Construction method of underground storage tank in rocky soils
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling of wells to the depth of 3-5 km; some of them shall be inclined and shall converge at the depth of 3-5 km approximately to one point and shall be used as inlet ones. At that, inclination angle of those wells is chosen so that possibility of spontaneous explosion can be eliminated. Casing of sections of shafts of those wells is performed with casing pipes; squibs and main charges are supplied to them. At that, round charges from explosive in covers are used as squibs and main charges and alternate with explosion initiators, as well as radio electronic devices for receiving destroy signal. Liquid explosives are supplied to wells simultaneously with charges. Destroy signal is supplied by means of radio electronic device. Boundaries of the formed underground cavity is determined after explosion by means of seismic pickups and two inclined diverging wells are drilled approximately from one point towards its edges for its further purposeful use.
EFFECT: lower labour intensity of cavity formation.
The invention relates to the field of technology of creation of underground chambers or storage in the earth's crust and can be used in the energy sector for the storage of liquid or gaseous fuel or to use geothermal energy to injection into a water reservoir.
The problem consists in the following.
Russia is a huge country, the reserves of mineral resources is also very high. The distance from the settlements to the developed mineral deposits are large. In particular, the Ural is a region with a harsh climate, where the temperature ranges from minus 50°C to +40°C. Large distances between settlements create difficulties in ensuring their electricity and gas. Constantly laying gas lines, power lines, construction of gas boilers. Currently, housing and communal services are reconstructed old fuel oil and diesel boilers. Despite this, in rural areas there is constantly a lack of heat, electricity is supplied irregularly. The tariffs of natural monopolies and housing services are constantly growing. Operation of engineering networks annually allocates huge funds. The distance from the energy resources makes it impossible for the construction of small and medium enterprises.
For the mining is yuusha enterprises, remote communities, seaports, military units, for all industrial and polar Urals have Autonomous supply of electricity and heat. The most promising in such circumstances is the use of geo - and solar thermal methods of electricity generation, the use of geothermal heat. For the latter, in the absence of natural underground cavities it is necessary to ensure the construction of the underground chambers.
Construction of underground chambers may be effected by explosive drilling or nuclear explosions.
Thus, the known method explosive drilling, developed by the group of companies "Semirechye" and described on the website www.semireche.ru 2009
Known for explosive drilling is in continuous processing bottom-hole small charges of explosive substances, introduced into the flow of the flushing agent (air or liquid) in the form of ampoules (ampoule or cartridge vzryvoobrazny) or continuous jet (jet blast drilling). Charges capsules are streamlined and safe to use, as the mixture of explosives) is right at the bottom.
Charges of solid EXPLOSIVES require to Bang large impact velocities (not less than 80 m/sec). When the jet vzryvoobraznyj explosive mixture of combustible oxidizer in the form of a flat liquid charge is brasaetsa directly on the face and activates a eutectic mixture of potassium and sodium, injected with a certain frequency. Vzryvoobrazny wells can improve drilling performance by 2-5 times. The disadvantage of this method is that it is used only for drilling vertical wells to 1.5 km. Similar way to the explosive drilling also described in the book Ugolnikov VK "Physics of rock failure when blasting", Magnitogorsk, 2005
There is a method of construction of an underground repository in compressible soils, described in the same application No. 93008095, CL E21D 13/00, E21F 17/16, B65G 5/00, P/10/02, Z. 10.02.93, op. 27.11.95 and selected as a prototype.
The known method involves drilling vertical wells, placing them in postilochnyh charges of explosives (e) and stemming from the crimping mixtures, the formation of the charger and the compensation cavities by detonation of explosive charges, while drilling the required number of vertical wells provide at least 120 radii prostrelennoe charge W and not more than 2Rewhere Reis the radius of the zone of efficient use of energy explosion of the main charge W on the compensation cavity, and Re=(0,65-0,7)×√v/n where V is the design capacity of the underground storage, n is the number of paired tanks in the store.
In vertical wells placed prostredie charges W and stemming from Nepalese mixture is with a coagulant, which is done by the method of inverse emulsion containing oil, latex, clay and aggressive water. By explosion postilochnyh charges form extra long charging the cavity with fortified walls, in which are placed the main charge and the stemming of defacements cement mixture with the accelerator setting. The height of the layer defacements mixture is equal to 2R.
Sequential blasting of the main charges in two neighboring wells form a conjugate underground storage tanks with walls, fixed solid waterproof coating. Similarly, carry out sequential blasting of the main charges in the remaining wells.
The method allows to significantly increase the efficiency of blasting and reduce the complexity of the construction of underground repositories through the use of compensatory cavity of the storage tanks, as well as due to the formation of coatings of the walls directly in the process of blasting.
A disadvantage of the known technical solution is the complexity of its implementation, due to the need of drilling multiple wells, as well as the fact that this method is typically used for smaller drilling.
The goal is to simplify the technology for underground cavity at great depths.
Set the military task is solved by in the method of construction of an underground repository in rocky soil, namely, that are drilling multiple wells, place them in prostredie charges of explosives, use the basic charge and the stemming, blowing the main charges form an underground cavity, CHARACTERIZED in that the vertical trunks wells are drilled by any of the known methods to a depth of 3-5 km, as part of them counter-inclined, converging to a single point on the depth, and use them as input, selecting the angles such as to exclude spontaneous explosion, and then produce a casing of these sites trunks pipes, in which take as postilochnyh and fixed charges all charges balls of solid explosive shells interspersed with the initiators of the explosion, and electronic devices for signal reception to undermine, placing them into the pipe and simultaneously feeding in tubes of liquid explosives, then give the signal for the explosion, then control using seismic boundaries formed in the explosion at a depth of 3-5 km underground cavities and drill to the beginning and the end of approximately one point sloping diverging wells for subsequent use.
Execution part drilled by any known method to a depth of 3-5 km wells inclined with ug is AMI tilt, excluding spontaneous explosion and converging to a common point in conjunction with the casing obtained trunks pipes and feed them postilochnyh and the main round of charges from solid explosives fed into the input wells simultaneously with liquid explosive mixed with initiators of the explosion and managed by the electronic device provides the ability to get the tilt-horizontal cavity at a depth of 3-5 km, subsequent monitoring using seismic boundaries formed in the explosion at a depth of 3-5 km underground cavity in conjunction with the drilling to the beginning and the end of approximately one point on the earth's surface inclined diverging to the ends of the cavity wells provides the possibility of further targeted use the resulting underground cavities. The technical result is an easier way to get underground cavities in rocky soil at great depths.
The inventive method has the novelty in comparison with the prototype, differing from it in such essential characteristics as drilling vertical boreholes by any of the known methods to a depth of 3-5 km, some of them counter-inclined, converging to a single point at depth, using them as input, selection for drilling angles such as to exclude from morosely explosion, the implementation of these casing sections trunks pipes, feed them as postilochnyh and the main round of the charge - balls of solid explosive shells interspersed with the initiators of the explosion, and electronic devices for signal reception to undermine, lowering them into the pipe with simultaneous flow in tubes of liquid explosives, the subsequent signal for explosion control after the explosion using seismic boundaries formed in the explosion at a depth of 3-5 km underground cavity, drilling to the beginning and the end of approximately one point inclined diverging to the ends of the cavity wells for subsequent use of the resulting cavity, providing collectively achieve the specified result.
The applicant did not know the technical solutions with these distinctive features, which collectively achieve the specified result, he felt, therefore, that the proposed solution meets the criterion of "inventive step".
The inventive method can be widely used in the technology of creation of underground cavities cameras, and therefore meets the criterion of "industrial applicability".
The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a diagram of drilling.
The inventive method consists in the following. Buryats any of f the th methods several vertical wells to a depth of 3-5 km Some of these wells 1 and 2 perform sloping, converging at a depth of 3-5 km approximately to a single point and use them as input. The angle of inclination of these wells chosen so as to exclude the possibility of spontaneous explosion. Perform the casing sections of the trunks of these wells pipes 3, serves them prostredie and basic charges 4, as postilochnyh and basic use charges all charges 4 of the solid explosive shells interspersed with initiators 5 explosion, and electronic device 6 for reception of a signal to undermine. At the same time with them in the well served liquid explosives 7. Served using electronic devices 6 signal disruption. After the explosion is determined using seismic 8 boundaries formed underground cavities and drill about from one point to the edges of two sloping diverging deep wells 9 and 10 for purposeful use.
The inventive method is carried out as follows.
Multiple input deviated wells 1 and 2 Buryats, in particular, rotary manner to a depth of 3-5 km, selecting the angles so as to eliminate further spontaneous explosion in the delivery camouflage explosives. In the area of sedimentary rocks produce a casing of these sites is tolow steel pipe 3. Then at the mouth of wells 1 and 2 omit all charges 4 of solid explosives in the shell, for example, of rubber or plastics, protects against spontaneous explosion in the heat of friction and downhole shock when moving down. It focuses charge, the nature of the actions - dispersed charge, and the nature of the actions - camouflage.
Charges have 4 evenly interspersed with initiators 5 explosion and receiving the signal by the electronic device 6. For "soft" delivery of solid explosives, excluding uncontrolled explosion, between "balls" pumped liquid explosives 7, which reduce the shock pulses and temperature effects. Liquid explosives 7 for initiating explosion fills the cavity of the charge, thereby reinforcing the power of the explosion, increase shock wave to form a large area of destruction equal to 100 diameters of the borehole. After education in the explosion of an underground cavity 11 with the help of seismic sensors 8 detect the location of the edges of the cavity and with the earth's surface about from one point to the edges of the cavity are drilling two sloping diverging deep wells 9 and 10 for subsequent use of this cavity 11.
In this way there is formed an inclined-horizontal heat transfer is th tremenously underground Luggage storage between input and output shafts wells.
In comparison with the prototype of the proposed method of construction of an underground repository in rocky soil is simpler.
The method of construction of an underground repository in rocky soil, namely, that are drilling multiple wells, place them in prostredie charges of explosives, use the basic charge and the stemming, blowing the main charges form an underground cavity, characterized in that the vertical well holes Buryats any of the known methods to a depth of 3-5 km, as part of them counter-inclined, converging around one point on the depth, and use them as input, selecting the angles such as to exclude spontaneous explosion, and then produce a casing of these sites trunks pipes that deliver as postilochnyh and fixed charges all charges balls of solid explosive shells interspersed with the initiators of the explosion, and electronic devices for signal reception to undermine, placing them into the pipe and simultaneously feeding in tubes of liquid explosives, then give the signal for the explosion, then control using seismic boundaries formed in the explosion at a depth of 3-5 km underground cavities and drill to the beginning and the end of approximately one point sloping diverging wells for p the next use.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining and can be used during designing, construction and operation of deep depository (landfills) of liquid industrial wastes in underground medium. Method includes selection of sections for wastes disposal, structuring of pumping wells and pumping though it wastes into reservoir rocks. Additionally sections in underground medium are located under watershed divide parts of ground surface topography.
EFFECT: creation of method, providing the most total usage of underground space at reliable localisation of wastes in particular borders and during particular time.
2 cl, 1 ex, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the area of underground storage in the permafrost rocks and can be used in the gas, oil-extracting and petrochemical industry. The mine underground storehouse in the permafrost breeds 1, will gain the basic tunnel development 2, inclined development 3 for passing of the basic tunnel excavation, operational 4 and technological 5 boreholes. The basic tunnel development 2 is executed with a side raise of the technological boreholes 5. The operational borehole 4 is drilled in the bottom part of tunnel development 2, thus in an operational borehole 4 pipelines for reception 8 and selection 9 products of storage are placed. The corner of an inclination of the basic tunnel development does not exceed size at which an absolute mark of the ground 6 basic tunnel developments 2 in a zone of accommodation of a technological borehole 5 does not exceed an absolute mark of its roof 7 in a zone of an arrangement of an operational borehole 4.
EFFECT: increases the efficiency and reliability of the operation of the mine storehouse, to increase useful volume.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed to remove the water from gas and gas-condensate fields. The method includes injecting methanol with the specified concentration (C) [mass percent] as an inhibitor, into reservoir. The (C) is determined by mathematical correlation.
EFFECT: amount of methanol is reduced.
FIELD: methods or devices for use in mines or tunnels, not covered elsewhere, particularly modification of mine passages or chambers for storage purposes, especially for liquids or gases.
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling wells in deposit and developing thereof by partial separated produced gas return. Gas extracted from deposit with high light-weight methane fraction content is returned through production wells into roof area of deep sited deposit at final deposit development stage under pressure less that saturation pressure to form gas cap. Underground natural gas storage is created in the gas cap.
EFFECT: decreased costs for storage creation, decreased storage creation time, increased coefficient of final hydrocarbon recovery in oil field developed by natural pressure depletion without tank gas and other valuable hydrocarbons output volume with the use of common production equipment.
FIELD: mining industry.
SUBSTANCE: method includes driving a mine for cleaning sump and connecting it to sump in such a way, that mine soil for cleaning sump in place of connection is placed at level of shaft bottom, construction of water collector, located outside the shaft, and its connection with mine for cleaning sump, mechanized cleaning of sump. Transporting slope is driven to level of sump cleaning. Then water collector is driven. Mine for cleaning sump is driven with deflection towards water collector. Sump cleaning is performed by delivering spillage along transporting slope.
EFFECT: simplified operations, lower laboriousness.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: gas, oil, oil refining and other industries.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to building and operation of underground reservoir in stable rocks, for instance, soluble salt deposits. Method includes delivery of water and putting out brine along water feed and brine lifting pipes placed one inside the other, charging and storing of gas in underground reservoir. After brine lifting, reservoir is dried and then is filled up with alternating layers of absorbent and inert porous material, volume ratio 2:1, delivered along clearance between water feed and brine lifting pipes. Brine lifting pipe is perforated in lower part in height of reservoir and it is installed in lower part of reservoir. Difference between angles of repose of absorbent and inert material does not exceed 10 degrees. This done, reservoir is filled with gas delivered along perforated brine lifting pipe.
EFFECT: increased productive volume of reservoir owing to sorption of gas on surface of absorbent, reduced cost of gas storing.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to auxiliary transport equipment and is designed for implementation particularly at shutting off apertures of ore chutes for fine and medium size lumps at mines or at unloading lumps out of hoppers. The ore chute gate consists of two secured on cranks bottoms arranged under a hopper outlet; the said bottoms are designed to turn in a vertical plane in opposite directions relative to horizontal axes. The axes are located on exterior sides of vertical walls of a sleeve and parallel to them, while the bottoms on the cranks are secured overhung and have length of an arc corresponding to direct angle with direction of free ends of the bottoms inside the sleeve. Kinematical connection between the cranks is made in form of other cranks secured on axes. Free ends of other cranks are connected to rods of two double-rod power cylinders horizontally oriented and arranged with gaps relative to two other walls of the sleeve. In the initial position at an open gate the cranks of the bottoms are oriented horizontally, while the other cranks form the angle of 45° with the walls of the sleeve. An apron with two sloping surfaces is installed inside the sleeve at the level of axes and parallel to them, this apron overlaps edges of the bottoms in plane.
EFFECT: invention facilitates upgraded reliability of operation at unloading bigger size lumps via outlet of ore chute.
FIELD: mining, particularly to mount sections of powered support and other equipment.
SUBSTANCE: mounting facility comprises base, gripper pad with hydraulic prop, column rotation jacks, boom and hydraulic cylinders for boom lifting. Rotary column is installed on the base so that rotary column may perform rotation movement. The rotary column is made as pipe provided with sprocket. Column rotation jacks are secured to upper plane of the base. One boom end is connected to rotary column. End boom with load gripping mechanism is fastened to another boom end. The boom is additionally connected with rotary column by hydraulic cylinders for boom lifting. Hydraulic prop of gripper pad is pinned to lower support part near base and is located inside rotary column. Sprocket engages two racks of column rotary jacks provided with double-sided rods. Lower sprocket end and cylindrical groove on upper support surface form lower thrust-radial friction bearing. Mounting facility is provided with gantry connected to the base and composed of two parts. The gantry parts are connected one to another by cylindrical bridge and provided with semi-rings, which enclose bored upper pipe part and form upper friction bearing for rotary column.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of mounting facility operation.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: mining industry, particularly underground mineral mining, namely to connect powered roof support sections, to assembly lava conveyer and cutter-loader of component parts.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises base, rotary column and roof beam. Gripper pad is installed on the base. Rotary column is connected with telescopic boom by boom lifting hydrocylinder. End boom with load-gripping means is connected to the first end thereof. The device is also provided with hydrocylinders adapted to move and lift the device. The base has beams of box-type cross-sections, which may slide in side cavities of base frame by two moving hydrocylinders. The beams are pinned to holders provided on front beam ends and on upper plane of the base. Orifices for boom lifting hydrocylinder pinning are formed on both beam sides. Upper beam plane is used as support surface adapted to drive rollers secured in holders of the base during movement thereof.
EFFECT: increased speed of support section assemblage, possibility of autonomous assembly device movement inside assembly chamber of mine without auxiliary winch and puller usage and, as a result, reduced industrial injuries.
FIELD: mining industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for delivering concrete mix at fastening mine workings to place of concreting. Proposed pneumatic concrete-placing machine consists of vessel with charging and discharge holes, car, concrete line and pneumatic system. Pipe is located on bottom of vessel to supply compressed air from pneumatic system to zone of influence of discharge hole equipped with check valve, bottom of vessel being made inclined. Concrete line is furnished with ejecting device and manifold in form of elbow installed coaxially with ejecting device. Ejecting device is arranged on lower section of concrete line directly after discharge hole of vessel, and manifold is arranged after ejecting device. Part of concrete line after manifold is made flexible, corrugated, and ejecting device and manifold are installed with possibility of uncoupling.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of operation owing to prevention of formation of air locks in concrete line and accumulation of mix at bottom of vessel.
FIELD: transport, package.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to waste burial and may be used for extraction of industrial wastes from underground mine working. For this, water feed pipe is perforated over its entire length for elastic closed envelopment to be secured thereon. Water- and brine-feed pipes are fitted into hole. Brine-feed pipe bottom face is arranged at chamber bottom. Brine or other fluid is forced in clearance between said two pipes to displace wastes in brine-lift pipe in volume sufficient to displace wastes from underground chamber and said clearance. Volume of elastic closed envelopment is taken to exceed designed volume of chamber.
EFFECT: expanded applications, higher safety and efficiency.