Inhalation cigarette

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine and namely to devices for inhalation of various substances, preferably medicinal substances, to the human organism through airways. Inhalation cigarette consists of a cylindrical tube inside which there located is burnable filler, porous material with inhalation device and a filtering material. Cylindrical tube is made from heat-insulating material, covered on the outside with a thin antioxidant layer and consists of the rim made from cigarette paper on the side of the filtering material. Burnable filler is made in the form of chips which are covered on the outside with thin smoke agent layer. Polyolefine or granulated heat-resistant coal has been used as porous material. Acetate cellulose has been used as filter material. As burnable filler material, there has been used one of the materials of the group including calcium, aluminium, zinc, magnesium or their alloys.

EFFECT: invention provides thermal evaporations of inhalation substances, preferably medicinal substances without toxic impurities of pyrolised species of hydrocarbon substances.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device for the inhalation of various substances, mainly drug in the human body through the respiratory tract.

Known inhalation cigarette containing a cylindrical paper tube inside of fuel filler - fuel cell, porous material with means for inhalation and the filter material. The product is further provided with a heat conducting element connecting the fuel cell and the porous material with means for inhalation (see the description of the patent USSR No. 1575929, IPC A24D 1/18, publication 30.06.1990).

A disadvantage of the known inhalation of the cigarette is used as a fuel element of carbonaceous matter. This leads to the appearance of oxide and carbon dioxide sublimation of carbon-containing substances and the appearance of products of the pyrolysis of carbon during combustion of a fuel cell, leaving behind a substance that has a toxic effect on the body when they are inhaled.

The objective of the invention is to provide a thermal evaporation inhalation of substances, mainly medicinal, without toxic impurities pyrolysis products of carbon-containing substances.

The invention consists in that in the inhalation of the cigarette containing a cylindrical tube inside of g is Ruchi filler, porous material with means for inhalation and filter material, a cylindrical tube made of heat-conductive material and covered on the outside with a thin layer of antioxidant and from the side of the filter material contains an outer rim of the cigarette paper, a combustible filler is made the form of chips, which is covered with a thin layer of dimokratias, as the porous material is a polyolefin or granular heat-resistant charcoal as a filtering material applied to the cellulose acetate, and the quality of the material fuel filler applied one of the materials of the group comprising calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys.

In addition, as the heat conductive material of the cylindrical tube used one of the materials of the group comprising calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys.

This allows the combustion of a cylindrical tube and fuel filler, made of nontoxic material, such as calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys, to avoid toxic products of combustion because the combustion of calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys are formed of refractory non-volatile oxides that do not fit into the body and do not have a toxic effect. The heat released by the combustion of the combustible filler is used for evaporated the Oia funds for inhalation, contained in a porous substance, by passing heated air within the cylindrical tube through the porous material and by heat transfer from a cylindrical tube of porous material.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which shows the inhalation of the cigarette, the General view in the section.

Inhaled cigarette comprises a cylindrical tube 1 inside of fuel filler 2, the porous material 3 tool 4 for inhalation and the filter material 5. The cylindrical tube 1 is made of heat-conductive material, for example metal foil of calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys, covered on the outside with a thin layer of oxidant (not shown), such as sodium silicate or potassium silicate. Side of the filter material 5 on the outer surface of the cylindrical tube 1 is rim 6 of the cigarette paper. Fuel filler 2 is made in the form of chips of non-toxic material, not giving at the combustion of toxic substances, such as calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys. Chips fuel filler 2 is covered with a thin layer of dimokratias (not shown), such as iron chloride or ammonium chloride. As the porous material 3 used polyolefin or granular heat-resistant coal. As the filter is found material 5 applied to the cellulose acetate.

Inhaled cigarette use in the following way. When ignited the cylindrical tube 1 fuel filler 2 occurs hotbed of corruption, which leads to the gradual fading of the shell with filler towards the porous material 5. Inhalation of the substance 4, contained in a porous material 3, it should inhale during the Smoking process, choose the device lips over the rim 6, and inhale through the device, directing the flow of air in the respiratory tract.

Because of the cylindrical tube 1 and the rim 6 are sealed, the pressure drop during inhalation inside the device will lead to the ingress of air through the hotbed of corruption, strengthening the process of decay and dissipation. Honors combustible substance in this device is that used in the manufacture of the cylindrical tube 1 and the fuel filler 2 materials in the form of calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys during its oxidation by oxygen in the air do not emit toxic substances.

Next, the hot air from the source of corruption will pass through a combustible filler 2, made in the form of chips. Next, the hot air penetrates into the porous material 3 and due to the high temperature vapor inhalation substance 4, which, together with a stream of hot air through the filter material 5 flows into the lungs of a person.

Statement is Noah invention allows the combustion of a cylindrical tube 1 and the fuel filler 2, made of calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys, to avoid toxic products of combustion that occurs when Smoking other devices containing combustible carbonaceous material substance. The presence of a thin layer of the antioxidant in the form of sodium silicate or potassium silicate is necessary to prevent premature oxidation of the cylindrical tube 1 oxygen during storage of the device to its immediate use. The presence of a thin layer of dimokratias, such as iron chloride or ammonium chloride, applied to a combustible filler 2, made in the form of chips, allows for the burning of combustible filler 2 to vaporize demobrowser and to simulate the formation of smoke, what happens when the traditional Smoking process. The filter material 5 delays particles arising from combustion of the cylindrical tube 1 and the fuel filler 2.

1. Inhaled cigarette containing a cylindrical tube inside of the fuel filler, porous material with means for inhalation and the filter material, characterized in that the cylindrical tube is made of heat-conductive material, covered on the outside with a thin layer of antioxidant and from the side of the filter material contains an outer rim of harmnoy paper, the combustible filler is made in the form of chips, which is covered with a thin layer of dimokratias, as the porous material is a polyolefin or granular heat-resistant charcoal as a filtering material applied to the cellulose acetate, and the quality of the material fuel filler applied one of the materials of the group comprising calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys.

2. Cigarette according to claim 1, characterized in that as the heat conductive material of the cylindrical tube used one of the materials of the group comprising calcium, aluminum, zinc, magnesium or their alloys.



 

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