Drying machine-support with heater with positive temperature ratio

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to dryer-support, which serves as support for washing machine or dryer, and also as a dryer. Dryer-support, comprising container, having space created in it, to locate object to be dried, upper part to install dryer for linen or washing machine, unit for hot air supply, comprising fan for air supply and heater with positive temperature ratio to supply hot air into space to locate object to be dried; and main control unit to control operation of unit for hot air supply. At the same time main control unit has unit of input to select mode of dryer-support operation separately from dryer for linen or washing machine.

EFFECT: compactness, quietness and energy efficiency of device.

9 cl, 6 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates

The present invention relates to a conceptually new dryer-holder, which also serves as a stand washing machine or the dryer, and as the dryer, and in particular, to the dryer-stand with a heater with a positive temperature coefficient (PTC).

The level of technology

In General, a machine for processing linen is a machine for washing and drying clothes or machine for washing or drying clothes. In a machine for processing sheets, you can perform the washing or drying, or washing, and drying. Recently became widely used machine for processing sheets, each of which contains a steam generator, through which provide a refreshing function in the processing of linen, such as removing wrinkles, deodorizing, removing static electricity, etc.

With regard to loading/unloading in known machines for handling sheets, there are types of machines for handling sheets loading front and the types of machines for processing linen top loading. According to the washing systems are machines for handling sheets of the upright type, each of which reported to the rotation of the vibrator or washing Baku, and machines for processing linen horizontal type, each of which have been reported in the drum. Typical is the reamers machines for handling sheets of horizontal type are washing machine or dryer drum type.

Currently there is a trend toward a gradual increase in the size of machines for handling sheets to meet the requirements of consumers. This means that the size of household machines for handling sheets is gradually increased.

At the same time there are cases when there are known machines for processing linen does not have the function of drying. Therefore, if the consumer requires the function of drying, then he needs to purchase an additional dryer or machine for washing and drying clothes. Accordingly, to perform washing and drying costs for the consumer increase.

Since the dimensions of all known dryers are large, there arises a problem of a lack of space for installation and washing machines, and dryers.

In addition, in a machine for processing sheets, equipped with a drying function, gradually increasing the size of the machine for processing sheets, the drive of the dryer has a large size, and in the case of drying of even a small quantity of linen, its use is disadvantageous from the viewpoint of energy saving.

As for the dryer drum, due to the fact that the drum rotates to turn the object to be dried, the dryer drum is not suitable for drying shoes. In addition, in many cases, when washing the shoes, due to the fact that dry a small amount of footwear (within odnosili two pairs of shoes), using a dryer for drying such a small number of objects to be dried, is inefficient from the viewpoint of energy saving, as required to bring the drum, fan and use the heater much power.

Figure 1 shows a perspective view of a machine for processing sheets, known from the prior art.

Machine for processing sheets of the prior art provided with a housing 10 (see Figure 1), forming the outer part of the machine for processing sheets, and a control panel 11 located in front of or on top of the casing 10. The control panel may be provided with a control unit to control the operation of the machine for processing sheets. Thus, by use of the control unit, the consumer can handle linen, for example to wash or dry clothes.

Machine for processing sheets may be a washing machine, dryer or dishwasher for washing and drying clothes.

The machine for processing sheets of the prior art can be provided with a stand 20. In this case, the housing 10 is placed on the cradle 20.

The stand used only as a support known washing machines or dryers, but not for other purposes.

Disclosure of invention

Technical problem

The aim of the present invention is to provide a machine-stand for the processing of linen, by means of the PTO which can be dried small number of objects, subject to drying, without bringing into effect a relatively large machine for processing sheets, as well as serving as a stand dryer or washing machine.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dryer-stand, suitable for energy-saving, quiet and compact, which differ from the known dryers and dryer pedestal is not a dryer drum type.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dryer-stand, in which the intensity of the leakage current is made small, even if you have an emergency leak current in the heater, to prevent accidents caused by neglect security.

Technical solution

To achieve these objectives and other advantages and in accordance with the objectives of the invention (as embodied and described in detail here) dryer pedestal has: a container having a space formed therein for placing the object to be dried, the upper part is for setting up the dryer or washing machine and a unit for supplying hot air with a fan to supply air and heater with a positive temperature coefficient for supplying hot air into the space for placing the object to be dried.

Preferably, the dryer-stand was directly attached to tiraline machine or the dryer, attached to it by means of the coupling means. Direct attachment of the dryer-stand to the washing machine or the dryer is required due to vibration caused by rotation of the drum washing machine or drier.

The container performs structurally sound, to provide space to accommodate the object to be dried, and at the same time to maintain the dryer or washing machine, which must be installed on the container.

Heater with a positive temperature coefficient are made of elements with a positive temperature coefficient, the resistance of each of which increases with increasing temperature. Therefore, if the temperature of the heater with a positive temperature coefficient increases up to the temperature required for drying, the resistance heater with a positive temperature coefficient increases, which leads to a decrease in current.

Unlike dryer known in the prior art dryer pedestal has a relatively small size, which is limited space to accommodate a required device. In accordance with this, the space in which is placed the object to be dried, and a place to install the heater can be located next to each other, h the Oba was provided as a possible easy access to the heater, since they are close by.

This easy access can cause contact between the hands of a baby or the wet part of the object to be dried, with the heater. In this case, if the heater includes an electric circuit, as in the case of the known dryer, it can happen an accident caused by a disregard for safety.

If the heater contains the same electric circuit, as in the case of the known dryer, more stringent measures than those observed in the known dryer, you need to follow to avoid accidents caused by leakage current, which leads to higher cost.

Dryer pedestal may have a construction in which the space for placing the object to be dried, and the space for installation of the heater in it are isolated from each other only by a partition, and if there is a leak current in the heater, the current leaked directly into the space for placing the object to be dried, which creates the problem.

As the internal part of the drum, which is the space for placing the object to be dried, and the space for installation of the heater is substantially removed from each other, and a relatively large space, which can be used, a known dryer easily is to provide for measures to prevent the leakage current from the heater. Even if the leak current of the heater, I almost didn't happen this leakage current, when the current enters into the interior of the drum.

However, due to the compact design in the dryer-holder according to the present invention a relatively high probability of leakage current flowing in the space for placing the object to be dried, if this leakage current occurs from the heater.

In addition, there is a relatively high probability that the leakage current may be directed outward to the housing of the dryer-stand, which may lead to shock.

In accordance with it in the dryer-holder according to the present invention solve the problem of occurrence of failure caused by current leakage through the use of heater elements with a positive temperature coefficient.

In addition, unlike the electric circuit (as the heater with a positive temperature coefficient is formed by molding from a powder) to the heater with a positive temperature coefficient can be given the desired form suitable for the fixing heater in the space to install, and suitable for the dryer-stand according to the present invention, which imposed severe restrictions on the space.

Preferably,the dryer pedestal contained unit to supply steam to the steam supply to the object, it can be drying.

The container preferably contains a drawer that can slide forward. Drawer has the advantage that the possibility of loading and unloading of linen and its easy cleaning.

The container may contain an inlet located in the upper part of the rear wall, air inlet, and production, located in the lower part of the rear wall, to release air, and the heater is located before the inlet. The drawer is preferably communicates with the inlet through the upper part of the back wall and with the release of through the lower part of the back wall.

Preferably, the heater was located before the inlet, and the fan was located before the release.

Preferably, a fan, a heater with a positive temperature coefficient and the power supply pair were located between the rear wall of the drawer and the rear wall of the housing.

Dryer-stand may further comprise a shelf for placing thereon an object to be dried. The shelf preferably divide the space into upper part and lower part, at the same time providing communication between the upper part and lower part. For example, a shelf may contain multiple pass-through pass-through holes for communication between the upper part and the lower the part.

The shelf is preferably set in an inclined position. More preferably, the regiment was inclined downwards in the direction of the air intake, for a steady supply of hot air around the object to be dried, placed on a shelf.

Installing shelves in the tilted down position is very favourable for drying shoes, as the water from the Shoe flows down and is collected at the bottom.

When installing a shelf in a tilted down position provides smooth circulation of hot air, as the hot air hits the shelf and sent to the bottom of the shelves to pass through through holes.

Preferably, the guide to install air on the back of a drawer for directing air in the upper part of the drawer. Since the air entering through the upper part of the rear wall of a drawer, spend down, and toward the object to be dried, the drying is more efficient and circulation of hot air occurs more smoothly.

Because the consumer can wash or dry a lot of clothes in a washing machine or dryer that is installed on the dryer-holder, and a small amount of Laundry to be dried in the dryer stand, using a car is comfortable, and can be provided to conserve energy.

Shoes or SAPK is, that it was difficult to dry in a known dryer drum type, easy to dry.

Advantages of the invention

Can be provided a conceptually new dryer-stand, in which it is possible to dry a small quantity of linen, not powering a relatively large machine for processing sheets, and it can also serve as a support for clothes dryers or washing machines.

In contrast to the known dryer can be provided with the dryer pedestal, suitable for energy-saving, low noise, compact, because the dryer pedestal is not a dryer drum type.

In addition, there may be provided a dryer pedestal, which can prevent accidents caused by neglect of security, even in those cases when there is leakage current from the heater.

Brief description of drawings

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the known washing machines on the stand for the processing of linen.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of a combined machine for processing sheets, containing the dryer-stand according to a preferred variant implementation of the present invention.

Figure 3 is a perspective view with spatial diversity elements dryer-stand according to a preferred variant of the process of the present invention.

Figure 4 is a schematic view of a combined machine for processing sheets, containing the dryer-stand according to a preferred variant implementation of the present invention.

5 and 6 are diagrams of dependence of the resistance and current of the heater temperature with a positive temperature coefficient, respectively.

The preferred embodiment of the invention

Below described specific embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are depicted on the attached drawings. The same or similar elements in all the drawings, where it was possible, denoted by the same reference position.

Dryer-stand according to a preferred variant implementation of the present invention is described in detail with reference to Figure 2-4.

Dryer pedestal 120 (see Figure 2) serves as a support for the casing of the machine for processing sheets, such as washing machines or dryers.

When this dryer pedestal 120 (see Figure 2 and 3) includes a container 121 having a space formed therein to accommodate linen and connecting means 130 in the upper part of the container 121 for connecting together the housing 110 and the container 121. Through the dryer-stand 120 support the housing 110 of the dryer or the washing machine with their bottom side.

With the Shilka-stand 120 may also include supports 125, installed on top of the dryer-stand 120 to maintain the lateral sides of the lower support 116 or 117 machines for processing of linen.

Each of the supports 125 contains a panel that contains the first Seating hole 126 for mounting bearings 116 of the washing machine and the second Seating hole 127 to install the supports 117 dryer, and attached (each bearing 125) to the upper part of the container 121 dryer-stand 120 by screws or similar means.

Support 125 is rigidly attached to the corners of the upper part of the container 121 dryer-stand 120, respectively, and the first Seating hole 126 and the second Seating hole 127 of each of the two supports on the front corners of the container 121 dryer-holders are connected to each other, and the first Seating hole 126 and the second Seating hole 127 of each of the two supports on the rear corners of the container 121 dryer-stand not connected to each other, for easy installation supports 116 a washing machine.

The first Seating hole 126 is located at the outer side of the second mounting bore 127 diagonally lower side of the housing 110 of the machine for processing sheets. This is because, generally, the housing of the washing machine more body dryer.

The connecting means 130 include connecting elements 138, ka is every of which is for the side of the washing machine or dryer and container 121 dryer-stand, placed under a washing machine or a clothes dryer, and fasteners 135 for attaching soedinitelny elements to the sides of the washing machine or dryer and to the container 121 dryer-stand.

The connecting element (see figure 3) may contain two or more of the connecting element 138, each of which is designed to attach to each other adjacent the lateral sides of the container 121 hex dryer-stand and the casing 110 hex machine for processing sheets.

In addition, the connecting element may also contain a third fastening element (not shown) to be attached to each other adjacent the rear sides of the container 121 dryer-stand and the casing 110 machines for processing of linen.

In this case, the connecting means 130 may be performed so that with its help it was possible to exclude the influence of the difference in the heights of the supports 116 a washing machine or supports 117 dryer.

The fastening element 135 includes the first fastening element 136 for attaching the upper part of the connecting element to the bottom side of the washing machine or dryer and the second fastening element 137 to attach the lower part of the connecting element to the upper part of the side of the dryer-stand.

In this case, Melsheimer, one of the first mounting element 136 and the second fastening element 137 may be any element that contains a binder applied on both sides, for example on two sides of the tape.

In contrast to the above, at least one of the first mounting element 136 and the second fastening element 137 may be a fastening tool such as a screw.

If the fastening elements are screws, it is preferable that the upper part of the connecting element had mounting holes made in fixed intervals.

In contrast to the above, the means for attaching the housing 110 of the machine for processing sheets to the container 121 dryer-stand can be replaced by a number of different forms.

From the point of view of stability or design of the outer part of the combined machine for processing sheets, it is preferable that at least one of the sizes from left to right and from front to back of the container 121 dryer-stand was equal to or larger than the dimensions from left to right and from front to back of the housing 110 machines for processing of linen.

The following steps detail the dryer pedestal with reference to Figure 4.

Figure 4 schematically shows in section the drying pedestal according to a preferred variant implementation of the present invention.

Dryer pedestal 120 may be connected to what bosom 110 machine for processing sheets to create one combined machine 100 for washing or drying clothes. In this case, a machine for processing sheets contains linen, introduced into the inner part of the housing 110, for washing or drying. This means that the machine for processing sheets may be a washing machine, dryer or dishwasher for washing and drying.

Combined machine 100 for processing linen contains connecting means 130 for attaching the container 121 dryer-stand to one side of the body 110 of the machine for processing sheets.

Dryer-stand 120 includes a space formed therein to accommodate linen. The space for placing the sheets may be in the form of a drawer 123, which can be removed from the front of the container 121. Dryer pedestal 120 contains the block 140 for supplying hot air located in the container 121 dryer-stand, to force hot air into the space.

Dryer pedestal 120 contains unit 150 to supply steam into the container 121 to supply steam into the space to accommodate linen. Block 150 for steam contains holes (not shown) for spraying steam into the space through the upper part or the rear side of the case.

In this case, the operation unit 140 to supply hot air and block 150 for the supply of steam is controlled using the main control unit to the controller 123.

The controller includes an input device and device otobrazheni is. As the input device, use the button 212 and the various buttons 211 selection mode to select the mode of drying, etc. as a display device using the liquid crystal display 201 and the LEDs 202.

Block 140 hot air contains fan 141 for air supply and the heater 142 for heating the air. This means that when the fan 141 is powered off, the outside air is absorbed in the drawer 122 and again comes out of the drawer. Outside air is heated in the heater 142 and served in a drawer 122.

The heater 142 is a heater with a positive temperature coefficient, consisting of elements with a positive temperature coefficient, made of powder.

The resistance and the current in the heater with a positive temperature coefficient of change with temperature. As shown in Figure 5 and 6, the resistance increases with increasing temperature, and the current is supplied to the heater is reduced accordingly.

If the heater is powered under normal conditions, the current in it is very small, even if the leak current, and the accident caused by the neglect of security, resulting from the leakage current can be prevented.

Can be provided by mn is the number of heaters, when the temperature of the heater can be adjusted in accordance with the object to be dried, using the effect of generating a constant heating temperature during drying. In the case when the object to be dried, made of a material which is not resistant to heat, drying can be performed without damaging the object that can be drying. For example, can be prevented thermal deformation of rubber footwear etc

In this case, using the controller, you can choose the mode that corresponds to an object that can be drying, asked the consumer to heat the air using one of the many heaters, selected according to the selection.

Using block 150 for steam serves pairs in the drawer 122. Steam is introduced into contact with the underwear in the drawer 122 so that he came into contact with the underwear in the drawer 122 for sterilization and removal of wrinkles in the clothes. In accordance with this through the dryer-stand 120 can perform the refreshing function by use of block 150 for steam.

Of course, with dryer-stand 120 can perform the refreshing function, and the function of drying.

While it is preferable that the container 121 dryer-stand contained the inlet 171 in the upper part of the rear wall of the air inlet in the container 121 and the issue 172 in the lower part of the rear wall for release in the Suha from the container 121. Drawer 122 communicates with the inlet 171 through the upper part of its rear wall, and with the release of 172 through the upper part of the back wall. In accordance with this outside air is introduced into the drawer through the upper part of the rear wall of the container 121 and the upper part of the drawer and let out through the lower part of the drawer and the lower part of the rear wall of the container 121.

The fan 141, which creates an air duct, and a heater 142, through which heated air may be installed between the rear wall of the drawer and the rear wall of the housing. However, the mounting location of the fan 141 and the heater 142 is not limited to this, and the block 140 for supplying hot air, consisting of a fan 141 and the heater 142 may be installed in any place in the path of air flow from intake to release.

Figure 4 shows the path of flow of air, where the air is injected through the upper part of the drawer and let out through the bottom of a drawer. However, in contrast, the air can enter through the bottom of a drawer and release through the upper part of the drawer.

This linen 162 (see Figure 4) is placed in the drawer 123, and a drawer 122 may include a shelf 160, which divide the inner space of the drawer on the top cha is th and the lower part, providing communication between the upper part and lower part. This shelf set for a smooth release of the air supplied to pants 162.

Preferably, the regiment contained numerous through holes 160A. This means that the air flows from the upper part of the drawer in the lower part of the drawer through the through hole.

In addition, the shelf can be installed sloping. In this case, it is preferable that the regiment was inclined downwards in the direction of the air intake, for uniform air flow to pants, placed on a shelf 160.

Preferably, the drawer 122 contained guide 161 for air, located near the upper part of the rear wall, for smooth air flow up to the front of the drawer 122 and to separate the input stream of air produced by air flow, for minimizing collisions of the input flow and output flow of air to increase the efficiency of drying.

You can perform various modes of drying through the use of the dryer-stand according to the present invention.

First, the user pushes the drawer 122 and puts him in the linen, for example a small amount of fabric, shoes or hats, having them on the shelf 160. If linen is a fabric, then p is edocfile, the fabric was stretched on the shelf.

The consumer then selects the desired mode of operation using the block input unit 123 of the control, in accordance with the type of linen. The mode can be one of a number of drying mode or modes feel fresh linen.

Several modes of drying may include some periods of drying or the number of different temperature drying, which can vary depending on the type of sheets to be dried. For example, for drying small quantities of cotton fabrics can be installed in this mode of drying, so that the period of drying time was short, and the drying temperature was high, and Shoe drying can be installed in this mode of drying, so that the period of drying time was long and the drying temperature was low.

Although the air force served in a space that hosts linen, air temperature and period of time for the supply air varies according to the operation mode selected by the user.

In addition, if the mode corresponds to the mode of giving fresh linen to linen feed steam of high temperature. In line with this, linen refresh the influence of steam. This means that produce deodorizing, removing wrinkles or sterilization of linen. You can then submit the air, as required for drying.

Industrial primenimost the

Can be provided a conceptually new dryer-stand, in which it is possible to dry a small amount of Laundry without actuating a relatively large machine for processing sheets, dryer-stand can also serve as a support for clothes dryers or washing machines.

In contrast to the known dryers, can be achieved dryer pedestal, suitable for energy-saving, low noise, compact, because the dryer pedestal is not a dryer drum type.

In addition, there may be provided a dryer-stand, by which you can prevent accidents caused by neglect of security, even when the leakage current from the heater.

1. Dryer pedestal containing:
a container having a space formed therein for placing the object to be dried;
the upper part is for setting up the dryer or the washing machine; a unit for supplying hot air with a fan to supply air and heater with a positive temperature coefficient for supplying hot air into the space for placing the object to be dried; and a main control unit to control operation unit for supplying hot air, the main control unit has an input block to select the mode of operation of the dryer-stand regardless dryer is whether the washing machine.

2. Dryer according to claim 1, additionally containing:
unit to supply steam into the container, to supply steam into the space for placing the object to be dried, which is managed by the main control unit.

3. Dryer according to claim 1, in which the container has a drawer to accommodate the object to be dried.

4. Dryer according to claim 3, in which the container has an inlet in the upper part of the rear wall of the air inlet and release in the lower part of the rear wall for venting, and the heater is located before the inlet, and the fan - before the release.

5. Dryer according to claim 4, in which a drawer communicates with the inlet through the upper part of its rear wall, and with the release of through the lower part of the back wall.

6. Dryer according to claim 5, additionally containing a shelf for placing thereon an object to be drying and separation of the upper part and the lower part to ensure communication between them.

7. Dryer according to claim 6, in which the shelf is installed in an inclined position.

8. Dryer according to claim 7, further containing a guide to air, located on a back wall for directing air introduced into the drawer through the inlet in the upper part of the drawer.

9. Washer or dryer combination machine comprising: a dryer-stand containing:
the machine, installed on the upper part of the container for washing or drying clothes, the dryer pedestal further comprises a main control unit to control operation unit for supplying hot air, and the main control unit has an input block to select the mode of operation of the dryer-stand regardless of the machine.



 

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FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: device contains compartments of drying, heating with a heater, fan, thermostat, an exhaust compartment with an exhaust fan, a flexible hose of local exhaust ventilation. The device is additionally provided with inlet air flow valve installed on the inner side of the side wall of the drying compartment, connected with its input to the output of the heating compartment, and directed with the outputs towards drying objects, multichannel air collector mounted on the inner side of the opposite wall of the drying chamber symmetrically to the air flow valve directed with the inputs towards the corresponding outputs of the air flow valve, and is connected with the output to the input of the heating compartment ensuring the continuous circulation of air between the heating compartment and the drying compartment space.

EFFECT: provision of even distribution of air flow in the drying compartment while polymerisation of water-proof coating of repair facilities.

1 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: articles of personal use.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes clothes processing device and device control method. Clothes processing device includes machine chamber compartment, case closed with a door, compartment for processed clothes where mobile and immobile devices with steam and hot air feed nozzles are positioned. Additionally it features steam and hot air generation devices with separate ducts for heated air supply to hot air nozzles and steam supply to steam nozzles. Steam and water through mobile and immobile nozzles are supplied selectively.

EFFECT: improved processing.

23 cl, 9 dwg

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