Lifting-and-conveying machine

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lifting-and-conveying machines, namely, to self-propelled lifting-and-conveying machine capable of overcoming steeps surfaces. Proposed machine comprises body accommodating, at least, two sets of linear guide mechanisms. Each said set comprises, at least, three such mechanisms interacting in coordination between themselves and with drives to allow simultaneous alternating stay of one sets in position of opposite-side vertical turn of crosspieces and forming opposite arms of support polygon rockers by support devices, and to allow other sets staying in rocker horizontal turn position to form polygons by support device. Support devices are arranged on opposite arms of linear guide mechanism rockers to automatically adhere to solid vertical wall surface in lowering thereon and to detach therefrom in going up.

EFFECT: up and down motion on wall steep and vertical surface with payload.

6 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to self-propelled lifting vehicle capable of moving up and down with the load on the vertical surface (wall, rocks), and can be used when carrying out the installation, construction and rescue activities in high-rise buildings, as well as for transporting heavy loads on steep (over 30 degrees) slope.

The most effective invention can be used for firefighting and rescue activities in case of fire in tall buildings (skyscrapers).

A device for lifting and lowering pojarotushitel and rescue equipment on an outside wall with the use of balconies and loggias, including associated with traction mechanisms drums with fixed onto the wall with rope, rescue ladders, portable racks and platforms installed on them, including automatically operating, fire monitors, fire hoses, etc.) /1/.

It has the disadvantage of complexity and the complexity of use, the significant time and lack of reliability and safety in operation.

The closest to the target destination may be installed on an outside wall of high-rise Elevator.

It has the disadvantage of complexity in design, rope bondage, constancy designated set the Cai, the limited height.

The closest to the invention by the construction and method of movement is known walking underwater vehicle comprising a horizontal casing and installed in its length linearly-guiding mechanisms that contains the associated actuators turns relative to the body of the bar and set them on the joint-palsonic devices of an angular arm supporting devices in the form of pillars on the opposite shoulders, flexibly jointed levers half-length shoulder rocker with arms /2/.

Actuators for vertical rotation of the traverse, which is lifting and lowering pillars opposite arms of the rocker, are installed at both ends of the traverse each side (along both sides of the hull sides) capacity (camera) variable buoyancy.

And drives the horizontal rotation of the rocker arm relative to the body, providing reciprocating along the body moving (Sagana) pillars are mounted on opposite arms of the rocker horizontal screw propellers.

When the vertical rotation of the traverse is side shift: with the lifting - lowering pillars opposite arms of the rocker arm, and a horizontal rotation of the rocker - repulsion from the surface of the bottom dropping imisa ground racks-supports.

The device prototype is above the bottom surface afloat and moves due to the repulsion from the surface of the bottom turn counters-supports the opposite shoulder rocker rectilinearly guiding mechanisms.

The disadvantage of the prototype is its inability sustainable (without constant hydropattern) movement outside the water environment due to the lack of a mechanism agreed to move the support device of its linearly-guiding mechanisms, and because of the inapplicability of land movement used drives. However, his support device designed exclusively for take-off from hard surfaces.

These deficiencies preclude the ability of the prototype to implement the land movement in General, and travel on vertical surfaces up and down.

The purpose of an independent sustainable travel by solid vertical surface (wall) up and down with a payload and durable temporary fixing it and offers this invention.

This objective is achieved in that the housing is installed not less than two groups, containing, each, at least three linearly-guiding mechanisms that interact in concert among themselves and drives with the possibility of simultaneous, with alternate change the location of the groups in the state riznosortnoho (in different directions from the body) vertical rotation of the traverse with the formation of alternately supporting devices of the opposite arms of the rocker supporting polygon, and others in a state of horizontal rotation of the rocker arm and formed a support polygon.

Moreover, the support device on the opposite shoulders rocker rectilinearly guiding arrangements are made with automatic fixation on a solid vertical surface (wall) when lowering and setting on it and unpin from it when lifting.

In particular, the case has two groups containing one to four, for example (1-2-5-6), and the other four (3-4-7-8) (in order of successive locations along the length of the body) rectilinearly guiding mechanism, interacting in concert among themselves and drives with the possibility of simultaneous, with alternate rotation of finding one group in the state riznosortnoho vertical rotation of the traverse with the formation of alternately supporting devices of the opposite arms of the rocker support of the quadrangle, and the other is in a state of horizontal rotation of the rocker educated with reference rectangle.

To enable automatic mounting on vertical surface (wall) when lowering and unpin from it when lifting, the anchor device rectilinearly guiding mechanisms is made as mounted on the ends of the opposite arms of the rocker automatic drill or vibrobolezni give the TV with working tools (drills or bits) implementation (drilling) in the solid vertical surface (wall) and the temporary fixing it when lowering and releasing it during the lifting operation.

In another embodiment, a support device on the opposite shoulders rocker rectilinearly guiding mechanisms made in the form of automatic vacuum device with suction cups with suction them to a vertical surface (wall) and temporary fixing it when lowering and releasing it during the lifting operation.

With all this hoisting machine mounted on self-propelled truck with the possibility of access to any vertical surface (wall) and classes, including auto, near the wall of the operating position with pressed to her anchor devices.

The way of movement of the described machine up and down a vertical surface (wall) with the temporary fixing it consists in alternating the movement of the supporting devices of the opposite arms of the rocker rectilinearly guiding mechanisms is that the alternating movement of the supporting devices produced with the formation of alternately successive groups rectilinearly guiding mechanisms, in particular groups (1-2-5-6) and (3-4-7-8) reference polygons (quadrilaterals).

And when putting on a vertical surface (wall) of the supporting devices supporting polygon (quadrilateral) each group rectilinearly guiding mechanisms produce their automatic durable sakralen the in () it by introducing (drilling) in the wall of their working tools (drills, vibracolor) or clinging to the surface of their suckers, and when they rise - the last release from it. During periods of change the reference polygons (quadrilaterals) and stop movement of the support device of all groups rectilinearly guiding mechanisms leave temporarily fixed.

Thus to improve the reliability of mounting on vertical surface (wall) introduction (drilling) working tools (drills, bits) in her produce at an angle to its surface, different from normal, i.e. at an angle smaller or greater 90 degrees.

The presence in each group at least three linearly-guiding mechanisms is an opportunity when raznosortnyh (opposite sides) vertical curves traverse their education alternately supports the opposite shoulder rocker stable support polygons (quadrilaterals)that securely holds the car on a vertical surface (wall).

And the presence of a minimum of two groups rectilinearly guiding mechanisms provides an alternate, at each step of the turnover generated by each group of reference polygons (quadrilaterals), providing the stepping movement of the machine without buckling, and failure of the vertical surface (wall).

The invention is illustrated in the following drawing is X.

Figure 1 shows the structure of the described machine.

Figure 2 shows the design of the modules running gear.

Figure 3 and 4 shows the structure of an actuator driving mechanism.

Figure 5 shows the construction of the support device.

Figure 6 shows the position of the described machine when moving through the wall of the house.

7 shows the position of the machine on the transport cart.

On Fig shows the phase diagram of the movement of the machine on a vertical surface (wall).

The described self-propelled hoisting machine comprises a horizontal housing 1 and mounted sequentially along its length linearly-guiding mechanisms (hereafter ISM) 2 containing associated with the actuators rotate relative to the housing 1 beam 3 and installed them on articulated palsonic devices (hereinafter, silos) 4 angular beam 5 with the supporting devices 6 mounted on the opposite shoulders, the United movable levers 7 and 8 half-length shoulder of the rocker arm 5 with the cross beams 3 (figure 1).

In this case, the body 1 is installed not less than two groups, containing, each, at least three ISM 2, consistently interacting among themselves and drives with the possibility of simultaneous, with alternate rotation of finding some groups EDL able riznosortnoho (in different directions from the housing 1) vertical on which orota their traverse 3 education alternately supporting devices 6 opposite arms of the rocker arm 5 of the support polygon, and other groups EDL 2 - able horizontal turning their rocker 5 and formed a support polygon.

In particular, as shown in figure 1, the casing has two groups of EDL 2, containing one to four, for example (1-2-5-6), and the other four (3-4-7-8), in the order of sequential locations ISM along the length of the housing 1 (in the drawing EDL numbered vertical column of numbers). These groups EDL interact in concert among themselves and drives with the possibility of simultaneous, with alternate rotation of finding one group EDL (as shown in the drawing at the moment the group EDL (3-4-7-8)) in the state riznosortnoho vertical turning them traverse 3 education alternately supporting devices 6 opposite arms of the rocker arm 5 of the reference quadrangle, and the other (at the moment the group EDL (1-2-5-6)) - able horizontal turning their rocker 5 educated with reference rectangle.

Figure 1 is lowered and attached to the wall support device 6 group EDL (1-2-5-6) are marked as solid circles, and educated them walking the reference rectangle is highlighted by the dotted line.

EDL 2 can be installed on top of the housing 1 (Fig 1)and below (as shown in Fig.7).

With all this support device 6 on the opposite shoulders of the rocker arm 5 is made with the possibility of the automatic attaching and fixing on vertical surface (wall) when lowering and putting on her unpin her in the lifting operation.

The presence in each group at least three ISM 2 allows (when raznosortnyh vertical turns them traverse 3) education alternately supporting devices 6 opposite arms of the rocker arm 5 of the support polygon (three, four or more squares), ensuring the reliability of the stable positions of the machine on a vertical surface (wall).

And the presence of a minimum of two groups of EDL provides an alternate, every step of changing educated each group of reference polygons (quadrilaterals) without losing the stability of the position of the machines on the surface (wall).

Thus, and thus the supporting devices 6 at each step, a strong attachment to a solid vertical surface (wall) and unpin from it is the reliable translational movement of the machine.

Structurally described machine with its chassis can be made consisting of separate modules, each of which contains, in particular, the cylindrical body 9 (which is part of the housing 1, on which the rotary device 10 is associated with the actuator vertical rotation of the traverse 3 (arrow 11) and horizontal rotation of the rocker arm 5 (arrow 12) EDL 2 (figure 2).

In one embodiment, the EDL 2 may with erati an angular rocker 5, the middle of the opposite shoulder which is connected to the levers 7 and 8 by means of hinges 13 and 14, and the levers 7 and 8 with traverse 3 - using articulated palsonic devices 15 and 16 (figa).

In another embodiment, to reduce the transverse size by reducing the length of the beam 3 EDL 2 contains an angular arm 5, the middle of the opposite shoulder which is connected to the levers 7 and 8 using articulated palsonic devices 17 and 18 and the levers 7 and 8 with traverse 3 - hinges 19 and 20 (figb).

21 - docking sites for sequential coupling of modules in a single housing structure 1 and the driving mechanism of the machine

Drives vertical rotation (arrow 11) traverse 3, providing side shift with the lifting - lowering of the supporting devices 6 opposite arms of the rocker arm 5, are the torque hydraulic motors of the reciprocating rotary action 22, and drives the horizontal rotation (arrow 12) rocker 5, providing siteline move along the sides of the housing 1 of the supporting devices 6, the power cylinders 23 (figure 3).

Design torque hydraulic motors of the reciprocating rotary action 22 and power cylinders 23 are known.

In the described machine torque hydraulic motor 22 is fixed housing in a tubular casing 9 of the module and the rod 24 through the transmission mechanism 25 a particular design associated with turn signals the apparatus 10 of the bar 3 with the possibility of direct and retrograde rotation (arrow 11) relative to the housing 9 (Fig 3).

Gear 25 includes satellites 26, interacting with the internal gear of the rotary device 10.

27 - installation of the slotted window in the housing 9 of the module for satellites 26.

28 is a leading gear wheel of the hydraulic motor 22.

Power cylinders 23 horizontal rotation of the rocker arm 5 are located along the beam 3, a fixed section fixed to the housings 9 modules, or on the traverse 3, and the movable rod 29 pivotally connected to the silo 4 beam 5 (see section a-a in figure 3).

The purpose of the compact design of the actuator horizontal rotation of the rocker arm 5 has power double-acting hydraulic cylinder 30, the fixed rod 31 which is fixed ends on the housing 9 of the module and serves as the head plate 3 and the movable body 32 provided with a hinged hub 33 to install the rocker arm 5 and is, silos 4 (figure 4).

To improve reliability by eliminating the possibility of turning the rocker arm 5 relative to the beam 3 EDL 2 made containing mutually parallel twin, triple or more beam 3 with a single articulated personname device 34 (see figure 4).

For automatically attaching and fixing on vertical surface (wall) 35 when lowering and putting on her unpin her when lifting the supporting device 6 on the opposite shoulders of the rocker arm 5 ISM 2 made in the form of the automatic drilling 36 (figa) or slotting devices (with working tools 37 in the form of drills and vibracolor respectively), with the possibility when lowering implementation (drilling) in the solid vertical surface (wall) 35 and temporary fixing it, and release it when they rise

The design of such devices (type drills, perforators) is known.

In another embodiment, a support device 6 on the opposite shoulders of the rocker arm 5 ISM 2 made in the form of automatic vacuum device 38 with suction cups with the possibility of lowering the suction them to a vertical surface (wall) 35 and temporary fixing it and releasing it when lifting (figb).

Suction cups can be made in the form of a solid caps 39 with elastic lips 40 and connected to the hose 41 to a vacuum pump (not shown), a suction from under the air suction and blast air to release from the wall 35.

And drilling, vibrobolezni device 36, and a vacuum device with suction cups 38 39 as actuators ISM 2 associated with managing their joint work in a consistent automatic mode electronic devices (body automatic control), which can be located and (or) on earth and / or on the machine itself.

Figure 6 shows the position of the described machine in working condition during movement of the wall of a house. Embedded in the wall surface 35 (see a view along arrow And 6) support device 6 (drill drill devices) group EDL (1-2-5-6)forming at this time of the reference quadrangle (kind of the len dashed), marked conventionally filled circles.

For entrance, including self, to a vertical surface (wall) 35 and classes, including auto, the wall of the working vertical position with pinned thereto the supporting device 6 described hoisting machine mounted on self-propelled trolley 42, with the platform 43, which may be hosted by different service machine units and devices (conditionally 44) (Fig.7).

For example, in firefighting and rescue operations on the trolley platform can be extinguishing media, including automatically operating by command from the ground, firefighters, and special rescue equipment, etc.

To save people on the housing 1 of the machine can be equipped with additional folding platform 45 (or bassinet), as well as connecting them staircase 46.

47 is connected with the ground by means of communication (pressure hoses (hydraulic hoses, cables and so on).

For independent movement on steep (over 30-40 deg.) the slopes of the machine is released from the trolley 42 and platforms 43, 45 and equipped in accordance with the new assignment.

The way of movement of the described machine, which consists in alternating the movement of the supporting devices 6 opposite arms of the rocker 5 ISM 2, is that this alternate p is Emesene carried out with the formation of alternately successive groups of EDL, in particular groups (1-2-5-6) and (3-4-7-8) reference polygons (quadrilaterals).

And when putting on a vertical surface (wall) of the supporting devices 6 of the support polygon (quadrilateral) each group EDL by automatically on each step of the implementation (performance) in the solid vertical surface (wall) 35 their working tools (drills, bits) 37 or clinging to its surface suction cups 38 when lowering it make them strong binding on it, and when they rise through automatic extraction (unpin) the last of (from) the walls of their release.

Moreover, in periods of stop motion to alternately change the reference polygons (quadrilaterals) support device 6 leave temporarily (estimated, planned period of time) is fixed (attached) in (to) the wall 35.

For greater reliability fastening on the steep wall introduction (drilling) in her working tools (drills, bits) 37 of the supporting devices 6 are produced at an angle to its surface, is somewhat different from 90 degrees (see figure 5). That is, α>90 or α<90 degrees. This excludes the possibility of inadvertent release from the wall of the working tool (drill bit) at 37 occurs normally directed to the surface (pulling from the wall) external forces.

On Fig shows animationsa diagram of the method of travel of the machine on the vertical surface (wall) 35. As before, the shaded circles marked the supporting device 6, which is currently attached to the wall 6 (embedded in the wall) with the formation of the reference quadrangle (marked by the dotted line). A vertical column of numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 marked non EDL. The horizontal row of numbers 1, 2, 3, 4... shows walking periods (phases) of movement (shahania) of the machine.

According to this scheme, the first step makes reference quadrangle group EDL (1-2-5-6) (position 1), while group (3-4-7-8) is in phase shifts its reference quadrilateral. Then (item 2) after setting the supporting devices 6 on the surface of the wall 35 and the ingress of working tools 37 walks reference quadrangle group EDL (3-4-7-8), while the ISM (1-2-5-6) changes support device of one of the shoulders of the rocker arm 5 on the opposite with the formation of new reference quadrangle, which then (item 3) steps. And so on. During periods of shutdown of the machine remains fixed reference devices 6 reference quadrangles both groups EDL (not shown).

Used sources of information

/1/. RF patent №2174025, MKI A62B 1/00, 2001.

/2/. RF patent №2214940, MKI B63G 8/00, E21C 50/00, 2003 - the prototype.

1. Hoisting machine comprising a horizontal casing and mounted sequentially along its length pramol nano referral mechanisms containing associated with the actuators rotate relative to the body of the bar and set them on the joint-palsonic devices of an angular arm support device on the opposite shoulders, characterized in that the body is equipped with at least two groups, each containing at least three rectilinear guide mechanisms interacting in concert among themselves and drives simultaneous with alternate rotation of finding some groups in the state riznosortnoho vertical rotation of the traverse with the formation of alternately supporting devices of the opposite arms of the rocker supporting polygons, and other groups in the state of horizontal rotation of the rocker arm and formed a support polygon, and a support device on the opposite shoulders rocker rectilinearly guiding arrangements are made with automatic fixation on a solid vertical surface (wall) when lowering it and unpin from it when lifting.

2. Hoisting machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the housing has two groups containing one to four (1-2-5-6), and the other four (3-4-7-8) in the order of successive locations along the length of the housing is rectilinear guide mechanism, consistently interacting among themselves privode with possibility of simultaneous with alternate rotation of finding one group in the state riznosortnoho vertical rotation of the traverse with the formation of alternately supporting devices opposite shoulders rocker support quadrangles, and the other is in a state of horizontal rotation of the rocker educated with reference quadrangle, and a support device on the opposite arms of the rocker are made with automatic fixation on a solid vertical surface (wall) when lowering it and unpin from it when lifting.

3. Hoisting machine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the supporting device rectilinearly guiding mechanisms is made as mounted on the ends of the opposite arms of the rocker arm drill or vibrobolezni devices with automatic introduction of solid vertical surface (wall) of their working tools (drills, bits) when lowering it and release the last of it when lifting.

4. Hoisting machine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the supporting device rectilinearly guiding mechanisms is made as mounted on the ends of the opposite arms of the rocker arm suction cups with automatic suction to a solid vertical surface (wall) when lowering it and releasing it when lifting.

5. Hoisting machine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that mounted on self-propelled cart with classes at the entrance to the steep surface (the tena) vertical operating position with appressed to the remaining control devices.

6. Way of getting the machine up and down the solid vertical surface (wall), which consists in alternating the movement of the supporting devices with automatic solid anchoring in the formulation and release when lifting, characterized in that the alternating movement of the supporting devices carried out alternately successive groups rectilinearly guiding mechanisms with the formation of each group of supporting devices supporting polygons (quadrilaterals), thus detaching the supporting devices replaceable group rectilinearly guiding mechanisms is performed after the setting and fixing of the supporting devices supporting polygon (quadrilateral) changing group rectilinearly guiding mechanisms.



 

Same patents:

Gear mechanism // 2416569

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: gear mechanism comprises rod with outer thread, coupling fitted on said rod and coupling revolution drive appliances. Coupling has chamfer made on thread start and constant-diametre section with axial length corresponding to, at least, one thread. Chamfer features conical surface with rotation symmetry about coupling central axis. Said conical surface and central axis make angle varying from 2° to 35°, preferably, from 5° to 15°.

EFFECT: reduced vibration in mechanism.

10 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to load handling equipment and serves to transfer cargoes and people on work platforms from one level onto another. Proposed jack comprises chassis on front and rear wheels, telescopic boom mounted on lift and turn frame of load bearing base arranged on the chassis between front and rear wheels. Boom, whereto suspended is work box-like platform, is coupled with lift and turn frame by lift hydraulic cylinder to rest on thrust arranged at the front of aforesaid bearing base in transport position. Said transformable platform consists of two sections. Lower section has bottom and sidewalls. Upper section has sidewalls. Note here that said sections are jointed together by side struts 44 with hinge mechanism 35 and retainers 40 to allow upper section to turn through 180° and be folded below lower section.

EFFECT: reduced sizes in transport position.

7 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lifting-and-conveying machines and can be used for lifting operator to required height in performing, construction, mounting and servicing jobs. Hydraulic jack comprises pump station, telescopic mast made up of hydraulic jack with its rod arranged vertically on bearing base, cargo-and-passenger platform secured at hydraulic jack case bottom part and platform guard. Aforesaid pump station is also secured onto hydraulic cylinder case bottom part and furnished with main or standby drive with pedal pump.

EFFECT: simple design, reduced weight and ease of manufacture.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and can be used in various industrial branches. Proposed suspension comprises support, load handling mechanism fitted thereon on axle of semi-axle and load handling mechanism balancing device to equalise it relative to said axles or semi-axles. Said balancing device represents a bell crank arranged on load handling mechanism pivoted thereto to interact with aforesaid support and its axle or semi-axle by one and opposite arms of bell crank, respectively.

EFFECT: balancing load handling mechanism with displaced center of gravity of handled cargo.

3 cl, 7 dwg

Lifting device // 2393986

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed invention relates to material handing equipment and can be used in various industrial branches. Proposed lifting device comprises carcass accommodating movable frame that can move vertically, frame drive and frame locking devices. Movable frame drive comprises winch with cargo sling, movable unit with movable frame drive steel ropes and winch motor cut-out unit. Winch cargo sling is linked with winch motor cut-out unit via movable unit. Aforesaid carcass represents top and bottom frames inter-jointed by vertical rails.

EFFECT: minimum deviation from horizontal position in upward travel, rigid locking of movable bearing surface at reset level.

5 cl, 2 dwg

Load lifter // 2380313

FIELD: transport, lifting devices.

SUBSTANCE: proposed load lifter comprises beam with toothed rack mechanism, platform (12), and at least one drive unit (100) mounted on aforesaid beam to control vertical platform travel along said beam. Said drive unit comprises multiple modular elements comprising at least one drive unit (101), at least one top roller box (102) and at least one bottom roller box (103). Modular interchangeable elements incorporate coupling elements mating those of the other modular element to allow reverse coupling of aforesaid modular elements.

EFFECT: convenient readjustment.

15 cl, 13 dwg

Aerostatic lifter // 2374168

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lifting equipment. Aerostatic lifter comprises flying lifting vehicle connected with surface power supply and control device via load-carrying electric cable (3) wound on the drum mounted on self-propelled platform. Flying-lifting vehicle comprises undercarriage (6), frame (7), and carcass (8) fitted on the frame to accommodate rotors (9) and stators (10) of rotor drives. Aforesaid self-propelled platform can carry undercarriage of aforesaid flying vehicle. Fixed carcass (8) accommodates a pair of coaxial rotors (9) running in opposite directions driven by drive stators with their armatures (11) mounted on frame (7). Aerodynamic surfaces (13) are arranged in inductive airflow zone to rotate driven by motors about their horizontal axes (15), when controlled from the surface power supply device via load-carrying electric cable (3). The latter device allows controlling flying vehicle horizontal and vertical directions.

EFFECT: higher mobility and expanded application range.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises outer suspension and cargo orientation system. The outer suspension incorporates crosspiece with hauling cables furnished with cargo grippers. The crosspiece is coupled, via two converging links, with flight vehicle lock. The cargo orientation system incorporates two drives mounted on fuselage. Every drive is connected, via flexible link and deflecting block, with one end of the said crosspiece. To compensate for flexible link length variation in flight, the orientation system additionally comprises, for aforesaid every drive, lever pivoted to the fuselage. The said lever accommodates additional deflecting unit fitted on one end of the lever and enveloped by the flexible link and is coupled with spring-loaded appliance arranged on the fuselage. The axle of one of the said deflecting units on every lever can be aligned with the lever axis of rotation. The other deflecting is fixed on the lever free end. Note that both levers can be spring-loaded by means of single acting power cylinders, or by torsions.

EFFECT: increased range of helicopter operation in civil and erection works, higher safety and easier crew operation.

4 cl, 2 dwg

Docking device // 2341447

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: docking device contains "П"-shaped portal in form of two posts with cross-piece secured on tops, polyspasts of cargo hoisting device installed in portal posts, load grippers secured on free ends of flexible elements of polyspasts. Docking device has arch and second portal, portals are wheeled and are connected with each other at top by longitudinals. Arch consists of cross-piece and two columns attached to it, and it is mounted so as to be movable along longitudinals, on arch columns polyspasts of cargo hoisting device are installed with load grippers secured on free ends of flexible elements of polyspasts. On cross-pieces of portal with polyspasts and on arch capable of turning in vertical transversal plane there are installed two levers with block on each of them, flexible elements of polyspasts with load grippers secured are passed through blocks. Each lever is equipped with rotary mechanism.

EFFECT: increase in workability during lifting and shifting in docking of articles.

4 dwg

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: incrustation imitation is an article with front surface including substrate surface areas and picture formed by front surfaces of decorative elements. Each element in face-work has a basically prism-shaped base. At least one element is decorative and has at least one head in the form of embossed nose with face surface on the upper base basement. Lower base basements in the face-work lie in the same plane, side facet of each base contacts at least one another base, the substrate is solid, and elements are fixed in the article by substrate material. Method of incrustation imitation manufacturing involves composition of a picture out of face surfaces of decorative elements and element fixation in the substrate. Decorative elements with basically prism-shaped base and at least one at least one head in the form of embossed nose with face surface on the upper base basement are used, the nose having a face surface. Also space elements consisting of bases without heads are used in face-work. Lower base basements are placed in the same plane, face surfaces form a picture model, and each base is put tightly to the adjoining bases, so that adjoining base side facets abut each other. Then an imitation is formed by positioning bases inside the imitation and face element surfaces on the surface, and the substrate is cast.

EFFECT: significantly increased picture exactness and durability.

9 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to remote controlled vehicles which can move over surfaces of different objects such as vessels, reservoirs, walls of constructions, etc for carrying out different operations, such as checking condition of metal, welding, cutting scraping of surfaces, etc. Proposed device contains transport module capable of moving over vertical surfaces, transport module direction control unit and laser ranger. The latter is secured on housing of transport module to occupy position with beam directed vertically downwards. Reflector with bench marks is installed below module travel levels over entire length of its horizontal displacements. Said bench marks are fixed by laser ranger and are arranged at preset distances from initial bench mark over length of reflector. Control unit is made for action drives of transport module driving wheels at signals from laser ranger to provide vertical lifting to preset height mark turning and horizontal movement.

EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities providing movement along most frequency required trajectories.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; self-propelled vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to self-propelled vehicles capable of traveling over inclined and vertical surfaces, and it can be used for carrying technological equipment in difficult-to-get-at places and in dangerous zones. Proposed vehicle has body and step travel motion mechanism made in form of double-acting pneumatic cylinders arranged square to each other and connected to each other and to body. Extensible supports with lifting-lowering drives are installed on ends of rods of pneumatic cylinders. Step travel motion mechanism is provided with cylindrical sealed chambers installed parallel to two pneumatic cylinders, and their inner spaces are coupled with compressed air sources and furnished with hollow rods whose ends are connected by crossmembers with extensible supports. Hollows rods are provided with holes communicating space with inner space of sealed chamber.

EFFECT: simplified design of device, reduced number of air distributing sets and simplified control systems.

2 dwg

The invention relates to devices that facilitate climbing stairs

The invention relates to vehicles designed for climbing stairs

The invention relates to transport machinery and can be used in the design and manufacture of small-sized vehicle, in particular a wheelchair, designed for the movement of both the smooth and rough horizontal and inclined planes, including stairs

The invention relates to industrial vehicles, in particular to a self-propelled device for moving a variety of technological equipment for ferromagnetic surfaces of any spatial orientation

The vehicle's wheel // 2042557
The invention relates to structural elements of the wheel self-propelled chairs

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to skin protection materials particularly those intended for protecting against high-toxicity chemically dangerous substances. Proposed material comprises a polyamide or polyether fabric rubberised by butyl rubber-based composition from inside. Poly(ethylene terephthalate) film is glued to fabric outside and coated by elastomer-based polymer composition. Note here that glue is selected from urethane, polychloroprene or nitrile compounds.

EFFECT: higher protective, physical and mechanical properties, simplified procedure.

1 dwg, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: face mask contains face element, which includes three or more than three layers, where one or more than one of three layers contains fabric, which contains one or several binding substances, which contain one or several groups, binding microorganisms, pathogenic for humans, for chemical binding of microorganism, pathogenic for humans, to binding substance. In addition, tissue contains one or several types of ions of multivalent metals or metal salt; and one or several of three or more layers contain thermally formed fabric.

EFFECT: elaboration of face mask for reduction of transmission of one or several microorganisms, pathogenic for humans, to human user of face mask and from them to other people.

66 cl, 10 dwg, 1 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for emergency evacuation mainly for lowering people from buildings with brake mechanism of mechanical action. Manual rescue device contains fixation unit (1) and fastened to it safety cord (2) and brake mechanism. The other end of cord is supplied with carabiner (3). Brake mechanism is supplied with guide rollers and is located on cord (2) between fixation unit (1) and carabiner (3). Fixation unit is made in form of bracelet. Safety cord is tied into sleeve. Brake mechanism is fastened to bracelet (1) by means of tube and is enclosed in provided with stop lever (13) case (5) with inlet (6) and outlet (7) holes. Loose end of safety cord (2) is successively passed through tube and connected to it inlet case hole, is wound on fixed inside case ratchet-wheel (9) with brake, rounds immovable and pinch rollers and is brought out of case through outlet hole (7). Pinch rollers (14) are fixed on stop lever (13) in such a way that if said lever is pressed on cord (2) is slowed down between them and immovable roller (12).

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce dimensions and simplify device construction, preserving reliability of work and ensuring high rate of evacuation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: life saving equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to life saving equipment, namely to individual reusable life saving equipment. A unit for people descend from buildings and constructions in fires and other emergency situations comprises a halyard passed through a unit body, and a brake assembly accommodating a braking element supported through the halyard by the body, a screw pressing the braking element to the halyard, and safety belt fasteners. And for the purpose of automatic safety speed stabilisation of a rescued person descend, the braking element is removable parallel and perpendicularly to the halyard, while a spring is arranged between the braking element and screw. Two safety belt fasteners are symmetrical on the periphery of the braking element to compress the spring by weight of a rescued person through the braking element.

EFFECT: unit for people descend from buildings and constructions will enable automatic safety speed stabilisation of a rescued person descend.

1 cl, 11 dwg

Up!