Method to control three-wheeled car and device to this end

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: car control device comprise steering wheel (3) coupled with first element (4) that supports second element (13) to drive gears (16) running on axles (17, 18) to transfer motion to turn controlled front wheel (7). Second element (13) is coupled with LH and RG gears (16) running on LH and RD axles (17, 18). One ends of the latter are bent off at 90 with respect to axles and have sliding contact with first element (4). Other ends of axles (17, 18) are coupled with casings (19, 20) furnished with rolling bearings (21, 22) fitted on axle (23) supporting controlled front drive wheel. Tire of aforesaid wheel can have spherical central part (11), while its edges can have support triangular ledges (12) to provide for car stability in turning to the right or left. Proposed device can be used in three-wheeled car with one controlled front wheel (7), two rear driven wheels and streamline body.

EFFECT: higher maneuverability and stability on turns.

2 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to transfer mechanisms for steering the front wheels of motor vehicles, which can be used for transportation of passengers.

Known steering planetary gear, disclosed in SU 694412 And containing the wheel connected with the first element, which is fixed to ensuring the rotation of the second element of the rotation of the gears (satellites) on the axes of transmission of the movement to provide steering of the car. The disadvantages of this vehicle's steering are large errors when turning the vehicle, associated with a large number of parts incorporated in the mechanism and steering.

The objective of the invention is the improvement of technical characteristics. The technical result will be the following:

- improve vehicle stability on turns;

- increase his maneuverability.

Additional technical results are as follows:

- reduction in vehicle weight due to his tricycle design;

- increase speed characteristics.

The problem is solved by a method of controlling a vehicle, in which spin the wheel, connected with the first element, which is fixed to ensuring the rotation of the second element, the cat is which rotates gear on the transmission axes of motion to rotate managed perednia wheels. And the second element rotates left and right gears on the left and right axes, one ends of which are bent at an angle of 90 with respect to the axis and are connected in sliding contact with the first element, and the other ends of these axes associated with the corps provided with bearings, a through hole which passes the axis on which is fixed a driven front wheel.

In addition, the steering mechanism may have the gear 25, thereby smoothly and without jerks the front sprocket is rotated, which gives the vehicle stability during shunting operations.

The control device for a vehicle includes a wheel connected with the first element, which is fixed to ensuring the rotation of the second element of the rotation of the gears on the transmission axes of motion to rotate the controlled front wheel. The second element is associated with the left and right gears on the left and right axes, one ends of which are bent at an angle of 90 with respect to the axis and are connected in sliding contact with the first element, and the other ends of these axes associated with the corps provided with bearings, a through hole which passes the axis on which is fixed a driven front sprocket, tire which has a spherical middle portion and the edge of the tires have a reference triangular projections for the stability of the vehicle in EMEA high-speed rotation to the right or left, when this device is intended for a three-wheeled passenger vehicle that has one leading managed front wheel, two rear driven wheels and a streamlined body shape.

The invention is illustrated by the following drawings:

1 shows a General view of the device of the three-wheeled vehicle;

Figure 2 shows the design of an improved tire drive wheel;

Figure 3 shows the control mechanism of the three-wheeled vehicle.

The device is a three-wheeled motor vehicle includes a streamlined body 1, the seat for driver and passenger 2, wheel 3, the first element 4, two rear driven wheels 5 and 6, the front drive wheel 7, in addition, a driving wheel 7 has an axle 9, the tire 10 of a complex configuration, and the middle part is made convex 11, and the other two have extreme triangular bent tabs 12, which are used for vehicle stability during high-speed rotation to the right or to the left; the mechanism for steering the drive wheel 7 includes a second element 13 mounted on the first element 4 and interacting with gears 16. Rod 4 is connected to and is supported in the thrust bearing 15 located in the housing 14. Gear 16 is fixed respectively on the axes 17 and 18, with the upper bent ends at an angle of 90 to the axis and having a sliding contact with a thrust of 4 of the steering wheel 3, the lower ends of the axes 17 of the 18 rigidly fixed to the bearing housings 19 and 20, in which are placed the bearings 21 and 22, respectively, through openings which passes the axis 23 of the drive wheel 7. Gear 16 normal to the planetary gear way interact with the annular gear wheel 24 located in the housing 14.

The control device is a three-wheeled car works as follows: after turning on the engine of the vehicle starts to move, and at this time, the driver with the necessary turning of the vehicle begins to rotate the wheel 3 and at this time, the first element 4 also starts to rotate together with a fortified it the second element 13, which gear 16 which communicate with the second element 13 also start to rotate, passing traffic on their bent axis 17 and 18. The bottom ends of the axles 17 and 18, which are mounted on bearings 19 and 20, transmit rotation. In a further axis 23 passing through holes in the bearings 21 and 22 and the hole of the drive wheel 7, begins to move and causes the wheel 7 to move to the right or left. It should be noted that at higher speeds of the vehicle, the tire 10 mounted on the wheel 7 having a convex middle portion 11, and the other extreme side of the tires have stops - angled triangular protrusions 12, which gives the car a more stable position, and the other two rear wheels 5 and 6 are tires of obyknovenny the CSOs view as in other cars. In addition, the body made a streamlined shape.

All of the above design features improve the maneuverability and stability of the car when cornering, gives the car a reduction in its weight, increase speed.

1. The way of driving, which rotate the wheel (3)connected with the first element (4), which is fixed to ensuring the rotation of the second element (13)which rotates the gear (16) on the axes (17, 18) motion to rotate the controlled front wheel (7), characterized in that the second element (13) rotates left and right gear (16) on the left and right axes (17, 18), one ends of which are bent at an angle of 90 with respect to the axis and are connected in the form of sliding contact with the first element (4), and the other ends of these axes associated with cases (19, 20)provided with bearings (21, 22) rolling through hole which passes the axis (23), on which is fixed a driven front wheel (7).

2. The control device for a motor vehicle comprising a steering wheel (3)connected with the first element (4), which is fixed to ensuring the rotation of the second element (13) of rotation of the gear (16) on the axes (17, 18) motion to rotate the controlled front wheel (7), characterized in that the second element (13) is associated with the left and right gears (16) on the left and right axes (17, 18), one end is which is bent at an angle of 90 with respect to the axis and are connected in the form of contact sliding with the first element (4), and the other ends of these axes associated with cases (19, 20)provided with bearings (21, 22) rolling through hole which passes the axis (23), on which is fixed a driven front sprocket (7), a tire that has a spherical middle portion (11)and the edge of the tires have a reference triangular protrusions (12) for the stability of the vehicle during high-speed rotation to the right or to the left, where the device is intended for a three-wheeled passenger vehicle that has one leading managed front wheel (7), two rear driven wheels, and the body is streamlined.



 

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FIELD: transport engineering.

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1 dwg

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6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; bicycles.

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1 dwg

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3 cl, 2 dwg

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FIELD: transport engineering.

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EFFECT: reduced force required for rolling the car.

4 cl, 5 dwg

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