Plough - fertiliser

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: plough comprises frame-fixed mouldboard units and fertiliser dispensers with fertiliser hoses. Plough is equipped with high-discharge fan with air duct, which is tightly fixed to fertiliser hoses. Fertiliser hoses are fixed on back side of mouldboards and are matched along radius with slot provided between ploughshare and mouldboard along tangent to surface of mouldboard. Ripping ledges are arranged on outer surface of ploughshare upstream the slot, and their extension over slot is arranged in the form of teeth. Fan drive is provided from hydraulic motor, and fertiliser dispensers are driven from tractor power shaft.

EFFECT: such structural design will make it possible to reduce traction resistance, to provide for even distribution of fertilisers along the whole width of plough layer, which improves crop capacity of agriculture.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the agricultural industry, particularly to plows for fertilizer simultaneously with the plowing.

Known combined plowing and fertilizing the instrument containing the plow body with blade, pechvogel, a fertilizing apparatus with the drive mechanism and tokoprovodom, with the aim of reducing energy consumption, simplify the drive mechanism and improving the uniformity of distribution of fertilizer pechvogel made in the form prescribed by the shaft rotating spherical disk with the guide plates on its surface, and the shaft drive is associated with a fertilizer distributing apparatus for transferring rotational motion from the drive apparatus, the disk is shifted in the direction opposite to the blade of the plow side (SU # 923389, MCL.3A01B 46/06).

The disadvantages of this gun include the complexity of the design, high traction resistance, low operational reliability.

A device for deep loosening of soil and fertilizer, containing fertilizer, a frame mounted on it in the transverse direction through the racks pokorivshij loosening legs, communicates with the hopper and the source of compressed air calopresti with nozzles on the end, with the aim of expanding the area of cultivation of the soil and subsoil of fertilizer you the OTE and width on each rack, above pastoriusa legs attached additional plastoria paw, and between primary and secondary pokorivshij legs adjacent racks installed spurs knives, the lower part of which is provided with a radially emanating from the rack guide ribs, and spurs the knives of the upper and lower tiers are displaced one relative to another in the movement direction at a distance not less than the thickness of the knife, while the nozzle tokoprovodom placed behind the racks under spurs knives in the zone of the guide ribs, and the angle of the cutting spurs knives equal to 15-20 (SU # 880304, MCL.3A01C 15/04).

The disadvantages of this device include the complexity of the design, high traction resistance, lack of turnover of the reservoir, which makes it impossible fertilizing, located on the surface of the soil, such as manure.

Known plow for mineral fertilizers simultaneously with the plowing, includes fixed on the frame of the conveyor section and fertilizer distributors with tokoprovodom, with the aim of ensuring regulation of the depth of placement of fertilizer in the soil plough equipped with additional working elements in the form of a feeding blades that are installed in pairs in front of each plough body (SU inventor's certificate No. 743608, MCL.2A01B 49/06; A01C 7/20).

The disadvantages of this plow include Oslo who begins construction installation of additional working body, the absence of the possibility of uniform fertilizer distribution across the depth of the arable horizon, high traction resistance.

This design is adopted us as the nearest equivalent.

The essence of the claimed invention is as follows.

The problem to which the invention is directed, technical reliability and uniformity of distribution of mineral fertilizers throughout the depth of the arable horizon, the possibility of termination of organic fertilizers, located on the surface of the soil. The technical result - the reduction of traction resistance, increased yields of agricultural crops. This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the famous plough-dobrile, including fixed on the frame of the conveyor section and fertilizer distributors with tokoprovodom, according to the invention of the plow-utopical equipped with a high-pressure fan to the duct, which is hermetically connected with tokoprovodom, with calopresti fixed on the rear side dumps and associated radius with a gap made between the blade and the blade is tangential to the surface of the blade, on the outer surface of the shares before the gap is provided by loosening the wedge-shaped protrusions, which continued over the slit made in the form of teeth, the drive voltage is and made of the hydraulic motor, and fertilizer distributing machines - from the PTO of the tractor.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1 presents the scheme of the plow-odobritel, side view.

Figure 2 - cross section A-a in figure 1.

Figure 3 - a view B figure 2.

Information confirming the possibility of implementing the claimed invention, is as follows.

On frame 1 of the plow-odobritel having a hinged device 2 is installed high-pressure fan 3 to the duct 4, which has the nozzles 5. Over the final housings on the frame 1 is installed fertilizer distributors 6. The plough body-odobritel consists of a blade 7 and the plowshares 8. For the blade 7 of the casing is installed TakeProfit 9. Between the blade 8 and the blade 7 is made a slit 10 directed tangentially to the blade 7. Blade 8 blade 7 is fixed with a support stand 11 to the frame 1 of the plow. Drive fertilizer distributing apparatus 6 is made from shaft 12 of the PTO, and the fan 3 from the motor. Before opening 10 on the blade 8 is provided with the loosening of the wedge-shaped protrusions, which continued over the slit made in the form of teeth.

TakeProfit 9 is conjugate to the slit 10 in radius and has a tight seal.

Plow-utopical works as follows.

When the movement of the plow in a recessed state, the blade 8 cuts the soil layer in the horizontal plane, which is moved along the plowshare on as is. At this time, the fan 3 creates pressure in the duct 4 and the nozzle 5. Fertilizer from the fertilizer distributing apparatus 6 are served in calopresti 9, here moves the air from the nozzles 5. Air is mixed with fertilizers and goes into the slot 10. Cut plowshare 8 layer enters the wedge-shaped protrusions 13 and loosened. Once loosened layer is moved over the slit 10, it interacts with the air flow, rich fertilizers. Thus between the blade 7 and the layer of soil is formed airbag, rich fertilizers. Fertilizers in this case, penetrate between the destroyed lumps of soil and saturate the entire arable horizon. At the same time, air cushion between soil and pile 7 reduces the tractive resistance of the plow.

The soil is evenly rich fertilizers, provides favorable conditions for the growth and development of cultivated plants, which significantly increases their productivity.

Plow-utopical, including fixed on the frame of the conveyor housing and fertilizer distributors with tokoprovodom, characterized in that it is equipped with a high-pressure fan to the duct, which is hermetically connected with tokoprovodom, with calopresti fixed on the rear side dumps and associated radius with slit made between the blade and the blade is tangential to the surface of the blade, on uenoi the surface of the shares before the gap is provided by loosening the tabs, the continuation of which above the slit made in the form of teeth, and the fan drive is made of the hydraulic motor, and a fertilizer distributing machines - from the PTO of the tractor.



 

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