Cartridge for beverage manufacturing

FIELD: food products, mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: cartridge contains one or more beverage ingredients and is substantially made of air- and waterproof materials. The cartridge comprises a storing chamber for one or more beverage ingredients and a collecting chamber. The collecting chamber actually encircles the chamber peripherals. The cartridge is fitted with a hole through which one or more ingredients can be placed into the storing chamber. The hole is closed with a cover having two sectors: one of them covers collecting chamber and the other - storing chamber. The first cover sector is pierced when using so that to let in the water flow into the collecting chamber. The cover is pierced so that to let out beverage flow produced by interaction of water and one or more beverage ingredients in the storing chamber.

EFFECT: punches are not clogged up when using the cartridge.

28 cl, 46 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a cartridge and, in particular, to the use of sealed cartridges, which are made from essentially airtight and waterproof materials and which contain one or more ingredients to prepare drinks.

Previously it was proposed to seal the ingredients to make the drink in a separate airtight packaging. For example, the known cartridges or capsules containing compacted ground coffee intended for use in some machines for making coffee, which is usually called the machines "espresso". When preparing coffee using these machines, the cartridge of coffee placed in the cooking chamber, and passed through the cartridge under a relatively high pressure hot water, thus removing from ground coffee aroma components with getting a coffee drink. Typically, these machines work under pressure over 6X105PA. Espresso machines of the type described to date have been quite expensive, since such components as water pumps and seals, must be able to withstand high pressure.

In WO 01/58786 described cartridge for the preparation of drinks, which operates under pressure being in the range from 0.7 to 2,h5PA. However, this cartridge is intended for the use in the car for commercial or industrial beverage and is relatively expensive. Hence, there remains a need for such a cartridge for the preparation of drinks, to this cartridge and machine for making the drink were suitable, in particular, on the cost, performance and reliability, for use in everyday life.

In a typical known cartridges for drinks entrance and exit for fluid formed from opposite sides of the cartridge. This has the disadvantage that the machine for preparing beverages using such cartridges typically requires a complex mechanical system to bring the input and output breakers in contact with the cartridge opposite directions. In addition, the input and output breakers may also hinder the introduction and extraction of the cartridge for a drink from the machine for preparing a drink. In WO 01/60220 offered a cartridge for a beverage, in which the input and output is performed from one side of the cartridge. However, this cartridge has a tendency to clogging of the input punches as they come in contact with the ingredients of the drink.

Accordingly, the present invention provides a cartridge containing one or more beverage ingredients and are made of an essentially air - and water-impermeable materials, the cartridge forms a chamber for storing, containing one or more beverage ingredients and the collector chamber, the ri this cartridge contains a hole, through which one or more ingredients can be placed in storage, and this aperture is closed by a cap having a first section, covering the collector chamber, and a second section covering the camera for storage, and the first section of the cover is producemime when used to receive the incoming flow of the water environment in the collector chamber and the lid is protegemos to skip stemming the flow of beverage formed in the interaction of the aqueous medium and one or more beverage ingredients in the storage.

It is clear that the term "cartridge"as used here means any package, container, package or Sasha receiver, which contains one or more beverage ingredients as described above. The cartridge may be rigid, semi-rigid or flexible.

The cartridge according to the invention contains one or more liquid beverage ingredients suitable for the formation of the finished drink. Finished beverage may be, for example, one of coffee, tea, chocolate or drink based on milk products, including milk. The ingredients of the drink can be powdered, crushed, sheet or liquid. The ingredients of the drink can be insoluble or soluble. Examples might include roast and ground coffee, leaf tea, chocolate then, is the Cabinet and soup, liquid milk-based drinks and concentrated fruit juices.

Advantage cartridge according to the invention is that the inflow and outflow of the beverage from the cartridge comes with one and the same side, i.e. through the cover. This allows to simplify the design of the input and output breakers machines for making beverages intended for use with the cartridge, since both punch can be placed on a common plane. In addition, it is possible to reduce the overall height of the machine for preparing beverages, eliminating the need for the placement of the piercing means and associated inlet pipes both above and below the cartridge. Improving access for insertion and extraction of the cartridge from the machine for preparing beverages, because over the cartridge you want to place fewer components. The advantage is that the cartridge according to the invention provides a manifold chamber in which when using the supplied aqueous medium such as water. A reservoir chamber separated from the camera for storage, which contains the ingredients of the drink. Thus preventing clogging of the input punch machine for preparing beverages as input the punch is not in direct contact with the beverage ingredients. In addition, the collector to the measure improves the circulation of water inside the cartridge and improves the uniformity of flow of water in storage and flow through her. This improves the consistency of the output from the cartridge for a drink.

Preferably, the cartridge also contains videonow camera that covers the third section of the cover, which is producemime to skip stemming the flow of beverage formed by the interaction of the aqueous medium and one or more beverage ingredients in the storage.

Preferably, wydana chamber contains vydatnou socket.

Preferably, the collector Luggage and Luggage storage are separated by a partition, which contains one or more holes. The size of the holes is chosen in such a way as to prevent the passage of one or more beverage ingredients from the camera for storage in the collector chamber. Because the ingredients of the drink can not pass through the holes of the collector chamber remains free from ingredients of the drink.

Preferably, the collector chamber at least partially covers the camera for storage. In one embodiment, the collector Luggage essentially surrounds the camera for storage. Usually the collector chamber essentially surrounds the camera for storage and holes are made essentially along the entire transition between the reservoir chamber and Luggage storage.

Preferably, the width of the holes ranges from 0.25 to 0.35 mm and a length of from 1.4 to 1.8 is m Usually performed from 20 to 40 holes.

Preferably, the collector chamber contains an inlet pipe which enters the aquatic environment, and the inlet pipe communicates with the rest of the collector chamber through one or more holes. Preferably, the inlet pipe is round.

Preferably, Luggage storage and widoczna chamber separated by an internal element. The internal element may contain one or more holes. In one embodiment, the inner element contains a filter to prevent passage of the one or more beverage ingredients from the camera for storage in videonow camera, missing out the drink.

Preferably, the cover is connected with an external element and the internal element. Usually the cover is attached to the outer element on the periphery of the cartridge and is connected to the internal element at the center of the cartridge or next to it. The cover can be connected with vydatnou funnel inner element.

Preferably, the outer element has a higher hardness than the cover.

Preferably, the piercing place the lid with the aim of incoming bandwidth and the resulting stream is located so that water passing through the cartridge, moving in the General upward from input to output.

Also preferably, the cartridge has this Fort is near, that water passes through a chamber for storing in a General upward direction.

The present invention also provides a tape cartridges, where each cartridge such as those described above, and provides output in percent of the beverage produced from the one or more beverage ingredients contained in the cartridge, is a constant in the range of 1.0 standard deviations.

The present invention also provides a method of use of the cartridge, such as those described above, when the cartridge moves relative to one or more stationary punching elements to form the entrance to the cartridge or exit. The advantage of this approach is the ability to use a simplified breakdown mechanism, which is not required to make an articulated or otherwise move. In addition, because of the breakdown mechanisms are fixed, it is possible to achieve more precise alignment of the cartridge piercing elements, which improves performance and reduces the splashing of the water environment. especially at issue.

The present invention also provides a cartridge containing one or more beverage ingredients and are made of an essentially air - and water-impermeable materials, the cartridge restricts the chamber containing one or more ingredients on etka, the cartridge also contains the cover and configured to pierce the lid during use, when the cartridge has a horizontal orientation to provide a flow into and outflow of the water environment for the education of the drink due to the interaction in the chamber of the water environment and one or more beverage ingredients. Essentially, the horizontal position of the cartridge when using allows you to optimize the flow of the aqueous medium through the cartridge. In vertically oriented cartridge to water or other aqueous medium flows under the influence of gravity quickly, and can thereby bypass part of the ingredients of the drink. With a horizontally oriented cartridge this problem can be avoided, especially when the upward flow in the area between the entrance and exit.

Preferably, the water stream flows into the first chamber and flows from the second chamber. The first camera may be a reservoir chamber. The second camera can be widoczna camera. Preferably, Luggage storage, containing one or more beverage ingredients is separated from the collector chamber and vydatnou camera.

In the following description the terms "upper" and "lower" as well as equivalent will be used to describe the relative location of the features of the invention. The terms "upper" and "lower", and the e is equivalent to them should be considered as belonging to the cartridge (or other components) in its normal orientation when installed in a machine for preparing beverages and subsequent issuance as shown, for example, Figure 4. In particular, "upper" and "lower" refer, respectively, to the relative positions closer to and farther from the top surface 11 of the cartridge. In addition, the terms "inner" and "outer"and equivalent terms will be used to describe the relative position of the features of the invention. The terms "inner" and "outer"and equivalent terms must be considered as referring to the relative positions on the cartridge (or other components)that are, respectively, closer and farther from the center or main axis X of the cartridge 1 (or another component).

Forth only as an example will be described embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, on which:

Figure 1 is a view in cross section of the outer member in the first and second embodiments of the cartridge according to the invention;

Figure 2 is a view in cross section the details of the external element of figure 1, showing facing the inside of the cylindrical protrusion;

Figure 3 is a view in cross section the details of the external element of figure 1, showing the slit;

4 is a perspective view from above of the outer element of figure 1;

5 is a perspective view from above of the outer element of figure 1 in an inverted position;

6 is a top view of the outer element of figure 1;

Fig.7 is a view in section of the inner element papilloma variant of execution of the cartridge;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element 7;

Fig.9 is a perspective view from above of the inner element 7 in an inverted position;

Figure 10 is a top view of the inner element 7;

11 is a view in section of a first variant implementation of the cartridge in the assembled state;

Fig - view in section of the inner element of the second variant of execution of the cartridge;

Fig is a view in cross section details of the internal element at Fig showing the eye;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig upside down;

Fig is another view in section of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a view in cross section of another part of the internal element at Fig showing the inlet for air;

Fig - view in section of a second variant implementation of the cartridge in the assembled state;

Fig is a view in cross section of the outer element of the third and fourth embodiments of the cartridge according to the invention;

Fig is a view in cross section of part of the outer element Fig showing facing the inside of the cylindrical protrusion;

Fig is a top view of the outer element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the outer element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the outer element Fig in the inverted state is;

Fig - view in section of the inner element of the third variant of execution of the cartridge;

Fig is a top view of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a view in cross section details of the internal element at Fig showing wrapped inside top rim;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig upside down;

Fig is a view in cross section of a third variant of execution of the cartridge in the assembled state;

Fig - view in section of the inner element of the fourth version of the complete cartridge;

Fig is a top view of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig;

Fig is a perspective view from above of the inner element Fig upside down;

Fig - view in section of a fourth variant of execution of the cartridge in the assembled state;

Fig is a perspective view from the front of the machine for preparing beverages according to the invention;

Fig is a perspective view from the front of the machine Fig with the cartridge in an open position;

Fig is a perspective view from the rear of the machine Fig, where some details omitted for clarity;

Fig is another perspective view from the rear of the machine Fig, where some details omitted for clarity;

Fig is a perspective view install gnoi the machine head on Fig, where some parts omitted for clarity;

Fig is another perspective view of cartridge head machine Fig, where some details omitted for clarity;

Fig - view in section of the cartridge head in the closed position;

Fig - view in section of the cartridge head in the open position;

Fig - block diagram of the machine Fig;

Figa and 44b is a flowchart of the first and second code recognition means for the machine on Fig;

Fig - type beverage according to the invention includes a bar code.

As shown in figure 11, the cartridge 1 according to the invention in General includes an outer element 2, the inner element 3 and the laminated material 5. The outer element 2, the inner element 3 and the laminated material 5 is assembled with the receipt of the cartridge 1, which has an internal part 120 for one or more beverage ingredients, the inlet 121, the output 122 and path for the flow of beverage connecting the inlet 121 and the outlet 122 and which passes through the inner portion 120. The inlet 121 and outlet 122 are initially sealed laminated material 5 and opening when used by piercing or cutting the laminated material 5. The path for the flow of beverage is determined by the spatial relationship between the outer element 2, inner member 3 and the laminated material 5, as will be discussed below. In the cartridge 1 can be d is further included other components, such as the filter 4, as will be described later.

The first version of the cartridge 1, which is described as the base case, shown in Figure 1-11. The first version of the cartridge 1, in particular, is intended for filtered material, such as roast and ground coffee or leaf tea. However, this variant of the cartridge 1 and the other options described below may be used with other products, such as chocolate, coffee, tea, sweetener, energy drink, flavor, alcoholic drink, flavoured milk, fruit juice, squash (diluted juice, sauce and dessert.

As shown in Figure 5, the cartridge 1 has an essentially circular or disc shape, and the diameter of the cartridge 1 is significantly larger than its height. The main axis X passes through the center of the outer element, as shown in figure 1. Usually the whole diameter of the outer element 2 is 74,5 mm ±6 mm and the total height is 16 mm±3 mm is Usually the volume of the cartridge 1 after Assembly is 30.2 ml ±20%.

The outer element 2 has an essentially Cup-shaped housing 10 having a curved annular wall 13, a closed top 11 and an open bottom portion 12. The diameter of the outer element 2, the top 11 is smaller than the diameter of the lower part 12, which is associated with the expansion of the annular wall 13 of the bottom, at the transition from the closed top 11 to the open bottom 12. The annular wall 13 is closed top 11 limit the receiver together with the inner part 34.

In the closed top 11 performed facing the inside of the hollow cylindrical protrusion 18, centered on the main axis X. As shown more clearly Figure 2, a cylindrical projection 18 includes a stepped profile having first, second and third sections 19, 20 and 21. The first section 19 is straight, circular, cylindrical. The second section 20 has the shape of a truncated cone and beveled inward. The third section 21 is another direct, circular, cylindrical and closed bottom surface 31. The diameter of the first, second and third sections 19, 20 and 21 is gradually reduced, so that the diameter of the cylindrical protrusion 18 is reduced when moving from the top 11 to the closed bottom surface 31 of the cylindrical protrusion 18. Essentially horizontal shoulder 32 formed on the cylindrical protrusion 18 at the interface between the second and third sections 20 and 21.

On the outer element 2 in the direction of the lower part 12 is protruding outward shoulder 33. Protruding outward shoulder 33 forms a secondary wall 15, coaxial with the annular wall 13 so as to form a circular path, forming the pipe 16 between the secondary wall 15 and the annular wall 13. The pipe 16 passes through the circumference of the outer element 2. In the annular wall 13 is the number of slits 17 is flush with the pipe 16, to provide the movement of gas and liquid between the tubes of the wire 16 and the inner part 34 of the outer element 2. As shown in Figure 3, the slits 17 are vertical slits in the annular wall 13. Apply 20 to 40 slots. In the shown embodiment, the used thirty-seven slots 17, essentially rownorzednych on the periphery of the pipeline 16. Slit 17 preferably have a length of from 1.4 to 1.8 mm is Usually the length of each slit is 1.6 mm, accounting for 10% of the total height of the outer element 2. The width of each slit is from 0.25 to 0.35 mm is Usually the width of each gap is 0.3 mm Slit 17 sufficiently narrow to prevent the ingress of beverage ingredients in the pipe 16 as during storage and use.

The inlet chamber 26 formed in the outer element 2 on the periphery of the outer element 2. As most clearly shown in Figure 5, is provided by cylindrical wall 27, which limits him in the inlet 26 and separates the inlet chamber 26 from the inner part 34 of the outer element 2. Cylindrical wall 27 has a closed top surface 28, which is located in the plane perpendicular to the main axis X, and an open lower end 29 located in the same plane with the bottom part 12 of the outer element 2. The inlet chamber 26 is communicated, as shown in figure 1, with the pipe 16 through the two slits 30. On the other hand, for communication between the pipe 16 and the input chamber 26 can be used from one to four the ex slits.

The lower end protruding outward of the shoulder 33 provided with protruding outward flange 35, which runs perpendicular to the main axis X. Typically, the flange 35 has a width of from 2 to 4 mm Portion of the flange 35 is enlarged, forming a handle 24 which may be used to hold the outer element 2. The handle 24 is provided with a turned up edge 25 to improve grip.

The outer element 2 is made as a single solid piece of high density polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyester or laminated material of two or more of these materials. Suitable polypropylene can choose from a number of polymers, supplied by DSM UK Limited (Reddish, UK). The outer element may be opaque, transparent or translucent. For production can be used in injection molding.

The internal element 3, as shown in Fig.7-10, contains an annular frame 41 and the exhaust down the cylindrical funnel 40. The main axis X, as shown in Fig.7, passes through the centre of the inner element 3.

As shown best Pig, the annular frame 41 includes an outer rim 51 and the inner sleeve 52, which are interconnected posted by ten intervals radial ridges 53. The inner sleeve 52 forms one whole with the cylindrical funnel 40 and away from it. In the annular frame 41 between the radial the ridges 53 are made of the filter hole 55. The filter 4 is placed on the annular frame 41 so as to cover the filter hole 55. The filter is preferably made of a material having high strength in the wet state, for example, non-woven fibrous material of polyester. Other materials that can be used include waterproof pulp material, such as cellulosic material containing-woven paper fibers. Woven paper fibers can be mixed with polypropylene fibers, polyvinyl chloride and/or polyethylene. The inclusion of these plastic materials in the pulp material makes cellulosic material thermovalve. The filter 4 can also be treated and covered with material that is activated by heat and/or pressure, so that it may be affixed to the annular frame 41 so.

As shown made in the context of the profile 7, when the inner sleeve 52 is in the lower position relative to the outer rim 51, the annular frame 41 has an inclined lower profile.

The upper surface of each jumper 53 provided with a vertical partition 54, which separates the cavity space above the annular frame 41 on many passages 57. Each passage 57 is limited at the sides by a partition wall 54 and the bottom of the filter 4. The passages 57 are from the outer rim 51 down to cylindricus the second funnel 40, opening in the openings 56 formed by the inner edges of the partitions 54.

The cylindrical funnel 40 includes an inner tube 42 surrounding the inner vydatnou pipe 43. Outer tube 42 forms the outer part of the cylindrical funnel 40. Vydatnou pipe 43 is connected with the outer pipe 42 at the upper end wydanego pipe 43 through the annular flange 47. Vydatnou pipe 43 includes at the upper end of the inlet 45 which communicates with the openings 56 of the passages 57 and exit 44 at the lower end, through which the prepared drink throw in a Cup or other receiver. Vydatnou pipe 43 contains a plot in the form of a truncated cone 48 at the upper end and the cylindrical section 58 at the lower end. The cylindrical section 58 may have a slight taper so that it tapers towards the outlet 44. Section 48 in the form of a truncated cone helps to convey the beverage passes from 57 down in the direction of exit 44, without imparting turbulence to drink. The upper surface 48 in the form of a truncated cone provided with four supporting crosspieces 49, reversename on the periphery of the cylindrical funnel 40. Reference jumper 49 limit the channels 50 between them. The upper edge of the load-bearing lintels 49 are located on the same level with each other and perpendicular to the main axis X.

The internal element 3 can be performed as dinoe solid product from polypropylene or similar material, as described above, and by injection molding in the same manner as the outer element 2.

On the other hand, the internal element 3 and/or the outer element 2 can be made of biodegradable polymer. Examples of suitable materials include biodegradable polyethylene (for example, SPITEK, which supplies the company Symphony Environmental, Borehamwood, UK), the biodegradable polyetherimide (for example, BAK 1095, which supplies the company Symphony Environmental), lactic polyacid (PLA, which supplies the company Cargil, PCs Minnesota, USA), polymers based on starch, cellulose derivatives and polypeptides.

Laminated material 5 is formed from two layers, the first layer of aluminum and a second layer of cast polypropylene. The thickness of the aluminum layer is from 0.02 to 0.07 mm Thickness molded polypropylene ranges from 0.025 to 0,065 mm In one embodiment, the thickness of the aluminum layer is 0.06 mm and a layer of polypropylene - 0,025 mm This laminated material is particularly suitable, since it has higher resistance to twisting during Assembly. In the laminated material 5 can be pre-cut into the desired size and shape, and then transfer to the Assembly production line, despite the fact that it is not subject to warping. Therefore, the laminated material 5 is particularly Ave is suitable for welding. You can use other layered materials, including laminated material PET/Al/PP, PE/EVON/PP, PET/metalized/PP and Aluminum/PP. Instead carved stamp blanks you can use the laminated material in rolls.

Instead of flexible laminated material cartridge 1 can be closed by a rigid or semi-rigid cover.

The cartridge Assembly 1 includes the following operations:

a) the internal element 3 is inserted into the outer element 2;

b) filter 4 cut into desired shape and place on the inner element 3 thus, in order to place it on top of the cylindrical funnel 40 and to impose on the annular frame 41;

(C) the internal element 3, the outer element 2 and the filter 4 are combined by ultrasonic welding;

d) the cartridge 1 is filled by one or more beverage ingredients;

e) laminated material 5 is attached to the outer element 2.

These operations will be described in more detail below.

The outer element 2 have an open bottom 12 and up. Then, the inner element 3 is put in the outer element 2 with an outer rim 51, freely planted in the axial protrusion 14 on the top 11 of the cartridge 1. A cylindrical protrusion 18 of the outer element 2 at the same time inserted in the upper part of the cylindrical funnel 40 of the inner element 3. The third section 21 cylindricus the first protrusion 18 is placed within the cylindrical funnel 40 with a closed bottom surface 31 of the cylindrical protrusion 18, based on the reference jumper 49 inner element 3. Then on the inner element 3 put the filter 4 so that the filter material is in contact with the annular rim 51. After that use welding by ultrasound for connection of the filter 4 with the inner member 3 simultaneously with the operation of the internal connection element 3 with the outer element 2. The internal element 3 and the filter 4 weld on the outer rim 51. The internal element 3 and the outer element 2 connect the welds around the outer rim 51 and, in addition, along the upper edges of the bridges 54.

As best shown in 11, the outer element 2 and the inner element 3 being interconnected to form a cavity 130 in the inner part 120 below the annular flange 41 and the outer part of the cylindrical funnel 40, forming a filter chamber. The filter chamber 130 and the passages 57 above annular frame 41 is separated by the filter paper 4.

The filter chamber 130 contains one or more beverage ingredients 200. One or more beverage ingredients Packed in the filter chamber 130. Drink filtered type ingredient is usually roasted ground coffee or leaf tea. The packing density of the beverage ingredients in the filter chamber 130 may vary as desired. Usually, to obtain filtered goth is the first coffee filter chamber contains from 5.0 to 10.2 grams of roasted and ground coffee in the filter layer of normal thickness 5-14 mm. Additionally, the inner portion 120 may contain one or more elements, such as balls, which move freely in the inner part 120, promoting mixing by promoting turbulence and destroying clusters of beverage ingredients at the time of issue of the drink.

Laminated material 5 then attach to the outer element 2 through the formation of a weld 126 on the periphery of the laminated material 5 for the connection of the laminated material 5 with the lower surface protruding outward flange 35. Weld 126 continues for a tight attachment of the laminated material 5 to the bottom edge of cylindrical wall 27 of the input chamber 26. Further, between the laminated material 5 and the lower edge of the outer tube 42 of the cylindrical funnel 40 form a welded seam 125. Laminated material 5 forms the lower wall of the filter chamber 130 and seals the entrance to the chamber 26 and the cylindrical funnel 40. However, before issuing between the laminated material 5 and the lower edge of wydanego pipe 43 there is a small gap 123. You can use various methods of welding, such as welding heat and ultrasound, depending on the properties of the laminated material 5.

Preferably the inner element 3 continues between the outer element 2 and the laminated material 5 of the Internal element 3 is made of a relatively rigid material, such as polypropylene. As such, the internal element 3 forms the element carrying the load, which serves to hold the laminated material 5 and the outer element 2 are separated by compression of the cartridge 1. Preferably, when using the cartridge 1 was subjected to a compressive load from 130 to 280 N. The compressive force helps to prevent the destruction of the cartridge under the influence of internal pressure and also serves to clamp together the inner element 3 and the outer element 2. This ensures that the internal dimensions of the passages and holes in the cartridge 1 are fixed and cannot be changed during the discharge pressure in the cartridge 1.

For use, the cartridge 1 is first inserted into the machine for preparing beverages, opening the inlet 121 and outlet 122-piercing elements of the machine for preparing beverages, which are punched and bent laminated material 5. Aqueous medium, typically water, enters the cartridge 1 under pressure through the inlet 121 in the entrance chamber 26 under the pressure of 0.1-2.0 bar. From here the water is directed to flow through the slit 30 and the pipe 16 in the filter chamber 130 of the cartridge 1 through the number of gaps 17. Water is pumped radially inward through the filter chamber 130 and mixed with ingredients 200 beverage contained therein. At the same time, water goes up through ing eventy drink. Drink, formed when water passes through the ingredients of the beverage passes through the filter 4 and the filter hole 55 in the passages 57, lying above the annular frame 41. Tight connection of the filter 4 with the ridges 53 and the welding of the rim 51 to the outer element 2 warrants workarounds and that the drink must pass through the filter 4.

Then the drink flows down along the radial passages 57 formed between the spokes 54, and through the openings 56 in the cylindrical funnel 40. The beverage passes through the channels 50 between the support ridges 47 and down widocznoa the pipe 43 to the outlet 44, where the drink is produced in the receiver Cup type.

Preferably a machine for making a beverage contains a device for purging, which blows compressed air through the cartridge 1 at the end of wydanego cycle to remove the remnants of the drink into the sink.

Fig-18 shows the second variant of the cartridge 1. The second variant of the cartridge 1 is designed for use when issuing products such as espresso, such as roasted and ground coffee, when it is desirable to get a drink containing foam of tiny bubbles known as "cream" (Italian : "foam"). Many of the signs of the second variant of the cartridge 1 are the same as in the first embodiment, and to denote the same features used in the same position. In dalnas is m description will discuss the differences between the first and second options. Common signs of acting in the same way, be considered in detail will not.

The outer element 2 has the same design as in the first embodiment of the cartridge 1, and as shown in Fig.1-6.

The annular frame 41 of the internal element 3 is the same as in the first embodiment. In addition, the filter 4 is located on the annular frame 41 so as to cover the filter hole 55. Outer tube 42 of the cylindrical funnel 40 is also the same as before. However, there are some differences in the design of the inner element 2 of the second variant in comparison with the first option. As shown in Fig, vydatnou pipe 43 provided with a partition wall 65, which partially extends up widocznoa the pipe 43 from the outlet 44. The partition wall 65 helps to prevent splashing and/or splashing of the beverage as it comes out of wydanego pipe 43. Profile wydanego pipe 43 is also different and contains a stepped profile with clearly visible curvature 66 near the upper end of the pipe 43.

Provides a rim 67, rising from the annular flange 47 and connecting the outer tube 42 with videcnik pipe 43. Rim 47 surrounds the inlet 45 in vydatnou pipe 43 and limits the annular channel 69 between the rim 67 and the upper part of the outer pipe 42. Rim 67 is supplied with the inward facing shoulder 68. At one point on the circumference of the rim 67 attain what about the hole 70 in the form of a slit, going from the top edge of the rim 67 to a point located at a minimum distance below the level of the shoulder 68, as most clearly shown in Fig and 13. The slot width is 0.64 mm

In the annular flange 47 provided input 71 for air, combined on a circle with a hole 70, as shown in Fig and 17. Input 71 for air contains a hole passing through the flange 47 so as to provide communication between a point above the flange 47 and the cavity below the flange 47 between the outer pipe and videcnik pipe 43. Preferably, and as shown, the inlet 71 for air contains upper portion 73 in the shape of a truncated cone and the lower cylindrical section 72. Entrance for air 71 usually form a molding tool, such as a hairpin. The tapered profile of the input 71 for air facilitates removing the forming tool from the molded component. The wall of the outer tube 42 near the entrance 71 for air given the shape of the trench 75 leading from the entrance for air 71 to the input 45 wydanego pipe 43. As shown in Fig, between the input 71 for air and chute 75 is formed a beveled shoulder 74 to ensure that a strong jet of the beverage coming out of the slit 70, will not hit immediately on the upper surface of the flange 47 in the vicinity of the inlet 71 for air.

The Assembly procedure of the second variant of the cartridge 1 is similar to sarcosperma option. However, there are some differences. As shown in Fig, the third section 21 of the cylindrical protrusion 18 is placed inside rather support rim 67 than the reference jumper. The shoulder 32 of the cylindrical protrusion 18 between the second portion 20 and the third section 21 rests on the upper edge of the support rim 67 of the inner element 3. Between the inner member 3 and outer element 2 is formed so area 124 of the passage that contains the mechanical seal between the cylindrical protrusion 18 and the supporting rim 67, running almost around the entire circumference of the cartridge 1. The seal between the cylindrical protrusion 18 and the supporting rim 67 is not impervious to the fluid, since the slit 70 in the bearing rim 67 passes through the supporting rim 67 and down to a point located directly below the shoulder 68. In the marginal fit between the cylindrical protrusion 18 and the supporting rim 67 turns the slot 70 in the hole 128, as best shown in Fig, providing a flow of gas and liquid between the annular channel 69 and videcnik pipe 43. The hole usually has a width of 0.64 mm and a length of 0,69 mm

The second version of the cartridge 1 in the issuance of the drink is similar to the first option, but with some differences. Drink in the radial passages 57 runs down the passages 57 formed between the ridges 54 and through the openings 5 in the annular channel 69 of the cylindrical funnel 40. From the annular channel 69 beverage is maintained under pressure through the opening 128 through the back pressure of the drink going into the filter chamber 130 and the passages 57. The beverage thus passed under pressure through the opening 128 in the form of a strong jet and enters the expansion chamber formed by the upper end of wydanego pipe 43. As shown in Fig, a strong jet of the beverage passes directly over the entrance 71 for air. When the drink goes in vydatnou pipe 43, the pressure in the jet of the beverage falls. The result is the capture of the air jet of the beverage in the form of many small bubbles of air at the suction of air through the inlet 71 for air. A strong jet of the beverage coming out of the hole 128 is sent down to the exit 44, where the beverage is discharged into the receiver Cup style, where the bubbles form the desired cream. Thus, the hole 128 and the inlet 71 for air together form the ejector, which serves to capture air drink. The flow of beverage into the ejector need to maintain as smooth in order to reduce pressure losses. Preferably the walls of the ejector is made concave in order to reduce losses due to boundary effect due to friction. The tolerances on the dimensions of the holes 128 are small. Preferably, the opening set with a deviation of plus or mine is 0.02 mm 2. Inside or at the outlet of the ejector may be provided hairs, thin fibers or other surface irregularities to increase the effective cross-sectional area, which can enhance the degree of trapping air.

Fig-29 show a third variant of the cartridge 1 according to the invention. The third variant of the cartridge 1 is designed specifically for the issuance of soluble products which can be in the form of powder, liquid, syrup, gel or similar form. Soluble product is dissolved in an aqueous medium such as water, or form it suspended during the passage of the water environment in use through the cartridge 1. Examples of beverages include chocolate, coffee, milk, soup, or other dehydrated or water-soluble products. Many features of the third version of the cartridge 1 are the same as in previous versions, and to denote the same features used in the same position. In the further description will discuss the differences between the third and previous versions. Common signs of acting in the same way, be considered in detail will not.

As shown in Fig, compared with the outer element 2 according to the previous variants, hollow facing the inside of the cylindrical protrusion 18 of the outer element 2, the third option has a larger outer diameters particular, the diameter of the first section 19 is typically from 16 to 18 mm, compared with a 13.2 mm for outer element 2 on the previous versions. In addition, the first section 19 provided with a convex outer surface 19a, or swelling, as most clearly shown in Fig, the function of which will be described below. However, the third diameter sections 21 of the cartridges 1 is the same, so the area of the shoulder 32, the third embodiment of the cartridge 1, is longer. Usually the volume of the cartridge 1 in the assembled condition is 32.5 ml ± 20%.

Also differs in the number and arrangement of the slits in the lower end of the annular wall 13. Apply 3 to 5 slots. In the embodiment shown Fig, around the circumference of the pipe 16 intervals are four slits 36. The slit 36 is slightly wider than in previous versions of the cartridge 1, having a width of 0.35 to 0.45 mm, preferably of 0.4 mm

In other respects, the outer elements 2 cartridges 1 are the same.

The design of the cylindrical funnel 40 of the inner element 3 is the same as in the first embodiment of the cartridge 1 with the outer pipe 42, videcnik elbow 45, o-ring flange 45 and the supporting ridges 49. The only difference is that vydatnou pipe 45 provided with a top section 92 in the form of a truncated cone and the lower cylindrical section 93.

Unlike PR the previous options, and as shown in Fig-28, the annular frame 41 is replaced by the item in the form of a skirt 80 which surrounds the cylindrical funnel 40 and is connected by eight radial arms 87 which are adjacent to the cylindrical funnel 40 on the annular flange 47 or next to it. A cylindrical protrusion 81 of the skirt 80 moves upward from the bracket 87 to limit the camera 90 with an open upper surface. As shown in Fig, the upper rim 91 of the cylindrical projection 81 has a curved inside the profile. The annular wall 82 of the skirt 80 moves downward from the bracket 87 to limit the annular channel 86 between the skirt 80 and the outer pipe 42.

The annular wall 82 includes at the lower end of the flue to the outside flange 83, located perpendicular to the main axis X. the Rim 84 moves downward from the lower surface of the flange 83 and contains five holes 85, rownorzednych on the periphery of the rim 84. Thus, the rim 84 is provided with a toothed lower profile.

Between brackets 87 are formed openings 89, providing communication between the chamber 90 and the annular channel 86.

The Assembly procedure of the third variant of the cartridge 1 is similar to the Assembly of the first variant with the presence of some differences. The outer element 2 and the inner element 3 is tightly connected together, as shown in Fig, and held together clear the connection instead of welding. When connecting two elements facing the inside of the cylindrical protrusion 18 is inside the upper cylindrical protrusion 81 of the skirt 80. The internal element 3 is held in the outer element 2 by engagement of the convex outer wall 19a of the first section 19 of the cylindrical protrusion 18 with a curved inside rim 91 of the upper cylindrical protrusion 81. When the inner element 3 located in the outer element 2, formed by the mixing chamber 134, located on the outside of the skirt 80. The mixing chamber 134 contains ingredients 200 drink before cooking. It should be noted that the four inputs 36 and five holes 85 are circumferentially offset relative to each other. The radial position of the two parts relative to each other is not required to determine or fix during Assembly, because the use of two inputs 36 and five holes 85 guarantees the absence of alignment between the inputs and holes regardless of the relative rotation of the components.

In the mixing chamber 134 of the cartridge pack one or more beverage ingredients. The packing density of the beverage ingredients in the mixing chamber 134 can be varied as desired.

Then to the outer element 2 and the inner element 3 as described above for previous versions, attach the laminated material 5.

When using water enters the mixing chamber 134 through four slits 36 in the same way as in previous versions of the cartridge. In the near pumped in the radial direction inside through the mixing chamber and mixed with the contained ingredients of the drink. The product is dissolved or mixed in water to form in the mixing chamber 134 drink, which then disperses through the holes 85 in the annular channel 86 under the influence of the back pressure of the beverage and water in the mixing chamber 134. Accommodation circumferentially offset four input slots 36 and five holes 85 ensures that the stream of water cannot pass radially directly from the input slit holes 36 to 85, without circulation in the mixing chamber 134. Thus significantly increasing the degree and uniformity of dilution or mixing of the product. The drink goes up in the annular channel 86 through holes 89 between the brackets 87 and into the chamber 90. Drink passes from the chamber 90 through the inputs 45 between the support ridges 49 vydatnou pipe 43 and in the direction of exit 44, where the drink is produced in the receiver Cup style. The cartridge, in particular, suitable for use with the beverage ingredients in the form of viscous liquids or gels. In one of the applications in the cartridge 1 contains the ingredient in the form of liquid chocolate with a viscosity of from 1700 to 3900 MPa at ambient temperature and from 5,000 to 10,000 MPa at a temperature of 0°and refractive solids 67 Brix ±3. In other applications in the cartridge 1 contains liquid coffee with a viscosity of from 70 to 2000 MPa at ambient temperature and from 80 to 5000 MPa at a temperature of 0&x000B0; From where coffee has a total solids content ranging from 40 to 70%.

Fig-34 show a fourth variant of the cartridge 1 according to the invention. The fourth variant of the cartridge 1 is designed, in particular, for the distribution of liquid products, such as concentrated liquid milk. Many features of a fourth variant of the cartridge 1 are the same as in previous versions, and to denote the same features used in the same position. In the further description will discuss the differences between the fourth and previous versions. Common signs of acting in the same way, be considered in detail will not.

The outer element 2 has the same construction as in the third embodiment of the cartridge 1, and as shown in Fig-23.

The cylindrical funnel 40 of the inner element 3 such as that shown in the second embodiment of the cartridge 1, but with some differences. As shown in Fig, vydatnou pipe 43 provided with a top section 106 in the form of a truncated cone and the lower cylindrical section 107. On the inner surface wydanego pipe 43 is made of three axial ribs 105, intended to guide issued by the drink in the direction of exit 44 and prevent turbulence issued beverage in the nozzle. The resulting edges 105 serve as the reflective walls. As in the second variant cards is idea 1, input 71 for air made in the annular flange 47. However, a pipe 75 under the inlet 71 for air more elongated than in the second option.

Similarly, the third version of cartridge 1 described above, provided with the skirt part 80. In the rim 84 has from 5 to 12 holes. Usually instead of five holes provided in the third embodiment of the cartridge 1, there are ten holes.

Provided by the annular Cup 100, extending from the flange 83 of the skirt 80 and forming with it one whole. Annular Cup 100 includes a socket 101 with an open top opening 104, facing up. Four feeding holes 103 shown Fig and 31 and are located in the element 101 on the lower end of the bowl 100 or beside it, in the place of its connection with the skirt 80. Preferably, the supply holes ravnodusnost on the periphery of the bowl 100.

Laminated material 5 refers to the type described above in previous versions of the runtime.

The Assembly procedure of the fourth version of cartridge 1 is the same as in the case of the third option.

Operation of the fourth version of the cartridge is similar to the operation of the third option. Water enters the cartridge 1 and the mixing chamber 134 as previously. Here the water is mixed with the liquid product and dilutes it, then he is under pressure given below the bowl 100 and through the holes 85 in the direction of exit 44, as described in the above. Portion of the liquid product, originally contained in the circular bowl 100, as shown in Fig not immediately subjected to dilution with water in the mixing chamber 134. Diluted liquid product in the lower portion of the mixing chamber 134 will tend to exit through the holes 85 instead of go up and ring the Cup 100 through the top opening 104. In the liquid product in an annular Cup 100 will remain relatively concentrated in the initial stages of the business cycle compared with the product in the lower portion of the mixing chamber 134. A liquid product in an annular Cup 100 seeps through the feeding holes 103 under the influence of gravity in the product stream leaving the mixing chamber 134 through openings 85 and under the Cup 100. Ring bowl is used to equalize the concentration of the diluted liquid product flowing in the cylindrical funnel 40 by delaying part of the concentrated liquid product and a more gradual issuance of its channel to the outgoing streams of liquid during a cycle of issuance.

From the annular channel 86 of the beverage is maintained under pressure through the opening 128 through the back pressure of the drink going into the filter chamber 134 and the chamber 90. The beverage thus passed under pressure through the opening 128 in the form of a strong jet and enters the expansion is to Amer, formed by the upper end of wydanego pipe 43. As shown in Fig, a strong jet of the beverage passes directly over the entrance 71 for air. When the drink goes in vydatnou pipe 43, the pressure in the jet of the beverage falls. The result is the capture of the air jet of the beverage in the form of many small bubbles of air at the suction of air through the inlet 71 for air. A strong jet of the beverage coming out of the hole 128 is sent down to the exit 44 from which the beverage is poured into the receiver Cup style, where the bubbles form required spumescence.

It is important that the internal element 3, the outer element 2, the laminated material 5 and the filter 4 can be easily sterilized, because all the components can be separated and do not contain individually winding passages or narrow slits. The necessary passages are formed instead only after connecting components after sterilization. This is especially important in the case when ingredient of the drink is a product based on milk, such as liquid milk concentrate.

The fourth embodiment of the cartridge for a drink especially convenient for the issuance of the concentrated liquid dairy product, such as liquid milk. Previously powdered dairy products offered bags (sachets) to add a pre-prepared drink. One is about the beverage type cappuccino need to foam the milk. Previously this was achieved by passing steam through the liquid dairy product. However, it requires steam, which increases the cost and complexity of machines used for the issuance of a drink. The use of steam also increases the risk of injury during operation of the cartridge. Accordingly, the present invention provides a cartridge for a beverage that contains a concentrated liquid product based on milk. Found that the concentration of the dairy products it will produce more foam per a certain amount of milk compared with fresh or pasteurized milk. This reduces the size required for dairy cartridge. Fresh semi-skimmed milk contains approximately 1.6% fat and 10% solids. Concentrated liquid milk according to the invention contains from 3 to 12% fat and 25-40% solids. In a typical example, the refill contains 4% fat and 30% solids. Refills concentrated milk suitable for foaming using prep machine low pressure, as will be described below. In particular, foaming milk is achieved under pressure below 2 bar, preferably approximately 1.5 bar using cartridge fourth scenarios described above.

The cartridge according to the fourth Varian is the runtime also provides advantages when issuing liquid coffee products.

Discovered that embodiments of the cartridge for beverages according to the invention have the advantage that they provide improved uniformity issued beverage in comparison with the known cartridges. Below table 1 shows the results of the exit of the drink for twenty samples for each of the cartridges a and b, containing roasted and ground coffee. The cartridge And the cartridge is for beverages according to the first variant implementation of the present invention. The cartridge is In the cartridge of the prior art, described in WO 01/58786 (the applicant). The refractive index of the prepared drink change in Brisach and converted into the percentage of soluble solids (%SS), using standard tables and formulas. In the examples below:

%SS = 0,7774 x (value in briksh) + 0,0569

Yield, % = (%SS x amount of drink (g))/(100 x weight coffee (g))

Table 1
Cartridge And
SampleThe amount of drink, gWeight coffee, gBRICs%SS (x)Output %
1105,66,51,581,29to 20.88
2104,246,51,641,3321,36
3100,956,51,671,3621,06
4102,236,51,711,3921,80
5100,496,51,731,4021,67
6107,546,51,591,2921,39
7102,706,51,671,3621,41
897,776,5to 1.861,5022,61
997,826,51,71,3820,75
1097,836,51,671,3620,40
1197,66,51,78the 1.4421,63
12106,646,51,611,3121,47
1399,266,51,541,2519,15
1497,296,51,591,2919,35
15101,546,51,51 1,2319,23
16104,236,51,611,3120,98
1797,56,51,731,4021,03
18100,836,51,681,3621,14
19101,676,51,671,3621,20
20101,326,51,681,3621,24
average20,99

Cartridge
SampleThe amount of drink, gWeight coffee, gBRICs%SS (x)Output %
1100,656,51,871,51123,39
295,856,5to 1.861,50322,16
398,46,51,81,45622,04
492,436,52,31,84526,23
5100,266,51,72KZT 1,39421,50
698,056,52,051,651of 24.90
799,496,51,961,58124,19
895,626,52,31,84527,14
994,286,52,171,74425,29
10to 96.136,51,72KZT 1,394vs. 20.62
1196,866,51,811,48421,82
1294,036,52,2to 1.76725,56
1396,286,51,781,44121,34
1495,856,51,951,57323,19
1595,366,51,881,51822,28
1692,736,51,891,596to 21.77
17886,51,5 1,29317,50
1893,56,52,081,67424,08
19100,886,51,751,41722,00
2084,776,52,371,89924,77
average23,09

Performing statistical analysis of these data by the T-test gives the following results:

Table 2
Check on the Student's Two sample, equal variance
Output%

(cartridge A)
Output%

(cartridge)
Average20,9923,09
Deviation0,775,04
Observations2020
The total deviation2,90
The estimated average difference0
Df38
T Stat-3,90
P(T < =t) one-sided score0,000188
t critical one-criterion1,686
P(T < =t) two-sided criterion0,000376
t critical two-sided criterion2,0244
The standard deviation0,8762,245

The analysis shows that the uniformity of output in %, which corresponds to the strength of the drink, much better cartridge according to the invention (when the reliability of 95%)than in the known cartridges, with a standard deviation 0,88% compared with 2,24%. This means that drinks that issue by using a cartridge according to the invention are more repeatable and constant strength. It is preferred by consumers who regularly consume their drinks and don't like random changes in the strength of the drink.

The materials described above cartridges can be provided with a protective coating to increase their resistance to oxygen and/or moisture and/or penetration of other contaminants. The protective coating may also improve protection against leakage of the ingredients of the beverage from the cartridge and/or to reduce the degree of selection of the extracted substances from the materials of the cartridge, which can in order to show a negative impact on the ingredients of the drink. The protective coating may be a material selected from the group including polyethylene, polyamide, EVOH, polyvinylidenechloride or metalized material. The protective coating can be applied in several ways, including vacuum deposition, vapor deposition, plasma coating, bimetal extrusion, marking in the form of two - and multi-stage molding, but without limiting it.

Machine 201 for preparing drinks according to the invention intended for use with the above described cartridges for drinks, shown in Fig-45. Machine 201 for making beverages, in General, includes a housing 210, which includes a water tank 220, a heater 225, water pump 230, the air compressor 235, control processor, a user interface 240, and cartridge head 250. Cartridge head 250 contains in turn the holder 251 cartridge designed for the retention of the cartridge for 1 drinks when using the tool 252 recognition of cartridges, punching device 253 and 254 on the inlet and outlet, designed for education in the cartridge for 1 drinks during use of the input 121 and outlet 122.

The housing 210 accommodates and holds the other components of the machine 201. The housing 210 is preferably made in whole or in part from strong plastic, such as ABS. With another article the Rhone, the housing 210 may be wholly or partially made of metal, such as stainless steel or aluminum. The housing 210 preferably has a design in the form of a clamshell, with the front half 211 and the rear half 212, providing access during Assembly for installation of machine components 201, which can then be connected together to limit the inner part 213 of the housing 210. The rear half of the 212 has a recess 214 for mounting the water tank 220. The housing 210 is executed by means of the latches, bearings, tides, and areas with a thread designed to hold components of the machine 201 in the desired position without the necessity of using a separate chassis. This reduces the overall cost and weight of the machine 201. The base 215 of the housing 210 preferably provide feet for stable positioning on them machines. On the other hand, the very Foundation 215 may be in the form of forming a stable support.

The front half 211 of the housing 210 contains vydatnou section 270, which is the issue of the drink. Vydatnou section 270 includes a receiving stand 271 having a hollow inner portion, forming the tray 272. The upper surface 273 of the receiving stand is equipped with a lattice 274, on which is placed the receiver. Pallet 272 can be removed from the housing 210, to facilitate removal of the accumulated water. In the front half of the body 210 on receiving the stand 271 holds the deepening 275, allows you to adapt to the size of the receiver.

Cartridge head 250 is located, as shown in Fig and 36, in the direction of the top of the body 210 on the receiving stand. Preferably, you can adjust the height of the lattice 274 relative to the cartridge head 250 in order to have the opportunity to take receivers of different sizes. It is desirable that the receiver was located as close as possible to the cartridge head 250, while inserting and removing the receiver from wydanego plot 270, in order to minimize the height to which should fall issued a drink before you touch the receiver. This allows you to minimize splashing and splashing of the beverage and to minimize the loss of trapped air bubbles where they are present. Preferably between bars 274 and cartridge head 250 can be inserted receivers in height from 70 mm to 110 mm

The user interface 240 of the machine is located on the front of the housing 210 and includes a button to start/stop 241 and several status indicators 243-246.

Status indicators 243-246 preferably include a light emitting diode (LED) 243, intended to indicate the readiness of the machine 201, the LED 244 indicating the error that occurred in the machine 201, and one or more LED 245-256 intended that the decree is to, does the machine 201 in manual or automatic mode. The team LED 243-256 can be illuminated with uniform intensity, intermittent blink or show both depending on the state machine 201. LED 243-256 can be of various colors, including green, red and yellow.

Button start/stop 241 controls the beginning of the working cycle is controlled manually by the button, a switch, and the like.

You can use the device volume control, allowing the user machine 201 to manually adjust the volume of granted drink without changes in other work characteristics. Preferably the device volume control allows you to adjust the volume within plus/minus 20%. The control unit of volume may be rotatable flywheel, a linear slider, digital display with buttons increment and decrement, and the like. Usually the volume is controlled by the user by pressing the start/stop 241.

On the machine 201 may be a manual power switch (not shown). On the other hand, the power supply can be controlled simply by including in the network or disconnected from her plug.

The reservoir 220 for water is located in the rear part of the housing 210 and is connected to the rear half 212 of the housing 210. The reservoir 220 contains essentially cylindrical ele is UNT 221, which may be straight with a round cross-section, or have the shape of a truncated cone, depending on the desires for aesthetic reasons. The reservoir contains the input to fill it with water, which when used close manually remove the lid 222. The output is provided towards the lower end of the reservoir, which communicates with the water pump 230. The reservoir 220 for water can be made of transparent or translucent material that allows the user to see the amount of water remaining in the tank. On the other hand, the reservoir 220 may be made of opaque material, but provided with an observation window. In addition, or instead of the above, the reservoir 220 may be provided with a low-level sensor, which stops the water pump 230 and further includes a warning indicator, such as LED, when the water level in the tank reaches the set value. The reservoir 220 to the water preferably has an internal capacity of approximately 1.5 liters.

Water pump 230 is operatively connected between the tank 220 and the heater 225, as shown schematically in Fig, and is controlled by the control processor. The pump provides a maximum flow rate of 900 ml/min at a maximum pressure of 2.5 bar. Preferably, in normal use, the pressure should limit the I 2 bar. The flow of water through the machine 201 can be controlled by the control processor in the form of a percentage of the maximum flow of the pump by periodic interruption of the supply pump. Preferably, the pump can operate at any value of the number 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% or 100% of maximum rated flow. Accuracy when pumping water volume is preferably ± 5%, which leads to accuracy in ± 5% of the final volume of granted drink. A suitable pump is the pump Evolution EP6 manufactured by the company Ulka S.r.l. (Pavia, Italy). Volumetric flow sensor (not shown) is preferably placed in the line of the hydraulic system or to a water pump 230, or after it. Preferably, the volumetric flow sensor is a rotary sensor.

The heater 225 is located in the inner part of the housing 210. The heater 225 has a nominal capacity of 1550 watts and can heat the water coming from the water pump 230 with an initial temperature of about 20°operating temperature 85°C for less than 1 minute. Preferably the dwell time between the end of one cycle and the ability of the heater 225 to start the next work cycle is less than 10 seconds. The heater supports for the working cycle of the selected temperature in the range of ± 2°the. As shown below, the water for the working cycle can be thrown in the cartridge head 250 at a temperature of 83°or 93°C. the Heater 225 can quickly adjust the temperature of the issuance of up to 83°or 93°based on nominal water temperature 85°C. the Heater 225 contains a thermal overload relay that disables the heater if the temperature exceeds 98°C. Water coming out of the heater 225, enters the cartridge head 250 and the cartridge 1 through the three-way valve. If the pressure of the flow of water is at an acceptable level, the water is passed into the cartridge 1. If the pressure is below or above the established limit values, divert water through the three-way valve in catching the receiver of the pallet 270.

Air compressor 235 operatively connected with the cartridge head 250 through one-way valve and is controlled by the control processor. Air compressor 235 provides maximum air flow rate of 500 ml/min at a pressure of 1.0 bar. When used in a working volume of 35 ml of an excessive pressure is 2 bar. Preferably the air compressor 235 can provide two speeds: fast (or maximum) and slow.

Control processor machine 201 for making beverages contains the Executive module and the storage device. Control processor preferably is connected with a water heater 225, water pump 230, an air compressor 235 and a user interface 240, and controls their operation.

The storage device control processor includes one or more variables for one or more operating parameters of the machine 201 for making beverages. In the illustrated embodiment, the operating parameters are the temperature of the water flowing through the cartridge 1 for a drink during the working operation, the rate of charging of the cartridge 1 for beverages, the presence or absence of the operation of soaking, the total volume spilled drink water flow at the stage of issuance and consumption, and the duration of the stage blowing.

Variables for the operating parameters stored in the storage device. The cartridge 1 contains the code that is placed on the cartridge 1 or representing operating parameters required for optimal issuance of the beverage cartridge 1. The code is binary and contains a lot of information bits corresponding to the variables stored in the storage device control processor. In table 3 it is shown how 13 information bits can be used to represent the necessary variables for the operating parameters described above.

Table 3
Categories Description
0 and 1Water temperature00=cold

01=warm

10=83°

11=93°
2 and 3Charging cartridge00=fast charging with soaking

01=fast charging without soaking

10=slow charging with soaking

11=slow charging without soaking
4, 5, 6 and 7The amount of drink0000=50 ml

0001=60 ml

0010=70 ml

0011=80 ml

0100=90 ml

0101=100 ml

0110=110ml

0111=130 ml

1000=150 ml

1001=170 ml

1010=190 ml

1011=210 ml

1100=230 ml

1101=250 ml

1110=275 ml

1111=300 ml
8, 9 and 10Consumption000=30%

001=40%

010=50%

011=60%

100=70%

101=80%

110=90%

111=100%
11 and 12Purge00=slow flow/short period of time

01=slow flow/long period

10=fast flow/short period of time

11=fast flow/long period

The code on the cartridge 1 or it will typically contain one or more additional information bits for error control. In one of the examples used 16-bit code. For example, using the variables listed in table 3, the cartridge 1 carrying code "1000100011110" will have trace is the following operating parameters:

10water temperature 83°
00quick charge with soaking
1000the volume of granted drink 150 ml
111Flow rate 100%
10rapid air purge/short period

Thus, unlike previous machines for making beverages, the storage device control processor keeps working team for cartridges for drinks based on the type of the cartridge, i.e. the command for a cartridge of coffee, commands to print chocolate command for a cartridge with tea, etc. Instead, the storage device control processor stores the variables for amendment of individual operating parameters of the working cycle. It has a number of advantages. First, there can be realized a high degree of control loop issue. For example, for different varieties or mixtures of coffee can be used several different operating parameters instead of using the same settings for all types of coffee. Previous solution-based coding instructions for storage, depending on the type of cartridge, and not the individual parameters are not suitable for such subtle differences in operating cycles for kindred the x kinds of beverage, as they quickly occupy the available memory space in the media encoding control processor. Secondly, the encoding method according to the invention allows the use of cartridges for drinks new type in existing machines for preparing beverages even in cases where the operating parameters of the working cycle of a new cartridge 1 for a drink is defined only after the sale of the machine 201 for making beverages. This is because the control processor machine 201 for making beverages are not required to recognize what is the drink of the new type. Instead, set the working parameters of the working cycle without direct mention of the type of beverage. Therefore, the encoding method according to the invention provides excellent backward compatibility of a machine for preparing beverages with beverages of a new type. In contrast with the previous machines, the manufacturer is limited in issuing a new type of drink using one of the existing videcnik cycles determined in the market by machines.

Cartridge head 250 is shown in Fig-42. The cartridge holder 251 in the cartridge head 250 includes a fixed lower part 255, turning the upper part 256 and the pivot bearing cartridge 257, placed between the fixed lower part 255 and swivel top frequent the Yu 256. The upper part 256, the lower part 255 and bearing cartridge 257 rotate around a common hinge axis 258. Fig-42 show the cartridge holder 251, with some components of the machine 201 are omitted for clarity.

Turning the upper part 256 and the pivot bearing cartridge 257 is moved relative to the fixed lower part 255 through the mounting bracket 280. Clamping device 280 includes clamping lever having first and second elements or parts 281 and 282. The first part 281 of the clamping lever includes a U-shaped handle pivotally mounted on the upper part 256 in the first two turning points 283, one on each side of the cartridge holder 251.

The second part of the clamping lever includes two offset from the center of the shoulder 282, one on each side of the cartridge holder 251, each of which is pivotally mounted on the upper part 256 of the second turning point 285, located on the pivot axis 258 connecting the upper portion 256 with a fixed lower part 255. Each offset from the center of the shoulder 282 is of the reciprocating element, which contains the cylinder a, stock 282b and elastic sleeve s. Cylinder a has an internal channel and is mounted for rotation on one end of the hinge axis 258. The first end of the rod 282b inserted slidable in the channel of the cylinder a. The opposite end of the rod 282b with the United rotatably with a U-shaped handle 281 in the third turning point 286. Third turning point 286 are not connected with the upper part 256 and the lower part 255 and can move freely about them. Elastic sleeve is installed at the outside of the stem 282b and stretches when used between the support surfaces of the cylinder a and stock 282b. Elastic sleeve s perceives shortening is offset from the center of the shoulder 282 and shifts the shoulder 282, pushing him. Thus, it becomes possible to move the third turning points 286 in the direction of the hinge axis 258 and from it due to the relative movement of the rods 282b cylinder a. Elastic sleeves is preferably made of silicone.

U-shaped handle 281 passes around the front side of the cartridge holder 251 and contains two exhaust down saralaya element 287, one on each side of the cartridge holder 251, each of which has a curved surface 288, addressed to the hinge axis 258. The fixed lower part 255 of the cartridge holder 251 is equipped with two projections 259, or stoppers, located one on each side of the lower part 255 at its front edge 260 or near it, being aligned generally with siteplease elements 287.

As shown in Fig, U-shaped handle 281 may be made of one of plastic castings containing meets the requirements of ergonomic hand grip and siteplease elements 287, the image is the following one with the handle.

Bearing cartridge 257 mounted for rotation between the upper and lower portions 255, 256 of the cartridge holder 251. Bearing 257 equipped with essentially circular recess 290, in which, when using put the cartridge 1 for drinks. The recess 290 includes roughness 291 to place the handle 24 of the cartridge 1 for drinks, which also serves to prevent rotation of the cartridge 1 for drinks in the cartridge holder 251. Bearing cartridge 257 sprung relative to the fixed lower part 255, so that in the open position, as shown in Fig, bearing cartridge 257 out of contact with the fixed lower part 255, so that the bearing cartridge 257 is removed from contact with the input and output piercing elements 254, 253. Bearing cartridge 257 provided with a hole 292, intended to put him in the input and output breakers 253, 254 and head 300 recognition tool cartridge 252, when the bearing cartridge 257 is translated to the closed position.

The upper part 255 contains essentially all element 310, containing all the viewing window 312, through which the user can observe the cartridge 1 for drinks during the cycle of issuing and visually check, whether loaded cartridge 1 into the machine 201. The viewing window 312 is Cup-shaped and having a turned down rim 311, which is included in the interaction, prij the bottom flange 35 of the cartridge 1 for a drink to the bottom of 256, when the cartridge holder 251 is closed. In the same time window 312 is in contact with the closed top 11 of the cartridge 1. Strip spring (not shown) is located between the viewing window 312 and round element 310 to allow the viewing window 312 to a small extent axially move relative to the round element 310. The pressure that rim 311 attaches to the flange 35 and the window 312 to the closed top 11, provides for the creation impervious to the fluid seal between the cartridge 1 and the cartridge holder 251.

The lower part 255 contains the input and output breakers 253, 254 and the head 300 recognition cartridges. Input punch 253 contains a hollow tube 260 needle type with a pointed end 261 for punching when using the laminated material 5 of the cartridge 1 for drinks. Input punch 253 communicates with the water channel 262, shown Fig, which passes through the lower part 255 and is connected with the output channel 263 water heater 225. The output punch 254 similar in type to the output punch, described in belonging to the applicant's European patent EP 0389141 and EP 0334572, and contains a cylinder 264 with an open end having a circular or D-shaped cross-section, the dimensions of which are larger than wydanego pipe 43. Arcuate section 265 of the upper end of the output punch 254 serrate, copyprivate and ultimately penetrate the laminated material of the cartridge 1 for drinks. The remainder of the upper end of the cut along the cylinder at least to the base of teeth 266 toothed part in order to turn or pull the trimmed laminate 5 from the outlet before issuing through him drink. The output punch 254 breaks laminated material 5 on the outside relative to wydanego pipe 43, and when the bearing cartridge 257 is in the closed position, is located in the ring between videcnik pipe 43 and the outer wall 42 vydatnou funnel 40. The output punch 254 unbends and cuts the laminated material 105 in the ring. Thus the output punch 254, and cut the laminated material 105 are removed from the path of granted drink.

The output punch 254 surrounded by a shoulder a elevated relative to the surrounding surface by 0.5 mm

Preferably, the output punch 254 may be removed from the lower part 255 to be thoroughly cleaned, for example, in a dishwasher. Removable punch output 254 is inserted into the recess 267 in the lower part 255, where he sits down. Input punch 253 and/or the output punch 254 may be made of metal, such as stainless steel, or plastic. The preferred use of plastic cutting elements Pets laminated material 5, which may be punched non-metallic material. SL is therefore punches 253, 254 may be less acute, which reduces the risk of injury to the user. In addition, plastic piercing elements are not susceptible to rusting. Preferably the input punch 253 and the output punch 254 is made in the form of a single, solid product, removable from the lower part 255.

When using the upper part 256 of the cartridge holder 251 is transferred from an open position in which it is oriented vertically or in a vertical direction, as shown in Fig, in a closed position, in which it is oriented essentially horizontally and is located in vzaimosohranenii with a fixed lower part 255 and the support of the cartridge 257. The upper part 256 is transferred from the open to the closed position by means of the clamping lever to close the upper part, the user takes the clamping lever for the U-shaped handle 281 and pulls her down. In the upper part 256 is rotated, which causes the first rim 311 viewing window 312 in contact with the flange 35 of the cartridge for 1 drinks in the support cartridge 257, and the window itself in contact with the closed top 11 of the cartridge 1. Continued rotation of the upper part 256 rotates the upper part 256 and bearing cartridge 257 down until it touches the lower part 255. Further rotation of the U-shaped handle 281 causes the rotation of the U-shaped handle 281 relative to the upper part 256 and the lower is her part 255, causing engagement saralaya elements 287 upper part 256 for the tabs 259 lower part 255, when a curved surface 288 slides on the projections 259. During this last phase of the rotation of the cartridge 1 is clamped between a support cartridge 257 and a viewing window 312. In the viewing window 312 is moved axially relative to the round element 310 of the upper part 256 against the action of a strip of spring. This move allows you to compensate for variations in the cartridge 1 for drinks and a machine for preparing beverages, and ensures that the magnitude of the compressive effort applied to the cartridge is kept in an acceptable range. The clamping mechanism, softened by the action of a strip of spring leaves clamping pressure acting on the cartridge, equal to from 130 to 280 N. Preferably a force of approximately 200 N. Force less than about 130 N does not provide a sufficient seal, while a force greater than approximately 280 N, leads to the destruction of the plastic components of the cartridge 1. Upon closing of the cartridge head is stretched laminated material 5 of the cartridge 1, when he comes into contact with the shoulder a surrounding the output punch 254, which causes the laminated material 5 to deviate from the plane, because the far end of the outer tube 42 of the cylindrical Raven and moves up to 0.5 mm relative to the flange 35. This movement also ensures that a large part of the compressed forces applied to the cartridge, acts through the Central part of the cartridge 1 through the base load of the internal element 3. In the closed position, the cartridge 1 is crimped in such a manner that the flange 35 by means of the rim 311 viewing window 312 and firmly clamped between the closed top 11 of the cartridge and the outer tube 42 of the internal element 3 due to contact with a viewing window 312 and shoulder a. These clamping forces prevent the destruction of the cartridge 1 during the pressure increase, and also ensures that the internal element 3 and the outer element 2 is fully seated on one another, so that all internal channels and holes remain designed their size even during the internal pressure increase.

Between the first and second turning points 283, 285 of the cartridge holder 251 can be conducted in an imaginary base line. As shown in Fig, in the open position, the third pivot 286 are from the baseline closest to the fixed lower part 255. When the upper part 256 reaches the closed position, the third pivot point 286 of the clamping lever pass through the base line connecting the first and second pivot points 283 and 285 on the opposite side of the line, farthest from the fixed lower part 255. In the U-shaped handle 281 peredelivaet from the first stable position to the second stable position. Peremanivanie is performed by shortening the offset from the center of the shoulder 282 and the subsequent compression of the elastic sleeves s. As soon as the third turning point 286 are imaginary base line, the return elastic sleeves s to its original position leads to the continuation of the movement of the third pivot point 286 from the imaginary reference line. Thus the clamping lever operates in a bistable mode, in which the lever is stable in the open or closed position, but is not stable at the point in which the third pivot point 286 lie on an imaginary base line connecting the first and second pivot points 283, 285. Thus, peremanivanie clamping lever creates a positive closing mechanism, which in the final stages of rotation of the clamping lever action peremanivanija U-shaped handle 281 and second levers 284 enters siteplease elements 287 in tight engagement with the projections 259. In addition, the elastic sleeve s create opposition to re-opening the upper part 256, because it requires minimal effort for compression sleeves s, sufficient to move the third pivot point 286 back to the level of the base line connecting the first and second pivot points 283, 285. Mainly vzaimosohranenii saralaya elements 287 and ledges 289 prevents the separation of the upper and lower parts in the e, than due to the rotation of the clamping lever. This prevents the opening of the cartridge head 250 in the process, when the cartridge head 250 is subjected to increasing internal pressure.

The tool 252 recognition of the cartridge is intended to allow the machine 201 to recognize the type of the inserted cartridge 1 for a drink and, accordingly, to adjust one or more operating parameters. In a typical embodiment, the tool 252 recognition of the cartridge contains an optical means of a barcode reader, which reads the printed bar code 320 placed on laminated material 5 of the cartridge 1 for drinks, as shown in Figure 5. Barcode 320 is formed by many contrasting strokes. It is preferable to maximize contrast strokes do black on a white background. You do not want the bar code 320 is consistent with the published standard, but you can use the standard format for barcodes such as EAN-13, UPC-A or Interleaf 2 of 5. The optical means of the barcode reader includes one or more LEDs 321 to illuminate the barcode 320, the focusing lens 322 to obtain an image of a barcode, a charge-coupled device (CCD) 323 for receiving an electrical signal representing the received image, as well as the power led and the CCD. Space is on the lower part, designed to host device reads the bar code is limited. The mirror or mirror 324 can be used to reflect light from the LEDs 321 to the focusing lens, which is not located in the lower part 255. A schematic layout is shown in Figa and 44b. The lower part 255 contains a hole 326, which has the same dimensions as the bar code 320 1 cartridge for drinks. In the process of using electrical signals are decoded program signal processing and the results are sent to the control processor. The program can recognize, does not contain a barcode errors. Barcode 320 can be re-scanned several times before the user is sent an error message. If the machine 201 is not able to read a bar code, the user can use the cartridge 1 for drinks for the issuance of a drink in manual mode.

Cartridge head 250 includes a sensor cartridge, designed to determine whether there is a cartridge in the cartridge holder 251.

Cartridge head also includes a sensor constipation, which determines as to whether the image of the closed holder 251 cartridge. Preferably the sensor constipation contains a microswitch that is activated once closed and locked the holder CT the ridge 251. Preferably the sensor cartridge and the sensor constipation are connected in series, so before you can begin the cycle of issuing output signals of both sensors must be satisfactory, i.e. to specify the presence of the cartridge and that the mechanism is locked.

The operation of the machine 201 includes the installation of the cartridge 1 for a drink at the cartridge head 250, the loop issue, in which there is the issue of the drink, and eject the cartridge 1 from the machine.

The operation of the machine 201 is determined by a program installed in the host processor. Machine work can be described in terms of "state", when the machine is normally in a certain state until such time until the event occurs, a change in state, a step that is called a state transition.

In table 4 shows the change of state, which illustrates the States and state changes to one variant of execution of the machine 201 for making beverages.

td align="center"> COOKING is FINISHED [air Purge][Sensor cartridge = CLR]at break of 10 min to go to 2
Table 4
Status

of
Description

state
TemperatureSensor

constipation
Variable

sensor

cartridge

(OK, NOK,

CLR)
Index

level

water
Consumption

water
Start/br>
Stop
1WATER HEATINGabove or equal to 85, go to 2Closed:[sensor cartridge=readpod ()]

Open:

[sensor cartridge=CLR]
NSWLow, go to 10NSWDoes not work
2WATER READY

when the break

10 min

go to 9
below 85, go to 2Closed:[sensor cartridge=readpod ()]

Open:

[sensor cartridge=CLR]
The sensor cartridge=OK, go to 4

The sensor cartridge=NOK, go to 3
Low, go to 10NSWDoes not work
3READINESS

AUTOMATIC PREPARATION of the DRINK
NSW

[temperature control in preparation]
Open:

[sensor cartridge=CLR]

go to 2
NSWLow, go to 10NSWGo to 5
4IMPLEMENT

The AUTOMATIC COOKING ON PITKA

[The execution status of preparation] go to 7
NSW

[temperature control in preparation]
Open:

[sensor cartridge=CLR]

go to 10
NSWLow, go to 10no flow, go to 10 Water is missing, go to 6
5SUSPENSION PREPARATIONNSW

[temperature control in preparation]
Open:

[sensor cartridge=CLR]

go to 10
NSWLow, go to 10NSWgo to 5
6READINESS

PREPARATION

DRINK MANUALLY
NSW

[temperature control in preparation]
Open:

[sensor cartridge=CLR]

go to 2
NSWLow, go to 10NSW[Water] and go to 8
7The IMPLEMENTATION of the DRINK PREPARATION

MANUALLY
NSW

[temperature control in preparation]
Open:

[sensor cartridge=CLR]

go to 10
NSWLow, go to 10no flow, go to 10Release, go to 7
8BLOWING[the Removal of water; the flow of air, pause n seconds and then go to 9]NSW

[temperature control in preparation]
Open:

[sensor cartridge=CLR]

go to 10
NSWDoes not workNSWNot

works
9NSW

[temperature control in preparation]
Is open, go to 2NSWLow, go to 10NSWGo to 9
10READYNSW

[off heater]
Open:

[sensor cartridge=CLR]

go to 1

Closed: [sensor cartridge=readpod ()]
NSWLow, go to 10NSWGo to 1
11ERROR

To clarify you want to turn off and turn on power
NSWNSWNSWNSWNSWNSW
12LOW WATER LEVELLow, go to 10

The following example illustrates the cycle of grant to bring a change of States of the control processor.

It is assumed that the first machine 201 is off, and the cartridge head 250 is missing the cartridge 1. When the machine 201 is enabled, the control processor is in state 1. The heater 235 is enabled. As soon as the temperature reaches 85° C, control processor goes to state 2. When at any time when the state is 1 or 2, the cartridge holder 251 is closed, the sensor triggers constipation, which sends the control processor signal that the cartridge holder 251 properly closed. Then control processor queries the sensor cartridge, a corresponding command. The sensor cartridge returns a signal to the control processor indicating whether the cartridge in place in the cartridge holder 251. In the absence of cartridge control processor goes to state 3, where it remains in the ready state until such time as the cartridge holder 251 will not open again, and at this moment, the control processor goes back to state 2. If in state 2 is present in the cartridge, the control processor goes to state 4 and starts automatically. When States 4-9 water temperature control during preparation, so that it remained in the required range of the desired temperature, the established operating parameters, set the barcode of the cartridge 1 for drinks. After completion of the grant at issue in state 8 starts blowing air. After purging the air completes the operating cycle and the machine goes into standby mode in condition 10. If in the process of slouched the error, the processor goes to state 11. When it detects low water level processor enters state 12.

To insert the cartridge 1, the cartridge holder 251 is opened as described above to open a support 257 cartridge. Then, the cartridge 1 is placed on the support 257 cartridge, inserted into the recess 290, so that the handle 24 of the cartridge is located in the bumps 291. Optical or magnetic bar code 320 cartridge 1 is located directly above the hole 326 in the support cartridge 257. The cartridge holder 251 is then closed by the clamping lever as described above. When closing the input and output breakers 253, 254 punch laminated material 5 of the cartridge 1, forming the inlet 121 and the outlet 122 of the cartridge. It should be noted that the punches 253, 254 remain stationary during operation, and this cartridge 1 moves relative to the punches. As described above, the laminated material 5, the cut punch output 254, wrapped in a ring surrounding vydatnou pipe 43. Being closed, the cartridge holder 251 clamps the cartridge 1 on the rim 35 between the support 257 cartridge and the upper part 256 and between the window 311 and the top 11 of the cartridge 1 for education impermeable to the fluid seal sufficient integrity that can withstand the pressures generated during the working cycle.

To start working the second cycle of the consumer enjoys the button start/stop 241.

Duty cycle contains the operations recognition of the cartridge and the cycle of grant.

The recognition of cartridge is an optical tool 252 recognize the cartridge as described above, provided that the output signals of the sensor cartridge and sensor constipation satisfactory. Immediately after decoding the barcode 320 control processor specifies the operating parameters of the machine 201. Then automatically starts the cycle of grant.

Cycle issue contains four main stages, not all of which are used for all types of drink:

(i) Pre-wetting

(ii) Pause

(iii) Preparation/mixing

(iv) Purging

At the stage of pre-wetting the cartridge 1 is filled with water from the reservoir 220 to store water through the water pump 230. Refill water causes the wetting ingredients 200 drink, located in the filter chamber 130. The charge can occur when a "fast" flow rate of 600 ml/min, or "slow" flow in 325 ml/min Slow consumption when charging is particularly useful in the case of cartridges containing a viscous liquid beverage ingredients when the ingredients require some dilution before they can be pumped with a higher volumetric rate. The amount of water injected into the cartridge 1, are selected so as to ensure that the water or the drink not the Udut flow from the output 122 of the cartridge during this stage.

Stage pause allows the ingredients 200 drink to soak up water, is injected at the stage of pre-wetting, within the prescribed period of time. It is known that the stage of pre-wetting, and stage pause contribute to the increase in the yield of extracted substances from ingredients 200 drink and to improve the taste of the drink. Pre-wetting and impregnation is particularly necessary in the case when the ingredients of the drink is roasted and ground coffee.

At the stage of preparation/blending water is passed through the cartridge 1, to obtain the beverage ingredients 200 drink. Water temperature determines the control processor, which directs the water heater 225 commands to heat the water passing from the water tank 220 to the cartridge head 250. Water enters the lower portion 255 of the cartridge holder 251 through the channel 262 through the input valve and the input of the punch 253 in the entrance chamber 126 of the cartridge 1 for drinks. Preparation and/or mixing and subsequent issuance of a beverage from a cartridge 1 for beverages described above with reference to variants of the cartridge 1 for drinks.

The air purge provides for the supply of compressed air in a machine for preparing beverages and through the cartridge 1 for drinks, to ensure that the entire drink is issued, and that the path for the eye cleared and ready to issue another drink. The air purge is not started immediately after the termination stage cooking/mixing to allow the greater part of the fluid leaving the flow path. This prevents unacceptable leap internal pressure at the beginning of the purge air.

During normal operation, the user manually stops the machine 201 via the button 241 start/stop.

After completion of the operating cycle, the consumer retrieves the cartridge 1 from the cartridge holder 251 and manually remove the cartridge and throws it in the waste. On the other hand, the machine 201 may be equipped with an automatic ejector mechanism for automatic removal of the cartridge when the opening of the cartridge holder 251.

The time of dispensing beverages using machine 201 and the cartridge 1 is usually from 10 to 120 seconds, preferably 30-40 seconds for roasted and ground coffee, from 5 to 120 seconds, preferably from 10 to 20 seconds to chocolate and from 5 to 120 seconds, preferably from 10 to 20 seconds for the milk.

Machine 201 may also preferably contain a storage device in operative communication with the control processor, which stores information about the type of drink that is issued by the user. Working cycle of the machine 201 can then be fixed for the next cartridge 1. This is especially useful in cases where two or more cartri the MS are used sequentially to obtain a drink. For example, the possible issuance of the coffee cartridge, followed by dairy cartridge to obtain a drink cappuccino. On the other hand, you can use chocolate cartridge, followed by dairy cartridge to obtain a thick hot chocolate drink. By using a storage device that stores the information about the first issued by the drink, you can change the character of the issuance of the second cartridge, for example dairy cartridge, with the aim of obtaining optimal drink. In the example above, the milk which give out for hot chocolate, can usually be diluted to a lesser extent than milk added to coffee. In addition, milk issued for chocolate, may be issued with a slower speed to reduce the degree of foaming of the beverage. Specialist in the art should be obvious possibility of many combinations of cartridges and operating parameters. In addition, the storage device may be used to allow the car to "predict" the type of drink that you want to issue the following. For example, if the user prefers to drink one type, the machine can give a command to the heater to keep the temperature optimal for a drink of this type.

1. A cartridge containing one or more beverage ingredients and you ananny of essentially airtight and waterproof materials, the cartridge forms a chamber for storing, containing one or more beverage ingredients and collector cell, continuing essentially continuously around the periphery of the camera for storage, and the cartridge contains a hole through which one or more ingredients can be placed in storage, the opening is closed by a cover having a first section, covering the collector chamber, and a second section covering the camera for storage, and the first section of the cover is producemime when used to receive the incoming flow of the water environment in the collector chamber and the lid is protegemos to release the flow of beverage formed when the interaction of the aqueous medium and one or more beverage ingredients in the storage.

2. The cartridge according to claim 1, which also contains videonow camera that covers the third section of the cover, which is producemime to skip stemming the flow of beverage formed by the interaction of the aqueous medium and one or more beverage ingredients in the storage.

3. The cartridge according to claim 2, in which widoczna chamber contains vydatnou socket.

4. The cartridge according to any preceding paragraph, in which the collector Luggage and Luggage storage are separated by a partition, which contains agnoli a few holes.

5. The cartridge according to claim 4, in which the sizes of these holes is selected so as to prevent the passage of one or more beverage ingredients from the camera for storage in the collector cell.

6. The cartridge according to claim 5, in which the collector chamber at least partially covers the camera for storage.

7. The cartridge according to claim 6, in which the collector chamber essentially surrounds the camera for storage.

8. The cartridge according to claim 4, in which the said holes are made essentially along the entire transition between the reservoir chamber and Luggage storage.

9. The cartridge of claim 8 in which the width of these holes is from 0.25 to 0.35 mm

10. The cartridge according to claim 9, in which the length of these holes is from 1.4 to 1.8 mm

11. The cartridge of claim 10, in which are made from 20 to 40 holes.

12. The cartridge according to claim 11, in which the collector chamber contains an inlet pipe which enters the aquatic environment, and the inlet pipe communicates with the rest of the collector chamber through one or more holes.

13. The cartridge according to item 12, wherein said inlet section is round.

14. The cartridge according to claim 2, in which the camera for storage and widoczna chamber separated by an internal element.

15. The cartridge 14, in which the inner element contains one or more holes.

16. The cartridge 14 or 15, in which NR is the domestic element contains a filter to prevent passage of the one or more beverage ingredients from the camera for storage in videonow camera missing out the drink.

17. The cartridge according to clause 16, in which the cover is connected with an external element and the internal element.

18. The cartridge 17 in which the cover is connected with an external element on the periphery of the cartridge and the lid are connected to the internal element at the center of the cartridge or beside it.

19. The cartridge p, in which the cover is connected with vydatnou funnel inner element.

20. The cartridge according to claim 19, in which the outer element has a higher hardness than the cover.

21. The cartridge according to claim 20, in which the place of piercing the cover with the aim of incoming bandwidth and the resulting stream is located so that water passing through the cartridge, moves in General inside from input to output.

22. The cartridge according to item 21, in which the cartridge has such a shape that the water passes through a chamber for storing in a General upward direction.

23. The tape cartridge according to article 22, each of which is output in percent of the beverage produced from the one or more beverage ingredients contained in the cartridge, is constant within a standard deviation of 1.0.

24. How to use the cartridge according to item 22, in which the cartridge is shifted relative to one or more stationary punching elements to form the entrance to the cartridge or exit.

25. A cartridge containing one or more ingr is diantou drink and made of essentially airtight and waterproof materials, the cartridge forms a chamber for storing, containing one or more beverage ingredients, the cartridge also contains the cover and the cartridge is designed so that the cover is protegemos in use, when the cartridge has a horizontal orientation to provide a flow into and outflow of the water environment for the education of the drink due to the interaction of the water environment and the specified one or more beverage ingredients in the storage, when the flow into the aquatic environment in the collector chamber and the outflow of the beverage from the Central vydatnou camera, and Luggage storage containing one or more ingredients, separated from the said collector camera and specified vydatnou camera.

26. A cartridge containing one or more beverage ingredients and are made of an essentially air - and water-impermeable materials, the cartridge forms a chamber for storing, containing one or more beverage ingredients, the collector chamber opening, through which the specified one or more ingredients can be placed in storage, and the specified hole closed by a cap having a first section located on top of the manifold chamber, and a second section located on top of the camera for storage, with the first section of the cover is producemime in the use of the implement, to allow flow into the aquatic environment in the collector chamber and the lid is protegemos when used to release the beverage formed by the interaction of the water environment and the specified one or more beverage ingredients in the storage; a reservoir chamber contains an inlet pipe, which is introduced in the aquatic environment is communicated with the rest of the collector chamber through one or more apertures, and the specified input section is round.

27. A cartridge containing one or more beverage ingredients and are made of an essentially air - and water-impermeable materials, the cartridge forms

storage containing one or more beverage ingredients, the collector chamber opening, through which the specified one or more ingredients can be placed in storage, and the specified hole closed by a cap having a first section located on top of the manifold chamber, and a second section located on top of the camera for storage, with the first section of the cover is producemime using to allow flow into the aquatic environment in the collector chamber and the lid is protegemos when used to release the beverage formed by the interaction of the water environment and the specified one or the more of the ingredients of the drink in the camera for storage; videonow the camera, on top of which is the third phase covers, produkey when used to release the beverage formed by the interaction of the water environment and the specified one or more beverage ingredients in the storage; and Luggage storage and widoczna Luggage are separated from each internal element that contains the filter having one or more holes, which prevent the output of the specified one or more beverage ingredients from the camera for storage in videonow the camera, but skip the drink, the lid is attached to the outer element around the periphery of the cartridge and the inner element in the center and near the center the cartridge.

28. The cartridge according to item 27, in which the cover is attached to vydatnou funnel inner element.



 

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23 cl, 37 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: food products, mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: cartridge contains one or more beverage ingredients and is substantially made of air- and waterproof materials. The cartridge comprises a storing chamber for one or more beverage ingredients and a collecting chamber. The collecting chamber actually encircles the chamber peripherals. The cartridge is fitted with a hole through which one or more ingredients can be placed into the storing chamber. The hole is closed with a cover having two sectors: one of them covers collecting chamber and the other - storing chamber. The first cover sector is pierced when using so that to let in the water flow into the collecting chamber. The cover is pierced so that to let out beverage flow produced by interaction of water and one or more beverage ingredients in the storing chamber.

EFFECT: punches are not clogged up when using the cartridge.

28 cl, 46 dwg

FIELD: mechanics, foodstuffs.

SUBSTANCE: proposed cartridge contains one or several drink ingredients and is made of air- and water-tight materials. The said cartridge comprises a water inlet and a prepared drink outlet. The aforesaid cartridge includes an outer and inner elements, the latter being fitted in the former and an appliance to produce strongly-gasified drink jet. The aforesaid appliance has a hole made on drink way from inlet to outlet constricted by the inner and outer element opposed surfaces.

EFFECT: reliable structure sustaining increased inner pressure.

23 cl, 37 dwg

FIELD: transportation, packing.

SUBSTANCE: cartridge intended for beverage preparation in a car. The cartridge comprises one or more beverage ingredients and is made of air- and water-tight materials. One or more of the beverage ingredients is a liquid chocolate ingredient, the said chocolate ingredient has a viscosity of 70 to 3900 mPa·s at the room temperature. The cartridge has an inlet opening for the introduction of water medium into the cartridge, and an outlet opening at the same side of the cartridge that the inlet opening, for the discharge of the beverage made of the liquid chocolate ingredient. The cartridge has at least one inlet opening for air and means for beverage stream pressure reduction so, in the process of use, air in the form of many bubbles is introduced into the beverage from at least one of the said openings. The ingredients may be soup, juice, or may be based on dairy or coffee products.

EFFECT: development of container, which is safe to operate while resulting product has good taste.

41 cl, 37 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: drinks preparation apparatuses.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drinks preparation apparatuses, particularly to cartridges incorporated with appropriate machine, from example, those to prepare coffee, tea, cappuccino etc. Proposed cartridge contains one or more drink liquid ingredients and is made from air- and watertight materials. It comprises liquid inlet, compartment to accommodate liquid ingredients and outlet to force prepared drink out. Aforesaid compartment includes the device decelerating dilution of at least a portion of the said ingredients on feeding water into the said compartment. In operation water way passes from inlet to outlet, while aforesaid dilution decelerating device comprises a gate constricting ingredient flow into water flow.

EFFECT: easy and reliable operation, chances to produce wide range of drinks.

77 cl, 49 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to metered dispensing of substance from container filled with single portion of aforesaid substance. Proposed system comprises container containing single portion of substance and comprising deformable body. Dispenser comprises container receiver and allows opening the container. Aforesaid receiver comprises variable-volume chamber to receive container. Container housing features bottom, wall running from aforesaid bottom and flat peripheral edge arranged around the hole. Aforesaid edge is made integral with wall and extends outward, while hole is covered by a layer tightly jointed to said peripheral edge with the help of sealing peripheral seam. Aforesaid receiver comprises thrust surface interacting with rear side of aforesaid peripheral edge rear side, and cover that serves to support aforesaid layer. Dispenser includes also body flattening means arranged in compression chamber for contact with container bottom. Container is furnished with substance identifier. On flattening the container, aforesaid layer bulges to get into recess for container to be opened.

EFFECT: no need in special cutting tools.

55 cl, 73 dwg

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