Smoking item

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: smoking item comprises far end, which contains smoke-forming substance when used. In process of smoking smoke is exhausted from near end. At least one channel is provided, which pass at least partially in direction of far end. At least one hole for passage of air is arranged so that path of air flow is identified by passage through hole for air admission, through channel and towards near end of smoking item. Composition of smoke additives is arranged along path of air flow so that in process of smoking air is pulled along path of air flow and through composition, so that composition is captured by air and arrives to smoker.

EFFECT: invention provides for delivery of smoke additives parallel to smoke from smoke-forming substance.

14 cl, 12 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a product for the area.

Modern products for area aimed at reducing the intake of tar, carbon monoxide and other components of the gas phase. If you use the example of cigarettes, the achievement of the controlled input is achieved by changing the selection of tobacco mixture, pass air through the wrapper, pass air through the end, filtration and adsorbent filter such as activated carbon. However, these methods complicate the intake of other components or so-called "songs of flue additives, such as flavorings or fragrances. This reduces characteristics, such as taste, especially in relation to products with intensive pass air and low tar.

Known methods of overcoming the specified reduction of quality characteristics, such as taste, for example, by adding flavorings or in the tobacco mixture, or in the filter. However, both methods can detect defects such as a reduction in the efficiency of the filter due to the presence of flavor in a filter or absorbent filter (or migration of flavor to them), incomplete receipt of flavor to the smoker (for example, due to the combustion of flavoring or delay flavoring filter), and razvalini the flavor of other gases, created product for Smoking. Since the introduction of additional flavoring is an expensive process, the maximum transmission of the flavor the smoker is a matter of paramount importance.

Accordingly there is a need to create an improved method for the introduction of products for Smoking compositions of flue additives such as flavorings thus, in order to eliminate these drawbacks and to effectively overcome the decline in quality characteristics, such as taste, which can occur in a controlled flow, for example, resin, and carbon dioxide.

According to the invention the proposed product to the area that contains the far end, which, when used, contains smoke-forming substance, the middle end, from which the smoke is drawn when Smoking, and at least one channel that runs from the middle to the end at least partially towards the far end. At least one opening for the passage of air located so that the path of the air flow passage is defined through the hole for the passage of air through the channel and the near-end products for Smoking. The composition of the flue additives placed along the path of the air flow so that when Smoking products air is pulled along the path of the airbag is on stream and on this composition, so composition is captured by the air and delivered to the smoker.

This product area provides, how it will be developed further, "a system of parallel delivery", i.e. a system in which the composition of the flue additives such as flavorings, nicotine derivatives of nicotine, pharmacologically active substances or properties of smoke are delivered in parallel with the smoke from the smoke-generating substance, rather than sequentially him. Such a "system of parallel delivery improves the intake flue additives, and in the case of delivery of the flavor improves the taste of the product for area simultaneously with the solution of the problems associated with known methods of the prior art.

In particular, the solution according to the invention does not cause pyrolysis or combustion of the composition of the flue additives, because the composition is subjected to only very weak heat. Migration of the composition to other parts of the product decreases as the composition is placed in the channel, which passes through the air flow, while the flow of the composition occurs without dilution with other gases in the product area, and this acquisition is most effective at high levels of dilution, that is, when the high costs of air flow.

In addition, the composition is not exposed to significant filtering, there is a fixed number of the quantity of the composition, while blocking holes for the passage of air practically reduces the flow of composition, not increases it.

Products for the area in accordance with the invention include cigars, cigarettes, hookahs and pipes. In a preferred example of execution of the product for Smoking is a cigarette. Additionally provided, that the scope of the invention also includes products for Smoking, in which the final production stages are a smoker, for example the finished cartridge with the filter, the smoker fills tobacco. In addition, the invention also covers products for Smoking "cigarettes", and these products are commonly used commercially available components for their manufacturing and/or related commercially available accessories for use with products for Smoking.

Typical smoke substances cover the dried plant materials, such as tobacco.

In the General case, smoke-forming substance has the form of an amorphous mass or column. Smoke-forming substance is enclosed in the product area, in a typical case in the field towards the far end product. This area is usually elongated along the direction of the longitudinal axis of the product. When the smoke-forming substance has the form of a column, this column can optionally have a hollow core.

predpochtitelno product for the area that includes the filter, which is usually located at the middle of the end product. Preferably the filter is inside or is near the end of any space containing smoke-forming substance, so that when using the smoke from the smoke-generating substance is filtered before delivery to the smoker.

In a typical case, at least one channel products for area essentially parallel to the direction of the longitudinal extent of the space containing the smoke-forming substance. However, this at least one channel is separated from any such space.

The path of the air flow along at least one channel starts from the at least one opening for the passage of air, which is usually located on the outer surface of the product for Smoking, and passes through the channel to near-end products.

In the case when the product for Smoking is a cigarette, at least one opening for the passage of air is usually located on the paper sleeve cigarettes.

In the General case, the cross-section of at least one channel is from 0.1% to 50% of the cross-section of products for Smoking, preferably from 0.1% to 30% and most preferably 0.1% to 20%. Since the transverse cross-section of at least one channel is reduced, the air velocity through the channel is increased, thereby contribute to the UYa input composition of flue additives in the air stream and applying to the smoker. Some songs flue additives (for example, containing glycerin) may require some heating to facilitate their transfer into the air stream. This can be ensured by the fact that smoke-forming substance is decorated in the form of a hollow rod and/or by performing filter core high pressure drop, so that the hot stream of smoke is in close proximity to the composition of the flue additives, located on the outer boundary of the filter.

The capture of the composition of the flue additives air flow can also be improved by increasing the channel length, for example, by using channels that are in a spiral around the unit for area. Another option is to increase the twisting path of the air flow and/or in creating turbulence of the air flow, for example, by introducing into the channel sections of the bending or deflection.

In a typical case, at least one channel is formed essentially in the form of a concave cavity in the body that is enclosed inside the product for the area. In this case, at least one channel is usually formed by indentations in the body of the heated rod. In an alternative embodiment, at least one channel is formed of corrugated material of the wrapper is wrapped around the body, the enclosed product for Smoking.

Kahn is, which passes through the path of the air flow may further comprise a cavity in which placed when using the composition of the flue additives. Alternative or additionally, the composition of the flue additives placed inside at least one channel. In a typical case, the composition of the flue additives put into the cavity/channel before manufacture, before or after using any known means such as injection, pasterova, printing or deposition.

In a typical case, the composition of the flue supplements contain nicotine or a derivative of nicotine, and may additionally contain one or more substances selected from the group of fragrances, pharmacologically active substances and modifiers of smoke.

Pharmacologically active substances include, for example, antioxidants, such as vitamin C or E, which reduce the effects of free radicals in the smoke. Modifiers smoke reduce the level of undesirable compounds in the smoke, preferably by exposure to smoke after his exit from the products for Smoking, but prior to its absorption in the body of the smoker. The level of unwanted components can be reduced by chemical reaction of undesired component (e.g., radicals) with modifier smoke (e.g., antioxidant) to dezaktywizacja unwanted comp is the component, or by reaction of undesired component (for example, radicals) with another component to dezaktywizacja unwanted component, and this reaction is catalyzed by a modifier smoke (e.g., metal catalyst). Alternative unwanted component can be absorbed or connect with matrix modifier smoke (for example, a matrix of fine coal granules). This absorption/connection can reduce the presence of unwanted component and/or modify the way in which undesirable component is deposited in the respiratory tract of the smoker (for example, if the particles are undesirable component is made large enough, they are not inhaled).

Any such substance or substances and/or nicotine or a derivative of nicotine can be enclosed in capsules or microcapsules, in a typical case before entering into the composition of the flue additives. Suitable substances for capsules and microcapsules are starch, Arabic gum, glycerol, albumin, or cyclodextrin. Conclusion in capsules or microcapsules can be used as a way for the conclusion of volatile compounds in the container.

The composition of the flue additives may also contain a substrate material, such as mesh or film, or such as solid particles, such as cyclodextrin. Any of these substances, i.e. nicotine/derivatives of nicotine or one or more other substances (the t is such as flavorings, pharmacologically active substances or modifiers smoke)that can be enclosed in capsules, as described above, can be enclosed within or applied to the substrate material. Optionally, the substrate material is captured noise air.

Opening for the passage of air and/or near the ends of the channels is further provided with removable sealing means, so that during storage of any volatile composition of flue additives could not leave the channels in other parts of the product for Smoking or any other filter or on packaging.

Suitable removable sealing means are removable insulating tube for the product, for example a tube, which is worn by sliding to the middle end products. Such a tube may be made of a polymer such as cellophane. An alternative can be used "tear tape" for holes to let the air in and/or near the ends of the channels, and this "tear tape" can be made of polymer such as cellophane.

Similarly, in the preferred embodiment, the channels contain an impenetrable barrier, so when using the composition of the flue additives are not out of the channels on any path other than the path of the air flow during Smoking.

Next, with reference to pilage the s drawings will be described in detail embodiments of the invention. In the drawings:

figure 1 depicts the main components are conventional cigarettes,

figure 2 depicts a conventional cigarette with a composite filter containing absorbent,

figure 3 depicts the main path of the air flow in a conventional cigarette with a composite filter

figure 4 depicts the main path of the air flow in the cigarette with a system of parallel delivery in accordance with the invention,

figure 5 depicts the filter tube with channels arranged to provide parallel delivery according to the invention,

6 depicts the filter tube in an alternative example implementation with channels arranged to provide parallel delivery according to the invention,

7 depicts a cross-section of the filter tube with channels arranged to provide parallel delivery,

Fig depicts a cigarette containing cavity to bookmark composition of flue additives

Fig.9 depicts in perspective the filter Fig,

figure 10 depicts a cigarette with a hollow tobacco column,

11 depicts in cross section a cigarette, which used corrugated outer wrapper of the filter tube located in such a way as to form channels.

Figure 1 shows the main components of conventional cigarettes 10. Cigarette 10 has a near end 11, which is nedosmotrel cylindrical filter 12 from acetate. This filter is enclosed in a porous wrapper 13 of the filter tube and then in a paper sleeve 14. Paper sleeve 14 includes openings 15 for the passage of air, forming a ring around a cylindrical filter 12. At the far end of the filter adjacent the tobacco column 16. This tobacco column 16 wrapped with cigarette paper 17.

Figure 2 shows the well-known cigarette with composite filter containing the absorbent. The composite filter consists of ultrafine cellulose acetate section 22 near end 11 and containing absorbent sections 22', which is adjacent to the far end of ultrafine cellulose acetate section. In the rest of the cigarette shown in figure 1.

Figure 3 shows the main path of the air flow in a conventional cigarette of figure 2. While Smoking cigarettes in figure 2 the air is pulled through the tobacco column 16 through containing the absorbent section 22' of the filter and later in ultrafine cellulose acetate section 22 of the filter. In this area, additional air is drawn in through the openings 15 for the passage of air into ultrafine cellulose acetate section 22 of the filter. This air is mixed with air from the absorbent contained in section 22' of the filter, and all the air is drawn by the smoker from the near end 11 of the cigarette.

Figure 4 shows the basic path of the air flow in the cigarette parallel delivery system in accordance with the invention. The air is pulled across the tobacco column 16 and sequentially through containing the absorbent section 22' of the filter and later in ultrafine cellulose acetate section 22 of the filter, as it has been described as applied to a cigarette in figure 3. This air is then drawn by the smoker from the near end 11 of the cigarette. However, in contrast to complete 3 additional air, which enters through the openings 15 for the passage of air is pulled through the channels 41, containing the composition of the flue 42 additives. This additional air is not mixed with air from the tobacco column 16, and remains in the channels 41 and is drawn by the smoker from the near end 11 of the cigarette.

Figure 5 shows the filter tube with channels that allow for concurrent delivery according to the invention. As seen in the drawing, essentially straight parallel channels 41 are made in ultrafine cellulose acetate section 22. The far ends of the channels 41 are aligned with the holes 15 for the passage of air (not shown).

Figure 6 shows the filter tube with channels for parallel delivery according to the invention in an alternative example implementation. In contrast to the example run in figure 5 channels 41 are arranged in such a way that are essentially longitudinally, but at the same time directed circumferentially around the axis of the section 22 of the filter. This embodiment increases the length of the channels 41 and accordingly increases the ability of the delivery composition of flue additives.

7 shows in cross section of the filter tube channels, RAS is than necessary to support parallel delivery in accordance with the invention. As seen in the drawing, the channels 41 formed concave depressions on the filter 22.

On Fig shows the cigarette containing the cavity 81 to bookmark composition of flue additives. When Smoking, the air is pulled through the tobacco column 16 and then through containing the absorbent section 22' of ultrafine cellulose acetate filter section 22 of the filter, as described with reference to figure 3. Next, air is drawn in by the smoker from the near end 11. Analogously to example run in figure 4, additional air is drawn in through the openings 15 for the passage of air and passes over the composition of the flue 42 additives contained in the cavity 81. The air passes along the channels 41 and is drawn by the smoker from the near end 11 of the cigarette.

Figure 9 shows a perspective view of the filter Fig. As seen in the drawing, ultrafine cellulose acetate filter 22 contains a cavity 81, which communicates with the channels 41, passing to middle end 11 of the cigarette. The cavity 81 is located at the level of the holes 15 or combined with openings 15 for the passage of air (not shown).

Figure 10 shows the cigarette in accordance with the invention, containing a hollow tobacco column. When Smoking the air drawn through the tobacco column 16 in the Central cavity 101 of the column. Then the air passes through containing the absorbent section 22' in section 102 of the filter. This section 102 contains the core 103 high is on differential pressure, so that the air flow containing the absorbent section 22' is held between the core 103 high differential pressure and the channels 41 and then is drawn by the smoker from the near end 11 of the cigarette. Analogously to example run in figure 4, additional air is drawn in through the openings 15 for the passage of air and is pulled through the channels 41, containing the composition of the flue 42 additives. This additional air is not mixed with air from the tobacco column 16, and remains in the channels 41 and is drawn by the smoker from the near end 11 of the cigarette.

Figure 11 shows in cross section a cigarette, which used corrugated outer wrapper 112 of the filter tube located in such a way as to form channels. More specifically, the channels 111 are formed due to the fact that the outer wrap 112 wrapped around the ultrafine cellulose acetate filter 22. Corrugated outer wrapper 112 of the filter tube is separated from the filter 22 of the inner wrapper 113 of the filter tube, and the channels 111 formed corrugated outer wrapper 112 of the filter tube, closed paper sleeve 14. The troughs of the corrugations are only along part of the length of the filter and not in contact with the tobacco column (not shown).

1. The product area that contains
the far end, which, when used, contains smoke-forming substance,
middle Kona is C, from which the smoke is drawn when Smoking,
at least one channel that runs from the middle to the end at least partially towards the far end,
at least one opening for the passage of air located so that the path of the air flow passage is defined through the hole for the passage of air through the channel and the near-end products for Smoking,
the composition of the flue additives, placed along the path of the air flow so that when Smoking products Smoking area air extends along the path of the air flow and on this song, so this song is captured by the air and delivered to the smoker.

2. The product area according to claim 1, where the composition of the flue supplements contain nicotine or a derivative of nicotine.

3. The product area according to claim 1 or 2, where the composition of the flue additive contains at least one substance selected from the group consisting of flavoring agents, and pharmacologically active agents and modifiers of smoke.

4. The product area according to claim 1 or 2, where at least one substance is enclosed in the capsule.

5. The product area according to claim 4, where the specified substance is enclosed in the capsule of the cyclodextrin.

6. The product area according to claim 1 or 2, where the composition of the flue additives contains a mesh or film.

7. The product area according to claim 1 or 2, where K is notice flue additives contains solid particles.

8. The product area according to claim 1 or 2, where the composition is placed in the cavities along the path of the air flow.

9. The product area according to claim 1 or 2, where, during the store opening for the passage of air and/or near the ends of the channels are provided with a removable sealing means.

10. The product area according to claim 1 or 2, where the at least one channel includes an impenetrable barrier, so that during storage and during Smoking composition of flue additives not coming from the at least one channel in any way other than specified in claim 1.

11. The product area according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it is made in the form of cigarette that contains the filter.

12. Products for Smoking to claim 11, where the channels are formed inside the filter.

13. Products for Smoking to claim 11, where the openings for the passage of air made in impervious paper sleeve.

14. Products for Smoking to claim 11, where the cigarette contains tobacco column with a hollow core.



 

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