Fluid discrete media

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method of moulding particles of a composition for cleaning or treating articles, comprising steps on which: a) mass of nucleating agents is layered, where the said nucleating agents have average particle diameter 150-1700 mcm, size distribution interval from 1.0-2.0, volume density of the nucleating agents is between 50 g/l and 2000 g/l, preferably between 200 g/l and 1650 g/l; wherein said mass of nucleating agents is independently brought into contact with binder, having viscosity between 0.5 cP and 4000 cP, and layered powder, having average particle diameter between 1 mcm and 100 mcm and b) treating said particles in order to remove any materials which might lead to that, for the said particles, the relative factor for the beginning of blockage of flow of particles corresponds to the ratio of the diameter of the outlet opening to the average diameter of particles of the 30th percentile of over 14 with average output of 25 wt %.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain discrete media which ensure controlled batching without shortcomings associated with liquid products.

35 cl, 9 tbl, 14 ex

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

This invention relates to fluid discrete environments and compositions containing such discrete medium, and to methods of making and using such discrete environments and products.

The level of technology

Fluidity is a desirable characteristic for most products, because it provides the ability distribution, which may allow accurate controlled dosing. Solid products do not provide a uniform rate of pouring or removal of the product in a narrow volumetric fluid flow, particularly when the width of the stream is narrow compared with the particle size of the product. When solid foods do not provide the desired degree of fluidity, products, typically made in the form of a fluid, in particular liquids. Unfortunately, these fluids require complex dosing equipment, or they get dirty, because they can drip after dispensing and thereby contaminate surfaces such as holes containers or associated metering device. Further, contamination may hinder the re-opening of the container, because the product may stick to the device the opening of the container to the body of the container. In addition, the dispensing liquids from a container, such as a hard Conte is ner, requires access vapors to fill the volume displaced by the leaking fluid. Thus, if the dosing is performed through a narrow exit, you may need additional input hole.

Thus, although the discrete medium is disclosed, for example, in the publications of international applications WO 2006/048142, WO 2007/014601 and in U.S. patent No. 5.324.649, we need a discrete environment, which flows similarly fluid, but does not have the disadvantages of the fluid. Presented here is a particle satisfies this requirement.

The invention

This invention relates to a discrete fluid environment containing some particles and compositions containing such discrete medium, and to methods of making and using such discrete environments and products.

Detailed description of the invention

Definition

As used here, the term "cleaning composition" includes, unless noted otherwise indicated, granular or powder multi-purpose or "heavy-duty" washing agents, especially cleaning detergents; substances for hand washing or substances for light modes washing, especially with a rich foaming; substances for machine washing; dental elixirs, cleanser for the teeth and mouth, shampoos, for machines or for carpets, cleaning baths, W is Muni and conditioners for hair; shower gels and foam baths and cleaners for metals; and an auxiliary cleaning agents, such as bleaching additives or substances for pre-cleaning.

As is used herein, the articles "a" and "an" when used in the claims is understood as a designation of one or more objects from the number stated or described.

As used here, the term "layer" means a partial or full coverage for layering material formed on the surface of the particles or coating covering at least part of said surface.

As used here, the term "growth factor product" means the ratio of the mass of the product to the weight of the original seed.

As used here, the expression "speed layering" is defined as:

Speed layup=Mproduct/ (Mnucleating* tlayup),

where Mproductthere is a full product mass; Mnucleatingthere is a full original weight of seed;

and tlayuphave the time of application for layering material. In the case of periodic process tlayuplength layup, including additives binder and layering powder. In the case of a continuous process of Layering is the full speed of the product divided by the full m the SSA retention of material in a single operation process layup.

As used here, the term "yield" means the ratio of the net weight of the product to the total mass of the product. The net weight of the product is found after following the layering treatments, such as, but without limiting them, drying, washing and sorting. Total weight of product weight of product after layup, but before following the layering processing.

As used here, the expression "rate of release" means the product of velocity layering and product yield:

The rate of output=(output) * (velocity layering).

As used here, the term "seed" refers to any particle that can be covered or partially covered by a layer. Thus, the "seed" may consist of the original seed particles or seed with any number of the previous layers.

As used here, the expression "critical gap size" means the diameter of the largest circle that can completely fit into the open area of flat holes, perpendicular to the direction of flow of product through the said hole.

As used here, the expression "independent threads" means that these flows are physically distributed and (or) separated in time. In one example, an independent threads called individual commodity flows binder and layering powder, the cat is who add at the same time, but in spatially separated locations in the mixing process. In another example, using the process of mixing with one or more locations receipts, and a binder and layering powder is added to the process at different times.

As used here, the expression "working volume" means the amount that crosses the mixing tool attached to the rotating shaft during a complete revolution of the shaft.

As used here, the expression "hydratherapy material" means a solid material which is capable of reacting with water or a composition comprising water to form a solid Gidrodinamika material.

It is clear that the methods of testing which are disclosed in the section "How to test" this application should be used to find the corresponding values of the parameters of the inventions of the applicant when such inventions described and claimed here.

If not noted otherwise, all levels of the component or composition is given with reference to the active level of this component or composition, and with the exception of impurities, for example, residual solvents or by-products that may be present in commercially available sources.

All interest and relationship calculated by weight, unless otherwise indicated. All interest and relations are calculated on the base is ve full song if not specified otherwise.

It should be understood that every maximum numerical limitation given in this description, includes every lower numerical limitation, as if such lower numerical limitations were expressly written here. Each minimum numerical limitation given this description will include each higher numerical limitation, as if such a higher numerical limitations were expressly written here. Each numerical range given in this description will include every narrower numerical range that falls within such broader numerical range, as if such narrower numerical ranges were clearly recorded here.

Discrete environment

Disclosed here discrete environment can provide a controllable dosing without the disadvantages that are associated with the current products. Because the benefits of fluidity desired in many products, one object mentioned discrete environment can be industrial chemicals, food products, instant mixes beverages, drugs or nutraceuticals; food for domestic animals and (or) a discrete environment for pet care; or detergent, means for processing tissue, means of personal hygiene, discrete environment for hair care and or discrete environment fertilizers. Options for discrete environments of the applicant can be used in any application, in particular, if the desired fluidity, for example, products for cleaning and / or processing, industrial chemicals, fertilizers, pharmaceutical products, food products, products for Pets, instant beverages and nutraceuticals.

One object of the claimed discrete environment has a relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles from about 2 to about 14, from about 2.5 to about 12, from about 3 to about 10, or even from about 4 to about 8. Another object of the claimed discrete environment has an average particle size of from about 250 microns to about 4000 microns, from about 300 microns to about 1200 microns, from about 400 μm to about 1000 μm, from about 500 microns to about 850 microns, or even from about 600 microns to about 750 microns. Another object of the claimed discrete environment is the interval size distribution from about 1.0 to about 1.75 of from about of 1.05 to about 1.6, from about 1.1 to about 1.45, or even from about 1.1 to about 1.3. Another object of the claimed discrete environment has a bulk density from about 350 g/l to about 2000 g/l, from about 500 g/l to about 1200 g/l, from about 600 g/l to about 1100 g/l, or even from about 700 g/l to about 1000 g/L. In another object declared discrete the environment has an average shape factor of the particles is from about 1.0 to about 1.4, from some of 1.05 to about 1.3, or even from approximately 1.1 to approximately 1.25. One object of the claimed discrete environment may contain particles that contain the seed layer, and the said layer at least partially covers the seed. One object of the claimed discrete environment may contain particles that contain a seed crystal and the layer containing a binder and layering powder, and the said layer at least partially covers the seed. Another object of the claimed discrete environment may contain particles that contain many seeds, in particular, non-limiting example 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or even 10 seed. Another object of the claimed discrete environment may contain particles that contain many discrete layers, in particular, non-limiting example 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or even 10 layers. Another object of the claimed discrete environment may contain particles that contain a lot of binders, in particular, non-limiting example 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or even 10 binders. Another object of the claimed discrete environment may contain particles that contain a lot of layering powders, in particular, non-limiting example 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or even 10 for layering powders. One object binding announced the discrete military environment may contain oil, for example, perfume oil, edible oil and (or) aromatic oil.

One object of the claimed discrete environment contains both acid and alkaline materials. One object of the claimed discrete environment can bubble up when in contact with water.

Suitable materials for manufacturing the above-mentioned particles depend on the end use of the product. Such materials are known in the art. However, they may include, for example, the seed material, binder and layering powder materials, and each of the above materials may be an active material or inert material.

The seed materials are usually available as a granular variety or raw materials. Mentioned raw materials can be raw materials received from the supplier, or may be an intermediate pellet, which is obtained by any of the processes of granulation. Suitable seed can have an average particle diameter from about 150 μm to about 1700 μm, from about 200 μm to about 1200 μm, from about 250 microns to about 850 microns, or even from about 300 μm to about 600 μm; bulk density of the seed from about 50 g/l to about 2000 g/l, from about 200 g/l to about 1650 g/l, from about 350 g/l to about 1200 g/l, or even from about 400 g/l to about 850 g/l; optionally, the interval distribution is size from about 1.0 to about 2.0, the from some of 1.05 to about 1.7, or even from about 1.1 to about 1.5; and, optionally, an average shape factor of the particles is from about 1 to about 2, from about 1 to about 1.5, or even from about 1 to about 1.3. For applications in detergents suitable active seed materials include, but are not limited to, materials selected from the group consisting or surfactants, main components, buffer agents, soluble polymers, optical brighteners, and mixtures thereof. In some applications, active based on the oil component can be mixed in the molten media such as tristearin or wax, and then granulomatosa for the formation of a solid seed. In the active priming may include stabilizers, antioxidants and preservatives. Suitable inert seed materials include, but are not limited to, materials selected from the group consisting of salts, double salts, starches, sugars and mixtures thereof. One object of the porous seed can be used as a carrier for other active materials, including but without limitation, their perfumes, flavorings, vitamins, edible oil and microcapsules. One object of this active substance is not surface-active. One object as a nucleating can use the with hollow particles. One object as a seed you can use capsule containing a wall, which contains such material as odorant, aroma, vitamin, edible oil, and mixtures thereof.

Disclosed in the present invention, the seed can be any combination of the average particle diameter, bulk density of the seed interval size distribution, the average shape factor of the particles and the type and number of components detailed above and throughout this description, including the claims and examples.

Suitable active binder materials include, but are not limited to, materials selected from the group consisting of acid surfactant precursor, surfactant, polymer solutions or their acid precursors, silicones, chelate solutions, silicate solutions, cellulose solutions or dispersions, dye solutions, pigment dispersions, melted polymers, melted wax, melted fatty acids, edible oils and mixtures thereof. Suitable inert binder materials include, but are not limited to, materials selected from the group consisting of water, saline solutions, sugar solutions and their mixtures. Suitable binders may include, but are not limited to, solutions, dispersions or emulsions of the active substances in the active or ine is coherent basis. Examples of active agents include, but are not limited to, soluble in oil substances, such as mixed Tocopherols, BHT, gallaty, ubiquinone, fatty esters of ascorbic acid, beta carotene and polyphenols. Suitable binders may have a viscosity of from about 0.5 centipoise to about 4,000 centipoise, from about 1 centipoise to about 2000 centipoise, from about 2 centipoise to about 1000 centipoise, from about 5 centipoise to about 600 centipoise, or even from about 20 centipoise to about 400 centipoise. Although it is not associated with theory, it is believed that suitable binder may function in the proposed method, first wetting the surface of the seed particles, leading these seed particles in a rather sticky state to secure for layering powder on bare structure, and then, most preferably, through chemical or physical transition from a liquid to a solid or semi-solid phase. One object of the liquid binder can be transformed into the solid phase due to chemical reactions with layering powder. In one object requires a molar excess layering powder reagent to achieve a practically complete conversion of the binding reagent. One object of the liquid binder can be transformed into a solid phase by solidification by cooling of the hot melt. One object reacting idle binder may first be mixed with the molten binder, and then mixed binder system is converted into the solid phase through a combination of chemical reactions with layering powder and freeze in the cooling process, which reduces excessive layering of powder reagent, which may require one reactive binder. One object of the liquid binder can be transformed into a solid phase by chemical reaction with another binder composition. One object of the liquid binder can be transformed into a solid phase by evaporation of the solvent. One object of the binder may contain a liquid.

Suitable active layering powder materials include but are not limited to, materials selected from the group consisting of surfactants, soluble polymers, builders, buffering agents, starches, optical brighteners, dyes, pigments and mixtures thereof. Suitable inert layering powder materials include, but are not limited to, materials selected from the group consisting of salts, double salts, sugars, starches, polymers, pigments, dyes and mixtures thereof. Other active substances, stabilizers, preservatives or antioxidants can be included in the dry layering powder, including ascorbic acid, Erie is erbenova acid, esters of fatty acids, ascorbic acid, bisulfite, pyrophosphates, tetranitride hydroxyethylidene diphosphonate (HEDP), trisodium Ethylenediamine-disuccinate (EDDS), chelates, for example, citric acid, tetranitride carboxylatomethyl (Dissolvine® or GLDA), trisodium methylpyridazin (Trilon® M or MGDA), dietilen triamine pentaoxa acid (DTPA) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and herbal extracts, such as rosemary extract. One object layering powder compositions contain at least one gidratiruyuschimi material. Suitable for layering powder can have an average particle size from about 1 μm to about 100 μm, from about 2 microns to about 50 microns, or even from about 3 μm to about 30 μm. One object of the claimed invention can be used mill for crushing dry solids, to reduce the particle size for layering material to the desired particle size. A suitable mill for crushing can be obtained from firms Hosokawa Alpine Aktiengesellschaft & Co. OHG, Augsburg, Germany; Netzsch-Feinmahltechnik GmbH, Selb/Bavaria, Germany; RSG Incorporated, Sylacauga, Alabama, USA. In one object, you can use small-sized prototypes. For example, you can use table mill for superfine grinding to reduce particle size for layering powders; suitable us the Aulnay mill superfine grinding available from Retsch GmbH, Haan, Germany.

In one facility, the seed particles may contain the active material, and at least one of the layers covering the seed, contains the active material, for example, the active binder, active layering powder or a mixture. Another object particle can contain inert seed, and at least one of the layers covering the seed may contain the active material, for example, the active binder, active layering powder or a mixture. Another object particle can contain a seed that may contain the active material and one or more inert layers.

One object of the active ingredients of the particles may include hygroscopic materials.

In the other above-mentioned object mentioned hygroscopic materials are located in the seed or the internal layer structure, while the outer layer consists of relatively less hygroscopic or nephroscopes materials. One object of the claimed discrete environment is an indicator of accelerated stability the early formation of blocking the flow of particles from about 2 to about 18, from about 2 to about 14, from about 2.5 to about 12, from about 3 to about 10, or even from about 4 to about 8.

Depending on the application of suitable materials DL the seed, binder and (or) layering powder can be obtained from different suppliers. For selected applications, including formulations for detergents, food products, food for Pets, pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and agricultural chemicals, materials can be obtained from Innophos, Incorporated from Cranbury, new York, USA; Rhodia from Paris, France; FMC Corporation of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; General Chemical Corporation of Parsippany, new Jersey, USA; Ulrich Chemicals from Indianapolis, Indiana, USA; Jones-Hamilton Company from Walbridge, Ohio, USA; Sigma Aldrich Corporation of St. Louis, Missouri, USA; Cargill, Incorporated of Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA; International Ingredient Corporation, St. Louis, Missouri, USA; National Starch Corporation, Bridgewater, new Jersey, USA; PQ Corporation of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; BASF of Ludwigshafen, Germany; Dow Chemical Company of Midland, Michigan, USA; Hercules Incorporated of Wilmington, Delaware, USA; Shell Chemical LP of Houston, Texas, USA; Procter & Gamble Chemicals of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA; Rohm and Hass Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Akzo Nobel, Arnhem, the Netherlands; Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation of Newport, Delaware, USA; Clariant Corporation of Charlotte, North Carolina, USA; and Milliken Chemical Company of Spartanburg, South Carolina, USA.

Disclosed in the present description the discrete medium can be any combination of the relative indicator of the beginning of education blokirovki the flow of particles, the average particle size interval size distribution, bulk density, average shape factor of the particles and the type and number of components detailed above and throughout this specification, including the claims and the examples.

A method of making particles

Particles according to the present invention and / or other particles can be manufactured as follows.

One object of the particles can be made by contacting particles and a binder containing liquid, double shaft paddle mixer with counter rotation when said axis is horizontally oriented, and the blades attached to the axes with counter-rotating, and the above-mentioned binder is introduced into said mixer through the inlet hole at the bottom of the mentioned double shaft paddle mixer.

One object mentioned double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating has an area of converging threads disposed between the vane axes with counter rotation. One object working volumes mentioned vane axes with counter-rotating overlap within the zone of converging flows. In one facility, the workers volumes mentioned vane axes with counter rotation do not overlap within the zone of converging flows. In one facility, there is a gap in the zone of converging flows between the working volumes referred to lop the local axes with counter rotation.

One object mentioned binder is injected in the above-mentioned double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating so that the said binder is directed upward into a zone of converging flows between the vane axes with counter rotation. One object mentioned double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating has an area of converging flows between the vane axes with counter-rotating, and the working volumes mentioned vane axes with counter rotation do not overlap in the zone of converging flows, and the above-mentioned binder is directed into the gap between the working volumes of the mentioned blade axes with counter rotation.

One object mentioned binder has a viscosity of from about 1 centipoise to about 100,000 centipoise, from about 20 centipoise to about 10,000 centipoise, from about 50 centipoise to about 5000 centipoise, or even from about 100 centipoise to about 2000 centipoise.

One object mentioned inlet includes a distribution tube located beneath the area of the converging flow vane axes with counter-rotating, and said distribution tube contains one or more holes.

Disclosed in this specification, the particle can be produced by means disclosed here are methods and examples. Although it may take only a single mixing unit, you can apply a variety of mixers, for example, CAS is adno located stirrers with gradually increasing capacity. In any of the above objects according to the invention, the binder may contain a liquid.

One object of the disclosed here, the particles can be obtained by the method containing the steps are:

a) layer a lot of seed with:

(i) the average particle diameter of from about 150 microns to about 1700 μm, from about 200 μm to about 1200 μm, from about 250 microns to about 850 microns, or even from about 300 microns to about 600 microns;

(ii) optional, interval size distribution from about 1.0 to about 2,0, from about of 1.05 to about 1.7, or even from about 1.1 to about 1.5;

(iii) bulk density of the seed from about 50 g/l to about 2000 g/l, from about 200 g/l to about 1650 g/l, from about 350 g/l to about 1200 g/l, or even from about 400 g/l to about 850 g/l; and

(iv) optionally, an average shape factor of the particles is from about 1 to about 2, from about 1 to about 1.5, or even from about 1 to about 1.3;

in the process of stratifying independently provide contacting the said mass of seeds with a liquid binder and layering powder having an average particle size of from about 1 μm to about 100 μm, from about 2 microns to about 50 microns, or even from about 3 μm to about 30 μm, and, optionally, repeat the above step layup;

b) optionally, process mentioned particles to which the pressure of any materials, which would lead to the fact that for these particles relative measure of the early formation of blocking the flow of particles would correspond to greater than about 14 the ratio of the diameter of the outlet to the average particle size of the 30th percentile, with an average production of 25 wt.%.

One object of the disclosed here, the particles can be obtained by the method containing the steps are:

a) layer a lot of seed with:

(i) the average particle diameter of from about 150 microns to about 1700 μm, from about 200 μm to about 1200 μm, from about 250 microns to about 850 microns, or even from about 300 microns to about 600 microns;

(ii) optional, interval size distribution from about 1.0 to about 2,0, from about of 1.05 to about 1.7, or even from about 1.1 to about 1.5;

(iii) bulk density of the seed from about 50 g/l to about 2000 g/l, from about 200 g/l to about 1650 g/l, from about 350 g/l to about 1200 g/l, or even from about 400 g/l to about 850 g/l; and

(iv) optionally, an average shape factor of the particles is from about 1 to about 2, from about 1 to about 1.5, or even from about 1 to about 1.3;

b) in the process of stratifying independently provide contacting the said mass of seeds with a binder having a viscosity of from about 0.5 centipoise to about 4,000 centipoise, from about 1 centipoise to about 2000 centipoise, from about 2 the FOV to about 1000 centipoise, from about 5 centipoise to about 600 centipoise, or even from about 20 centipoise to about 400 centipoise, and layering powder having an average particle size of from about 1 μm to about 100 μm, from about 2 microns to about 50 microns, or even from about 3 μm to about 30 μm, and, optionally, repeat the above step layup;

c) optionally, perform the above process when the number of Stokes for layup from greater than 0 to about 10, from about 0.001 to about 10, or even from about 0.01 to about 5;

d) optionally, perform the above process when the number of Stokes equations for accretion of at least 0.5, and from about 1 to about 1,000, or even from about 2 to about 1000;

e) optionally, process mentioned particles to remove any materials that would have led to the fact that for these particles relative measure of the early formation of blocking the flow of particles would correspond to greater than about 14 the ratio of the diameter of the outlet to the average particle size of the 30th percentile, with an average production of 25 wt.%.

Another object of the disclosed here, the particles can be obtained by the method containing the steps are:

a) layer mass of seeds with a binder and layering powder, while in the process of stratifying independently provide contacting the said mass of seeds with a binder and with upon is by layering powder, and carry out the above process when the number of Stokes for layup from greater than 0 to about 10, from about 0.001 to about 10, or even from about 0.01 to about 5; and when the number of Stokes equations for accretion of at least 0.5, and from about 1 to about 1,000, or even from about 2 to about 1000;

b) optionally, a layer referred to the weight of the nucleating one or more times in accordance with the parameters of the process (a) above; and

C) optionally, process mentioned particles to remove any materials that would have led to the fact that for these particles relative measure of the early formation of blocking the flow of particles would correspond to greater than about 14 the ratio of the diameter of the outlet to the average particle size of the 30th percentile, with an average production of 25 wt.%.

One object mentioned particles is treated to remove excess liquid binder. One object mentioned binder is an aqueous solution or dispersion and the excess liquid binder is water. One object mentioned processing includes convection air drying. One object mentioned convection air drying occurs after a process of layering. One object mentioned the process of layering is divided into intervals, and said convection air drying going on the t at the end of each interval. One object mentioned convection air drying occurs during the process of layering. Suitable apparatus convection air drying include fluidized layers or dryer fluidized bed, available from Niro Inc., Columbia, Maryland, USA; Kason Corporation, Millburn, new Jersey, USA; Allgaier Werke GmbH, Uhingen, Germany; Glatt Ingenieurtechnik GmbH. Weimar, Germany; and Weren International LLC, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. A suitable mixer with a built-in convection air dryer for drying at intervals during layup or even drying during the layup can be adapted equipment is available from Forberg International AS, Larvik, Norway; and Dynamic Air Inc., St. Paul, Minnesota, USA, by adding such equipment one or more inlet openings for layering powder.

One object mentioned independent contacting the said mass of seeds with a binder containing liquid, and layering powder contains the stage at which impose mentioned binder in the double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating, with an area of converging flows between the vane axes with counter-rotating, so that the binder is directed directly up into the zone of converging flows between the said vane axes with counter rotation.

In domobject mentioned independent contacting the said mass of seeds with a binder, containing liquid, and layering powder contains the stage at which impose mentioned layering powder in the double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating, with many locations introduction layering powder and mixing blades having a downward trajectory, so that the layering powder is administered in more than one mentioned the location on the downward trajectory of the mixing blades.

One object velocity layering in the process is more than 5 wt.% in a minute, more than 10 wt.% in a moment, more than 20 wt.% in a minute, more than 30 wt.% in a minute or even more than 40 wt.% a minute.

One object velocity layering in the process is from about 5 wt.% per minute to about 200 wt.% a minute.

Since it is advantageous to minimize fines and / or products of large size, although such fines and / or products of large size may be mentioned particles can be treated to remove fine particles and products of large size. One object such small fractions and products of large size can be deleted, and then re-enter into the process for further processing. One object mentioned product is a large size can be processed by the grid crusher before you return it to the hell in the process. Suitable crusher for product large size available from Stedman Machine Company, of Aurora, Indiana, USA; Otsuka Iron Works, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. One object of the fine fraction can be removed by sieving or separation of fines, such as friction products and excess loose for layering powder, in such equipment as vibrating screen, fluidized bed, bubbling and / or mixer with additional air fluidized bed. One object of the convection air drying with warm air can be embedded in the phase separation of air.

One object of the fine fraction can be processed through high-speed wire crusher before you return them back into the process as a layering powder. Suitable high-speed wire crusher available from Hosokawa Alpine Aktiengesellschaft & Co. OHG, Augsburg, Germany; NetzschFeinmahltechnik GmbH, Selb/Bavaria, Germany; RSG Incorporated, Sylacauga, Alabama, USA.

One object mentioned particles can be processed by sieving particles larger use of equipment, such as vibrating screen. Vibrating screen, fit to screen out particles either larger or insufficient size, available from Sweco, Florence, ky, USA; Kason Corporation, Millburn, new Jersey, USA; Mogensen GmbH, Wedel/Hamburg, Germany.

One object mentioned process of stratifying the independent is IMO contacting the said mass of seeds with a binder and layering powder selected from processes: simultaneous contact of the mass of seeds with independent threads mentioned binder and the above-mentioned layering powder; contacting the said mass of seeds in the first location with the thread mentioned binder, and then contacting the aforementioned mixture of seed and connecting with the thread mentioned layering powder in the second location; contacting the mass of seed flow mentioned layering powder in the first location, and then contacting the mentioned mixture of seed and powder flow mentioned binder in the second location, or combinations thereof. When you need more than one layer, the above-mentioned process of contacting may be repeated one or more times. One object mentioned the process of layering may optionally include, but are not limited to, the stage of the air separation unit to remove any excessively small particles that are not incorporated into the layers.

One object use lemehova mixer with a cutting knife located between the plough-shares, with the inlet of the connecting point directly under the location of the cutting knife and the inlet of the layering powder is above the location of the cutting knife. Suitable lemehova the stirrer can be obtained from Lodige GmbH (Paderborn, Germany); Littleford Day, Inc. (Florence, Kentucky, USA). This object convection flow around the circumference of the induced OS is ESD hold the hip impeller, is that the seed is alternately in contact with a binder and layering powder. One object use lemehova mixer, where the location of inlet binder and layering powder exploded in the axial direction. In one facility using a continuous lemehova stirrer with any diversity-axis and (or) the diversity of the circumference of the binder and layering powder.

In one facility, using the double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating, the shafts counter-rotation have a horizontal orientation, and the blades attached to the rotating shaft, moving on an upward trajectory in the space between parallel shafts counter-rotate and come back on a downward trajectory outside of these walls. A suitable double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating can be obtained from Forberg International AS, Larvik, Norway; and Dynamic Air Inc., St. Paul, Minnesota, USA. The movement of the blades between the shafts is an area of converging flows, creating essentially the fluidization of the particles in the middle of the mixer. During operation of this mixer tilt of the blades on each shaft may create in the axial directions opposite field convection currents, generating additional field shift in the zone of converging flows. The downward trajectory of the blades sarwjit shaft is downward convection flow.

One object of the gap between the blade tip and the wall of the mixer has a narrow lumen below the horizontal blade axis, for example, the clearance gap is less than about 2 refer To the same object mentioned below the horizontal plane of curvature of the wall of the mixer contains a volume, which is only slightly larger than the working volume of the blades. One object of this narrow clearance gap can extend above the horizontal plane of the axes, for example, by increasing the curvature of the wall of the mixer or by adding such inserts as the casing. Although not communicating with theory, applicants believe that the aforementioned extension of the narrow clearance gap provides a more uniform field shear in the mixer, especially when passing numbers Fruta more than one, i.e. when the inertial acceleration of the blades exceeds gravity. Although not communicating with theory, applicants believe that the aforementioned extension of the narrow clearance gap above the horizontal plane of the axes softens the requirement to build up material on the wall, thereby increasing the product yield.

In one facility, using the double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating, where binding occurs with a spray top in the middle of fluidized zone, and enter layering powder is on the sides or corners of the agitator falling in the second convection flow. In one facility, using the double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating, where the input binder provide so that this binder add up in the zone of converging flows between the vane axes with counter-rotating, and enter layering powder is on the side or corner location, so layering powder added to downward convection flow mixer. One object of the entry binder or layering powder can be provided through the hole in the wall of the mixer or through a hole in the box in the mixer, such as a casing. One object mentioned upward adding a binder to the zone of converging streams can be done by adding the distribution tube connecting with one or more holes running parallel to the axial direction of the agitator, where the stirrer is modified, to allow clearance for the said distribution tube just below the zone of converging flows. One object of the binder can be added up in the zone of converging flows through one or more tubes or nozzles adding a binder, where the stirrer modify to ensure that the lumen of the tube or nozzle through the wall of the agitator in position beneath the area of the converging flows. One object mentioned input layering powder is positioned so that the said powder is to be served in a downward trajectory blades double shaft paddle mixer. In these cases, the convection flow induced by centrifugal impellers, such that the seed can alternately be contacted with a binder and layering powder in separate locations stirrers. In one facility, there are many locations input layering powder. Although not communicating with theory, applicants believe that so many locations creates many convection loops in which the seed is alternately in contact with a binder and layering powder. In addition, although not communicating with theory, applicants believe that the scaling process layup facilitated by the increase in the number of convection loops. Although not communicating with theory, applicants believe that the choice of mixers may depend on the strength of the seed relative to the shear forces in the mixer.

One object mentioned step layup may be repeated a sufficient number of times to increase the mass of the discrete medium in more than half compared with the initial weight of seed, more than four times, or even more than six times from the initial mass of the seed.

One object mentioned step layup may be repeated a sufficient number of times to increase the mass of the discrete medium in more than from about 2 to about 100, compared with the original weight of the seed.

One object mentioned the e stages of layering can be done in a periodic process in a single mixer.

One object mentioned stages of layering can be done in a sequence of two or more periodic processes.

One object mentioned stages of layering can be done in a sequence of two or more agitators periodic process with increasing volumetric capacity to accommodate the increase in volume of the product.

One object mentioned the process of layering can be done through a series of one or more agitators. One object of the granules of the product from the first mixer is used as the seed granules in the subsequent mixer. One object of large size material can be removed by sieving, and the material is of a large size can be reduced in size by grinding and such ground material can be transported, for example, the recirculation loop and used in one or more agitators process as the seed material. One object mentioned a number of agitators placed in a continuous process with continuous flow of seed and yield of the granules of the product.

One object mentioned the process of layering produces acceptable product granules without loops more or insufficient size. One object mentioned plumes contain less than 20 wt.% treated material, less che is 10 wt.%, or even less than 5 wt.% the processed material. In one facility, the product yield is more than 80 wt.%, more than 90 wt.%, or even more than 95 wt.%. In one facility, the exit velocity is greater than about 4 wt.% in a minute, more than about 8 wt.% in a minute, more than 16 wt.% in a minute, more than 24 wt.% in a minute more than 32 wt.% in a minute, or even more than 40 wt.% a minute.

One object weight of seed and layering powder are introduced into the process at separate points in time, but almost in the same physical locations.

One object of the process can have an average residence time of the particles from about more than 0 minutes to about 60 minutes, from about 1 minute to about 60 minutes, from about 1 minute to 30 minutes, or even from about 2 minutes to 15 minutes.

Another object of the claimed particles can be produced by a process that does not require the mass of the seed. One object of the composite particles can be produced using an extrusion process or give a spherical shape. Equipment for extrusion or give a spherical form is available from LCI Corporation, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. Another object material may be processed from the molten state, fragmentation, and then thicken to solid particles in the process Shoshani is in granules. Another object of the drying process in the pellets can be used to form particles around the drip templates, and then covered with finely milled layering powder. Equipment for thickening into granules, and drying the granules available from GFA/Niro of Columbia, Maryland, USA.

As can be appreciated by the specialist, the above objects of the process and shows throughout the description, including the examples may be combined in any way required to achieve the type and quality of the particles, which is desirable.

Applicants have found that the Stokes number can be used to define processing for the processes of layering and agglomeration. These are found by the applicants, the processes can be performed according to the following process parameters: the number of Stokes equations for a layup less than 10, from about 0.001 to about 10, or even from about 0.01 to about 5, and the number of Stokes equations for accretion of more than 0.5, from about 1 to about 1,000, or even from about 2 to about 1000. The above Stokes number is calculated as follows:

Variables in the above equation specifies the units as follows:

N is the rotational speed of the main shaft of the impeller stirring in a stirrer (rpm);

R is the radial working distance in the core krilich the ke stirring from the center shaft of the impeller to the tip of the guns of the impeller, for example, a blade or Limehouse tools of the impeller (m);

ρ is the volume density of the seed particles (g/l);

η is the viscosity of the binder (SDR); and

δ is the effective size of the particles used to describe the layering or agglomeration (μm), where

δlayupis defined as 2·(dseed·dlayup)/(dseed+dlayup), and

δintergrowthsis defined as dseed; where

dseedhave an average particle size of the seed material, and

dlayuphas the average particle size of the material layering powder.

Based on the above, you can define two subforms Stokes equations, one of which describes the binding of layering powder onto the seed particles (Stlayering), and the other describes the accretion of the seed particles with other seeds (Stintergrowth).

The number of Stokes for layering, Stlayering=0,0001·N·R·ρ·δlayup/ η.

The number of Stokes equations for accretion, Stintergrowth=0,0001·N·R·ρ·δlayup/ η.

To calculate the above numbers Stokes relevant characteristics of the seed, layering powders and a binder based on their measured values before adding to the process of layering. Object composition is the process of layering is carried out in the past the successive two or more stages of mixers, and the number of Stokes equations for each phase based on the characteristic bulk density and the size of the seed material used at the beginning or entrance or each stage. In the process object layering, if used simultaneously adding more than one binder, the volume-mass average viscosity of the binder is used to calculate the number of Stokes. In the process object layering, if used simultaneously adding more than one layering powder, the volume-average mass average particle size of layering powder is used to calculate the number of Stokes.

The right equipment to perform the disclosed processes here includes a blade mixer, a paddle mixer with horizontal axes, double shaft paddle mixer, double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating, semenovii mixer, mixer, screw mixer, granulator with a vertical axis and a drum mixer, configuration, both periodic and, if available, a continuous process. Such equipment can be obtained from Lodige GmbH (Paderborn, Germany), Littleford Day, Inc. (Florence, Kentucky, USA), Dynamic Air Inc. (St. Paul, Minnesota, USA), Forberg AS (Larvik, Norway), Glatt Ingeniewtechnik GmbH (Weimar, Germany).

One object using this process to produce small-scale prototypes. The is of such prototypes, you can use a desktop mixer with a vertical axis. The right equipment to perform the disclosed processes here include kitchen mixers, blade kitchen mixers, food processors, blade food processors and food processors with variable speed. Such equipment, including Braun, Kenwood, Bosch, Delonghi, Robot Coupe and other commercial brands available through retail stores, Department stores, hardware stores and service stations restaurants.

The finished product containing discrete environment

The finished products of the present invention contain disclosed in the present application is an implementation option discrete environment. Although the exact level of the discrete medium, which is used depends on the type and end use of the finished product, one object of the claimed invention, the finished product may contain, based on total weight of product, at least 50, 60, 70, 80 or even 90 wt.% discrete media of the present invention, and referred to the discrete medium may contain one or more distinguishable particles.

One object mentioned the finished product may have a relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles from about 2 to about 14, from about 2.5 to about 12, from about 3 to about 10, or even from about 4 to about 8.

One object mentioned the finished product may be relative to the positive indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles from about 2 to about 14, from about 2.5 to about 12, from about 3 to about 10, or even from about 4 to about 8 and an indicator of accelerated stability the early formation of blocking the flow of particles from about 2 to about 18, from about 2 to about 14, from about 2.5 to about 12, from about 3 to about 10, or even from about 4 to about 8. One object mentioned the finished product is an industrial chemical; food; instant mix drinks, medicine or nutraceuticals; food and / or pet care; or detergent agent for the treatment of fabrics, means of personal hygiene, hair care and / or fertilizer. One object of this finished product can be a tool for automatic dishwashing.

When the finished product is a cleaning composition, such disclosed here, the cleaning compositions are, as a rule, such a recipe that during use in aqueous cleaning wash water will have a pH between about 6.5 and about 12, or between about 7.5 and about 10.5. the compositions of the products of discrete environments for washing dishes, which can be used for hand washing, can have a recipe that provides the cleaning solution with a pH of between about 6.8 and about to 9.0. Cleaning products are, as a rule, the composition to obtain a pH of from about 7 to primer is 12. Methods control the pH at recommended usage levels include, but are not limited to, the use of buffer solutions, alkalis, acids and TPI well-known specialists.

Packed product

One object of the claimed invention may contain Packed product containing the finished product, which may contain an implementation option disclosed here discrete environments. Referred Packed product may include at least part of these discrete environments and a hole with a critical gap size from about greater than an absolute indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles of the finished product, but less than four, less than three, or less than twice referred to an absolute indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles. One object of the invention can contain Packed product that contains a finished product having a relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles greater than 14. One object of the invention can contain Packed product that contains a finished product having a relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles from about 2 to about 20, from about 2 to about 18, from about 2 to about 16, or even from about 2 to about 15, the dosing product hole with a critical gap size from about 2 mm to about 11 mm, from about 3 mm to about 9 mm, from about 4 mm to about 8 mm, or even from about 5 mm to about 7 mm In one object packaged product may contain a container such as a bottle, bag or box. In one object, at least part of the above-mentioned transparent container. In one transparent object can be at least, 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, or even 100% of the surface area of the container. The materials from which may be made using the above mentioned transparent part, include but are not limited to polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polycarbonate (PC), polyamide (PA) or polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polystyrene (PS). The transparent part of the above-mentioned container may have a transmittance of more than 25%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, or even 70% in the range 410-800 nm. For the purposes of this invention, if one wavelength in the visible light range, this part has a transmittance greater than 25%, it is considered to be transparent. Thus, the transparent portion of the container can be tinted. The container of the present invention may be of any shape or size suitable for storage and packaging cleaning compositions for home use. For example, the container may be of any size, but typically will have a maximum capacity of from 0.05 to 15 l, from 0.1 to 5 l of 0.2 to 3 years or even the 1 to 2 HP Preferably, the container is suitable for easy handling manually. For example, the container may have a handle or a part of such size that make it easy to lift or carry the container with one hand. The container may have the means suitable for having slept contained in the container material, and means for re-closing the container. The closing means may be of any shape or size, but usually it will nevinovate or snap into place on the container for closing the container. The closing means may be a cover that can be unscrewed from the container. Alternatively, the cover can remain attached to the container is open whether the container or zakrytnaya tool can also be built into the container. One object mentioned the Packed product can be packaged in accordance with the instructions of the published applications U.S. patent No. 2006/0032872.

Auxiliary cleaning materials

Although it is not essential for the purposes of the present invention, shown in a non-limiting list illustrated here excipients suitable for use in the present compositions and can be optionally entered in some embodiments of the invention, for example to assist or enhance cleaning performance, for treatment of odiada cleaning of the substrate, or to change the aesthetic properties of the cleaning composition, as is the case with perfumes, ocotitlan, dyes or the like. The exact nature of these additional components, and levels of their introduction will depend on the physical form of the composition and nature of the cleaning operation for which it should be used. Suitable support materials include but are not limited to, surfactants, fillers, chelating substances that prevent the transfer of dye substances, dispersing funds, enzymes, and enzyme stabilizers, catalytic materials, bleach activators, hydrogen peroxide, sources of hydrogen peroxide, pre-formed percolate, dispersant polymers, structure of matter, substances for removing soil and stains and (or) re-deposition, optical brighteners, defoamers, dyes, substances for dyeing fabrics, perfumes, giving structural elasticity substances, fabrics softeners, carriers, hydrotropes, processing AIDS, solvents and (or pigments. In addition to opened below, suitable examples of such other auxiliary substances and levels of use are found in U.S. patents No. 5.576.282, 6.306.812 and 6.326.348, which are incorporated here by reference.

As indicated, supporting the ingredients are not essential for the claimed compositions. Thus, some embodiments of the claimed compositions do not contain one or more of the following materials: surfactants, fillers, chelating substances that prevent the transfer of dye substances, dispersing funds, enzymes, and enzyme stabilizers, catalytic materials, bleach activators, hydrogen peroxide, sources of hydrogen peroxide, pre-formed percolate, dispersant polymers, structure of matter, substances for removing soil and stains and (or) re-deposition, optical brighteners, defoamers, dyes, substances for dyeing fabrics, perfumes, giving structural elasticity substances, fabrics softeners, carriers, hydrotropes, processing AIDS, solvents and / or pigments. However, when there are one or more auxiliary substances, such one or more auxiliary substances may be present, as specified below.

Bleaching agents. The cleaning compositions of the present invention may contain one or more bleaching agents. Suitable bleaching agents, other than the bleach catalysts include but are not limited to bleach light, bleach activators, hydrogen peroxide, sources of hydrogen peroxide is, pre-formed percolate and mixtures thereof. In General, when using bleach compositions of the present invention can contain from about 0.1% to about 50% or even from about 0.1% to about 25% bleach mass consider a cleaning composition. Examples of suitable bleaching agents include but are not limited to:

(1) pre-formed percolate. Suitable pre-formed percolate include, but are not limited to, compounds selected from the group consisting of percarboxylic acids and salts, peroralnyh acids and salts, perekidnyh acids and salts, peroxymonosulfuric acids and salts, for example, Ohope®, and mixtures thereof. Suitable percarboxylic acids include, but are not limited to, hydrophobic and hydrophilic percolate with the formula R-(C=O)O-O-M, where R represents an alkyl group, optionally branched chain, having, when percolate is hydrophobic, from 6 to 14 carbon atoms or from 8 to 12 carbon atoms, and when percolate is hydrophilic, less than 6 carbon atoms or even less than 4 carbon atoms; and M represents a counterion, such as sodium, potassium or hydrogen;

(2) sources of hydrogen peroxide, for example, salts of inorganic perhydrol, including alkali metal salts, such kakatiya salt perborate (usually mono - or tetrahydrate), percarbonate, persulfate, perphosphate, perserikatan salts and mixtures thereof. One object of the invention inorganic perpetrate salt selected from the group consisting of sodium salts of perborate, percarbonate and mixtures thereof. When using inorganic perpetrate salts are present, generally in amounts of from 0.05 to 40 wt.% or from 1 to 30 wt.% from all composition and is usually built in such compositions as a crystalline solid, which can have the floor. Suitable coatings include, but are not limited to, inorganic salts such as silicate, carbonate or borate salts of alkali metals or mixtures thereof, or organic materials such as water-soluble or dispersible polymers, waxes, oils or fatty soap; and

(3) bleaching activators, with R-(C=O)-L, where R represents an alkyl group, optionally branched chain, having, when the bleaching activator is hydrophobic, from 6 to 14 carbon atoms or from 8 to 12 carbon atoms, and when the bleaching activator is hydrophilic, less than 6 carbon atoms or even less than 4 carbon atoms; L represents an outgoing group. Examples of outgoing groups are benzoic acid and its derivatives, in particular the salt of benzosulfimide. Suitable bleach activators on the require, but not limited to, dodecanoyl oxybenzoyl sulfonate, decanoyl oxybenzoyl sulfonate, decanoyl oxybenzoic acid or its salts, 3,5,5-trimethyl hexaniacinate sulfonate, tetraacetyl ethylene diamine (TAED) and nonenvironmental sulfonate (NOBS). Suitable bleach activators are disclosed in published international application WO 98/17767. Although it may be any suitable activator bleaching, one object of the invention under consideration, the cleaning composition may contain NOBS, TAED or mixtures thereof.

When they are present, percolate or bleaching activator in General is present in the composition in an amount of from about 0.1 to about 60 wt.%, from about 0.5 to about 40 wt.%, or even from about 0.6 to about 10 wt.% based on the composition. One or more hydrophobic perkiset or their precursors can be used in combination with one or more hydrophilic percolate or their precursors.

Number source of hydrogen peroxide and percolate or bleaching activator may be selected so that the molar ratio of available oxygen (peroxide source) to percolate ranged from 1:1 to 3 5:1 or even 2:1 to 10:1.

Surfactants. The cleaning compositions of the present invention may contain a surfactant or system behavior is chestno-active substances, where the surfactant may be selected from nonionic surfactants, anionic surfactants, cationic surfactants, ampholytic surfactants, zwitter-ionic surfactants, polupryamykh nonionic surfactants and mixtures thereof. When it is present, surface active agent, typically present at a level from about 0.1% to about 60%, from about 1% to about 50%, or even from about 5% to about 40% by weight of this composition.

The fillers. The cleaning compositions of the present invention can contain one or more fillers or systems fillers cleaners. When the filler is used, this composition will generally contain at least about 1%, from about 5% to about 60%, or even from about 10% to about 40% filler by weight of this composition.

Fillers include, but are not limited to, salts of polyphosphates, alkali metal, ammonium or alkanolamine, silicates of alkali metals, carbonates of alkaline earth and alkali metal aluminosilicate fillers and polycarboxylate compositions, hydroxypolycarboxylic ether, copolymers of maleic anhydride with ethylene or vinyl is tilevym ether, 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene,4,6-trisulphonate and carboxymethylcysteine acid, salt polyacetate acids of various alkali metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium, such as ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, nitrilotriacetic acid, and polycarboxylate, such as malletova acid, succinic acid, citric acid, accidentally acid, primulina acid, benzene 1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, carboxymethylcysteine acid and its soluble salts.

Chelating substances. The cleaning compositions herein may contain a chelating agent. Suitable chelating substances include, but are not limited to, copper, iron and or manganese chelating agents and mixtures thereof. When using the chelating agent, this composition may contain from about 0,005% to about 15% or even from about 3.0% to about 10% chelating substances by weight of the considered composition.

Preventing migration of the dye substance. The cleaning compositions of the present invention may also include, but are not limited to, one or more prevents migration of the dye substances. Suitable polymeric preventing migration of the dye substances include, but are not limited to, polyvinylpyrrolidone polymers, polyamine-N-oaks is lnie polymers, copolymers of N-vinylpyrrolidone and N-vinylimidazole, polivinilatsetatny and polyvinylimidazole, or mixtures thereof. When they are present in the composition, preventing the transfer of dye substances may be present at levels from about 0,0001% to about 10%, from about 0.01% to about 5%, or even from about 0.1% to about 3% by weight of the composition.

The clarifiers. The cleaning compositions of the present invention may also contain additional components that can clear tinted products, such as fluorescent brighteners. Appropriate levels of fluorescent brighteners include lower levels of from about 0.01 to, from approximately 0.05, about 0.1, or even from about 0.2 mass. to the upper levels of 0.5 or even 0.75 wt.%.

Dispersers. The compositions of the present invention can also contain dispersants. Suitable water-soluble organic materials include, but are not limited to, Homo - and copolymer acids and their salts, in which polycarboxylic acids contain at least two carboxyl radicals separated from one another by no more than two carbon atoms.

The enzymes. The cleaning compositions can contain one or more enzymes which provide cleaning performance and / or benefits of fabric care. Examples of suitable enzymes include all the I, but not limited to, hemicellulase, peroxidase, protease, cellulase, xylanase, lipase, phospholipase, esterase, cutinase, pectinase, mannanase, pectin-LiAZ, keratinase, reductase, oxidase, peroxidase, lipoxygenase, ligninase, pullulanase, tannaz, pentosanase, Malagasy, β-glucanase, arabinosidases, hyaluronidase, chondroitinase, laccase, and amylases, or mixtures thereof. A typical combination is the enzyme mixture, which may contain, for example, protease and lipase in combination with amylase. When they are present in the cleaning composition, the above-mentioned enzymes may be present at levels from about 0.00001% to about 2%, from about 0,0001% to about 1% or even from about 0,001% to about 0.5% of enzyme protein by weight of the composition.

Stabilizers enzymes. Enzymes for use in detergents can be stabilized by different methods. The enzymes can be stabilized by the presence in the final compositions of water-soluble sources of calcium ions and / or magnesium that provide such ions to the enzymes. In the case of aqueous compositions, containing a protease, it is possible to add a reversible protease inhibitor, such as a boron compound, to further improve stability.

The catalytic metal complexes. Declared a cleaning composition may include catalytic the ski complexes of metals. One type of metal containing catalyst whitening is a catalytic system containing a transition metal cation specific catalytic activity whitening, such as the cations of copper, iron, titanium, ruthenium, tungsten, molybdenum or manganese, additional metal cation with a low catalytic activity whitening or without it, such as the cations of zinc or aluminum, exfoliating substance with defined stability constants for the catalytic cations and auxiliary metals, in particular, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, etilendiamintetra(methylenephosphonate acid) and their soluble salts. Such catalysts are disclosed in U.S. patent No. 4.430.243.

If desired, the listed composition can be catalysed by manganese composition. Such compounds and levels of use are well known in the art and include, but are not limited to, for example, catalysts based on manganese disclosed in U.S. patent No. 5.576.282.

Useful here cobalt catalysts whitening known and described, for example, in U.S. patent No. 5.597.936, 5.595.967. Such cobalt catalysts quickly prepared by known procedures, such as described, for example, in U.S. patent No. 5.597.936 and 5.595.967.

Here the composition can also respectively be included in the impact complexes of ligands of transition metals, such as bispinosa (WO 05/042532) and (or) macropolicies hard ligands, abbreviated as "MRL". From a practical point of view, and not to limit, the listed compositions and processes can be adjusted in order to provide at least one part per hundred million of the active groups MRL in the aqueous washing medium, and they will provide, typically, from about 0.005 parts per million (ppm) to about 25 ppm, from approximately 0.05 ppm to about 10 ppm, or even from about 0.1 ppm to about 5 ppm of these MRL in aqueous solution.

Suitable transition metals in such a bleaching catalyst based on transition metals include, but are not limited to, for example, manganese, iron and chromium. Suitable MRL include, but are not limited to, 5,12-diethyl-1,5,8,12-tetraazabicyclo [6.6.2]hexadecane.

Suitable MRL of transition metals can be easily prepared by known procedures, such as described, for example, in the publication of the international application WO 00/32601 and in U.S. patent No. 6.225.464.

Processes for the manufacture of compositions

The compositions of the present invention can be prepared in any suitable form and prepared by any of the selected compiler process, non-limiting examples of which are described in the examples on the application and in U.S. patent No. 4.990.280, publications, applications for U.S. patent No. 2003/0087791, 2003/0087790, 2005/0003983, 2004/0048764, in the tents U.S. No. 4.762.636, 6.291.412, in the publication of the patent application U.S. No. 2005/0227891, in the EPO application No. 1070115, in U.S. patent No. 5.879.584, 5.691.297, 5.574.005, 5.569.645, 5.565.422, 5.516.448, 5.489.392, 5.486.303, which are all incorporated here by reference.

The method of using the cleaning compositions

The present invention includes a method of cleaning and / or processing in place, in particular, surface or fabric. This method includes the steps, by contacting the option of carrying out a cleaning composition in pure form or diluted in an aqueous solution with at least part of a surface or fabric, and then optionally rinsed the surface or fabric. This surface or the fabric may be subjected to a step of washing before the aforementioned step of rinsing. For the purposes of the present invention, the sink includes, but is not limited to, cleaning brush and mechanical shaking. As will be clear to the specialist, the cleaning compositions of the present invention are ideal for use in laundries. Accordingly, the present invention includes a method of washing fabric. This method can include the steps that shall be contacting the wash cloth with the mentioned solution for washing in the Laundry containing at least one way of carrying out the cleaning compositions, cleansing the additives or mixtures thereof. The fabric may contain for the most part, any fabric capable of washing under normal conditions of use by the consumer. The solution preferably has a pH from about 8 to about 10.5V. The composition can be used in concentrations of from about 500 ppm to about 15000 ppm in solution. Water temperatures typically range from about 5°to about 90°C. the Ratio of water to fabric is typically from about 1:1 to about 30:1.

Ways to test

It is clear that the methods of testing that disclosed in the section of this application "Means test"should be used to determine the appropriate values of the parameters of the claimed inventions as those of the invention described and claimed here.

1. Test on the average particle size for layering powder

This method of testing should be used to determine the average particle size for layering powder. Test particle size for layering powder is determined in accordance with ISO 8130-13, "Coating powders Part 13: Particle size analysis by laser diffraction" (Coating powders Part 13: Analysis of particle size by laser diffraction). A suitable particle size analyzer by laser diffraction with a dispenser of dry powder can be obtained from Horiba Instruments incorporated of Irvine, California, USA; Malvem Instruments Ltd of Worcestershire, Great B the power supply; Sympatec GmbH from Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany; and Beckman-Coulter Incorporated from Fullerton, California, USA.

The results are expressed in accordance with ISO 9276-1:1998, "Representation of results of particle size analysis Part 1: Graphical Representation", Figure A.4, "Cumulative distribution Q3plotted on graph paper with a logarithmic abscissa" (Presentation of the results of the analysis of particle size. Part 1: a Graphical representation. Figa, the Cumulative distribution of Q3built on a chart paper with logarithmic horizontal axis). The average particle size is defined as the value of the abscissa at the point where the cumulative distribution (Q3) is 50 percent.

2. Test the viscosity of the binder component

This method of testing should be used to determine the viscosity of the binder component.

The viscosity of the binder component is determined using the apparent viscosity obtained by the test method Brookfield. Suitable viscometer, for example, type LV Brookfield (LVT series or LVDV) with UL adapter is available from Brookfield Engineering Laboratories, Inc., Middleboro, Massachusetts, USA. Test the viscosity of the binder is carried out in accordance with Brookfield Operating Manual (instruction manual Brookfield), following the guidelines of ISO 2555, second edition published February 1, 1989 and reprinted with corrections February 1, 1990, "Plastics resins in the liquid state or as emulsions or dispersions Determination of apparent viscosity by BrookfieldTest method" (Plastic - resin in the liquid state or as emulsions or dispersions - Determination of apparent viscosity test method Brookfield) with the following caveats:

a) Use the viscometer series LV Brookfield with a UL adapter.

b) is Used, the rotational speed of 60 rpm. The spindle is selected in accordance with the permitted operating range, specified in clause 4 of ISO 2555. If the rotational speed of 60 rpm cannot be used on the basis of the permitted operating range, use the higher speed less than 60 rpm and correspond to the allowed range in item 4.

C) the viscosity Measurement is performed at the same temperature of the binder component, in which the binder component is introduced in the process of layering.

3. Test average particle size of the seed material and frequency of the distribution

This method of testing should be used to determine the average particle size of the seed material.

Test particle size of the seed material is conducted to determine the average particle size of the seed material using document ASTM D 502-89, "Standard Test Method for Particle Size of Soaps and Other Detergents" (Standard method of test particle size for soap and other detergents), approved may 26, 1989, with further specification DL the sizes of sieves, used in this analysis. Following the section 7 "Procedure using machine-sieving method" procedure using a method machine separation of the Sith), requires a set of clean dry sieves containing sieve #8 (2360 microns), #12 (1700 μm), #16 (1180 ám), #20 (850 µm), #30 (600 µm), #40 (425 µm), #50 (300 μm), #70 (212 μm), #100 (150 µm) US standard (ASTM E 11). With the above set of sieves used the prescribed method machine separation of the Sith. As a sample use of the bare material. A suitable machine for shaking sieves can be obtained from W.S.Tyler Company from Mentor, Ohio, USA.

Data are deposited on a semi-log graph with a hole in each sieve in mm plotted on a logarithmic abscissa and percentage (Q3) cumulative mass plotted on a linear axis. The example above represent the data contained in document ISO 9276-1:1998, "Representation of results of particle size analysis Part 1: Graphical Representation", Figure A.4. The average size (D50) particulate seed material for the purposes of this invention is defined as the value of the abscissa at the point where the percentage cumulative weight is 50 per cent, and is calculated by interpolation of a straight line between the data points directly above (A50) and below (b50) 50%values using the following equation:

D50=10^[Log(Da50)-(Log(Da50)-Log(Db50))*(Qa50-50%)/(Qa50-Qb50)],

where Q a50and Qb50represent the percentage of the cumulative mass of data directly above and below the 50th percentile, respectively; a Da50and Db50represent the values of the sizes of the sieves in micrometers, corresponding to these data.

In the case when the value of the 50th percentile falls below the smallest size sieve (150 μm) or higher than the largest dimension of the Sith (2360 microns), then you need to add in the additional sieve, following a geometric progression is not more than 1.5, as long as the median will not fall between the two measured dimensions of the Sith.

Interval distribution of the seed material is a measure of the width of the size distribution of the nucleating around the median. It is calculated according to the following:

Interval=(D84/D50+D50/D16) / 2,

where D50represents the average particle size, and D84and D16has a particle size in the sixteenth and eighty-fourth percentile on the saved graph of the cumulative percent mass, respectively.

In the case where the value of D16falls below the smallest size sieve (150 microns), the interval is calculated according to the following:

Interval=(D84/D50).

In the case where the value of D16hits above the largest dimension of the Sith (2360 microns), the interval is calculated according to the following:

interval=(D 50/D16).

In the case where the value of D16falls below the smallest size sieve (150 microns) and the value of D84hits above the largest dimension of the Sith (2360 microns)within the interval distribution is defined as the maximum value of 5.7.

4. Test bulk density

Bulk density of the seed material is determined according to the method of testing, Loose-fill Density of Granular Materials (Bulk density of granular materials)contained in ASTM E 727-02 "Standard Test Methods for Determining Bulk Density of Granular Carriers and Granular Pesticides (Standard methods of test for determination of bulk density of granular carriers and granular pesticides), approved October 10, 2002.

5. Test cumulative distribution of particle sizes based on the mass of fluid particles

This method of testing should be used to determine the average size (D50) particle size and (D30) particles 30th percentile discrete fluid environment. This test follows the same procedure as defined for the above described test average particle size of the seed material except that this method is used to measure:

a) selected percentiles of the size of particles flowing discrete medium, and

b) selected percentiles of the particle size of the fully mixed composition containing cucuy discrete environment.

In part (a) test an average particle size of the seed material is performed using a fluid particle as a sample instead of the seed material. The average size (D50) particles is calculated in the same way. In addition, the size (D30) particles 30th percentile is defined as the value of the abscissa at the point where the cumulative percent mass equivalent to 30 percent, and is calculated by interpolation of a straight line between the data points directly above (A30) and below (b30) 30%values using the following equation:

D30=10^[Log(Da30)-(Log(Da30)-Log(Db30))*(Qa30-30%)/(QA30-Qb30)],

where Qa30and Qb30represent the percentage of the cumulative mass of data directly above and below the 30th percentile, respectively; and DA30and Db30represent the values of the sizes of the sieves in micrometers, corresponding to these data.

In the case when the value of the 30th percentile falls below the smallest size sieve (150 microns), then you need to add in the additional sieve, following a geometric progression is not more than 1.5, up until the 30th percentile will not fall between the two measured dimensions of the Sith.

In part (b) the procedure of part (a) with a fully mixed song instead of discrete fluid environment.

6. Test early education unit the programme flow of particles

Beginning of formation of the blocking of the flow of particles is measured using a tool Flodex™, supplied by Hanson Research Corporation, Catskill, California, USA. As used in this testing method, the term "bin" refers to a cylindrical block tool Flodex™, the term "aperture" refers to the hole in the middle stream of the disk, which is used when testing thread, the symbol "b" refers to the diameter of the holes used in this test streaming disk, and the symbol "b" refers to the dimensionless size of the hole, as determined by the ratio of the diameter of the hole size (D30) particles 30th percentile, specified in method test No. 5 of the applicant, entitled "Test cumulative distribution of particle sizes based on the mass of fluid particles", b= / D30.

Tool Flodex™ works in accordance with the instructions contained in the manual Flodex™ version 21-101-000, revised in March 2003 with the following exceptions:

(a) a Suitable container, which is used for collecting material that is tested, tarinoita on a balance accurate to 0.01 g before starting the test and used in the future to measure the mass production of discrete medium from the hopper at the stage C) below.

b) Preparation of the samples. In the bulk sample particles corresponding abracompteur grooves, to ensure that the subsample in 150 ml volume of the bulk material. The appropriate mass of the sample can be determined by changing the density of the bulk material, specified in method test No. 4, entitled "Test bulk density, and then donnieyen on the target volume (150 ml). The mass of the sample (exemplary mass) recorded before each test measurement. Because the test is not destructive, the same sample can be used repeatedly. The entire pattern you want to upload, for example, by turning the hopper, and then re-load before each measurement.

C) For each hole size was performed three repeated measurements, beginning with the smallest hole size (typically 4 mm, unless you want a smaller hole). For each measurement the sample is loaded into the hopper and allow him to remain there on a break for about 30 seconds before the hole open, according to the procedure described in the manual Flodex™. The sample allow to drain in a tared container for at least 60 seconds. After this 60-second period, and when the flow stops and remains stopped for 30 seconds (i.e., not more than 0.1 wt.% material flows over a 30-second interval stop), the mass of the released material is measured, the hole is closed and the hopper is full the firm is emptied by inverting the bunker node or removal streaming disc. Note: if the flow stops, and then begins again within 30 seconds of stopping, the timing interval of the stop must be restarted from scratch at the next stop flow. For each dimension released mass % is calculated according to the formula:

(issued wt.%)=100 * (released mass) / (mass of sample). The average of three measurements issued wt.% is deposited on the graph as a function of the dimensionless hole (b=B/D30) issued wt.% on the y axis and a dimensionless quantity of the holes on the x-axis. This procedure is repeated using more and larger holes up until the hopper is unloaded without blocking the flow of particles for three times, one after another, according to the description "a positive result" in the user guide Flodex™.

g) pending on the graph data are then linearly interpolated to find a relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles (Jrel), which is defined as the value of the dimensionless hole at point average production of 25 wt.%. This is determined by the value (b) of the abscissa at the point where the interpolation is equal to the production of 25 wt.%. If wt.% average production exceeds 25% for the initial hole, then you need to get streaming discs with smaller holes and p the echo test, starting with smaller holes. Streaming discs with smaller holes, such as a 3.5, and 3.0, 2.5 or even 2:0, you can get as custom parts from Hanson Research Corporation.

d) Absolute indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles (Jabs) is defined as the product of the relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles and the size of the D30particles: Jabs=Jrel*D30.

7. The test indicator of accelerated stability the early formation of blocking the flow of particles

The test indicator of accelerated stability the early formation of blocking the flow of particles is a measure of physical stability of the fluidity of the discrete medium when exposed to warm, moist environment. This test is performed in accordance with the method of test No. 6, entitled "Test early formation of blocking the flow of particles" with the following caveats:

a) is Added to the phase of exposure in the environment, according to which 150 ml of the sample according to the method of test No. 6 is placed in a beaker of 250 ml and then incubated by placing an open sample chamber testing in the environment at 27 degrees Celsius and 60% relative humidity for a period of 48 hours. The beaker 250 ml has straight sides with an open top and an internal diameter of approximately 6.5, see the Appropriate camera from the outposts and the different temperature and humidity can be obtained from Lunaire Environmental Products, New Columbia, PA, USA; Weiss-Gallenkamp, Loughborough, UK; ESPEC, Hudsonville, Michigan, USA.

b) the Remainder of the test early formation of blocking the flow of particles is performed on the exposed sample. After removal of the aged sample from the chamber environment it can be used in the test early formation of blocking the flow of particles within a time not exceeding 20 minutes. If the test requires additional time, then you need to prepare a lot of aged samples. Note that it may be necessary to shake the beaker or even shatter Mature sample discrete environment with a spatula to unload it from the beaker at the end of the exposure period.

C) the Rate of accelerated stability the early formation of blocking the flow of the particles obtained according to the calculation of the relative index of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles using the values of D30for a discrete environment, measured before aging in a 48-hour test in the environment.

8. Test the shape factor of the particles

The shape factor of the particles is defined as the ratio of the diameter (dmajor) major axis particle diameter (dminor) on the minor axis of the particle, where the diameters of the large and small axes represent the long and short sides of the rectangle that OPI is indicates the two-dimensional image of the particle in the turning point, where the short side of the rectangle is minimized. The two-dimensional image obtained using an appropriate method of microscopic examination. For the purposes of this method, a size of the particles is defined as the area of two-dimensional image of the particle.

To determine the shape factor distribution and the average shape factor of the particles, it is necessary to collect and analyze the appropriate number of representative two-dimensional images of the particles. For the purposes of this test requires at least 5000 images of particles. To facilitate the collection and analysis of images such number of particles is recommended automated system for obtaining and analyzing images. Such systems can be obtained from Malvem Instruments Ltd., Malvern, Worcester, UK; Beckman Coulter, Inc., Fullerton, California, USA; JM Canty, Inc., Buffalo, new York, USA; Retsch Technology GmbH, Haan, Germany; and Sympatec GmbH, split up-Zellerfeld, Germany.

A suitable sample of particles is obtained by making the grooves. The sample was then processed and analyzed by the image analysis to provide a list of particles containing the signs of the major and minor axes. The shape factor (KF) (AR) of each particle is calculated according to the ratio of the major and minor axis of the particles:

AR=dmajor/ dminor.

The data list is then sorted in descending order of the ratio of particle shape and bycicles the cumulative area of the particles as the current sum of the squares of the particles in the sorted list. The shape factor of the particles based on the graph on the x-axis, and the cumulative area of the particles along the axis of ordinates. The average shape factor of the particles is a value of the abscissa at the point where the cumulative area of the particles is equal to 50% of the total area of the particles in the distribution.

Examples

Example 1: the Seed materials

The seed materials are usually available as a granular fraction of raw materials with particle size, size distribution, shape factor and density, which are in the description of the invention. Suitable one-component starters include granular fraction type granules of sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate, sodium silicate, monopotassium phosphate, calcium secondary acidic calcium phosphate, sodium bisulfate, sodium citrate, citric acid, lactose, sugar, whey, and starch. Such seed can be useful in a wide range of applications.

Examples of composite structures for use as nucleating detergents are given in Tables 1A and 1B. Intermediate compositions of detergents, columns a to H. These composite seed prepared in an independent process for pelletizing detergents, such as mechanical agglomeration, spray drying or extrusion, and then sorting for satis the creation specifications sizes of seed. Such processes for the manufacture of the intermediate granular compositions are well known to specialists.

In one facility, intermediate detergent composition (for example, as in Table 1) can be sorted into two parts, one of which is suitable for use as seed, and the other part should not or are not suitable for use as seed. The second part can then be ground into a fine powder which is suitable for layering. Thus, the total number of intermediate composition may be consumed in the process of layering, either seed or layering powder. Further, the division of the intermediate material on the part of the seed and layering provides control of the process layup relative ratio of the binder and layering powder, as well as control over the characteristics of the product, for example, the size of the layering of the particles with respect to the initial size of the seed.

Ingredien
you*
Table 1A: Intermediate detergent composition (by weight)
(a)(b)(C)(d) (e)(f)(g)(h)(i)(j)(k)(l)
116,710,513,60,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
20,00,00,00,00,035,00,020,00,040,80,00,0
3 31,327,9of 40.346,516,530,037,045,046,823,536,534,2
435,847,933,00,054,50,037,00,00,00,027,720,0
512,88,810,60,01,50,00,00,08,2 0,00,00,0
60,00,00,08,015,00,019,00,00,00,0to 19.919,8
70,00,00,00,00,020,00,020,00,023,50,00,0
S0,00,00,04,00,0 0,00,00,015,00,00,00,0
90,02,01,036,00,04,00,07,527,50,010,20,0
100,00,00,00,010,50,04,50,00,00,00,017,1
110,0 0,00,00,00,01,00,01,00,01,82,10,0
120,81,00,40,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
130,00,00,00,00,50,20,50,50,00,0 0,80,9
140,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,02,9
152,61,9U5,51,59,82,06,02,510,42,85,1
* List of ingredients Table 1A: 1) sodium tripolyphosphate; 2) aluminosilicate sodium zeolite structure; 3) sodium carbonate; 4) sodium sulfate; 5) sodium silicate; (6) Las sodium; 7) alkylsulfate sodium; 8) alkylates that sodium; 9) the polymer of polyacrylate sodium; 10) copolymer alkylamino sodium; 11) polyethylene glycol 4000; 12) linear alcohol alkoxylate; 13) an optical Brightener; 14) carboxymethyl cellulose; 15) wet waste and raw material.
Ingredients*Table 1B: Intermediate detergent composition (by weight)
(m)(n)(o)(p)(q)(r)(s)(t)(u)(v)(w)(x)
10,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
20,10,00,00,00.00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
371,257,036,362,024,332,428,218,542,128,38,415,7
40,018,027,40,051,428,122,737,0 23,444,856,269,4
50,00,05.10,03,45,04,84,08,1the 3.8of 5.42,1
618,425,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
70,00,00,00,00,0 1,20,00,8U0,00,00,0
86,90,05,536,03,74,36.12,33,37,70,44,3
90,70,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
100,0 0,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
110,00,03,60,02,42,74,13,5a 4.96,01,63,3
120,00,00,00,00,0the 17.320,224,70,00,021,80,0/td>
130,00,09,10,06,11,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
140,00,00,00,00,02,17,10,08,60,00,00,0
150,00,00,30,00,20,40,30,4 0,50,40,00,2
162,70,0a 12.72,08,55,56,58,88,09,06,25,0
* List of ingredients Table 1B: 1) sodium tripolyphosphate; 2) aluminosilicate sodium zeolite structure; 3) sodium carbonate; 4) sodium sulfate; 5) sodium silicate; (6) alkylalkoxysilane sodium; 7) the polymer of polyacrylate sodium; 8) copolymer alkylamino sodium; 9) linear alcohol alkoxylate; 10) carboxymethyl cellulose; 11) non-ionic surfactant; 12) sodium citrate; 13) MGDA; 14) GLDA; 15) HEDP; 16) wet waste and raw material.

Example 2: Layering powders

Although suitable for layering powders can be obtained directly as a raw material powder fraction, may require additional spraying to reduce the size of the p particles to a range of desirable sizes according to the description of the present invention, for example, using a high-speed pin mill.

Composition layering powder depends on product applications. Layering powders provide physical and / or chemical absorption liquid binder in a layered structure. When using jet or water binder preferably, at least one component layering powder includes a material that is capable of reacting with a binder; the binder is converted into a solid or semi-solid phase. For example, layering powder can participate in acid-base reactions or the hydration reaction with other materials or intermediate compounds in the process of layering. For example, when using aqueous binder, it is desirable that layering a powder comprised of at least one hydratherapy material.

Examples of suitable layering materials include, but are not limited to, materials selected from the group consisting of: sugars, acetates, citrates, sulfates, carbonates, borates, phosphates, acid precursors and their mixtures. Examples of sugars and carbohydrate salts include, but are not limited to, lactose, calcium lactate and trehalose. Examples of acetates include, but are not limited to, magnesium acetate, i.e. Mg(CH3COO)2and ACE is at sodium, i.e. N3Soo. Examples of citrates include, but are not limited to, sodium citrate, i.e. With6H5About7PA3and citric acid, i.e. With6H8O7. Examples of sulfates include, but are not limited to, magnesium sulfate, i.e. MgSO4and sodium sulphate, i.e. Na2SO4. Examples of carbonates include, but are not limited to, sodium carbonate, i.e. PA2CO3and potassium carbonate, i.e. K2CO3. Examples of the borates include, but are not limited to, sodium borate, PA2In4O7. Examples of the phosphates include, but are not limited to, dibasic sodium phosphate, i.e. Na2HPO4and sodium tripolyphosphate, i.e. PA5P3About10. Layering powders containing such materials, may be introduced into the process of layering as a practically anhydrous salts. Not communicating with theory, it is believed that their transformation into stable hydrate phase provides a mechanism for removing moisture binder and enables processing with improved control. If hydration ability of the material is sufficient, the process can be performed without requiring a step of drying.

Additional active layering powder materials for application of detergents include, but are not limited to the mi, the materials selected from the group consisting of surfactants, water soluble polymers, fillers, buffering agents, optical brighteners, and mixtures thereof. One object layering powder prepared by grinding the intermediate detergent compositions, for example compositions shown in Tables 1A and 1B, to obtain compositions in lines 7-15 in Table 2A and lines 12-16 in Table 2 Century

Ingredients*Table 2A: Composition layering powders (by weight)
(a)(b)(C)(d)(e)(f)(g)(h)(i)(j)(k)(l)
154,40,00,0 27,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
20,018,90,00,07,88,50,025,62,810,43,40,0
345,2to 47.211,121,349,854,057,045,528,4 41,642,70,0
40,00,033,30,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
50,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,018,5
60,00,0 0,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,02.0
70,00,00,051,20,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
80,00,00,00,00,00,042,60,0 0,00,00,00,0
90,00,00,00,040,735,80,00,00,00,00,00,0
100,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,068,20,00,00,0
110,0 0,00,00,00,00,00,023,50,00,00,00,0
120,00,055,00,00,00,00,00,00,045,80,00,0
130,029,90,00,00,00,00,0 0,00,00,00,00,0
140,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,053,00,0
150,00,00,00,00.00,00,00,00,00,00,079,1
16 0,44,00,60,51,71,70,4of 5.40,62,20,90,4
* List of ingredients Table 2A: 1) sodium tripolyphosphate; 2) aluminosilicate sodium zeolite structure; 3) sodium carbonate; 4) sodium sulfate; 5) carboxymethyl cellulose; (6) powder optical Brightener; 7) milled composition from Table 1A, column (b); 8) milled composition from Table 1A, column (d); 9) milled composition from Table 1A, column (e); 10) milled composition from Table 1A, column (g); 11) milled composition from Table 1A, column (h); 12) milled composition from Table 1A, column (i); 13) milled composition from Table 1A, column (j); 14) milled composition from Table 1A, column (k); 15) milled composition from Table 1A, column (1); 16) wet waste and raw material.
Ingredients*Table 2B: Composition n is sliwowica powder (by weight)
(m)(n)(o)(p)(q)(r)(s)(t)(u)(v)(w)(x)
1of 37.850,450,310048,257,645,948,748,376,367,60,0
220,08,56,20,00,0 0,00,00,00,08,10,00,0
30,034,426,90,020,942,432,90,00,0the 15.60,023,0
40,80,00,00,08,30,0a 12.70,023,20,032,4 0,0
50,00,014,20,0the 10.10,00,025,10,00,00,018,0
67,30,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
7the 9.70,00,00,0 0,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
818,40,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
91,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0 0,00,0
101,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
112.00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
120,00,00,0 0,00,00,08,50,00,00,00,00,0
130,06,70,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,059,0
140,00,00,00,012,50,00,00,00,0 0,00,00,0
150,00.02,40,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
160,00,00,00,00,00,00,026,228,50,00,00,0
172,00,0 0,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0
* List of ingredients Table 2B: 1) sodium carbonate; (2) sodium sulfate; 3) sodium citrate; 4) MGDA; 5) GLDA; 6) sodium silicate; 7) copolymer of alkyl-maleic sodium; 8) Las sodium; 9) HEDP; 10) EDDS; 11) magnesium sulfate; 12) milled composition from Table 1B, column (a); 13) milled composition from Table 1B, column (b); 14) milled composition from Table 1B, column (r); 15) milled composition from Table 1B, column (s); 16) milled composition from Table 1B, column (v); 17) wet waste and raw material.

Example 3: Connecting

Although the choice of binder depends on the application, the preferred binder system comprises at least one binder component, which is able to withstand the chemical and physical transformation from a liquid to a solid or semi-solid phase. In the case of chemical conversion binder mainly reacts with the component of the om layering powder. Suitable preagent binder can be used to the extent that they can physically absorbed in the layering structure. Examples of suitable preagent binders include, but are not limited to, perfume oils, flower oils and edible oils.

For applications in detergents suitable active binder materials include, but are not limited to, materials selected from the group consisting of acid precursors, surfactants, liquid or molten surfactant or surfactant solutions of anionic, cationic, nonionic or zwitter-ionic surfactants, liquid or molten polymers, polymer solutions, acidic polymers, silicate solutions, cellulose solutions or dispersions, the molten fatty acids or alcohols, waxes and mixtures thereof. Suitable inert binder materials include, but are not limited to, materials selected from the group consisting of water, saline solutions, sugar solutions, and mixtures thereof.

Example 4: the Process of making puff granules of detergent for automatic washing using spatially separated flows binder and layering powder

The composition of the seed particles in Table 1A,column (a), received from Procter & Gamble Co., sieved to particle size of between about 300 and 850 ám using vibrational circular Sweco separator 24". The weight of the seed particles of about 75 kg with a volume density of about 1.07 kg/l dosed in the double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating (Bella™ B-120XN available from Dynamic Air, Inc., St. Paul, Minnesota, USA), modified to add connection with the distribution tube located below the zone of converging flows. Include a mixer with two shafts counter-rotate with a speed of about 100 rpm Each shaft has 14 blades installed on 7 pairs on the shaft. Liquid mass approximately 0.6 kg of a linear alcohol alkoxylate heated to obtain a viscosity of about 40 centipoise, is added through a spray nozzle under pressure in the upper part of the stirrer at a rate of approximately 200 l/h, to form the sprayed droplets, and then to bring these droplets in contact with the particles in the middle of the mixer, where the seed particles are in the liquefied state. Then start spraying the polymer binder solution of sodium polyacrylate about 30 wt.% solid particles through the nozzle, installed in the middle at the top of the mixer to provide the contacting of the droplets of the binder with the liquefied seed particles in the middle of the mixer. The polymer solution is sprayed is at about 75 lb/HR for about 6 minutes. At the same time add layering powder according to Table 2A, column (a), in the upper part of the mixer, split evenly between the two inlet holes located on diagonal corners of the agitator facing over the provisions of the downward trajectory of the blade closest to the end walls of the mixer at a rate of approximately 900 lb/HR for 6 minutes. In addition, at the same time add about 34 wt.% solids binder solution of sodium silicate through a distribution rod guide thread up in the zone of converging flows through the four holes with a diameter of approximately 2 mm, separating the three middle position of the blades. The sodium silicate solution added at a rate of approximately 175 lb/HR for about 5 ½ minutes. The whole process lasts from 6 to 7 minutes residence time in the mixer before discharge to the second mixer Bella™ B-200XN with similar modifications to add a binder. The process then repeats for the second mixer using the product from the first mixer as anticipated during the same time and includes layering all the ingredients except the linear alcoholate with speeds add to the layering powder, silicate and polymer solution of about 1450, 260 and 110 lb/HR, respectively.

The resulting batch is discharged, the issue is more to remove any particles of large size (> 1.2 mm) and treated in the fluidized bed with ambient temperature and at a superficial air velocity of about 0.8 m/s for a period of time from 3 to 7 minutes. The product yield is about 90%; the remainder is processed by grinding and re-introduction into the process as a seed or layering powder. The cumulative duration of the process of layering is approximately 14 minutes, not including processing psevdoozhizhennogo layer. Free moisture in solutions spanning almost reacts with phosphate and carbonate components for layering powder during the process of layering, which leads to an equivalent conversion of about 80% uranyl sodium tripolyphosphate and about 50% of the monohydrate of sodium carbonate. No further drying of the product is not required. The growth factor of the product is approximately 2.8 times the number of initial seed pellets. Speed layering is about 20 wt.% in the minute. The particle size of the product is characterized as: D50=630 μm, interval=1.3 and D30=540 μm. A relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of product particles is approximately 6,9.

Example 5: the Process of making puff granules of detergent for automatic washing using spaced in time by the shackles of the binder and layering powder

The composition of the seed particles in Table 1A, column (a), obtained from Procter & Gamble Co., sieved to particle size of between about 300 and 850 ám using vibrational circular Sweco separator 24". The weight of the seed particles of about 320 g with a bulk density of about 1.07 kg/l then metered into the kitchen mixer for food processing with great effort shift (Robot Coupe, Model R302V). Include the mixer on low setting, to create centrifugal "the chords for" the seed particles rotating in a centrifugal flow regime at the wall of the mixer. About 4.6 g of liquid linear alcohol alkoxylate metered into the mixer by means of a syringe through the upper inlet opening, so that the liquid flow is in contact with the seed particles under approximately perpendicular angle to the surface of the flow regime. Then add about 60 g of the composition layering powder, shown in Table 2A, column (a), through the upper part of the agitator. Then add about 60 g of the binder solution of sodium silicate with about 36 wt.% solids through the top part of the agitator under an approximately perpendicular angle to the surface of the flow regime. Then add approximately 145 g of the composition layering powder, shown in Table 2A, column (a), through the upper part of the agitator. Then add about 27 g of races the thief binder of sodium polyacrylate with about 26 wt.% solids through the top part of the agitator under an approximately perpendicular angle to the surface of the flow regime. Finally, add about 100 g of the composition layering powder, shown in Table 2A, column (a), through the upper part of the agitator. During this periodic process speed of the stirrer is gradually increased to maintain the material moving in a centrifugal flow regime at the wall of the mixer.

Example 6: the Process of making sparkling puff granules of detergent for washing Laundry in a moderate mode using spaced in time thread binder and layering powder

The seed particles obtained by sorting granular sodium bisulfate using sieves and sampling fractions between 500 and 1000 microns. Used for layering powder from Table 2A, column (C). A binder is prepared by mixing approximately 85% of the linear alkylbenzenesulfonic acid (HLAS) with approximately 15% of the molten ethoxylate fatty alcohol (TAA) when the temperature of the mixture to about 60°C. the Mixture is homogeneous binder is then maintained at about 60°C.

Weight 203 g of the seed material is loaded into a food processor models FP370 and include the stirrer at the speed setting #2 for guidance centrifugal flow regime in the mixer. Then perform a series of eight successive stages, alternately add about 15 g of binder and from about 35 to 45 g layering powder, adding b is the larger of the binder, more layering powder, etc. up until the composition of the product will not be built in layers surrounding bisulfate seed.

Binder is converted into the solid phase by a combination of chemical reaction of the binder HLAS with sodium carbonate in layering powder and thickening of the molten TEE. Without recourse to theory, it is believed that the system of mixed binder expands the ability of this treatment to lower levels of excess sodium carbonate in layering powder. In addition, almost waterless process provides for the formation of composite particles with acid structure of the nucleus (sodium bisulfate) and alkaline layers, so when you add water this discrete environment bubbles.

Example 7: the Process of making puff granules of detergent for washing heavy duty, containing perfume microcapsules using spaced in time thread binder and layering powder

The seed particles are obtained by preparing first intermediate granular compositions presented in Table 1A, column (k)through a process of spray drying. The resulting spray dried granules are sorted by sifting, selecting seed from the fraction with a size of between 425 μm and 850 μm. The resulting seed have a bulk density of about 30 g/l with a porous microstructure.

Weight 200 g of seed material is loaded into a food processor Braun CombiMax 600 type 3205 paddle impeller and include the stirrer speed is sufficient for the guidance of the centrifugal flow regime in the mixer, for example, on the speed setting #4. Nine grams of aqueous suspension of perfume microcapsules prepared in accordance with U.S. patent No. 4.100.103 containing 30 wt.% active perfume oil, then add the syringe, so that the flow of the suspension in contact with the porous flow nucleating incorporating microcapsules into the porous structure of the particles.

Composition layering powder is presented in Table 2A, column (k). Use two separate binders: 1) an acid precursor of a surfactant, such as alkylbenzenesulfonic acid (HLAS) and (or) alkyl 3-ethoxysulfuron acid (HAE3S), and 2) a solution of sodium polyacrylate with about 30% solids. Acid precursor of a surfactant is converted to its sodium salt by contact in finely dispersed sodium carbonate in layering powder. The solution of polyacrylate also cures by hydration of sodium carbonate.

Then perform a series of 6 consecutive stages layup, alternately add approximately 11 g of acid binder precursor surfactant syringe, approximately 45 g of nakaima is located powder teaspoon, and then about 1 g of the solution of polyacrylate syringe, delivering all through the upper part of the agitator, by contacting with a stream of discrete medium in the mixer. Then the whole mass is unloaded and sorted using a sieve, take 330 g of a fraction with sizes between 300 μm and 1180 μm and return to the mixer.

Next, repeat the process of layering with a series of 6 consecutive stages layup, alternately add approximately 10 g of acid binder precursor surfactant syringe, approximately 50 g for layering powder teaspoon, and then about 1 g of the solution of polyacrylate syringe, delivering all through the upper part of the agitator, by contacting with a stream of discrete medium in the mixer.

The material discharged from the mixer and sorted through sieves to obtain a product with a particle size of between 300 μm and 1180 μm. The resulting bulk density of the product is about 800 g/l

Example 8: the Process of making puff granules of detergent for washing in hard mode using spatially separated flows binder and layering powder

The composition of the seed particles from Table 1A, column (e), prepared by spray drying, followed by sorting sit between 300 μm and 850 μm using a vibratory round separators Seco 24". Composition layering powder from Table 2A, column (e), prepared using a pin mill Netzsch CUM-150 for grinding small tails above spray dried material, as well as sodium carbonate to an average particle size of about 20 microns. Prepare two separate binding: linear alkylbenzenesulfonic acid (HLAS) and an aqueous solution arylmaleimides copolymer with about 30% solids.

Weight about 8 kg of seed particles with a bulk density of about 0.45 kg/l load then double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating (Bella™ B-32 XN). Include a mixer with two shafts counter-rotate at about 160 rpm Each shaft has a 22 blades installed in 11 pairs on the shaft. Spray aerosol solution of polymeric binder of sodium polyacrylate with about 30 wt.% solid particles is added through the top part of the agitator, so that droplets of the binder in contact with the particles in the middle of the mixer, where the seed particles are in the liquefied state. Binder HLAS added through the bottom of the agitator through the use of distribution rod with 4 holes that direct the flow up into the zone of converging flows, capturing three average position of the blades. Layering powder is introduced into the upper part of the mixer, split evenly between the two inlets and, located on diagonal corners of the agitator facing over the provisions of the downward trajectory of the blade closest to the end walls of the mixer. Binder and layering powder added at the same time as in section "Step 1" from Table 3, the Schedule of additions.

After the schedule of Stage 1 is completed, the weight is approximately 11,55 kg of the product of the discrete medium is loaded into the same mixer for use as a seed, and the process is repeated according to Table 3, Step 2. The resulting portion is discharged, screened to remove any large size (>1.2 mm) and treated in the fluidized bed in the air with the ambient temperature and surface velocity of about 0.8 m/s for about 4 minutes. Spanning almost converted into the solid phase during the process of layering, and no further drying is required. The product yield is about 90% sorted mass. Bulk density is approximately 0,82 kg/L. This product is covered then a small amount of the binder from the perfume oil (approximately 0.2 wt.%) and zeolite layering powder (about 0.8 wt.%) according to Table 3, Step 3. Step layup odorants carried out using the same mixer with about 20 kg of product processed in Stage 2, as a seed, and finely resplen the first aerosol fragrances added through the top part of the agitator, so that droplets of the binder in contact with the particles in the middle of the mixer, where the seed particles are in the liquefied state. Full growth factor product on a mass basis relative to the source of the seed is about 5.5. A relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles is about 7.3.

When generating a script making this process can be increased in scale, so that he was with two agitators, allocated sequentially, with the second mixer contains about twice as much working volume than the first. In this scenario, the product of the discrete medium with phase 1 are unloaded from the mixer 1 and mixer 2 for use as a nucleating phase 2. The process in step 2 can be completed almost at the same time as in step 1, so the two mixers can work on synchronous periodic schedule with minimal downtime. To maintain the same time period, the download speed on phase 2 of the binder and layering powder can be increased in proportion to the size of the portions. In this scenario, the speed of the layup may be about 60 wt.% in a minute or even more. The exit velocity can be greater than 50 wt.% a minute.

Table 3: Schedule add to Example 8 The speed of addition (kg/min)Run time (min: sec)The stop time
(min: sec)
Stage 10:004:10 (unloading)
Start the stirrer, 160 rpm
The polymer solution0,250:050:40
Binder HLAS1,000:202:49
Layering powder3,000:303:54
The polymer solution0,252:264:00
Stage 20:003:50 (download)
Start the stirrer, 160 rpm
Binder HLAS1,000:052:19
Layer the different powder 3,000:053:33
The polymer solution0,252:243:38
Stage 30:001:10 (unloading)
Start the stirrer, 160 rpm
Binding of perfume oil0,100:050:33
Zeolite layering powder0,400:100:38

Example 9: the Process of making puff granules of detergent for washing heavy duty using the posted threads binder and layering powder and granular seed

This example builds a puff mass sequentially in three stages, each of which is held as a period in a paddle stirrer laboratory scale. The granular composition of the seed particles from Table 1A, column (j), prepared in the process of mechanical adhesion, followed by sorting the granules between the Sith 380 µm and 850 µm with p the power of the vibration of the round Sweco separator 24". Composition layering powder is prepared by mixing mass ratio of 2:1 fine powders of soda ash and zeolite A. Use two separate binding: linear alkylbenzenesulfonic acid (HLAS) and an aqueous solution of polymer sodium polyacrylate with about 30% solids.

A mass of about 10 kg seed particles with a bulk density of about 0.8 kg/l load then double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating (Bella™ B-32 XN). Include a mixer with two shafts counter-rotate at approximately 120 rpm Each shaft has 14 blades installed in 7 pairs on the shaft.

Binder add consecutive stages. First, add the powdered aerosol heated binder HLAS, about 60°C, with a viscosity of about 15 centipoise through the top part of the agitator, so that droplets of the binder in contact with the liquefied seed particles in the middle of the mixer. Secondly, binding of the polymer solution is also sprayed from the upper part of the mixer on the same Central liquefied zone through a separate nozzle. Simultaneously with the shots binder for layering powder is added in the upper part of the mixer through one inlet, located on the corner of the upper part of the mixer, so that it drips on the outer side (downward movement) the position of the blade. Connecting the layering powders add, as described in "Step 1" of Table 4, the Recipe is for Example 9. After completion schedule of Stage 1, the weight is approximately 11,16 kg product discrete environment Stage 1 is loaded into the same mixer, and the process is repeated according to Table 4, Step 2. After completion schedule of Phase 2, the weight is approximately 11,65 kg product discrete environment Stage 2 is loaded into the same mixer, and the process is repeated according to Table 4, Step 3. Depending on the stage of the process the number of Stokes intergrowths is between about 7 and 9, and the number of Stokes layup is between 0.5 and 0.7. The resulting portion is discharged, screened to remove any particles larger (>1.2 mm). The product yield is about 95% sorted mass. Bulk density is about 950 g/l growth Factor product on a mass basis relative to the blades is around 5.3. A relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles is about 6.1. The average shape factor of the particles is approximately equal to 1.22.

Table 4: Recipe for Example 9 (in grams)Stage 1Stage 2Stage 3
Download seed (stage 1)10000
To download a partially previous product (steps 1→2,1115811646
2→3)
a) a Binder HLAS151214511306
Layering powder442442473822
Loss on reaction (CO2)-111-107-96
b) Polymer solution389374336
Layering powder238222872058
Total185961941019073

Example 10: the Process of making puff granules of detergent for washing heavy duty using the posted threads binder, Nalivayko the powder and sulfate seed

This example builds a puff mass sequentially in three stages, each of which is held as the 20-liter lemehova stirrer laboratory scale. Suitable lemehova the stirrer can be obtained from Lodige GmbH. The seed particle will get grupoginer.org sodium sulfate with an average particle size of about 600 microns. Composition layering powder from Table 2A, column (g), prepared using a pin mill Netzsch CUM150 to obtain an average particle size of about 20 microns. A small amount of zeolite powder is used to Supplement the layering powder. A binder is a linear alkylbenzenesulfonic acid (HLAS).

The product is made in a series of three periodic stages, as in Table 5, the Recipe is for Example 10, using lemehova stirrer with an average shift (Lodige M-20_G Lab Plow Mixer with a radial departure Limehouse pathogen approximately 0.15 m). Include the stirrer during the rotation of the main shaft of the exciter, rotating at approximately 175 rpm and speed grinding knife around 3000 rpm/min Flow of heated binder HLAS (about 60°C) with a viscosity of approximately 150 SDR is added by adding a tube under grinding knife. Layering powder is added in the upper part of the stirrer above the location of the cutting knife. Number Stintergrowthis Toxa accretion is approximately 17, and the number of StlayeringStokes layup equal to about 1.1.

The resulting portion is discharged, screened to remove any large particle size (>1.4 mm). The product yield is about 95% sorted mass. Bulk density is approximately 1,05 g/L. growth Factor product on a mass basis relative to the blades is about 4.5. Dimension D30particles is approximately 895 μm, and a relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles is approximately 5.8.

Table 5: the Recipe is for Example 10 (in grams)Stage 1Stage 2Stage 3
Download seed (stage 1)3700
To download a partially previous product (steps 1→2,31473792
2→3)
Binder HLAS730803522
Layering powder134519421263
Loss on reaction (CO2)-54-59-38
Zeolite powder100100200
Total582159335739

Example 11: the Process of making puff granules of detergent for washing in hard mode using spaced in time thread binder and layering powder and a mixture of granular seed

The composition of the seed particles, are shown in Table 1A, column (1), and Table 1B, column (m), prepared by spray drying and mechanical adhesion, respectively, followed by sorting sit between 425 μm and 1400 μm. Composition layering powder prepared according to Table 2A, column (1). The binder mixture of linear alkylbenzenesulfonates acid (HLAS) and ethoxylated hexamethylenediamine were kwata (EHDQ) prepared using a mass ratio of about 86% HLAS and 14% EHDQ. This binder mixture is heated is about 60°C with a viscosity of about 150 CPs.

The weight of approximately 0.28 kg seed particles, consisting of a mass ratio of approximately 25% of the granules from Table 1A, column (1), and 75% of the granules from Table 1B, column (m), combined with a bulk density of about 0.8 kg/l, load in a food processor Kenwood model FP370 and include the stirrer at the speed setting #2 for guidance centrifugal flow regime in the mixer. Then perform a series of four successive stages layup, alternately add about 15 g of binder drop by drop from a syringe, through contact with the seed particles in the mixer, after which from about 15 to 25 g layering powder, also adding through the upper part of the mixer, adding more binding, more layering powder, etc. up until the composition of the product will not be built in layers surrounding the seed particles.

Example 12: Determination of the early formation of blocking the flow of particles

This example shows the details for determining the relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles and absolute indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles for a puff of granules from Example 9.

First measure the size (D30) particles 30th percentile according to Method 5 "cumulative test the size distribution of the particles based on the mass of fluid particles". 30th of cumulative the th wt.% lies between 600 μm and 850 μm, as indicated in Table 6, the Data size of the particles". Interpolation of the 30th percentile of the data Log(size) gives Log(D30), equal 2,8542, and D30equal to 715 mm.

Table 6: Data of particle size, for Example 12
The sieve size (µm)Wt.% on the sieveCumulative wt.%, thinnerLog(size)
23600,00100,003,3729
17000,00100,003,2304
11801,1498,863,0719
85042,1256,742,9294
60053,792,952,7782
4252,340,603000,460,142,4771
2120,100,042,3263
1500,030,012,1761
pallet0,010,00

A relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles and the absolute figure for the early formation of blocking the flow of the particles are determined according to Method 6 "the Beginning of formation blocking the flow of particles". Data obtained from this test are presented in Table 7, "early education block the flow of particles". To obtain dimensionless relative indicator of the beginning of education of the lock current of the particle size D30particles transform in the same units as the size of the hole. The desired output of a 25 wt.% gets between dimensionless size (b) holes 5.99 and 6,99. Interpolation of the data unloaded wt.% gives the result in the measured relative indicator of the beginning of the year is blocking the flow of particles 6,07 and absolute indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles 4,34 mm

Table 7: early education block the flow of particles for Example 12 (D30=715 µm=0,715 mm)
HoleIn (mm)3,5456
In=In/D304,905,596,998,39
Sample 1Download (g)120,2120,7120,7120,7
Unloading (g)0,11,881,683,6
% upload0,08%1,49%67,61%69,26%
Sample 2Download (g)120,1120,7120,7120,7
Unloading (g)0,230,0581,9of 83.4
% upload0,19%0,04%67,85%69,10%
Sample 3Download (g)120,1120,7120,7120,7
Unloading (g)0,058,481,5582,33
% upload0,04%of 6.96%67,56%68,21%
Average% upload0,11%2,83%67,67%68,97%

Example 13: the Process of making puff granules of detergent for automatic washing using spatially separated flows binder and layering powder

The composition of the seed particles in Table 1B, column (b)obtained in which the process of spray drying, sieved to a size fraction of particles between about 300 and 850 ám using vibrational circular Sweco separator 24". The weight of the seed particles of about 350 kg with a volume density of about 0.6 kg/l dosed in the double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating (Bella™ B-1000XN), modified to add connection with the distribution tube located below the zone of converging flows. Include a mixer with two shafts counter-rotate at a speed of about 45 rpm Each shaft has 14 blades installed on 7 pairs on the shaft. The liquid mass of about 20 kg linear alcohol alkoxylate heated to obtain a viscosity of about 40 centipoise, is added through a spray nozzle under pressure in the upper part of the stirrer at a rate of approximately 10 kg/min to form the sprayed droplets, and then to bring these droplets into contact with the liquefied seed particles in the middle of the mixer. After adding a linear alcohol alkoxylate serial combination of binder and layering powder add to create the inner layer is relatively hygroscopic chemical composition surrounded by an outer layer of less permeable material. Full time layup after adding alkoxylate is about 8 minutes.

The sequential addition of layering powders including the em two for layering powder. First layering powder from Table 2B, column (x), is added to the top of the agitator, is divided equally between the two inlet holes arranged in diagonal corners of the agitator facing over the positions of the descending trajectory of the blade closest to the end walls of the mixer at a rate of approximately 45 kg/min for 5 minutes. After adding the first layering powder is complete, add the second layering powder from Table 2B, column (b), through the same inlet at a speed of 40 kg/min for 3 minutes and 15 seconds.

Simultaneously with the beginning additions layering powders add a solution of a binder of sodium silicate with about 41 wt.% solid particles through the bottom part of the agitator through the use of distribution rod with 4 holes that direct the flow up into the zone of converging flows, capturing three average position of the blades. The sodium silicate solution added at a speed of about 11 kg/min for about 8 minutes. Simultaneously with the addition of a binder of sodium silicate add atomized spray of a solution of a polymeric binder of sodium polyacrylate with about 32 wt.% solid particles through the nozzle, installed in the middle of the upper part of the mixer, so that droplets of the binder in contact with the particles in the middle of the agitator, the de seed particles are in the liquefied state. The polymer solution is sprayed at a speed of about 3 kg/min for about 8 minutes.

The resulting portion is discharged, screened to remove any particles larger (>1.2 mm) and dried in the fluidized bed at the temperature of the inlet about 130°C. and the air flow of about 260 kg/min for about 10 minutes. The product yield is about 90% sorted mass, the remainder is processed by crushing and re-enters the process as a seed or layering powder.

A relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles sorted discrete environment is about 7.2 and an indicator of accelerated stability the early formation of blocking the flow of particles is approximately 8,0.

Example 14: a Continuous process of manufacturing a layered granules of detergent for automatic washing

The composition of the seed particles from Table 1B, column (s)prepared in the process of mechanical adhesion, continuously sieved to fractions with particle sizes between about 420 μm and 1000 μm, using longline Mogensen Sizer®. Waste sifting process respectively return back to the process of adhesion. Sorted the seed material is continuously added to the primary inlet opening of the mixer Lodige KM-600 speed primerno kg/hour. Stirrer KM provided Limehouse mixing elements, rotating at the end of the blade is about 2 m/s Two high-speed grinding of the knife is located between the positions of the shares in the axial direction of the agitator. 41%aqueous solution of sodium silicate is continuously added into the mixer KM-600 through two pipe inlet under the grinding blades of the knife. The velocity of the combined flow of the silicate solution is about 75 kg/h. Anhydrous powdered sodium carbonate is ground using a pin mill Netzsch-Condux CUM-150 for forming a fine layering of powder, and then continuously added to the mixer in two locations over grinding knives. Layering powder can also be added to the combined speed of about 275 kg/h. Full end-to-end speed continuous process of layering is about 1 metric ton per hour. The water in the silicate solution is almost hydrated layering powder of sodium carbonate. No further drying is required.

Disclosed here, the dimensions and values should not be construed as strictly limited to the exact numerical values. On the contrary, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension is intended to mean either a specified value, and is functionally equivalent to the range, surrounding this value. For example, a dimension disclosed as "40 mm"is intended to mean "about 40 mm".

All documents, see the Detailed description of the invention, in its relevant part, incorporated here by reference; the citation of any document should not be considered as a recognition that it is the closest analogue in relation to the present invention. To the extent that any meaning or definition of the term in this written document contradicts any meaning or definition of the same term in a document incorporated by reference, the meaning or definition assigned to that term in this written document shall be deemed to be dominant.

Although illustrated and described specific embodiments of the present invention, for professionals it is obvious that various other changes and modifications can be made without departing from the essence and scope of the invention. Therefore, it is intended to cover in the appended claims all such changes and modifications that are within the scope of this invention.

1. The method of forming particles of a composition for cleaning or processing of products containing phases in which:
a) layer a lot of seed with:
i) average particle diameter of 150 μm to 1700 μm;
ii) the interval distribution is of size from 1.0 to 2.0;
iii) bulk density of seed from 50 g/l to 2000 g/l, preferably from 200 g/l to 1650 g/l;
when this is undertaken by independent contacting the said mass of seeds with a binder having a viscosity of from 0.5 SP 4000 SP, and layering powder having an average particle size of from 1 μm to 100 μm and
b) process mentioned particles to remove any materials that would have led to the fact that for these particles relative measure of the early formation of blocking the flow of particles would correspond to in excess of 14 the ratio of the diameter of the outlet to the average particle size of the 30th percentile, with an average production of 25 wt.%.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the average shape factor of the particles is in the range from 1 to 2.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that, repeat the above step layup.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that carry out the above method when the number of Stokes layup from greater than 0 to 10.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that carry out the above method when the number of Stokes adhesion of at least 0.5 in.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the said process layup during independent contacting the said mass of seeds with a binder and layering powder selected from processes: simultaneous contact mentioned mass straw is to independent threads mentioned binder and the above-mentioned layering powder; contacting the said mass of seeds with the thread mentioned binder, and then contacting the said mass of seeds with the thread mentioned layering powder;
contacting the said mass of seeds with the thread mentioned layering powder, and then contacting the said mass of seeds with the thread mentioned binder; and when you want more than one layer, or combinations thereof.

7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the velocity layering is more than 5 wt.% per minute, preferably more than 10 wt.% per minute, preferably more than 20 wt.% per minute, more preferably more than 30 wt.% in a minute, or even more preferably more than 40 wt.% a minute.

8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the said step of layering is repeated a sufficient number of times to increase the mass of the product more than twice in comparison with the original weight of the product, more than four times or even more than six times from the initial mass of the product.

9. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the weight of the seed and layering powder is introduced into the process at different points in time, but almost in the same physical locations.

10. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the weight of the seed layer with a binder containing liquid, with the above-mentioned method is carried out when : the Stokes layup from more than 0 to 10.

11. The method according to claim 10, characterized in that the step of stratifying mentioned weight nucleating repeat several times.

12. Discrete medium containing particles obtained by the method according to any one of claims 1 to 11, in which each of the particles contains at least one seed and at least one layer that at least partially covers the seed, and mentioned discrete environment has a relative indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles from 2 to 14 and the average particle size of from 250 μm to 4000 μm, and a bulk density of 350 g/l to 2000 g/L.

13. Discrete environment item 12, characterized in that it is characterized by average shape factor of the particles is from 1.0 to 1.4.

14. Discrete environment item 12 or 13, characterized in that at least one or more nucleating selected from the group consisting of hollow particles, seeds with long, encapsulated, nucleating with pores containing the active substance, and mixtures thereof.

15. Discrete environment item 12 or 13, characterized in that it has a fast stable relative measure of the early formation of blocking the flow of particles from 2 to 18.

16. Discrete environment item 12 or 13, characterized in that the discrete environment bubbles upon contact with water.

17. Discrete environment item 12 or 13, characterized in that a discrete environment is a detergent environments the creation, means for processing tissue, means of personal hygiene, discrete environment for hair care and (or) the discrete environment of fertilizers.

18. The finished product containing discrete medium according to any one of p-17.

19. The finished product p with the metric induced stability the early formation of blocking the flow of particles from 2 to 18.

20. The finished product according to any one of p or 19, characterized in that the said finished product is a detergent agent for the treatment of fabric, means of personal hygiene, discrete environment for hair care and (or) the discrete environment of fertilizers.

21. Method of cleaning or processing of the products containing the stage at which carry out the contacting at least part of a given location on the product, with discrete medium according to any one of p-17 and (or) finished product according to any one of p-20.

22. The method according to item 21, wherein before making contact, wash and or rinse the specified location on the product.

23. The method according to item 21 or 22, characterized in that after making contact, wash and or rinse the above mentioned location, or part of the above-mentioned location.

24. Packed product containing the finished product according to any one of p or 19, characterized in that the said packaged product contains up to yousee product hole with the size of the critical gap, which is more than the absolute figure for the early formation of blocking the flow of particles referred to the finished product, but three times less, or more preferably less than half mentioned absolute indicator of the beginning of the education block the flow of particles.

25. The packaged product according to paragraph 24, wherein is contained in packaging that is at least partially transparent.

26. A method of manufacturing a discrete medium according to any one of p-17, which carry out the contacting of the particles obtained by the method according to any one of claims 1 to 11, and a binder containing liquid, dual-axis paddle mixer with counter-rotating, and mentioned binder has a viscosity of from about 1 JV to about 100 SP, from about 20 JV to about 10 JV, from about 50 JV to about 5000 SP, or even from about 100 SP to about 2000 JV, with the aforementioned binder is introduced into said mixer through the inlet hole at the bottom mentioned biaxial blade mixer with counter-rotating.

27. The method according to p, characterized in that the working volumes of the mentioned double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating do not overlap in the zone of converging flows, and the above-mentioned binder is directed into the gap between the working volumes of the mentioned double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating.

28. The method according to p, Otley is audica fact, what phase of the independent contacting the said mass of seeds with a binder containing liquid, and layering powder contains the stage at which impose mentioned binder in the double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating, with an area of converging flows between the vane axes with counter-rotating, so that the binder is directed upward into a zone of converging flows between the said vane axes with counter rotation.

29. The method according to p, characterized in that the working volumes of the mentioned double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating do not overlap in the zone of converging flows, and the above-mentioned binder is directed into the gap between the working volumes of the mentioned double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating.

30. The method according to p, characterized in that the injected mentioned binder in the double shaft paddle mixer with counter-rotating, with the many introduction of layering powder and mixing blades having a downward trajectory, so that the layering powder is administered in more than one location on the downward trajectory of the mixing blades.

31. The method according to p, characterized in that the product yield is greater than about 80 wt.%.

32. The method according to p characterized in that the exit velocity of the product is greater than about 4 wt.% what a minute.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil-containing starch granules for delivering perfume oil as beneficial effect endowing additives to a substrate, containing: (a) starch in amount which forms an effective matrix for said granules; (b) perfume oil containing ingredients with Clog P equal to at least 3; and (c) an effective amount of an amidoamine compound for inhibiting migration of said oil to the surface of the said starch granules, said compound has the following structure: (I) or (II), where radicals are described in the claim separately for each structure. The invention also relates to a method of producing oil-containing starch granules, comprising the following steps: (a) preparing a dispersion of starch in water to form a starch suspension; (b) melting an effective amount of the amidoamine compound of structure (I) or (II) to obtain a molten amidoamine compound; (c) adding perfume oil to the molten amidoamine compound from step (b) to obtain a solution of the amidoamine compound in perfume oil; (d) adding the solution from step (c) to the starch suspension from step (a); (e) homogenisation of the obtained suspension by mixing to obtain a homogeneous mixture; and (f) spray drying the said homogeneous mixture to obtain oil-containing starch granules. The invention also relates to a method of washing fabric, comprising the following steps: (a) preparation of an aqueous solution containing an effective amount of the oil-containing starch granules in claim 1 or 2, and (b) bringing the fabric to be washed into contact with the aqueous solution from step (a). The invention also pertains to a laundry detergent composition containing: (a) at least one surfactant; and (b) an effective amount of oil-containing starch granules.

EFFECT: prolonged existence of the aromatising agent in the substrate owing to inhibition of migration of perfume oil to the surface during laundry.

7 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to laundry detergents. The solid detergent composition in form of particles contains a detergent anionic surfactant, a solid carrier with total pore volume greater than 0.3 ml/g, average pore diametre greater than 3 micrometres and surface area less than 1.0 m2/g, a zeolite additive, a phosphate additive and a silicate salt. At least part of the detergent anionic surfactant and at least part of the solid carrier are in form of a jointly ground additive. All components are taken in a defined ratio. The method involves mixing the initial material to make a solid carrier with formation of an aqueous mixture, drying the aqueous mixture at input gas temperature of at least 300°C for less than 20 seconds to form solid carrier material and mixing the solid carrier material with a detergent anionic surfactant to form a jointly ground mixture. The solid carrier material or jointly ground mixture is mixed with one or more components selected from a zeolite additive, a phosphate additive and a silicate salt.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain solid unfinished laundry detergent compositions which contain a combination of a detergent anionic surfactant and a high-porosity carrier.

7 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes stage of article washing with detergent solution, which contains organic polymer, having spinnability, with average molecular weight of 1500000 or more, and where 60 mol % or more of its component monomers contain sulfonic acid group, or form of its salt, or sulfuric acid group, or form of its salt, provided that polyethylene oxide is unavailable. Invention also describes the following: method of hand washing, including stage of hand washing of laundry item with specified detergent solution, or washing solution produced by dissolution of detergent solution with more than 1-1000-multiple amount of water; and versions of detergents. Suggested washing solution may be used for hand washing.

EFFECT: improved smoothness of articles in process of washing and hand care, reduced unfavorable factors of squeaking, rough texture and physical fatigue in process of hand washing.

19 cl, 2 tbl, 11 ex

The invention relates to a process for producing granulated zeolite components of synthetic detergents (CMC) and may find application in the production of CMC in the chemical industry

The invention relates to a method for rapidly dissolving compacted decorated particles of detergents or cleaning agents, or compositions, or processed source products for their production, and thus obtained detergent or cleaning agents, which show significantly higher consumer quality

The invention relates to the industrial production of detergents or detergents, and more particularly to a composition of amorphous alkali metal silicate, obtained by spray drying with the secondary cleaning effect, the cleaning tool or detergent and extruded cleaning tool or detergent containing the composition

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes stage of article washing with detergent solution, which contains organic polymer, having spinnability, with average molecular weight of 1500000 or more, and where 60 mol % or more of its component monomers contain sulfonic acid group, or form of its salt, or sulfuric acid group, or form of its salt, provided that polyethylene oxide is unavailable. Invention also describes the following: method of hand washing, including stage of hand washing of laundry item with specified detergent solution, or washing solution produced by dissolution of detergent solution with more than 1-1000-multiple amount of water; and versions of detergents. Suggested washing solution may be used for hand washing.

EFFECT: improved smoothness of articles in process of washing and hand care, reduced unfavorable factors of squeaking, rough texture and physical fatigue in process of hand washing.

19 cl, 2 tbl, 11 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to laundry detergents. The solid detergent composition in form of particles contains a detergent anionic surfactant, a solid carrier with total pore volume greater than 0.3 ml/g, average pore diametre greater than 3 micrometres and surface area less than 1.0 m2/g, a zeolite additive, a phosphate additive and a silicate salt. At least part of the detergent anionic surfactant and at least part of the solid carrier are in form of a jointly ground additive. All components are taken in a defined ratio. The method involves mixing the initial material to make a solid carrier with formation of an aqueous mixture, drying the aqueous mixture at input gas temperature of at least 300°C for less than 20 seconds to form solid carrier material and mixing the solid carrier material with a detergent anionic surfactant to form a jointly ground mixture. The solid carrier material or jointly ground mixture is mixed with one or more components selected from a zeolite additive, a phosphate additive and a silicate salt.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain solid unfinished laundry detergent compositions which contain a combination of a detergent anionic surfactant and a high-porosity carrier.

7 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil-containing starch granules for delivering perfume oil as beneficial effect endowing additives to a substrate, containing: (a) starch in amount which forms an effective matrix for said granules; (b) perfume oil containing ingredients with Clog P equal to at least 3; and (c) an effective amount of an amidoamine compound for inhibiting migration of said oil to the surface of the said starch granules, said compound has the following structure: (I) or (II), where radicals are described in the claim separately for each structure. The invention also relates to a method of producing oil-containing starch granules, comprising the following steps: (a) preparing a dispersion of starch in water to form a starch suspension; (b) melting an effective amount of the amidoamine compound of structure (I) or (II) to obtain a molten amidoamine compound; (c) adding perfume oil to the molten amidoamine compound from step (b) to obtain a solution of the amidoamine compound in perfume oil; (d) adding the solution from step (c) to the starch suspension from step (a); (e) homogenisation of the obtained suspension by mixing to obtain a homogeneous mixture; and (f) spray drying the said homogeneous mixture to obtain oil-containing starch granules. The invention also relates to a method of washing fabric, comprising the following steps: (a) preparation of an aqueous solution containing an effective amount of the oil-containing starch granules in claim 1 or 2, and (b) bringing the fabric to be washed into contact with the aqueous solution from step (a). The invention also pertains to a laundry detergent composition containing: (a) at least one surfactant; and (b) an effective amount of oil-containing starch granules.

EFFECT: prolonged existence of the aromatising agent in the substrate owing to inhibition of migration of perfume oil to the surface during laundry.

7 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method of moulding particles of a composition for cleaning or treating articles, comprising steps on which: a) mass of nucleating agents is layered, where the said nucleating agents have average particle diameter 150-1700 mcm, size distribution interval from 1.0-2.0, volume density of the nucleating agents is between 50 g/l and 2000 g/l, preferably between 200 g/l and 1650 g/l; wherein said mass of nucleating agents is independently brought into contact with binder, having viscosity between 0.5 cP and 4000 cP, and layered powder, having average particle diameter between 1 mcm and 100 mcm and b) treating said particles in order to remove any materials which might lead to that, for the said particles, the relative factor for the beginning of blockage of flow of particles corresponds to the ratio of the diameter of the outlet opening to the average diameter of particles of the 30th percentile of over 14 with average output of 25 wt %.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain discrete media which ensure controlled batching without shortcomings associated with liquid products.

35 cl, 9 tbl, 14 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: granular composition contains hydrophobic cellulose and/or silicated cellulose and a metal salt, such as an alkali metal salt. Preferably, the composition contains a metal salt and a cellulose component in equal ratios. The method involves the following steps: 1) depositing the granular composition onto the carpet; 2) facilitating contact between the cellulose-containing composition and the spot/dirt on the carpet; and 3) removing, at least partly, the cellulose-containing composition. Step (3) is preferably carried out using a vacuum cleaner.

EFFECT: preventing damage to carpets and change of colour.

11 cl, 24 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of obtaining loose powder, containing one or several glycin-N,N-diacetic acid derivatives of general formula VOOC - CHR - N(CH2COOM)2 (I), from a water solution as an initial material, containing one or several glycin-N,N-diacetic acid derivatives, which is dried by a method of spray drying with the air supply. The method is characterised by the following: the water solution contains one or several glycin-N,N-diacetic acid derivatives in a quantity of ≥84 wt % counted per the total weight of the dry substance. Spray drying is carried out in a drying apparatus, into which the water solution and air are supplied in a continuous-flow mode with the difference of temperatures between the water solution and air in the range from 70 to 350°C. The water solution is dispersed in the drying apparatus with the formation of tiniest liquid drops by its supply onto one or several discs, rotating at a linear rate of ≥100 m/s, or by the creation in it of absolute pressure ≥20 bar by a pump and its supply under the said pressure into the drying apparatus through one or several nozzles. In formula (I) R stands for an alkyl group with the number of carbon atoms from one to twelve and M stands for an alkali metal. The invention also deals with the application of the claimed loose powder for the production of pressed agglomerates, which can be used in solid or liquid cleaning means.

EFFECT: claimed method makes it possible to obtain the powder, possessing good bulk weight, flowability and storage stability.

13 cl, 3 ex

FIELD: bioengineering.

SUBSTANCE: granule for use in powder detergents, and composition of granule detergent are suggested. The granule contains core and protective coating in amount of 10-50 wt % relatively to the core. The core contains amylase, protease, cellulase or lipase, thiosulphate of alkali or alkali-earth metal or methionine - 0.5-5 wt % in relation to the core, magnesium sulphate or zinc sulphate - 0.1-15 wt % of waterless salt in relation to the core, and mixture of citric acid and citrate - 1-5 wt % in relation to the core. The protective coating contains at least 75 wt % of sodium sulphate, and one or more other materials selected from the fillers, substances preventing their adhesion, pigments, dyes, plastifiers, binding substances. Composition of granule detergent contains the surface-active substance and said granule.

EFFECT: due to synergistic effect the invention granule components improve stability of the ferment during storage, when the granules are added to detergent composition containing the corrosive components.

7 cl, 6 ex

FIELD: household chemicals.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multi-phase strip-shaped toilet cleaning product. Described is strip-shaped toilet cleaning product (1) for application in interior of a toilet bowl, comprising width (B), height (H) and thickness (S), wherein ratio of width (B), height (H) and thickness (S) is between 1:1:0.01 and 1:0.1:0.2, comprising first extruded phase (2) and at least one second extruded phase (3), wherein first phase (2) differs from at least second phase (3), wherein however all phases (2, 3, 7) comprise at least one adhesion promoter at least on side of toilet cleaning product (1) to be applied onto toilet bowl, and first phase (2) and at least second phase (3) have contact surface (4), wherein at least contour of contact surface (4, 4a, 4b) along center axis (8) is designed in form of a sine wave, having amplitude of A1,O, wherein ratio of amplitude to width (B) A1,O: B ranges from 1:10 to 1:25, and period of sine wave corresponds to 0.1 to 1 times width (B) of toilet cleaning product (1).

EFFECT: technical result is development of a multiphase strip-shaped toilet cleaning product, which when applied on ceramic surface does not break down into parts along phase boundaries and interface has higher stability.

13 cl, 9 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a detergent composition for washing in form of particals comprising basically white or colored particles of detergent and a minor portion of visually contrasting particles with aesthetic properties, while the visually contrasting particles with aesthetic properties comprise one or more C6-C22 fatty acids which may be saturated or unsaturated fatty acids containing 1-3 double bonds, sodium montmorillonite clay and calcium montmorillonite clay, and a dye and / or pigment, where visually contrasting particles with the aesthetic properties are less than 15% of residue when they subjected to a dissolution test as described herein. The present invention also relates to the method of adding water-soluble colored dye or water-soluble pigment to water, comprising the stages where colored dye or pigment is added to particles having one or more C6-C22 fatty acids which may be saturated or unsaturated fatty acid containing 1-3 double bonds, sodium montmorillonite clay and calcium montmorillonite clay to produce colored particles, and then colored particles are contacted with water for solubilisation of a portion of the said particles in the above-mentioned water, with addition of the said colored dye or pigment to the said water.

EFFECT: invention provides a visually contrasting particles with aesthetic properties with increased water solubility.

23 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex

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