Cartridge and method to prepare drinks

FIELD: drinks preparation apparatuses.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drinks preparation apparatuses, particularly to cartridges incorporated with appropriate machine, from example, those to prepare coffee, tea, cappuccino etc. Proposed cartridge contains one or more drink liquid ingredients and is made from air- and watertight materials. It comprises liquid inlet, compartment to accommodate liquid ingredients and outlet to force prepared drink out. Aforesaid compartment includes the device decelerating dilution of at least a portion of the said ingredients on feeding water into the said compartment. In operation water way passes from inlet to outlet, while aforesaid dilution decelerating device comprises a gate constricting ingredient flow into water flow.

EFFECT: easy and reliable operation, chances to produce wide range of drinks.

77 cl, 49 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a cartridge and method for the preparation of beverages, in particular, with the use of sealed cartridges, which are made from essentially airtight and waterproof materials and which contain one or more ingredients to prepare drinks.

Previously it was proposed to seal the ingredients to make the drink in a separate airtight packaging. For example, the known cartridges or capsules containing Packed (sealed) ground coffee, intended for use in some machines for making coffee, which is usually called the machines "espresso". When preparing coffee using these machines cartridge with coffee placed in the cooking chamber, and passed through the cartridge under a relatively high pressure hot water, thus removing from ground coffee aromatics of coffee to get a coffee drink. Typically, these machines work under pressure for more than 6 x 105PA. Espresso machines of the type described to date have been expensive as machine components such as water pumps and seals must withstand high pressure.

In the application WO 01/58786 described cartridge for the preparation of drinks, which operates under pressure being in intervallet 0.7 to 2.0 x 10 5PA. However, this cartridge is designed for use in the car for commercial or industrial beverage and is relatively expensive. Therefore, a need remains in the cartridge for the preparation of beverages, in which the cartridge and the machine for preparing a beverage suitable, in particular, on the cost, performance and reliability, for use in everyday life. There is also a need machines for making beverages in such a system, which is simple in operation, reliable in operation and can produce a wide variety of drinks.

Known use in print of the ingredients of the drink based on milk products in the form of powder or other dehydrated form. However, consumers unanimously indicate that the use of such powdered dairy products has a negative effect on the taste, color and texture of the finished drink. Proved the difficulty of obtaining liquid products on the basis of dairy products in the cartridge due to the need for sterilization of the components of the cartridge. It has also proven difficult to control dilution and bottling of liquid milk products in such a way as to reach a constant quality and affordable ready-to-drink.

In addition, dairy products in powder form cannot be used to produce out the mV-looking milk foam, as required by consumers for drinks like cappuccino. In a number of machines for preparing beverages used steam probe or similar device for foaming a certain amount of milk. However, the addition of steam probe increases the cost of the machine and requires a means of generating steam. Management of steam probe has to be done manually and requires experience in order to be successful. In addition, in connection with the use of steam, there is a danger of burns consumer or steam, or hot parts of the machine. In addition, the consumer must have a source of milk, separate from the machine, and performs an additional operation type for the production of beverage type cappuccino. This increases the complexity and increases the time required to obtain such drinks.

Therefore, a need remains in the system for making beverages, in which the cartridges and machine for making beverages system is suitable, in particular, on the cost, performance and reliability for everyday use. There is also a need in the car to make drinks for a system that is simple in operation, reliable in operation and can produce a wide variety of drinks.

Accordingly, the present invention provides a cartridge containing one or a few what to liquid beverage ingredients made of essentially air - and water-impermeable materials, the cartridge includes an inlet for introduction into the cartridge of the water environment, the Department, containing one or more liquid beverage ingredients and an output for issuing a drink that is obtained by diluting one or more liquid beverage ingredients aqueous medium, and this separation provides a means of control dilution of at least part of one or more liquid beverage ingredients when applying the water environment in the Department.

Preferably the cartridge according to the invention provides improved dilution and delivery of liquid beverage ingredients, ensuring a more even discharge of the liquid ingredients of the drink during the working cycle instead of a full grant at the beginning of the operating cycle, followed almost pure water environment, which is, for example, water. This uniform issuance liquid beverage ingredients leads to improved uniformity of distribution of the liquid beverage. In addition, in the case where the diluted liquid drink then subjected to foaming, for example, by injection through the hole, improved uniformity of fluid leads to increased consistency expansion and improvement of the quality and quantity of foam obtained per unit volume of liquid beverage.

Preferably among the STV control dilution delaying thinning at least part of one or more liquid beverage ingredients when applying to the Department of water environment.

Preferably when using a path for the flow of the water environment place from input to output, as a means of delaying dilution contains a partition that prevents the flow of at least part of one or more liquid beverage ingredients in the path of flow of the water environment. In one embodiment, the partition contains one or more holes for controlled allocation of at least part of one or more liquid beverage ingredients in the path of flow of the water environment. You can use the four holes.

The partition may include a Cup-shaped element with the hole facing away from the path of flow of the water environment. Cup-shaped element preferably is annular. On the basis of the bowl-shaped element or adjacent preferably provided with one or more apertures. At least a portion of the liquid beverage ingredients in the bowl-shaped element, flows, for example, under the action of gravity through one or more of the used hole.

In one embodiment, the Cup-shaped element is separated by a gap from the bottom of the cartridge, so that the path for the flow of aqueous medium passes between the Cup-shaped element and the lower part of the cartridge. As a result, at least a portion of the liquid beverage ingredients in caseo the different element, flows under the influence of gravity through one or more of the used holes vertically down into the path of flow of the water environment.

Preferably, the cartridge includes an inner element and outer element and inner element contains a Cup-shaped element. The components of the inner element and outer element are easier to sterilize before Assembly, when they are separated. Immediately after the connection of the components is formed of a number of narrow, winding channels that cannot be effectively sterilized using known methods. The sterilization of components is particularly advantageous characteristic when using the cartridge for issue-based drinks dairy products such as milk.

Preferably the cartridge also includes means for obtaining a strong jet of beverage, in which the indicated means of obtaining a strong jet of beverage contains a hole on the path for flow of the water environment. The hole may be formed in the transition zone between the inner element and outer element.

Preferably the cartridge also includes at least one inlet for air and a means of generating pressure in the jet of the beverage, resulting in the use of air from the at least one inlet for air is included in the beverage in the form of many small bubbles. At IU is e one input for air can be located in the inner element after the hole along the stream.

In one embodiment, the at least one inlet for air and a means for lowering the pressure in the jet of the beverage provides a foaming one or more liquid beverage ingredients in volume more than 40%. Preferably more than 70%. Preferably the cartridge is disc-shaped. The outer element and/or the inner element is performed, for example, from polypropylene.

In one example of the liquid ingredient of the drink is a concentrated liquid milk composition. Preferably, the concentrated liquid milk contains from 25 to 40% dry matter. More preferably, the concentrated liquid milk contains 30 % solids. Also preferably concentrated liquid milk contains from 0.1 to 12% fat. On the other hand, one or more liquid beverage ingredients selected from the group which includes solids cocoa, coffee, tea, sweeteners, stimulating drinks, condiments, alcoholic drinks, flavoured milk, fruit juices, squash(diluted juice, sauces and desserts.

The present invention also provides a method of issuing a beverage from a cartridge containing one or more liquid beverage ingredients during the working cycle, including operations skip aqueous medium through the cartridge to form a beverage by dilution of the indicated one or more liquid the ingredients, foaming specified drink and issuance of foamed drink in the receiver, and controlling the degree of dilution of the indicated one or more beverage ingredients, so that the expanded issued by the drink has a concentration in the beginning of the working cycle from 30 to 70% solids and the concentration at the end of the working cycle from 1% to 15% of dry matter.

In one embodiment, the concentration at the beginning of the working cycle is 30 to 35% dry matter. The concentration at the end of the duty cycle is approximately 10% solids. Liquid ingredient can be concentrated milk. In another embodiment, the concentration at the beginning of the working cycle is 60 to 70% solids. The concentration at the end of the working cycle is 12 to 15% of dry matter. Liquid ingredient may contain solids cocoa. In another embodiment, the concentration at the beginning of the duty cycle is from 40 to 70% solids. The concentration at the end of the duty cycle is 1% to 2% of dry matter. Liquid ingredient may contain coffee.

The present invention also provides a method of issuing a beverage from a cartridge containing one or more liquid beverage ingredients during the working cycle of operation skip aqueous medium through the cartridge to form a beverage by dilution pointed to by the x one or more liquid ingredients, and issuance of the drink in the receiver, and one or more liquid beverage ingredients churn when issuing up to a level of from 20 to 150%.

Preferably one or more liquid beverage ingredients to churn level from 70 to 100%.

One or more liquid beverage ingredients may include one or more ingredients from concentrated milk, coffee and cocoa particles.

The present invention also provides a beverage obtained by the above methods.

The present invention also provides a method of manufacturing a cartridge for delivery of the beverage, which provides the following operations:

a) preparing a variety of external elements, containing at least the outer element of the first type and the outer element of the second type having a different shape and configuration.

b) the manufacture of many of the internal elements, containing at least the internal element of the first type and the internal element of the second type having a different shape and configuration.

(C) storing the specified set of external elements and the specified internal parts;

d) selecting from a variety of external elements of one of the outer elements of the first type and one of the outer elements of the second type;

e) select from a variety of internal components of one of the internal elements of the first type and one of the inner construction of the x elements of the second type;

f) a compound selected inner element with the selected outer element so that the inner element is located inside the external element;

g) filling the outer element of the one or more beverage ingredients selected from a variety of beverage ingredients; and

h) sealing the outer element by a cover to form a cartridge.

The method of manufacturing according to the invention offers a cost-effective means of production cartridge for issuing one of the many drinks. It is important that this cartridge is easy going of the main components of the inner element, the outer element ingredient of the drink and cover. Depending on intended for issuance ingredient produces different types of outer element, the inner element and the cover. However, different types of outer element, the inner element and covers are interchangeable, so you can collect a special cartridges from special combinations of the original components. This leads to a decrease in the number of all components that need to be done, without negative impact on the diversity of types of cartridges that can be produced. For example, the outer element of the same type can be used for the issuance of filter coffee and coffee type espresso.

The cost of manufacturing of a number of install is Jay beverage is reduced through the use of interchangeable components. In addition, the types of the external element share essentially the same outer shape and configuration, so that all the cartridges in this series can be used for the issuance of using the same machine for making beverages.

Optionally, the method also provides for the operation b is connected with the inner element of the first type and/or of the second type of filter element.

The outer element of the first type may be suitable for receiving roast and ground beverage ingredients or the like, the Outer element of the second type may be suitable for receiving roast and ground beverage ingredients or similar

The inner element of the first type may be suitable for filtering roast and ground beverage ingredients or other Internal element of the second type may be suitable for filtering roast and ground beverage ingredients or the like, and to capture multiple air bubbles generated by the drink.

The inner element of the first and second type may contain the frame and placed on the filter, in which the peripheral rim of the frame is connected with a selected type of the external member by welding.

Through the use of inner and outer elements of the individual components, which are then connected to the Assembly unit through the welding process, it is possible to optimize the production of ka the instrument component and the Assembly of the cartridge. It is important for this cartridge, where the desired very small tolerances, because the path for the flow of beverage through the cartridge is limited to the transition zone between the outer element and inner element. In addition, the components of the inner element and outer element can be more easily sterilized before Assembly, when they are separated. Immediately after welding of the components among themselves and thereby form a series of narrow, winding channels that cannot be effectively sterilized by known methods. The sterilization of components is particularly advantageous characteristic when using the cartridge for issue-based drinks dairy products such as milk. The welding is a fast and reliable way to connect the inner and outer element. It is important that the welding method eliminates the need for glue or other adhesives inside the cartridge, where they will be open for contact with the ingredients of the drink.

Preferably the inner element of the second type includes means for obtaining a strong jet of beverage containing the hole on the path for flow of the beverage between the inlet and outlet of the cartridge.

Preferably the method provides for the manufacture and storage of the internal element of the third type. The inner element of the third type may be appropriate to issue a soluble phrases is tov drink and the like.

Preferably the method provides for the manufacture and storage of the internal element of the fourth type. The inner element of the fourth type may be appropriate to issue liquid beverage ingredients and the like.

The internal elements of the third and fourth type can hold a skirt surrounding the outlet, and the skirt includes an upper ledge having a top rim, which engages in the Assembly of interacting with the formation of the outer element of the selected type, forming a landing with a snap to connect the internal element of the third or fourth type of outer element of the selected type.

The present invention provides a cartridge system for issuing a variety of drinks that contains:

a) a lot of external elements, containing at least the outer element of the first type and the outer element of the second type having a different shape and configuration.

b) many of the internal elements, containing at least the internal element of the first type and the internal element of the second type having a different shape and configuration.

C) many of the ingredients of the drink and

d) at least one lid for sealing the cartridge;

each cartridge contains the outer element, the inner element, one or more beverage ingredients and cover.

Us is Aasee the invention also provides a method of preparation of the drink, providing operations:

a) introducing a first cartridge for a beverage, containing one or more beverage ingredients into the machine for preparing a beverage;

b) actuation of the specified machines for the beverage to pass the water environment through the first cartridge drink to issue the first part of the drink in the receiver.

(C) introducing a second cartridge for beverage, containing one or more beverage ingredients into the machine for preparing a beverage;

d) actuation of the specified machines for the beverage to pass the water environment through the second cartridge drink to issue the second part of the drink in the receiver.

one of the first and second cartridges for drinks contains liquid ingredient-based dairy products.

Through the use of for beverage two or more cartridges it is possible to obtain a wide selection of drinks in the same machine for the manufacture of beverages. In addition, each cartridge can be optimized for the issuance of specific ingredients of the drink. In particular, the ability to produce liquid ingredients based on milk products allow the formation of drinks with genuine appearance, taste and feeling on the lips, which previously could only be obtained using the system, not osnovaniya cartridges, such as the use of a separate steam probe to produce massive amounts of milk. This method offers a reliable and convenient in operation system, the formation of such drinks.

Preferably one of the first or second cartridge for beverage contains an ingredient that is intended for the formation of a welded part of the drink.

Preferably the method also includes an operation to retrieve the first cartridge for a drink before insertion of the second cartridge for a drink.

In one embodiment, the ingredient of the drink in the first or second cartridge to drink is roasted and ground coffee. In another embodiment, the ingredient of the drink in the first or second cartridge to drink is tea leaves. In one embodiment, the ingredient of the drink in the first or second cartridge for a beverage is a liquid coffee ingredient.

Preferably the liquid ingredient of the drink is a concentrated product based on milk. Preferably concentrated product based on milk is a concentrated liquid milk. Preferably, the concentrated liquid milk contains from 25 to 40% dry matter. More preferably, the concentrated liquid milk contains 30% solids. In addition, preferably concentrated liquid milk with the keep from 0.1 to 12% fat.

Preferably the method also provides for the operation of foaming at the time of dispensing one or more ingredients based on milk products.

The present invention also provides a system for making beverages containing machine for making beverages, having a tool receiving different cartridges for drinks and a means of transmission of the aquatic environment through these cartridges for drinks, and the first cartridge for drinks contain one or more beverage ingredients for the preparation of the first specified portion of the beverage, and the second cartridge for drinks contain one or more beverage ingredients for the preparation of the second portion of the specified drink, and the first or second cartridges for drinks contain a liquid ingredient-based dairy products.

It is clear that the term "cartridge"as used here means any package, container, package or Sasha receiver, which contains one or more beverage ingredients as described above. The cartridge may be rigid, semi-rigid or flexible.

The cartridge according to the invention contains one or more liquid beverage ingredients suitable for the formation of the finished drink. Ready to drink can be selected, for example, from the group consisting of coffee, tea, chocolate and drinks based on milk products, including milk.

In the following the description, the terms "upper" and "lower", as well as equivalent will be used to describe the relative placement of the features of the invention. The terms "upper" and "lower", and is equivalent to them should be considered as belonging to the cartridge (or other components) in their normal orientation for installation in a machine for preparing beverages and subsequent issuance, as shown, for example, in figure 4. In particular, the "upper" and "lower" refer respectively to the relative positions closer to and farther from the top surface 11 of the cartridge. In addition, the terms "inner" and "outer", and the equivalent will be used to describe the relative position of the features of the invention. The terms "inner" and "outer", and is equivalent to them should be considered as referring to the relative positions on the cartridge (or other components)that are respectively closer to and farther from the center or main axis X of the cartridge 1 (or another component).

Next will be described embodiments of the present invention only as an example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, on which:

Figure 1 is a view in cross section of the outer member in the first and second embodiments of the cartridge;

Figure 2 is a view in cross section the details of the external element of figure 1, showing facing the inside of the cylindrical protrusion;

Figure 3 - view of the section details the external element of figure 1, showing the slit;

4 is a perspective view from above of the outer element of figure 1;

5 is a perspective view from above of the outer element of figure 1 in an inverted position;

6 is a top view of the outer element of figure 1;

Fig.7 is a view in section of the inner element in the first embodiment perform the cartridge;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element 7;

Fig.9 is a perspective view from above of the inner element 7 in an inverted position;

Figure 10 is a top view of the inner element 7;

11 is a view in section of a first variant implementation of the cartridge in the assembled state;

Fig - view in section of the inner element of the second variant of execution of the cartridge;

Fig is a view in cross section details of the internal element at Fig showing the eye;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig upside down;

Fig is another view in section of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a view in cross section of another part of the internal element at Fig showing the inlet for air;

Fig - view in section of a second variant implementation of the cartridge in the assembled state;

Fig is a view in cross section of the outer element of the third and fourth embodiments of the cartridge;

Fig is a view in cross section is of etale outer element Fig, showing facing the inside of the cylindrical protrusion;

Fig is a top view of the outer element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the outer element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the outer element Fig upside down;

Fig - view in section of the inner element of the third variant of execution of the cartridge;

Fig is a top view of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a view in cross section details of the internal element at Fig showing wrapped inside top rim;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig upside down;

Fig is a view in cross section of a third variant of execution of the cartridge in the assembled state;

Fig - view in section of the inner element of the fourth version of the complete cartridge according to the invention;

Fig is a top view of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig upside down;

Fig - view in section of a fourth variant of execution of the cartridge in the assembled state;

Fig is a perspective view from the front of the machine for preparing beverages intended for use with the present invention;

Fig - view is the perspective from the front of the machine Fig cartridge, in the open position;

Fig is a perspective view from the rear of the machine Fig, where some details omitted for clarity;

Fig is another perspective view from the rear of the machine Fig, where some details omitted for clarity;

Fig is a perspective view of cartridge head machine Fig, where some details omitted for clarity;

Fig is another perspective view of cartridge head machine Fig where some details omitted for clarity;

Fig - view in section of the cartridge head in the closed position;

Fig - view in section of the cartridge head in the open position;

Fig - block diagram of the machine Fig;

Figa and 44b is a flowchart of the first and second code recognition means for the machine on Fig;

Fig is a top view of the beverage according to the invention, containing a bar code;

Figa is a graph of the dependence of concentration on the duration of the working cycle;

Fig.46b is a plot of the foam from the duration of the working cycle;

Figs is a plot of the temperature on the duration of the working cycle.

As shown in figure 11, the cartridge 1 contains the outer element 2, the inner element 3 and the laminated material 5. The outer element 2, the inner element 3 and the laminated material 5 is assembled, forming cartridge 1, which has an internal part 120 to the content od the CSO or more beverage ingredients the inlet 121, the output 122 and path for the flow of the drink, which connects the inlet 121 and the outlet 122 and which passes through the inner portion 120. The inlet 121 and outlet 122 are initially sealed laminated material 5 and is opened when using by punching or cutting the laminated material 5. The path for the flow of beverage is determined by the spatial relationship between the outer element 2, inner member 3 and the laminated material 5, as will be discussed below. In the cartridge 1 may also include other components such as the filter 4, as will be described later.

The first version of the cartridge 1, which is described as the base case, shown in figure 1-11. The first version of the cartridge 1 is particularly suited for use in the issuance of filtered products such as roast and ground coffee or leaf tea. However, this variant of the cartridge 1 and the other options described below may be used with other products, such as chocolate, coffee, tea, sweeteners, stimulating drinks, condiments, alcoholic drinks, flavoured milk, fruit juices, fruit juice with sparkling water, drinks and desserts.

As shown in figure 5, the cartridge 1 has a General circular or disc shape, and the diameter of the cartridge 1 is significantly larger than its height. The main axis X passes the via the center of the outer element, as shown in figure 1. Usually the whole diameter of the outer element 2 is 74,5 mm 6 mm and the total height is 16 mm 3 mm is Usually the volume of the cartridge 1 after Assembly is 30.2 ml 20%.

The outer element 2 contains a Cup-shaped casing 10 having a curved annular wall 13, a closed top 11 and an open bottom portion 12. The diameter of the outer element 2 on the top 11 is smaller than the diameter of the lower part 12, which is associated with the expansion of the annular wall 13 of the bottom, at the transition from the closed top 11 to the open bottom 12. The annular wall 13 and a closed top 11 together form a receiver with the interior 34.

In the closed top 11 performed facing the inside of the hollow cylindrical protrusion 18, centered on the main axis X. As best shown in figure 2, the cylindrical projection 18 includes a stepped profile having first, second and third sections 19, 20 and 21. The first section 19 has the shape of a right circular cylinder. The second section 20 has the shape of a truncated cone and beveled inward. The third section 21 is another site with the correct form of a circular cylinder and closes the bottom surface 31. The diameter of the first, second and third sections 19, 20 and 21 is gradually reduced, so that the diameter of the cylindrical protrusion 18 is reduced when moving from the top 11 to the closed bottom surface 31 of the cylindrical protrusion 18. According to the society of the horizontal shoulder 32 formed on the cylindrical protrusion 18 at the interface between the second and third sections 20 and 21.

On the outer element 2 in the direction of the lower part 12 is protruding outward shoulder 33. Protruding outward shoulder 33 forms a secondary wall 15, coaxial with the annular wall 13 so as to form a circular path, forming a manifold 16 between the secondary wall 15 and the annular wall 13. Collector 16 passes around the circumference of the outer element 2. In the annular wall 13 is the number of slits 17 is flush with the manifold 16, to provide the movement of gas and liquid between the collector 16 and the inner part 34 of the outer element 2. As shown in figure 3, the slits 17 are vertical slits in the annular wall 13. Apply 20 to 40 slots. In the shown embodiment, is used thirty-seven slots 17, rownorzednych around the circumference of the manifold 16. Slit 17 preferably have a length of from 1.4 to 1.8 mm is Usually the length of each slit is 1.6 mm, accounting for 10% of the total height of the outer element 2. The width of each slit is from 0.25 to 0.35 mm is Usually the width of each gap is 0.3 mm Slit 17 is quite narrow in order to prevent the ingredients of the beverage in the reservoir 16 as during storage and use.

The inlet chamber 26 formed in the outer element 2 on the periphery of the outer element 2. As best shown in figure 5, is provided by cylindrical wall 27 which forms Soboh the inlet chamber 26 and separates the inlet chamber 26 from the inner part 34 of the outer element 2. Cylindrical wall 27 has a closed top surface 28, which is located in the plane perpendicular to the main axis X, and an open lower end 29 located in the same plane with the bottom part 12 of the outer element 2. The inlet chamber 26 is communicated, as shown in figure 1, with the reservoir 16 through the two slits 30. On the other hand, for communication between the manifold 16 and the input chamber 26 can be used from one to four slits.

The lower end protruding outward of the shoulder 33 provided with protruding outward flange 35, which runs perpendicular to the main axis X. Typically, the flange 35 has a width of from 2 to 4 mm Portion of the flange 35 is enlarged, forming a handle 24 which may be used to hold the outer element 2. The handle 24 is provided with a turned up edge 25 to improve grip.

The outer element 2 made in one piece from high-density polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyester or laminated material of two or more of these materials. Suitable polypropylene can be chosen from polymers company DSM UK Limited (Reddish, UK). The outer element may be opaque, transparent or translucent. The production process can be injection molding.

The internal element 3, as shown in Fig.7-10, contains an annular frame 41 and the exhaust down the cylindrical funnel 40. The main axis X, as p is shown in Fig.7, passes through the center of the inner element 3.

As shown best in Fig, the annular frame 41 includes an outer rim 51 and the inner sleeve 52, which are connected ten reversename radial ridges 53. The inner sleeve 52 forms one whole with the cylindrical funnel 40 and away from it. In the annular frame 41 between the radial ridges 53 are made of the filter hole 55. The filter 4 is placed on the annular frame 41 so as to cover the filter hole 55. The filter is preferably made of a material having a high strength in the wet state, for example, non-woven fibrous material of polyester. Other materials that can be used include waterproof pulp material, such as cellulosic material containing-woven paper fibers. Non-woven paper fibers can be mixed with polypropylene fibers, polyvinyl chloride and/or polyethylene. The inclusion of these plastic materials in the pulp material makes cellulosic material termoskleivaniya. The filter 4 can also be treated and covered with material that is activated by heat and/or pressure, so that it can stick to the annular frame 41 so.

As shown is made in section 7, when the inner sleeve 52 is located in n the click position relative to the outer rim 51, the annular frame 41 has an inclined lower profile.

The upper surface of each jumper 53 provided with a rising wall 54, which separates the cavity space above the annular frame 41 on many passages 57. Each passage 57 is limited at the sides by a partition wall 54 and the bottom of the filter 4. The passages 57 are from the outer rim 51 down to the cylindrical funnel 40, opening into the openings 56 formed by the inner edges of the partitions 54.

The cylindrical funnel 40 includes an inner tube 42 surrounding the inner vydatnou pipe 43. Outer tube 42 forms the outer part of the cylindrical funnel 40. Vydatnou pipe 43 connected to the outer pipe 42 at the upper end wydanego pipe 43 through the annular flange 47. Vydatnou pipe 43 includes at the upper end of the inlet 45 which communicates with the openings 56 of the passages 57 and exit 44 at the lower end, through which the prepared drink throw in a Cup or other receiver. Vydatnou pipe 43 contains a plot in the form of a truncated cone 48 at the upper end and the cylindrical section 58 at the lower end. The cylindrical section 58 may have a slight taper so that it tapers towards the outlet 44. Section 48 in the form of a truncated cone helps to convey the beverage passes from 57 down in the direction of exit 44, without imparting turbulence to drink. The upper surface is rnost section 48 in the form of a truncated cone provided with four supporting crosspieces 49, reversename around the circumference of the cylindrical funnel 40. Reference jumper 49 form the channels 50 between them. The upper edge of the load-bearing lintels 49 are located on the same level with each other and perpendicular to the main axis X.

The internal element 3 can be made in one piece from polypropylene or similar material, as described above, and by injection molding in the same manner as the outer element 2.

On the other hand, the internal element 3 and/or the outer element 2 can be made of biodegradable polymer. Examples of suitable materials include biodegradable polyethylene (for example, SPITEK company Symphony Environmental, Borehamwood, UK), the biodegradable polyetherimide (e.g., HAC 1095 company Symphony Environmental), lactic polyacid (PLA firm Cargil, PCs Minnesota, USA), polymers based on starch, cellulose derivatives and polypeptides.

Laminated material 5 is formed from two layers, the first layer of aluminum and a second layer of cast polypropylene. The thickness of the aluminum layer is from 0.02 to 0.07 mm Thickness molded polypropylene ranges from 0.025 to 0,065 mm In one embodiment, the thickness of the aluminum layer is 0.06 mm and a layer of polypropylene - 0,025 mm This laminated material is particularly suitable because it has a greater resistance to twisting during Assembly. In the Lam is nirovany material 5 can be pre-cut into the desired size and shape and then transfer to the Assembly production line despite the fact that it is not subject to warping. Therefore, the laminated material 5 is particularly suitable for welding. Can be used and other laminated materials, including materials such as PET/Al/PP, PE/EVO/PP, PET/metalized/PP and Aluminum/PP. Instead of cut blanks may use laminated material in rolls.

Instead of flexible laminated material cartridge 1 can be closed by a rigid or semi-rigid cover.

The cartridge Assembly 1 includes the following operations:

a) the internal element 3 is inserted into the outer element 2;

b) filter 4 cut into desired shape and place on the inner element 3 thus, in order to place it on top of the cylindrical funnel 40 and to impose on the annular frame 41;

(C) the internal element 3, the outer element 2 and the filter 4 are combined by ultrasonic welding;

d) the cartridge 1 is filled by one or more beverage ingredients;

e) laminated material 5 is attached to the outer element 2.

These operations will be described in more detail below.

The outer element 2 are equipped with an open bottom part 12 facing upwards. The internal element 3 is then put into the outer element 2 with an outer rim 51, freely planted in the axial protrusion 14 on the top 11 of the cartridge 1. A cylindrical protrusion 18 of the outer element 2 at the same the time inserted in the upper part of the cylindrical funnel 40 of the inner element 3. The third section 21 of the cylindrical protrusion 18 is placed within the cylindrical funnel 40 with a closed bottom surface 31 of the cylindrical protrusion 18, based on the reference jumper 49 inner element 3. Then on the inner element 3 put the filter 4 so that the filter material is in contact with the annular rim 51. After this, the process of welding by ultrasound are used for connection of the filter 4 with the inner member 3 simultaneously with the operation of the process connection of the internal element 3 with the outer element 2. The internal element 3 and the filter 4 weld on the outer rim 51. The internal element 3 and the outer element 2 connected by means of welded seams around the outer rim 51 and, in addition, along the upper edges of the bridges 54.

As most clearly shown at 11, the outer element 2 and the inner element 3 being interconnected to form a cavity 130 in the inner part 120 below the annular flange 41 and the outer part of the cylindrical funnel 40, forming a filter chamber. The filter chamber 130 and the passages 57 above annular frame 41 are separated by the filter paper 4.

The filter chamber 130 contains one or more beverage ingredients 200. One or more beverage ingredients Packed in the filter chamber 130. Drink filtered type ingredient is usually fried the old coffee or leaf tea. The packing density of the beverage ingredients in the filter chamber 130 may vary as desired. Usually, to obtain filtered ready coffee filter chamber contains from 5.0 to 10.2 grams of roasted and ground coffee in the filter layer of normal thickness 5-14 mm Optional internal part 120 may contain one or more elements such as balls, which move freely in the inner part 120, promoting mixing by promoting turbulence and destroying clusters of beverage ingredients at the time of issue of the drink.

Laminated material 5 then attach to the outer element 2 through the formation of a weld 126 on the periphery of the laminated material 5 for the connection of the laminated material 5 with the lower surface protruding outward flange 35. Weld 126 continues for a tight attachment of the laminated material 5 to the bottom edge of cylindrical wall 27 of the input chamber 26. Further, between the laminated material 5 and the lower edge of the outer tube 42 of the cylindrical funnel 40 form a welded seam 125. Laminated material 5 forms the lower wall of the filter chamber 130 and seals the entrance to the chamber 26 and the cylindrical funnel 40. However, before issuing between the laminated material 5 and the lower edge of wydanego pipe 43 there sky is lsoi the gap 123. Application of various welding methods, such as welding heat and ultrasound, depending on the characteristics of the laminated material 5.

Preferably the inner element 3 continues between the outer element 2 and the laminated material 5. The internal element 3 is made of material having relative rigidity, such as polypropylene. As such, the internal element 3 forms the element carrying the load, which serves to hold the laminated material 5 and the outer element 2 are separated by compression of the cartridge 1. Preferably, when using the cartridge 1 was subjected to a compressive load from 130 to 280 N, the load is attached machine for preparing a beverage, in which the inserted cartridge. The compressive force helps to prevent the destruction of the cartridge under the action of internal pressure and also serves to press together the inner element 3 and the outer element 2. This ensures that the internal dimensions of the passages and holes in the cartridge 1 are fixed and cannot be changed during the discharge pressure in the cartridge 1.

To use the cartridge 1 is first inserted into the machine for preparing beverages, opening the inlet 121 and outlet 122-piercing elements of the machine for preparing beverages, which are punched and folded glossy is consistent material 5. Aqueous medium, typically water, enters the cartridge 1 under pressure through the inlet 121 in the entrance chamber 26 under the pressure of 0.1-2.0 bar. From here the water is directed to flow through the slit 30 and around the reservoir 16 in the filter chamber 130 of the cartridge 1 through the number of gaps 17. Water is directed radially inward through the filter chamber 130 and mixed with ingredients 200 beverage contained therein. At the same time, water goes up through the ingredients of the drink. Drink, formed when water passes through the ingredients of the beverage passes through the filter 4 and the filter hole 55 in the passages 57, lying above the annular frame 41. Tight connection of the filter 4 with the ridges 53 and the welding of the rim 51 to the outer element 2 warrants workarounds and that the drink must pass through the filter 4.

Then the drink flows down along the radial passages 57 formed between the ridges 54, and through the openings 56 in the cylindrical funnel 40. Drink passes along the channels 50 between the support ridges 47 and down widocznoa the pipe 43 to the outlet 44, where the drink is produced in the receiver Cup type.

Preferably a machine for making a beverage contains a device for purging, which delivers compressed air through the cartridge 1 at the end of the working cycle to drain the remaining beverage in the receiver.

On Fig-18 show the n second variant of the cartridge 1. The second variant of the cartridge 1 is designed for use when issuing products such as espresso, such as roasted and ground coffee, where it is desirable to get a drink containing foam of tiny bubbles known as "cream" (ital. "foam"). Many of the signs of the second variant of the cartridge 1 are the same as in the first embodiment, and to indicate the same characteristics are used in the same numerical position. In the further description will discuss the differences between the first and second options. Common signs of acting in the same way, be considered in detail will not.

The outer element 2 has the same design as in the first embodiment of the cartridge 1, and as shown in Fig.1-6.

The annular frame 41 of the internal element 3 is the same as in the first embodiment. In addition, the filter 4 is located on the annular frame 41 so as to cover the filter hole 55. Outer tube 42 of the cylindrical funnel 40 is also the same as before. However, there are some differences in the design of the inner element 2 of the second variant in comparison with the first option. As shown in Fig, vydatnou pipe 43 provided with a partition wall 65, which is partly up widocznoa the pipe 43 from the outlet 44. The partition wall 65 helps to prevent splashing and/or splashing of the beverage PR is the output from wydanego pipe 43. Profile wydanego pipe 43 is also different and contains a stepped profile with clearly visible curvature 66 near the upper end of the pipe 43.

Provides a rim 67, rising from the annular flange 47 and connecting the outer tube 42 with videcnik pipe 43. Rim 47 surrounds the inlet 45 in vydatnou pipe 43 and forms an annular channel 69 between the rim 67 and the upper part of the outer pipe 42. Rim 67 is supplied with the inward facing shoulder 68. In one place on the circumference of the rim 67 is made a hole 70 in the form of a slit running from the top edge of the rim 67 to places located at a minimum distance below the level of the shoulder 68, as best shown in Fig and 13. The slot width is 0.64 mm

In the annular flange 47 provided input 71 for air, combined on a circle with a hole 70, as shown in Fig and 17. Input 71 for air contains a hole passing through the flange 47 so as to provide communication between the space above the flange 47 and the cavity below the flange 47 between the outer pipe and videcnik pipe 43. Preferably and as shown, the inlet 71 for air contains upper portion 73 in the shape of a truncated cone and the lower cylindrical section 72. Entrance for air 71 usually form a molding tool, such as a hairpin. The tapered profile of the input 71 for air facilitates removing the forming tool from formula the aqueous component. The wall of the outer tube 42 near the entrance 71 for air given the shape of the trench 75 leading from the entrance for air 71 to the input 45 wydanego pipe 43. As shown in Fig, between the input 71 for air and chute 75 is formed a beveled shoulder 74 to ensure that a strong jet of the beverage coming out of the slit 70, will not hit immediately on the upper surface of the flange 47 in the vicinity of the inlet 71 for air.

The Assembly procedure of the second variant of the cartridge 1 is similar to the Assembly of the first option. However, there are some differences. As shown in Fig, the third section 21 of the cylindrical protrusion 18 is placed inside rather support rim 67 than the reference jumper. The shoulder 32 of the cylindrical protrusion 18 between the second portion 20 and the third section 21 rests on the upper edge of the support rim 67 of the inner element 3. Between the inner member 3 and outer element 2 is formed so area 124 of the passage that contains the mechanical seal between the cylindrical protrusion 18 and the supporting rim 67, running almost around the entire circumference of the cartridge 1. The seal between the cylindrical protrusion 18 and the supporting rim 67 is not impervious to the fluid, since the slit 70 in the bearing rim 67 passes through the supporting rim 67 and down to the place, located directly under the shoulder 68. As a result, the transition between Qili the shape of the protrusion 18 and the supporting rim 67 turns the slot 70 in the hole 128, as shown best in Fig, providing a flow of gas and liquid between the annular channel 69 and videcnik pipe 43. The hole usually has a width of 0.64 mm and a length of 0,69 mm

The second version of the cartridge when the issue of the drink is similar to the first option, but with some differences. Drink in the radial passages 57 trickles down the passages 57 formed between the ridges 54 and through the openings 56 in the annular channel 69 of the cylindrical funnel 40. From the annular channel 69 drink is directed through the hole 128 through the back pressure of the drink going into the filter chamber 130 and the passages 57. The beverage thus passed under pressure through the opening 128 in the form of a strong jet and enters the expansion chamber formed by the upper end of wydanego pipe 43. As shown in Fig, a strong jet of the beverage passes directly over the entrance 71 for air. When the drink goes in vydatnou pipe 43, the pressure in the jet of the beverage falls. The result is the capture of the air jet of the beverage in the form of many small bubbles of air at the suction of air through the inlet 71 for air. A strong jet of the beverage coming out of the hole 128 is sent down to the exit 44, where the beverage is discharged into the receiver Cup style, where the bubbles form the desired cream. Thus, the hole 128 and the passage 71 for air together form the ejector, which serves to capture air drink. The flow of beverage into the ejector need to maintain as smooth in order to reduce pressure losses. Preferably the walls of the ejector must be made concave in order to reduce losses due to boundary effect due to friction. The tolerances on the dimensions of the holes 128 are small. Preferably the opening set with a deviation of plus or minus 0.02 mm2. Inside or at the outlet of the ejector may be provided hairs, thin fibers or other surface irregularities to increase the effective cross-sectional area, which can enhance the degree of trapping air.

On Fig-29 shows a third variant of the cartridge 1 according to the invention. The third variant of the cartridge 1 is designed specifically for use in the issuance of soluble products which can be in the form of powder, liquid, syrup, gel or similar form. Soluble product is dissolved in an aqueous medium such as water, or form it suspended during the passage of the water environment in use through the cartridge 1. Examples of beverages include chocolate, coffee, milk, soup, or other dehydrated or water-soluble products. Many features of the third version of the cartridge 1 are the same as in previous versions, and to denote the same the x signs are the same numeric position. In the further description will discuss the differences between the third and previous versions. Common signs of acting in the same way, be considered in detail will not.

As shown in Fig, compared with the outer element 2 according to the previous versions hollow, facing the inside of the cylindrical protrusion 18 of the outer element 2 according to the third variant has a larger outer diameter. In particular, the diameter of the first section 19 is typically from 16 to 18 mm, compared with a 13.2 mm for outer element 2 on the previous versions. In addition, the first section 19 provided with a convex outer surface 19a, or swelling, as most clearly shown in Fig, the function of which will be described below. However, the third diameter sections 21 of the cartridges 1 is the same, so the area of the shoulder 32 in this third embodiment, the cartridge 1 is longer. Usually the volume of the cartridge 1 in the assembled condition is 32.5 ml 20%.

Also differs in the number and arrangement of the slits in the lower end of the annular wall 13. Apply 3 to 5 slots. In an embodiment shown in Fig, around the circumference of the manifold 16 posted four slits 36. The slit 36 is slightly wider than in previous versions of the cartridge 1, having a width of 0.35 to 0.45 mm, preferably of 0.4 mm

In other respects, the outer elements 2 cartridges 1 are the same.

The design of the cylindrical funnel 40 of the inner element 3 is the same as in the first embodiment of the cartridge 1, with the outer pipe 42, videcnik elbow 45, o-ring flange 45 and the supporting ridges 49. The only difference is that vydatnou pipe 45 provided with a top section 92 in the form of a truncated cone and the lower cylindrical section 93.

Unlike previous versions, and as shown in Fig-28, the annular frame 41 is replaced by the item in the form of a skirt 80 which surrounds the cylindrical funnel 40 and is connected with it by eight radial arms 87 which are adjacent to the cylindrical funnel 40 on the annular flange 47 or next to it. A cylindrical protrusion 81 of the skirt 80 moves upward from the bracket 87 with the formation of the chamber 90 with an open upper surface. As shown in Fig, the upper rim 91 of the cylindrical projection 81 has a curved inside the profile. The annular wall 82 of the skirt 80 moves downward from the bracket 87 with the formation of the annular channel 86 between the skirt 80 and the outer pipe 42.

The annular wall 82 includes at the lower end of the flue to the outside flange 83, located perpendicular to the main axis X. the Rim 84 moves downward from the lower surface of the flange 83 and contains five holes 85, rownorzednych around the circumference of the rim 84. Thus, the rim 84 fitted with a toothed lower profile.

Between CR what Hanami 87 formed openings 89, providing communication between the chamber 90 and the annular channel 86.

The Assembly procedure of the third variant of the cartridge 1 is similar to the Assembly of the first variant with the presence of some differences. The outer element 2 and the inner element 3 is tightly connected together, as shown in Fig, and held together with fit snap, not welding. When connecting two elements facing the inside of the cylindrical protrusion 18 is inside the upper cylindrical protrusion 81 of the skirt 80. The internal element 3 is held in the outer element 2 by frictional engagement of the convex outer wall 19a of the first section 19 of the cylindrical protrusion 18 with a curved inside rim 91 of the upper cylindrical protrusion 81. When the inner element 3 located in the outer element 2, formed by the mixing chamber 134, located on the outside of the skirt 80. The mixing chamber 134 contains ingredients 200 drink before cooking. It should be noted that the four inputs 36 and five holes 85 are circumferentially offset relative to each other. The radial location of the two parts relative to each other is not required to determine or fix during Assembly, because the use of two inputs 36 and five holes 85 guarantees the absence of alignment between the inputs and holes regardless of the relative rotation of the components is tov.

In the mixing chamber 134 of the cartridge pack one or more beverage ingredients. The packing density of the beverage ingredients in the mixing chamber 134 can be varied as desired.

Then to the outer element 2 and the inner element 3 as described above for previous versions, attach the laminated material 5.

When using water enters the mixing chamber 134 through four slits 36 in the same way as in previous versions of the cartridge. The water pumped in the radial direction inside through the mixing chamber and mixed with the contained ingredients of the drink. The product is dissolved or mixed in water to form in the mixing chamber 134 drink, which then disperses through the holes 85 in the annular channel 86 under the action of the pressure of the beverage and water in the mixing chamber 134. Accommodation circumferentially offset four input slots 36 and five holes 85 ensures that a strong jet of water can not pass radially directly from the input slit holes 36 to 85 without circulation in the mixing chamber 134. Thus significantly increasing the degree and uniformity of dilution and mixing. Drink diverted upwards into the annular channel 86 through the openings 89 between the brackets 87 and into the chamber 90. Drink passes from the chamber 90 through the inputs 45 between the reference peremychkami in vydatnou socket 43 in the direction of exit 44, where the drink is produced in the receiver Cup style. Cartridge finds particular application with the beverage ingredients in the form of viscous liquids or gels. In one of the applications in the cartridge 1 contains the ingredient in the form of liquid chocolate with a viscosity of from 1700 to 3900 MPa at ambient temperature and from 5,000 to 10,000 MPa at a temperature of 0C and refractive dry substance of 67 Brix 3. In other applications in the cartridge 1 contains liquid coffee with a viscosity of from 70 to 2000 MPa at ambient temperature and from 80 to 5000 MPa at a temperature of 0C, where coffee has a total solids content ranging from 40 to 70%. Liquid coffee ingredient may contain from 0.1 to 2.0 wt.% sodium bicarbonate and preferably from 0.5 to 1.0 wt.%. Sodium bicarbonate is used to maintain the pH of coffee at the level of 4.8 or lower, providing the increase shelf life filled with coffee cartridges up to 12 months.

On Fig-34 shows a fourth variant of the cartridge 1 according to the invention. The fourth variant of the cartridge 1 is designed, in particular, for use in the issuance of liquid products, such as concentrated liquid milk. Many features of a fourth variant of the cartridge 1 are the same as in previous versions, and to indicate the same characteristics are used in the same numerical position. In the further description will be considering the Reny differences between the fourth and previous versions. Common signs of acting in the same way, be considered in detail will not.

The outer element 2 has the same construction as in the third embodiment of the cartridge 1, and as shown in Fig-23.

The cylindrical funnel 40 of the inner element 3 such as that shown in the second embodiment of the cartridge 1, but with some differences. As shown in Fig, vydatnou pipe 43 provided with a top section 106 in the form of a truncated cone and the lower cylindrical section 107. On the inner surface wydanego pipe 43 is made of three axial ribs 105, designed to guide issued by the drink in the direction of exit 44 and prevent turbulence issued beverage in the nozzle. The resulting edges 105 are reflective walls. As in the second embodiment of the cartridge 1, the input 71 for air made in the annular flange 47. However, a pipe 75 under the inlet 71 for air more elongated than in the second option.

Similarly, the third version of cartridge 1 described above has a skirt portion 80. In the rim 84 has from 5 to 12 holes. Usually instead of five holes provided for the third variant of the cartridge 1, provide ten holes.

Provided by the annular Cup 100, extending from the flange 83 of the skirt 80 and forming with it one whole. Annular Cup 100 includes a socket 101 with the upper hole 10, facing up. Four feeding holes 103 shown in Fig and 31 and are located in the element 101 on the lower end of the bowl 100, or near it, where it is connected to the skirt 80. Preferably the supply holes ravnodusnost around the circumference of the bowl 100.

Laminated material 5 refers to the type described above in previous versions of the runtime.

The Assembly procedure of the fourth version of cartridge 1 is the same as in the case of the third option.

Operation of the fourth version of the cartridge is similar to the operation of the third option. Water enters the cartridge 1 and the mixing chamber 134 as previously. Here the water is mixed with the liquid product and dilutes it, then he is under pressure given below the bowl 100 and through the holes 85 in the direction of exit 44, as described above. Portion of the liquid product, originally contained in the circular bowl 100, as shown in Fig not immediately subjected to dilution with water in the mixing chamber 134. Most likely diluted liquid product in the lower portion of the mixing chamber 134 will tend to exit through the holes 85 instead of go up and ring the Cup 100 through the top opening 104. In the liquid product in an annular Cup 100 will remain relatively concentrated in the initial stages of the business cycle compared with the product in the bottom portion of the mixing chamber 134. A liquid product in an annular Cup 100 seeps through the feeding holes 103 under the influence of gravity in the product stream leaving the mixing chamber 134 through openings 85 and under the Cup 100. Ring bowl is used to equalize the concentration of the diluted liquid product flowing in the cylindrical funnel 40 by delaying part of the concentrated liquid product and a gradual issuance of its channel to the waste streams of liquid, as shown in figa, which shows the concentration of milk, measured in percent of dry matter during the working cycle duration of approximately 15 seconds. Line "a" shows the concentration profile in the presence of the bowl 100, while line b shows the cartridge without the bowl 100. You can see that the concentration profile in the presence of the bowl 100 during the working cycle is more uniform, and is not observed sharp drop in concentration at the beginning, as occurs in the absence of the bowl 100. The initial concentration of milk is usually 30-35% SS (dry matter), and at the end of the cycle it is 10% SS. This leads to a dilution ratio of approximately 3 to 1, although the invention are possible factors of dilution from 1 : 1 to 6 : 1. For other liquid beverage ingredients, the concentration may vary. For example, in the case of liquid chocolate initial concentration with the hat approximately 67% SS, and at the end of the cycle 12-15% SS. The result is the dilution factor (ratio of aqueous medium to the ingredient of the drink in issued by the drink) on the order of 5 to 1, although the invention is possible dilution factors from 2 to 1 to 10 to 1. In the case of liquid coffee initial concentration is 40 to 67%, and the concentration at the end of the issue 1-2% SS. The result is a dilution ratio of 20 : 1 to 70 : 1, although the invention are possible factors of dilution from 10 to 1 to 100 to 1.

From the annular channel 86 drink is directed through the hole 128 through the back pressure of the drink going into the filter chamber 134 and the chamber 90. The beverage thus passed under pressure through the opening 128 in the form of a strong jet and enters the expansion chamber formed by the upper end of wydanego pipe 43. As shown in Fig, a strong jet of the beverage passes directly over the entrance 71 for air. When the drink goes in vydatnou pipe 43, the pressure in the jet of the beverage falls. The result is the capture of the air jet of the beverage in the form of many small bubbles of air at the suction of air through the inlet 71 for air. A strong jet of the beverage coming out of the hole 128 is sent down to the exit 44, where the beverage is discharged into the receiver Cup style, where the bubbles form required spumescence.

It is important that the internal element 3, the outer element 2, the laminated material 5 and the filter 4 can be easily sterilized, because these components can be separated and do not contain individually winding passages or narrow slits. The required passages are formed only after the connection of the components after sterilization. This is especially important in the case when ingredient of the drink is a product based on milk, such as liquid milk concentrate.

The fourth embodiment of the cartridge for a drink especially convenient for the issuance of the concentrated liquid dairy product, such as liquid milk. Previously powdered dairy products offered in the form of a bag (sachet) to add a pre-prepared drink. However, in the drink type cappuccino need to foam the milk. Previously this was achieved by passing steam through the liquid dairy product. However, it requires steam, which increases the cost and complexity of machines used for the issuance of a drink. The use of steam also increases the risk of injury during operation of the cartridge. Accordingly, the present invention provides for a beverage cartridge, which contains the concentrated liquid product based on milk. Found that the concentration of the dairy products it will produce more foam based on ODA is divided by the volume of milk compared with fresh or pasteurized milk. This reduces the size required for dairy cartridge. Fresh semi-skimmed milk contains approximately 1.6% fat and 10% dry matter. Concentrated liquid milk, is suitable for the invention contains from 0.1 to 12% fat and 25-40% dry matter. In a typical example, milk download contains 4% fat and 30% dry matter. Refills concentrated milk suitable for foaming using prep machine low pressure, as will be described below. In particular, foaming milk is achieved under pressure below 2 bar, preferably approximately 1.5 bar using cartridge fourth scenarios described above.

Foaming the concentrated milk is especially important for such drinks like cappuccino and milk shakes. Preferably the flow of milk through the hole 128 and above the entrance 71 for air with the additional use of the bowl 100 allows to achieve the level of foaming milk more than 40%, preferably more than 70%. For liquid chocolate possible level of foaming over 70%. For liquid coffee possible level of foaming over 70%. The level of spanelement measured as the ratio of the volume of the resulting foam to the volume issued by the liquid ingredient of the drink. For example, in the case of the issuance 138,3 ml of the drink, which 58,3 ml - foam, foaming measured as [58,3/(138,3-58,3)] x 100 =72,9%. Foaming milk (and other liquid ingredients) is improved through the use of the bowl 100, as shown in fig.46b. Foaming milk, issued in the presence of the bowl 100 (line a) is higher than that of milk issued without bowls (line b). This is due to the fact that the foaming of milk is directly related to the concentration of milk and, as shown in figa, the Cup 100 supports a higher concentration of milk during the greater part of the working cycle. It is also known that the foaming of milk is directly related to the temperature of the water environment, as shown in figs. Thus, the Cup 100 is an advantage, since most of the milk is left in the cartridge until almost the end of the working cycle, when water is heated stronger. It also helps to improve spanelement.

The cartridge according to the fourth variant of the runtime also provides advantages in issuing liquid coffee products.

Discovered that embodiments of the cartridge for beverages according to the invention have the advantage that they provide improved consistency of granted drink compared to used so far cartridges. Below table 1 shows the results of the exit of the drink for twenty samples for each of the cartridges a and b, containing roasted and ground coffee. The cartridge And the cartridge is for beverages according to the first embodiment is carried out the present invention. The cartridge is In the cartridge of an existing type described in the applicant's application WO 01/58786. The refractive index of the prepared drink change in Brisach and converted into the percentage of soluble solids (%SS), using standard tables and formulas. In the examples below:

%SS = 0,7774 x (value in briksh) + 0,0569

Yield, % = (%SS x amount of drink (g))/(100 x weight coffee (g))

Table 1
Cartridge And
SampleThe amount of drink, gWeight coffee, gBRICs%SS (x)Output %
1105,66,51,581,29to 20.88
2104,246,51,641,33 21,36
3100,956,51,671,3621,06
4102,236,51,711,3921,80
5100,496,51,731,4021,67
6107,546,51,591,2921,39
7102,706,51,671,3621,41
8 97,776,5to 1.861,5022,61
997,826,51,71,3820,75
1097,836,51,671,3620,40
1197,66,51,78the 1.4421,63
12106,646,51,611,3121,47
1399,266,5 1,541,2519,15
1497,296,51,591,2919,35
15101,546,51,511,2319,23
16104,236,51,611,3120,98
1797,56,51,731,4021,03
18100,836,51,681,36 21,14
19101,676,51,671,3621,20
20101,326,51,681,3621,24
average20,99
Cartridge
SampleThe amount of drink, gWeight coffee, gBRICs%SS (x)Output %
1100,656,51,87 1,51123,39
295,856,5to 1.861,50322,16
398,46,51,81,45622,04
492,436,52,31,84526,23
5100,266,51,72KZT 1,39421,50
698,056,52,051,651of 24.90
799,496,51,961,58124,19
895,626,52,31,84527,14
994,286,52,171,74425,29
10to 96.136,51,72KZT 1,394vs. 20.62
1196,866,51,811,48421,82
1294,03 6,52,2to 1.76725,56
1396,286,51,781,44121,34
1495,856,51,951,57323,19
1595,366,51,881,51822,28
1692,736,51,891,596to 21.77
17886,51,59 1,29317,50
1893,56,52,081,67424,08
19100,886,51,751,41722,00
2084,776,52,371,89924,77
average23,09

Statistical analysis of these data by the T-test gave the following results:

Table 2
Checking the Student: the Variation in DV is m, presumably the same samples
Output %
(cartridge A)
Output %
(cartridge)
Average20,9923,09
Scatter0,775,04
Observations2020
The total variance2,90
The estimated average difference0
Df38
Start checking-3,90
P(T < =t) one-sided score0,000188
t critical one-criterion1,686
P(T < =t) two-sided criterion0,000376
t to eticheski bilateral criterion 2,0244
The standard deviation0,8762,245

The analysis shows that the constant output in %, which corresponds to the strength of the drink, much better cartridge according to the invention (at the 95 percent confidence level)than used so far cartridges, with a standard deviation 0,88% compared with 2,24%. This means that drinks that issue by using a cartridge according to the invention, are more reproducible and uniform strength. It is preferred by consumers who regularly consume your drink and don't like random changes his castle.

The materials described above cartridges can be provided with a protective coating to increase their resistance to oxygen and/or moisture, and/or penetration of other contaminants. The protective coating may also improve the resistance to leakage of the ingredients of the beverage from the cartridge and/or to reduce the degree of selection of the extracted substances from the materials of the cartridge, which can have a negative impact on the ingredients of the drink. The protective coating may be a material selected from the group including polyethylene, polyamide, EVOH, polyvinylidenechloride or metallisierung material. The protective coating can be the applied in several ways, including vacuum deposition, vapor deposition, plasma coating, bimetal extrusion, marking in the form of two - and multi-step forming, but not limited to.

Machine 201 for making beverages intended for use with the present invention, for use with the above described cartridges for drinks, shown in Fig-45. Machine 201 for making beverages contains a housing 210, which includes a water tank 220, a heater 225, water pump 230, the air compressor 235, control processor, a user interface 240, and cartridge head 250. Cartridge head 250 contains in turn the holder 251 cartridge designed for the retention of the cartridge for 1 drinks when using the tool 252 recognition of cartridges, punching device 253 and 254 on the inlet and outlet, designed for education in the cartridge for 1 drinks during use of the input 121 and outlet 122.

The housing 210 accommodates and holds the other components of the machine 201. The housing 210 is preferably made in whole or in part from strong plastic, such as ABS. On the other hand, the housing 210 may be wholly or partially made of metal, such as stainless steel or aluminum. The housing 210 preferably has a design in the form of a grapple, the region is th front half 211 and the rear half 212, providing access during Assembly for installation of machine components 201, which can then be joined together with formation of the inner part 213 of the housing 210. The rear half of the 212 has a recess 214 for mounting the water tank 220. The housing 210 is executed by means of the latches, bearings, tides, and areas with a thread designed to hold components of the machine 201 in the desired position without the necessity of using a separate chassis. This reduces the overall cost and weight of the machine 201. The base 215 of the housing 210 preferably provide feet for stable positioning on them machines. On the other hand, the very Foundation 215 may be in the form of forming a stable support.

The front half 211 of the housing 210 contains vydatnou section 270, which is the issue of the drink. Vydatnou section 270 includes a receiving stand 271 having a hollow inner portion, forming the tray 272. The upper surface 273 of the receiving stand is equipped with a lattice 274, on which is placed the receiver. Pallet 272 can be removed from the housing 210 in order to facilitate removal of the accumulated water. In the front half of the body 210 on the receiving stand 271 holds the deepening 275, allowing to adapt to the size of the receiver.

Cartridge head 250 is located, as shown in Fig and 36, in the direction of the top of the body 210 on the receiving stand. Desire is entrusted, you can adjust the height of the lattice 274 relative to the cartridge head 250 in order to have the opportunity to take receivers of different sizes. It is desirable that the receiver was located as close as possible to the cartridge head 250, while inserting and removing the receiver from wydanego plot 270, in order to minimize the height to which should fall issued a drink before you touch the receiver. This allows you to minimize splashing and splashing of the beverage and to minimize the loss of trapped air bubbles where they are present. Preferably, between the bars 274 and cartridge head 250 can be inserted receivers in height from 70 mm to 110 mm

The user interface 240 of the machine is located on the front of the housing 210 and includes button start/stop 241 and several status indicators 243-246.

Status indicators 243-246 preferably include a light emitting diode (LED) 243, intended to indicate the readiness of the machine 201, the LED 244 indicating the error that occurred in the machine 201, and one or more LED 245-256, designed to indicate whether the machine 201 in manual or automatic mode. The team LED 243-256 can be illuminated with uniform intensity, intermittent blink or show both depending on SOS the sustainability of machine 201. LED 243-256 can be of various colors, including green, red and yellow.

Button start/stop 241 controls the beginning of the working cycle is controlled manually by the button, a switch, and the like.

You can use the device volume control, allowing the user machine 201 to manually adjust the volume of granted drink without changes in other work characteristics. Preferably the device volume control allows you to adjust the volume within plus/minus 20%. The control unit of volume may be rotatable flywheel, a linear slider, digital display with buttons increment and decrement, and the like. Usually the volume is controlled by the user by pressing the start/stop 241.

On the machine 201 may be a manual power switch (not shown). On the other hand, the power supply can be controlled simply by including in the network or disconnected from her plug.

The water tank 220 is located at the rear of the housing 210 and is connected to the rear half 212 of the housing 210. Water tank 220 contains a cylindrical housing 221, which can be a right cylinder of circular cross section or may have a shape of a truncated cone, depending on the desires for aesthetic reasons. The reservoir contains the input to fill reservoirdogs, which when using closed manually remove the lid 222. The output is provided towards the lower end of the reservoir, which communicates with the water pump 230. Water tank 220 may be made of transparent or translucent material that allows the user to see the amount of water remaining in the tank. On the other hand, the water tank 220 may be made of opaque material, but provided with an observation window. In addition, or instead of the above, the water tank 220 may be provided with a low-level sensor, which stops the water pump 230 and further includes a warning indicator, such as LED, when the water level in the tank reaches the set value. Water tank 220 preferably has an internal capacity of approximately 1.5 liters.

Water pump 230 is operatively connected between the water tank 220 and the heater 225, as schematically shown in Fig, and is controlled by the control processor. The pump provides a maximum flow rate of 900 ml/min at a maximum pressure of 2.5 bar. Preferably, in normal use, the pressure should be limited to 2 bar. The flow of water through the machine 201 can be controlled by the control processor in the form of a percentage of the maximum flow of the pump by the period of the economic interruption of electrical power to the pump. Preferably, the pump can operate at any value of 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% or 100% of maximum rated flow. Accuracy when pumping water volume is preferably 5%, leading to a precision of 5% of the final volume of granted drink. A suitable pump is the pump Evolution EP6 company Ulka S.r.l. (Pavia, Italy). Volumetric flow sensor (not shown) is preferably installed on the line of the hydraulic system or to a water pump 230, or after it. Preferably, the volumetric flow sensor is a rotary sensor.

The heater 225 is located in the inner part of the housing 210. The heater 225 has a rated capacity of 1550 watts and can heat the water coming from the water pump 230 with an initial temperature of about 20C operating temperature 85C for less than 1 minute. Preferably the dwell time between the end of one cycle and the ability of the heater 225 to start the next work cycle is less than 10 seconds. The heater supports for the working cycle of the selected temperature within 2C. As shown below, the water for the working cycle can be thrown in the cartridge head 250 at a temperature of 83C or 93C. the Heater 225 can quickly adjust the temperature of the issuance of up to 83C or 93C, assuming a nominal temperature the water of 85C. The heater 225 contains a thermal overload relay that disables the heater if the temperature exceeds 98C. Water coming out of the heater 225, enters the cartridge head 250 and the cartridge 1 through the three-way valve. If the pressure of the flow of water is at an acceptable level, the water is passed into the cartridge 1. If the pressure is below or above the established limit values, divert water through the three-way valve in catching the receiver of the pallet 270.

Air compressor 235 operatively connected to the cartridge head 250 through one-way valve and is controlled by the control processor. Air compressor 235 provides maximum air flow rate of 500 ml/min at a pressure of 1.0 bar. When used in a working volume of 35 ml of an excessive pressure is 2 bar. Preferably the air compressor 235 can provide two speeds: fast (or maximum) and slow.

Control processor machine 201 for making beverages contains the Executive module and the storage device. Control processor is preferably connected to the heater 225, water pump 230, an air compressor 235 and a user interface 240, and manages their work.

The storage device control processor includes one or more variables to one or more operating parameters is down 201 for making beverages. In the illustrated embodiment, the operating parameters are the temperature of the water flowing through the cartridge 1 for a drink during the working operation, the speed of loading of the cartridge 1 for beverages, the presence or absence of the operation of soaking, the total issued amount of drink, speed of issuance, and the speed and duration of the purge.

Variables for the operating parameters stored in the storage device. The cartridge 1 contains the code that is placed on the cartridge 1 or representing operating parameters required for optimal issuance of the beverage cartridge 1. The code is binary and contains many bits of data corresponding to the variables stored in the storage device control processor. In table 3 it is shown how the 13 bits of data can be used to represent the necessary variables for the operating parameters described above.

00 = fast charging with soaking
01 = fast charging without soaking
10 = slow charging with soaking
11 = slow charging without soaking
Table 3
BitsDescription
0 and 1Water temperature00 = cold
01 = warm
10 = 83C
11 = 93C
2 and 3Charging cartridge
4, 5, 6 and 7The amount of drink0000 = 50 ml
0001 = 60 ml
0010 = 70 ml
0011 = 80 ml
0100 = 90 ml
0101 = 100 ml
0110 = 110 ml
0111 = 130 ml
1000 = 150 ml
1001 = 170 ml
1010 = 190 ml
1011 = 210 ml
1100 = 230 ml
1101 = 250 ml
1110 = 275 ml
1111 = 300 ml
8, 9 and 10Consumption000 = 30%
001 = 40%
010 = 50%
011 = 60%
100 = 70%
101 = 80%
110 = 90%
111 = 100%
11 and 12Purge00 = slow flow/short period of time
01 = slow flow/long period
10 = fast flow/short period of time
11 = fast flow/long period

The code on the cartridge 1 or it will typically contain one or more additional data bits for error control. In one of the examples used 16-bit code. For example, using the variables listed in table 3, the cartridge 1 carrying code "1000100011110", will have the following operating parameters:

10water temperature 83C
00 quick charge with soaking
1000the volume of granted drink 150 ml
111consumption is equal to 100%
10blowing fast air flow/short period

Thus, unlike previous machines for making beverages storage device control processor keeps working team for cartridges for drinks based on the type of the cartridge, i.e. the command for a cartridge of coffee, commands cartridge with chocolate, instructions for cartridge with tea, etc. Instead, the storage device control processor stores a variable for amendment of individual operating parameters of the working cycle. It has a number of advantages. First, there can be realized a high degree of control loop issue. For example, for different varieties or mixtures of coffee can be used several different operating parameters instead of using the same settings for all types of coffee. Previous solution-based coding instructions for storage, depending on the type of cartridge, and not the individual parameters are not suitable for such subtle differences in operating cycles for similar types of drink, as they quickly zanimayuthayasya memory space in the media encoding control processor. Secondly, the encoding method according to the invention allows the use of cartridges for drinks new type in existing machines for preparing beverages even in cases where the operating parameters of the working cycle of a new cartridge 1 for a drink is defined only after the sale of the machine 201 for making beverages. This is because the control processor machine 201 for making beverages are not required to recognize what is the drink of the new type. Instead, set the working parameters of the working cycle without direct mention of the type of beverage. Therefore, the encoding method according to the invention provides excellent backward compatibility of a machine for preparing beverages with beverages of a new type. In contrast with the previous machines, the manufacturer is limited in issuing a new type of drink using one of the existing videcnik cycles determined in the market by machines.

Cartridge head 250 is shown in Fig-42. The cartridge holder 251 in the cartridge head 250 includes a fixed lower part 255, rotating the upper part 256 and the pivot bearing cartridge 257, placed between the fixed lower part 255 and rotating the upper part 256. The upper part 256, the lower part 255 and bearing cartridge 257 rotate around a common hinge on who and 258. On Fig-42 shows the cartridge holder 251, with some components of the machine 201 are omitted for clarity.

Rotating the upper part 256 and the pivot bearing cartridge 257 is moved relative to the fixed lower part 255 through the mounting bracket 280. Clamping device 280 includes clamping lever having first and second elements or parts 281 and 282. The first part 281 of the clamping lever includes a U-shaped handle pivotally mounted on the upper part 256 in the first two turning points 283, one on each side of the cartridge holder 251.

The second part of the clamping lever includes two offset from the center of the shoulder 282, one on each side of the cartridge holder 251, each of which is pivotally mounted on the upper part 256 of the second turning point 285, located on the pivot axis 258 connecting the upper portion 256 with a fixed lower part 255. Each offset from the center of the shoulder 282 is of the reciprocating element, which contains the cylinder a, stock 282b and elastic sleeve s. Cylinder a has an internal channel and is mounted for rotation on one end of the hinge axis 258. The first end of the rod 282b inserted slidable in the channel of the cylinder a. The opposite end of the rod 282b is connected for rotation with a U-shaped handle 281 in the third turning point 286. The third point is and turn 286 are not connected with the upper part 256 and the lower part 255 and can move freely about them. Elastic sleeve is installed at the outside of the stem 282b and continues in use between the support surfaces of the cylinder a and stock 282b. Elastic sleeve s perceives shortening is offset from the center of the shoulder 282 and shifts the shoulder 282, pushing him. Thus, it becomes possible to move the third turning points 286 in the direction of the hinge axis 258 and from it due to the relative movement of the rods 282b cylinder a. Elastic sleeves is preferably made of silicone.

U-shaped handle 281 passes around the front side of the cartridge holder 251 and contains two exhaust down saralaya element 287, one on each side of the cartridge holder 251, each of which has a curved surface 288, addressed to the hinge axis 258. The fixed lower part 255 of the cartridge holder 251 is equipped with two projections 259, or stoppers, located one on each side of the lower part 255 at its front edge 260 or near it, being aligned generally with siteplease elements 287.

As shown in Fig, U-shaped handle 281 may be made of one of plastic castings containing meets the requirements of ergonomic hand grip and siteplease elements 287, forming one piece with the handle.

Bearing cartridge 257 mounted for rotation between the upper and lower portions 255, 256 der the of the motor cartridge 251. Bearing 257 equipped with essentially circular recess 290, in which, when using put the cartridge 1 for drinks. The recess 290 includes roughness 291 to place the handle 24 of the cartridge 1 for drinks, which also serves to prevent rotation of the cartridge 1 for drinks in the cartridge holder 251. Bearing cartridge 257 sprung relative to the fixed lower part 255, so that in the open position, as shown in Fig, bearing cartridge 257 out of contact with the fixed lower part 255, so that the bearing cartridge 257 is removed from contact with the input and output piercing elements 254, 253. Bearing cartridge 257 provided with a hole 292, intended to put him in the input and output breakers 253, 254 and head 300 recognition tool cartridge 252, when the bearing cartridge 257 is translated to the closed position.

The upper part 256 contains all element 310 that includes all the viewing window 312, through which the user can observe the cartridge 1 for a drink during a work cycle and visually check, whether loaded cartridge 1 into the machine 201. The viewing window 312 is Cup-shaped and having a turned down rim 311, which is included in the interaction and presses the flange 35 of the cartridge 1 for a drink to the bottom of 256, when the cartridge holder 251 is closed. In the same time window 312 SOP is kasaetsa with a closed top 11 of the cartridge 1. Strip spring (not shown) is placed between the viewing window 312 and round element 310 in order to allow the viewing window 312 to a small extent axially move relative to the round element 310. The pressure that rim 311 attaches to the flange 35 and the window 312 to the closed top 11, provides for the creation impervious to the fluid seal between the cartridge 1 and the cartridge holder 251.

The lower part 255 contains the input and output breakers 253, 254 and the head 300 recognition cartridges. Input punch 253 contains a hollow tube 260 needle type with a pointed end 261 for punching when using the laminated material 5 of the cartridge 1 for drinks. Input punch 253 communicates with the water channel 262, shown in Fig, which passes through the lower part 255 and is connected with the output channel 263 water heater 225. The output punch 254 similar to the type of output punch, described in belonging to the applicant's European patent EP 0389141 and EP 0334572, and contains a cylinder 264 with an open end having a circular or D-shaped cross-section, the dimensions of which are larger than wydanego pipe 43. Arcuate section 265 of the upper end of the output punch 254 serrate to penetrate and ultimately penetrate the laminated material of the cartridge 1 for apitco is. The remainder of the upper end of the cut along the cylinder at least to the base of teeth 266 serrated part to wrap or to delay the cut laminate 5 from the outlet before issuing through him drink. The output punch 254 breaks laminated material 5 on the outside relative to wydanego pipe 43 and, when the bearing cartridge 257 is in the closed position, is located in the ring between videcnik pipe 43 and the outer wall 42 vydatnou funnel 40. The output punch 254 unbends and cuts the laminated material 105 in the ring. Thus, the output punch 254, and cut the laminated material 105 are removed from the path of granted drink.

The output punch 254 surrounded by a shoulder a elevated relative to the surrounding surface by 0.5 mm

Preferably the output punch 254 may be removed from the lower part 255 so that it can be thoroughly cleaned, for example, in a dishwasher. Removable punch output 254 is inserted into the recess 267 in the lower part 255, where he sits down. Input punch 253 and/or the output punch 254 may be made of metal, such as stainless steel, or plastic. The preferred use of plastic cutting elements Pets laminated material 5, which may be punched non-metallic material is Yalom. Therefore, punches 253, 254 can be made less sharp, which reduces the risk of injury to the user. In addition, plastic piercing elements are not susceptible to rusting. Preferably the input punch 253 and the output punch 24 is made in one piece, which is removed from the lower part 255.

When using the upper part 256 of the cartridge holder 251 is transferred from an open position in which it is oriented vertically or in a vertical direction, as shown in Fig, in a closed position, in which it is oriented essentially horizontally and is located in vzaimosohranenii with a fixed lower part 255 and the support of the cartridge 257. The upper part 256 is transferred from the open to the closed position by means of the clamping lever. In order to close the upper part, the user takes the clamping lever for the U-shaped handle 281 and pulls her down. In the upper part 256 is rotated, which causes the first rim 311 viewing window 312 in contact with the flange 35 of the cartridge for 1 drinks in the support cartridge 257, and the window itself is in contact with the closed top 11 of the cartridge 1. Continued rotation of the upper part 256 rotates the upper part 256 and bearing cartridge 257 downward to contact with the lower part 255. Further rotation of the U-shaped handle 281 causes the rotation of the U-shaped handle 281 relative to the upper part 25 and the lower part 255, causing engagement saralaya elements 287 upper part 256 for the tabs 259 lower part 255, when the curved surface 288 slides on the projections 259. During this last phase of the rotation of the cartridge 1 is clamped between a support cartridge 257 and a viewing window 312. In the viewing window 312 is moved axially relative to the round element 310 of the upper part 256 against the direction of the band pass of the spring. This move allows you to compensate for variations in the cartridge 1 for drinks and a machine for preparing beverages and ensures that the magnitude of the compressive effort applied to the cartridge is kept in an acceptable range. The clamping mechanism, softened by the action of a strip of spring leaves clamping pressure acting on the cartridge, equal to from 130 to 280 N. Preferably a force of approximately 200 N. Force less than about 130 N does not provide a sufficient seal, while a force greater than approximately 280 N, leads to the destruction of the plastic components of the cartridge 1. Upon closing of the cartridge head is stretched laminated material 5 of the cartridge 1, when he comes into contact with the shoulder a surrounding the output punch 254, which causes the laminated material 5 to deviate from the plane, because the far end of the outer cylindrical pipe 42 the funnel is moved up by 0.5 mm relative to the flange 35. This movement also ensures that a large part of the compressed forces applied to the cartridge, acts through the Central part of the cartridge 1 through the base load of the internal element 3. In the closed position, the cartridge 1 is crimped in such a manner that the flange 35 by means of the rim 311 viewing window 312 and firmly clamped between the closed top 11 of the cartridge and the outer tube 42 of the internal element 3 due to contact with a viewing window 312 and shoulder a. These clamping forces prevent the destruction of the cartridge 1 during the pressure increase and also ensures that the internal element 3 and the outer element 2 is fully seated on one another, so that all internal channels and holes remain designed their size even during the internal pressure increase.

Between the first and second turning points 283, 285 of the cartridge holder 251 can be conducted in an imaginary base line. As shown in Fig, in the open position, the third pivot 286 are from the baseline closest to the fixed lower part 255. When the upper part 256 reaches the closed position, the third pivot point 286 of the clamping lever pass through the base line connecting the first and second pivot points 283 and 285 on the opposite side of the line, farthest from the fixed lower part 255. The result-shaped handle 281 "jumps" from the first stable position to the second stable position. Action leap is accomplished by shortening offset from the center of the shoulder 282 and the subsequent compression of the elastic sleeves s. As soon as the third turning point 286 are imaginary base line, the return elastic sleeves s to its original position leads to the continuation of the movement of the third pivot point 286 from the imaginary reference line. Thus, the clamping lever operates in a bistable mode, in which the lever is stable in the open or closed position, but is not stable at the point in which the third pivot point 286 lie on an imaginary base line connecting the first and second pivot points 283, 285. Thus, the effect of the leap of the clamping lever creates a positive closing mechanism, which in the final stages of rotation of the clamping lever action leapfrogging U-shaped handle 281 and second levers 284 enters siteplease elements 287 in tight engagement with the projections 259. In addition, the elastic sleeve s create opposition to re-opening the upper part 256, because it requires minimal effort for compression sleeves s, sufficient to move the third pivot point 286 back to the level of the base line connecting the first and second pivot points 283, 285. Mainly vzaimosohranenii saralaya elements 287 and ledges 289 prevents the separation of the upper the lower parts otherwise, than due to the rotation of the clamping lever. This prevents the opening of the cartridge head 250 in the process, when the cartridge head 250 is subjected to increasing internal pressure.

The tool 252 detection cartridge is designed to allow the machine 201 to recognize the type of the inserted cartridge 1 for a drink and, accordingly, to adjust one or more operating parameters. In a typical embodiment, the tool 252 recognition of the cartridge contains an optical means of a barcode reader, which reads the printed bar code 320 placed on laminated material 5 of the cartridge 1 for drinks, as shown in figure 5. Barcode 320 is formed by multiple strokes of contrasting color. It is preferable to maximize contrast strokes do black on a white background. You do not want the bar code 320 is consistent with the published standard, but may have a standard format such barcodes like EAN-13, UPC-A or Interleaf 2 of 5. The optical means of the barcode reader includes one or more LEDs 321 to illuminate the barcode 320, the focusing lens 322 to obtain an image of a barcode, a charge-coupled device (CCD) 323 for receiving an electrical signal representing the received image, as well as the power led and the CCD. Space the lower part, designed to host device reads the bar code is limited. The mirror or mirror 324 can be used to reflect light from the LEDs 321 to the focusing lens, which is not located in the lower part 255. A schematic layout is shown in figa and 44b. The lower part 255 contains a hole 326, which has the same dimensions as the bar code 320 1 cartridge for drinks. In the process of using electrical signals are decoded program signal processing and the results are sent to the control processor. The program can recognize, does not contain a barcode errors. Barcode 320 can be re-scanned several times before the user is sent an error message. If the machine 201 is not able to read a bar code, the user can use the cartridge 1 for drinks for the issuance of a drink in manual mode.

Cartridge head 250 includes a sensor cartridge designed to determine whether there is a cartridge in the cartridge holder 251.

Cartridge head also includes a sensor constipation, which determines as to whether the image of the closed holder 251 cartridge. Preferably the sensor constipation contains a microswitch that is activated once closed and locked the holder cartridge. Preferably the sensor cartridge and the sensor constipation are connected in series, so before you can start working cycle, the output signals of both sensors must be satisfactory, i.e. to specify the presence of the cartridge and that the mechanism is locked.

The operation of the machine 201 includes the installation of the cartridge 1 for a drink at the cartridge head 250, the working cycle, in which there is the issue of the drink, and eject the cartridge 1 from the machine.

The function of the machine 201 is determined by a program installed in the host processor. Machine work can be described in terms of "state", when the machine is normally in a certain state until such time until the event occurs, a change in state, a step that is called a state transition.

Table 4 shows the changes of state, which illustrates the States and state changes to one variant of execution of the machine 201 for making beverages.

The following example illustrates the working cycle in order to give an example of changing States of the control processor.

It is assumed that the first machine 201 is disabled in the cartridge head 250 is not inserted no cartridge 1. When the machine 201 is enabled, the control processor is in state 1. The heater 235 is enabled. As soon as the temp is the temperature reaches 85C, control processor goes to state 2. If at any time during condition 1 or 2 to close the cartridge holder 251 ,it will trigger the sensor constipation, which will send the control processor signal that the cartridge holder 251 properly closed. Then control processor queries the sensor cartridge, sending command 'readpod'. The sensor cartridge returns a signal to the control processor indicating whether the cartridge in place in the cartridge holder 251. In the absence of cartridge control processor goes to state 3, where it remains in the ready state until such time as the cartridge holder 251 will not open again, and at this moment, the control processor goes back to state 2. If in state 2 is present in the cartridge, the control processor goes to state 4, and starts automatically. When States 4-9 water temperature control when preparing so that it remained in the required range of the desired temperature, the established operating parameters, set the barcode of the cartridge 1 for drinks. After completion of the grant at issue in state 8 starts blowing air. After purging the air completes the operating cycle, and the machine goes into standby mode in condition 10. If the process happens to be an error, PR is cessor enters state 11. When it detects low water level processor enters state 12.

To insert the cartridge 1, the cartridge holder 251 is opened as described above to open a support 257 cartridge. Then, the cartridge 1 is placed on the support 257 cartridge, inserted into the recess 290, so that the handle 24 of the cartridge is located in the bumps 291. Optical or magnetic bar code 320 cartridge 1 is oriented directly above the hole 326 in the support cartridge 257. The cartridge holder 251 is then closed by the clamping lever as described above. When closing the input and output breakers 253, 254 stitch laminated material 5 of the cartridge 1, forming the inlet 121 and the outlet 122 of the cartridge. As described above, the laminated material 5, the cut punch output 254, wrapped in a ring surrounding vydatnou pipe 43. Being closed, the cartridge holder 251 clamps the cartridge 1 on the rim 35 between the support 257 cartridge and the upper part 256 and between the window 311 and the top 11 of the cartridge 1 for education impermeable to the fluid seal sufficient integrity that can withstand the pressures generated during the working cycle.

For the beginning of the working cycle, the consumer enjoys the button start/stop 241.

Duty cycle contains the operations recognition of the cartridge and the cycle of grant.

The recognition of cartridge is sudestada optical means 252 recognition print cartridge as described above, provided that the output signals of the sensor cartridge and sensor constipation satisfactory. Immediately after decoding the barcode 320 control processor specifies the operating parameters of the machine 201. Then automatically starts the cycle of grant.

Cycle issue contains four main stages, not all of which are used for all types of drink:

(I) Pre-wetting

(II) Pause

(III) Preparation/mixing

(IV) Purging

At the stage of pre-wetting the cartridge 1 is filled with water from the reservoir 220 to store water through the water pump 230. Download water causes the wetting ingredients 200 drink, located in the filter chamber 130. Loading may take place at a fast flow rate of 600 ml/min or with slow flow in 325 ml/min Slow consumption when charging is particularly useful in the case of cartridges containing a viscous liquid beverage ingredients when the ingredients require some dilution before they can be pumped with a higher volumetric rate. The amount of water injected into the cartridge 1, are selected so as to ensure that the water or drink will not flow from the output 122 of the cartridge at this stage.

Stage pause allows the ingredients 200 drink to soak up water, is injected at the stage of pre-wetting,within the prescribed period of time. It is known that the stage of pre-wetting, and a pause period contribute to the increase in the yield of extracted substances from ingredients 200 drink and to improve the taste of the drink. Pre-wetting and soaking particularly used in the case when the ingredients of the drink is roasted and ground coffee.

At the stage of preparation/blending water is passed through the cartridge 1 in order to obtain the beverage ingredients 200 drink. Water temperature determines the control processor, which directs the water heater 225 commands to heat the water passing from the water tank 220 to the cartridge head 250. Water enters the lower portion 255 of the cartridge holder 251 through the channel 262 through the input valve and the input of the punch 253 in the entrance chamber 126 of the cartridge 1 for drinks. Preparation and/or mixing and subsequent issuance of a beverage from a cartridge 1 for beverages described above with reference to embodiments of the cartridge 1 for drinks.

The air purge contains a blowing compressed air through the machine for preparing beverages and the cartridge 1 for drinks, to ensure that the entire drink is issued and that the flow path is cleared and ready to issue another drink. The air purge is not started immediately after the termination stage cooking/mixing, in order to let the greater part of the fluid leaving the flow path. This prevents unacceptable leap internal pressure at the beginning of the purge air.

During normal operation, the user manually stops the machine 201 via the button 241 start/stop.

After completion of the operating cycle, the consumer retrieves the cartridge 1 from the cartridge holder 251 and manually remove the cartridge and sends it to waste. On the other hand, the machine 201 may be equipped with an automatic ejector mechanism for automatic removal of the cartridge when the opening of the cartridge holder 251.

As described above, according to the invention to obtain a wide selection of drinks can be used two or more cartridge for drinks, including combining the advantages of issuance of part of the liquid of the drink based on milk products from a cartridge of the same General dimensions as the cartridges used for the preparation of the balance of the drink. Thus one and the same machine for preparing beverages can be used with all types of cartridges, because the interface between the cartridge and the machine remains the same regardless of the beverage ingredients contained in the cartridges.

The time of dispensing beverages using machine 201 and the cartridge 1 is usually from 10 to 120 seconds, preferably 30 to 40 seconds, for roasted and ground coffee, from 5 to 120 seconds, preferably from 10 to 20 CE is und, for chocolate and from 5 to 120 seconds, preferably from 10 to 20 seconds for milk.

Machine 201 may also generally contain a storage device in operative communication with the control processor, which stores information about the type of drink that is issued by the user. Working cycle of the machine 201 can then be fixed for the next cartridge 1. This is especially useful in cases where two or more cartridge to be used sequentially to obtain a drink. For example, the possible issuance of the coffee cartridge, followed by dairy cartridge to obtain a drink cappuccino. On the other hand, can be used chocolate cartridge, followed by dairy cartridge to obtain a thick hot chocolate drink. By using a storage device that stores the information about the first distributed the drink, you can change the character of the issuance of the second cartridge, for example dairy cartridge, with the aim of obtaining optimal drink. In the example above, the milk, which is handed out for hot chocolate, can usually be diluted to a lesser extent than milk added to coffee. In addition, milk distributed for chocolate, can be heard when a slower flow rate to reduce the degree of foaming of the beverage. Specialist in the art should be the obvious possibility of many combinations of cartridges and operating parameters. In addition, the storage device can be used so that the machine could "predict" the type of drink that you want to issue the following. For example, if you mainly drink drink one type, the machine can give a command to the heater to keep the temperature optimal for a drink of this type.

1. The cartridge (1)containing one or more liquid ingredients (200) drink made of essentially air - and water-impermeable materials, the cartridge contains the input (121) for introduction into the cartridge of the water environment, Department of (134)containing one or more liquid beverage ingredients and the output (122) for the issuance of a drink that is obtained by diluting one or more liquid beverage ingredients aqueous medium, and this separation provides a means of delaying dilution, at least part of one or more liquid beverage ingredients in the feed water environment in branch, characterized in that when using a path for the flow of the water environment is from input to output, as a means of delaying dilution contains partition (100), which prevents the flow of at least part of one or more liquid beverage ingredients in the path of flow of the water environment, and the delay means are made so that delays dilution, at least part of the underwater or more liquid beverage ingredients when applying to the Department of water environment.

2. The cartridge (1) according to claim 1, in which the partition wall (100) includes one or more apertures (103) for controlled allocation of at least part of one or more liquid beverage ingredients in the path of flow of the water environment.

3. The cartridge (1) according to claim 2, in which are provided four holes.

4. The cartridge (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the partition contains a Cup-shaped element with an open mouth (104)facing away from the path of flow of the water environment.

5. The cartridge (1) according to claim 4, in which the Cup-shaped element is annular.

6. The cartridge (1) according to claim 4, in which the base of the Cup-shaped element or adjacent hosting one or more apertures (103).

7. The cartridge (1) according to claim 6, in which at least a portion of the liquid beverage ingredients in the bowl-shaped element (100), flows under the influence of gravity through one or more of the used holes (103) you are using.

8. The cartridge (1) according to claim 7, in which the Cup-shaped element is separated by a gap from the bottom of the cartridge, so that the path for the flow of aqueous medium passes between the Cup-shaped element and the lower part of the cartridge.

9. The cartridge (1) according to claim 8, in which at least part of the liquid ingredients of the drink in the Cup-shaped element (100) flows under gravity through one or more of the used holes (103) vertically down the path to sweat the ka of the aquatic environment.

10. The cartridge (1) according to claim 9, which contains an internal element (3) and an outer element (2), with the inner element includes a Cup-shaped element.

11. The cartridge (1) according to claim 10, which further comprises means for obtaining a strong jet of beverage, in which the indicated means of obtaining a strong jet of beverage contains a hole (128) on the path for flow of the water environment.

12. The cartridge (1) according to claim 11, in which the hole (128) formed in the transition zone between the inner element and outer element.

13. The cartridge (1) according to claim 11 or 12, which further comprises at least one input (71) for air and a means of generating pressure in the jet of the beverage, resulting in the use of air from the at least one inlet for air is included in the beverage in the form of many small bubbles.

14. The cartridge (1) according to item 13, in which at least one input (71) for air is located in the inner element after opening (128).

15. The cartridge (1) through 14, in which at least one input (71) for air and means for lowering the pressure in the jet of the beverage provide foaming one or more liquid beverage ingredients in volume more than 40%.

16. The cartridge (1) of clause 15, in which the foaming exceeds 70%.

17. The cartridge (1) according to clause 16, which is disc-shaped.

18. The cartridge (1) 17, in which the outer ale is HT and/or the inner element is made of polypropylene.

19. The cartridge (1) p, in which the outer element and/or the inner element is performed by injection molding.

20. The cartridge (1) according to claim 19, in which the liquid ingredient of the drink is a concentrated liquid milk composition.

21. The cartridge (1) according to claim 20, in which the concentrated liquid milk contains from 25 to 40% dry matter.

22. The cartridge (1) according to item 21, in which the concentrated liquid milk contains 30% of dry matter.

23. The cartridge according to any one of p-22, in which the concentrated liquid milk contains from 0.1 to 12% fat.

24. The cartridge according to claim 1, in which one or more liquid beverage ingredients selected from the group which includes solids cocoa, coffee, tea, sweeteners, stimulating drinks, condiments, alcoholic drinks, flavoured milk, fruit juices, fruit juice with sparkling water, drinks and desserts.

25. Way of issue of beverage from a cartridge (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 24, containing one or more liquid ingredients (200) drink during the working cycle, including the stage of passing the aqueous medium through the cartridge to form a beverage by dilution of the indicated one or more liquid ingredients, foaming specified drink and issuance of foamed drink in the receiver, and controlling the degree of dilution of the indicated one or more beverage ingredients, so in punanny issued by the drink has a concentration in the beginning of the working cycle from 30 to 70% solids and the concentration at the end of the working cycle from 1 up to 15% of dry matter.

26. The method according A.25, in which the concentration at the beginning of the working cycle is 30 to 35% dry matter.

27. The method according to p, in which the concentration at the end of the duty cycle is approximately 10% solids.

28. The method according to p or 27, in which the liquid component is evaporated milk.

29. The method according A.25, in which the concentration at the beginning of the working cycle is 60 to 70% of dry matter.

30. The method according to clause 29, wherein the concentration of the end of the working cycle is 12 to 15% of dry matter.

31. The method according to clause 29 or 30 in which the liquid ingredient contains solids cocoa.

32. The method according A.25, in which the concentration at the beginning of the duty cycle is from 40 to 70% solids.

33. The method according to p, in which the concentration at the end of the duty cycle is from claim 1 to 2% dry matter.

34. The method according to p or 33, in which the liquid ingredient contains coffee.

35. Way of issue of beverage from a cartridge (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 24, containing one or more liquid ingredients (200) drink during the working cycle of operation of the transmission aqueous medium through the cartridge to form a beverage by dilution of the indicated one or more liquid ingredients, and issuance of a drink in the receiver, and one or more liquid beverage ingredients froth at issue to the level of the I from 20 to 150%.

36. The method according to p, in which one or more liquid beverage ingredients to churn level from 70 to 100%.

37. The method according to p or 36, in which one or more liquid beverage ingredients include one or more ingredients selected from concentrated milk, coffee and solids cocoa.

38. The drink obtained by the method according to clause 37.

39. A method of manufacturing a cartridge (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 24 for the issuance of a beverage, comprising the stage of:
a. the manufacture of a variety of external elements (2), comprising at least the outer element of the first type and the outer element of the second type having a different shape and configuration;
b. the manufacture of many internal components (3), including at least the internal element of the first type and the internal element of the second type having a different shape and configuration, with the inner element of the first type and the internal element of the second type are interchangeable;
c. storing the specified set of external elements and these internal elements;
d. select from a variety of external elements of one of the outer elements of the first type and one of the outer elements of the second type;
e. select from a variety of internal components of one of the internal elements of the first type and one of the internal elements of the second type;
f. compounds selected vnutrennego with the selected outer element, so that the interior element is inside the outer element;
g. fill the outer element, one or more ingredients (200) drink, selected from a variety of beverage ingredients; and
h. the outer sealing element cover (5) to form a cartridge.

40. The method according to 39, which is provided at the stage b. connected with the inner element (3) of the first type and/or of the second type of filter element (4).

41. The method according to 39 or 40, in which the outer element (2) of the first type is for receiving roast and ground beverage ingredients or similar

42. The method according to paragraph 41, in which the outer element (2) of the second type is for receiving roast and ground beverage ingredients or similar

43. The method according to 42, in which the inner element (3) of the first type is used to filter the roast and ground beverage ingredients or the like.

44. The method according to item 43, in which the inner element (3) of the second type used to filter the roast and ground beverage ingredients or the like, and to capture multiple air bubbles generated by the drink.

45. The method according to item 43 or 44, in which the inner element (3) of the first and second type contains a frame (41) is placed on the filter (4), in which the peripheral rim (51) a frame connected with a selected type of the external member by welding.

46. JV is own by 45, in which the inner element (3) of the second type contains a means (70) receiving a strong jet of beverage containing the hole on the path for flow of the beverage between the inlet and outlet of the cartridge.

47. The method according to item 46, which additionally provides for the manufacture and storage of the inner element (3) of the third type.

48. The method according to p in which the inner element of the third type is used for issuing soluble ingredients of the drink, etc.

49. The method according to p, which additionally provides for the manufacture and storage of the inner element (3) of the fourth type.

50. The method according to 49, in which the inner element (3) of the fourth type is used for issuing liquid beverage ingredients and the like,

51. The method according to any of PP-50, in which the internal elements (3) of the third and fourth type includes a skirt (80)surrounding the output, with skirt includes an upper protrusion (81)having a top rim (91), which is engaged in the Assembly of interacting with education (19) of the outer element (2) of the selected type, forming a landing with a snap to connect the internal element of the third or fourth type of outer element of the selected type.

52. The cartridge system for issuing a variety of drinks, which contains a number of cartridges according to any one of claims 1 to 24, containing the ingredients of different drinks.

53. The cartridge system according to paragraph 52, in which toroi each cartridge contains a filter (4).

54. The cartridge system according to paragraph 52 or 53, in which the outer element (3) of the first type is used for content roast and ground beverage ingredients, etc.

55. The cartridge system according to item 54, in which the outer element (3) of the second type is used for the content of soluble or liquid ingredients, etc.

56. The cartridge system according to 55, in which the inner element (3) of the first type is used to filter the roast and ground beverage ingredients, etc.

57. The cartridge system according p, in which the inner element (3) of the second type used to filter the roast and ground beverage ingredients and the like and provides a means of capturing many air bubbles generated by the drink.

58. The cartridge system according to 57, in which the inner element (3) of the first and second type contains a frame (4)with an overlay of the filter (4), and in which the peripheral rim (51) a frame connected to the outer element of the selected type by welding.

59. The cartridge system according to 57 or 58, in which the inner element (3) of the second type contains a means (70) receiving a strong jet of beverage containing the hole on the path for flow of the beverage between the inlet and outlet of the cartridge.

60. The cartridge system according p, which also contains internal element (3) of the third type.

61. The cartridge system according p, in which the inner element (3) the third type of case is it to issue a soluble beverage ingredients and the like.

62. The cartridge system according p, which contains an internal element (3) of the fourth type.

63. The cartridge system according to item 62, in which the inner element (3) of the fourth type is used for issuing liquid beverage ingredients and the like.

64. The cartridge system according to any one of p-63, in which the internal elements (3) of the third and fourth type includes a skirt (80)surrounding the output, with skirt includes an upper protrusion (81)having a top rim (91), which is engaged in the Assembly of interacting with education (19) of the outer element (2) of the selected type, forming a landing with a snap to connect the internal element of the third or fourth type of outer element of the selected type.

65. The method of preparation of the drink, which includes stages:
a. the introduction of the first cartridge (1) for beverage, containing one or more ingredients (200) drink in the car (201) for the preparation of a beverage;
b. actuation of the specified machines for the beverage to pass the water environment through the first cartridge drink to issue the first part of the drink in the receiver;
c. the introduction of the second cartridge (1) for beverage, containing one or more ingredients (200) drink in the car for the beverage;
d. actuation of the machine for preparing a drink for the passage of the water environment through the second card is ij drink to issue the second part of the drink in the receiver;
characterized in that one of the first and second cartridges for drinks is a cartridge according to any one of claims 1 to 24 and contains a liquid ingredient-based dairy products.

66. The method according to p, in which the first or second cartridge (1) for beverage contains ingredient for the formation of a cook part of the drink.

67. The method according to p or 66, which additionally includes a step of extracting the first cartridge (1) for a drink before inserting the second cartridge (1) for a drink.

68. The method according to p in which ingredient of the drink in the first or second cartridge to drink is roasted and ground coffee.

69. The method according to p in which ingredient of the drink in the first or second cartridge to drink is tea leaves.

70. The method according to p in which ingredient of the drink in the first or second cartridge for a beverage is a liquid coffee ingredient.

71. The method according to p, in which the liquid ingredient of the drink is a concentrated product based on milk.

72. The method according to p, in which the concentrated product on the basis of milk is a concentrated liquid milk.

73. The method according to item 72, in which the concentrated liquid milk contains from 25 to 40% dry matter.

74. The method according to p, in which the concentrated liquid milk contains 30% of dry matter.

75. The method according to any of PP-74, to the torus concentrated liquid milk contains from 0.1 to 12% fat.

76. The method according to item 75, which additionally includes a step of foaming at the time of dispensing one or more ingredients based on milk products.

77. The system of preparation of beverages containing machine (201) for the preparation of drinks, having a tool receiving different cartridges (1) for drinks and a means of crossing the water environment through these cartridges for drinks, and the first cartridge (1) for beverage contains one or more ingredients (200) drink for the preparation of the first specified portion of the beverage, and the second cartridge (1) for beverage contains one or more ingredients (200) drink for the preparation of the second portion of the specified beverage, characterized in that the first or second cartridge for drinks is a cartridge according to any one of claims 1 to 24 and contains liquid ingredient-based dairy products.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transportation, packing.

SUBSTANCE: cartridge intended for beverage preparation in a car. The cartridge comprises one or more beverage ingredients and is made of air- and water-tight materials. One or more of the beverage ingredients is a liquid chocolate ingredient, the said chocolate ingredient has a viscosity of 70 to 3900 mPas at the room temperature. The cartridge has an inlet opening for the introduction of water medium into the cartridge, and an outlet opening at the same side of the cartridge that the inlet opening, for the discharge of the beverage made of the liquid chocolate ingredient. The cartridge has at least one inlet opening for air and means for beverage stream pressure reduction so, in the process of use, air in the form of many bubbles is introduced into the beverage from at least one of the said openings. The ingredients may be soup, juice, or may be based on dairy or coffee products.

EFFECT: development of container, which is safe to operate while resulting product has good taste.

41 cl, 37 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: mechanics, foodstuffs.

SUBSTANCE: proposed cartridge contains one or several drink ingredients and is made of air- and water-tight materials. The said cartridge comprises a water inlet and a prepared drink outlet. The aforesaid cartridge includes an outer and inner elements, the latter being fitted in the former and an appliance to produce strongly-gasified drink jet. The aforesaid appliance has a hole made on drink way from inlet to outlet constricted by the inner and outer element opposed surfaces.

EFFECT: reliable structure sustaining increased inner pressure.

23 cl, 37 dwg

FIELD: food products, mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: cartridge contains one or more beverage ingredients and is substantially made of air- and waterproof materials. The cartridge comprises a storing chamber for one or more beverage ingredients and a collecting chamber. The collecting chamber actually encircles the chamber peripherals. The cartridge is fitted with a hole through which one or more ingredients can be placed into the storing chamber. The hole is closed with a cover having two sectors: one of them covers collecting chamber and the other - storing chamber. The first cover sector is pierced when using so that to let in the water flow into the collecting chamber. The cover is pierced so that to let out beverage flow produced by interaction of water and one or more beverage ingredients in the storing chamber.

EFFECT: punches are not clogged up when using the cartridge.

28 cl, 46 dwg

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to tight cartridges and can be used in devices intended for preparation of drinks. The cartridge contains one or more drink ingredients and is made of air- and watertight materials. The cartridge contains or can form, at least, one inlet to feed water inside it and, at least, one outlet. Water flows through the cartridge radially inside from, at least, one inlet towards, at least, one outlet.

EFFECT: higher extraction of drink ingredients.

23 cl, 37 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: packages, particularly for beverage preparation.

SUBSTANCE: capsule 8 adapted to be extracted under pressure in extraction device contains component 12 for beverage preparation in closed system. Installed in the closed system are capsule opening means, which provide capsule opening at the time of its use and allowing beverage pouring out due to fluid pressure increase in chamber.

EFFECT: prevention of beverage contact with extraction device.

29 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for preparing drinks. Proposed pack is closed flexible cartridge providing extraction under pressure and contains powder for preparing drink. Cartridge consists of first and second sheets of round, oval or polygonal form, between which space is left for powder and which are welded to each other along outer edge. First sheet is made of filter paper or nonwoven material. Second sheet is made of filter paper or nonwoven material or composite material. First sheet is made to pass water at atmospheric pressure or when is pierced by means of piercing device, and second sheet is made to pass water only if gauge pressure of 0.1 to 3 bar is built inside cartridge in process of extraction.

EFFECT: improved extraction, preparation of coffee with good foam.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: packing equipment, particularly containers disposable after usage thereof or adapted to store substance which is infused or solved in situ.

SUBSTANCE: container 1 comprises inlet orifice 4 to supply aqueous medium into container, compartment 8 with beverage ingredient and outlet orifice 5 for ready drink. Container has beverage channel. Container also comprises jet forming means 16 disposed inside the channel in front of outlet orifice or located inside it, as well as at least one air inlet orifice 18 and liquid jet pressure reduction means 17. Air supplied through at least one inlet orifice 18 aerates the beverage in the form of a great number of small bubbles. Container enables to prepare espresso coffee under low pressure, for instance under pressure of not more than 2·105 Pa.

EFFECT: increased simplicity of coffee preparation, reduced pressure necessary for espresso coffee preparation.

20 cl;, 7 dwg

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, capsule, which may be used for producing of espresso-coffee.

SUBSTANCE: portioned capsule has constructional member arranged between capsule bottom and substance and/or between capsule cover and substance and provided with plurality of openings and channels defined by embossment relief for water distribution or for collecting of prepared beverage.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by uniform washing with water and, as a result, improved extraction of substance.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, capsule, which may be used for producing of espresso-coffee.

SUBSTANCE: portioned capsule has constructional member arranged between capsule bottom and substance and/or between capsule cover and substance and provided with plurality of openings and channels defined by embossment relief for water distribution or for collecting of prepared beverage.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by uniform washing with water and, as a result, improved extraction of substance.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: packing equipment, particularly containers disposable after usage thereof or adapted to store substance which is infused or solved in situ.

SUBSTANCE: container 1 comprises inlet orifice 4 to supply aqueous medium into container, compartment 8 with beverage ingredient and outlet orifice 5 for ready drink. Container has beverage channel. Container also comprises jet forming means 16 disposed inside the channel in front of outlet orifice or located inside it, as well as at least one air inlet orifice 18 and liquid jet pressure reduction means 17. Air supplied through at least one inlet orifice 18 aerates the beverage in the form of a great number of small bubbles. Container enables to prepare espresso coffee under low pressure, for instance under pressure of not more than 2·105 Pa.

EFFECT: increased simplicity of coffee preparation, reduced pressure necessary for espresso coffee preparation.

20 cl;, 7 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for preparing drinks. Proposed pack is closed flexible cartridge providing extraction under pressure and contains powder for preparing drink. Cartridge consists of first and second sheets of round, oval or polygonal form, between which space is left for powder and which are welded to each other along outer edge. First sheet is made of filter paper or nonwoven material. Second sheet is made of filter paper or nonwoven material or composite material. First sheet is made to pass water at atmospheric pressure or when is pierced by means of piercing device, and second sheet is made to pass water only if gauge pressure of 0.1 to 3 bar is built inside cartridge in process of extraction.

EFFECT: improved extraction, preparation of coffee with good foam.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: packages, particularly for beverage preparation.

SUBSTANCE: capsule 8 adapted to be extracted under pressure in extraction device contains component 12 for beverage preparation in closed system. Installed in the closed system are capsule opening means, which provide capsule opening at the time of its use and allowing beverage pouring out due to fluid pressure increase in chamber.

EFFECT: prevention of beverage contact with extraction device.

29 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to tight cartridges and can be used in devices intended for preparation of drinks. The cartridge contains one or more drink ingredients and is made of air- and watertight materials. The cartridge contains or can form, at least, one inlet to feed water inside it and, at least, one outlet. Water flows through the cartridge radially inside from, at least, one inlet towards, at least, one outlet.

EFFECT: higher extraction of drink ingredients.

23 cl, 37 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: food products, mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: cartridge contains one or more beverage ingredients and is substantially made of air- and waterproof materials. The cartridge comprises a storing chamber for one or more beverage ingredients and a collecting chamber. The collecting chamber actually encircles the chamber peripherals. The cartridge is fitted with a hole through which one or more ingredients can be placed into the storing chamber. The hole is closed with a cover having two sectors: one of them covers collecting chamber and the other - storing chamber. The first cover sector is pierced when using so that to let in the water flow into the collecting chamber. The cover is pierced so that to let out beverage flow produced by interaction of water and one or more beverage ingredients in the storing chamber.

EFFECT: punches are not clogged up when using the cartridge.

28 cl, 46 dwg

FIELD: mechanics, foodstuffs.

SUBSTANCE: proposed cartridge contains one or several drink ingredients and is made of air- and water-tight materials. The said cartridge comprises a water inlet and a prepared drink outlet. The aforesaid cartridge includes an outer and inner elements, the latter being fitted in the former and an appliance to produce strongly-gasified drink jet. The aforesaid appliance has a hole made on drink way from inlet to outlet constricted by the inner and outer element opposed surfaces.

EFFECT: reliable structure sustaining increased inner pressure.

23 cl, 37 dwg

FIELD: transportation, packing.

SUBSTANCE: cartridge intended for beverage preparation in a car. The cartridge comprises one or more beverage ingredients and is made of air- and water-tight materials. One or more of the beverage ingredients is a liquid chocolate ingredient, the said chocolate ingredient has a viscosity of 70 to 3900 mPas at the room temperature. The cartridge has an inlet opening for the introduction of water medium into the cartridge, and an outlet opening at the same side of the cartridge that the inlet opening, for the discharge of the beverage made of the liquid chocolate ingredient. The cartridge has at least one inlet opening for air and means for beverage stream pressure reduction so, in the process of use, air in the form of many bubbles is introduced into the beverage from at least one of the said openings. The ingredients may be soup, juice, or may be based on dairy or coffee products.

EFFECT: development of container, which is safe to operate while resulting product has good taste.

41 cl, 37 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: drinks preparation apparatuses.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drinks preparation apparatuses, particularly to cartridges incorporated with appropriate machine, from example, those to prepare coffee, tea, cappuccino etc. Proposed cartridge contains one or more drink liquid ingredients and is made from air- and watertight materials. It comprises liquid inlet, compartment to accommodate liquid ingredients and outlet to force prepared drink out. Aforesaid compartment includes the device decelerating dilution of at least a portion of the said ingredients on feeding water into the said compartment. In operation water way passes from inlet to outlet, while aforesaid dilution decelerating device comprises a gate constricting ingredient flow into water flow.

EFFECT: easy and reliable operation, chances to produce wide range of drinks.

77 cl, 49 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to metered dispensing of substance from container filled with single portion of aforesaid substance. Proposed system comprises container containing single portion of substance and comprising deformable body. Dispenser comprises container receiver and allows opening the container. Aforesaid receiver comprises variable-volume chamber to receive container. Container housing features bottom, wall running from aforesaid bottom and flat peripheral edge arranged around the hole. Aforesaid edge is made integral with wall and extends outward, while hole is covered by a layer tightly jointed to said peripheral edge with the help of sealing peripheral seam. Aforesaid receiver comprises thrust surface interacting with rear side of aforesaid peripheral edge rear side, and cover that serves to support aforesaid layer. Dispenser includes also body flattening means arranged in compression chamber for contact with container bottom. Container is furnished with substance identifier. On flattening the container, aforesaid layer bulges to get into recess for container to be opened.

EFFECT: no need in special cutting tools.

55 cl, 73 dwg

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