Gravitation shoes (versions) and spring block

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to shoes with energy accumulation for daily wear and to accessories for energy accumulation. Shoes with energy accumulation caused by elastic deformation, comprising the following components: a spring unit, comprising at least one bending spring of the specified elasticity, at the same time the lower part of the spring is a support element, intended for contact with support surface. Shoes upper with fixation devices to fix position of the user's leg and to transfer gravitation effect to the spring in the spring unit. The sole is arranged with the possibility of contact with the support surface with the loaded spring. Fixation devices to transfer gravitation action to the spring of the spring unit include a component arranged in the form of the cuff, which partially or fully covers the user's shank and joined to the upper part of the spring, in the form of a non-elastic jacket or another supporting element for the leg.

EFFECT: development of shoes with energy accumulation.

14 cl, 23 dwg

 

The invention relates to footwear, providing the energy storage spring, curving (shrinking) under the influence of the weight of the user, and use this energy upon release of the spring to push the legs of the user; the shoes can be used for everyday wear, sports shoes, including shoes for running, jumping, skiing, ice skating, roller skating, and others, as well as devices used with normal shoes, to provide energy storage.

Known fixture to facilitate jumps with an arcuate (arc) springs, accumulating energy during compression and radiating this energy when removing the load, developed and patented by Alexander Borg (see patent US 6719671).

This removable device includes:

- arched leaf spring designed for periodic elastic deformation (squeezing, bending, approximation of the ends of the springs to each other under the influence of an applied thereto gravitational forces from the weight of the user with the accumulation of this energy and release extension, remote ends of the springs from each other) when removing the load from the weight of the user on this spring (for example, when the transfer of gravity on other leg) with the release of the accumulated energy and its attached to the leg on which isolates in the form of push onward and upward; lower arm of the spring is provided with a support element for engagement with a support surface;

- located on the concave side of the arcuate spring lever mechanism mounted on the leg of the user, mainly on his knee, and includes:

the basis for placing the legs of the user (platform support), at least in two places associated with spring and provided with a supporting element;

Central support (rigid vertical element)fixed on the knee of the user with bonus belt and in the upper part through the hinge mounting device is connected to the upper part of the leaf spring, and in the lower part rigidly connected with the base located relative to the Central support at an angle of 90°;

connecting rod hinged connection between the front part of the base zone and the lower arm of the spring, a few remote (about 1/3) from its end with a support element, connecting rod hinged connection includes a connecting bracket that interacts with the spring;

supporting element for holding the base in a predetermined position relative to the Central support.

The force created by the user (the runner)is transmitted to the spring in two ways: one way is via a lever mechanism and the upper mounting device on the upper end of the spring, and from it through the supports of the first element on the supporting surface, the second way is through the connecting bracket on the lower part of the leaf spring, and thence through the support element on the support surface.

The disadvantage of this device is the inconvenience of operation, loss of use in everyday life; you can navigate only jumps or running. In addition, this device has identified a number of technical flaws, including poor fixation of the base for the legs: when a large weight of the user, even in the presence supports its possible bias and other

It is also known a device for jumping, which is an improvement of the previously described constructions, developed Tae-Hyuk Hoon and patented in several countries (see patent US 6840893).

The known device includes:

- arched leaf spring designed for periodic elastic deformation (squeezing, bending, approximation of the ends of the springs to each other under the influence of an applied thereto gravitational forces from the weight of the user with the accumulation of this energy and release extension, remote ends of the springs from each other) when removing the load from the weight of the user on this spring (for example, when the transfer of gravity on other leg) with the release of the accumulated energy and its application to the leg of the user in the form of push forward and up; nor is it the shoulder of the spring provided with a wear-resistant supporting member for engagement with a support surface;

- located on the concave side of the arcuate spring lever mechanism mounted on the leg of the user, mainly on his knee, and includes:

the basis for placing the legs of the user (platform support), at least in two places associated with spring and provided with a "shell"that provides reliable retention of the legs of the user on the platform, that is, performing the function of the Shoe upper and/or locking elements;

vertical element (Central support)fixed on the knee of the user by using partially covering the Shin of the user's knee straps and upper part connected with the upper part of the leaf spring, and in the lower part rigidly connected with the platform located in relation to the vertical element at an angle of 90°;

lever connection between the front part of the base zone and the lower arm of the spring, a few remote (about 1/3) from its end with a support element; one of the elements of this connection is installed with the possibility of adjunction to the spring in its compressed state;

The principle of this device is similar to the principle of the device according to patent US 6719671 and based on the bending of the spring under the action of potential and kinetic energy of the mass of the user, in which energy is accumulated, the next is the release of the spring with the simultaneous release of accumulated energy and direction of this energy on the user moves forward and upward.

The disadvantage of the described device is the design complexity, inconvenience of use, loss of use in everyday life. Moving with such a device requires considerable effort, special skills and well-developed coordination system. In addition, moving with such devices is only possible jumps or running. The moving step is impossible.

To use the principle of energy storage spring bend resting on the ground or other supporting surface when exposed to the masses of users and the subsequent release of energy upon release of the spring using the released energy to push the legs of the user, not in a special removable devices, and directly in the Shoe was designed special shoes, described in application No. 2008107517 from 28.02.2009 years for the patent of the Russian Federation for invention, in which the decision on granting of the patent. This footwear is selected as a prototype.

This footwear with accumulation of energy due to the elastic deformation, in the form of shoes, boots and other includes:

elastic sole, which can be exposed partially or fully support surface;

elastic heel connected with this sole (made in one piece with the specified elastic soles), and

at the trojstva fasteners for fixing the position of the user on the sole, moreover, these fastening device connected to the sole and the heel;

where data is the sole and heel form a leaf spring of a given elasticity, providing elastic deformation, and the sole and heel are the shoulders of this leaf spring;

where the plate spring is elastically deformed from the initial state to the compressed state;

where in the initial state the sole and heel are located at an angle more than 90° to each other and

where in the compressed state, the angle of the leaf spring between the sole and heel reduced.

The disadvantage of this Shoe is the relative complexity of the process of moving it, especially at a high angle between the shoulders of the spring.

In the specified Shoe load, compression spring in the form of a sole and heel, is determined not only by the weight of the user, but the force of his muscular legs. Load (force of gravity on the mass of the user and the energy from the working muscles) is transmitted mainly on the lower arm of the spring (the impact on the foot sole of the user) or on the lower part of the upper arm of the spring (impact on elastic back, for example, the heel of the user), resulting in a gravitational influence on the spring in this Shoe is not effective.

Moving in such shoes with periodic compression and relaxation of the spring requires a PE is suspected of lowering on the toe with the subsequent lowering of the legs to contact all or most of the soles with the supporting surface.

This movement differs from the usual order of contact with a support surface while walking. Man first comes on the heel, then drops the whole foot with further rolling on the toe.

More closest prototype to the spring unit may serve as the above-described structure according to patent US 6840893, including

- arched leaf spring with wear-resistant support element;

device for transmission of the gravitational effects on the spring mounted on the user's foot and includes a base shell for placement of the legs, a rigid vertical thrust associated with the top of the spring, and the basis for the feet, not in contact with the supporting surface, rigidly attached perpendicularly to the vertical thrust, the length of the vertical thrust is always less than the distance between the upper and lower ends of the springs even at full loading (bending and compression).

The drawback of the prototype is the inability to navigate through a simple step, it can only jump. The reason is that the user always has only one point of support - the lower end of the spring.

The present invention is to increase the efficiency of the gravitational effects on the spring, accumulating energy in bending (compression) and releasing the stored energy for the additional boost of the legs of the user through the optimization of the transmission load on the spring and allow the release of energy at a given point in time, as well as facilitating the process of moving due to the preferential use of the traditional character of the rolling of the foot from heel to toe.

Another task is to create a simple adjustment to your normal Shoe in the form of spring unit that provides, in addition to solving the above problems, the ability to move step by using two points of support (for example, the lower end of the spring and the sole of an ordinary Shoe).

Based on the tasks the applicant considers it appropriate to use the title of the invention of the word "gravity".

This is accomplished due to the fact that the gravitational shoes as shoes, shoes, etc. with the accumulation of energy due to the elastic deformation, including:

spring block containing at least one spring bending a given elasticity of the elastically deformable from its initial state to the compressed state and formed elements shoes,

thus the bottom part of the spring is supporting element designed to contact with a support surface;

uppers with fastening devices to secure the position of the legs of the user and transmit the gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit, and the top of the Shoe and/or the fastening device is connected with a specified spring, soles and other Shoe parts,

according to the invention

the support element of the lower part of the spring of the spring unit made in the form of heels or heels and soles, or soles;

the sole is made with possibility of contact with the supporting surface when loaded spring;

the fastening device for the transmission of gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit includes an element made, for example, in the form of cuffs, partially or completely covering the leg (the leg of the user and associated with the upper part of the spring, in the form of inelastic cover or other support element to his feet, hanging on the top of the spring, in the form of an elastic band connecting the upper part of the spring with inelastic cover or other element of the hanging legs of the user, or combinations thereof;

and with the free (unloaded) condition of the spring H1>H2and in the loaded condition of H1=N2or H1approaching N2where

H1- the distance between the ends of the spring;

H2- the distance from the top of the spring to the lowest point of the foot.

In addition, the sole gravitational shoes can be connected with a spring for transmitting additional gravity loads, while the unloaded spring H1>H3≥H2where N3- the distance from the top of the spring (points under the ECA feet) to the place of fastening soles, when compressed spring H1=N2=N3or H1and H3approach H2.

The spring unit may include multiple springs located in the rear of the Shoe and on the sides or front of the Shoe, while supporting element in the form of a heel can be made in one piece with all or only with some springs or may not be part of some springs, and the number of upper and lower springs may not match.

The heel when compressed spring can be located in the zone of the heel of the user.

The heel when compressed spring can join in the sole of the Shoe.

The sole is in a free state of the spring may abut to the heel and to be associated with her.

The spring may be of various shapes, for example, have a simple arcuate (arc) shape, arc shape with extra curve, for example, under the heel of the user, the shape of a half ellipse (tapered shape) and other

Spring may have a different cross-sectional shape, such as Crescent-shaped cross-section, the cross section in the form of an elongated isosceles triangle, elongated ellipse, rectangle, U-shaped element and other

Transverse and longitudinal section of the spring may be constant or variable.

The spring material, its physical and technical properties can be constant or variable along the length, the width of the thickness.

The spring may be partially or completely made of one or more materials: polymers, including polyurethanes, polycarbonates, and others, composites, elastomers, etc.

The top of the Shoe includes a shell covering partially or fully the spring or associated with providing the possibility of changing the angle of the spring, for example, by performing top corrugated or in the form of a set of stretchable telescopically interconnected elements.

This task can also be solved due to the fact that in another embodiment, the gravitational shoes as shoes, shoes, etc. with the accumulation of energy due to the elastic deformation, including:

spring block containing at least one spring bending a given elasticity of the elastically deformable from its initial state to the compressed state and formed elements shoes,

thus the bottom part of the spring is supporting element designed to contact with a support surface;

uppers with fastening devices to secure the position of the legs of the user and transmit the gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit, and the top of the Shoe and/or the fastening device connected to a given spring, soles and other Shoe parts,

according to the invention

the support element of the lower part of the spring pruzin the th block is made in the form of a heel, or heel and soles, or soles;

the sole is made with possibility of contact with the supporting surface when loaded spring;

the fastening device for the transmission of gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit includes an element made, for example, in the form of cuffs, partially or completely covering the leg (the leg of the user and associated with the upper part of the spring, in the form of inelastic cover or other support element to his feet, hanging on the top of the spring, in the form of an elastic band connecting the upper part of the spring with inelastic cover or other element of the hanging legs of the user, or combinations thereof;

and with the free (unloaded) condition of the spring H1>H2and in the loaded condition of H1=H2or H1approaching H1where

H1- the distance between the ends of the spring;

H2- the distance from the top of the spring to the lowest point of the foot;

the spring is provided with a lock for locking her in a compressed condition, and means for removing the latch from snagging when necessary, for example before committing repulsion feet from the supporting surface.

This task is solved due to the fact that in spring the block containing at least one spring bending a given elasticity, elastic Def is mireau from the initial state to the compressed state,

thus the bottom part of the spring is supporting element designed to contact with a support surface;

the fastening device for the transmission of gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit;

according to the invention

the support element of the lower part of the spring of the spring unit made in the form of heels or heels and soles, or soles;

the fastening device for the transmission of gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit includes an element made, for example, in the form of cuffs, partially or completely covering the leg (the leg of the user and associated with the upper part of the spring, in the form of inelastic plastic or other flexible supporting element for the Shoe of the user is suspended on the upper part of the spring, in the form of an elastic band connecting the upper part of the spring with inelastic plastic or other soft item hanging Shoe of the user, or combinations thereof;

and with the free (unloaded) condition of the spring H1>H2and in the loaded condition of H1=N2or H1approaching N2where

H1- the distance between the ends of the spring;

H2- the distance from the top of the spring to the lowest point of the sole in the shoes of the user.

A feature of the claimed gravitational shoes is the fact that the spring flexure is predstavljaet the main items of footwear, for example, the background or part of the back, sides of the Shoe, the heel and the other, and the sole in most cases, is a traditional sole, not a spring (although the sole in some embodiments, may also be an element of the lower part of the spring), and heel (of the spring) is, along with the sole support for interaction with the surface. In most embodiments, the heel is not directly associated with the sole, however, when compressed spring heel along with the sole could rest on the lower part of the spring - heel. In some embodiments, execution of the lower anchor portion of the spring may be made in the form of a heel, combined with the sole, or only in the form of sole. In one embodiment, the heel is in the process of deformation of the spring can come close to the outer side of the sole and adhere to it.

The peculiarity of the spring unit, which can be used as a device worn on regular shoes, is that the user gets the opportunity to accumulate energy of the spring bend the lower part of which represents in most cases the heel (base part)and the upper part of the spring is loaded by the gravitational load of the body weight of the user, and to use this energy to facilitate the move. With the move to the to and in the inventive gravity shoes, may occur in the traditional way due to the fact that in the move process involved not only the anchor end of the spring, but the sole of the Shoe of the user.

Thus, the principle of accumulation and release of energy in the inventive Shoe and spring block similar to the principle of removable devices to facilitate jumping and running: arcuate spring under the weight of the user is deformed, storing energy, and then release energy transmits to the user, pushing his leg up and forward.

However, in such devices the user's foot is not involved in the process of moving, she passively stands on a base (platform), and this basis is not even supporting surface (of the earth).

In the inventive gravity shoes due to:

- run spring in the form of elements of the Shoe (heel, heel, and other elements that are an integral part of the Shoe) or the use of additional springs, not much beyond traditional shoes,

- provide "soft suspension" feet in the gravitational shoes in the absence of contact of the Shoe with a support surface (on the cuff and/or case and others),

compression springs at the contact of the support element spring, typically the heel (but possible heel, combined with a sole or made in the form of sole), with the reference surface is clearly due to the transmission of gravitational efforts on the upper part of the spring and/or on the lower part of the spring before heel impact (bearing) of the heel of the user and/or transmission of gravitational efforts directly on the heel, adjacent the sole,

- supporting legs on the supporting surface in preparation for the next step not only in the spring (heel), but on the sole of the Shoe, and by providing resources for recording the compressed spring to save the stored its energy before take-off leg from a reference surface is provided with the prescribed solution is to increase the efficiency of the gravitational interaction, as well as facilitating the process of moving due to the preferential use of the traditional nature of the movement from heel to toe, and not just Jogging or irregular, but at a normal pace.

The above applies to the spring block.

Conducted patent research showed that the proposed gravitational shoes and spring unit meet the criteria of "novelty" and "inventive step".

The shoes and the spring unit can be manufactured in an industrial or artisanal, therefore, meet the criterion of "industrial applicability".

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which shows a schematic depiction of the main variants of shoes, most of the figures to facilitate the understanding of the essence of the claimed objects shown only the basic elements of the Shoe, and a secondary (top of the Shoe, fastening and others) are not depicted; but the and user are shown with thin lines:

in figures 1 - gravity shoes with spring on the back side of the legs, the lower part of which is a heel, figa - transfer gravity loads on the upper end of the spring through the cuff and on the lower part of the spring heel; figb - transfer gravity loads on the upper end of the spring through the cuff and the cover and on the lower part of the spring heel, in this case associated with sole; figv - transfer gravity loads on the upper end of the spring through the cuff and associated suspension element in the form of foot covering mites and on the lower part of the spring heel; high - transfer of gravity load on the top end of the spring through the cuff and a cover partially covering the foot and lower part of the spring heel;

on figures 2 - gravity shoes with spring on the back side of the legs, the lower part of which is a heel, and a sole connected with the lower part of the spring before heel: figa - transfer gravity loads on the upper end of the spring through the cuff; figb - transfer gravity loads on the upper end of the spring through the cover completely covers the foot of the user;

on the figure 3 - gravity shoes with spring on the back side of the legs, the lower part to the th is a heel, and the middle part has an additional curved portion, the transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff;

on figures 4 - gravity shoes with two springs attached on the sides, enveloping the foot laterally and beyond the heel of the user in the form of additional curved portions, protruding support elements of the spring in the form of heels: figa - transfer gravity loads on the upper end of the spring through the cuff and associated suspension element in the form of foot covering tape; figb - transfer gravity loads on the upper end of the spring through a narrow cuff and associated cover partially covering a foot of a user;

on the figure 5 - gravity shoes with two curved enveloping the leg springs attached from the front side of the Shoe and extending beyond the heel of the user, the lower part of which is a heel, the transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff and associated cover partially covering a foot of a user;

on figures 6 - gravity shoes with two L-shaped springs, passing through the sides of the legs, the lower part of which is a heel: figa - transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring is fixed to the front the side, through the cuff; figb - side view and rear view, of a spring connected in the lower part; the transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring is fixed laterally through the cuff and associated cover partially covering a foot of a user;

in figures 7 - gravity shoes with several springs on the back side and sides, the lower part of which are protruding support elements in the form of heels: figa - transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff; figb - transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff and associated cover partially covering the foot;

in figures 8 - gravity shoes in men's shoes with spring on the back side of the legs, the lower part which is connected with bottom (wide black line): figa - transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff; figb - transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff and a cover partially covering the leg; figv - transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff and associated suspension element in the form of foot covering tape;

in figure 9 is the gravitational shoes in men's Shoe which covers the foot-top shows the contour of the top) and spring located on the back side of the legs, the lower part which is connected with the sole (heel);

figure 10 - gravity shoes in men's shoes with covering the leg top and two curved springs, located on the sides, lower part which are connected with the sole (heel);

in figures 11 - gravity shoes with lock spring covering the leg-top: figa - spring is located on the back side of the legs, the lower part of the spring is connected with the heel and the sole element, the transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff and a cover partially covering a user's foot; figb two springs located on each side, transfer the gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff and a cover partially covering a user's foot;

in figures 12 - gravity shoes in women's shoes: figa - spring is located on the back side of the legs, the lower part of the spring is a heel, the transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff and associated cover; figb - spring is located on the back side of the legs, the lower part of the spring is a heel, a spring connected with the sole; the transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff; figv - two side springs, the lower the Yaya part of spring is a sole - heel, end bent back, transfer the gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff; Figg - two side springs, the lower part of spring is a heel, bent back, the spring is linked to the sole; the transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff; Figg - two springs, envelopes leg on each side, the bottom of the springs serve to support the heel combined with sole), the spring is provided with an additional support for the heel; the transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring attached from the front side through the cuff; 12E - option d, performance as ballet shoes;

in figures 13 - gravity shoes with spring on the back side of the legs, the lower part of which represents either the heel and adjacent or related soles or soles; figa - transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff; figb - transfer of gravity load on the top of the spring through the cuff and a cover covering the leg of the user;

figure 14 is an external view of the spring unit to be used with normal shoes;

figure 15 - gravity shoes with spring on the back side of the legs, the lower part is divided into two elastic spring element, is what's at an angle to each other: the heel and the sole is thicker at one end;

figure 16 - gravity shoes, similar to Fig, but with the space between the sole and heel, filled legalempowerment, for example porous material;

figure 17 - gravity shoes with two located on the sides of the springs, the ends of which are connected with elastic sole;

figure 18 - embodiments of the cross-sections of the spring;

figure 19 - options appearance women's sandals with cuff, various supporting elements and a spring, covering the lower part of the back of the legs, the lower part of which is a heel of a C-shaped cross-section;

figure 20 is an external view of women's sandals with side L-shaped springs in different phases of loading: phase 1 - leg rests, heel is below the soles; phase 2 - the foot rests, the spring is compressed (bent), heel at the level of the sole;

figure 21 - optimal embodiment of the cover with flange (side and rear);

figure 22 - spring unit with two located on the sides of the springs, the ends of which are connected by passing under the rear part of the sole regular shoes podpjatochnoj element;

figure 23 is an external view of women's sandals from the spring, covering the lower part of the legs, from the back side with a variable cross-section, the sole associated with a spring.

Appl who controls gravity shoes can take the form of shoes, shoes, boots, sandals, etc. and incorporates as a mandatory element, at least one spring 1 given bending elasticity of the elastically deformable from its initial state to the compressed state and returns energy to push the legs of the user when it is released or synergistic acceleration when the rolling of the foot from heel to toe. This spring 1 in the inventive shoes or combined with traditional elements of footwear such as a Shoe, the heel, or is part of, or is additional inner or outer element of the Shoe. For example, the upper part of the spring may be around the leg of the user, but does take place inside the Shoe, to be sewn into the Shoe or to be attached to the top of the Shoe (figures 9, 10, 11). The lower part of the spring is a supporting element in contact with the surface on which the user moves. In most of the proposed embodiments of the inventive gravity of footwear specified the supporting element is designed as a high heel 2 (figure 1-7, 12, and others) or low heel 2 (figures 9, 10, 11). However, possible embodiments of the support element of the spring in the heel and sole, and only in the form of a sole (figa and 13B).

In this description not used the term "shoulder spring," although each used spring usually contains two shoulder nahodyashihsya different sides of the zone of inflection spring.

Declare gravitational shoes, in addition to the above spring 1 includes the usual appropriate footwear elements: the bottom 3, top 4 shoes and other

Top 4 footwear protects the feet of the user from adverse effects, fixes the position of the legs and provides periodic bending of the spring 1 without damaging the elements of the top 4. The specified top 4 shoes includes fastening device for fixing the position of the legs of the user, and the top 4 shoes and fastening device connected to the specified spring 1, the sole 3 and other elements of the Shoe. These fastening device can be a hard areas of the Shoe upper, such as a hard sock, etc. and/or fixing elements, such as belts, ribbons, laces, shell, Velcro fasteners, zippers and other

In some versions of the uppers may only be used for the fastening device, for example, when performing the gravitational shoes in sandals (Fig).

The specified top 4 shoes with fastening devices in addition to fixing the position of the feet in the shoes and protect it from external influences must provide the gravitational effects from the weight of the user on the spring 1, which in the inventive footwear special items. The form of execution may be different.

In od the om option to transfer the gravitational effects on the upper part of the springs is provided by the seal 5, partially or fully covering the leg (the leg of the user and associated with the upper part of the spring 1. While the seal 5 can be connected with the spring 1 in a small area (figa, 2B), or on a long (along the legs) plot (figa, 3). In the first case, the spring 1 is applied point load, in the second case, the load is distributed along the length of the cuff 5.

The cuff may be made in the form of a relatively narrow elastic rings or half rings (Figg, 2B, 4B, 7b, 8A, 8b, 8b, 13B). Such rings may be several (not shown). Possible and others not covered in this description, application variants relative to a point or distributed gravity loads to the upper part of the spring 1.

Cuff (ring) 5 performs the function of transferring the load to the upper part of the spring against the lower leg, with the leg of the user hangs in the cuff due to thickening of the lower leg, due to the dense coverage of the cuff lower leg (clamp) or by both.

The leg of the user when the free state of the spring (no support on the ground) and at the beginning of contact of the support element springs from the earth as if suspended on a specified cuff 5, although it is possible the contact of the heel with the bottom part of the spring 1 (Figg, 4A). When the bearing support element (lower part of the spring heel) gravity load from the mass in which isolates through the cuff 5, or other elements is transmitted to the spring 1.

In high shoes (boots) the seal 5 may be placed under the knee, the boots on the tibia, in the Shoe or krossovki - above or below the ankle. The cuff 5 may serve as the upper part of the Shoe. The width of the cuff 5 may vary within wide limits, including cuff 5 may cover the entire upper of the Shoe, for example, to the ankles.

The sleeve 5 may be connected with the spring 1 only in its upper part (point load), or over the entire height of the cuff, or part of the height of the cuff (distributed load).

In another embodiment, for transmission of the gravitational effects on the upper part of the spring is provided inelastic case 6 or other supporting soft element to his feet, hanging on the top of the spring 1. In this case, the load is applied to the spring 1 can also be a point (case 6 is connected with the spring 1 in a small area) or distributed along a length of the spring, for example, through the elastic oriented top-down tape connecting the spring 1 with the cover 6, for example, with the two sides of the right and left of the spring.

Case 6 can completely cover the foot of the user (figb, 12A) or only partially (Figg, 5, 8b, and others). Partial foot coverage (suspension) can be achieved by using the tape 7 (FIGU, 4A, 9). The most convenient is the fulfillment of the cover 6, partially covering the foot of the user and specialsee break free of the foot, as shown in Fig.

The upper part of the cover 6 may be circumferentially connected with the sleeve 5, it provides a uniform application of gravity load from cover to cuff, although for the case of sufficiently strong materials eliminates the cuff 5 and hang the cover 6 directly on top of the spring 1. The fastening of the cover 6 to the cuff 5 or to the spring 1 is carried out by any known method.

The following variants are possible sharing of the cuff 5, cover 6 or tape 7:

cuff (elastic ring or semi-ring) 5 and case 6 (figb, 2B, 8b, 12A, 13B);

cuff 5 and band 7 (figa);

cuff 5, case 6 and the belt 7 (FIGU, 8b).

One of the conditions of work effectiveness gravitational shoes is the necessity to provide the primary support legs with carry through her gravitational effects on the supporting spring element 1, in this condition, the spring 1 is compressed properly and will be able to accumulate the maximum amount of energy. While the user's foot is not resting on the ground, it "hangs" in the cuff 5 or case 6 or on the tape 7 on the upper part of the spring flexure. When lowering the legs to the contact of the heel with 2 earth due to the gravitational effects from the weight of the user to the last spring is deformed (bent)leg gradually descends and starting the em to rely on the earth not only the heel 2, but the sole 3.

To do this with the free (unloaded) condition of the spring must be fulfilled ratio: H1>H2where

H1- the distance between the ends of the spring;

H2- the distance from the top of the spring to the lowest point of the foot.

When loaded, the spring H1=N2or tends to approach H2.

The more between the two values of the difference, the stronger can be bent (compressed) spring and the greater will be the effect of repulsion or move his legs, but the difference between the H1and H2limited to the form of footwear and the condition of the facilities of its operation. When the support legs of the user on the earth due to the bending of the spring 1, the distance between the ends of the compressed spring becomes equal to or approaching the H2.

The spring may be connected with a sleeve or pouch in any location around the circumference of the foot (Shoe upper), for example from the back side (figa, 1B, 1C, 1D, 2A, 2B, 3, 8A, 8b, 8C, 9, 12A, 12B, 13A, 13B), the sides (4A, 4B, 6b, 7a, 7b, 10, 11b, 12B) or from the front side (figure 5, 6A, d, 12E).

If two springs, they can be arranged symmetrically.

Springs can cover the leg from the back side (figa, 1B, 1C, 1D, 2A, 2B, 3, 8A, 8b, 8C, 9, 12A, 12B, 13A, 13B), located laterally (figa, 4B, 6A, 12g, d, 12E), to pass from the front to the back of the Shoe (5, 22), to be held from lateral parts of the back of torontobuy (figa, 4B, 6b, 10, 12) and others

The spring can be mounted in any location around the circumference of the shank and to be the only one.

In the case of the side springs of the latter may be associated podpjatochnoj element 8, through which may be the loading of the spring 1. This podpjatochnoj element 8 can move in a supporting element (heel) 2, bringing the bottom of the springs, and may be a separate saddle-type connecting element between the support parts springs (figb).

The spring 1 may be made of one or more materials, such as polymers (polyurethane, polycarbonate and others), composites, elastomers, and other elastic material, with the individual elements of the spring 1 may be made of different materials, for example the main part of the spring of composite material with high bending strength necessary indicators of elasticity (stiffness), and the heel 2 of the less expensive, but abrasion-resistant material.

The cross-section of the spring 1 may be different. Some embodiments of the cross-section presented in Fig (the user's foot is located on the right side of the section that is covered by the spring). For example, on figa section is a substantially elongated at the base of an isosceles triangle with a slightly concave base; figb - Tr is a square with a strongly concave base; figw - rectangle with strongly concave base; high - elongated rectangle with a slightly concave base; Figg - C-shaped cross-section; five - section of the three springs, covering the leg.

The cross-section of the spring may be constant along the length of, and is subject to change. For example, the spring located on the back side of the legs, the upper part has a C-shaped cross-section (partially covers, wrapping around the leg), and in the lower part, which merges into a tapered heel, is circular. Two side springs with rectangular section can be combined to form an overall rectangular or C-shaped cross-section in the lower part of the spring.

The elastic characteristics of the spring can be constant or variable along the length and thickness of the spring, such as heel material 2 may be more rigid than the remainder of the spring.

The form of the spring 1 may be different:

- simple arcuate (arc) shape (figa-g, 2A-b, 12B);

- arc with additional curved sections, for example, under the heel (Fig 3, 4A-b, 5);

- L-shaped (figa, 6b, 20);

- C-shaped, tapered form in the shape of half of an ellipse (figures 9, 10, 12);

- arc with extra waste elements representing the sole or other supporting element (figb, 12g, 12E).

In the inventive gravity shoes the term "spring" is not limited to the spring. the x may be several. The upper part of the spring 1 may be placed with the back side of the Shoe, especially if you use only one spring. In another embodiment, multiple (two or more) springs cover the heel portion of the foot of the user from the sides (figa, 4B, 5, 6A, 6b, 10, 11b, 12B, 12g, d, 12E) or in parallel with the back side of the legs and sides (figa, 7b). Several springs may be interconnected, for example, in the zone of the support element (heel or sole). In this case, each of the springs may be one top and two or more lower parts and Vice versa. However, the illustrations do not exhaust all possible options as the number of used springs and their location.

When traditional smooth curved spring 1 bend is provided most often in the first place the effect on the upper part of the spring 1 when the support of the heel 2 on a supporting surface such as the ground.

However, it is possible to transfer the gravity load on the lower part of the spring 1 from exposure to the heel of the user and further to the heel 2, standing on the supporting surface. In this type of loading spring may be provided with a special ledge under the heel, though the heel may rely on a smoothly curved arc (without protrusions).

When a complicated form of a spring, for example, when performing the arched spring additional bending of the protrusion, repeating the profile of the heel of the user, the transmission of gravitational forces can be carried out on the upper part of the spring 1 and then through the heel 2 on the supporting surface, and through additional support for the heel (optional bending, ledge) on the lower part of the spring.

Heel height 2, which is the lower part of the spring 1 may be different.

In the women's Shoe heel can be quite high, for example 5-7 cm or more, most clearly such heel presents on figa, b, C, d and Fig, 20.

In men's sports shoes and heel height may be less than, for example, 1-3 cm (Fig.9, 10).

In some embodiments, execution of the heel, which, like any other Shoe, a support for the heel of the user, generally may not extend beyond the level of the sole (figa, b, C). In these embodiments, the lower end 2 of the spring 1 partially covers the heel (performs the function of a reference element under the heel, there is a kind of heel) and is associated with the sole 3. Loading the upper part of such a spring can be carried out from the side of the cuff 5, and/or cover 6, and/or covering tape 7. While H1>H2the leg is suspended between the sole 3 and the leg of the user - gap at the bend of the spring leg rests on the sole 3 and the bottom edge of the spring 1.

We also offer a version of the Shoe with folding (approaching the sole to floor the CSOs adjunction) heel 2. In this case, when the application to the spring of the gravitational interaction heel 2 gradually podymaetsja and seeks to join the sole 3 (fega, 2B). When rolling the foot from heel to toe outsole in turn can come close to the heel.

Spring in the lower part can be divided into two spring located at an angle to each other element: the heel and the sole (Fig and 16). This embodiment allows, firstly, to increase the efficiency of energy storage (two springs), and secondly, to prevent irrational use due to energy transfer from the heel to the sole at the beginning of the separation of the heel from the support (eliminates the need to lock), third, to accelerate the rolling of the foot from heel to toe. Moreover, in the Shoe shown in Fig, the space between the heel and sole filled legalempowerment material, for example porous, which will eliminate the contact between the springs of foreign bodies (stones, dirt, etc).

On Fig shown embodiment of shoes (or spring block), in which springs, envelopes leg, connected to the sole, which is also a spring. This will facilitate and accelerate the process of rolling the foot from heel to toe.

Possible that the role of the support element of the spring performs the heel, combined or associated with sole or supporting element of the spring performance is to place the whole or part of the foot (figa, b). In the latter case, its length can match or exceed the length of the sole of the foot of the user, and the movement is by the initial lowering of the foot to the toe (end of the spring 1).

Top 4 shoes, in addition to the mandatory elements, may include an outer casing, a closing spring 1, or adjacent to the spring, or passing under a spring and provides for periodic bending. This shell may be made of corrugated or consisting of separate adjacent to each other or finding each other, the annular elements. The shell may be partially or fully cover the foot.

In addition, the top 4 of footwear may include an inner portion adjacent to the leg (lining). This internal part can be basically not associated with the spring 1 and is not subjected to deformation in bending, in this case, the material plain. If the inner part is connected with the upper part of the spring 1, the material and/or the design of the inner part should provide opportunities for its deformation under compression of the spring.

Sole 3 may correspond to the shape of the sole ordinary footwear and to provide a comfortable location of the foot, protects the feet from mechanical impacts. The sole (bottom surface), as in other kinds of footwear, should be sufficiently wear what Taikai.

Sole 3 can be connected with the lower part of the spring 1 to provide additional transmission of compressive forces from the foot to the spring. Communication can be performed, for example, in the form of a swivel that enables tilting of the sole 3 of the wear part to the supporting surface. In the initial position of the sole 3 is horizontal, and when you walk periodically toe leans down for supporting legs, rolling from heel to toe and repulsion.

In one embodiment, the leg may be directly adjacent to the sole 3 (no gap), not resting on the ground. With the beginning of the contact phase to earth's gravitational forces are distributed and affect the spring in its upper part through the cuff and at the bottom of the heel through the rear part of the sole or only on the lower part of the spring (figb, in).

In another embodiment, the leg in the starting position not adjacent to the sole 3, not resting on the ground (the reference surface), between the split (figa, b, 8A, b, C, 12B, d), maintained a ratio of H1>H3≥H2where N3- the distance from the top of the spring (suspension point feet) to the place of fastening soles. Flexural springs 1 first select the gap between the leg and the sole, then the gap between the sole and support. This option provides a somewhat greater possibility of difference between the H1 2when the unloaded spring.

The spring 1 may be equipped with a latch 10, the clamping spring 1 in a compressed position and releasing it at a predetermined point, for example, when the repulsion of the legs of the user from the reference surface (making the next step). It is necessary that the accumulated energy will not be wasted when rolling the foot from heel to toe, as with the disengagement of the spring from the support in a period of time in excess of the return spring to its original state, energy will be lost.

Form of the retainer 10 and the means of removing the lock out of engagement can be any known in the prior art. So, figa and 11b presents one possible mechanical devices: a retainer in the form of a hook 10 engages with the spring 1 and is removed from engagement with the impact of the foot on the rod 11.

Possible option of using a self-restrained spring, provided with a hook clamps (such as "Velcro"), which is connected at the bend of the spring with the adjacent element of the Shoe. Forced removal of the spring out of engagement possible through the use of changing the angle of inclination of the lower leg of the user occurring during the preparation of the legs to be removed from the support (rolling).

Shown in the figures, embodiments of the retainer 10 is in no way exhaust the possibilities of building permits issued is of high value. The retainer 10 may be magnetic or based on the use of electronics. The main condition is that the time of fixation should coincide with the maximum deformation of the spring, and release to the moment of take-off leg of the user from the reference surface.

On Figg presents women's shoes, the sole of which is connected with the spring, while the rear part of the sole beyond the heel (bottom of the spring) and serves as an additional support for the heel. Similar designs presented on Figg and 12E. These options can most effectively be used as ballet shoes.

The spring block Fig, 22) can be used as a device to normal shoes accumulating gravitational energy, providing the ability to move as running (jumping), and a step by rolling the foot from heel to toe.

Spring block - device design is essentially a spring unit used in the inventive gravity shoes. It includes at least one spring 1 and the mounting device Assembly as described above cuff 5 covering the lower leg of the user, or soft inelastic (not stretchable) support leg element 7, through which is provided a soft suspension legs of the user relative to the upper part of prui the s 1 and spring 1 gravitational effects. The size ratio between the ends of the spring 1 in the free (unloaded) condition H1and the distance from the suspension point to the lowest point of the sole 3 normal shoes H2similar to the above: H1>H2. When the loading of the spring 1 the distances are equal, that is, the user's foot begins to rely not only on the anchor end of the spring 1, but on the bottom of the 3 regular footwear.

The form of the spring unit as a device similar to the spring block gravity shoes.

Declare gravitational shoes is used as follows.

The user obovata and records, if required, the position of the feet with a special fastening devices, such as locks the cuff 5 and the bottom 3 straps.

If the user after obovaria stands on the support surface, the spring 1 is compressed, each leg rests on the heel 2 and the sole 3.

At the beginning of the movement the user lifts one leg, continuing to rely on another. Shoes on the lifted leg spring 1 is released, when H1>H2the user's foot is hanging on top of the springs 1: on the cuff 5, case 6 or ribbon 7. Then, when making the forward movement the foot first touches the supporting surface projecting support element of the spring, such as a heel. Upon contact with a support user case is it part of his weight on that leg compressing the spring 1. The distance between the ends of the spring 1 becomes equal to the distance from the suspension point to the lowest point of the legs of the user H2or approaches it. Compressed spring 1 accumulates energy. Upon further movement of the user's foot, as usual, rolled from heel to toe for repulsive socks part from the support. If the characteristics of the spring are selected in such a way that it is deflected over a period of time exceeding the time ... the energy of the spring is not lost and at the time of separation sock feet from the support pushes the user's foot up and forward. If the spring is released quickly, it is advisable to use additional tools - clamps 10, to insure that the spring 1 in the compressed state to the point of repulsion. Removal of the retainer 10 from engagement may be exposed plusnine on a special tool, for example associated with the latch rod 11 with a curved section in the front under plusnine. The length of the rod 11 when the pressure on the protruding curved section increases and the rod pushes the hook retainer 10 from engagement with the spring 1.

To reduce losses accumulated energy you can use spring with two supporting elements (bottom, shoulders springs), one of them is the heel, and the other is adolfoi, that will ensure the conservation of energy when rolling from heel (heel) on the toe (bottom), see Fig and 16.

The work of the spring unit in addition to conventional shoes is the same way.

1. Gravitational footwear with accumulation of energy due to the elastic deformation, including spring unit containing at least one spring, providepulmonary from the initial state to the compressed state and formed elements of the Shoe, the bottom part of the spring is supporting element designed to contact with the support surface to the top of the Shoe with fastening devices to secure the position of the legs of the user and transmit the gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit, and the top of the Shoe and/or the fastening device connected to the specified spring and sole, characterized in that the support element of the lower part of the spring of the spring unit made in the form of heel or heels and soles or soles with the possibility of contact with the supporting surface when loaded spring, and the fastening device for the transmission of gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit includes an element made in the form of cuffs, partially or completely covering the leg of the user and associated with the upper part of the spring, in the form of inelastic case, podveshennogo the top of the spring, in the form of an elastic band connecting the upper part of the spring with inelastic case for hanging legs of the user, or combinations thereof.

2. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the base of the gravitational shoes can be connected with a spring for transmitting additional gravity loads, while the unloaded spring H1>H3≥H2where N3- the distance from the top of the spring (suspension point feet) to the place of fastening soles, when compressed spring H1=N2=N3or H1and H3approach H2.

3. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the spring unit includes several springs located at the back and on the sides or front of the Shoe, while supporting element in the form of a heel can be made in one piece with all or only with some springs or to be only part of some springs, and the number of upper and lower springs may not match.

4. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the heel when compressed state of the spring is located in the zone of the heel of the user.

5. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the heel when compressed spring is adjacent to the sole of the Shoe.

6. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the heel attached to the sole and is connected with it.

7. Gr is Vitalina footwear according to claim 1, wherein the spring has a simple arcuate (arc) shape, arc shape with extra curve, for example, under the heel of the user, or in the form of a half ellipse (tapered) shape and other

8. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross section of the spring has a sickle-shape, or the shape of an elongated isosceles triangle, or shaped like an elongated ellipse, or rectangle, or U-shaped and other

9. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the transverse and longitudinal section of a spring constantly or variably.

10. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the spring material, its physical and technical properties of constant or variable along the length, width and thickness.

11. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the spring is partially or completely made of one or more materials, such as polymers, including polyurethane, polycarbonate, and others, composites, elastomers, etc.

12. Gravitational footwear according to claim 1, characterized in that the top of the Shoe includes a shell, partially or completely covering the spring or associated with providing the possibility of changing the angle of the spring, for example by performing top corrugated or in the form of a set of stretchable telescopically interconnected elements.

13. Gravity shoes is the accumulation of energy, caused by the elastic deformation, including spring unit containing at least one spring, providepulmonary from the initial state to the compressed state and formed elements of the Shoe, the bottom part of the spring is supporting element designed to contact with the support surface to the top of the Shoe with fastening devices to secure the position of the legs of the user and transmit the gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit, and the top of the Shoe and/or the fastening device connected to the specified spring and sole, characterized in that the support element of the lower part of the spring of the spring unit made in the form of heels or the heel and sole, or only the soles, with the possibility of contact with the supporting surface when loaded spring, and the fastening device for the transmission of gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit includes an element made in the form of cuffs, partially or completely covering the leg of the user and associated with the upper part of the spring, in the form of inelastic case, suspended on top of the spring, in the form of an elastic band connecting the upper part of the spring with the inelastic case, or combinations thereof, and the spring is provided with a lock for locking her in a compressed condition, and means for removing the pin from the engagement.

4. Spring block containing at least one spring, providepulmonary from the initial state to the compressed state, the lower part of the spring is supporting element designed to contact with the supporting surface, and the fastening device for the transmission of gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit, characterized in that the support element of the lower part of the spring of the spring unit made in the form of heels or the heel and sole or sole, fastening device for transmission of the gravitational effects on the spring of the spring unit includes an element made in the form of cuffs, partially or completely covering the leg of the user and associated with the upper part of the spring, in the form of inelastic case, suspended on top of the spring, in the form of an elastic band connecting the upper part of the spring with the inelastic case, or combinations thereof.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions intended for use in shoe industry and can be used for ease of use and maintenance of footwear both regular and special, for example sports (ski boots, skates, or shoes for tourists). It is offered to place the device in shoe boxes, in addition to batteries and heating elements, electronic devices with the radiating antenna modules. In addition, it is proposed to use the base for shoes, also containing the antenna-radiating module. When installing the shoe on the support (during the preparatory phase) between them (the footwear and stand) contactless exchange of electromagnetic signals is formed, which makes it possible as a result, without wires, to determine at a distance the technical condition (diagnose performance) of the basic blocks of shoe devices, primarily the current battery power, built-in shoe devices. This technical solution is driven by the desire for multi-functionality of all components of the device and the design simplification, and the weight of the shoe devices. In the method of operation of shoes an antenna-radiative module, electronic device and a micro keyboard are put into each shoe. To operate the shoes a stand is created, including a display unit, a control panel, the third electronic device and the third antenna-radiative module. At the same time the transfer of power from the third to the first two electronic devices is carried out using inductive coupling between the third and the first two radiative antenna modules. The transmitted electricity is stabilised, accumulated and used for the operation of the first two electronic devices. Also the transmission of information signals is carried out from the third to the first two electronic devices due to inductive coupling between the third and the first two antenna modules, and preparation to transfer the information signal back is produced. The transfer of information signals in the opposite direction from the first two to the third electronic device is carried out with inductive coupling between the third and the first two radiative antenna modules.

EFFECT: invention enables to renew energy battery life while maintaining mobility and undismountable design of footwear, this enables to produce footwear solid, cast, and with significant resource of use, an additional technical result in use of the device is the possibility to use the contour as a heating element.

5 cl, 3 dwg

Footwear // 2395222

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed group of inventions refers to shoe construction, a manner of wearing the shoe on man's foot in accordance with the shoe design features of invention and a manner of getting the shoe off man's foot. The shoe (1) has a toe part (2) and a heel part (3), which can completely or partially be disconnected from the toe part (2). The shoe with essentially flexible top and essentially hard shoe sole provides a toe part including the forepart of the shoe sole and the forepart of the top, the heel part (3) which includes the back part of the shoe sole and the back of the top. At that the heel part (3) may at least partially be disconnected from the toe part and rotate towards it, enabling to insert a foot into the toe part (2). Also it has a disjointed fastener (4) for connecting the heel part to the toe part with the possibility of their disconnection from each other, and a single-piece footbed attached to the toe part with the ability to its overlay on the front and the back parts of the shoe sole. When the heel part (3) is at least partially disconnected from the toe part (2) the shoe can be easily put on a foot of a man who does not need to bend the foot or make efforts to put the shoe on or take it off. In versions with a partial disconnection of the heel part (3) it can be turned towards the toe part (2) sideways or down. A disjointed fastener (4) may be a zipper, Veklro (Velcro™) or other means.

EFFECT: ensuring the possibility of partial disconnection of different parts of footwear from one another, at that the shoe is comfortable to take on and off needlessly to turn the foot and apply a force or pressure on it.

8 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to production system of "assembled" shoes or moccasins equipped with shock-absorbing insert (3), which is inserted into space (8) produced inside false heel, which consists of special rigid frame (2) in the form of horseshoe-shaped yoke. Production system for shoe with shock-absorbing insert in heel, in which the following components are used: special last (1) of such type, which has a heel part (1a) and toe part (1b), joined by spring (M), in which heel part (1a) includes heel (1c) connected to heel part by step (1d), since heel (1c) is a bit smaller than heel part (1a); special rigid frame (2), which surrounds heel (1c) and which mainly represents a horseshoe-shaped yoke; shock-absorbing insert (3) arranged inside heel under heel part; and includes the following sequence of working stages: a) putting frame (2) onto heel (1c) of last (1); b) fixation of inner sole (4) by available mans with the possibility of detachment, at the bottom of last (1) sole, lower sole of which is fully covered with inner sole (4) from toe part to heel part, and central part of it (4a) is twice folded to cover transverse front edge (1c') of heel (1c); c) covering and tightening of tightened edge of shoe upper (5) so that horseshoe-shaped frame (2) is hidden, which remains covered with upper (5); a) application and fixation of ordinary outer sole (6) on inner sole (4); application and fixation of tip (7) onto sole with available means; removal of shoe from last (1) and insertion of shock-absorbing insert (3) of the same shape and same size as heel (1c) so that it is precisely arranged in space (8) surrounded by horseshoe-shaped frame (2); h) insertion of inner sole (9) into shoe (S) arranged so that it hides insert (3).

EFFECT: production system, according to inventions, provides for update of technology, for creation of space on support surface of heel used for installation of insert in it, made of soft elastic deformable material, which is able to absorb heel shocks against support surface in process of walking.

8 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: items of personal and household use.

SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing footwear includes the following stages: making an assembly formed by a top part of footwear and an elastic element attached to the top part of footwear, at least, along the sites facing bottom edges of the central forward area of the top part of footwear; producing a sole which size corresponds to that of the said top part of footwear and which upper surface is supplied with fasteners interfaced, at least, with its central front part so that the upper surface represents, at least, one forward fastening area and, at least, one back fastening area. The method further involves mutual fastening of the forward fastening area of the sole to the corresponding forward assembly site, and mutual fastening of the back fastening area of the sole to the corresponding back site of the assembly, made to produce a "sole-assembly" group. Then, consumer's foot is put into the "sole-assembly" group with the subsequent stretching in a cross-section direction of the elastic element and adjustment of the top part of footwear to consumer's foot. After that, preliminary attachment of the elastic element to fasteners is carried out under the influence of pressure exerted by consumer's foot on the elastic element. The "sole-assembly" group is taken off consumer's foot and the "sole-assembly" group is connected to produce the boot.

EFFECT: possibility to easily adjust footwear to the form of consumer's foot and produce sensible footwear.

29 cl, 13 dwg

Footwear // 2336003

FIELD: household goods and personal effects.

SUBSTANCE: according to invention, footwear includes toe piece, vamp, counter, lining, shaping elements such as counter and toe cap, interlining represented as multi-layer heat-insulating package. It consists of heat-insulating layer and metal-coated layer with mirror-reflecting surface. Interlining is fixed to shoe toe forming air gap and contains two heat-insulating layers. Single-sided metal-coated layer with mirror-reflecting surface is between the said two heat-insulating layers. Vapour-permeable membrane is between lining and bottom heat-insulating layer.

EFFECT: improvement of health properties of shoes due to moisture release from the whole shoe surface and improvement of heat-shield properties.

3 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

Sole for shoes // 2330593

FIELD: items of personal use and for household.

SUBSTANCE: sole for shoes has an insert with a good few supporting tubes furnished with internal partitions arranged to control supporting properties of each supporting tube. In the model of the first variant, the first set of supporting tubes is situated along the middle side of the sole in the heel area. There is also a number of partitions situated in one of the appropriate supporting tubes. Orientation of at least one partition is at the angle to the orientation of at least another partition. The insert may include an arch area that goes on through the arch part of the sole and provides support for it. The arch area may form a cut for penetration of the belt of the upper part. The insert may additionaly include extension of the toe area that goes frontwards from the arch along the middle side of the sole. In the model of the other variant, the sole may include cuneal heel part situated below the insert in the heel area so that the supporting tubes are mintained above relatively elastic material. The insert may include trees mutually connected with the middle and side supporting tubes. The shoes device has the upper part and the sole connected with the upper part. The sole includes the middle part of the sole, cuneal heel area and an insert. The insert is situated at least partially between the cuneal heel area and the middle part of the sole. The sole for shoes contains the outer part of the sole, cuneal heel area situated above and connected thereto, the insert situated above the cuneal area and the middle part of the sole situated above the latter. Orientation of the partitions in the side supporting tubes goes on generally in horizontal direction and orientation of the partitions in the middle tubes is situated in vertical orientation.

EFFECT: sole can be easily arranged for provision of the required supporting profile and extension of duration of the middle part of the sole without destruction.

28 cl, 13 dwg

Open-type shoes // 2320247

FIELD: shoe industry, in particular, manufacture of glue-free composite cast shoes used to be worn in summer, sandshoes, or house shoes.

SUBSTANCE: shoe consists of sole and vamp mechanically connected to each other. Inlet and outlet channels are formed on side and walking surfaces of sole, respectively. Fastening members provided on vamp are adapted for insertion into said channels. Open-type shoe has sole molded from ethylene vinyl acetate and provided with through channels formed on sides thereof, and vamp with fastening members provided on opposite inner sides thereof. Fastening members are adapted for insertion into through channels and fixing therein. Inlet aperture of each channel is formed on sole side, and outlet aperture is formed as receptacle having increased diameter, as compared to that of channel, on its walking side.

EFFECT: reliable connection of shoe parts and reduced labor intensity for manufacture of such shoes.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: light industry, in particular, shoe industry, more particular, production of special-purpose shoes with shockproof toe part and puncture-resistant and cut-resistant step part.

SUBSTANCE: method involves inserting into tightened shoe with attached bottom part individually fabricated block of rigidly connected (riveted) metal puff and metal plate, with inner surface of metal puff being glue lined with dense layer material and upper surface of metal plate being covered by means of glue with insole possessing demanded hygienic properties; fastening preliminarily glued block within tightened shoe by means of device consisting of double-armed lever with handle on one arm, barrel-shaped roller on other arm and rocking bar pivotally connected to mid portion of lever, said bar being adjustable in length depending on shoe size, and having barrel-shaped roller on its other end; after accomplishment of procedure, withdrawing device from shoe. Protruding edge of layer material of metal puff is glued from inside to back part of shoe so as to close edge of metal puff. Method is applicable for manufacture of shoes of any design and methods of attachment of bottom part.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in producing of shockproof and puncture resistant shoes, reduced labor intensity and improved quality of product.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: summer and home shoes, in particular, production of light weight slippers used in recreational, medical, sportive and other enterprises.

SUBSTANCE: slippers have bottom and top parts which are made integral and may be readily assembled and disassembled. Right and left slippers do not differ from one another as to their design. Slipper blank is cut by "die cutting" process and is formed as flat whole structure having single member with recesses and two openings and consisting of foot surface, toe and heel parts contoured in accordance with foot shape. Toe transverse strap with two cuts is separated from foot surface by recess provided in the vicinity of toe so as to define inner rounded form. Left and right longitudinal straps are separated from foot surface by recesses so as to form retainers at their ends, said retainers being formed as triangle which is obtained by "die cutting" of triangular openings. Thereafter, slippers are assembled by bending toe transverse strap toward heel part region so that its reverse side is visible; bending aside its left longitudinal strap, running it diagonally around leg toward opening so that left longitudinal strap is on the top of toe transverse strap and inserting it into right opening; bending away right longitudinal strap, running it diagonally around leg toward opening so that right longitudinal strap is on the top of toe transverse strap and left transverse strap, and inserting it into left opening; arranging slipper blanks in side-to-side relation so that each second slipper is turned by 180 deg. Slippers of such structure may be also used in boarding houses and laboratories, beauty saloons, beaches, swimming pools, bath houses and saunas, museums, railway, automobile and aviation means.

EFFECT: simplified manufacture process, light weight, convenient wearing, reduced manufacture costs and wider range of usage.

FIELD: summer and home shoes, in particular, production of light weight slippers used in recreational, medical, sportive and other enterprises.

SUBSTANCE: slippers have bottom and top parts which are made integral and may be readily assembled and disassembled. Right and left slippers do not differ from one another as to their design. Slipper blank is cut by "die cutting" process and is formed as flat whole structure having single member with recesses and two openings and consisting of foot surface, toe and heel parts contoured in accordance with foot shape. Toe transverse strap with two cuts is separated from foot surface by recess provided in the vicinity of toe so as to define inner rounded form. Left and right longitudinal straps are separated from foot surface by recesses so as to form retainers at their ends, said retainers being formed as triangle which is obtained by "die cutting" of triangular openings. Thereafter, slippers are assembled by bending toe transverse strap toward heel part region so that its reverse side is visible; bending aside its left longitudinal strap, running it diagonally around leg toward opening so that left longitudinal strap is on the top of toe transverse strap and inserting it into right opening; bending away right longitudinal strap, running it diagonally around leg toward opening so that right longitudinal strap is on the top of toe transverse strap and left transverse strap, and inserting it into left opening; arranging slipper blanks in side-to-side relation so that each second slipper is turned by 180 deg. Slippers of such structure may be also used in boarding houses and laboratories, beauty saloons, beaches, swimming pools, bath houses and saunas, museums, railway, automobile and aviation means.

EFFECT: simplified manufacture process, light weight, convenient wearing, reduced manufacture costs and wider range of usage.

Protective shoes // 2250065

FIELD: shoe industry, in particular, production of disposable protective shoes or shoes designed for temporary wearing.

SUBSTANCE: protective shoe has device adapted for retaining shoe on leg and provided with tightening member. Said device is configured as dead casing of 360-440 mm width and 170-200 mm height. Upper edges of device having height of 20-30 mm are bent and coupled to casing surface so as to form groove for retaining of tightening member.

EFFECT: simplified construction and manufacture process, convenient and simple use.

6 cl, 3 dwg

Diver's boots // 2261636

FIELD: production of special boots.

SUBSTANCE: diver's boot has upper part with fastening belts, rigid toe part, inner sole and metal sole with protective channeling pattern on its lower surface. Rigid insert located on metal sole is adjoining to toe part. Upper part of boot is made one-piece and is formed as boot top equipped with portions extending therefrom and inserted into toe part. Upper part is attached in conjunction with insert to metal sole with its lower part provided with slots, said lower part being bent inside under inner sole and fastened by means of fastening members.

EFFECT: increased strength, convenient usage, simplified manufacture and repair of diver's boots.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: light industry, in particular, shoe industry, more particular, production of foldable shoes which may be used in home, hotels, transport, curative, recreational and like enterprises.

SUBSTANCE: according to first version, compact folding open-type shoe has top parts, namely: top part of body, parts adhering to leg regions, said parts being elongated toward tip, and sole, with top part and sole being made in the form of single part. Shoe is adapted for folding thereof along lines defined by bending each of part adhering to leg region and forming longitudinal lateral fold line relative to each side of top part for placing of said top part in flat folded state in plane extending in parallel with plane of sole. According to second version, compact folding open-type shoe has top parts, namely: top part of body, parts adhering to leg regions, said parts being elongated toward tip, and sole, said parts of shoe and sole being made in the form of individual parts. Shoe folding operations are conducted in succession corresponding to that of first version. Shoes of such construction are manufactured using roll or flat materials. Manufacture process does not require execution of complicated procedures, namely: the availability of outer process seam provided on outer surface of article does not require introduction of additional constructional members since said outer seam serves as rigidity rib.

EFFECT: wider operational capabilities owing to the possibility of utilizing unlimited range of materials for manufacture of such shoes, and simplified manufacture process.

5 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: summer and home shoes, in particular, production of light weight slippers used in recreational, medical, sportive and other enterprises.

SUBSTANCE: slippers have bottom and top parts which are made integral and may be readily assembled and disassembled. Right and left slippers do not differ from one another as to their design. Slipper blank is cut by "die cutting" process and is formed as flat whole structure having single member with recesses and two openings and consisting of foot surface, toe and heel parts contoured in accordance with foot shape. Toe transverse strap with two cuts is separated from foot surface by recess provided in the vicinity of toe so as to define inner rounded form. Left and right longitudinal straps are separated from foot surface by recesses so as to form retainers at their ends, said retainers being formed as triangle which is obtained by "die cutting" of triangular openings. Thereafter, slippers are assembled by bending toe transverse strap toward heel part region so that its reverse side is visible; bending aside its left longitudinal strap, running it diagonally around leg toward opening so that left longitudinal strap is on the top of toe transverse strap and inserting it into right opening; bending away right longitudinal strap, running it diagonally around leg toward opening so that right longitudinal strap is on the top of toe transverse strap and left transverse strap, and inserting it into left opening; arranging slipper blanks in side-to-side relation so that each second slipper is turned by 180 deg. Slippers of such structure may be also used in boarding houses and laboratories, beauty saloons, beaches, swimming pools, bath houses and saunas, museums, railway, automobile and aviation means.

EFFECT: simplified manufacture process, light weight, convenient wearing, reduced manufacture costs and wider range of usage.

FIELD: summer and home shoes, in particular, production of light weight slippers used in recreational, medical, sportive and other enterprises.

SUBSTANCE: slippers have bottom and top parts which are made integral and may be readily assembled and disassembled. Right and left slippers do not differ from one another as to their design. Slipper blank is cut by "die cutting" process and is formed as flat whole structure having single member with recesses and two openings and consisting of foot surface, toe and heel parts contoured in accordance with foot shape. Toe transverse strap with two cuts is separated from foot surface by recess provided in the vicinity of toe so as to define inner rounded form. Left and right longitudinal straps are separated from foot surface by recesses so as to form retainers at their ends, said retainers being formed as triangle which is obtained by "die cutting" of triangular openings. Thereafter, slippers are assembled by bending toe transverse strap toward heel part region so that its reverse side is visible; bending aside its left longitudinal strap, running it diagonally around leg toward opening so that left longitudinal strap is on the top of toe transverse strap and inserting it into right opening; bending away right longitudinal strap, running it diagonally around leg toward opening so that right longitudinal strap is on the top of toe transverse strap and left transverse strap, and inserting it into left opening; arranging slipper blanks in side-to-side relation so that each second slipper is turned by 180 deg. Slippers of such structure may be also used in boarding houses and laboratories, beauty saloons, beaches, swimming pools, bath houses and saunas, museums, railway, automobile and aviation means.

EFFECT: simplified manufacture process, light weight, convenient wearing, reduced manufacture costs and wider range of usage.

FIELD: light industry, in particular, shoe industry, more particular, production of special-purpose shoes with shockproof toe part and puncture-resistant and cut-resistant step part.

SUBSTANCE: method involves inserting into tightened shoe with attached bottom part individually fabricated block of rigidly connected (riveted) metal puff and metal plate, with inner surface of metal puff being glue lined with dense layer material and upper surface of metal plate being covered by means of glue with insole possessing demanded hygienic properties; fastening preliminarily glued block within tightened shoe by means of device consisting of double-armed lever with handle on one arm, barrel-shaped roller on other arm and rocking bar pivotally connected to mid portion of lever, said bar being adjustable in length depending on shoe size, and having barrel-shaped roller on its other end; after accomplishment of procedure, withdrawing device from shoe. Protruding edge of layer material of metal puff is glued from inside to back part of shoe so as to close edge of metal puff. Method is applicable for manufacture of shoes of any design and methods of attachment of bottom part.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in producing of shockproof and puncture resistant shoes, reduced labor intensity and improved quality of product.

2 cl, 5 dwg

Open-type shoes // 2320247

FIELD: shoe industry, in particular, manufacture of glue-free composite cast shoes used to be worn in summer, sandshoes, or house shoes.

SUBSTANCE: shoe consists of sole and vamp mechanically connected to each other. Inlet and outlet channels are formed on side and walking surfaces of sole, respectively. Fastening members provided on vamp are adapted for insertion into said channels. Open-type shoe has sole molded from ethylene vinyl acetate and provided with through channels formed on sides thereof, and vamp with fastening members provided on opposite inner sides thereof. Fastening members are adapted for insertion into through channels and fixing therein. Inlet aperture of each channel is formed on sole side, and outlet aperture is formed as receptacle having increased diameter, as compared to that of channel, on its walking side.

EFFECT: reliable connection of shoe parts and reduced labor intensity for manufacture of such shoes.

7 cl, 3 dwg

Sole for shoes // 2330593

FIELD: items of personal use and for household.

SUBSTANCE: sole for shoes has an insert with a good few supporting tubes furnished with internal partitions arranged to control supporting properties of each supporting tube. In the model of the first variant, the first set of supporting tubes is situated along the middle side of the sole in the heel area. There is also a number of partitions situated in one of the appropriate supporting tubes. Orientation of at least one partition is at the angle to the orientation of at least another partition. The insert may include an arch area that goes on through the arch part of the sole and provides support for it. The arch area may form a cut for penetration of the belt of the upper part. The insert may additionaly include extension of the toe area that goes frontwards from the arch along the middle side of the sole. In the model of the other variant, the sole may include cuneal heel part situated below the insert in the heel area so that the supporting tubes are mintained above relatively elastic material. The insert may include trees mutually connected with the middle and side supporting tubes. The shoes device has the upper part and the sole connected with the upper part. The sole includes the middle part of the sole, cuneal heel area and an insert. The insert is situated at least partially between the cuneal heel area and the middle part of the sole. The sole for shoes contains the outer part of the sole, cuneal heel area situated above and connected thereto, the insert situated above the cuneal area and the middle part of the sole situated above the latter. Orientation of the partitions in the side supporting tubes goes on generally in horizontal direction and orientation of the partitions in the middle tubes is situated in vertical orientation.

EFFECT: sole can be easily arranged for provision of the required supporting profile and extension of duration of the middle part of the sole without destruction.

28 cl, 13 dwg

Footwear // 2336003

FIELD: household goods and personal effects.

SUBSTANCE: according to invention, footwear includes toe piece, vamp, counter, lining, shaping elements such as counter and toe cap, interlining represented as multi-layer heat-insulating package. It consists of heat-insulating layer and metal-coated layer with mirror-reflecting surface. Interlining is fixed to shoe toe forming air gap and contains two heat-insulating layers. Single-sided metal-coated layer with mirror-reflecting surface is between the said two heat-insulating layers. Vapour-permeable membrane is between lining and bottom heat-insulating layer.

EFFECT: improvement of health properties of shoes due to moisture release from the whole shoe surface and improvement of heat-shield properties.

3 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: items of personal and household use.

SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing footwear includes the following stages: making an assembly formed by a top part of footwear and an elastic element attached to the top part of footwear, at least, along the sites facing bottom edges of the central forward area of the top part of footwear; producing a sole which size corresponds to that of the said top part of footwear and which upper surface is supplied with fasteners interfaced, at least, with its central front part so that the upper surface represents, at least, one forward fastening area and, at least, one back fastening area. The method further involves mutual fastening of the forward fastening area of the sole to the corresponding forward assembly site, and mutual fastening of the back fastening area of the sole to the corresponding back site of the assembly, made to produce a "sole-assembly" group. Then, consumer's foot is put into the "sole-assembly" group with the subsequent stretching in a cross-section direction of the elastic element and adjustment of the top part of footwear to consumer's foot. After that, preliminary attachment of the elastic element to fasteners is carried out under the influence of pressure exerted by consumer's foot on the elastic element. The "sole-assembly" group is taken off consumer's foot and the "sole-assembly" group is connected to produce the boot.

EFFECT: possibility to easily adjust footwear to the form of consumer's foot and produce sensible footwear.

29 cl, 13 dwg

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