Aerostatic lifter

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lifting equipment. Aerostatic lifter comprises flying lifting vehicle connected with surface power supply and control device via load-carrying electric cable (3) wound on the drum mounted on self-propelled platform. Flying-lifting vehicle comprises undercarriage (6), frame (7), and carcass (8) fitted on the frame to accommodate rotors (9) and stators (10) of rotor drives. Aforesaid self-propelled platform can carry undercarriage of aforesaid flying vehicle. Fixed carcass (8) accommodates a pair of coaxial rotors (9) running in opposite directions driven by drive stators with their armatures (11) mounted on frame (7). Aerodynamic surfaces (13) are arranged in inductive airflow zone to rotate driven by motors about their horizontal axes (15), when controlled from the surface power supply device via load-carrying electric cable (3). The latter device allows controlling flying vehicle horizontal and vertical directions.

EFFECT: higher mobility and expanded application range.

6 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of technology, in particular to lifting devices, and can be used for lifting cargo and/or people in a variety of ways both at sea and on land.

Known aerodynamic containing swivel base, hinged on this basis sectional cargo boom drive its rotation in the vertical and horizontal planes, two symmetrically arranged longitudinal vertical plane cargo boom aerodyne power plant, which is equipped with a platform through which they established at the end of the root section of a cargo boom can be rotated relative to the platform relative to the longitudinal axis of the cargo boom. (USSR author's certificate No. 1397365 A1. Device for transfer of cargo at sea. - IPC4: VW 27/30. - Bull. No. 19, 23.05.88). A disadvantage of the known device is that it has a cargo boom, one end of which is hinged to the rotary Foundation, and others, requiring focus, which severely limits its capabilities.

The closest analogue of the present invention is a flying device for lifting and moving goods containing frame, chassis and mounted on the frame stators, which are placed in frames with blades and drives their rotation in the opposite directed the s, can move in vertical and horizontal directions when the Ground control by cable or by radio. Each blade is made of canvas or elastic material and attached one end to the frame and the other to the stator of the rotation drive (Patent RU №2097311 C1. Aerial device for lifting and moving goods. - IPC6: 66F 11/00, VS 29/00, VS 27/20. - 1997.11.27). The invention adopted for the prototype.

A disadvantage of the known device, taken as a prototype, is the lack of mobility and a large weight of the device, limiting the payload and low reliability and safety in operation.

The main task, which is aimed by the invention, is to increase mobility and payload, the expansion of the scope.

The technical result achieved the proposed technical solution is to increase the mobility and the expansion of the scope.

This technical result is achieved in that, in the famous aerodynamic, including aerial lifting device, which includes a chassis, a frame mounted on the chassis frame, which houses the blades and the stator drives the rotation of the blades in opposite directions to move the aircraft to the lifting device in a vertical and g is horizontal directions when the Ground control by cable or by radio, according to the proposed technical solution

the frame is stationary, it has a pair of coaxially spaced blade screws for rotation in opposite directions through the stator of the actuator, the armature of which is mounted on the frame and coupled with the control system spins a blade screws in the area of inductive air flow generated by rotation of the blades, installed aerodynamic surface can be rotated around its horizontal axis when managing with the ground device power supply aerial lifting device through the carrying cable spooled on the drum ground device, or on the radio;

ground device power supply and control systems aircraft lifting device mounted on a self-propelled platform with the ability to consolidate on her chassis aerial lifting device;

the carrying cable is connected to the shaft of the anchor aerial lifting device above the horizontal plane passing through the center of gravity of the aircraft to the lifting device;

on the upper end of the shaft of the anchor is set, for example, the radiosonde, isolated from the environment of the radio waves hood;

aerial lifting device equipped with a parachute device is m, mounted on the frame and connected to the halyard with the shaft of the anchor;

the frame is made niches for the placement of the payload.

Given the applicant an analysis of the level of technology has allowed to establish that the analogs are characterized by the sets of characteristics is identical for all signs declared aerodynamica, no. Therefore, the claimed technical solution meets the condition of patentability "novelty".

Search results of known solutions in this field of technology in order to identify characteristics that match the distinctive features of the prototype of the characteristics of the proposed technical solution, showed that they do not follow explicitly from the prior art. Of certain of applicant's prior art there have been no known impact provided the essential features of the claimed technical solution of transformations on the achievement of the technical result. Therefore, the claimed technical solution meets the condition of patentability "inventive step".

1 schematically shows the proposed aerodynamic; figure 2 - aerial lifting device, a side view in section, figure 3 is the same, top view.

Aerodynamic contains aerial lifting device 1, is connected to the ground unit 2 energy supply and management pose the STV carrying electric cable 3, spooled on the drum 4 mounted on self-propelled platform 5 (figure 1). Aerial lifting device 1 includes a chassis 6, frame 7 mounted on the chassis frame 8, which houses the blades 9, and the stator 10 drives the rotation of the blades 9 (figure 2). Self-propelled platform 5 ground device 2 is made with the possibility of fixing on her chassis 6 aerial lifting device 1. The frame 8 is stationary, it has a pair of coaxially spaced blade screws 9, rotating in opposite directions through the stator 10 of the actuator, the armature 11 which is installed on the shaft 12 fixedly mounted on the frame 7. In the area of inductive air flow generated by rotation of the blades 9, installed aerodynamic surface 13 can be rotated using actuators 14 around its horizontal axis 15 to the control ground unit 2 energy supply aerial lifting device 1 through the carrying cable 3 and moving aerial lifting device 1 in the vertical and horizontal directions with Ground control cable 3 or on the radio (figure 3). The shaft 12 is hollow on the upper end of which is installed, for example, the radiosonde 16, isolated from the environment of the radio waves by the cap 17. The carrying cable 3 is connected to laitat is determined as being lifting device 1 in the cavity of the shaft 12 above the horizontal plane 18, passing through the center of gravity 19 aerial lifting device 1, the latter equipped with a parachute device 20 mounted on the frame 8 and the United halyard 21 with the shaft 12. The frame 8 is made of a niche 22 for placement unit 23 of the control aerial lifting device 1 and the payload.

Aerodyna installation operates as follows.

In the transport position of the aircraft lifting device 1 mounted on the chassis 6 on self-propelled platform 5. When lifting the flying device 1 initiate a ground unit 2 energy supply from which power is fed to the armature 11 through the carrying cable 3. Armature 11 is put into rotation of the stators 10 and fixed on them blades 9 propellers, and in opposite directions, compensating between a reactive force of the rotating blades with the help of block 23, which create the possibility of rotation of the aerial lifting device 1 in the horizontal plane 18 and steady flight. Under the action of the lifting force P caused by the rotation of the blades 9, is the rise of the flying device 1 with the tension of the unwinding of the carrying cable 3 from the drum 4 mounted on self-propelled platform 5. Aerodynamic surface 13 located in the area inducting the air flow inside the frame 8, created by the rotation of the blades 9 by rotation around its horizontal axis 15 when the flight control from block 23 with the ground control device 2 through the carrying cable 3, create a stable steady rise aerial lifting device 1. In steady state, the blades 9 transmit lifting force P through the stator 10 on the shaft 12 fixed to the frame 7, the latter raises the frame 8, which is made of a niche 22 to accommodate payload. When controlling the aerodynamic surfaces 13 and the rotation speed of the blades 9 with the ground control device 2 through the carrying cable 3 or radio aerial lifting device 1 set move both in vertical and in horizontal directions, and the necessary corrective actions can be made by calculation on the computer in block 23, which has all the characteristics of the working bodies of aerodynamica. In case of an emergency in the air aerodynamic ejects the parachute device 20, which is on file 21 for the shaft 12 lowers aerial lifting device 1 to the ground.

The proposed aerodynamic allows you to raise aerial lifting device 1 with a payload of 250 kg to a height of up to 200 meters

1. Aerodynamic, including aerial lifting device is, which includes a chassis, a frame mounted on the chassis frame, a stator, and has the ability to move in vertical and horizontal directions when the ground control by cable or by radio, wherein the frame is made immobile, in which is placed a pair of coaxially spaced blade screws for rotation in opposite directions through the stator of the actuator, the armature of which is mounted on the frame and coupled with the control system spins a blade screws in the area of inductive air flow generated by rotation of the blades, installed aerodynamic surface can be rotated around its horizontal axis when managing with the ground device power aerial lifting device through the carrying cable spooled on the drum ground device, or on the radio.

2. Aerodynamic according to claim 1, characterized in that a ground device power supply and control systems aircraft lifting device mounted on a self-propelled platform with the ability to consolidate on her chassis aerial lifting device.

3. Aerodynamic according to claim 1, characterized in that the carrying cable is connected to the shaft of the anchor aerial lifting device above the horizontal plane passing through prices is p of gravity of the aircraft to the lifting device.

4. Aerodynamic according to claim 1, characterized in that on the upper end of the shaft of the anchor is set, for example, the radiosonde, isolated from the environment of the radio waves hood.

5. Aerodynamic according to claim 1, characterized in that the aerial lifting device equipped with a parachute device mounted on the frame and connected to the halyard with the shaft of the anchor.

6. Aerodynamic according to claim 1, characterized in that the frame is made niches for the placement of the payload.



 

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