Light insulation building unit

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: light heat-insulation building unit arranged in internal and external walls of a building and formed from bubble synthetic resin, comprises a connecting ledge on the upper side, so that when it is laid, no cavity is formed, a connecting slot in the basement of the unit corresponding to the connecting ledge, and also a protruding section and a section of the slot arranged on the front and rear surfaces of the unit. At the same it is equipped with an auxiliary unit having the same shape as the heat insulation unit, which is cut as "L" on a segment of the upper section of its one surface, and has a ledge of cylindrical shape on the upper section of the cut element, and is joined to one side of the heat insulation unit. Also versions of the units are described.

EFFECT: development of units that make it possible to complete treatment of building walls by attachment of a finishing material to a unit, reduction of costs, simplified process of unit formation.

13 cl, 21 dwg

 

The present invention relates to facilitating insulating building block and method of its manufacture, in particular the facilitation of insulating building block intended for interior and exterior walls of the building by applying a finishing material on the main body unit including a light bubble synthetic resin, thereby reducing the material costs, simplifying the process of creating a block and reducing energy consumption by 80-90%, which is comparable with the specified location.

Blocks that are used for walls, usually made by mixing cement and additives in a predetermined ratio, and then this mixture is placed in a special frame, which is removed after solidification. These units are used mainly for construction and readily available construction, such as creating partitions. Adjacent blocks are connected to each other by using a mortar, and then are stacked, creating the required wall.

In this regard, despite the fact that cement blocks and bricks known Posted in Korean U.M. Publication No. 1992-15206, Korean U.M. Registration Publication Application No. 346650, etc. when these blocks are placed in the inner and outer walls of the building, the outer wall is necessary to install a separate insulating Mat is real, because this wall is hollow, and the process of finishing work must be performed both inside and outside the building.

By the conventional technology, the efficiency of construction decreases, and the erection of internal partitions accompanied by a finishing process after stacking blocks. In addition, the blocks formed entirely of cement mortar, which increases production costs. During the construction of a wall surface of a multistoried building service life of this building is reduced because of the load blocks.

The purpose of this invention is to provide a lightweight heat-insulating building block formed from a bubble of synthetic resin which fits in the inner and outer walls of the building and contains on its upper side connection tab, so when laying block is not formed cavity, the connecting groove at the base of the block corresponding to the connecting protrusion and the protruding section and the section of the groove on the front and rear surfaces of the block.

Lightweight insulating building block and the manufacturing method of the present invention completes the processing of internal and external walls of the building by attaching a finishing material to the unit, including a light bubble synthetic resin; thereby reduces the cost of material, uprose is in the process of forming the unit and energy consumption is reduced by 80-90%, which is comparable with the specified location, in addition, due to the excellent insulation of the block increases the efficiency of prevention of condensation, the cooling efficiency and heat output, and low weight of the block prevents the reduction of the service life of the building.

The above and other features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the detailed description of embodiments of this invention with reference to the attached drawings, where:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to one variant of implementation of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention;

Figure 3 - side view right-lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in figure 2;

4 is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention;

5 is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention;

6 is a side view of the left lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Figure 5;

Fig.7 is a front view, side view and top view of the light weight is about insulating a building block, shown in figure 1;

Fig is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention;

Fig.9 - section lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig, taken along the line A-A;

Figure 10 is a partial perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig;

11 is a view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig, in the normal state;

Fig is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention;

Fig - side view of the lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig;

Fig is a partial perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig;

Fig is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention;

Fig - section lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig, taken along the line B-B;

Fig is a partial perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig;

Fig is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building BL the spacecraft in another variant implementation of the present invention;

Fig - side view of the lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig;

Fig is a partial perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig and

Fig is a perspective view for explanation of a method of constructing a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to one variant of implementation of the present invention.

The present invention will be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1 presents a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to one variant of implementation of the present invention, figure 2 is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention, Figure 3 is a side view of the right lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in figure 2, figure 4 is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention, figure 5 is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention, figure 6 - side view left-lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Figure 5, and 7 - front view, side view and top view of the lightweight warmth of selecionado building block, shown in figure 1.

In Fig. 1-7 insulating block 1, which is placed in the inner and outer walls of the building, formed of a lightweight bubble synthetic resin and contains at its upper side connecting projection 11, so that because of the cavity, which is formed when laying was not observed thermal bridge and the migration of moisture, the connecting groove 12 formed in the base and corresponding to the connecting protrusion 11, the protruding section 13 and section 14 of the groove formed on the front and back surfaces.

The auxiliary unit 6, which is made in the same form as the insulating block 1, carved in the form of "└" on the upper site of one of its surface and has a ledge 15 of cylindrical shape on upper cut element attached to one side of the insulating block 1.

Section 17 of the cut-out groove formed in the center of the upper area of the insulating block 1. The protrusion 15 has a cylindrical shape formed on upper cut element.

Cross-unit 7, which is made of connective protrusion 11 having one curved end, and continuing in the upper section of the block, the connecting groove 12 formed in the base of the unit, the protruding section 13 and section 14 of the groove formed on the front and rear surfaces of the block, part of the site based the project block, carved in the form of "é", the groove 16 has a cylindrical shape, made on the upper cut element and attached to the insulating block 1 having a protrusion 15 formed in the longitudinal direction or at right angles.

The insulating block 1, the auxiliary unit 6 and the cross-unit 7 attached to each other by a vertical introduction of the connecting protrusion 11 in the vertical connecting groove 18 located perpendicularly on one side of their base.

The protruding section 13 formed on the front and back surfaces of the insulating block 1, the supporting block 6 and cross-unit 7 extends in the direction of the outer side and is wedge-shaped, so that both sides of the speaker section 13 formed area of cement.

The protruding section 13 and section 14 of the groove formed on the front and back surfaces of the insulating block 1, the supporting block 6 and cross-unit 7 have the form of a grid.

The number of sections 14 of the groove that traverses and divides the front or rear surface of the insulating block 1, the supporting block 6 and cross-unit 7, is designed in such a way that the decoration was poured in sections 14 of the groove and is supported and fixed in the front or rear surface of the s.

The upper section of the connecting protrusion 11 of the insulating block 1 is made trough 111 fill a binder filled with a sticky substance that is used for a solid connection.

Wire mesh (not shown) is inserted into the insulating block 1 for increased grip and enhanced internal forces tied manual wall masonry perpendicularly and horizontally.

Fill the trench 19 is formed horizontally in the corners of the front and rear plates of the insulating block 1.

Fill the trench 19 is formed in each corner of the insulating block 1 in the longitudinal direction; it is filled with a cementing substance that binds with each other stabilisees insulating blocks. This cementing substance can be either a glue or cement, or plaster, or steel and plastic, or vise etc.

Locking grooves 112 are formed at both ends of the upper section of the connecting protrusion 11 of each insulating block 1 so as to fix the steel locking tool.

Finishing material, which is represented either by cement or plaster or steel panel, or Wallpaper, or yellow soil or cement, mixed with stone chips can be formed on the front and rear surfaces of the blocks and have different colors.

In the drawings, the length and dimensions of layers and regions may be exaggerated for clarity. In addition, all terms mentioned in this description, in General, determined on the basis of the functions they represent in the present invention, therefore, their definitions may vary, depending on the purpose of the consumer or client. Therefore, these terms should be defined based on the content of the present invention presented in this description.

However, this invention can be performed in many different forms and is not limited to the embodiments proposed in this document. Rather, these embodiments of the provided for this description was thorough and complete, and fully convey the scope of the invention specialists in this field of technology.

Figure 1 is a heat-insulating block 1 which fits in the inner and outer walls of the building and formed from a bubble of synthetic resin, includes a connecting protrusion 11 formed on its upper side, so that when laying is not formed cavity, the connecting groove 12 at the base of the block corresponding to the connecting protrusion 11, the protruding section 13 and section 14 of the groove formed on the front and back surfaces.

The connecting protrusion 11 of the insulating block 1 is formed horizontally and prikra the yen to its corresponding connecting groove 12, but the present invention is not limited with this. The connecting protrusion 11 and the connecting groove 12 can take various forms, namely triangular, rectangular, semicircular, etc.

The connecting protrusion 11 formed on the upper side of the insulating block 1, the connecting groove 12 corresponding to the connecting projection 11, is made in the base, so that the insulating blocks 1 are formed in a perpendicular position.

The insulating block 1 is formed from a bubble of synthetic resin, i.e. bubble polyethylene, which reduces the material costs and disposal unit 1.

In figure 2 the auxiliary unit 6 formed from a bubble of synthetic resin, includes a connecting protrusion 11 formed on its upper side, so that when laying is not formed cavity, and the connecting groove 12 formed in the base of the unit and corresponding to the connecting protrusion 11, the protruding section 13 and section 14 of the groove formed on the front and back surfaces as the insulating block 1.

Figure 5 cross-unit 7 includes a connecting protrusion 11 with one end of the upper section, perpendicularly bent in the form of "é", the connecting groove 12 formed in the base, the protruding section 13 and section 14 of the groove formed on the front and back surfaces./p>

Part of the site of the Foundation of the cross-block 7 are cut in the form of "é", and the top section is cut out of the element formed by the groove 16 has a cylindrical shape.

Thus, the auxiliary unit 6, in which the cut out section in the form of "└" is formed, as shown in figure 2, the insulating block 1, which section 17 of the cut-out groove formed in the center of the upper section, as shown in figure 4, and cross-unit 7, in which the groove 16 is formed, as shown in Figure 5 and 6, are connected to each other, thereby creating various forms, such as the connection structure unit in the form of a "T" or "+".

One surface cross-unit 7, on which is formed a groove 16 has a rounded shape, and the groove 16, is attached to the protrusion 15, rotates and is formed in order to adjust the angle of the connection, resulting in cross-unit 7 can be attached to the insulating block 1.

7 insulating block 1 contains a lot of groove sections 14 for blocking and split the front or rear surfaces of the block, so that the decoration was poured into the groove sections 14 and held or fastened to the front or rear surface of the block. This is necessary in order to prevent falling from the front or rear surfaces of the insulating block 1 cement mortar, used as the e finishing material (not shown), that will be described later, during application or curing, finishing materials in this unit and to prevent the peeling of the cured finishing materials from the insulating block 1, so that the cement slurry was poured into a variety of groove sections 14, were held and firmly fixed in them.

Fill the groove 19 is formed in each corner of the insulating block 1 in the longitudinal direction, and it is filled with a cementing substance, so that the stacked insulating blocks could knit with each other in the longitudinal direction and in the up and down direction.

Meanwhile, the decoration can be placed on the front or back surfaces of the insulating block 1 using cement mortar. They can be in the form of a cement panel formed by the solidification of the cement slurry and the addition of various dyes in plaster, steel plate, Wallpaper, yellow soil, cement, mixed with stone chips, etc.

Finishing materials are not limited to, plaster, steel panel, Wallpaper, yellow soil and cement, mixed with stone chips, but can join the front or rear surfaces of the insulating block 1, so as to protect it and to give it an aesthetic look.

Cementing substances is about can be cement mortar, binder, a synthetic resin, steel, or plastic locking tool, plaster, etc. and can give aesthetic appearance by adding picture or dye.

As for the installation process lightweight heat-insulating building block according to the present variant execution, in order to complete the finish of the surfaces of the inner and outer walls of the building, thermal insulation block 1 is attached to the earth, to come into contact with the abutting surfaces of the inner or outer wall, and formed in the base insulating block 1 connecting groove 12 is introduced into the connecting protrusion 11 on the upper side of the insulating block 1, and then heat-insulating unit 1 sequentially laid up and in the longitudinal direction, cementing substance is poured to fill the groove 19 is secured to the binder, etc. so that the stacked insulating blocks 1 were fastened to each other in the direction of up, down and longitudinally.

The block in which is formed a cut out section having the form of "é", and the block in which section 17 of the cut-out groove formed in the center, attached to the block in which is formed a groove for insertion, thereby creating various forms, such as the connection structure unit in the form of a "T" or "+". If necessary beforehand ass the config angle connection one surface of the insulating block 1, in which the groove 16 to insert has a rounded shape, the groove 16 and the protrusion 15 are connected to each other, and the connection angle is adjustable.

Fig is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention. Fig.9 - section lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig, taken along the line A-A. Figure 10 is a partial perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig. 11 is a view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig, in the normal state.

In Fig. 8-11 insulating building block 1 which fits in the inner and outer walls of the building, contains the connecting protrusion 11 formed on its upper side, so that when laying a series of insulating blocks formed cavity, the connecting groove 12 formed in the base of the unit and corresponding to the connecting protrusion 11, a cross-groove sections 3, curved from the edge of the containing section 2 of the insulating block 1 at its front and rear surfaces, heat-resistant panel 4 formed from one of the following materials: plaster plate, speculate or coating of glass wool, which is inserted in the DNAs is Rennie slot plot 31, located in the cross-slot section 3, finishing plate 5 formed from one of the following materials: stone, reinforced with steel fiber concrete, "dryvit", PVC, metal, inserted from the outside of the slotted section 32, located in the cross-slot section 3 and having on one side the filler chute 321.

The insulating block 1 is formed of a light bubble of synthetic resin, i.e. bubble polyethylene, and serves as a finish for interior and exterior walls of the building, reducing the material costs, streamlining workflow and reducing the duration of construction.

The distance between the cross-slot 3 phase in the insulating block 1 and the inner groove area 31 may be greater than the distance between the cross-slot section 3 and the outer slot section 32.

Heat-resistant panel 4, is inserted into the inner groove area 31, made of lightweight heat-resistant material and has characteristics of water resistance, sound insulation and heating efficiency. At the same time, because the plaster plate, speculate and coating of glass wool is widely known, the present invention does not duplicate their specific characteristics.

Characteristics of stone material, reinforced steel fibre concrete and dryvit", different from the characteristics of the PV and metal, typically used as a finishing material, will now be briefly described.

Despite the fact that the stone material is relatively expensive for use as a material for the outer wall, it is often uses as a decorative component due to its high strength and raw rough texture of the outer wall. Although this stone material is used for the whole of the outer wall, stone wall may be partially mixed with other material-Deputy to reduce construction costs and individual presentations.

Reinforced steel fibre concrete is uneven places-phase steel wool instead of steel traditional type and residetial it in concrete to prevent gaps and improve wear resistance. Because this panel is mixed with steel fiber and has high wear resistance, it is not deformed from rain, wind, heat and has a good performance in proportional to the intensity and power compression.

Dryvit is a material having a different texture and has good wear resistance without changing the color. It is formed by mixing 100% polyacrylate, chemical material and special quartz sand. If dryvit used for decoration of the outer wall, there is no need for additional heat is ostoich and waterproof designs, and the wall has a light structure that reduces the cost of structuring. Dryvit has a different texture and color, preventing cracks due to its prevention of condensation, normal temperature and wet effect and maximizes resistance and wear resistance.

Heat-resistant panel 4 and finishing plate 5 of the present invention can be selected from the panel having the appropriate characteristics required for consistency with the structure of the building.

Next will be described the process of assembling lightweight heat-insulating building block of the present invention.

Heat-resistant panel 4 is inserted into the inner groove area 31 located in the cross-slot section 3 of the insulating block 1. After finishing this plate 5 is inserted into the outer slot section 32.

The inorganic binder is poured into the filling chute 321 formed on one side of the decorative plate 5, so that the decorative plate 5 is firmly fastened to the insulating block 1. A series of insulating blocks 1, in which the heat-resistant panel 4 and finishing plate 5 are sequentially attached to the front and rear surfaces, fit placement of the connecting groove 12 of the insulating block 1 in the connecting protrusion 11 of the main heat-insulating block is a 1.

Before describing lightweight heat-insulating building blocks in the following variants of execution of the present invention, it should be noted that as the characteristics of the heat-resistant and finishing panels, as well as the Assembly process blocks in the following variants perform similarly to those that were described with reference to Fig. 8-11, the specific description will not be repeated.

Fig is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention. Fig - side view of the lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig. Fig is a partial perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig.

In Fig. 12-14 insulating block 1 which fits in the inner and outer walls of the building and made of bubble synthetic resin, contains on its upper side connecting projection 11, so that during the installation of a number of insulating blocks not had a cavity, and the connecting groove 12 formed in its base and corresponding to the connecting protrusion 11, the protrusion 15 of cylindrical form, carved in the form of "└" of a portion of one surface of the upper section of the block, and in the upper area of the cut out element, cross-grooved sections 3, which is curved cross from the edge of the containing section 2 of the insulating block 1 at its front and rear surfaces, heat-resistant panel 4 formed from one of the following materials: plaster plate, speculate or coating of glass wool inserted into the inner groove area 31 located in the cross-slot section 3, finishing plate 5 formed from one of the following materials: stone, reinforced steel fibre concrete, dryvit, PVC, metal, inserted from the outside of the slotted section 32, located in the cross-slot section 3 and having on one side the filler chute 321.

Perpendicular to the connecting groove 18 is formed perpendicular to one of the bottom sides of the base insulating block 1 and is attached to its connecting projection 11.

Fig is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention. Fig - section lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig, taken along the line B-C. Fig is a partial perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig.

In Fig. 15-17 insulating block 1 which fits in the inner and outer walls of the building and formed from a bubble of synthetic resin, includes a connecting protrusion 11 formed on its upper side, so that when installing some insulation nl the Cove was not formed cavity, the connecting groove 12 formed in the base of the unit and corresponding to the connecting protrusion 11, section 17 of the cut-out groove formed in the center of the upper area of the insulating block 1, round tab 2, formed in the upper section of the cut element, a cross-groove sections 3, curved from the edge of the containing section 2 of the insulating block 1 at its front and rear surfaces, heat-resistant panel 4 formed from one of the following materials: plaster plate, speculate or coating of glass wool, which is inserted into the inner groove area 31 located in the cross-slot section 3, finishing plate 5, formed from one of the following materials: stone, reinforced steel fibre concrete, dryvit, PVC, metal, inserted from the outside of the slotted section 32, located in the cross-slot section 3 and having on one side the filler chute 321.

Perpendicular to the connecting groove 18 formed perpendicular to one of the bottom sides of the base insulating block 1 and is attached to its connecting projection 11.

Fig is a perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block according to another variant implementation of the present invention. Fig - side view of the lightweight heat-insulating building block, is provided on Fig. Fig is a partial perspective view of a lightweight heat-insulating building block, shown in Fig.

In Fig. 18-20 insulating block 1 which fits in the inner and outer walls of the building and formed from a bubble of synthetic resin, includes a connecting protrusion 11 formed on its upper side, so that when laying a series of insulating blocks formed cavity, the connecting groove 12 formed in the base of the unit and corresponding to the connecting protrusion 11, the protrusion 15 of cylindrical form, carved in the form of "ground" of a portion of one surface of the base of the unit and in the upper area of the cut out element, cross-grooved sections 3, cross curved from the edge of the containing section 2 of the insulating block 1 on the front and rear surfaces, heat-resistant panel 4 formed from one of the following materials: plaster plate, speculate or coating of glass wool inserted into the inner groove area 31 located in the cross-slot section 3, finishing plate 5 formed from one of the following materials: stone, reinforced steel fibre concrete, dryvit, PVC, metal, inserted from the outside of the slotted section 32, located in the cross-slot section 3 and with one hand had the Noah chute 321.

At the same time Fig is a perspective view to explain the method of construction lightweight heat-insulating building block according to one variant of implementation of the present invention. In this drawing, the method of construction lightweight heat-insulating building block contains the principle of construction of the installation process a range of steel profiles 9 perpendicular to the floor 8 of the base of the building; the laying of a number of insulating blocks 1, formed of foam material between these profiles 9; creation of a finishing material on the inner and outer surfaces of the stacked insulating blocks 1, apply the desired color to the surface finishing material, built on the outer surface of the insulating blocks 1.

In principle the build process, a number of steel profiles 9 installed perpendicular to the ground floor 8 building. The ground floor 8 is usually made of concrete and aligned in a manner to evenly lay insulation units 1.

Steel profiles 9 are rentals in the form of a bar, having different cross shape, and can be a steel form H, which are mainly used in building construction.

Additionally, this method includes applying a binder on the upper side of teploizolyatsii is on block 1, located in its lower section, so as to strengthen the connection of the insulating blocks 1 at their packing, thus preventing movement of a number of stacked blocks and increasing their binding force.

When a series of insulating blocks 1 fully stacked, finishing material is based on internal and external surfaces of these blocks in order to protect the building from various external influences and give it a good look.

Finishing material is one of the following materials: cement, plaster, Wallpaper, yellow soil and cement, mixed with rock dust.

And finally, when applying the desired color to the surface finishing material, built on the outer surface of the insulating blocks 1, partial coloring and drawing are designed to provide aesthetic pleasure when viewed from the building's exterior.

While the present invention has been shown and described in detail with reference to examples of its implementation, medium, specialists in the art will understand that it can be made various changes in form and detail without departing from the essence and scope of this invention as defined in the attached claims. These embodiments should be taken into account only in a descriptive sense, and not in CE is s limitations. Therefore, the scope of the present invention is defined not by the detailed description of the invention and the attached claims, and all differences with the scope of this invention will be construed as included in the present invention.

1. Lightweight heat-insulating building block, located in the inner and outer walls of the building and formed from a bubble of synthetic resin containing on the upper side of the connecting protrusion, so that when it is laid is not formed cavity, the connecting groove at the base of the block corresponding to the connecting protrusion and the protruding section and the section of the groove located on the front and rear surfaces of the block, while the auxiliary unit having the same shape as the insulating block, carved in the form of "" on the segment upstream of the one surface, and has a cylindrical ledge on upper cut element, and is attached to one side of the insulating block.

2. Lightweight heat-insulating building block, located in the inner and outer walls of the building and formed from a bubble of synthetic resin containing on the upper side of the connecting protrusion, so that when it is laid is not formed cavity, the connecting groove at the base of the block corresponding connect the positive projection, as well as the acting plot and a plot of the groove located on the front and rear surfaces of the block, which is cut out of the slot area is located in the center of its upper section and a cylindrical ledge performed on upper cut element, which is formed of cross-block with a connecting lug having one curved end and continuing in the upper section of the insulating block, the connecting groove is made in the base of the unit, the protruding section and the groove section formed on the front and rear surfaces of the block, part of the area of the base of the unit, carved in the form ""and the groove has a cylindrical shape for insertion, located in the upper area of the cut out element attached to the insulating block in which the protrusion is formed in the longitudinal direction or at right angles.

3. Lightweight heat-insulating building block according to claim 1 or 2, in which the connecting protrusion blocks are placed in vertical connecting groove formed perpendicularly from one side of the base blocks.

4. Lightweight heat-insulating building block according to claim 1 or 2, in which the protruding section formed on the front and back surfaces of the blocks, extends to external parties and is wedge-shaped, so that both sides in the stepping area formed area to fill with mortar.

5. Lightweight heat-insulating building block according to claim 1 or 2, in which the protruding section and the groove section formed on the front and rear surfaces of the blocks have the shape of a grid.

6. Lightweight heat-insulating building block according to claim 1, in which the chute horizontally fill a binder, located in the upper section of the connecting protrusion of the insulating block.

7. Lightweight heat-insulating block according to claim 1, in which is inserted fully fitted to form wire mesh for increased grip.

8. Lightweight heat-insulating building block according to claim 1, in which the fill chute is positioned horizontally in the corners of the front and rear panel of this unit.

9. The insulating block is placed in the inner and outer walls of a building, comprising: a connecting protrusion formed on its upper side, so that when laying a series of insulating blocks formed cavity, the connecting groove is made in the base of the unit and corresponding to the connecting protrusion;
cross-grooved sections, curved cross from the edge of the containing area of the insulating block on the front and rear surfaces;
heat-resistant panel is formed from one of the following items:
plaster plate, slag wool, or upon the freight of glass wool, which is inserted into the inner groove of land located in the cross-slot section; and
finishing panel formed from one of the following materials: stone, reinforced steel fibre concrete, dryvit, PVC, metal, inserted from the outside of the slotted area, located in the cross-slot section and having one side of the filler chute.

10. The insulating block is placed in the inner and outer walls of the building, formed from bubble synthetic resin containing:
connection tab, located on its upper side, so that when laying a series of insulating blocks formed cavity, the connecting groove at the base of the block corresponding to the connecting protrusion; the protrusion of the cylindrical form, carved in the form of "" on part of one surface of the upper section of the block, and in the upper area of the cut out element, cross-grooved areas that cross bent from the edge of the containing area of the insulating block on its front and rear surfaces; and
heat-resistant panel is formed from one of the following materials: plaster plate, slag wool, or a coating of glass wool inserted into the inner groove of land located in the cross-slot section, the Department shall lachna panel, formed from one of the following materials: stone, reinforced steel fibre concrete, dryvit, PVC, metal, inserted from the outside of the slotted area, located in the cross-slot section and having one side of the filler chute.

11. The insulating block is placed in the inner and outer walls of the building, formed from a bubble of synthetic resin and containing on its upper side connection tab, so that when laying a series of insulating blocks formed cavity, the connecting groove located at the base of the unit and corresponding to the connecting protrusion; section cut-out groove located in the center of the upper area of the insulating block and a cylindrical ledge formed in the upper section of cut-out element;
cross-grooved sections, curved cross from the edge of the containing area of the insulating block on its front and rear surfaces, heat-resistant panel is formed from one of the following items:
plaster plate, slag wool, or a coating of glass wool, which is inserted into the inner groove of land located in the cross-slot area, finishing plate formed from one of the following materials:
stone, reinforced steel fibre concrete, dryvit, PVC, m is tall, inserted from the outside of the slotted area, located in the cross-slot section and having one side of the filler chute.

12. The insulating block is placed in the inner and outer walls of the building, formed from a bubble of synthetic resin and containing on its upper side connection tab, so that when laying a series of insulating blocks formed cavity, the connecting groove located at the base of the unit and corresponding to the connecting protrusion;
the protrusion has a cylindrical shape, carved in the form "" on the one segment of the surface area of the base of the unit and formed in the upper section of cut-out element;
cross-grooved sections, curved cross from the edge of the containing area of the insulating block on its front and rear surfaces, heat-resistant panel is formed from one of the following items:
plaster plate, slag wool, or a coating of glass wool, which is inserted into the inner groove of land located in the cross-slot area, finishing plate formed from one of the following materials:
stone, reinforced steel fibre concrete, dryvit, PVC, metal, inserted from the outside of the slotted area, located in the cross-slot section and having both sides of the filler chute.

13. Lightweight heat-insulating building block according to claim 9, in which the inorganic mortar is poured into the filling chute.



 

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2 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to production of building materials used in particular in low-rise and frame housing and also during building of civil and industrial projects with high requirements to decorative outer cladding of buildings, heat- and acoustic insulation of rooms, for example of multistorey apartment houses, cottages and other buildings. Set of blocks includes sets of main, corner and aperture blocks containing face layer with thickness A, bearing layer with thickness C and heat-insulating layer with thickness B located between them, they are attached to each other by polymeric bars, at that basic thickness of blocks in each set is chosen discretely either 300 mm or 400 mm, at that relation of thickness B of heat-insulating layer to sum of thicknesses (A+C) of face and bearing layers, i.e. (B:(A+C)) is chosen completed with basic thickness of blocks 300 mm either 0.50 or 0.67, and completed with basic thickness of blocks 400 mm - either 0.60 or 1.00, at that sum of thicknesses (A+C) of face and bearing layers is constant for all sets, at that each set consists of two groups of blocks. Thickness A of decorative layer in each group increases in arithmetic progression according to relation Ai=A0+10·n, where A0 is chosen not less than 40 mm, and n is integral number and corresponds to range from 1 to 6, and thickness C of bearing layer decreases in arithmetic progression in each group correspondingly. Blocks in each group are made according to regional weather conditions requirement and are characterised by thickness B of heat-insulating layer being constant in group for region. Each group is provided additionally with belt blocks made one-piece and consisting of face and bearing layers, and with air-exchange block provided with through-hole and ventilating grill rigidly fixed in it. Blocks of corner type are made in two forms, one of them is provided with equidistant L-shaped face and heat-insulating layers, and in cavity of heat-insulating layer shortened bearing layer is located. The other form of blocks is provided with equidistant L-shaped bearing and heat-insulating layers, and in cavity of heat-insulating layer shortened face layer is located.

EFFECT: improvement of universalisation of set of blocks and enhancement of their use in low-rise and high-rise house building under various weather conditions, simplification of technology of walls construction observing all required technical and technological parametres, optimisation of ratio of all layers dimensions, improvement of their strength properties and cheapening of building.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 9 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial construction materials, and more specifically to double-layer structures and method of making such structures, particularly non-sparking double-layer tiles, meant or covering floors in category A and B fire safety buildings. The non-sparking double-layer tile is in form of a concrete monolithic body with a face layer, which has a regular or irregular geometrical shape, where material for both layers is a mixture, used in semi-dry state, containing, wt %: composition of the mixture of the base layer: portland cement of at least grade 500 DO 20.55 to 22.78, construction sand with particle size 5 mm with fineness modulus of not less than 2.4 72.89 to 75.34, Poliplast MB-1 0.20-0.30, water - the rest; composition of the mixture of the face layer: portland cement of at least grade 500 DO 23.98 to 26.19, limestone in form of sand from siftings from crushing sedimentary rocks with strength grade of at least 400 with particle size 2 to 4 mm and fineness module of not less than 2.4 69.84-71.94, Poliplast MB-1 0.23 to 0.30, water - the rest, where the face layer has thickness of not less than 10 mm. The method of making the said tile involves preparation of each of the said mixtures with moisture content of 6-8% in mixers by successive loading the given filler, additive, portlant cement, stirring dry components for 30 to 60 s, then, while stirring, adding water and continue to stir the mixture for the base layer for 30 to 40 s, and the mixture for the face layer - for 2 minutes, placing the mixture for the base layer into a mould, preliminary compacting with light vibration or ramming without vibration, placing the mixture for the face layer on top of the compacted base layer, final compacting with vibrocompression for 20 to 23 s of the said mixtures and solidification in a steam curing chamber at temperature of 40°C, moisture 95 to 100 % and rate of increase and decrease of temperature not more than 25°C/h. Invention is developed in subclaims.

EFFECT: increased compression and bending strength, reduced wearability.

4 cl, 4 ex, 3 tbl

Masonry unit // 2358071

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: masonry unit consists of a lightweight block with face being coated with decorative-protective layer. The vertical grooves are made on lightweight block face during forming. The face of block is implemented with a plate, which is glued leak tightly to the said block after solidification or represents pigment stained layer of highly strong concrete mix as forming open-end vertical channels in masonry unit parallel to block face.

EFFECT: wide functional applications of masonry unit due to increase gas permeability.

7 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: security facilities.

SUBSTANCE: according to the first version the proposed sandwich fire protective structure based on composite plates can be fixed on the surface of the facility being protected and comprises low-density basalt-fibrous material layer, adhesive interlayer and heat-resistant protective-decorative plate which are sequentially adjacent to the above surface. Thicknesses and materials of the structure layers are chosen so that to provide for evaporation of water containing in the outer layer and adhesive interlayer, diffusion of the produced water vapour into the inner basalt-fibrous layer and under further heating evaporation of moisture condensed on the fibres surface, in case of fire attack or non-stationary heating of the structure outer layer surface. According to the second version the proposed sandwich fire protective structure can be fixed on the surface of the facility being protected with an air gap. The adhesive interlayer is made from heat-expanding material which is characterised by sooting when heated. Thicknesses and materials of the structure layers in this version are chosen so that to provide for precipitation of carbon particles on the inner layer fibres surface resulting from cracking of hydrocarbons which are included into the composition of the products of thermal decomposition of the adhesive interlayer organic or polymer part and for formation of an additional layer of foam coke resulting from thermal decomposition and swelling of the adhesive interlayer containing thermally expanding graphite, in case of fire attack or non-stationary heating of the structure outer layer surface . Fire protective structure layers are made with the consideration of physical effects appearing under heating and leading to the alteration of the adjacent layers composition; this fact allows blocking of radiant-convection heat flow coming from the flame to the surface of the facility being protected.

EFFECT: increasing up to the specified level fire resistance ratings of supporting and enveloping building structures primarily in high-rise buildings.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to heat-insulating constructions. Heat-insulating block element consists of internal air-proof shell made from flexible material, and external air-permeable shell that protects internal shell from damage. External element shell has areas where it is firmly connected with internal shell as well as areas wherein there is no firm connection of external and internal shells. External shell is made, fully or partially, from air-permeable material at the location of latter areas; total external surface of internal shell equals or exceeds total internal surface of external shell. Internal cavity of air-proof shell is filled with gas and/or heat-insulating material capable of reversible deformation. Method of manufacturing heat-insulating enclosure from heat-insulating block elements is described.

EFFECT: reducing material consumption, improving enclosure heat-insulating characteristics, and providing possibility to produce heat-insulating enclosure of any configuration.

13 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: building.

SUBSTANCE: electrogenerating masonry unit contains an obverse layer, concrete building layers and a heat-insulation layer located between them. The masonry unit has the box-shaped case from a monolithic concrete layer and a heat-insulation layer in the form of the porous core placed in the box-shaped case and closed by an obverse layer with terminal screws, executed in the form of two goffered punched plates from an electro wire material and planar solid-state electrolytic diaphragm located between them, made of a material, for example: "Nafion" or MF-4SK with the deposits of electrodes - the anode and the cathode located on opposite sides of the diaphragm. Two channel apertures located on the largest possible distance from each other are brought from the surface to the diaphragm through the body of the case and a porous core with fixed tubes for possibility of leading and assignment of fuel gas.

EFFECT: improvement of an operating ability of a masonry unit.

6 cl, 7 dwg

Building brick // 2336394

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: building brick for building wall erection includes inner wall 10 and outer wall 20 which have reinforced structure and are located at some distance from each other. Clearance 40 between building bricks is filled with cement. Outer wall 20 consists of decorative plaster board. Foamed polymeric material 30 fills the space between inner wall 10 and outer wall; at that, inner wall 10 and outer wall 20 are pieced by foamed polymeric material 30. Protrusion 31 is created in foamed polymeric material 30 and stands out of inner wall 10 and outer wall 20. Clearance 40 between building bricks in front of and behind relative to protrusion 31, at that, inner wall 10 and outer wall 20 are embedded into foamed polymeric material 30 at some depth, and embedment of parts 11 and 21 results in adhesion strength increase.

EFFECT: increase of brick adiabatic and soundproof characteristics.

6 dwg

FIELD: construction, superstructures.

SUBSTANCE: principle applies to construction, in particular to production of face tiles and blocks and can be used in the preparation of wall blocks with face tiles from natural rock, or wood panels and also ceramic tiles. The technical result is to ensure the functional capability of blocks during cost reduction of its preparation. Firstly, flat decorative elements (FDE) are prepared, which can be done in the form of one or more tiles of natural rock or in the form of one or more wood panels, and also a combination of these. FDE may consists of number of fragments of each, and side surfaces of FDE are preliminary polished and are fitted one to the other and then placed in the frame, tightly tuck together and inundated with a liquid building mixture. One or more ready FDE is placed in a shaped tray and concrete is poured and the tray is put on a vibration press and vibrated to complete compaction of the concrete and then the ready block is dried under natural conditions. A formwork for a ready construction block is then prepared. Construction blocks can also be prepared from foam concrete, in which the foam concrete layer is placed in a vertical plane from the internal side of the block. In this case the foam concrete layers are made in the form of separate inserts or layer of foam concrete is made by pouring foam concrete into a tray frame using parting metallic plate, which is removed after the tray has been filled up by concrete and foam concrete. For the preparation of flat decorative elements, a moulding box with clamps is used. For the strengthening of the attachment of flat decorative elements to the surface of the construction block, a number of ways are used to preliminary work on rear surfaces of the flat decorative elements. To widen the nomenclature of construction blocks, blocks can be made in form of half-blocks, corner blocks or double sided polished blocks. For work convenience, blocks are prepared with an opening at the top with an undercut for proper handling and hand grip.

EFFECT: ensuring functional capability of a block and reduction of its production cost.

14 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: construction industry, in particular, manufacture of multilayer construction stones.

SUBSTANCE: method involves forming undetachable frame by mounting of closed outer form onto pallet, with sides of frame being equipped with vertical slots; placing internal insert symmetrically in form, said insert being similar to form in shape and equipped with vertical slots; fixing form and insert with respect to one another with the help of vertical members introduced into vertical slots; filling space between form and insert with sand concrete; imparting monolith structure to filler by vibratory pressing or vibratory casting; withdrawing form, insert and vertical members; forming cells inside resultant undetachable frame by placing interconnected partition walls; fixing their free ends in slots formed in sides of undetachable frame by means of vertical members; filling cells with cellular concrete or light-weight concrete such as polystyrene, clay filler, sawdust, ash; holding; drying and removing partition walls to produce ready multilayer wall stone, which is further directed for stacking.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by combined employment of various construction materials and reduced labor consumed for performing frame forming and handling works.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: building materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the gypsum composition made of hardened gypsum and to a method for its preparing. The composition made of hardened gypsum comprises the bound matrix unbroken phase made of hardened gypsum having the enhanced volume of empty spaces from water, and/or the indicated composition is prepared from a mixture showing the enhanced ratio of water to calcined gypsum at least 3:1. Also, invention describes an article comprising composition made of hardened gypsum. Invention provides preparing nonshrinking composition of hardened gypsum with reduced density, improved insulating and/or acoustic properties.

EFFECT: improved preparing method and properties of composition.

21 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: building, particularly to fill cavities in articles.

SUBSTANCE: method involves feeding article having at least one cavity by conveyer; providing filling station; positioning the article under vessel with filling material as viewed in vertical plane; filling the cavity with filling material along with simultaneously shaking the article; removing the article with filled cavity from the filling station by conveyer. Filling material is pumped under pressure created by rotor blades. The rotor is installed in the vessel. Filling material poured in the cavity is stirred and simultaneously compacted by pressure application during cavity filling or after filling operation termination. Filling station comprises vessel with filling material made as supply bunker, conveyer to move trays each having one article arranged in the tray, compacting means adapted to fill cavity with filling material under pressure. The compacting means has at least one rotor with guiding blades installed in vessel. The blades are secured to at least one cantilever holder and provide supply of filing material to at least one cavity of the article.

EFFECT: increased uniformity of hollow block filling.

15 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building units to erect walls characterized by increased resistance to breaking.

SUBSTANCE: building member comprises rectangular concrete body and reinforcing frame. Concrete body is formed of class B60-B90 concrete. Reinforcing frame is composed of two reinforcing members having rectangular sections and of at least one V-shaped or U-shaped reinforcing member. The reinforcing members having rectangular cross-sections are flush with inner side of building member and extend to edges thereof. The V-shaped or U-shaped reinforcing member ends are fixedly secured to one reinforcing member having rectangular section. Top thereof faces outer side of building member. In accordance to the second embodiment building member comprises one reinforcing member having rectangular cross-section and at least one V-shaped or U-shaped reinforcing member having top fixedly secured to reinforcing member having rectangular cross-section.

EFFECT: increased resistance to breaking, reduced metal consumption and simplified structure.

17 cl, 15 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: construction industry; methods of manufacture of the wall products made out of the light concretes with the facial surface finish layer.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of construction industry, in particular, to the method of production of the wall products made out of the light concretes, which may be used at erection of the external walls of the buildings and structures. The technical result of the invention consists in the capability of production of the wall products from the light concretes having the high compression strength, the low thermal conductivity, the qualitative facial finish layer, and also the sufficient degree of fastness of cohesion between the layers excluding the possibility of destruction caused by delamination or spalling. The method of production of the wall products made out of the light concretes with the facial surface finish layer providing for preparation of the molding mass, its piling into the mold and the bilayered molding differs by the fact, that the molding mass for the facial surface finish layer is prepared from the cement-sand admixture with addition of the ferric oxide pigments of different colors, and the molding mass for the primary layer is prepared from the light-concrete mixture including the natural or artificial porous fillers, which is placed in the mold in the form of collapsible or detachable formwork with the mounted in it plug-in technological molding bed. Then exercise compaction by light pressure of the light-concrete admixtures and, in the mold volume formed after the compaction of the light-concrete admixture place the layer of the cement-sand admixture with the added the ferric oxide pigments, on which the upper punch with lower die, the dimension and the form of which are identical to the formwork and the mounted in it the plug-in technological pan, then, exercise the molding with the simultaneous compression and the vibration compaction of the layers being in the mold.

EFFECT: the invention ensures production of the wall products made out of the light concretes having the high compression strength, the low thermal conductivity, the qualitative facial finish layer, the sufficient degree of fastness of cohesion between the layers excluding destruction caused by delamination or spalling.

3 cl, 3 tbl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: construction, particularly to erect multilayered units, for instance, concrete articles, namely building blocks and slabs for envelope forming during industrial, civil and other building structures erection.

SUBSTANCE: method to produce multilayered building block on the base of rigid cement mixes and including one at least one heat-insulation layer of light-weight concrete and at least two fine concrete layers involves serially pouring different concrete mixes in form. After at least two different concrete mix layers pouring in two horizontal parallel planes upper block part is covered with additional form part. Then form with laid concrete mix layers is rotated through 90° about horizontal axis. Form part is removed from top part of the block and form is built up to adapt form for upper fine concrete layer pouring so that upper fine concrete layer is transversal to previously poured layers. After that all layers are subjected to vibroforming and curing up to cement mix stiffening. Finally form is removed.

EFFECT: improved heat insulation properties of straight and corner wall areas, window and door openings, increased strength, possibility to erect high buildings and buildings characterized by varying number of stories without the use of additional structural members to cover opened heat-insulation layers at wall corners and in window and door opening edges.

6 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly multilayered construction blocks and stones used for building wall erection and adapted to stabilize temperature inside room.

SUBSTANCE: construction block has several layers formed of cement based material. Block includes two extreme layers, one core layer and one face layer. Block is provided with the second face layer. Extreme layers are heat-insulating ones and are formed of porous concrete. Core layer is arranged between extreme ones and is made of fine concrete having high heat capacity and heat conductivity. Face layers lie in planes transversal to extreme and core layers and are arranged from opposite construction block ends. Face layers are hollow and made as sealed panel of two-ply sheet provided with inner stiffening ribs. Each cavity of sealed panel is defined by concrete layer in inner space of two-ply sheet along face panel perimeter. Each sealed panel has two connecting pipes with valves to be linked to pipelines. Fluid supply device is also discloses.

EFFECT: increased cold- or heat-accumulation capacity, possibility of inward and outward heat radiation.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly production of multilayered building blocks provided with pneumatic structural members used for building and building structure wall erection and having ability of heat conductive properties change in response to ambient temperature change.

SUBSTANCE: building unit comprises concrete layer made of concrete mix preferably based on rigid cement and heat insulation layer. Concrete layer is box-like member with faces defining cavity for heat-insulation layer receiving. Heat-insulation layer is made as sealed bag of air-tight elastic material. The bag is secured inside the cavity and has inlet and outlet orifices provided with two chambers. The first chamber has mechanical thermocontroller to close outlet orifice if ambient temperature is greater than predetermined temperature value and one-way valve. The one-way valve opens in the case of decreased ambient air pressure. The second chamber has the second mechanical thermocontroller to close inlet orifice if ambient temperature is below predetermined temperature value and one-way valve. The one-way valve opens in the case of increased ambient air pressure.

EFFECT: improved heat-insulation properties and possibility of building block usage as load-bearing member.

6 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: air conditioning, particularly laminated building blocks used for building wall erection and having properties facilitating dust removal from ambient air passing into building.

SUBSTANCE: filtering building block for load-bearing wall enclosure erection comprises outer concrete layers formed of material mainly based on rigid cement mixes and porous layer arranged in-between. Porous layer is located in sealed cavity defined by outer concrete layer. Inlet and outlet orifices are made in opposite cavity sides. The inlet and outlet orifices are communicated with two chambers located near porous layer. The first chamber is provided with one-way valve assembly so that if ambient air pressure increases the valves are brought into opened state. The second chamber has one-way valve assembly and opens the valves if ambient air pressure decreases.

EFFECT: improved heat-insulation and sound-proofing properties of filtering building block used in load-bearing building structure.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: building materials, particularly heat-insulation materials used for all-purpose building frame filling structure erection.

SUBSTANCE: heat-insulated modular structure comprises multilayered shell defining inner cavity and made as plastered reinforced net. Filler is placed in the cavity. The shell is made as rectangular parallelepiped with height h equal to b or 2b, where b is parallelepiped width. Parallelepiped length is equal to b, 2b or 4b. The shell is covered with air-tight heat-shrinkable film. Modular structure comprises stiffening members made as ribs extending along diagonal lines connecting cavity corners and crossing each other. The ribs are provided with slots formed in rib centers to insert the ribs one into another to connect the ribs in cross structure.

EFFECT: facilitation of structure sides mating, increased efficiency of heated building and building structure space filling, improved rigidity and manufacturability, as well as storage and transportation ability.

3 cl, 14 dwg

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