Evaporating device

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: device for supply of evaporated material to consumer includes heat transfer element which includes heat sink having thermal coupling to heat exchanger, for example to heat tube, and evaporator which includes source of material capable of evaporation, for example tobacco, aromatic material or therapeutic substance. Evaporator is installed on heat transfer element in detachable way. Source of material capable of evaporation has thermal coupling to heat exchanger of heat transfer element. Heat transfer element can be reused with non-reusable evaporators.

EFFECT: owing to design of evaporating device, which is provided with possibility of being isolated from heat exchangers, such evaporating devices can be fabricated and sold separately from heat exchanger, and heat exchangers can be reused.

26 cl, 11 dwg

 

Background of invention

The present invention relates to a vaporizing devices.

Device for delivery of the vaporized material to the consumer have a number of applications, in particular, as devices to simulate Smoking, or for delivery to the consumer flavorings or therapeutic substances.

Options were offered for device simulation area to create a taste of tobacco smoke without burning tobacco. For example, in US 5944025 (cook and others) describes the simulator cigarettes, in which the catalytic unit for area formed by hot gases, which are used for the formation of evaporated scented aerosol gases supplied into the mouth of the smoker, with the regulation of the composition of gaseous products of combustion, and in the US 4892109 (Strubel) describes a device to simulate a Smoking area, which are chemicals that come when mixing in an exothermic reaction, which serves as a heat source for heating the substances that form the aerosol, which is drawn by the smoker. In the US 5247947 (Klerman and others), US 4819655 (Roberts and others) and US 4739365 (Sansaba, Jr., and others) describes simulators cigarettes or devices for Smoking, in which the heated aerosol is formed from carbon external heat source and is presented to the smoker. In addition, US 6532965 (Abhulimen and others) opisyvaet the device to simulate Smoking, do not use combustion, in which to generate the aerosol water vapor is used.

Device for delivering vaporized therapeutic material disclosed in US 4917119 (Potter and others). The device is a tube through which the user inhales. The substance containing the medicine and within the tube, surrounded by a circular layer of material which generates heat upon contact with water, for example, calcium oxide. When the heat source is driven, heat vaporizes the drug, which the user inhales through the tube. The device is disposable.

Summary of the invention

In the present invention in General, a device for delivery to a user of the evaporated material containing heat sink, the heat exchanger having thermal coupling (associated with heat transfer) with heat sink, and an evaporator containing a source capable of evaporated material (containing components that can evaporate when heated)posted by establishing and interrupting thermal communication with the heat exchanger.

Through the use of evaporative device, which can be separated from the heat exchanger, such evaporative device can be manufactured and sold separately from the heat exchanger, and t is plazmennimi can be re-used.

To facilitate separation of the evaporator device preferably consists of two main components, which can be easily separated by the user. One of the components includes an evaporator, possibly together with a heat sink or heat exchanger, and the other component includes either the heat sink or heat exchanger, or both node. For example, in one embodiment of the invention, the heat sink and the heat exchanger are installed in the first component of the device, and the source is able to vaporize the material is installed in the second component of the device, and the second component can be separated from the first component. In alternative constructions, the heat sink and the evaporator are installed on the first component device and the heat exchanger is installed in the second component of the device.

The heat sink and the heat exchanger is convenient to install on a single component of the device. Accordingly, the present invention proposes a device for delivery of the vaporized material to the user, containing a heat transfer component includes a heat sink and a heat exchanger having thermal communication with the heat sink, and an evaporator that contains the source is able to vaporize the material having thermal coupling with detachable from the heat exchanger to the first component.

Izobreteny which also includes heat transfer component for use in the device according to the invention, containing heat sink with thermal communication with the heat exchanger, and the heat transfer component adapted for detachable retention of the source is able to evaporate a material providing thermal communication with the heat exchanger.

The invention also includes an evaporator for use in the device according to the invention, containing the mouthpiece and the source is able to vaporize the material adjacent to the mouthpiece and adapted to exchange heat with the heat exchanger.

If necessary, the evaporator device may include a filter section through which passes the vaporized material.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, heat transfer components provide for their multiple use and evaporative devices are disposable.

Heat transfer component and the evaporator are connected to each other with the possibility of separation. For this purpose, in the preferred embodiment, the source is able to vaporize the material and the heat exchanger have a thermal coupling through complementary parts. For example, in a preferred embodiment, the source is able to vaporize the material includes a channel or recess, which Rethimno attached to one end of the heat exchanger and which are complementary with him in shape. The adjacent ends of these components can be inter is polneyshuyu form so the end of one component Rethimno is inserted inside the other.

In one embodiment, is able to evaporate material is fixed on the carrier or substrate, adapted for connection with the heat exchanger and having a heat transfer surface to transfer heat from the heat exchanger to the volatile material.

The device and components of the invention can be used to deliver any user is able to vaporize the material, including flavorings and medicines. In the preferred embodiment, however, the invention is used to create a simulator cigarettes that do not use combustion. In such embodiments of the invention the source is able to vaporize the material contains tobacco or tobacco substitute.

Heat transfer component may include a heat sink (heat-absorbing medium), from which heat is transferred by the heat exchanger to the source is able to vaporize the material.

In a preferred embodiment, the heat sink is an array of heat-absorbing material that can be heated from an external source of heat and to absorb and hold a sufficient amount of heat in order to provide a controlled transfer of heat via a heat exchanger to the source is able to evaporate the mother is in La for some time to highlight is able to vaporize the material, for use within the required period of time.

The external heat source can be an open flame or primary heater, such as heater Dzhoulevo heat, which may include a device for obtaining a certain temperature by using the temperature control. On the cooling end of the heat transfer component can be installed thermochromic indicator device to provide the user a visual indication that the unit has reached operating temperature.

For heat sink may be used any suitable material. In particular, the heat sink may be made of metal, for example stainless steel, or ceramic material. The heat sink may include a material with a high heat capacity or a material capable of absorbing and then to generate heat through a reversible process that uses the heat of formation, for example, high-temperature phase transition.

The heat exchanger may be in the form of a simple heat-conductive element, such as a solid or tubular rod of conductive metal, for example copper. However, in the preferred embodiment, the heat exchanger is a heat pipe. Typically, such devices include a metal tube filled with the second thermally conductive fluid, which effectively conducts heat along the tube. These products are manufactured by the firm Enerton, Inc. (Chandler, PCs Arizona, USA) and other manufacturers. Can be used single or contains multiple parts of thermally conductive element or heat pipes, or one or more heat pipes may be used in combination with one or more thermally conductive elements.

In order to reduce heat loss during heat transfer, the heat-conducting element can be insulated between the heat sink and the source is able to vaporize the material.

In the preferred embodiment, when the user draws air through the device, air enters the device at one or more points between the heat sink and the source is able to vaporize the material. In the preferred embodiment, air is heated by heat from the heat sink, and then passes through the source is able to vaporize the material in order to ensure the selection of the evaporated material and its passage through the device to the user.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the heat transfer component includes a longitudinally elongated outer sleeve or sheath surrounding the heat sink and heat pipe. The sleeve may be made, for example, of heat-resistant plastics are widely available in the market is e, for example polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), performaction (PFA) or linear aromatic thermoplastic polymer, for example, sold by the company Virtex plc under the brand name of the RAILS, which may not be filler, or may contain a filler, such as glass in the amount of 30 wt.%. In the outer tube from the end near the evaporator has a few ventilation holes.

The end of the heat exchanger with thermal communication with the evaporator may have a coating suitable for contact with the source is able to vaporize the material. Such suitable coatings include aluminum, stainless steel, heat-resistant plastic or heat-conductive ceramics. In addition, the end of the heat exchanger can be made or may include the heat-conducting elements in the form of ribs, grooves, protrusions, plates forming a heat exchange surface, which improves the contact and the heat source is able to vaporize the material.

Brief description of drawings

In order to better explain the invention further, as an example, the following description of specific embodiments with reference to the attached drawings, in which different kinds of the same numbers denote similar parts, and where

figure 1 shows the perspective view of the first device, in accordance with the present which m invention, in the assembled state;

figure 2 presents a view of a longitudinal section of the device shown in figure 1;

figure 3 presents a view of a longitudinal section of the device shown in figures 1 and 2, in a disassembled state;

on figa presents a perspective view in enlarged scale of an alternative device proposed by the invention;

on figb presents a view similar to the view of figa, another alternative device proposed by the invention;

on FIGU presents a view similar to the view of figa, another alternative device proposed by the invention;

figure 5 shows an axial section of a second variant of the device according to the invention, in the assembled state;

figure 6 presents a side view of the evaporator used in the device shown in figure 5;

figure 7 presents end view of the evaporator shown in Fig.6;

on Fig presents a view of an axial section of a third variant of the device according to the invention; and

figure 9 presents a view of an axial section of one component of the device shown in Fig, after disassembly.

Detailed description of the invention

In figure 1, 2 and 3 is shown a device 10 for delivery to the user of the evaporated material in the form of a simulator cigarettes, which includes heat transfer components is t 11 reusable and evaporator 20, designed for single use only. Heat transfer component 11 includes a cylindrical casing or outer shell 12, which is a sleeve that does not have conductivity, made for example of heat-resistant plastic material, ceramics, or other durable material with low heat conductivity. Inside the shell 12 is a heat exchanger in the form of heat pipe 16, is fixed inside the surrounding insulating material 26. The heat pipe 16 one end of which passes into the heat sink 14, and the opposite end is in the evaporator 20, which is a component of a disposable.

Although presented here as an example of a variant embodiment of the invention has the shape of a simulator cigarettes, it can be made in the form of another simulator device for Smoking, for example, cigar or pipe. In addition, although the heat pipe 16 in the described embodiment, is depicted as a line item for the specialist it is clear that the heat pipe 16 may have other non-linear configuration. For example, the heat sink 14 may be shifted from the evaporator 20.

In outer shell 12 has a number of holes 18 arranged in a circle in one or more locations, usually at a distance of 5 mm to 20 mm from utoro what about the end 32, which ends the heat pipe 16. The number and size of holes 18 determine the resistance and the amount of air flow through fixing and insulating material 26 when the device 10. The end which ends the outer casing 12, slightly widened to accommodate disposable evaporator 20 at its introduction at the end, which ends the shell 12, and its retrieval.

In the heat sink 14 is accumulated and held the heat supplied from an external source. Usually for heat sink 14 is used suitable metal or ceramic material, for example ceramics in the form of termoakkumuliruyuschim honeycomb, foamed aluminum or aluminum, or may be used a structure with encapsulated or closed cells containing the material, the temperature of the phase transition which is selected within the desired optimum range, so the ability to store heat increases due to a physical phase transition between a state with high energy, such as liquid, and a low energy state, such as solid. There are a large number of materials with phase transition, whose melting point is between 150 and 250C, and the latent heat is 100-700 j/cm3. These include salts, for example AgNO3, AlCl3, TaCl3InCl 3, SnCl2, AlI3and TiI4; metals and metal alloys, such as selenium, tin, indium, tin, zinc, indium-zinc or indium-bismuth, and organic compounds, such as D-mannitol, succinic acid, p-nitrobenzoic acid, hydroquinone and adipic acid. One of the most suitable materials with change of phase is a eutectic alloy of tin (91 wt.%) and zinc (9 wt%), the melting point of which is 199C. alternatively, the materials that can happen reversible processes with evolution of heat, can also be used in the heat sink 14. These materials include, for example, magnesium hydride, which upon heating decomposes with evolution of hydrogen; when cooled is a chemical compound of hydrogen and magnesium to form magnesium hydride, the resulting heat in the process of returning to a state with lower energy (magnesium hydride). In the alternative, can be used and other materials with high transition temperature (i.e. materials with a transition temperature in the range of from approximately 150C to 300C).

In a preferred embodiment, the heat sink 14 has a length of from 15 mm to 30 mm, and the size of circle corresponds to the size of a standard cigarette, about 25 mm Heat sink 14 is from the mother of the La, which, in the preferred embodiment, may be preheated to a temperature of from 200F to 600F (approximately 90C to 315C), and in a more preferred embodiment, from 300F to 500F (about 148C to 260C). In addition, the heat sink 14 can be closed from the outside with a thin layer of insulating material (not shown)having a low thermal conductivity, which will transfer heat to the heat from an open flame, but, due to a layer of insulation that will protect the user from direct contact with the heated heat sink. The insulating sheath may be made by sliding the shell, which can be shifted along the device 10 to expose the heat sink for heating it, and returned back to close to the heat sink 14, providing protection against direct contact, and additional insulation stored heat. In addition, the heat sink surface 14 or the insulating sheath (not shown) may be applied in thermal communication with them, thermochromic indicator 40, according to the testimony which the user can set, is achieved when the temperature of the end portion of the device 10 within the temperature range required for the use of the device. Suitable for use in thermochromic indicators materials include, for example, zinc oxide, lead oxide (II), Nickel sulfate, pyrope with a high content of the Roma, and others In the alternative, the heat sink 14 or insulating sheath (not shown) can be integrated mechanical device containing a bimetal thermostat that provides a visual alarm achieve the desired operating temperature range.

As clearly seen in figure 2 and 3, the heat transfer component 11 reusable device 10 also includes a heat exchanger in the form of heat pipe 16, one end 30 of which is connected with the possibility of heat transfer from the heat sink 14, and the opposite end 32 is inserted into section 22 of the evaporator, which contains the source is able to vaporize the material, in this case, containing tobacco mixture. The heat pipe 16 is typically a hollow metal tube, for example tube from Manila, titanium, aluminum or copper, sealed at both ends and filled with a heat transfer material 36. In a preferred embodiment, the heat transfer material 36 contains a material with a capillary wick impregnated with liquid, such as water, ensuring the transfer of thermal energy from the heat sink 14 to the section 22 with tobacco. For example, heat pipes with water in a copper sheath having a working temperature range from 5C to 230C, or tube in the shell of Manila having a working temperature range from 5C to 290C, suitable for use in the present izaberete the AI. In addition, the heat pipe 16 typically has a diameter from about 2 mm to 6 mm, and a length from 5 cm to 9 see the Heat pipe 16 is surrounded by securing it with a suitable insulating material 26, such as ceramic wool, ceramic fiber, porous ceramics, fiberglass, foamed polymer with open pores, or other suitable insulating materials that can withstand cyclic temperatures within the operating range. Obnazheny end 32 of the heat pipe adapted for connection with heat transfer, with the tobacco section 22, as will be described later. Obnazheny end 32 may have a coating, suitable for contact with the tobacco section 22. Suitable coatings may include aluminum, stainless steel, high temperature thermally conductive plastic or ceramic. The insulating material 26 that secures the heat pipe 16, closes it, from the heat sink 14, to a point located at a distance of 5-10 mm from the second or obrazuemogo end 32 of the heat pipe.

As shown in Figure 3, the device 10 for Smoking, do not use combustion, includes disposable evaporator 20, which contains the source is able to evaporate material 22 on tobacco basis and also, in this embodiment, the filter section 24, coaxially with the tobacco section 22. The tobacco section 22 has a channel or recess 28, the inner diameter is Tr which approximately corresponds to the outside diameter of the end 32 of the heat pipes 16, resulting in its shape mates with the end 32 of the heat pipes and ensures its dock. The tobacco section 22 has a generally cylindrical shape with a length of about 5-20 mm, and wrapped in paper or other suitable material, indicated by numeral 38, with an outside diameter essentially equal to the inner diameter of the outer shell 12. Thus, the tobacco section 22 can be inserted inside of the outer shell 12 of the heat transfer component 11 with simultaneous input end 32 of the heat pipe in the channel 28 to ensure passing the heat. Located around the circumference of the hole (not shown), similar to the holes 18, as shown in figure 1, can be made on the cylindrical casing of the tobacco section 22 to improve evaporation and leakage of air through the device.

As shown in figure 3, the end 32 of the heat pipes may be flat or slightly rounded. Alternatively, the end 32 of the heat pipes can be designed so as almost to penetrate the tobacco section 22 for better contact and heat transfer. With this change, heat pipe, the section 22 may not be required channel 28. On figa presents such an alternative implementation of the end 32 of the heat pipe, in the form of one of the penetrating needle. On figb shows another alternative implementation of the end 32 heat the second tube in the form of a cone with flat edges. On FIGU shows another alternative implementation of the end 32 of the heat pipe in the form of multiple penetrating needles. Tobacco or aromatic section 22 typically contains particles of tobacco, processed tobacco leaf or tobacco extract, which is the appropriate selection, packaging and flavoring, to perform the functions of the heat, but do not burn tobacco basics.

To flavouring or tobacco section 22 is attached to the mouthpiece, including the filter tip 24. The filter 24 is typically a polypropylene mesh or fiber cellulose acetate with high denier or curly tube of cellulose acetate or other material having a suitable hardness, low air resistance and a low cleaning efficiency. The filter 24 is attached to the base of the outer paper wrapper 38 or similar method.

In use, the evaporator 20 is inserted into the expanded end 34 of the heat transfer component 11 reusable, and the end 32 of the heat pipe 16 is inserted into the channel 28 of tobacco or aromatic section 22. Then the heat sink 14 is heated by an external heat source, such as lighters or similar source to a predetermined temperature, the indication which, in the preferred embodiment, is an indicator that trigger p and a certain temperature, for example, thermochromic indicator 40, or other such indicator. When the indicator shows the set temperature, the smoker or the user stops the heating process and draws air through the mouthpiece or end 24 of the filter evaporator 20. Air passes in isolating and fixing material 26 of the heat transfer component 11 through the air holes 18 and heats the heat in the tube 16 heat transfer. The hot air then passes through the tobacco or aromatic section 22, which is also heated by contact with the heat pipe 16 where the air vaporizes the flavouring component, located within section 22, and then is drawn into the mouth of the user.

Figure 5 shows another variant embodiment of the invention, containing a heat transfer component 11 and the evaporator 20. Heat transfer component 11 comprises a cylindrical casing 12 along the Central axis of which passes the heat pipe 16. The heat pipe 16 with one end fixed to the heat sink 14. One end of the heat sink 14 is in the form of the centering protrusion 14a which is inserted in one end of the cylindrical casing 12. Between the casing 12 and the centering protrusion 14a is a layer of insulating material 36. The other end of the heat sink 14 protrudes from the housing 12, and on its outer surface, to which it is shown in the drawing, made several concentric ribs 37 forming region 14b of the heat transfer. Ribs 37 increase the surface area of the heat sink and accelerate heat transfer to the heat sink 14 from an external source. It is understandable that you may be offered another form of the surface of the heat sink in order to achieve efficient heat transfer, such as ribs or grooves. At the other end of casing 12 is a recess 38 into which is inserted into the centering protrusion 39 of the mating shape formed on the end of the evaporator 20 of the device.

The evaporator 20 includes a filter section 24 and flavouring section 22 enclosed within a cylindrical casing 40 having the same outer diameter as the casing 12 of the heat transfer component, except at one end where the cover 40 has a reduced diameter, forming a centering protrusion 39. The housings 12, 40 as a heat transfer component, and evaporator are located around the circumference of the holes 18, 18a, providing retraction of the air in the device during its use.

As shown in Fig.6 and 7, flavouring section 22 includes a holder 45 of the heat-conducting material, such as metal, for example copper or aluminum. The holder has a cylindrical Central core 46, which is worn with slip on heat pipe 16, and four radial ribs 47 on the outer surface along the axis of the holder. The tobacco material 49, located between the four ribs has an outer surface of cylindrical shape, which abuts the inner surface of the casing 40 of the evaporator. The holder 45 provides heat transfer from the heat pipe to the tobacco material.

Another variant embodiment of the invention shown in Fig and 9. The unit contains the evaporator 20 and the heat transfer component 11. The evaporator 20 comprises a cylindrical casing 12, the heat sink 14 located at one end of the casing 12, and the liner from the tobacco material 22 has a cylindrical shape, located at the other end of the casing 20 and in contact with the heat sink 14. The liner material 22 may be made in the form presented on Fig.6 and 7. One end of the heat sink 14 is in the form of a centering projection 14a which is inserted in the end of the cylindrical casing 12. The other end of the heat sink 14 protrudes from the housing 12, and its outer surface is made of several concentric ribs 37 forming region 14 of the heat transfer for faster heat transfer to the heat sink 14 from an external source. The heat sink 14 and the liner from the tobacco material 22 have Central channels, the axes of which are aligned and in which is inserted one end of the heat pipe 16. On the opposite side of the heat sink end of the casing 12 is formed centering lug 39, which is inserted on Calzada landing in the slot 38 of the conjugated forms, formed on one end of the heat transfer component 11 of the device. In the casing 12 around the circumference of the formed holes 18a to provide access of air into the casing in the area of the liner from the tobacco material.

Heat transfer component 11, as shown in figure 9, can be separated from the evaporator 20. Heat transfer component 11 comprises a cylindrical casing 40, ending with one end of the slot 38, and two filter sections 24a and 24b, one of which is adjacent to the slot 38, and the other is located at the end of the casing 40, the side opposite to the slot 38. Filter sections 24a and 24b are separated from each other by the cavity 42, which is connected with the space surrounding the casing 40, the holes 18b arranged in a circle. The heat pipe 16 is located with one end in the recess of the filter sections 24b and runs along the Central axis of the casing 40 through the Central channel of the other filter section 24a. The heat pipe has a sufficient length so that when the two components of the device, as shown in Fig opposite from the filter section of the end of the heat pipe is inserted into the Central hole of the heat sink 14.

If necessary, in the filtering section 24b at the end of the casing 40 may be additional flavor, which is released when the filter element is heated heat pipe 1.

In use, the user separates the evaporator 20 from the heat transfer component 20, wears a liner from a tobacco material 22 on the heat pipe 16 and again collects the device, by the end of the heat pipe 16 into the recess in the heat sink 14 and inserting the centering protrusion 39 on the casing 12 of the heat transfer component 20 into the slot 38 on the casing 40 of the heat transfer component 11. Then is heated heat sink 14. Heat is transferred along the heat pipe 16, leading to an increase in temperature of the tobacco material 22 and air in the cavity 42. When the user pulls the air at the end of the heat transfer component 11, the air enters the device through the holes 18a and 18b and carries the vaporized material into the mouth of the user. After use, the device can be disassembled and used tobacco material is removed and replaced with new material.

It should be noted that in other embodiments of the exercise device according to the invention can be used for delivery to a user other vaporized materials, such as therapeutic (medicinal) materials, for example medicines. These options for implementation in all respects will be similar to the devices shown in the attached drawings, except that the evaporator 20 will contain sections 22 measurable evaporation (eleusian the Yu) therapeutic material, not flavouring or tobacco. Examples of such therapeutic materials can be found in US 4941483 (Ridings and others) and US 4955399 (Potter and others), the contents of which are introduced in the present description by reference.

The above detailed description is mainly to improve the understanding of the invention and should not be construed in a restrictive sense, because for a specialist who reviewed the present disclosure will be apparent modifications that can be made without departing from the substance of the invention and within the scope of the claims appended claims.

1. Device for delivery of the vaporized material to the user, containing the heat sink, the heat exchanger having thermal communication with the heat sink, and an evaporator that contains the source is able to vaporize the material placed by establishing and interrupting thermal communication with the heat exchanger.

2. The device according to claim 1, in which the heat sink and the heat exchanger are placed together in the first component of the device, and the source is able to vaporize the material is located in the second component of the device, which can be separated from the first component.

3. The device according to claim 1, in which the heat exchanger is isolated between the heat sink and the source is able to vaporize the material.

4. The device according to claim 1, wherein the heat sink includes m is a material predetermined, able to produce heat in the reversible process owning the heat of formation.

5. The device according to claim 1, wherein the heat sink includes a material with high-temperature phase transition.

6. The device according to claim 1, in which the heat sink contains magnesium hydride.

7. The device according to claim 1, wherein the heat sink includes a ceramic material or metal.

8. The device according to claim 7, wherein the heat sink includes termoakkumuliruyuschim cellular ceramic material, aluminum or foamed aluminum.

9. The device according to claim 1, in which the source is able to vaporize the material includes tobacco.

10. The device according to claim 1, in which the source is able to vaporize the material is able to evaporate therapeutic composition.

11. The device according to claim 1, wherein the evaporator includes a filtering section, through which the vaporized material.

12. The device according to claim 1, wherein the heat transfer component includes passing longitudinally outer sheath surrounding the heat sink and heat pipe.

13. The device according to item 12, in which the outer casing includes a number of ventilation holes on the end side of the outer shell adjacent to the evaporator.

14. The device according to claim 1, additionally containing thermochromic indicator of heat to heat the end of the heat transfer component.

15. Teplota edushi component for use in the device according to claim 1, containing heat sink with thermal communication with the heat exchanger and adapted for mating with detachable source is able to vaporize the material placed by establishing thermal communication with the heat exchanger.

16. Component 15, in which the heat exchanger includes a heat pipe.

17. A component according to item 16, which heat the end of the heat pipe is adapted for detachable coupling and establishing thermal communication with a component to highlight the evaporated material.

18. Component according to any one of p-17, in which the heat sink is made in accordance with any of claims 4-8.

19. Evaporator for use in the device according to claim 1, containing the mouthpiece and adjacent to the mouthpiece source is able to vaporize the material, adapted for mating and establishing thermal communication with the heat exchanger.

20. The evaporator according to claim 19, further comprising a filter through which the vaporized material.

21. The evaporator according to claim 19 or 20, in which the source is able to vaporize the material is placed on the holder, adapted for mating with the heat exchanger and having a heat exchange surface to transfer heat from the heat exchanger is able to evaporate the material.

22. Device for delivery of the vaporized material to the user, containing
heat transfer component, including himself, the heat sink and the heat exchanger, having thermal communication with the heat sink, and
the evaporator includes a source is able to vaporize the material posted by establishing and interrupting thermal communication with the heat exchanger of the first component.

23. The device according to item 22, in which the heat transfer component includes a heat pipe with thermal communication with the heat sink and the source is able to vaporize the material.

24. The device according to item 23, in which thermal coupling of the source is able to vaporize the material and the heat pipe is installed through the part having a complementary shape.

25. The device according to item 23, in which the source is able to vaporize the material includes a channel or recess, with(its) of complementary shape and Rethimno connected(th) one end of the heat pipe.

26. Device according to any one of p-25, in which the adjacent ends of the aforementioned components are complementary in shape and the end of one component Rethimno is inserted into the other.



 

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13 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: artificial smoking articles, in particular, holders for artificial smoking articles.

SUBSTANCE: holder has casing with front part made from low thermal conductivity material, air feeding means for providing inflammation of gaseous fuel, fuel mixture chamber, and rear tubular part made from high thermal conductivity material. There are fuel means provided in front tubular part of casing and adapted for feeding of gaseous fuel. Fuel mixture chamber is communicating with said fuel feeding means and air feeding means. There is chamber in rear portion of tubular part, wherein cigarette is to be inserted. Flame keeping device is positioned behind fuel mixture chamber, before combustion chamber positioned between flame keeping device and chamber where cigarette is to be inserted. Flame is formed in combustion chamber. Spark igniter is also positioned in tubular portion of tubular part, behind flame keeping device, in the vicinity of combustion chamber.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliable holding of artificial smoking article.

21 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: production of artificial smoking article using aroma-creating material, in particular, common cigarette.

SUBSTANCE: artificial smoking article has cylindrical enclosure into which non-disposable heat-releasing member is inserted through one end and aroma-creating material, in particular, cigarette, is inserted through other end so that free space is left between cigarette and heat-releasing member, said space being sufficient for preventing cigarette from igniting and hot gases produced on combustion of heat-releasing liquid being capable of heating tobacco or other identical cigarette component and of evaporating aroma-creating compounds contained therein.

EFFECT: provision for producing of artificial smoking article with the use of heat-releasing member whose heat is needed for evaporation of substance contained in smoking article and designed for creating of certain aroma.

38 cl, 2 dwg

Smoking article // 2268631

FIELD: production of smoking articles generating aroma upon heating without burning.

SUBSTANCE: smoking article has hollow cylindrical part equipped with heat generating member placed at distal end part, mouth-piece arranged at proximate end part, and aroma generating member adjoining heat generating member within cylindrical part. Aroma generating member contains multiplicity of granules, each of said granules containing from 65% to 93% of non-porous inorganic filler material, from 1% to 3% of binder and from 6% to 32% of aromatic substance by weight of dry substance.

EFFECT: provision for constant amount of aroma at each inhalation.

11 cl, 7 dwg, 5 ex

Smoking article // 2268631

FIELD: production of smoking articles generating aroma upon heating without burning.

SUBSTANCE: smoking article has hollow cylindrical part equipped with heat generating member placed at distal end part, mouth-piece arranged at proximate end part, and aroma generating member adjoining heat generating member within cylindrical part. Aroma generating member contains multiplicity of granules, each of said granules containing from 65% to 93% of non-porous inorganic filler material, from 1% to 3% of binder and from 6% to 32% of aromatic substance by weight of dry substance.

EFFECT: provision for constant amount of aroma at each inhalation.

11 cl, 7 dwg, 5 ex

FIELD: production of artificial smoking article using aroma-creating material, in particular, common cigarette.

SUBSTANCE: artificial smoking article has cylindrical enclosure into which non-disposable heat-releasing member is inserted through one end and aroma-creating material, in particular, cigarette, is inserted through other end so that free space is left between cigarette and heat-releasing member, said space being sufficient for preventing cigarette from igniting and hot gases produced on combustion of heat-releasing liquid being capable of heating tobacco or other identical cigarette component and of evaporating aroma-creating compounds contained therein.

EFFECT: provision for producing of artificial smoking article with the use of heat-releasing member whose heat is needed for evaporation of substance contained in smoking article and designed for creating of certain aroma.

38 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: artificial smoking articles, in particular, holders for artificial smoking articles.

SUBSTANCE: holder has casing with front part made from low thermal conductivity material, air feeding means for providing inflammation of gaseous fuel, fuel mixture chamber, and rear tubular part made from high thermal conductivity material. There are fuel means provided in front tubular part of casing and adapted for feeding of gaseous fuel. Fuel mixture chamber is communicating with said fuel feeding means and air feeding means. There is chamber in rear portion of tubular part, wherein cigarette is to be inserted. Flame keeping device is positioned behind fuel mixture chamber, before combustion chamber positioned between flame keeping device and chamber where cigarette is to be inserted. Flame is formed in combustion chamber. Spark igniter is also positioned in tubular portion of tubular part, behind flame keeping device, in the vicinity of combustion chamber.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliable holding of artificial smoking article.

21 cl, 5 dwg

Inhaler // 2311859

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: inhaler has catalytic burner, fuel balloon 6 containing hydrogen, said balloon being connected to burner, reservoir 15 for inhaling additives such as aromatic substances and/or functioning substances, at least one inlet 2 for oxygen-containing gaseous mixture, preferably for air, and at least one outlet 3 for inhaling mixture containing aromatic substances and/or functioning substances.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and convenient usage of inhaler.

13 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: tobacco products.

SUBSTANCE: pipe for simulation of smoking comprises a shank integral with a bowl and a bit separable from the shank and fitted with a mouthpiece. In the smoke passage between the shank and the bit there is a hollow space intended for placing therein a sealed capsule with a nicotine-containing substance or a flavour. In front of the capsule in the smoke passage there is an electric heater connected to a current source placed into the bowl walls.

EFFECT: invention ensures preservation of the health of a pipe smoker while fully simulating the process of smoking.

17 cl, 8 dwg

Tobacco usage mode // 2329748

FIELD: alimentary products, tobacco.

SUBSTANCE: suggested mode of tobacco usage consists in inhaling its aqueous extract produced when a heated gas mixture comes in contact with liquid extract. The latter fills the cavities and splits formed by the filler granules. Heated gases come in contact with the tobacco extract inside a vertical tube made of a fire-resistant material with its lower butt-end covered with net. The net is used for sucking heated gas mixture inside the tube and discharge of the extract overstock. The tube contains filler that is regularly imbibed with tobacco extract poured inside through the upper butt end. The heated gas mixture becomes sucked inside the pipe due to pressure differential resulting from the user inhaling the end product through the upper butt end.

EFFECT: reduced formation of toxic agents during smoking.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed is a carbon-bearing compound for fabrication of a non-combustible smoking product heating element. The compound contains calcium carbonate in an amount required for maintenance of the combustion temperature within the standard smoking range (1000C max). Particle diametre of the calcium carbonate used varies from 0.08 mcm to 0.15 mcm. Additionally the compound contains a bonding agent in an amount specified.

EFFECT: reduced carbon monoxide emission during the smoking product heating element combustion.

4 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 10 ex

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for smoking simulation. Tobacco pipe for smokeless smoking contains bowl, chibouk, cigarette holder with mouthpiece and air channel inside the pipe, in which it is located carrier of nicotine-bearing substance and/or aromatiser and heating facility, connected to current source. At least, one of heating facility elements is located in cigarette holder and displaced to its mouthpiece.

EFFECT: invention provides ability to smoking unhook for pipers.

30 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: carbon-bearing composition is intended for heater of incombustible smoking material. Heater composition contains coal and polyatomic alcohol. Smoking material of incombustible type comprises aerosol-generating section, where aerosol is produced in process of heating, and a heater at the end of aerosol-generating section. Heater is arranged so that it is physically separated from aerosol-generating section for substantial heating of this section without ignition of aerosol-generating section. Heater consists of above-mentioned composition.

EFFECT: increased amount of aerosol with reduction of carbon monoxide amount, and also improved ignition time.

8 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: cigarette substitute comprises hollow tubular element equipped with generator of inhaled substances, inner heating facilities for heating of inhaled air or at least part of inhaled substances generator, and device of inhaled substances generator start-up. Start-up device comprises element, which is sensitive to effect of heat produced by heating facilities arranged outside substitute independently on it. Specified heat-sensitive element is made from material, which is not ignited or does not glow under conditions of normal usage of substitute.

EFFECT: invention provides for harmless usage of device with full imitation of real smoking process.

28 cl, 1 dwg

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