA is Atisa clockwise as shown in fig.11b. This rotation causes rotation up front connecting element 149 due to the connection of the secondary links 136 with the front connecting element 149 and connections shoulder 148 of the front connecting element 149 with the first points 139 rotation side installation plate 162. The rotation up front connecting element 149 therefore leads to spin up punching node 121 because of the strong connection of the breakdown of the node 121 to the front connecting element 149. In the raised position of the tertiary links 137 are arranged essentially vertically and aligned with the secondary links 136, which are also vertically aligned. In this position, secondary and tertiary links can best resist pointing down loads that are applied clamping element 100 to the capsule 70. Moving the secondary and tertiary links also acts as a lever clamp, in which the secondary and tertiary links snapped and tend to remain in position on fig.11b up until positive force reverse will not be applied by the motor 130.

Raising the breakdown mechanism 119 causes perforation of the capsule 70 input punch 123 and the output punch 124 for education, respectively the inlet and the outlet in the bottom of the capsules is 70.

As soon as the controller detects that the breakdown of the node 121 is in the raised position, the issuance of a beverage from the capsule 70. As with the work of the lead screw 96, to determine the position of the breakdown of the node 121 can be used to read current generated by the motor 130. Heated water is supplied from the liquid inlet 126 through the channel 125 and the input punch 123 in the capsule. The resulting drink is issued through the output punch 124, tray 89 of the tube and through the outlet 5 into the receiving vessel 6.

After issuing stops punching the node 121 is lowered by conducting in the reverse direction of the above-described operation by the motor 130 in the opposite direction. This removes the input punch 123 and the output drift from the path of removal of the capsule 70, and moves the load attached to the capsule 70.

Then, the control device includes a motor 97 to remove the capsule 70 by moving the capsule 70 in the position of the deletion. Operation of the motor 97 rotates the lead screw 96, causing the securing slot 94 and the clamping element 100 to slide back into the position shown in Fig.7. The clamping element 100 along with this moves the capsule 70, having a capsule 70 on the tray 85 removal. During this movement of the capsule 70 is still located is under the action of some load from the slot 94 of the upper mechanism 90. When the capsule 70 is substantially or completely aligned with the tray 85, he falls down under gravity from the tray 85 in the waste bin in the lower part of the machine 1. It should be noted that during this movement the outer part of the housing 91 of the upper mechanism 90 remains stationary so that the movement of the clamping mechanism 93 remains internal to the feed cylinder 3. A special advantage is that you do not want to open the feed cylinder 3, to remove the capsule 70. In addition, the clamping mechanism 93 is designed not only to clamp the capsule 70 at the time of issue of the drink, but also to remove the capsule 70.

The motor 97 is then reversed to move the clamping mechanism 93 back in the forward position ready for the next cycle of grant.

Choose to clean the cavity 86 of the breakdown site, the support surface 82 and the clamping element 100 can be used blowing steam. Steam is directed through the inlet punch 123. Blowing steam can be carried out at a raised or a lowered position breakdown of the housing 121. In addition, it can be done automatically after each cycle of issue and/or executed from time to time either through manual control or automatic control of the control device. Blowing steam can also be ispolzovano the cycle time of issuance, when the capsule 70 is in the position of issuing to dry capsule 70 and to help remove any remaining liquid from the capsule 70.

1. The feed head for a machine for preparing beverages containing first movable part and a fixed second part, and
the first part is arranged to move relative to the second part between an open position and a closed position, with the
in the open position the first part is with the possibility of loading the capsule into the input head, and
in the closed position the first part and the second part is arranged with a possibility of holding the said capsule in a state of issuance, and
feed the head further comprises an input punch and punch output, and
input the punch and punch output is oriented essentially in the same direction and configured to rotate relative to the fixed second part between the retracted position and the punch position.

2. The supply cylinder according to claim 1, in which the input punch and punch output is oriented essentially vertically in the punching position.

3. The supply cylinder according to claim 1, in which the input punch and punch output is intended for piercing the bottom of the said capsule.

4. The feed head is .1, in which stenothoe the position of the input punch and punch output is lower than the breakdown position.

5. The supply cylinder according to claim 1, in which stenothoe the position of the input punch and punch output declined by 5-10 from the punching position.

6. The supply cylinder according to claim 5, in which stenothoe the position of the input punch and punch output is tilted more than 7.5 from the punching position.

7. The supply cylinder according to claim 1, in which the fixed second part contains a horizontal support for these capsules, and input the punch and punch output pass vertically over the horizontal support in punching position.

8. The supply cylinder according to claim 7, in which the input punch and punch output is not held vertically above the horizontal support in retracted.

9. The supply cylinder according to claim 1, in which the first part can be rotated between an open position and a closed position.

10. The supply cylinder according to claim 1, additionally containing a motor for turning the input of the punch and punch output between the retracted position and the punch position.

11. The feed head of claim 10, and submitting the head contains the rear part and the front part, and an engine located in the rear part of the feeding head, and input the punch and output the punch is located towards the front of the feed head.

12. The feed head of claim 10, in which the engine is located essentially at the same height as the input punch and punch output when in the raised position.

13. The feed head of claim 10, in which the engine is connected to the input punch and output punch through breakdown mechanism.

14. The feed head 13, in which the piercing mechanism is installed to convert the rotational motion of the motor into rotary motion of the input punch and punch output.

15. The feed head 13, further containing a passage for removal, in which said capsule can be delivered, and a passage for removal is located between the input and output breakers and engine.

16. The feed head 15, in which the piercing mechanism comprises a passage for removal.

17. The feed head 15, in which the piercing mechanism forms an opening, and a passage for removal passes through the said hole.

18. The feed head 17, in which the passage for removal contains tray removal, comprising a housing tray and the body of the tray passes through the said hole.

19. The feed head 13, in which the punching mechanism has a primary link and the primary link includes a first end and a second end, the first end of the primary star is joined to the engine so that in order that the rotation of the engine was causing longitudinal movement of the primary link.

20. The supply cylinder according to claim 19, in which the primary link is elongated in the direction of the longitudinal axis and is arranged to move essentially along its longitudinal axis in response to rotation of the engine.

21. The supply cylinder according to claim 19, in which the piercing mechanism further comprises a secondary link that contains the first end and the second end, the first end of the secondary link is connected with the second end of the primary link, and the movement of the primary link secondary causes the link to rotate relative to the fixed second part.

22. The feed head on item 21, in which the secondary link contains a couple of elements of the secondary link.

23. The feed head on item 21, in which the piercing mechanism further comprises a tertiary link that contains the first end and the second end, the first end of the tertiary link is connected to the first end of the secondary link, and move the secondary level tertiary makes the link to rotate relative to the fixed second part.

24. The feed head in item 23, in which the tertiary level comprises a pair of elements tertiary level.

25. The feed head in item 23, in which the first end of the tertiary link is also connected with the second end of the primary link.

26. Feed the head by A23, in which the second end of the tertiary link is connected to the fixed second part.

27. The feed head on item 21, further containing Quaternary link, and Quaternary link is connected for rotation with a fixed second part, and the second end of the secondary link is connected for rotation with Quaternary link.

28. The feed head in item 23, in which the secondary level and tertiary level form the hinge mechanism of the clip.

29. The feed head in item 23, which in punching position the secondary level and tertiary level is oriented essentially vertically.

30. The supply cylinder according to claim 19, further comprising a housing containing the input punch and punch output, and the housing is connected rotatably fixed to the second part.

31. The supply cylinder according to claim 19, in which the piercing mechanism includes a hole through which passes a passage for removal.

32. The supply cylinder according to claim 1, additionally containing the breakdown site, and the breakdown site contains input punch and punch output.

33. The feed head is p, in which the piercing site contains a breakdown enclosure containing a liquid inlet and a transmission channel and a transmission channel that communicates between the liquid inlet and the input punch.

34. The feed head is p, in which the punch body further comprises a single sealing element which surrounds the input punch and punch output.

35. The feed head is p, in which the punch body, the input punch and punch output are separate components, which upon Assembly form a piercing node.

36. Machine for preparing beverages containing feed head according to claim 1.

37. The system of preparation of beverages containing machine for preparing beverages according to p and one or more capsules, one or more capsules contain one or more beverage ingredients.

38. The method of application of the machine for preparing beverages, having a feed cylinder of this type, which contains a movable first part, the fixed second part, the input of the punch and punch output, and input the punch and punch output is oriented essentially in the same direction and configured to rotate relative to the fixed second part between a retracted position and a piercing position, comprising stages, which are:
move the first part to the open position;
load the capsule into the feed head;
move the first part in a closed position so as to hold the capsule in position of issuance;
rotate the input proboly and output the punch in a punching position for punching the said capsule;
give the beverage from the capsule;
rotate the input punch and punch output from the punching position in stenothoe position;
move the capsule in position remove;
remove the capsule.

39. The method according to 38, which in punching position, as input to the punch and output breakers are oriented essentially vertically upwards.

40. The method according to 39, in which the input punch and punch output to rotate at 5-10 between the retracted position and the punch position.

41. The method according to p, in which the input punch and punch output rotate more than 7.5 between the retracted position and the punch position.

42. The method according to 38, in which the movement of the input punch and punch output is performed by the engine.

43. The method according to 38, in which the first part is rotated between an open position and a closed position.

44. The method according to item 43, in which the capsule progressive moves between the position of the distribution and position of the deletion.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of drinks making. The method to prepare a coffee extract for a large cup from a capsule containing ground coffee, for the time of outflow making 50 seconds or less by means of water injection under pressure inside the capsule. The capsule is filled with ground coffee and has a membrane for drink dispensing. The capsule is exposed to extraction in the coffee extraction device, and the water is injected into the capsule under pressure. The coffee drink outflows via the capsule membrane having an engagement facility that engages and/or disengages the capsule and the membrane. Pressure drop in the ground coffee layer is reduced as the capsule is filled with ground coffee with percentage of dust content (F) controlled depending in medium size of coffee particles D4,3. The time of outflow may be reduced down to 40 s or even less with simultaneous maintenance of coffee yield during extraction in wide ranges - from 15% to 30%.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce time of outflow from capsules of coffee extract with simultaneous improvement of coffee quality indices, in particular, its strength, and also density and texture of coffee foam.

18 cl, 6 dwg, 6 ex

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: pouring head installed in the machine for making a drink from capsules with a one-time dose, comprises an infusion chamber, formed at least with one first part, in which there is a seat for capsules with a one-time dose, and the second one, which closes partially the infusion head. The pouring head also comprises a rotary pusher, installed between the first and second parts of the infusion chamber, which hooks the capsule inserted into the specified infusion chamber for its pushing, when the specified infusion chamber opens. The pusher comprises a ledge arranged with the possibility of engagement of the specified capsule at the side of its bottom and its lifting from the infusion chamber.

EFFECT: group of inventions makes it possible to use capsules of various forms.

15 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of drinks making. The method for faster preparation of a coffee extract for a small cup from a sealed capsule that contains ground coffee, by means of water injection under pressure inside the capsule. The capsule is filled with ground coffee, is equipped with a membrane for extract leaking and is exposed to extraction in the device for coffee extraction, and water is injected into the capsule under pressure. The coffee drink leaks through the capsule membrane with an engagement facility that connects and/or disconnects the capsule and the membrane. Pressure drop in the ground coffee layer is reduced when using ground coffee with low percentage content of dust (F) depending on the average particle size of coffee (D43). The extraction yield (Y) is maintained within 15% - 30%, and the coffee extract of 25 or 40 g arrives into a cup within the leakage time of 20 s or less.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce time of coffee extract leakage from capsule with improvement of coffee quality indices, in particular, its required strength, and also sufficient density and consistency of coffee foam.

18 cl, 9 dwg, 2 tbl, 10 ex

FIELD: transport, distribution.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to loose product proportioner, particularly but not exclusively, to powder products and, preferable but not exclusively, to powder products dried by sublimation for preparation of drinks or other fluid food products. Proposed device comprises loose product bin and screw feeder to feed said product from said bin toward proportioning opening accommodating its shut-off valve. Screw feeder serves to feed said product from said bin toward proportioning opening accommodating its shut-off valve. Proposed invention differs from known design in that said shut-off valve represents a rotary valve comprising at least one loose material portion receiving cell. Note here that valve revolves to allow and inhibit loose material feed while said screw feeder and said valve are articulated via drives so that said valve is rotated together with said screw feeder.

EFFECT: reliable protection against moisture during proportioning.

16 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: personal demand items.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to drink preparation. Machine implementing the above method includes infusing device (11) with infusing chamber, control unit (31) to control drink preparation and outputting cycles, hydraulic system (1-13) for supply of hot water to infusing chamber with boiler (3) for water heating and with pump (7) for its supply to infusing device. Machine also includes pre-heating system of infusing chamber at the beginning of drink preparation and outputting cycle by steam supply to infusing chamber.

EFFECT: group of inventions allows increasing heating efficiency of infusing chamber and quality of made drink.

34 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brewing module of an automatic coffee maker. The brewing module comprises a brewing chamber to hold a dose of coffee powder, an inlet hole to supply water into a chamber to make a coffee drink, the first piston that comprises a movable wall of the brewing chamber to adjust its inner volume, besides, there is an output hole in this wall to let the coffee drink out of the chamber, and a valve to open or to close the output hole. Preferably there is a second piston, which moves the first piston and bears the valve. The second piston is arranged with the possibility to move relative to the first piston to actuate the valve.

EFFECT: invention provides a brewing module, which makes it possible to close the valve installed downstream the brewing chamber and to simultaneously prevent jamming of the valve body.

20 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: device to make a drink on the basis of a capsule comprises a module developed to make a drink on the basis of ingredients, which are contained in the capsule. The module comprises a facility to hold the capsule in a fixed position and a facility to pierce the capsule, where a piercing facility is controlled to pierce the capsule after the capsule is retained in the fixed position with the help of a retention facility.

EFFECT: invention ensures reliable piercing of the capsule inside the device to make the drink.

14 cl, 34 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device designed to make a brewed drink. The device comprises a brewing container designed to hold liquid and including a hole, through which the liquid may leak out of the container. The device additionally comprises a receiver that contains a cavity to install a cartridge with a brewed material. The brewing container and the receiver are operated relative to each other so that they are installed in a position, where the brewing container and the cavity communicate via the hole. The device additionally comprises an opened and a closed channel communicating with the cavity, along which the liquid may leak out of the brewing container into the channel via the cavity. The device additionally includes a brewing facility designed to supply liquid and/or steam into the brewing container, and a withdrawal facility designed to withdraw the cartridge from the cavity. The control facility is installed to serially control the cleaning facility and the withdrawal facility.

EFFECT: development of an improved device to make a brewed drink.

15 cl, 27 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household mixer 2 intended for mixing coffee, soups, juices etc. Mixer 2 comprises mixing chamber 13, 16, 24 with inlet chamber 13, rotor chamber 24 with rotor 25 and elbow tube 16. Inlet 29 of elbow tube 16 runs in horizontal plane. Inner wall of elbow tube 16 has flat surface 37 on outer bent section 11 confined by first horizontal direction H and second direction D perpendicular to the former. Flat surface 37 runs at an angle to horizontal plate from inlet 29 to outlet 31. Note here that top side of flat surface 37 adjoins inlet 29.

EFFECT: improved through flow in elbow tube preventing settling of particles and crust formation.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a vessel, the first frame, the second frame and a control system. Two clamps are movably joined with two sides of the second frame, besides, the front section of each clamp bends and stretches towards the front surface of the second frame to form a limiting part. Two limiting parts are installed at a distance to limit a capsule and the front section of each clamp.

EFFECT: development of the new automatic ejection device for capsules in a coffee maker.

10 cl, 18 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: feeding head for a machine for making drinks comprises a movable first part and a fixed second part. The first part is made with the possibility of displacement relative to the second part between the open position and the closed position. In the open position the first part is arranged with the possibility to load a capsule into the feeding head. In the closed position the first part and the second part are arranged with the possibility to retain the specified capsule in the distribution position. The feeding head additionally comprises an inlet punch and an outlet punch, which are aligned in the same direction and are made with the possibility of rotation relative to the fixed second part between the pulled-in position and punching position.

EFFECT: reduced dimensions of the punching mechanism.

44 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method of producing capsule 1 containing drink ingredients to be forced into drink making device wherein fluid is forced into capsule to interact with ingredients and force prepared drink outward. Capsule comprises case 4 with sealing component 8 attached thereto. Proposed comprises step whereat at least one sealing material is injected onto the surface of said case 4 to produce sealing component 8 by injection moulding. Said component is tightly attached to case 4. Case inner space is filled with food ingredients and tightly closed by membrane 5.

EFFECT: better tightness, ease of use.

41 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brewing device to prepare beverages or other food products from capsules, in particular, from disposable capsules. The brewing device comprises a brewing chamber with the first part and the second part capable of displacement relative to each other, besides, there is a seat for capsules in one of the parts. In this seat there is at least one perforator for capsule perforation. The first channel supplies a brewing fluid medium into the chamber, and the second channel provides for food product release from the brewing chamber. In the seat there is an alignment element for capsules, which may elastically move in axial direction and is equipped with a guiding and aligning surface for capsules facing the second of the brewing chamber parts. Besides, the aligning element is elastically loaded so that it partially protrudes from the seat while the brewing chamber is open, and may move inside the seat as the brewing chamber closes, besides, when the brewing chamber is closed with a capsule arranged inside, the aligning element is fully inserted inside the seat.

EFFECT: development of a new brewing device with a brewing chamber formed by two parts that may move relative to each other and a system that makes it possible to improve coaxiality of a capsule relative to a perforator or perforators and makes it possible to easier remove the capsule after brewing.

47 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household appliances. The machine for making coffee comprises a brewing group with the main body formed by the casing, limiting the space for the reverse movement of the brewing cylinder between the position of engagement with the packing piston for formation of the brewing chamber, and the position of decoupling with the packing piston to load a portion of ground coffee. And the brewing cylinder is rigidly supported by the rotating arm. It also comprises a tool of removable mutual coupling between the brewing cylinder and the arm, secured to take the said brewing cylinder out of the window of the body. And on the outer side of the said body there is additionally a means of moving the arm.

EFFECT: invention enables to simplify the device design concept and make it more compact and reliable.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of domestic equipment. A device to prepare a drink from a food product contained in a capsule (24), by injection of a fluid supplied by a pump (70) into the capsule (24), comprises a head (20) of extraction, having a hole (22) to insert a holder (30) of the capsule and to supply the capsule (24) into a receiving chamber (25) of the capsule holder, a mechanism (21) to close the above capsule (24) in the receiving chamber of the capsule holder. Further it comprises one injecting element to supply a fluid from a pump (70), inside the capsule (24), a unit (80) to control at least a pump (70), and also decoding facilities joined with the unit (80) of control and designed to read data from the holder (30) of the capsule or insert.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of data transfer and to increase quality of a prepared drink.

22 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the system 10, and also to the method of making beverages with an infusion method of the product contained in the package 1, and can be used in coffee machines of the ESPRESSO type. The system 10 comprises an infusion chamber 7, a locking device 60 including upper locking means 61 which are designed for selective prevention or providing access to the chamber 7 in its upper part, and the lower locking means 62 which are designed for selective receiving by the chamber 7 of the package 1 or providing the package 1 outlet from the chamber 7 under the action of gravity force. The position of the upper locking means 61 determines the position of the lower locking means 62 and vice versa.

EFFECT: increased reliability and simplification of the structure due to reducing the number of moving parts.

17 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: cooking assembly contains an instillation station carrying out a rotary movement with a piston inserted into the station so that to enable sliding. A counter-piston interacts with the installation station and the piston so that to form the cooking chamber. Additionally provided for are cam elements for control of the installation station, piston and counter-piston motions. The installation station, piston and counter-piston may occupy relative to each other at least one position for loading the product for beverage preparation purposes, at least two various boiling positions (the two various volumes of the boiling chamber correspond to) and the position for used product discharge.

EFFECT: invention enables to enhance the design strength and reliability.

20 cl, 61 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improvements of brewing units for making beverages which use capsules, boxes, or other pre-packaged single portion packages, in particular for making coffee. The brewing unit comprises in combination: a support, a drawer which is, at least, a slot for single portion package, sliding relative to the said support and movable between the position of loading of the single portion package and the brewing position and the outputted element to supply water under pressure to the said single portion package. The brewing unit also comprises a lever to control the movement of the said drawer and mechanical connection between the said lever and the said outputted element. The lever action causes movement of the drawer from the loading position to the brewing position and presses the outputted element to the single portion package. The brewing unit is provided with a locking member blocking the single portion package in the brewing position, preventing it from movement in the direction of loading position when the said drawer is moved from the brewing position in the loading position. The said slot is partially restricted with a pair of swinging arms that move relative to the said drawer to enable disposal of the used single portion package from the said slot during movement of the drawer from the brewing position to the loading position.

EFFECT: automation of all operations performed by the operator after launch is provided.

28 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The machine for preparing beverages with a brewing unit for preparing beverages for accommodation of the disposable capsule comprises a node of the capsule retention, designed for retention the capsule in the given position during insertion of the capsule under gravity in the brewing unit, and a water injection node for at least a partial closing the capsule and the water supply to the capsule. The part retaining the capsule forms the front part of the unit and is attached to the node of liquid injection with the ability to move along essentially a horizontal trajectory, while the water injection node is a rear fixed part of the unit. The machine for preparing beverage comprises a housing. One of these nodes of the brewing unit can be movable or slide telescopically out of this housing for insertion/removal of the capsule with the ingredient and to be placed in the housing to bring the brewing node in the position of the capsule extraction.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to provide a proper seal to create the necessary conditions for extraction.

15 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The plant for preparation of beverages implementing the claimed method is designed to complete the process of preparation of beverage by passing the flowing medium through at least one element comprising at least one ingredient of the beverage. And at least one element is designed for entering it and processing of different types of elements comprising the beverage ingredient, such as a pad, a cup, a capsule and a cartridge. The device additionally comprises a control means, a detection means for measuring at least one characteristic of the flow when the flowing medium flow is created, the memory tool for storing the group of the predetermined flow characteristics connected to different types of elements that contain a flow ingredient, and an injection device for injecting fluid. And the predetermined flow characteristics which are stored in the memory tool are characteristics of the operating point.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to detect automatically an element comprising the beverage ingredient by creating the flowing medium flow through the element.

3 cl

FIELD: means for extraction of food substance contained in closed disposable member.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has hollow casing with chamber for accommodation therein of disposable member, water supplying channel intersecting casing and communicating with said chamber, and plurality of breaking-through members located in said chamber and designed for breaking-through of disposable member in number of sites for enabling water to penetrate into said disposable member.

EFFECT: improved conditions for flowing of water into disposable member and extracting of food substance therefrom.

10 cl, 5 dwg

Up!