Control device, system and method for public illumination
SUBSTANCE: in the control device, system and method for public illumination, the control unit is operatively connected a light source illuminating substantially one section of an area comprising at least two sections. The control unit has apparatus to monitor the section for effects of interest. The control unit has apparatus for coordinating illumination activities with at least one corresponding control unit in at least one proximate section by communicating with this corresponding control unit, preferably using a wireless communication method. The illumination activities can comprise adjusting light characteristics variably, setting the light source in a stand-by mode and switching off the light source.
EFFECT: power saving and high safety.
17 cl, 2 dwg
The technical field
The present invention relates to the field of control systems. More specifically, it refers to the system of interconnected electronic controllers located for lighting sectional area.
Prerequisites for creating inventions and
Historically, public lighting, for example, streets, parks, industrial buildings, etc. shall be implemented by a number of light sources included in cases where you need the light because of darkness. Each light source illuminates a part of the area (hereinafter referred to as "section"), while the adjacent section usually overlap. To enable use some light sensors, time switches or other means, and the use of a group of light sources. In addition, modern systems provide the ability to adjust the intensity of light to save energy and extend service life of the equipment, however, and in this case, the light control - variable control of light intensity occurs for essentially all light sources in the system. For small areas use equipment, which detect the movement of objects by thermal radiation, different from the ambient temperature (displacement sensors), included for the I light only when there is a need in the light. In this case, is not commonly used light control.
Among the preceding document, which describes the prior art include U.S. patent 3893000. The document describes a lighting system route, in which the group of light sources is turned on when the passing vehicle and remains activated for a predetermined period of time. Another document is a patent application in the UK 2303906 And that describes a lighting system installed on poles near the road and held in effect sensors. In the report "European lighting technology road" Dale Wilken and others, published by the U.S. Department of transportation (September 2001), according to the lighting standards of the European roads.
However, there is still a need to improve the lighting control to a much greater extent and, thus, to improve energy savings and security.
The present invention discloses a control unit for a lighting system, and discusses the system and corresponding method of operation of the system. The objective of the invention is to achieve energy-efficient lighting and safe environment. Lighting carry on the square, which is formed of at least two sections. The control unit is functionally connect the light source, covering essentially the same partition. The control unit includes means for controlling the sections in relation to items of interest. The block contains a means for the coordination of coverage with at least one corresponding control unit to at least one nearest section through the connection, the corresponding control unit. In a preferred embodiment of the invention the communication between the control units based on the method of wireless communication. Event lighting can contain a variable regulation of the optical characteristics, the installation of the light source in the standby mode and off of the light source, this light features contain at least one of light intensity and color of light. The control unit may control section via at least one of the infrared detectors, digital cameras with image processing, magnetic sensors, radar equipment, measuring ambient light and laser equipment. In one embodiment of the invention the object of interest is at least one of the object or person inside the mentioned section, moving inside the mentioned section, leaving mentioned the th section and included in the mentioned section. The said light source can be one of the lighting device or a group of lighting devices, adjustable as a single light source. Coordination of coverage with at least one immediate control unit includes a change of lighting in the next sections in accordance with the speed and/or direction of movement of the above-mentioned objects.
According to another aspect of the present invention a corresponding system for use in such areas as streets, highways, Parking areas, parks, industrial buildings, and public facilities. Coordination of events for lighting contains step-by-step control of lighting in the field of view of people in order to avoid glare and/or regulation changes the lighting in the next sections, in accordance with the speed and/or direction of movement of the objects, which may contain vehicles and animals.
The invention also includes the aspect of the method of illumination of the area formed of at least two sections. The method comprises the following steps: control section in relation to the subject matter of interest, send data about a subject of interest to at least one nearest section, accept data from at least one nearest section, maintains the Ute lighting, in accordance with the object of interest, and/or data received from one or few sections.
For additional details and aspects of the present invention made with reference to the claims.
Brief description of drawings
Below will be described the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a block diagram of the regulator;
Fig. 2 shows a typical application of street lighting system.
A detailed description of the preferred options
for carrying out the invention
In Fig. 1 shows a block diagram of the electronic controller 100 with the Central electronic unit 106 connected to the lighting fixture 101. The regulator usually has the following functions:
- completely disables the light (OFF) 102;
- supports light in standby mode (READY) for a rapid response in the case of immediate needs 102;
- regulates the AC light signal output from minimum to maximum (INCLUDED) 102;
- establishes communication with the appropriate regulators attached to the nearest lighting fittings 103;
- control section - usually identical sections, illuminated adjustable light with respect to events of interest, for example, people who are on section ladaily animals or of objects moving within a partition or incoming, or outgoing section, for example, by camera 104;
- identifies conditions ambient light 105;
- decides on its activities to the lighting on the side (1) information from its own sensors and (2) of the reported information from regulators at the next light fittings.
In Fig. 2 shows a typical system 5 (as an example) lighting fittings 201-205, located at a distance from each other along the street lighting 5 "sections" of the street. Section overlap each other, as is usually the case in the field of lighting. Each lamp is functionally controlled by the electronic controller 211 to 215 mounted on the fixture.
The following describes one possible implementation of the system functioning: all the lamps, which are supposed to belong to the type of lamps requiring a time-consuming preheating, as expected, are in a state of READINESS, as recently on any of the monitored sections found no object, and there is very little ambient light is at night, so that the regulators are in the wait state required coverage.
The vehicle 200 is approaching on the left, and this event, which includes extending the s and the speed of approach - is controlled by the controller 211. Since the controller 211 has not received any messages from the controller to the left of the lighting fixture, it increases the coverage to the value that provides the lighting, but without blinding the driver of the vehicle. In addition, the controller informs about this event and the parameters such as speed and direction, adjacent to the controller 212, which later will be to drive the vehicle. The controller 212 then increases the light from the READY state to the level that makes the driver of a vehicle more accustomed to the light that provides the opportunity to increase coverage further than the regulator 211, without blinding the driver. Further, the controller 212 distributes information about the event the vehicle approaches the next controller 213, which, in turn, can prepare for the approaching vehicle.
In another embodiment, the invention is a lighting system along the street for a stay of the vehicle only at one end of the street - light sources 205, far removed from this end of the street, could be even the night mode OFF, so how could they be capable of pre-heating at an appropriate time prior to arrival of the vehicle. This opens up opportunities for greater e is anomie energy and increased service life of lighting equipment.
Inside the section, controlled by the regulator, is not recognized any significant object, and the relationship with the immediate regulators indicates that no object is approaching from outside its own section, the regulator reduces the lighting to minimum (OFF or READINESS depending on the above conditions).
Recognition of the direction and speed of objects can be performed by image processing, if the identified equipment controller contains electronic camera and sufficient computing power for image processing, or through additional communication between two or more controllers that control the overlapping section. Additionally, there may be used conventional means, such as radar, laser or electromagnetic sensor that is built into the lane.
Lighting system, located along the street, you can usually use a structured communication network. Theoretically, each controller is connected only with its two adjacent regulators ("neighbors")that use the reported information and in addition - if you skip a modified or unmodified information to the next controller. However, in cases when it should be lit smaller structural space could be required and other, who is one, unforeseen way communication. Therefore, regulators usually can communicate with any other controller within the system, as means of communication (cable network, radio) technically allow this connection. This choice is also useful to support reliable operation in cases where some sources 204 light (no light) or regulators 214 (no signal) fail and cannot participate in the communication.
In an additional embodiment of the invention, special attention can be given to objects within the system in unexpected places or otherwise unexpectedly behave, for example, large animals belonging to the street, the cars moving in unauthorized areas, staying in unexpected places (due to flat tires, engine failures ...), and such events. In this case, the controller may run special lighting and/or communication programs that can be called upon to pay attention to this event to improve security in this area.
1. A control unit functionally connected to control the light source in the lighting system for the area, and the said area is formed by at least two sections, and the said control unit includes means for controlling the said section in respect of the items, predstavlyayushikh interest, characterized in that it contains means for the coordination of coverage with at least one corresponding control unit to at least one nearest section through two-way communication with the said corresponding control unit.
2. The control unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the connection between the control unit based on the method of wireless communication.
3. The control unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the said means for coordinating events for lighting includes means for variable control of light characteristics; means for setting the above-mentioned light source in standby mode and the means for disabling the above-mentioned light source.
4. The control unit according to claim 3, characterized in that the said lighting characteristics include at least one of light intensity and color of light.
5. The control unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the said means for controlling said partition includes at least one of: infrared detectors, digital cameras with image processing, magnetic sensors, radar equipment, measuring ambient light and laser equipment.
6. The control unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the said object of interest is the tsya, at least one of: an object or person that are within the mentioned section; moving inside the mentioned section; leave the section and are referred to in the section.
7. The control unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the said light source includes one of a lighting device or a group of lighting devices that are managed as a single light source.
8. The control unit according to claim 1 or 6, characterized in that the coordination of events for lighting with said at least one immediate control unit includes a change of lighting in the next sections, in accordance with at least one of: the speed and direction of motion of the above-mentioned objects.
9. System for controlling lighting of the square, and the said area is formed by at least two sections having the light source on each section for lighting mentioned section, and a control unit functionally connected to each light source, characterized in that the said control unit is configured to control the said section in respect of items of interest, and two-way communication between the control units, the coordination of activities for the lighting between the nearest control units/sections to achieve energy-saving lighting and security environment.
10. The system according to claim 9, characterized in that the specified area are streets, highways, Parking areas, parks, industrial facilities and administrative institutions and utilities.
11. The system according to claim 9, characterized in that the said object of interest is at least one of: an object or person that are within the mentioned section; moving inside the mentioned section; leave the section and are referred to in the section.
12. The system according to claim 9 or 11, characterized in that the coordination of events for lighting contains at least one of: incrementally adjustable lighting in the next sections in the field of view of said person in order to avoid glare and dynamically adjustable lighting in the next sections, in accordance with at least one of the speed and direction of motion of the above-mentioned objects.
13. The system according to claim 11, characterized in that the above-mentioned objects contain vehicles and animals.
14. The system according to claim 9, characterized in that the said light source includes one of a lighting device or a group of lighting devices that are managed as a single light source.
15. The method of illumination of the area, and the said area is formed by at least two sections, each section with abgene light source and the control unit, characterized in that it comprises the following stages: control the said section in respect of items of interest; identify the said objects of interest; send data about the mentioned subjects of interest to at least one corresponding control unit, at least one nearest section receives data from at least one corresponding control unit; regulate lighting in accordance with at least one of: (1) the above object of interest, and (2) mentioned data taken from, at least one nearest the partition.
16. The method according to item 15, wherein when the above-mentioned recognition of the above-mentioned objects of interest, determine whether the above-mentioned object within said section; moves inside the mentioned section; leaves you mentioned section and is referred to in the section.
17. The method according to item 16, characterized in that the said light regulation contains step-by-step change of the light intensity on the nearest sections in the field of view of said person in order to avoid glare, the regulation changes the lighting in the next sections, in accordance with at least one of: the speed and direction of motion of the above-mentioned objects.
SUBSTANCE: proposed excitation and control device supplies the required switched current to load containing circuit of one or more electronic devices. Voltage conversion device on the basis of input control signal converts value of voltage obtained from voltage source to the other value required on the side of high voltage of load. Control device of change of light intensity provides control of activation and deactivation of load and can also provide current limiting means. Feedback means are connected to voltage conversion means and to current read-out device and supplies control signal to voltage conversion means, which indicates voltage drop in current read-out means which represent the current passing through load. Based on the received control signal, voltage conversion means can regulate its output voltage so that direct switched current can be supplied to load.
EFFECT: higher operating efficiency.
15 cl, 22 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed intelligent driver comprises sine voltage generator, voltage converter, filter and LED illuminator, voltage pickup, illumination pickup, control unit, interface unit, driver unit, indication unit, actuators and pickups, all connected in series. Control unit is connected with voltage pickup, current pickup, illumination pickup, indication unit, interface unit, process pickups and actuators. Voltage pickup is connected with sine voltage generator. Driver unit is connected to interface unit.
EFFECT: higher accuracy and perfected control over light flux.
SUBSTANCE: light-emitting diode (LED) assembly 20, LED former, comprising a FET 42 (field-effect transistor, current regulating transistor, excitation section) and a thermistor 30 lie on a substrate 10. A plurality of such LED assemblies 20 lie on a substrate 10, whereby an area 50 and area 60, each defined by vertices corresponding to LED assemblies 20, are formed on the substrate 10. The thermistor 30 lies in area 50, and the FET 42 lies on the area 60, which lies outside the area 50. The thermistor 30 detects temperature on area 50. Such a configuration enables the thermistor 30 to detect, in accordance with temperature in area 50, temperature due to heat transferred from the LED assemblies 20, without being affected by heat generated by the FET 42.
EFFECT: efficient temperature correction in order to stabilise colour temperature and brightness.
14 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of controlling surround light comprises the stages whereat content signal is received and analysed to define motion vector for object (120A) incorporated with content signal. The latter is displayed on monitor and to adjust lighting effect produced by surrounding light element defined by said motion vector. Displayed content signal may be divided into macrounits (110A) and subunits (230). Motion vector of each subunit (230) may be divided into components parallel and perpendicular to display outer edge. Mean colour of each subunit (230) incorporated with macrounit (110A) nearby display outer edge may be weighed by motion vector of appropriate subunit (230) to define mean colour of macrounit (110A). Mean colour of macrounit (110A) may be used for adjusting surrounding light element.
EFFECT: perfected effect of surrounding light for profound visual perception.
15 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: system of surgical lamps comprises several surgical lamps (1-3), which accordingly have the control device (1c-3c). Control devices (1c-3c) are joined to each other by means of data transfer wires (1d-3d), besides, data exchange is provided between control devices (1c-3c).
EFFECT: provision of surgical lamps synchronisation.
7 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: lighting system consists of combination of transparent sheet and panel of light diodes of back lighting or source of colour lighting (colour lamp (lamps) or light diode (light diodes) in alcove). Lighting system creates a scattered illumination, when the light from specified panel, alcove or other sources falls onto transparent sheet, is scattered and provides for unfocused source of lighting of transparent sheet illuminated area. Method for realisation of lighting and the system of lighting itself may be adapted to switch on elements of wireless intensity, colour and status (on/off) control for the lamp. Besides, using available transparent materials provides for safe and sterile surface.
EFFECT: creation of calming atmosphere in surgical rooms.
11 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for automatic control of illumination in municipal engineering (ME), enterprises, hospitals, clinics, etc., and also in areas of common use in ME system (staircases, lift and interfloor lands, halls) and other objects. Using new control unit - autonomous structural module (ASM), programmable control of double-level luminous efficacy is carried out for luminescent or light diode lamp by means of optimisation of lamp illumination time in two modes of illumination on the basis of programming of minimum invariant basic time interval, and also self-tuning of lamp operation duration in mode of maximum luminous efficacy, which makes it possible to reduce time of non-production operation of lamp in programmable manner, providing for limit saving of electric energy without damage to illumination of the area, where a person stays. Lamps equipped with ASM control unit make it possible to save up to 90% of electric energy.
EFFECT: development of power saving luminescent and light diode lamp with automatic control of double-level luminous efficacy in function from duration of a person in this area.
1 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: instrument making.
SUBSTANCE: with illumination pickups operated, proposed system is switched over into standby mode and standby lamp is switched on in the darkest areas or on all floors. When persons moves in controlled zone, full illumination is witched on in said zone (on floor), then timer generates additional lamp switch-off signal. If appropriate pickup does not confirm resetting to previous state, then said additional lamp stays in ON state till dispatcher interference.
EFFECT: electric power savings and control over premises.
SUBSTANCE: traffic light colour-emitting device consists of a group of series connected light-emitting diodes (LED) which is connected in parallel to a group of blocking apparatus. The blocking apparatus consists of a thyristor, two resistors and a capacitor. The cathode of the last LED in the said group is connected to the drain of a first transistor which functions as a current generator, the source and gate of which are connected through a third and a fourth resistor to the common wire of the device. In order to increase reliability of the traffic light, a second blocking apparatus is connected in parallel to each LED. In order to protect optoelectronic elements of the traffic light from voltage surge, the primary winding of the first transformer TV is connected in parallel to the first variable resistor Rv and suppressor VD. The primary winding of the second transformer TV is connected in parallel to the second variable resistor Rv and second suppressor VD.
EFFECT: maintenance of operating capacity of the traffic light in case of simultaneous break-down of a separate LED and the blocking apparatus connected to the LED in parallel, maintaining monitoring of operating capacity of the colour-emitting device when one evaluation channel is not working, possibility of informing a superior control centre on operation of the device in pre-failure mode.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: instrument making.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of instrument making and may find application in power supply systems. In order to achieve this result, input linear filter (28) separates source (22) of alternating sinusoidal current from cascade of power switching (26). Section (44) of serial switching and section (46) of limiting switching comprise complementary pairs (68-70 and 86-88) of powerful fast-acting field MOS-transistors. Section (44) of serial switching is connected serially between input linear filter (28) and throttle (42) of output loading filter (3 8), which is connected between cascade (26) of power switching and load (24). Section of limiting switching (46) is connected parallel to throttle (42) and load (24). Programmable controlled based on microprocessor (56) generates control signals (102, 106) to provide for alternate conductivity of sections of serial and limiting switching.
EFFECT: expansion of functional resources.
17 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device has a sunlight concentrator, light-emitting diodes, a light-distributing collector and illumination devices with light deconcentrators. Said concentrator may have one or more series-arranged sunlight receivers. Each receiver is made rectilinear and/or curvilinear in form of a circular arc or circle and has the shape of a converging lens in the cross section.
EFFECT: simple design and high efficiency of the system.
4 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises solar batteries (SB), storage battery (SBs), motion sensor (MS), illumination pickup (IP), control device (CD) and illumination lamp. Proposed device additionally incorporates a timer and second illumination lamp. Note here that input/output of SBs (1) is connected with input/output of CD (4). Output of MS (2) is connected with first input of CD (4). Output of SB (3) is connected with second input of CD (4). Output of IP (5) is connected with third input of CD (4). Output of timer (6) is connected with fourth of CD (4). First input of CD (4) is connected with first input of lamp (7). Second output of CD (4) is connected with second input of first lamp (7) and first input of second lamp (8) with its second input connected with third output of CD (4).
EFFECT: longer operation due to optimum use of accumulated solar energy.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to instrument making field and can be used in devices of streets, buildings and underground structures lighting. For achievement of technical result feed system of gas-discharge lamps contains lighting fixtures on the basis of gas-discharge lamps of low pressure, frequency converter, resonant circuit or resonance transformer and one-conducting circuit. Frequency converter is connected to series-tuned circuit. Middle output of resonant circuit is connected to one-conducting circuit or to resonance transformer. High-voltage output of resonance transformer is connected to one-conducting circuit, to which there are attached parallel by one of electrodes of n lamps (n=1, 2, 3…). The second electrode of each lamp is connected to natural tank in the form of insulated conducting body.
EFFECT: functionability enhancement.
7 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: luminary is designed to be represented by a monocrystal or polycrystal body. The luminary has a cavity formed by walls with a source of light contained therein. Between the wall and the source of light there is at least a single monocrystal placed.
EFFECT: luminary consumer properties improvement.
SUBSTANCE: lighting device has a thermo-electric generator, on the first junction of which there is container with volatile liquid, a bowl and a lamp, fitted in space, bordered by the bowl, and connected to the thermo-electric generator. The container is a cup, made from an aluminium rectangular parallelepiped, in which on the opposite side of fixing the thermo-electric generator there is an indention in form of a segment of a sphere. On the second junction of the thermo-electric generator there is a resistive heater, which is in form of a resistive film, deposited on the ceramic lining of the thermo-electric generator. The base of the container together with the thermo-electric generator and the resistive heater are covered in a transparent dielectric compound, from which the bowl is moulded. The colour of the bowl is regulated during manufacturing using different colouring additives, added to the compound. The lamp is a set of light emitting diodes, connected to the thermo-electric generator parallel to the resistive heater.
EFFECT: design of a lighting device with use of a semiconductor thermo-electric generator for producing electrical energy, on which at least parameters of the surrounding medium are affected, increased efficiency of using the thermo-electric generator.
FIELD: outdoor lighting fixtures for functioning in the dark.
SUBSTANCE: proposed outdoor lighting fixture supplied with power from solar battery and wind-electric power unit has vertical post and overhanging support lever that mounts single module. The latter accommodates oscillatory wind-electric power unit installed between solar energy powered lamps incorporating photoelectric panels, storage batteries, control units, and light-emitting diode strips and electrically connected to lamp batteries.
EFFECT: ability of off-line operation and environment lighting at night.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: lighting fixtures with built-in energy source.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device has filament lamp and thermoelectric battery whose cold junction is provided with water reservoir. Mounted above water reservoir is reservoir filled with salt at low cryohydrate dissolving temperature; provision is made for adding salt to this reservoir.
EFFECT: increased temperature differential between junctions.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises generating light flux and increasing its intensity by varying light beam shape with help of hollow truncated pyramid-like wave guide with larger base representing n-polygon with n ≥ 4, light diode being arranged nearby its smaller base. Proposed device comprises light diode modules arranged at Y, with 0 < Y ≤ 120. Said module comprises cluster of light diodes, each provided with hollow truncated pyramid-like wave guide with larger base representing n-polygon with n ≥ 4, light diode being arranged nearby its smaller base to generate light flux at hollow wave guide output a with angular size of 85 ≤ α ≤ 60.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, better illumination of roads.
8 cl, 10 dwg