Bicycle (versions), bicycles wheels, bicycle drive, bicycle lever mechanism, bicycle pedal mechanism and set comprising bicycle and trailer

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: drive sprocket rims are arranged on overrunning coupling. Drive comprises pair of boomerang-like bell cranks, each having pedal arm resting upon opposite ends of carriage shaft and arm that transfers torque. Both aforesaid arms are bent in the plate perpendicular to carriage axis to form boomerang-like shape. Arm that transfers torque is rigidly coupled with similarly bent element intended for transfer of toque to carriage shaft. Overrunning coupling is rigidly coupled with aforesaid elements that transfer torque. Pedal arm of one of the levers and arm that transfers torque are furnished with weights rigidly fixed thereon. Aforesaid drive is designed for bicycles, bicycle-tandems and bicycles with trailers.

EFFECT: optimising pedaling, increased tractive characteristics.

30 cl, 14 dwg, 4 tbl

 

Group of inventions relates to a transport machine-building, namely the universal road tourist velocomputer for life, sport and traveling, which consist of rental with lever actuators road, sporting or tourist destination (veloped road destination is different from sports or tourist value ratio, which remains within the gear ratios of valoprovoda commercially available at the present time; veloplasty sports or tourist destinations differ increased ratios in accordance with the increased torque value torque), iloprisaa with cases for the transport of bicycles and trailers other transport modes and manually.

Known drive bike, containing the leader block with the pedal-crank mechanism and at least one pinion mounted on the right-hand rod (listed kit is installed on the shaft of the carriage frame of the bike), the slave unit with at least one driven gear connected to the pinion with a flexible coupling, and overrunning clutch (see EN 2155141 C1, publ. 2000) (the closest analogue to drive).

The closest to the invention is a drive bike, containing the leader block with at least one leading asterisk, with lever and pedals the mechanisms, slave unit with at least one driven sprocket, and the overrunning clutch, the crowns of the leading sprocket mounted on the peripheral part of the overrunning clutch, installed in the master unit sprocket on the shaft of the carriage (US 3492883 And published. 03.02.1970).

A disadvantage of the known technical solutions is a relatively low value conversion efforts by valoprovoda, which provides a relatively low driving performance, corresponding to the energy of the body while pedaling.

Known bike, containing a frame with wheels, a steering wheel, a rear wheel, the brake system (see EN 2155141 C1, publ. 2000) (the closest analogue to the bike in the first embodiment).

Known Bicycle wheel containing a sleeve, provided with two flanges, which on the outer side are connected by spokes to the wheel rim, and the inner edge rigidly connected with the hub bushings wheels (Vpolicy, Racing bikes, Leningrad, Mashinostroenie, 1989, p.15, 60-64).

The disadvantage of these technical solutions are relatively low performance.

Known bike-tandem containing a frame with two wheels, consisting of two Dobby nodes, two steering wheels, two consecutive drive the rear wheels, the brake system (see SU 1789412 A1, publ. 1993) (the closest analogue for a Bicycle according to the second variant)

The disadvantages is that technical solutions are as follows:

the cyclist sitting back, plays only a passive function pedaling;

- the load on the wheels and the specific wheel pressure on the ground increase in 2 times.

Famous bike trailer containing a frame with wheels attached with the towing device to the base of the seatpost to the Bicycle frame (see EN 2051059 C1, publ. 1995).

The disadvantages of this trailer are the following:

long drove, the flexibility of which results in a low efficiency towing;

dependent wheel suspension and the lack of shock absorbers practically exclude the possibility of towing the trailer over rough terrain;

- body design, which increases the weight of the trailer;

- the lack of the necessary level of safety in the movement of the cyclist with a trailer on the slopes, especially when cornering, because the commercially available trailers no brakes, and the towing device is made without taking into account the possibility of changing the angle of inclination of the Bicycle relative to the trailer at the entrance of the cyclist in turn.

The closest analogue for the proposed set is not revealed. The technical objective of the invention is the improvement of performance characteristics of the bike through the optimization process pedaling with a simultaneous increase in all of the motion parameters is via the increase in torque, to improve the comfort and security of riding, and also features convenient transportation bike with a trailer other transport modes and manually.

The technical problem is solved in that the drive bike contains the leader block with at least one leading asterisk, with lever and pedal mechanisms, the slave unit with at least one driven sprocket, which is connected with a leading asterisk, and overrunning clutch, the crowns of the leading gear mounted on the peripheral part of the overrunning clutch, installed in the master unit of the gears on the shaft of the carriage, characterized in that the lever mechanism is in the form of a pair boomerangers two shoulders of levers, each of which has a pedal arm supported on opposite ends of the shaft of the carriage, and the shoulder transmitting torque, pedal shoulder and shoulder, sending torque, curved in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the carriage education boomerangers configuration, the shoulder, the transmitting torque, are rigidly connected to the element for transferring torque on the shaft of the carriage, and the ratchet overrunning clutch is rigidly connected with elements for torque transmission with the possibility of bringing them into rotation.

The technical result is also achieved by the construction above described lever mechanism.

In the design of the lever fur the mechanism, in addition to the effect of increasing the moment of torque on the shaft of the carriage, made design elements, which are also actively contribute to the increase in torque output torque of the bike and optimize pedaling, namely:

- boomerangers configuration of the lever arms, the effect of rotation of which is expressed in the disappearance of the dead point in the "foot pedal", which gives a further 25%, due to the emergence of shoulder rotation in the "zero" points (two out of eight: 0 and 180), the classical cycle pedaling;

- differentiation of the lever sets the pair on the set of Jogging feet and set the traction legs"that creates stability movements when using the bike as a regular starting position of the pedal mechanisms;

- "accelerator effect" mass accelerators certain weight and shape, which under the action of gravity actively contribute to the rotation of the lever in the front part of the circumference of the full cycle of pedaling, increasing the effort up to 50% of par, depending on the cadence.

Structurally, the last two of the above effects are interrelated and occur due to the installation on the shoulder, the transmitting torque, the "arm of Jogging feet on the pedal leverage arm traction feet"mentioned mass accelerators, in which re is the query result is located on one side of the Dobby shaft, setting lever sets in a constant, optimal-best starting position (experience the effects of this kind is possible only in biotechnological systems).

The technical result is also achieved by the design of the bike wheel containing a sleeve, provided with two flanges, which on the outer side are connected by spokes to the wheel rim and the inner side rigidly connected with the hub sleeve of the wheel, with spokes connect the rim with the outer circumference of the flanges. Spokes are located on the radius of the wheel, and the inner part of the flange is made in the form lovestooread planes, jumpers which connect the outer and inner circumference of the flanges to each other, and the vectors of the forces experienced by the jumper, directed tangent to the surface of the hub wheel. The result is a cushioning effect by reducing the magnitude of the impact on the sleeves of the wheels and frame parts, and "vector" effect, allowing you to transfer the load brake with brake discs mounted on the outer circumferences of the flanges on the hub of the wheel through the vectors of force to break through the axes lovestooread flange of lintels, in the same way transferred the load acceleration from the hub of the rear wheel, which promotes wear of the wheels.

The wheel can be sleep the woman, at least one brake disc diameter greater than 400 mm, mounted on the outer circumference of the flange, and drum mechanisms (mechanical or hydraulic), installed at the bases of the feathers on the front forks and base vantin rear fork. To improve traffic safety and durability of the brake pads at least one brake disc has a rubber end for driving in rotation at least one electricity generator. Such a performance drive generator allows you to remove the side pressure from the wheel caused by the existing friction drive generator, and also to eliminate the side surface wear of the tire of the wheel.

Axle bushing rear wheels may have at least one pole located on opposite sides of the block of the driven sprocket. The presence on the axis of the hub of the rear wheel at least one pole located on opposite sides of the block of the driven sprocket eliminates the occurrence of the cantilever load on the rear wheel hub, resulting in increased durability of the design and effectiveness of the transfer of kinetic energy to the rear wheel, resulting in increased torque output torque.

It is possible to increase the rigidity of the wheels (by reducing the length of the spokes and increase their cross-section)required for the perception of increased torque torque, and increase as arteseros properties of wheels for enhanced security, comfort and driving dynamics.

The technical result is also achieved pedal mechanism containing a pedal frame having Noskova part to support the forefoot and the heel portion to support the rear portion of the foot, while in naskova part of the pedal frame in the place of application of force along the axis of the big toe across the longitudinal axis of the pedal frame rigidly fixed Noskova traverse at the end of which traverses across fixed Noskova shoulder, two shoulders boomerangers arm, the heel end of the shoulder which is rigidly connected with the heel polytrauma, with a pedal frame one end of which is rigidly mounted Central polocrosse that the other end rests on the inner bearing exoskeleton on the outer bearing which has two shoulders boomerangers lever, whose shoulders are curved in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the contact exoskeleton pedal mechanism with the cylinder, the pedal lever arm mechanism.

The mechanism also includes a device for securing the Shoe on the pedal frame, which consists of a plate mounted on the sole of the Shoe, the locking device located in naskova part of the pedal frame for fixing naskova part of the plate with the shoes, and the locking device located at the toe is offered by the part of the pedal frame for securing the heel portion of the plate with the shoes.

In this fixing device for fixing the front part of the plate with shoes consists of made in the front part of the frame grooves for entry into their respective regional areas mentioned plate, and a locking device for securing the heel portion of the plate with shoes is installed with the possibility of rotation on the axis of the lever clamps with conical protuberances for entry into the holes drilled in the heel part of the said plate with the fixing plate on the pedal frame arm eccentric.

The pedal mechanism provides efficient and uniform perception and transfer of force from foot to foot on the pedal cylinder, lever lever pairs through boomerangers two shoulders pedal lever, which is articulated node pedal mechanism and which eliminates the problem of appearance of total deadlock in the system of the two shoulders of the levers when the system is in the horizontal axis (90-270) full cycle pedaling. In the end rockowego lever rigidly attached Noskova traverse in the tip of the heel of the lever arm rigidly attached heel polocrosse. In the pedal frame one of its ends rigidly mounted Central polocrosse that the other end is based on the internal bearings of the pivot point, this will mention the first two shoulders pedal lever rests on the outer bearings of the pivot point. In the design of the pedal frame with two shoulders lever and swivel node corresponds to the projection of the foot, feet up on the plane and without structural stresses completely passes the efforts of the cyclist on the head / shoulder lever pair. This embodiment of the pedal mechanism allows pornoporno staging feet of the cyclist on the pedals and post the axis of application of the forces (Noskova and heel) and the axis of rotation of the pedal mechanism among themselves and in accordance with the anatomical structure of the foot. The design allows you to transfer almost 100% of the efforts of the feet to the head foot of the lever arms, the lever pairs, with the human body receives and revitalizing effect, since the unit pressure of the pedal on the foot occurs lower than during walking (no shock step, therefore, the time of stay of the person in the saddle can be equated to time the movement of people on foot, but at much greater distances and with a therapeutic effect.

Recording (manual or automatic) of the heel part of the plate with shoes on the pedal frame allows to provide the working phase of the second half cycle of pedaling, which consist of phase "transport" heel and toe, as well as "pull the knee".

The above design of the pedal mechanism allows to increase the average radius of the application is sily to 221 mm in the classical radius of rotation of the lever pairs of 170 mm in the full cycle of pedaling, that increases the power circuit of the full cycle of pedaling 210% compared to commercially available models of pedals and 235% output torque torque due to the "boomerangers" profile of the lever arms.

The technical problem is solved by the fact that the bike in the first embodiment includes a frame with two wheels, handlebars, brake system, rear wheel made according to the first object of the present invention, and the wheels made as described above.

To raise awareness of cyclists on the status of the mechanisms of the bike, the motion parameters and physiological parameters of its own, the bike is equipped with a dashboard made with the possibility of indicating the speed of the stars of the leader block and pedal mechanisms, efforts to pedal, included transmission, speed, direction indicators and physiological parameters of the cyclist.

To reduce drag and increase comfort of riding a Bicycle can be equipped with fairing mounted in the steering wheel or half-cab aerodynamic form.

In the geometry of the Bicycle frame amended in connection with the installation of the pedal mechanisms, giving a complex picture pedaling and requiring movement of the seat and steering column with the front fork forward defined on the first distance for receiving the cyclist optimal effect of the full cycle of pedaling.

For installation of the proposed drive on existing types of frames seatpost can be made curved in the direction of the front wheel and steering column mounted on the steering column of the Bicycle frame, i.e. made extension that allows to displace the cyclist ahead and get the maximum effect from pedaling.

The bike can be fitted with a towing device, removable towing triangle which connects with the rear triangle of the Bicycle frame, centering on the axis of the rear wheels, thereby optimum traction and stiffness towing with full freedom of maneuver the bike, due to transaminase towing site that provides automatic braking of the trailer when it is rolled forward.

The technical problem is solved by the fact that the bike is the second variant of the invention contains a frame with four wheels, consisting of two interconnected parts, two steering, braking system, two drive wheels, each of which is made according to the first object of the invention, with parts of the frame are parallel and pivotally connected with a horizontal rods.

The teeth of the star wheels overrunning their drives can be made with the possibility of two-way action for movement back when BP is not the same pedals ago.

Each part of the frame can be equipped with a towing device on the end of which is fixed trailer ball joint for installation of horizontal tow bar.

Of the frame may be pivotally interconnected by three horizontal rods, with the ability to work in parallelepipedon and rectangular, force logging mode.

The steering and braking system can be executed with the possibility of its implementation, only one of the cyclists, depending on the type of storenote movement adopted in the country of use of the bike.

The technical problem is solved by the fact that the package contains the bike on one of the two above-mentioned variants and trailer, which contains a frame with independent suspension of the wheels and horizontally arranged hydraulic shock absorbers attached with a towing device for towing the device of the bike through the tow site made with the possibility of twisting and tilting angle of the towing device of the Bicycle relative to the towing device of the trailer.

The presence of the tow site made with the possibility of twisting and tilting angle of the towing device of the Bicycle relative to the towing device of the trailer allows the cyclist to change Lu the l slope at the entrance to the bend without compromising the stability of the trailer.

Towing node on the bike the first variant can contain two hinges, one of which is executed in the form of a trailer ball joint with the possibility of changing the angle of the bike, and the second is in the form of a universal joint, which is connected with a traction device of the trailer with automatic braking due to roll forward.

Towing node on the bike the second variant can contain two hinges, one of which is executed in the form of two traction and ball joints with the ability to change the angle of the bike, and the second is in the form of a universal joint, which is fixed on the center horizontal tow bar and attached to the towing device of the trailer, pulling node, which is made with automatic brake gear when the roll forward of the trailer.

To preserve the stability of the bike in the Parking lot towing Assembly is provided with a manual Parking brake.

The independent suspension of the wheels with a horizontally arranged hydraulic shock absorbers allows the cyclist to move comfortably with a trailer over rough terrain.

The frame of the trailer can be made in the form of arch construction, provided with a means for hanging the transported goods, for example a winch. Such design of the trailer can carry raznooborazie cargo.

The trailer can be the equipped with cargo gondola which allows you to carry cargo with minimal frontal resistance and maximum ingress.

Freight gondola can be performed with the possibility of transformation in the case of transportation Bicycle and trailer other transport modes and manually.

The essence of invention is explained using the drawings.

Figure 1 shows a General view of a Bicycle with a trailer, figure 2 shows the bike frame under item 16 of the formula, figure 3 shows the indicator dashboard of the bike, figure 4 shows a diagram of the drive bike, figure 5 shows the leader block with the mechanism of idling, figure 6 shows the pedal mechanism, figure 7 (a-d) shows valigetta with a support plate mounted on the pedal frame, Fig shows the trailer without gondolas, figure 9 shows the trailer with cargo gondola, figure 10 shows a kit containing the bike and the trailer is placed in the case. Figure 11 shows the bike on the second version; Fig (a-d) shows a simplified diagram ellipsoide-circular pedaling; Fig shows a diagram of the phases of the cycle pedaling; Fig shows the test layout lever mechanism proposed drive bike.

The bike in the first embodiment (see Fig 1) contains a frame 1 with wheels 2 and removable towing device 3, the wheel 4, the actuator 5 of the rear wheels, the brake system including the claim brakes, consisting of a brake disk 6 mounted on the flanges 7 of the sleeves 8 wheels and drum mechanisms 9. The sleeve 8 of each wheel 2 is provided with two flanges 7 is increased to 400 mm diameter, which on the outer circumference connected to the enlarged section 10 spokes with the wheel rim 2. The inner part of the flange 7, firmly planted on the hub sleeve 8 made in the form of lovestooread planes, the axis of the bridges 11 which serve as vectors for the transmission of shock loads transmitted by the spokes 10, and is directed along the tangent to the side surface of the hub sleeve 8. The generator 12 is mounted on vantine 13 of the rear fork of the frame 1, a friction drive which runs from the rubber end face of the brake disc 6. On the steering wheel 4 is placed fairing 14 aerodynamic form, the instrument panel 15 (see figure 3)that serves to indicate the frequency of rotation of the sprockets (gears) of the leader block and pedal mechanisms, effort on the pedals, included transmission, speed, direction indicators and physiological parameters of the cyclist.

Ellipsoid figure pedaling has made significant adjustments to the geometry of the frame 1 bike, which resulted in the lengthening of the upper 1A and the bottom 1B of the pipe and the angle of inclination of the seat tube 1B. To install valoprovoda with the pedal mechanism to the existing rental you need, you will establish a steering column 16 (see 2) mounted on the steering column 17 of the frame 1 and the seat post 18 to perform curved in the direction of the front wheel 2, resulting in the seat 19, the wheel 4 and the wheel 2 are shifted forward.

Removable triangle towing device 3 bike connected with the rear triangle of the frame 1, the horizontal thrust of which is centered on the rear axle of a Bicycle, and a diagonal rod is attached to the base of the seatpost 18 bike, with the main traction passes through the lower part of the rear fork of a Bicycle.

Veloped 5 (see figure 4 and 5) contains the driving and driven sprocket units. The leader block consists of the overrunning clutch (see figure 5), peripheral ferrule 20 which is a bearing hub for gear rims a, b C, D and E of the leading sprocket unit. On the shaft 21 of the carriage 22 is rigidly mounted a ratchet 23 with rollers 24 overrunning clutch. On the shaft 21 of the carriage 22 is fixed a lever mechanism with the pedal mechanism. A driven sprocket unit 25 (see figure 4) is rigidly connected with the sleeve 7 of the rear wheels 2, an axis 26 which has at least one pole 27 located on opposite sides of the rigidly mounted unit driven sprocket 25, which has seven stars, five medium of which are located in the planes of the leading stars. This relationship of the sprocket units give 15 variations of the transmission (see figure 4).

Lever the mechanism made in the form of a lever of the pair, each of boomerangers two shoulders of levers which are mounted on the ends of the shaft 21 of the carriage 22 with ov-hard landing; each arm has a curved foot shoulder 28 and the shoulder 29 to transmit torque. The shoulder 29 is rigidly connected to a threaded connection 30 is also curved element 31 transfer torque (crank), mounted on the shaft 21 of the carriage 22. On the shoulder 29, the transmitting torque of the "arm inching his feet, and the pedal arm 28 "pulling the leg", i.e. on one side of the shaft 21 of the carriage 22 mounted cargo 32.

The pedal mechanism (see Fig.6) consists of a pedal frame having a spinal axis 33, Noskova 34 and the heel 35, traverse, as well as two polocrosse, Central 36 and the heel 37, respectively. Noskova yoke 34 and both polocrosse 36 and 37 rigidly fixed to the spinal axis 33 of the frame. Yoke 34 and polocrosse 37 rigidly mounted in duplechien boomerangers pedal lever 38. Central polocrosse 36 rests shank in bearings 39 axis 40 as the pivot point 41. In naskova part of the pedal frame is fixing device for fixing naskova part of the plate with shoes, consisting of made in naskova part of the pedal frame grooves 42. In the heel part of the foot frame is fixing device for securing the heel portion of the plate with shoes, consisting of the C installed with the possibility of twisting the arms of the clamps 43, having tapered tabs-the tabs 44. The locking device is locked by the lever Cam 45. On the sole of the Shoe of a cyclist (see Fig.6 and 7) - "velocette" 46 rigidly fixed support plate 47, a heel part which made the locking holes 48 for the occurrence in them of tabs-the tabs 44 and naskova end is provided with peripheries - clasping field 49 for placement in the slots 42 of the frame.

Trailer bike (see Fig) contains a frame with arches 50, the wheel 51, the towing device 52, by which the trailer is attached to the tow unit 3 bikes. The towing device 52 contains towing node 53, fulfilled with the possibility of twisting and tilting angle of the towing device 3 of the Bicycle relative to the towing device 52 of the trailer. On the arched frame of the trailer wheel independent suspension, containing the levers 54, connected with a horizontally arranged hydraulic shock absorbers 55.

On arches 50 is fixed to the winch 56 for suspension of transported cargo, which may be placed in the cargo gondola 57 (see Fig.9).

Kit (see figure 10) contains a bike, trailer and cargo gondola, which is made with possibility of transformation in the case 58 for transporting the bike and trailer.

The bike for the second variant (11) contains frames is 1 of two parts, located parallel to each other and connected to the horizontal rods 59 to the ball joint. Overrunning clutch valoprovoda contain the star wheels bilateral actions. Towing node 53 of the trailer contains two pivot steps, interconnected horizontal by tugs 60, which the rental is based on ball bearings 61 towing parts of each bike, and from the side of the trailer, located at its center, is connected with the towing node 53 cardan joint.

Features principle of operation and advantages of this group of inventions in comparison with existing analogues.

The feature of the mechanism of idling lies in the fact that during the motion of a cyclist in the idle mode is the accumulation of kinetic energy of the total mass of the system "cyclist-Bicycle" in rotation of the front sprocket unit with the outer race overrunning clutch and chain. New layout of the idling mechanism gives the possibility of obtaining a track effect due firmly planted on the hub sleeve of the rear wheel driven sprocket unit, which actively transmits through the rotation of the chain accumulated reserve of kinetic energy to the leading sprocket unit, facilitating the rotation of the lever. In addition, the effect of semi-automatic switch re is Ah, therefore, the cyclist who moves in idle mode, it is only necessary to move the shifters of the gear selector to the desired position, while constantly rotating the circuit will automatically switch to the desired position, and optimally load mode.

The feature of the principle of the Dobby unit associated with the presence of end sections of the shaft 21 of the carriage 22 (see figure 4)that allows you to remove elements 31 (cranks), the cross-axial load from the effects of the efforts of the legs of the cyclist. This load assume two shoulders levers lever pairs through the pedal 28 shoulders, which have a rigid support for the shaft ends (the backlash of the moving landing is selected shim) and the shoulders 29, transmitting torque levers rigidly connected (with a certain gap) with the elements 31, which results in a rotation of the shaft 21 of the carriage 22 with the ratchet 23 overrunning clutch.

The feature of the principle of the lever is connected with the increase of the total length of the shoulders lever pairs, which increases the moment of torque transmitted to the shaft 21 of the carriage 22. The value of the MCR also depends on the effort and cadence, which is in collaboration with the weight of the goods-accelerators 32 located on one side of the shaft 21 of the carriage 22. The result is "accelerator" effect, in which for ozena the use of potential-kinetic energy is rigidly fixed mass of consignments-accelerators 32, rotating in the vertical plane (this effect can only be used in biomechanical systems, in which the law imbalance of mechanical systems. Another feature associated with the effect resulting from boomerangers configuration of the lever arms, the lever pairs, which eliminates the occurrence of common dead point while pedaling in the "foot pedal", as well as in the system: the lever of the lever - foot shoulder in the pedal mechanism, the horizontal axis (90-270) full cycle pedaling.

The feature of the principle of action pedal mechanism associated with the transfer of muscular effort on the pedal shoulders levers lever pair when pornoporno setting foot on the pedal, due to the separation between a naskova (P1and F1) and heel (P2and F2) axes of application of force and the axis of rotation of a pedal frame (see Fig and 6), around which the inner bearings 39 exoskeleton 41 rotates each lever set.

The rotation of the pedal mechanisms such construction forms power circuits with elliptical curves, which "draw" the axis of application of force to the pedal frame, and the right circles that "outline" head shoulders 28 and 29 of the lever kits. The average radius of the elliptical contours of the full cycle of pedaling 221 mm, when the OS is ausencia classical radius of rotation of the lever kits equal to 170 mm Total in excess of the conversion effort cyclist, and therefore the torque output torque 235% higher than that of rental with serial pedals average square 62,5 cm2.

On affectionately elements of this reduction is as follows:

- "pornoporno setting foot on the pedal when the circular pedaling - 180%.

the increase in the average radius of pedaling at 30%

- boomerangers effect of levers 25%.

Health effect and the effect of saving efforts are manifested in the result, almost 100% effort to the pedal frame, and cyclists with any size foot and weight gain revitalizing effect, since the unit pressure of the pedal on the foot occurs lower than when walking, so a stay of man in the saddle can be equated to time the movement of people on foot, but at much greater distances and with greater therapeutic effect due to the absence of the shock load step or running is also more complete relaxation of the muscles of the legs in the phase of pressure (0-97), and without prejudice to the rate of movement, phase thrust the knee (195-306) efficiently and with a large amplitude are working the muscles of the thigh, if possible, save recovery balance is beneficial to the growth of total fitness is organizma.

Test-valoprovoda.

The sample tested valoprovoda is a welded construction, where the levers are made in the form of a pedal shoulders that their diametrically bases rigidly (welding) are connected with the elements 31 (cranks), resulting in a rotation of the shaft 21 of the carriage 22, and the axis of the shaft 21 of the carriage 22 passes diametrically through the center of the levers virtual. When driving in such constructions (II generation) appeared twisting moment, which broke the wedge connection on the shaft 21 of the carriage 22 approximately 150 km of track had to be replaced wedges and install gaskets. But, despite this major drawback, the results speak for themselves (see tables 1 and 2). Tests were conducted by the author in solitary bike ride 22-26 October 2002 route Smolensk-Minsk-Smolensk. For three days mileage (41 running hour) was passed 638 km with an average speed of 15,560 km/h On a Bicycle Tourist HUS" there was a standard shaft carriage, but were replaced with ball bearings for industrial No. 202. Veloped was equipped with one transfer 51:15 (3, 4) for more accurate calculations in the analysis of the results of the race; pedal was applied sport with straps, and shoes with spikes.

For comparison we have chosen the trip, which was held in August 2001 in the Tien Shan. During the seven days campaign (35 running the aces) was passed 544 km with an average speed of 15,542 km/H. In the Cycling trip was attended 5 cyclists (mean age of 31.4 years) on bicycles mountain type having from 21 to 27 standard transmission. Approximate average ratio of 2.2. The pedals are different, both contact and with a free statement of the foot. The amount of cargo on a single bike, is approximately equal to 30 kg, but the weight of the bike Tourist HUS" with the proposed valoprovoda exceeded 75% of the weight of the bike Cycling trip. (see table 1.)

td align="center"> 3,4
Table 1
Comparative test data of the Bicycle and Cycling trip IV complexity
No.Comparative dataTestBiking
1The average duration of the drive, h13,75
2The average daily distance (km)21379
3Average speed, km/hthe 15.615,5
4Average gear ratio2,2
5The use of different gear ratiosno
5Average age, years5734,1
7The weight of the bike (native), kg2112
8Weight, kg3030
9Climatic conditionsrain, frost -7CAugust

Table 2
Design data test and Cycling trip
Daily mileageThe ratio data %
distance, kmTime, hDistanceTime
Test 21313,7270274
Biking795100100

Conclusion: the Basic motion parameters, such as distance and time trial bike ride exceeded these parameters Cycling trip on average 172% only due to the lever-rod and accelerator effects valoprovoda second generation.

Achieving almost the same speed of movement also speaks in favor of proven valoprovoda, because the value of the ratio, of 3.4 (95 inches), used by cyclists level of the national team racing on the track. For a visual representation of the received high-speed effect, see for example: gear bike (in terms of the ratio of these gears is similar transmission truck KAMAZ-25. Applied only transfer test valoprovoda 51:15 corresponds IV increased speed of KAMAZ, and 30 kg of cargo bike corresponds to about 7 tons for KAMAZ. Hence whether KAMAZ to move the load at the fourth high single pass, especially with a speed of 50-60 km/h, adequate 15 km/h velocipede is that with shipping?

Laboratory tests of linkage layout of the proposed valoprovoda.

Provides for a more complete disclosure of the effect of the lever-rod mechanism on the example of the ov-hard landing levers lever pairs at the ends of the Dobby shaft unlike designs tested in the ride of valoprovoda second generation.

The sample arm mechanism (see Fig) represents one set of lever pairs lever mechanism valoprovoda third generation with direct configuration of the shoulders, in which the pedal shoulder 28 and the shoulder 29, the transmitting torque, installed in the hub, with ov-hard landing on the shank Dobby shaft 21. The element 31, is rigidly connected with the shoulder 29, transmits torque to the flange 7 Dobby shaft 21. In the design of the linkage mechanism also provides for the possibility of transformation in one half of the classical valoprovoda by moving the pedal shoulder 28 on the hub Dobby shaft 21, the flange 7 Dobby shaft 21 (the diameters of the hub and the flanges are equal).

Linkage was tested in two versions with different assessment.

Option # 1: tests using a dynamometer

Under the condition of equality of the lengths of the shoulders 28 and 29, which is equal to 178 mm, pedal to the shoulder 28 is suspended from the load 1.5 kg per suspension of the tripod is mounted on the dynamometer output proii the s which is fixed on the opposite end of the Dobby shaft at the base of its flange.

The experiment was conducted in a variant of the classical valoprovoda and proposed valoprovoda. The results are shown in table No. 3.

Table 3
Types of valoprovodaWeight, kgLength shoulderDynamometer readings in kgThe angle of deflection of the pedal arm, hail
Veloped "Classics"1,51787,428
The proposed veloped1,51787,227

Experience shows that when the same force applied to pedal the shoulder 28, in the variant proposed valoprovoda the torque value of the torque as measured by the dynamometer and the deflection angle of the pedal shoulder 28 has decreased. These findings indicate that MCR passed element 31 (figure 4) on the Dobby shaft lever mechanism decreased by increasing leverage and power transmission to achieve readings of the dynamometer version of the "Classics", the load on the pedal arm 28 must have taken is given by 2.81%. In practice bike is moving the opposite will happen: when the same rolling resistance force on the proposed velodrive 5 less that confirm road tests of valoprovoda second generation.

For the second version of the test in the structure of the suspension arm set changes were made, which consisted of the following: lever kit was installed on a bracket on the tripod in the cones with a sliding fit; the experiment was conducted without the use of a dynamometer or load, but on the conditions of equilibrium of the lever system in the classic version and definitions change this balance in the variant proposed valoprovoda. The trial was carried out in two-state systems: static, when systems are set to zero (horizontal) position and leave him alone; and in the dynamics when the system is installed in a possibly valid (according to the construction of the tripod) vertical position and yourself back in the position corresponding to the equilibrium conditions of each system. The data given in table No. 4

Table 4
Type RMThe deflection angle of the pedal shoulder from horizontal, deg
StaticsDynamics
RM "Classics"00
RM offer515

Experience shows that when the same rolling resistance in the form of an adjustable shoulder mounted on Dobby flange, foot shoulder 28 options offer leverage deviates from zero as if it was extended or put additional effort. Based on these experiments it can be argued that the system increasing the output MCR by introducing additional elements (shoulder 29 and the element 31) power transmission operates in a rotating system of levers, in which the point of application of force and the axis of rotation of the system exploded between them.

1. Drive bike, containing the leader block with at least one leading asterisk, with lever and pedal mechanisms, the slave unit with at least one driven sprocket, which is connected with a leading asterisk, and overrunning clutch, the crowns of the leading gear mounted on the peripheral part of the overrunning clutch, installed in the master unit of the gears on the shaft of the carriage, characterized in that the lever mechanism is in the form of a pair is operagoers two shoulders of the levers, each of which has a pedal arm supported on opposite ends of the shaft of the carriage, and the shoulder transmitting torque, pedal shoulder and shoulder transmitting torque, curved in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the carriage, with the formation of boomerangers configuration, the shoulder, the transmitting torque, rigidly connected with a similarly curved element to transmit torque to the shaft of the carriage, and the ratchet overrunning clutch is rigidly connected with elements for torque transmission with the possibility of bringing them into rotation.

2. The actuator according to claim 1, characterized in that the pedal arm in one arm and shoulder, the transmitting torque, the other arm rigidly mounted loads.

3. The actuator according to claim 1, characterized in that the axis of the hub of the rear wheel is installed at least one pole located on opposite sides of the block of the driven sprocket.

4. The pedal mechanism containing a pedal frame having Noskova part to support the forefoot and the heel portion to support the rear portion of the foot, while in naskova part of the pedal frame in the place of application of force along the axis of the big toe across the longitudinal axis of the pedal frame rigidly fixed Noskova traverse at the end of which traverses across fixed Noskova shoulder, two shoulders boomerangers is yzaga, the heel end of the shoulder which is rigidly connected with the heel polytrauma, with a pedal frame one end of which is rigidly mounted Central polocrosse that the other end is based on the internal bearings of the pivot point, on the outer bearing which has two shoulders boomerangers lever, whose shoulders are curved in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the contact exoskeleton pedal mechanism with the cylinder, the pedal lever arm mechanism.

5. The mechanism according to claim 4, characterized in that it contains a device for securing the Shoe on the pedal frame, which consists of a plate mounted on the sole of the Shoe, the locking device located in naskova part of the pedal frame for fixing naskova part of the plate with the shoes, and the locking device located in the heel portion of the pedal frame for securing the heel portion of the plate with the shoes.

6. The mechanism according to claim 5, characterized in that the securing device for securing the front part of the plate with shoes consists of made in the front part of the frame grooves for entry into their respective regional areas mentioned plate, and a locking device for securing the heel portion of the plate with shoes is installed with the possibility of rotation on the axis of the lever retainers, had the common conical protuberances for entry into the hole, made in the heel part of the said plate with the fixing plate on the pedal frame arm eccentric.

7. Lever drive mechanism of a Bicycle, containing a pair of levers, each of which has a pedal arm supported on opposite ends of the shaft of the carriage and shoulder transmitting torque, pedal shoulder and shoulder transmitting torque, curved in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the shaft of the carriage, with the formation of boomerangers configuration, the shoulder, the transmitting torque is rigidly connected to the similarly curved element to transmit torque to the shaft of the carriage.

8. Bicycle wheel containing a sleeve, provided with two flanges, which on the outer side are connected by spokes to the wheel rim, and the inner edge rigidly connected to the hub sleeve of the wheel, the spokes connect the rim with the outer circumference of the flange, characterized in that the spokes are located on the radius of the wheel, and the inner part of the flange is made in the form lovestooread planes, jumpers which connect the outer and inner circumference of the flanges to each other, and the vectors of the forces experienced by the jumper, directed tangent to the surface of the wheel sleeve.

9. Wheel of claim 8, characterized in that it is provided with at least one brake disc diameter Bo is 400 mm, mounted on the outer circumference of the flange.

10. Wheel of claim 8, wherein the at least one brake disc has a rubber end for driving in rotation at least one electricity generator.

11. The bike contains a frame with wheels, a steering wheel, a rear wheel, brake system, characterized in that the actuator made according to any one of claims 1 to 3, and each of the wheels according to any one of p-10.

12. The bike in claim 11, characterized in that it is equipped with instrument panel, is configured to display the frequency of rotation of the stars of the leader block and pedal mechanisms, efforts to pedal, included transmission, speed, direction indicators and physiological parameters of the cyclist.

13. The bike in claim 11, characterized in that it is equipped with fairing mounted in the steering wheel.

14. The bike in claim 11, characterized in that it is equipped with semi-open cab aerodynamic form.

15. The bike in claim 11, characterized in that its frame has a geometry that provides movement of the seat and steering column with the front fork forward.

16. The bike in claim 11, characterized in that the actuator is installed on the bike without changing the frame geometry seatpost is made curved in the direction of the front wheel, and remote steering column with the front fork implementing the s in the steering column frame.

17. The bike in claim 11, characterized in that it is provided with a detachable towing device, the horizontal thrust of which is centered on the rear axle of a Bicycle, and a diagonal rod is fastened at the base of the seatpost of the bike, with the main traction passes through the lower part of the fork of a Bicycle.

18. The bike contains a frame with four wheels, consisting of two interconnected parts, two steering wheels, two drive wheels, a braking system, wherein each of the actuators of the wheels made according to any one of claims 1 to 3, and each of the wheels according to any one of p-10, with parts of the frame are parallel and pivotally connected with a horizontal rods.

19. The bike p, characterized in that the teeth of the star wheels overrunning their drives are made with the possibility of two-way action for movement back when pedaling backward.

20. The bike p, characterized in that each part of the frame is equipped with a towing device, the ends of which are fixed traction and ball joints to install horizontal pull of the tow site.

21. The bike p, characterized in that the frame parts pivotally interconnected three horizontal rods with the ability to work in parallelepipedon and rectangular, force logging mode.

<> 22. The bike p, characterized in that the steering and braking system is arranged to operate only one of the bikers.

23. The kit contains a Bicycle according to any one of 11-22 and a trailer containing a frame with independent suspension of the wheels and with a horizontally arranged hydraulic shock absorbers, and a towing device for attachment to a towing device of a Bicycle that includes towing site made with the possibility of twisting and tilting angle of the towing device of the Bicycle relative to the towing device of the trailer.

24. The kit according to item 23, wherein the tow site includes two hinges, one of which is executed in the form of a trailer ball bearings with the ability to change the angle of the bike, and the second in the form of a universal joint, which is connected with a traction node trailer, made with automatic brake gear when the roll forward of the trailer.

25. The kit according to item 23, wherein the towing Assembly is provided with a manual Parking brake.

26. The kit according to item 23, wherein the frame of the trailer is equipped with independent wheel suspension.

27. Kit p, characterized in that the wheel suspension provided with a horizontally arranged hydraulic shock absorbers.

28. The kit according to item 23, the tives such as those that the frame of the trailer is made in the form of arch construction, provided with a means for hanging the transported goods.

29. The kit according to item 23, wherein the trailer is equipped freight gondola.

30. The kit according to clause 29, wherein the cargo gondola is made with possibility of transformation in the case of transportation Bicycle and trailer.



 

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FIELD: transport.

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EFFECT: acceleration of dead points passing and increase of torque.

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