Method to produce decorative stone

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: decorative cover element is created as containing an outer layer formed with chippings and a polyester resin in a mixture with a hardener. Above a dome-like frame is formed from glass-fibre plastic made of a glass mat impregnated with the polyester resin in the mixture with the hardener. The frame is formed with three layers. The first layer is made as a reinforcing layer from the glass mat impregnated with the polyester resin in the mixture with the hardener, and hydraulic insulation of the covered object is applied directly onto the decorated section with a specific segment of relief. The second layer of the covering element is formed from river sand in the mixture with the polyester resin and hardener, and is used as the base, where pebbles or chippings are introduced in fractions with size up to 100 mm. The third upper layer is made from a mixture of pebbles, chippings and resin with the hardener and is formed before the second layer hardens, and a protective varnish coating is applied above the third layer.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to decorate and protect hydraulic insulation of artificial streams and reservoirs, to form artificial rocks and waterfalls of arbitrary size, to decorate unsightly landscape elements.

5 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method of production of synthetic structural products replacement solid natural granite, diabase and other hard rocks, used as decorative and protective structures, and can be used for decoration and protection of waterproofing artificial streams and reservoirs, the formation of artificial rocks and waterfalls arbitrary sizes, for decorating unsightly landscape elements.

Known facing sheet [1], containing coating and the substrate sheet of extruded material, the coating is made of the mixture of binder and mineral filler in the coating on 1 weight part of binder have a 2.0 to 2.3 parts by weight of mineral filler, and the coating is deposited directly on the substrate sheet extruded material. It is also known decorative product [2], containing the capture of hosting the ornamental stone, at least one suspension element and the suspension, the product is provided with an outer and inner metal circuits connected between each other, and the inner loop formed by capture for ornamental stone, to the outer contour of the inside and seizure outside the inner loop attached at their points of inflection of the wire to form between it and the contours of the eyes, soedinenieto between a made in the form of strained between the eyelets flexible elements, on which are strung the decorative elements and the external circuit connected to the suspension element through suspension. A disadvantage of the known technical solutions [1] and [2] are limited functionality due to the impossibility of their use as a decorative covering elements.

Known decorative stone slab [3], characterized by the formation in the form of a plate, and at least part of the front surface of the stone plate is made of polished, and the polished surface of the stone plate is made darker than her unpolished parts (base), at least one section of highly-polished surfaces are characterized by different density and depth chipped with randomly distributed protrusions and recesses of the wrong form.

Known decorative plate can be used as a covering element, but operational capabilities, it is limited because it cannot be closed convex objects.

The closest analogue is a decorative covering element [4], which contains an outer layer formed of stone chips and polyester resin mixed with a curing agent, characterized in that it contains a dome-shaped frame made of fiberglass, made of glass Mat impregnated with polyester resin in the art with hardener and laid in the manufacture of the convex shape matrix, on unripe fruit fiberglass deposited sand that forms when the hardening resin has a rough surface and a layer of stone chips and polyester resin with a thickness of 2-6 mm is located on the outer rough surface of the frame.

In this solution, the decorative covering elements imitate the speakers above the ground boulders (granite and Sandstone blocks) and are intended for the protection and decoration of manholes wells caissons, septic tanks, ugly stumps protruding concrete, steel structures, pumping equipment and other unsightly places on the landscape. Stones, hollow inside, allow you to hide any protruding above the ground object.

Known decorative covering element has a dome-shaped frame made of fiberglass, made of glass Mat impregnated with polyester resin in smasis hardener and laid in the manufacture of the convex shape matrix, and an outer layer formed of stone chips and polyester resin mixed with hardener. On unripe fruit fiberglass deposited sand that forms when the hardening resin rough surface.

The disadvantages of this technology are limited only forms a range of forms-matrices, constructive limiting the size of the products offered. Moreover, it used the I stone aggregate fractions larger than three millimeters.

In General, the disadvantage of this solution is the integrity of the dome-shaped frame, the bounding dimensions of the product are known to the framework, the inability to use the complex water elements: in streams, waterfalls.

The purpose of this invention is to eliminate the disadvantages of the prototype.

Effect: allows the decoration and protection of waterproofing artificial streams and reservoirs, the formation of artificial rocks and waterfalls of arbitrary size, decoration unsightly landscape elements.

The claimed technical result is achieved due to the fact that the method of creating a decorative stone, in which the decorative covering element create containing outer layer formed of stone chips and polyester resin mixed with hardener, on top of which form a dome-shaped frame made of fiberglass, made of glass Mat impregnated with polyester resin mixed with a curing agent, characterized in that the frame is formed in three layers, the first of which make a reinforcing layer of glass Mat impregnated with polyester resin mixed with hardener and applied directly to the decorated area waterproofing concealed object with a characteristic segment elevation; a second layer covering element form of river sand mixed with polifemo the resin and hardener and used as the basis, in trying to implement a pebble or stone chips by fractions of up to 100 mm; and the third upper layer made of a mixture of pebbles, stone chips and resin with hardener and form before hardening the second layer, and the top of the third layer is applied with the protective lacquer. As the lacquer coating is used polyurethane clear varnish over the stone. In Lac add dry pigments. Between the reinforcing layer and the second separation layer is applied a layer of polyethylene film. Technological joints between segments are connected by glass Mat impregnated with resin and hardener.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which presents a decorative covering element in the section. The first reinforcing layer (2) (see drawing) is made to be plotted directly on the decorated area waterproofing concealed object (artificial pond: concrete pool deck, film waterproofing excavation, ponds polyethylene). Thus, the first layer may be applied to an existing characteristic segment elevation. It is noteworthy that the decorated base (1), on which is applied the first reinforcing layer may be formed of any shape and anything, such as dried foam or a pile of rags, placed in a plastic bag, as well as any existing form or the form of relief natural object./p>

If necessary, removal of fiberglass copies of terrain is used dividing layer of polyethylene film, which is applied between the first and second layer. The resulting matrix of the first layer and the film can be used for the formation of new layers of clones in shape over it in three layers.

Fiberglass segments of the desired size are arranged at the place of installation in the finished product. Technological joints between segments are connected by a glass Mat impregnated with resin and hardener. The proposed method of creating a decorative stone can link segments to create the bed of the streams, terrain, waterfalls, landing slots for Alpine and ground cover plants, introduce artificial moss in relief products.

The second layer (3) covering element consists of river sand mixed with polyester resin and hardener. Unlike the prototype, it is not final, and is the basis for the introduction of stone, shell gravel or stone chips large fractions of up to 100 mm, the Second layer (3) gives the thickness of the coating and allows the application of the next layer (4).

As the polyester resin may be used unsaturated polyester resin with low emission of styrene, prepared on the basis of orthophthalic acid AROPOL M 105 TV, which, when hardened, provides n the necessary strength properties.

The third layer (4) decorative and consists of a mixture of stone pebbles, stone chips of different breeds and fractions, Shelly gravel and resin with hardener.

The principle of connection of the two upper layers (3, 4) is as follows. In the not yet cured second layer (3) is shrinked pebbles of the third layer (4). After curing all three layers (2, 3, 4) behave as a single unit, providing protective functions of waterproofing. Using different types of stones or pebbles for the third coating layer, we achieve a high degree of decoration and naturalness.

After completion of the solidification process of the product (unlike the prototype) are covered with a transparent polyurethane varnish (5) stone, avoiding atmospheric clenched resin. The varnish can be added dry pigments to create art accents.

The segments produced by this technology can also be used for the formation of artificial rocks and stones of all sizes.

The product is in industrial manufacture, is reliable and durable in operation.

Sources of information

1. Patent RU34455U.

2. Patent RU22637U.

3. Patent RU30785U.

4. Patent RU79305U.

1. A method of creating a decorative stone, in which the decorative covering element create containing outer layer formed of stone chips and polyester smo is Oh mixed with hardener, on top of which form a dome-shaped frame made of fiberglass, made of glass Mat impregnated with polyester resin mixed with hardener, wherein the frame is formed in three layers, the first of which make a reinforcing layer of glass Mat impregnated with polyester resin mixed with hardener and applied directly to the decorated area waterproofing concealed object with a characteristic segment elevation, the second layer covering element formed from river sand mixed with polyester resin and hardener and used as a framework in which to implement a pebble or stone chips by fractions of up to 100 mm, and the third upper layer made of a mixture of pebbles, stone chips and resin with hardener and form before hardening the second layer, and the top of the third layer is applied with the protective lacquer.

2. A method of creating a decorative stone according to claim 1, characterized in that the lacquer coating is used polyurethane clear varnish on the stone.

3. A method of creating a decorative stone according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the lacquer add dry pigments.

4. A method of creating a decorative stone according to claim 1, characterized in that between the reinforcing layer and the second separation layer is applied a layer of polyethylene film.

5. A method of creating a decorative stones what according to claim 1, characterized in that the technological joints between segments are connected by glass Mat impregnated with resin and hardener.



 

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