System of cushioning for shoes
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: shoes include a shoe upper, which is fixed to external parts of a sole, comprising an upper end part and a lower end part. The external parts of the sole have at least two support elements (41, 42, 43) at the heel level made of a cushioning material and arranged accordingly at the side edge and at the middle edge of the shoe sole. Each element (41, 42, 43) stretches in vertical direction substantially from the end upper part to substantially the lower end part of the sole. The support elements (41, 42, 43) are made with the possibility of deformation substantially independently on each other. The external parts of the sole also comprise an elastically deformed element (30). The latter includes the upper part, which stretches in transverse direction of the sole and covers the upper end of each support element (41, 42, 43), and at least two grips (34, 35, 36). Grips stretch at the side and in the middle of the sole and cover each support element from the outside (41, 42, 43) substantially along their full height.
EFFECT: provision of shoe sole cushioning along three different directions, simultaneously in horizontal plane and in vertical direction.
20 cl, 18 dwg
The present invention relates to a shock absorbing system for a Shoe, in particular sports Shoe for walking, Jogging, etc.
There is a huge number of systems depreciation for sports shoes, and these systems are designed to absorb the reaction force supporting surface when walking, running or other movement.
Typically, such devices amortization are designed to amortize the efforts of the counter, which are essentially perpendicular to the supporting surface, that is mainly in the vertical direction. Indeed, the efforts of the counter-acting in this direction, generally considered the greatest. These vertical forces counter buffer mainly due to the simple block of Styrofoam, as a rule, EVA, deformable in the vertical direction. Provided other ways of using pockets filled with fluid medium or gas.
Recently he developed an interest in the efforts of the counter-support surface, the current is not in the vertical direction and in the plane of the supporting surface, hereinafter referred to the horizontal plane.
Depending on the sport, horizontal forces will be more or less significant. For example, in sports such as tennis or basketball, where the larger part of the movement is sideways, reaction force acting at the level of the plane of the support surface, can be very significant.
It was also found that the strength of the horizontal counter, which act during Jogging on asphalt, more significant, since the high friction coefficient of the material (asphalt) excludes any horizontal movement of the foot relative to the support surface that does not occur while running on softer ground, where may be the offset of the sole relative to the reference surface.
The result was a new design shoes, in which device the depreciation soles provide a certain offset of the sole relative to the support surface and/or tangential displacement (mouvements de cisaillement) within the base, resulting in the absorption of forces acting essentially in the horizontal plane, and are reproduced efforts Jogging on soft ground.
Such constructions are known, for example, from the publications US 6487796, US 5343639, EP 1402795 and US 5224810. These documents are based in General on the fact that depreciation is carried out only in the horizontal plane.
In the publication WO 98/07343 disclosed a construction in which the elements in the form of pockets filled with fluid medium, can be deformed in three directions, i.e. in the horizontal pleskot is, as well as in the vertical direction.
The disadvantage of this design is that the deformation in any direction are uniform, which does not allow to differentiate/separate depreciation in the vertical direction from the depreciation in the horizontal direction.
Another problem that arises when designing devices amortization, is how to reconcile cushioning with stability/traction foot on the ground, whose functions are more or less incompatible.
The task of the invention is to eliminate the above disadvantages and to provide improved device of depreciation.
The task, in particular, is to provide a device of depreciation in three different directions simultaneously in a horizontal plane and in the vertical direction.
Another objective of the present invention is to provide a device of depreciation that is compatible with good grip and/or track resistance".
This problem or these problems are solved by developing a Shoe according to the invention, including the top of the Shoe, which is attached to the outer part of the sole, while the latter is provided at the level of the heel at least two of the support element of shock absorbing material located respectively with Bo the new region and the middle region of the sole, each item placed in the vertical direction essentially from the upper end portion to the lower outer part of the sole, the supporting elements made with the possibility of deformation essentially independently from each other, and the outer part of the sole contain elastically deformable element includes an upper portion which is placed in the transverse direction of the sole and covers the upper end of each of the support elements, and at least two tabs that are on the side and in the middle and cover the outside of each of the supporting elements essentially along their entire height.
This design provides cushioning in all directions and ensures good stability and grip of the shoes.
Indeed, in the case of essentially vertically directed load supporting elements are compressed and absorb the produced thus energy. Due to their independence and, in particular, due to the fact that the supporting elements are not connected at their lower ends soles for casual shoes, as in the known devices, the supporting elements are separated from each other relative to the longitudinal axis of the Shoe and thereby increase the support base, which increases the stability of the shoes.
The invention is further explained in the description of non-restrictive examples, with reference to the figures, vchicle:
Figure 1 is a view in isometric bottom of the Shoe contains cushioning sole according to the invention,
Figure 2 is a view in isometric detail of a sole according to the invention without contact layer
Figure 3 is a side view of the rear part of the sole of figure 1,
4 and 5 depict cross-sectional view illustrating the operation of the soles in the case of vertical load,
6 depicts a view similar to figure 4 and 5, illustrating the deformation of the sole in the case of uneven terrain
Figa - side view in Fig.6,
7 is a view similar to figure 2, according to the second variant of the invention,
Fig and 9 represent views similar to those shown in figure 3 and 4 relating to the second variant of the invention,
Figure 10 depicts a view of a sole similar to the one shown in figure 2, according to the third variant embodiment of the invention,
11 is a section along XI-XI in figure 10,
Fig - similar to the shown in figure 4, on the fourth variant embodiment of the invention,
Fig - similar to the shown in figure 4, on the fifth variant embodiment of the invention,
Fig - similar to the shown in figure 4, on the sixth variant embodiment of the invention,
Fig - similar to the shown in figure 4, on the seventh in the approaches of carrying out the invention
Fig and 17 depict views from the bottom of the sole according to eighth and ninth respectively variants of embodiment of the invention.
Figure 1-6 shows the structure and functioning of the soles in the sports Shoe 1. Shows sports boot 1 is a Shoe for Jogging, but it may be sports shoes of any other type. This Shoe is shown in isometric view from below in figure 1. It includes the top 2 shoes, which is attached to the outer side of the sole 10. The top 2 shoes in further detail is not described, and shown in the figures only the outer part of the foot.
Under the outer part of the sole 10 refers to the part of the foot located on the outside of the top 2 shoes; this outer part of the sole 10 does not include such portions of the outsole, internal shank, the effect of the insole, the insole Strobel, prostyle that are associated with the top 2 shoes and/or are located inside it. The top 2 shoes are fixed to the outer part of the sole 10 by any known method and in particular by gluing.
As shown, particularly in figure 2 and 3, the outer part of the sole 10 include in the downward direction of the upper cushioning layer 20, the elastically deformable element 30, a few cushioning support elements 40 and the contact layer 50 (not shown in figure 2 for clarity).
The upper cushioning layer 20 is essentially along the entire length of the soles of the 10, that is, from the rear end to the front end, and includes two parts, respectively, of the front 21 and rear 22 of essentially uniform thickness. The front part 21 has a greater thickness than the rear part 22, for example of the order of 4-15 mm Rear part 22 has a thickness of, for example, of the order of 3-10 mm In the present example, the front part 21 ends in the direction of the rear part in the form of a Chevron 23, forming the ledge relative to the rear part 22 whose function will be explained below. Instead Chevron 23 may be provided in any other form, such as wave, etc. of the Upper part 24 of the upper cushioning layer 20 is essentially flat or adapted to the shape of the Shoe upper. She may also have essentially vertical edges 25 extending along the top 2 shoes, in the rear area, in particular a heel, these edges 25 above, and the elastically deformable element 30 includes at the level of the heel portion in the form of a trough 31, that is, the part having a flat bottom 31A, taking the form of the upper cushioning layer 20 and includes edges 31b that extend along the top or edges 25 of the upper cushioning layer 20. In addition, some in the form of a trough 31 includes tabs 33, in this case two side legs, the middle two legs 35 and one hind leg, which interact with the support elements, as will be shown below. The number of pads can variovac the Xia depending on the desired result.
Each leg 34, 35, 36 extends from the rear of the trough 31 in a downward direction and ends with bending, respectively, 34a, 35A, 36A, which is placed between the shock-absorbing support elements 40 and the contact layer 50. These curves 34a, 35A, 36A are designed to ensure good bonding between the legs 34, 35, 36, and the contact layer 50, and the support elements 40. These curves, as an option, can be resolved.
In the above example, the tabs 34, 35, 36 have a relatively flat shape, and the cross-section of the sole is slightly inclined shape of the letter V relative to the vertical direction (see figure 4), extending down to the end of the sole.
In addition, as shown in figure 2 and 3, in the present example, these tabs 34, 35, 36 have an almost triangular shape, refining down. May also have other forms, depending on the function of the elastic element. For example, the tabs may have a wavy shape instead of flat, so that preference is given to the depreciation in the vertical direction. You can also provide that the tabs came only to part of the height of the blocks.
Elastically deformable element 30 is extended in the forward direction due to the two flat legs 37, the operation of which will be explained below. The element 30 is made of a relatively hard and elastic material and has, in particular, the young's modulus of more than 40 MPa. the h may be made of synthetic or composite material, for example, TPU, PE, filled or unfilled polyamide, elastomeric polyester (Hytrel), PEBA, composite material based on carbon fiber/resin etc.
Shock-absorbing top layer 20 is made of EVA foam or PU hardness over 20 Asker C.
Reference damping elements 40 are formed by blocks of damping material located between the elastically deformable element 30 and the contact layer 50.
In the first exemplary embodiment uses three independent support element, namely the average unit 41, located along the middle edge of the Shoe, and two side block 42, 43 located on the side. The average unit 41 has an arcuate shape following the contour of the Shoe sole, and runs essentially along the entire length of the zone of the heel. The average unit 41 communicates with the two middle legs 35 elastically deformable element 30. The most advanced forward side block 42 has essentially the shape of a parallelepiped and interacts only with one side leg 34 elastically deformable element 30. Most shifted in the rear side block 43 extends simultaneously on the side and on the back heel and interacts with two legs, respectively, of the side 34 and rear 36 elastically deformable element 30. The number of legs may vary for each block.
This side block 43 that is has a shape of an arc of a circle, to fit the contour of the heel.
In this embodiment, the side block 43 has essentially the same length as the average unit 41, but may have a different length, and the average unit 41 may be, for example, longer. Both side of the block 42, 43 are separated by a gap in the form of slits 46, essentially perpendicular to the edge of the sole, and the average and the side blocks, respectively, 41, 43, separated by a gap 47 in the form of slits, also essentially perpendicular to the edge contour of the sole in this area.
Thrust blocks 41, 42, 43 are connected with the elastically deformable element independently from each other, respectively its upper end 41A, 42A, 43A. In the above example, the average unit 41 is extended towards the front of the Shoe, i.e. outside of the heel rounding, due to the cushioning layer 44 a lesser thickness, ending in the shape of a triangle or Chevron 44d, complementing the shape of the front part 21 of the upper cushioning layer 20, which provides a positive locking between the two layers. May also have other forms. The thickness of the layer 44 corresponds to the thickness of Chevron ledge 23. Almost blocks 41, 42, 43 made of elastomeric foam, EVA or PU foam hardness 20 Asker C. Such foams in fact differ as damping and elastic properties is AMI. In some cases, there may be provided more cushioning foams, such as elastomeric EVA foam. In the present example, the blocks have a thickness in the vertical direction from 10 to 30 mm and, for example, about 20 mm
The elements 30 and 40 pre-connected in the form of podborki 60, before connecting to the shock absorbing layer 20 to form the sole 10. The tabs 37 are placed in the notches 27 of the layer 20 to reinforce the connection.
As shown in figure 2, each block 41, 42, 43 is equipped with one or two notches or cavities, respectively, 41p, 42s, and 43C, for receiving the respective legs 34, 35, 36 elastically deformable element 30. The notches have a complementary shape with the corresponding pads. According to a variant of execution of these notches could also be eliminated.
Contact layer 50 is composed of elements, respectively, of the rear medium 51, the rear side 52, 53 and the front 54, which are fixed respectively on the lower ends 41b, 42b, 43b and 44b of the respective support blocks 41, 42, 43 and cushioning layers, respectively 44 and 21.
Contact layer 50 is made of wear-resistant material having adhesion characteristics of materials such as rubber, TPU, EVA foam with high abrasion resistance, the latter two materials have less weight than rubber. In certain cases, and depending on the IP is althemore material for thrust blocks and/or a cushioning layer, a contact layer 50 can be reduced or eliminated.
Combining elastically deformable, but structurally rigid elastic element 30 with a shock-absorbing support blocks 40 can guarantee due to the independence of these shock-absorbing block 40 good cushioning in all directions, that is, three-dimensional cushioning, ensuring the stability of the whole structure due to the elastic element 30. In addition, due to differences in forms of blocks 41, 42, 43 and the number of/forms of pads on the respective block depreciation block can be allocated, first, between the individual blocks and, secondly, between the vertical and horizontal directions. The functioning of the whole structure is illustrated, in particular, figs.4-6.
Figure 4 shows the soles 10 according to the invention in in-plane position on the support surface "S" and in the absence of any load. In this configuration, the support blocks 40, in particular, 41, 43, determine the reference basis of the "R"and length "l".
When the load F is applied to the sole 10 is essentially in the vertical direction, the support blocks 40 are deformed, are removed from each other, loading the elastic element 30, and form a new, bigger support base, because the length "L" is greater than the length "l" of the previous base. In other words, the perimeter reference zone was large, and the resistance at the level of the sole factory is rather increased.
Once the load "F" is removed, the elastically deformable element 30 will exert a backward force and try to return the support blocks 40 in the initial position shown in figure 4. In practice, while running it is the supporting block 43 heel first subjected to a strain, as it first comes into contact with the supporting surface, then in accordance with the morphology of the user (pronator, supinator) in contact with the bearing surface shall be side block 42 or the average unit 41 and, finally, the opposite block, which causes, therefore, the spacing of the blocks 41, 42.
Due to its independence thrust blocks 40 can be deformed independently from each other, adapting to the movement of the foot or to the configuration of the terrain. So, in the case shown at 6 and 6A, only the supporting block 43 and the corresponding leg 34 are deformed under load from cobblestone "P". Local deformation of the support block 43 is made possible in this case due also deformable independently of one another's feet elastically deformable element 30. Thus, the construction according to the invention is of particular interest for use on soft ground with a bump.
7 to 9 illustrate a second variant implementation, in which similar or identical elements are denoted by the same positions, ovalicin the mi 100.
In this embodiment, the main difference is that a shock-absorbing support units 141, 142, 143 connects together cloth canvas (voile de matiere) 147. Because this fabric canvas has a small thickness, of the order of 3-10 mm compared with the control units 141, 142, 143, they are always free to move independently from one another. But the fact that they are so supportive of their connection.
In addition, when the load F acts on the outer part of the sole 110 and the latter is deformed under the impact, as shown in Fig.9, fabric canvas 147 will be loaded by tension and, in turn, will also facilitate the return of the sole to its original form after removal of the load.
To make possible this elastic return effect of the canvas 147, he is not glued to the elastic deformable element 130, and Vice versa, separated from it by the cavity 148.
Another difference between the two versions of the implementation is that the shock-absorbing block 141, 142, 143, 144 forms a single unit.
Finally, the average basic block 141 is made of a similar material as the rest of the kit 140, such as EVA foam, but greater hardness, for example, between 50 and 65 Asker C. He also extended into parts 144 through part 144A of the same hardness. It can be also made of other material, as the purpose of the this block 141 - to be a little firmer (less damping relative to other blocks). This function is also associated with type shoes (pronator or supinator).
In the example implementation shown in figure 10 and 11, similar or equivalent elements are denoted by the same positions again increased by 100.
In this case, a shock-absorbing support members 241, 242, 243 of the outer part of the sole is also collected in a single unit 240. Compared with the previous cases, where the element 40, 140 stopped shortly after plantar rounding, item 240 extends here to the zone metatarsophalangeal joint and, therefore, is longer.
The thick part 221 cushioning layer 220, respectively, reduced and extends only from the front of the sole to the zone metatarsophalangeal joint (limited in this case, the ledge 223). In addition, the elastically deformable element 230 is in the direction of the front of the two elongated horizontal ledge 237 forming a kind of fork.
Therefore, these elongated protrusions 237 extend all the way to zone metatarsophalangeal joint, delineated 223, 244d and allow additional elastic recovery of the sole in the front area. In addition, each of the protrusions 237 includes each foot 238, similar to the legs 234, 235, 236, and essentially vertically PR is erased along the front portion 244 of the support block 240.
The function of these vertical 238 feet as well as legs 234, 235, 236, is to provide enhanced stability of the soles.
In the present case, the protrusions 237 and 238 feet of elastic deformable element 230 is placed in a corresponding recess e, 244f reference block, and these notches have complementary shapes and are made respectively on the upper side and lateral sides of the front portion 244 of the specified reference block 240.
Fig-17 illustrate other embodiments of the invention, in which elements are denoted by the same positions, increased each time by 100.
In these versions of the sole includes, as usual, at least two shock absorbing support element, but, in addition, provide additional funds return/stability.
In the variant illustrated in Fig, sole 310 includes at least two independent damping support element 341, 343, outside covered essentially the entire height elastically deformable element 330 with soles for walking or contact layer 350.
As in the variant according pig, the supporting elements 341, 343, remaining independent, connected fabric canvas 347 from the same material as the supporting elements 341, 343, allowing for ease of connection elements soles, and also achieves progi mutual return of supporting elements 341, 343, 342 (not visible in the drawing) after deformation.
To increase the effect of elastic return, a contact layer 350, designed to connect various support units 341, 342, 343, which includes fabric canvas 355 connecting the various elements at their lower ends. Contact layer 350 made of a very elastic material such as rubber or any elastomeric material that provides the desired effect of returning the soles to its original position.
This design gives the effect of added stability. In practice, this rubber canvas 355 eliminates up to 5 mm of residual variance between blocks after returning to the original position.
In other words, it is possible to almost completely avoid any permanent deformation, which could lead to deviation between the blocks. In practice, it is possible to avoid permanent deformation of 5-8 mm, the length of the sole.
Rubber (or made of other material) canvas 355 may be provided by itself, i.e. independently from the canvas 347.
On Fig shows such an embodiment in which there is only rubber canvas 455.
In this case, the gap 460 between the two support elements 441, 443, 442 (not shown in the drawing) is filled with material 461, such as EVA, PU, gel, which prevents the formation of holes in the rear for fabric canvas 455. This gap 460 may be compensated for by local elongation and low section of the material supporting elements 441, 442, 443, defined, for example, branches 355f, 355b, 355c on Fig (cf. below Fig, which is a view in section along the line XIII-XIII in Fig) or branches 355d, 355e on Fig.
In an embodiment according Fig length 560 between the two support elements 541, 543, 542 (not shown in the drawing) is filled with material 561, such as EVA, PU, gel.
At the same time between the elastically deformable element 530 and these support elements 541, 543, 542 provided by the cavity 548, in order to ensure the independence of these supporting elements, and between these elements there is a cloth canvas 547, made of the same material as the supporting elements 542, 543, 541.
In an embodiment according Fig extending essentially horizontally elastic element return 647 placed in the same way as in the case depicted in Fig, between the support elements 641, 643, 642 (not shown in the drawing). The only difference is that the return element 647 in this case is made of another material, such as elastomeric rubber. In addition, this element is located essentially in the middle part in the vertical direction relative to the reference blocks.
On Fig and 17 show various examples of implementation soles in Varian is E. according pig (and Fig and 14), that is, in the version in which the contact layer 350 includes a cloth canvas 355 between the two support blocks 341, 342, 343, providing elastic mutual return of these blocks relative to each other.
In the case illustrated in Fig, fabric canvas 355 contains three substantially similar branches, respectively a, 355b, 355c, which extend from each of the corresponding reference block 342, 343, 341 and connected to form a star.
In case pig fabric canvas 355 contains only two branches, respectively, 355d, e, each of which connects the two support blocks between them, namely, blocks 342, 341 and blocks 343, 341.
Configuration Fig and 17 can also be applied in an embodiment according Fig, in which the return element 647 has the form of the three branches a, 355b, 355c or two branches between basic blocks.
In different versions of the number of branches a, 355b, 355c or 355d, e can be changed and can be, for example, four or more or less.
The proposed invention is not limited to described as non-limiting examples of variants of implementation, and includes all similar or equivalent options.
1. Shoes, including top of the Shoe, which is attached to the outer parts of the soles, containing the upper end part and lower end part, different t is m,
the outer part of the sole(10, 110, 210, 310, 410, 510, 610) have level heels, at least two of the support element(41, 42, 43; 141, 142, 143; 241, 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643) of shock absorbing material located respectively to the side edges and secondary edges of the soles, with each element(41, 42, 43; 141, 142, 143; 241, 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643) extends in the vertical direction, essentially, from the upper end portion to, in essence, the lower end portion of the sole,
the supporting elements(41, 42, 43; 141, 142, 143; 241, 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643) made with the possibility of deformation, essentially independently from each other,
and the outer part of the sole(10, 110, 210, 310, 410, 510, 610) contain provideproperty element(30, 130, 230, 330, 430, 530, 630), including the upper part, which extends in the transverse direction of the sole and covers the upper end of each of the supporting elements(41, 42, 43; 141, 142, 143; 241, 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643), and at least two feet(34, 35, 36; 134, 135, 136; 234, 235, 236), which extend from the side and in the middle and cover the outside of each of the supporting elements(41, 42, 43; 141, 142, 143; 241, 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643), essentially, throughout their height.
2. Footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the element provideproperty(30, 130, 230, 300, 430, 530, 630) rigidly connected with each of the supporting elements(41, 42, 43; 141, 42, 143; 241, 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643).
3. Footwear according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that each foot(34, 35, 36; 134, 135, 136; 234, 235, 236; 334, 335, 336; 434, 435, 436; 534, 535, 536; 634, 635, 636) providermessage element(30, 130, 230, 300, 430, 530, 630) fixed to its lower end below the lower end of a corresponding support element.
4. Footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that each supporting element(41, 42, 43; 141, 142, 143; 241, 242, 243: 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643) provided at its lower end the contact layer.
5. Footwear according to claim 1, wherein the sole includes a supporting element(41, 141, 241, 341, 441, 541, 641) with the middle region and two of the support element(42, 43; 142, 143; 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643) with the side edges.
6. Footwear according to claim 5, characterized in that one of the supporting elements(42, 43; 142, 143; 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643) with the lateral edge extends also on the back of the heel.
7. Footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that each supporting element(41, 42, 43; 141, 142, 143; 241, 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643) independently connected to provideproperty element to its upper end.
8. Footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the supporting elements(41, 42, 43; 141, 142, 143; 241, 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643) through the fabric of the canvas (147) connected to its upper end with provideproperty element.
9. Footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the supporting elements soybean is inany through the canvas of the elastic material (147, 347, 355,455,555,647).
10. Footwear according to claim 9, characterized in that canvas is made of elastic material(355, 455, 555, 647), in particular rubber.
11. Footwear of claim 10, characterized in that it contains a contact layer (350) for connecting various support units (341, 342, 343), with a contact layer (350) contains fabric canvas, connecting the various elements at their lower ends.
12. Footwear according to claim 9, characterized in that the canvas of the elastic material (355, 455, 555) is located on the lower end of the supporting elements.
13. Footwear according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the canvas of the elastic material (647) is placed essentially at the height of the support elements.
14. Footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the average of the reference element(41, 141, 241, 341, 441, 541, 641) has a hardness greater than the hardness of the side supporting elements(42, 43; 142, 143; 242, 243; 341, 342, 343; 441, 442, 443; 541, 542, 543; 641, 642, 643).
15. Shoes under item 14, characterized in that the element provideproperty(30, 130, 230, 300, 430, 530, 630) includes at its upper end portion in the form of a trough, located at the heel.
16. The shoes 15, characterized in that the part in the form of a trough extends to the level of the bottom of the rounded Shoe.
17. Footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that provideproperty element (230) is extended towards the front of the Shoe due to the two horizontal projections extending respectively from the side and in the middle
18. Footwear according to claim 1, wherein the sole includes a layer of cushioning material (20, 120, 220), located between provideproperty element and riding shoes.
19. Footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the supporting elements are made of shock-absorbing material such as foam, such as ethylene vinyl acetate EVA, polyurethane PU.
20. Footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that provideproperty element is a material having a young's modulus of at least 40 MPa.
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to production system of "assembled" shoes or moccasins equipped with shock-absorbing insert (3), which is inserted into space (8) produced inside false heel, which consists of special rigid frame (2) in the form of horseshoe-shaped yoke. Production system for shoe with shock-absorbing insert in heel, in which the following components are used: special last (1) of such type, which has a heel part (1a) and toe part (1b), joined by spring (M), in which heel part (1a) includes heel (1c) connected to heel part by step (1d), since heel (1c) is a bit smaller than heel part (1a); special rigid frame (2), which surrounds heel (1c) and which mainly represents a horseshoe-shaped yoke; shock-absorbing insert (3) arranged inside heel under heel part; and includes the following sequence of working stages: a) putting frame (2) onto heel (1c) of last (1); b) fixation of inner sole (4) by available mans with the possibility of detachment, at the bottom of last (1) sole, lower sole of which is fully covered with inner sole (4) from toe part to heel part, and central part of it (4a) is twice folded to cover transverse front edge (1c') of heel (1c); c) covering and tightening of tightened edge of shoe upper (5) so that horseshoe-shaped frame (2) is hidden, which remains covered with upper (5); a) application and fixation of ordinary outer sole (6) on inner sole (4); application and fixation of tip (7) onto sole with available means; removal of shoe from last (1) and insertion of shock-absorbing insert (3) of the same shape and same size as heel (1c) so that it is precisely arranged in space (8) surrounded by horseshoe-shaped frame (2); h) insertion of inner sole (9) into shoe (S) arranged so that it hides insert (3).
EFFECT: production system, according to inventions, provides for update of technology, for creation of space on support surface of heel used for installation of insert in it, made of soft elastic deformable material, which is able to absorb heel shocks against support surface in process of walking.
8 cl, 22 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: elastic sole comprises hollow in the form of foot on upper layer of sole and several elastic hollow cylinders arranged in hollow. Each of hollow cylinders has open upper part, which is arched or spherical surface and is arranged with the possibility of closing. Hollow cylinder has diametre from 0.5 to 2.0 mm. Elastic sole is filled with rubber available between hollow cylinders.
EFFECT: arrangement of sole with simple structure, wear-resistant and capable of automatic control of contact surface between wearer foot and shoe sole to provide for good shock-absorbing properties.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: sole, in particular for sport shoes, may be arranged with higher elastic deformability also in tangential direction forward and backward, as a result proper shock absorption is also achieved during inclined and slightly shifting treading. However, after critical deformation has been achieved in such deformed area, sole is substantially rigid relative to tangential deformation. Runner may again push off load point, also without losses in distance. According to invention, elastic deformability of sole is achieved also in tangential direction as a result of at least one first element, and its mentioned rigidity against tangential deformation after achievement of critical deformation, as well as extent of critical deformation in such deformed area is identified by at least one second element. While these first and second elements may be independently calculated, identified by size, there are more opportunities for practice regarding design, improvement and changes. Finally, in the area of heel and/or toe of sole there are multiply alternating zones, identified with at least one first element and zones identified with at least one second element.
EFFECT: provision of opportunity to avoid floating effect in case of high elastic deformations.
9 cl, 26 dwg
FIELD: personal demand items.
SUBSTANCE: shoes with accumulation of energy generated in process of its use comprise shoe upper and heel joined to each other with fixing elements for fixation of foot position in shoes, and also plate spring, according to invention, shoe sole and heel create plate spring, moreover, initial angle between sole and heel, which are spring arms, is more than 90°, and shoe upper provides for the possibility to change angle between sole and heel and is arranged from elastic material or comprises easily deformable inserts, for instance corrugated ones. In shoe, sole and heel that create spring, are arranged from elastic polymer material. Initial angle between spring arms is selected depending on its properties, and also purpose of shoes and physical resources of user. Cross section of spring may be arranged as permanent or varying in length. Elastic properties and rigidity of spring may be permanent or vary in length and width. Spring may have sections with C-shaped cross section for partial coverage of foot. In shoes with accumulation of energy, by means of alternating feet rest onto support surface with simultaneous deformation of spring and displacement of feet using energy of spring release, according to invention, primary touchdown is carried out onto forefoot, and spring is deformed in process of further lowering of heel part. Spring is deformed till full or partial rest of foot onto support surface.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of user weight application for accumulation of energy for user foot push and improvement of his or her safety, provision of possibility to change character of user motion due to initial touchdown not onto heel part of foot but rather upon forefoot, which makes it possible to most efficiently use physical resources of a human being, in particular to provide for an efficient operation of ankle joint and Achilles tendon.
8 cl, 6 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: articles of personal use.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to footwear ensuring energy accumulation, including footwear for everyday use, sport footwear for running, jumping, footwear for mountaineers, as well as footwear used as rehabilitation means for recovery of work capacity of foot ligaments and muscles. In footwear with energy accumulation from lamellar spring deformation, including upper part of footwear, sole and fixing elements for fixation of foot position with respect to sole. Anterior part of sole is made in form of bent downward, fixed cantileveledly with respect to remaining part of sole lamellar spring, fixing elements also ensure pressing of anterior part of foot to sole spring. Upper part of footwear has possibility to ensure periodic change of angle between spring and posterior part of sole and is made from elastic material or contains, in zones subjected to stretching and contraction, easily deformed inserts, for instance crimped. Angle between bent spring and remaining part of sole from the side of support surface is less than 180°. Zone of fixation and bend of sole spring can correspond to beginning of metatarsus, sole toe phalanxes or can be nearer to heel. Spring can be made from elastic polymer material or from other elastic material. Initial angle of sole spring bending can be chosen depending on its properties, as well as footwear purpose and physical possibilities of user. Cross section of sole spring can be made constant or variable in length. Elastic properties and rigidity of sole spring can be constant or variable along length. Sole spring can have parts with C-shaped cross section for partial covering of foot. Anterior part of sole spring can be made curved, for instance for cohesion with projecting roughness of support surface.
EFFECT: increase of efficiency of energy accumulation use for user foot push and increase of their safety.
10 cl, 6 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: personal demand items.
SUBSTANCE: this invention is related to functional shoes according to new concept, which itself adapts to sole shape and gives feeling of softness in process of walking. Shoe object comprises the following components: upper part of shoes and sole fixed to upper part of shoes. Sole comprises elastic insert, which comprises soft elastic body, which may be deformed in compliance with sole shape.
EFFECT: invention provides for simplicity of these shoes design, with the help of which it gives the feeling of going barefoot by sponge carpet for guaranteeing the comfort of user.
37 cl, 30 dwg
FIELD: items of personal use and for household.
SUBSTANCE: sole for shoes has an insert with a good few supporting tubes furnished with internal partitions arranged to control supporting properties of each supporting tube. In the model of the first variant, the first set of supporting tubes is situated along the middle side of the sole in the heel area. There is also a number of partitions situated in one of the appropriate supporting tubes. Orientation of at least one partition is at the angle to the orientation of at least another partition. The insert may include an arch area that goes on through the arch part of the sole and provides support for it. The arch area may form a cut for penetration of the belt of the upper part. The insert may additionaly include extension of the toe area that goes frontwards from the arch along the middle side of the sole. In the model of the other variant, the sole may include cuneal heel part situated below the insert in the heel area so that the supporting tubes are mintained above relatively elastic material. The insert may include trees mutually connected with the middle and side supporting tubes. The shoes device has the upper part and the sole connected with the upper part. The sole includes the middle part of the sole, cuneal heel area and an insert. The insert is situated at least partially between the cuneal heel area and the middle part of the sole. The sole for shoes contains the outer part of the sole, cuneal heel area situated above and connected thereto, the insert situated above the cuneal area and the middle part of the sole situated above the latter. Orientation of the partitions in the side supporting tubes goes on generally in horizontal direction and orientation of the partitions in the middle tubes is situated in vertical orientation.
EFFECT: sole can be easily arranged for provision of the required supporting profile and extension of duration of the middle part of the sole without destruction.
28 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: sole for sportive shoes, in particular.
SUBSTANCE: sole is tangentially deformed for at least 20% of its deformable thickness and becomes substantially hard with respect to tangential deformation only after at least one critical deformation in zone deformed to such extent. Critical deformation is reached only after passage of tangential and/or perpendicular deformation path which exceeds 20% of its deformable thickness. This path may exceed even more than 50% of this thickness. Sole is sufficiently soft and pliable in tangential direction too. This feature allows runner to reach stability in any point of stepping by foot or loading it. Runner may spring again from loading point without path loss. Sole may be detachably attached as integral part or as a plurality of parts to intermediate shoe sole.
EFFECT: simplified construction, elimination of floating effect, and improved deformability properties of shoes using such sole.
14 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: shock-absorbing parts for shoes, in particular, sportive shoes.
SUBSTANCE: shock-absorbing part comprises at least one first member which has predetermined height H in load applying direction R in unloaded state of shock-absorbing part. The latter is made in the form of hollow body defining receiving chamber. Additional second member partly inserted into receiving chamber has smaller cross-sectional sizes than first member. In unloaded state of shock-absorbing part second member has height h in load applying direction R and is axially aligned with first member. For improving shock-absorbing properties of shoes, second member is also made in the form of hollow body. Mating first and second members are joined through connecting portion extending only between first member and second member. Said members define gastight chamber.
EFFECT: enhanced shock-absorbing properties of shoes and increased recovering force for recovery of shoe sole after relief of load so that regeneration of energy upon releasing of load on shoe may be increased.
25 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: personal demand items.
SUBSTANCE: footwear stabilising material contains fibrous composite material (1) with the first fibrous component (2) and the second fibrous component (3) having two fibrous parts (4, 5). At that, the first fibrous component (2) has the first fusion temperature and the first range of softening temperatures, which lies below it. The first fibrous part (5) of the second fibrous component (3) has the second fusion temperature and the second range of softening temperatures, which lies below it. The first fusion temperature and the first range of softening temperatures are above the second fusion temperature and the second range of softening temperatures. The second fibrous part (4) of the second fibrous component (3) has higher fusion temperature and higher range of temperatures, which lies below it, than the first fibrous part has. Fibrous composite material (1) as a result of thermal activation of the first fibrous part (5) of the second fibrous component (3) with adhesive softening temperature lying in the second temperature range is thermally hardened at maintaining permeability for water vapour in thermally hardened zone. Footwear sole assembly permeable for water vapour is made for the footwear containing at least one opening passing through the thickness of footwear sole assembly and covered with footwear stabilising material as per it. 1-5 and with barrier module as per it. 6-8. Footwear is manufactured by using the sole assembly with the stabilising material as per inventions.
EFFECT: manufacture of the design of shoe sole with long-term water impermeability and with especially high permeability for water vapour at providing higher stability of shoe sole and its components.
15 cl, 33 dwg
FIELD: light industry, in particular, shoe industry, more particular, production of special-purpose shoes with shockproof toe part and puncture-resistant and cut-resistant step part.
SUBSTANCE: method involves inserting into tightened shoe with attached bottom part individually fabricated block of rigidly connected (riveted) metal puff and metal plate, with inner surface of metal puff being glue lined with dense layer material and upper surface of metal plate being covered by means of glue with insole possessing demanded hygienic properties; fastening preliminarily glued block within tightened shoe by means of device consisting of double-armed lever with handle on one arm, barrel-shaped roller on other arm and rocking bar pivotally connected to mid portion of lever, said bar being adjustable in length depending on shoe size, and having barrel-shaped roller on its other end; after accomplishment of procedure, withdrawing device from shoe. Protruding edge of layer material of metal puff is glued from inside to back part of shoe so as to close edge of metal puff. Method is applicable for manufacture of shoes of any design and methods of attachment of bottom part.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in producing of shockproof and puncture resistant shoes, reduced labor intensity and improved quality of product.
2 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: manufacture of soles with pins for shoes.
SUBSTANCE: flexible sole has lower working surface consisting of less flexible outer layer, upper surface, more flexible inner layer positioned therebetween, and inwardly retractable pins fixed within inner more flexible layer. Each pin has anchor part embedded into more flexible layer, tip protruding beyond plane of lower working surface, and core which connects anchor part with tip. Flexible material is non-uniform in flexibility extent and has lower flexibility in zone adjoining outer part, near sole surface, and higher flexibility in zone adjoining inner part of sole. Anchor part of pin is embedded into sole in its more flexible part so that body of more flexible material is provided between sole and upper surface. On wearing of shoes and applying of compressive deformation force to sole lower surface, tip is retracted into sole under the action of force applied by anchor part of pin to more flexible inner part. Less flexible outer part of sole provides wear resistance on contacting of lower working surface of sole with rigid surfaces during wearing of shoes. According to another version of sole, lower surface of sole has annular slots running around pin tips to enable bending of tips upon application of pressure to sole lower surface during walking, for example, over rigid surface.
EFFECT: improved adaptation of flexible sole equipped with pins to variable pavement or ground surface and to user's weight so that pins readily cooperate with said surfaces into which these pins are designed to penetrate.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: light industry, in particular, production of parts for winter shoes.
SUBSTANCE: multilayer heat-shielding material has face layer including needle-stitched fibrous base with volumetric density of 0.19-0.24 g/cm3 composed of polyester filaments with linear density of 0.33 tex and polyester high-shrinkage filaments with linear density of 0.17 tex, used in the ratio of 7-8.5:3-1.5, said base being manufactured at needle stitching density of 500-650 1/cm2 and needle stitching depth of 5-7 mm. Material has intermediate layer comprising 40-120 micron thick polyolefin polymeric film plated with aluminum at one or two sides, and reverse side including artificial shoes fur with surface density of 500 g/m2 of polyester filaments having pile density of 70 piles/10 cm. Material layers are connected by needle stitching method at needle stitching density of 200-250 1/cm2 and needle stitching depth of 7-8 mm, with following thermal processing at temperature of 180°C and compacting on heated calendar at temperature of 80-140°C and pressure of 2-5 atm. Another version of material is multilayer heat-shielding material including face layer, which is needle stitched fibrous base with volumetric density of 0.19-0.24 g/cm3, composed of polyester filaments with linear density of 0.33 tex and polyester high-shrinkage filaments with linear density of 0.17 tex used in the ratio of 7-8.5:3-1.5, produced by needle stitching method at needle stitching density of 500-650 1/cm2 and needle stitching depth of 5-7 mm. Said material also has intermediate layer comprising 40-120 micron thick polyolefin polymeric film whose one or two sides are plated with aluminum. Layers are connected by needle stitching method at needle stitching density of 200-250 1/cm2 and needle stitching depth of 4-6 mm. Reverse layer has artificial shoes fur with surface density of 500 g/m2 of polyester filaments with pile density of 70 piles/10 cm, connected with intermediate layer by polyvinyl acetate thermoplastic emulsion having viscosity of 100 poise, with following thermal processing at temperature of 180°C and compacting by heated calendar at temperature of 80-140°C and pressure of 2-5 atm.
EFFECT: improved heat-shielding properties owing to increased thermal resistance, improved moisture resistance, hygienic and deformation-strength properties of material.
3 cl, 2 tbl, 27 ex